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EXAMPLE RAIN GARDEN PLANTS

E XAMPLE R AIN G ARDEN P LANTS Arrowhead Sagittaria latifolia (1-3' High, Blooms: July-Sept.) Bottlebrush

Arrowhead

Sagittaria latifolia

(1-3' High, Blooms: July-Sept.)

Sagittaria latifolia (1-3' High, Blooms: July-Sept.) Bottlebrush sedge Cardinal flower Carex hystericina
Sagittaria latifolia (1-3' High, Blooms: July-Sept.) Bottlebrush sedge Cardinal flower Carex hystericina
Sagittaria latifolia (1-3' High, Blooms: July-Sept.) Bottlebrush sedge Cardinal flower Carex hystericina

Bottlebrush sedge

Cardinal flower

Carex hystericina

Lobelia cardinalis

(1-3' High, Blooms: May-July)

Lobelia cardinalis (1-3' High, Blooms: May-July) (2-4' High, Blooms: July-Sept.) Culver’s root Ve r

(2-4' High, Blooms: July-Sept.)

High, Blooms: May-July) (2-4' High, Blooms: July-Sept.) Culver’s root Ve r onicastrum virginicum (3-5' High,
High, Blooms: May-July) (2-4' High, Blooms: July-Sept.) Culver’s root Ve r onicastrum virginicum (3-5' High,

Culver’s root

Ve r onicastrum

virginicum

(3-5' High, Blooms: July-Aug.)

r onicastrum virginicum (3-5' High, Blooms: July-Aug.) False Dragon’s Head Physostegia virginiana (1-4'

False Dragon’s Head Physostegia virginiana

(1-4' High, Blooms: July-Sept.)

Physostegia virginiana (1-4' High, Blooms: July-Sept.) Mountain mint Pycnanthemum virginianum Fox sedge Carex
Physostegia virginiana (1-4' High, Blooms: July-Sept.) Mountain mint Pycnanthemum virginianum Fox sedge Carex

Mountain mint Pycnanthemum virginianum

Blooms: July-Sept.) Mountain mint Pycnanthemum virginianum Fox sedge Carex vulpinoidea (1-3' High, Blooms:

Fox sedge

Carex vulpinoidea

(1-3' High, Blooms: June-Aug.)

sedge Carex vulpinoidea (1-3' High, Blooms: June-Aug.) Golden Alexander Great blue lobelia Green bulrush

Golden Alexander

Great blue lobelia

Green bulrush

Purple prairie clover

(1-4' High, Blooms: July-Sept.)

New England aster

Zizia aurea

Lobelia siphilitica

Scirpus atrovirens

Dalea purpurea

Aster novae-angliae

(1-2' High, Blooms: May-June)

Aster novae-angliae (1-2' High, Blooms: May-June) Prairie blazing star Liatris pycnostachya (1-4' High,

Prairie blazing star Liatris pycnostachya

(1-4' High, Blooms: Aug-Sept.)

Liatris pycnostachya (1-4' High, Blooms: Aug-Sept.) (2-4' High, Blooms: May-July) (2-4' High, Blooms:

(2-4' High, Blooms: May-July)

High, Blooms: Aug-Sept.) (2-4' High, Blooms: May-July) (2-4' High, Blooms: July-Sept.) River bulrush

(2-4' High, Blooms: July-Sept.)

River bulrush

Dogtooth Daisy

Scirpus fluviatilis

Helenium autumnale

Dogtooth Daisy Scirpus fluviatilis Helenium autumnale (3-5' High, Blooms: June-Aug.) Sweet flag Acorus calamus

(3-5' High, Blooms: June-Aug.)

Helenium autumnale (3-5' High, Blooms: June-Aug.) Sweet flag Acorus calamus (2-4' High, Blooms: Aug.-Oct.)

Sweet flag

Acorus calamus

(2-4' High, Blooms: Aug.-Oct.)

Sweet flag Acorus calamus (2-4' High, Blooms: Aug.-Oct.) (1-2' High, Blooms: June-Aug.) Soft-stemmed bulrush

(1-2' High, Blooms: June-Aug.)

High, Blooms: Aug.-Oct.) (1-2' High, Blooms: June-Aug.) Soft-stemmed bulrush Scirpus validus (3-9' High, Blooms:

Soft-stemmed bulrush

Scirpus validus

(3-9' High, Blooms: May-July)

bulrush Scirpus validus (3-9' High, Blooms: May-July) (1-4' High, Blooms: Aug.-Oct.) Spotted Joe-pye Stiff
bulrush Scirpus validus (3-9' High, Blooms: May-July) (1-4' High, Blooms: Aug.-Oct.) Spotted Joe-pye Stiff

(1-4' High, Blooms: Aug.-Oct.)

High, Blooms: May-July) (1-4' High, Blooms: Aug.-Oct.) Spotted Joe-pye Stiff goldenrod Eupatorium maculatum

Spotted Joe-pye

Stiff goldenrod

Eupatorium maculatum

Solidago rigida

(2-5' High, Blooms: July-Sept.)

Solidago rigida (2-5' High, Blooms: July-Sept.) Wild bergamot Monarda fistulosa (1-4' High, Blooms:

Wild bergamot

Monarda fistulosa

(1-4' High, Blooms: July-Oct.)

Monarda fistulosa (1-4' High, Blooms: July-Oct.) Red milkweed (1-3' High, Blooms: May-June)

Red milkweed

(1-3' High, Blooms: May-June)

Torrey’s rush

Water plantain

(2-4' High, Blooms: July-Aug.)

Wild blue flag iris

Asclepias incarnata

Juncus torreyi

Alisma subcordatum

iris virginica shrevei

(2-4' High, Blooms: July-Aug.)

iris virginica shrevei (2-4' High, Blooms: July-Aug.) Ta ylor Creek Restoration Nurseries Brodhead, WI •

Taylor Creek Restoration Nurseries Brodhead, WI • 608.897.8641 www.appliedeco.com/tcrn/

(1-3' High, Blooms: June-July)

(1-3' High, Blooms: June-Sept.)

Want more information?

(1-3' High, Blooms: June-Sept.) Want more information? Spring Lake Restoration Nurseries Prior Lake, MN •

Spring Lake Restoration Nurseries Prior Lake, MN • 952.447.1919 www.appliedeco.com/slrn/

Prior Lake, MN • 952.447.1919 www.appliedeco.com/slrn/ For more information on Native Landscape Design, contact

For more information on Native Landscape Design, contact Applied Ecological Services:

608.897.8641 • www.appliedeco.com/NLD.cfm

(1-3' High, Blooms: May-July)

www.appliedeco.com/NLD.cfm (1-3' High, Blooms: May-July) For more details on Rain Garden construction, go to:
www.appliedeco.com/NLD.cfm (1-3' High, Blooms: May-July) For more details on Rain Garden construction, go to:

For more details on Rain Garden construction, go to: www.dnr.state.wi.us/org/water/wm/dsfm/shore/raingarden.htm.

Taylor Creek Restoration Nurseries, Spring Lake Restoration Nurseries and Native Landscapes by AES are divisions of Applied Ecological Services, Inc., 17921 Smith Road, Brodhead, WI 53520. Visit us at www.appliedeco.com. ©2005 Applied Ecological Services, Inc.

Build your own

RAIN GARDEN

Ecological Services, Inc. Build your own R AIN G ARDEN What is a Rain Garden? A“RainGarden”
Ecological Services, Inc. Build your own R AIN G ARDEN What is a Rain Garden? A“RainGarden”

What is a Rain Garden?

A“RainGarden” is simply a shallow depression in your yard that’s planted with native wetland or wet prairie wildflowers and grasses.

Trust the experts! Authentic native plants and seed

wildflowers and grasses. Trust the experts! Authentic native plants and seed P ERENNIAL G ARDEN D
wildflowers and grasses. Trust the experts! Authentic native plants and seed P ERENNIAL G ARDEN D

PERENNIAL GARDEN DESIGN SHEET #1

What is a Rain Garden?

What is a Rain Garden? A Rain Garden is simply a shallow depression in your yard

A Rain Garden is simply a shallow depression in your yard that is planted with native wetland or wet prairie wildflowers and grasses. It is designed to naturally collect water that runs off from your roof or is discharged from your sump pump. Rain Gardens are gaining popularity for three reasons:

1. Rain Gardens make good use of stormwater

runoff, conserving precious water supplies and helping protect water quality in downstream lakes and streams.

Simple, Straightforward Construction

It’s not complicated. Just follow these easy steps:

1. Dig a shallow depression

Just follow these easy steps: 1. Dig a shallow depression with a level bottom, as large

with a level bottom, as large in circumference as you’d like.

2. Direct your downspout or

sump pump outlet to your Rain Garden, either by digging a shallow swale—a linear depression designed to channel water—or by routing it through a buried 4" PVC pipe.

3. Plant the native plants recommended in this

design sheet.

2. Rain Gardens are planted with beautiful, hardy, 4. low-maintenance native perennial plants. 3. Rain
2.
Rain Gardens are planted with beautiful, hardy,
4.
low-maintenance native perennial plants.
3.
Rain Gardens provide food and
Water your planting every other day for the first
few weeks, until plants are growing and well-
established.
shelter for birds, butterflies and
beneficial insects, such as mosquito-
devouring dragonflies!
Once your native Rain Garden plants are
established, they’ll thrive well without
additional watering. Fertilizers are not
necessary.
EXAMPLE RAIN GARDEN
for Well-Drained
to Sandy Soils

Abbrev. Common Name

Species Name

No. of

Shopping

Abbrev.

Common Name

Species Name

No. of

Shopping

 

Plants

List

Plants

List

An

New England aster Purple prairie clover Spotted Joe-Pye Dogtooth Daisy Torrey’s rush Prairie blazing star Cardinal flower Great blue lobelia Wild bergamot Mountain mint

Aster novae-angliae Dalea purpurea Eupatorium maculatum Helenium autumnale Juncus torreyi Liatris pycnostachya Lobelia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Monarda fistulosa

6

Sa

Green bulrush

scirpus atrovirens

5

Dp

4

Sr

Stiff goldenrod

Solidago rigida

3

Em

3

Vv

Culver’s root

Ve ronicastrum virginicum

5

Ha

6

Za

Golden Alexander

Zizia aurea

6

Jt

5

Lp

4

Total Plants Needed

70

Lc

4

These designs are examples only. Please contact our nurseries for

additional recommended species. With information on your region

and site conditions, we can tailor the species selections with

Ls

Mf

6

3

Pv

Pycanthemum virginianum 10

suggestions that are most appropriate for your rain garden.

 
that are most appropriate for your rain garden.   Location, Location, Location Pick a naturally low
that are most appropriate for your rain garden.   Location, Location, Location Pick a naturally low

Location, Location, Location

Pick a naturally low spot in your yard—at least 10 feet from your house—and direct water from your downspout or sump pump into it. Full sun is best, but make sure the site gets at least a half-day of sunlight.

During heavy rains, your rain garden may fill up and overflow. Make sure this overflow drainage follows the drainage pattern originally designed for your lot. Test this by filling your depression with a garden hose and watching the overflow. If needed, dig a shallow swale to direct overflow water toward the street, road or other downhill areas away from buildings.

Digging In

A depression of two to six inches will suffice. Slope the sides gradually from the edge to the level bottom. Deeper rain gardens in heavy clay soils will hold water longer. Test this with a garden hose. French drains can be installed to aid infiltration.

More Tips

Hand weed biweekly until

native plants are established.

Avoid using lawn fertilizers

near the Rain Garden. Fertilizers will stimulate weed competition without benefit- ting your native plants.

Don’t worry about mosquitoes. Most rain gardens will not

hold water long enough for mosquitoes to reproduce. Even so, dragonflies, swallows and other natural control processes will keep them in check.

Come spring, mow and remove dead vegetation. Or

simply burn it off if your fire department regulations allow it. Native plants thrive under fire management.

allow it. Native plants thrive under fire management. • Place natural rocks, bird houses, a bench
allow it. Native plants thrive under fire management. • Place natural rocks, bird houses, a bench

Place natural rocks, bird houses, a bench or

garden ornaments in and around your Rain Garden—be creative! You’ll learn and have fun in designing your own backyard landscape.

Add plenty of native sedges and grasses to

physically support taller species and provide a visually textured background that ties the garden together.

EXAMPLE RAIN GARDEN

for Clay Soils

the garden together. E XAMPLE R AIN G ARDEN for Clay Soils Cv (2) Lc (4)
Cv (2) Lc (4) Ac (5) As (5) Ch (4) Sa Sf (6) (3) Sl
Cv (2)
Lc (4)
Ac (5)
As (5)
Ch
(4)
Sa
Sf (6)
(3)
Sl (5)
Iv (5)
Iv
Sv (6)
(4)
Pv (6)
Jt (3)
Ai (4)
Jt
(3)
Cv
(4)

Abbrev. Common Name

Species Name

No. of

Shopping

Abbrev. Common Name

Species Name

No. of

Shopping

 

Plants

List

Plants

List

Ac

Sweet flag

Acorus calamus

5

Jt

Torrey’s rush

Juncus torreyi

6

Ai

Red milkweed

Asclepias incarnata

4

Lc

Cardinal flower

Lobelia cardinalis

4

As

Water plantain

Alisma subcordatum

5

Pv

False dragon’s head

Physostegia virginiana

6

Ch

Bottle brush sedge

Carex hystricina

4

Sl

Arrowhead

Sagittaria latifolia

5

Cv

Iv

Fox sedge

Wild blue flag iris

Carex vulpinoidea

Iris virginica shrevei

6

9

Sa

Sf

Green bulrush

River bulrush

Scirpus atrovirens

Scirpus fluviatilis

3

6

 

Sv

Soft-stemmed bulrush Scirpus

validus

6

 

Total Plants Needed 69