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Nahhas' Solution of Cavendish horizontal Puzzle of Mercury's Perihelion

Abstract: by definition pressure = force divided by area, or P = F/A. The area of an object is
constant and pressure is directly proportional to force. Then P 1 = (F 1/A) and P2 = (F2/A) and the difference in pressure is P2 - P1 = (F2 - F1)/A, or, F = F2 - F1 = A (P2 - P1), or, gravitational force F is pressure difference or gravitational voltage and Newton's gravity at a distance is a crime. Cavendish tilted Earth 23.44 and that amounts to 43 arc seconds per century Mercury's axial tilt and the proof is below and I dare anyone to prove me wrong.

I am Joe Nahhas and I am real time first physicist: Modern and Nobel Sciences are all wrong

An object with constant area in atmospheric pressure has a force on it due to atmospheric pressure and Earth's rotation. When another object is brought into the vicinity of another object it reduces the atmospheric pressure between them pulling the two objects together due to higher pressure on the opposite sides of the two spheres and creating an easy route between them more of a negative voltage. The reason an object falls to earth is because of the atmospheric pressure along an object path to Earth is least resistive. Outside an atmosphere there is no direction for an object to follow except that produced by its own spin and produces a circular motion. Page 1

In experiments where the gravitational constant G is measured the spheres are anchored and Earth does not pull them down due to anchoring of the spheres. What has effect on them is Earth's - air rotational period Te = 86160.1 seconds effect and air density d a = 1.2041, and measuring in air introduces air index of refraction n a = 1.000293, and introduces air resistivity a, = 1.00058968 adding to the fact that the inverse square law is wrong. Tyco Brahe's visual measurements of the solar group was/is wrong. Kepler's analysis of Tyco Brahe's measurements and conclusions of an actual ellipse motion of solar group planets around the Sun was/is wrong. Newton mathematical formulation of an inverse square law to fit the data created an Inverse square law that gave relativistic visual elliptic motion and an actual elliptic motion. Newton's law:

Where F = force; G = 6.6729 x 10-11; m = mass of an object; r = distance between their centers. Then Einstein came with force F = G m M/r2 + k/r4 and physics and all sciences became fiction. 500 Years of western civilization physics and astronomy can be deleted without loss of subject. Page 2

Modern era of physics and astronomy chemistry and physical biology is all wrong that started with Tyco Brahe's errors measurements and Kepler's wrong deductions and Newton's wrong formulations and Cavendish wrong experimentation and Le Verrier wrong calculations and Einstein's silly thoughts have/had dragged humanity into reversing Darwin's Apes theory. And when Nobel physicists, astronomers, physical chemists, and physical biologists came science had a new theory: Joe Nahhas' theory: Modern and Nobel scientists are not Apes but dumb Apes! Newton's gravitational law: F = G m M/r2 1 - G has dimensional units of 1/ d (density) T 2 (time2) Cavendish used Hooke's spring method of measuring force between two spheres and used the moment of inertia method. 2- Using moment of inertia introduces a (2/5) spherical error factor 3 - Air index of refraction n a = 1.000293 is measurements is accounted for 4 - Not accounting for air permittivity a = 1.00058968 in measurements introduces a factor. 5 - Energy = force x distance = (force/distance2) (distance2) x distance= pressure x volume The force/ distance2 = pressure and (pressure/distance) = (force/volume) In Cavendish there is no direct contact between objects but there is a change in pressure between the two spheres and the volume of the atmosphere has changed to include masses with densities different that air density or Newton's law would better be F = k/(4 /3) r 3 6- A (4 /3) error factor was introduced by Cavendish The only force there is, is Earth rotation with period T e = 86160.1 seconds and not Ts = 24 hours G = 1/ (2/5) ( a) (4 /3) (d a Te 2) Where d a with air density d a = 1.2041 kg/m3 and Earth - Air spin period Te = 86160.1 seconds And a = 1.00058968; G = (8 /15) a (d a Ts ) (Te 2/Ts2) = 6.6729882 x 10-11 [1] Measurement techniques volume 39, No.10, 1996 Measurement of the gravitational constant using torsion balance O.V. Karagioz; V.P.Izmailov; UDC 528.27; G = (6.6729 +/- 0.0005) x 10-11 Page 3
2

Cavendish measurement Error is (8 /15) a (Te 2/Ts2) When astronomical measurements are made: 1- (Te/Ts) error is added To a total of (8 /15) (Te /Ts) 3 / a It tilted Earth's axis by sine -1 [1 - sine-1 [(8 / 15) (Te/Ts) 3/ a] = 23.44 and that would produce Sun's axial tilt of 7.25 ..Etc and all other modern and Nobel space science fiction What happens when Earth's axis is experimentally and not actually tilted? 2- Air permittivity is inverted

It means orbits are visually tilted and all data is all wrong
And Le Verrier measurement of Planet Mercury angular velocity computed in arc per century is not visually seen as: Sun - Mercury Period in seconds = 88 days x 24 hours x 60 minutes x 60
seconds. Planet Mercury angular velocity around the Sun Is 0'= 2 x /88 x 24 x 60 x 60 radians per period Planet Mercury angular velocity around the Sun in arc second per century 0' = (2 x /88 x 24 x 60 x 60) (180/ ) (36526/88) (3600) = 70.75 arc second per century.

But shortened by Alfred Nobel dumb Apes rate: [1 - Sine 23.44] 70.75 = 43 arc second per century. There is nothing correct about modern and Nobel physics and astronomy. [1 - Sine 23.44] x (149.6) x 1.022 (Te/Ts) 3 a = 91.4 million kilometers of planet Mercury visual and 149.6 - 91.4 = 58.2 million kilometers visual Sun - Mercury distance from Sun. I documented in 1970's the first 3000 errors. The other lethal error of physics and astronomy is distances measurements using parallax. Parallax is not a measurement of celestial objects distances but measuring Earth's circular orbit radius and earth's radius using different celestial objects as a reference point. See my other 50 solutions of mercury's perihelion advance in my in article GSJ 50 solutions of planet Mercury perihelion out of 611 solutions (1977) of Mercury's perihelion on GSJ. Cavendish apes but the work of modern and Nobel dumb apes Page 4

tilted

Earth: All astronomical measurements are not only wrong and the work of modern and Nobel

A - Philosophically B - Mathematically C - Experimentally A - Philosophically Modern and Nobel scientists cannot see and measure something that did not happen. Modern and Nobel scientists can only see and measure something that had happened. Modern and Nobel scientists measure in present time (real time) an event that happened in past time (event time). The difference between present time (real time) and past time (event time) is shift time or the time interval between when an event happens and when an event is measured. Modern and Nobel scientists' experimental results are visual or later recording of an event (real time results) are not actual results or same time recording (event time results) and the difference is a shift in recording of actual data and amounts to an illusion called modern and Nobel science. Modern and Nobel scientists' experimental results (real time results) are wrong time results and are wrong results because they are shifted results. Modern and Nobel scientists' experimental results are actual results plus a shift or illusions and when and when shifts amounts are subtracted actual results are at hand that said Modern and Nobel scientists' knowledge of science is all wrong. Modern and Nobel scientists' experimental results are present time recording and if a science theory matches experimental results means the science theory is wrong because the results are not actual results. Actual results can be found mathematically but solving the same equation in two different time frames and in practice solving the same equation in two different number system and subtract the difference from experimental results. Present time = present time Present time = past time + (present time - past time) Present time = past time + shift time; Visual = actual + shift Modern and Nobel scientists' lethal mistake is present time science experimental data and present time science theory. Present time experimental data is wrong time data. When present time (real time data) data mapped into past time data (event time data), then a science theory in event time is correct and not a theory that matches present time experimental or measured recorded results. The conclusion is: If science theory matches experimental results, then science theory is wrong

Page 5

B- Mathematically 1 = 1 is self evident; 2 = 2 is self evident And r0= r 0 is self evident; add and subtract r Then r0 = r + (r0 - r); divide by r Then (r0/r) = 1 + (r0 - r)/ r; multiply by f Then (r0/r) f = f + [(r - r0)/ r] f --------------------Eq-1 Also, f0= f0; add and subtract f0 Then f0 = f + (f0- f) --------------------------------Eq-2 Comparing Eq-1to Eq-2 Then f0 = (r0/r) f Or f0 /f = r0/r; subtract 1 from both sides Then (f0 /f) - 1= (r0/r) -1 Or, (f0 - f) /f = (r0 - r)/ r Or, - d f/f = - d r/r Or, d f/f = d r/r ----------------------------------Eq-3 Solving Eq-3 using separation of variables Then d f/f = d r/r = + = visual translation + visual rotation Or, f = f0 e (+ ) t and r = r0 e (+ ) t With r = r x + r Then r
x y

= r0 e t (cosine t + sine t)
y

= r0 e t cosine t; and r

= r0 e t sine t

With r

= r0 e t cosine t = r0 e t cosine tan-1 (r y/ r x)

Then (r x/ r0) = e t cosine tan-1 (r y/ r x) Then e t = (r x/ r0)/cosine tan-1 (r y/ r x) And t = L n [(r x/ r0)/cosine tan-1 (r y/ r x)] = L n [cosine tan-1 (r y/ r x)/cosine tan-1 (r y/ r x)] = L n 1 = 0

r0

With r

= r0 e t sine t = r0 e t sine tan-1 (r y/ r x)

Then (r y/ r0) = e t sine tan-1 (r y/ r x) And t = L n [(r y/ r0)/sine tan-1 (r y/ r x)] = L n [sine tan-1 (r y/ r x)/sine tan-1 (r y/ r x)] = L n 1 = 0 This means decay or birth factor = 0 or the decay or birth factor e t = 1 And r = r0 e t = r x + r What this math means? If a car is at a distance r0; its visual is r = r0 e (+ ) t If r0 is the same not shopped or welded e t = 1; then r0 visual is r = r0 e t This math means science theory of visual r is visual is wrong results Page 7
y

= r0 (cosine t + sine t)

C - Experimentally: Planet actual to visual (measured) motion shift I - Planetary motion around the Sun actual to visual shift is light aberrations that accounts for Mercury's perihelion precession Or r = r0 e T; T= tan-1 (v/c) = angle of aberration; T = period; v = orbital velocity and c = light velocity According to Kepler - Newton classical mechanics it takes time t = T for a planet to come back to the same point or r0 is the same. First, Kepler's law of constant areal velocity planets moves around the sun in an ellipse with radial distance r0 = a (1 - 2)/ (1 + cosine ) with semi - major axis a, and semi minor axis b = a (1 - 2) and eccentricity and angular rotation and angular velocity '0 and areal velocity r2 0 '0 = 2 a b/T. At perihelion = 0 and r0 (perihelion) = a (1 - 2)/ (1 + ) = a (1 - ). Ellipse equation is r0 = a (1 - 2)/ (1 + cosine ) is assumed actual. Its measurement or visual is r = r0 e T = [a (1 - 2)/a (1 + cosine )] e T If r0 visual is r = [a (1 - 2)/a (1 + cosine )] e T Then what is '0 visual '? The r0 (perihelion) visual is r (perihelion) = a (1 - ) e T With r2 0 '0 = 2 a b/T The angular velocity '0 (perihelion) = 2 a b/T r2 = 2 a2 (1 - 2)/ a2 (1 - )
2
0

(perihelion)
2

T = 2 (1 - 2)/ (1 - )
2

Then '0 (perihelion) = 2 (1 - 2)/ (1 - )

T
0

And the visual of '0 (perihelion) is ' (perihelion) = 2 a b/T r2 And ' (perihelion) = = 2 a2 (1 - 2)/ a2 (1 - ) = 2 (1 - 2)/ (1 - )
2 2

e2T

T e2T

T e2T
2

T] e - 2 T

And ' Or ' Or '

x x

(perihelion) = [2 (1 - 2)/ (1 - )
2

T] cosine 2 t

(perihelion) = [2 (1 - 2)/ (1 - ) (perihelion) - '

0

T] [1 - 2 sine2 t]

2

x

T] sine2 t
0

(perihelion) - '

(perihelion)] T

x

(perihelion) - '

(perihelion)] t0; multiply by (t0 /T)

= [4 (1 - 2) t0/ T (1 - ) 2] sine2 t In degree per century; multiply by (180 degrees/ ) = (180 degrees/ ) [4 (1 - 2) t0/ T (1 - ) 2] sine2 t = (t0 /T) [720 x (1 - 2)/ (1 - ) 2] sine2 t In arc second per century 3600 = (t0 /T) [720 x 3600 (1 - 2)/ (1 - ) 2] sine2 t With t = tan-1 (v/c) Then = ['
x

(perihelion) - '

(perihelion)] t0 (arc second per century)

= (t0 /T) [720 x 3600 (1 - 2)/ (1 - ) 2] sine2 tan-1 (v/c) With t0 = one century = 36526dats; T = planet Mercury period around the Sun = 88 days; = planet Mercury eccentricity = 0.206; v= planet Mercury velocity around the Sun = 48.14 km/sec; light velocity = 300,000 km/sec; and (1 - 2)/ (1 - ) 2 = 1.552 Then = (t0 /T) [720 x 3600 (1 - 2)/ (1 - ) 2] sine2 tan-1 (v/c) Or = (36526 /88) [720 x 3600 (1.552)] sine2 tan-1 (48.14/300,000) And = 43 arc second per century same as measured. Page 5

II - Planetary motion around the Sun actual to visual shift is frame of reference shift that accounts for Mercury's perihelion precession Modern and Nobel scientists measure planetary orbits around the Sun not from the Sun but from Earth. If frame of reference is shifted then shift measurements happen and instead of actual orbits become visual orbits or like measuring of Earth actual motion measured from the Sun and adding Planet Mercury actual motion measured from the sun Radial shift And r x= r x is self evident; add and subtract r Then r
x

= r 0 + (r

- r 0); divide by r0
x

Then (r x/ r 0) = 1 + (r

x

Then (r x/ r 0) '0 = '0 + [(r

- r 0)/ r 0] '0
x

Visual '0 or [(r x/ r 0) '0] = actual '0 + Shift '0 or {[(r Radial shift r = r0 e T; T= cosine With r = r0 e t = r x + r Then r And (r
x y

- r 0)/ r 0] '0}

-1

(r

/ r0)

= r0 (cosine t + sine t)
-1 -1

= r0 cosine t; t = cosine
-

(r (r

x x

/ r0 )

/ r0)]/2}
-1

And [(r0 - r x)/ r x] '0 = - 2 '0sine2 {[cosine With '0 = (2 /T)

(r

/ r0)]/2}

Then [(r0 - r x)/ r x] '0 = - (4 /T) sine2 {[cosine Angular shift per period [(r0 - r x)/ r x] '0 T = - 4 sine2 {[cosine
-1

-1

(r

/ r0)]/2}

(r

/ r0)]/2}
-1

Angular shift per Century = - 4 (t0 /T) sine2 {[cosine Page 10

(r

/ r0)]/2}

Angular shift in degrees per Century = - 720 (t0 /T) sine2 {[cosine
-1

(r

/ r0)]/2}

Angular shift in arc second per century And =- 720 x 3600 (t0 /T) sine2 {[cosine With r
x -1

(r

/ r0)]/2}

= Sun - Mercury distance = 58.2 million kilometers

And r0 = Sun - Earth distance = 149.6 million kilometers Then /T =- 720 x 3600 (36526 /88) sine2 {[cosine /88 x 24/3600 = 43 arc second per century
-1

(58.2 / 149.6)]/2}

Time Travel Puzzle mathematical Solution is shift time

And =- 720 x 3600 (t0 /T) sine2 {[cosine
-1

(r

/ r0)]/2}

Light is assumed to travel at a speed of c = 300,000 km/sec And r x/c = 58,200,000/300,000 = 194 seconds = t And r0/c = 498.67 seconds = t0 And r x/ r0 = (r x/c) (r0/c) = t x/ t0 And =- 720 x 3600 (t0 /T) sine2 {[cosine
-1

(t

/ t0)]/2}
-1

Then /T =- 720 x 3600 (36526 /88) sine2 {[cosine 88 x 24 x 3600 = 43 arc second per century

(194 / 498.67)]/2}/

Conclusion is: Scientists measure wrong since the beginning of time. Time travel puzzle solution is shift time or the time difference between when an event happens and when an event is measured For more on Mercury's perihelion see my paper on general science journal 50 solutions of Mercury's perihelion precession advance which was the first proof of general relativity theory and time travel fiction www.wbabin.net; joenahhas1958@yahoo.com All rights reserved Page 11