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Cast Steel SHELL TIME 2" & Smaller - 15 SECONDS 2 1/2" - 6" - 1 MINUTE 8" - 12" - 2 MINUTES 14"

& LARGER - 5 MINUTES BACKSEAT TIME SHELL HYDRO 300 PSI 450 PSI 1125 PSI 2250 PSI 2975 PSI 3350 PSI 5575 PSI 6170 PSI SEAT TIME LOW OR HIGH 2" & Smaller - 15 SECONDS 2 1/2" - 6" - 1 MINUTE 8" - 12" - 2 MINUTES 14" & LARGER - 5 MINUTES

2" - 6" 8" - 12" 14" - LARGE CLASS 100 F (125#) 200 WOG (150#) 285 WOG (300#) 740 WOG (600#) 1480 WOG (800#) 1975 WOG (900#) 2220 WOG (1500#) 3705 WOG (2500#) 2220 WOG

1 MINUTE 1 MINUTE 2 MINUTES BACKSEAT 220 WATER OR 80 AIR 314 WATER OR 80 AIR 814 WATER OR 80 AIR 1628 WATER OR 80 AIR 2173 WATER OR 80 AIR 2442 WATER OR 80 AIR 4076 WATER OR 80 AIR 6787 WATER OR 80 AIR

Notes: WOG x 1.5 = SHELL & WOG x 110% = HIGH CLOSURE & BACKSEAT

ALLOWABLE LEAKAGE VALVE LIQUID TEST DROPS PER MINUTE GAS TEST BUBBLES PER MINUTE

2" 0 0 2 1/2" - 6" 72 12 8" - 12" 120 20 14" - LARGER 168 28 * INFORMATION SOURCE: API STANDARD 598 SIXTH EDITION, SEPT 1990 .

LOW CLOSURE 80 AIR 80 AIR 80 AIR 80 AIR 80 AIR 80 AIR 80 AIR 80 AIR

HIGH CLOSURE 220 WATER 314 WATER 814 WATER 1628 WATER 2173 WATER 2442 WATER 4076 WATER 6787 WATER

H CLOSURE & BACKSEAT

C. TESTING PROCEDURE SHELL TEST rtially open, and any packing gland tight enough to maintain the test pressure, thereby, except for bellows seal valves, testing the stuffing BACKSEAT TEST lying pressure inside the assembled valve with the valve ends closed, the valve fully open, and the packing gland loose. The backseat test LOW PRESSURE CLOSURE , If necessary to prevent galling, the sealing surfaces may be coated with a film of oil that is not heavier than kerosene. This requirement d HIGH PRESSURE CLOSURE closure test shall be the same as the procedure for the low-pressure closure test except that, in the case of a liquid test, leakage shall be d TEST DURATION
Minimum Test Duration (second) SHELL TEST Check Valve Size Valve (API Other (NPS) Std 594) Valve 2 60 15 2 6 60 60 8 12 60 120 14 120 300 CLOSURE Check Valve (API Other Backseat Std 594) Valve 15 60 15 60 60 60 60 60 120 60 120 120

MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE LEAKAGE RATES FOR CLOSSURE TEST


All metal-seated Metal-seated Check valves except Chechk Valves All resilient Seated valves 0 0 0 0 Liquid test Gas test Liquid test Gas test (bubbles (bubbles (drop per per (drop per per minute) minutes) minute) minutes) 0b 12 20 28 0b 24 40 56 c c c c d d d d

Valve Size (NPS) 2 2 6 8 12 14

NOTE the liquid test, 1 millimeter is considered equivalent to 16 a. For drops. b. There shall be no leakage for the minimum specified test duration (see Table 4). For liquid test, O drop means no visible leakage per minimum specified test duration. For gas test, O bubble means less than 1 bubble per minimum specified test duration. c. The maximum permissible leakage rate shall be O. 18 cubic inch (3 cubic centimeters) per minute per inch of nominal pipe size. d. The maximum permissible leakage rate shall be 1.5 standard cubic feet (0.042 cubic meter) of gas per hour per inch of nominal e. For check valves larger than NPS 24, the allowable leakage rate shall be per agreement between purchaser and manufacturer.

OTHER TEST PRESSURE


Minimum Test Pressure Psi Bar Test Valve except butterfly & check High pressure closure & backseat B Low pressure closure & backseat60 100 4 7 Butterfly Valve High pressure closure Low pressure closure Check Valve High pressure Closure Clas 125 (cast iron) NPS 2 12 NPS 14 48 Clas 250 (cast iron) NPS 2 12 NPS 14 48 Clas 150 (ductile iron) Clas 300 (ductile iron) Carbon, alloy, stainless steel, and special alloys Low pressure Closure
NOTE

C 60 100 4 7

200 150 500 300 250 640

14 11 35 21 17 44

b 60 100 6 7

a. The backseat test is required for all valves that have this feature.

b. 110 percent of maximum allowable pressure at 100F (38C) in accordance with the applicable purchase specification

c. 110 percent of design differential pressure at 100F (38C) in accordance with the applicable purchase specification

TEST FLUID d high-pressure closure tests, the test fluid shall be air, inert gas, kerosene, water, or a non corrosive liquid with a vis 2. For the low-pressure closure and low pressure back-seat test, the test fluid shall a air or inert gas. r closure, shell, or backseat tests, the valve manufacturer shall be capable of demonstrating the adequacy of the met agent shall be included in the water. For testing of austenitic stainless steel valves, water with chloride content not e SHELL TEST PRESSURE
Shell Test Pressure (Minimum) Valve type Ductile iron Cast Iron NPS 2-12 NPS 14-24 Cast Iron NPS 2-12 NPS 14-24 Steel Flange & butt-weld Screwed & socket-weld
NOTE

Class 150 300 125

Psi 400 975 350 265

Bar 26 66 25 19 61 37

250 875 525 150-2500 800 155-2500 a b c

a. Per ASME B16.34 b. For class 800 valves, the shell test pressure shall be 1 times the pressure rating at 100F (38C), Rounded off to the next higher increment of 25 Pounds per square inch gauge (or 1 bar) (see Table 2 of API Standard 602)

Valve Inspection & Testing (API 598)

Valve are mechanical devices specially designed to direct, start, stop, mix or regulate the flow, pressu Below the standard for inspection & testing based on API 598. A. VISUAL Check Casting of body (no damage, Heat No) Check Bonnet (no damage, Heat No) Check Disc (no damage, Heat No) Check Dimensional B. TESTING REQUIREMENT TESTING EQUIPMENT 1. Check calibration certificate 2. Check Equipment 3. Performance of equipment. TEST REQUIRED Test Description Valve Type Gate Globe Plug

Shell Backseat Low Pressure Closure High Pressure Closure

Required Required Required

Required Required Optional

Require d N/A Require d

TEST FLUID 1. For shell, high-pressure backseat, and high-pressure closure tests, the test fluid shall be air, inert ga corrosive liquid with a viscosity not higher than that of water. 2. For the low-pressure closure and low pressure back-seat test, the test fluid shall a air or inert gas. 3. When air or gas is used for closure, shell, or backseat tests, the valve manufacturer shall be capable the method of leakage detection. 4. Water used for any test may contain a water-soluble oil or a rust inhibitor. When specified by the p included in the water. For testing of austenitic stainless steel valves, water with chloride content not be used. The valve manufacturer shall be able to document the chloride content. SHELL TEST PRESSURE

Valve type Ductile iron Cast Iron NPS 2-12 NPS 14-24 Cast Iron NPS 2-12 NPS 14-24 Steel Flange & butt-weld Screwed & socket-weld

Class 150 300 125

Shell Test Pressure (Minimum) Psi Bar 400 26 975 66 350 265 25 19 61 37

250 875 525 150-2500 800 155-2500 a b c

NOTE a. Per ASME B16.34 b. For class 800 valves, the shell test pressure shall be 1 times the pressure rating at 100F (38C), Rounded off to the next higher increment of 25 Pounds per square inch gauge (or 1 bar) (see Table 2 of API Standard 602) OTHER TEST PRESSURE Minimum Test Pressure Psi Bar

Test Valve except butterfly & check High pressure closure & backseat Low pressure closure & backseat Butterfly Valve High pressure closure Low pressure closure Check Valve High pressure Closure Clas 125 (cast iron) NPS 2 12 NPS 14 48 Clas 250 (cast iron) NPS 2 12

B 60 100 C 60 100 47

47

200 150 500

14 11 35

NPS 14 48 Clas 150 (ductile iron) Clas 300 (ductile iron) Carbon, alloy, stainless steel, and special alloys Low pressure Closure

300 250 640 b 60 100

21 17 44 67

NOTE a. The backseat test is required for all valves that have this feature. b. 110 percent of maximum allowable pressure at 100F (38C) in with the applicable purchase specification c. 110 percent of design differential pressure at 100F (38C) in with the applicable purchase specification

C. TESTING PROCEDURE SHELL TEST The shell test shall be performed by applying the pressure inside the assembled valve with the valve e and any packing gland tight enough to maintain the test pressure, thereby, except for bellows seal va Nonadjustable shaft seals (O rings, single rings, and the like) shall not leak during the shell test. BACKSEAT TEST The backseat test is required for all valves, except for bellows seal valves, that have the backseat feat applying pressure inside the assembled valve with the valve ends closed, the valve fully open, and the test may be performed immediately after the shell test, and all packing glands shall be retightened af LOW PRESSURE CLOSURE The low-pressure closure test shall be performed with the sealing surfaces clean and free from oil, gre prevent galling, the sealing surfaces may be coated with a film of oil that is not heavier than kerosene a valve that uses a lubricant as its primary seal (for example, lubricated plug valves).

HIGH PRESSURE CLOSURE The procedure for the high-pressure closure test shall be the same as the procedure for the low-press case of a liquid test, leakage shall be detected when drops. TEST DURATION Minimum Test Duration (second) SHELL TEST Backsea Check Valve (API Std Other Valve Size (NPS) t 594) Valve 2 60 15 15 2 6 60 60 60 8 12 60 120 60 14 120 300 60

MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE LEAKAGE RATES FOR CLOSSURE TEST All metal-seated valves except Liquid test Gas test (bubble s per (drop per minutes minute) ) 0b 12 20 28 0b 24 40 56

Valve Size (NPS) 2 2 6 8 12 14

All resilient Seated valves 0 0 0 0

NOTE a. For the liquid test, 1 millimeter is considered equivalent to 16 drops. b. There shall be no leakage for the minimum specified test duration (see Table 4). For liquid test, O d duration. For gas test, O bubble means less than 1 bubble per minimum specified test duration. c. The maximum permissible leakage rate shall be O. 18 cubic inch (3 cubic centimeters) per minute p d. The maximum permissible leakage rate shall be 1.5 standard cubic feet (0.042 cubic meter) of gas p e. For check valves larger than NPS 24, the allowable leakage rate shall be per agreement between pu

, mix or regulate the flow, pressure or temperature of

Valve Type Check

Floating Ball

Required N/A Alternative

Required N/A Required

Butterf ly & Trunni onmount ed ball Requir ed N/A Requir ed

the test fluid shall be air, inert gas, kerosene, water, or a non

test fluid shall a air or inert gas. ve manufacturer shall be capable of demonstrating the adequacy of

nhibitor. When specified by the purchaser, a wetting agent shall be water with chloride content not exceeding 100 parts per million shall ride content.

PROCEDURE LL TEST assembled valve with the valve ends close, the valve partially open, ereby, except for bellows seal valves, testing the stuffing box. t leak during the shell test. SEAT TEST alves, that have the backseat feature and shall be performed by sed, the valve fully open, and the packing gland loose. The backseat ng glands shall be retightened after the backseat test. SURE CLOSURE rfaces clean and free from oil, grease, and sealant, If necessary to that is not heavier than kerosene. This requirement does not apply to ed plug valves).

SURE CLOSURE s the procedure for the low-pressure closure test except that, in the

mum Test Duration (second) CLOSURE Check Valve (API Std 594) 60 60 60 120 Other Valve 15 60 120 120

TES FOR CLOSSURE TEST Metal-seated Check Valves Liquid test Gas test (bubbles per minutes) d d d d

(drop per minute) c c c c

ps. (see Table 4). For liquid test, O drop means no um specified test duration. cubic centimeters) per minute per inch of nominal c feet (0.042 cubic meter) of gas per hour per inch of all be per agreement between purchaser and

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