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Ecuaciones Diferenciales Ordinarias - Sistemas de EDO. Prof. Farith J. Briceo N.

Objetivos a cubrir Cdigo : MAT4-EDO.16


Sistemas de EDO lineales de primer orden homogeneo.
Sistemas de EDO lineales de primer orden no homogeneo.
1. Resuelva los siguientes sistemas de ecuaciones diferenciales
1.
(
r
0
1
= 3r
1
+ r
2
r
0
2
= 2r
1
2.
(
r
0
1
= r
1
r
0
2
= r
1
r
2
3.
(
r
0
= 3r + j
j
0
= 6r 2j
4.
(
r
0
1
= 6r
1
+ 2r
2
r
0
2
= 2r
1
+ 3r
2
5.
(

0
= 2 2n
n
0
= 5n 2
6.
(
r
0
1
= 4r
2
r
0
2
= r
1
7.
(
r
0
1
= 3r
2
r
0
2
= 3r
1
8.
(
r
0
1
= 2r
1
r
2
r
0
2
= 2r
1
9.
(
r
0
1
= 3r
1
5r
2
r
0
2
= r
1
+ r
2
10.
(
r
0
1
= 5r
1
+ 2r
2
r
0
2
= 4r
1
+ r
2
11.
(
r
0
1
= r
1
r
2
r
0
2
= 5r
1
r
2
12.
(
r
0
= r + 2j
j
0
= 4r + 3j
13.
8
>
>
<
>
>
:
dr
dt
= 2j
dj
dt
= 8r
14.
8
>
>
<
>
>
:
dr
dt
= 4r + 2j
dj
dt
=
5
2
r + 2j
15.
8
>
>
<
>
>
:
dr
dt
=
1
2
r + 9j
dj
dt
=
1
2
r + 2j
16.
8
>
>
<
>
>
:
dr
dt
= 6r j
dj
dt
= 5r + 2j
17.
8
>
>
<
>
>
:
dr
dt
= 4r + 5j
dj
dt
= 2r + 6j
18.
8
>
>
<
>
>
:
dr
dt
= r + j
dj
dt
= 2r j
19.
8
>
>
<
>
>
:
dr
dt
= 5r + j
dj
dt
= 2r + 3j
20.
8
>
>
<
>
>
:
dr
1
dt
= 3r
1
r
2
dr
2
dt
= 9r
1
3r
2
21.
8
>
>
<
>
>
:
dr
1
dt
= 6r
1
+ 5r
2
dr
2
dt
= 5r
1
+ 4r
2
22.
(
r
0
1
= r
1
2r
2
r
0
2
= 2r
1
+ r
2
23.
8
>
>
<
>
>
:
dr
1
dt
= r
1
+ 3r
2
dr
2
dt
= 3r
1
+ 5r
2
24.
8
>
>
<
>
>
:
dr
1
dt
= 12r
1
9r
2
dr
2
dt
= 4r
1
25.
8
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
<
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
:
dr
dt
= r + j .
dj
dt
= 2j
d.
dt
= j .
26.
8
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
<
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
:
dr
dt
= 2r + j + 2.
dj
dt
= 3r + 6.
d.
dt
= 4r 3.
27.
8
>
>
>
<
>
>
>
:
r
0
1
= 2r
1
+ r
2
r
3
r
0
2
= 4r
1
3r
2
r
3
r
0
3
= 4r
1
+ 4r
2
+ 2r
3
1
28.
8
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
<
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
:
dr
dt
= .
dj
dt
= .
d.
dt
= j
29.
8
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
<
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
:
dr
1
dt
= 3r
1
r
2
r
3
dr
2
dt
= r
1
+ r
2
r
3
dr
3
dt
= r
1
r
2
+ r
3
30.
8
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
<
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
:
dr
dt
= 2r 7j
dj
dt
= 5r + 10j + 4.
d.
dt
= 5j + 2.
31.
8
>
>
>
<
>
>
>
:
r
0
1
= 3r
1
+ 2r
2
+ 2r
3
r
0
2
= 5r
1
4r
2
2r
3
r
0
3
= 5r
1
+ 5r
2
+ 3r
3
32.
8
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
<
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
:
dr
1
dt
= 3r
1
+ 2r
2
+ 4r
3
dr
2
dt
= 2r
1
+ 2r
3
dr
3
dt
= 4r
1
+ 2r
2
+ 3r
3
33. A
0
=

10 5
8 12
!
A 34. A
0
=

1 8
1 3
!
A 35. A
0
=

6 2
3 1
!
A
36. A
0
=

4 5
5 4
!
A 37. A
0
=
0
B
B
B
@
1 0 1
0 1 0
1 0 1
1
C
C
C
A
A 38. A
0
=
0
B
B
B
@
4 1 0
0 4 1
0 0 4
1
C
C
C
A
A
39. A
0
=
0
B
B
B
@
2 5 1
5 6 4
0 0 2
1
C
C
C
A
A 40. A
0
=
0
B
B
B
@
1 4 2
4 1 2
0 0 6
1
C
C
C
A
A
41. A
0
=
0
B
B
B
@
1 1 0
1 2 1
0 3 1
1
C
C
C
A
A 42. A
0
=
0
B
B
B
@
1 1 2
1 1 0
1 0 1
1
C
C
C
A
A
43. A
0
=
0
B
B
B
B
B
@
1 1 0
3
4

3
2
3
1
8
1
4

1
2
1
C
C
C
C
C
A
A 44. A
0
=
0
B
B
B
@
2 4 4
1 2 0
1 0 2
1
C
C
C
A
A
45. A
0
=
0
B
B
B
@
4 0 1
0 6 0
4 0 4
1
C
C
C
A
A 46. A
0
=
0
B
B
B
@
1 0 0
0 3 1
0 1 1
1
C
C
C
A
A
47. A
0
=
0
B
B
B
@
1 0 0
2 2 1
0 1 0
1
C
C
C
A
A 48. A
0
=
0
B
B
B
@
5 4 0
1 0 2
0 2 5
1
C
C
C
A
A
2
2. Resuelva el sistema dado sujeto a las condiciones iniciales indicados
1.
(
r
0
= r 2j, r(0) = 1
j
0
= 2r + 4j, j (0) = 2
2.
(
r
0
1
= 3r
1
r
2
, r
1
(0) = 0
r
0
2
= 5r
1
r
2
, r
2
(0) = 3
3.
(
r
0
1
= 3r
1
+ r
2
, r
1
(0) = 1,
r
0
2
= 5r
1
3r
2
, r
2
(0) = 2
4.
(

0
= 2 2n, (0) = 0,
n
0
= 3 + 5n, n(0) = 2
5.
(
r
0
1
= r
1
r
2
, r
1
(0) = 1,
r
0
2
= r
1
r
2
, r
2
(0) = 1
6. A
0
=

2 4
1 6
!
A, A (0) =

1
6
!
7.
(
r
0
= 3r j
j
0
= r j
A (0) =

1
1
!
8. A
0
=

6 1
5 4
!
A, A (0) =

2
8
!
9.
(
r
0
1
= r
1
2r
2
r
0
2
= 2r
1
+ r
2
A (0) =

0
4
!
10. A
0
=
0
B
B
@
1
2
0
1
1
2
1
C
C
A
A, A (0) =

3
5
!
11.
(
r
0
1
= 9r
1
+ 5r
2
r
0
2
= 6r
1
2r
2
A (0) =

1
0
!
12. A
0
=
0
B
B
B
@
1 1 4
0 2 0
1 1 1
1
C
C
C
A
A, A (0) =
0
B
B
B
@
1
3
0
1
C
C
C
A
13. A
0
=
0
B
B
B
@
0 0 1
0 1 0
1 0 0
1
C
C
C
A
A, A (0) =
0
B
B
B
@
1
2
5
1
C
C
C
A
14. A
0
=
0
B
B
B
@
1 12 14
1 2 3
1 1 2
1
C
C
C
A
A, A (0) =
0
B
B
B
@
4
6
7
1
C
C
C
A
3. Resuelva el problema con valor inicial dado. Describa el comportamiento de la solucin cuando t !1
1.
(
r
0
1
= r
1
2r
2
r
0
2
= 2r
1
+ r
2
; A (0) =

0
4
!
2. A
0
=

6 1
5 4
!
A; A (0) =

2
8
!
3. A
0
=

2 4
1 6
!
A; A (0) =

1
6
!
4.
(
r
0
1
= 9r
1
+ 5r
2
r
0
2
= 6r
1
2r
2
; A (0) =

1
0
!
5. A
0
=

5 1
3 1
!
A; A (0) =

2
1
!
6. A
0
=
0
B
B
B
@
1 1 2
0 2 2
1 1 3
1
C
C
C
A
A; A (0) =
0
B
B
B
@
2
0
1
1
C
C
C
A
3
7. A
0
=
0
B
@
2 1
5 4
1
C
AA; A (0) =

1
3
!
8. A
0
=
0
B
B
B
@
0 0 1
2 0 0
1 2 4
1
C
C
C
A
A; A (0) =
0
B
B
B
@
7
5
5
1
C
C
C
A
4. (a) Compruebe que la matriz de coecientes del sistema
r
0
1
= 3r
1
+ r
2
r
0
2
= r
1
r
3
r
0
3
= r
1
+ 2r
2
+ 3r
3
slo tiene el autovalor ` = 2 de multiplicidad 3, pero con solamente un autovector linealmente independiente u
asociado a l. Por lo tanto, una solucin es x
1
(t) = uc
2t
.
(b) Encuentre una segunda solucin de la forma x
2
(t) = utc
2t
+ vc
2t
, donde v es una solucin no trivial de
(21) v = u.
(c) Encuentre una tercera solucin de la forma
x
3
(t) =
1
2
ut
2
c
2t
+vtc
2t
+wc
2t
en la que w es una solucin no trivial de (21) w = v.
5. (a) Demuestre que ` = 2 es un autovalor triple de la matriz de coecientes del sistema
r
0
1
= 3r
1
+ r
2
r
0
2
= r
1
+ r
2
r
0
3
= r
1
+ r
2
+ 2r
3
y que slo hay dos autovectores linealmente independientes
v
1
=
0
B
B
B
@
1
1
0
1
C
C
C
A
y v
2
=
0
B
B
B
@
1
1
1
1
C
C
C
A
asociados con estos autovalores. Entonces, x
1
(t) = v
1
c
2t
y x
2
(t) = v
2
c
2t
son dos soluciones linealmente
independientes.
(b) Demuestre que si x
3
(t) = vtc
2t
+wc
2t
es una tercera solucin, entonces v y w deben satisfacer las ecuaciones
(21) v = 0 (1)
(21) w = (2)
(c) Cada solucin de la ecuacin (1) es de la forma v = c
1
v
1
+ c
2
v
2
, en la que c
1
y c
2
son constantes. De acuerdo
con un teorema importante del lgebra lineal, la ecuacin (2) tendr una solucin no trivial w si y slo si el
vector v es ortogonal con cada solucin del sistema

T
21

y = 0. Demuestre que la solucin general de este


sistema es
y = c
0
B
B
B
@
1
0
1
1
C
C
C
A
+ ,
0
B
B
B
@
0
1
1
1
C
C
C
A
(d) Demuestre que v y = c
1
c + c
1
,, as, que v y y son ortogonales siempre que c
1
= 0. Por lo tanto, tomando
c
2
= 1 podemos resolver la ecuacin (2) con v = v
2
.
4
(e) Resuelva la ecuacin (21) w = v
2
para
w =
0
B
B
B
@
1
0
0
1
C
C
C
A
.
Concluya que
x
3
(t) =
0
B
B
B
@
t + 1
t
t
1
C
C
C
A
c
2t
es una tercera solucin linealmente independiente del sistema dado.
6. Encuentre la solucin general del sistema de ecuaciones dado
1. r
0
=
0
B
@
2 1
3 2
1
C
Ar +

c
t
t
!
2. r
0
=
0
B
@
1
p
3
p
3 1
1
C
Ar +

c
t
p
3c
t
!
3. r
0
=
0
B
@
2 5
1 2
1
C
Ar +

cos t
sent
!
4. r
0
=
0
B
@
4 2
8 4
1
C
Ar +

t
3
t
2
!
; t 0
5. r
0
=
0
B
@
1 1
4 2
1
C
Ar +

c
2t
2c
t
!
6. r
0
=
0
B
@
4 2
2 1
1
C
Ar +

t
1
2t
1
+ 4
!
; t 0
7. r
0
=
0
B
@
1 1
4 1
1
C
Ar +

2
1
!
c
t
8. r
0
=
0
B
@
2 1
3 2
1
C
Ar +

1
1
!
c
t
9. r
0
=
0
B
B
B
@

5
4
3
4
3
4

5
4
1
C
C
C
A
r +

2t
c
t
!
10. r
0
=
0
B
@
2 5
1 2
1
C
Ar +

0
cos t
!
; 0 < t <
Respuestas
1:1: x (t) = c1
_
1
2
_
e
t
+ c2
_
1
1
_
e
2t
; 1:2: x (t) = c1
_
0
1
_
e
t
+ c2
_
2
1
_
e
t
; 1:3: x (t) = c1
_
1
3
_
+ c2
_
1
2
_
e
t
;
1:4: x (t) = c1
_
1
2
_
e
2t
+ c2
_
2
1
_
e
7t
; 1:5: x (t) = c1
_
2
1
_
e
t
+ c2
_
1
2
_
e
6t
;
1:6: x (t) = c1
_
2 sen 2t
cos 2t
_
+ c2
_
2 cos 2t
sen 2t
_
; 1:7: x (t) = c1
_
sen 3t
cos 3t
_
+ c2
_
cos 3t
sen 3t
_
;
1:8: x (t) = c1
_
cos t sen t
2 cos t
_
e
t
+ c2
_
sen t + cos t
2 sen t
_
e
t
; 1:9: x (t) = c1
_ p
6 + 1
1
_
e
(
p
6+2)t
+ c2
_ p
6 1
1
_
e
(2
p
6)t
;
1:10: x (t) = c1
_
cos 2t sen 2t
2 cos 2t
_
e
3t
+ c2
_
sen 2t + cos 2t
2 sen 2t
_
e
3t
; 1:11: x (t) = c1
_
cos 2t sen 2t
5 cos 2t
_
+ c2
_
sen 2t + cos 2t
5 sen 2t
_
;
1:12: x (t) = c1
_
1
1
_
e
t
+ c2
_
1
2
_
e
5t
; 1:13: x (t) = c1
_
1
2
_
e
4t
+ c2
_
1
2
_
e
4t
;
1:14: x (t) = c1
_
2
5
_
e
t
+ c2
_
2
1
_
e
3t
; 1:15: x (t) = c1
_
6
1
_
e
t
+ c2
_
3
1
_
e
7
2
t
;
1:16: x (t) = c1
_
cos t 2 sen t
5 cos t
_
e
4t
+ c2
_
sen t + 2 cos t
5 sen t
_
e
4t
; 1:17: x (t) = c1
_
cos 3t + 3 sen 3t
2 cos 3t
_
e
5t
+ c2
_
sen 3t 3 cos 3t
2 sen 3t
_
e
5t
;
1:18: x (t) = c1
_
cos t + sen t
2 cos t
_
+ c2
_
sen t + cos t
2 sen t
_
; 1:19: x (t) = c1
_
sen t cos t
2 cos t
_
e
4t
+ c2
_
sen t + cos t
2 sen t
_
e
4t
;
5
1:20: x (t) = c1
_
1
3
_
+ c2
__
1
3
_
t +
_
1
0
__
; 1:21: x (t) = c1
_
1
1
_
e
t
+ c2
__
1
1
_
t +
_
1
0
__
e
t
;
1:22: x (t) = c1
_
sen 2t
cos 2t
_
e
t
+ c2
_
cos 2t
sen 2t
_
e
t
; 1:23: x (t) = c1
_
1
1
_
e
2t
+ c2
__
1
1
_
t +
_
1
0
__
e
2t
;
1:24: x (t) = c1
_
3
2
_
e
6t
+ c2
__
3
2
_
t +
_
1
4
0
__
e
6t
; 1:25: x (t) = c1
_
_
1
2
0
1
_
_
e
t
+ c2
_
_
1
0
0
_
_
e
t
+ c3
_
_
2
3
1
_
_
e
2t
;
1:26: x (t) = c1
_
_
0
2
1
_
_
e
3t
+ c2
_
_
sen 2t cos 2t
3 sen 2t
2 cos 2t
_
_
e
t
+ c3
_
_
cos 2t + 2 sen 2t
3 cos 2t
2 sen 2t
_
_
e
t
;
1:27: x (t) = c1
_
_
1
1
0
_
_
e
t
+ c2
_
_
cos 2t sen 2t
2 cos 2t
2 cos 2t
_
_
+ c3
_
_
cos 2t + sen 2t
2 cos 2t
2 sen 2t
_
_
;
1:28: x (t) = c1
_
_
1
0
0
_
_
+ c2
_
_
sen t
sen t
cos t
_
_
+ c3
_
_
cos t
cos t
sen t
_
_
; 1:29: x (t) = c1
_
_
1
1
1
_
_
e
t
+ c2
_
_
1
0
1
_
_
e
2t
+ c3
_
_
1
1
0
_
_
e
2t
;
1:30: x (t) = c1
_
_
4
0
5
_
_
e
2t
+ c2
_
_
7
3
5
_
_
e
5t
+ c3
_
_
7
5
5
_
_
e
7t
; 1:31: x (t) = c1
_
_
1
1
0
_
_
e
t
+ c2
_
_
0
1
1
_
_
e
2t
+ c3
_
_
1
1
1
_
_
e
3t
;
1:32: x (t) = c1
_
_
1
0
1
_
_
e
t
+ c2
_
_

1
2
1
0
_
_
e
t
+ c3
_
_
1
1
2
1
_
_
e
8t
; 1:33: x (t) = c1
_
1
4
_
e
10t
+ c2
_
5
2
_
e
8t
;
1:34: x (t) = c1
_
2 cos 2t 2 sen 2t
cos 2t
_
e
t
+ c2
_
2 cos 2t + 2 sen 2t
sen 2t
_
e
t
; 1:35: x (t) = c1
_
1
3
_
+ c2
_
2
1
_
e
5t
;
1:36: x (t) = c1
_
4 cos 3t 3 sen 3t
5 cos 3t
_
+ c2
_
3 cos 3t + 4 sen 3t
5 sen 3t
_
; 1:37: x (t) = c1
_
_
1
0
1
_
_
+ c2
_
_
0
1
0
_
_
e
t
+ c3
_
_
1
0
1
_
_
e
2t
;
1:38: x (t) = c1
_
_
1
0
0
_
_
e
4t
+ c2
_
_
_
_
1
0
0
_
_
t +
_
_
0
1
0
_
_
_
_
e
4t
+ c3
_
_
_
_
1
0
0
_
_
t
2
+
_
_
0
1
0
_
_
t +
_
_
0
0
1
_
_
_
_
e
4t
;
1:39: x (t) = c1
_
_
28
9
17
_
_
e
2t
+ c2
_
_
9 cos
p
19
2
t
p
19 sen
p
19
2
t
10 cos
p
19
2
t
0
_
_
e

3
2
t
+ c3
_
_
9 sen
p
19
2
t +
p
19 cos
p
19
2
t
10 sen
p
19
2
t
0
_
_
e

3
2
t
;
1:40: x (t) = c1
_
_
1
1
0
_
_
e
3t
+ c2
_
_
1
1
0
_
_
e
5t
+ c3
_
_
2
2
11
_
_
e
6t
; 1:41: x (t) = c1
_
_
1
0
1
_
_
e
t
+ c2
_
_
1
1
3
_
_
e
2t
+ c3
_
_
1
4
3
_
_
e
3t
;
1:42: x (t) = c1
_
_
0
2
1
_
_
e
t
+ c2
_
_
sen t
cos t
cos t
_
_
e
t
+ c3
_
_
cos t
sen t
sen t
_
_
e
t
; 1:43: x (t) = c1
_
_
4
0
1
_
_
e
t
+ c2
_
_
12
6
5
_
_
e

t
2 + c3
_
_
4
2
1
_
_
e

3
2
t
;
1:44: x (t) = c1
_
_
0
1
1
_
_
e
2t
+ c2
_
_
2 cos 2t + 2 sen 2t
cos 2t
cos 2t
_
_
+ c3
_
_
2 sen 2t 2 cos 2t
sen 2t
sen 2t
_
_
;
1:45: x (t) = c1
_
_
0
1
0
_
_
e
6t
+ c2
_
_
sen 2t
0
2 cos 2t
_
_
e
4t
+ c3
_
_
cos 2t
0
2 sen 2t
_
_
e
4t
;
1:46: x (t) = c1
_
_
1
0
0
_
_
e
t
+ c2
_
_
0
1
1
_
_
e
2t
+ c3
_
_
_
_
0
1
1
_
_
t +
_
_
0
1
0
_
_
_
_
e
2t
;
1:47: x (t) = c1
_
_
0
1
1
_
_
e
t
+ c2
_
_
_
_
0
1
1
_
_
t +
_
_
0
1
0
_
_
_
_
e
t
+ c3
_
_
_
_
0
1
1
_
_
t
2
+
_
_
0
1
0
_
_
t +
_
_
1
2
0
0
_
_
_
_
e
t
;
1:48: x (t) = c1
_
_
4
5
2
_
_
+ c2
_
_
2
0
1
_
_
e
5t
+ c3
_
_
_
_
2
0
1
_
_
t +
_
_
5
1
0
_
_
_
_
e
5t
; 2:1: x (t) =
4
5
_
2
1
_
+
6
5
_

1
2
1
_
e
5t
;
2:2: x (t) =
3
5
_
2 cos t sen t
5 cos t
_
e
t

6
5
_
cos t + 2 sen t
5 sen t
_
e
t
; 2:3: x (t) =
5
4
_

1
5
1
_
e
2t

3
4
_
1
1
_
e
2t
;
2:4: x (t) = 2
_

1
2
cos
p
15
2
t
p
15
6
sen
p
15
2
t
cos
p
15
2
t
_
e
7
2
t
+
2
5
p
15
_ p
15
6
cos
p
15
2
t
1
2
sen
p
15
2
t
sen
p
15
2
t
_
e
7
2
t
;
2:5: x (t) =
_
sen t
cos t
_
e
t
+
_
cos t
sen t
_
e
t
; 2:6: x (t) = 6
_
2
1
_
e
4t
+ 13
__
2
1
_
t +
_
1
0
__
e
4t
;
2:7: x (t) =
_
1
1
_
e
2t
+ 2
__
1
1
_
t +
_
1
0
__
e
2t
; 2:8: x (t) = 8
_
1
5
cos 2t
2
5
sen 2t
cos 2t
_
e
5t
9
_
2
5
cos 2t +
1
5
sen 2t
sen 2t
_
e
5t
;
2:9: x (t) = 4
_
sen 2t
cos 2t
_
e
t
; 2:10: x (t) = 2
_
0
1
_
e

1
2
t
+ 3
_
1
1
_
e
1
2
t
; 2:11: x (t) = 6
_

5
6
1
_
e
3t
6
_
1
1
_
e
4t
;
6
2:12: x (t) =
1
2
_
_
2
0
1
_
_
e
t

_
_
5
3
2
_
_
e
2t
+
5
2
_
_
2
0
1
_
_
e
3t
; 2:13: x (t) = 2
_
_
1
0
1
_
_
e
t
+ 3
_
_
0
1
0
_
_
e
t
+ 3
_
_
1
0
1
_
_
e
t
;
2:14: x (t) =
_
_
25
7
6
_
_
e
t

_
_
cos 5t 5 sen 5t
cos 5t
cos 5t
_
_
+ 6
_
_
5 cos 5t + sen 5t
sen 5t
sen 5t
_
_
; 3:1: x (t) = 4
_
sen 2t
cos 2t
_
e
t
;
El limite
no existe
3:2: x (t) = 8
_
1
5
cos 2t
2
5
sen 2t
cos 2t
_
e
5t
9
_
2
5
cos 2t +
1
5
sen 2t
sen 2t
_
e
5t
;
El limite
no existe
3:3: x (t) = 6
_
2
1
_
e
4t
+ 13
__
2
1
_
t +
_
1
0
__
e
4t
;
El limite
no existe
3:4: x (t) =
_
5
6
_
e
3t
6
_
1
1
_
e
4t
;
El limite
no existe
3:5: x (t) =
3
2
_
1
3
_
e
2t
+
7
2
_
1
1
_
e
4t
;
El limite
no existe
3:6: x (t) =
_
_
0
2
1
_
_
e
t
+ 2
_
_
1
1
0
_
_
e
2t
;
El limite
no existe
3:7: x (t) =
1
2
_
1
1
_
e
t
+
5
2
_
1
5
1
_
e
3t
;
El limite
no existe
3:8: x (t) = 3
_
_
1
2
1
_
_
e
t
6
_
_
1
2
1
_
_
e
t
+ 8
_
_

1
4

1
8
1
_
_
e
4t
;
El limite
no existe
6:1: x (t) = c1
_
1
3
_
e
t
+ c2
_
1
1
_
e
t
+
_
1
3
_
_
t
2

1
2

e
t
4
_
+
_
1
1
_
_
3
2
te
t
+
1
2
+
t
2
_
;
6:2: x (t) = c1
_

p
3
3
1
_
e
2t
+ c2
_ p
3
1
_
e
2t
+
p
3
12
_

p
3
3
1
_
_
9 e
2t
_
e
t

p
3
12
_ p
3
1
_
_
1 + 3e
2t
_
e
3t
;
6:3: x (t) = c1
_
2 cos t sen t
cos t
_
+ c2
_
cos t + 2 sen t
sen t
_
+
1
2
_
2 cos t sen t
cos t
_
(2t cos 2t sen 2t) +
1
2
_
cos t + 2 sen t
sen t
_
(cos 2t sen 2t) ;
6:4: x (t) = c1
_
1
2
_
+ c2
__
1
2
_
t +
_
1
2
0
__
+
_
1
2
_
_
5
2t
ln t
_
+
__
1
2
_
t
_
1
2
0
__
_
1
t
+
1
t
2
_
;
6:5: x (t) = c1
_
1
1
_
e
2t
+ c2
_
1
4
_
e
3t

1
5
_
1
1
_
_
2e
t
+ e
2t
_
+
1
10
_
1
4
_
_
e
t
2e
2t
_
;
6:6: x (t) = c1
_
1
2
_
+ c2
_
2
1
_
e
5t
+
_
1
2
_
_
8
5
t + ln t
_
+
4
25
_
2
1
_
; 6:7: x (t) = c1
_
1
2
_
e
t
+ c2
_
1
2
_
e
3t
+
_
1
4
2
_
e
t
;
6:8: x (t) = c1
_
1
3
_
e
t
+ c2
_
1
1
_
e
t

1
2
_
1
3
_
e
t
+ 2
_
1
1
_
te
t
;
6:9: x (t) = c1
_
1
1
_
e
2t
+ c2
_
1
1
_
e

1
2
t
+
_
1
1
_
_
1
4
+
1
6
e
t

t
2
_
+
_
1
1
_
_
1
3
e
t
+ 2t 4
_
;
6:10: x (t) = c1
_
2 cos t sen t
cos t
_
+ c2
_
cos t + 2 sen t
sen t
_
+
1
2
_
2 cos t sen t
cos t
_
_
t cos 2t +
1
2
sen 2t
_

1
2
_
cos t + 2 sen t
sen t
_
_
t +
1
2
cos 2t + sen 2t
_
;
Bibliografa
1. Edwards, C. H. y Penney, D.: Ecuaciones Diferenciales Elementales y problemas con condiciones en la frontera".
Tercera Edicin. Prentice Hall.
2. Kiseliov, A. - Krasnov, M. y Makarenko, G., Problemas de ecuaciones diferenciales ordinarias". Editorial
Mir.
3. Spiegel, Murray R., Ecuaciones diferenciales aplicadas". Tercera edicin. Prentice Hall.
4. Viola-Prioli, Ana y Viola-Prioli, Jorge, Ecuaciones Diferenciales Ordinarias". Universidad Simn Bolvar.
5. Zill, Dennis, Ecuaciones Diferenciales con Aplicaciones". Grupo Editorial Iberoamrica.
Ecuaciones Diferenciales Ordinarias - Sistemas de EDO. Prof. Farith Briceo - 2009
e-mail : farith_72@hotmail.com
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