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36 The diagram shows the structure of an ideal transformer. Gambar rajah menunjukkan struktur sebuah transformer unggul.

What is the potential difference across the bulb? Berapakah beza keupayaan merentasi mentol itu?

[SPM] chapter 07 ELECTRICITY

39 The diagram shows a bird perched on a high voltage cable. Gambar rajah menunjukkan seekor burung bertenggek pada kabel bervoltan tinggi.

The bird does not experience an electric shock because Burung itu tidak mengalami renjatan elektrik kerana

 [A] 7V [C] 3OV [A] The potential difference across X and Y is high [E] 160V beza keupayaan merentasiX danY tinggi [B] 24V [B] the resistance of the cable across X and Y is very [D] 6OV high rintangan kabel antaraX danY sangat tinggi 37 The graph shows the output current for an alternating current generator. [C] The body of the bird has a low resistance badan burung mempunyai rintangan yang kecil Graf menunjukkan arus output bagi suatu penjana arus ulang alik. [D] The current flowing through its body is very small Which statement is correct about the output current? arus yang mengalir melalui badan burung sangat kecil 40 Which diagram shows the correct direction of the induced current when the magnet is moved in the direction shown? Gambar rajah yang manakah menunjukkan arah aliran arus aruhan yang betul apabila magnet digerakkan mengikut arah yang, ditunjukkan? Pernyataan manakah betul bagi arus output itu? [A] The value of the peak current is 4.0 A Nilai arus puncak ialah 4.0 A [B] The value of rootmean square current is 1.0 A Nilai arus punca min kuasa dua ialah 1.0 A [C] The period of the current generated is 0.4 s Tempoh arus vang dijanakan ialeh 0.4 s [D] The frequency of the current generated is 2O Hz Frekuensi arus yang dijana ialah 20 Hz

38 Which circuit can be used to determine the electromotive force of a battery? Litar yang, manakah boleh digunakan untuk menentukan daya gerak elektrik sebuah bateri?

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The diagram shows an electromagnet. Gambar rajah menunjukkan satu elektromagnet.

Which factor does not influence the strength of the electromagnet? Faktor yang manakah tidak mempengaruhi kekuatan elektromagnet itu?

 [A] Material used for the wire Bahan dawai yang digunakan [B] Material used for insulator of the wire Bahan penebat dawai yang digunakan [C] Number of turns of wire Bilangan lilitan dawai [D] Current flowing in the wire Arus yang mengalir dalam dawai

SPM 2006

36 Diagram 23 is a graph which shows the relationship between the potential difference and the current of four different conductors, P, and S. Rajah 23 ialah graf yang menunjukkan hubungan antara beza keupayaan dan arus bagi empat konduktor yang berlainan jenis,

Which conductor has the highest resistance? Konduktor manakah mempunyai rintangan yang paling tinggi?

 [A] P [B] Q [C] R [D] S

37 Diagram 24 shows the arrangement of a solenoid and a magnet. Rajah 24 menunjukknn susunon solernid dan magnet.

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[SPM] chapter 07 ELECTRICITY

Which of the following statements is not a method to produce induced e.m.f. in the solenoid? Antara yang berikut, yang manakah bukan kaedah menghasilkan d.g.e. teraruh dalam solenoid itu?

 [A] The magnet is pulled out of the solenoid Magnet ditarik keluar dari solenoid [B] The solenoid is moved towards the magnet Solenoid digerakkan ke arah magnet [C] The magnet is moved into the solenoid Magnet digerakkan masuk ke dnlam solenoid [D] The magnet and the solenoid are moved at the same velocity Magnet dan solenoid digerakkan dengan halaju yang sama

38 Which circuit produces the brightest light? Litar manakah yang menghasilkan nyalaan mentol paling cerah?

39 Diagram 25 shows three similar bulbs connected in series to a battery and an ammeter. Rajah 25 menunjukkan tiga mentol yang serupa disambung sesiri kepada bateri dan ammeten

What will happen to the ammeter reading and the brightness of the bulbs when another similar bulb is added to the circuit? Apakah yang akan berlaku kepada bacaan ammeter dan kecerahan mentol apabila satu lagi mentol yang serupa ditambah ke dalam litar itu?

Brightness of the bulbs Kecerahan Mentol

 A Increase / Bertambah Increase / Bertambah B Increase / Bertambah Decrease / Berkurang C Decrease / Berkurang Increase / Bertambah D Decrease / Berkurang Decrease / Berkurang

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[SPM] chapter 07 ELECTRICITY

 Diagram 26 shows an electric circuit. The reading of the ammeter is 0.2 A and the reading of the volmeter is 2.8 V. Rajah 26 menunjukkan satu litar elektrik. Bacaan ammeter ialah 0.2 A manakala bacaan voltmeter ialah 2.8 V Calculate the internal resistance of the battery in this circuit. Hitung rintangan dalam bagi bateri dalam litar ini. [A] 0.06 Ω [B] 0.07 Ω Calculate the electrical energy released by the bulb in 2 38 [C] 0.25 Ω [D] 3.75 Ω minutes. Hitung tenaga elektrik yang dibebaskan oleh mentol dalam tempoh 2 minit. An electric appliance has been switched on for 2 hours. Calculate the quantity of electric charge passing through the circuit in this time if the current is 2A. [A] 0.56 J [B] 1.12 7J Sebuah alat elektrik dihidupkan selama 2 Hitung kuantiti [C] 28.00 J [D] 67.20 J cas elektrik yang mengalir dalamlitar itu pada tempoh [E] 1680.00 J masa ini jika jam arus ialah 2 A.

SPM 2007

35 Which of the following factors does not influence the resistance of a wire? Antara faktor berikut, yang manakah tidak mempengaruhi rintangan bagi suatu dawai?

 [A] Length of the wire Panjang dawai [B] Material of the wire Bahan dawai [C] Cross-sectional area of the wire Luas keratan rentas dawai [D] Hardness of the wire Kekerasan dawai

36 Diagram 21 shows a parallel circuit. R1 is not equal to R2. Rajah 2l menunjukkan satu litar selari. R1 tidak sama dengan R2.

Which physical quantity must be the same for both R1 and R2? Kuantiti fizik yang manakah mesti sama untuk kedua-dua R1 dan R2?

 [A] Power [B] Current Kuasa Arus [C] Voltage [D] Energy Voltan Tenaga

37 Diagram 22 shows an electric circuit. Rajah 22 menunjukkan satu litar elektrik.

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 [A] 4C [B] 120C [C] 240C [D] 14400C

SPM 2008

35 Which diagram shows the correct electric field? Rajah manakah yang menuniukkan medan elektrik yang betul?

36 Diagram 20 shows an electric circuit. Rajah 20 menuniukkan sebuah litar elektrik.

What is the reading on the ammeter? Apakah bacaan ammeter itu?

 [A] 14.3 A [B] 2.54A [C] 1.6A [D] 0.6A

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35 Which of the following is an ohmic conductor? Antara yang berikut, yang, manakah konduktor ohm?

 [A] Thermistor Termistor [B] Bulb filament Filamen mentol [C] Constantan wire Dawai konstantan [D] Vacuum diode Diod vakum

36 What is the meaning of 60 W? Apakah maksud 60 WZ

 [A] The rate of change of power is 60 W Kadar perubahan kuasa ialqh 60 W [B] The rate of change of energy is 60 W Kadar perubahan tenaga ialah 60 W [C] The rate of change of voltage is 60 W Kadar perubahan voltan ialah 60 W [D] The rate of change of current is 60 W Kadar perubahan arus ialah 60 W

37 Diagram 20 shows an electrical circuit. Rajah 20 menunjukkan suatu litar elektrik.

Which changes to the wire will produce the greatest reading on the ammeter? Perubahan manakah pada dawai yang akan menghasilkan bacaan tertinggi pada ammeter?

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[SPM] chapter 07 ELECTRICITY

38 Diagram 21 shows an electrical circuit. Rajah 21 menunjukkon suatu litar elektrik.

The voltmeter reading is 8 V. What is the value of the current flowing though the resistor R? Bacaan voltmeter ialah 8 Y. Berapakah nilai .arus yang mengalir melalui perintang R?

 [A] 2.OA [B] 3.OA [C] 4.OA [D] 5.OA

SPM 2010

36 Which statement is correct about the properties of electromagnetic waves? Pernyataan manakah yang betul tentang sifat-sifat gelombang elektromagnet ?

 [A] Electromagnetic waves are waves longitudinal Gelombang elektromagnet adalah gelombang membuiur [B] Electromagnetic waves propagate at 300 ms -1 Gelombang elektromagnet merambat pada 300 ms -1 [C] Electromagnetic waves undergo reflection, refraction, diffractibn and interference Gelombang elektromagnet mengalami pentulan, biasan, belauan dan interferens [D] Electromagnetic waves consist of an electric field and a magnetic field oscillating parallel to each other Gelombang elektromagnet terdiri daripada medan elektrik dan medan magnet yang berayun selari antara satu sama lain

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37 Diagram 29 shows a left hand which represents the Fleming Left-Hand Rule. Rajah 29 menunjukkan tangan kiri yang mewakili Petua Tangan Kiri Fleming.

X represents the

X mewakili

 [A] motion [B] current gerakan arus [C] magnetic field [D] potential difference medan magnet beza keupayaan

38 Diagram 30 shows a voltage-current graph:

Which circuit is used to obtain this graph? Litar manakah yang digunakan untuk memperoleh graf ini?

39 Diagram 31 shows a circuit with two different resistors, R1 and R2. The current flow through R1 is I, and through R2

is Ir.

Rajah 31 ntenunjukkan satu litar dengan dua perintang, R1, dan R2 yang berbeza. Arus yang

mengalir melalui R1ialah I, dan yang melalui R2 ialah Ir

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[SPM] chapter 07 ELECTRICITY

Which cornparision is correct? Perbandingan manakah yang betul?

A I 1 = I 2

B I 1 < I 2

C I 1 > I 2

40 Diagram 32 shows an electric circuit. Rajah 32 menuniukkan satu litar elektrik.

The reading of the ammeter is Bacaan ammeter idlah

 [A] 0.30 A [B] 1.20 A [C] 0.75 A [D] 4.80 A