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Periodic Table of the Elements

1 2

H
5 6 7 8

H
1.00794 9

He
4.002602 10

1.00794

Li
10.811 13 14 15 12.0107

Be Al
26.981538 28.0855 30.973761

B Si P

O
16 32.066

F
17

Ne
18.9984032 20.1797 18

6.941

9.012182

14.00674 15.9994

11

12

Na Mg Ti
50.9415 41 42 48 43 44 45 46 47 49 51.9961 54.938049 55.845 58.933200 58.6934 63.546 65.39 69.723 40 22

S
74.92160

Cl
35.4527

Ar
39.948

22.989770 24.3050

19

39.0983

K Nb
92.90638 73 74 183.84 192.217 109 110 (269) 111 (272) 106 107 108 75 78 195.078 80 200.59 112 (277) 186.207 76 190.23 102.90550 77 79 196.96655 95.94 (98) 106.42 107.8682 112.411 101.07

Ca V Mo Rh Ir Pt Au Hg Pd Ag W Os Mt
(266)

20 23

40.078

Sc Tc Re Hs
(265)

21

Cr Ru Cd In
114.818 81 204.3833

24

Mn

25

Fe

26

Co

27

Ni

28

Cu

29

Zn

30

Ga

31 32

44.955910

47.867

72.61

Ge
50

As Sn
118.710 82

33

34 78.96 51 52

Se Sb
121.760 83

Br
79.904 53

35

83.80

Kr
54

36

37

38

39

Rb
72

Sr Ta
180.9479 105

Zr

Te
127.60 84

I Tl
207.2

Xe
126.90447 131.29 85 86

85.4678

87.62

88.90585

91.224

55

56

57

132.90545 137.327 104

Cs Db
(262) (263) (262)

Ba Sg Bh

138.9055

La

178.49

Hf

Pb
114 (289) (287)

208.98038

Bi

(209) 116 (289)

Po

(210)

At

Rn
(222) 118 (293)

87

88

89

(223)

Fr

Ra

(226)

Ac

(227)

Rf

(261)

58 140.116 140.90765 144.24 92 93 90 232.0381 231.03588 238.0289 91

59

60

61 (145)

62 150.36

63 151.964 94 95

64 157.25 96

65

66

67

68

69

70

71

Ce U Np
(237)

Pr

Nd

Pm Sm Eu
(244)

Gd
(243)

158.92534 97

Tb Pu Am Cm
(247)

162.50 98

Dy Bk
(247)

164.93032 167.26 99 (251) 100

Ho Cf

Er

168.93421 173.04 101 (252) 102

Tm Es Fm
(257)

Yb

174.967 103

Lu Md No
(258) (259)

Th

Pa

(262)

Lr

S.E. Van Bramer, 7/22/99 1995 IUPAC masses and Approved Names from http://www.chem.qmw.ac.uk/iupac/AtWt/ masses for 107-111 from C&EN, March 13, 1995, P 35 112 from http://www.gsi.de/z112e.html 114 from C&EN July 19, 1999 116 and 118 from http://www.lbl.gov/Science-Articles/Archive/elements-116-118.html

Name: CHEM 3053: Exam 1


NOTE: ! ! ! Bubble in Your Name (Last, space, First) Bubble in Your ID# Bubble in Special Code 100011

1.! How many bonds should carbon with neutral charge have? ! ! ! A)! 1! B)! 2! C)! 3 D)! 4 E)! 5

2.! What is the pKa value for water? ! ! ! ! ! A)! 50! B)! 40! C)! 38! D)! 25! E)! 19.2! F)! 16 G)! 15.7 H)! 9.9 I)! 4.8 J)! -1.5

3.! The following molecules are related in what manner?


O H H C H C C O C H C H H ! H C C H C C H H C H H

H H

! ! ! ! ! !

H H

A)! They are isotopes B)! They are constitutional isomers C)! They are the same structure D)! They are composed of different elements E)! There is no relationship

4.! What is the correct Lewis dot structure for S? ! ! ! A)! B)! C)! ! ! D)! E)!

5.! Select the most electronegative element from the list below: ! ! ! A)! O! B)! N! C)! C! D)! B E)! H

6.! For a molecule with the formula C2H2, which of the structures below is most likely? ! A)! !
H C C H

D)!
H C C

! !

! B)! !

! H E)!
H C C

H C C

! ! !

! H ! C)! ! H C C H

7.! The respective formal charges of boron and nitrogen for the structure below are:
F F B F H N H H

! ! !

A)! B = 1; N = 1! B)! B = 1; N = +1! C)! B = +1; N = 1!

D)! B = +1; N = +1 E)! B = 1; N = 0

8.! The correct depiction of induction for a CF bond is: ! ! ! ! ! ! A)! ! ! C F! B)! ! ! C F! C)! ! !
C F

D)! ! E)! !
C F

9.! All single bonds can be classified as: ! ! ! ! ! A)! nonpolar covalent.! B)! polar covalent.! C)! ionic.! D)! ! bonds.! E)! ! bonds. F)! A and D G)! A and E H)! B and D I)! B and E J) C and D

10. Identify the atomic orbitals in the CC sigma (!) bond in ethyne, HC"CH. A) B) C) D) (sp2, sp2) (sp3, sp3) (sp, sp) (p, p) E) F) G) H) (sp, s) (sp2, sp3) (sp2, sp) (sp3, s)

11. When the 1s orbitals of two hydrogen atoms combine to form a hydrogen molecule, which molecular orbitals are formed? A) B) C) D) E) One bonding molecular orbital only Two bonding molecular orbitals One bonding molecular orbital and one antibonding molecular orbital Two antibonding molecular orbitals Three bonding molecular orbitals

12. Which carbons in the following molecule are sp2 hybridized?


H H O H H C C H C C C H H H I II III IV

A) B) C) D) E)

Carbons I and II Carbons III and IV Carbons II and III Carbons I and III Carbons II and IV

F) G) H) I) J)

Carbons I and IV Carbons I, II, and III Carbons I, II, and IV Carbons I, III, and IV Carbons I, II, III, and IV

13. Of the molecules below, which are expected to have a trigonal planar molecular geometry?
H H C H H H C H F F B F H H O H H O H

II

III

IV

A) B) C) D)

I, II, and III II and III II and V III only

E) F) G) H)

I only I and IV II, III, and V All of the molecules are trigonal planar.

14. Select the molecule that does not exhibit a net dipole moment of zero? A) CBr4 B) CO2 C) CH4 D) H2O E) C2H4

15.! Which of the following structures contains an alcohol?

A) 1 B) 2

C) 3 D) 4

16.! Which of the following is the correct condensed structure for the following structure?

A) 1 B) 2 C) 3

D) 4 E) 1 and 2

17.! Which of the following structures is the same as structure A?

A) 1 B) 2

C) 3 D) 4

18.!Which of the following pairs of structures are resonance structures?

A) 1 B) 2

C) 3 D) 4

19.!Which of the following is a correct resonance structure of A?

A) B) C) D)

1 2 3 4

E) F) G) H)

1 and 2 1 and 4 2 and 4 3 and 4

20.!Which of the following is a correct resonance structure of A?

A) B) C) D)

1 2 3 4

E) F) G) H)

1 and 2 1 and 3 2 and 3 2 and 4

21.!The lone pairs in the following compound are:

A) localized

B) delocalized

22.!Is the indicated compound acting an acid or a base in the following reaction?

A) Acid B) Base C) Neither 23.!Which of the following is the conjugate acid of the following base?

24.!What is wrong with the following arrow?

A.! It should start on the alkyne carbon. B.! It should start on a hydrogen attached to the nitrogen. C.! It should start on the anion on nitrogen, end at the H on the alkyne, and a second arrow should start at the bond between the C and H on the alkyne and end on the terminal carbon of the alkyne. D.! There should be two arrows one from nitrogen and one from the alkyne carbon.

25.!Which of the following is the most acidic?

26.!Which side will the following acid-base reaction favor?

A) The right (products) B) The left (reactants) C) Neither 27.!Which of the following is the strongest acid?

28.!Identify the most acidic proton on the following compound.

A) Ha B) Hb C) Hc

D) Hd E) Hb and Hd

29.!Predict the position of equilibrium for the following reaction.

A) The right (products) B) The left (reactants) C) Neither 30.!Can this base exist in liquid ammonia, NH3?

A) Yes

B) No

31.!Identify the Lewis acid in the following reaction.

32.!Into which of the following categories does the following compound belong?

I.! Bronsted-Lowry Acid! II. !Bronsted-Lowry Base! A) B) C) D) I II III IV

III.!Lewis Acid IV.!Lewis Base E) F) G) H) I and III I and IV II and III II and IV

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