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GASCYLINDERSRULES,2004
Inexerciseofthepowersconferredbysections5and7oftheExplosivesAct,1884(4of 1884)andinsuppressionoftheGasCylindersRules,1981,exceptinrespectthingsdone oromittedtobedonebeforesuchsupersession,theCentralGovernmentherebynukes thefollowingrules,namely: CHAPTERI PRELIMINARY 1.Shorttitleandcommencement. (1)TheserulesmaybecalledtheGasCylindersRules,2004. (2)TheyshallcomeintoforceonthedateoftheirpublicationintheOfficialGazette. 2.Definitions. Intheserules,unlessthecontextotherwiserequires, (i)"Act"meanstheExplosivesAct,1884(4of1884); (ii) "Auto LPG" means liquefied petroleum gas meant for automotive fuel conformingtospecificationIS:14861; (iii)"ChiefController"meanstheChiefControllerofExplosives,Governmentof India; (iv) "composite cylinder" means a cylinder made of resin impregnated continuous filament wound over a metallic or a nonmetallic liner. Composite cylindersusingnonmetalliclinersarereferredtoasallcompositecylinders; (v)"compressedgas"meansanypermanentgas,liquefiablegasorgasdissolved inliquidunderpressureorgasmixturewhichinaclosedgascylinderexercisesa pressureeitherexceeding2.5kgf/cm2abs(1.5kgf/cm2gauge)at+15Cora pressureexceeding3kgf/cm2abs(2kgf/cm2gauge)at+50Corboth; Explanation Hydrogen Fluoride falls within the scope of compressed gas althoughitsvapourpressureat50Cis1.7to1.8atmosphericgauge; (vi) "Conservator" in relation to a port includes any person acting under the authorityoftheofficerorbodyofpersonappointedtobeConservatorofthat portunderSection7oftheIndianPortsAct,1908(15of1908); (vii) "Controller" includes the Joint Chief Controller of Explosives, the Deputy Chief Controller of Explosives, the Controller of Explosives and the Deputy ControllerofExplosives;

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(viii) "Compressed Natural Gas (CNG)" means mixtures of hydrocarbon gases and vapours, consisting mainly of Methane in gaseous form, which has been compressedforuseasautomotivefuel; (ix) "CNG mother station" means CNG facilities connected with natural gas pipeline and having a compressor meant primarily to fill mobile cascades of daughter station. Such stations may also have stationery cascade for CNG dispensingtovehicles; (x) "CNG online station" means CNG facilities connected with natural gas pipeline and having a compressor primarily to fill stationary cascades for dispensingCNGtovehicles; (xi) "CNG daughter station" means CNG facilities not connected to natural gas pipeline.SuchCNGdispensingstationreceivesCNGthroughmobilecascade; (xii)"criticaltemperature" meansthetemperatureabovewhichgascannotbe liquefiedbytheapplicationofpressurealone; (xiii)"dissolvedacetylenecylinder"meansacylinderhavingavalveandwithor without safety devices, containing a porous mass, a solvent for the storage of dissolved acetylene and at least sufficient acetylene to saturate the solvent at atmosphericpressureandatatemperatureof+15C; Explanation.Acetoneoranyothersolventusedshallnotbecapableofchemical reactionwiththeacetylenegasorwiththeporousmassorwiththemetalofthe cylinderorvalve; (xiv) "dissolved gas" means a gas which under pressure is dissolved in a fluid solventappropriatetotheparticulargasasforexample,acetyleneinacetoneor ammoniainwater; (xv)"districtauthority"means (a) a Commissioner of Police or Deputy Commissioner of Police in any townhavingaCommissionerofPolice;and (b)inanyotherplace,theDistrictMagistrate; (xvi)"DistrictMagistrate"includesanAdditionalDistrictMagistrate,andinthe StatesofPunjabandHaryanaandintheKaraikal,MaheandYanamareasofthe UnionTerritoryofPondicherry,alsoincludesaSubDivisionalMagistrate; (xvii) "filling pressure" means the maximum permissible gauge pressure, convertedto+15C,atwhichagascylinderforpermanentgasorgasdissolved underpressurecanbefilled; (xviii)''fillingratio"meanstheratiooftheweightofaliquefiablegasintroduced inthecylindertotheweightofthewaterthecylinderswillholdat15C;

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(xix)"flammablegas"meansanygaswhich,ifeitheramixtureof13percentor less(byvolume)withairformsaflammablemixtureortheflammabilityrange withairisgreaterthan12percentregardlessofthelowerlimitandtheselimits shallbedeterminedatatmospherictemperatureandpressure; Explanation."flammabilityrange"meansthedifferencebetweentheminimum andmaximumpercentagesbyvolumeofthegasinmixturewithairthatformsa flammablemixture; (xx)"Form"meansaFormsetforthinScheduleV; (xxi) "Gas Cylinder" or "Cylinder" means any closed metal container having a volumeexceeding500mlbutnotexceeding1000litresintendedforthestorage and transport of compressed gas, including any liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) container/compressednaturalgas(CNG)cylinderfittedtoamotorvehicleasits fueltankbutnotincludinganyothersuchcontainerfittedtoaspecialtransport or undercarriage and includes a composite cylinder, however, the water capacity of cylinders used for storage of CNG, nitrogen, compressed air, etc. mayexceed1000litresupto2500litresprovidedthediameterofsuchcylinder doesnotexceed60cm; (xxii) "high pressure liquefiable gas" means a liquefiable gas having a critical temperaturebetween10Cand+70C; (xxiii) "hydrostatic stretch test" means subjecting the cylinder to a hydrostatic pressureequaltothetestpressureofthecylinderandrecordingthepermanent stretchundergonebythecylinder; (xxiv) "hydrostatic test" means the test to which a cylinder is subjected to a hydrostaticpressureequaltothetestpressureofthecylinder; (xxv)"import"meansbringingintoIndiabyland,seaorair; (xxvi) "inert gas" means a gas which is resistant to chemical action under normallyencounteredconditions; (xxvii) "inspecting authority" means a person having qualifications and wide experienceinthefieldofdesign,manufactureandtestingofgascylindersand recognisedbytheChiefControllerasauthorityforinspectionandcertificationof gascylinder; (xxviii)"installation"meansanypremiseswhereinanyplacehasbeenspecially preparedforthemanufacture(filling)orstorageofcompressedgascylinders; (xxix)"liquefiablegas"meansagasthatmaybeliquefiedbypressureat10C butwillbecompletelyvaporisedwheninequilibriumwithnormalatmospheric pressure(760mm.Hg)at17.5Cwhichvalueshallbeincreasedto30Cfortoxic gases;

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(xxx) "liquified petroleum gas" means any material, which comprises predominantly of any of the following hydrocarbons or mixture of them with vapourpressurenotexceeding16.87kg/cm2(gauge)at65C: Propane(C3H8),propylene(C3H6),butane((C4H10),(nbutaneandiso butane)andbutylene(C4H8); (xxxi) "low pressure liquefiable gas" means a liquefiable gas having critical temperaturehigherthan+70C; (xxxii)"manufactureofgas"meansfillingofacylinderwithanycompressedgas and also includes transfer of compressed gas from one cylinder to any other cylinder; (xxxiii) "oxidizing gas" means a gas which gives up Oxygen readily or removes hydrogenfromacompoundorattractsnegativeelectrons; (xxxiv)"permanentgas"meansagaswhosecriticaltemperatureisbelow10C that is to say a gas which cannot be liquefied under any pressure at a temperatureabove10C; (xxxv) "poisonous (toxic) gas" a gas which has a maximum allowable concentration in air for human respiration not exceeding 100 mg/m3 at 15C and1kgf/cm2absolutepressure; (xxxvi)"Schedule"meanstheScheduleannexedtotheserules; (xxxvii)"tareweight"inrelationto (1) acetylene cylinder means the weight of the cylinder together with anyfittings,permanentlyattachedandincludestheweightofvalveany safety device, porous mass, requisite quantity of solvent for dissolving acetylene, and the weight of acetylene gas saturating the solvent at atmosphericpressureandtemperatureof15C; (2) liquefiable gas cylinder means the weight of the cylinder together withanyfittingspermanentlyattachedtheretoandincludestheweight ofvalve; (3) permanent gas cylinder means the weight of the cylinder together withanyfittingspermanentlyattachedtheretoandexcludestheweight ofvalve; (xxxviii)"testpressure"meanstheinternalpressurerequiredforthehydrostatic testorhydrostaticstretchtestofthecylinder,asfollows: (1) For permanent and high pressure liquefiable gases, it should be calculatedfromthefollowing: where Ph=Testpressureinkgf/cm2

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Do=Outsidediameterofthecylinderinmm. t=Minimumcalculatedwallthicknessofthecylindershellinmm. Re= Minimum specified yield strength of the material of cylinder in kgf/mm2,itislimitedto75percentoftheminimumvalueofthetensile strength in the case of normalised cylinder and 85 per cent of the minimum value of the tensile strength for quenched and tempered cylinder, provided that the value of test pressure shall not exceed 80 percentoftheyieldstrength. (2)ForlowpressureliquefiablegasOneandahalftimesthesaturated vapourpressureofthegasat65CorasspecifiedinIS:8867,whichever ishigher; (xxxix) "transport" means the moving of a cylinder filled with any compressed gasfromoneplacetoanother; (xxxx)"watercapacity"meansthevolumeofwaterinlitres,acylinderwillhold at15C.; (xxxxi)"workingpressureforlowpressureliquefiablegas"meansthesaturated vapourpressureat65C; Explanation. The values of saturated vapour pressure of different gases are specifiedinIS:3710; (xxxxii) "working pressure for permanent gas" means the internal pressure of thegasinthecylinderatatemperatureof15C; (xxxxiii)"yieldstrength"meansthestresscorrespondingtoapermanentstrain of 0.2 per cent of the original gauge length in a tensile test. For practical purposeitmaybetakenasastressatwhichelongationfirstoccursinthetest piecewithouttheincreaseofloadinatensiletest.

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