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Lower Georgia Avenue Transportation and Streetscape Improvements

Final Report December 2007


Contents Page
A. Executive Summary 1
Introduction and Background 12
B. Introduction 13
C. Study Area 17
D. History 18
Project Purpose 23
E. Public Participation 24
F. Corridor Revitalization Visions and Guidelines 27
Existing Conditions 38
G. Land Use 39
H. Existing Conditions Transportation 42
I. Existing Conditions Public Realm 56
Alternatives 63
J. Transportation Alternatives 64
Recommendations 79
K. Preferred Alternative 80
L. Short Term Recommendations 116
M. Long Term Recommendations 118
N. Implementation Plan 121
O. Acknowledgements
Appendices
Appendix I Existing Conditions Report
Appendix II Future Traffic Analysis Report
Appendix III Steering Committee List
Appendix IV Comments from Public Meetings
Appendix V Public Meeting Summaries
Appendix VI Specific Design Elements
Appendix VII Associated News Articles
Appendix VIII McDonalds Restaurant Exit Analysis

printed June, 2009
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A. ExecutiveSummary
Project Overview
TheDistrictDepartmentofTransportation(DDOT)commissionedadetailedstudy
ofstrategictransportationimprovementsthatcouldimprovemultimodalmobilityin
theGeorgiaAvenuacorridor,whileenhancingthepublicrealmwithaconsistentand
attractivestreetscape.DDOTiscommittedtomakingmajortransportationinvestments
andimprovementsalongthecorridor,includingimprovementstothestreetscapeand
thepublicrealm.DDOTandotherDistrictagencieswishtoprioritizetransit,economic
development,overallsafety,andinparticular,pedestrianandbicyclistneedsalongthe
corridor.
Activecollaborationandinvolvementwiththecommunityhasbeencrucialfor
developingaconsensusvisionforthemultimodaltransportationdesignandmanagement
planforGeorgiaAvenuepresentedinthisdocument.
Major Study Goals
Provideamechanismtocreateacomprehensiveunderstandingofthecurrentand
futuretransportationsystem
-Developanoverallstreetalignment
-Determinethecurbdynamics
-Supporttheneedsandgrowthofthelocalbusiness
Developatransportationmanagementandright-of-wayplanthatsupportsexpanded
economicdevelopmentandlocalmobility.
Developtransportationoptionsthatareconducivetoanurbanuniversitycampus
environment.
Determine impacts of changes to Georgia Avenue on effciencies and multimodal
performanceofotherroadsinthestudyareasystem.
Determine effcient strategies (parallel streets, Georgia Avenue retail) to develop bus
rapidtransitorstreetcarservicealongthecorridor.
Developaplanthatsupportstheneedsanddesiresofthebusiness,residential,and
institutionalcommunities.

FigureA-1:ExistingConditionsonGeorgiaAvenue
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Developaplantoaddresspedestrianstreetcrossinghazardsatintersectionsand
encouragegreaterpedestrianconvenienceandappeal.
Examinemodesoftransportationsuchasbicycling,walking,andmasstransitandhow
these may impact lane confgurations, safety, and parking along the corridor.
ProvideoptionsforresolvingnarrowsidewalksandtreespacesonGeorgiaAvenueand
ShermanAvenue.
Developaplanthatwillserveastheguidefortheimplementationofstreetscape,transit,
safety,andadjacentroadwayimprovements.
Study Area
This project examined a specifc portion of the entire Georgia Avenue Great Streets corridor:
GeorgiaandShermanAvenuesfromFloridaAvenueNWtoNewHampshireAvenueNW.
Understandingthatimprovementstothissegmentwillhaveimplicationsforcommunities
alongthecorridorandthroughoutthecity,DDOTalsostudiedtheimpactsonadjacent
corridorsandcommunities.
Project Boundaries (See fgure A-2)
NewHampshireAvenueNWtothenorth
FloridaAvenueNWtothesouth
TheReservoir/4thStreetNWtotheeast
ShermanAvenueNWtothewest

FigureA-2:LowerGeorgiaAvenueStudyArea
ExecutiveSummary
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Revitalization Vision for Lower Georgia Avenue
Acontext-sensitivetransportationnetworkthatbalancesGeorgiaAvenueandSherman
Avenueshouldmodifythecharacterofeachstreet.Thecriticalaspectsofthisrevitalization
vision for the study area are its multimodal quality and genuine refection and response to
thechangingcontextofthearea.ThisstudyaspirestomakeGeorgiaandShermanAvenues
greatplacesforwalking,commerce,andcasualinteractionwhileeffectivelyaccommadating
traffc.
TherichhistoryoftheGeorgiaAvenuecorridorhasbeenerasedfromthepublic
realm.Whilephysicallyimprovingmobilityinthecorridor,thevisionistoimplement
improvementsthatdrawonitsAfrican-Americanheritage.Inparticular,thehistoricHoward
UniversityareashouldbecelebratedandevokedinthestreetscapealongGeorgiaAvenue
betweenFloridaAvenueandBarryPlace.Theentirecorridorcanandshouldbeacultural
destination,withasteadyrhythmofdistinctiveplacesallthewaytoNewHampshire
Avenue. These distinctions will be made through a consistent and dignifed palette of
streetscapefeatures.Inaddition,theGeorgiaAvenueandFloridaAvenueintersectionisan
opportunityforagatewayintothiscultural/historicdestination.
To create a distinctive and dignifed corridor, the design opportunities for Georgia Avenue
wereinformedbythefollowingconcepts:
Balanced
ThetransportationstrategybalancestravelandtransportationopportunitiesonGeorgiaand
ShermanAvenues.
Distinctive
Both streets should have a special character that identifes them as distinctive and great
places for walking, shopping, socializing, commerce, and moving traffc.

Walkable
EachthoroughfareshouldbeinvitingandwalkablewhiledrawingontheareasAfrican-
Americanheritage,particularlythehistoricHowardUniversity.
FigureA-3:ExampleofthePossibleFutureVisionforanUrbanArea
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Safe, Effcient Operation
Designchangesshouldbeimplementedtoimprovewalkability,fosterculturalandhistorical
identy, create gateways, defne corridor entrances, and ensure the effcient and safe operation
ofallmodesoftravel.
Project Findings
Traffc
Double-parkedvehiclesalongthecorridorblockturns,impedepedestrians,andobstruct
buses.
Traffc signal phasing at Georgia Avenue and Park Road creates vehicle conficts.
Lane widths between Barry Place and Florida Avenue result in ineffcient traffc
operations.
VehiclesturningleftatBryantStreetandFloridaAvenuecreatequeuingthatblocks
through-movementvehicles.
Pedestrians
WalkabilityvariesconsiderablyonbothGeorgiaandShermanAvenues,rangingfrom
goodtoverypoor.
Somesidewalkscannotbeeasilywidenedbecausebuildingsarebuiltuptothesidewalk.
Many intersections have crosswalks but no traffc signals, and some have no crosswalks
atall.
Bicycles
Bicycles travel on Georgia Avenue with traffc.
BicycletravelisheavyeasttowestcrossingtheGeorgiaAvenuecorridoratColumbia
RoadandHarvard,W,andVStreets.

ExecutiveSummary
FigureA-4:ExistingPedestrianConditionsintheLowerGeorgia
AvenueAreaNeartheHowardUniversityBookstore
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ExecutiveSummary
Transit
The70and71busescarryabout20,000riderseverydaythroughthecorridor.
Thecross-townHroutescarrythousandsofresidentstoandfromwork.
Rapidbusservicecouldreducetraveltimeby16percent.
Busesareoftenblockedbydouble-parkedvehicles.
Areductionoflanewidthsinthelowersectionofthecorridorhindersbustravel.
Urban Design
GeorgiaAvenuefromFloridatoNewHampshireAvenuesisnotoneplace,butseveral
largesegmentswithanumberofsmallerfocalpointswithineachsegment.
BusinessesnorthofHarvardStreetappeartoserveneighborhoodneeds.
BusinessessouthofHarvardStreetappeartoserveHowardUniversityandHoward
UniversityHospital.
GeorgiaandShermanAvenuesrepresentdifferentstreettypesandseveraldifferent
functions.
Sidewalk pavement, lighting fxtures, and street furnishing are inconsistent along the
corridor.
The corridor contains no clear identifcation of its signifcance to African-American
culture.

Recommended Improvements

FigureA-5:GeorgiaAvenueToday
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Improvementsthatcouldbephasedinasfundingbecomesavailablewereconsidered.Short-
term,lower-costimprovementswereprioritized.
Basic improvements
Millandoverlaypavement
Re-stripetravellanesandcrosswalks
Installstripingorpavementtreatmentatdesignatedparkinglanes
Stripe shared lane markings (sharrows) for cyclists, per the Manual of Uniform Traffc
ControlDevices(MUTCD)recommendations
Installtreeboxes/grates
Improvelandscaping
Installconsistentstreetfurniture(trashcans,benches,bicycleracks)
Optimize traffc signal timing
Addcountdownpedestriansignalsatsignalizedintersections
IncreaseparkingenforcementalongGeorgiaAvenue
Addon-streetparkingonnorthbound4thStreetneartheMacmillanReservoirto
substituteforparkingremovalalongGeorgiaAvenue
WorkwithHowardTownCenterandotherdevelopmentstoallowpublicparkingintheir
developments
Thesebasicimprovementswouldprovideconsistencyfordrivers,pedestrians,andcyclists
and should minimize conficts among them. These improvements would not result in an
increaseinautomobilespeedsandthereforewouldnotsubjectpedestriansandbicycliststo
moredangerousconditions,
Moreextensiveimprovements,suchasbulbouts(extensionsofthesidewalkintothe
roadway),willfurtherenhancethepublicrealmandhelpachievetheGreatStreetsnatureof
thecorridor.Moreextensiveimprovementsmustincludeimprovedbusserviceforahighly
transit-dependentpopulation.Theselonger-termimprovementsanticipatethefutureGeorgia
Avenuewillhavebyprovidingresidentswithsafe,convenient,andcomfortablepedestrian

FigureA-6:RecommendedRoadwaySectionforGeorgiaAvenuenear
HowardUniversity
ExecutiveSummary
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ExecutiveSummary
accesstoretailandentertainmentusesalongandadjacenttothecorridor.
Achievementoftheseobjectives,however,doesrequireatrade-offwiththelossofsome
parkingspaces.Fortunately,withtheextensionofWandBryantStreets,lostparkingspaces
canbeeasilyregained.Inaddition,newdevelopments,suchasHowardTownCenter,can
moreconvenientlysupplypublicparking.Similarstrategieshaveprovensuccessfulin
Bethesda,Rosslyn,andBallston.
Theperceivedvalueofparkingtoretailersmustbebalancedwithafuturepopulationwilling
towalktotheirshops.
Georgia Avenue from Florida Avenue to W Street
AddgatewaytreatmentatGeorgiaAvenue-FloridaAvenueintersection(special
crosswalkpaving,artwork/sculpture)
Remove parking along both sides of the street to promote effcient traffc operation
Widentravellanesforsafetravelofvehicles
Reconfgure lanes at Georgia Avenue-Florida Avenue intersections
Remove hedge on east sidewalk to eliminate confned feel for pedestrians
ImprovecrosswalkstripingatVStreet
InstallpedestriansignageatFloridaAvenueandWStreet
Georgia Avenue from W Street to Barry Place
Remove parking along both sides of street to promote effcient traffc operation
Widentravellanesforsafetravelofvehicles
ImprovecrosswalkstripingatWStreet
AddspecialcrosswalkpavingatBryantStreetandBarryPlace
WidensidewalksatGeorgiaAvenuebetweenBryantStreetandBarryPlace
RelocatecurbcutsforMcDonaldsfromGeorgiaAvenuetoBarryPlace
RemoveexcessivetrashcansonGeorgiaAvenuebetweenBryantStreetandBarryPlace
InstallpedestriansignageatBryantStreetandBarryPlace

FigureA-7:RecommendedRoadwaySectionforGeorgiaAvenueNorth
ofColumbiaRoad
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Georgia Avenue from Barry Place to Euclid Street
AddcurbextensiontosupporttransitusageatHowardPlace
InstallspecialcrosswalkpavingatHowardPlace
ImprovecrosswalkstripingatEuclidStreet
RemoveparkinglanefromHowardPlacetoBarryPlace
Adddedicatedright-turnlanefromsouthboundGeorgiaAvenueontoBarryPlace
Addart(e.g.,mural,painting)onwallinfrontofEuclidStreet
InstallpedestriansignageatHowardPlace
Georgia Avenue from Euclid Street to Columbia Road
RemovepipebarriersbetweenEuclidStreetandColumbiaRoad
CreategatewaytreatmentsatHarvardStreetandColumbiaRoad
Removeunnecessarystreetsigns
Improvepavementinalleys
Georgia Avenue from Columbia Road to New Hampshire Avenue
ImprovecrosswalkstripingatIrvingStreetandParkRoad
InstalllightedcrosswalksatLamontStreetandMortonStreets
InstallpedestriansignageatIrvingStreet,LamontStreet,andParkRoad
Revise traffc signal phasing at Park Road to split-phase side street operations
Sherman Avenue Corridor-Wide Improvements
Widensidewalksalongcorridor
Installfour-footbicyclelanesalongcorridor
Reducenumberoftravellanesfromtwoineachdirectiontooneineachdirection
Addlandscapedmedianwithcut-outsfordedicatedleft-turnlanes

ExecutiveSummary
FigureA-8:RecommendedRoadwaySectionforShermanAvenue
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ExecutiveSummary
Sherman Avenue from U Street to Florida Avenue
AddpedestriancrosswalkatVStreet
Sherman Avenue from Florida Avenue to Euclid Street
Constructtwo-laneroundaboutatShermanAvenueandtheextendedBryantStreet
AddpedestriansignageatBarryPlaceandEuclidStreet
Sherman Avenue from Euclid Street to New Hampshire Avenue
Constructtwo-laneroundaboutatShermanAvenueandParkRoad
AddpedestriansignageatIrvingStreetandParkRoad
Recommended Streetscape Elements
Intersections
DecorativestreetprintpatterncrosswalkwithAfricanmotifatkeyintersections
Bump-outsidewalkareastoimprovepedestriansafety
SecondaryIntersections(allotherintersections)
-Standardpaintedladdercrosswalk
-Bump-outsidewalkareastoimprovepedestriansafety
-Poured-in-placeconcretewheelchairramps
Roadway Surfaces
SpecialroadwaysurfaceatHowardTownCenter(VStreettoBarryPlace)
Standardblackasphaltforstandardroadwaysurfaces
ParkinglaneswithLIDtreatment
Dedicatedbuslanewithred-coloredasphaltroadwaysurfaceandstampedtexture

FigureA-9:StreetscapeImprovementsforGeorgiaAvenueatBryant
Street
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Sidewalk Surfaces
ConcretesidewalksforGeorgiaAvenuecornerpavers
Street Trees and Plantings
Continuoustreepitswherepossible
Ornamentalfencefortreepitprotection
Treepitgroundcover
Ornamentaltreesandplantingsinplantingbedsatselectcornermini-parklocations
andatselectwidesidewalkareas
Street Furniture
TrashreceptaclesstandardDDOT;tobelocatedincurbzone
BenchesstandardDDOT;tobelocatedincurbzone
BicycleracksstandardU-shapebikerackstobelocatedincurbzoneorbumpoutzone
Newspapercorralsstackablecorrals;tobelocatedincurbzone.
Streetlightsteardropstandardatintersections,doubleWashingtonglobesfromFlorida
AvenuetoGreshamPlace,andsingleWashingtonglobefromGreshamPlacetoOtis
Place.
Parkingmetersmulti-spacedevicesforon-streetparking
Busshelters

FigureA-10:NewLinearEntranceatBannekerPark
ExecutiveSummary
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ExecutiveSummary
Special Streetscape Elements
LinearstreetparkatBannekerPark,with24-footsidewalksetbackintoparkand
retainingwallsthatdoubleasseating
Culturalheritageandinterpretiveelements
Historicsignage
WalkofFame:commemorativeplaqueslocatedfromFairmontStreettoBarryPlace
Publicartopportunities
AccentgatewayelementsatFloridaAvenue
-Decorativebollardslocatedatcurbedge
-Buildinglightingfromstreetlightpoles
AccentgatewayselementsatkeyHowardUniversityentrances
Decorative fags and fag poles at Howard Place and Fairmont Street

FigureA-11:NewLookforShermanAvenue
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Introduction&
Background
8. lr|roduc||or
|. Projec| 0oa|s
||. Projec| T|re||re
|||. Repor| 0rgar|za||or
C. S|ud] Area
0. l|s|or]
|. l|s|or] o| ||e Corr|dor
||. Corpre|ers|ve P|ar
|||. Prev|ous S|ud|es Corp|e|ed |r S|ud] Area
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B. Introduction
GeorgiaAvenueNWisamultimodalcorridorstrivingtomeetmultipledemands:frequent
transit service, heavy pedestrian traffc, rush-hour commuters, local auto destinations, cross-
commutingbicyclists,andrecurrentbusinessdeliveries.Alimitedright-of-wayinthelower
portionofthecorridorservesasabottlenecktovehicles.Pedestrianfacilitiesarenarrow
and generally insuffcient for demand. Bicycle facilities are nonexistent despite demand.
Currently, the effcient and reliable mobility of all travel modes is compromised. This in turn
presentsachallengetofuturedevelopmentandeconomicexpansion.TheGeorgiaAvenue
commercialcorridorispartofagridsysteminwhichprimarilyresidentialstreetsprovide
parallel routes. Efforts are now under way to reduce the impacts of auto traffc on these
residentialcorridors.
GeorgiaAvenueisalsointhemidstofchange.TheDeputyMayorforPlanningand
Economic Development and the Offce of Planning have designated Georgia Avenue
formajorrezoningandredevelopmenttotransitiontheblightedcommunitytoamajor
destinationforthecityanditsresidents.Aspartoftheredevelopmentefforts,DDOT
commissionedanin-depthexaminationofGeorgiaAvenuetoimprovecurrenttransportation
conditionsandtofacilitateexpandedlocaleconomicdevelopmentandmobility.Since
thecurrenttransportationconditionsresultinunacceptablemobilityandmovement,any
additionalimpactsonGeorgiaAvenuewouldbeequallyunacceptable.DDOTiscommitted
tomakingmajortransportationinvestmentsandimprovementsalongthecorridor,including
improvementstothestreetscapeandthepublicrealm,andtoprioritizetransit,economic
development,overallsafety,and,inparticular,pedestrianandbicyclistneedsalongthe
corridor.
ThepurposeoftheLowerGeorgiaAvenueTransportationandStreetscapeImprovements
Studyistodevelopaconsensusvisionforamultimodaltransportationdesignand
managementplanthatissupportedandagreeduponbythecommunity.Theconceptdesign
should help create a vibrant, diversifed corridor and commercial neighborhood while
improving the effciency of movement of all modes through this principal arterial as part of a
cityandregionaltransportationsystem.Thisreportrepresentstheworktodateonthiseffort
andpresentstherecommendedtransportationdesignandmanagementplanforarevitalized
LowerGeorgiaAvenue.
FigureB-1:ExisitingConditionsintheLowerGeorgia
AvenueStudyArea
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Major Study Goals
MajorstudygoalsfortheLowerGeorgiaAvenueTransportationandStreetscape
ImprovementsStudyarelistedbelow:
Provideamechanismtocreateacomprehensiveunderstandingofthecurrentandfuture
transportationsystem
-Developanoverallstreetalignment
-Determinethecurbdynamics
-Supporttheneedsandgrowthoflocalbusinesses
Developatransportationmanagementandright-of-wayplanthatsupportsexpanded
economicdevelopmentandlocalmobility.
Developtransportationoptionsthatareconducivetoanurbanuniversitycampus
environment.
Determine impacts of changes to Georgia Avenue on effciencies and multimodal
performanceofotherroadsinthestudyareasystem.
Determine effcient strategies (parallel streets, Georgia Avenue retail, etc) to develop bus
rapidtransitorstreetcarservicealongthecorridor.
Developaplanthatsupportstheneedsanddesiresofthebusiness,residentialand
institutionalcommunities.
Developaplantoaddresspedestrianstreetcrossinghazardsatintersections,and
encouragegreaterpedestrianconvenienceandappeal.
Examine the impact of bicycling, walking, and mass transit on lane confgurations,
safety,andparkingalongthecorridor.
ProvideoptionsforresolvingnarrowsidewalksandtreespacesonGeorgiaAvenueand
ShermanAvenue.
Developaplanthatwillserveastheguidefortheimplementationofstreetscape,transit,
safety,andadjacentroadwayimprovements.

Introduction
FigureB-2:IntersectionConditionsNeartheHoward
UniversityHospital
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Introduction
Great Streets Program
TheGreatStreetsProgramissimilartomanyseminalplanningeffortsthathavehelpedmake
Washington, DC a world-class city. It is poised to redefne critical neighborhood streets
asthecentersoftheircommunitiesandhelpexpandthecitysvitalitybydistributingnew
benefts equitably. Soon many of the neighborhood retail streets including the Great Streets
programwillbeamongthecitysbestplacestolive,work,play,andinvest.Allinall,these
GreatStreetswillprovideanimpetusforbringingpopulationbacktoWashington,generating
commerce,creatingjobs,expandingtheDistrictstaxbase,andimprovingthequalityoflife
foritsresidents.Thesecorridorsextendmorethan20milesandimpacthalftheDistricts
residents in 50 different neighborhoods. The frst round of Great Streets corridors are
targeted,inpart,becauseofthewell-organizedcommunityinfrastructureandnetworksin
place.AllGreatStreetscorridorshavelongbeenapriorityfortheirlocalneighborhoods.
Neighborhoodstakeholdersadvocatedforimprovementtothesecorridorsthroughstrategic
neighborhoodactionplans(SNAPs)andotherpriority-settinginitiatives.Active,organized
neighborhoodassociations,orcivicgroups,helpguideandparticipateinstreetscape
improvements.ThecorridorstargetedbytheGreatStreetsprogramhavehistoricallylacked
thelevelofinvestmentenjoyedbyotherprominentstreetsintheDistrict.Thetargeted
corridorsalsocorrespondtoareastargetedunderothercityprogramsandinitiatives,
suchas:ReSTORE DC Main Streets, the Home Again initiative, public safety Hot Spots,
and New Communities

GreatStreetsbringtogetheralltheseprograms.
ThegoalsoftheGreatStreetsProgramareasfollows:
ImprovethequalityoflifeinneighborhoodsalongGreatStreetscorridors,byimproving
publicsafety,physicalappearance,andpersonalopportunity
Supportlocaldemandforgoodsandservicesthrougheconomicdevelopment
Expand mobility choices and improve safety and effciency of all modes of travel
AttractprivateinvestmentthroughthedemonstrationofapubliccommitmenttoGreat
Streetscommunities
1.
2.
3.
4.
FigureB-3:ExampleofGreatStreetsAmentiyArea
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Project Timeline
This study represents the frst phase in a three-phased approach to implement improvements
fortheLowerGeorgiaAvenuecorridor.Phase1,schedualedfromFall2006toSummer
2007isthemajorstudyeffortsandthedevelopmentofthetransportationmanagementplan
andthepreferredconceptdesign.PhaseIIwillbethebeginningandcompletionofthe
designforLowerGeorgiaAvenueandwillextendfromFall2007toSpring2008.Phase
IIIrepresentstheconstructionofthemajorimprovementsfortheLowerGeorgiaAvenue
corridor,whichisanticipatedtobegininFall2008.Overall,DDOThascommittedmore
than$6millionforinvestmentsonGeorgiaAvenueandwantstoimplementimprovements
quickly.

Introduction
FigureB-4:GeorgiaAvenuenearWonderPlaza
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Introduction C. StudyArea
TheLowerGeorgiaAvenueTransportationandStreetscapeImprovementsStudyareais
borderedbyShermanAvenuetothewest,NewHampshireAvenuetothenorth,Florida
Avenuetothesouth,andtheMcMillanReservoir/4thStreettotheeast.
Geographically,thestudyareaiswithinWard1andoverlapstheAdvisoryNeighborhood
Commissionarea(ANC),1AnorthofColumbiaRoad,andANC1BsouthofColumbia
Road.NeighborhoodclustersincludeMountPleasant,ColumbiaHeights,ParkView,
HowardUniversity,LeDroitPark,andCardozo/Shaw.Thestudyareaisaproximately
onemilenorthofthedowntownandmonumentalcoreofWashingtonDC.
Publicserviceswithinthestudyareaincludetworecreationcenters:Banneker
CommunityCenteronGeorgiaAvenueandParkviewCommunityCenteronOtisPlace.
Fire Station 4 on Sherman Avenue serves the study area along with a post offce on
GeorgiaAvenue.SchoolsintheareaincludeBenjaminBannekerHighSchoolonEuclid
StreetandBruceMonroeElementarySchoolonGeorgiaAvenue.
HowardUniversityandHowardUniversityHospitalarethemajoremployerswithin
thestudyarea.ThestudentpopulationatHowardUniversityismorethan11,000.
ThehospitalhasservedasthenationslargesthospitalservingtheAfrican-American
communityformorethan140years.Boththeuniversityandthehospitalattractalarge
volumeofpedestrians.
ThecorridorisservedbyboththeWashingtonMetropolitanAreaTransitAuthoritys
(WMATA)MetrobusandMetrorailservice.MetrobusroutesprovideserviceonGeorgia
Avenue,ShermanAvenue,NewHampshireAvenue,IrvingStreet,andColumbia
Road.TheGeorgiaAvenue-PetworthMetrorailStationlocatedatNewHampshireand
GeorgiaAvenuesproviderailserviceontheGreenandYellowlines.TheShaw-Howard
UniversityMetroStationjustsouthofthestudyareaalsoprovidesaccesstotheGreen
andYellowlines.
ThestudyareaisshowninFigureC-1.
FigureC-1:AerialViewofStudyArea
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D. History
History of Georgia Avenue
Mid-20thcenturydisinvestmentandneglecthavetakentheirtollonthecorridor.
Commercialestablishments,whichoncethrivedonthepatronageoftheresidences
andinstitutionsaroundthem,declinedascompetitionfromsuburbanretailgrew,local
residentialpopulationsdeclined,andAmericantravelbehaviorturnedmoretowardthe
convenienceoftheprivateautomobileandawayfromthetraditionalmodesofwalking,
biking,andtransit.
TheGeorgiaAvenuestreetcarlinewasreplacedbybusserviceinthe1930s,andbythe
1960sthestreethadbecomeamajorautomobilethoroughfare,orientedmoretoward
shuttlingcommutersbetweenMarylandanddowntownWashington,DCthansupporting
andstrengtheningthelocalneighborhoodsandretailestablishments.Long-standing
communitiesarerepresentedalongthecorridor,asaremorerecentCaribbean,Latino,and
Africanimmigrantcommunities.Thisvarietyisuniqueinthecity.
Howard University, the frst university open to African-Americans in the south, is located
intheheartofthestudyarea.Theuniversitycontinuestobeanimportantsourcefor
African-Americanhistoryandculture.
Metrorailserviceswereimplementedinphasesalongthecorridor,beginningwiththe
openingoftheShawandUStreetStationsin1991andthePetworthMetroStationin
1999.Transitconnectivity,however,remainsinadequatenorthofthePetworthStation
andimprovedintermodalconnectivitybetweenrailandbusisneeded.Oneimportant
newtransitelementinthecorridor,designedtoenhancethespeedoftripsbothalong
andthroughthecorridor,istheMetroExtraenhancedbusservice,whichbeganinspring
2007.
Howard University
HowardUniversity,ahistoricalblackuniversityisaCarnegieDoctoral/Research
UniversityinWashington,DC,establishedin1867bycongressionalorder.Notable
alumniincludeNobelLaureateToniMorrison,SupremeCourtJusticeThurgoodMarshall
(HowardUniversityLawSchool),OssieDavis,DebbieAllen,RobertaFlack,Claude
Brown,ShakaHislop,StokeleyCarmichael,RichardSmallwood,andPhyliciaRashad.
FigureD-1:HistoricPhotosofGeorgia
Avenue
G REA T STREETS FRA M EW O RK P L A N
7
t
h

S
t
r
e
e
t

_
G
e
o
r
g
i
a

A
v
e
n
u
e

N
W
10
E
x
i
s
t
i
n
g

C
o
n
t
e
x
t
The 7th Street/ Georgia Avenue NW corridor grew
incrementally over time. Spurred by streetcar
infrastructure, institutional anchors such as Howard
University and residential developments like Ledroit
Park, Takoma, Brightwood and Shepherd Park the
corridor began robust growth in the early 19th Century.
The corridor was the primary commercial, social and
cultural resource for the medium density communities
that surrounded it.
Mid 20th Century disinvestment and neglect have taken
their toll on the Corridor. Commercial establishments,
which thrived on the patronage of the residences and
institutions around them, declined as competition from
suburban retail grew, local residential populations
declined, and American travel behavior turned more
and more toward the convenience of the private
automobile and away from the traditional modes of
walking, biking and transit.
The streetcar line was replaced by bus service in the
1930s, and by the 1960s, the street had become a
major automobile thoroughfare oriented more toward
shuttling commuters between Maryland and downtown
Washington DC than supporting and strengthening the
local neighborhoods and retail establishments.
Unlike Connecticut Avenue which has a very strong
rhythm of retail nodes alternating with residential
communities, the Georgia Avenue and 7th Street corridor
has very few discernable nodes that concentrate retail
and community activity and provide focused places
and an obvious progression from one neighborhood
to another. Corridor land uses are poorly organized
and differentiated to create distinct centers. Newer
retail establishments are designed more for easy auto
access than local pedestrian service. The continuous
repetition of uses results in an undistinguished
character that does not appropriately represent the
HISTORY A ND CONTEXT
rich history, distinct residential communities, and
unique institutional assets of the corridor.
Metro Rail services commenced in phases on the
corridor with the opening of the Shaw and U Street
stations in 1991 and the Petworth Metro Station in
1999. Transit connectivity, however, remains inadequate
north of the Petworth station and is in need of improved
inter-modal connectivity between Metro Rail and Bus.
The predominance of under-performing, repetitive
retail facilities and parking lots along the street,
in conjunction with its indistinct streetscape, has
led to a monotonous character, which gives little by
way of identity to the various neighborhoods that
fall along its path. While the Corridor does still have
strong institutional anchors, it is not the pre-eminent
commercial and cultural resource it once was.
Figure A:
Figure B:
Figure C: Georgia Avenue/Park Road NW
Figure D: Georgia Avenue, North of Missouri Avenue
A B C D
G REA T STREETS FRA M EW O RK P L A N
7
t
h

S
t
r
e
e
t

_
G
e
o
r
g
i
a

A
v
e
n
u
e

N
W
10
E
x
i
s
t
i
n
g

C
o
n
t
e
x
t
The 7th Street/ Georgia Avenue NW corridor grew
incrementally over time. Spurred by streetcar
infrastructure, institutional anchors such as Howard
University and residential developments like Ledroit
Park, Takoma, Brightwood and Shepherd Park the
corridor began robust growth in the early 19th Century.
The corridor was the primary commercial, social and
cultural resource for the medium density communities
that surrounded it.
Mid 20th Century disinvestment and neglect have taken
their toll on the Corridor. Commercial establishments,
which thrived on the patronage of the residences and
institutions around them, declined as competition from
suburban retail grew, local residential populations
declined, and American travel behavior turned more
and more toward the convenience of the private
automobile and away from the traditional modes of
walking, biking and transit.
The streetcar line was replaced by bus service in the
1930s, and by the 1960s, the street had become a
major automobile thoroughfare oriented more toward
shuttling commuters between Maryland and downtown
Washington DC than supporting and strengthening the
local neighborhoods and retail establishments.
Unlike Connecticut Avenue which has a very strong
rhythm of retail nodes alternating with residential
communities, the Georgia Avenue and 7th Street corridor
has very few discernable nodes that concentrate retail
and community activity and provide focused places
and an obvious progression from one neighborhood
to another. Corridor land uses are poorly organized
and differentiated to create distinct centers. Newer
retail establishments are designed more for easy auto
access than local pedestrian service. The continuous
repetition of uses results in an undistinguished
character that does not appropriately represent the
HISTORY A ND CONTEXT
rich history, distinct residential communities, and
unique institutional assets of the corridor.
Metro Rail services commenced in phases on the
corridor with the opening of the Shaw and U Street
stations in 1991 and the Petworth Metro Station in
1999. Transit connectivity, however, remains inadequate
north of the Petworth station and is in need of improved
inter-modal connectivity between Metro Rail and Bus.
The predominance of under-performing, repetitive
retail facilities and parking lots along the street,
in conjunction with its indistinct streetscape, has
led to a monotonous character, which gives little by
way of identity to the various neighborhoods that
fall along its path. While the Corridor does still have
strong institutional anchors, it is not the pre-eminent
commercial and cultural resource it once was.
Figure A:
Figure B:
Figure C: Georgia Avenue/Park Road NW
Figure D: Georgia Avenue, North of Missouri Avenue
A B C D
Page 19 LoWer 0eorg|a Averue Trarspor|a||or ard S|ree|scape lrproverer| S|ud] F|ra| Repor|
HowardUniversitygrantsmorePh.DstoAfrican-Americansthananyotheruniversityin
theUnitedStates.
MuchofHowardsearlyfundingcamefromendowment,privatebenefaction,andtuition.
AnannualcongressionalappropriationadministeredbytheSecretaryoftheInterioralso
fundedtheschool.Today,itisamemberschooloftheThurgoodMarshallScholarship
Fund.Fromitsoutset,theuniversitywasnonsectarianandopentopeopleofbothsexes
andallraces.Howardhasgraduateschoolsoflaw,medicine,dentistry,anddivinity,
inadditiontoitsundergraduateprogram.Theenrollmentin2003wasapproximately
11,000,including7,000undergraduates.Theuniversitysfootballhomecomingactivities
serveasoneofthepremierannualeventsinWashington.
HowardUniversityhasplayedanimportantroleinAmericanhistoryandthecivil
rightsmovementonanumberofoccasions.AlainLocke,ChairoftheDepartmentof
Philosophy and the frst African-American Rhodes Scholar, authored The New Negro,
which helped usher in the Harlem Renaissance. Ralph Bunche, the frst Nobel Peace
PrizewinnerofAfricandescent,servedaschairoftheDepartmentofPoliticalScience.
StokelyCarmichael,(alsoknownasKwameToure),astudentintheDepartmentof
Philosophy,coinedthetermBlackPowerandworkedinAlabama,asavotingrights
activist.HistorianRayfordLoganservedaschairoftheDepartmentofHistory,E.
FranklinFrazierservedaschairoftheDepartmentofSociology,andSterlingAllen
BrownservedaschairoftheDepartmentofEnglish.
Afterbeingrefusedadmissiontothethenwhites-onlyUniversityofMarylandSchool
ofLaw,ThurgoodMarshall,ayoungLincolnUniversitygraduate,enrolledatHoward
UniversitySchoolofLawinstead.TherehestudiedunderCharlesHamiltonHouston,a
HarvardLawSchoolgraduateandleadingcivilrightslawyerwhoatthetimewasdean
ofHowardslawschool.HoustontookMarshallunderhiswing,andthetwoforged
afriendshipthatwouldlastfortheremainderofHoustonslifeandforeverchange
America.HowardUniversitywasthesitewhereMarshallandhisteamoflegalscholars
fromaroundthenationpreparedtoarguethelandmarkBrownv.BoardofEducationcase.
FigureD-2:FoundersLibraryontheCampusofHowardUniversity
isanIconicBuildingthathasBeenDeclaredaNationalHistoric
Landmark
Page 20 LoWer 0eorg|a Averue Trarspor|a||or ard S|ree|scape lrproverer| S|ud] F|ra| Repor|
T|e 0C Corpre|ers|ve P|ar
Role of the Comprehensive Plan
TheDCComprehensivePlanprovidesaframeworkforthegrowthandrevitalizationof
thecity.ItincludesdetailedmapsandpoliciesforthephysicaldevelopmentoftheDistrict
ofColumbiaandaddressessocialandeconomicissuesthataffectandarelinkedtothe
developmentofthecityanditscitizens.Theplanallowsthecommunitytopredictand
understandthecourseoffuturepublicactions,aswellasshapeprivate-sectorinvestment
andactivities.ItallowstheDistricttoensurethatitsresourcesareusedwiselyand
effciently and that public investment is focused in areas where it is needed most. The
ComprehensivePlanprovidesguidanceonthechoicesnecessarytomaketheDistricta
bettercity.
Itshouldbenotedthatnosinglepersonororganizationisinapositiontomakedecisions
thatencompasstheComprehensivePlan.Manyresidents,governmentalagencies,
businesses,institutions,andleadershavehelpedshapetheplan.
TheComprehensivePlanisthecriticallong-termplanningdocumentthatunderpins
theLowerGeorgiaAvenueStudyanalysis.Sincethelastupdatein2006smaller,more
focusedplanningeffortshaveexpandedupontheComprehensivePlan,givingitmore
texture.TheLowerGeorgiaAvenueStudyisinformedbytheplanslargeandsmall
effortsandseekstodesignimprovementstoachievethegeneraldesiresoftheplan.
History
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
C r e s t w o o d
N o r t h
H o w a r d
U n i v e r s i t y
L e D r o i t
P a r k
P a r k
V i e w
M o u n t
P l e a s a n t
L a n i e r
H e i g h t s
A d a m s
M o r g a n
K a l o r a m a
H e i g h t s
W o o d l e y
P a r k
a n d
k
E c k i n g t o n
B r
1 6 t h
S t r e e t
H e i g h t s
Bl oomi ngdal e
E d g e w o o d
U n i v e r s i
H e i g h t s
N o r t h
M i c h i g a n
P a r k
Q u e e n s
C h a p e l
B r i g h t w o o d
P a r k
P e t w o r t h
C r e s t w o o d
Stronghold
P l e a s a n t
P l a i n s
odl and-
manst one
er r ace
P l e a s a n t
H i l l
F o r t
T o t t e n
F o r e s t
H i l l s
C a r d o z o /
S h a w
C o l u m b i a
H e i g h t s
Fort Totten
Brookland-CUA
Georgia Ave-Petworth
Columbia
Heights
Cleveland Park
n Ness-UDC
Rhode
Island Ave-
Brentwood
U Street/African-
Amer Civil
War Memorial/Cardozo
Woodley Park-
Zoo/Adams Morgan
P UERTO
RI CO
AVE
NE
WATERSIDE
DR
7TH
ST
NE
30T H
ST
NW
W
OODLEY
PL
NW
MCGILL TER N W
RD RD NW
BRENTWOOD
RD
NE
PINEY BRANCH
PKWY
NW
S AR
SHEPHERD ST NW
S HER M
AN
AVE
NW
UPTON ST NW
COLORADO
AVE
NW
W
ARDER
ST
NW
2N D
ST
NW
AVE
NW
5TH
ST
N W
GRANT
RD
NW
MCMILLAN DR NW
BATES
RD
NE
9TH
ST
NW
1 0 T H
S T
N E
D R
N W
11TH
ST
NE
8TH
ST
NE
28TH ST
NW
T ST NE
BELMONT RD NW
4TH
ST NE
HOWARD PL NW
6T H
PL
NE
1ST
PL
NE
KEN
CLERM
O NT
D R
N E
27TH
BARRY PL NW
V ST NE
PARK RD
NW
QUINCYSTNW
CLIFTON ST NW
TAYLOR ST NW
RI D G E
RD
NW
R O C K
MICHIGAN AVE NW
R
N W
WYOMI NG AVE NW
NW
RO S S
DR
N
W
R E ED
S T
N E
FARADAY P L NE
KENYON ST NW
V ST NW
DELAFIELD PL NW
1 2 T H
P L
N E
WEBSTER ST NW
ST
NE
RANDOLPH
CALVERT ST NW
12TH
ST
N E
GIRARD
BL A GDEN
TER
NW
W ST NW
WEBSTER ST NE
2ND
ST
NE
V ST NE
W ST
NE
EVARTS ST NE
BRYANT ST NW
1ST
S
V ST NW
LINCOLN
RD
NE
VARNUM ST NE
MORTON ST NW
2N D
S T
N W
EUCLID ST NW
ADAMS ST NW
HARVARD ST NW
ST
NW
HAWAII
AVE
NE BLAGDEN AVE NW
OAK S T NW
1 S T
S T
UPSHUR ST N
GALLATIN ST
O NT AR IO
R
D
NW
T H
S T
N W
7T H
ST
NE
DECATUR ST NE
EVARTS ST NE
9 TH
ST
NE
WEBSTER ST NW
2ND
ST
NE
NEWTON
ST
NW
3R D
S T
N W
10T H
ST
NW
9T H
S T
N E
KENNEDY ST NW
3 R D
VERM
ONT
AVE
NW
ILLINOIS
AVE
NW
U ST NE
ROCK
CREEK
CHURCH
RD
NW
KLIN
GLE
RD NW MONROE ST NW
6TH
ST
NW
QUINCY
BEACH
DR
NW
15TH
ST
NW
ALLISON ST NW
IRVING ST
NE
ALLISON ST NW
VARNUM ST NW
I NGLESIDE TER NW
EDGEWOOD
ST
NE
EMERSON ST NW
17T H
ST
N
W
5TH
ST
NE
ST
NW
ILLINOI S
AVE
NW
4 T H
S T
NW
1ST
ST
NW
KENNEDY ST NW
ARKANSAS
AVE
NW
17T H
ST
N
W
FULLER ST NW
FLORIDA
A
BRYANT ST NE
MICHIGAN
AVE
NE
M
OUNT
PLEASA NT
ST
NW
ST
NW
NEW
HAMPSHIRE
AVE
NW
OTIS PL NW
B R
OAD
BRAN CH
RD
NW
N ST NW
HOLM
EAD
PL
NW
FLORIDA
AVE
NW
OGDEN
ST NW
EUCLID ST NW
JOHN
M
CCORM
ACK
RD
NE
19TH
ST
NW
NW
NEW
HAM
PSHIRE
AVE
NW
SWANN ST NW
LINNEAN
A V E
NW
KILBOURNE PL NW
VARNUM ST NW
QUEBEC ST NW
NORTH
CAPITOL
INGRAHAM ST NW
8TH
ST
N E
9TH
ST
NE
NW
KANSAS
AVE
NW
ARGYL
TER
NW
COLUMBIA RD NW
IOWA AVE NW
GALLOWAY ST
NE HAMILTON ST NE
FARRAGUT ST
NE
DECATUR ST NW
NORTH
C A P I T O L
S T
1 3 T H
S T
N E
KANSAS
AVE
H OBART ST NW
WOODLEY RD NW
GALLATIN ST NW
FARRAGUT ST NW
TAYLOR ST NW
SOUTH
DAKOTA
BUCHANAN ST NW
TODD PL NE
LAMONT ST NW
HAMLIN
HAREW
OOD
RD
NE
2ND
ST
NW
20TH
ST
NW
V ST NW
PARK
R D
N W
T ST NE
FRANKLIN ST
1ST
ST
NE
T ST NW
VARNUM ST N
RD
NE
JEFFERSON ST NW
CRITTENDEN ST NE
5 T H
S T
N W
19T H
ST
N
W
1 3 TH
ST
NW
1 0 T H
S T
N E
QUINCY ST NW
EMERSON S
8TH
ST
NE
HAMILTON ST NW
SHEPHERD ST NW
HARVA RD ST NW
14T H
S A R G E N T
R D
NE
KALORAMA
RD
NW
NW
HOBART PL NW
4 T H
S T
N W
4T H
ST
NE
16T H
ST
U ST NW
PERRY PL NW
P
A R K
P L
N W
ALLISON S
9 T H
S T
N W
7T H
ST
NE
SPRING
RD
NW
ADAMS
MILL
RD
NW
DECATUR ST NW
MERIDIAN PL NW
SUM
M
I T
PL
NE
1 2 T H
S T
N E
TAYLOR ST
CRITTENDEN ST NW
RANDOLPH ST NW
W ST NW
8 T H
S T
UPSHUR ST NW
!(
0 750 1,500 2,250
Feet

Government of the
District of Columbia
Anthony A. Williams, Mayor
Office of Planning ~ December 20, 2006
Comprehensive Plan
Generalized
Policy
This map was created for planning
purposes from a variety of sources.
It is neither a survey nor a legal document.
Information provided by other agencies
should be verified with them where appropriate.
1
3
6
9
8 7
2
5 4
11
10
Map 4
Neighborhood Conservation Areas
Other Map Elements
Federal Lands
Central Washington
Parks - Federal and District-owned
Institutional Uses
Commercial/ Mixed Use Areas
Main Street Mixed Use Corridors
Neighborhood Commercial Centers
Central Employment Area
Land Use Change Areas
Neighborhood Enhancement Areas
Multi-Neighborhood Centers
Regional Centers
!( Enhanced/New Neighborhood Centers
Enhanced/New
Multi-Neighborhood Centers !(
Land Use Change Areas (Federal)
Water Bodies
OPID0011052
Armed Forces
Retirement Home
West
Armed Forces
Retirement Home
East
Fort
Totten
Metro
Brooklan
Metro
McMillan Sand
Filtration Site
Howard University
Town Center
Rhode Island
Avenue Metro
FigureD-4:ComprehensivePlanPoliciesforGeorgiaAvenue
Page 21 LoWer 0eorg|a Averue Trarspor|a||or ard S|ree|scape lrproverer| S|ud] F|ra| Repor|
Prev|ous S|ud|es Corp|e|ed |r ||e S|ud] Area
TheprimarymissionoftheLowerGeorgiaAvenueTransportationandStreetscape
Improvementsprojectistosynthesizethepastplanningworkinthecorridorintoa
coherehentdesign.TheteamreviewedpaststudieslistedinFigureD-4andextracted
the general objective and specifc transportation-related fndings.
Overall,planningdocumentssuchastheGreatStreetsFramework,theDUKEplan
andtheSNAPplansemphasizeusingtransportationinfrastructureenhancementsto
demonstratepublicsupportandattentiontothearea,inordertodrawneweconomic
investment. The Rapid Bus Study details specifc locations where bulb-outs can improve
passengerboarding,andsignaltiming/prioritizationcanimprovetraveltimes.Italso
suggestsdedicatedtransitlanesforimprovedservice.
GeorgiaAvenueisgoingthroughatransformation.Thecommunityalongthisdistinctive
streethasparticipatedinextensivepublicmeetingsandhascommunicateditsvisionand
objectives in various studies. In order to focus on design principals, the specifc design
recommendations in each study were identifed and considered as the team developed
designs for transportation and streetscape alternatives. These improvements are the frst
stepinGeorgiaAvenuerealizingitspotentialtobeaGreatStreet.
History
FigureD-4:CoveroftheDUKEReport,oneofthe
PreviousStudiesReviewedforthisReport
Page 22 LoWer 0eorg|a Averue Trarspor|a||or ard S|ree|scape lrproverer| S|ud] F|ra| Repor|
TableD-1:PreviousStudiesintheStudyArea
Study General Key Finding Key Findings Related to Georgia Avenue Study
Great Streets Framework
Plan
Streetscape recommendations, transit recom-
mendations, traffc recommendations
Base study of the Lower Georgia Avenue Study
Suggests ROW specifcations (based on 4 different sections of the corridor)
Pedestrian facility improvements identifed
Bicycle route proposed
Rapid Bus Lines suggested for the study area (suggests headway times also)
Planting and tree strips suggested in different areas of the corridor
Free standing and intersection art proposed

Sherman Avenue Strip Map


Specifc streetscape and transportation fnd-
ings
Provides ROW specifcations for the corridor
Curb dynamics and curb extensions suggested
Sidewalk widening
New bus shelter location recommendations
Additional parking lanes recommendations
Left turn lane addition recommendations within corridor
Green space, landscape, and low shrubs suggested
Stop signs and do not enter signs suggested within the study area

Bicycle Master Plan Facilities recommendations


Designated bicycle lanes given (4th Street, Columbia Road, Harvard Street, U Street, V Street, W Street, and T Street)
Bicycle Plan Route within study area identifed; Streets include: Lamont Avenue, Kenyon Street, and New Hampshire Avenue

DUKE Draft Development


Framework for a Cultural
Destination District
Parking, public realm, transit-oriented develop-
ment, pedestrian, and bicycle related actions
Road extension proposed within study area (W Street and Bryant Street from Georgia Avenue to Florida Avenue)
Creation of an African-American Cultural Destination suggested
Coordination of transportation improvements with rapid transit for the corridor suggested

New Hampshire Avenue


Local Traffc Study
Specifc streetscape,
ROW fndings
Reduction of the road width of Georgia and New Hampshire Avenues by installing medians suggested
Sidewalk, bulb out, Share the Road signs, and high visibility crosswalk installations suggested for the study area
Elimination of parking suggested in areas within the study area
Elimination of left turns suggested in intersections within study area
Tree and hedge replacement suggested

Rapid Bus Study


Bus streetscape fndings
Curb dynamic fndings
Curb extensions suggested
Passenger amenity areas suggested

Georgia Avenue/Petworth
Transit Area Revitalization
Specifc traffc, parking, transit, key intersec-
tions, pedestrian, bicycle, and public realm
fndings
Speed reductions and traffc calming measures suggested
Sidewalk widening, pedestrian improvement and signal installation
Addition of bicycle racks suggested for areas in the study area
Elimination of bus bay along the west side of Georgia Avenue suggested

Uptown Destination District


Parking, transit, transit-oriented development,
pedestrian, bicycle, and public realm actions
Creation of a walkable district suggested
Suggestion of designing of public places for programmable activities suggested for study area

Howard University Master


Plan
Traffc/Parking Modifcations
Parking management and pricing strategies suggested
Parking assignment percentage for Howard University suggested (10 percent of total parking supply)
Modifcation of on-campus vehicle circulation patterns
Inclusion of left, right and thru lanes suggested for Sherman Avenue at Euclid Avenue suggested
Exterior lighting improvements on Georgia Avenue and on campus

Transit Alternatives Report Transit improvement fndings Need for more time effcient transit identifed for the study area
U Street Transportation and
Streetscape
Parking modifcation fndings, traffc and
streetscape modifcations/recommendations
Parking removal and parking additions suggested within the study area
Green space and landscape improvements identifed thru the corridor

History
Page 23 LoWer 0eorg|a Averue Trarspor|a||or ard S|ree|scape lrproverer| S|ud] F|ra| Repor|
ProjectProcess
L. Puo||c Par||c|pa||or
|. Process
||. Puo||c Vee||rgs
F. Corr|dor Rev||a||za||or \|s|or ard 0u|de||res
|. 0rea| S|ree|s P|ar
||. Corr|dor \|s|or P|ar

History
Page 24 LoWer 0eorg|a Averue Trarspor|a||or ard S|ree|scape lrproverer| S|ud]
F|ra| Repor|
Puo||c Par||c|pa||or Process
Acomprehensiveeffortwasmadetoengagelocalbusinessesandtheresidential
communityintheLowerGeorgiaAvenueTransportationandStreetscapeImprovements
StudybetweenJune2006andMay2007.Usingacommunity-basedplanningapproach,
extensiveoutreachwasconductedwithstakeholderstoencourageparticipationandinvite
theiropinions,concerns,andideas.Thepublicinformationcomponentwasinteractive
andoverseenbyaSteeringCommitteeconsistingofacross-sectionofcommunity,
civic,andbusinessleaders.Sevenmeetingswereheld,andmeetingsummarieswere
preparedanddistributedbroadlyviadirectmail,online,andatpubliclibrarydisplays.
Considerableeffortwasmadetoensurethatcommunicationswereclear,transparent,and
inclusive.
Thefollowingoutreachwasconductedtoengagethecommunity:
Door-to-doordistributionofmeetingnoticesandface-to-facecontactwithevery
businessalongtheLowerGeorgiaAvenuecorridorwasmadepriortoeachofthe
threecommunitymeetings.
Three thousand fiers were hand-delivered to residents between 4th Street and
ShermanAvenueandbetweenFloridaAvenueandNewHampshireAvenueprior
toeachofthethreecommunitymeetings.PresentationsweremadeatANC1A
CommunityMeetings.
PresentationsweremadeatANC1Acommunitymeetings.
TelephoneoutreachwasconductedtomembersoftheSteeringCommitteeandkey
individualstobuildattendanceateachSteeringCommitteeandcommunitymeeting.
Thosecontactedincludedthefollowing:
AdvisoryNeighborhoodCommissionersforANC1AandANC1B
Keycivicandcommunityorganizationsrepresentingnon-Englishspeaking
residents
Educational, cultural, faith, and nonproft organizations
GeorgiaAvenuebusinessleaders
Smallbusinessownersandlocaldevelopers
A.
B.
C.
D.

FigureE-1:CitizensAttendingaLowerGeorgiaAvenueCommunity
Meeting
E.PublicParticipation
Page 25 LoWer 0eorg|a Averue Trarspor|a||or ard S|ree|scape lrproverer| S|ud] F|ra| Repor|
Pre-eventpublicitywasgeneratedthroughmediaadvisoriesandfollow-upmedia
outreach,whichincludedthefollowingmediaoutlets:
TheWashingtonPost NewsChannel8
WJLA-TV7ABC WUSA-TV9CBSWOL-AM
SatelliteOne XMRadio
WTOPRadio WHUR
WMMJ WTTG-TV5FOX
ABCRadio RadioOne
ClearChannel WMALRadio
WPFW WRC-TV4NBC
CurrentNewspapers ElTiempoLatino
ElPregonero LaNacion
HispanicLink HillRag
TheIntowner WashingtonAfro-American
KoreanTimes AsianFortune
CapitalCommunityNews TheCommonDenominator
TheWashingtonBusinessJournal WashingtonInformer
CapitolSpotlight
Media relations were coordinated with Councilmember Jim Grahams offce, DDOT
Director Emeka Monemes offce, and DDOTs Public Information Offcer, Erik
Linden.Pre-eventnoticesappearedinTheWashingtonPostsDistrictWeekly,the
NorthwestCurrent,andtheWashingtonInformer.Publicserviceannouncements
(PSAs)weremadeonChannels4and16andWPFW.
Channel16providedday-of-eventandpost-eventmediacoverageandairedeach
community meeting and workshop for fve days.
Aphotographicrecordwasmadeofeachcommunitymeetingandworkshop.
CopiesofeachSteeringCommitteeandcommunitymeetingsummarywereavailable
atthePetworthandMartinLutherKingJr.LibrariesandonDDOTswebsite.
E.
F.
G.
H.
I.
FigureE-2:CitizensParticipateattheDesignWorkshopinwhich
ResidentswereGivenaChancetoConsiderChangesintheCorridor
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F|ra| Repor|
Puo||c Vee||rgs
Thecomprehensivecommunityengagementforthestudyresultedinbroadawareness
andcommunityparticipation.SeveralcommunityleadersapplaudedDDOTforengaging
localbusinessesandresidentstoparticipateintheearlydesignprocess.Thefollowing
publicmeetingswereheld:
October10,2006 30peopleattendedtheinitialSteeringCommitteemeeting.
November14,2006 70peopleparticipatedintheCommunityWorkshop.
December6,2006 20peopleattendedtheSteeringCommitteemeeting.
January27,2007 100peopleparticipatedintheCommunityDesignWorkshop.
May22,2007 60peopleparticipatedintheCommunityOpenHouseand
DesignPresentation.
Commentsandconcernsofbusinessownerswhowereunabletoattendthesemeetings
wereobtainedduringdoor-to-dooroutreach.Someownersexpressedconcernsthattheir
businesseswouldbeadverselyaffectedbytheredevelopmentofGeorgiaAvenueduring
constructionandbyareductioninavailableon-streetparking.Thestudyaddressedthese
concerns during its fnal design and proposal for off-street, garage parking.
FigureE-3:DDOTDirectorEmekaMoneme
InteractswithResidentsataCommunityMeeting
PublicParticipation
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F|ra| Repor|
PublicParticipation
0rea| S|ree|s P|ar
TheGreatStreetsFrameworkPlandevelopedtransportationrecommendationsforeach
corridor, defned in three modal parts: pedestrian/bicycle, transit, and vehicular. These
recommendationswereusedasthefoundationfortheconceptdesign.
Right-of-Way (ROW) Confguration
TheillustrationsforSectionsAthroughDshowtheoptionsfortheright-of-way
confgurations created by the Great Streets Framework Plan. Sections A and B illustrate
twotravellanessouthbound(towardthedowntownWashingtonDCarea),andasingle
lanenorthbound(towardtheSilverSpring,Maryland,area).OptionsCandDeach
showtwotravellanesinboththenorthboundandsouthbounddirections,withnotransit
lanedesignation.ForSectionA,oneofthesouthboundtravellanesisdesignatedasa
sharedtransitlane,andtheotherwouldbeasingletravellane.Theonlytravellanein
thenorthbounddirectionforthissectionisasharedtransitlane.SectionBdiffersfrom
SectionAintheamountofright-of-wayallocatedforstreetscape(12feetoneachsideof
thestreet).Theright-of-wayis50feetforbothSectionsAandB.Allsectionsincludean
8-foot-wideparkinglaneineachdirection.
ROWOption1RapidBusImprovements
Section A and B, the improvements create an asymmetrical confguration with travel
lanes
ROWOption2StreetcarImprovements
Curbsidetransitstopswouldrequirethestreetcartomaneuverintoatravellanefrom
thesharedtransitlane.
Pedestrian facilities
TheGreatStreetsPlanrecommendsthatbulboutsbeconstructedatintersections
adjacenttobusstopsanddedicatedparkinglanes.Inaddition,highvisibilitycrosswalk
improvementsweresuggestedforareasalongthecorridor.ForSectionBonly,the
sidewalkwouldbewidenedtwofeetoneachside.

F.CorridorRevitalizationVision&Guidelines
FigureF-2:SectionBofProposedGreatStreetsCrossSection
FigureF-1:SectionAofProposedGreatStreetsCrossSection
Page 28 LoWer 0eorg|a Averue Trarspor|a||or ard S|ree|scape lrproverer| S|ud] F|ra| Repor|
FigureF-3:SectionCofProposedGreatStreets
CrossSection
FigureF-4:SectionDofProposedGreatStreetsCross
Section
Bike facilities
Suggestedbicycleusesforthecorridorincludethefollowing:
Facilitatebicycleuseatthesouthernendofthecorridorbyasignedbicyclerouteon
6thStreetfromKStreettoUStreet.Theroutewouldcontinueon4thand5thStreets
betweenTStreetandColumbiaRoad.
Atthenorthernendofthecorridor,13thStreetwouldserveasasignedbicycleroute
fromHarvardStreettoPineyBranchRoad.ExistingbicyclelanesonPineyBranch
Roadarerecommendedtobeextendedto13thStreetintheBicycleMasterPlan.
HarvardStreetandColumbiaRoadprovidedirectionalconnectivitybetweenthetwo
routes.
Vehicle/Parking facilities
Signalcoordinationandtransitsignalprioritizationshouldbereviewedandimprovements
implemented as necessary to provide an effcient and effective corridor for all modes of
traffc. For all sections, left-turn pockets should be striped at intersections where no bulb-
outsareplanned.
Right-of-WayOption1RapidBus
Parkinglaneswouldbeprovidedalongtheentirelengthofthecorridor,andthe
provisionforoff-streetparkingatretaillocationswouldencouragepedestrianuseofthe
areaoncetheirvehiclehasbeenparked.
Travelingsouthboundintodowntown,twotravellaneswouldbemaintainedtheentire
lengthofthecorridor.
SectionsAandBwouldhaveonetravellanefromdowntown,transitioningtotwotravel
lanesinSectionsCandD.
Right-of-WayOption2Streetcar
Parkinglaneswouldbeprovidedalongtheentirelengthofthecorridor,withthe
exceptionofSectionC,whereparkingwouldberestrictedduringpeakperiods.
Off-peaktravellaneswouldberestrictedtoasinglelaneineachdirection,asshownin
SectionC.

CorridorRevitalization
Vision&Guidelines
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Corr|dor \|s|or
Greatstreetsrarelyhappenbyaccident;greatstreetsrequirevision,knowledge,and
implementationtomakethemhappen.ThevisionstatedintheGreatStreetsFramework
Planfor7thStreet,GeorgiaAvenueisasfollows:
ProvidingadirectconnectionfromDowntownSilverSpringandDowntown
Washington,DC,GeorgiaAvenueisaveryurbancorridor.MajorEducational,
InstitutionalandCulturaldestinationslinetheCorridor.Highqualityenhancedtransit
shuttlespatronstotheDistinctandvariedretailandemploymentcentersseparated
byexpandedresidentialneighborhoods.Inspirationfordesignisdrawnfromtherich
culturaldiversity.
Thevisionalsoincludescreatingacontext-sensitivetransportationnetworkwith
GeorgiaandShermanAvenuesservingasfocuscorridorswhereimprovementswouldbe
madetomakeeachstreetagreatplaceforwalking,commerce,casualinteraction,and
transportation.
Inaddition,thevisionincludesmakingGeorgiaAvenueawalkable,invitingmultimodal
corridorthatdrawsonitsAfrican-Americanheritage,particularlythehistoricHoward
University,tocreateaculturaldestinationalongGeorgiaAvenuebetweenFloridaAvenue
andBarryPlace.ThevisionincludestransitionstodistinctiveplacesnorthalongGeorgia
AvenuetoNewHampshireAvenuethattakeadvantageoftheGeorgiaAvenue/Florida
Avenueintersectiontocreateagatewayintothisculturalandhistoricaldestination.

Distinctive and dignifed themes and objectives for design opportunities for Georgia
Avenueareasfollows:
Walkability
Cultural/historicaldestination
Gateway
Effcient operation of all modes

Figure F-5: A Confuence of Several Attractive Design Elements


CorridorRevitalization
Vision&Guidelines
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0es|gr 0u|de||res ard L|erer|s
Walkability
Thegoalistopromotewalkabilitybyprovidingacomfortableandsafepedestrian
experiencealongGeorgiaandShermanAvenues.Thebeststreetsarepleasantfor
pedestrians.Theycontaindestinationsforthosewalkingandprioritizetheirneedssuch
thatvehiclesareslowedtoallowsaferandmorecomfortablepedestriancrossings.
Distinctive and complementary design elements:
Improvedcrossings
Alternativepavingmaterials,includingpermeableunitpavers
Striping
Signage
Widesidewalks
Landscaping
Barriersremoved(pipingremoved)
Treegrates/fences/boxesreplacedorrepaired
Benches
Goodmaintenance
Alternative Paving Materials
Alternative pavement materials provide opportunities for spatial defnition and the
recognitionofspecialareas.Theyshouldbethoughtfullyselectedandarrangedsoasto
achievethefollowing:
Fulfll functional, safety, and durability requirements: Pavement materials should be
ofhighquality,durable,andlowmaintenance.Thefurnishingzoneinretailareas
shouldbeofpermeableunitpaverswhenpossible.

FigureF-6:ExamplesofImprovedPedestrianCrossings
CorridorRevitalization
Vision&Guidelines
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Supportandexpressthedesigntheme:Thedesign,color,andmaterialsofvisible
pavement should fulfll its supporting role as an important visual element of the overall
designtheme.Numerousdesignsarepossible.
Emphasizespecialareas:Specialpavingishighlyeffectiveatdelineatingspatial
relationshipsandcallingattentiontofocalareas.
Specifc Recommendations
Pedestriandesignelementsforthisprojecthavebeencategorizedintothefollowingthree
areas:
Gatewayimprovements
Transit-orientedimprovementstoimprove,ease,andenhancethewalk/transittransition.
Crossingsshouldbesafeorshortened.
Overallpedestrianactivitydesignelementsshouldenhancepedestrianactivityinthe
area.
Table F-1: Intersections where Opportunities Exist for Pedestrian Enhancements
Gateway
Transit-
Oriented
Enhanced
pedestrian
activity
GeorgiaAvenueatFloridaAvenue * *
GeorgiaAvenueatWStreet *
GeorgiaAvenueatBarryPlace/
BryantStreet
*
GeorgiaAvenueatIrvingStreet * *
GeorgiaAvenueatLamontStreet * *
GeorgiaAvenueatParkRoad * *
GeorgiaAvenueatHowardPlace * *

CorridorRevitalization
Vision&Guidelines
FigureF-7:ExamplesofAlternativePavingMaterials
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Plannedpedestrianimprovementsatthefollowingkeyintersectionsshouldbereviewed
toensureappropriatepedestrianenhancementsaremade:
ShermanAvenueandBarryPlace
ShermanAvenueandEuclidStreet
ShermanAvenueandIrvingStreet
ShermanAvenueandParkRoad
Opportunity Segments along Georgia Avenue for Pedestrian Enhancements
FloridaAvenuetoWStreet
This section of sidewalk is six feet wide, which typically is suffcient for pedestrian
activity. However, a hedge adjacent to the sidewalk creates a confned feel for
pedestrians. This section would beneft from pedestrian treatments, organized street
furniture,andmorespaceforpedestrianactivity.Thissegmentshouldemphasizethe
culturaldestinationandguidepedestrianstoHowardUniversityandHowardUniversity
Hospital,aswellasotherimportantdestinations.
WStreettoBarryPlace
Currently this segment confnes pedestrians and has high volumes of traffc (all
transportation modes). Organized street furniture and improved pedestrian fow are
needed.Thesegmentshouldemphasizetheculturaldestinationandguidepedestrians
toHowardUniversityandHowardUniversityHospitalasdistinctandimportant
destinations.
BarryPlacetoEuclidStreet
Thissegmentpresentsexistingobstaclesformultimodaltransportation,includingahigh
chain-linkfenceonthewestsideofGeorgiaAvenueandawallontheeastside.The
landscapingandplantingshouldcreatevarietyandevokeHowardUniversity.Streetscape
designelementsshouldberescaledtocreateapedestrianpaththroughartandlandscape.
Theheritageanddistinctivedesignelementsmentionedaboveshouldbecontinued,but
theyshouldtransitiontodesignelementsappropriateforresidentialandsmallbusinesses
alongthissegment.

FigureF-8:StreetFurnitureandDistinctivePlantings
CorridorRevitalization
Vision&Guidelines
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EuclidStreettoColumbiaRoad
Thissegmentcontainsseveralcurbcutsfordriveways.Inaddition,theexisting
pedestrianenvironmenthasvaryingsidewalkwidthsandcontainsbarriers(piperailings).
Smallbusinessesandretailarelocatedinthissegment.Thepedestrianrealmneedstobe
improvedbyremovingthepiperailings,unnecessarystreetsignsandsidewalkobstacles,
enhancingpedestriancrossings,andpotentiallynarrowinglanewidthstoextendthe
sidewalkandshortenpedestriancrossings.Alleysshouldbeimprovedsodeliveriescan
bemovedoffofGeorgiaAvenue.
ColumbiaRoadtoNewHampshireAvenue
Thissegmentshouldcontinuethedistinctivethemeofthecorridorbutvarythedesign
elements to refect the design of New Hampshire Avenue and be consistent with the
priorities and intersection design expressed in the New Hampshire Avenue traffc study.
Cultural/Historical Destinations
The streetscape should refect, serve, and enhance the cultural and historical destination.
DistinctiveandComplementaryDesignElements:
Architecturalcontinuity
Detaileddesignandqualityconstruction
Culturalheritageplaquesandsigns
Streetfurniture
Alternatepavingmaterials
Plantings and landscaping provide outstanding opportunities for spatial defnition
andthepositiveexpressionoflandscapecharacter
Publicart
BikerackdesignthatevokestheAfrican-Americanculturalthemeofthecorridor
Pedestrian-onlywalkway/plazastreet
Transitsheltersandfacilitieswithculturalandhistoricaldesign
Greenspace

CorridorRevitalization
Vision&Guidelines
FigureF-9:ExamplesofWideSidewalkswithLandscaping
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Cultural/HistoricalDestinationOpportunityAreas:
AnopportunityexistsattheSherman/Florida/Bryantintersectiontocreatea
complementarygatewaywithapublicart/performancespace/smallparkspace.
Eventswouldnotbeprogrammed;ratherthiswouldbeaspacewherethecommunity
cangatherforoutdoormusic,artsandcraftsexhibits,andgames.
Anopportunityexistsforapedestrian-onlywalkwayorplazastreet,whichwould
serveasapromenadeforpedestriansalongthepotentialextensionsofBryantandW
Streets.
Opportunityareasshouldbefocusedatthefollowinglocations(seeFigureF-12):
Sherman/Florida/BryantAvenuesarea
SegmentfromFloridaAvenuetoBarryStreet
SegmentfromBarryStreettoEuclidStreet
FiguresF-13andF-14representtheDUKEplansvisionforGeorgiaAvenuefromFlorida
AvenuetoRhodeIslandAvenue.TheDUKEPlanseekstoguidefuturedevelopment
strategicallybycapitalizinguponthehistoriccontextofGeorgiaAvenuetorestorethis
areaintoacontemporaryuptownneighborhoodwith18-hourdestinations.TheDUKE
PlanhelpedtocreateavisionforpartofLowerGeorgiaAvenue,andisconsistentwith
DDOTsvisionforLowerGeorgiaAvenue.

A.
B.
C.
FigureF-11:CulturalHeritagePlaque FigureF-10:DistinctiveLighting
Elements
CorridorRevitalization
Vision&Guidelines
FigureF-12:OpportunityAreaoftheLowerGeorgiaAvenueCorridor
A
B
C
Page 35 LoWer 0eorg|a Averue Trarspor|a||or ard S|ree|scape lrproverer| S|ud] F|ra| Repor|
CorridorRevitalization
Vision&Guidelines
Gateways
Agatewayisademarcationprovidingavisualcuetotravelersthattheyareenteringan
area,district,orneighborhood.Gatewaysarecontextsensitiveandvarywidely.They
canbeindicatedbysimplesignsorspeciallandscapetreatmentsaswellaselaborateand
formalmarkers,suchasanobelisk,archway,orsculpture.Theycanalsobeestablished
experientiallythroughthesequentialplacementofseveralrelatedelements.Theintersection
ofGeorgiaandFloridaAvenuesprovidesanopportunityforagateway.
DistinctiveandComplementaryGatewayDesignElements:
Formal/dramaticdemarcation(suchasasculpture,arch,obelisk,orotherpublicart
form) that establishes the cultural/historical theme of the corridor and signifes the
entranceofanewplace
DistinctivepavingfortheentireintersectionofGeorgiaandFloridaAvenues,including
theintersectionsinterior(box)
Cultural/specialmarking(suchasmusicnotes)onpedestriancrossingsatintersection
Streetfurniturethemeatintersection
Changinganddistinctivesignagethroughoutthecorridor
Transitstopsincorporatingculturalthemesthroughoutthecorridor
Plantingshungonlightpolestomarkentry

FigureF-14:StreetscapeRenderingfromtheDUKEPlan
FigureF-13:StreetscapeRenderingfromtheDUKEPlan
FigureF-15:AnExampleofGatewayDesign
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FigureF-16:VariousBicycleRackDesigns
Effcient Operation of All Modes
Multimodaloperationsshouldsupportthecorridorasavibrantculturalandhistorical
destinationaswellasawalkableplace.Transitandemergencyvehiclesmustbeableto
operate effciently.
DistinctiveandComplementaryDesignElements:
Modify lane confgurations and geometry to accommodate all modes of
transportation
Coordinatepotentialgeometrychangeswithtransitsignalprioritization,depending
on analysis and modifcation
Ensure effcient operations and design for transit (including express bus) and
emergencyvehicles
Consolidatedrivewaysandeliminatecurbcutswherepossible
Side streets: add bike-detected loops to give bikes suffcient time at crossings
Maximizeon-streetparallelparkingandidentifyopportunitiesfordiagonalparking
cutouts,wherepossible
Identifyopportunitiesforpedestrianrefugeisland(s),whereappropriate
IntersectionAlternativesandOperationsAnalysis:
RoundaboutatFloridaandShermanAvenues
NoleftturnfromGeorgiaAvenuetoFloridaAvenue
DedicatedleftlaneonGeorgiaAvenuetoBryantPlace
Pedestrian signal timings review for suffciency and adjustment at key pedestrian
crossings
PedestrianSignalTimingprovidingpedestriantwosecondheadstartatkey
pedestriancrossings

CorridorRevitalization
Vision&Guidelines
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CorridorRevitalization
Vision&Guidelines
CorridorAlternativesandModelingScenarios:
RemoveparkingbetweenFloridaAvenueandBryantAvenue
ProvideTransit-onlylane
ProvideTransitandturning-onlylanes
ReviewHowardTownCentermodelandassumptions
Analyzeorigin-destinationhigh-quality,high-capacitycorridormaysupport
development goals of the place versus regional traffc passing through the corridor

FigureF-17:ExamplesofTransit-OnlyLanesinPractice
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ExistingConditions
0. Lard use
|. L|s||rg Lard use ard 0eve|oprer|
||. Proposed Lard use ard 0eve|oprer|
l. L|s||rg Cord|||ors Trarspor|a||or
|. 0escr|p||or o| ||e Corr|dor
||. 0verv|eW o| S|ud] lr|ersec||ors
iii. Traffc Conditions
|v. Par||rg Cord|||ors
v. Trars|| Fac|||||es
v|. Pedes|r|ar ard 8|c]c|e Fac|||||es
v||. Sa|e|]
l. L|s||rg Cord|||ors Puo||c Rea|r
|. S|deWa||s
||. L|g|||rg
|||. S|ree| Furr|s||rgs
|v. l|s|or] ard Cu||ure

Page 39 LoWer 0eorg|a Averue Trarspor|a||or ard S|ree|scape lrproverer| S|ud] F|ra| Repor|
L|s||rg Lard use ard 0eve|oprer|
TravelingnorthalongGeorgianeartheintersectionofFlorida
Avenue,landuseisprimarilyinstitutionalaroundHoward
University,HowardUniversityHospital,andBannekerHigh
School.AclusterofretailbusinessesarelocatedatBarryPlace,
includingafast-foodrestaurantdrive-through,andBryantStreet,
includinganumberofsmallretailshops,acoffeeshop,anda
universitybookstore.
FromthevicinityofEuclidStreettravelingnorth,thewest
sideofGeorgiaAvenuecomprisessmallretailestablishments,
includingtake-outrestaurants,ahealthfoodstore,avideorental,
barbershops,automotiverepair,andconveniencestores.The
eastsideofGeorgiaAvenuecontainsuniversitybuildingsuntil
approximatelyHobartStreetwheresmallretailbusinessesare
located.
Proposed Lard use ard 0eve|oprer|

Overlay Zoning
The Offce of Planning proposed that the zoning commission add
anewcommercialoverlayzonefortheGeorgiaAvenue/Petworth
MetroStationarea.ThiszoningoverlayforGeorgiaAvenueis
partofastrategytoattractinvestment,createjobs,andenhance
thecorridorsimage.
FigureG-1:ExistingLandUseintheLowerGeorgiaAvenuecorridor
G. LandUse
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Thefollowingobjectivesoftheoverlaydistrictwereoutlinedinamemorandumfromthe
Offce of Planning to the Zoning Commission (November 2006):
ImplementthegoalsoftheGreatStreetsFramework
Encourageadditionalresidentialuses
Encourageimprovedcommercialuses
Providecommondesignstandards
Proposed Development
SeveralnewdevelopmentsareslatedforconstructionalongGeorgiaAvenue,whichwould
transformthecorridorintoaseriesofneighborhoodcoreswithvibrantanddiverseretail
centersandhigherqualitymultifamilyresidentialdevelopments.Examplesofthese
developmentsincludetheGeorgiaAvenue/PetworthMetrorailstationarea,theColumbia/
Harvardintersections,andHowardTownCenter.
Mixed-usedevelopmentisbeingconstructedneartheGeorgiaAvenue/PetworthMetrorail
stationareawith148condominiumsand17,000squarefeetofretail.Amixofhigh-density
residentialdevelopmentandlocalretailservicesisproposedneartheColumbia/Harvard
intersections. Howard University will develop a signifcant portion of its land into a
residential, offce, and retail center to be called Howard Town Center, which will include
morethan300apartments,72,000squarefeetofretailincludingahigh-endgrocerystore,
and500publicparkingspaces.
Developmentsproposedorunder-constructionareshowninFiguresG-5andG-6.

Figure G-2: Planned Overlay Zoning District for Lower Georgia Avenue
LandUse
FigureG-3:GeorgiaAvenue/PetworthMetrorail
stationDevelopment
FigureG-4:HowardTownCenter
Development
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LandUse
FigureG-5:NorthernPortionof
StudyArea
4136GeorgiaAvenue
TheResidencesatGeorgia
Avenue-4100GeorgiaAvenue
NW
4000BlockWest-Georgia
AvenueNW
3910-3912GeorgiaAvenueNW
3800BlockWest-Georgia
AvenueNW(SafewaySite)
3800BlockEast-Georgia
AvenueNW
PetworthMetro-3700Block
GeorgiaAvenueNW
3600BlockGeorgiaAvenueNW
3600BlockGeorgiaAvenueNW
3500BlockEast-Georgia
AvenueNW
3400BlockEast-Georgia
AvenueNW
LamontLoftsPhaseII-3300
BlockGeorgiaAvenueNW
LamontLoftsPhaseI-701
LamontStreetNW
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
FigureG-6:SouthernPortionof
StudyArea
HowardTownCenterPhaseI-
2100BlockGeorgiaAvenueNW
AtlanticPlumbingProperties
TheFloridia-9thStreet&
AvenueNW
TheRhapsody-2120Vermont
AvenueNW
AtlanticPlumbingProperties
HowardTownCenterPhaseI-
2100BlockGeorgiaAvenueNW
HousingFinanceAgencySite
AtlanticPlumbingProperties
WMATA-Shaw-Howard
UniversityParcels
WMATA-Shaw-Howard
UniversityParcels
1900Block8thStreetNW
WMATA-Shaw-Howard
UniversityParcels
DunbarTheatreApartments
NCRCParcel
ClevelandElementarySchool
HowardUniversity-Temporary
Offces
BroadcastCenterOne
HowardTheatre-629TStreet
NW
WonderBreadBuilding
NCRCParcel
UnitedHouseofPrayer-
AdjacentLand
NCRCParcel
NCRCParcel
WathaT.DanielShaw
NeighborhoodLibrary
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
Page 42 LoWer 0eorg|a Averue Trarspor|a||or ard S|ree|scape lrproverer| S|ud]
F|ra| Repor|
0escr|p||or o| ||e Corr|dor
Overview of Major Streets in the Study Area
GeorgiaAvenue
GeorgiaAvenue(US29),runsnorth-southandcontinuesintoMarylandwhereitbecomes
MD 97. Georgia Avenue is classifed as a primary arterial and is part of the National
HighwaySystem.ItconnectsWashingtonDCtoI-495andisoneofthe19primary
emergencyevacuation/eventroutes(Eroutes)intheDistrict,aswellasasnowemergency
route. The 2002 average annual weekday traffc (AAWT) on Georgia Avenue was 21,400
vehicles.
Thepostedspeedlimitis30milesperhour(mph)withinthestudyarea.GeorgiaAvenue
hastwotravellanesineachdirectionwithparallelparkingalongthecurb.Themajorland
useiscommercialwithsomeresidential.
FloridaAvenue
Atthesouthernboundaryofthestudyarea,FloridaAvenueisaprincipalarterial.The
westernterminusofFloridaAvenueisatPStreetand23rdStreet.Theeasternterminusis
atHStreet,NEandMarylandAvenueNE.Inthestudyarea,FloridaAvenuecarriesthree
westboundlanesandtwoeastboundlanesbetweenShermanAvenueandGeorgiaAvenue.
The2002AAWTwas27,500vehicles.
NewHampshireAvenue
NewHampshireAvenueisaminorarterialthatbeginsattheKennedyCenterandextends
northeastintoMarylandwhereitbecomesMD650.Inthestudyarea,NewHampshire
Avenuecarriestwolanesineachdirectionwithparallelon-streetparking.Thepostedspeed
limitis30mphwithinthestudyarea.
ShermanAvenue
ShermanAvenuerunsnorth-southfromitsnorthernterminusatNewHampshireAvenueto
itssouthernendatFloridaAvenue.Itisafour-laneroadwaywithon-streetparallelparking.
Duetoutilitywork,southboundShermanAvenueiscurrentlyreducedtoonelanebetween
H.ExistingConditions-Transportation
FigureH-1:GeorgiaAvenueNearNewHampshireAvenue
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KenyonStreetandIrvingStreetandbetweenGirardStreetandFairmontStreet.Parking
alongthestreetwithintheaboveportionsisrestrictedbetween7:00a.m.and6:00p.m.for
differentdays.Thepostedspeedlimitis25mph.The2002AAWTonShermanAvenuewas
16,000vehicles.
ColumbiaRoad
ColumbiaRoadisone-waywestboundwithtwotravellanesfromParkRoadtoConnecticut
Avenue.On-streetparkingisallowedonbothsidesofthestreet.The2002AAWTwas
4,500vehicles.Curbparkingonthesouthsideofthestreetisrestrictedtoresidentswith
a Zone 1 permit. Parking for others is limited to two hours between 7:00 a.m. and 8:30
p.m.,MondaythroughFriday.Onthenorthsideofthestreet,parkingisrestrictedbetween
thehoursof7:00a.m.and4:00p.m.,MondaythroughFriday.Themajorlandusealong
ColumbiaRoadisresidential.
HarvardStreet
HarvardStreetisone-wayeastboundfrom16thStreetto5thStreet.The2002AAWTwas
5,000 vehicles. Parking on both sides of the street is permitted for residences with a Zone
1permit.Forallothers,parkingisrestrictedtotwohoursbetween7:00a.m.and8:30p.m.,
MondaythroughFridayonthenorthsideofthestreet,andbetween9:30a.m.and4:00p.m.,
MondaythroughFridayonthesouthsideofthestreet.
IrvingStreet
IrvingStreetisone-wayeastboundfromAdamsMillRoadtoParkRoad.EastofParkRoad,
this street carries two-way traffc. The 2002 AAWT was 7,000 vehicles. Between Sherman
AvenueNWandGeorgiaAvenueNWparkingispermittedonthenorthsideofthestreet.
However, the majority of this section is restricted to Zone 1 permit holders. Parking for all
othersislimitedtotwohoursbetween7:00a.m.and8:30p.m.MondaythroughFriday.A
shortsegment(30feet)onthenorthsideofthestreetattheeastendisrestrictedtothree-
hourparkingbetween7:00a.m.and6:30p.m.MondaythroughFriday.Onthesouthsideof
thestreet,parkingisrestrictedbetween7:00a.m.and6:30p.m.MondaythroughFriday.
KenyonStreet
KenyonStreetisone-waywestboundfromParkRoadto14thStreet.The2002AAWTwas
FigureH-2:GeorgiaAvenueFacingNorth
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5,100 vehicles. On the south side of the street, parking is restricted to Zone 1 permit holders.
Parkingforallothersislimitedtotwohoursbetween7:00a.m.and8:30p.m.Monday
throughFriday.Onthenorthside,parkingisrestrictedbetween7:00a.m.and9:30a.m.and
4:00p.m.to6:30p.m.MondaythroughFriday.
CollectorRoads
Theremainingstreetswithinthestudyareaarecollectorroadsandareasfollows:Otis
Place,NewtonPlace,MortonStreet,LamontStreet,HobartPlace,GreshamPlace,Girard
Street,FairmontStreet,EuclidStreet,BarryPlace,VStreet,8thStreet,and9thStreet.
0verv|eW o| ||e S|ud] lr|ersec||ors
Traffc (vehicle, pedestrian, and bicycle) data were collected at the following 13
intersections:
GeorgiaAvenueatNewHampshireAvenue
GeorgiaAvenueatParkRoad
GeorgiaAvenueatIrvingStreet
GeorgiaAvenueatHarvardStreet
GeorgiaAvenueatBarryPlace
GeorgiaAvenueatBryantStreet
GeorgiaAvenueatWStreet
GeorgiaAvenueatFloridaAvenue
NewHampshireAvenueatSpringRoad
NewHampshireAvenueatMonroeStreet/ParkRoad/ShermanAvenue
ShermanAvenueatKenyonStreet
ShermanAvenueatColumbiaRoad
FloridaAvenueatVermontAvenue
Georgia Avenue at New Hampshire Avenueisasix-legintersection.Theadditionaltwo
legsoftheintersectionareformedbyRockCreekChurchRoad.TheRockCreekChurch

ExistingConditions-
Transportation
FigureH-3:FloridaAvenueFacingWest
FigureH-4:NewHampshireAvenueFacingNortheast
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ExistingConditions-
Transportation
Roadlegsareone-way,leavingtheintersectioninopposingdirections.Theintersectionis
signal-controlledwithtwo-phasemovements:GeorgiaAvenuefollowedbyNewHampshire
Avenue.Pedestriancrossingsaremarkedonallapproaches.BothNewHampshireAvenue
and Georgia Avenue are four-lane roadways. A painted median separates traffc on New
HampshireAvenue.TheGeorgiaAvenue-PetworthMetrorailstationandadjacentbusstops
generatepedestrianvolumeatthisintersection.
Georgia Avenue at Park Roadisanoffsetintersection.Theintersectioniscontrolled
by a traffc signal with two-phase movements. Pedestrian crosswalks are marked on all
approacheswithpedestriansignalindications.
Georgia Avenue at Irving Streetisathree-phasesignal-controlledintersectionwith
aleadingleft-turnphasesouthbound.IrvingStreetisone-wayeastbound.Pedestrian
indicationsandmarkedcrosswalksareprovidedforallcrossings.Theeastboundapproach
of Irving Street contains rumble strips to slow traffc.
Georgia Avenue at Harvard Streetisaskewedintersectionwiththeeastapproachof
HarvardStreetintersectingGeorgiaAvenueata30-degreeangle.HarvardStreetisone-way
eastbound with two lanes. The intersection is controlled by a two-phase traffc signal with
pedestrianindicationsandmarkedcrosswalks.
Georgia Avenue at Barry Place is a T intersection controlled by a three-phase traffc
signal.Anorthboundleft-turnarrowfollowstheGeorgiaAvenuethroughmovement.
BarryPlacehasaone-laneapproacheastbound.Pedestriansignalindicationsandmarked
crosswalksareprovidedforallcrossings.Theintersectionisoneofthehighestpedestrian
volumeintersectionsinthestudyarea.
Georgia Avenue at Bryant Street isaTintersectioncontrolledbyatwo-phasesignal.
BryantStreetisone-wayeastbound.Pedestriansignalindicationsandmarkedcrosswalks
areprovidedforallcrossings.
Georgia Avenue at W Street isaTintersectioncontrolledbyatwo-phasesignal.W
Streetisone-waywestbound.Pedestriansignalindicationsandmarkedcrosswalksare
providedforallcrossings.
FigureH-5:ShermanAvenueFacingNorth
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Georgia Avenue at Florida Avenueiscontrolledbyathree-phasesignalwithaprotected
southboundleft-turnphase.Pedestriansignalindicationsandmarkedcrosswalksare
providedforallcrossings.Thisintersectionhasthehighestpedestrianandbicyclevolumes
inthestudyarea.Twobusstopsarelocatedonthesouthwestandnortheastcornersofthe
intersection.TwoadditionalbusstopsareoneachsideofFloridaAvenue.
New Hampshire Avenue at Spring Road / Princeton Placecurrentlyisastop-controlled
intersection,althoughithasbeensignal-controlledinthepast.NewHampshireAvenue
operatesfreely,andtheSpringRoadapproachiscontrolledbyastopsign.Novehicles
approachtheintersectionviaPrincetonPlacebecauseitisone-wayeastboundleavingthe
intersection.
New Hampshire Avenue at Sherman Avenue / Monroe Street / Park Road is a fve-
leg intersection controlled by a two-phase signal. The ffth leg, Park Road, carries one-
way traffc westbound out of the intersection. Pedestrian signal indications and marked
crosswalksareprovidedforallcrossings.
Sherman Avenue at Kenyon Street isafour-legintersectionwithKenyonStreetlimited
to one-way westbound traffc. A two-phase signal controls intersection movements. No
pedestriansignalindicationisprovided,butmarkedcrosswalksarelocatedatallcrossings.
Sherman Avenue at Columbia Roadisasignal-controlledintersectionwithtwo-phase
movement.ColumbiaRoadisone-waywestbound.Pedestrianphasesareprovidedforall
crossings.
Florida Avenue at Vermont AvenueisaTintersectioncontrolledbyatwo-phasesignal.
LeftturnsareprohibitedfromnorthboundFloridaAvenueontoVermontAvenue.No
pedestriansignalindicationisprovidedforthisintersection.Crosswalksaremarkedacross
VermontAvenueandFloridaAvenueonthenorthsideoftheintersection.
ExistingConditions-
Transportation
FigureH-6:ShermanAvenueatMonroeStreetandParkRoad
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ExistingConditions-
Transportation
Traffc Conditions
Data Collection and Analysis
Turning-movementcountswerecollectedformid-daypeak,PMpeak,andSaturday(SAT)
periods at 13 intersections. Seven-day automatic vehicle speed and classifcation counts
wererecordedatfourlocations.Aparkinginventoryandparking-demandsurveywere
conducted,alongwithalimitedorigin-destinationstudy.Crashdatawasobtainedfrom
DDOT.
Turning Movement Volumes
ManualturningmovementcountswereconductedonTuesday,Wednesday,orThursdayfrom
11:00a.m.to2:00p.m.forthemiddaycountsand3:30p.m.to6:30p.m.forthePMpeak
counts.Saturdaycountswereconductedonnon-holidaySaturdaysfrom10:00a.m.to2:00
p.m.Thecountsincludedvehicle,pedestrian,andbicyclemovements.Turning-movement
data were also obtained from a previous New Hampshire Avenue traffc study, which did
notincludepedestrianorbicyclevolumes.Themid-day,PM,andSaturdaypeakhour
volumesareshowninFiguresH-8throughH-10.
Theturning-movementvolumedataindicatethatthePMpeakvolumesarehigherthanmid-
daypeakvolumesforallofthestudyintersections.TheintersectionofGeorgiaAvenueat
BarryPlace,locatednearHowardUniversity,hasthehighestSaturdayvehiclevolume.
AreasadjacenttoHowardUniversityandHowardUniversityHospital,aswellasthe
intersectionofGeorgiaAvenueatFloridaAvenue,havethehighestpedestrianactivityinthe
studyarea.
ThehighestbicyclevolumeisattheintersectionofGeorgiaAvenueandFloridaAvenue
duringthePMpeakandSATpeakperiods.
FigureH-7:ShermanAvenueNearFloridaAvenue
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ExistingConditions-
Transportation
FigureH-8:Mid-dayPeak-HourIntersectionVolumes
FigureH-10:SaturdayPeak-HourIntersectionVolumes
FigureH-9:PMPeak-HourIntersectionVolumes
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ExistingConditions-
Transportation
Parking
Parking Inventory
On-streetparkingwasinventoriedforallarterialandcollectorroadsinthestudyarea.The
numberofparkingspaces,andanyparkingrestrictionswerenotedforeachroadway.The
parkinginventorywasusedtoevaluatethetotalparkingcapacityontheroads.Throughout
thestudyarea,on-streetparkingisrestrictedinsomewayforallofthestudiedroadways.
Themostcommontypesofparkingrestrictionsinvolvetime-regulatedparkinginresidential
zonesandmeteredparking.On-streetparkingisalsoprohibitedduringdesignatedstreet-
cleaningperiods.Inaddition,on-streetparkinginsomelocationsisprohibitedentirely.
Metered parking is regulated by meters that limit parking to one, two, three, or fve hours.
Residential zone parking is designated as Zone 1, Zone 4, or overlapped (Zones 1 and
4).Forthisstudy,allmeteredparkingspaceswerecounted.Parkingspacesrestrictedby
distanceorzone(e.g.,time-regulatedparking),werecalculatedbyconvertingthedistance
betweenparkingrestrictionsignstothenumberofvehiclesthatcouldparkwithinthis
distanceusinganassumptionof25feetpervehicle.
Parking Demand
Parkingdemandreferstotheamountofparkingusedataparticulartime,place,andprice.
It is a critical factor in evaluating parking effciency. The parking demand data collected
forthisstudyfocusedonon-streetparkingalongShermanAvenueandGeorgiaAvenue.
Todeterminetheweekdaydailyparkingdemand,theoccupancyoftheavailableparking
spacesalongShermanAvenueandGeorgiaAvenueinsidethestudyareawerecountedand
documentedeachhourbetween6:30a.m.and6:30p.m.onWednesday,December15,2006.
Parking demand also refects parking adequacy, which indicates whether suffcient parking
existsataparticulartimeandlocation.Theratioderivedfromdemandversuscapacity
showstherelationshipbetweenparkingneedandsupply.Parkingcapacityisderivedfrom
theavailableparkingspacescountedintheinventory.Aratiogreaterthanoneindicatesthat
parkingdemandinaparticularlocationandataparticulartimeexceedsparkingcapacity.
FigureH-11:ParkingonGeorgiaAvenue
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Transit Facilities
Anumberofpublictransportationmodesservethestudyarea:
Metrobusroutes70/71,66,68,and79travelnorth-south.
MetrobusroutesH1,H2,H3,H4,H8,andX3traveleast-west.
Metrorailhasastopateachendofthestudyarea.
-Inthenorth,theGeorgiaAvenuePetworthStationisneartheintersectionof
GeorgiaAvenueandNewHampshireAvenue.
-Inthesouth,theAfrican-AmericanCivilWarMemorial/CardozoStationisatU
Streetand11thStreet.
Bus
The70/71routes(theGeorgiaAvenueand7thStreetLine)servesGeorgiaAvenueinboth
directions.TheSilverSpringStationisatthenorthernendofthislineadjacenttotheDC
/Marylandborder.ThesouthernendofthelineisatBuzzardPoint,whichisnorthofthe
AnacostiaRiver.The70/71routestopsatthreelocationsinsidethestudyarea:Georgia
AvenueatNewHampshireAvenue,GeorgiaAvenueatIrvingStreet,andGeorgiaAvenueat
FloridaAvenue.
The66,68routes(thePetworth11thStreetLine)beginsinthenorthattheGeorgiaAvenue
PetworthStationattheintersectionofGeorgiaAvenueatQuincyStreet.Itssouthern
terminusisatFederalTriangleStation,whichisnear10th/12thStreetatConstitution
Avenue.Inthestudyarea,onlyroute68servesShermanAvenue.
Theroute66isnotinthestudyarea.Thisrouterunsalong11thStreet,whichisparallelto
ShermanAvenue.Routes66and68divergeattheintersectionofNewHampshireAvenueat
MonroeStreetandconvergeattheintersectionof11thStreetatVermontAvenue.
Theroute68beginsattheGeorgiaAvenuePetworthStationandmakesonestopatSherman
AvenueatIrvingStreet.ItsnextstopisatVermontAvenueatUStreet,whichisjustoutside
andsouthwestofthestudyarea.

FigureH-12:WMATABusandRailRoutesintheStudyArea
ExistingConditions-
Transportation
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ThenewMetroExtraBRTservice(79line)operatesalongGeorgiaAvenuewithaheadway
of10minutesduringPMpeakhours.The70/71linetakesapproximatelyonehourtotravel
through54busstopsalongthecorridorfromArchivestoSilverSpring.Thetraveltimeof
the79lineisdecreasedtoapproximately45minutesthrough15busstops.
Metrorail Facilities
TheMetrorailGreenLinerunningbetweentheGreenbeltandBranchAvenueStations
hasthreestopsnearthestudyarea.TheUStreet/African-AmericanCivilWarMemorial/
CardozoStationisatthesouthernendofthestudyarea.TheColumbiaHeightsStation
isat14thStreetandIrvingStreetonthewestsideofthestudyarea.TheGeorgiaAvenue
PetworthStationisatGeorgiaAvenueandNewHampshireAvenueatthenorthendofthe
studyarea.
Bicycle Facilities
Bicyclistsinthestudyareamustcurrentlysharelaneswithmotorvehiclesorrideonthe
sidewalk,exceptintheeasternedgeofthestudyareaon4thStreetandWarderStreetwhere
bikelaneshavebeeninstalled.Itcanbedangerousforbicycliststosharelaneswithmotor
vehicles,especiallywhenbicyclistsaretravelingbetweenmovingandparkedvehicles.
Mixingbicyclesandpedestriansonalimitedsidewalkareacanalsobedangerous.The
bicycleroutemapshowingcurrentbicyclefacilitiesinthestudyareaisfoundintheDistrict
ofColumbiaBicycleMasterPlan.AnenlargedmapisshowninFigureH-13.
SignedbicycleroutesareonNewHampshireAvenue,LamontStreet,KenyonStreet,
ColumbiaRoad,andHarvardStreet.Asignedbicyclerouteistypicallydesignatedalong
morelightlytraveledresidentialorsecondaryroadsthatmayfollowthesamegeneral
corridorasmoreheavilytraveledarterialhighways.Theroutesareindicatedbysignsthat
may or may not have a specifc route number.
FigureH-17showsthatthepercentageofpeoplewhoprefertocommutebybicycleishigher
inthecentralpartofthestudyareathaninotherpartsofthestudyarea.
Themid-day,PM,andSaturdaypeakhourbicyclevolumesbyintersectionareshownin
FigureH-13:BicycleRoutesintheVicinityoftheStudyArea
ExistingConditions-
Transportation
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ExistingConditions-
Transportation
FigureH-14:Mid-dayPeak-HourBicycleVolumes
FigureH-16:SaturdayPeak-HourBicycleVolumes
FigureH-15:PMPeak-HourBicycleVolumes
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ExistingConditions-
Transportation
FiguresH-14throughH-16.
Pedestrian Facilities
Mosteast-weststreetsinthestudyareaareresidential.ShermanAvenueisprimarily
residentialwithsporadiccommercialsites.GeorgiaAvenuehasahighnumberof
pedestriansbecauseitcontainsprimarilycommercialandacademicusesmixedwithsome
residentialareas.Thewidthofasidewalkisaprimeindicatorofitspedestriancapacityand
pedestrianfriendliness.
Themid-day,PM,andSaturdaypeakhourpedestrianvolumesbyintersectionareshownin
FiguresH-18throughH-20.
Accident Summary
Toassessthesafetyconditionsinthestudyarea,accidentsummaryreportsfor20032005
wereobtainedforintersectionsalongShermanAvenueandGeorgiaAvenue.Theaccident
summaryreportslistedaccidentsbycollisiontype(s),andthetimeoftheoccurrence.The
dataindicatedthat2004hadmoreaccidentsthaneither2003or2005forbothofthetwo
corridors.Thetotalnumberofinjuriesonbothcorridorsshowedanincreaseeachyearfrom
2003to2005.
FigureH-17:PercentageofWorkerswhoCommutebyBicycletoJobsintheStudy
Area
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FigureH-18:Mid-dayPeak-HourPedestrianVolumes
FigureH-20:SaturdayPeak-HourPedestrianVolumes
FigureH-19:PMPeak-HourPedestrianVolumes
ExistingConditions-
Transportation
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FigureH-21:CrashDatafromDDOT
AccidentSummaryReport*
FigureH-22:PedestrianAccidentData
(2002-2004)fromDDOT
*Crashdatamissingforthefollowingintersections:GeorgiaAvenueandFloridaAvenue;ShermanAvenue
andGreshamPlace;ShermanAvenueandHobartPlace;ShermanAvenueandMortonStreet.
ExistingConditions-
Transportation
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F|ra| Repor|
Streetscape and Urban Design
Sidewalks
Sidewalkconditionsvarygreatlyfromgoodtoverypoor.SidewalkwidthsonGeorgia
Avenuerangefromfourtosixfeet,dependingonlocation.FromFloridaAvenuetoW
Street, the sidewalk is typically suffcient for pedestrian activity. However, a hedge exists
adjacent to the sidewalk creating a confned feel for pedestrians. From W Street to Barry
Place, there are tight sidewalks widths in front of Wonder Plaza, thus resulting in ineffcient
pedestrian fows. North of Barry Place, although the sidewalks are wide in this area, there is
ahighchain-linkfenceonthewestsideofGeorgiaAvenueandawalloneastsideofGeorgia
Avenuelimitingthepedestrianexperience.FromEuclidStreettoColumbiaRoad,sidewalk
widthsvaryandseveralcurbcutsfordrivewaysexistthatdisruptpedestrianmovement.
Also,thereissteelpipinglocatedontheeastsidewalksthatcreatesabarrierforcrossing
pedestriansandparkingpatrons.NorthofColumbiaRoad,thesidewalksarewide.
OnShermanAvenue,sidewalkwidthsaregenerallynarrow,rangingfromaslittleastwofeet
tosixfeet.Thesesidewalksarelocatedrightnexttoresidentialfrontyardsandlowretaining
walls.Thereisusuallynotenoughroomtowalkonsidewalksespeciallynearstreetlight
poles, traffc poles, and traffc cabinets. Utilities placed in the sidewalk make it impossible to
navigatethisareainawheelchair.
CurbandguttermaterialsvarythroughoutGeorgiaandShermanAvenues.Mostcurbsare
constructedwithconcreteorgranitecurbsandbrickgutters.However,insomelocations,
boththecurbandgutterareconstructedofconcrete.
Urban Design
ThereisnotaconsistenturbandesignalongGeorgiaAvenue.GeorgiaAvenuefromFlorida
toNewHampshireAvenuesisnotoneplace,butseverallargesegmentswithanumberof
smallerfocalpointslocatedwithineachsegment.BusinesseslocatednorthofHarvardStreet
appeartoservemostlyneighborhoodneeds,whilethebusinesseslocatedsouthofHarvard
StreetappeartoserveHowardUniversityandHowardUniversityHospital.
I.ExistingConditions-PublicRealm
FiguresI-1&I-2:Sidewalk
ConditionsonGeorgiaAvenue
FigureI-4:Deteriorated
BrickSidewalkonGeorgia
Avenue
FigureI-3:Deteriorated
ConcreteSidewalkon
GeorgiaAvenue
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GeorgiaandShermanAvenuesrepresentdifferentstreettypesandservedifferentfunctions.
OnGeorgiaAvenue,thelandusevariesfromeducationaltoresidentialtosmallbusinesses.
Eachsmallbusinesshasitsowndistinctivecharacteristics.Mostresideinolderstructures
whichshowstheirage.Theresidentialsectionvariesfromsmallrowhousestosmalland
moderately-sizedapartments.OnShermanAvenue,thefunctionismostlyresidential,
howeverbecauseofthestreetscurrentfunctionasacommutercut-through;theresidential
feeloftheShermanAvenuecommunityissometimeslost.
TherearenoidentifyinggatewayfeaturesateitherFloridaorNewHampshireAvenuesto
introducethedriver,pedestrian,bicyclist,ortransitusertothedistinctiveandhistoricnature
ofGeorgiaAvenue.
Thesidewalkcontinuityisinterruptedbyanumberofnewspaperboxes,telephonepoles
andsignage.Thiscluttercreatesvisibilityproblemsfordriversandpedestriansinadditionto
takingupusefulsidewalkspace.
Roadway
Theright-of-way(ROW)forGeorgiaAvenueis90feet,butmostoftheROWinmost
locationsisbeingencroacheduponbybuildings.GeorgiaAvenuefromNewHampshire
AvenuetoColumbiaRoadhasaroadwaywidthcurb-to-curbof60feet.Southof
ColumbiaRoad,thiswidthreducestoa55-footwidthattheBarryPlaceintersection.South
ofBarryPlace,thewidthofGeorgiaAvenuereducesfrom55feetto48feetattheFlorida
Avenueintersection.Thischangeinroadwaywidthcontributestothenarrowingoftravel
lanes on Georgia Avenue, leading to ineffective traffc operation. It also contributes to an
inconsistencyinurbandesignforthecorridor.
ShermanAvenuehasaROWof100feet,andaroadwaywidthof60feetfromFlorida
AvenuetoParkRoad.
Accessible Green Space
Thestudyareaislackinginfunctionalgreenspace,andmuchofwhatexistsisonthe
campusesofHowardUniversityandBannekerHighSchool.TheBannekerPark,onearea
ofpublicgreenspaceinthecentralpartofthestudyarea,issurroundedbychainlinkfences
thatreduceitsaccessibilitytothepublic.
FigureI-5:SidewalkConditionsonShermanAvenue
FigureI-6:VisualClutteronGeorgiaAvenue
FigureI-7:BannekerParkonGeorgiaAvenue,SurroundedbyChainLinkFences
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Paving
ThereisinconsistentsidewalkpavementalongtheGeorgiaandShermanAvenues,varying
fromconcretetobrickpavers,toasphaltpaving.Someofthebrick,andeventheconcrete,
is in poor condition. The community has complained that the brick pavers are diffcult for
disabledpersonstotraverse.
Inmostlocations,theroadwaypavingonbothstreetsalsoshowswearandtearinmanyof
thehigh-volumelocations.Somepavementiscrackedorremoved.Bothcorridorsarein
needofmillingandre-paving.
Crosswalks and Intersection Boxes
Crosswalkandintersectionboxstripinginmanylocationshavebeenwornout.Manyneed
tobere-striped.Also,thereisnodecorativestripingorthermoplasticdesignsonanyofthe
crosswalksorintersectionsonGeorgiaorShermanAvenues.
Street Signs and Wayfnding
Street signs are falling down in some locations, and there is an overpopulation of traffc-
related and regulation signs near retail sections. There are no wayfnding signs directing
individuals to specifc destinations along Georgia Avenue. There also are no signs displayed
designatingGeorgiaAvenueasahistoricdestination.
Bus Stops and Site Furnishings
Bus Stops
Busstopshaveavarietyofamenities.Somestopshaveshelterstoprotectpatronsfrom
inclementweather.However,thesheltersonGeorgiaAvenueareinvaryingconditions
fromgoodtopoor.
ExistingConditions-
PublicRealm
FigureI-8:CrosswalkInPoorConditiononGeorgiaAvenue
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ThebusstoplocatedinfrontofWonderPlazadoesnothaveanyassociatedfurnishingsand
patronsusuallyloiternearbusinessentrances.
Site Furnishings
There are inconsistent street furnishings along the corridor, and no unifed type, style, design,
andlocationforthesestreetfurnishings.Insectionstherearemultipletrashreceptacles
availableandinothersectionstherearenone.Forexample,infrontofWonderPlaza,
thereisatrashreceptacleforeveryretailbusiness.However,therearenotenoughtrash
receptaclesatbusinessesnorthofColumbiaRoad.Newspapercorralsareinpoorcondition.
Streetbenchesarenon-existent,exceptatbusshelters.Treeboxesarenotfencedor
separatedfromthepublicwalkways,andarethustrampledonbypedestrians.Bicycleracks
donotexistalongthecorridor.
Lighting
Lighting fxtures are inconsistent along Georgia Avenue. Recently, the streetlights were
replacedwithTwin20GlobelightsonGeorgiabetweenFloridaAvenueandGirardStreet.
TheolderstreetlightsnorthofGirardStreet,however,werenotreplaced.Theinconsistency
inthestreetlightscontributestothelackofaconsistenturbandesign.Italsoseparatesthe
HowardUniversityareafromtherestofthecommunity.
Amenity Areas
VeryfewsidewalkcafesexistonGeorgiaorShermanAvenues.Becauseofsidewalkwidths
andconditions,thepossibilityofsidewalkcafesislimited.Veryfewparksandpublic
plazasexistonGeorgiaAvenue.OneoftheimportantamenityareasonGeorgiaAvenueis
BannekerParkwhichislocatedbetweenEuclidStreetandBarryPlace.BannekerParkis
alsothelocationofacommunitycenter,apool,andarunningtrack.Theparkisalsothe
locationoftheannualCaribbeanCarnivalheldeverysummerandisafocalpointforthe
community.Theparkissurroundedbyahighchain-linkfencewhichgivesaunwelcoming
impressiontothecommunity.TheonlyentrancetotheparkisfromBarryPlace,NW.There
isnoentrancefromGeorgiaAvenue.
ExistingConditions-
PublicRealm
FigureI-9:TheLackofBicycleRacksonGeorgiaAvenue
LeadstoSubstitues
FigureI-10:ExistingAmenityAreaonGeorgiaAvenue
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History, Culture and Public Art
History and Culture
Thereisawealthoflocalandnationalhistoryandcultureinthisarea.Thehistoryof
GeorgiaAvenueanditssenseofplaceareimportantassetsforDistrictresidents,andfor
people throughout the country. However, there is no clear identifcation of the corridor or
its signifcance to African-American culture, nor are there historic designation signs located
alongthecorridor.
ThereisasectionofGeorgiaAvenuelocatedbetweenEuclidStreetandColumbiaRoad
knownastheBlueNileareawhichhasrestaurantsandbusinessestailoredtoAfrican
cultureandhistory.However,thereisnodesignationgiventothisareaanditsexistenceon
thecorridor.
Public Art
PublicartislimitedonGeorgiaAvenuetoafewprivatelyownedmurals.Therearemany
locationsavailableforpublicartopportunitiesonGeorgiaandShermanAvenues.Many
businessownersarewillingtodonatetheuseoftheirwallsformurals.HowardUniversity
boastsseveralretainingwallsalongGeorgiaAvenuethatcouldcaptureartwork.Metal
bannerscouldhangfromstreetlightsthatfeaturespecialgatewayartworkaswell.
P|ar||rgs ard LoW lrpac| 0es|gr
TreesonGeorgiaAvenuevaryinconditionfromexcellenttopoororevenmissing.The
primaryspeciesalongGeorgiaAvenueisOakWillow,Pin,Scarlet,White,Redin
excellenttogoodcondition.Anumberofothertreesareinpoorconditionspreadthroughout
thecorridor.AfewdeadtreesarelocatedonGeorgiaAvenue,particularlyneartheFlorida
AvenueandMortonStreetintersection.
Treesprovidevaryingdegreesofshadealongthecorridor.Inthelowerportionofthestudy
area,treesnearHowardUniversityandBannekerParkarewellestablishedandprovidea
goodamountofshadeforthecommunity.NorthofEuclidStreet,treesaremuchyounger
andprovidelittletonoshading.ThesectionofthecorridorbetweenEuclidandIrving
Streetshaveveryfewtrees.
ExistingConditions-
PublicRealm
FigureI-11:ApossibleLocationforaPublicMural
FigureI-12:MatureTreesinFrontofHowardUniversity
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CurrentlytherearenostreettreesplantedonShermanAvenuebetweenFloridaAvenueand
ParkRoadduetolackofadequatesidewalkspace.
Corrur||] Corcerrs
Thefollowingarecommunityconcernsasexpressedatthevariouspublicmeetingsthatneed
tobeincorporatedintothepublicrealmdesign.
Thefutureofexistingbusinesses.
ThedifferentqualitiesandactivitiesthatdistinguishShermanAvenuefromGeorgia
Avenue.
Publicsafetythroughoutthearea.
Convenientaccesstotransitandparking.
Signifcant development at either end of the corridor that will make the entire corridor
increasinglyattractiveasthedowntownandotherareasofthecitybuildout.
Cross town traffc that will likely increase as development occurs, both to the west
(ColumbiaHeights)andeastofGeorgiaAvenue(McMillanReservoir,Soldiersand
AirmensHome).

ExistingConditions-
PublicRealm
FigureI-13:LocationofHistoricalStructuresintheStudyArea
Engine Company
No. 24
Tenth
Precinct
Station
House Emergence
Community
Arts
Collective;
Formerly
the National
Home for Des-
titute
Colored
Women and
Children
Alleys
Banneker High
School
Banneker Rec.
Center
Andrew Hilyer Residence
Will Marion Cook
Family Residence
Former Griffith
Stadium Site
Miner Hall
Howard Hall
Founders
Library
Freedmens
Hospital
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Alternatives
J. Trarspor|a||or A||erra||ves
|. 0verv|eW
||. A||erra||ves
|||. Screer|rg o| A||erra||ves
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Overview
Georgia Avenue
GeorgiaAvenue,carryingapproximately50,000persontripsonadailybasis,isoneofthe
mosttraveledstreetsinWashington,DC.Whencombinedwiththe21,000dailytripson
ShermanAvenueandthe30,000dailytripsonthecross-townroutesofColumbiaRoad,
HarvardStreet,andIrvingStreet,theoverallpictureisofaneighborhoodsubjecttoavariety
of traffc problems.
Severalphysicalcharacteristics,suchasthenarrowingoflanewidthsbetweenFlorida
AvenueandBarryPlace,andtheprevalenceofstreetsideparking(anddouble-parking),
impedemovementthroughthearea.Congestioninthelowersectionofthestudyarea
frequentlylimitstransitvehiclesmovementinwhatisoneofthebusiesttransitcorridorsof
thecity.
IndevelopingthetransportationalternativesforGeorgiaAvenue,theultimategoalwasto
provide safe and effcient operation for all modes of transportation, not just the automobile.
Thisrequiresthatabalancebestruckamongvehicles,pedestrians,andtransitvehicles,
whichcanbeaccomplishedbyfocusingondesign.
Sectionsofthecorridorneedtobeimprovedfromatransportationoperationsperspective
to create an effcient transportation system. For example, if the transportation design could
cleanupproblemintersections,suchasatGeorgiaAvenueandFloridaAvenue,then
the effcient movement of vehicles and buses through this intersection would result in a
dominoeffect,improvingthemobilityofvehiclesandbusesthroughoutthecorridor.
Therefore,aspartofthedevelopmentofthedesignalternatives,thestudyconsidered
improvinghighaccidentlocationsforallusersandreducingareasoffriction,orcongestion,
inthecorridor.
The overall objectives are to achieve effcient transit operation in a high-volume transit
corridorandimprovethepedestrianenvironment.Thekeyistostrikeabalanceamong
transportationusersbysolvingthetransportationproblemsthrougheffectivedesign.The
Figure J-1: Diagram of traffc fows in the Lower Georgia Avenue Area
J. Transportation
Alternatives
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result would be roadway confgurations for both Georgia and Sherman Avenues that work
together to create an effcient transportation system.
Threetransportationalternativesweredevelopedtoaddressthegoalsandobjectivesfor
GeorgiaandShermanAvenues.Thetransportationalternativesareshownonpages66-
70.

Sherman Avenue
ThedesireisforShermanAvenuetoreturntoamoreresidentialstreet,asopposedto
thecommutercut-throughthatitisnow.Tohaveamoreresidentialcharacter,thestreet
willneedfeaturesthatspeaktoaneighborhoodquality,suchaswidenedsidewalksand
landscapedmedians,aswellasfeaturesforresidentialtravelincludinghigh-visibility
crosswalksandbicyclefacilities.
Incorporating all of these factors would result in a different roadway confguration for
ShermanAvenue,onethatwouldfocusmoreonthemultimodalandneighborhood
featuresofthecorridor,andlessonthevehicularspeedwaythatisitscurrentdescription.
Theresult:proposingaroaddietforShermanAvenue.Theroaddiet,justasitsounds,
meansreducingthenumberoflanesforShermanAvenue,fromtwolanesineach
direction,toonelaneineachdirection.Theadditionalwidthwouldbeattachedto
sidewalksandtoalandscapedmedianforthecorridor.Parkingwillcontinuetoexiston
bothsidesoftheroadway.ThelanesonShermanAvenuewouldbe13feetinwidth,a
widenedsharedlanetoaccommodatebothtransitvehiclesandbicycles.
TheproposedalternativeforShermanAvenuewilloperateinparalleltoallthree
transportationalternativesforGeorgiaAvenue(seepage70fordetails).
Screening of Alternatives
Figure J-2: Traffc Conditions on Georgia Avenue
FigureJ-3:CrosswalkConditionsonGeorgiaAvenue
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Alternative 1 - Focus on Transit
ThisalternativewouldfocusprimarilyonthetransitoperationsofGeorgiaAvenue.
Atransit-onlylanewouldexistonbothsidesofGeorgiaAvenuefromNew
HampshireAvenuetoFloridaAvenue.Busesonlycouldtravelintheright-most
lanes,alongwithvehiclesmakingrightturnsatintersectionsandbicyclists.All
other traffc would travel in the left-most lanes of Georgia Avenue. Parking would
beremovedalongtheentiresectionoftheroadwaytoallowforwidenedtravellanes
throughoutthecorridor.
Alternative 1A
RemoveparkingonbothsidesofGeorgiaAvenuealongitsentirelength
Addatransit-onlylaneineachdirection(right-turningvehicleswouldbeallowedto
travelintransit-onlylane)
ShermanAvenueremainsas-is
Alternative 1B
Same as Alternative 1A, but reconfgure Sherman Avenue with two travel lanes, widened
sidewalks,median,andextendedBryantandWStreets.

TransportationAlternatives
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Alternative 2 - Focus on Lower Georgia Avenue Congestion
Thisalternativewouldfocusonreducingoreliminatingcongestionathotspotlocationsinthe
lowerportionofthestudyareawhileimprovingmobilityfortransitvehicles.Fourgeneral-purpose
travellaneswouldexistfromNewHampshireAvenuetoBarryPlace,withparkinglocatedonboth
sidesofthestreet.FromBarryPlacetoFloridaAvenue,parkingwouldberemovedfrombothsides
ofthestreetandabus-onlylanewouldbeinstalledinthefarrightlane.AswithAlternative#1,
right-turningvehiclesandbicyclescouldalsotravelintheselanes.
TransportationAlternatives
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Alternative 3 Focus on Automobiles
Thisalternativefocusesonvehicles,asparkingwouldcontinueto
existonbothsidesofGeorgiaAvenue.Dedicatedturnlaneswould
beinstalledatintersectionsthatcurrentlyhaveblockages,suchas
HowardPlace,BarryPlace,BryantStreet,andFloridaAvenue.
Buses would travel in mixed traffc.
TransportationAlternatives
[Alternative 2 cont.]
Alternative 2A
KeepparkingonbothsidesofthestreetfromNewHampshire
Avenue to Howard Place and current lane confgurations
Addabulb-outonsouthboundGeorgiaAvenueatHowardPlace
Placeadedicatedright-turnlaneonsouthboundGeorgiaAvenue
fromHowardPlacetoBarryPlace(intheformerparkinglane)
RemoveparkingonbothsidesofGeorgiaAvenuefromBarryPlace
toFloridaAvenue
Makeoutsidelaneatransit-onlylaneinthissection
ShermanAvenueremainsas-is
Alternative 2B
Same as Alternative 2A, but reconfgure Sherman Avenue with two travel
lanes,widenedsidewalks,median,andextendedBryantandWStreets.

A/B
D
C
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TransportationAlternatives
Alternative 3A
Keep existing lane confgurations from Otis Place to
HowardPlace
Keepparkingasitiscurrently
OnsouthboundGeorgiaAvenuefromHowardPlaceto
BarryPlace,makethefarrightlaneadedicatedright-
turnlane
OnsouthboundGeorgiaAvenuefromBarryPlaceto
BryantStreet,makethefarleft-laneadedicatedleft-turn
lane
OnnorthboundGeorgiaAvenuefromWStreettoBryant
Street,makethefarright-laneadedicatedright-turnlane
Keepthededicatedleft-turnlaneonsouthboundGeorgia
AvenueatFloridaAvenue
RemoveparkingfromHowardPlacetoBarryPlacein
thesouthbounddirectiononly
RemoveparkingfromBarryPlacetoBryantStreeton
bothsides
RemoveparkingfromVStreettoFloridaAvenueon
bothsides
ShermanAvenueremainsas-is

Alternative 3B
Same as Alternative 3A, but reconfgure Sherman Avenue
withtwotravellanes,widenedsidewalks,median,and
extendedBryantandWStreets.
Alternative 3C Restrict Left Turns
SameasAlternative3A,except:
RestrictleftturnsfromsouthboundGeorgiaAvenueto
BryantStreet
RestrictleftturnsfromsouthboundGeorgiaAvenueto
FloridaAvenuerouteleftturnstoTStreettoaccess
FloridaAvenue
RestrictleftturnsfromnorthboundGeorgiaAvenueto
VStreet
RemoveparkingfromsouthboundGeorgiaAvenuefrom
FloridaAvenuetoTStreet
Makefarleft-lanefromFloridaAvenuetoTStreeta
dedicatedleft-turnlane
Use reconfgured Sherman Avenue with two travel lanes,
widenedsidewalks,median,andextendedBryantandW
Streets

Alternative 3D Loyal to Parking


SameasAlternative3C,except:
OnsouthboundGeorgiaAvenuefromHowardPlaceto
BarryPlace,makefarrightlaneadedicatedright-turn
lane
OnnorthboundGeorgiaAvenuefromWStreettoBryant
Street,makefarrightlaneadedicatedright-turnlane
PlaceparkingonbothsidesofGeorgiaAvenuealongthe
corridor

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Sherman Avenue - B, C, and D Alternatives
IntheAversionsofallthreealternatives,ShermanAvenueremainsunchanged
fromcurrentconditions.Inallotherversions(1B,2B,&3B/C/D),thefollowing
changes are applied to the confguration of Sherman Avenue:
ConvertShermanAvenuesintersectionswithNewHampshireAvenue/ParkRoadand
withBarryPlacetoroundabouts
Convert Sherman Avenue from Barry Place to Morton Street to a confguration of one
throughlaneineachdirectionwithacentermediantenfeetinwidth.Thetypicallane
widthonShermanAvenuewouldbe14feet.

EmploystreetsideparkingalongthelengthofShermanAvenue
Employbicycleshare-the-lanearrows(sharrows)inthethroughlanesthroughout
ShermanAvenue.
Provide left-hand turning lanes for northbound traffc on Sherman Avenue at Fairmont
Street,GirardStreet,ColumbiaRoad,KenyonStreet,andLamontStreet.
Provide left-hand turning lanes for southbound traffc on Sherman Avenue at Morton
Street,LamontStreet,IrvingStreet,HarvardStreet,GirardStreet,EuclidStreet,andBarry
Place.
ExtendBryantandWStreetstoShermanAvenue(separateproject)

TransportationAlternatives
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TransportationAlternatives
Thethreetransportationalternativeswereanalyzedandscreenedtodeterminethe
preferredalternative.
Forallalternatives,laneswidthswouldbeaminimumof11feet,andbuslaneswould
beaminimumof13feetwide.Highvisibilitycrosswalkswillbeplacedatintersections
withhighpedestrianvolumes,withadjustedpedestriancrossingtimestoaccommodate
the volumes. The traffc lights would be optimized for progressive traffc movement
throughthecorridor.
Transportation Operations
Thealternativeswereanalyzedfromatransportationoperationsperspective.Each
alternative was analyzed using the traffc software program Synchro 7. The following are
theresultsoftheanalysis.FulldetailsareprovidedinAppendix1.
The year 2008 was used for future traffc volumes, which is the year construction of the
improvements,wouldoccur.Theexisting2007middayandafternoonPMweekday
turningmovementvolumeswereincreasedbyonepercentperyeartoobtain2008
volumes.VolumesonGeorgiaandShermanAvenues,andmostofthesidestreets
betweenthem,werebalancedfortheSynchroanalysis.Thepercentageofheavyvehicles
in the study area (fve percent on Sherman Avenue and eight percent on Georgia Avenue)
remainedthesamefor2008.Thebicycleandthepedestrianvolumesalsoremained
thesameforpurposesoftheanalysis.Allsignaltimingsandoffsetsofthesignalized
intersectionsalongGeorgiaAvenueandShermanAvenuewereoptimizedforprogression
andminimalintersectiondelaysusingSynchro7.
FigureJ-4:StreetscapeinMiddlePortionofLowerGeorgiaAvenue
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TransportationAlternatives
Vehicles
Levelofservice(LOS)isameasureoftheaveragedelayexperiencedbyeachvehicle
passingthroughanintersection.Itcanbemeasuredforvehiclesmakingeachdirectional
turningmovement,usingeachapproachleg,orasacompositeaveragevalueforall
vehiclesusingtheintersection.Itisreportedwithalettergradedesignationrangingfrom
A to F. LOS A represents insignifcant delay (less than 10 seconds per vehicle) while
LOS F represents signifcant delay. LOS D is typically considered an acceptable level
ofserviceforanurbanarea.Thelevelofserviceisdeterminedbythecomputedcontrol
delay. Please see the table J-1 for specifcs of LOS designation.
ForAlternatives1Aand1B,theanalysisfoundthatallkeyintersectionswouldoperate
withacceptabledelaysduringboththemid-dayandafternoonpeakhours,exceptGeorgia
Avenue at Irving Street. At this intersection, traffc would back up for at least 500 feet on
Georgia Avenue and traffc delays would be high.
ForAlternatives2Aand2B,GeorgiaAvenuebetweenNewHampshireAvenueand
BarryPlacewouldoperatewithacceptabledelaysandLOSduringboththemid-dayand
afternoonpeakhours.IntheHowardTownCenterareawheretherewouldbeadedicated
transitlaneineachdirection,theintersectionswouldoperateatacceptableLOSduetoa
retiming of the traffc signals with optimum cycle lengths, phasings, and offsets for this
sectionofGeorgiaAvenue.
ForAlternatives3Aand3B,allintersectionsonGeorgiaAvenueandShermanAvenue
wouldoperatewithLOSDorbetterduringboththemid-dayandafternoonpeakhours.
DedicatedturnlanesonGeorgiaAvenueatBryantStreetwoulddecreaseaveragedelay
when compared to Alternatives 1 and 2. However, the changes in lane confgurations
would not signifcantly decrease traffc delays at Georgia Avenue at Barry Place and
HowardPlacewhencomparedtotheotheralternatives.
ForAlternatives3Cand3D,theleft-turnrestrictionsatBryantStreetandFlorida
AvenuewoulddecreasedelaysattheGeorgiaAvenueandFloridaAvenueintersection
andtheGeorgiaAvenueandBryantStreetintersection.Inaddition,therewouldbeno
considerableincreaseindelaysattheintersectionsofGeorgiaAvenueandHowardStreet
andGeorgiaAvenueandTStreetduetothere-routingofleft-turningvehicles.However,
thedelayatGeorgiaAvenueandBarryPlacewouldincreaseintheafternoon.
For the reconfgured Sherman Avenue, where one travel lane in each direction would be
removed,allintersectionsalongthecorridorwouldoperateatLOSDorbetter.
Intersection Control Type
Level of Service (LOS) Unsignalized Signalized
A 10 or less 10 or less
B 10-15 10-20
C 15-25 25-35
D 25-35 35-55
E 35-50 55-80
F more than 50 more than 80
TableJ-1:Controldelaysinsecondsassociatedwithvariouslevelsofservice
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TransportationAlternatives
Table J-2: 2008 Mid-day Peak Hour LOS and Delays for Georgia Avenue
Intersection
Alternative
1B
Alternative
2B
Alternative
3B
Alternative
3C
Alternative
3D
Delay LOS Delay LOS Delay LOS Delay LOS Delay LOS
Georgia Avenue NW New Hampshire NW 10.3 B 9.9 A 10 A 10 A 13.6 B
Georgia Avenue NW Park Road NW 18.9 B 10.9 B 11.3 B 11.3 B 13.3 B
Georgia Avenue NW Irving Street NW 456.1 F 6.9 A 10 B 10 A 7.4 A
Georgia Avenue NW Harvard Street NW 10.2 B 5.6 A 5.2 A 6 A 6 A
Georgia Avenue NW Barry Place NW 7.2 A 9.3 A 9.2 A 8.2 A 11.5 B
Georgia Avenue NW Bryant Street NW 11.1 B 10.4 B 7 A 2.1 A 1.6 A
Georgia Avenue NW W Street NW 11.7 B 11.9 B 6.2 A 8.5 A 8 A
Georgia Avenue NW Florida Avenue NW 23.2 C 22.8 C 22.9 C 12.1 B 14.7 B
Table J-3: 2008 Afternoon LOS and Delays for Georgia Avenue
Intersection
Alternative
1B
Alternative
2B
Alternative
3B
Alternative
3C
Alternative
3D
Delay LOS Delay LOS Delay LOS Delay LOS Delay LOS
Georgia Avenue NW New Hampshire NW 19.1 C 16.5 B 16.7 B 16.9 B 16.4 B
Georgia Avenue NW Park Road NW 31.5 C 14.7 B 12.7 B 12.5 B 16.8 B
Georgia Avenue NW Irving Street NW 155.3 F 12.7 B 14.2 B 13.4 B 12.2 B
Georgia Avenue NW Harvard Street NW 25 C 14.1 B 15.9 B 16.1 B 10.7 B
Georgia Avenue NW Barry Place NW 13.8 B 11.4 B 13 C 20.5 C 23.6 C
Georgia Avenue NW Bryant Street NW 9.8 A 11.4 B 5.6 A 2.1 A 2 A
Georgia Avenue NW W Street NW 20.2 C 18.8 B 13.2 B 11.4 B 12.1 B
Georgia Avenue NW Florida Avenue NW 25.6 C 25.3 C 25.7 C 15 B 18.1 B
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TransportationAlternatives
Table J-4: 2008 LOS and Delays for Sherman Avenue
Intersection
Alternative
1B
Alternative
2B
Alternative
3B
Alternative
3C
Alternative
3D
Delay LOS Delay LOS Delay LOS Delay LOS Delay LOS
Midday Peak Hour
New Hamp. Ave NW Princeton Place NW 2.9 A 2.9 A 2.9 A 2.9 A 2.8 A
New Hamp. Ave NW
Park Road NW &
Monroe Street NW
5 A 5 A 5 A 5 A 5 A
Sherman Avenue NW Kenyon Street NW 9 A 11.3 B 8.4 A 8.7 A 12.3 B
Sherman Avenue NW Columbia Road NW 7.6 A 10 B 9.7 A 9.6 A 11.1 B
Florida Avenue NW Vermont Avenue NW 12.7 B 12.1 B 12.1 B 12.1 B 12.1 B
Afternoon Peak Hour
New Hamp. Ave NW Princeton Place NW 8.8 A 8.6 A 8.6 A 8.6 A 8.6 A
New Hamp. Ave NW
Park Road NW &
Monroe Street NW
32.6 D 32.6 D 32.6 D 32.6 D 32.6 D
Sherman Avenue NW Kenyon Street NW 21.7 C 25.9 C 22.9 C 23.4 C 24.4 C
Sherman Avenue NW Columbia Road NW 28.6 C 33 C 31.9 C 31.9 C 34.1 C
Florida Avenue NW Vermont Avenue NW 20.5 C 22.7 C 23.1 C 23.6 C 23.4 C
Transit
ForAlternatives1Aand1B,therightlanesfromNewHampshireAvenuetoFlorida
Avenuewouldbededicatedforbuses,right-turningvehicles,andbikes.Theadvantages
ofsuchatransit-dedicatedlaneareasfollows:
Itreducestransittraveltimes
Itincreasestheregularityofthetransitservice,whichwouldimproveschedule
adherenceandincreaseridership
Itmakestransittraveltimesmorepredictable,thereforemakingplannedtransitsignal
prioritymoreeffective
ForAlternatives2Aand2B,adedicatedtransitlanewouldexistonlybetweenHoward
Place and Florida Avenue, and buses would operate in mixed traffc between New
HampshireAvenueandHowardPlace.Althoughtheimpactofthededicatedtransit
lane would not be as signifcant as for Alternative 1, this alternative would provide some

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TransportationAlternatives
improvementtotransitmobilitybyprovidingadedicatedtransitlanethroughthemost
congestedpartofthecorridor.Inaddition,thisalternativewouldbelessdisruptiveto
vehicular traffc because most of the Georgia Avenue corridor would operate with two
lanesineachdirection,
TherewouldbenodedicatedtransitlanesforAlternative3.Buseswouldcontinueto
operate in mixed traffc as they now do. An effective transit signal priority system would
be diffcult to implement for Alternative 3. The addition of dedicated turn lanes and turn
restrictionscouldslightlyaffecttransitdelays,particularlyifvehicleswereblocking
transitvehicleswhilewaitingtoturn.
On Sherman Avenue, the removal of one lane of traffc would not adversely impact
transitvehicles.TheacceptablevehicularlevelsofserviceonGeorgiaAvenuewouldalso
applytobuses,exceptwhenbusesstayforlongperiodsatbusstops
Bicycles
Thegoalforallalternativesistoremovebicyclistsfromsidewalksandallowthem
freedomofmovementonroadways.ForAlternative1,bicyclistswouldsharethe
dedicatedtransitlaneswithbusesandright-turningvehiclesalongGeorgiaAvenue.This
mayprovideasaferenvironmentsincetheywouldhavelessinteractionwithvehicular
traffc. For Alternative 2, signage would be placed in the outside lanes of Georgia Avenue
betweenNewHampshireAvenueandHowardPlaceindicatingthatbicyclessharethe
roadwithvehicles.BetweenHowardPlaceandFloridaAvenue,bicycleswouldshare
thededicatedtransitlaneswithbuses.Signagewouldbeplacedintheoutsidelanesof
GeorgiaAvenuebetweenNewHampshireAvenueandFloridaAvenueforAlternative3
indicatingthatbicyclesareallowedtotravelintheroadway.
Great Streets Performance Measures
Thealternativeswereanalyzedusingtheperformancemeasuresdevelopedaspartofthe
GreatStreetsFramework.TableJ-5showstheseguidingprinciplesandperformance
measures.
FigureJ-5:BicyclistonGeorgiaAvenue
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TransportationAlternatives
Table J-5: Guiding Principles and Performance Measures
1. Energize
Strengthen businesses and other
local institutions and services
2. Refresh
Integrate and conserve natural
resources; create open spaces
3. Move
Create a sustainable transportation
network, with many travel options
4. Distinguish
Create streets with vibrant places
that refect local character
5. Care
Increase community ownership and
stewardship
Challenges Changethepublicandmarket
perceptionsofthecorridorsthrough
streetscapeandtransportation
improvements,andrepositionthem
asoneofthebestplacestoliveand
work,consequentlyexpandingthe
citystaxbase
Transformroadwaysandintersections
intoenvironmentallyfriendlyand
usablecommunityopenspaces
Changetheexistingcorridors
functionfrommajorvehicular
arterialsintostreetsthatsustain
healthypedestrianandtransit
basedactivities,andconsequently
supportthecitysairqualityand
transportationagendas
Transformeachcorridorintoaplace
thatismemorable,compelling,and
desirabletovisitagainandagain
Repositionthestreetasavital
neighborhoodasset,andthusincrease
thecommunitysstakeinitsdesign,
upkeep,andstewardship
Actions Investinareaswheremixed-useand
mixedincomedevelopmentscould
fourish, especially around transit
nodesandmajorcrossings
Createanattractivepublic
environmentalongtheexistingretail
areas,openspacesandinstitutions
Employlowimpactdevelopment
(LID)techniquestoimprovethe
qualityandreducethequantityof
stormwaterrun-offintoourrivers
andstreams
Develop defned and shaded rights
ofway,withstreettreesandother
plantings,withoutinhibiting
visibilityofbusinesses
Installadequatetrashreceptacles,
especiallyinneighborhood
commercialareas
ReducetheUrbanHeatIsland
Effect,withgreenedstreetways
Supporttheestablishmentof
programsforschoolsandthe
generalpublicaimedatpromoting
anunderstandingofclean,green,
safestreets
Balancetheright-of-way(ROW)
allocationsuchthatpeopleonfoot,
bicycle,transitandautomobilescan
safelycoexist
Prioritizepedestriansandtheir
needsandaggressivelypromotea
shifttowalking,cycling,anduseof
publictransit
Minimizecurbcutsandvehicle
orientedintersections,andpromote
continuousaccessforwalkersand
cyclists
Deployandenhancetransit
systemsinordertoattractnew
developments
Installstreetlightstoenhance
pedestrianmovementswhile
providingrequiredroadway
illumination
Transformdangerousintersections
intopedestrian-friendlycrossings
Enhanceviewshedsandeaseof
accesstolandmarks,parks,and
waterfronts
Reclaimsidewalksatvitalstreet
nodesandsegmentstocreatespace
foractivitiesotherthanwalking
Reconfgure important intersections
tocreatenodesofretailclusters,
cornerparksand/ortransithubs
Designstreetscapeelementsand
publicartprogramsuniquetoeach
corridorsculturalandhistoric
context
Involvecommunitiesinthedesign
developmentprocess
EstablishaConstruction
CoordinationCommitteerepresented
byresidentsandlocalbusinesses
Helpestablishlocalgroup(s)for
regularmaintenance,promotion
ofbusinesses,andcoordinationof
events
Measure of
Success
Numberofnewbusinessesopened
Levelofprivateinvestments
Numberofexistingbusinesses
retained
Numberofnewresidents
Numberofnewjobscreated
Changeinpropertyvalues
Increaseinsalestaxrevenue
Decreaseintheamountof
imperviousareaswithinthepublic
rightofway
Increaseinthetreecanopyand
coverage
Improvedhealthofstreettrees
Reductionoftheurbanheatisland
effectalongthecorridors
ExtensionoftheLowImpact
Developmenttechniquesused
Increaseintransitridership
Increaseinpedestriancountsat
intersections
Increaseinalternativemodesof
transportation(walkingandbiking)
Decrease in traffc accidents
Improvementofairquality
Distinctstreetscapedesignfromone
corridortoanother
Rangeofactivitiesalongthe
sidewalk
Increaseinpublicspacepermits
Utilizationofstreetparks
Qualityofpublicartinstalled
CreationofCommunity
ImprovementDistricts(CIDs)
orBusinessImprovement
Districts(BIDs)andMainStreet
organizations
Numbersoftreesthathavebeen
adoptedbythelocalbusinesses
Improvedlitterrating
Numberofblocksadoptedbylocal
organizations
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TransportationAlternatives
EachalternativewasanalyzedusingtheGreatStreetsFrameworkperformancemeasures,
asshowninTableJ-6.
Table J-6. Alternatives vs. Performance Measures
Great Streets Guiding
Principles and Performance
Measures
Transportation Alternatives
#1A #1B #2A #2B #3A #3B #3C #3D
Transit-focused Transit-focused w/
new Sherman Ave
Mixed-modes Mixed-modes w/
new Sherman Ave
Auto-focused Auto-focused w/
new Sherman Ave
Auto-focused w/ T
Street
Auto-focused w/
T Street and new
Sherman Ave
1. Energize Transit-focuswill
generatecreation
oftransitnodeson
corridor;removal
ofparkingwill
negativelyimpact
businesses
Transit-focuswill
generatecreation
oftransitnodeson
corridor;removal
ofparkingwill
negativelyimpact
businesses
Balanceofparking
forbusinessusers
andtransitlanesfor
transitusers
Balanceofparking
forbusinessusers
andtransitlanesfor
transitusers
Parkingavailable
forbusinessusers
Parkingavailable
forbusinessusers
Parkingavailable
forbusinessusers
Parkingavailable
forbusinessusers
Strengthen businesses and
other local institutions and
services
2. Refresh NoLIDtechniques LID-medianon
ShermanAve
LIDparkingon
GeorgiaAve
LIDparkingon
GeorgiaAveand
LIDmedianon
ShermanAve
LIDParking LIDparkingon
GeorgiaAveand
LIDmedianon
ShermanAve
LIDParking LIDparkingon
GeorgiaAveand
LIDmedianon
ShermanAve
Integrate and conserve
natural resources and create
valuable open spaces
3. Move Sharedlanefor
busesandbicycles
onGeorgiaAve
-busestravelin
separatelane
Sharedlanefor
busesandbicycles
onGeorgiaAve
(busestravelin
separatelanes)and
ShermanAve
Sharedlanefor
busesandbicycles
onGeorgiaAve
-busestravelin
separatelanes
Sharedlanefor
busesandbicycles
onGeorgiaAve
(busestravelin
separatelanes)and
ShermanAve
Sharedlanefor
bicyclesonGeorgia
Ave-busestravel
in mixed traffc
Sharedlanefor
bicyclesonGeorgia
Ave-busestravel
in mixed traffc -
andShermanAve
Sharedlanefor
bicyclesonGeorgia
Ave-busestravel
in mixed traffc
Sharedlanefor
bicyclesonGeorgia
Ave-busestravel
in mixed traffc -
andShermanAve
Create a sustainable
transportation network, with
many travel options
4. Distinguish
Widensidewalks,createhistoricwalkoffame,createlinearentranceatBannekerPark Create streets with vibrant
places that refect local
character
5. Care
Communityinvolvedinprocesssinceverybeginning;potentialtocreateBIDforGeorgiaAve
Increase community
ownership and stewardship
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TransportationAlternatives
All the alternatives would meet the criteria for two of the fve measures: Distinguishand
Care.Alternatives1and2wouldEnergizeGeorgiaAvenuemoresothanAlternative
3,asAlternatives1and2wouldcreatetransitnodesalongthecorridor,whichwould
strengthenbusinesses.However,Alternative1wouldnotRefreshthecorridorasmuch
asAlternatives2and3.Morelow-impactdevelopment(LID)techniqueswouldbe
presentinAlternatives2and3viatheLIDparkingcoveringandLID-designedmedian
onShermanAvenue.PerformanceMeasure3,Move,wouldbemoreprevalentwith
Alternatives1and2asthesealternativescreateatruemultimodalcorridorforGeorgia
Avenuebyprovidingadedicatedbuslaneforalloraportionoftheroadway.Thebus
lanewouldbeasharedwithbicyclists.Bicycleswouldtravelontheroadwaysofboth
GeorgiaandShermanAvenuesandnotonthesidewalks.
Summary of Findings
Basedonthetransportationoperationsanalysisandtheperformancemeasuresevaluation,
the following fndings were obtained:
Alternatives1and2wouldallowmoreopportunityforpedestrianimprovements
Allalternativeswouldroutebicyclesoffofsidewalksandontoroadways
AllalternativeswouldallowShermanAvenuetobecomemoreresidentialin
character
Alternative1wouldoptimizetransittravel,butitwouldremoveparkingandincrease
congestionfortheremainingusersofthecorridor
Although Alternative 3 would improve operations for automobile traffc, it would
limitpedestrianandtransitmobilityinthelowerportionsofthecorridor
These fndings were used to determine the preferred alternative, which is discussed in the
followingchapter.

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Recommendations
K. Pre|erred A||erra||ve
|. Reasor|rg
||. Trarspor|a||or Recorrerda||ors
|||. Puo||c Rea|r Recorrerda||ors
L. S|or| Terr Recorrerda||ors
V. Lorg Terr Recorrerda||ors
|. lrp|erer|a||or P|ar

TransportationAlternatives
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K. PreferredAlternative
A B C D E
F G H
I
AA BB CC DD
EE
FF
Alternative2Bwasselectedasthepreferredalternativebecauseofitsabilitytoreducecongestionandimprove
the fow of all modes of cars, buses, shuttles, bicyclists, and pedestrians. This alternative focuses on reducing
congestionthroughoutthecorridorbyremovingparkinginsomesections,creatingatransit-onlylane,andother
features.Inaddition,Alternative2Bprovidestheopportunitytomovebicyclistsfromthesidewalktoashared
laneontheroadwayandprovideShermanAvenuewithamoreresidentialcharacter.Thefollowingaresomeof
thechangesproposedaspartofAlternative2B:
KeepparkingonbothsidesofGeorgiaAvenuefromNewHampshireAvenuetoHowardPlaceandcurrent
lane confgurations
Addabulb-outonsouthboundGeorgiaAvenueatHowardPlace
Placeadedicatedright-turnonsouthboundGeorgiaAvenuefromHowardPlacetoBarryStreet(inthe
formerparkinglane)
RemoveparkingonbothsidesofGeorgiaAvenuefromBarryPlacetoFloridaAvenue
Makeoutsidelaneatransit-onlylaneinthissection
RemoveonetravellaneonShermanAvenueandintroduceaplantedmedian
Thedesignplansforthealternativeareshownonthefollowingpages.Thedesignplanincludestherecom-
mended roadway confgurations, sidewalk upgrades, and streetscape enhancements. Use the legend on this page
to determine the specifc features recommended as part of the preferred alternative. The key below will guide
youthroughtheorderoftheplansheets.AdiscussionastowhyAlternative2Bwasselectedasthepreferred
alternativeisprovidedaftertheplansheets.

LEGEND
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PreferredAlternative
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PreferredAlternative
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PreferredAlternative
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PreferredAlternative
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PreferredAlternative
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PreferredAlternative
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PreferredAlternative
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PreferredAlternative
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PreferredAlternative
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PreferredAlternative
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PreferredAlternative
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PreferredAlternative
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PreferredAlternative
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PreferredAlternative
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Transportation Recommendations
Traffc
As explained in detail in the Future Traffc Conditions Memo (Appendix I), some possible
signal improvements were studied as part of the traffc engineering analysis. At Georgia
AvenueandParkRoad,thespatiallyoffsetwestboundandeastboundapproachesofPark
Road were separated and served in different phases to improve conficts between vehicles
turningleftontoGeorgiaAvenueandthethroughmovementofvehiclestravelingonPark
Road(seeFiguresK-2andK-3).AnotherchangewasanalyzedatGeorgiaAvenueand
PrincetonPlace.Sincetheexistingleftturningvolumesareverylow(i.e.,8vehiclesper
hour(veh/hr)and4veh/hrforMDandPMpeakhours),theprotectedleft-turnphaseonthe
southboundapproachwaschangedtoapermissivephase(leftturnsmustyieldtooncoming
through traffc) to increase the time available for other approaches. Under current traffc
operations,leftturnsatGeorgiaAvenueandBarryPlaceandatGeorgiaAvenueandBryant
Streetarecontrolledbyprotectedturnphases.Thepreferredalternativehasatransit-only
laneinthissegmentofGeorgiaAvenue.Asaresult,throughandleft-turnmovementswould
share the same lane, making it diffcult to serve all left turns with only protected phases.
Therefore,leftturnsontoBarryPlaceandBryantStreetwouldbeservedbyprotectedand
permissiveturnphases.Thethree-wayintersectionofNewHampshireAvenue,Monroe
Road,andParkRoad,andtheintersectionofFloridaAvenueandShermanAvenueare
currentlysignalizedcontrols.However,roundaboutswouldbebuiltattheselocationsaspart
oftheproposedchangesforShermanAvenue.
The impact of parallel parking for the preferred alternative was modeled using the traffc
analysissoftware.Itwasassumedthattherewouldbetwomaneuversperhour(perblock)
onShermanAvenueduringboththemiddayandPMpeakhours,andtwoperhour(per
block)andfourperhour(perblock)onGeorgiaAvenueformid-dayandPMpeakhours,
respectively.
The impact on traffc of buses dwelling at stops on Georgia Avenue and Sherman Avenue
wasalsoanalyzed.The70/71routeoperatesat10-minuteand7.5-minuteaverageheadways
duringmid-dayandPMpeakhours,respectively.Itwasassumedthat,intheabsenceof
atransit-onlylane,eachbusstopwouldonaveragegeneratesixandeightbusblockages
(which reduce the saturated fow rates on Georgia Avenue) per hour during the mid-day and
PMpeakhours,respectively.DuringPMpeakhours,theMetroExtraBusRapidTransit
(BRT)79routeservestheGeorgiaAvenuecorridorwithheadwaysof10minutes.Therefore,
PreferredAlternative
Caption Figure J-5: Traffic Analysis Performed Using DDOT-Based Synchro Model
Figure K-1: Traffc Analysis Performed Using Synchro Model Originally Developed
byDDOT
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PreferredAlternative
forbusstopsusedbyboththe70/71andBRTbuses,thetotalnumberofbusblockageswas
assumedtobe14perhourwherethereisnodedicatedtransit-onlylane.Thenumberofbus
blockagesduetothe68routealongShermanAvenuewasassumedtoaveragefourperhour
andsixperhourinthemid-dayandPMpeakhours,respectively,basedoncurrentaverage
headways.
OverviewofKeyIntersectionImprovements
Traffc engineering analysis showed that even though Sherman Avenue and Georgia Avenue
were planned to operate with only one general purpose traffc lane, there would not be any
signifcant increases in delays. The analysis also showed that all key intersections in the
studyareawouldstilloperatewithacceptableLOSunderoptimumtimings,asshownin
FigureK-4andTableK-1.
Underoptimumtimingconditions,mostkeyintersectionsonGeorgiaAvenuemayoperate
slightlybetterthantheydocurrently,withtheexceptionbeingGeorgiaAvenueandPark
RoadduringPMpeakhoursduetothesafetyimprovementsexplainedabove.Theanalysis
predictsamixedresultalongthesectionofGeorgiaAvenuewithatransit-onlylane.Georgia
AvenuesintersectionswithFloridaAvenueandBarryPlacewouldoperatewithbetterlevels
of service and fewer delays for both midday and PM peak hours. There may be insignifcant
increasesindelaysatBryantStreetandWStreet.Queuelengthswouldbewithinacceptable
limits,andthevolume-to-capacityratiowouldnotexceed1.0alongGeorgiaAvenueduring
bothmid-dayandPMpeakhours.
AlthoughthepreferredalternativeresultsinincreaseddelaysonShermanAvenueduetothe
lanereduction,thedelayscanlargelybealleviatedbyoptimizationofsignaltimings.During
middaypeakhoursunderoptimumsignaltimings,operationswouldimproveatSherman
AvenueandKenyonStreet,atShermanAvenueandColumbiaStreet,andatFloridaAvenue
andVermontAvenuecomparedtocurrentconditions.DuringPMpeakhours,however,these
intersectionswouldexperienceaslightincreaseindelays.
ThenewroundaboutatNewHampshireAvenue,MonroeRoad,andParkRoadmayincrease
thedelaytoapproximately30secondsandreducetheLOSfromBtoDinthePMhours.
However,theroundaboutmayenhanceoperationsandimprovetheLOSfromBtoAduring
themid-daypeakhour.OperationsattheunsignalizedintersectionofNewHampshire
Avenue and Spring Street would improve as a result of changes in the lane confgurations
andtimingsforthePMpeakhours,operatingatLOSAduringboththeAMandPMpeak
Figure K-2: Confict Between Eastbound Through
Traffc and Westbound Left-Turning Traffc at Georgia
AvnenueandParkRoad
Figure K-3: Confict Between Westbound Through
Traffc and Eastbound Left-Turning Traffc at Georgia
AvnenueandParkRoad
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hours.VolumeexceedscapacityslightlyatShermanAvenueandColumbiaRoad
inthenorthbounddirection,andsomelongqueuesmayoccuronsidestreetsand
ShermanAvenueatkeyintersections.
Parking
Underthepreferredalternative,parkingonbothsidesofShermanAvenuewould
remainasitiscurrently.Therewouldbesectionswhereparkingisnotpermitted,
aswellassectionsoftime-regulatedparkingandunregulatedparking.Itis
importanttokeepparkingintheareasincemostbuildingsalongthecorridorare
residential.
Therealsowouldbenochangeintheparkingpolicyonsidestreetsbetween
ShermanAvenueandGeorgiaAvenue.Parkinginthenorthernpartofthestudy
areawouldmostlybetime-regulated.Parkingwouldnotbepermittedononeside
ofsomemajorsidestreetssuchasKenyonStreet,ColumbiaRoad,andIrving
Street.Buildingsonsidestreetsaremostlyresidential,asaremostbuildingson
ShermanAvenue.
OnGeorgiaAvenue,betweenBarryPlaceandFloridaAvenue,parkingwouldbe
removed completely to provide suffcient width for the new transit-only lanes.
Removal of parking may improve traffc along the lower part of the Georgia
Avenuecorridorsincetherewouldbenoparkingmaneuversinthissection.The
transit and bicycle modes would also beneft from the change because these modes
would share a lane separated from general traffc. There would be no change in
parkingonthesectionofGeorgiaAvenuebetweenNewHampshireAvenueand
HowardPlace.
Transit Operations and Facilities
The70/71lineandthe68linewillcontinuetooperatealongShermanAvenue
andGeorgiaAvenue.AfterthenewdesignforShermanAvenueisimplemented,
vehicular traffc and transit would only have one travel lane in each direction.
However, traffc analysis shows that once the signalized intersections are
optimized, transit service would not experience signifcant delays at most
intersectionsalongShermanAvenue.TheexceptionsareShermanAvenueand
EuclidStreet,andShermanAvenueandFairmontStreetinthePMpeakhours.
C,C
B,C
B,B
B,B A,B
B,C
A,B
B,C
A,B
B,B
A,D
A,A
A,B
FigureK-4:Level-ofService(LOS)RatingsofKeyIntersectionsin2008(mid-day peak
frst, PM peak second)
PreferredAlternative
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PreferredAlternative
Buses on the 68 line may experience signifcant delays at these
locationsduringthePMpeakhour.Abusstoponthenorthbound
sideofShermanAvenueatEuclidStreetmayprecludebuseson
this line from benefting from the coordination of signals along
ShermanAvenue.
Transit-Dedicated Lane
Theline70/71regularandBRTbuseswouldoperateinmixed
traffc in the northern sections of Georgia Avenue. After the
signalizedintersectionsareoptimized,bothservicesmay
experiencefewerdelays.Inthelowerpartofthecorridor
betweenBarryPlaceandFloridaAvenue,wheretherewouldbe
adedicatedtransitlane,thebuslaneisexpectedtoreducetransit
traveltimesandimprovescheduleadherence,increasingthe
effectivenessoftransitsignalprioritization(alsoplannedforthe
corridor)andresultinginincreasedridership.
Pedestrian and Bicycle Improvements
Sidewalks and Walkability
WalkabilitycurrentlyvariesonbothShermanAvenueand
GeorgiaAvenuefromgoodtoverypoor.Walkabilitywould
improveonceproposedchanges,suchasnewsidewalks(with
a13-footwidthonGeorgiaAvenueandan8-footwidthon
ShermanAvenue),betterstreetlights,andmoreaccessible
wheelchairrampsarecompleted.Thedistancethatpedestrians
needtotraveltocrossanintersectionwoulddecreaseasaresult
ofinstallingtheproposedbulb-outs.Thecurrentminimumgreen
timethatpedestriansneedtocrosssignalizedintersectionson
ShermanAvenueandGeorgiaAvenue,wasconsideredduringthe
analysisofsignaloptimizations.
Bicycle Facilities
Bikerackswouldbelocatedwithinthecurbzoneandinbulb
outs where space permits, signifcantly improving the parking
Table K-1: Delays and LOS for the key intersections in 2008
Approaches Cycle Length Delay LOS
Average
Delay
Int. LOS Cycle Length Delay LOS
Average
Delay
Int. LOS
EB 22.9 C 133.6 F
WB N/A N/A N/A N/A
NB 1.2 A 1.3 A
SB 1.1 A 1.7 A
EB 23.2 C 353.8 F
WB 20.1 C 134.1 F
NB 0.7 A 0.6 A
SB 0.3 A 0.3 A
EB N/A N/A N/A N/A
WB 21.5 C 41 D
NB 5.9 A 29.2 C
SB 7.2 A 5.4 A
EB N/A N/A N/A N/A
WB 15.9 B 54.2 D
NB 4.2 A 35 C
SB 8.5 A 7.3 A
EB 11.6 B 20 C
WB 11.6 B 20.6 C
NB 3.5 A 10.1 B
SB 15.3 B 18.7 B
EB 30.8 C 41.1 D
WB 28.3 C 44.6 D
NB 8.7 A 11 B
SB 7.2 A 10.6 B
EB 7.6 A 25.7 C
WB N/A N/A N/A N/A
NB 6 A 8 A
SB 7.4 A 10 A
EB 7 A 25.2 C
WB N/A N/A N/A N/A
NB 4.9 A 11.2 B
SB 5.7 A 8.6 A
EB 23.1 C 45.2 D
WB N/A N/A N/A N/A
NB 13.5 B 4.9 A
SB 2 A 5.7 A
EB 30.3 C 46.4 D
WB N/A N/A N/A N/A
NB 12.7 B 10.1 B
SB 7.1 A 12.4 B
EB N/A N/A N/A N/A
WB 22.3 C 29.9 C
NB 10.7 B 12.1 B
SB 7.2 A 19.6 B
EB 15.4 B 15.3 B
WB 22 C 26.3 C
NB 38.6 D 42.2 D
SB 22.8 C 24.4 C
EB 22.8 C 36 D
WB N/A N/A N/A N/A
NB 8 A 19.9 B
SB 10.9 B 15.7 B
* This roundabout was analyzed by HCS+ as an unsignalized intersection.
Intersection
MD Peak Hour PM Peak Hour
New Hampshire
Avenue NW
Princeton
Place NW
N\A 2.9 A N\A 8.6 A
New Hampshire
Avenue NW *
Park Rd &
Monroe St
NW
N\A 5 A N\A 32.6 D
Sherman
Avenue NW
Kenyon
Street NW
70 11.3 B 100 25.9 C
Sherman
Avenue NW
Columbia
Road NW
70 10 B 100 33 C
Georgia Avenue
NW
New Hampshire
Avenue NW
70 9.9 A 100 16.5 B
Georgia Avenue
NW
Park Rd NW 70 10.9 B 100 14.7 B
Georgia Avenue
NW
Irving Street NW 70 6.9 A 100 12.7 B
Georgia Avenue
NW
Harvard
Street NW
70 5.6 A 100 14.1 B
Georgia Avenue
NW
Barry Pl NW 70 9.3 A 100 11.4 B
Georgia Avenue
NW
Bryant Street
NW
70 10.4 B 100 11.4 B
Georgia Avenue
NW
W Street NW 70 11.9 B 100 18.8 B
Georgia Avenue
NW
Florida
Avenue NW
70 22.8 C 100 25.3 C
Florida
Avenue NW
Vermont
Avenue NW
100 12.1 B 100 22.7 C
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PreferredAlternative
availabilityforbicyclists.Bicyclistswouldsharethetransit-onlylanewithtransitand
right-turningvehiclesbetweenHowardPlaceandFloridaAvenue,whichwouldreducetheir
overall interaction with vehicular traffc. Bicyclists will share the transit-only lane with
transitandrightturningvehiclesbetweenHowardPlaceandFloridaAvenue,whichwill
result in a reduction in overall interaction with vehicular traffc.
Public Realm Recommendations
TheGeorgiaAvenuecorridorisoneofthemosttraveledstreetsintheDistrictofColombia,
providingconnectionsfromtheNationalMallandDowntownDCtoSilverSpring,MD.
TheboundariesforthestreetscapedesignareGeorgiaAvenuefromFloridaAvenueto
OtisPlace,andShermanAvenuefromFloridaAvenuetoNewHampshireAvenue.A
number of signifcant commercial businesses and institutions are located in the study
area,includingHowardUniversityandHowardUniversityHospital.Thesestreetscape
designrecommendationsareintendedtoimprovepedestriansafety,incorporatelowimpact
streetscapestrategies,andtocreateoverallvisualenhancementsthroughoutthecorridorthat
directly refect the culture and history of the community.
Georgia Avenue
GeorgiaAvenueisprimarilycharacterizedbythepresenceofHowardUniversity,thefuture
HowardTownCenter,andBannekerParkatthesouthernendofthestudyarea.Thenorthern
endofthestudyareaconsistsofuniversity-orientedbusinesses,neighborhood-oriented
businesses,andtransitionareasofmixed-usedevelopment.

ThereisarichheritageofculturalandacademiccontributionsfromgenerationsofAfrican-
AmericanfamiliesandscholarsalongGeorgiaAvenue,particularlyaroundhistoricHoward
University.Thisheritagewasamajorsourceofinspirationforthestreetscapedesign,which
is refected in various elements such as paving, crosswalks, artwork, and signage. The design
processincludedanumberofmeetingswiththecommunityandareastakeholders.From
theseoutreachmeetings,thestudyareawasdividedintothreeareasbasedonthecharacter
andfunctionofthestreet:HowardUniversity/HowardTownCenter(FloridaAvenueto
GreshamPlace),theCrossTownConnection(GreshamPlacetoKenyonStreet),andthe
NeighborhoodConnection(LamontStreettoOtisPlace).
FigureK-5:ProposedStreetscapeImprovementsfortheIntersectionof
GeorgiaAvenueandBryantStreet
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Howard University/Howard Town Center
TheHowardUniversityandtheHowardTownCenterareais,inpart,thesoutherngateway
to the study area. As vehicular and pedestrian traffc enter, wider sidewalks and special
sidewalkandstreetpavingwouldhelpcreateasenseofarrival.Theroadwayenhancements
includecoloredasphaltsurfacetreatmentandspecialthermoplasticcrosswalkdesigns.
Thecoloredasphaltsurfacetreatmentwouldhighlightthededicatedbuslanesthatwould
extendfromFloridaAvenuetoBarryPlace.Thissurface,alongwithauniquestamped
pattern,wouldhighlighttheentireroadbedaroundHowardTownCenter,creatingaspecial
pedestrianzone.Thermoplasticcustomdesignedcrosswalksalsowouldbeincorporated
throughoutthisarea.ThesecrosswalksareinspiredbyAfricanpatternsandareamajor
designelementthatwouldcontributetotheuniquenessofthisurbanenvironment.
Sidewalkenhancementsincludewidersidewalks,lowimpactdevelopment(LID)planting
zones,anduniquesidewalkpaving.A20-footsidewalksetbackstandardforallnew
developmentinthisareawouldhelpprovideaccommodationsforthelargervolumesof
pedestrians,outdoorseatingandoutdoorcafes,largertreepitsandhealthiertrees,androom
forbussheltersandothersitefurniture.
Onthewestofthestreet,sidewalkswouldbewidenedinfrontofthefutureHowardTown
CenteraswellasinfrontofBannekerPark.AcontinuousLIDplantingzonewouldinclude
open-plantedtreepitswithacontinuoustreepitzonecoveredwithcobblestones.TheLID
zoneswouldallowsidewalkrunofftoslowlypercolatethroughtheextendedtreeroots.
Streetfurniturewouldalsobelocatedwithinthisareasoastonotinterferewithpedestrian
traffc. The sidewalk would be paved with poured-in-place concrete laid diagonally. At
intersections,thesidewalkmaterialwouldchangetocoloredprecastconcretepaversset
diagonallyasanextensionofthecrosswalkpattern.
Uniqueenhancementstothisareaincludealinearsidewalkparkalongthestreetedgeof
BannekerParkthatprovidesshadedseatingforpedestriansandagatewayintothepark.
This park is used primarily for recreation and is the fnal destination for the annual Caribbean
Carnival.Anotherfeatureofthisarea,locatedoppositefromBannekerPark,istheproposed
HowardUniversityLegacyWalk,whichconsistsofbronzeplaquesembeddedintopavers
and engraved with the name or image of people infuential to Howard University.
PreferredAlternative
FigureK-6:Close-UpofPublicRealmRecommendationsforthe
IntersectionofGeorgiaAvenueandBryantAvenue
FigureK-7:NewLinearEntranceatBannekerPark
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PreferredAlternative
Table K-2: Streetscape details for the Howard Town Center vicinity (Florida Avenue to Gresham Place):
SIDEWALKS
STREET SITEFURNITURE
SPECIAL
FEATURES CURB ZONE
SIDEWALK
ZONE
FloridaAvenuetoWStreet
5x10continuoustreepit
Granitecobble/LIDinbetweentreepits.
WStreettoBryantStreet
8x10continuoustreepit
Benchesplacedongranitecobble/LIDinbetweentreepits.
BryantStreettoBarryPlace
5x10continuoustreepits
Granitecobble/LIDinbetweentreepits.
BarryPlacetoHowardPlace
Westsidewalk:5to15widetreepit
Eastsidewalk:10wide
Noparkingisavailable
HowardPlacetoEuclidStreet
Westsidewalk:5wide,openwithcobblestoneaccesstoparkedvehicles
Eastsidewalk:4wide,openwithcobblestoneaccesstoparkedvehicles
EuclidStreettoGreshamPlace:
Westsidewalk:5wideby10
Eastsidewalk:4wideby10
Granitecobble/LIDinbetweentreepits
Locatesitefurnitureincurbzonewhenpossible.
StreetTrees:LondonPlanetree
NuttalOak
RedMaple
Pouredinplaceconcrete
2x2with
controljointson45degree
angletofaceofcurb
DDOTstandardconcrete
mix
Corner Zone:
12x12concreteunit
pavers,(newDCstandard
color)andbandwith
12x12coloredconcrete
pavers.
WStreet-Bryant:
Benchseatingandplanting
bedssouthoftheHoward
Bookstoreentrance
Standardasphaltpaving
unless other specifed
BryanttoBarry:
Coloredasphalt(oxide
red)
BarryHoward:
Busdedicatedlanes
coloredasphalt(oxidite
red)
Busstoppads:
poured-in-placeconcrete
paving
HowardPlace:
parkinglanestarts
Parkinglanes-LID
pavers.
Specialcrosswalks:
streetprintpaving
pattern.
Otherintersections:
standardladder
crosswalks
Ushapedbikeracks
Trashreceptacles
Light fxtures:
Teardropat
intersections,
doubleWashington
Globemid-block
Newspapercorrals
Benches
Busshelters
BannekerPark:removal
ofthefence,special
brickpavingtreatment,
seatretainingwalls,
plantingareasand
formalentranceintothe
park.

Publicartopportunities
atVStreet,BarryPlace,
BannekerPark,Euclid
Street,andFairmont
Street

HowardUniversity
LegacyWalkonthewest
sideofstreetbetween
HowardPlaceand
EuclidStreet

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Cross-Town Connection
Thesecondpublic-realmareaistheGreshamStreettoKenyonStreetspanofGeorgia
Avenue,whichincludesfourmainintersectionsthatserveastheprimaryeast-westbusand
vehicle thoroughfare. These intersections have high volumes of pedestrian traffc and have
majorpedestriansafetyissuescausedbyverynarrowsidewalksthatdonotaccommodate
wheelchairaccess,inadequatelighting,damagedsidewalks,anddangerousunsignalized
crosswalks.Theproposedstreetscapewouldaddresstheseproblemsandimprovepedestrian
safetybywideningsidewalkswithbulb-outsatcriticallocationstodecreasethecrossing
distanceforpedestriansandaccommodatewheelchairrampsandhighvisibilitycrosswalks.
Thecustom-designedthermoplasticcrosswalkswouldextendthroughoutthisarea.On-
streetparkingsurfaceswouldbepermeableconcretepaversthatwouldcapturestreetrunoff.
Sidewalkswouldbepoured-in-placeconcretesetdiagonallytobeconsistentwiththe
HowardUniversity/HowardTownCenterareaandwouldhavecontinuousopen-plantedtree
pits where possible. Locations for public art have been identifed at the southwest corner of
HarvardStreet,northeastandsouthwestcornersofColumbiaRoadandthesouthwestcorner
ofHarvardStreet.
Table K-3: Streetscape details for Gresham Place to Kenyon Street:
SIDEWALKS
STREET SITEFURNITURE
SPECIAL
FEATURES CURB ZONE
SIDEWALK
ZONE
Providecontinuousopentreepitswherethereisadequatesidewalkspace.
Provide3openingspavedwithgranitecobbletoconnectsidewalktoparking
areas.
Inareaswithnarrowsidewalks,provide4.5x8treepit.
Pavetheareasbetweentreepitswithgranitecobbleoverpermeablebase.
Locatesitefurnitureincurbzonewhenpossible.
StreetTrees:LondonPlanetree
NuttalOak
RedMaple
Pouredinplace
concrete2x2with
controljointson45
degreeangletoface
ofcurb
DDOTstandard
concretemix
Standardasphaltpaving
Poured-in-placeconcretepaving
forbusstoppads
LIDpaversforparkinglanes
Specialcrosswalks:
(HarvardStreet,Columbia
Street,IrvingStreet,Kenyon
Street)streetprintpaving
pattern.
Otherintersections:standard
laddercrosswalks
Ushapedbikeracks
Trashreceptacles
Light fxtures:
Teardropat
intersections,
singleWashington
Globemid-block
Newspapercorrals
Benches
Busshelters
Publicart
opportunitiesat
ColumbiaStreet,
HarvardStreet,and
thehistoricretail
row(seepublic
artopportunities
document)

PreferredAlternative
FigureK-8:Close-UpofPublicRealmRecommendationsforthe
CentralPortionoftheStudyArea
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PreferredAlternative
Neighborhood Connection
Thethirdpublic-realmarea,fromKenyonStreettoOtisPlace,primarilycontainsmixed-
usebuildingswithsmallbusinessesthatcatertoneighborhoodneeds.Thedesignfor
thisareaincludespoured-in-placeconcretesidewalkswithdiagonal-patternedjointsand
continuous open-planted tree pits with intermittently spaced 3-foot fush cobble-paved paver
islandstoprovideaccesstoandfromparkedcars.Bulb-outsalsowouldbeprovidedat
criticallocationstoprovidesafercrossingsforpedestrians,tomakecrosswalkswheelchair
accessible,andtoprovidebusstopswithacommuterwaitingareathatdoesnotinterfere
with the fow of pedestrians on the sidewalk. New single globe and teardrop lighting would
also be added at fxed intervals. Parking lanes along both sides of the street would be paved
withpermeablepaverstoletstormwaterabsorbintotheground.
Table K-4: Streetscape details for Kenyon Street to Otis Place:
SIDEWALKS
STREET SITEFURNITURE
SPECIAL
FEATURES CURB ZONE
SIDEWALK
ZONE
Providecontinuousopentreepitswherethereisadequatesidewalkspace.
Provide3openingspavedwithgranitecobbletoconnectsidewalktoparking
areas.
Inareaswithnarrowsidewalks,provide4.5x8treepit.
Pavetheareasbetweentreepitswithgranitecobbleoverpermeablebase.
Locatesitefurnitureincurbzonewhenpossible.
StreetTrees:LondonPlanetree
NuttalOak
RedMaple
Pouredinplace
concrete2x2with
controljointson45
degreeangletoface
ofcurb
DDOTstandard
concretemix
Standardasphaltpaving
Poured-in-placeconcrete
pavingforbusstoppads
LIDpaversforparking
lanes
Standardladder
crosswalksatIntersections
Ushapedbikeracks
Trashreceptacles
Light fxtures:
Teardropat
intersections,
singleWashington
Globemid-block
Newspapercorrals
Benches
Busshelters
Publicartopportunities
atMortonStreet,
LamontStreet,and
KenyonStreet
FigureK-9:Close-UpofPublicRealmRecommendationsforthe
NorthernPortionoftheStudyArea
Page 105 LoWer 0eorg|a Averue Trarspor|a||or ard S|ree|scape lrproverer| S|ud] F|ra| Repor|
Sherman Avenue

ShermanAvenuehasadifferentcharacterfromGeorgiaAvenueinthatitisaresidential
streetwithsomecornercommercialuses.ShermanAvenuecurrentlyaccommodateshigh
volumes of traffc that use the street to bypass Georgia Avenue. The wide streets have
reducedsidewalkwidthstoaslittleas2.5feetinsomelocations.Utilitiesplacedinthe
sidewalkmakeitimpossibletonavigatethisareainawheelchair.Currentlythereareno
streettreesonShermanAvenueduetolackofadequatesidewalkspace.Thedesignfor
thisareafocusesonprovidingincreasedpedestriansafetyandamorepleasantpedestrian
environment.Theroadwaywouldbereducedfromtwothroughlanesandoneparkinglane
ineachdirectiontoonethroughlaneandoneparkinglaneineachdirection.Theformer
roadwayspacewouldbeusedtowidensidewalksonbothsidesofthestreettoaminimum
of8feetandtocreateacenteredplantingmedian.Sidewalkswouldbeabletoaccommodate
4-footby6-footopentreepitswithcontinuousLIDzonescoveredwithgranitecobble.The
sidewalkwouldbepoured-in-placeconcretewithdiagonaljointlines.Thecentermedian
would be a raingarden. Openings in curbs would allow runoff to fow into the median, which
would be planted with native grasses and fowering trees. The Florida Avenue and New
Hampshire Avenue intersections would be traffc circles and also planted with fowering trees
andnativegrassspecies.
Table K-5: Streetscape details for Sherman Avenue from Florida Avenue to New
Hampshire Avenue:
SIDEWALKS
STREET SITEFURNITURE
SPECIAL
FEATURES CURB ZONE
SIDEWALK
ZONE
Provide4x10treepitsandcontinuousLIDgranitecobblesin
betweentreepits.
StreetTrees:LittleLeafLinden
GoldenRainTree
AlleghanyServiceberry
OkameCherry
Pouredinplace
concrete2x2with
controljointson45
degreeangletoface
ofcurb
Standardasphaltpaving
Poured-in-placeconcretepavingfor
busstoppads
Centerplantedmedianwithraingarden
Raisedcurbwithcurb-cutopeningsto
collectrunoffinmedian
Standardladdercrosswalksat
Intersections
Ushapedbikeracks
Trashreceptacles
Light fxtures:
Teardropatintersections,
singleWashingtonGlobe
mid-block
Newspapercorrals
Benches
Publicart
opportunitiesat
GirardStreet,
ColumbiaRoad,and
HarvardStreet

PreferredAlternative
FigureK-10:Close-UpofProposedImprovementsforShermanAvenue
Page 10o LoWer 0eorg|a Averue Trarspor|a||or ard S|ree|scape lrproverer| S|ud] F|ra| Repor|
PreferredAlternative
Public Art
PublicartcreatedbyHowardUniversitystudentsandfacultyandlocalartistswouldbe
installedatcentrallocationsalongthecorridor.Somepotentialartformsincludeartin
thesidewalk,free-standingsculpture,andmosaics.Thisartwouldcontributetoanurban
environmentthatwouldattractvisitorsandpotentialnewresidentstothearea.
A number of locations have been identifed on Georgia Avenue as potential locations for
publicart(SeeFigureK-13)
PUBLIC ART OPPORTUNITY SITES AND CRITERIA FOR LOWER GEORGIA AVENUE
Lower Georgia Avenue Public Art Opportunity Sites
M .KenyonSt.
SEcorner
smallpocket
park
N . Lamont
St.SE corner
store
O.MortonSt.SE
cornerdecorative
fence/plantingto
shieldparkinglot
P. ParkRoad ????
A.VSt. NE corner
B. BarryPlace
NW corner
G. Brick
retaining
wall
C. HowardUniv.
LegacyWalk
F.BannekerPark
Recreation Center J.HarvardSt.
SWcorner
K.Columbia
Rd.NE&SE
corners
H. FairmountSt.
MainEntrance
I. Historicretail
row
Howard Town
Center Streetscape
FigureK-13:PublicArtOpportunitySites
FigureK-11:ProposedStreetscapeImprovementsfor
theIntersectionofGeorgiaAvenueandBryantStreet
FigureK-12:ProposedGatewayTreatmentforLower
GeorgiaAvenue
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PreferredAlternative
FigureK-15:ProposedImprovementsatGeorgiaAvenue
andBryantStreet
FigureK-14:CurrentConditionsatGeorgiaAvenueand
BryantStreet
FigureK-17:ProposedImprovementsonBannekerPark
Road
FigureK-16:CurrentConditionsonBannekerParkRoad
FigureK-19:ProposedImprovementsonShermanAvenue
FigureK-18:CurrentConditionsonShermanAvenue
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PreferredAlternative
FigureK-20:LIDDetailsforthePreferredAlternative
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PreferredAlternative
Figure K-15: LID tree pit options
FigureK-21:LIDTreePitOptionsforthePreferredAlternative
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PreferredAlternative
Currently,BryantStreetNWisaone-wayone-laneeastboundroadwaywhichbeginswitha
T-intersectionatGeorgiaAvenueNW.TheintersectionwithGeorgiaAvenueiscontrolledby
athree-headsignalandthecorridorallowson-streetparkingonbothsidesoftheroadwayfor
mostoftheday.Currently,onthewestsideofGeorgiaAvenue(acrossfromBryantStreet),
isaparkinglotusedbyHowardUniversityemployees.
In order to improve both vehicular and pedestrian accessibility in the east-west direction
across the Howard University Campus and to the planned traffc circle at Sherman Avenue
NWandFloridaAvenueNW,anextensionisproposedforBryantStreetfromtheintersection
with Georgia Avenue to connect with the traffc circle. As a part of this extension of one-way
eastboundBryantStreet,BarryPlaceisproposedtobecomeone-waywestboundfromGeorgia
AvenuetoShermanAvenuetocreateaone-waypair.Fouralternativesweredevelopedfor
BryantStreet,allwitha32-foot-widetypicalsection,capableofaccommodatingtwotravel
laneswithonelaneofon-streetparkingoronelaneoftravelwithtwoon-streetparkinglanes.
TheBryantStreetextensionwouldprovidequickeraccesstoShermanAvenue,alleviating
delays and queues on New Hampshire and FloridaAvenues to the north and south of the
projectarea,aswellasonGeorgiaAvenueitself,facilitatebetterpedestrianaccessibilityto
theHowardUniversitydormitoryandthecommercialareasonGeorgiaAvenueandFlorida
Avenue.
Bryant Street Extension
FiguresK-22:IntersectionofBryantStreetand
GeorgiaAvenue(CurrentConditions)
Page 111 LoWer 0eorg|a Averue Trarspor|a||or ard S|ree|scape lrproverer| S|ud] F|ra| Repor|
PreferredAlternative
Foreachofthealternativesdeveloped,theroadwayalignmentsdifferforBryantStreet,with
somealternativesminimizingimpactstoadjacentparcelsalongthesouthsideofBryantStreet
and some alternatives minimizing impacts to an adjacent electrical sub-station on the south
sideof8
th
StreetNW.Inaddition,avoidanceoftwoelectricaltransformersattheintersection
of 8
th
Street and Bryant Street (to the north of 8
th
Street), and at the intersection of Sherman
AvenueandBryantStreetwhichservetheHowardUniversitydormitorywasconsidered.The
alternativesdevelopedareasfollows:
Alternative1proposestoavoidthesub-stationandtransformerat8
th
Streetcompletely,but
minimizes the impact to the parcel at the west end near the traffc circle.
Alternative 2 proposes to offset each intersection along Bryant Street, avoiding the
substation, but impacting both transformers and minimizing the impacts to the adjacent
parcels.
Alternative3proposestorelocatethesub-stationandbothtransformerswhileminimizing
the impacts to the adjacent parcels. This alternative creates a skewed intersection at
GeorgiaAvenue.
Alternative4proposestoavoidthetransformersandthesub-stationcompletelybycreating
astraightalignmentfortheentirecorridor,havingthemostimpacttotheadjacentparcels.
AlthoughAlternatives2and3minimizetheamountoflandtakenfortheextension,theoffset
intersections (for Alternative 2) provide poor traffc operations and the high cost and time
requiredforrelocationofthesub-station(forAlternative3)makethesealternativeslessdesirable,
therefore,alternatives1and4remainviable.Forallalternatives,crosswalkimprovementsand
markingsareproposedfortheintersectionofBryantStreetandGeorgiaAvenue,andstreetscape
additions are proposed along the entire extension. Figures K-23 to K-26 illustrate each of
the alternatives. Preferred alternative plan sheets are also shown in Figures B andAA at the
beginningofthissection.

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PreferredAlternative
FigureK-23:Alternative1
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PreferredAlternative
FigureK-24:Alternative2
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PreferredAlternative
FigureK-25:Alternative3
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PreferredAlternative
FigureK-26:Alternative4
Page 11o LoWer 0eorg|a Averue Trarspor|a||or ard S|ree|scape lrproverer| S|ud]
F|ra| Repor|
L.Short-TermRecommendations
Short-term improvements are limited to Georgia Avenue. This frst phase engages cost-
effectivesolutionsthatenhancepedestrianandvehicularsafetyalongthecorridor.These
improvements do not involve signifcant construction, which help minimize community
impacts.Theshort-termimprovements,whicharelistedbelow,areexpectedtobecompleted
by2008.
Millingandresurfacingtheroadwaywithnewpavement
Re-stripingtravellanes
Installingparkinglanesandcorrespondingpavementmarkings
Re-stripingexistingcrosswalksusinghigh-visibilitypavementmarkings
Fixingandresurfacingbackalleys
CleaningandrepairingsidewalksalongGeorgiaAvenue
RemovingpiperailingsalongsidewalksbetweenGirardStreetandColumbiaRoad
Installingpedestriansignalswithcountdowntimersatexistingsignalizedintersections
Optimizing existing traffc signals to allow a better traffc fow
IncreasingparkingenforcementalongGeorgiaAvenue
InvolvingandcoordinatingwiththeUrbanForestryAdministrationtosustainproper
maintenanceoftreesalongthecorridor
RelocatingentranceofMcDonaldsRestaurantfromGeorgiaAvenueto8thStreet
ImplementingtheHAWK(High-intensityActivatedcrossWalK)signalatthe
intersectionofGeorgiaAvenueandKenyonStreet
T|e lAwK S|gra| S]s|er
TheHigh-intensityActivatedcrossWalK(alsoknownasHAWK)signalingsystemis
a combination of a beacon fasher and a traffc control signaling technique for marked
crossings. The beacon signal consists of a standard traffc signal head with red-yellow-red
lenses.Theunitisnormallyoffuntilactivatedbyapedestrian.Whenapedestrianwishes
to cross the street, he or she presses a button and the signal begins with a fashing yellow
indication to warn the approaching drivers. The fashing yellow is then followed by a solid
yellowindication,advisingthedriversoftherequirementtopreparetostop.Thesignalis

FiguresL-1
L-2TheHAWKSignalSysteminOperation
Page 117 LoWer 0eorg|a Averue Trarspor|a||or ard S|ree|scape lrproverer| S|ud] F|ra| Repor|
FigureK-3:ExampleofSequenceforaHAWKPedestrianBeacon
thenchangedtoasolidredindicationduringthepedestrianinterval,whendrivers
must stop at the crosswalk. The beacon signal then converts to an alternating fashing
red,allowingdriverstoproceedwhensafe.Wheninstalledatintersections,this
applicationprovidesaprotectedpedestriancrossingwithoutsignalcontrolfortheside
street.
AdvantagesoftheHAWKsystem:
Drivers are likely to stop for a form of traffc control resembling a traffc signal.
Minimizes delay for major street traffc and avoids attracting additional vehicular
traffc to the side street, which may be residential.

1 2 3
4 5
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F|ra| Repor|
Thelong-termphaseoftheprojectinvolvesworkonbothGeorgiaandShermanAvenues.In
general, the goal of this phase is to further optimize pedestrian safety and traffc fow while
enhancingtheaestheticpropertiesofthecorridor.Theseimprovementsareexpectedtobe
completedby2010.
0eorg|a Averue

Along Georgia Avenue, parallel parking spaces would be reconfgured using LID treatments,
whichwouldimprovethesustainabilityofGeorgiaAvenuebycapturingstormwaterrunoff
more effciently. In addition, the outer traffc lanes would be shared with bicyclists and
would be identifed by shared lane markings (sharrows) on the pavement. Bulb outs,
wouldbeinstalledatseveralkeypointsalongthecorridortoimprovepedestriansafetyby
shorteningthewalkingdistancesforpedestrianscrossingGeorgiaAvenue.Bulboutsalso
havetheeffectofcompellingdriverstoreducetheirspeedduetotheirperceivednarrowing
oftheroadway.
Lane confgurations along Georgia Avenue would be modifed to maintain the smooth fow
of traffc and transit. These changes would involve the following:
Between New Hampshire Avenue and Howard Place there would be two 11-foot traffc
lanesandan8-footparkinglaneforbothnorthboundandsouthbounddirections.
BetweenHowardPlaceandBarryPlacetherewouldbetwo11-footthroughlanesand
an11-footright-turn-onlylaneinthesouthbounddirection.Inthenorthbounddirection,
therewouldbetwo11-footthroughlanesandan8-footparkinglane.
BetweenBarryPlaceandFloridaAvenuetherewouldbea13-footoutertransit-only
lane and an 11-foot mixed-traffc through lane for both southbound and northbound
directions.
Otherlong-termimprovementsonGeorgiaAvenuewouldincludethefollowing:
InstallingwidersidewalkstoprovidelargerareasforpedestrianstravelingalongGeorgia
Avenue
InstallingproperADAramps
Installingcrosswalkswithspecialpavementtreatmentatkeylocations
InstallingfencedtreeboxesandimprovedlandscapingalongGeorgiaAvenue

M.Long-TermRecommendations
Figure M-1: Lane Confguration of Georgia Avenue North of Howard
Place
Figure M-2: Lane Confguration of Georgia Avenue South of Barry
Place
Page 119 LoWer 0eorg|a Averue Trarspor|a||or ard S|ree|scape lrproverer| S|ud] F|ra| Repor|
Installingconsistentstreetfurniture(e.g.,trashreceptacles,benches,andbicycleracks)
alongGeorgiaAvenue
InstallingopenfencingandartworkatBannekerPark
Sherman Avenue
Toprovideamoreresidentialcharacterandapedestrian-friendlyenvironment,improvements
to Sherman Avenue would involve signifcant widening of the sidewalks and a complete
reconstructionoftheroadway.Thereconstructedroadwaywouldhavetwosetsof8-foot
parkinglanesand14-foottravellanesseparatedbyalandscaped10-foot-widemedian.The
14-foottravellaneswouldbesharedwithbicyclistsandmarkedassuch.Designatedleft-
turn lanes would occupy the median at key intersections to maintain a smooth fow of traffc.
Traffc circles would be constructed at the northern and southern ends of Sherman Avenue.
These circles would provide a safer and more effcient traffc fow and help create gateways
toShermanAvenue.
Otherlong-termimprovementsonShermanAvenuewouldincludethefollowing:
Constructingwidersidewalkswithfencedtreeboxes
InstallingLIDtreatmentstoparkinglanes
Installingpedestriansignalswithcountdowntimersatexistingsignalizedintersections
Installingconsistentstreetfurniture(e.g.,trashreceptacles,benches,andbicycleracks)
alongthecorridor

Figure M-3: Lane Confguration of Sherman Avenue


Page 120 LoWer 0eorg|a Averue Trarspor|a||or ard S|ree|scape lrproverer| S|ud] F|ra| Repor|
Roadway Surfacing - Georgia Avenue
Lower Georgia Avenue Streetscape Design
Special Roadway Surface at Howard Town Center (V St. to
Barry Place)
-Red Colored Asphalt Paving roadway surface on Asphalt Base
-Standard painted drive lane dividers
-No on street parking Florida Avenue to Howard Place
Standard Roadway Surfaces (Other than Howard Town Center)
-Standard black asphalt
-Standard white thermoplast painted drive lane and parking lane
dividers
Crosswalks
-Special Crosswalks: Street print paving;
-Standard Crosswalk: Thermoplastic ladder
Dedicated Bus Lane Surfacing
Red stamped asphalt paving
Parking Zone Paving
option 1: standard black asphalt
option 2: LID zone
Paving Markers
-Solar powered and/or hard wired light units at crosswalks.
Bump Outs
-To create shorter distance for pedestrian crossing
-To increase visilbility of unsignalized crosswalks
April 11, 2007
Special stamped asphalt paving around Howard Town
Center and in the dedicated bus lanes
Special Crosswalk LID Parking Lane
Standard Crosswalk Colored Asphalt
Bryant Street
W Street
V Street
Roadway Surfacing - Sherman Avenue
Sherman Avenue Streetscape Design
Roadway Surfaces
-Standard black asphalt
-Standard painted drive lane and parking lane
dividers
Bus Pull-up and Parking Zone Accent Materials
-Bus pad on street surface poured in place concrete
-Parking zone street surface standard asphalt
April 11, 2007
Poured in Place Concrete
Bus Pad
Standard painted drive and
parking lanes
Sherman Avenue Roadway
Long-TermImprovements
FigureM-5:RoadwaySurfacingforShermanAvenue FigureM-4:RoadwaySurfacingforGeorgiaAvenue
Page 121 LoWer 0eorg|a Averue Trarspor|a||or ard S|ree|scape lrproverer| S|ud] F|ra| Repor|
Chronological Steps
August 2007 to April 2008 (FY08)
FinaldesignforShermanandGeorgiaAvenues
May 2008 to May 2009 (FY08-09)
ConstructionofShermanAvenue
SidewalkupgradesandreplacementfromOtisPlacetoGirardStreet
RedoBannekerPark(May-July)
May 2009 to November 2009 (FY09-10)
MillandresurfaceGeorgiaAvenuefromOtisPlacetoBarryPlace
Replacesidewalksandbuildbulb-outatHowardPlace
~2010
CompleteGeorgiaAvenueconstructionsouthtoFlorida,timedtobe
doneafterHowardTownCenteriscompleted,ortimedtomaximize
constructionstagingareas.
Alley Repair and Resurfacing
AlleyswouldberesurfacedbetweenShermanandGeorgiaAvenuesand
betweenEuclidStreetandOtisPlace.Thiswouldprovidebusinesses
andresidenceswithimprovedmobilityandaccessduringconstruction.
Itwouldalsoensurethatdeliveriesforlocalbusinessesoccuroffof
Georgia Avenue, thereby improving construction and long-term traffc and
pedestrian fow.
N.ImplementionPlan
Center Median - Sherman Avenue
Sherman Avenue Streetscape Design
Boulevard Center Median
LID storm water retention design: runoff from roadways
directed into 3-0 curb cuts in median spaced at 30 o.c.
Raised curb with open curb cuts and drains to capture runoff
Ground cover surface native plant material
Ornamental trees in median
April 11, 2007
LID Storm Water Retention Design
Center Median with Curb Cut Openings
3
0

b
e
t
w
e
e
n

c
e
n
t
e
r
o
f

c
u
r
b

c
u
ts
S
to
rm
w
a
te
r
ru
n
o
ff
S
to
rm
w
a
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Typical Center Median
Storm water
runoff
S
torm
w
ater
runoff
Erosion control fabric
FigureN-1:ProposedCenterMedianforShermanAvenue
Long-TermImprovements
Page 122 LoWer 0eorg|a Averue Trarspor|a||or ard S|ree|scape lrproverer| S|ud] F|ra| Repor|
Construction of Sherman Avenue
ShermanAvenuewouldbecompletelyreconstructedandtransformedinto
apleasant,tree-linedstreetthatwouldenhanceadjacentresidenceswhile
allowing regular traffc fow.
Ifconstructionbeganfromthesouth(attheintersectionwithFlorida
Avenue),ShermanAvenuecouldbereconstructedbyfullyclosingthe
streetbetweenFloridaAvenue(orBarryPlace,dependinguponmore
detailed traffc analysis) and Euclid Street. This section contains few
residences and curb cuts, and Euclid Street could be used as a traffc
detour.ThiswouldprovideresidentsnorthofEuclidStreetwitha
completed section that shows the fnal design. North of Euclid Street,
constructionisdividedintotwogeographicsections.Withinthesesections,
the road would be constructed in halves. The frst half would include
constructionofthemedian.
Construction of Georgia Avenue
ConstructionalongGeorgiaAvenuewouldbemorephasedthanthatfor
ShermanAvenuetominimizedisruptiontolocalresidentsandbusinesses.
Accommodationsforpedestrianswouldbemadeduringreconstruction
ofsidewalksfromOtisPlacetoGirardStreet,andaccesswouldbe
maintainedtolocalbusinessesduringthemillingandresurfacingofthe
roadway.ReconstructionofsidewalksonLowerGeorgiaAvenueearlyin
theprojectwouldmakeasmall-scalebuthighlyvaluableimprovement
tothepublicrealmearlierintheprocessthanifsuchimprovements
were made when it is most effcient (i.e., after construction of Howard
TownCenter).Inaddition,asimprovementsformiddleGeorgiaAvenue
arecurrentlyindesign,completinganorthernelementoftheLower
GeorgiaAvenueprojectwouldresultinalessinterruptedpatterntothe
improvements.Finally,constructionatBannekerParkshouldbetimedso
thatitdoesnotinterferewithfestivals.
ImplementationPlan
Site Furnishings - Georgia Avenue
Lower Georgia Avenue Streetscape Design
Street lights:
Teardrop at intersections
Double Washington Globes from Florida to Gresham
Single Washington Globes from Gresham to Otis
Trash receptacles: Victor Stanley with Howard University
or Lower Georgia Avenue emblems
Standard Benches: Victor Stanley with Howard University
or Lower Georgia Avenue emblem
Bicycle racks: U Shape racks, to be located within the
curb zone and in bump outs when space permits
Newspaper Boxes: stackable multi news boxes to replace
individual boxes
Bus Stop Shelters:
Standard - with Lower Georgia Avenue/Howard University
Name
Express Bus
Tree Pits: Ornamental iron tree pit fencing
Parking Meters: Multi-space boxes for on-street parking
April 11, 2007
Teardrop Light Fixture Double Washington Globe
Multi-space Parking Meter
Bike Rack
Trash Receptacle
Multi-stack Newspaper Boxes
Bench
Single Washington Globe
Ornamental Treepit Fence
Bus Shelter
FigureN-2:StreetFurnitureforGeorgiaAvenue
Page 123 LoWer 0eorg|a Averue Trarspor|a||or ard S|ree|scape lrproverer| S|ud] F|ra| Repor|
Potential Funding Sources
BannekerPark: NeighborhoodInvestmentFund
DCCouncilonArtsandHumanities
TransportationEnhancements
ShermanAvenue: FederalProgram
GeorgiaAvenue: GreatStreetsFunds
Alleyways: GreatStreetsFunds
GreatStreetsFundscanbeusedasalocalmatchforfederaldollars.
Street Trees & Planting - Georgia Avenue
Lower Georgia Avenue Streetscape Design
Street tree pit design
-5x10 standard tree pit size
-For sidewalks 8 wide, 4.5 tree pits
-10x10 treepit size for sidewalks 20 or wider
-Ornamental fence for tree pit protection
-Low maintenance ground cover for tree pits
-Continuous tree pits to be located between Barry Place and
Euclid. Above Kenyon Street, continuous pits where there is
room.
LID Zones
-Permeable surface paving over structural soil to allow for
tree growth
Ornamental trees & Accent plantings
-in planting beds at select corner "mini-park" locations and at
select wide sidewalk areas
Tree species
Canopy trees - London Planetree Bloodgood, Red Maple
Ornamental trees - Okame Cherry, Golden Raintree
April 11, 2007
Tree pit Detail
LID Zone
Tree Pit Zone and Spacing
3
0

M
I
N
.

2
0

M
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.

Permeable granite
pavers
Bike rack
Streetlight
Tree pit with
ornamental metal
fence
Continuous tree pit
box
4x4x4 granite
pavers - parking
zone
Continuous Tree Pit Zone
FigureN-3:StreetTrees&PlantingsforGeorgiaAvenue
ImplementationPlan
Street tree pit design
-5x10 standard tree pit size
-For sidewalks 8 wide, 4.5 tree pits
-10x10 tree pit size for sidewalks 20 or wider
-Ornamental fence for tree pit protection
-Low-maintenance ground cover for tree pits
-Continuous tree pits to be located between Barry Place and
Euclid Street. Above Kenyon Street, continuous pits where
there is room.
LID zones
-Permeable surface paving over structural soil to allow for tree
growth
Ornamental trees & accent plantings
-In planting beds at select corner mini-park locations and at
select wide sidewalk areas.
Tree Species
Canopy Trees - London Planetree Bloodgood, Red Maple
Ornamental Trees - Okame Cherry, Golden Raintree
Page 124 LoWer 0eorg|a Averue Trarspor|a||or ard S|ree|scape lrproverer| S|ud]
F|ra| Repor|
PunchList
Punch List of Costs
Inthefollowingtable,apunchlistsofcostsassociatedwiththe
aforementionedshort-andlong-termcostsfortheGeorgiaAvenueand
ShermanAvenuecorridors.Thelistoutlinesthetypeofrecommendation,
(eitherlong-termorshort-term),thelocationoftheproposed
recommendations(alongGeorgiaorShermanAvenue),adescriptionofthe
recommendationsuggestedandthecostassociatedwiththistask.Allcosts
areapproximatebasedonanalysisperformedApril2008.

Page A125 LoWer 0eorg|a Averue Trarspor|a||or ard S|ree|scape lrproverer| S|ud] F|ra| Repor|
PunchList
LGA Transportation and
Streetscape Study Punch List
Project Name: Lower Georgia Avenue Transportation and Streetscape
Study
d e t e l p m o C e t a D s u t a t S y t i r o i r P t s o C n o i t p i r c s e D n o i t a c o L e p y T
Short Term Rec Along Georgia Avenue Corridor, Florida Ave to Otis
Place
Milling and resurfacing the roadway with new standard black pavement w/ standard
painted drive lane and parking lane dividers
$2,422,686 High Not complete
Short Term Rec Along Georgia Avenue Corridor, Florida Ave to Otis
Place
e t e l p m o c t o N h g i H 5 5 5 , 2 6 4 $ ) l l i m d n a t a o c k c a t , e v a p r e p u s ( s y e l l a k c a b e c a f r u s e r d n a x i F
Short Term Rec At the intersection of Georgia Avenue and Kenyon
Street
Implement the HAWK signal at the intersection of Georgia Avenue and Kenyon Street $200,000 High Not complete
Short Term Rec Along Georgia Avenue Corridor, Florida Ave to Otis
Place
e t e l p m o c t o N h g i H 0 0 2 , 7 6 0 , 1 $ w o l f c i f f a r t r e t t e b a w o l l a o t s l a n g i s c i f f a r t g n i t s i x e e z i m i t p O
Short Term Rec Along Georgia Avenue Corridor, Florida Ave to Otis
Place
Re-strip travel lanes and re-strip existing crosswalks using high-visibility pavement
markings and thermoplastic ladder
$181,380 High Not complete
Short Term Rec Along Georgia Avenue Corridor, Florida Ave to Otis
Place
Install pedestrian signals with countdown timers at exisitng signalized intersections $1,200,000 High Not complete
Short Term Rec Along Georgia Avenue, between Girard Street and
Columbia Road
e t e l p m o c t o N h g i H 0 0 5 , 8 $ s k l a w e d i s g n o l a s g n i l i a r e p i p e v o m e R
Short Term Rec Along Georgia Avenue, Florida Ave to Otis Place Increase parking enforcement TBD High Not complete
Short Term Rec Along Georgia Avenue, Florida Ave to Otis Place Involve and coordinate with the Urban Forestry Administration to sustain proper
maintenance of trees along the corridor
N/A High Not complete
Short Term Rec Georgia Avenue, McDonald's Restaurant Relocating entrance of McDonald's Restaurant from Georgia Avenue to 8th Street $50,000 High Not complete
Date: May 2008
Project Number:
23116A
Completed By: Parsons
Brinckerhoff
Parsons
Brinckerhoff
Page A12o LoWer 0eorg|a Averue Trarspor|a||or ard S|ree|scape lrproverer| S|ud] F|ra| Repor|
Project Name: Lower Georgia Avenue Transportation and Streetscape
Study
d e t e l p m o C e t a D s u t a t S y t i r o i r P t s o C n o i t p i r c s e D n o i t a c o L e p y T
Date: May 2008
Project Number:
23116A
Completed By: Parsons
Brinckerhoff
Long Term Rec At Howard Town Center, along Georgia Avenue (V
Street to Barry Place)
Install special roadway surface (red colored asphalt paving roadway surface on asphalt
base) with standard painted drive lane dividers and no on street parking markings from
Florida Ave to Howard Place
$1,333,925 Low Not complete
Long Term Rec At Howard Town Center, along Georgia Avenue (V
Street to Barry Place)
e t e l p m o c t o N w o L 0 8 0 , 8 7 9 $ g n i v a p t n i r p t e e r t s l a i c e p s h t i w s k l a w s s o r c l l a t s n I
e t e l p m o c t o N w o L 0 0 2 , 5 3 $ r e v o c d n u o r g d n a s e x o b e e r t d e c n e f l l a t s n I e c a l P y r r a B o t a d i r o l F m o r f , e u n e v A a i g r o e G g n o l A c e R m r e T g n o L
e t e l p m o c t o N w o L 6 6 6 , 2 7 $ r e v o c d n u o r g d n a s e x o b e e r t d e c n e f l l a t s n I d r a v r a H o t y r r a B m o r f , e u n e v A a i g r o e G g n o l A c e R m r e T g n o L
e t e l p m o c t o N w o L 0 6 2 , 7 3 $ r e v o c d n u o r g d n a s e x o b e e r t d e c n e f l l a t s n I n o y n e K o t d r a v r a H m o r f , e u n e v A a i g r o e G g n o l A c e R m r e T g n o L
e t e l p m o c t o N w o L 3 2 0 , 9 7 $ r e v o c d n u o r g d n a s e x o b e e r t d e c n e f l l a t s n I s i t O o t n o y n e K m o r f , e u n e v A a i g r o e G g n o l A c e R m r e T g n o L
Long Term Rec Along Georgia Avenue, from Florida to Barry Place Install benches, trash receptacles, tree pit fence, wayfinding signage, teardrop light,
and single washington globes
$254,380 Low Not complete
Long Term Rec Along Georgia Avenue, from Barry to Harvard Install benches, trash receptacles, tree pit fences, wayfinding signage, teardrop light,
single washington globe, bicycle racks, and double washington globes
$993,842 Low Not complete
Long Term Rec Along Georgia Avenue, from Harvard to Kenyon Install benches, trash receptacles, tree pit fence, wayfinding signage, teardrop light,
single washington globe, and bicycle racks
$725,650 Low Not complete
Long Term Rec Along Georgia Avenue, from Kenyon to Otis Install benches, trash receptacles, tree pit fence, wayfinding signage, teardrop light,
single washington globe, and bicycle racks
$1,195,195 Low Not complete
Long Term Rec Along Georgia Avenue, from Florida to Barry Place Install ADA ramps $15,500 Low Not complete
Long Term Rec Along Georgia Avenue, from Barry to Harvard Install ADA ramps $25,500 Low Not complete
Long Term Rec Along Georgia Avenue, from Harvard to Kenyon Install ADA ramps $15,500 Low Not complete
Long Term Rec Along Georgia Avenue, from Kenyon to Otis Install ADA ramps $21,000 Low Not complete
Long Term Rec Along Sherman Avenue, Barry Place to New Hampshire
Avenue
Install LID treatments to parking lanes (PIP concrete paving, granite curb and brick
paving, treepit, granite cobbler over LID, concrete curb and gutter and stormwater
retention median)
$3,272,475 Low Not complete
Long Term Rec Along Sherman Avenue, Barry Place to New Hampshire
Avenue
Install consistent street furniture (benches, trash receptacles, tree pit fence, wayfinding
signage, teardrop light, single washington globes)
$2,675,188 Low Not complete
Long Term Rec Along Sherman Avenue, Barry Place to New Hampshire
Avenue
e t e l p m o c t o N w o L 0 7 3 , 0 7 1 $ r e v o c d n u o r g d n a s e e r t l l a t s n I
Long Term Rec Along Sherman Avenue, Barry Place to New Hampshire
Avenue
Install pedestrian signals with countdown timers at existing signalized intersections $2,424,000 Low Not complete
Long Term Rec Along Sherman Avenue, Barry Place to New Hampshire
Avenue
e t e l p m o c t o N w o L 0 0 0 , 0 0 2 $ s p e t s d n a s e c n e f , s g n i p o c r i a p e r d n a e c a l p e R
Long Term Rec Along Sherman Avenue, Barry Place to New Hampshire
Avenue
Install proper ADA ramps $51,000 Low Not complete
Long Term Rec Along Sherman Avenue, Barry Place to New Hampshire
Avenue
e t e l p m o c t o N w o L 6 3 9 , 2 3 3 , 2 $ n a m r e h S / a d i r o l F d n a k r a P / e r i h s p m a H w e N t a s e l c r i c c i f f a r t l l a t s n I
Long Term Rec Along Sherman Avenue, Barry Place to New Hampshire
Avenue
Install wider sidewalks, medians, travel and parking lanes (10 foot wide median, 14
foot travel lanes, two sets of 8-foot parking lanes)
$2,714,078 Low Not complete
Long Term Rec Along Georgia Avenue, from Florida to Barry Place Reconfigure parallel parking spaces using LID treatments (PIP concrete paving,
granite curb and brick gutter, precast concrete pavers, treepit, and granite cobble over
LID)
$2,086,942 Low Not complete
Long Term Rec Along Georgia Avenue, from Barry to Harvard Reconfigure parallel parking spaces using LID treatments (PIP concrete paving,
granite curb and brick gutter, precast concrete pavers, treepit, granite cobble over LID
and retaining wall)
$1,778,403 Low Not complete
Long Term Rec Along Georgia Avenue, from Harvard to Kenyon Reconfigure parallel parking spaces using LID treatments (PIP concrete paving,
granite curb and brick gutter, treepit, and granite cobble over LID)
$853,768 Low Not complete
Page A1 LoWer 0eorg|a Averue Trarspor|a||or ard S|ree|scape lrproverer| S|ud] F|ra| Repor|
O.Acknowledgements
FigureO-2:Residentsandteammembersalikeworktogethertocreate
amoresuitableLowerGeorgiaAvenuestudyarea
Agency Team Members
DistrictDepartmentofTransportation(DDOT)
KarinaRicks,GreatStreetsProjectManager
CallistusNwadike,TransportationPolicyandPlanningAdministration,Ward1Planner,
ProjectManager
MichaelJelen,InfrastructureProjectManagementAdministration,Team1Manager
ColleenHawkinson,TransportationPolicyandPlanningAdministration
WoldeMakonnen,InfrastructureProjectManagementAdministration
DanaChieco,CapitalCityFellow
DeputyMayorforPlanningandEconomicDevelopment:
DerrickWoody,Coordinator-GreatsStreetsInitiative
DC Offce of Planning
VivianGuerra,Ward1NeighborhoodPlanningCoordinator
AnitaM.Hairston,AICP,Ward4NeighborhoodPlanningCoordinator
ConsultantTeamMembers
PBAmericas,P.C.
Greer Gillis, PE, Supervising Traffc Engineer- Project Manager
MegCederoth,AICP,SeniorPlanner-DeputyProjectManager
PhilBraum,Principal-in-Charge
KeithBelcher,SeniorCivilEngineer
Lakeisha Henderson, Traffc Engineer
JessicaJuriga,PE,SeniorPlanner/Engineer
BrianLaverty,Planner
EduardoMaeyama,AssistantCivilEngineer
JenniferRosales,PE,LeadTransportationEngineer,PBPlacemaking
JonWhitney,PE,SeniorSupervisingCivilEngineer
Onur Yener, Traffc Engineer
Lee+Papa&Associates
MarkPapa,AIA,Principal
AdrienneMcCray,ProjectManager
SorinaIgreti,LandscapeDesigner
Charles B. Zucker, Urban Design & Public Art Consultant/Planner
T3DesignP.C.
PatriciaTimbrook,PE,PTOE,President
AmyMorris,PE
Conglong(Vicky)Yu,TransportationEIT
RobinsonAssociatesLLC:
SharonRobinson,President