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COMPACT 155 MBIT/S

ADD-DROP MULTIPLEXER

MULTIPLEXEUR ADD-DROP
A 155 MBIT/S COMPACT

ADR155C P5.2

Installation and User Guide


Guide d'Installation et d'Utilisation

288 091 808-02

Issue : May 2006


Edition : Mai 2006
LIST OF CHANGES
REPERTOIRE DES MISES A JOUR

(A new edition replaces any previous versions)


(Une nouvelle édition annule et remplace la précédente)

No/N° Date/Date Change description/Description de la Page/Page


mise à jour

01 March 2006/ Change from User Guide All pages/


Mars 2006 288 071 364-02 of July 2005 / Toutes pages
Mise à jour du Guide utilisateur
288 071 364-02 de Juillet 2005

New SDH alarms


4E/FE card addition
New data features (EVPLAN, EVPLINE,
MSTP) and New alarms on GFP /
Addition of Pause mode
(flow control)
Nouvelles alarmes SDH
Ajout carte 4E/FE
Nouvelles fonctions data (EVPLAN,
EVPLINE, MSTP) et
Nouvelles alarmes sur GFP /
Ajout mode Pause (contrôle de flux)

02 May 2006/ GFP Class Of Services corrections Chapter 6


Mai 2006 Correction Class Of Services GFP150 Chapitre 6

Installation and User Guide / Guide d'Installation et d'Utilisation – 288 091 808-02
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Document Sagem Communication. Reproduction et divulgation interdites
Page 0-2
COMPACT 155 MBIT/S

ADD-DROP MULTIPLEXER

ADR155C P5.2

Installation and User Guide

Issue : May 2006

Installation and User Guide - 288 091 808-02


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PORTS SECURITY LEVELS
Port safety level for the ADR155C P5.2 subrack access
Connectors Function Security
on the front panels level
Motherboard
75 Ω or 120 Ω
1
SYNC G.703 120 Ω 2 Mbit/s synchronization ports SELV
E1 OUTPUT and E1 INPUT G.703 75 Ω or 120 Ω 2 Mbit/s traffic ports SELV
COMM Access to local management via a VT100 console or a SELV
PC
ETH Access to remote management via Ethernet network SELV
LOOPS Loops and remote signaling SELV
PWRA/PWRB Power supply SELV
POWER –48V/2A MAXI Power supply SELV
Optical Cards
TR and REC G.957 Optical Ports STM-1 S1.1-2G, IC1.1-2G, IC1.2-2G, Laser class 1
STM-4 S4.1, L4.1, L4.2 No Danger
EOW / AUX Engineering Order Wire SELV
ERE Card
TR and REC G703 STM-1 electrical ports SELV
EOW and AUX Engineering Order Wire SELV
LAN1 Card
ETH Ethernet Port SELV
GFP150 / 4E/FE Cards
ETH Ethernet Port SELV
E3DS3 Card
TR and REC G703 34 or 45 Mbit/s traffic ports SELV
21E120, 21E1R8 Cards
E1 OUTPUT and E1 INPUT G.703 120 Ω 2 Mbit/s traffic ports SELV
21E75 Card
E1 INPUT and E1 OUTPUT G.703 75 Ω 2 Mbit/s traffic Ports SELV

The subrack must be mounted only in racks with a bottom part that is closed
) or fitted with a class V1 or HF1 or better air filter, or that stand on a non-
flammable floor.

Safe earth requirement


This equipment must be installed only by skilled personnel. For compliance, the protective earth
terminal must be connected to a safe earth with an impedance Z of less than 5 Ohms.

) Handling precaution: For any work to be carried out inside the equipment, an
antistatic wrist strap must be worn.

1
Safety Extra Low Voltage Circuit

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ENVIRONMENT

Preservation of the environment as part of a sustainable development logic is an essential concern of


Sagem Communication. The desire of Sagem Communication is to operate systems observing the
environment and consequently it has decided to integrate environmental performances in the life cycle
of its products, from manufacturing to commissioning, use and elimination.

PACKAGING

The presence of the logo (green dot) means that a contribution is paid to an approved
national organisation to improve packaging recovery and recycling infrastructures.

To facilitate recycling, please respect the sorting rules set up locally for this kind of waste.

BATTERIES

If your product contains batteries, they must be disposed of at appropriate collection points.

THE PRODUCT

The crossed-out waste bin stuck on the product (or on its accessories) means that the
product belongs to the family of electrical and electronic equipment.

In this respect, the European regulations ask you to dispose of it selectively:


• At sales points in the event of the purchase of similar equipment.
• At the collection points made available to you locally (drop-off centre, selective
collection, etc.).

In this way you can participate in the re-use and upgrading of Electrical and Electronic Equipment
Waste, which can have an effect on the environment and human health.

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CONTENTS

CHANGE LIST ........................................................................................................................... 0-2

SECTION A : Installation and user guide .......................A0-1 to AA-6


PORTS SECURITY LEVELS...................................................................................................A0-2

ENVIRONMENT.......................................................................................................................A0-3

CONTENTS.................................................................................................................A0-4 to A0-8

SECTION B : Guide d'installation et d'utilisation .............B0-1 à BA-6

1. INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING........................................................................................ 1-1


1.1 - GENERALITIES ............................................................................................................................ 1-1
1.2 - SUBRACK INSTALLATION .............................................................................................................. 1-4
1.2.1 - Generalities ........................................................................................................................ 1-4
1.2.2 - Installation of access modules ........................................................................................... 1-5
1.2.3 - Installation of STM-4 modules............................................................................................ 1-6
1.2.4 - Installation of GFP150 modules ......................................................................................... 1-6
1.3 - CONNECTING PORTS ................................................................................................................... 1-7
1.3.1 - Connecting on motherboard............................................................................................... 1-8
1.3.2 - Connecting on the Optical cards ..................................................................................... 1-14
1.3.3 - Connecting on the ERE card........................................................................................... 1-18
1.3.4 - Connecting on LAN1, 4E/FE and GFP150 cards............................................................. 1-20
1.3.5 - Connecting on E3DS3 card.............................................................................................. 1-21
1.3.6 - Connecting on 21E120, 21E75, 21E1R8 cards ............................................................... 1-22
1.4 - COMMISSIONING ....................................................................................................................... 1-24
1.4.1 - Communication function description ................................................................................ 1-25
1.4.2 - Description of DCC transparency function ....................................................................... 1-26
1.4.3 - Defining parameters for IP address and Ethernet port..................................................... 1-27
1.4.4 - Using HTTP Web browser .............................................................................................. 1-31
2. OPERATION .................................................................................................................................... 2-1
2.1 - FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION .......................................................................................................... 2-1
2.2 - GENERALITIES ............................................................................................................................ 2-1
2.3 - OPERATIONAL PARAMETERS ........................................................................................................ 2-2
2.4 - PREDEFINED FUNCTIONS ........................................................................................................... 2-19
2.5 - ALARMS PROCESSING ............................................................................................................... 2-22
2.6 - PERFORMANCE PROCESSING ..................................................................................................... 2-32
2.7 - PROCEDURE FOR REPLACING SUBASSEMBLIES ........................................................................... 2-33
2.7.1 - Replacing a card .............................................................................................................. 2-33
2.7.2 - Replacing the fan module................................................................................................. 2-34
2.8 - PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE ....................................................................................................... 2-34
3. SPARE PARTS AND CABLES ........................................................................................................ 3-1

4. SPECIFICATIONS............................................................................................................................ 4-1

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5. STARTUP GUIDE ......................................................................................................................... 5-1
5.1 - INSTALLING THE EQUIPMENT ........................................................................................................ 5-1
5.2 - CONNECTING TO AN ADR155C .................................................................................................... 5-2
5.3 - CONFIGURING A PPP PORT ......................................................................................................... 5-9
5.4 - VIEWING THE ROUTING CONFIGURATION ..................................................................................... 5-10
5.5 - BUILDING A POINT-TO-POINT LINK............................................................................................... 5-11
5.6 - BUILDING A BUS LINK ................................................................................................................. 5-12
5.7 - BUILDING A RING ....................................................................................................................... 5-13
5.8 - MANAGING EQUIPMENT THROUGH THE NETWORK OF A DIFFERENT SUPPLIER ............................... 5-14
6. GFP150 CARD ................................................................................................................................. 6-1
6.1 - GFP150 CARD AND SERVICES PRESENTATION ............................................................................ 6-1
6.2 - CONFIGURATION AND APPLICATIONS OF THE GFP150 CARDS ....................................................... 6-3
6.2.1 - GFP150 card setup ............................................................................................................ 6-3
6.2.2 - Create a LAN interconnection ............................................................................................ 6-3
6.2.3 - Implementation of the OAM-CC function (Operation Administration Maintenance -
Continuity Check) on the GFP150 card....................................................................................... 6-25
6.2.4 - Using Quality of Service features of GFP150 card .......................................................... 6-26
6.2.5 - Using the Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol on the GFP150 card..................................... 6-32
6.2.6 - Using LCAS on the GFP150 card .................................................................................... 6-40
6.3 - A FEW RULES FOR SET-UP ......................................................................................................... 6-43
6.3.1 - Various configuration rules............................................................................................... 6-43
6.3.2 - QoS configuration rules.................................................................................................... 6-43
6.4 - APPLICATIONS .......................................................................................................................... 6-43
6.4.1 - Meshed networks ............................................................................................................. 6-43
6.4.2 - Protection of channels...................................................................................................... 6-43
6.4.3 - Degraded mode................................................................................................................ 6-44
6.5 - TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS .................................................................................................. 6-44
6.5.1 - Main characteristics ......................................................................................................... 6-44
6.5.2 - Ethernet rate / VCG rate .................................................................................................. 6-45
6.5.3 - Number of VC12 in a VCG ............................................................................................... 6-46
6.5.4 - Number of VC3 in a VCG ................................................................................................. 6-46
7. 4E/FE CARD..................................................................................................................................... 7-1
7.1 - 4E/FE CARD AND SERVICES PRESENTATION ................................................................................ 7-1
7.2 - CONFIGURATION AND APPLICATIONS OF THE 4E/FE CARDS .......................................................... 7-1
7.2.1 - 4E/FE card setup ............................................................................................................... 7-1
7.2.2 - Create a LAN interconnect................................................................................................. 7-2
7.2.3 - Using LCAS on the 4E/FE card.......................................................................................... 7-8
7.3 - A FEW RULES FOR SET-UP ......................................................................................................... 7-11
7.4 - APPLICATIONS .......................................................................................................................... 7-11
7.4.1 - Protection of channels...................................................................................................... 7-11
7.4.2 - Degraded mode................................................................................................................ 7-11
7.5 - TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS .................................................................................................. 7-11
7.5.1 - Main characteristics ......................................................................................................... 7-11
7.5.2 - Ethernet rate / VCG rate .................................................................................................. 7-12
7.5.3 - Number of VC12 in a VCG ............................................................................................... 7-13
7.5.4 - Number of VC3 in a VCG ................................................................................................. 7-14
A. BUILDING A MANAGEMENT NETWORK .....................................................................................A-1
A.1 - PRELIMINARY REMARK ................................................................................................................A-1
A.1.1 - Unique address..................................................................................................................A-1
A.1.2 - Supervision of PPP link......................................................................................................A-1
A.1.3 - Routing protocols ...............................................................................................................A-1
A.1.4 - Unnumbered links ..............................................................................................................A-1
A.2 - CONSTRUCTION OF AN IP NETWORK ............................................................................................A-1
A.2.1 - Static routes .......................................................................................................................A-1
A.2.2 - Dynamic routes ..................................................................................................................A-4

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FIGURES

Figure 1-1 - ADR155C Subrack............................................................................................................ 1-3


Figure 1-2 - ADR155C Subrack Installation ......................................................................................... 1-3
Figure 1-3 - Connecting motherboard .................................................................................................. 1-8
Figure 1-4 - Connecting S4.1, L4.1 and L4.2 Optical cards ............................................................ 1-14
Figure 1-5 - Connecting S1.1-2G, IC1.1-2G, IC1.2-2G Optical cards ................................................ 1-14
Figure 1-6 - Connecting ERE card..................................................................................................... 1-18
Figure 1-7 - Connecting LAN1 card .................................................................................................... 1-20
Figure 1-8 - Connecting GFP150 card ............................................................................................... 1-20
Figure 1-9 - Connecting 4E/FE card ................................................................................................... 1-20
Figure 1-10 - Connecting on E3DS3 card........................................................................................... 1-21
Figure 1-11 - Connecting 21E120, 21E75, 21E1R8 cards ................................................................. 1-22
Figure 1-12 - Commissioning procedure for ADR155C network ........................................................ 1-23
Figure 1-13 - Examples of the communication function configuration................................................ 1-25
Figure 1-14 - Shelf View" screen of Web browser.............................................................................. 1-33
Figure 1-15 - Menu structure .............................................................................................................. 1-35

Figure 2-1 - Synchronization from the 2 MHz external sync input (T3) .............................................. 2-20
Figure 2-2 - Synchronization from a 2 Mbit/s port............................................................................... 2-20
Figure 2-3 - Remote loopback function (registering alarms on central site)....................................... 2-21

Figure 6-1: Hardware design of the card .............................................................................................. 6-2


Figure 6-2 : EPLine service .................................................................................................................. 6-3
Figure 6-3 : Configuring the Ethernet interface .................................................................................... 6-4
Figure 6-4 : Configuring the VCG (1).................................................................................................... 6-6
Figure 6-5 : Configuring the VCG (2).................................................................................................... 6-6
Figure 6-6 : Configuring the Ethernet Switch (1) .................................................................................. 6-7
Figure 6-7 : Configuring the Ethernet Switch (2) .................................................................................. 6-8
Figure 6-8 : Configuring the SDH Cross Connects............................................................................... 6-8
Figure 6-9 : Connectivity check ............................................................................................................ 6-9
Figure 6-10 : Service EVPLine ........................................................................................................... 6-10
Figure 6-11 : Configuring the VCG (1)................................................................................................ 6-11
Figure 6-12 : Configuring the VCG (2)................................................................................................ 6-11
Figure 6-13 : Configuring the Ethernet Switch................................................................................... 6-12
Figure 6-14 : Configuring the SDH Cross Connects........................................................................... 6-13
Figure 6-15 : EPLAN service .............................................................................................................. 6-14
Figure 6-16 : Configuring the Ethernet interface ................................................................................ 6-15
Figure 6-17 : Configuring the VCG (1)................................................................................................ 6-16
Figure 6-18 : Configuring the VCG (2)................................................................................................ 6-16
Figure 6-19 : Configuring the Ethernet Switch (1) .............................................................................. 6-17
Figure 6-20 : Configuring the Ethernet Switch (2) .............................................................................. 6-18
Figure 6-21 : EPLAN Service - "bus" mode ........................................................................................ 6-19
Figure 6-22 : Configuring the VCG (1)................................................................................................ 6-20
Figure 6-23 : Configuring the VCG (2)................................................................................................ 6-21
Figure 6-24 : Configuring the Ethernet Switch (1) .............................................................................. 6-22
Figure 6-25 : Configuring the Ethernet Switch (2) .............................................................................. 6-22
Figure 6-26 : EVPLAN Service - "bus" mode...................................................................................... 6-24
Figure 6-27 : Example of OAM utilization ........................................................................................... 6-25
Figure 6-28 : QoS architecture ........................................................................................................... 6-26
Figure 6-29 : Traffic profile ................................................................................................................. 6-27
Figure 6-30 : Configuring a srTCM profile .......................................................................................... 6-28
Figure 6-31 : Configuring a trTCM profile ........................................................................................... 6-29
Figure 6-32 : Reading Traffic Classes parameters............................................................................. 6-29
Figure 6-33 : Regulating Traffic Classes WRR/SP parameters ......................................................... 6-30
Figure 6-34 : SLA compliance counters ............................................................................................. 6-31

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Figure 6-35 : VMAN Port counters...................................................................................................... 6-31
Figure 6-36 : MSTP port types............................................................................................................ 6-33
Figure 6-37 : MSTP Licence Activation .............................................................................................. 6-34
Figure 6-38 : Example of MSTP configuration.................................................................................... 6-35
Figure 6-39 : Activating MSTP on the ADR155C 2 and 4 (1) ............................................................. 6-36
Figure 6-40 : Activating MSTP on the ADR155C 2 and 4 (2) ............................................................. 6-37
Figure 6-41 : MSTI Checking (1) ........................................................................................................ 6-38
Figure 6-42 : MSTI Checking (2) ........................................................................................................ 6-39
Figure 6-43 : Configuring the VCG (LCAS) (1) ................................................................................... 6-41
Figure 6-44 : Configuring the VCG (LCAS) (2) ................................................................................... 6-41
Figure 6-45 : Configuring the SDH cross-connects (LCAS) ............................................................... 6-42

Figure 7-1 : EPLine service .................................................................................................................. 7-2


Figure 7-2 : Configuring the Ethernet interface .................................................................................... 7-3
Figure 7-3 : Configuring the VCG (1).................................................................................................... 7-5
Figure 7-4 : Configuring the VCG (2).................................................................................................... 7-5
Figure 7-5 : Configuring the SDH Cross Connects............................................................................... 7-6
Figure 7-6 : Connectivity check ............................................................................................................ 7-7
Figure 7-7 : Configuring the VCG (LCAS) (1) ....................................................................................... 7-9
Figure 7-8 : Configuring the VCG (LCAS) (2) ..................................................................................... 7-10
Figure 7-9 : Configuring the SDH cross-connects (LCAS) ................................................................. 7-10

TABLES

Table 1-1 - Designation of ADR155C slots........................................................................................... 1-5

Table 2-1 - Functional Blocks of ADR155C.......................................................................................... 2-1


Tables 2-2 to 2-15 - Configuration parameters..................................................................................... 2-3
Tables 2-16 and 2-17 - Commands.................................................................................................... 2-17
Table 2-18 - Spécific indicator lights of Motherboard ......................................................................... 2-22
Table 2-19 - Spécific indicator lights of LAN1 card............................................................................. 2-22
Table 2-20 - Spécific indicator lights of GFP150 card ........................................................................ 2-22
Table 2-21 - Spécific indicator lights of 4E/FE card............................................................................ 2-23
Table 2-22 - "STATUS" indicator light ................................................................................................ 2-23
Table 2-23 - Spécific indicator lights of E3DS3 card .......................................................................... 2-23
Table 2-24 - Pushbuttons ................................................................................................................... 2-23
Tables 2-25 to 2-29 - Alarms and severity.......................................................................................... 2-24

Table 3-1 - ADR155C Components list ................................................................................................ 3-1


Tables 3-2 and 3-3 - Available cables list ............................................................................................. 3-2

Tables 4-1 to 4-5 - ADR155C technical characteristics........................................................................ 4-1

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1 - INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

1. INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

1.1 - Generalities
The ADR155C is an optical STM-1/STM-4 add-drop multiplexer used to build STM-1/STM-4
point-to-point links, STM-1 or STM-4 rings, or mesh networks with conduct (SNC) or STM-1 line
(MSP) protection, so performing the conveyance of PDH links at 2 Mbit/s, 34 or 45 Mbit/s, of
SDH STM-1 links, of 10/100 Mbit/s Ethernet links.

The ADR155C can be used as :


ƒ STM-1 terminal multiplexer with maximum capacity of 63 VC12 and capability of 1+1
protection,
ƒ STM-1 repeater, capability of regenerating 2 VC4,
ƒ STM1 multiplexer with insertion/extraction, with maximum capacity of switching of 4 STM-1
more 21 VC12,
ƒ STM-4 ADD/DROP multiplexer with capacity of 63 VC12 over one AU4 per STM-4 card.
ƒ LAN over VC12 or VC3 interconnection point (via LAN1, 4E/FE and GFP150 cards).
The GFP150 and 4E/FE data traffics are compatible with those of the GFP150 eXtra card of
the ADR2500 eXtra.

This equipment can be managed :


ƒ by a local terminal with VT100 emulation required on commissioning for communication
parameters configuration (COMM access),
ƒ by an HTTP server for local or remote interactive operation using a Web browser,
ƒ remotely, by means of a SNMP protocol via an IONOS NMS management network system ;
SNMP protocol using also allows the global supervision of the network.

Management network connections are performed via DCC D1-D3 or D4-D12 of the STM1 or
STM-4, via VC12_192K (compatible mode ADR2500C or ADR2500 eXtra) of the STM1 or STM-
4 or on Ethernet (ETH) interfaces of the equipment.

The ADR155C is placed in 19" or ETSI racks. It consists of :


ƒ a 2U subrack fitted with a Backplane and a Motherboard grouping together the basic
functions of the equipment : supervision, switching matrix, synchronization system, 21 G.703
2 Mbit/s E1 tributaries and a secured 48V DC power supply ; the motherboard can be with
75Ω or 120Ω E1 interface according to the model.
ƒ a FAN module, consisting of two redundant ventilation units ; this module is optional (see §
1.2.2).
ƒ an optional Holdover card (inserted in factory) allowing to preserve a rhythm in case of
failing of the synchronization source.

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1 - INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

ƒ four traffic cards, either :


ƒ IC1.1-2G or IC1.2-2G or S1.1-2G STM1 optical card allowing a VC4 connection or 3
VC3 connections or 63 VC12 connections or a combination of VC3/VC12 connections
ƒ ERE STM1 electrical card allowing a VC4 connection or 3 VC3 connections or 63 VC12
connections or a combination of VC3/VC12 connections
ƒ S4.1 or L4.1 or L4.2 STM4 optical card allowing a VC4 connection or 3 VC3
connections or 63 VC12 connections or a combination of VC3/VC12 connections
ƒ Ethernet 10/100 one port LAN1 card allowing 2 VC3 connections
ƒ Ethernet 10/100 eight ports GFP150 card allowing up to 63 VC12 or 3 VC3 or a
combination of VC3/VC12 connections in 8 Virtually Concatenated Groups
ƒ Ethernet 10/100 four ports 4E/FE card allowing up to 63 VC12 or 3 VC3 or a
combination of VC3/VC12 connections in 4 Virtually Concatenated Groups
ƒ G.703 34/45Mbit/s E3DS3 card allowing one VC3 connection
ƒ G.703 21x2 Mbit/s 21E120 card allowing 21 VC12 120Ω connections.
ƒ G.703 21x2 Mbit/s 21E75 card allowing 21 VC12 75Ω connections.
ƒ G.703 21x2 Mbit/s 21E1R8 card allowing 21 VC12 120Ω connections, with
resynchronizaton function of the E1 flows on 8 channels.

For the connection of the different ports of cards, see § 1.3 - Connecting ports

Remark :
The informations concerning the STM1-1G optical cards that can be inserted, recognized and
managed therefore by the system, are defined in the User Guide N56717020108 of January
2005.

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1 - INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

A B
F
E

C M D

Figure 1-1 - ADR155C Subrack

Left uprights
of rack

ADR 155C
ADR 155C ETSI rack
19" rack

76,2 76,2
mm mm
2U
2U
SYNC E1 OUTPUT

SYNC E1 OUTPUT

2 2
Two M6x12 Two M6x12
1 HM screw 1 HM screw
Two M6 Two M6
cage nuts cage nuts
19" rack mounting ETSI rack mouting

Figure 1-2 - ADR155C Subrack Installation

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1 - INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

1.2 - Subrack installation

1.2.1 - Generalities

The ADR155C subrack can be mounted in a 19" or ETSI rack. (see Figure 1-2 - ADR155C
Subrack Installation)
The ADR155C package is provided with a mounting kit to adapt the subrack to a 19" or ETSI
rack.
This kit contains :
ƒ two brackets for adaptation to the rack,
ƒ 4 screws M3x4,
ƒ 4 flat washers M3
ƒ 8 screws CBLXS M3x6 to attach optional cards

The mounting kit for installation of the subrack on the uprights of the rack, containing 4 cage
nuts and 4 screws M6x12, is not supplied with the subrack.

The ADR155C subrack consists of :


ƒ a motherboard located in the lower part (item M),
ƒ four slots (items A to D), designed to accommodate the traffic cards,
ƒ a slot located on the left of the subrack designed to accommodate the optional ventilation
module (item F),
ƒ a slot located on the right of the subrack designed to accommodate the Holdover card
(item E)
There is no adjustment or configuration to do on the equipment to install. Set-up is operating on
commissioning or by means of built-in operating software.
Dummy covers are provided for empty slots and are supplied with each equipment.
All connections are performed on front panel of the equipment.

Installation in a 19" rack

The ADR155C has, in option, a system of thermal control by ventilation ; during the installation,
provide for sufficient space for the ventilation aperture on the left of the subrack, and also for the
aeration, at the top and right of the subrack. On the other hand, never hinder the natural air
convection on the right side.
Perform the following operations :
ƒ provide a 2U place in the rack for each equipment and a 1U space between equipments.
Deflectors are recommended to limit the temperature of the ambient air around the
equipment.
ƒ secure the attaching brackets for mounting in 19" rack, on either side of the subrack,
ƒ clip, on either side of the rack, two M6 cage nuts (item 1),
ƒ position the subrack back in front of the rack,
ƒ slide the subrack until attaching brackets are in contact with uprights, opposite the 4 cage
nuts, and then secure the subrack with 4 M6x12 hex head screws (item 2).

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1 - INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

Installation in an ETSI rack


The installation of the subrack in ETSI rack is identical with that in 19" rack.
In this case, use the set of attaching brackets specific for mounting in ETSI rack.

Installation of cards
RECALL : Prior to any operation on the cards, the operator must be provided with an
antistatic bracelet.

1.2.2 - Installation of access modules

Slot F Slot A GFP150 (*) Slot B STM4 Slot E


STM1-2G STM1-2G
ERE ERE
FAN LAN1 LAN1 HOLDOVER
4E/FE 4E/FE (**)
E3DS3 E3DS3
21E120 21E120
21E75 21E75
21E1R8 21E1R8
Slot C GFP150 (*) Slot D STM4
STM1-2G STM1-2G
ERE ERE
LAN1 LAN1
4E/FE 4E/FE
E3DS3 E3DS3
21E120 21E120
21E75 21E75
21E1R8 21E1R8
Slot M – CARTE MERE

Table 1-1 – Designation of ADR155C slots

(*) One GFP150 card max per shelf

(**) Factory option

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1 - INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

ADR155C slots are non-dedicated. However, in order to make wiring easier and ensure the
homogeneity among sites, it is advisable to proceed as follows :
ƒ position the tributary cards from C slot clockwise
ƒ position the agregate cards from D slot counter-clockwise
ƒ check the ventilation module presence in its reserved slide if the configuration requires it.
This module is mandatory as soon as :
ƒ a GFP150 card is inserted in the shelf
ƒ the shelf is at an ambient temperature out of class 3. 2 of ETS 300019 : between 45°C
and 55°C.
This module can only be set out if no GFP150 card is inserted in the shelf.
ƒ the ADR155C shelf is provided with the mothercard and, according to the chosen options,
with FAN module and Holdover card already inserted.
Secure each card through M3 screws of Torx type (6-branch star), using a suited screwdriver
ƒ FACOM reference AZX.10X75
ƒ Or STANLEY reference 1-67-494

1.2.3 - Installation of STM-4 modules

The use of STM-4 cards presents the following particularities :

ƒ The ADD/DROP mode is the only one available (no terminal mode with line protection)
ƒ The B and D slots are, in this case, dedicated to STM-4 cards. In case of only one STM-4
card utilization, the second slot can however be used by another type of card.
Only one STM-1 channel can be extracted from the STM-4 flow, the three other one being in by-
pass ; the choice of this channel is selected by the menu "AU-4 Selection" of the STM-4 card.

1.2.4 - Installation of GFP150 modules

The use of GFP150 cards presents the following particularities :


ƒ Only one GFP150 can be installed in an ADR155C shelf either in the A slot or in the C slot ;
the presence of FAN module is mandatory.
ƒ As soon as a GFP150 card is inserted, the fans of FAN module are automatically started up

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1.3 - Connecting ports

The cards can be extracted without intervening on the other cards or on their connections.
The connections to be performed on the equipment depend on the chosen configuration :

On the subrack motherboard strip :


ƒ power supply ports : " POWER –48V 2A MAXI "
ƒ Remote indication, remote control and station alarm port "LOOPS"
ƒ IP address configuration port "COMM" : allows the connection to a VT 100 emulation or
hyperterminal
ƒ Ethernet management port "ETH".
ƒ 2Mbit/s G.703 120Ω synchronization port "SYNC"
ƒ 21x2Mbit/s G.703 75Ω or 120Ω traffic ports "E1 INPUT and E1 OUTPUT".
On the STM-1 optical card :
ƒ G.957 STM-1 optical ports "TR" and "REC"
ƒ engineering Order Wire port "EOW / AUX"
On the STM-4 optical card :
ƒ G.957 STM-4 optical ports "TR" and "REC"
ƒ 2 engineering Order Wire ports "AUX" and "EOW"
On the STM-1 electrical card :
ƒ G.703 STM-1 electrical ports "TR" and "REC"
ƒ 2 engineering Order Wire ports "AUX" and "EOW"
On the 21E120 and 21E1R8 cards :
ƒ G.703 21x2Mbit/s 120Ω traffic ports "E1 OUTPUT" and "E1 INPUT"
On the 21E75 card :
ƒ G.703 21x2Mbit/s 75Ω traffic ports "E1 OUTPUT" and "E1 INPUT"
On the E3DS3 card :
ƒ G.703 34 ou 45 Mbit/s traffic ports "TR" and "REC"
On the LAN1 card :
ƒ Ethernet traffic port "ETH"
On the GFP150 card :
ƒ 8 Ethernet traffic ports "ETH"
On the 4E/FE card :
ƒ 4 Ethernet traffic ports "ETH"

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Connection requirements :

Ö For a right distribution of cords on either side of the subrack, the connections of slots A and
C, the 21x2Mbit/s access ports and synchronization access of the mothercard are oriented
leftward. All other connections are oriented rightward.
Ö The run of cords must not hinder the extraction of a module; in particular, connecting cables
of the left subrack half is to be secured to the frame with enough backlash to enable the
ventilation module (optional) to be extracted during a maintenance operation.

Refer to the list of available cables in chapter 3 - Spare parts and Cables.

1.3.1 - Connecting on motherboard

PWRA/B PWR
Figure 1-3 – Connecting motherboard

1.3.1.1 - Power Supply access ports

ƒ Connecting Power Supply must be realized by qualified staff.


ƒ "PWRA" and/or "PWRB" ports, used when the equipment is powered from one or two 48 V
sources, the power source(s) should be limited to 100 VA.
ƒ "PWR" port used when the equipment is powered from a main voltage (230 V AC), via an
optional power block (100-240V//48V - 1.5A).
In this case, it is necessary to let OB1 and OB2 of PWRA and PWRB accesses floating in
relation to the ground.

Observe the following connection requirements :

Ö "PWR" and "PWRA" and/or "PWRB" Power supply ports can be connected simultaneously
provided that the OB of PWRA/PWRB is not joined to the electrical ground (mechanical
ground).
Ö Always connect the equipment side before the energy source side.
Ö The power block must be installed far from any heat source, and no traction must be
exercised on its connecting wires.
Ö The used cable to connect the power block to the energy source must have a minimal
section of 1,5 mm² and be qualified <HAR> H03 VV_F ou <HAR> H03 VVH2_F.
Ö The connecting land between the power block and the energy source must be respected.
Ö The connecting electrical installation must be realized according to the present national
standard.

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"PWRA"/"PWRB" power supply interface :

Input voltage One or two Safety Extra Low Voltage (SELV) type – 48V sources
Voltage range allowed : - 36 V to - 60 V
Maximum voltage range : - 36 V to - 72 V
Power 100 VA maximum
Connector Male 9-way HE5

5 1
9 6

Pin N° Signal name


1 -48B1
6 OB1
2 -48B1
7 OB1
3 Reserved
8 OB2
4 -48B2
9 OB2
5 -48B2

NOTA : The shielding of the connector is connected to the equipment ground

"PWR" power supply interface :

Port Connecting transformer 110-240//48V - 1.5A/

Connector Jack (core = OBJ and shield = - 48 VJ).

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1.3.1.2 - Remote indication, remote control and station alarm port


("LOOPS")

"LOOPS" Interface :

Ports 4 remote indication inputs for floating contacts (Local user inputs),
biased to -48 V internally, active when closed and with electrical
isolation (loop current = from 1 to 10 mA),
2 dry loop outputs (common, normally closed and normally open)
M C B
(Local user outputs) for station alarm or remote control use
(maximum current = 100 mA on resistive load). The common point
of each loop is internally connected to OB ; by default, the loop A is
normally open and the loop B is normally closed.
(Schematic diagram of a dry loop)

Connector Female 15-way HE5


8 1
15 9

Pin N° Signal name Comments


1 BREAK B Normally closed contact of dry loop B
9 COMMON B Common contact of dry loop B
2 MAKE B Normally open contact of dry loop B
10 Break A Normally closed contact of dry loop A
3 COMMON A Common contact of dry loop A
11 Make A Normally open contact of dry loop A
4 GND Ground
12 R- MON 4 P (OB) User input N°4
5 R-MON 4 N
13 R- MON 3 P (OB) User input N°3
6 R- MON 3 N
14 R- MON 2 P (OB) User input N°2
7 R- MON 2 N
15 R- MON 1 P (OB) User input N°1
8 R- MON 1 N

NOTE : OB is the result of a logical "OR" between signals OBJ, OB1 and OB2 on the "PWR", "PWRA" and
"PWRB" power supply interfaces.

1.3.1.3 - Management and Administration ports

"COMM" Interface :

Ports RS232, connecting VT100 standard console or emulation


Bit rate 19200 bauds (8 data bits, no parity bit and 1 stop bit),
Connector Female 9-way HE5

5 1
9 6

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Pin N° Signal name Comments


1 DCD Connected to DSR
6 DSR Data Set Ready (to DCE)*
2 RX Received data (to DCE)*
7 RTS Request To Send (from DCE)*
3 TX Transmitted data (from DCE)*
8 CTS Clear To Send (to DCE)*
4 DTR Data Terminal Ready (from DCE)*
9 RI Ring Indicator (not connected)
5 GND Ground

* The ADR155C is seen as DCE


Connection cable
Equipment side VT100 or PC
"COMM" side

Male 9-way connector Female 9-way connector

Wiring diagram

1 1
6 6

9
5 9
5

"ETH" Interface :

Port Ethernet management interface operating at 10 Mbit/s in half-


duplex or full- duplex mode according to the mode used by the
interlocutor (dynamic adaptation of the Ethernet port on each new
log-in of the interlocutor),
All equipment (PC, Router…) connected on this interface must
not be configured in 100 Mbit/s forced mode.
If the Ethernet interface doesn't work, force the configuration
of the network card of the PC in duplex half mode.
Connector Shielded RJ45 Type.

Pin 1 Pin 8
Front view

Pin N° Signal name Comments


1 TX_ETH_TIP Output (hot point)
2 TX_ETH_RING Output (cold point)
3 RX_ETH_TIP Input (hot point)
4 NC Reserved
5 NC Reserved
6 RX_ETH_RING Input (cold point)
7 and 8 NC Reserved

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NOTE : One LED is linked to the "ETH" port :


• Off : Incorrect link and Link Down
• Flashing : current reception and Link Up
• On steady : Correct link and Link Up but no activity.

1.3.1.4 - G.703 2 MHz Synchronization port

"SYNC" Interface

Ports Two G.703 2MHz external synchronization inputs (T3) and two
G.703 2MHz clock outputs (T4) compliant with ITU-T G.703
Recommendation (§ 13.3 for input port, § 13.2 for output port)
Impedance 120 Ω balanced
Connector Female 9-way HE5 (120 Ω).

5 1
9 6
Pin N° Signal name Comments
1 GND Ground
6 TX1 RING (T4-) Output T4-1 (cold point)
2 TX1 TIP (T4+) Output T4-1 (hot point)
7 RX2 TIP (T3+) Input T3-2 (hot point)
3 RX1 TIP (T3+) Input T3-1 (hot point)
8 RX1 RING (T3-) Input T3-1 (cold point)
4 RX2 RING (T3-) Input T3-2 (cold point)
9 TX2 RING (T4-) Output T4-2 (cold point)
5 TX2 TIP (T4+) Output T4-2 (hot point)

NOTA : The shielding of the connector case is connected to the subrack front panel ground

The 75 Ω ohm unbalanced interfaces are obtained by adding a cable which also provides BNC
connectors.

1.3.1.5 - G.703, 21 x 2 Mbit/s traffic port

"E1 INPUT" and "E1 OUTPUT" Interfaces

ports 21 x 2 Mbit/s traffic ports compliant with the ITU-T G.703


Recommendation (§ 6.3 for input port, § tab.6 for output port)
Bit rate 2,048 Mbit/s ± 50 ppm,
Code HDB3,
Impedance 75 Ω or120 Ω balanced, according to the model of motherboard
Connector SUB D HD female 44 pins supporting L907 cable (21 ports).

This interface uses two connectors : E1 INPUT connector for inputs (named RX) and
E1 OUTPUT connector for outputs (named TX)

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15 1
30 16
44 31

Pin N° Ports Signal name Comments


16 GND ground
31 1 TX(RX) 1B Output (Input) 2 Mbit/s (hot point)
1 TX(RX) 1A Output (input) 2 Mbit/s (cold point)
17 2 TX(RX) 2B Output (Input) 2 Mbit/s (hot point)
32 TX(RX) 2A Output (input) 2 Mbit/s (cold point)
2 3 TX(RX) 3B Output (Input) 2 Mbit/s (hot point)
18 TX(RX) 3A Output (input) 2 Mbit/s (cold point)
33 4 TX(RX) 4B Output (Input) 2 Mbit/s (hot point)
3 TX(RX) 4A Output (input) 2 Mbit/s (cold point)
19 5 TX(RX) 5B Output (Input) 2 Mbit/s (hot point)
34 TX(RX) 5A Output (input) 2 Mbit/s (cold point)
4 6 TX(RX) 6B Output (Input) 2 Mbit/s (hot point)
20 TX(RX) 6A Output (input) 2 Mbit/s (cold point)
35 7 TX(RX) 7B Output (Input) 2 Mbit/s (hot point)
5 TX(RX) 7A Output (input) 2 Mbit/s (cold point)
21 8 TX(RX) 8B Output (Input) 2 Mbit/s (hot point)
36 TX(RX) 8A Output (input) 2 Mbit/s (cold point)
6 9 TX(RX) 9B Output (Input) 2 Mbit/s (hot point)
22 TX(RX) 9A Output (input) 2 Mbit/s (cold point)
37 10 TX(RX) 10B Output (Input) 2 Mbit/s (hot point)
7 TX(RX) 10A Output (input) 2 Mbit/s (cold point)
23 11 TX(RX) 11B Output (Input) 2 Mbit/s (hot point)
38 TX(RX) 11A Output (input) 2 Mbit/s (cold point)
8 12 TX(RX) 12B Output (Input) 2 Mbit/s (hot point)
24 TX(RX) 12A Output (input) 2 Mbit/s (cold point)
39 13 TX(RX) 13B Output (Input) 2 Mbit/s (hot point)
9 TX(RX) 13A Output (input) 2 Mbit/s (cold point)
25 14 TX(RX) 14B Output (Input) 2 Mbit/s (hot point)
40 TX(RX) 14A Output (input) 2 Mbit/s (cold point)
10 15 TX(RX) 15B Output (Input) 2 Mbit/s (hot point)
26 TX(RX) 15A Output (input) 2 Mbit/s (cold point)
41 16 TX(RX) 16B Output (Input) 2 Mbit/s (hot point)
11 TX(RX) 16A Output (input) 2 Mbit/s (cold point)
27 17 TX(RX) 17B Output (Input) 2 Mbit/s (hot point)
42 TX(RX) 17A Output (input) 2 Mbit/s (cold point)
12 18 TX(RX) 18B Output (Input) 2 Mbit/s (hot point)
28 TX(RX) 18A Output (input) 2 Mbit/s (cold point)
43 19 TX(RX) 19B Output (Input) 2 Mbit/s (hot point)
13 TX(RX) 19A Output (input) 2 Mbit/s (cold point)
29 20 TX(RX) 20B Output (Input) 2 Mbit/s (hot point)
44 TX(RX) 20A Output (input) 2 Mbit/s (cold point)
14 21 TX(RX) 21B Output (Input) 2 Mbit/s (hot point)
30 TX(RX) 21A Output (input) 2 Mbit/s (cold point)
15 GND Ground

NOTA : The shielding of the connector case is connected to the subrack front panel ground

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1.3.2 - Connecting on the Optical cards


Each optical module STM-4 provides connection for :
ƒ one STM4 optical interface ("TR" transmission port and "REC" reception port)
ƒ two 64 Kbit/s accesses, order wire channel "EOW" and auxiliary channel "AUX".

STM-4 transmission port


STM-4 reception port

Figure 1-4 - Connecting S4.1, L4.1 and L4.2 Optical cards

Each optical module STM-1 provides connection for :


ƒ one STM1 optical interface ("TR" transmission port and "REC" reception port)
ƒ one 64 Kbit/s access "EOW/AUX", order wire channel or auxiliary channel according to the
configuration.

STM-1 transmission port


STM-1 reception port

Figure 1-5 - Connecting S1.1-2G, IC1.1-2G, IC1.2-2G Optical cards

1.3.2.1 - Connecting STM-1/STM-4 interfaces


Remove the contact protection connector,
Connect STM-1 or STM-4 interface to front panel connectors :
Ö Transmission TR Connector
Ö Reception REC Connector

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"TR" and "REC" ports :


Interface Type IC 1.1-2G, IC 1.2-2G, S1.1-2G, S4.1, L4.1, L4.2
Bit rate STM-1 : 155.520 Mbit/s ± 20 ppm,
STM-4 : 622.08 Mbit/s ± 20 ppm
Standard ITU-T G.957
Encoding Uncoded (NRZ),

Interface Fiber Transmit Max. received Sensibility at Garanteed Typical Connector


optical power power 10-10 Attenuation range
IC1.1-2G Single-mode -5 to 0 dBm 0 dBm -34 dBm 0 - 28 dB 0 - 65 km SC/PC
1310nm
IC1.2-2G Single-mode -5 to 0 dBm 0 dBm -34 dBm 0 - 28 dB 0 - 80 km SC/PC
1550nm
S1.1-2G Single-mode -15 to -8 dBm -8 dBm - 28 dBm 0 - 12 dB 0 - 15 km SC/PC
1310nm
S4.1 Single-mode -15 to -8 dBm -8 dBm - 28 dBm 0 - 12 dB 0 - 15 km SC/PC
1310nm
L4.1 Single-mode -3 to +2 dBm -8 dBm - 28 dBm 10 - 24 dB 10 - 40 km SC/PC
1310nm
L4.2 Single-mode -3 to +2 dBm -8 dBm - 28 dBm 10 - 24 dB 10 - 80 km SC/PC
1550nm

1.3.2.2 - Connecting order-wire channels


"EOW" and "AUX" Interfaces :

Port synchronous V.11 (differential),


Bit rate 64 kbit/s,

Optical STM-4 cards connector : Female 15-way HE5.


8 1
15 9

Pin N° Signal name Polarity Comments


1 - Not connected
9 TB (+) Input for data to send over the SDH line and sampled on the rising
2 TA (-) edge of clock T64 (B-A)

10 TOFPB (+) Transmit mode byte sync output indicating the positioning of bit 1
3 TOFPA (-) and sent on the rising edge of clock T64 (B-A)

11 RB (+) Output for data extracted from SDH line and sampled on the falling
4 RA (-) edge of clock R64 (B-A)

12 ROFPB (+) Receive mode byte sync output indicating the setting of bit 1 and
5 ROFPA (-) sent on the falling edge of clock R64 (B-A)

13 R64B (+) 64 kHz receive clock output


6 R64A (-)
14 T64B (+) 64 kHz transmit clock output
7 T64A (-)
15 - Not connected
8 Ground

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Optical STM-1 cards connector : Shielded RJ45 Type – female 8-way.

Pin 1 Pin 8
Front view

Pin N° Signal name Polarity Comments


1 RB (+) Output for data extracted from SDH line and sampled on the falling
2 RA (-) edge of clock R64 (B-A)

3 TB (+) Input for data to send over the SDH line and sampled on the rising
6 TA (-) edge of clock T64 (B-A)

4 T64B (+) 64 kHz clock accompanying the transmit data T(B-A) . Input in
5 T64A (-) codirectional mode and output in contradirectional master mode.

7 R64B (+) 64 kHz clock output accompanying the receive data R(B-A)
8 R64A (-)

Timing diagram for the "EOW/AUX" interface in contra-directional mode (64 kbit/s
synchronous use) :

T64 (B-A)
(transmit clock output)

T (B-A) B8 B1 B2
(input for data to transmit
over STM1/STM4 line)

TOFP (B-A)
(transmit synchro byte
pulse output
Only for STM4 and ERE)

R64 (B-A)
(receive clock output)

R (B-A)
(output for data received B8 B1 B2
from STM1/STM4 line)

ROFP (B-A)
(receive synchro byte
pulse output
Only for STM4 and ERE)

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1.3.2.3 - Connecting with MSP operation (STM-1 cards)

As EOW / AUX port is physically integral with Optical modules, operating the order wire /
auxiliary channel with MSP protection requires the use of a "Y" cord electrically connecting the
signals of EOW / AUX connectors.

TR REC
EOW / AUX

Optical Working Card

TR REC
EOW / AUX

Optical Protection Card

"Y" cord (*) for


order wire / auxiliary
channel operation

Likewise, in order to ensure a good behavior during the changeover from one module to the
other, the operator should take care to keep identical configurations on both Optical cards ; in
case of modification, automatic recopy is done and a warning message appears.
Only the connections are not identical. There must be no connections on the "Protection"
module, as in all the connections are made to the "Working" module.

More over, the management links (PPP over DCC) must be created on the « Working » module
and not on the « Protect » module.

(*) "Y" CORDD

This cord is gotten by linkage of two Sub-D / RJ45 adapters cords on one "Y" cord.

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1.3.3 - Connecting on the ERE card


STM-1 transmission port
STM-1 reception port

Figure 1-6 - Connecting ERE card

Each ERE module provides connection for :


ƒ one STM1 electrical interface ("TR" transmission port and "REC" reception port)
ƒ two 64 Kbit/s accesses, order wire channel "EOW" and auxiliary channel "AUX".

1.3.3.1 - Connecting electrical STM-1 interfaces

"TR" and "REC" ports :

Bit rate 155.520 Mbit/s ± 20 ppm,


Standard ITU-T G.703 § 12,
Encoding CMI
Electrical level 1V ±0,1V c to c
Transmit optical power -5 to 0 dBm
Input Attenuation 12,7 dB in √f at 78MHz
Input adaptation ≥15 dB between 8MHz and 240MHz
Attenuation
Connector BNC 75 ohms or
1.6/5.6 75 ohms (with BNC - 1.6/5.6 adapter)

1.3.3.2 - Connecting order-wire channels

"EOW" and "AUX" Interfaces :

See § 1.3.2.2 (female 15-way HE5 connector)

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1.3.3.3 - Connecting with MSP operation

As EOW and AUX ports are physically integral with Electrical modules, operating the order wire
and auxiliary channels with MSP protection requires the use of a "Y" cord electrically connecting,
one by one, identically, the signals of EOW and AUX connectors.

EOW AUX TR REC

Electrical Working Card

EOW AUX TR REC

Electrical Protection Card

"Y" cord for "Y" cord for


order wire auxiliary wire
channel operation channel operation

Likewise, in order to ensure a good behavior during the changeover from one module to the
other, the operator should take care to keep identical configurations on both Electrical cards ; in
case of modification, automatic recopy is done and a warning message appears.
Only the connections are not identical. There must be no connections on the "Protection"
module, as in all the connections are made to the "Working" module.

More over, the management links (PPP over DCC) must be created on the « Working » module
and not on the « Protect » module.

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1.3.4 - Connecting on LAN1, GFP150 and 4E/FE cards

Figure 1-7 – Connecting LAN1 card

Figure 1-8 - Connecting GFP150 card

Figure 1-9 - Connecting 4E/FE card

"ETH" Interface :

Port Traffic Ethernet interface operating at 10 or 100 Mbit/s in half-


duplex or full- duplex mode according to the mode used by the
interlocutor (validated or not autonegotiation),

Connector Ethernet 10 or 100 BaseT - Shielded RJ45 Type.

Pin 1 Pin 8
Pin 8 Pin 1

LAN1 Card front view GFP150 and 4E/FE Cards

LAN card has a direct Ethernet interface.


The GFP150 has a direct, crossed or automatic Ethernet interface depending on the
configuration.
4E/FE card has an automatic Ethernet interface

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Pin N° Signal name Function Function


(direct interface) (cross interface)
1 TX_ETH_TIP Ethernet output (hot point) Ethernet input (hot point)
2 TX_ETH_RING Ethernet output (cold point) Ethernet input (cold point)
3 RX_ETH_TIP Ethernet input (hot point) Ethernet output (hot point)
4 NC Reserved Reserved
5 NC Reserved Reserved
6 RX_ETH_RING Ethernet input (cold point) Ethernet output (cold point)
7 and 8 NC Reserved Reserved

NOTE : Two LEDs are linked to the "ETH" interface :


• Green LED : Link status indicator
• Yellow LED : Traffic status indicator
Electrical characteristics compliant with the IEEE 802.3U

1.3.5 - Connecting on E3DS3 card

34 or 45 Mbit/s transmission port


34 or 45 Mbit/s reception port

Figure 1-10 - Connecting on E3DS3 card

"TR" and "REC"ports :

Ports 75 ohms 34/45 Mbit/s Interface compliant to ITU-T G.703


(§ 5 and 8) Recommendation and ETS 300 166 allowing 34 Mbit/s
or 45Mbit/s plesiochronous stream exclusive connection
Connector BNC 75 ohms or
1.6/5.6 75 ohms (with BNC - 1.6/5.6 adapter)

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1.3.6 - Connecting on 21E120, 21E75, 21E1R8 cards

2 Mbit/s traffic connections (75Ω or 120Ω according to the card), performed on "E1 INPUT" and
"E1 OUTPUT" ports on the 21E120, 21E75, 21E1R8 card are identical with those performed on
"E1 INPUT" and "E1 OUTPUT" ports on the front side of the motherboard (see § 1.3.1.5)

Note : on the 21E1R8, the retiming function is supported by the ports #1 to #8

2Mbit/s transmission port


2Mbit/s reception port

Figure 1-11 – Connecting 21E120, 21E75, 21E1R8 cards

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LOCAL TEST

Equipment Inventory

- 48 V Power Supply Check

Aggregate optical loopback

Insertion of communication parameters (VT100)

Setting to time and insertion of the test configuration tributary accesses


(HTTP browser)

Tributary Ports continuity check

- 48 V redundancy Check

A and B loops and alarms check

* case of underequipped
Local transmission test (30 mn) *
unitary equipment

Optical connection

Connection of external sync input from of an "Master" equipment


(optional)

Configuration Elaboration

no Local Test on network


of last équipment ?

yes

Link established

Optical measurements

MSP protection check

EOW and AUX ports test

Counters reset

24 H link Performance

Equipment operational
(constitution of installation file)

Configuration Save

Figure 1-12 – Commissioning procedure for ADR155C network

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1.4 - Commissioning

This paragraph describes the Equipment commissioning at general way. For more details, see
the chapter 5 "Startup Guide".

The equipment can be operated from a PC fitted with VT100 emulation and HTTP Web
browser; its minimum configuration is defined in the paragraph 5.2 of "Startup Guide"

A local terminal with VT100 emulation is indispensable during the first commissioning, in order
to be able to access the equipment via the management function ; however, this terminal only
enables the communication function to be parameterized (definition of the equipment IP
address).

Procedure.

) On the first commissioning, the equipment scans its constitution and considers it as the
expected configuration, in service, monitored. It is thus advisable to insert the traffic cards
before power-up, in order to speed up the commissioning.
) Switch on the power supply connected to the equipment.
) The equipment conducts self-tests :
ƒ When self-tests have run correctly, the "ON" indicator is lit,
ƒ In the opposite case, an indicator flashing code defines the faulty self-test (contact the
Hotline).
) Parameterize the communication interface, using the VT100 (see § 1.4.3).
) Using the HTTP Web browser, (see § 1.4.4).
ƒ Update the equipment time and date
ƒ Configure the remote management ports using the Web browser
) Connect the 2 Mbit/s, 34/45 Mbit/s, Ethernet, Fast Ethernet, STM-1, STM-4 and SYNC
ports, according to the required equipment composition,
) Connect the AUX and EOW ports required.
) Download a predefined configuration or prepare the desired configuration, using the HTTP
Web browser :
ƒ Create the connections
ƒ Establish the wished protection (MSP protection, SNC protection ...)
ƒ Choose the synchronization source, and change its parameters if required.
ƒ Change, if necessary, the monitoring parameters and the alarms configuration.
The default configuration of the various parameters is provided by § 2.3.
) Conduct the tests on STM-n links, complying with the process described in Figure 1-12
) From that moment, the equipment is operational.
) Operating alarms can signal a wrong connection of interfaces. Check the connection of
ports, the alarms corresponding to the connected ports, and correct any problems that may
arise.
) Save configuration.

REMARK : It is possible, once the commissioning is performed, to connect additional 2 Mbit/s G.703,
E3/DS3, Ethernet,STM1 or STM-4 ports, and to insert or extract powered cards.

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1.4.1 - Communication function description

HTTP Mngt port Application


E
T
R
P
P
. ETH port . HTTP server R
H P
. 4 PPP ports . SNMP agent
(Point to Point Protocol) Routing
for IONOS function
SNMP see details § 1.4.3

Communication function over an ADR 155C

D1 - D3 over STMn D1 - D3 over STMn


HTTP HTTP
E P x P
T
H
R P
P x
P
P
R
SN MP x SN MP

Example 1 : communication over a point to point link of ADR155C

IONOS

The TPI can be connected to any ETH


Ethernet interface as soon as the S H
N T
parameterezing enables to reach
one equipment to be operated M R T
ADR
P P
PP P

D 4 - D 12
D1 - D 3
STMn
STMn
on West
on East
D 4 - D 12STMn
HTTP on East

E P
ADR T
H
R P
P
D 1 - D 3 STMn
S NMP on West
IONOS is necessary
to operate this FOT C D1 - D 3 D1 - D 3 D1 - D 3
(but the ADR can be on STMn STMn STMn
operated from the ETH tributary on East on West
interface of the FOT C
PP P
FOT C * S H
D1 - D 3
N T
on STMn
aggregate M R T ADR
E P P P
T
H
R P
P
ETH

SNMP

Example 2 : communication over an ADR 155C and FOT 155C ring

Figure 1-13 – Examples of the communication function configuration

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The VC12_192K management mode is compatible with those of ADR2500C and ADR2500
eXtra ; it is configurable via HTTP.

1.4.2 - Description of DCC transparency function

The transparency functionality of the DCC flows (D1-D3, D4-D12) allows to transport, in an ADR
network, the management flows in transparency of another operator by using the DCCr (D1-
D3).

In an heterogeneous network of ADR155C, ADR2500C or eXtra and no-ADR equipment :


ƒ the ADR equipment management is transported through the management VC12 when
they must cross a network of no-ADR.
ƒ the no-ADR management is transported through the DCCr of the ADR when they must
cross a network of ADR.

The DCCm of ADR155C are not compatible with those of ADR2500C or ADR2500 eXtra ; their
rates are different.

The transparency of the DCC is independent of the protection mechanisms. The operator must
use a mechanism of routage to protect its path of DCC.

The transparency of the DCCr and DCCm is only configurable by HTTP and is always bi-
directional

The system of transparency does not go up alarm or information on the state of the transported
flow.

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1.4.3 - Defining parameters for IP address and Ethernet port

Figure 1-13 presents the available resources and various configurations possible for the
communication function :

1. Connect the "COMM" access to a free "COM" port on the PC with VT100 emulation.
2. Switch on the PC.
3. If it is the first time you run the "Hyperterminal"application on this PC :
ƒ successively select, in the Windows desktop, the Start, Programs, Accessories and
Hyper terminal buttons,
ƒ select the icon representing the "Hyperterminal"application : a description window for
the application is displayed.
ƒ enter a name and choose an icon for the connection, then validate your choices : a new
window is displayed.
ƒ select the "COM" port on the PC which is connected to the equipment then validate your
choice. A new window is displayed :
ƒ configure the port parameters as indicated below :
ƒ Bits per second : 19200
ƒ Data bits :8
ƒ Parity : none
ƒ Stop bits :1
ƒ Flow control : none
ƒ validate the configuration.
ƒ save the connection ("Save" command in application File menu).
NOTE : The next time you want to open the "Hyperterminal" application, you will simply
need to choose the connection icon to connect to the equipment. Once the equipment is
powered up, the operation menu is displayed.
ƒ to exit the "Hyperterminal" application, select Exit in the File menu.
4. Open a session and enter your password (to configure the communication function, you
need to have "supervisor" rights)
NOTE : by default, for the initial commissioning procedure, the password is empty.

The following screen is displayed :

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To select a command, type the command number in the "Choice ?" text area and press the
"ENTER" key to validate your choice.

¾ Choice "1" : Configuration of equipment IP address.

The IP address must be different from that of the other equipment and must be defined in a
different subnetwork of the one of the Ethernet.
The default value 000.000.000.000 corresponds to no configuration of the IP address.
When the IP address exists and is modified, equipment REBOOT is proposed. This REBOOT
operates itself without affecting the trafic.
Error message : "Equipment address is mandatory" : the equipment address is mandatory
when at least one PPP link is not numbered.

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¾ Choice "2" : Configuration of Ethernet interface.

The above screen presents an Ethernet communication interface with its characteristics :
"Interface State" : choice of interface state : 0 (Interface off) or 1 (Interface on).
"IP Address" : IP address.
"Subnet mask" : sub-network mask.
"Route Protocol" : protocol : 0 (None), 1 (RIP) or 2 (OSPF)

The addresses of the gateway and no gateway equipment must be defined in different
subnetworks.
When the IP address exists and is modified, equipment REBOOT is proposed. This REBOOT
operates itself without affecting the trafic.

¾ Choice "3" : equipment REBOOT.

This command is used to immediately reboot the application and restart with the parameters
already stored in the equipment.
This REBOOT is performed with no impact on the traffic.

¾ Choice "4" : Logout / Disconnection

Once the parameter definition process is completed, this command closes the current session.

An automatic session exit is performed after a few minutes if no activity is detected (this time
period can be configured using the manager).

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¾ Choice "5" : Ping.

"IP Address" : Choice of IP address of equipment to be contacted.


Round trip time in ms
NOTE : The Ping command is used to check the accessibility and the return path from the
remote equipment by testing both the address of the interface and the address of the equipment.
If the address of the port by which the Ping command is generated is different from the address
of the equipment, two commands are generated.

¾ Choice "6" : Trace route.

"IP Address" : choice of IP address of equipment to be contacted.

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The screen displays the management routes already defined with their characteristics :
¾ Hops : hop 1, 2, 3…Path used to go from one machine to another.

1 2 3

¾ IP address : IP address of destination equipment (equipment or sub-network).

¾ Delay (ms) : round trip time.

¾ Unit. size : Maximum size of IP packet which can reach the remote equipment.

1.4.4 - Using HTTP Web browser

1.4.4.1 - Web browser configuration

IE 5.0 configuration

NOTE : It is preferable not to have a cache with the IE 5.0; otherwise, you are never sure to
have updated data when the screen opens.
1. In the Internet Explorer Tools menu, click Internet options.
2. In the General tab, click Parameters.
3. Tick the radio button : On each page visit, then define the disk space to be used for
1 Mbyte. Click [OK].
4. In the Temporary Internet files tab, click Delete Files.
5. Tick Delete all offline content, then click [OK].
6. In the Internet options dialog box, click [OK], then close the IE browser to allow the
options to be acknowledged.

IE 5.5 and IE 6.0 configurations

The above configuration can be used.


However, the Automatic cache option with a disk space of 30 Mbytes provides a faster
operation to display the pages.

With IE 6. 0, it is possible to configure the level of confidentiality, that is to say the choice of the
cookies type that is allowed to copy on the target PC. To open the ADRs, it is necessary to let
the parameter of confidentiality of Internet to the default value "Medium" for the access to the
Web sites.

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With IE6. 0 and a PC equipped of Windows XP SP2, the installed Center of Security modifies
the manner of which IE displays the HTTP windows. In order to correctly open an ADR, it is
necessary to untick the parameter "Block pop-ups" of the tab " Privacy" of IE properties .
In the same way, the installed Center of Security blocks the program Tftpd32 used by the ADRs
for the Upload and the Download. On the warning window , to click on the button "Unblock" : this
action adds the program tftpd32 in the list of exceptions.

Remark

After an upgrade of the application code, the cache must be cleared as following :
In the Internet Explorer "Tools" menu click "Internet Options / General tab / Temporary Internet
files tab / Delete Files".
Tick "Delete all offline content", then click "OK".
Then close and start again the Browser.

PC Configuration

To get a correct date for the equipment HTTP, the environment variable "TZ" must not be
defined. To list all environment variables, type "Set" in the MS DOS console.

To get a correct display of HTML pages, fonts must not be defined as "large" in display
properties of the configuration panel.

1.4.4.2 - First commissioning

The PC is connected via Ethernet (the PC's gateway must be in the same subnetwork as the
Ethernet interface of the ADR).

ƒ Start the INTERNET EXPLORER 5.0, 5.5 or 6.0 application


ƒ On the Welcome screen, fill in the "Address" field with the IP address of the ADR155C
equipment.
ƒ If a screen with a 860 x 600 resolution is used, reduce character to obtain correct pages
display (for example, 'synchronization' page must display 3' 'Apply' buttoms.
ƒ The Web browser welcome screen "Welcome to the ADR155C's site" appears.
ƒ On the first commissioning, the password is empty; click on Apply to access "Shelf View"
screen.
ƒ From that moment, the Web browser is operational.

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1.4.4.3 - Web browser Presentation

On session opening on the HTTP Web browser, the " Shelf View" screen represents the
equipment global view, where each slot is marked with a letter, A, B, C, D, E, F or M for
mothercard, according to the following screen.

Figure 1-14 –"Shelf View" screen of Web browser

This screen is used to view the equipment status, in particular :


ƒ the protection of one STM-1 channel : in normal transmission, the protected card displays
the indication "Traffic" and the protection card the indication "Prot (protected slot)" ; if the
traffic is switched on the protection card, the rescue card displays the indication "Work
(protection slot)" and the protection card the indication "Traffic"
ƒ inconsistencies between configuration and composition : each slot includes the name of the
expected card and the name of the inserted card (in the middle, red colored if necessary)
ƒ each card presents a vertical border on left (an horizontal border on bottom for FAN and
Holdover) which is colored grey if the card is not monitored, red in case of insertion alarm
(Missing, Mismatch, Defective). For FAN, the coloration can also reflect the state of "Both
Fans Failed" and "One Fan Failed" alarms.

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ƒ The connectors inside in-alarm modules are colored according to the severity of the most
serious alarm
ƒ present and configured out of service modules include an icon representing a red cross to
indicate this administrative status
ƒ present and configured on maintenance modules include an icon representing a caution to
indicate this administrative status
ƒ Absent modules configured out of service appear as all black panel.
ƒ the coloration of LEDs is dynamic. Their meaning is specified to § 2.5

This screen is also used to :

ƒ have informations on the session :


- red information of "No Session" and "Login" link
- opened grey padlock if the writing session is not locked, closed red if the writing session is
locked by another user, closed green if the writing session is locked the user.
This information is automatically refreshed according to a defined frequency in the "Polling"
menu.
ƒ activate the common functions of the equipment, (such as the synchronization, safety, traffic
information, …etc.) by clicking on a function in the menu bar located above the equipment
view. This opens a sub-menu; see tree structure of the general menu Figure 1-15 – Menu
structure.
ƒ access the functionalities related to a module in particular (for example, MSP protection in
the case of an Optical module) : click on the module to be selected, the selection arrow is
blinking and its specific menu appears; see tree structure of "card" menus Figure 1-15 –
Menu structure
ƒ view the own characteristics of a port (connections performed, configuration of connections,
alarm states ...), by selecting the relevant connector.

For each function viewed, the configuration parameters, operating commands, active
parameters and alarm states are grouped together on the same screen, with the various actions
possible being accessible or not by the operator according to his/her clearance level.
The upper edge of the Web browser window recalls the equipment name, its IP address, the
clearance level acquired and, if required, the slot concerned.

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LOGIN

SESSION EQUIPMENT SYNCHRONIZATION CROSS-CONNECTION EVENT LOGS CURRENT POLLING


ALARMS
Login Name Synchronization Configure Clear Event Logs Refresh
Logout Date and Time Sources Delete Refresh Open the
Information Inventories Synchronization T0 Rename Open the frame in frame in a HELP
(Hardware/Software) Synchronization T4 new
Multiple connections a new window
Security window
LAN Wizard
Management
Up and Download
List
(Switching)
Failure Hold Off/On Time

"21E120" Menu "Optical STM-4" Menu "Motherboard" Menu


"ERE" Menu
or "21E75" Menu

Maintenance Maintenance Maintenance


Maintenance
Monitoring Monitoring Monitoring
Monitoring
Service Service Performance :
Service VC12 Near (# 1 to 21)
Expected Card Expected Card
Expected Card VC12 Far (# 1 to 21)
Performance : Performance :
Performance : VC12 Near / VC12 Far # Board Status
VC12 Near (#1 to 21) VC12 Near / VC12 Far #
VC12 Far (# 1 to 21) VC3 Near / VC3 Far # 2M Ports
VC3 Near / VC3 Far # VC4 Near / VC4 Far #
Board Status VC4 Near / VC4 Far ETH
MST Near / MST Far /
2M Ports MST Near / MST Far / Loops
RST Near
RST Near Power
Board Status
Board Status Shelf Overheat
"21E1R8" Menu EOW
EOW
AUX
EOW/AUX
STM4's Functional
STM's Functional Groups Groups
Maintenance "E3DS3" Menu
Protection AU-4 Selection
Monitoring
Service
Expected Card Maintenance
Performance : "HOLDOVER" Menu Monitoring
VC12 Near (#1 to 21) Service
VC12 Far (# 1 to 21) " Optical STM-1" Menu
Expected Card
Board Status Board Status Performance :
Retiming VC3 Near / VC3 Far #
2M Ports Board Status
"GFP150" Menu
Maintenance 34M/45M Ports
"FAN Menu" Monitoring
"4E/FE" Menu
FAN" M Service
Expected Card Monitoring
Performance : Service
Monitoring
VC12 Near / VC12 Far # Expected Card Monitoring "LAN1" Menu
Expected Card
VC3 Near / VC3 Far # Performance : Service
Configuration VC4 Near / VC4 Far VC12 Near / VC12 Far # Expected Card
Board Status MST Near / MST Far / VC3 Near / VC3 Far #
Performance : Monitoring
RST Near
Board status VC12 Near / VC12 Far # Service
Board Status
"EMPTY" Menu GFP150's Functional VC3 Near / VC3 Far # Expected Card
EOW/AUX Groups Board status Performance :
STM's Functional Groups - Global Params
4E/FE's Functional VC3 Near / VC3 Far #
Protection - ETH
- Switch Groups Board Status
Expected card
- ETH
- VCG LAN
- XCN - VCG
- HPA / LPT - XCN
- OAM CC - HPA/LPT
- MSTP

Figure 1-15 – Menu structure

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2 - OPERATION

2. OPERATION

2.1 - Functional description


The ADR155C is an optical STM-1/STM-4 add-drop multiplexer used to build STM-1/STM-4
point-to-point links, STM-1 rings, or mesh networks, so achieving the conveyance of PDH links
at 2 Mbit/s, 34 or 45 Mbit/s, of SDH STM-1 links, of Ethernet links.
The ADR155C can also be connected to an equipment of the synchronous digital hierarchy in
accordance with UIT-T recommendations G.707 and G.783.
The ADR155C modelling in functional blocks is presented below :

SPI : SDH Physical Interface


RST : Regeneration Section Termination OHA : OverHead Access
MST : Multiplex Section Termination

MSP : Multiplex Section Protection


SETS : Synchronous Equipment
Timing Source
MSA : Multiplex Section Adaptation
HPOM : Higher order Path Overhead Monitor SETPI : Synchronous Equipment
Timing Physical Interface
HPC : Higher order Path Connection
HPT : Higher order Path Termination

HPA : Higher order Path Adaptation SEMF : Synchronous Equipment


Management Function
LUG : Lower order path Unequipped Generator
LPOM : Lower order Path Overhead Monitor MCF : Message
Communication Function

LPC : Lower order Path Connection


LPT : Lower order Path Termination GFP-Frame
LPA Lower order Path Lower order Path VCAT
Adaptation (VC12) Adaptation (VC3)
PPI : plesiochronous physical plesiochronous physical LCAS
Interface (VC12) Interface (VC3)

Table 2-1 - Functional Blocks of ADR155C

2.2 - Generalities
The ADR155C operation and maintenance are carried out :
- either directly on the equipment, through the front panel indicator lights and two engineering
management loops (loops A and B),
- or from a PC fitted with Web browser,
- or from a network manager, using the SNMP protocol for the network and supervision
aspects, and the included Web browser

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The IONOS-NMS management software provides an efficient and comprehensive network


administration solution for SAGEM systems ADR 155C, ADR 2500C and ADR2500 eXtra (refer
to IONOS-NMS installation and user guide).
The equipment management functions (EMS) are developed at network administration level
(NML) in accordance with the telecommunications network architecture (TMN) :
ƒ point-to-point trail configuration
ƒ management of alarms appearing on links
ƒ management of protection systems : MSP, SNC-P.

2.3 - Operational parameters


The operational parameters include :
ƒ the configuration parameters,
ƒ the maintenance commands or operations (these actions are cleared in case of power supply
loss)
ƒ the alarms and their severity.

Configuration constraints

When configuring the name (Equipment > Name menu), you are limited to using upper and
lower case characters, numbers, the space and the – and _ characters.
Accented characters and certain special characters will not be displayed on the VT100 interface.

Configuration parameters

NOTE :

1) The functional blocks naming, configuration parameters and their default value, noted
"XXXXXX", are displayed on Web browser.
2) The default values are indicated when a connection is created.

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Configuration parameters per functional blocks Default value

SPI : SDH Physical Interface


"ALS enable" ("Maintenance" menu on optical cards)
The Automatic Laser Shutdown function can be disabled
(equipment global functionality) "enable"
"ALS" (Automatic Laser Shutdown)
RST STM4 : Multiplex Section Regeneration
-4
“EBER-B1” (10 ) monitoring ; configurable in "Monitoring" or "No
Monitoring"
" Monitoring"
No consequent actions
Path trace received, expected and sent
- "Trace Received" (16 octets) – no configurable
"UNNAMED RS"
- "Trace Expected" (16 octets) + CRC7
"UNNAMED RS"
- "Trace sent" (16 octets) + CRC7
ou AUTO (*)
+ CRC7

"TIMdis" (Trace Identifier Mismatch) enable or disable clicked (no TIM)

"Autodiscovery" enable or disable clicked

Enable : allows to generate automatically the Trace Sent in order to enable


an autodiscovery of equipment and networking by a network management
RST STM1 : Multiplex Section Regeneration
-4
“EBER-B1” (10 ) monitoring ; configurable in "Monitoring" or "No
Monitoring"
" Monitoring"
No consequent actions
Path trace transmitted (no configurable)
- "Trace sent" (1 octet) 01H
MST : Multiplex Section Termination
-3
“EBER-B2” (10 ) monitoring ; configurable in "Monitoring" or "No
Monitoring"
" Monitoring"
If EBER-B2 is not monitoring, AIS, SF and MS-RDI consequent actions are
inhibited
"SD-B2 threshold"
-5 -9 -6
SD-B2 threshold : configurable from 10 to 10 "10 "
No consequent actions
"REI threshold"
-4 -9 -6
REI threshold : configurable from 10 to 10 "10 "
No consequent actions

Table 2-2 – Configuration parameters

(*) AUTO = XXXXXXXX_**Y:01


XXXXXXXX corresponds to the IP management address converted in hexadecimal
Y corresponds to the slot in which the card is inserted

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Configuration parameters per functional blocks Default value


SOH : Section OverHead
Configuration of SOH bytes which are not used in standard or for EOW
orderwire conveying.
This function is not available on optical cards.
Configurable bytes on ERE card :
Line 1, byte of column 7 "01H"
Line 1, byte of column 8 "02H"
Line 1, byte of column 9 "03H"
Line 2, bytes of columns 8, 9 "00H"
Line 9, bytes of columns 8, 9 "00H"
MSP : Multiplex Section Protection (This function is not available on STM-4 card).

Link type : "1+0" or "1+1" "1+0"


"Card's MSP type"
Choice between « Working » and « Protection » for the selected port
"Card’s MSP Complément"

Definition of the complementary port of the MSP couple


"Revertive"
Revertive authorization : return after a WTR time-delay to the working "No"
link when the fault (SF or SD) causing the switch has disappeared.
"Mode "
Protection mode : bi-directional / unidirectional "Bidir."
"WTR"
Wait Time to Restore (WTR) period : in revertive mode, period following
"60 s"
restoration of nominal operation ; configurable from 30 to 15mn in one-
second steps
"Hold-off time"
SF and SD fault persistence : configurable from 0 to 10s in 100ms steps "0 ms"

"Sf/Sd priority"
SF/SD priority according to Recommendation G.783 [1994] annex A.1.2.1 "Low"
possible value :"high" or "low" (compatibility with MXA)

Table 2-3 – Configuration parameters

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Configuration parameters per functional blocks Default value


HPOM : High order Path Overhead Monitor
HPT : High order Path Termination
-4
“EBER-B3” (10 ) monitoring ; configurable in "Monitoring" or "No
Monitoring"
" Monitoring"
No consequent actions
"SD threshold"
-5 -9 -6
SD threshold (VC4) : configurable from 10 to 10 "10 "
No consequent actions
"REI threshold"
-4 -9 -6
REI threshold : configurable from 10 to 10 "10 "
No consequent actions
Signal label sent, expected and received (byte C2 of VC4 path overhead) ;
"Label" (when VC12 or VC3 connection is created) :
- "Sent", possible values : "01H" (unspecified equipment) or Tug Structured
"02H" (TUG structured) (02H)
- "Expected", possible values : "01H" (unspecified equipment) or Tug Structured
"02H" (TUG structured) (02H)
- "Received". (displayed - hexadecimal value, if unknown)
Path Trace VC4 - byte J1 (when VC12 or VC3 connection is created)
Mode : 1 byte (Trace = 0 to 255) or 16 bytes (Trace = 15 ASCII 16 bytes
characters)
- "Trace Sent" (configurable) "UNNAMED VC4" +
CRC7
- "Trace Expected" (configurable) "UNNAMED VC4" +
CRC7
- "Trace Received" (displayed in the same mode as 'Expected')
"TIMdis" TIM (Trace Identifier Mismatch) enable or disable clicked (no TIM)
LUG : Lower order path Unequipped Generator
Number of the unequipped VC12s transmitted in TUG3s "FFH"
(by default no connection)

Table 2-4 – Configuration parameters

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Configuration parameters per functional blocks Default value


LPOM : Lower order Path Overhead Monitor
-3 -3
“EBER-B3” (10 ) (VC3) or “EBER-V5” (10 ) (VC12) monitoring ;
configurable in "Monitoring" or "No Monitoring"
" Monitoring"
No consequent actions
"SD threshold"
-5 -9
SD threshold : configurable from 10 to 10 -6
"10 "
No consequent actions
"REI threshold"
-4 -9 -6
REI threshold : configurable from 10 to 10 "10 "
No consequent actions
"Label Rec"
Signal label received - Displayed value non configurable
Path trace expected, received for VC3 (J1 Byte) or VC12 (J2 Byte)
- "Trace Expected" (configurable) "UNNAMED VC"
+ CRC7
- "Trace Received" (displayed in the same mode as 'Expected')
"TIMdis" TIM (Trace Identifier Mismatch) enable or disable clicked (no TIM)
LPC : Lower order Path Connection
HPC : High order Path Connection
Connection Switch – "Cross-Connection > Configure or Multiple Not put into
connections" Menu (after selected input port) service
"Name"
Identifications of connections
No name
(configurable according to M.1400 §13)
"Input Port" or "First Input Port"
The dropdown list depends on the declared boards in the rack.
"Output Ports" (> Multiple connexions)
Choice of the last output port to connect
"VC-n type", unidirectional or bidirectional type
Connections of VC3, VC12, VC4

Table 2-5 – Configuration parameters

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Configuration parameters per functional blocks Default value


LPC : Lower order Path Connection (Continue)
HPC : High order Path Connection
SNC connections protection VC12 / VC3 / VC4– Protection (> Configure)
"Status" : traffic status.
Protection status display (channel used, cause of switchover)
"Revertive" :
Revertive authorization (path by path) : return after a WTR time-delay to "No"
the working link when the fault (SF or SD) causing the switch has
disappeared.
"WTR"
Wait Time to Restore (WTR) period (common to all paths) : in revertive "60 s"
mode, period following restoration of nominal operation ; configurable
from 30 to 900 in one-second steps
"Hold Off Time"
SF and SD fault persistence (path by path) : configurable from 0 to 10s in "0 ms"
100ms steps.
"SNC Type" SNC/I
SNC/I or SNC/N (only the SD_B3 or SD_V5 criteria is taken in account)
"Protection Input Port"
Definition of the assistance port No protection
The dropdown list depends on the declared boards in the rack
LPT : Lower order Path Termination
Plesiochronous access
-3 -3
"EBER-B3" (10 ) (VC3) or "EBER-V5" (10 ) (VC12) monitoring ;
configurable in "Monitoring" or "No Monitoring"
" Monitoring"
No consequent actions
"SD threshold"
-5 -9
SD threshold : configurable from 10 to 10 -6
"10 "
No consequent actions
"REI threshold"
-4 -9 -6
REI threshold : configurable from 10 to 10 "10 "
No consequent actions
Signal label (VC3) transmitted, expected and received (C2 Byte); "Label" :
- "Sent", "01H" (unspecified equipment) or "04H" (async 34/45M) "Async 34M/45M"
- "Expected", "01H" (unspecified equipment) or "04H" (async 34/45M) "Async 34M/45M"
- "Received". (hexadecimal value)
Signal label (VC12) transmitted, expected and received (V5 Byte) "Label" :
- "Sent",: "000b" no connection or "010b" (asynch Float)
if connection (not configurable by the operator)
- "Expected", possible value : "001b" (unspecified equipment) or "Async Float"
"010b" (asynch Float)
- "Received" (received value displayed)

Table 2-6 – Configuration parameters

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Configuration parameters per functional blocks Default value


LPT : Lower order Path Termination (Continue)
Plesiochronous access

Path trace expected, received and transmitted for VC3 (J1 Byte) or VC12
(J2 Byte)
- "Trace Expected" (configurable) "UNNAMED VC"
+ CRC7
- "Trace Received" (displayed in the same mode as 'Expected')
- "Trace sent" (16 bytes) "UNNAMED VC"
+ CRC7

"TIMdis" TIM (Trace Identifier Mismatch) enable or disable clicked (no TIM)
LAN1 Card
Ethernet port configuration (exclusive choice)
"LAN Interface"
Choice of the "Automatic" (with autonegotiation) or "Manual" LAN interface : 100Mbps Full
10 Mbps/Half Duplex, 10 Mbps/Full Duplex, 100 Mbps/Half Duplex, Duplex
100 Mbps/Full Duplex.
In "Automatic" the capabilities represent the local capacities of the
equipement that are negotiated with the remote equipment. The result of
this autonegotiation is visualisable in the Status " field ".
In "Manual" no autonegotiation, the "Status" field reflects the operator
configuration.
In order to have a correct link, it is recommended to configure both local
and remote equipment Ethernet interfaces with the same configuration :
- "Automatic" on both side or
- "Manual" and same duplex/speed configuration on both side
Note : in "Automatic" mode, if the remote equipment is set to "Manual",
local interface automatically switches to half duplex.
Flow control (multi point mode only)
- LAN towards VC3_# i 60 %
- VC3_# i towardsVC3_# j or LAN 60 %
Interface configuration
- LAN in service / no service Service
- Maximum route Age 300 s
- LAN interconnection mode (point to point over 2VC3/multipoint) multi-point
-

Signal label (VC3# i) transmitted, expected and received; "Label" :


- "Sent" not configurable
"A8H"
- "Expected" not configurable
"A8H"
- "Received" not configurable
"SD threshold"
-6
-5 -9
SD threshold : configurable from 10 to 10 for VC3 "10 "

Path trace J1 transmitted : "UNNAMED VC"


+ CRC7
Nota : Received Path trace not treated in reception

Table 2-7 – Configuration parameters

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Configuration parameters per functional blocks Default value


GFP150 and 4E/FE Cards
For configuration of these cards, respectively refer to the chapters 6 and
7 of the present user guide
Card menu GFP150 > GFP's Functional Groups > ETH > Interface
Settings
Card menu 4E/FE > 4E/FE's Functional Groups > ETH > Interface
Settings
100 Mbps Full
"Physical Interface" No pause
Choice of the "Automatic" (with autonegotiation) or "Manual" physical
interface : 10/100 Mbps, Half/Full Duplex, Pause/No Pause
In "Automatic" the capabilities represent the local capacities of the
equipement that are negotiated with the remote equipment. The result of
this autonegotiation is visualisable in the Status " field ".
In "Manual" no autonegotiation, the "Status" field reflects the operator
configuration.
In order to have a correct link, it is recommended to configure both local
and remote equipment Ethernet interfaces with the same configuration :
- "Automatic" on both side or
- "Manual" and same duplex/speed configuration on both side
Note : in "Automatic" mode, if the remote equipment is set to "Manual",
local interface automatically switches to half duplex.
"Connecting Interface"
Automatic
- GFP150 : Adaptation according to the used cable : "Crossed", "Direct" or
"Automatic"
- 4E/FE : Automatic
"Link Down Retransmit"
Disable
In point to point mode (one ETH + one VCG), "Enable" allows to report one
ETH Down (or one VCG Down) on the remote ETH link.
Card menu GFP150 > GFP's Functional Groups > HPA/LPT
Card menu 4E/FE > 4E/FE's Functional Groups > HPA/LPT
-3 -3
"EBER-B3" (10 ) (VC3) or "EBER-V5" (10 ) (VC12) monitoring ;
" Monitoring"
configurable in "Monitoring" or "No Monitoring"
No consequent actions
"SD threshold"
-6
-5
SD threshold : configurable from 10 to 10
-9 "10 "
No consequent actions
"REI threshold"
-4 -9 -6
REI threshold : configurable from 10 to 10 "10 "
No consequent actions
Signal label(VC3# i) sent, expected and received; "GFP mapping" :
- "Sent" not configurable "1BH (GFP)"
- "Expected" not configurable "1BH (GFP)"
- "Received" not configurable

Table 2-8 – Configuration parameters

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Configuration parameters per functional blocks Default value


GFP150 and 4E/FE Cards (Continue)
Signal label (VC12# i) sent, expected and received « extended signal
label» / « GFP mapping» (octets V5 et K4) :
- "Sent" not configurable "101b (V5) /
- "Expected" not configurable 1101b (K4) "
- "Received" not configurable
Path trace expected, received and transmitted for VC3 (J1 Byte) or VC12
(J2 Byte)
- "Trace Expected" (configurable) "UNNAMED VC"
+ CRC7
- "Trace Received" (displayed in the same mode as 'Expected')
- "Trace sent" (16 bytes) "UNNAMED VC"
+ CRC7

"TIMdis" TIM (Trace Identifier Mismatch) enable or disable clicked (no TIM)
SETS : Synchronous Equipment Timing Source
Synchronization Sources
Synchronization T0
"Name"
Choice of 2 Mbit/s port number for T2 source "1"
(1 port per enabled 2 Mbit/s card)
"SSM"
Use of synchronization status messages (SSM) "True"
"Quality Provided" (when "SSM" is "False")
Quality level of synchronization sources :
- "PRC" (Primary Reference Clock), T3 : PRC
- "SSUT" (Synchronization Supply Unit Transit), T1 : DNU
- "SSUL" (Synchronization Supply Unit Local), T2 : SEC
- "SEC" (Synchronization Equipment Clock),
- "DNU" (Do Not Use).
"T0 Priority"
T0 priority Table, according to enabled sources ; "P1" for T3_1
possible values : P1 to P7 (P1 have the most priority) "Dis" for T3_2
and T2_M
"P2" for others
"LOS Severity" Minor for T3
Alarm severity associated to the source status . Warning for T1
and T2
"Mode"
Synchronization operating mode
Choice between "Automatic" and "Free-run" "Automatic"

Table 2-9 – Configuration parameters

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Configuration parameters per functional blocks Default value


SETS : Synchronous Equipment Timing Source (Continue)
Synchronization Sources
Synchronization T0
"Command"
Operator actions : manual synchronization, forced synchronization or clear clear
Choice of the active source
"Revert"
Revertive authorization (common to all sources) : return after a WTR
time-delay to the working link when the fault (SF or SD) causing the "True"
switch has disappeared.
"WTR"
Wait Time to Restore (WTR) period : in revertive mode, period following
"60 s"
restoration of nominal operation ; configurable from 0 to 30mn by one-
second step
"Sync Freq Out of Range Severity"
Warning
Alarm severity associated to the T0 output frequency
Synchronization T4
"Active source"
Selected source for T4 "T0"
"Minimum Quality"
Quality level for T4
- "PRC" (Primary Reference Clock),
- "SSUT" (Synchronisation Supply Unit Transit), "PRC"
- "SSUL" (Synchronisation Supply Unit Local),
- "SEC" (Synchronisation Equipment Clock),
"Sase"
SASE mode control (enable or disable) False
T3 source selection for SASE mode (T3-1 or T3-2) T3-1
"LOS T4 Severity"
Minor
Alarm severity associated to the T4 output status.

Table 2-10 – Configuration parameters

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Configuration parameters per functional blocks Default value


OHA : OverHead Access
" STM-n card > AUX" menu
AUX interface operating mode (F1);
Codirectional or Contradirectional Master Contradirectional
Only contra-directional mode is available on cards STM-4.
" STM-n card > EOW" menu
EOW interface operating mode :
Codirectional or Contradirectional Master Contradirectional
Only contra-directional mode is available on STM-4 cards
Selection of byte used to convey order wire channel EOW in the SOH,
E1 E1
E2
Line 7, bytes of columns 8, 9 (only on ERE cards)
Line 8, bytes of columns 8, 9 (only on ERE cards)
Line 9, bytes of columns 8, 9 (only on ERE cards)
" STM-n card > EOW/AUX" menu
Interface operating mode :
Codirectional or Contradirectional Master Contradirectional
Selection of byte used to convey :
E1, E2 ou F1 F1
E3DS3 Card
"E3 (34M)" or "DS3 (45M)"
34 or 45 Mbit/s physical interface selection "E3 (34M)"
Connecting cable length selection so that transmitted pulse complies to
template defined in Bellcore GR-489-CORE standard : "Type of cable"
(DS3/45Mbit/s mode only "short"
"long" or "short" (length < 225 ft or 70m)
21E1R8 Card
Retiming
Selection of the Retiming function for the #1 to #8 ports Disable
FAN card
Operation mode selection of the FAN module which allows to control the
shelf temperature according to the room temperature
"Permanent cooling" :
Fan is ON, if Tamb°> 5°C (41°F)
Fan is OFF, if Tamb° ≤ 0°C (32°F)
Note : the "Permanent cooling" mode is the default mode when a "Overheat
GFP150 module is in service. This configuration must not be changed. Avoidance"

"Overheat Avoidance" :
Fan is ON, if Tamb°> 35°C (95°F)
Fan is OFF, if Tamb° ≤ 30°C (86°F)

Table 2-11 – Configuration parameters

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Configuration parameters per functional blocks Default value


Equipment
Session – "Session" menu
"Login"
Login session. Requests for user class.
Restriction : only one write login for write at a time
"Logout"
Exits session subsequent to operator command or time-out
"Information"
Informations on current session
"Equipment > Name" menu Empty
Configuration of equipment name
“Equipment > Date and Time” menu
Equipment date and time DD/MM/YYYY
PC date and time hh:mn:ss
Passwords - "Equipment > Security" menu
Selection of user class level :
Supervisor
Operator Admin
Observer
"New Password"
One password by user class No password
Only the administrator may modify password
Authorized managers - "Equipment > Management" menu
"Traps Managers Dest
"Dest IP" 0.0.0.0
Destination IP address
"Community"
Authorization for transmission of traps to management : managers list "
"Managers List" (10 possible addresses)
"N° IP"
IP address entry (10 possible addresses) according to user class.
0.0.0.0

Choice of a user class by increasing order of rights :


supervisor
- "Observer"
- "Operator"
- "Supervisor"
The class is granted according to the password ; it is displayed.
Address of managers and authorized levels.
Each manager is associated to a maximum user level.
Ex. : the Supervisor’s password gives access to the Operator class if the
maximum level associated to the IP address is Operator.
Backup and download
Equipment > Upload/Download/Switching Menu
Upload > Database (type of uploaded informations)
Backup of shelf configuration (cards, alarms, performances, connections,
protection, synchronization)

Table 2-12 – Configuration parameters

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Configuration parameters per functional blocks Default value


Equipment (Continue)
Upload > Network (type of uploaded informations)
Backup of management network parameters (PPP, IP address, routing
Protocols)
Upload > TFTP Server
PC address configuration on which the equipment is displayed
Upload > Save in File
File name in which the informations are saved xxxxxxxx.yyy
Download > Database (type of downloaded informations)
Restoration of shelf configuration (cards, alarms, performances,
connections, protection, synchronization)
Download > Network (type of downloaded informations)
Restoration of management network parameters (PPP, IP address, routing
protocols)
Download > FPGA (type of downloaded informations)
Download of whole FPGA codes of all the configurable cards in the
equipment..
Download > LAN Code (type of downloaded informations)
Download application software of LAN1 card
Code n-1 is saved in Flash memory. Switchover to downloaded new code
takes place following a manual operator command.
Download > GFP150 Code (type of downloaded informations)
Download application software of GFP150 card
Code n-1 is saved in Flash memory. Switchover to downloaded new code
takes place following a manual operator command.
Download > Motherboard Code (type of downloaded informations)
Download application software of Motherboard
Code n-1 is saved in Flash memory. Switchover to downloaded new code
takes place following a manual operator command.
It is not possible to do a Download on a code < P5
Download > TFTP Server
PC address configuration on which the equipment is displayed
Download > File
File name from which the informations are loaded xxxxxxxx.yyy
Switching > FPGA (Take effect)
Apply default configuration of FPGA codes
Switching > LAN Code (Switch)
Switchover of code in flash without application on the LAN1 card
Switching > GFP150 Code (Switch)
Switchover of code in flash without application on the GFP150card
Switching > LAN Code (Switch and reset)
Switchover of code in flash and application on the LAN1 card
Switching > GFP150 Code (Switch and reset)
Switchover of code in flash and application on the GFP150card
Switching > Motherboard Code (Switch and reset)
Switchover of code in flash and application by a Motherboard reset
It is not possible to do a Switching on a code < P5

Table 2-13 – Configuration parameters

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Configuration parameters per functional blocks Default value


Equipment (Continue)
Card > "Expected card" menu Empty
if absent card
Configuration of A, B, C, D, F slots. A slot can be configured empty or
with an expected card Inserted card
if present
Card > "Monitoring" menu
Monitoring of cards
A no-monitored card is indicated in the equipment view (greyed front Monitoring
panel) ; not monitoring a card inhibits the entire management of the
faults related to this card (card and port)
Subrack Monitoring (Motherboard) Monitoring
Monitoring of ports No Monitoring
Not monitoring a port inhibits the entire management of the faults and for LPOM blocks
performance related to this port Monitoring
for others and
according to
custom
Card > "Service" menu Into Service,
if present card
Putting a card into/out of service
(The card is ignored by the management function) Out of service,
if absent card
Alarms
Alarms severity
The severity of each alarm is configurable individually with the following
attributes :
"Critical"
"Major"
"Minor"
"Warning"
"Critical-inv"
"Major-inv"
"Minor-inv"
"Warning-inv".
Alarms Persistence configuration
"Equipment > Failure Hold Off/On Time" menu
Persistence for the raising : X = 0, 1, 3, 10 or 30s X = 3s
Persistence for the clearing : Y = 0, 1, 3, 10 or 30s Y = 3s

DCC Transparency –"Motherboard > ETH > DCC Connection" Menu


"DCC Type" : Choice between "D1-D3" and "D4-D12"
Max 4 transparencies No connection
ETH Interface–"Motherboard > ETH > ETH Interface Settings" Menu
"Connecting Interface" : Adaptation according to the used cable : Automatic
"Direct" or "Automatic"

Table 2-14 – Configuration parameters

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Configuration parameters per functional blocks Default value


Equipment (Continue)
Loops – "Motherboard > Loops" menu
Local Input User Input x
(x = 1 to 4)
Used to configure severity and name of 4 incoming loops
Local Output
Central site (remote indications gathering) No Clicked
Proceed status from/to (A, B, C or D)
Two remote indication inputs are transmitted by bits 1 to 4 of S1 byte of Enable
STM-n cards if "enable" configuration

Routing –"Motherboard > ETH > IP Parameters" Menu


> Global Parameters
Equipment : IP address of equipment management
RIP : routing domain
OSPF : routing area
> Static Routes
Configuration tables of Static routes Not configured
Possibility to add or delete routes
> Interfaces Configuration
Selecting and putting Ethernet port into service On
Enabled / Disabled (port by port)
Selecting and putting PPP1, PPP2, PPP3 or PPP4 ports into service
Enabled / Disabled (port by port) Off
Type Numbered
Port addressing (port by port) :
Ethernet
Interface IP address 135.10.110.010
Subnet mask 255.255.0.0
PPP Interface
Interface IP address 0.0.0.0
Subnetwork mask 0.0.0.0
Destination IP address (PPP interface only) 0.0.0.0
Management paths (port by port – PPP only) either :
DCCr (A, B, C or D) None
DCCm (A, B, C or D)
P#1, P#2
Selection of the routing protocol port by port (RIP, OSPF, none) None

Table 2-15 – Configuration parameters

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Maintenance operation commands

Monitoring commands according to the functional blocks

SPI : SDH Physical Interface


Optical cards "Maintenance" menu
"ALS enable" clicked by default
ALS enabled/disabled (equipment global functionality)
"Restart STMn Slot X"
"None" : activated by default
"2 sec" : 2s laser restart on operator action
"90 sec" : 90s laser restart on operator action
Cards "Maintenance > Loopback" menu
"No loopback" : activated by default
"Line" : Transparent line loop-back, activated/deactivated
"Equipment" : Transparent equipment loop-back, activated/deactivated
MSP : Multiplex Section Protection (This function is not available on STM-4 boards)
"Protection > Operation" Menu of STM-1 cards
Operator command for MSP protection
Clear (Automatic mode) activated by default
Lockout of Protection
Forced Switch to Working
Forced Switch to Protection
Manual Switch to Working
Manual Switch to Protection
LPC : Lower order Path Connection
HPC : High order Path Connection
"Cross Connection > Configure > Command" menu
Operator command for SNC protection of VC12 / VC3 / VC4 path (per path and in order of
priority) :
Clear (Automatic mode) activated by default
Manual Working
Manual Protection
Forced Working
Forced Protection
Lockout (lockout of Protection)
Swap SNC : swap the working and protection input ports
PPI : PDH Physical Interface
Cards "Maintenance > Loopback" menu
"No loopback" : activated by default
"Line" : Transparent line loop-back, activated/deactivated
"Equipment" : Transparent equipment loop-back, activated/deactivated

Table 2-16 - Commands

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Monitoring commands according to the functional blocks


LAN1 Card
LAN statistics (display and reset)
VC3 # i statistics (display and reset)
Flow control (display and reset)
Interface status-(separate graphical SDH and WAN status display)
GFP150 Card
LAN #i statistics (display and reset)
EoS #i statistic (display and reset)
SLA statistic (display and reset)
Interface status (LAN and WAN)
VC3#i and VC12#i SDH statistics (display and reset)
4E/FE Card
Ethernet statistics of ETH #i interfaces (display and reset)
Ethernet and GFP statistics of VCG #i interfaces (display and reset)
Interface status (ETH and VCG)
SDH VC3#i and VC12#i statistics (display and reset)
SETS : Synchronous Equipment Timing Source
"Synchronization > Synchronization T0 > Command" Menu
Synchronization operator command
Clear (Automatic mode) activated by default
Manual (manual synchronization)
Forced (forced synchronization on new source)
Equipment
Alarms
Alarm acknowledgements using the front panel push-button
(such acknowledgements only act on major and minor output loops ; LED indications remain
as long as alarm cause).
Quality
"Event Logs" menu
Alarms and events logs display
> Clear Event Logs
Alarms and events logs reset
LAN1
RESET of traffic counters of LAN functions ports (port by port) or of indicators of ADR frame
switching function
GFP150
RESET of traffic counters of GFP150 function ports (per interface) or of indicators of GFP
frame switching function
4E/FE
RESET of traffic counters of ports per interface
Reset ("Motherboard > ETH > Restart" Menu)
Hot reset of the equipment, performed by software
(the reset time should be shorter than 30s)

Table 2-17 - Commands

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2.4 - Predefined functions


On commissioning, the following mechanisms are implemented automatically :
ƒ synchronization,
ƒ management of outgoing remote indication loops.

Synchronization
Synchronization of the local and remote equipment is managed in accordance with the available
synchronization sources, their quality and the priority assigned to each.
The possible synchronization sources include :
ƒ standalone operation (holdover* or local oscillator mode),
ƒ T1 extracted from one of the incoming STM-n streams (1 to 4 possibilities according to the
number of Optical cards present in the equipment),
ƒ T2 : one 2 Mbit/s G.703 source per declared 2 Mbit/s module, and selected from the various
2 Mbit/s G.703 accesses
ƒ T3_1 and T3_2 : two external 2 MHz G.703 sources

* The Holdover mode is a memorization of a last valid synchronization timing.

Until 60s can be necessary after a source selection to validate the holdover mode.

Holdover mode is available when an holdover card is inserted in extension slot. If there is no
card or if it is defective then standalone operation is assume only by local oscillator

NOTE : On creation of an MSP protection, the « Protection » link inherits the configurations of
the « Working » link and therefore, in particular,those of synchronization.
The Synchronization screen summarizes the status of the timing obtained from the
traffic link under the « Working » interface reference.

The following figures give typical synchronization examples according to equipment connections.

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2 MHz external
sync input (T3):
- Quality = PRC,
- Priority = 1.
STM-n port (T1-C): STM-n port (T1-C):
- Quality = DNU - Quality = DNU
- Priority = 2. - Priority = 2.
ADR155C 1 ADR155C 2

T1-C = T0 = T3 SSM = PRC T1-C = T0 = T3 (ADR155C1)


Internal
T0 = T1-C
synchronization
T0 = T3

2 MHz clock output


T4= T0 = T3 (ADR155C1)

ADR155C 3 Synchronization
of other equipments
SSM = PRC

T0 = T1-c

2 MHz clock output


T4= T1-N

Synchronization
of other equipments

Figure 2-1 - Synchronization from the 2 MHz external sync input (T3)

2 Mbit/s port (T2):


- Quality = PRC,
- Priority = 1.
STM-n port (T1-C): STM-n port (T1-C):
- Quality = DNU - Quality = DNU
- Priority = 2. - Priority = 2.
ADR155C 1 ADR155C 2

T1-C = T0 = T2 SSM = SEC T1-C = T0 - T1-c (West)


Internal T0 = T1-C West
synchronization or T2 (ADR155C1)
T0 = T2

2 MHz clock output


T4= T0 = T1c West

ADR155C 3 Synchronization
of other equipments
SSM = SEC

T0 = T1-c

2 MHz clock output


T4= T1-N

Synchronization
of other equipments

NOTE : Synchronization is applied to the 2 Mbit/s port of the ADR155C which is enabled first
(local ADR155C in the example).

Figure 2-2 - Synchronization from a 2 Mbit/s port

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Loops Management
On remote sites, two local outgoing loops (Local user outputs A and B) are activated on the
appearance of a local equipment alarm or remote indication loops 3 and 4 (Local user input #3
or #4).
The remote loopback function allows an equipment named "central site", to register faults
present on remote sites.
This function requires each site to transmit to the central site an alarm presence message. This
messages which corresponds to remote monitoring loopback 1 or 2 (Local user input #1 or #2)
is transmitted in the S1 byte. To link this message to equipment's alarms, the outputs of the A
and B loops (Local user outputs A and B) should be connected to remote monitoring loops 1 and
2 (Local user input #1 or #2) respectively.
Data chaining in a bus or ring type network architecture is provided by "OR" function validation
between the data received (Far user inputs #1 et #2) via S1 STM-n West and S1 STM-n East,
and local data, for each site in the network.
At the "central site" equipment, "OR" function validation between the data received (Far user
inputs #1 and #2) via S1 STM-n West and S1 STM-n East, and local data (Local user input #1 or
#2 and local alarm), enables local alarm loopbacks to be activated (Local user outputs A and B).
To configure the remote loopback function, the following parameters should be programmed :
"Line remote loopback" and " central site". The Figure 2-3 gives an example of remote
management of the local outgoing loops according to the equipment connections.

A B Local user outputs


A B Local user outputs
WEST Activation of local EAST WEST EAST
Received user inputs
S1 = received S1* + state of
West S1 #1 or #2
local user inputs #1 and #2
folowing activation
#1 of local user #1
outputs A or B
#2 ( équipment #2 Activation of
alarms Local user
#3 #3 inputs #1 or #2
or local user
#4 inputs #3 rt #4) #4
ADR 155C 2
Local Local
user inputs user inputs

A B Local user outputs


EAST WEST
Activation of local
user inputs
S1 = received S1* + state of #1 or #2 S1 = received S1* + state of
local user inputs #1 and #2 folowing activation local user inputs #1 and #2
#1 of local user
outputs A or B
#2 ( équipment
#3 alarms
Received S1* : gathering of S1 received from
or local user
S1 received from authorised #4 inputs #3 rt #4)
STMn tributary
STM1 interfaces except
from transmiting interface Local ADR 155C 3
user inputs
Figure 2-3 – Remote loopback function (registering alarms on central site)

NOTE 1 : When Local User #1 and #2 gather major / critical and minor alarm informations (local
user outputs A and B) it is necessary to give them a "warning" severity in order to avoid
permanently activation.
NOTE 2 :Status of incoming loops (Local user inputs #1 to #4), far incoming loops (Far user
inputs #1 to #2) and outgoing loops (Local user outputs A and B) may be displayed on
Web browser.

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2 - OPERATION

2.5 - Alarms processing


Indicator lights and pushbuttons
The following tables give the meanings of the lit LEDs and the actions initiated by using the
pushbuttons.

Ö Spécific indicator lights of Motherboard :


Monitored Name Remark Status Meaning
component
Ethernet Without Green Off Incorrect link and Link Down
(management access) Flashing Current activity and Link Up
On Correct link and Link Up but
no activity
Motherboard "ON" Green On In service card
Flashing Self-test default
Off Not powered equipment or not
run software
Equipment "ALA M" Red On Major / critical alarm
"ALA m" Yellow On Minor alarm

Table 2-18 - Spécific indicator lights of Motherboard

Ö Spécific indicator lights of LAN1 card :


Monitored Name Remark Status Meaning
component
Ethernet Without Green On Correct Link
Off No link
Without Yellow On Transmission in progress
Off No traffic
Interface ETH bite rate
10/100 Yellow On 100 Mbit/s
Off 10 Mbit/s
Interface ETH type
HALF/FULL Yellow On Full duplex
Off Half duplex

Table 2-19 - Spécific indicator lights of LAN1 card

Ö Spécific indicator lights of GFP150 card :


Monitored Name Remark Status Meaning
component
Ethernet #1 to #8 Without Green On Correct Link
Off No link
Without Yellow On Transmission in progress
Off No traffic

Table 2-20 - Spécific indicator lights of GFP150 card

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2 - OPERATION

Ö Spécific indicator lights of 4E/FE card :


Monitored Name Remark Status Meaning
component
Ethernet #1 to #4 Without Left On Correct link
Green Off No link
Without Right Flashing Traffic on progress
Yellow Off No traffic

Table 2-21 - Spécific indicator lights of 4E/FE card

Ö "STATUS" indicator light on all cards except the Motherboard and the FAN :
Green LED Red LED Meaning
On Off Card in service
On On Card in service and in alarm
Off Off Hardware default on card (fuse)
Off On Card out of service
Flashing Self-test default

Table 2-22 - "STATUS" indicator light

Ö Spécific indicator lights of E3DS3 card :


Monitored Name Remark Status Meaning
component
Card "DS3/E3" Green On 34 Mbit/s mode activated
"45/34"
Off 45 Mbit/s mode activated

Table 2-23 - Spécific indicator lights of E3DS3 card

Ö Pushbuttons :
Designation Location Role Action initiated
"ACK" Motherboard Alarm Pressing disables the outgoing alarm
acknowledge loops. The visual alarm is kept.
"INIT Motherboard Configuration "Factory" Configuration reload
CONFIG"(*) reload

Table 2-24 - Pushbuttons

(*) To activate "INIT", keep button pressed for at least 5 seconds. This button is
inaccessible (and unused) in normal operation. It is necessary to remove the cover to
access it.

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2 - OPERATION

Defaults and Alarms


The tables below give the severity level default values associated to the failures.

An alarm of gravity "major" or "critical" activates the major outgoing loops of the "POWER"
connector of the mothercard.
An alarm of gravity "minor" activates the minor outgoing loops of the "POWER" connector of the
mothercard.
An alarm of gravity "warning" does not activate any outgoing loop (available on HTTP).

Alarms Description Severity


SPI : SDH Physical Interface
SPI-LOS Loss Of Signal major
SPI-TF Transmit Fail major
RST : Regenerator Section Termination
RST-LOF Loss Of Frame major
-4
RST-EBER-B1 Bit Error Rate > 10 on B1 Byte major
RST-TIM Regenerator Section –Trace Identifier Mismatch minor
MST : Multiplex Section Termination
MST-AIS Alarm Indication Signal warning
-3
MST-EBER-B2 Bit Error Rate > 10 on B2 Byte major
MST-SD-B2 Signal Degrade –B2 minor
MST-REI Remote Error Indication warning
MST-RDI Remote Defect Indication warning
MSP : Multiplex Section Protection
PAM Protection Architecture Mismatch minor
SCM Selector Control Mismatch minor
OTM Operation Type Mismatch minor
MSA : Multiplex Section Adaptation
AU-AIS Administrative Unit – Alarm Indication Signal warning
AU-LOP Administrative Unit – Loss Of Pointer major
HPOM : Higher order Path Overhead Monitor
-4
HO-EBER-B3 Bit Error Rate > 10 on B3 Byte major
HO-SD (VC4) High Order Path –Signal Degrade warning
HO-REI Remote Error Indication warning
HO-RDI/G1 High Order Path – Remote Defect Indication warning
HO-UNEQ High order Path – Unequipped warning
HO-TIM High Order Path –Trace Identifier Mismatch warning

Table 2-25 - Alarms and severity

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Alarms Description Severity


HPT : Higher order Path Termination
-4
HO-EBER-B3 Bit Error Rate > 10 on B3 Byte major
HO-SD (VC4) High Order Path –Signal Degrade warning
HO-REI Remote Error Indication warning
HO-RDI/G1 High Order Path –Remote Defect Indication warning
HO-UNEQ High order Path – Unequipped warning
HO-TIM High Order Path –Trace Identifier Mismatch warning
HO-PLM High Order Path -Signal Label Mismatch warning
HPA : Higher order Path Adaptation
TU-LOM Tributary Unit - Loss Of Multiframe minor
TU-AIS Tributary Unit – Alarm Indication Signal warning
TU-LOP (TU3) Tributary Unit - Loss Of Pointer major
TU-LOP (TU12) Tributary Unit - Loss Of Pointer minor
LPOM : Lower order Path Overhead Monitor
LO-EBER Bit Error Rate > 10-3 on B3 (VC3) or V5 (VC12) major
Byte
LO-SD Signal Degrade – B3 or V5 minor
LO-REI Remote Error Indication warning
LO-RDI Low order Path -Remote Defect Indication warning
LO-UNEQ Low order Path – Unequipped warning
LO-TIM Low Order Path - Trace Identifier Mismatch minor
LPT : Lower order Path Termination
LO-EBER Bit Error Rate > 10-3 on B3 (VC3) or V5 (VC12) major
Byte
LO-SD Signal Degrade – B3 or V5 minor
LO-REI Remote Error Indication warning
LO-RDI Low order Path – Remote Defect Indication warning
LO-UNEQ Low order Path – Unequipped warning
LO-TIM Low Order Path - Trace Identifier Mismatch minor
LO-PLM Low order Path – Signal Label Mismatch warning
PPI : PDH Physical Interface
PPI-LOS (21 x 2M Loss Of Signal minor or warning
or motherboard) according to custom
PPI-LOS (34 / 45M) Loss Of Signal major
PPI-AIS Alarm Indication Signal warning

Table 2-26 - Alarms and severity

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Alarms Description Severity


SETS : Synchronous Equipment Timing Source
T3 LOS Loss Of Signal on T3 sync input minor
T1 LOS Loss Of Signal on T1 sync input warning
T2 LOS Loss Of Signal on T2 sync input warning
T4 - Failure Failure on T4 synchronization output minor
Sync Freq Out of Synchronization rhythm frequency out of phase warning
Range Severity locked loop range (*)
Local equipment
Local user input # 1 Remote indication 1 warning
Local user input # 2 Remote indication 2 warning
Local user input # 3 Remote indication 3 major
Local user input # 4 Remote indication 4 minor
Remote equipment
Remote input # 1 Remote indication 1 major **
Remote input # 2 Remote indication 2 minor **
Equipment management
PPP#1 to 4 IP intf Loss of management link PPP#i minor
DOWN
Ethernet IP intf Loss of Ethernet link minor
DOWN
LAN Function
TU-AIS Tributary Unit – Alarm Indication Signal warning
TU-LOP Tributary Unit - Loss Of Pointer major
VC3-RDI Low order Path - Remote Defect Indication warning
VC3-SD Signal Degrade –B3 minor
VC3-UNEQ Low order Path - Unequipped warning
VC3-PLM Low order Path - Signal Label Mismatch warning
LAN Interface Loss of Ethernet link major
Defect

Table 2-27 - Alarms and severity

(*) Internal equipment rhythm is then kept in a ±9.2 ppm range

(**) If the equipment configured is declared central office.

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Alarms Description Severity


GFP150 and 4E/FE Functions
ETH Interface Loss of Ethernet link major
Defect
Pause Mode Pause Mode Rejected major
Rejected (*)
VCAT loa Loss of Alignment major
GFP lfd Loss of GFP Frame delineation major
GFP locs Los Of Client Signal minor
GFP loccs Los Of Client Character Synchronisation minor
UPM User Payload Mismatch minor
EXM EXtension header Mismatch minor
VCAT lom Loss of Multiframe warning
VCAT sqm SeQuence Mismatch warning
LCAS Member fail A member of VCG is failed warning
(**)
VCG defect (***) All VCG is failed, interrupted traffic major
VCG degraded (**) Some VCG are failed, degraded traffic minor
(***)

Table 2-28 - Alarms and severity

(*)This alarm is raised when the "Automatic" mode and the "Pause" capability are selected and
the Pause status = No Pause (the remote equipment has refused the negotiation of Pause).

(**)This alarm is computed only if LCAS is active.

(***)These alarms are indications of state of the path elaborated for the network manager in
supplement of faults indications ; of this fact 2 indications can be transmitted in logs for only
one default.

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Alarms Description Severity


FAN module
One Fan Failed One Fan Failed minor
Both Fans Failed The two Fans Failed major
Shelf
Overheat Temperature overtaking major
Power supply
48V#1 Missing of 48V#1 input PWRA Sub-D major
48V#2 Missing of 48V#2 input PWRB Sub-D major
48VJ Missing of 48V input PWR Jack major
5V General Power Supply failure 5V Major
5V_FAN FAN Power Supply failure 5V major
Others
Message Daughter board Defective major
Message Daughter board Mismatch major
Message Daughter board Missing major
Message Mother board Defective major
Message FAN Missing major
Message Overheat major
Message No MSTP Licence
(only GFP150 card) major

Table 2-29 - Alarms and severity

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Correlation of faults
A correlation mechanism is implemented on all faults detected.
This correlation mechanism, implemented on each change of information collected, is used to
eliminate faults induced by other faults to facilitate fault finding and fault locating.
The following tables define the faults that are masked for each fault detected in the system..
Key :
: The fault concerned on the current line is masked by the fault in the current
X
column.
For example : The LOF fault is masked by fault 2 (LOS).

Correlation of STM-n faults

FAULTS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
FAULTS TF LOS LOF TIM EBER AIS EBER- SD-B2 RDI REI
-B1 B2
1 TF
2 LOS
3 LOF X
4 TIM X X
5 EBER-B1 (RS- X X X
EBER)
6 AIS (MS-AIS) X X X X
7 EBER-B2 (MS- X X X X X
EBER)
8 SD-B2 X X X X X X
9 RDI (MS-RDI) X X X
10 REI (MS-REI) X X X X

Correlation of MSP faults

FAULTS 1 2 3
FAULTS PAM SCM OTM
1 PAM
2 SCM X
3 OTM X

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Correlation of AU faults
The AU faults are masked by the STM-n LOS, LOF and AIS (MS-AIS) faults.
The TU-LOM fault is filtered, if there is no configured VC12 connection on this STM-n.

FAULTS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
FAULTS AU-AIS AU-LOP UNEQ TIM RDI REI PLM TU-LOM EBER SD-
-B3 B3
1 AU-AIS
2 AU-LOP
3 UNEQ (VC4 UNEQ) X X
4 TIM X X X
5 RDI (VC4 RDI) X X X X
6 REI (VC4-REI) X X X X X
7 PLM (HPT) X X X X
8 TU-LOM X X X X X
9 EBER-B3 (VC4) X X
10 SD-B3 (VC4) X X X

Correlation of TU/VC faults


The TU/VC faults are masked by the STM-n LOS, LOF and AIS (MS-AIS) faults, and by the AU
AU-LOP, AU-AIS, UNEQ (VC4 UNEQ), PLM (VC-PLM), TIM (VC4_TIM) and TU-LOM faults.
TU-LOP is masked by the AU PLM and TU-LOM faults.
The TU/VC faults of a not connected input are filtered.

FAULTS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
FAULTS TU-AIS TU-LOP UNEQ TIM RDI REI PLM EBER SD
1 TU-AIS
2 TU-LOP
3 UNEQ X X
4 TIM X X X
5 RDI X X X X
6 REI X X X X X
7 PLM (LPT) X X X X
8 EBER- X X
9 SD X X X

Correlation of port faults

FAULTS 1 2
FAULTS LOS AIS
1 LOS
2 AIS X

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Correlation of VCG faults from GFP150 and 4E/FE cards

The LOA, LFD, LOCS, LOCCS, EXM, UPM, DEFECT and DEGRADED alarms are VCG
alarms.
The LOM, SQM, LCAS_MemberFail alarms are alarms of member constituting a VCG.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
FAULTS LOA LFD LOCS LOCCS EXM UPM LOM#i SQM#i LCAS_ DEFE DEGR
Member CT ADED
FAULTS Fail#i
1 LOA

2 LFD X
3 LOCS X X
4 LOCCS X X
5 EXM X X
6 UPM X X X X
7 LOM#i
8 SQM#i X
9 LCAS_
Member
Fail#i
10 DEFECT X
11 DEGRADE
D

Definitions of VCG_DEFECT and VCG DEGRADED synthesized failure indications

Notations in the following paragraphes :


SF Member#i corresponds to at least one of among failures LOM#i, SQM#i, SF_LPT#i or LCAS
Member Fail#i of VC member #i of a VCG.
SF_LPT#i corresponds to at least one of among failures TU-LOM (for VC-12 only), TU-AIS, TU-
LOP, LO-SD (if LCAS activated), LO-PLM, LO-UNEQ, LO-TIM of the LPT functional block of VC
#i.
Please note that LCAS Member Fail#i is computed only if LCAS is active.

Definitions :
When LCAS mode is not active,
- VCG_DEFECT is set whenever one of the LOCS, LOCCS, UPM, EXM, LFD, LOA failure
indications is raised or at least one of the SF Member#i is raised.
- VCG_DEGRADED is never set
When LCAS mode is active,
- VCG_DEFECT is set if one of the LOCS, LOCCS, UPM, EXM, LFD, LOA failure indications is
raised and all SF Member#1 to SF Member#X are simultaneously raised.
- VCG_DEGRADED is set if VCG_DEFECT is not set and at least one of the SF Member#i is
raised.
VCG_DEGRADED alerts the operator that, although Ethernet over SDH traffic is still going on, -
thanks to LCAS scheme – the requested SLA may not be achieved due to lack of SDH
bandwidth.

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2 - OPERATION

2.6 - Performance processing


Performance processing consists in supervising the following monitoring ports :

for local equipment :

ƒ regeneration section (byte B1) ("near end working (protection) RS"),


ƒ multiplex section (byte B2) ("near end working (protection) MS"),
ƒ VC4 tributary paths ("near end High Path Virtual Container"),
ƒ VC3 tributary paths ("near end Low Path Virtual Container"),
ƒ VC12 tributary paths (byte V5) ("near end Low Path Virtual Container"),

for the remote equipment :

ƒ multiplex section (byte M1) ("far end working (protection) MS"),


ƒ VC4 tributary paths ("far end High Path Virtual Container")
ƒ VC3 tributary paths ("far end Low Path Virtual Container")
ƒ VC12 tributary paths (byte V5) ("far end Low Path Virtual Container").

Performance processing includes the following functions :


ƒ calculation of the number of errored blocks (or bit errors) on local and remote faults and
monitoring of the appearance faults over a one second period,
ƒ calculation and determination of the ES (Errored Second), SES (Severely Errored Second),
BBE (Background Block Error) and UAS (UnAvailable Second) states for each monitoring
point,
ƒ generation for each monitoring point of 15-minute counters and 24-hour counters (BBE, ES,
SES and UAS).

Determination of ES, SES and UAS performance states :


For each of the monitoring points, the following states are :
- ES (Errored Second) : number of seconds with at least one error detected
in a 1 s period or one fault,
- SES (Severely Errored Second) : number of severely errored seconds,
A SES is a second for which the number of errors exceeds a defined threshold or during
which at least one fault is detected.

Monitoring point SES declaration threshold


MS (byte B2) (for local) and MS (byte M1) (for remote) 28800 (24 blocks per frame)
RS (byte B1) (for local) 9600 (8 blocks per frame)
HP – VC4 2400
LP - VC3 (for local) 2400
LP - VC12 (byte V5) (for local) 600

- UAS (UnAvailable Second) : number of seconds of unavailability,


- BBE (Background Block Error) : number of residual errored blocks excluding SES.

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Generation of 15-minute and 24-hour counters :

The result of these calculations is then aggregated for each of the monitoring points in :
ƒ 24-hour counters (BBE, ES, SES and UAS),
ƒ 15-minute counters (BBE, ES, SES and UAS).

The last 6 UNAVAILABLE PERIODS are stored and displayed on Web browser.
The performance process is initialized when the equipment is powered up and the monitoring
point is monitored.
The last 16 non-zero 15-minute counters, the current 15-minute counter, the last non-zero 24-
hour counter, the current 24-hour counter and the last 6 unavailable periods are displayed on
Web browser.

2.7 - Procedure for replacing subassemblies

2.7.1 - Replacing a card

Remarks :

ƒ Alarms appear whenever a card is extracted from the subrack. In order to prevent feedback
of alarms and ALA 1 and ALA 2 loops, the card should be declared out of service.
ƒ Each module can be extracted or inserted without acting on other modules or their wiring.
Only the traffic of the concerned module is disturbed.

Procedure :

The procedure described below can apply, unless otherwise specified, to all the cards in the
equipment.
1. Put the card concerned "no service" from Web browser.
2. Remove the external connections performed on the card front side.
NOTE : When the external optical fibers are disconnected, reinstall the protective
covers on connectors.
3. Screw off the TORX screws located on the front side, using the suited screwdriver and
unplug the card
4. Extract the card, complying with the measures of protection against electrostatic discharges.
NOTE : For any card handling, the operator must wear an anti-static bracelet well
tight around the wrist and earthed.
5. Package the extracted card in an anti-static bag.
6. Take the new card out of its anti-static bag.

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7. Carefully insert the card into its cell, complying with the measures of protection against
electrostatic discharges, and secure it with the TORX screws.
8. Restore connections on the card front side.
NOTE : For the optical STM-n card, remove the protective covers from connectors.
To clean the optical connectors, use a pressurized air aerosol.
9. Configure the card, if necessary, and put it into service.

2.7.2 - Replacing the fan module

The FAN module consists of two redundant fans in order to ensure sufficient ventilation when
either of them is defective. Fan failures are detected on the motherboard by monitoring the
power consumed; failures are viewed on " Shelf View" screen of Web browser.
Default parameters lead to the following behaviour :
The default configuration of severities of the module is :
ƒ Minor : one of two fans is faulty
ƒ Major : both fans are faulty.

NOTE : The operation of FAN is not continuous; its initiation is related to the
equipment internal temperature and to the operating mode selection.
FAN can be extracted, it can be replaced at any moment without disturbing the traffic.

Procedure :
1. Screw off the TORX screws located on the front side, using the suited screwdriver and
unplug the card.
2. Extract the card, complying with the measures of protection against electrostatic discharges.
NOTE : For any card handling, the operator must wear an anti-static bracelet well
tight around the wrist and earthed.
3. Package the extracted module in an anti-static bag.
4. Take the new module out of its anti-static bag.
5 Carefully insert the module into its place, complying with the measures of protection against
electrostatic discharges, and secure it with TORX screws

2.8 - Preventive maintenance


In order to avoid a deterioration in the efficiency of ventilation, it is advised to be careful that the grids
of ventilation and blades of the fans are not fouled. A regular check and, if necessary, a dusting is
recommended.

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3 - SPARE PARTS AND CABLES

3. SPARE PARTS AND CABLES

Mnémonic Designation Code N°

ADR155C

ADR155C 75Ω ADR155 75 GENERIC SHELF 252 134 450

ADR155C 75Ω / ADR155 75 HOLDOVER GENERIC SHELF 252 134 447


HOLDOVER

ADR155C 120Ω ADR155 120 GENERIC SHELF 252 134 848

ADR155C 120Ω / ADR155 120 HOLDOVER GENERIC SHELF 252 134 830
HOLDOVER
FAN FAN ADR155C GENERIC 252 124 433

Access Cover COVER 55 101 170

Fan Cover MODULE FAN ADR155C COVER 251 856 367 (*)

CARDS

IC1.1-2G 1XSTM-1 1XAUX/EOW IC1.1 OPTICAL UNIT 251 905 938


IC1.2-2G 1XSTM-1 1XAUX/EOW IC1.2 OPTICAL UNIT 251 905 941
S1.1-2G 1XSTM-1 1XAUX/EOW S1.1 OPTICAL UNIT 251 851 565
S4.1 A155 BLK SC/PC S4.1 OPTIC STM4 ITFE CARD 251 128 619
L4.1 A155 BLK SC/PC L4.1 OPTIC STM4 ITFE CARD 251 128 627
L4.2 A155 BLK SC/PC L4.2 OPTIC STM4 ITFE CARD 251 172 592
ERE A155 BLK BNC ELEC STM1 ITFE CARD 251 137 431
E3DS3 A155 BLK BNC E3DS3 ITFE CARD 251 137 423

21E120 A155 BLK BNC 21E1/120 ITFE CARD 251 137 402

21E75 21 E1 75 OHMS TRIBUTARY UNIT 251 819 348

21E1R8 21E1/8E1 RET/120 BLK A155 ITFE CARD 251 259 985
LAN1 A155 BLK ADRLAN 10/100BT ETH ITFE CARD 251 137 410

GFP150 A155 BLK ADRGFP 10/100 BT ETH ITFE CARD 251 347 772
4E/FE ITFE ETH 10/100 BT 4E/FE ADR155 CARD 252 173 134

External
transformer

1.5A - 48V / 100-240V EXT POWER SUPPLY 186 849 742

Table 3-1 - ADR155C Components list

(*) Customization according to the custom

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3 - SPARE PARTS AND CABLES

Available cables list

Designation Length Code no.


120 ohms SYNC port
Synchronization (1/2 cable) 2,5 m 251 008 309
12 m 251 008 320
SYNC – BNC Synchro 75 Ω (adapter) 30 cm 251 118 155
(whole cable – one T3 input / one T4 output)
120 ohms E1 INPUT or E1 OUTPUT port
21x2Mbit/s In or Out on motherboard or 21E120
card or 21E1R8 card
Et or ST 21x2 Mbit/s 120 ohms SUBD 2,5 m 55 670 741
(1/2 cable) 12 m 55 670 743

75 ohms E1 INPUT or E1 OUTPUT port


21x2Mbit/s In or Out on motherboard or 21E75
card
Et or ST 21x2 Mbit/s 75 ohms SUBD 2,5 m 252 005 399
(1/2 cable) 12 m 252 005 422

COMM port
VT100 Management port 1,8 m 4 980 214

ETH port
Ethernet port on mother board, LAN1 card,
GFP150 card, 4E/FE card : cable FTP category 5
Right cable male – male 3m 55 670 422
Crossover cable male – male 3m 55 670 610
LOOPS port
Remote indication, remote control and station alarm 2,5 m 6 013 628
loops (1/2 cable) 12 m 6 013 161
POWER port Power supply
Free extremity cable 3m 251 065 817
PAPA cable 3m 55 670 797

Table 3-2 - Available cables list

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Available cables list (continue)

Designation Length Code no.


TR or REC ports ( optical cards) 1,5 m 251 035 872
2,5 m 251 035 880
Optical jumper SC-PC/SC-SPC 3,4 m 251 035 893
4,6 m 251 036 209
5,8 m 251 036 212
7m 251 036 220
8,2 m 251 036 233
9,4 m 251 036 241
12 m 251 036 254
15 m 251 036 262
20 m 251 036 275
TR or REC ports ( ERE, E3DS3 75 ohms cards)
½ BNC 75ohms right cable (1 coax.) 2,5 m 55 670 054
5m 55 670 055
12 m 55 670 056
25 m 55 670 057
AUX or EOW ports
Sub-D "Y" cable 251 014 203
Right cable 55 670 253
EOW / AUX ports
Sub-D "Y" cable 251 014 203
Sub-D/RJ45 adapter cable 252 100 420
Right cable 252 069 380

Table 3-3 - Available cables list

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3 - SPARE PARTS AND CABLES

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4 - SPECIFICATIONS

4. SPECIFICATIONS

EQUIPMENT

Optical specifications
Interface type S1.1-2G ; IC1.1-2G ; IC1.2-2G ; S4.1 ; L4.1 ; L4.2
Bit rate STM-1 : 155.520 Mbit/s ± 20 ppm
STM-4 : 622.08 Mbit/s ± 20 ppm
Standard ITU-T G.957 for single mode interface

Encoding Not encoded (NRZ)


Optical fiber Single mode : 1310 nm (IC1.1-2G, S1.1-2G, S4.1, L4.1)
or 1550 nm (IC1.2-2G, L4.2),
UIT-T G.652.
Guaranteed attenuation IC1.1-2G, IC1.2-2G : 0 – 28 dB with no external
attenuator
S1.1-2G : 0 - 12 dB
L4.1, L4.2 : 10 - 24dB
S4.1 : 0 - 12dB
Typical range S1.1-2G : 0 - 15 km
IC1.1-2G : 0 - 65 km
IC1.2-2G : 0 - 80 km
S4.1 : 0 - 15km
L4.1 : 10 - 40km
L4.2 : 10 - 80km
Connector SC/PC

Mechanical specifications of ADR155C subrack


Height 2U
Width 19" or ETSI
Depth 257 mm rack 19''
243 mm rack ETSI
Weight 6 kg approx.
Protection Class (IP) Corresponding to the IP of the rack used
Consumption < 40 W (for an equipped subrack of two Optical cards
and two LAN1 cards)
(see details below)

Table 4-1 - ADR155C technical characteristics

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4 - SPECIFICATIONS

EQUIPMENT

Environmental specifications
Mechanical ETS 300 119-4 (19") or CEI 297-3 (ETSI)
ETS 300 019-2-3
Climatic conditions CEI 721-1 (1993)
ETS300 019 part 1-3, class 3.1, 3.2
Operating temperature range - 5 °C à + 45°C
Extended operating temperature range - 5 °C to + 55°C (the MTBF [Mean Time Between
(non destructive degraded mode Failure] is significantly degraded)
requiring a FAN module)
Packaged transportation and storage - 40°C to + 70°C
temperature ETS 300 019 part 1-1 class 1.2
Relative humidity < 85%
EMC (Electromagnetic Compatibility)
EN 300386 / ES 201468
And ESD
Safety NF EN 60950 -1 April 2002
(the equipment does not provide the fire envelope)
Energy ETS 300132-2
(is VLV equipment)
(*)
Predicted reliability
-6
Motherboard 1.51 10
-6
21E120 card 0.29 10
-6
21E75 card 0.29 10
-6
21E1R8 card 0.43 10
-6
IC1.1-2G card 0.98 10
-6
IC1.2-2G card 0.98 10
-6
S1.1-2G card 0.98 10
-6
S4.1 card 1.1 10
-6
L4.1 card 1.1 10
-6
L4.2 card 1.1 10
-6
ERE card 0.29 10
-6
E3DS3 card 0.21 10
-6
LAN1 card 0.52 10
-6
GFP150 card 0.77 10
-6
4E/FE card 0,42 10
-6
Holdover card 0.1 10
-6
Background 0.26 10
-6
FAN Module 3 10
Table 4-2 - ADR155C technical characteristics

(*) The predicted reliability computations have been realized with the RAM COMMANDER
software issue 7.2 according to the UTE C80 810 of july 2000 standard, on the assumption
of specific requirements for the following: ambient temperature 20°C (with ventilation
conditions such as the subrack internal middle temperature is less than 40°C), environment
(mounted on the ground, fixed and protected), qualification, and component ageing (year of
components production : 2005).
Any changes in the above requirements may entail variations in the results.

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4 - SPECIFICATIONS

EQUIPMENT

Path Transfer Time


E1 Port to SDH Port < 0,2 ms
SDH Port to SDH Port < 0,1 ms
E3DS3 Port to SDH Port < 0,1 ms

Table 4-3 - ADR155C technical characteristics

Sub-assemblies consumption * (measured when powered by 48V supply)


Motherboard 10.7 W
21E120 card 5.0 W
21E75 card 5.0 W
21E1R8 card 5.5 W
IC1.1-2G card 3.2 W
IC1.2-2G card 3.2 W
S1.1-2G card 3.2 W
S4.1 card 4.0 W
L4.1 card 4.0 W
L4.2 card 4.0 W
ERE card 4.9 W
E3DS3 card (in DS3 mode) 3.9 W
E3DS3 card (in E3 mode) 3.72 W
LAN1 card 6.8 W
GFP150 card 11 W
4E/FE card 4.5 W
Holdover card 0.5 W
FAN Module 4.43 W

Table 4-4 - ADR155C technical characteristics

* These power consumptions are typical values and may be used for dissipation evaluation. It
is necessary to add 20% to estimate peak values which determine power rack capacity. This
allows to take into account the dynamic power variations and the converter efficiency
variations according to total power supply.
Warning : It is necessary to add another 10% when powered by 72V supply.

POWER BLOCK 100-240//48V 1.5A (OPTIONAL)


Dimensions (without cable and connector) L x l x H = 132 mm x 58 mm x 30 mm
Operating temperature 0°C to 40°C
Storage temperature -20°C to 85°C
Input voltage 100 to 240 VAC / 1,5 A
Input frequency 47 to 63 Hz
output voltage 48 VDC / 1,5 A
Electronics protection Short circuit and overload
Standard EN60950 and UL-CSA

Table 4-5 - ADR155C technical characteristics

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5 - STARTUP GUIDE

5. STARTUP GUIDE

Introduction
Thank you for acquiring the ADR155c equipment.

The start up procedure is supplied with the equipment to help you, using examples, to configure it in accordance with the topology of the network to
be build.

5.1 - Installing the equ ipment


a) Unpack the equipment
b) Insert and screw the cards into the slots used
c) Connect the power cable and power up the equipment
d) After a few seconds, check that the green « ON » led comes on steady

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5.2 - Connecting to an ADR155c

PC minimum requirements

Description Configuration 1 Configuration 2 Configuration 3 Observations

Processor 266 MHz Pentium

Memory 32 MB 64 MB 128 MB

Display 800x600 256 colours (1024x768 recommended)

RS232 serial interface SUB-D straight cable


9pts Male / Female
Interfaces
Ethernet 10 Base T network card RJ45 crossed Ethernet
cable

Operating system Windows 95 / 98 Windows NT4 / 2000 Windows XP

HyperTerminal for Windows

Softwares
Web Browser : Internet Explorer1 5.0 (*)

(*) The operating PC can be equipped with Internet Explorer 5.5 or 6.0 (Windows XP delivered issue)

1
Trademark of Microsoft Corporation

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In order to be managed, the ADR155c subrack must have the Equipment address and the Ethernet port address configured in two different sub-
networks.

The Equipment and Ethernet port addresses are configured using the Windows HyperTerminal application.
¾ Connect the equipment's "COMM" port to an unused "COM" port of the PC using the 9pts Male / Female SUB-D straight cable
¾ Power up the PC
¾ Start Windows and run the HyperTerminal application
(Menus: Start/Programs/Accessories/HyperTerminal)
¾ Give a name and select an icon for the connection then apply the choices
¾ Select the PC's "COM" port that is connected to the equipment then apply the choice
¾ Configure the port parameters according to the characteristics below then apply the settings
• Bits per second : 19200
• Data bits : 8
• Parity : None
• Stop bits : 1
• Flow control : None

) Save the connection settings. The next time you will run the HyperTerminal, just click on the connection icon to connect to the
equipment.
¾ Press "ENTER" twice on the keyboard
The MAIN MENU window appears on screen.

Configuring the Equipment address

The equipment address will be used to notify alarms and events to the Manager. This address is mandatory when using Unnumbered PPP links ( In the
example below, the Equipment address is 192.168.30.30 ).

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¾ Follow the instructions below to configure the Equipment address

Choose menu 1 and


confirm by pressing
"ENTER" key on the
keyboard.

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5 - STARTUP GUIDE

Answer the questions


and confirm each one
by pressing "ENTER"
key on the keyboard.

In this example, the


Equipment address
is 192.168.30.30

: Values to be input

) The IP address can be input with or without non-significant "0" :


192.168.30.30 or 192.168.030.030

The equipment will be restated after the configuration of the Ethernet port address.

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5 - STARTUP GUIDE

Configuring the Ethernet port

This port's address must be located in the same network as the PC's Ethernet port one (in the example given below, the sub-network address is
135.11.110.8 and the sub-network mask is 255.255.255.252).
NOTE: With Windows 9x, the PC's address can be viewed by selecting (right-click) Properties of the Network Neighborhood icon, then (left-click)
Properties of the TCP/IP component (TCP/IP -> "Network Card Name").
With Windows NT, the PC's address can be viewed by selecting (right-click) Properties of the Network Neighborhood icon, then (left-click)
Properties of the TCP/IP component (TCP/IP protocol).
With Windows 2000/XP, the PC's address can be viewed by selecting, in succession, (right-click) Properties of the My Network Places
icon, Properties of the Local Area Connection icon, then (left-click) Properties of the TCP/IP component (Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)).

¾ Follow the instructions below to configure the equipment's Ethernet port

Choose menu 2 and


confirm by pressing
"ENTER" key on the
keyboard.

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5 - STARTUP GUIDE

Answer the questions


and confirm each one
by pressing "ENTER"
key on the keyboard.

In this example, the


address of the unit's
Ethernet port is
135.11.110.10

: Values to be input

) The IP address can be input with or without non-significant "0" :


135.11.110.10 or 135.011.110.010
) After you type y to confirm the question Save interface parameters (y/n)? there are a few seconds delay before display of the
sentence You must restart this equipment for modifications to take effect.

¾ After restarting the equipment, the word Password: appears at the top left of the window. Close HyperTerminal application.
The equipment can now be managed by an HTTP browser.

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Managing the equipment

Example:

The equipment is managed by an HTTP browser.


¾ Connect the equipment's "ETH" port to the PC's Ethernet card using the RJ45 crossed Ethernet cable
) The yellow LED of the equipment's "ETH" connector must go on.
¾ Run the HTTP browser
) If the display is set to 800x600, select "Smaller" with INTERNET EXPLORER 5.x or superior. (Consult the help menu of the HTTP
browser to set the font size)
¾ On the home page, complete the "Address" field with the Equipment address (192.168.30.30)
¾ The window Welcome on the ADR155C's site appears on the screen. By default, there is no Password; click on "Apply"
¾ The window Shelf view appears on the screen.

To be able to manage the equipment, consult the help menu by clicking on the Help link of the main window.

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5 - STARTUP GUIDE

5.3 - Configuring a PPP port


A PPP (Point to Point Protocol) port of an equipment must be configured when extending a network, as the modification of the Equipment address
and the Ethernet port, using the HTTP browser.
In the example below, the instructions are given for configuring the PPP1 port. Configuration of the PPP2, PPP3 and PPP4 ports is identical to the
PPP1 port one.
¾ Connect the equipment's "ETH" port to the PC's Ethernet card using the RJ45 crossed Ethernet cable
) The yellow LED of the equipment's "ETH" connector must go on.
¾ Run the HTTP browser
¾ In the home page, complete the "Address" field with the Equipment address (192.168.30.30)
¾ The window Welcome on the ADR155C's site appears on screen. By default, there is no Password; click on "Apply"
¾ The window Shelf view appears on screen.
¾ Click on the “ETH” port then on the “Interfaces Configuration” link to configure the equipment's PPP1 port

¾ Click on the “Apply” button, the PPP1


port is configured.

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5.4 - Viewing the routin g configuration


¾ Click on the “Routing Table” link to view the equipment's routing configuration.
Example :

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5.5 - Building a point-t o-point link


This chapter describes the IP configuration of the interfaces for a point-to-point link using an example.
For each equipment, you can configure the Ethernet port, the Equipment address and the four PPP (Point to Point Protocol) software ports from
PPP1 to PPP4. You can assign to each PPP software port one of the five physical ports corresponding to the MNGT port and the slots A, B, C, D as well as
two VC12 channels marked P#1 and P#2.

Example:
¾ Refer to the chapter Connecting to
an ADR155c to configure the
Ethernet port and the Equipment
address of each equipment.
¾ Refer to the chapter Configuring a
PPP port to configure the PPP ports
of each equipment.

The gateway address matches the


address of the equipment's Ethernet port
in relation to the PC.

¾ Both ADR155c units can be managed by an HTTP browser.


¾ Refer to the chapter Connecting to an ADR155c for managing the equipment by the HTTP browser.

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5.6 - Building a bus lin k


This chapter describes the IP configuration of the interfaces for a bus link using an example.
For each equipment, you can configure the Ethernet port, the Equipment address and the four PPP (Point to Point Protocol) software ports from
PPP1 to PPP4. You can assign to each PPP software port one of the five physical ports corresponding to the MNGT port and the slots A, B, C, D as well as
two VC12 channels marked P#1 and P#2.

Example:

¾ Refer to the chapter Connecting to an


ADR155c to configure the Ethernet port and
the Equipment address of each equipment.
¾ Refer to the chapter Configuring a PPP
port to configure the PPP ports of each
equipment.

¾ The three ADR155c units can be managed by an HTTP browser.


¾ Refer to the chapter Connecting to an ADR155c for managing the equipment by the HTTP browser.

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5 - STARTUP GUIDE

5.7 - Building a ring


This chapter describes the IP configuration of the interfaces for a ring network using an example.
For each equipment, you can configure the Ethernet port, the Equipment address and the four PPP (Point to Point Protocol) software ports from
PPP1 to PPP4. You can assign to each PPP software port one of the five physical ports corresponding to the MNGT port and the slots A, B, C, D as well as
two VC12 channels marked P#1 and P#2.

Example:

¾ Refer to the chapter Connecting to an


ADR155c to configure the Ethernet port and
the Equipment address of each equipment.
¾ Refer to the chapter Configuring a PPP
port to configure the PPP ports of each
equipment.

¾ The three ADR155c units can be managed by an HTTP browser. The management links are secured by the OSPF protocol.
¾ Refer to the chapter Connecting to an ADR155c for managing the equipment by the HTTP browser.

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5 - STARTUP GUIDE

5.8 - Managing equipm ent through the network of a different supplier


This chapter describes the IP configuration of the interfaces for a network whose management links pass through a different manufacturers
equipment.
For each equipment, you can configure the Ethernet port, the Equipment address and the four PPP (Point to Point Protocol) software ports from
PPP1 to PPP4. You can assign to each PPP software port one of the five physical ports corresponding to the MNGT port and the slots A, B, C, D as well as
two VC12 channels marked P#1 and P#2.
Example:

¾ Refer to the chapter Connecting to an ADR155c to configure the


Ethernet port and the Equipment address of each equipment.
¾ Refer to the chapter Configuring a PPP port to configure the PPP
ports of each equipment.
¾ Refer to the next page for more details on configuring the PPP3 port of
ADR155c N°3 and the PPP1 port of ADR155c N°4.

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Details on configuring the PPP3 port of ADR155c N°3 and the PPP1 port of ADR155c N°4

Configuring the PPP3 port of ADR155c N°3


1. Configure the PPP3 port with HTTP browser
Refer to the chapter Configuring a PPP port for the
procedure
2. Create a connection with the HTTP browser between the P#1
port of the mother board and the C#63 port of slot C.
Consult the ADR155c help menu to create a connection by
clicking on the HELP link of the main window.

Configuring the PPP1 port of ADR155c N°4


1. Configure the PPP1 port with HTTP browser
Refer to the chapter Configuring a PPP port for the
procedure
2. Create a connection with the HTTP browser between the P#1
port of the mother board and the D#63 port of slot D.
Consult the ADR155c help menu to create a connection by
clicking on the HELP link of the main window.

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5 - STARTUP GUIDE

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6 – GFP150 CARD

6. GFP150 CARD

All the services mentioned in this document can be performed between the GFP150 cards from ADR155C but
also between the GFP150 cards and the GFP150 eXtra cards from ADR2500 eXtra.

Only the EPLine and EPLAN services can be interconnected with the EPLine service proposed by a 4E/FE
card.

Only one GFP150 can be installed in an ADR155C shelf either in the A slot or in the C slot ; the presence of
FAN module is mandatory.

6.1 - GFP150 CARD AND SERVICES PRESENTATION

This chapter has for objective to guide the user for the commissioning of the GFP150 card in the ADR155C. It
gives simple examples which should be easily adapted to the needs.

Services provided by GFP150 card in ADR155C are :

• SMART LL – EPLine Service (from P4.1 and P5.1 levels) :

The EPLine service (Ethernet Private Line) allows Ethernet 10/100 BaseT point to point interconnection
through a SDH network by using, for each connection, a VCG (VC-Group) based on virtual concatenation
(VCAT). It is possible to obtain up to 8 independant point to point connections per GFP150 card. Rate
granularity for each VCG is based either on VC12, or on VC3. With each VCG, it is possible to
concatenate from 1 to 46 VC12 or from 1 to 2 VC3. The sum of the concatenated Ethernet rates, on the
whole of the 8 ETH ports, cannot be above the STM1 payload (about 150Mbit/s).

• AGGREGATION – EVPLine Service (from P5.2 level) :

The EVPLine service (Ethernet Virtual Private Line) allows several Ethernet 10/100 BaseT point to point
interconnection through a SDH network by using over shared VCG (VC-Group) based on virtual
concatenation (VCAT). These VMAN are separated by Tag VMAN, that adds a level of VLAN in relation to
the possible VLANs of Customers. It is possible to put until 16 aggregation traffic (VMAN) on a VCG. In the
GFP150 card we can have 64 (63 if the MSTP protection is used) different VMAN maximum.
The rate granularity for each VCG is the same as EPLine.

• SMART LL – EPLAN Service (from P4.1 and P5.1 levels) :

The EPLAN service (Ethernet Private LAN) allows Ethernet 10/100 BaseT multipoint to multipoint
interconnection through a SDH network by using, for each connection between two points of the network, a
VCG (VC-Group) based on virtual concatenation (VCAT). It is possible to obtain up to 8 independant
connections per GFP150 card. Rate granularity for each VCG is based either on VC12, or on VC3. With
each VCG, it is possible to concatenate from 1 to 46 VC12 or from 1 to 2 VC3. The sum of the concatenated
Ethernet rates, on the whole of the 8 ETH ports, cannot be above the STM1 payload (about 150Mbit/s). In
this case, each GFP150 card includes a switch allowing Ethernet 10/100 BaseT multipoint to multipoint
interconnection.

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6 – GFP150 CARD

• AGGREGATION – EVPLAN Service (from P5.2 level) :

The EVPLAN service (Ethernet Virtual Private LAN) allows several Ethernet 10/100 BaseT multipoint to
multipoint interconnection through a SDH network by using over shared VCG (VC-Group) based on virtual
concatenation (VCAT).
It is possible to configure 4 VMANs by COS1 class of traffic and 12 VMANs by COS0 class of traffic
(2 classes of traffic are available on the GFP150 card).It is therefore possible to put until 16 aggregation
traffic (VMAN) on a VCG. In the GFP150 card we can have 64 (63 if the MSTP protection is used) different
VMAN maximum.
In this case, each GFP150 card includes a switch function allowing Ethernet 10/100 BaseT multipoint to
multipoint interconnection

These services allow to answer, for example, to the following needs :

• point to point application: to build an Ethernet LAN between 2 sites

• multilink application (Star) : LAN interconnection between a central site and remote sites

• multipoint to multipoint application : to share a LAN between several sites in a BUS topology

Ethernet frames are transported on SDH by using the GFP-F protocol.

The use of the GFP protocol and the advanced Switch features allows to offer Quality of Services features
(QoS). The QoS in GFP150 card is based on a traffic differentiation : metering, congestion control and
scheduling.

Hardware design

Micro
MicroProcessor
Processor

To switch
8
fabric GFP
GFPMapper
Mapper Switch
Switch E/FE TX
155 Mb/s

Figure 6-1: Hardware design of the card

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6 – GFP150 CARD

6.2 - CONFIGURATION AND APPLICATIONS OF THE GFP150 CARDS

6.2.1 - GFP150 card setup


a) Unwrap the card
b) Insert and screw the card in an allowed slot of the ADR155C shelf.
c) Verify the presence of FAN module in its slot.
d) Verify with HTTP configuration manager that the GFP150 pack (Upload/Download > Switching
menu) is present in the system.
e) In the HTTP configuration manager, select GFP150 as expected card on the slot where it was
inserted
f) Connect the Ethernet cables to the GFP150 card
g) Wait a few seconds and check that the green LED “status” is steadily on.

6.2.2 - Create a LAN interconnection

6.2.2.1 - Point-to-Point mode interconnection : “EPLine” service

In the diagram below, one intends to deport a full duplex LAN Ethernet 100 BaseT between 2 sites equipped of
ADR155C. In a first time, one supposes that the rate of the Ethernet traffic exchanged between the 2 sites does
not exceed 10Mbps. The QoS configuration is explained later in this document in greater details.

Eth/VC12
AD R 155C
SDH
AD R 155C

E th e r n e t 1 0 /1 0 0 M E th e r n e t 1 0 /1 0 0 M

Figure 6-2 : EPLine service

6.2.2.1.1 - GFP150 cards configuration


Login on the first ADR155C to open the “Shelfview” HTTP screen. On this screen, click on the GFP150 card
then on the "GFP's Functional Groups" link.

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6 – GFP150 CARD

Configuring the Ethernet interface


Click on the "ETH" block then on the “Interface Settings” link. By default the Ethernet interface is forced in
100Base T full duplex. We choose to keep the default configuration for this example.

Figure 6-3 : Configuring the Ethernet interface

Note : The Ethernet interface of the remote equipment (switch, IP router, PC, …) connected to the GFP150
card MUST always be configured the same way. Due to possible interoperability issues with Auto-
Negotiation between equipments from different origins, this feature (“Automatic” option) should
preferably not be used.

This screen is also used to set the severity associated to the interface defect of that interface.

Logical Interface

Select the UNI mode (User to Network Interface) : this type of interface corresponds to an interface customer
with one service per port. On these interfaces the provider OAM and BPDU MSTP management frames are
filtered : they are not sent to the customer network.
The NNI untagged choice (Network to Network Interface) corresponds to a provider interface without provider
VMAN tag (no VLAN aggregation).
The NNI tagged choice (Network to Network Interface) corresponds to a provider interface on which a
provider VMAN tag is inserted in the outcoming frames and a provider VMAN tag is treated in the incoming
frames.

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6 – GFP150 CARD

Link Down Retransmit

The Link Down Retransmit function can only be used in point to point mode on a VMAN constituted of one ETH
port and one VCG port in each equipment.

Tick "Enable" allows to report the state of the Ethernet Down or VCG Down link on the remote Ethernet link.

ETH Down Report


3 Locs + VCG Down
Status Down SDH
2
4
GFP 150 VCG VCG GFP 150
"LDR "LDR Forced
1 Cut off
ETH Enable" Enable" ETH

VCG Down Report


2 2
3 VCG Down SDH VCG Down 3
GFP 150 VCG VCG GFP 150
Forced Forced
"LDR "LDR
Cut off ETH ETH Cut off
Enable" 1 Enable"

Pause Mode

The Pause function (IEEE 802.3 Flow control) can only be used in point to point mode/full duplex on a VMAN
constituted of one UNI ETH port and one NNI untagged VCG port (or of two UNI and NNI untagged ETH ports).

If the "Status" field = Pause (result of autonegotiation or forcing)

- At reception of a pause frame on the ETH port, the transmission of Ethernet frames on the ETH port is
suspended temporarily

- On detection of traffic obstruction on the VMAN considered in the sense ETH = > VCG, a pause frame is
transmitted on the ETH port to ask the remote equipment to stop the transmission of Ethernet frame
temporarily.

Warning : When the Pause mode is activated, be careful to configure the CIR and PIR to the maximum of the
capacity of the VCG

Configuring a VCG

Click on the “VCG” block, then on the “List” link. For the selected VCG#1 interface, click on VC#1 and then on
the “Multiple Add Member” link. In the new screen coming up, select “VC12” as type and VC#6 as last
connection. Click on “Apply” in order to create the virtually concatenated group of 6 VC12 (VC12#1 to VC12#6)
that will be used to transport Ethernet traffic.

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6 – GFP150 CARD

Figure 6-4 : Configuring the VCG (1)

Click on the “Settings” link. Verify that VCG#1 is set with the default configuration : “Admin Status” at “Up”,
"Logical Interface NNI " at "untagged", “LCAS” at “Yes” and “FCS” at “No”. We choose to keep the default
options for this example. This screen also displays the type of VCG#1 (VC12) and the number of constituting
VC members (6).

Figure 6-5 : Configuring the VCG (2)

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Logical Interface NNI (Network to Network Interface) : untagged or tagged

- untagged : corresponds to a provider interface without provider VMAN tag (no VLAN aggregation).
- tagged : corresponds to a provider interface on which a provider VMAN tag is inserted in the outcoming
frames and a provider VMAN tag is treated in the incoming frames.

Click on the "VCG" block and then on the "Alarms " link. Select interface VCG#1 . Tick option "Monitor " and
click on "APPLY " in order to start monitoring alarms on this port (see Figure 6-9).

Configuring the Ethernet Switch

Click on the “Switch” block, then on the “VMAN Create” link. Enter “2” as new VMAN ID and click on “Apply” in
order to add it. A new screen comes up in order to associate ports to this VMAN.

Click on the “Add Port” link. Select the Ethernet interface ETH#1, the “trTCM” policing algorithm, enter 10Mbps
for the CIR and PIR, and 7 for the "User Priority " (maximun priority) (for more information on the notion of
priority, see the chapter on the QoS). The CBS and EBS values are left to default. Then click on “Add” to
complete the addition of this port to VMAN 2.

Click on the “Add Port” link again. Select the Ethernet interface VCG#1, the “trTCM” policing algorithm, and
enter 10Mbps for the CIR and PIR, and 7 for the "User Priority " (maximun priority). The CBS and EBS values
are left to default value. Then click on “Add” to complete the addition of this port to VMAN 2.

Figure 6-6 : Configuring the Ethernet Switch (1)

The association of these 2 ports to the same and unique VMAN ID isolates the Ethernet Switching between
these 2 ports from the rest of the ports (all the other Ethernet and VCG interfaces). Ethernet traffic forwarded
between these 2 ports cannot leak out on other ports and vice versa.

Note : In order to install a point-to-point connection (EPLine service), there should never be more than 2 ports
(1 customer UNI Ethernet port and 1 untagged NNI Ethernet or VCG port) in the same VMAN on the
GFP150 card.

To double check the configuration click on the “VMAN List” link. A table displays what ports are associated with
each VMAN configured on the GFP150 card.

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Figure 6-7 : Configuring the Ethernet Switch (2)

Configuring the SDH cross-connects


Click on the “XCN” block and configure the connections from VC12#1 to VC12#6 of the GFP150 card as usual
in order to have end-to-end SDH connectivity with the remote GFP150 card.

Figure 6-8 : Configuring the SDH Cross Connects

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Configuring the remote GFP150 card


Just do the configuration on the second ADR155C following the exact same steps again.

Activating the end-to-end Ethernet connection


Once both ADR155C systems are configured, the ports used by the Point-to-Point can be activated on each
ADR155C.

Click on the “ETH” block, then on the “Interface Settings” link. For interface ETH#1 , tick “ifAdminStatus up” and
click on “Apply”.

6.2.2.1.2 - Connectivity check


Perform the following verifications with both GFP150 cards:
1. Click on the "ETH" block, check that the Ethernet ports in use are not highlighted (the given box would be
marked yellow or red depending on alarm severity) ; then click on the "VCG" block and on the "Alarms" link,
check that the VCG ports in use are not highlighted (the given box would be marked yellow or red
depending on alarm severity). Otherwise click on the alarmed port to go to the proper screen, where the
specific alarm is displayed (this brings you directly to step 2, 3 or 4 below). Repeat the operation for every
alarmed port.
2. Click on the “ETH” block and select Ethernet interface ETH#1. Verify that the interface is running in
100BaseT full duplex and that there is no alarm (the “Fault” option of the Interface Defect alarm is
unchecked). Otherwise double-check both the cables and the configuration of the connected Ethernet
interface.
3. Verify that there are no alarms on all the VC's being used. Otherwise double-check end-to-end SDH
configuration as well as the signal quality over the various links.
4. Click on the “VCG” block then on the “Alarms” link, and select the VCG#1 interface. Once configuration is
complete all alarms should disappear after a few seconds. Otherwise double-check the configuration in the
“VCG” functional block on both ends as well as the configuration of the SDH cross-connects.

Figure 6-9 : Connectivity check

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Note : This screen can be used to configure the severity of the alarms related to concatenated VC’s.

5. Click on the “Settings” link and verify that the VCG#1 is “Up”.
6. Try sending bi-directional Ethernet traffic across the end-to-end connection. You could for example:
• Run a “ping” or a file transfer between 2 PC’s to control Ethernet connectivity.
• Use an Ethernet traffic generator in order to further qualify the end-to-end connection.

As a final step, double-check compliance of the GFP150 counters on both ends based on the traffic being
forwarded. Namely the following counters:
- Ethernet counters: click on the “ETH” block and then on the “MIB2 Counters” link
- GFP counters: click on the “VCG” block and then on the “MIB2/GFP Counters” link
- SLA compliance counters: click on the “Switch” block. Select VMAN ID “2”, click on the “VMAN SLA
counters” link. Verify the set of counters for interfaces ETH#1 and VCG#1. These counters are
described later in this document in greater details.

6.2.2.2 - Point-to-Point mode interconnection : “EVPLine” service (aggregation)

In the diagram below, one intends to deport two full duplex LAN Ethernet 100 BaseT between 2 sites equipped
of ADR155C by sharing the same VCG for the two traffics (aggregation), this in order to optimize the SDH
bandwidth.

One supposes that the Ethernet traffic rate exchanged between the 2 sites does not exceed 10Mbps for each
flow.

1 VCG

ADR155C
ADR155C
Eth/VC12
SDH

Ethernet 10/100M Ethernet 10/100M

Figure 6-10 : Service EVPLine

6.2.2.2.1 - GFP150 cards configuration

Configuration of the Ethernet interface


Click on the "ETH" block then on the “Interface Settings” link. By default the Ethernet interface is forced in
100Base T full duplex. Apply the same configuration for all Ethernet ports.

Configuring a VCG
Click on the “VCG” block, then on the “List” link. For the VCG#1 interface, select the VC#1 and click on the
“Multiple Add Member” link. In the new window, select “VC12” as type and the VC#12 as last connection. Click
on “Apply” in order to create the virtually concatenated group of 12 VC12 (VC12#1 to VC12#12) that will be
used to transport Ethernet traffic.

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Figure 6-11 : Configuring the VCG (1)

Click on the “Settings” link. to configure VCG#1 as following : “Admin Status” at “Up”, "Logical Interface NNI " at
"tagged", “LCAS” at “Yes” and “FCS” at “No”. These options correspond to the needed example for the
aggregation, on the VCG1 the frames must be tagged
This screen also displays the type of VCG#1 (VC12) and the number of constituting VC members (12).

Figure 6-12 : Configuring the VCG (2)

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Click on the "Alarms " link. Select the interface VCG#1 . Tick "Monitor " option and click on "APPLY " in order to
start monitoring alarms on this port (see Figure 6-9)..

Configuring the Ethernet Switch

For the first ETH port (ETH1):


Click on the “Switch” block, then on the “VMAN Create” link. Enter “2” as new VMAN ID and click on “Apply” in
order to add it. A new window comes up in order to associate ports to this VMAN.
Click on the “Add Port” link. Select the Ethernet interface ETH#1, the “trTCM” policing algorithm, enter 10Mbps
for the CIR and PIR, and 7 for the "User Priority " (maximun priority) (for more information on the notion of
priority, see the chapter on the QoS). The CBS and EBS values are left to default values. Then click on “Add” to
complete the addition of this port to VMAN 2.

Click on the “Add Port” link again. Select the Ethernet interface VCG#1, the “trTCM” policing algorithm, enter
10Mbps for the CIR and PIR, and 7 for the "User Priority ". The CBS and EBS values are left to default values.
Then click on “Add” to complete the addition of this port to VMAN 2.

Then for the other Eth port (ETH2):


Click on the “Switch” block, then on the “VMAN Create” link. Enter “3” as new VMAN ID and click on “Apply” in
order to add it. A new window comes up in order to associate ports to this VMAN.

Click on the “Add Port” link. Select the Ethernet interface ETH#2, the “trTCM” policing algorithm, enter 10Mbps
for the CIR and PIR, and 7 for the "User Priority " (maximun priority) (for more oinformation on the notion of
priority, see the chapter on the QoS). The CBS and EBS values are left to default values. Then click on “Add” to
complete the addition of this port to VMAN 3

Click on the “Add Port” link again. Select the Ethernet interface VCG#1, the “trTCM” policing algorithm, enter
10Mbps for the CIR and PIR, and 7 for the "User Priority ". The CBS and EBS values are left to default values.
Then click on “Add” to complete the addition of this port to VMAN 3.

The association of these 2 ports to the same and unique VMAN ID isolates the Ethernet Switching between
these 2 ports from the rest of the ports (all the other Ethernet and VCG interfaces). Ethernet traffic forwarded
between these 2 ports cannot leak out on other ports and vice versa.
With the selection of tagged mode for the VCG1, it is possible to differentiate traffics of the two Eth links on the
VCG.

Note : In order to install a point-to-point connection (EVPLine service), there should never be more than 2
ports (1 customer UNI Ethernet port and 1 tagged NNI Ethernet or VCG port) in the same VMAN on the
GFP150 card.

To check the configuration click on the “VMAN List” link. A table displays the associated ports to each
configured VMAN on the GFP150 card.

Figure 6-13 : Configuring the Ethernet Switch

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Configuring the SDH cross-connects

Click on the “XCN” block and configure the connections from VC12#1 to VC12#12 of the GFP150 card as usual
in order to have end-to-end SDH connectivity with the remote GFP150 card.

Figure 6-14 : Configuring the SDH Cross Connects

Configuring the remote GFP150 card

Just do the configuration on the second ADR155C by following the exact same steps again.

Activating the end-to-end Ethernet connection

Once both ADR155C systems are configured, the ports used by the point-to-point links can be activated on
each ADR155C.

Click on the “ETH” block, then on the “Interface Settings” link. For ETH#1 and ETH#2 interfaces, tick
“ifAdminStatus up” and click on “Apply”.

6.2.2.2.2 - Control of the link

Take again the procedure of the paragraph 6.2.2.1.2 - to do controls, by verifying the 2 links.

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6.2.2.3 - “Hub and Spoke” interconnection: “EPLAN” service

In the network below, we show interconnection of three remote sites with one central site in a “hub and spoke”
topology. Although Ethernet interfaces are 100BaseT full duplex, the load of traffic between the remote sites
and the central site is as follows:
• remote sites 1 and 2 : 10Mbps (6VC12),
• remote site 3 : 5Mbps (3VC12).

The sum of the data rates going to the central site is 25Mbps. However we consider in this example that the
total rate of traffic going in the opposite direction (a.k.a. from the central site to the remote sites) doesn’t go over
20Mbps ; this is just for the purpose of the example.

In this example, the central site acts as a full bridge : Ethernet frames can be forwarded between remote sites.

If no traffic must be allowed between remote sites (for security purpose for instance), one should use 3 separate
Ethernet interfaces on the central site, and 1 point to point connection between each remote site and the central
site. In this case configure 3 independent point-to-point connections as described in the previous section.

Site distant 1
Eth / 6xVC12

SDH Site central

Ethernet 10/100

Site distant 2

Eth / 6xVC12 Ethernet 10/100


Eth / 3xVC12

Ethernet 10/100
Site distant 3

Ethernet 10/100

Figure 6-15 : EPLAN service

6.2.2.3.1 - Configuring the GFP150 card of the central site


Login on the ADR155C of the central site to open the “Shelfview” HTTP screen. On this screen, click on the
GFP150 card then on the "GFP's Functional Groups" link.

Configuring the Ethernet interface

Click on the "ETH" block then on the “Interface Settings” link. By default the Ethernet interface is forced in
100Base T full duplex. We choose to keep the default configuration for this example.

Note : The Ethernet interface of the remote equipment (switch, IP router, PC, …) connected to the GFP150
card MUST always be configured the same way. Due to possible interoperability issues with Auto-
Negotiation between equipments from different origins, this feature (“Automatic” option) should
preferably not be used.

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Figure 6-16 : Configuring the Ethernet interface

Configuring the VCGs

Click on the “VCG” block and then on the “List” link. For the selected VCG#1 interface, click on VC#1 and then
on the “Multiple Add Member” link. In the new screen coming up, select “VC12” as type and VC#6 as last
connection. Click on “Apply” in order to create the virtually concatenated group of 6 VC12 (VC12#1 to VC12#6)
that will be used to transport Ethernet traffic.

Select interface VCG#2 and redo the same operation to add a new group of 6 VC12 (VC12#7 to VC12#12) ; if
the request is refused, verify that the VCG#2 is configured to Down in the "VCG > Settings" window.

Select interface VCG#3 and redo the same operation to add a new group of 3 VC12 (VC12#13 to VC12#15).

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Figure 6-17 : Configuring the VCG (1)

Click on the “Settings” link. Verify that VCG#1, VCG#2 and VCG#3 are set with default configuration: “Admin
Status” at “Up”, "Logical Interface NNI " at "untagged", “LCAS” at “Yes” and “FCS” at “No”. We choose to keep
the default options for this example. This screen also displays the type of VCG#1,#2,#3 (VC12) and the number
of constituting VC members (6,6,3).

Figure 6-18 : Configuring the VCG (2)

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Click on the "Alarms" link. Select interface VCG#1. Tick option "Monitor " and click on "APPLY " in order to start
monitoring alarms on this port (see Figure 6-9). Repeat with VCG#2 and VCG#3.

Configuring the Ethernet Switch

Click on the “Switch” block and then on the “VMAN Create” link. Enter “2” as new VMAN ID and click on “Apply”
in order to add it. A new screen comes up in order to associate ports to this VMAN.

Click on the “Add Port” link. Select the Ethernet interface ETH#1, the “trTCM” policing algorithm, and enter
20Mbps for the CIR and PIR, and 7 for the "User Priority " (maximun priority). The CBS and EBS values are left
to default. Then click on “Add” to complete the addition of this port to VMAN 2.

Click on the “Add Port” link again. Select the Ethernet interface VCG#1, the “trTCM” policing algorithm, and
enter 10Mbps for the CIR, and PIR and 7 for the "User Priority " (maximun priority). The CBS and EBS values
are left to default. Then click on “Add” to complete the addition of this port to VMAN 2.

Click on the “Add Port” link again. Select the Ethernet interface VCG#2, the “trTCM” policing algorithm, and
enter 10Mbps for the CIR and PIR, and 7 for the "User Priority " (maximun priority). The CBS and EBS values
are left to default. Then click on “Add” to complete the addition of this port to VMAN 2.

Click on the “Add Port” link again. Select the Ethernet interface VCG#3, the “trTCM” policing algorithm, and
enter 5Mbps for the CIR and PIR, and 7 for the "User Priority " (maximun priority). The CBS and EBS values are
left to default. Then click on “Add” to complete the addition of this port to VMAN 2.

Figure 6-19 : Configuring the Ethernet Switch (1)

To double check the configuration click on the “VMAN List” link. A table displays what ports are associated with
each VMAN configured on the GFP150 card.

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Figure 6-20 : Configuring the Ethernet Switch (2)

Configuring the SDH cross-connects

Click on the “XCN” block. Configure the connections from VC12#1 to VC12#6 of the GFP150 card as usual in
order to have end-to-end SDH connectivity between the central site and remote site 1.

Configure the connections from VC12#7 to VC12#12 of the GFP150 card as usual in order to have end-to-end
SDH connectivity between the central site and remote site 2.

Configure the connections from VC12#13 to VC12#15 of the GFP150 card as usual in order to have end-to-end
SDH connectivity between the central site and remote site 3.

6.2.2.3.2 - Configuring the GFP150 cards of the remote sites


The GFP150 cards of the remote sites must be configured as if they were in point-to-point mode. Hence, we
apply the configuration described in the point-to-point section of this document (§ 6.2.2.1 -). However the
policing rates (10Mbps or 5Mbps) and the right number of VC12 (6 or 3) must be configured appropriately for
each remote site 1, 2 and 3 (see Figure 6-15). See the topology figure of this example.

Activating the end-to-end Ethernet connections

Once both GFP150 cards at the ends of a connection are configured, the Ethernet interfaces should be
activated.

Click on the “ETH” block and then on the “Interface Settings” link. For interface ETH#1 , tick “ifAdminStatus up”
and click on “Apply”.

6.2.2.3.3 - Connectivity check


For each GFP150 card, perform the following verifications:
1. Click on the "ETH" block, check that the Ethernet ports in use are not highlighted (the given box would be
marked yellow or red depending on alarm severity) ; then click on the "VCG" block and on the "Alarms" link,
check that the VCG ports in use are not highlighted (the given box would be marked yellow or red
depending on alarm severity). Otherwise click on the alarmed port to go to the proper screen, where the
specific alarm is displayed (this brings you directly to step 2, 3 or 4 below). Repeat the operation for every
alarmed port.

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2. Click on the “ETH” block and select Ethernet interface ETH#1. Verify that the interface is running in
100BaseT full duplex and that there is no alarm (the “Fault” option of the Interface Defect alarm is
unchecked). Otherwise double-check both the cables and the configuration of the connected Ethernet
interface.
3. Verify that there are no alarms on all the VC’s being used. Otherwise double-check end-to-end SDH
configuration as well as the signal quality over the various links.
4. Click on the “VCG” block and on the “Alarms” link, then select the VCG#1, VCG#2 and VCG#3 on the
central site and only VCG#1 on a remote site. Once configuration is complete all alarms should disappear
after a few seconds. Otherwise double-check the configuration in the “VCG” functional block on both ends
as well as the configuration of the SDH cross-connects.
5. Click on the “Settings” link and verify that the VCG is “Up”.
6. Try sending bi-directional Ethernet traffic over each point-to-point connection. You could for example:
• Run a “ping” or a file transfer between 2 PC’s to control Ethernet connectivity.
• Use an Ethernet traffic generator in order to further qualify the end-to-end connection.

As a final step, double-check compliance of the GFP150 counters on both ends based on the traffic being
forwarded.

6.2.2.4 - Bus interconnection : service “EPLAN”

In the network below, we setup an Ethernet 100BaseT LAN spanning over 4 sites connected to an ADR155C.

In this example, sites 2 and 4 play the role of a full bridge: : Ethernet frames can be forwarded between all
remote sites based on MAC address learning.

Each inter-site link of the bus topology is configured to transport a load of 10Mbps (6 VC12). Similarly, on each
ADR155C the Ethernet interface connected to the bus is policed at 10Mbps.

E th / 4 x V C 1 2
E th / 4 x V C 1 2 Site n°3
Site n°1 SDH

E th e r n e t 1 0 / 1 0 0 E th e r n e t 1 0 / 1 0 0

Site n°2 Site n°4

E th e r n e t 1 0 / 1 0 0
E th e r n e t 1 0 / 1 0 0

Figure 6-21 : EPLAN Service - "bus" mode

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6.2.2.4.1 - Configuring the GFP150 cards of sites 1 and 3


The GFP150 cards of sites 1 and 3 must be configured in point-to-point mode following configuration guidelines
of the point-to-point section of this document (§ 6.2.2.1 -).

6.2.2.4.2 - Configuring the GFP150 cards of sites 2 and 4


For sites 2 and 4, the configuration of functional blocks VCG, Connection (XCN) and Ethernet Switch is different
from the two other sites.

Configuring the VCGs

Click on the “VCG” link and then on the “List” link. For the selected VCG#1 interface, click on VC#1 and then on
the “Multiple Add Member” link. In the new screen coming up, select “VC12” as type and VC#6 as last
connection. Click on “Apply” in order to create the virtually concatenated group of 6 VC12 (VC12#1 to VC12#6)
that will be used to transport Ethernet traffic.

Select interface VCG#2 and redo the same operation to add a new group of 6 VC12 (VC12#7 to VC12#12).

Figure 6-22 : Configuring the VCG (1)

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Click on the “Settings” link. Verify that VCG#1 is set with the default configuration: “Admin Status” at “Up”,
"Logical Interface NNI " at "untagged", “LCAS” at “Yes” and “FCS” at “No”. We choose to keep the default
options for this example. This screen also displays the type of VCG#1 and VCG#2 (VC12) and the number of
constituting VC members (6).

Figure 6-23 : Configuring the VCG (2)

Click on the "Alarms " link. Select interface VCG#1 . Tick option "Monitor " and click on "APPLY " in order to
start monitoring alarms on this port (see Figure 6-9). Repeat with VCG#2.

Configuring the Ethernet Switch

Click on the “Switch” block and then on the “VMAN Create” link. Enter “2” as new VMAN ID and click on “Apply”
in order to add it. A new screen comes up in order to associate ports to this VMAN.

Click on the “Add Port” link. Select the Ethernet interface ETH#1, the “trTCM” policing algorithm, and enter
10Mbps for the CIR and PIR, and 7 for the "User Priority " (maximun priority). The CBS and EBS values are left
to default. Then click on “Add” to complete the addition of this port to VMAN 2.

Click on the “Add Port” link again. Select the Ethernet interface VCG#1, the “trTCM” policing algorithm, and
enter 10Mbps for the CIR and PIR, and 7 for the "User Priority " (maximun priority). The CBS and EBS values
are left to default. Then click on “Add” to complete the addition of this port to VMAN 2.

Click on the “Add Port” link again. Select the Ethernet interface VCG#2, the “trTCM” policing algorithm, and
enter 10Mbps for the CIR and PIR, and 7 for the "User Priority " (maximun priority). The CBS and EBS values
are left to default. Then click on “Add” to complete the addition of this port to VMAN 2.

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Figure 6-24 : Configuring the Ethernet Switch (1)

To double check the configuration click on the “VMAN List” link. A table displays what ports are associated with
each VMAN configured on the GFP150 card.

Figure 6-25 : Configuring the Ethernet Switch (2)

Configuring the SDH cross-connects

Click on the “XCN” block. Configure the connections from VC12#1 to VC12#6 of the GFP150 card as usual in
order to have end-to-end SDH connectivity between each middle site (2 or 4) and each edge site (respectively 1
or 3, see Figure 6-21).

Configure the connections from VC12#7 to VC12#12 of the GFP150 card as usual in order to have end-to-end
SDH connectivity between both middle sites (2 and 4).

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Activating the end-to-end Ethernet connections

Once both GFP150 cards at the ends of a connection are configured, the Ethernet and VCG interfaces should
be activated.

Click on the “ETH” block and then on the “Interface Settings” link. For interface ETH#1 , tick “ifAdminStatus up”
and click on “Apply”.

6.2.2.4.3 - Connectivity check


For each GFP150 card, perform the following verifications:

1. Click on the "ETH" block, check that the Ethernet ports in use are not highlighted (the given box would be
marked yellow or red depending on alarm severity) ; then click on the "VCG" block and on the "Alarms" link,
check that the VCG ports in use are not highlighted (the given box would be marked yellow or red
depending on alarm severity). Otherwise click on the alarmed port to go to the proper screen, where the
specific alarm is displayed (this brings you directly to step 2, 3 or 4 below). Repeat the operation for every
alarmed port.
2. Click on the “ETH” block and select Ethernet interface ETH#1. Verify that the interface is running in
100BaseT full duplex and that there is no alarm (the “Fault” option of the Interface Defect alarm is
unchecked). Otherwise double-check both the cables and the configuration of the connected Ethernet
interface.
3. Verify that there are no alarms on all the VC’s being used. Otherwise double-check end-to-end SDH
configuration as well as the signal quality over the various links.
4. Click on the “VCG” block and on the “Alarms” link, then select the VCG#1, VCG#2 and VCG#3 on the
central site and only VCG#1 on a remote site. Once configuration is complete all alarms should disappear
after a few seconds. Otherwise double-check the configuration in the “VCG” functional block on both ends
as well as the configuration of the SDH cross-connects.
5. Click on the “Settings” link and verify that the VCG is “Up”.
6. Try sending bi-directional Ethernet traffic over each point-to-point connection. You could for example:
• Run a “ping” or a file transfer between 2 PC’s to control Ethernet connectivity.
• Use an Ethernet traffic generator in order to further qualify the end-to-end connection.

As a final step, double-check compliance of the GFP150 counters on both ends based on the traffic being
forwarded.

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6.2.2.5 - “ Bus interconnection : service “EVPLAN”

In the network below, we setup two Ethernet 100BaseT LAN spanning over 4 sites connected to an ADR155C.

To the difference of the EPLAN service, the two LAN use the same VCG to circulate, it is possible with the
aggregation in the same VCG. For this the VCG ports of the N°1, N°2, N°3 and N°4 equipment must be
configured in fashion NNI tagged.

In this example, 2 and 4 sites play the role of a full bridge: : Ethernet frames can be forwarded between all
remote sites based on MAC address learning.

Each inter-site link of the bus topology is configured to transport a load of 20Mbps (12 VC12). Similarly, on each
ADR155C, the Ethernet interface connected to the bus is policed at 10Mbps.

Site n°1
Site n°3
Eth/12xVC12 Eth/12xVC12

SDH

Ethernet 10/100

Ethernet 10/100

Site n°4
Site n°2
Ethernet 10/100 Ethernet 10/100

Figure 6-26 : EVPLAN Service - "bus" mode

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6.2.3 - Implementation of the OAM-CC function (Operation Administration


Maintenance - Continuity Check) on the GFP150 card
The OAM function (Operation Administration Maintenance) in the GFP card, is used to supervise the customer
traffic.
This function consists in the broadcast and receipt of specific messages to supervise customer traffic. This
allows to know the state of the network, in relation to the progress of this flux
It is based on the IEEE-802. 1ag] norm . The supervision frames for broadcast and receipt are named frames
CC : Continuity Check.

Below an example of utilization of the OAM function:

NNI
NNI
CE UNI UNI
SDH Network
CE

ADR155C N°1 VMANi ADR155C N° 2

Probe Source OAM-CC

Probe Sink OAM-CC

Figure 6-27 : Example of OAM utilization

The OAM-CC function is constituted of source and sink probes:


• A source probe that transmits a multicast frame periodically (by default 10 seconds in the ADR155C)
toward sink probes. A probe source can transmits toward several sink probes.
• A sink probe that treats the multicast frame, and a time-out (by default 10 secondes in the ADR155C).

In the example of the figure N°1, a source probe is declared in the equipment N°1 and a sink probe in the
equipment N°2 on the same VMANi, that allows the monitoring of the VMANi customer traffic between
equipment N°1 and equipment N°2 in one sense

To supervise the other sense of this VMANi it is necessary to add two supplementary probes, a source probe on
the equipment N°2 and a sink probe on the equipment N°1.

The OMA-CC function manages 2 supervision alarms :


• OAM Degraded : in this case it is the loss of one up to three consecutive CC frames
• OAM Defect : in this case it is the loss of at least four consecutive CC frames.
The period between two OAM frames is configurable : 10s by default.

The number of source probes is limited to 10 and the number of sink probes to 64 by GFP150 card.
The frame multicast OAM is not distributed on the UNI port (customer), and is distributed tagged on tagged NNI
port and no tagged on untagged NNI port
The OAM CC multicast MAC address is by default: 01-80-C2-00-00-67.
Notes:

- The periodic OAM defect, can mean that network capacity for the VCG are not adjusted, and that congestions
appear (example : a VC link loss in a VCG with LCAS).
- No OAM probe must be activated on a flow created between a GFP150 card and a 4E/FE card. The provider
OAMcc frames are not filtered by the 4E/FE card and are forwarded to the customer network.

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6.2.4 - Using Quality of Service features of GFP150 card

6.2.4.1 - QoS functions of the GFP150 card

The GFP150 card provides various QoS functions. These functions format outgoing traffic flows on all
interfaces. Namely:

¾ Traffic is forwarded in compliance with a pre-configured “Service Level Agreement” (SLA)


¾ Committed and peak rates are guaranteed for every traffic flow

The QoS functions implemented on the GFP150 card are:


• definition of guaranteed rate contracts per traffic flow
• congestion management of traffic flows in agreement with their conformity to contracts

Functional diagram

The GFP150 QoS can be represented by the following diagram. It includes:


• a block of metering and policing,
• two waiting queues, one file (TC0) in Low priority and one queue (TC1) in SP (Strict Priority)
• a scheduler mechanism for outgoing theses packets of theses queues toward the exit port.

The goal of this mechanism is to encourage an important customer by report on a lower customer in aggregate
traffic to respect times of latency associated to every class of service.

The egress treatment (side port broadcast) permits a differentiated treatment according to the priority of the
VMAN with these different queues of transmission (TC: Traffic Class) as well as the means of outgoing
(scheduling in priority the TC1 SP (Strict Priority) file untill its shaping is reached).

This diagram applies to all ports: the 8 Ethernet interfaces plus the 8 Ethernet over SDH interfaces. All functions
are configured separately per port.

Compteurs SLA

Poids Toward SDH


S switch fabric
WRR C
From File TC 0
GREEN GREEN H
Ethernet E
File TC 1 SP
Metering Policing D
YELLOW YELLOW %Shaping U
L
E
RED R

Ingress Egress VC3-nV ou VC12-nV

Figure 6-28 : QoS architecture

QoS management - Rate control

Rate control compares the temporal characteristics of received traffic (based on the rate and length of bursts)
with a contract subscribed by the customer sending this traffic. This type of contract is commonly called a
“Service Level Agreement” (SLA).

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In the first stage, the temporal characteristics of the actual traffic flow are measured (“metering”). By comparing
them to the configured profile (or contract), each frame is colored according to the following rule:
• Green: the frame is “in profile”
• Yellow: the frame is “partially out of profile”
• Red: the frame is “entirely out of profile”

The GFP150 card provides counters displaying the number of frames associated with each color.

In a second stage, all frames run through the policing function and all Red frames are dropped. Only Green and
Yellow frames can progress.

Metering of the GFP150 card is based on two IETF standards that can be selected via configuration:
• “Single Rate Three Color Marker” (srTCM) per the IETF RFC 2697
• “Two Rate Three Color Marker” (trTCM) per the IETF RFC 2698

When an interface is added to a VMAN, a traffic profile must be configured to be used with traffic entering that
interface. In the current version of the GFP150 card, an interface can be associated to only one VMAN, hence
only one profile.

Traffic profiles
Traffic profiles use the following parameters on the GFP150 card:

Parameter Description Unit srTCM trTCM


CIR Committed Information Rate Mbps YES YES
PIR Peak Information Rate Mbps NO YES
EBS Excess Burst Size KB YES YES
CBS Committed Burst Size KB YES YES

Figure 6-29 : Traffic profile

The QoS parameters strictly apply to the Ethernet traffic. The overhead generated by GFP encapsulation is not
accounted for in these rates.

srTCM (single rate Three Color Marker) :


A srTCM meter is useful for policing of a service where only the length and not the peak rate of the burst
determine its eligibility. Metering is based on a Committed Information Rate (CIR) and two associated burst
sizes, a Committed Burst Size (CBS) and an Excess Burst Size (EBS). A packet is set compliant or green if its
rate is less or equal to the CIR or if its excess rate does not exceed the CBS. It is set partially compliant or
yellow if its excess rate does exceed the CBS but not the EBS. It is set non compliant or red otherwise.

trTCM (two rate Three Color Marker) :


A trTCM meter is useful for policing of a service where a peak rate needs to be enforced separately from a
committed rate. Metering is based on two rates, Peak Information Rate (PIR) and Committed Information Rate
(CIR) and their associated burst sizes, Excess Burst Size (EBS) and Committed Burst Size (CBS). A packet is
set non compliant or red if its rate exceeds the PIR and its excess rate exceeds the EBS. A packet is set
compliant or green if its rate is less or equal to the CIR or if its excess rate does not exceed the CBS. Otherwise
it is set partially compliant or yellow.

Congestion avoidance and buffer management

The GFP150 card uses a standard algorithm to control the distribution of resources between classes of service
LP (Low Priority) and SP (Strict Priority) in order to manage congestion phases.

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The QOS configuration in the GFP150 holds account of the priority information affected to every aggregate
customer. The priority affectation to a customer is done according to a SLA (service level agreement), via the
field configuration "User Priority" (between 0 and 7). To a priority data,.(configured in UNI (or NNI untagged )
ports or extracted from VMAN tags in NNI tagged ports corresponds a traffic class :
• User Priority 0,1,2,3,4,5 => TC0 (Low Priority)
• User Priority 6,7 => TC1 (Strict Priority)

In the current version of GFP150 card, congestion can happen on transmission on an Ethernet or an Ethernet
over SDH interface under the following two (non exclusive) circumstances:
• In a point-to-multipoint topology, when traffic coming from several ports must be mixed for transmission over
another port of the GFP150. There can be more or less transitory phases where the sum of incoming traffic
is significantly greater than the bandwidth available on the outbound port. Point-to-multipoint topologies
especially subject to this type of congestion are those involving an Ethernet port configured at 10Mbps or an
Ethernet over SDH port configured with a small number of VC’s.
• Regardless of the actual topology, when a large quantity of traffic goes through the policing stage but with
the Yellow color (only partially compliant traffic). There can be more or less transitory phases where the
excess rate is actually too high to be transmitted fast enough over the outbound port. Traffic profiles
especially subject to this type of congestion are those with a large differential between the configured CIR
and PIR.

Some repetitive or lasting congestion problems generally require an evolution of the topology network.

6.2.4.2 - Configuring the QoS features

Configuring Metering and Policing, Classification

Examples above with Point-to-Point, Hub-and-Spoke and Bus topologies already describe the configuration of a
traffic profile when adding a new port to a VMAN (see “Configuring the Ethernet Switch” for each example).

Instructions are different to configure a traffic profile on ports already associated with a VMAN. Click on the
“Switch” block and on the “VMAN List” link. Then three commands are available:

• “Add Port”: use this link to add a new port in a VMAN with a traffic profile
• “Delete Port”: use this link to remove a port from a VMAN and remove the associated traffic profile
• “Modify Port”: use this link to change the traffic profile associated with a VMAN configured on a port

The following screen shows the configuration of a “srTCM” traffic profile on an Ethernet port.

Figure 6-30 : Configuring a srTCM profile

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The following screen shows the configuration of a “trTCM” traffic profile on an Ethernet port.

Figure 6-31 : Configuring a trTCM profile


User Priority
The priority affectation to a customer (VMAN) is done via the "User Priority" field configuration (between 0 and
7). The values 6 and 7 are the most important values because they use the SP).

Parameters regulating for Classes of Service


The GFP150 card rules the bandwidth for the SP queue (SP Bandwidth%). To read theses informations, click
on the " Global Params " block then on the " Classes of service " link ; the following screen is then displayed:

Figure 6-32 : Reading Traffic Classes parameters

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If the operator wants to modify one of these parameters he must disactivate the calculation mode automatic.
For this, click on the "Global Params " block then on the "Advanced " link, select the wanted port for the mode
change, then pass from ON to OFF the column parameter " Auto ", then one can modify the SP bandwidth.

Figure 6-33 : Regulating Traffic Classes SP parameters

SP Bandwidth % (1-100%) — Translation in percentage of configured bandwidth for Strict Priority waiting
queue.
This queue encourages flux latency times that are affected to it, but with a limited queue shaping in order to
keep bandwidth for low priority queue

Reading the SLA counters

The GFP150 card provides counters with the quantity of compliant (green), partially compliant (yellow) and non-
compliant (red) traffic received on a specific interface for a specific VMAN. Click on the “Switch” block and on
the “VMAN List” link. Select the row of the VMAN, click on the “VMAN SLA Counters” link. Then select a port.

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Figure 6-34 : SLA compliance counters

The GFP150 card also offers supplementary counters by port/VMAN.To read these counters, click on the
"Switch " block then on the "VMANPortCounters " link. In the top window, select the ETH and VCG ports on
which one wants these counters. The number is limited to 2.
In the below window, select the wanted port for the visualization.

Figure 6-35 : VMAN Port counters

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6.2.5 - Using the Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol on the GFP150 card

6.2.5.1 - Description of the Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol on the GFP150 card

The GFP150 card enables activation of the "Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol " (MSTP), standard Ethernet
protocol defined in IEEE 802.1S.

MSTP can remove loops in an Ethernet network setup with redundant links. Without MSTP, these loops are
forbidden by the Ethernet standard to avoid a "broadcast storm ". With a loop and no MSTP, all broadcast
frames or unicast frames with an unknown address are endlessly replicated on all the links to the point where
the whole bandwidth is consumed.

In simple topologies such as point-to-point, hub-and-spoke or bus, MSTP is not necessary.

However, in ring or meshed topologies, MSTP is recommended since the network contains Ethernet loops.

Notes :
- A SDH loop to activate SDH protection mechanisms does not imply a loop at the Ethernet level. Ethernet links
are terminated by Ethernet ports or Ethernet over SDH ports.
- No MSTP must be activated on a flow created between a GFP150 card and a 4E/FE card. The provider BPDU
MSTP frames are not filtered by the 4E/FE card and are forwarded to the customer network.

On the GFP150 card, MSTP can be turned ON/OFF at a global level first. Then, once globally activated, each
port Ethernet or Ethernet over SDH can be included or not in the Spanning Tree. Once a port is configured with
MSTP, the protocol controls transmission over this port. Namely, MSTP can block transmission on the port
momentarily or until MSTP converges again following a link loss on an Ethernet port.

The MSTP protocol on the GFP150 card permanently exchanges control packets called "BPDUs " with all other
GFP150 cards running MSTP in the network. These packets are only forwarded on links included in the
Spanning Tree by configuration.

Note : In the present configuration, only the VMAN of which the identifying is between 4032 and 4094 can use
MSTP. Therefore, MSTP can only be used on 63 VMANs.

Warning :
- The VMAN ID of an activated VMAN cannot be modified ; this VMAN must be formerly suppressed.
- The aggregation of a VMAN using MSTP (VMAN ID from 4032 to 4094) with a VMAN without MSTP (VMAN
ID from 2 to 4031) can broke the traffic associated to the VMAN without MSTP because this last is automatically
in the CIST.

CIST and MSTI definition

CIST (Common Instance Spanning Tree) manages a region, when more than 63 instances are used.
MSTI (Multi Spanning Tree Instance) manages a VLAN.
CIST and MSTI are independent .
Each MSTI is independent of other one. Each MSTI corresponds to one and only one VLAN.

Port MSTP state

Once a port is included in the Spanning Tree, MSTP compute the state of the port based both on the
information of the BPDUs received from the network as well as the transitions of the operational state of any
local port (in case of link loss/recovery for example).

Each MSTP port is managed by two different informations “PORT STATE” and “PORT ROLE”.

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PORT STATE can be:


• "DISABLED " : The port is not included in the MSTP Protocol. This happens when the physical port is
disconnected or when MSTP is deactivated by configuration on that port.
• "FORWARDING " : The port id included in the MSTP Protocol and is connected.

PORT ROLE can be:


• "DISCARDING " : The MSTP protocol decided to block transmission on the port to avoid an Ethernet loop.
Once a port in this state, it cannot receive or transmit any kind of Ethernet frame, except for MSTP BPDUs
that it continues to manage.
• "BACKUP " : The MSTP protocol decided to block transmission on the port to avoid an Ethernet loop. This
state indicates the bridge has received its owner frame.
• "LEARNING " : The port is going to transit to "DISCARDING " or "FORWARDING " state depending on the
result of MSTP convergence. No other Ethernet frame than BPDUs are received or transmitted on that port
in this state. However, in this state, MAC address learning starts for frames received on that port.
• "DESIGNATED " : The port is completely functional. The port transmits data and learning @MAC.
• "ROOT " : The port is completely functional. The port transmits data and learning @MAC. The root port is
the shortest way to the ROOT BRIDGE.

The following example displays a network with an Ethernet loop annihilated by MSTP. It shows the principle of
convergence towards a Tree topology ("Multiple Spanning Tree ") with a node elected as root of the tree ("Root
Bridge ").

Root Port
1
Bridge C

Designated
Port
2 Bridge A
3

Designated
1 1
Ports
Bridge Z Bridge D
Root Ports Blocking
(Root)
2

Root Ports
Designated 4
Port
3 1

Bridge B 2

1
Bridge E

Designated
Ports

Forwarding frames between Root ports and Designated ports

Figure 6-36 : MSTP port types

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Controlling MSTP convergence

A specific MSTP cost can be configured on every port (port priority), and on every Bridge (Bridge priority) in
order to control the Tree topology of the network during stable phases. At times where there is no link loss on
any port, either Ethernet or Ethernet over SDH. Naturally, redundant links blocked by MSTP during stable
phases can be unblocked when a link is lost in the network. Later, when the link failure is fixed and the primary
link comes back up, MSTP re-converges towards the stable topology and blocks back the redundant links.

Transparency of MSTP on the GFP150

Per IEEE 802.1D standard, MSTP BPDUs must be sent with a reserved multicast address as MAC destination :
01-80-C2-00-00-00 ("Bridge Group Address "). "). By default, the GFP150 card uses the address :
01-80-C2-00-00-08.

However, the MSTP implementation on the GFP150 card supports configuration of a different multicast address
(standard : 01-80-C2-00-00-00 or non standard : inside the range 01-80-C2-00-00-04 to 01-80-C2-00-00-0F) for
use by the protocol. Using a different address does not change the MSTP algorithm at all. It is just a way to
distinguish the BPDUs sent by the GFP150 card from BPDUs sent by any other Ethernet bridge (which would
logically use the standard address).

The GFP150 cards are useful to interconnect client Ethernet LANs across a network provider’s backbone
(Ethernet over SDH). There can be cases where the clients themselves would be running STP between their
remote sites. By using a non standard address only known by the ADR155C, the GFP150 card can transport
BPDUs coming from client networks in a totally transparent manner.

This way, the STP protocol in the operator network is completely isolated from any MSTP instances running in
the client networks. Moreover, the ADR155C ensures continuity of clients’ STP across remote client sites.

Note : It is recommended not to activate MSTP on the Ethernet ports unless otherwise required by the
topology. It is generally useless to activate the operator MSTP on ports connected to client networks.

6.2.5.2 - MSTP Licence Activation on a GFP150 card

The MSTP utilization by the GFP150 card is submitted to a Licence. To activate this Licence, proceed as
following :

1) note the GFP150 MAC address on which the MSTP Licence must be activated
2) provide these informations to the Hotline via phone or E-MAIL to get the Licence key
3) enter the MSTP Licence key (32 characters) provided by the Hotline, via the "MSTP > Licence Activation"
menu, then click on Apply.

Figure 6-37 : MSTP Licence Activation

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Note :

An alarm "No MSTP Licence" of card level is activated if at least one port has a MSTP configuration to ON and
if the MSTP licence is not activated.
The severity of this alarm is major and no configurable.

6.2.5.3 - Example of MSTP configuration

Use the previous example with a bus topology. Just a redundant link between the remote ADR155C 1 and 3 is
added. The final topology works like a ring.

First the 4 ADR155C should be configured according to the instructions of the bus topology section of this
document (*). Then, the three steps below should be followed in order :

1. Configure the redundant link (*).


2. Activate MSTP on all ports of the bus (as well as on the redundant link)
3. Turn ON the redundant link

Once the link is activated, one should see that MSTP puts each end of the redundant link in the
"DISCARDING " state. All other ports of the bus go in "FORWARDING " or “ROOT” state.

(*) Warning : the used VMAN for MSTP should have a VMAM ID between 4032 and 4094 ; it will be 4032 for
this example.

Site n°1 Site n°3


Eth / 4xVC12
Eth / 4xVC12
SDH

Ethernet 10/100 Ethernet 10/100

Site n°4
Site n°2

Ethernet 10/100
Ethernet 10/100

Figure 6-38 : Example of MSTP configuration

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Bus configuration

See the bus section in this document. (§ 6.2.2.4 -)

Configuring the redundant link between the ADR155C 1 and 3

Configure the VCG#2 port on ADR155C 1 and 3 with the same instructions as for VCG#2 between ADR155C 2
and 4.

In the end, ADR155C 1 and 3 must be connected via VCG#2 configured with 6 VC12 and included in the same
VMAN as all other ports (VMAN ID "4032").

Note : The link is not activated yet in order to avoid creating an Ethernet loop in the network before MSTP is
running.

Activating MSTP on ADR155C 2 and 4

Click on the "MSTP" block then on the "Bridge settings " link of the GFP150 card. Set the "MSTP Procotol "
parameter at the "MSTP " value and click on "Apply ".

Figure 6-39 : Activating MSTP on the ADR155C 2 and 4 (1)

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The default values of fields of the Bridge Configuration screen are those of the 802.1d norm ; to optimize the
times of convergence of the MSTP protocol, it is necessary to adjust the parameters "Forward Delay",
"Hello Time" and "Max Age".

The other parameters allow to configure MSTP according to the user's , Before modify these fields, read the
802.1s standard.

Click on the "Port Settings " link. Set ports VCG#1 and VCG#2 at the "Enable " value and leave other field at
default value, then click on "Apply ".

Figure 6-40 : Activating MSTP on the ADR155C 2 and 4 (2)

Activating MSTP on ADR155C 1 and 3

To activate MSTP on cards n°1 and n°3, repeat previous step.

Activating the redundant link

On ADR155C 1 and 3, we turn ON the VCG#2 interfaces :


Click on the “VCG” block of the GFP150 and then on the “Settings” link. Set the “Admin Status” of interface
VCG#2 to “Up” and click on “Apply”.

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Once the two interfaces are activated, MSTP starts exchanging BPDUs across the new link and a new state is
calculated. However, after a few seconds each port of this link goes in "BLOCKING " state thanks to the
difference in "Path Cost " over the ring. Except for MSTP BPDUs, no Ethernet frame is forwarded over this link.

Connectivity check

It is possible to check a MSTI state on a GFP150 card.

Click on the "MSTP" block then on the "MSTI List" link.

Figure 6-41 : MSTI Checking (1)

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Select MSTI Id 1and click on the “MSTI-Port informations and Settings” link to see the next panel.

All selected MSTI port state can be verified.

Figure 6-42 : MSTI Checking (2)

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6.2.6 - Using LCAS on the GFP150 card

6.2.6.1 - Description of LCAS

The GFP150 card enables activation of the standard protocol "Link Capacity Adjustment System " (LCAS)
independently on each of the 8 VCGs.

LCAS is useful to :
• Dynamically add or remove VC members from a VCG without deactivating the VCG (making it a hitless
operation for traffic)
• Dynamically adjust the available bandwidth when alarms are triggered ON/OFF on the VC members of a
VCG. The bandwidth of every VC under failure is subtracted from the VCG bandwidth. Hence, in case of
failures the VCG continues to forward traffic as long as there is still at least one operational VC.

Without LCAS :
• The GFP150 card requires deactivation of a VCG before VC members can be added or removed (it forces a
traffic interruption)
• A VCG becomes completely broken as soon as an alarm is triggered on at least one VC member. Plus, it
becomes operational again only once no VC is under failure anymore.

In order to run, LCAS only needs to be activated on both ends of a VCG. LCAS is transparent for the SDH
backbone point of view. Once both ends of a VCG are configured with LCAS they start exchanging control
information in the SDH overhead (namely, in the multi-frame of virtual concatenation).

LCAS can be used as a mechanism to protect transmission of Ethernet traffic : when a part of the VCs of a VCG
fail, transmission continues with the remaining operational VCs.

This protection mechanism makes sense only if the VCs of a VCG are not all configured the same way across
the SDH network :
• Either they must take different path via independent SDH links ;
• Or a part of the VCs must be protected at the SDH level (SNC, etc.) ;
• Or some of both.

6.2.6.2 - Example of LCAS configuration

We use again the point-to-point connection example described earlier in this document. The VCs just use two
different SDH paths. The LCAS option is at “Yes” by default.

Configuring the VCG

Click on the VCG block and then on the “List” link. For the VCG#1 interface, select VC#1 and click on the
“Multiple Add Member” link. In the new screen coming up, select “VC12” as type and VC#6 as last connection.
Click on “Apply” in order to create the virtually concatenated group of 6 VC12 (VC12#1 to VC12#6) that will be
used to transport Ethernet traffic.

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Figure 6-43 : Configuring the VCG (LCAS) (1)

Click on the “Settings” link. Verify that VCG#1 is set with the default configuration: “Admin Status” at “Up”,
“LCAS” at “Yes” and “FCS” at “No”. This screen also displays the type of VCG#1 (VC12) and the number of
constituting VC members (6).

Figure 6-44 : Configuring the VCG (LCAS) (2)

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Click on the "Alarms " link. Select interface VCG#1 . Tick option "Monitor " and click on "APPLY " in order to
start monitoring alarms on this port (see Figure 6-9).

Configuring the SDH cross-connects

Click on the “XCN” block. Configure the connections from VC12#1 to VC12#6 of the GFP150 card in way where
3 VC12 go through a SDH card and the 3 other VC12 go through a second SDH card. Make sure you have end-
to-end SDH connectivity with the remote ADR155C.

Figure 6-45 : Configuring the SDH cross-connects (LCAS)

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6.3 - A FEW RULES FOR SET-UP

6.3.1 - Various configuration rules

1. The configuration of the Ethernet interface must be identical between the GFP150 card and the
transmission equipment present on the LAN. It is preferable to use the “manual” modes rather than the
"auto negotiation" mode because of the incompatibility of operation of this mode between certain
equipment.

2. The changes of configuration of VCG interface (LCAS, FCS) must be done when the interface is "OFF "
(AdminStatus ticked "down"). The interface is configured to "ON " (AdminStatus ticked "up") when
configurations of the 2 extremities of the link are effective. However, when LCAS is activated on a VCG
interface and when this interface is itself in the state "ON ", it is possible to modify the VCG composition
(add/delete VC members) without putting the interface "OFF " before. In this case, these modifications are
directly taken into account.

3. For each VCG, it is preferable to configure the FCS parameter to "No ".

6.3.2 - QoS configuration rules


It is necessary to respect the following rules, when configuring the QoS :
1. For each customer Ethernet interface, corresponding CIR and PIR must be under 100Mbit/sec if this
interface is configured in 100BaseT or in Auto negotiation, or under 10Mbit/sec if this interface is configured
in 10BaseT (corresponding to the Connection Automatic Control feature).
2. For each Ethernet over SDH interface with associated CIR and PIR, the VCG payload must be upper CIR +
0.1*(PIR-CIR) (corresponding to the Connection Automatic Control feature).

6.4 - APPLICATIONS

6.4.1 - Meshed networks


In topologies of the type "shared LAN", in multipoint to multipoint (EPLAN or EVPLAN), it is necessary to avoid
to create Ethernet loops between 2 GFP150 cards (site 1 to 2, 2 to 3 and 1 to 3)
- either to avoid to create Ethernet loops by construction of the links, which makes unnecessary the
activation of MSTP
- or to activate the "multiple spanning tree " protocol (MSTP).

6.4.2 - Protection of channels


The VC12/VC3 containers used by the GFP150 card can be protected by SNCP mechanism as all other
VC12/VC3.

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6.4.3 - Degraded mode


When a virtual container (VC3 or VC12) used by the GFP150 card is out of service, transmission folds back on
VC3/VC12 left (thanks to the LCAS protocol, when activated). In these conditions, transmission over an
interface is possible as long as there is at least one VC3 or VC12 available (for this interface).
When the VC3/VC12 comes back available, the VCG resynchronize automatically (thanks to the LCAS protocol)
and the transmission restarts over all the available VC3/VC12.

6.5 - TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS

6.5.1 - Main characteristics


Main characteristics of the GFP150 card in the ADR155C are :
• Default values of GFP header fields :
PFI field (Payload FCS Indicator ) is at 0 (absence of FCS on Payload)
• Permanent values of GFP header fields :
PTI field (Payload Type Identifier) is at 000 (Data Client Frame)
EXI field (Extension Header Identifier) is at 0000 (Null Extension Header)
UPI field (User Payload Identifier) is at 0000 0001 (Frame-Mapped Ethernet)
• Number of VCG per GFP150 card : 1 to 8
• Number of virtual containers per VCG : from 1 to 46 VC12 (with a limitation to 63 VC12 for the whole VCGs)
or from 1 to 2 VC3 (with a limitation of 3 VC3 for the whole VCGs)
• VCG/VC12-nV and VCG/VC3-nV mixity allowed
• Differential delay between VCG containers VC12/VC3 : 47ms maximum for VC12 and 47ms maximum for
VC3
• Ethernet interface 10/100BaseT half or full duplex
• MTU is 1548 bytes (including @dest, @src, lgd trame and FCS), which allows to transport the ISL protocol.
Frames which length is under 64 bytes are rejected.
• In validated PAUSE mode (Flow control), the PAUSE frames are generated and managed.
In no validated PAUSE mode, the received PAUSE frames are thrown and no PAUSE frame is generated.
The received PAUSE frames are counted in the InPauseFrame counter but not in the InOctets counter.
• The MAC address table runs in IVL mode (Independent VLAN Learning)
• Ethernet frames with a reserved MAC destination address (01-80-C2-00-00-00 to 01-80-C2-00-00-FF) are
transparently forwarded. It deviates from the IEEE recommendation for Ethernet bridges. However, this
design choice ensures continuity of the "client STP" across remote client sites. Naturally, if MSTP is
activated on the ADR155C, frames received with the address 01-80-C2-00-00-00 (Mac STP address) on
MSTP ports will be transparently forwarded because the MSTP of ADR155C uses the Mac addresses 01-
80-C2-00-00-04 to 01-80-C2-00-00-04F (by default 01-80-C2-00-00-08) (for more details, see § 6.2.5.1 -).

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6.5.2 - Ethernet rate / VCG rate


The goal of this chapter is to help the user when configuring VCG regarding Ethernet rates on GFP150 card
interfaces.

Concerning Ethernet rates :

• The Ethernet rate configured for each interface of the GFP150 card is corresponding to the payload
avalaible at the Ethernet interface.
• This rate is called MTU (64 to 1548 bytes including 6 Bytes @dest, 6 Bytes @src, 2 Bytes lgd trame, and 4
Bytes FCS).

• Knowing there is 12 intergap Bytes between 2 Ethernet frames, which are outside the payload, and 8
preamble Bytes per Ethernet frame, which are also outside the payload, when an Ethernet 100 BaseT
interface is used to the maximum of its capacity (end to end frames at 100Mbit/sec), payload rate in
100BaseT is 76.19Mbit/sec for 64 Bytes (MTU) frames, and 98.72Mbit/sec for 1548 Bytes (MTU) frames.
• In the same way, payload rate in 10BaseT is 7.62Mbit/sec for 64 Bytes (MTU) frames, and 9.87Mbit/sec for
1548 Bytes (MTU) frames.
• Because we don’t control Ethernet frames lengths in a link, which may change from frame to frame, we
have to imagine the most critical case, in order to configure the VCG rate for the link. Note the GFP protocol
adds an 8 Bytes header (12 Bytes when the GFP FCS is ON), header taken into account in
§ 6.5.3 -and § 6.5.4 -

Note that even if we know how to configure, in the case of 100BaseT, a CIR upper than 1 and under 100
Mbit/sec (per 1Mbit/sec step) at the customer Ethernet interface (and in the case of the 10BaseT mode a CIR
between 1 and 10Mbit/sec sec (per 1Mbit/sec step)), some normal limitations are to be taken into account :

1. When the active mode is 100BaseT :


• The maximum rate is 98.72Mbit/sec, with a limitation to 76.29Mbit/sec for a customer flow including only
64 Bytes length frames, even if the configuration is CIR=100Mbit/sec.
• When the VCG is a VC3-2V, the Ethernet rate is limited to 96.27Mbit/sec by taken into account the GFP
header in the VC3-2V payload (VC3-2V payload is 96.768Mbit/sec). It is impossible in this case to
obtain an Ethernet rate upper 96Mbit/sec.
2. When the active mode is 10BaseT :
• The maximum rate is 9.872Mbit/sec, with a limitation to 7.629Mbit/sec for a customer flow including only
64 Bytes length frames, even if the configuration is CIR=10Mbit/sec.
3. In all cases :
• The addition of payload rates of each active VCG must be under the payload of a VC4. So, we can
consider 4 cases :
1. No VC3 used (neither for VCG, nor by another card in ADR155C) : the number of all VC12 used
must be ≤ 63.
2. 1 VC3 is used among all the VCG and/or the other cards in ADR155C : the number of all VC12
used must be ≤ 42.
3. 2 VC3 are used among all the VCG and/or the other cards in ADR155C : the number of all VC12
used must be ≤ 21.
4. 3 VC3 are used among all the VCG and/or the other cards in ADR155C : No VC12 can be used

Of course, if others VC3 and/or VC12 are used for transporting flows coming from other cards in
ADR155C, it must be taken into account.

Note than all VCG VC3 based in the GFP150 card can’t use more than 2 VC3.

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6.5.3 - Number of VC12 in a VCG


VC12 payload is Dvc12=2.176 Mbit/sec.

The maximum number of VC12 allowed per VCG equals 46.

We suppose customer Ethernet interfaces CIR and PIR in the link are already configured.

In point to point (EPLine service), the minimal number N of VC12 necessary for transmitting a CIR of E
Mbit/sec at the customer Ethernet interface is :

N = UPPER_ROUND_NUMBER(E*1.125/Dvc12) and N≤46

This calculation takes into account GFP header with FCS OFF. When FCS is ON, replace 1.125 with 1.1875.

Note that in this case, the customer Ethernet interface remote rate must equals E and we advise to configure
PIR=CIR.

Example :

• If we suppose E=PIR=20Mbit/sec
• We obtain N=UPPER_ROUND_NUMBER(20*1.125/2.176)=UPPER_ROUND_NUMBER(10.34)=11 (≤46)

In all cases, we advise after the configuration of customers interfaces Ethernet CIR/PIR and the corresponding
VCG, to configure Ethernet over SDH interfaces CIR/PIR as CIR=PIR=VCG payload.

6.5.4 - Number of VC3 in a VCG


VC3 payload is Dvc3=48.384 Mbit/sec.

The maximum number of VC3 allowed per VCG equals 2.

We suppose customer Ethernet interfaces CIR and PIR in the link are already configured.

In point to point (EPLine service), the minimal number N of VC3 necessary for transmitting a CIR of E
Mbit/sec at the customer Ethernet interface is :

N = UPPER_ROUND_NUMBER(E*1.125/Dvc3) and N≤2

This calculation takes into account GFP header with FCS OFF. When FCS is ON, replace 1.125 with 1.1875.

Note that in this case, the customer Ethernet interface remote rate must equals E and we advise to configure
PIR=CIR.

Example :

• If we suppose E=PIR=60Mbit/sec
• We obtain N=UPPER_ROUND_NUMBER(60*1.125/48.384)=UPPER_ROUND_NUMBER(1.395)=2 (≤2)

In all cases, we advise after the configuration of customers interfaces Ethernet CIR/PIR and the corresponding
VCG, to configure Ethernet over SDH interfaces CIR/PIR as CIR=PIR=VCG payload.

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7. 4E/FE CARD

The EPLine service proposed by the 4E/FE card can be interconnected with the EPLine and EPLAN services
proposed by the GFP150 card of the ADR155C and by the GFP150 eXtra card of the ADR2500 eXtra.

Each ADR155C can include up to four 4E/FE cards which must take place in "A", "B", "C" or "D".slots.

Each "ETH #n" port is necessarily associated to the "VCG #n" port.

In case of management by IONOS-NMS, it will always be necessary to create a VMAN associating an ETH#n to
a VCG#n.

7.1 - 4E/FE CARD AND SERVICES PRESENTATION

This chapter has for objective to guide the user for the commissioning of the 4E/FE card. It gives simple
examples which should be easily adapted to the needs.

Service provided by 4E/FE card allows to build an Ethernet LAN between 2 remote sites :

• An EPLine service (Ethernet Private Line) allowing Ethernet 10/100 BaseT point to point interconnection
through a SDH network by using, for each connection, a VCG (VC-Group) based on virtual concatenation
(VCAT). It’s possible to obtain up to 4 independant point to point connections per 4E/FE card. Rate
granularity for each VCG is based either on VC12, or on VC3. With each VCG, it’s possible to concatenate
from 1 to 46 VC12 or from 1 to 2 VC3. The sum of the concatenated Ethernet rates, on the whole of the 4
ETH ports, can’t be above the STM1 payload (about 150Mbit/s).

Ethernet frames are transported on SDH by using the GFP protocol.

7.2 - CONFIGURATION AND APPLICATIONS OF THE 4E/FE CARDS

7.2.1 - 4E/FE card setup


a) Unwrap the card
b) Insert and screw the card in an allowed slot of the shelf.
c) In the HTTP configuration manager, select 4E/FE as expected card on the slot where it was inserted
d) Connect the Ethernet cables to the 4E/FE card
e) Wait a few seconds and check that the green LED “status” is steadily on.

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7.2.2 - Create a LAN interconnect

Point-to-Point connection : “EPLine” service


In the diagram below, one intends to deport a full duplex LAN Ethernet 100 BaseT between 2 sites equipped of
ADR155C. In a first time, one supposes that the rate of the Ethernet traffic exchanged between the 2 sites
doesn't exceed 10Mbps.

Eth/VC12
AD R 155C
SDH
AD R 155C

E th e r n e t 1 0 /1 0 0 M E th e r n e t 1 0 /1 0 0 M

Figure 7-1 : EPLine service

7.2.2.1 - 4E/FE cards configuration

Login on the first ADR155C to open the “Shelfview” HTTP screen. On this screen, click on the 4E/FE card then
on the “ETH” block.

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Configuring the Ethernet interface

Click on the “Interface Settings” link. By default the Ethernet interface is forced in 100Base T full duplex. We
choose to keep the default configuration for this example.

Figure 7-2 : Configuring the Ethernet interface

Note : The Ethernet interface of the remote equipment (switch, IP router, PC, …) connected to the 4E/FE card
MUST always be configured the same way. Due to possible interoperability issues with Auto-
Negotiation between equipments from different origins, this feature (“Automatic” option) should
preferably not be used.

This screen is also used to set the severity associated to the interface defect of that interface.

Logical Interface

Logical Interface UNI (User to Network Interface) : this type of interface corresponds to an interface customer
with one service per port. On these interfaces the provider OAM and BPDU MSTP management frames from
GFP150 or GFP150 eXtra cards are not filtered : they are sent to the customer network. Therefore, no OAM or
MSTP must be activated on a flow created between a GFP150 or GFP150 eXtra card and a 4E/FE card.

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Link Down Retransmit

The Link Down Retransmit function is used on a point to point link constituted of one ETH port and one VCG
port in each equipment.
Tick "Enable" allows to report the state of the Ethernet Down or VCG Down link on the remote Ethernet link.

ETH Down Report


3 Locs + VCG Down
Status Down SDH
2
4
4E/FE VCG VCG 4E/FE
"LDR "LDR Forced
1 Cut off
ETH Enable" Enable" ETH

VCG Down Report


2 2
3 VCG Down SDH VCG Down 3
4E/FE VCG VCG 4E/FE
Forced Forced
"LDR "LDR
Cut off ETH ETH Cut off
Enable" 1 Enable"

Pause Mode

The Pause function (IEEE 802.3 Flow control) is used on a point to point/full duplex link constituted of one ETH
port and one VCG port.

If the "Status" field = Pause (result of autonegotiation or forcing)

- At reception of a pause frame on the ETH port, the transmission of Ethernet frames on the ETH port is
suspended temporarily

- On detection of traffic obstruction in the sense ETH = > VCG, a pause frame is transmitted on the ETH port
to ask the remote equipment to stop the transmission of Ethernet frame temporarily.

Configuring a VCG

Click on the “VCG” block, then on the “List” link. For the selected VCG#1 interface, click on VC#1 and then on
the “Multiple Add Member” link. In the new screen coming up, select “VC12” as type and VC#6 as last
connection. Click on “Apply” in order to create the virtually concatenated group of 6 VC12 (VC12#1 to VC12#6)
that will be used to transport Ethernet traffic.

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Figure 7-3 : Configuring the VCG (1)

Click on the “Settings” link. Verify that VCG#1 is set with the default configuration: “Admin Status” at “Up”,
“LCAS” at “Yes” and “FCS” at “No”. We choose to keep the default options for this example. This screen also
displays the type of VCG#1 (VC12) and the number of constituting VC members (6).

Figure 7-4 : Configuring the VCG (2)

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Logical Interface NNI (Network to Network Interface), untagged : corresponds to a provider interface
without provider VMAN tag (no VLAN aggregation).

Click on the « Alarms » link. Select interface VCG#1 . Tick option « Monitor » and click on « APPLY » in order to
start monitoring alarms on this port (see Figure 7-6).

Configuring the SDH cross-connects

Click on the “XCN” block and configure the connections from VC12#1 to VC12#6 of the 4E/FE card as usual in
order to have end-to-end SDH connectivity with the remote 4E/FE card.

Figure 7-5 : Configuring the SDH Cross Connects

Configuring the remote 4E/FE card

Just do the configuration on the second ADR155C following the exact same steps again.

Activating the end-to-end Ethernet connection

Once both ADR155C systems are configured, the ports used by the Point-to-Point can be activated on each
ADR155C.

Click on the “ETH” block, then on the “Interface Settings” link. For interface ETH#1 , tick “ifAdminStatus up” and
click on “Apply”.

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7.2.2.2 - Connectivity check

Perform the following verifications with both 4E/FE cards:


1. Click on the "ETH" block, check that the Ethernet ports in use are not highlighted (the given box would be
marked yellow or red depending on alarm’s severity) ; then click on the "VCG" block and on the "Alarms"
link, check that the VCG ports in use are not highlighted (the given box would be marked yellow or red
depending on alarm’s severity). Otherwise click on the alarmed port to go to the proper screen, where the
specific alarm is displayed (this brings you directly to step 2, 3 or 4 below). Repeat the operation for every
alarmed port.
2. Click on the “ETH” block and select Ethernet interface ETH#1. Verify that the interface is running in
100BaseT / full duplex and that there is no alarm (the “Fault” option of the Interface Defect Alarm is
unchecked). Otherwise double-check both the cables and the configuration of the connected Ethernet
interface.
3. Verify that there are no alarms on all the VC’s being used. Otherwise double-check end-to-end SDH
configuration as well as the signal quality over the various links.
4. Click on the “VCG” block then on the “Alarms” link, and select the VCG#1 interface. Once configuration is
complete all alarms should disappear after a few seconds. Otherwise double-check the configuration in the
“VCG” functional block on both ends as well as the configuration of the SDH cross-connects.

Figure 7-6 : Connectivity check

Note : This screen can be used to configure the severity of the alarms related to concatenated VC’s.

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5. Click on the “Settings” link and verify that the VCG#1 is “Up”.
6. Try sending bi-directional Ethernet traffic across the end-to-end connection. You could for example:
• Run a “ping” or a file transfer between 2 PC’s to control Ethernet connectivity.
• Use an Ethernet traffic generator in order to further qualify the end-to-end connection.

As a final step, double-check compliance of the 4E/FE counters on both ends based on the traffic being
forwarded. Namely the following counters:

- Ethernet counters: click on the “ETH” link and then on the “MIB2 Counters” link
- GFP counters: click on the “VCG” link and then on the “MIB2 GFP Counters” link

7.2.3 - Using LCAS on the 4E/FE card

7.2.3.1 - Description of LCAS

The 4E/FE card enables activation of the standard protocol « Link Capacity Adjustment System » (LCAS)
independently on each of the 4 VCGs.

LCAS is useful to :

• Dynamically add or remove VC members from a VCG without deactivating the VCG (making it a hitless
operation for traffic)
• Dynamically adjust the available bandwidth when alarms are triggered ON/OFF on the VC members of a
VCG. The bandwidth of every VC under failure is subtracted from the VCG’s bandwidth. Hence, in case of
failures the VCG continues to forward traffic as long as there is still at least one operational VC.

Without LCAS :

• The 4E/FE card requires deactivation of a VCG before VC members can be added or removed (it forces a
traffic interruption)
• A VCG becomes completely broken as soon as an alarm is triggered on at least one VC member. Plus, it
becomes operational again only once no VC is under failure anymore.

In order to run, LCAS only needs to be activated on both ends of a VCG. LCAS is transparent for the SDH
backbone’s point of view. Once both ends of a VCG are configured with LCAS they start exchanging control
information in the SDH overhead (namely, in the multi-frame of virtual concatenation).

LCAS can be used as a mechanism to protect transmission of Ethernet traffic : when a part of the VCs of a VCG
fail, transmission continues with the remaining operational VCs.

This protection mechanism makes sense only if the VCs of a VCG are not all configured the same way across
the SDH network :

• Either they must take different path via independent SDH links ;
• Or a part of the VCs must be protected at the SDH level (SNC, etc.) ;
• Or some of both.

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7.2.3.2 - Example of LCAS configuration

We use again the point-to-point connection example described earlier in this document. The VCs just use two
different SDH paths. The LCAS option is at “Yes” by default.

Configuring the VCG

Click on the VCG link and then on the “List” link. For the VCG#1 interface, select VC#1 and click on the “Multiple
Add Member” link. In the new screen coming up, select “VC12” as type and VC#6 as last connection. Click on
“Apply” in order to create the virtually concatenated group of 6 VC12 (VC#1 to VC#6) that will be used to
transport Ethernet traffic.

Figure 7-7 : Configuring the VCG (LCAS) (1)

Click on the “VCG” link and then on the “Settings” link. Verify that VCG#1 is set with the default configuration:
“Admin Status” at “Up”, “LCAS” at “Yes” and “FCS” at “No”. This screen also displays the type of VCG#1 (VC12)
and the number of constituting VC members (6).

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Figure 7-8 : Configuring the VCG (LCAS) (2)

Click on the VCG link and then on the « Alarms » link. Select interface VCG#1 . Tick option « Monitor » and
click on « APPLY » in order to start monitoring alarms on this port (see Figure 7-6).

Configuring the SDH cross-connects

Click on the “XCN” block. Configure the connections from VC12#1 to VC12#6 of the 4E/FE card in way where 3
VC12 go through a SDH card and the 3 other VC12 go through a second SDH card. Make sure you have end-
to-end SDH connectivity with the remote ADR155C.

Figure 7-9 : Configuring the SDH cross-connects (LCAS)

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7.3 - A FEW RULES FOR SET-UP

1. The configuration of the Ethernet interface must be identical between the 4E/FE card and the transmission
equipment present on the LAN. It is preferable to use the “manual” modes rather than the "auto negotiation"
mode because of the incompatibility of operation of this mode between certain equipment.

2. For each VCG, it’s preferable to configure the FCS parameter to « No ».

7.4 - APPLICATIONS

7.4.1 - Protection of channels


The VC12/VC3 containers used by the 4E/FE card can be protected by SNCP mechanism as all other
VC12/VC3.

7.4.2 - Degraded mode


When a virtual container (VC3 or VC12) used by the 4E/FE card is out of service, transmission folds back on
VC3/VC12 left (thanks to the LCAS protocol, when activated). In these conditions, transmission over an
interface is possible as long as there is at least one VC3 or VC12 available (for this interface).
When the VC3/VC12 comes back available, the VCG resynchronize automatically (thanks to the LCAS protocol)
and the transmission restarts over all the available VC3/VC12.

7.5 - TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS

7.5.1 - Main characteristics


Main characteristics of the 4E/FE card are :
• Default values of GFP header fields :
PFI field (Payload FCS Indicator ) is at 0 (absence of FCS on Payload)
• Permanent values of GFP header fields :
PTI field (Payload Type Identifier) is at 000 (Data Client Frame)
EXI field (Extension Header Identifier) is at 0000 (Null Extension Header)
UPI field (User Payload Identifier) is at 0000 0001 (Frame-Mapped Ethernet)
• Number of VCG per 4E/FE card : 1 to 4
• Number of virtual containers per VCG : from 1 to 46 VC12 (with a limitation to 63 VC12 for the whole VCGs)
or from 1 to 2 VC3 (with a limitation of 3 VC3 for the whole VCGs)

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• VCG/VC12-nV and VCG/VC3-nV mixity allowed


• Differential delay between VCG containers VC12/VC3 : 47ms maximum for VC12 and 47ms maximum for
VC3
• Ethernet interface 10/100BaseT half or full duplex
• MTU is 1548 bytes (including @dest, @src, lgd trame and FCS), which allows to transport the ISL protocol.
Frames which length is under 64 bytes are rejected.
• In validated PAUSE mode (Flow control), the PAUSE frames are generated and managed.
In no validated PAUSE mode, the received PAUSE frames are thrown and no PAUSE frame is generated.
The received PAUSE frames are counted in the InPauseFrame counter but not in the InOctets counter.

7.5.2 - Ethernet rate / VCG rate


The goal of this chapter is to help the user when configuring VCG regarding Ethernet rates on 4E/FE card
interfaces.

Concerning Ethernet rates :

• The Ethernet rate configured for each interface of the 4E/FE card is corresponding to the payload avalaible
at the Ethernet interface.
• This rate is called MTU (64 to 1548 bytes including 6 Bytes @dest, 6 Bytes @src, 2 Bytes lgd trame, and 4
Bytes FCS).
• Knowing there is 12 intergap Bytes between 2 Ethernet frames, which are outside the payload, and 8
preamble Bytes per Ethernet frame, which are also outside the payload, when an Ethernet 100 BaseT
interface is used to the maximum of its capacity (end to end frames at 100Mbit/sec), payload rate in
100BaseT is 76.19Mbit/sec for 64 Bytes (MTU) frames, and 98.72Mbit/sec for 1548 Bytes (MTU) frames.
• In the same way, payload rate in 10BaseT is 7.62Mbit/sec for 64 Bytes (MTU) frames, and 9.87Mbit/sec for
1548 Bytes (MTU) frames.
• Because we don’t control Ethernet frames lengths in a link, which may change from frame to frame, we
have to imagine the most critical case, in order to configure the VCG rate for the link. Note the GFP protocol
adds an 8 Bytes header (12 Bytes when the GFP FCS is ON), header taken into account in
§ 7.5.3 -and § 7.5.4 -

Some normal limitations are to be taken into account :

1. When the active mode is 100BaseT :


• The maximum rate is 98.72Mbit/sec, with a limitation to 76.29Mbit/sec for a customer flow including only
64 Bytes length frames.
• When the VCG is a VC3-2V, the Ethernet rate is limited to 96.27Mbit/sec by taken into account the GFP
header in the VC3-2V payload (VC3-2V payload is 96.768Mbit/sec). It’s impossible in this case to obtain
an Ethernet rate upper 96Mbit/sec.

2. When the active mode is 10BaseT :


• The maximum rate is 9.872Mbit/sec, with a limitation to 7.629Mbit/sec for a customer flow including only
64 Bytes length frames.

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3. In all cases :
• The addition of payload rates of each active VCG must be under the payload of a VC4. So, we can
consider 4 cases :

1. No VC3 used (neither for VCG, nor by another card in ADR155C) : the number of all VC12 used
must be ≤ 63.
2. 1 VC3 is used among all the VCG and/or the other cards in ADR155C : the number of all VC12
used must be ≤ 42.
3. 2 VC3 are used among all the VCG and/or the other cards in ADR155C : the number of all VC12
used must be ≤ 21.
4. 3 VC3 are used among all the VCG and/or the other cards in ADR155C : No VC12 can be used

Of course, if others VC3 and/or VC12 are used for transporting flows coming from other cards in
ADR155C, it must be taken into account.

Note than all VCG VC3 based in the 4E/FE card can’t use more than 2 VC3.

7.5.3 - Number of VC12 in a VCG


VC12 payload is Dvc12=2.176 Mbit/sec.

The maximum number of VC12 allowed per VCG equals 46.

In point to point (EPLine service), the minimal number N of VC12 necessary for transmitting a rate of
E Mbit/sec at the customer Ethernet interface is :

N = UPPER_ROUND_NUMBER(E*1.125/Dvc12) and N≤46

This calculation takes into account GFP header with FCS OFF. When FCS is ON, replace 1.125 with 1.1875.

Note that in this case, the customer Ethernet interface remote rate must equals E.

Example :

• If we suppose E=20Mbit/sec
• We obtain N=UPPER_ROUND_NUMBER(20*1.125/2.176)=UPPER_ROUND_NUMBER(10.34)=11 (≤46)

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7 – 4E/FE CARD

7.5.4 - Number of VC3 in a VCG


VC3 payload is Dvc3=48.384 Mbit/sec.

The maximum number of VC3 allowed per VCG equals 2.

In point to point (EPLine service), the minimal number N of VC3 necessary for transmitting a rate of
E Mbit/sec at the customer Ethernet interface is :

N = UPPER_ROUND_NUMBER(E*1.125/Dvc3) and N≤2

This calculation takes into account GFP header with FCS OFF. When FCS is ON, replace 1.125 with 1.1875.

Note that in this case, the customer Ethernet interface remote rate must equals E.

Example :

• If we suppose E=60Mbit/sec
• We obtain N=UPPER_ROUND_NUMBER(60*1.125/48.384)=UPPER_ROUND_NUMBER(1.395)=2 (≤2)

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ANNEX A – BUILDING A MANAGEMENT NETWORK

A. BUILDING A MANAGEMENT NETWORK

This appendix provides a brief description of the rules governing construction of a


telecommunications management network based on the IP protocol stack.

A.1 - Preliminary remark


The ADR155c management network is based on the IP protocol stack. Each network node
(each ADR155c) integrates an IP router which routes each packet to its destination; these
network nodes are connected together by PPP ( Point to Point protocol) link.

A.1.1 - Unique address


Each ADR has an IP address called an "equipment address" (based on release P3.1). This
address must be configured when the ADR is commissioned. This is the only IP address used
by the management system. The ADR must be declared with this address in the manager. All
information (alarms, events) concerning the ADR are then notified to the manager with the
equipment address.

A.1.2 - Supervision of PPP link


The PPP links (whatever their physical support: DCCr, DCCm, VC12..) are supervised.

A.1.3 - Routing protocols


The ADR155c has two routing protocols, RIP and OSPF (available as of P3.1)
The RIP protocol is limited to 16 "hops" in the network. The OSPF protocol enables
management of large sized networks. The OSPF protocol does not require any special
configuration; it is always necessary to ensure that all the network elements are in the same
"area".

A.1.4 - Unnumbered links

When creating a PPP link, the operator has two choices: either the link is numbered or it is
unnumbered. This is independent of the protocol selected (RIP or OSPF). The unnumbered
links do not have an IP address and therefore more easily enable construction of a network
(since there is no need to define all the IP addresses of all the links).

A.2 - Construction of an IP network


Functionally, there are two types of routes: static and dynamic.

A.2.1 - Static routes

In the ADR155c, the static routes are used to configure routes which are not learned by the
routing protocols and located "on the periphery" of the protocol areas or domains: routes to
machines on Ethernet network such as manager, for example.

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ANNEX A - BUILDING A MANAGEMENT NETWORK

The static routes, as implemented in the ADR155c, have the following characteristics:
• each route is assigned a metric.
• each route is assigned a preference. The preference is used to settle conflicts when routes of
different types (static and dynamic) have the same destination.
• preference is given to the static routes with respect to the dynamic routes.
• the static routes are always exported by the routing protocols to the other equipment.

Depending on whether the interface which the routes take is in the operational state or not, the
static routes are set up or removed to avoid assignment of non-valid routes.
A maximum of twenty static routes is supported by each ADR
Configuration of static routes
In the static tables context, each network node must have its routing table filled in order to
correctly route the packets received.
All IP routes of a routing table of a given equipment comprise the following fields:
• «destination @IP» : corresponds to the IP address of the equipment or sub-network (or
network) to be reached from the given equipment,
• «subnet mask» : this is the sub-network mask associated to the IP address defined in the
«destination @IP» ; all equipment with the IP address part defined by the "1" bits of this field
which corresponds to the same value as the «destination @IP» part defined by this same
mask can be reached through this route,
• «next hop @IP» : IP address of next equipment (connected directly with given equipment) to
which the packet will be sent,
• «metric» (also referred to as "cost" or distance): value from 1 to 15 indicating the number of
hops to reach the corresponding equipment at the «destination @IP» address. 16
corresponds to infinity for the RIP routing daemon. This field is only used by a possible
routing daemon to select a preferential route if several different routes exist for the same
destination. It is always possible to configure this field for 1 to simplify if use of the field is not
indispensable.
• «interf.» : interface number used to reach the next equipment (whose IP address is «next
hop @IP»).

Note: Declaration of the interface IP addresses results in setting up implicit static routes to the
associated SUBNETs. It is therefore not necessary to define static routes to join two
equipments on a single SUBNET.
Note: The IP addresses of an equipment are the addresses of its interfaces (or ports) which
have been configured. The manager only knows one IP address per equipment. This is
why reference is often made to the IP address of an equipment to designate the address
configured in the manager database. This is the address of the port by which the
equipment normally dialogues with the manager.
Note: To operate an equipment via a PC and an Ethernet interface, the IP address of the
operation PC must be modified so that it belongs to the same SUBNET as the Ethernet
interface used to connect to the network.
The HOST 1 number on each SUBNET should be left free, i.e. begin to number the
equipment starting with the HOST 2 number. The PC will thus always take an IP
address such as : NET.SUBNET.1
Note: A default router can be defined (option sometimes available) to which all packets which
cannot be routed by the routing table are transmitted.

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ANNEX A – BUILDING A MANAGEMENT NETWORK

The figure below gives an example of an IP network and routing tables associated to two typical
equipments. Note that each port of the on-board routing function corresponds to a different
SUBNET.

Example of a telecommunications management network architecture

140.1.1.3

F3
140.1.0.2 140.1.0.3 140.1.1.2
Manager Fiber 140.1.1.4
F1 F2
128.1.0.1 Ethernet
128.1.0.2 F4

Ethernet 140.1.1.5
NET 128.1 128.1.0.3
NET 140 - 1 F5
F6
PPP1 150.1.0.2

Fiber Fiber

150.1.0.3
F7
150.1.1.2
Ethernet Ethernet

150.1.1.3 150.1.1.4 150.1.1.5


F8 F9 F10

NET 160.1 NET 150.1

Configuration of ADR155C F6

Interfaces
Eth 128.1.0.3
Subnet mask 255.255.0.0

PPP1 150.1.0.2
Subnet mask 255.255.255.0

PPP2 to PPP4 Nothing

Static routes
Dest @IP Subnet mask Next hop Interface Metric Note

140.1.0.0 255.255.0.0 128.1.0.2 eth 1 Entire NET 140.1


150.1.1.0 255.255.255.0 150.1.0.3 ppp1 1 Entire SUBNET 150.1.1

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ANNEX A - BUILDING A MANAGEMENT NETWORK

Configuration of ADR155C F8
Interfaces
Eth 150.1.1.3
Subnet mask 255.255.255.0

PPP1 to PPP4 Nothing

Static routes
Dest @IP Subnet mask Next hop Interface Metric Note

128.1.0.0 255.255.0.0 150.1.1.2 eth 2 Entire NET 128.1


140.1.0.0 255.255.0.0 150.1.1.2 eth 3 Entire NET 140.1
150.1.0.0 255.255.255.0 150.1.1.2 eth 1 Entire SUBNET 150.1.0

A.2.2 - Dynamic routes

Various theoretical cases for a network are described in the sections below.

A.2.2.1 Network 1

This network is the most simple case of an equipment network (starting with release P3.1), all of
which are connected by unnumbered PPP links.

ppp Unn

ADR 2
ppp Unn
ppp Unn

ppp Unn

ADR 3

ADR 1
Ethernet
ppp Unn
sub-network

Ethernet

A RIP or OSPF routing protocol is implemented (RIP only if size of network allows).
The Ethernet network forms an IP sub-network; the Ethernet interface is thus assigned an
address in the sub-network.
The equipment addresses can be selected in any given way, but not in the Ethernet sub-
network.
The breakdown of the number of addresses per equipment thus gives:
ADR 1 has two addresses (Ethernet address and equipment address), ADRs 2 and 3 each have
one address (equipment address).

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ANNEX A – BUILDING A MANAGEMENT NETWORK

A.2.2.2 Network 2

This network has ADRs (starting with release P3.1) and a P1 or P2 equipment.

sub-network ppp Num 1 sub-network


4 2

sub-network
ppp Num 3 ADR 4
3

ADR 2
ppp Unn
FOTC 1 ppp Unn ppp Num 2

ADR 3
sub-network
ADR 1
1 ppp Unn

Ethernet

This network comprises:


• 1 ADR release P1 or P2 : ADR 4
• 3 ADRs release ≥ P3 : ADR 1, 2 and 3
• 1 FOTC : FOTC 1

The PPP links respectively connecting ADR 4 and ADR 2 and ADR3 must be numbered links.
The PPP links between ADR1,ADR2,ADR3 will be preferentially unnumbered links.

Equipment addressing:
The Ethernet network forms an IP sub-network.
Each of the numbered PPP links forms an IP sub-network.
The addresses of ADR 1, 2, 3 (equipment address) can be selected in any given way (but not in
the Ethernet sub-network).

This leads us to define:


• A sub-network per numbered ppp link, with each end of the link having a separate address
(sub-networks 3, 4 and 5)
• A sub-network for the virtual interfaces of the ADRs connected by an unnumbered link. (1)
• A sub-network for the Ethernet network (2).

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ANNEX A - BUILDING A MANAGEMENT NETWORK

A.2.2.3 Networks exceeding the limits in number of RIP « hops »

To exceed the RIP constraints (limited to 16 "hops"), the network can be divided into two routing
domains in accordance with the diagram below:

Example of a network separated into 2 RIP routing domains.

Domain 2

ADR 2

Domain 1
ADR 1

ADR 0

Ethernet

The overall equipment network is divided into domains (1 and 2) in which the RIP routing is
implemented.
The Ethernet network is there to represent the link with the SNMP manager on the PC not using
the RIP.
The two domains are connected via ADR 1 and ADR 2 (which functionally are border routers).

The link between the two border ADRs can be an Ethernet link, numbered PPP or unnumbered
PPP.
The RIP is not activated on the interfaces of this link connecting the two domains.

Routing between the two domains is made possible by static routes configured in the ADRs.
ADR 1 has static routes to the sub-networks forming domain 2 and ADR 2 has routes to the sub-
networks forming domain 1.

The static routes to the sub-networks of a domain (2, for example) in the border ADR of the
other domain (ADR 1) can be reduced to a single route to a sub-network combining the sub-
networks of the domain (2).
This global sub-network must be distinct with respect to the sub-networks of the other domain
(1, in the example).

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