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A Japanese poem composed of three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five morae, usually containing a season word.

(haiku) A lengthy lyric poem typically of a serious or meditative nature and having an elevated style and formal stanza structure.(ode) A lyric poem that consists of 14 lines which usually have one or more conventional rhyme schemes(sonnet) A poem about nature and love while having emphasis on the personal experience.(romanticism) A poem that depicts rural life in a peaceful, romanticized way.(pastoral) A poem that has five lines that create a mood, picture, or feeling. Lines 1 through 4 are made up of words, phrases or clauses while the first word of each line is in alphabetical order.

Line 5 is one sentence long and begins with any letter.(abc) A poem that tells a story similar to a folk tail or legend which often has a repeated refrain. (ballad) A poem written in honor of the bride and groom.(epithalamium) A poem written in unrhymed iambic pentameter and is often unobtrusive. The iambic pentameter form often resembles the rhythms of speech.(blank verse) A sad and thoughtful poem about the death of an individual.(elegy) A short lyrical poem that arose in Urdu. It is between 5 and 15 couplets long. Each couplet contains its own poetic thought but is linked in rhyme that is established in the first couplet and continued in the second line of each pair. The lines of each couplet are

equal in length. Themes are usually connected to love and romance. The closing signature often includes the poet's name or allusion to it.(ghazal) A type of poem which is spoken to a listener. The speaker addresses a specific topic while the listener unwittingly reveals details about An extensive, serious poem that tells the story about a heroic figure.(epic) Poetry that certain letters, usually the first in each line form a word or message when read in a sequence.(acroustic) Poetry which has three stanzas of seven, eight or ten lines and a shorter final stanza of four or five. All stanzas end with the same one line refrain.(ballade) Poetry written in either rhyme or unrhymed lines that have n(free verse)

Voice Voice is a word people use to talk about the way poems "talk" to the reader. Lyric poems and narrative poems are the ones you will see most. Lyric poems express the feelings of the writer. A narrative poem tells a story. Stanza A stanza is a group within a poem which may have two or many lines. They are like paragraphs. Some poems are made of REALLY short stanzas, called couplets--two lines that rhyme, one after the other, usually equal in length. Sound One of the most important things poems do is play with sound. That doesn't just

mean rhyme. It means many other things. The earliest poems were memorized and recited, not written down, so sound is very important in poetry. Rhyme - Rhyme means sounds agree. "Rhyme" usually means end rhymes (words at the end of a line). They give balance and please the ear. Sometimes rhymes are exact. Other times they are just similar. Both are okay. Repetition - Repetition occurs when a word or phrase used more than once. Repetition can create a pattern Refrain - Lines repeated in the same way, that repeat regularly in the poem. Alliteration - Alliteration is the repetition of the same sound in different words.

Onomatopoeia - Onomatopoeia means words or phrases that sound like the things they are describing. (hiss, zoom, bow-wow, etc.) Consonance - Consonance happens when consonants agree in words, though they may not rhyme. (fast, lost) Assonance - Assonance happens when vowels agree in words, though they may not rhyme. (peach, tree) Rhythm Meter (or metrics) - When you speak, you don't say everything in a steady tone like a hum--you'd sound funny. Instead, you stress parts of words. You say different parts of words with different volume, and your voice rises and falls as if you were singing a song. Mostly, we don't

notice we're doing it. Poetry in English is often made up of poetic units or feet. The most common feet are the iamb, the trochee, the anapest, and the dactyl. Each foot has one stress or beat. Depending on what kind of poem you're writing, each line can have anywhere from one to many stressed beats, otherwise known as feet. Most common are: Trimeter (three beats) Tetrameter (four beats) Pentameter (five beats) You also sometimes see dimeter (two beats) and hexameter (six beats) but lines longer than that can't be said in one breath, so poets tend to avoid them. Figures of speech

Figures of speech are also called figurative language. The most well-known figures of speech are are simile, metaphor, and personification. They are used to help with the task of "telling, not showing." Simile - a comparison of one thing to another, using the words "like," "as," or "as though." Metaphor - comparing one thing to another by saying that one thing is another thing. Metaphors are stronger than similes, but they are more difficult to see. Personification - speaking as if something were human when it's not.