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Math Team Questions and Solutions 1.

Solve for x x2 - 3|x - 2| - 4x = - 6 A) B) C) D) E) 1,2,3,0 2,-1,-2,1 4,2,1,0 3,0,4,1 None of the Above

Solution: A. x2 - 3|x - 2| - 4x = - 6 : given B. Let Y = x - 2 which gives x = Y + 2 C. (Y + 2)2 - 3|Y| - 4(Y + 2) = - 6 : substitute in above equation D. Y2 - 3|Y| + 2 = 0 E. Y2 = |Y|2 : note F. |Y|2 - 3|Y| + 2 = 0 : rewrite equation as G. (|Y| - 2)(|Y| - 1) = 0 H. |Y| = 2 , |Y| = 1 : solve for |Y| I. Y = 2, -2 , 1 , -1 : solve for Y J. x = 4 , 0 , 3 , 1 : solve for x using x = Y + 2. 2. Find all points of intersections of the 2 circles defined by the equations (x - 2)2 + (y - 2)2 = 4 (x - 1)2 + (y - 1)2 = 4 A) B) C) D) E) (2.82,0.177),( 0.177,2.82) (3.14,3),(3,3.14) (1.46,0.189),(0.189,1.46) (2.76,0.201),(0.201,2.76) None of the Above Solution: A. x2 - 4x + 2 + y2 - 4y + 2 = 4 : expand equation of first circle B. x2 - 2x + 1 + y2 - 2y + 1 = 4 : expand equation of second circle C. -2x - 2y - 6 = 0 : subtract the left and right terms of the above equations D. y = 3 - x : solve the above for y. E. 2x2 - 6x + 1 = 0 : substitute y by 3 - x in the first equation, expand and group like terms. F. (3/2 + sqrt(7)/2 , 3/2 - sqrt(7)/2) , (3/2 - sqrt(7)/2 , 3/2 + sqrt(7)/2) : solve the above for x and use y = 3 - x to find y.

3. If 200 is added to a positive integer I, the result is a square number. If 276 is added to to the same integer I, another square number is obtained. Find I. A) 123 B) 124

Math Team Questions and Solutions C) 125 D) 126 E) None of the Above Solution: A. x2 - 4x + 2 + y2 - 4y + 2 = 4 : expand equation of first circle B. x2 - 2x + 1 + y2 - 2y + 1 = 4 : expand equation of second circle C. -2x - 2y - 6 = 0 : subtract the left and right terms of the above equations D. y = 3 - x : solve the above for y. E. 2x2 - 6x + 1 = 0 : substitute y by 3 - x in the first equation, expand and group like terms. F. (3/2 + sqrt(7)/2 , 3/2 - sqrt(7)/2) , (3/2 - sqrt(7)/2 , 3/2 + sqrt(7)/2) : solve the above for x and use y = 3 - x to find y. 4. Two boats on opposite banks of a river start moving towards each other. They first pass each other 1400 meters from one bank. They each continue to the opposite bank, immediately turn around and start back to the other bank. When they pass each other a second time, they are 600 meters from the other bank. We assume that each boat travels at a constant speed all along the journey. Find the width of the river? A) B) C) D) E) 3000 meters 4600meters 3600 meters 2600 meters None of the Above

Solution:

A. S1*t1 = 1400 : S1 speed of boat 1, t1 : time to do 1400 meters(boat 1) B. 1400 + S2*t1 = X : S2 speed of boat 2 C. S1*t2 = X + 600 : t2 time to do X + 600 (boat 2)

Math Team Questions and Solutions D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. S2*t2 = 2X - 600 S1 = 1400/t1 S2 = (X-1400)/t1 T = t2/t1 : definition substitute S1, S2 and t2/t1 using the above expressions in equations 3 and 4 to obtain 1400*T = X + 600 X*T - 1400*T = 2X - 600 : 2 equations 2 unknowns Eliminate T and solve for X to obtain X = 3600 meters.

5. The right triangle ABC shown below is inscribed inside a parabola. Point B is also the maximum point of the parabola (vertex) and point C is the x intercept of the parabola. If the equation of the parabola is given by y = -x2 + 4x + C, find C so that the area of the triangle ABC is equal to 32 square units.

A) B) C) D) E)

10 15 12 13 None of the Above

Solution: A. h = -b / 2a = 2 : x coordinate of the vertex of the parabola B. k = -(2)2 + 4(2) + C = 4 + C : y coordinate of vertex C. x = (2 + sqrt(4 + C)) , x = (2 - sqrt(4 + C)) : the two x intercepts of the parabola. D. length of BA = k = 4 + C E. length of AC = 2 + sqrt(4 + C) - 2 = sqrt(4 + C) F. area = (1/2)BA * AC = (1/2) (4 + C) * sqrt(4 + C) G. (1/2) (4 + C) * sqrt(4 + C) = 32 : area is equal to 32 H. C = 12 : solve above for C.