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ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE: CONCEPTS AND CONNECTIONS

studies interrelationships of provide Ecosystems consist of function through meet needs and wants through undergo Energy Flow primarily from Sunlight interact with

Developed by Jane Heinze-Fry with assistance from G. Tyler Miller, Jr. (For assistance in creating your own concept maps, see the website for this book.)

Human Systems develop through differing Worldviews

Connections strongly influencing environmental quality Negative Connections Strongly Positive Connections Moderately Positive Connections

Communities consist of

Matter Cycling between

Change through Population Dynamics Succession Evolution

guide

Populations consist of

Nonliving (Abiotic) includes Physical Factors Chemical Factors

Living (Biotic) includes Producers Consumers Decomposers

Economics/Politics

influence

Organisms consist of

Societies affect development of Resources may be include Unsustainable made of Sustainable may be

Matter Resources may be

Energy Resources may be Populations (size, density) may affect quality of may

Nonliving are may be

Living consist of

Renewable direct sun wind biomass flowing water

Nonrenewable fossil fuel nuclear

Exceed carrying capacity

Stabilize

Decline

Nonrenewable includes Minerals Air

Potentially Renewable includes

Land Systems deserts grasslands forests

Water

Soil

Aquatic Systems oceans lakes streams wetlands provide

negatively affect

Environment/ Human Health affected by strategies of

positively affect

Food Resources primarily determined by include

Crops

Livestock

Fish

Ecosystem Services nutrient cycling pest control waste purification genetic material

Biodiversity genes species ecosystems

can sustain can decrease Ecosystem Use includes Resource Use includes Polluting includes

depend on depletes Degradation Climate Pest Control may be Chemical (pesticides) Loss of Biodiversity affects Climate Change Management Preservation Throwaway Waste Management Waste Reduction Air Water Soil Doing Nothing Pollution Control Pollution Prevention

leading to Stratospheric Ozone Depletion Unacceptable Health Risk

Biological

Map 1. Overview

Map 2. Cultural Changes

Map 3B. Complex Systems: Structures and Behaviors

pollution

Map 3C. Matter and Energy Resources

Map 4B. Nutrient Cycles

Map 5. Evolution and Biodiversity: Origins, Niches, and Adaptation

Map 7. Aquatic Ecology

Map 8. Community Processes: Species Interactions and Succession

Map 10. Mineral and Soil Resources

Map 11. Risk, Toxicology, and Human Health

Map 12. Human Population: Growth, Demography, and Carrying Capacity

Map 13. Food Resources

Map 15. Nonrenewable Energy Resources

Map 16. Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

Map 17. Air Pollution

Map 18. Climate Change and Ozone Loss

Map 20. Pest Control

Map 21. Solid and Hazardous Wastes

Map 22. Sustaining Wild Species

Map 23B. Sustaining Ecosystems: Deforestation, Biodiversity, and Forest Management

environmental indicators

GPI

Map 25. Economics and Environment

Map 27. Environmental Worldviews, Ethics, and Sustainability