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Rewrite the text using the passive where possible and so that the words underlined doesnt appear

Nobody knows exactly when someone invented gunpowder. People know for a fact that

the Chinese made rockets and fireworks long before people used gunpowder in Europe,

which occurred at about the beginning of the thirteenth century. We generally believe

that gunpowder brought to an end the Age of Chivalry, since anyone with a firearm

could bring down a mounted knight. In fact, people did not develop efficient firearm

until the sixteenth century. They used gunpowder mainly in siege cannon when people

first introduced it. Later they used it in engineering work and in mining, but they found

that it was extremely dangerous. Modern explosive have now replaced gunpowder, but

we still use it for making firework, just as the Chinese did. II.
1. 2.

Choose ONE suitable verb Neither Bill nor Mary is/are going to the party tonight. Anything is/are better than going to another movie tonight.

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

Skating is/are becoming more popular today. A number of reporters was/were at the conference yesterday. Everybody who has/have a fever must go home immediately. Your glasses was/were on the table last night. There was/were some people at the meeting last night. The committee has/have already reached a decision. A pair of jeans was/were in the washing machine this morning. Each student has/have answered the 1st three questions. Either John or his wife make/makes breakfast each morning. After she had perused the material, the secretary decided that everything was/were in order. The crowd at the basketball game was/were wild with excitement. A pack of wild dogs has/have frightened all the ducks away. The jury is/are trying to reach a decision. There has/have been too many interruptions in this class. The number of students who have withdrawn from class this quarter is/are appalling. The army has/have eliminated this section of the training test. Every elementary school teacher has/have to make this examination. Neither Jill nor her parents has/have seen this movie before. Most of the mountain peaks in the Himalayas range is/are covered with snow the year around. Nearly 40 per cent of the people in our team never votes/vote in local elections.

13. 14. 15. 16. 17.

18. 19. 20. 21.



A number of students has/have participated in intensive language program abroad. The number of students who knew the answer to the last question on the exam was/were very low. Studying a foreign language often lead/leads student to learn about the cultures of the countries where it is spoken. The United States of America consists/consist of fifty separate states. Two hours is/are too long to wait, dont you think? Isnt/Arent Portuguese spoken in Brazil? A lot of Brazilians speaks and understands/speak and understand Spanish. Why is/are the police standing over there? Why does/do most of TV stations broadcast national news at the same hours? Some of the most important books for my report is/are not available in the school library. There has/have been times when I have seriously considered dropping out of school. Not one of the men in the original group of US astronauts continues/continue in the space program today. The news on the radio and TV stations confirms/confirm that a serious storm is approaching our city. Geography is/are fascinating, Mathematics is/are fascinating. Mathematics and Geography is/are my favorite subjects. All of the windows in our house was/were broken in the earthquake. By law, every man, woman, and child is/are guaranteed the right to free speech. Some of the movies these days contains/contain too much violence.



26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32.




36. 37. 38. 39. 40.


Some of the movie about the creatures from outer space was/were surprisingly funny. Is/are pineapple and sugar the leading crop in Hawaii today? Why is/are these a shortage of certified school teachers at the present time? How many people are/is there in Canada? What are/is the population of Canada? How many of the states in the United States begin/begins with the letter A? Which one of the continents in the world is/are uninhabited? Most of the water in the world is salt water. What percentage of the water in the world is/are fresh water? The most common name for dogs in the United States is/are Rover. What places in the world has/have no snakes? Even though the eye of the hurricane will miss our city, there is/are still the possibility of heavy rain and high winds. Chinese have/has more than 50 thousand written characters. About two-thirds of the Vietnamese work/works in Agriculture. A number of planes was/were delayed due to the inclement weather. The number of passengers affected by the delay were/was great. More men than women is/are left-handed. Every girl and boy is/are required to have certain immunizations before enrolling in public school. Politics is/are a constant source of interest to me. Seventy-five percent of the people in New York City lives/live in upstairs apartments, not on the ground floor.

42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48.

49. 50. 51.

52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57.

58. 59.

60. 61.

Most of fish I caught was/were too small to keep for a dinner. Unless there is/are a profound and extensive reform of government policies in the near future, the economic condition in that country will continue to deteriorate. While I was in Paris, some of the best food I found was/were not at the wellknown eating places, but in small out-of-the way cafes. Was/were there ever any doubt in your mind about the outcome of the election. Where is/are my gloves? Have you seen them anywhere? Where is/are Kenya? Can you find it on the map? According to one report, approximately 80% of all the data in computer around the world is/are in English.


63. 64. 65. 66.