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Pioneer institute Of professional studies

Local Problem pollution


Submitted toSubmitted ByProf. Rashi Maam Aadar suhane MBA- Ist sem
Sec- B

Pollution Air Pollution What is air pollution?

Contamination of the air by noxious gases and minute particles of solid and liquid matter (particulates) in concentrations that have undesirable effect on living being. Modernization and progress have led to air getting more and more polluted over the years. Industries, vehicles, increase in the population, and urbanization are some of the major factors responsible for air pollution. The following industries are among those that emit a great deal of pollutants into the air: thermal power plants, cement, steel, refineries, petrochemicals, and mines.

PRIMARY POLLUTANT Those emitted directly into air

SECONDARY POLLUTANT produced through reactions between primary pollutants and natural atmospheric compound Pollutants of air :

Particulate pollutants are solids or liquids with size < 100 microns that remain suspended in the atmosphere. Dust Fumes

Smoke Mist Fog Bacteria Gaseous - Toxic and poisonous e.g. CO, chlorine, NH3, H2S, SO2, NO2, CO2.

Major Pollutants Ozone


Transient damage Permanent damage accelerated aging of the lung

Carbon monoxide - heart disease - lung diseases - central nervous system response to external stimuli similar of flu) - Normal individual during strenuous work

(symptoms

Sources of Outside Air Pollution


Combustion of gasoline and other hydrocarbon fuels in cars, trucks, and airplanes Burning of fossil fuels (oil, coal, and dinosaur bones) Insecticides Herbicides Everyday radioactive fallouts Dust from fertilizers

Mining operations,Livestock feedlots Festives like diwali

Sources of Indoor pollution


Efficient insulation Bacteria Molds and mildews Viruses animal dander and cat saliva plants house dust Mites Cockroaches pollen

Air Pollution:
How Grievous? Around 30-40% of cases of asthma and 20-30% of all respiratory diseases may be linked to air pollution - increased acute respiratory diseases - lowered lung function in children - increased sickness rates; - increases in mortality

Effects on the environment


Acid rain

Ozone depletion Global warming

In human population- respiratory problems, allergies, strengthens lugs, and a risk for
cancer

Acid rain
contains high levels of sulfuric or nitric acids contaminate drinking water and vegetation damage aquatic life erode buildings Alters the chemical equilibrium of some soils

Control of air pollution

Society Industries

Legislation guidelines for siting of industries emission standards for industries development of pollution prevention technologies
Vehicular pollution

stringent emission norms

cleaner fuel quality



Air Quality Management Plan

Development of new technology- electric cars, cleaner fuels, low nitrogen oxide boilers and water healers, zero polluting paints, less polluting BBQ lighter fluids

Use of natural gas Carpooling Follow the laws enacted

What is noise pollution?


Any unwanted sound that penetrates the environment is noise pollution. In general noise pollution refers to any noise irritating to one's ear which comes from an external source.

Sources of noise pollution


Street traffic Rail roads Airplanes Constructions Consumer products9

Level of tolerance

Normal level of tolerance is 80dbA. Sound level below and above this is considered to be as noise pollution. Effects of noise pollution There are about 25000 hair cells in our ear which create wave in our ear, responding to different levels of frequencies. With increasing levels of sound the cells get destroyed decreasing our ability to hear the high frequency sound.

Be cautious from today


Irreversible hearing loss. Blood pressure rise of 5 to 10 mmHg on 8 hrs of exposure to even 70 db of sound level. Hearing loss begins at 80- 90 dbA. 140 dbA is painful and 180 dbA can even kill a person. Amplified rock music is 120 dbA. Most of the electronic vehicles and motors are above 80 dbA level. High noise levels may interfere with the natural cycles of animals, including feeding behavior, breeding rituals and migration paths

Symptoms of occupational hearing loss


Feeling of fullness in the ear. Sounds may seem muffled. Cannot hear high frequency sounds. Ringing in the ears while listening to the high frequency sounds. Loud noise for a long period of time, or sudden burst of sound can cause occupational hearing loss.

Actions taken and to be taken


There are a variety of effective strategies for mitigating adverse sound levels use of noise barriers. limitation of vehicle speeds alteration of roadway surface texture. limitation of heavy duty vehicles use of traffic controls that smooth vehicle flow to reduce braking and acceleration, innovative tire design and other

Legistation
Noise Regulation Rules under the Environment (Protection) Act of 1986. Features Industrial- 75db Commercial- 65 db Residential zones- 55 db Zones of silence No public address system after 10:00 pm and before 06:00 am.