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APPENDIX C Commonly Used Abbreviations in Maternity and Pediatric Nursing AB-abortion AC-abdominal circumference AGA-appropriate for gestational age

AGE-acute gastroenteritis AROM-artificial rupture of membranes BCP-birth control pill BOM-bilateral otitis media BOW-bag of waters BPD-biparietal diameter BPD-bronchopulmonary dysplasia (infants) Bpm-beats per minute BRP-bathroom privileges BS-bowel sounds BSA-body surface area BSE-breast self-examination BTB-breakthrough bleeding BW-birth weight CAN-child abuse and neglect Cp-cerebral palsy CNS-central nervous system CNS-clinical nurse specialist CPD-cephalopelvic disproportion CRL-crown-rump length C/S-cesarean section CST-contraction stress test CX-cervix D&E-dilation and evacuation

DFA-diet for age DOB-date of birth EBL-estimated blood loss EDC-estimated date of confinement EDD-estimated date of delivery EFM-electronic fetal monitor EFW-estimated fetal weight EGA-estimated gestational age ENT-ear, nose, and throat FAS-fetal alcohol syndrome FB-foreign body FHR-fetal heart rate FHS-fetal heart sound FHT-fetal heart tone FSH-follicle-stimulating hormone FTT-failure to thrive FUO-fever of unknown origin Fx-fracture G-gravida (number of pregnancies) GBS-Group Beta Strep GDM-gestational diabetes mellitus GER-gastroesophageal reflux GH-gestational hypertension GI-gastrointestinal GIFT-gamete intrafallopian transfer GnRH-gonadotropin-releasing hormone GTPAL-gravida, term, premature, abortion, living children GTT-glucose tolerance test

HBO-hyperbaric oxygen HC-head circumference hCG-human chorionic gonadotropin HELLP-hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelet count H&H-hemoglobin and hematocrit Hib-Haemophilus influenzae B conjugate vaccine H&P-history and physical hPL-human placental lactogen HR-heart rate HRT-hormone replacement therapy I&D-incision and drainage IM-intramuscular I/O-intake and output IUD-intrauterine device IUGR-intrauterine growth restriction IVF-in vitro fertilization KUB-kidneys, ureters, bladder KVO-keep vein open LBW-low birth weight L&D-labor and delivery LDR-labor-delivery room LGA-large for gestational age LH-luteinizing hormone LMP-last menstrual period LMP-left mentoposterior LNMP-last normal menstrual period LOM-left otitis media MAS-meconium aspiration syndrome

MDI-metered dose inhaler med neb-nebulized medication ml-milliliter(s) NCP-nursing care plan NKDA-no known drug allergies NPO-nothing by mouth NST-nonstress test NSVD-normal spontaneous vaginal delivery NTT-nasotracheal tube NV-neurovascular N/V/D/C-nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation OB-obstetric OC-oral contraceptive OE-otitis externa ORIF-open reduction internal fixation OTC-over-the-counter (nonprescription) drug PAR-postanesthesia recovery Para-birth of a viable infant PDA-patent ductus arteriosus PEG-percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy PERRLA-pupils equal, round, reactive to light, and accommodation PICC-peripherally inserted central venous catheter PID-pelvic inflammatory disease PKU-phenylketonuria PMDD-premenstrual dysphoric disorder PMS-premenstrual syndrome PP-postpartum PPD-purified protein derivative (tuberculin test)

PROM-premature rupture of membranes PT-prothrombin time PTT-partial thromboplastin time RAD-reactive airway disease RDA-recommended dietary allowance RDI-recommended daily intake RDS-respiratory distress syndrome REM-rapid eye movement R/O-rule out ROM-range of motion ROM-rupture of membranes SAT-saturation SGA-small for gestational age SIDS-sudden infant death syndrome SL-sublingual (under the tongue) SOAP-subjective/objective/assessment and planning SOB-shortness of breath SPROM-spontaneous premature rupture of membranes S/S-signs and symptoms SubQ-subcutaneous STAT-at once STI-sexually transmitted infection TKO-to keep open TO-telephone order TPN-total parenteral nutrition TRA-to run at TSS-toxic shock syndrome UC-uterine contractions

VBAC-vaginal birth after cesarean VDRL-Venereal Disease Research Laboratories VLBW-very low birth weight VO-verbal order W-D-well developed WIC-Women, Infants, and Children program WN-well nourished WNL-within normal limits y/o-year old YOB-year of birth ZIFT-zygote intrafallopian transfer

Reference: Leifer, Gloria (2008). Maternity nursing: An introductory text. St. Louis, MO: Elsevier.