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Chapter 26

VOCABULARY latin
ardeo, ardere, arsi accidit, accidere, accidit ferio, ferire pervenio, pervenire, perveni num? satis ( + genitive) pro ( + ablative) causa, causae (fem.) gladius, gladii (masc.) tyrannus, tyranni (masc.) theatrum, theatri (neut.) pars, partis (fem.) timor, timoris (masc.) caput, capitis (neut.) armatus, -a, -um quantus? -a? -um? ultimus, -a, -um

part
verb verb verb verb adv adv prep noun noun noun noun noun noun noun adj adj adj

translation
I burn it happens I strike I arrive surely not? enough in front of cause sword tyrant theatre part fear head armed how great? furthest, last

derivatives
arson, arsonist accident, accidental interference causal, cause, causeway gladiator, gladiolus tyranny, tyrannical theatrics, theatrical part, partial, participate timid, timorous decapitate, capital armistice quantum ultimatum

Chapter 26 Review

WORD BUILDING latin


percurro perrumpo

translation
I run through I break through

latin
facio suadeo venio

translation
I do I persuade I come

latin
( + per)

translation
I complete I completely persuade I come all the way

percio persuadeo pervenio

latin
facilis durus

translation
easy hard

latin
( + per)

translation
extremely easy extremely hard

perfacilis perdurus

latin
dimitto dispono di ugio discurro

translation
I send in di erent directions / I dismiss I put in di erent places / I arrange I ee in di erent directions / I scatter I run in di erent directions / I run about

latin
circumvenio circumvolo circumeo circumduco

translation
I surround I y around I go around I lead around

Chapter 26 Review

ESSAY NOTES
In 60 BC, the First Triumvirate, an alliance between Julius Caesar, Gnaeus Pompey, and Marcus Crassus, was formed. Caesar became consul of Rome the following year. The three leaders were supported by the knights, the army, and the people, so the Senate was unable to oppose it. Over the next decade, Caesar led campaigns in Gaul (France, Holland, and Belgium), as well as in Britain, and earned his reputation as one of historys greatest generals. He wrote an autobiography of his war experience, titled Commentaries of War In Gaul. The Triumvirate threatened to dissolve in 56 BC, but the issues were eventually resolved. However, Crassus was killed in Parthia in 53 BC. Caesar and Pompey were being driven apart, and the Senate voted that Caesar step down in January 49 BC. Caesar responded by bringing his army back to Rome and declaring war. As he crossed the Rubicon River, he said iacta alea est! / the die is cast! Pompey ed, and Caesar pursued him. In 48 BC, Caesar defeated him at Pharsalus in Greece. Pompey escaped to Egypt, but was stabbed to death. Ptolemy, king of Egypt, sent Pompeys head to Caesar as a gift, but it enraged Rome. Caesar would see battle again during the lightning campaign in Pontus, where he said veni, vidi, vici! / I came, I saw, I conquered! He then had an a air with Cleopatra, queen of Egypt. He was appointed dictator of Rome in 49 BC, which was made perpetual in 44 BC. He was hated by certain Roman citizens. A conspiracy to assassinate him, led by Marcus Brutus and Gaius Cassius, succeeded in 44 BC. He was attacked by magistrate conspirators and stabbed 23 times.

Chapter 26 Review