Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 9

STOICHIOMETRY

Name:_______________________________
Class:________________________
Section A
Please explain how you solve each of the following problems.
Write all the steps and give reasons for the method you use. Do
not forget to write the units.
1. Use the following equation: N2 (g) + 3H2 (g)
2NH3 (g) at STP
conditions. Parts (a), (b) and (c) are related to each other.
[Atomic masses, N: 14; H: 1]
(a) If 2.0 moles of nitrogen gas reacts completely, how many moles
of ammonia will be produced?

(b)What volume does the ammonia produced in part (a) occupy at


STP?Explain.

__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
(c) Find the molar volume and the molar mass of ammonia

2. Use the following equation : 2H2(g) + O2(g)


2H2O(l) at STP. Parts
(a) and (b) are related to each other. [Atomic masses, H: 1; O: 16]
(a) Find the number of moles of 3L of hydrogen

(b) 3L of hydrogen react completely with enough oxygen, how you

found the volume of water obtained. Write all steps and explain.

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________

3. Use the following equation: CaCO3(s) + 2HCl(aq)


+ H2O at STP.

CO2(g) + CaCl2(aq)

[Atomic masses: Ca: 40; C: 12; O: 16; H: 1; Cl: 35.5]


(a) If 14g of calcium carbonate react with 0.2 moles of hydrochloric
acid, which reactant do you use in your calculations to find the
mass of calcium chloride produced? And why?

__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
(b)If 11.2g of calcium carbonate react with 3 moles of hydrochloric
acid, find the volume of carbon dioxide produced. Explain.

_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________

4. Use the following equation: N2(g) + 3H2(g)


conditions.

2NH3(g) at STP

[Atomic masses, N: 14; H: 1]


(a) A scientist reacted 14g of nitrogen gas and 4g of hydrogen gas.
How many grams of ammonia gas were produced? Write all steps
and explain.

(b)If this scientist needed 25.5g of ammonia gas with no excess


either reactant left, how many grams of each hydrogen and
nitrogen he add to the 14g of nitrogen and 4g of hydrogen to
obtain 25.5g of ammonia with no excess reactant left? Write all
steps and explain.

_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________

Section B
1. The diagram represents a mixture of Sulfur (S) atoms and Oxygen

(O2) molecules in a closed container.

Which diagram shows the results after the mixture reacts as


completely as possible
according to the equation?
A.

B.
C.

D.

E.

2. Which is the limiting reagent when 2.0 mole of CO2 reacts with 2.0

mol of S2 to
form COS and O2? [Atomic mass: C: 12; O: 16; S: 32]
A. CO2
B. S2

C. COS
D. O2

E. There is no limiting reagent

3. The reaction of elements X (

) with element Y (

in the
following diagram.

Which equation describes their reactions.


A. 3X

+ 8Y

X3Y8

B. 3X

+ 6Y

X3Y6

C.

X + 2Y

XY2

) is represented

D. 3X
E.

+ 8Y

X + 4Y

3XY2 + 2Y
XY2

4. A bottle of 12.0 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid has only 35.7 cm3 left in

it. What will


be the concentration is if the solution is diluted to 250.0cm3?
A. 0.048 mol dm-3
B. 0.056 mol dm-3
C. 1.50 mol dm-3
D. 1.71 mol dm-3
E. 2.00 mol dm-3

5. Box X represents 1.0cm3 of a solution of particles at a given

concentration.

Which of the boxes (A) to (E) represents 1.0 cm3 of the solution
that results
after (X) has been diluted by doubling the volume of its
solvent?
A

6. Two moles of Hydrogen gas are known to combine with one mole of
Oxygen gas
to form two moles of a substance called water. Which of the
following concepts
is NOT associated with understanding this statement?
A. Chemical reactions involve the breaking and rearranging of
chemical bonds
B. Chemical formulas shows the ratios of atoms in a molecule
C. The moles of H2, O2, and H2O are proportionally related to each

other
D. Chemical formulas shows the spatial arrangement of atoms in
a molecule
E. The number of moles of water formed is determined by the

number of moles of H2 and O2

7. What is the mass of zinc which contains the same number of atoms
as there are
atoms in 11.5g of sodium? [RAM: Na: 23; Zn: 65]
A. 16.3g
B. 32.5g
C. 65.0g
D. 130.0g
E. 162.5g

8. Which of the following could be the mass of one mole of atoms?


A. 1.66 X 10-24 g
B. 6.02 X 1023 g

C. 0.100797g
D. 101.1g
E. None of these

9. What is the mass of the solution when 1g of salt is dissolved in


20.0g of water?
A. 19g
B. 20g
C. Between 20 and 21g
D. 21g
E. More than 21g

10.
Which of the following must be the same before and after a
chemical reaction
A. The sum of the masses of all substances involved

B. The number of molecules of all substances involved


C. The number of atoms of each substances involved
D. Both (A) and (C) must be the same
E. Each of the answers (A),(B) and (C) must be the same