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Commonly Used Acronyms


A, B, C, D, E, F, GHI, JKL, M, NO, P, QR, S, T, UV, WXYZ

A
A AC A/D ADC AE AI ALU AM AMD ANSI ARQ ASEE ASIC ASPI Amperes Alternating Current Analog to Digital Analog to Digital Converter Applications Engineer Artificial Intelligence Arithmetic-Logic Unit Amplitude Modulation Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. American National Standards Institute Automatic Retransmission reQuest American Society for Engineering Education Application Specific Integrated Circuit Advanced SCSI Programming Interface

ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange

ATDM Asynchronous Time Division Multiplexing

ATM AUI

Asynchronous Transfer Mode Attached Unit Interface

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B
B BBS BCC BCD BIOS BNC BSC BSD Magnetic Flux Bulletin Board System Block Check Character Binary Coded Decimal Basic Input / Output System Bayonet Nut(?) Connector Binary Synchronous Communications Berkeley Standard Distribution

BiCMOS Bipolar Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor

BPS/bps Bytes/bits Per Second

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C
C CAD CAM CAM CAS CBX CCD CCITT CD CDDI CDROM CDMA Capacitance Computer Aided Design Computer Aided Manufacturing Content Addressable Memory Column Address Strobe Common Branch eXtender Charge Coupled Device Consultative Committee of International Telephony and Telegraphy Carrier Detect Copper Distributed Data Interface Compact Disk Read Only Memory Code Division Multiple Access

CGA CISC CLA CMOS CP/M CPI CPLD CPU CR CRC CRQ CRT CS CSMA CSR CTS

Color Graphics Adapter Complex Instruction-Set Computer Carry Look-ahead Adder Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor Control Program / Monitor Clocks Per Instruction Complex Programmable Logic Device Central Processing Unit Carriage Return Cyclic Redundancy Code Command Response Queue Cathode Ray Tube Chip Select / Check-Sum Carrier Sense Multiple-Access Command Status Register Clear To Send

CSMA/CD Carrier Sense Multiple-Access with Collision Detect

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D
D D/A DAC DAT dB dBm DC DCD DCE DD DDD DEC Dissipation Factor Digital to Analog Digital to Analog Converter Digital Audio Tape (DB) deciBels dB referenced to 1 milliWatt Direct Current Data Carrier Detect Data Circuit (Channel) Equipment Double Density Direct Distance Dialing Digital Equipment Corporation

DES DID DIN DIP DMA DOS DPE DPSK DS DSP DSR DTC DTE DTR DVD

Data Encryption Standard Direct Inward Dial Deutsche Industrie Norm Dual-In-line Package Direct Memory Access Disk Operating System Data Parity Error Differential Phase Shift Keying Double Sided Digital Signal Processor Data Set Ready Data Terminal Controller Data Terminal (Terminating) Equipment Data Terminal Ready Digital Video Disk

DPDT Double-Pole Double-Throw (switch)

DRAM Dynamic Random Access Memory

DTMF Dual-Tone Multi-Frequency

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E
E EBCDIC ECC ECL ECN ECO ECR EGA EIA EISA EMF Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code Error Correction Code Emitter-Coupled Logic Engineering Change Notice Engineering Change Order Engineering Change Request Enhanced Graphics Adapter Electronic Industries Association Enhanced Industry Standard Architecture

EEPROM Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory

EMI EMF EMS EOF EOL EPROM ESD ESDI

Electro-Magnetic Interference Electro-Motive Force Expanded Memory Specification End Of File End Of Line Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory Electro-Static Discharge Enhanced Small Devices Interface

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F
F FAT FCC FDD FDDI FDM FDX FE FEP FF FF FFT FIFO FILO FM FPGA FPU FRU FSK Farads File Allocation Table Federal Communications Commission Floppy Disk Drive Fiber Distributed Data Interface Frequency Division Multiplexing Full-Duplex Transmission Front End Front End Processor Form Feed Flip-Flop Fast Fourier Transform First-In First-Out First-In Last-Out Frequency Modulation Field Programmable Gate Array Floating Point Unit Field-Replaceable Unit Frequency Shifty Keying

FDMA Frequency Division Multiple Access

FLOPS Floating-point Operations Per Second

FTP

File Transfer Program

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G-H-I
G GAs GHz GNU GPIB GUI H H HD HDD HDX HFS HP I HPIB I/O IBM IC IDC IDE IEEE IMP IP IPC IRQ ISA ISDN Giga Gallium Arsenide Giga Hertz Gnu's Not Unix General Purpose Interface Bus Graphical User Interface Henries Magnetic Force High Density Hard Disk Drive Half-Duplex Transmission Hierarchical File System Hewlett-Packard Current Hewlett-Packard Interface Bus Input / Output International Business Machines Corp. Integrated Circuit Insulation Displacement Connector Integrated Device Electronics Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers Interface Message Processor Internet Protocol InterProcess Communication Interrupt ReQuest Industry Standard Architecture Integrated Services Digital Network

GFLOPS Billions (10^9) of FLOating Point Operations Per Second ("Giga-Flops")

ISO ISP

International Standards Organization ISP Internet Service Provider

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J-K-L
J K KVA LAN LAP LCD LED LF LSB LSI LUN Joules of energy Kilo Kilo Volt-Amps Local Area Network Link Access Protocol Liquid Crystal Display Light Emitting Diode Line Feed Least Significant Bit (or Byte) Large Scale Integration Logical Unit Number

LAPB Link Access Protocol Balanced

LIFO Last In First Out

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M
M m MAN MB MBR MCA MCGA MCM mfd Mega milli Metropolitan Area Network Mega Bytes Master Boot Record Micro Channel Architecture Multi-Color Graphics Array Multi-Chip Module micro Farads

MFLOPS Millions of FLOating Point Operations per Second ("MegaFlops") MFM MHz MIDI MIPS MMU MNP MOPS MOS MSB MSDOS MSI MTBF Modified Frequency Modulated MegaHertz Musical Instrument Digital Interface Millions of Instructions per Second Memory Management Unit Microcom Network Protocol Millions of Operations Per Second Metal-Oxide Semiconductor Most Significant Bit (or Byte) Microsoft Disk Operating System Medium Scale Integration Mean Time Between Failures

MODEM MOdulator / DEModulator

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N-O
n NAND N/C NBS NEMA NFS NIC NIST NMI NMOS NOP NSF OCR ODI nano Not And No-Connect National Bureau of Standards National Electrical Manufacturers Association Network File System Network Interface Card National Institute of Standards and Technology Non-Maskable Interrupt Negatively doped Metal-Oxide Semiconductor No OPeration National Science Foundation Optical Character Recognition Open Datalink Interface

NVRAM NonVolatile Random Access Memory

OEM OS OSF OSI

Original Equipment Manufacturer Operating System Open Software Foundation Open Systems Interconnect

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P
p PAL PLA PB PBX PC PCB PCI PCM PE PGA PIA PIC PIO PLCC PLD PLL PMOS POP POST POTS PPP PQFP PROM pico Programmable Array Logic Programmable Logic Array Push Button Private Branch eXchange Personal Computer, Program Counter Printed Circuit Board Peripheral Component Interconnect Pulse Code Modulation Professional Engineer Pin Grid Array Peripheral Interface Adapter Programmable Interrupt Controller Programmed Input/Output Plastic Leaded Chip Carrier Programmable Logic Device Phase Locked Loop Positively doped Metal-Oxide Semiconductor Post Office Protocol (email) Power On Self Test Plain Old Telephone Service Point-to-Point Protocol Plastic Quad-FlatPack Programmable Read-Only Memory

PCMCIA Personal Computer Memory Card International Association

PSTN

Public Switched Telephone Network

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Q-R
Q QFP R RAS R/C RC RF RFI RFP RI Charge Quad-FlatPack Resistance Row Address Strobe Radio Control Resistor - Capacitor Radio Frequency Radio Frequency Interference Request For Proposal Ring Indicator QAM Quadrature Amplitude Modulation

RAM Random Access Memory RCA Radio Corporation of America

RFC Radio Frequency Choke

RFQ Request For Quotation RISC Reduced Instruction-Set Computer RLL Run Length Limited RMS Root Mean Square ROM Read-Only Memory RPM Revolutions Per Minute RS RTS Recommended Specification Request To Send RTC Real Time Clock

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S SASI SCSI SD SDLC SIMM SIP SLIP SMD SMT SNA SNR SOT SOIC SPST SPT SQE SRAM SS STDM STN STP STU SVGA

Siemens Shugart Associates Standard Interface Small Computer Systems Interface Single Density Synchronous Data Link Control Single Inline Memory Module Single Inline Package Serial Line Internet Protocol Surface Mount Device Surface Mount Technology System Network Architecture Signal to Noise Ratio Small Outline Transistor Small Outline Integrated Circuit Single-Pole Single-Throw (switch) Sectors Per Track Signal Quality Error Static Random Access Memory Single Sided Synchronous Time Division Multiplexing Super Twisted Nematic Shielded Twisted Pair Streaming Tape Unit Super Video Graphics Array

SPOOL Simultaneous Peripheral Operation On Line

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T
TCM TDM Trellis Code Modulation Time Division Multiplexing TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol TDMA Time Division Multiple Access

TI TIA TPI TSR TTL TUV

Texas Instruments Telecomm. Industry Assocation Tracks Per Inch Terminate and Stay Resident Transistor-Transistor Logic Technischer Ueberwachuags Verein

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U-V
UV UDP UMB UPS UTP VCR VESA VGA VLB VLSI VM VME VTR Ultra Violet User Datagram Protocol Upper Memory Block Uninterruptible Power Supply Unshielded Twisted Pair Video Cassette Recorder Video Enhanced Standards Association Video Graphics Array VESA Local Bus Very Large Scale Integration Virtual Memory Versa Module Eurocard Video Tape Recorder UART Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter

UUCP Unix to Unix Copy Program

VRAM Video Random Access Memory

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W-X-Y-Z
W WAN Watts Wide Area Network

WATS WWW XGA XMS XOR Y Z ZIF

Wide Area Telephone Service World Wide Web eXtended Graphics Array Extended Memory Specification Exclusive-Or Admittance Impedance Zero Insertion Force

WORM Write-Once Read-Many