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x

y
0
0.05
0.1
0.15
0.2
0.25
0.3
0.35
0.4
0.45
0.5
0.55
0.6
0.65
0.7
0.75
0.8
0.85
0.9
0.95
1

0
0.116
0.2
0.285
0.375
0.445
0.51
0.57
0.625
0.675
0.72
0.76
0.79
0.825
0.855
0.886
0.91
0.935
0.96
0.98
1

XD
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449

XF
XB
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914

0.023505365
0.023505365
0.023505365
0.023505365
0.023505365
0.023505365
0.023505365
0.023505365
0.023505365
0.023505365
0.023505365
0.023505365
0.023505365
0.023505365
0.023505365
0.023505365
0.023505365
0.023505365
0.023505365
0.023505365

0.944961
Alimentao
Massa
Mistura
Benzeno
Tolueno
Destilado
Benzeno
Tolueno

30000 lbs/h
100
40
60

97
3

1 Benzeno
Tolueno
Alimentao em moles
2 Benzeno
Tolueno
Total Alimentao

Descarga de Fundo
Benzeno
Tolueno

2
98

Razo de Refluxo

3.5

3 Clculo Xf
Benzeno
Tolueno
4 Destilado

Calor Latente Molar


Benzeno
H
h

7240
10765
3525

Benzeno
Tolueno
5 Produto de Fundo
Benzeno

Teb
Massa Molecula
Benzeno
Tolueno

94
78
92

Benzeno
Tolueno
6 Totais
Benzeno
Tolueno

2
Fi
Peso Molecular Mdio
Entalpia a 22 (Diagrama)
Calor Especfico Molar
cp
Hf
Temperatura

Inclinao da Linha de alimentao

1.372113
85.83732
0.44
37.76842
830.9053
22

3.687359

3
F
L' - L
Fi

Benzeno
Tolueno

1
0.333333
0.333333

1.1
1.05
1
0.95
0.9
0.85
0.8
0.75
0.7
0.65
0.6
0.55
0.5
0.45
0.4
0.35
0.3
0.25

-6.25E-14
5E-11
-8.75E-09
-0.000009
0.00572
-0.107

0.3
0.25
0.2
0.15
0.1
0.05
0

-0.101289

x
0
0.01
0.02
0.03
0.04
0.05
0.06
0.07
0.08
0.09
0.1
0.11
0.12
0.13
0.14
0.15
0.16
0.17
0.18
0.19
0.2
0.21
0.22
0.23
0.24
0.25
0.26
0.27
0.28
0.29
0.3
0.31
0.32
0.33
0.34
0.35
0.36
0.37

-0,0022x2 + 0,0946x - 0,0622


y = -2E-07x5 + 8E-06x4 - 7E-05x3 - 0,0036x2 + 0,1144x - 0,107
y = 0,00000060020494803111x3 - 0,00017682645348551800x2 + 0,021820
y = -4E-07x4 + 1E-04x3 - 0,005x2 + 0,1193x - 0,1117
y
XD
XF
XB
0
0
0
0.000206
0.000186001
0.000412
0.000617
0.000823
0.12 0.001029
0.001235
0.00144
0.001646
0.001851
0.2 0.002057
0.002263
0.002468
0.002674
0.002879
0.28 0.003084
0.00329
0.003495
0.0037
0.003906
0.37 0.004111
0.004316
0.004521
0.004727
0.004932
0.44 0.005137
0.44
0.005342
0.005547
0.005752
0.005957
0.51 0.006162
0.006367
0.006572
0.006777
0.006981
0.57 0.007186
0.007391
0.007596

0.38
0.39
0.4
0.41
0.42
0.43
0.44
0.45
0.46
0.47
0.48
0.49
0.5
0.51
0.52
0.53
0.54
0.55
0.56
0.57
0.58
0.59
0.6
0.61
0.62
0.63
0.64
0.65
0.66
0.67
0.68
0.69
0.7
0.71
0.72
0.73
0.74
0.75
0.76
0.77
0.78
0.79
0.8
0.81
0.82
0.83
0.84
0.85
0.86
0.87
0.88
0.89

0.62

0.67

0.72

0.76

0.79

0.82

0.85

0.89

0.91

0.93

0.0078
0.008005
0.00821
0.008414
0.008619
0.008823
0.009028
0.009232
0.009437
0.009641
0.009846
0.01005
0.010254
0.010459
0.010663
0.010867
0.011072
0.011276
0.01148
0.011684
0.011888
0.012092
0.012296
0.0125
0.012704
0.012908
0.013112
0.013316
0.01352
0.013724
0.013927
0.014131
0.014335
0.014539
0.014742
0.014946
0.01515
0.015353
0.015557
0.01576
0.015964
0.016167
0.016371
0.016574
0.016777
0.016981
0.017184
0.017387
0.017591
0.017794
0.017997
0.0182

0.9
0.91
0.92
0.93
0.94
0.95
0.96
0.97
0.98
0.99
1

0.96 0.018403
0.018606
0.018809
0.019012
0.019215
0.98 0.019418
0.019621
0.019824
0.020027
0.02023
1 0.020433

1.1
1.05
1
0.95
0.9
0.85
0.8
0.75
0.7
0.65
0.6
0.55
0.5
0.45
0.4
0.35
0.3
0.25
0.2
0.15
0.1
0.05
0

12000 lbs/h
18000 lbs/h

tao em moles
153.8462 lbmol/h
195.6522 lbmol/h

y = -4E-07x4 + 1E-04x3 - 0.005x2 + 0.1193x - 0.1117

XF
XD
XB

0.440191
0.974449
0.023505

F
D
B

349.4983
153.1438
196.3545

349.4983 lbmol/h
Prato de Alimentao
Padro Destilado
0.440191
0.559809

11640
149.2308
360
3.913043

lbs/h
lbmol/h
lbs/h
lbmol/h

360 lbs/h

Reta de Operao Retificao


Reta de Operao Extrao

0.216544

4.615385 lbmol/h
17640 lbs/h
191.7391 lbmol/h
1.1
1.05
1
0.95
AlimentaoDestilado
em molesProduto de Fundo0.9
0.85
153.8462 149.2308 4.61538462
195.6522 3.913043 191.73913
0.8
0.75
F
D
B
0.7
349.4983 153.1438 196.354515
0.65
0.6
0.55
0.5
0.45
0.4
0.35
0.3
0.25
0.2
0.15
0.1
0.05
0

153.8462
195.6522

12000
18000

y = -4E-07x4 + 1E-04x3 - 0.005x2 + 0.1193x

y = -4E-07x4 + 1E-04x3 - 0.005x2 + 0.1193x - 0.1117

x
y
Poly. (y)

6x2 + 0,1144x - 0,107


7682645348551800x2 + 0,02182010736106670000x - 0,01698643710709650000

1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3

0.2
0.1
0

y = 4.65003E-07x3 - 1.52898E-04x2 + 2.05853E


R = 9.99496E-01

1.2

0.8

x 0.6

y
0
0.05
0.4 0.1
0.15
0.2
0.2 0.25
0.3
0.35
0 0.4
0.45
1
7
0.5
0.55
0.6
0.65
0.7
0.75
0.8
0.85
0.9
0.95

0
0.116
0.2
0.285
0.375
0.445
0.51
0.57
0.625
130.675
19
0.72
0.76
0.79
0.825
0.855
0.886
0.91
0.935
0.96
0.98

XD
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449
25 31
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449
0.974449

XF
0.440191
0.440191
0.440191
0.440191
0.440191
0.440191
0.440191
0.440191
0.440191
0.440191
37
43
0.440191
0.440191
0.440191
0.440191
0.440191
0.440191
0.440191
0.440191
0.440191
0.440191

XB
0.023505
0.023505
0.023505
0.023505
0.023505
0.023505
0.023505
0.023505
0.023505
0.023505
49
55 61
0.023505
0.023505
0.023505
0.023505
0.023505
0.023505
0.023505
0.023505
0.023505
0.023505

67

73

79

85

91

97

x
y
Poly. (y)

+ 0.1193x - 0.1117

y
Poly. (y)

04x2 + 2.05853E-02x
01

x
y
Poly. (y)

x
y
XD
XF
XB

97

y
0
0.05
0.1
0.15
0.2
0.25
0.3
0.35
0.4
0.45
0.5
0.55
0.6
0.65
0.7
0.75
0.8
0.85
0.9
0.95
1

0
0.116
0.2
0.285
0.375
0.445
0.51
0.57
0.625
0.675
0.72
0.76
0.79
0.825
0.855
0.886
0.91
0.935
0.96
0.98
1

XD
0.913907
0.913907
0.913907
0.913907
0.913907
0.913907
0.913907
0.913907
0.913907
0.913907
0.913907
0.913907
0.913907
0.913907
0.913907
0.913907
0.913907
0.913907
0.913907
0.913907

XF
XB
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914
0.4401914

1.1
1.05
1
0.95
0.9
0.85
0.8
0.75
0.7
0.65
0.6
0.55
0.5
0.45
0.4
0.35
0.3
0.25
0.2
0.15
0.1
0.05
0

0.115869018
0.115869018
0.115869018
0.115869018
0.115869018
0.115869018
0.115869018
0.115869018
0.115869018
0.115869018
0.115869018
0.115869018
0.115869018
0.115869018
0.115869018
0.115869018
0.115869018
0.115869018
0.115869018
0.115869018

0.944961
Alimentao
Massa
Mistura
Benzeno
Tolueno
Destilado
Benzeno
Tolueno

100 lbs/h
100
40
60

90
10

1 Benzeno
Tolueno

Alimentao em moles
2 Benzeno
0.512821 lbmol/h
Tolueno
0.652174 lbmol/h
Total Alimentao

Descarga de Fundo
Benzeno
Tolueno

10
90

40 lbs/h
60 lbs/h

3 Clculo Xf
Benzeno
Tolueno

1.164994 lbmol/h
Padro Destilado
0.440191
0.559809

4 Destilado
Razo de Refluxo
Calor Latente Molar
Benzeno
H
h

7240
10765
3525

Benzeno
Tolueno

36
0.461538
6
0.065217

lbs/h
lbmol/h
lbs/h
lbmol/h

5 Produto de Fundo
Benzeno

4 lbs/h

Teb
Massa Molecula
Benzeno
Tolueno

Benzeno

94

Tolueno

78
92

6 Totais
Benzeno
Tolueno

Benzeno
Tolueno

0.051282 lbmol/h
54 lbs/h
0.586957 lbmol/h

0.512821
0.652174

40
60

AlimentaoDestilado
em moles
0.512821 0.461538
0.652174 0.065217
F
D
1.164994 0.526756

-6.25E-14
5E-11
-8.75E-09
-0.000009
0.00572
-0.107
-0.101289
-0,0022x2 + 0,0946x - 0,0622
y = -2E-07x5 + 8E-06x4 - 7E-05x3 - 0,0036x2 + 0,1144x - 0,107

y = -4E-07x4 + 1E-04x3 - 0,005x2 + 0,1193x - 0,1117


y
XD
XF
XB

0
0.01
0.02
0.03
0.04
0.05
0.06
0.07
0.08
0.09
0.1
0.11
0.12
0.13
0.14
0.15
0.16
0.17
0.18
0.19
0.2
0.21
0.22
0.23
0.24
0.25
0.26
0.27
0.28
0.29
0.3
0.31
0.32
0.33
0.34
0.35
0.36
0.37
0.38
0.39
0.4
0.41
0.42
0.43
0.44
0.45
0.46
0.47
0.48
0.49
0.5
0.51

0.12

0.2

0.28

0.37

0.44

0.44

0.51

0.57

0.62

1.2

1
0.67

0.8

x 0.6
0.72

0
0.05
0.4

0.52
0.53
0.54
0.55
0.56
0.57
0.58
0.59
0.6
0.61
0.62
0.63
0.64
0.65
0.66
0.67
0.68
0.69
0.7
0.71
0.72
0.73
0.74
0.75
0.76
0.77
0.78
0.79
0.8
0.81
0.82
0.83
0.84
0.85
0.86
0.87
0.88
0.89
0.9
0.91
0.92
0.93
0.94
0.95
0.96
0.97
0.98
0.99
1

0.1
0.15
0.2
0.25
0.2
0.3
0.35
0 0.4
0.45
1
7
0.5
0.55
0.6
0.65
0.7
0.75
0.8
0.85
0.9
0.95
0.4

0.76

0.79

0.82

0.85

0.89

0.91

0.93

0.96

0.98

0.91

y = -4E-07x4 + 1E-04x3 - 0.005x2 + 0.1193x - 0.1117

x
y
Poly. (y)

XF
XD
XB

0.440191
0.913907
0.115869

F
D
B

1.164994
0.473453
0.691541

Prato de Alimentao
Reta de Operao Retificao
Reta de Operao Extrao

0.228477

Produto de Fundo
0.05128205
0.58695652
B
0.63823857

y = 6E-07x3 - 0.0002x2 + 0.0218x - 0.017


0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3

0.2
0.1
0

x
y

XD
XF
XB
0 0.913907 0.440191 0.115869
0.116 0.913907 0.440191 0.115869

XD
XF
XB

0.2
0.285
0.375
0.445
0.51
0.57
0.625
130.675
19
0.72
0.76
0.79
0.825
0.855
0.886
0.91
0.935
0.96
0.98

0.913907
0.913907
0.913907
0.913907
0.913907
0.913907
0.913907
0.913907
25 31
0.913907
0.913907
0.913907
0.913907
0.913907
0.913907
0.913907
0.913907
0.913907
0.913907

0.440191
0.440191
0.440191
0.440191
0.440191
0.440191
0.440191
0.440191
37
43
0.440191
0.440191
0.440191
0.440191
0.440191
0.440191
0.440191
0.440191
0.440191
0.440191

0.115869
0.115869
0.115869
0.115869
0.115869
0.115869
0.115869
0.115869
49
55 61
0.115869
0.115869
0.115869
0.115869
0.115869
0.115869
0.115869
0.115869
0.115869
0.115869

XB

67

73

79

85

91

97

Poly. (y)

x
y
Poly. (y)

Mtodo de SOREL
Calcular o nmero de pratos tericos de uma coluna de destilao que,
partindo de 14450 moles/h de um lquido saturado 15% molar de etanol
em gua, produz um destilado com 85,9% molar de lcool e um produto
de fundo, 1% molar. A razo de refluxo, neste caso de 4,0. A presso de
operao da torre a atmosfrica e , sob esta presso, os dados de
equilbrio do sistema lcool-gua so os seguintes:

1.000
0.900
0.800

Ponto
x1
x2
x3
x4
x5
x6
x7
x8
x9
x10
x11
x12
x13
x14
x15
x16
x17
x18
x19
x20

x
0.010
0.030
0.050
0.100
0.150
0.200
0.250
0.300
0.350
0.400
0.450
0.500
0.600
0.650
0.700
0.750
0.800
0.850
0.870
0.894

y
0.103
0.235
0.325
0.444
0.496
0.529
0.552
0.573
0.593
0.613
0.632
0.652
0.697
0.723
0.753
0.783
0.810
0.856
0.873
0.894

Massa
xF
xD
xB
Refluxo
Presso
B
D
F

14,450.00
15.00
85.90
1
4
atm
12,067.20
2,382.80
14,450.00

moles
%
%
%

/h
Etanol
Etanol

0.700
0.600
0.500
0.400
0.300
0.200
0.100

x1
x2

y1
y2

D
D

+
+

0.859 D
D

+
+

0.000

Balano de Massa
14450 =B+D
xF

F
F
0.15

=
=
14450 =
14450 =

2167.5
-144.5
-------------2023
D

xD

=
0.859 D
=
-0.01 D
-------------- -------------- -------------=
0.849 D
2382.803

xB

B
B
0.01 B
B

+
0.01 B
+
-0.01 B
-------------- -------------- -------------+
0
0

-0.01

Determinao dos Valores de L, V


V=Lc+D
V-Lc=D
2,382.80
(L/D)=(Lc/D)
4
L
D
Lc
V
B

9531.213
2,382.80
9531.213
11,914.02
12,067.20
Determinao dos Valores de L' e V'
L'=L+fi*F
V'=V-(1-fi)*F
Se fi=
1
L'
V'

ROR
ROE

23981.21
11914.02
Substituindo em (55)
yn+1=(L/V)*Xn+(D/V)*Xd
ym+1=(L'/V')*Xm+(B/V)'*Xb

ROR =
ROE =

0.8 Xn
2.012857 Xm

Cada prato
Prato
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22

y
0.8590
0.8546
0.8506
0.8471
0.8441
0.8414
0.8391
0.8371
0.8354
0.8339
0.8326
0.8314
0.8304
0.8296
0.8288
0.8282
0.8276
0.8271
0.8267
0.8263
0.8260
0.8257

+
+

0.1718
0.0101286

Interpolado na tabela dada (ou grfico). Cuidado.


x
0.854
0.849
0.844
0.840
0.837
0.834
0.832
0.829
0.828
0.826
0.825
0.823
0.822
0.821
0.820
0.820
0.819
0.819
0.818
0.818
0.817
0.817

x-x1
x2-x1
x=(((y-y1)/(y2-y1))*(x2-x1))+

x=

y
1.000
0.900
0.800
0.700
0.600
0.500
0.400
0.300
0.200
0.100
0.000

y-y1
y2-y1
x=(((y-y1)/(y2-y1))*(x2-x1))+x1

0.8700
0.8600

y-y1
(------------)
y2-y1

0.8500
x

(x2-x1)

x1
0.8400
0.8300
0.8200
0.8100
0.8000

Series1

Mtodo de SOREL
Calcular o nmero de pratos tericos de uma coluna de destilao que,
partindo de 14450 moles/h de um lquido saturado 15% molar de etanol
em gua, produz um destilado com 85,9% molar de lcool e um produto
de fundo, 1% molar. A razo de refluxo, neste caso de 4,0. A presso de
operao da torre a atmosfrica e , sob esta presso, os dados de
equilbrio do sistema lcool-gua so os seguintes:

1.000

0.900

0.800

Ponto
x1
x2
x3
x4
x5
x6
x7
x8
x9
x10
x11
x12
x13
x14
x15
x16
x17
x18
x19
x20

x
0.010
0.030
0.050
0.100
0.150
0.200
0.250
0.300
0.350
0.400
0.450
0.500
0.600
0.650
0.700
0.750
0.800
0.850
0.870
0.894

y
0.103
0.235
0.325
0.444
0.496
0.529
0.552
0.573
0.593
0.613
0.632
0.652
0.697
0.723
0.753
0.783
0.810
0.856
0.873
0.894

Massa
xF
xD
xB
Refluxo
Presso
B
D
F

14450
15
85.9
1
4

moles
%
%
%

/h
Etanol
Etanol

0.700

0.600

atm
12,067.20
2,382.80
14,450.00

0.500

0.400

0.300

0.200

0.100

0.000

Balano de Massa
14450 =B+D
xF

F
F
0.15

=
=
14450 =
14450 =

2167.5
-144.5
-------------2023
D

xD

D
D

+
+

0.859 D
D

+
+

=
0.859 D
=
-0.01 D
-------------- -------------- -------------=
0.849 D
2382.803

xB

B
B
0.01 B
B

+
0.01 B
+
-0.01 B
-------------- -------------- -------------+
0
0

-0.01

Determinao dos Valores de L, V


V=Lc+D
V-Lc=D
2,382.80
(L/D)=(Lc/D)
4
L
D
Lc
V
B

9531.213
2,382.80
9531.213
11,914.02
12,067.20
Determinao dos Valores de L' e V'
L'=L+fi*F
V'=V-(1-fi)*F
Se fi=
1
L'
V'

ROR
ROE

23981.21
11914.02
Substituindo em (55)
yn+1=(L/V)*Xn+(D/V)*Xd
ym+1=(L'/V')*Xm+(B/V)'*Xb

ROR =
ROE =

0.8 Xn
2.012857 Xm

Cada prato
Prato

y
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23

0.859
0.854409
0.850416
0.846945
0.843926
0.841301
0.839018
0.837033
0.835307
0.833806
0.832501
0.831366
0.830379
0.829521
0.828775
0.828126
0.827562
0.827071
0.826644
0.826273
0.825951
0.82567
0.825426

+
+

0.1718
0.0101286

Interpolado na tabela dada (ou grfico). Cuidado.


x
0.853261 1.065217
0.050
0.800 0.853261
0.84827 0.965406
0.050
0.800 0.84827
0.843931 0.878614
0.050
0.800 0.843931
0.840157 0.803143
0.050
0.800 0.840157
0.836876 0.737516
0.050
0.800 0.836876
0.834022 0.680448
0.050
0.800 0.834022
0.831541 0.630825
0.050
0.800 0.831541
0.829384 0.587674
0.050
0.800 0.829384
0.827508 0.550151
0.050
0.800 0.827508
0.825876
0.824458
0.823224
0.822151
0.821218
0.820407
0.819702
0.819089
0.818555
0.818092
0.817688
0.817338
0.817033
0.816768

x-x1
x2-x1
x=(((y-y1)/(y2-y1))*(x2-x1))+

x=

1.000

0.900

0.800

0.700

0.600

0.500

0.400

0.300

0.200

0.100

0.000

y-y1
y2-y1
x=(((y-y1)/(y2-y1))*(x2-x1))+x1

y-y1
y2-y1

x2-x1

x1

T
A

6.90565
6.95334

1211.033
1343.943

220.79
219.377

Psat (T,i)

8.63553E+16
7.98104E+16
7.3785E+16
6.82361E+16
6.31244E+16
5.84137E+16
5.40714E+16
5.00674E+16
4.6374E+16
4.29662E+16
3.98209E+16
3.6917E+16
3.4235E+16
3.17574E+16
2.94678E+16
2.73513E+16
2.53942E+16
2.35841E+16
2.19093E+16
2.03593E+16
1.89243E+16
1.75955E+16
1.63646E+16
1.52241E+16
1.4167E+16
1.3187E+16
1.22781E+16
1.14351E+16
1.06528E+16
9.92672E+15
9.25263E+15
8.62663E+15
8.04512E+15
7.5048E+15
7.00262E+15
6.53575E+15
6.10159E+15
5.69776E+15
5.32202E+15
4.97233E+15
4.6468E+15

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49

4.34368E+15
4.06136E+15
3.79834E+15
3.55323E+15
3.32477E+15
3.11176E+15
2.91312E+15
2.72781E+15
2.55492E+15
2.39356E+15
2.24292E+15
2.10227E+15
1.9709E+15
1.84818E+15
1.73351E+15
1.62633E+15
1.52613E+15
1.43243E+15
1.3448E+15
1.26281E+15
1.18609E+15
1.11428E+15
1.04706E+15
9.84111E+14
9.25151E+14
8.69916E+14
8.18158E+14
7.69648E+14
7.24171E+14
6.81529E+14
6.41535E+14
6.04018E+14
5.68815E+14
5.35777E+14
5.04765E+14
4.75647E+14
4.48302E+14
4.22617E+14
3.98485E+14
3.75808E+14
3.54494E+14
3.34457E+14
3.15616E+14
2.97896E+14
2.81227E+14
2.65544E+14
2.50785E+14
2.36892E+14
2.23813E+14
2.11498E+14
1.99898E+14
1.88971E+14

50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101

1.78676E+14
1.68974E+14

102
103