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Example Microwave Radio Link Design Computations

Item 1: Terminal Site Locations

Item 2: Site Elevation


Site A: 27 m Site B: 10 m

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Item 3: Azimuth
Site A (x) = (y+x) (y-x) Site B (y) = (y+x) + (y-x) c = (LongB - LongA) c = (1232937- 1231647) c = (-01250) taking the absolute value c = 0625

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Site A (x): x = (y+x) (y-x) x = (895830.94) (471410.78) x = 424420.16 Site B (y): y = (y+x) + (y-x) y = (895831.75) + (471410.78) y = 1371241.72

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Item 5:

Height of the Highest Obstruction

Computed by this formula: Height of the Highest Obstruction = elevation of the highest obstruction + allowance for tree growth + height due to kcurve + first freznel zone clearance Height of the Highest Obstruction = 60 m + 10 m + 15.44 m + 13.22 m Height of the Highest Obstruction = 98.78 m

PATH PROFILE DATA SHEET

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Radio path link budget

Transmitter 1

waveguide

Transmitter 2 Splitter Receiver 2


Propagation Losses Antenna Gain

Splitter Receiver 1

Output Power (Tx)

Branching Losses

Branching Losses

Received Power (Rx)

Fade Margin Receiver threshold Value

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SYSTEM DESIGN COMPUTATIONS


Path Length Frequency 34 km 13 Ghz 12.75 Ghz 13.25 Ghz 12.75 Ghz 12.98 Ghz 13.01 Ghz 13.25 Ghz 266 Mhz 14 Mhz 8E1 Non- Protected (1+0)

Frequency Range Low Band Range High Band Range


Duplex Spacing Bandwith/Channel Spacing Traffic Capacity System Configuration

From Path Profiling:


Antenna Height Site A Parabolic HeightA = total elevation of obstruction elevation of site A Parabolic HeightA = 98.78 m 27 m Parabolic HeightA = 71.78 m Site B Parabolic HeightB = total elevation of obstruction elevation of site B Parabolic HeightB = 98.78 m 10 m Parabolic HeightB = 88.78 m Tower Height Site A Tower Height = parabolic height of A + of antenna diameter Tower Height = 71.78 m + (2.4 m) Tower Height = 72.98 m

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Site B Tower Height = parabolic height of B+ of antenna diameter Tower Height = 88.78 m + (2.4 m) Tower Height = 89.98 m

Tower Type Self Supporting Tower with Square Base

System Design Computations


Item 1: Free-Space Loss (FSL) FSL = 92.4 + 20logfGHz + 20logDkm FSL = 92.4 + 20log13 + 20log 34.055 FSL = 145.32 dB Item 2: Coaxial Cable Type LMR-600 15 mm in diameter by Times Microwave coaxial cable. Item 3: Coaxial Cable Loss Coaxial Cable Length = tower height + allowance Coaxial Cable Loss = Coaxial Cable length x attenuation Coaxial Cable Length Site A Coax Cable LengthA = tower height @ A + allowance Coax Cable LengthA = 72.98 m + 6 m Coax Cable LengthA = 78.98 m

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Site B Coax Cable LengthB = tower height @ B + allowance Coax Cable LengthB = 89.98 m + 6 m Coax Cable LengthB = 95.98 m Note: 6 m is the distance from the tower to the building. Attenuation is based from the data sheet suggested or recommend by Codan, the use of low loss, 100% shield coaxial cable with an Ultra Violet stabilized outer jacket coming from Times Microwave coaxial cable, LMR-600 15 mm in diameter loss @ 400 MHz and 140 MHz. Attenuation = 5.3dB / 100 m at 400 MHz (transmitter side) Attenuation = 3.05dB / 100 m at 140 MHz (receiver side) AttenuationA = 0.053 dB/m AttenuationB = 0.0305 dB/m

Coaxial Cable Loss Site A Coax Cable LossA = Coax Cable LengthA + Coax Cable LengthA Coax Cable LossA = 78.98 m x 0.053 dB/m Coax Cable LossA = 4.19 dB Site B Coax Cable LossB = Coax Cable LengthB + Coax Cable LengthB Coax Cable LossB = 95.98 m x 0.0305 dB/m Coax Cable LossB = 2.93 dB Item 4: Miscellaneous Loss Connector Loss = 0.55 dB (assumed for each station) Radome Loss = 1.8 dB (based from Andrew Radome Elec. Chart) Circular/Hybrid Loss Negligible

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Item 5:Total Fixed Loss (TFL) Site A TFLA = Coax Cable LossA + Connector Loss + Radome Loss TFLA = 4.19dB + 0.55dB+ 1.8dB TFLA = 6.54 dB Site B TFLB = Coax Cable LossB + Connector Loss + Radome Loss TFLB = 2.93dB + 0.55dB+ 1.8dB TFLB = 5.28 dB Item 6: Total Losses (TL) TL = FSL + TFLA + TFLB TL = 145.28 dB + 6.54 dB + 5.28 dB TL = 157.1 dB

Item 7: Antenna Size and Gain Antenna Size = 2.4 m in diameter (HPX8-130A) Dual-Polarized Antenna Gain (A.G.) Note: Antenna gain for Site A is equal to the antenna gain for Site B. A.G.A = A.G.B = 17.8 + 20logDm + 20logfGHz A.G. A = A.G.B = 17.8 + 20log 2.4 + 20log13 A.G. A = A.G.B = 47.68 dB Total Gain Total Gain = Total GainA + Total GainB Total Gain = 47.68 dB + 47.68 dB Total Gain = 95.36 dB

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Item 8:

Transmit Power 27 dBm

Note: 27 dBm is based from the Codan 8800 series data sheet specifications for transmitter. Item 16: Net Path Loss (NPL) Note: NPL is obtained by subtracting the total gain from the losses. NPL = total losses total gain NPL = 157.1 dB 95.36 dBm NPL = 61.74 dBm = 31.74 dB

Item 9: Received Signal Level (RSL) RSL = Tx output (dBm) TFL Tx (dB) + Gain of Tx (dB) FSL (dB) + Gain of the Rx (dB) TFL Rx (dB) RSL = 27 dBm 6.54 dB + 47.68 dB 145.28 + 47.68 dB 5.28 dB RSL = - 34.74 dBm Item 10: Receiver Threshold Receiver Threshold = - 80 dBm Note: Receiver Threshold is based from the data specifications that for 13 GHz, 14 MHz channel the receiver threshold will be -80 dBm. Bit error rate (BER) is 10^-6. Item 11: Fade Margin (FM) FM = RSL Rx Threshold FM = - 34.74 (-80 dBm) FM = 45.26 dB

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Item 12: Reliability/Availability The reliability that a device or system will perform its purpose adequately for the period of time intended under the operating conditions encountered involves three distinct concepts: 1. Attaining a specific level of performance 2. Probability of achieving the level. 3. Maintaining that level for a specified time. Reliability of a system obtained using W.T. Barnett and H. Vigants formula: Reliability = [1-ndp / Ifd] x 100 % where: ndp = non-diversity annual out gage probability for a given path ndp = 2.5abfd3(10- FM/10)(10-6) Ifd = frequency diversity improvement factor Ifd = 1/12 x 0.02 x 10FM/10 where: a = roughness factor a = 4, for very smooth terrain, over water, flat desert

a = 1, for average terrain with some roughness a = or 0.25, for mountainous, very rough or very rough terrain b = factor to convert a worst month probability to an annual probability b = 0.5, for hot, humid coastal miles b = 0.25, for normal, interior temperature or sub-arctic area b = 0.125, for mountainous or very dry but non-reflective areas f = operating frequency, GHz D = path length, miles FM = fade margin ndp = 2.5(1)(0.25)(13)(34.055)3(10- 45.26/10)(10-6) ndp = 9.557977933x10-6 Ifd = 1/12 x 0.02 x 1045.26/10 Ifd = 55.95626904 Reliability = [1-(9.557977933x10-6/55.95626904)] x 100 % Reliability = 99.99998292%

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