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Emerging Food Safety and Quality Standards

FSSC 22000 & PAS 220

by: - Venkataram Arabolu, Managing Director, BSI India

A New World Supply Chains

UniFruit bananas, Evian water available in many Indian retail outlets are imported from different parts of world. My Dollar Stores profiles amazing products at prices which may have implications of quality issues.

Global food safety concerns

Risks arising from an improperly designed, implemented, and maintained food can have: Financially crippling effects Brand damage, Decreased consumer confidence, Product recalls, Illness, and even death Legal ramifications and Varying acceptance of food safety standards and certification which vary from market to market.
FDA Finds E. coli O157:H7 In Toll House Cookie Dough
June 29, 2009

Synthetic ghee wreaks havoc in dairy market

Sunday, January 16, 2005

2009 July 01, 2009 - Stop & Shop Issues A Voluntary Recall of Stop & Shop Non Fat Dry Milk June 2009 June 30, 2009 - North Coast Seafood is recalling Fresh Tuna Steaks sold in Retail Store in New England June 26, 2009 - City Baking Brand Apple Crumb Cake June 25, 2009 - Nuts For You Recalls Roasted & Salted Peanuts Because of Possible Health Risk June 23, 2009 - La Mexicana, Inc. Issues Allergy Alert on Undeclared Milk and Milk Products in Tortilla Chips June 19, 2009 - Unilever United States, Inc. Conducts Nationwide Voluntary Recall of Imported Knorr Kosher Soup Mix Chicken Vegetable Flavor with Pasta Due to Undeclared Allergen June 19, 2009 - Nestl USAs Baking Division Initiates Voluntary Recall June 16, 2009 - Smith Dairy Announces Voluntary Recall on SMITH'S Tea with Lemon in Gallon Size Only June 15, 2009 - Hi-Tech Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Issues Nationwide Recall of All Lots of Stamina-Rx Dietary Supplement Products June 13, 2009 - Torres Hillsdale Country Cheese LLC Announces the Recall of all lots of Soft Mexican Cheeses due to Possible Listeria Contamination June 11, 2009 - R. E. Kimball. and Company, Inc. Issues Allergy Alert on Undeclared Milk and Wheat in Clam Chowder and Corn Chowder June 11, 2009 - FoodScience Corporation Recalls Kids Multivitamin for label Error June 11, 2009 - Knouse Foods, Inc. Announces Recall of Apple Sauce in Glass Jars June 10, 2009 - Indian Groceries & Spices, Inc. Issues Allergy Alert on Undeclared Sulfites in Nirav Golden Raisins June 10, 2009 - Bao Ding Seafood Co. Issues Alert on Uneviscerated Fish June 10, 2009 - Sconza Candy Company Voluntarily Initiates Nationwide Recall of Trail Mix, Organic Chocolate Peanuts and Organic Toffee Cashews and Peanuts Because of Possible Health Risk SECOND RELEASE. June 10, 2009 - Seoul Shik Poom Inc. ISSUES ALLERGY ALERT ON UNDECLARED Sulfites IN HONEY JUJUBE TEAS June 05, 2009 - Le Pain Quotidien Issues Allergy Alert on Undeclared Milk in Noir Belgian Dark Chocolate Spread June 05, 2009 - NY Fish Inc. Recalls Imperial-European Style Smoked Salmon Because of Possible Health Risk June 04, 2009 - Provide Commerce, Inc. Initiates Nationwide Voluntary Recall of Items Containing Peanuts Due to Recall by Peanut Corporation of America June 04, 2009 - Provide Commerce, Inc. Initiates Nationwide Voluntary Recall of Items Containing Pistachio Nuts Due to Expanded Recall by Setton Pistachio of Terra Bella, Inc. June 02, 2009 - In-Shell Pistachios Due To Possible Health Risk

Managing Risks in food

GMP,GHP ISO 9001 HACCP - 1993 SQF, BRC, IFS EuroGAP for the pre-farm gate sector. ISO 22000

FSMS ISO 22000

It can be used by all organizations in the supply chain, from fork to farm. Aids organizations to demonstrate it ability to conform to its own sated food safety policy Plan, implement, operate, maintain and update a food safety management system (FSMS) Implement PRPs and verify the effectiveness of the implemented PRPS and other control measures Provides an auditable standard that can be used for internal audits or third-party certification

Limitations of ISO 22000

It does not lays any specific guidelines to meet the requirements of different stake holders, customers and auditors. It was observed that as a management system standard, ISO 22000 is too generic when it comes to prerequisite programmes

PAS 220:2008
Publicly Available Specification (PAS) 220 is a new complementary standard to ISO 22000. It has been designed to address the technical limitations around PRPs in ISO 22000 for the food manufacturing sector. It aims to bring more clarity to the PRP requirements of ISO 22000 in food manufacturing sector It specifies the requirements of Prerequisite programmes in detail to assist in controlling food safety hazards. Meeting GFSI requirements on PRPs

PAS 220:2008
Developed by BSI and published in Oct 2008 in association with the G4. Confederation of the Food and Drink Industries of the European Union (CIAA) sponsored the development of the PAS 220.


Key Elements of PAS 220:2008

PAS 220:2008 specifies detailed requirements to be considered including: (clause 7.2.3 ISO 22000) Construction and layout of buildings and associated utilities Layout of premises, including workspace and employee facilities Supplies of air, water, energy and other utilities


Supporting services, including waste and sewage disposal Suitability of equipment and its accessibility for cleaning, maintenance and preventive maintenance Management of purchased materials


Measures for the prevention of cross contamination Cleaning and sanitizing Pest control Personnel hygiene.


Key additional requirements of PAS 220..

Rework Product recall procedures Warehousing Product information and consumer awareness Food defense, biovigilance and bioterrorism.


FSSC 22000 Food Safety System Certification ISO-22000:2005 & PAS 220:2008



Objectives of the FSSC 22000 scheme

Need for international harmonisation of food safety standards ISO-22000, PAS 220 and ISO-22003 Target Sub-sector in Food Industry: Food Manufacturing Stakeholder approval & commitment (Industry, Retailers) High quality food safety audits Transparency


Scope of the scheme

Scope of the scheme is applicable to following categories products: Animal products, excluding slaughtering and preslaughtering i.e. meat, poultry, eggs, diary and fish products Perishable vegetal products i.e. fresh fruits and fresh juices, preserved fruits, fresh vegetables, preserved vegetables Products with long shelf life at ambient temperature i.e. canned products, biscuits, snacks, oil, drinking water, beverages, pasta, flour, sugar, salt Bio/ chemical products for food manufacturing, excluding technical and technological aids i.e. vitamins additives and bio-cultures
Based on ISO 22003:2007, Annex A


Harmonization of prerequisite programmes and industry best practice for food manufacturing. Both large and small manufacturers and retailers now have the opportunity to unite under a commonly agreed set of prerequisite programs for the international control of food safety hazards. Reduced costs from waste reduction, fewer product failures, and better traceability throughout the supply chain Reduce the food safety hazard at all levels in the product and processing environment. Meeting the prerequisite programmes expectations and requirements of food manufacturing stakeholders, including food retailers and food-service providers. It would assists organizations in operating their food manufacturing processes at the very highest quality level in accordance with ISO 22000. Safer food to the consumers in its true spirits.


Recognition by GFSI
27 May 2009 - FSSC 22000: the content of the Food Safety System Certification scheme was approved by the Global Food Safety Initiative (GFSI). FSSC 22000 certification scheme is expected to become the sixth standard to join the stable of GFSI recognized schemes A GFSI-approved FSSC 22000 scheme could bring more food manufacturers into the fold, as well as encouraging other interested parties along the food chain to adopt similar PRPbased approaches Seven of the world's largest supermarket chains already committed to accepting any scheme recognized by the GFS would give a big thrust in widespread acceptance of FSSC


Venkataram Arabolu, Managing Director BSI India
The Mira Corporate Suites (A-2), Plot 1 & 2 Ishwar Nagar Mathura Road, New Delhi 110065, India Tel: +91 11 2692 9000 Fax: +91 11 2692 9001 E: venkataram.arabolu@bsigroup.com W: www.bsigroup.co.in