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Introduction Vitagen When we talked about bacteria, the first thing that will come out in our mind

is they will give harmful effect to our body. But in fact, they are not like we are thinks. There are two types of bacteria. One is bad bacteria which cause us to get disease and other one is good bacteria or some called it as friendly bacteria. Recent research shows that normal intestinal bacteria are so numerous that they make up approximately 95 percent of the total number of cells in the human body. They help prevent bad bacteria from infecting us and may help prevent intestinal diseases such as ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease and cancer. Researchers have shown that two nondigestible carbohydrates, fructooligosaccharides and inulin, can help heal intestines swollen and damaged by diarrhea-causing bacteria. Besides that, the other good bacteria is lactobacillus which we can found in Vitagen. Vitagen is a fermented milk drink made by fermenting good quality skim milk with probiotic cultures. Vitagen is produced by cultivating these live probiotic cultures in wholesome milk and blended with real fruit juice. There are five flavor that are provided which are grape, orange, apple, pineapple and original. We also can have Vitagen in various types of product Vitagen itself which are Original, Less sugar and Collagen Vitagen. In this assignment, we will discuss more about the process of Vitagen from the beginning to packaging, storing and transporting. We will also discuss on how we are going to ensure that the product is safe. 1) How are we going to ensure that the product is safe? As consumer, we must know whether the product that we consumed is safe or not. Therefore, to ensure that the product is safe, we must look on the expiry date first. The expiry date is that point in time when a product is no longer within acceptable specifications for potency and stability. It is important for us to know when the product is expired so that, we could know the product is spoiled and cannot be used anymore, It is also prevent us from buying the product that is already expired. For Muslim consumers, it is very important to identify HALAL logo on the product. Furthermore, we have to make sure that the product is labeled with ISO and HACCP. ISO 22000 is standard developed by the International Organization for Standardization dealing with food safety. This is a general derivative of ISO 9000. ISO 22000 standard: The ISO 22000 international standard specifies the requirements for a food safety management system that involves interactive communication, system management, prerequisite programs, and HACCP principles. HACCP is Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point which is a systematic preventive approach to food safety that addresses physical, chemical, and biological hazards as a means of prevention rather than finished product inspection. HACCP is used in the food industry to identify potential food safety hazards, so that key actions can be taken to reduce or eliminate the risk of the hazards being realized. The system is used at all stages of food production and preparation processes including packaging, distribution, etc. So that, it is significant for the product to have ISO and HACCP in order to assure the safety of that product. Besides that, we should look on nutritional labeling of the product. Usually, there are nutritional facts table on the product. From there, we could know specifically the composition of nutrient content in the product. There are also bilingual ingredient statement and nutrient analysis report which

is a database analysis of product formula. In the certain product, allergen statement is presented. This is important statement to aware consumers who are allergy on any ingredients in the product. Product safety implies absence or acceptable and safe levels of contaminants, adulterants, naturally occurring toxins or any other substance that may make food injurious to health on an acute or chronic basis. Hence, we must ensure that the product we consumed is safe. Remember that, "We are what we eat. Our nutritional status, health, physical and mental depends on the food we eat and how we eat it.

2) Based on the seven principles of HACCP, determine the requirements needed for the product is safe for consumers.

Input The input or basic material used to produce vitagen is culture milk that is V. There are several others product under Malaysia Milk Sdn Bhd (MMSB) such as marigold and vitagen itself. The differences between vitagen and other cultured milk is type of bacteria used. Vitagen used lactobacillus as their bacteria in production of culture milk. This bacteria is imported from Chr. Hansen lab, Denmark while skim milk used imported from New Zealand. The bacteria are not growth in Malaysia due to unsuitable condition and also to make sure the quality and quantity of bacteria produced. Process 1. Man From our observation, most of the worker hired by MMSB was foreigner instead of local people , this might be due to the cost of employing the worker itself. It also shows that academic qualification is not really important in order to be a worker at their factory. Some job specification might be considered such as the skill to handle the machine.

2. Machine From what we saw, in order to increase production rate, many machines were used. Vitagens company can produced up to 700 000 of their product everyday.

Vitagen have many flavours, and the factory only produce one flavor at one time. In order to produce another flavour, the pipe where the milk flows will be rinsed with the flow of water until clear. The calibration will be done if any problem occurs.

Thus, it shows that the machine used has very high quality and can perform very well.

3. Material The main food ingredients used by this company to produced vitagen are raw milk powder which will be skim later and lactobacillus. The Lactobacillus is imported from Chr. Hansens lab, Denmark because our country cannot growth this type of bacteria due to many factors. Chr. Hansens lab is known as a world leading biotechnology company which has been supplying high quality bacterial cultures to the dairy industry worldwide for over 100 years. The packaging material is made by the factory itself for specific and quality purpose. If the product not be able to sell, they will collect back from mini/super market in order to recycle/reused the bottle. So it will undergo many processes in order to make sure the containers quality is maintained. The representative of vitagens company mentioned, their product only will last for 6 week, in order to prevent resident to it, they will collect their product before the expired date.

4. Methods

Skim milk

Pasteurized

Cooled

Inoculation with culture Fermentation (2 days)

Chilled

Homogenization Add fruit juice

Mixing

Storage tank

Packing

Product Vitagen with many flavours such as : Vitagen Orange Flavour (Less Sugar) - 38 kcal Vitagen Grape Flavour (Less Sugar) - 38 kcal Vitagen LB Flavour (Less Sugar) - 40 kcal Vitagen Orange Flavour - 47 kcal Vitagen Apple Flavour - 49 kcal

Other than that MMSB also produced many other product for instance yogurt, jelly and collagen milk. The products produced only for sale in Malaysia and will not be export. Their product only available in Malaysia and Singapore.

Conclusion Vitagen As the conclusion, everyone regardless of age can drink Vitagen. Even pregnant or nursing women can consume it too. But for asthmatics and diabetics person are advisable to consult their physicians before drinking. It cannot be given to babies below 12 months old. We are encouraged to drink at least a bottle daily to renew the good bacteria in the digestive system. Once the bottle is open, it is recommended to be consumed within 2-3 hours. We should always keep Vitagen in the refrigerator within 2-3 hours after purchasing. Vitagen is good for our health especially for our digestive system. A healthy lifestyle comes from a healthy digestive system.