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First Exercise 1.-Revision of tenses Put the verbs in brackets into the right tense.

a) `What you (read) .................. when you are on holiday? `I (read) .................. detective stories. Now I (read) ................. `The Shut Door by Ivor Lock. b) He (write) ............... a letter now. c) This boy never (see) ................ the sea. d) When water (boil) ............... the liquid (change) ................ to a vapour that (be call) .................. steam. e) I (learn) ................. English the last two years, and now I (study) .................. Russian too. f) He (know) ................. that I am here. g) She (go) ............... away every weekend. h) You (see) .................. a good film lately? i) At present he (read) ................ an English novel; it is the third English novel he (read) ............... this year. j) She (not buy) ................ any new clothes since the beginning of the year. k) Normally I (go) ................... to bed at around 11.30 every night. l) Those two men (stand) ...................... outside the house for over two hours. You (think) ...................... we should call the police? m) You look tired. I think you (work) .................... too hard lately and you (not get) ...................... enough fresh air and exercise. n) your husband (ever /have) .................. pneumonia? Yes, he (have) .................... twice. o) The river Thames (flow) .................... through London. p) I (order) .................. a taxi to take me to the airport, but it (not come) .................... yet.

q) I (know) ................... him for several years. r) This afternoon I (go) ..................... shopping with my two sisters. 2) Question Formation Write a question that asks about the underlined words. a) They arrived at noon. b) They stayed in my cottage for several weeks. c) Shes got two sisters. d) Id like chocolate cake. e) My father left the money on the table.

3) Passive Rewrite these sentences using passive. a) Peter gave us an apple. We b) Ann is sorting out the letters. The letters c) Someone should have mended the fence. The fence d) You need to learn the irregular verbs. The irregular verbs e) Someone has ironed my shirts. My shirts f) They are going to give us a lift to school. We 4) Complete the following Conditional Sentences: a) If the price of petrol goes up ... b) Your job sounds awful. If I were you ... c) If you breathe a word of this to anybody ... d) If I lived in the country ... e) Unless you behave better ... f) I would do this exercise if ... g) You can pass your exam if ... h) Ill lend you the money if ... i) If you drank less ...

5) Second and Third Conditionals Rewrite these sentences using second and third conditionals. a) My father didnt let me go to the party because I forgot to do the washing up. If I b) I cant use my computer as it is broken down. I could c) I failed my driving test and now I cant take my brothers car. If I d) I didnt pay my electricity bill and they cut it off.. If I e) The line is engaged so I cant phone her. If the line

Second Exercise
1) Passive Rewrite these sentences using passive. a) You must translate this sentence. This sentence b)The students should have studied the irregular verbs. The irregular verbs c) You have to send him a telegram. He d) They are going to do up my kitchen. My kitchen e) The servant has made the beds. The beds f) He is turning on the lights. The lights 2) Revision of tenses Put the verbs in brackets into the right tense. a) Mother (just / go) ...................... to the market. b) I hope it (not rain) ....................... when she (be off) ....................... to London tomorrow. c) I never (read) ...................... such an interesting story before. f) She is pregnant. She (have) ....................... a baby. g) I (study) ..................... French for six years now. h) My brother (leave) ..................... the country next week. i) He (be) .......................... twenty five in a few days. j) After they (leave) .........................., the police (arrive) .......................... . k) While the children (play) ....................... with their toys, their father (read) ................... the newspaper. l) As soon as we (get) .................... to London, we (look for) ..................... a hotel m) Some animals (not eat) ........................ during the winter and only (come out) .......................... in spring. n) I (live) .................... here since 1994. o) I (read) ................... a book when he (come) .................... in. p) Ask Sue if she (watch) ..................... TV tonight. 3) Reported Speech Put the following into reported speech. a) `Lets forget our differences and shake hands Tom to me. Tom suggested b) `I am sure we are lost. Run and ask that policeman the way. Susan to James. Susan advised c) `I am going to the library this morning. Shall I change your book for you? My sister to me. My sister asked

d) `What time does the concert start? Im sure its time to go Peter to his wife. Peter asked e) `Let me help you so that we can go jogging afterwards Steve to John. Steve asked f) `Shall we go shopping? Sheila to me. Sheila suggested g) `Did you borrow some money from Susan? John to Mara. John asked 4) Relative Clauses: Mixed types. Join each pair of sentences using defining or non-defining relative clauses. e.g. You were talking to a boy. The boy is my neighbour. The boy (that) you were talking to is my neighbour. a) The meat was very tough. We had it for lunch. The meat b) Louis XIV became king in1643. We mentioned him last week. Louis XVI, c) Oxford University has may different colleges. It is one of the oldest in the world. Oxford University, d) The letter had no stamp on it. We received it today. The letter e) The knife is very sharp. We cut the loaf of bread with it. The knife

Third Exercise 1) Relative Clauses Join each pair of sentences to form defining or non-defining relative clauses. e.g. You were talking to a boy. The boy is my neighbour. The boy (that) you were talking to is my neighbour. a) Most of the people are very nice. They work in Peters office. Most of the people b) What happened to the money? It was on my desk. What happened b) She lent me the money. This was very generous of her. c) The king deserves his popularity. His life has been devoted to his country. The King, d) Shakespeare was born in a little cottage. He is the worlds greatest dramatist. Shakespeare, e) The boy is French. Susan is talking to this boy. The boy f) The shop is shut. We buy our cakes from it. The shop g) Whats that music? You are listening to it. Whats h) Grammar is good for students. Students dislike grammar very much. Grammar, 2) Reported Speech: Mixed types. Rewrite the following using reported speech. a) `It is cold in here. Is the window open? said Paul. Paul wanted to know b) `Lets go to a night club tonight. I feel like going out Tom to Sheila. Tom suggested c) `Please, dont wear those boots in the house; Ive just cleaned the carpet Paul to Sue. Paul asked d) `The dog has stolen the meat. What are we to do? My mother to us. My mother wondered e) `Shall we go out for a meal Peter to Mary. Peter suggested f) `When I get back Ill give you the five pounds I borrowed from you yesterday Sally to Sue. Sally told g) `Take a cold shower before breakfast if you want to keep fit Tom to Peter. Tom advised h) `Ive read this book before. Have you something else I can read? Susan to the teacher. Susan asked i) `What is the doctors telephone number? Mary has fallen downstairs and broken her leg Paul. Paul wanted to know j) `Let me help you carry your bags. You look so tired! Paul to Susan. Paul asked 3) Conditional Clauses: mixed types Put the verbs in brackets into the right tense. a) If you (not put) .................. another coin in the meter, the lights will go out. b) You would find it easier if you (pay) ................. your insurance in instalments. c) (give) ................. you .................. James my regards if you see him?

d) If a letter arrives in a buff-coloured envelope, it (be) .................. probably a bill. e) What ................... you ................. if you lost your job? f)If the traffic (get) ............... worse, we shall miss the beginning of the film. g)I wouldnt have any more to drink if I (be) ................. you. h)If you had the chance to go to the moon, you (go) ..............................? i)If we have enough money, we (go) ................... to Greece for our holidays. j) Sheila always takes the day off work if she (not feel).....................well. k) If I (not write) ..................... that last cheque, I wouldnt have been in the red. l) If any student (want) ................. to miss a lesson, he must ask the teachers permission. m) What (happen) ................... if the police had not been on the spot, I wonder?

4) Revision of tenses Put the verbs in brackets into the right tense. a) Birds (build) ........................ their nests in the summer and (fly) ...................... to the south in the winter. b) I (wear) ....................... a coat because the sun (not shine) ........................... . c) He (not have) .......................... a holiday for nine years because he (be) ..................... too busy. d) I (wait) ...................... here nearly half an hour for John. e) The next train (leave) ....................... at seven. f) I (lose) my bag. I (lose) it yesterday. g) They (just / phone) ............................... Mara. h) Jane (work) ............................. in this company for ten years.

Fourth Exercise 1) Turn the following statements into questions asking about the underlined words. a) He is working for Thomas Cook and Son. b) A tailor sews with a needle. c) She wants to speak to you. d) Most jewels are made of gold. e) He comes from South America. 2) Conditional Clauses Rewrite these sentences using second and third conditionals. e.g. You were talking to a boy. The boy is my neighbour. The boy (that) you were talking to is my neighbour. a) Im very clumsy, thats why I break everything. b) You were caught while smoking and you were punished. c) He is not happy at school, so he is going to leave it. d) He studied Italian because he had to live in Italy for two years. e) Paul phones Mary three times a day because he is in love with her.

3) Reported Speech: mixed types. Put the following into reported speech. a) `Lets go to the cinema, Arthur. We could see a good film said Mary. Mary suggested b) `Didnt you hear the bell ring? That means the curtain is going up again. Tom to Sheila. Tom asked Sheila c) `What do you think about the book? I think it is terrific. Sally to Tom. Sally asked d) `Dont bother. Ive missed the plane anyway Sue to Peter. Sue told e) `You pressed the wrong button. Dont do it again or else you might have a nasty accident. The mechanic to me. The mechanic warned f) `Let me watch TV for a while, dad. Ill do my homework later. The little child. The little child begged g) `Be careful. Ive just painted the wall Peter to Sue. Peter warned 4) Revision of tenses Put the verbs in brackets into the right tense. a) After Carol (take) ....................... the photos, she (develop) ....................... the film. b) I (write) ........................ letters since this morning. c) I (fall) ...................... asleep while I (watch) .................... television. d) When I (hear) ....................... the crash, I (run) .................... to the village.

e) While Jane (iron) ....................... the clothes, Paul (do up) ...................... the kitchen. f) Your parcel (arrive) ....................... . The postman (bring) ...................... it this morning. g) We (like) ...................... climbing. We (climb) ......................... this mountain many times. h) We (have) ...................... a caravan years ago. i) We (have) ....................... this caravan for some years. j) The bag (weigh) ...................... five kilos. k) The (weigh) .......................... my bag. l) I (think) ................... you are right. m) I (think) .................... about the problem. n) When we (arrive) ................... , the others Already (leave) ..................... . o) Yesterday evening he (sit) ...................... in the garden when the house (fall down) 5) Defining and non-defining relative clauses Join the two sentences to form a relative clause. e.g. You were talking to a boy. The boy is my neighbour. The boy (that) you were talking to is my neighbour. a) Shakespeare was born in a little cottage. He is the worlds greatest dramatist. b) The paint of the bench is still wet. You are sitting on it. c) The shop is shut. We buy our cakes from it. d) Whats that music? You are listening to it. e) Grammar is good for students. Students dislike grammar very much. ............................ .

6) Passive Rewrite these sentences using passive. a) Somebody must finish the work. The work b) They will send Cyril to prison. Cyril c) Someone has to sharpen the knives. The knives d) Someone is going to repair this broken vase. This broken vase e) Somebody has brought them up. They

Fifth Exercise 1) Second and Third Conditionals Rewrite these sentences using second and third conditionals. a) George got wet because it was raining and he had forgotten his umbrella at home. If George b) The ceiling is covered with cobwebs and so well have to clean it. If the ceiling c) I got the wrong size and so Ill have to go to the chop to change it. If I d) I got home very late last night and my father has punished me. My father wouldnt e) Im very lazy and Im afraid Ill have to take my Maths exam again. If I 2) Passive Rewrite these sentences using passive. a) He asked her to go out. She b) Did they teach you the Passive? Were you c) You can see lions and tigers in zoos. Lions and tigers d) They havent swept this room for a fortnight. This room e) They are painting the walls. The walls 3) Defining and Non-defining Relative Clauses Join each pair of sentences with a relative clause. e.g. You were talking to a boy. The boy is my neighbour. The boy (that) you were talking to is my neighbour. a) This is the very room. I first met my wife in it. b) Budapest is a beautiful city. It is on the Danube. c) The Pope spoke on the radio last night. Many people had never heard him before. d) You were living with those people in London. They are coming to see you. e) The man has died. I gave the book to him. 4) Reported Speech: mixed types. Rewrite the following using reported speech. a) `Dont touch it. You will make it worse Paul to me. Paul warned b) `When you hear the fire alarm, shut all windows and go downstairs said the school master. The school master advised c) `Lets give a party. Its Sues birthday in a weeks time Mary to Sarah. Mary suggested d) `If you had to be an animal, I asked her, `what animal would you choose to be? I asked e)`Ive run out of stamps, said my father. `Have you got any? My father asked

Sixth Exercise 1) Conditional Clauses Rewrite these sentences using second and third conditionals. a) I lost all my money because I bet it on Sweetheart. I wouldnt b) He is at home because nobody wants to go out with him. If somebody c) He is in prison now because he stole money from someone. If he d) As I am broke, Ill have to find a vacation job. I wouldnt e) I broke my mothers best vase and she got angry with me. My mother wouldnt f) I spent all my money last weekend and now I am completely broke. If I g) My brother lost his job and now he is on the dole. If my brother 2) Reported Speech Rewrite the following using reported speech. a) `You are late home. What have you been doing? My father. My father wanted to know b) `Lets feed the cat. It might be hungry. Susan to Paul. Susan suggested c) `The clock has stopped. Did you forget to wind it up? Paul to Sue. Paul asked d) `Come here! I want to speak to you The headmaster to Harry. The headmaster told e) `Dont do that! Are you mad? Helen to John. Helen warned f) `Read it for yourself if you dont believe what I say. Sharon to Peter. Sharon told g) `Let me watch the soap opera, daddy. I dont feel like going to bed. said the little child. The little child begged 3) Passive Rewrite the following sentences using passive voice. a) Somebody must have taken it while I was out. This b) Poverty drove him to desperation. He c) Somebody is going to iron this dress for tonight. This dress d) Her beauty struck me deeply. I e) Didnt they tell you to be here by six oclock? Werent you f) The judge will give him a fair trial. He g) We should give children the best possible education. Children

4) Defining and Non-defining Relative Clauses Join each pair of sentences with a relative clause. e.g. You were talking to a boy. The boy is my neighbour. The boy (that) you were talking to is my neighbour. a) Here comes the girl. I am hiding from her. b) The Tower of London is a famous historic building. A lecture is to be given about it tomorrow. c) The authors last book came out in 1972. It was probably his best. d) The policeman is at the door. You knocked off his helmet. e) I dont like the house. He lives in it.

5) Revision of tenses Put the verbs in brackets into the right tense. a) I (live) ...................... in this house for ten years. b) She (just / come) ...................... . c) I (come) ......................... as soon as my work is finished. d) My cousin (come) ...................... to stay with us next weekend. e) Some people never (see) .......................... snow before. f) He (walk) ......................... very quickly when I (meet) .......................... him yesterday. g) He (say) ...................... he was sorry he (give) .......................... so much trouble. h) At the moment the children (play) .. computer games in their room. i) As he (walk) along the street he (see) .. an old friend. j) I am sure they (come) to our party tomorrow. k) I (know) ..................... my neighbours for a very long time. l) I can see a storm coming up. It (rain) .................. m) The French course (start) ....................... next October. n) If you (look) ..................... after the luggage I (buy) .................... the tickets. o) you .. (ever / climb) Mount Everest? p) I (stay) ....................... here until he (answer) ...................... me. q) He (walk) into the room and then (open) the windows.

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