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MATHEMATICS UPSR PAPER FORMAT PAPER TYPE OF QUESTION TYPE OF ANSWER 1 OBJECTIVE MCQ : A, B, C, D 40 1 HOUR 2 SUBJECTIVE WRITTEN METHOD

TOTAL 60 NUMBER OF QUESTIONS TIME GIVEN

20 40 MINUTES 1 HOUR AND 40 MINUTES

TOPICS 1. WHOLE NUMBERS

A. Name and write numbers up to seven digits. 4 336 607 __ __ __ __ __ __ __ B. i). Determine the place value. 7 546 122 hundred thousands ii). Determine the digit value. 8 880 275 80 000 C. partition the numbers,
write the numbers in extended notation , broken down the number according to its digit value. 4 246 328 4 000 000 + 200 000 + 40 000 + 6 000 + 300 + 20 + 8 D. Express whole numbers in decimals and fractions of a million. WHOLE NUMBER DECIMAL OF A MILLION FRACTION OF A MILLION 1 000 000 1.0 million 1 million 250 000 0.25 million 1 million 4 500 000 0.5 million 1 million 2 750 000 0.75 million 3 million 4 E. Comparing and arranging numbers. F. Rounding off numbers :To the nearest ten, hundred, thousand, ten thousand, hundred thousand and million. 264 325 Round off this number to the nearest thousand

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a. Underline the place to which you are rounding. b. Look at the digit to the right of the underlined digit. If the digit is 5 or more, add 1 to the underlined digit. If it is less than 5, leave the underlined digit unchanged. c. Replace all the digits to the right of the underline with the zeros. G. 4 OPERATIONS

Addition

Subtraction

Multiplication

Division

MIXED OPERATIONS Use

BODMAS rules Addition and Subtraction

Brackets of D ivision, M ultiplication,

2. FRAC TIONS Addition A. of fractions mixed numbers Add the same denominators with mixed numbers Add different , denominators withSolve , involving addition of mixed problems numbers. B. Subtraction of fractions Subtract mixed numbers the same denominators with , Subtract mixed numbers different denominators withSolve involving subtraction , of mixed problems numbers. C. Multiplication of fractions mixed numbers by whole Multiply numbers. TIP S To multiply mixed Change numbers each mixed number to its equivalent improper fraction,the steps for multiplying fractions, Follow and Write the answer in simplest form D. Division of fractions Divide fractions by whole numbers, fractions Divide by fractions. TIP S To divide fractions
Change the divisor to its reciprocal,

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Multiply the resulting fractions, and Simplify the answer. FRACTIONS

5 2 5 2 +1 - 2 +1 5 5 + 1 - -2 ( 2 ((2 + 12+ 1 )+ 1 = + = ((2 + 1 + 1 ) 2 ( 5 - + = ((2 + 1 ( - 1 1 + ( ) 5+ + - ) 2 + = 4 3 = (42 + 1 ( - 1 1 + ( ) = 3 + + )+ = 4 + ( = 4 ++ ) = 4 = 4 = = 4 4

ADDITION Finding the sum of three mixed number with denominator of up to 10 1 3 1 +1 - 2 +1 8 8 4

SUBTRACTION Finding the difference between mixed numbers with Denominators of up to 10 8 9 16 18 10 18 7 18 1 3 6 18 3 18 1 6 3 18

+ - 1+ ) + - 1+ ) + - 1+ ) + +

6 8

) 4) 8) )

1 8 2 8

3 8

1 4

= 2
3 4

6 8

MULTIPLICATIO N Multiplying mixed numbers with a whole number of up to 1000

DIVISION Dividing a fraction with a whole number and a fraction

2 2

x x

300 300 2 = 750

1 2

1 2

= 5 x 300

= 1 5 2 1 = 1 x 1 2 5 = 1 10

TYPES OF QUESTIONS 1. Mixed numbers, addition, subtraction and multiplication operation. 2. Convert the state of fraction to percentage and decimals. 3. Relate fractions to diagram. 4. Simplification of fraction.

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3.

DECIMALS

MIXED OPERATIONS OF DECIMALS

Adding and Subtracting three to four decimals numbers Of up to three decimals places.

10 - 4.32 + 2.137 =
10. _ _ _ - 4. 32 _ + 2.137 = 10. 000 - 4.320 + 2.137 =

TIP S
TO ADD DECIMALS Rewrite the numbers vertically, lining up the decimal points. Add, and Insert a decimals point in the answer below the other decimal points.

TO SUBTRACT DECIMALS Rewrite the numbers vertically, lining up the decimal points. Then, subtract adding extra zeros in the minuend if necessary for borrowing. Insert a decimal point in the answer, below the other decimal points.

TYPES OF QUESTIONS Value of tenths , hundredths and thousandths, Decimals in four basic operations and in units ( mm, km, m, kg, g , Convert of fraction and percentage to decimals, Arrangement of points of decimals. ml),

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4. PERCENTAG E

CONVERSIO N

Mixed number to percentage quantity


3 14

Decimal to percentage 265 2.65 = 100

Percentage of a

= 7 4 = 7 x 25 4 x 25 = 175 100 = 175%

45% of 200 pupils 45 x 200 100 = 90 pupils

= 265 %

TYPES OF QUESTIONS Value in percentage, To find quantity / amount from percentage given, To convert the state of fraction to fraction and decimals,an average on percentage, To make Percentage involving diagram. TIP S o change a decimal to the equivalent percentage T Move the decimal point two places to the right KHAIRUL FAISAL BIN YAHYA SK RAJA MUDA MUSA Page 5

And insert the 100% sign. 275%

2.75 =

5. MONEY

Mixed operations involving money In mixed operations involving addition Calculate subtraction, from left to right. If there are brackets, solve them first. Example; RM2 400 (RM125.05 + RM21) RM 125 . 05 RM 2 400.00 21 . 00 + RM - RM 146.05 . 05 RM 146 RM 2 253.95

and

TIP S The decimal point that separates the ringgit and the sen must be aligne on a vertical line when performing basic d operation. TYPES OF QUESTIONS Value of money RM and 1. sen Bill ( quantity, price per unit, price, 2. balance.) of unit of 3. Changes 4. Profit and money loss Money and the four basic 5. operations 6. Calculation involving fraction and percentage.

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6. TIME

Duration Calculating the duration of an event between months, years and dates

Example; Find the duration, in years, months and days, from 25 March 2006 till 30 June 2007.

25 March June 2006 2007

25 March 31 March 2007 2007

30

Duration = 1 year 3 months 6 days FRAC TION OF TIME DURATION 2 of 1 year 3 = 2 x 12 months 3 = 8 months REVISION ( LET US DO THESE ! ) 1. Convert 11.55p.m 24-hour system. 2. Convert 0.4 minutes to seconds. 3. Convert 5 hour to minutes and seconds 8 4. Convert 3 day to hours and minutes. 5. 100 decades = ________centuries

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6. Find the duration ____________________ 7. 3 hr 40 min 50 s 12 s+ 2 hr 25 min 20 s 40 s 7. LENGTH

from

0720

hours

to

2315 9.

hours

8. 2 hr 18 min 42 s x 3

4 hr 38 min - 1 hr 12 min

Fraction involving length ( COMPUTATION OF LENGTH) 3 x km 120

5 = 360 km 5 =72 km

REVISION ( LET US DO THESE ) 1. Convert 8.2 km to m = __________m 1.035 m to km 2. Convert ___________km2 3. Convert km to m = _________m 5 4. 3 km + 125 m = __________m429m = _________ 5. 1.7 km m 5.25 km x 6 = 6. _________km m 10 = 7. 7 180 ________km TIPS! DRAW AND USE THE CONVERSATION Km m 3126

TABLE BELOW FOR

Convert 3.126 km to m = 3126 m SOLVING PROBLEMS THE QUESTIONS AT LEAST 3 1. READ TIMES. THEN 2. EXTRACT INFORMATION What is given? is asked What for? What operation? SOLVE. . Check

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Example; Some workers planted hibiscus plant along a road divider. They planted red hibiscus along a stretch of 0.875 km and pink hibiscusstretch of 625 m. What was the total length of the row along a of hibiscus plant in metres, along the divider? 8. MASS FRACTION INVOLVING MASS 1 Of 30 kg = 5 x 30 kg 2 = 150 2 kg = 75 kg REVISION ( LET US DO THESE ) 1. Convert 1 kg to g = _________g 2. 3 kg 200g 1 kg 750g =_________g 3. 5 kg + 500g = _______kg 4. 8.216 kg 780g= ________kg 5. 2.506 kg x 3 = _________g 6. 12.9 kg 1 000 = __________g

9. LIQUID

VOLUME OF

Fraction involving volume of liquid 5 of 400 8 = 5 x 400


8

ml ml ml

2 000

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8 =

250

ml

10. SHAPE SPACE TWO- DIMENSIONAL ( 2-D ) SHAPES PERIMETE R 5 cm 3 cm

AND

4 cm Perimeter = (4 cm x 3 ) + 5 cm + 3 cm 12 cm + 5 cm + 3 cm = = 20 cm

AREA A 4 cm BB
3 cm

B 10 cm

4 cm

Area of A = 1 x base x height 2 = 1 x 3 cm x 4 cm 2 = 6 cm Area of B = Length x Breadth = 10 cm x 4 cm40 cm =

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Total area = 6 cm = 46 cm

+ 40 cm
2

THREE DIMENSIONAL ( 3-D ) SHAPES VOLUME

12 cm 4 cm B A

Volume of A = Length x Breadth x Height = 4 cm x 4 cm x 4 cm64 cm = Volume of B = Length x Breadth x Height x 4 cm x 12 = 4 cm cm192 cm = Total volume = cm256 cm = 64

+ 192 cm
3

11. DATA HANDLING

AVERAGE

Average = Total of quantity Number of quantity Example: Average of 1.3, 3.26, 0.208 and 0.8 = 1.3 + 3.26 + 0.208 + 0.8 KHAIRUL FAISAL BIN YAHYA SK RAJA MUDA MUSA Page 11

4 = 5.568 4 = 1.392

PIE CHARTS

NAME READ3 ALI BIBI 3 CINDY 6 DIN 5 EDI 3

STORYBOOKS

15% 30%
15%

25%
15%

EXTRACTING INFORMATION Determining the frequency, mode, range, average, maximum and minimum a pie chart. Value from

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VOCABULAR Y WHOLE NUMBERS Numeral , figure = angka darab Number Word = perkataan nombor bahagi puluh Tens = dibahagi Ten thousands = puluh ribu baki Thousands = ribu pembahagi Hundred thousands = ratus ribu Decompose = cerakin bahagi baki Determine = tentukan bergabung Digit Value = nilai digit Extended notation = bentuk cerakinan Place value = nilai tempat = susun Arrange penyebut order = tertib menaik Ascending pengangka order = tertib menurun Descending wajar = lebih besar Bigger wajar Smaller = lebih kecil bercampur Addend=nombor yang ditambah keseluruhan Addition=penambahan penukarangandaan Doubles= tukar Estimate= anggar nombor sentence=ayat matematik Number termudah/terendahsemula Regroup=kumpul setara hasil tambah Sum= banyak Total=jumla h ertical form= bentuk lazim V Difference = perbezaan Inverse = songsangan perpuluhan penolak Minuend = perpuluhan = yang ditolak Subtrahend sepuluhan mengumpul semula Trading = seratus Subtraction = penolakan seribu off = bundarkan Round bercampur Nearest hundred = ratus terdekat perpuluhan Create = reka, bina tempat= selesaikan Solve kira Lattice multiplication = pendaraban lattice mendatar = darab Multiply penganggaran= nombor yang didarab Multiplicand panjang

Times = Divide = Dividend = nombor yang Divisible = boleh dibahagi tanpa Divisor = Quotient = hasil Remainder/balance = Mixed operation = operasi FRACTION S Denominator = Numerator = Proper fraction = pecahan Improper fraction = pecahan tak mixed number = nombor Whole = Conversion = Convert = Number line = garis simplest form = bentuk equivalent fraction = pecahan equal share = sama DECIMAL S Decimal = Decimal point = titik Tenths = per Hundredths= per Thousandths = per Mixed decimal = perpuluhan Decimal place = tempat Place holder = pemegang Compute = Horizontal form = bentuk approximate = long division = bahagi

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Multiplier = pendarab masalah = hasil darab Product Repeated addition = penambahan berulang PERCENTAG E Percent = peratus jarak Percentage = peratusan ukuran Represent = mewakili catat = nilai Value ) haded squares = petak berlorek S ) ilimetre M = millimeter ( mm ) Centimetre = sentimeter ( cm ) MONEY Amount = jumlah jisim = wang syiling Coin berat = wang kertas Note ) ombination = gabungan C ( kg ) = pinjaman Loan Deposit = penyimpanan wang Withdrawal = pengeluaran wang Dividend = faedah pelaburan Calculator = mesin kira cecair harga Cost = sukat = simpanan Savings penyukat Representative = perwakilan isipadu = diskaun Discount muatan,kapasiti= bikar TIME beaker Litre = liter ( 12-hour system = sistem 12 jam millilitersystem = sistem 24 jam 24-hour ( bekas analogue clock = jam analog digital clock = jam arrival digital time = waktu ketibaan departure time = waktu berlepas shape midnight = tengah malam luas = tengah hari noon isipadu = minit minute segitiga = saat second tepat = jam hour sama hari day = sisiempat year = tahun sisi century = kurun bucu = dekad decade panjang peristiwa event = lebar

solve problem = selesaikan

LENGT H Distance = measurement = record = metre = meter ( m kilometre = kilometer ( km

MASS mass = weight = gram = gram ( g kilogram = kilogram

VOLUME OF LIQUID liquid = measure = measuring cylinder = silinder volume = capacity = l) mililitre container = ml)

SHAPE SPACE bentuk = Area = volume = triangle = rectangle = segiempat square = segiempat quadrilateral = side = vertex = length = breadth =

AND

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duration = tempoh masa tinggi = jadual waktu schedule start time = masa mula purata = masa tamat end time paksi

height = DATA Average HANDLING = axis =

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