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Name _______________________ Grade/Section ________________

5th Grade Social Studies Test

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5.1A

1. What resource were New England colonists looking for that often led to battles with Native American groups?
A. B. C.

Oil Coal Land

5.1B

2. Which of the following is one of William Penn's contributions to colonial America?


F. G. H.

He founded the colony of Rhode Island. He treated the Native Americans with respect. He became the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

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5.2A

3. Read the information in this chart and answer the following question. Helped create the Declaration of Independence
Went to France in 1776 to get support for American

independence

Helped settle the terms of the Treaty of Paris Which American is described in the chart?
A. B. C.

Paul Revere Patrick Henry Benjamin Franklin

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5.2A

4. How did George Washington's leadership turn the winter at Valley Forge into an important event for the Continental Army?
F. G.

He sent sick soldiers to Europe to recover from the fighting. He kept the Continental Army together when soldiers wanted to leave. He made successful raids on the French to steal their supplies.

H.

5.14B

5. The shipbuilding industry in America developed in colonies closest to bodies of water. Which other factor most likely affected the location of the shipbuilding industry in the American colonies?
A. B. C.

Rich soil that resulted in successful farming Abundant forests that provided timber to build ships Favorable climate that encouraged people to go sailing

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Use the map below and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

5.7A

6. What kind of regions are shown on this map?


F. G. J.

Climate Economic Political

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U.S. Cotton Region 1901

5.7A

7. The shaded areas on the map above shows which U.S. states grew cotton in 1901. They include Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee, Arkansas, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Florida. In 1901, these states could be called an economic region because they all
A. B. C.

taxed their citizens in equal amounts grew the same cash crop shared the same borders

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5.17A

8. Which of these is a responsibility of the judicial branch of the government?


F. G. H.

Vetoing a law passed by Congress Giving orders to the U.S. armed forces Deciding if a law follows the Constitution

5.16A

9. The Declaration of Independence says that because the British king had taken natural rights away, the people should
A. B.

move to a country with a different government create a new government that guarantees life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness learn the history of countries with successful governments

C.

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5.21B

10. In the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, the right to assemble gives citizens the right to
F. G. H.

choose to follow their own religion vote for changes in their government meet in a public place to express their views

5.21A

11. The purpose of the Bill of Rights in the U.S. Constitution is to


A. B. C.

list complaints against England declare Americas independence protect a citizens basic freedoms

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5.25A

12. A student is researching the Underground Railroad during the Civil War. Which of these is a primary source the student could use for the report?
F.

a report on the Underground Railroad written by an older student a diary written by a slave who traveled the Underground Railroad a non-fiction book written by an expert on the Underground Railroad

G.

H.

5.1B

13. Why did Roger Williams found the Rhode Island colony in 1636?
A. B. C.

He needed a place to plot against the British King. He needed help organizing the Boston Tea Party. He wanted religious freedom for himself and others.

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5.2A

14. Read the information in this chart and answer the following question. The Continental Congress made him commander of the Revolutionary troops.
He accepted the British surrender at Yorktown.

John Adams served as his vice-president.

Which American from the Revolutionary period is described in this chart?


F. G. J.

Marquis de Lafayette George Washington Thaddeus Kosciuszko

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5.1A

15. In what present-day state did the Spanish start their St. Augustine colony?
A. B. C.

Florida Maine Pennsylvania

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5.6A

Use the map below and your knowledge of Social Studies to answer questions 16 to 17.

1
5.6A

16. A doctor working at the hospital would have the shortest trip to work by living in which town on the map?
F. G. H.

Jonesville Big Water Levelland

5.6A

17. The airport is closest to which town?


A. B. C.

Levelland Jonesville Smalltown


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5.7A

19. Alaska is the only subarctic climate region of the United States. It is less populated than the humid continental region of the northeastern United States. This is probably true because subarctic regions
A. B. C.

are extremely cold have no natural resources stay very dry through most of the year

5.11B

20. Which industry would most likely grow as a result of many North American colonies founded along the coastlines?
F. G. H.

fishing industry wool industry tobacco industry

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5.14B

21. Which is one reason for the growth of the plantation system in the southern United States?
A.

The lack of heavy rainfall allowed factories to remain open all year round. Workers who wanted to move from the cities were willing to work for low wages. The area had mild winters and warm summers that were ideal for growing crops.

B.

C.

5.16A

22. One purpose of the Declaration of Independence was to


F. G. H.

address the colonists' complaints against the king explain the duties of the Continental Congress add to colonial militias by setting up new colonies

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5.21B

23. Which of these would violate the freedom of the press guaranteed in the Bill of Rights?
A.

The government stops a newspaper from publishing an article that disagrees with the President. A newspaper publishes articles that describe the different views of candidates running for public office. The mayor of a town asks a newspaper editor to give city employees a special price when the purchase a newspaper.

B.

C.

5.1A

24. Which cash crop was most important in the South during Americas colonial period?
F. G. H.

Potatoes Tobacco Oranges

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5.1B

25. Which woman from the Colonial period was a champion for the colonists right to express their religious views even after she was forced to leave the Massachusetts Bay Colony?
A. B. C.

Martha Washington Pocahontas Anne Hutchinson

5.2A

26. In 1775, the Boston shop owner who warned colonial militias that the British were coming! as they headed to Lexington and Concord was
F. G. H.

Patrick Henry Paul Revere Benedict Arnold

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5.11B

27. The LEAST important industry of Colonial America was


A. B. C.

mining fur trading shipbuilding

5.14B

28. Why did most pioneers move to the Midwest?


F. G. J.

to open new stores to take advantage of good farmland to be close to the oceans resources

5.17A

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29. The legislative branch of the government would be responsible for which of these tasks?
A. B. C.

naming judges to serve on the Supreme Court passing a law changing the voting age from 18 to 21 refusing to sign a bill that raises the tax on oil

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Use the graph below and your knowledge of Social Studies to answer the following question. Population by Ethnic Group in the American Colonies, 1770

5.25B

30. What could be the cause of the size of the African section of this graph?
F. G.

Africans were used as slaves in the American colonies. Africans came to the colonies when they heard about job opportunities. Africans worked as sailors on ships coming to the colonies.

H.

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5.26A

31. Which of these makes people members of a particular ethnic group?


A. B. C.

sharing a common language wearing the same shoes having the same kind of pets

5.1A

32. Use the information in this chart and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question. ______________________________ 1. To find religious freedom 2. To escape punishment for crimes 3. To find good land 4. To have a better life Which of these is the BEST title for this chart?
F. G. J.

Why people came to the American colonies Why Europeans explored North America Why Americans fought for equal rights

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5.26A

34. Which of the following words has the closest meaning to the word colony?
F. G. J.

settlement explorer native

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Use the map below and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

5.6A

35. The compass rose on the map could be used to


A. B. C.

show the distance between Houston and Austin find the names of interstate highways show which direction Del Rio is in relation to Laredo

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5.16A

37. Which historic document announced the American colonies freedom from England?
A. B. C.

The Mayflower Compact The Declaration of Independence The Articles of Confederation

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5.25A

38. Use the timeline to answer the question below. United States History: 1898 1898 1900 1908 1920 Spanish The Henry The 19th American Wright Ford amendment War. brothers produces passes make the the first Model airplane T flight. 1945 1939 Hitler attacks Poland, starting World War II in Europe.

1941 The U.S. enters World War II

Based on the timeline, which of the following is true?


F.

The first airplane flight happened before Ford produced the Model T. The 19th amendment passed before the Spanish-American War. Hitler attacked Poland after the United States entered World War II.

G.

J.

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5.17A

39. The president, as part of the executive branch of the government, would be responsible for
A.

deciding if a court case has been handled fairly by state judges making new laws about trade between the U.S. and other countries signing into law a bill that gives money to public schools in the U.S.

B.

C.

5.26A

41. A constitution is a
A. B. C.

summary of the history of a particular government list of names of people serving in a government document that specifies a governments system of laws

5.26A

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42. Which part of the U.S. Constitution explains the purpose of the entire document?
F. G. J.

The Preamble The signature page The 19th Amendment

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