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MCR 3U 1. Simplify.

a) 5 108 + 162 3 18 f)

Exam Review
8 3 11
c) i 8

January 2012

b)

d)

5 2 11 + 2 2 4 8 + 3 2

) (

g) 2 5 + 3 3 6 3

)(

6 5i 6 + 5i
h)

e)

x3 x

( 3 + i )( 4 2i )(1 i )

2. Find the quadratic equation, in standard form, that has the following roots. a) 3 6 and 3 + 6 b) 4 5i and 4 + 5i 3. Graph the following parabolas using the indicated method. a) y = 4 x 2 +12 x + 3 partial factoring b) y = 2 x 2 + x 3 finding the zeros 4. Solve the following systems a) x 2 + y 2 = 25 and x + 3 y 5 = 0 5. Simplify and state restrictions if necessary. a)

b) y = x 2 3 and 2 x + y = 3

2 x 2 + 5x + 3 x 2 1 2 x 2 + 5 x + 4 2 x 5 x 12
2 x + 3 y 5x y 4 6

b)

4x 3 x 2x 7 x + 4 2x 1 x + x +4 x 2

c)

3x 2 3 x 2 + 5x 6 2 x 2 + 5 x + 2 6 x 2 + 13 x 5

d)

e)

f)

2x 1 2x + 5 2 2 4 x 25 4 x 8 x 5
5

6. Evaluate. Give exact answers and express any fractions in lowest terms.

1 a) 5

b)

1000

125 3 c) 216

d)

4 + 16

2 e) 3

f)

54

7. Solve the following. Exact answers only.

a) x 2 = 49 e) 27
x +1

b) 6 x 2 5 x = 4
2 x 5

c) 5 x 2 + 28 x + 1 = 0

d) 16 2 x +3 =

1 256

x +1

1 = 9

f) 6 x 2 = x + 5

8. A ball is dropped from a height of 160 cm. Each time it drops it rebounds to 80% of its previous height. a) What is the height of the rebound after the 8th bounce, to the nearest hundredth? b) What is the total distance travelled at the time of the 10th bounce? 9. A particular radioactive substance has a half-life of 3 years. Suppose an initial sample has a mass of 200 mg. a) Write an equation that relates the mass of the radioactive material remaining to time. b) How much will remain after one decade, to the nearest hundredth? 10. Write the first three terms of each sequence. a) e)

tn = 3n 2 t1 = 1 , tn = 2tn 1 + 5

b)

f ( n) = 4 n + 1

c) f)

tn = 5n 2 16 t1 = 2 , tn = ( tn 1 ) 8
2

d)

f ( n) =

n3 2

+2

11. For each of the following: i. State whether each sequence is arithmetic, geometric, or neither. ii. Determine a simplified expression for t n for those that are arithmetic or geometric

iii. Find t12

a) 6, 11, 17, 29, b) 3, 1, 5, 9, c) 3, 12, 48, 192,

12. For each of the following: i. State whether each series is arithmetic, geometric, or neither. ii. Find S 22 a) 2 + 9 + 16 + 23 + b) 5 25 + 125 625 + c) 256 + 128 + 64 + 32 +... d)
5 1 6 4 11 ... 3 3 6

13. You invest \$250 at 4% per annum at a bank that pays simple interest. a) How much simple interest would be earned each year? b) If you kept your money invested for 8 years, how much total simple interest would you earn? c) How much money would be in your bank account after the 8 years if you did not withdraw any money?

14. Sidia borrowed \$2000 at 10% per year compounded semi-annually, for a 2 year term.
a) How much will Sidia have to pay back in two years? b) How much of what she pays back will be interest? 15. A \$500 investment earns interest at 6% per year compounded quarterly for 8 years. How much interest will be earned in the final year of the 8 year term? 16. Mr. and Mrs. Davidson invest \$1000 in a trust fund each year on their son Scotts birthday. They started the fund when Scott was 1 year old. The fund pays interest at 6% per year compounded annually. a) Draw a timeline. b) How much will be in the fund on Scotts 18th birthday? c) How much of that will be interest?

17. Meena wants to buy a car in 5 years. She decides that she would like to have \$12000 saved by that time. If she makes
monthly deposits into an account that pays 5.5% per year compounded monthly, how much will she need to deposit each month? Draw a timeline.

18. Amandeep must begin to repay his student loans. At the end of every month \$200 will be withdrawn from an account
earning 6% interest compounded monthly. How much must he deposit into the account today to have enough money for two years of withdrawals? Draw a timeline.

19. If f ( x ) = 3 x 2 2 x + 1 and g ( x ) = x 3 7 and h( x ) = x x 2 +1 , find the following:

a) f ( 2 ) b) f ( a +1) c) g ( 2 ) h(1)

d) h( x ) + f ( x ) g ( x )

20. Identify the base function and the transformation(s) that have been applied to each of the following functions. State the domain and range of the base function and the transformed function. Graph each function on a separate grid. a)

f ( x) = ( x + 2 ) 1
2

b)

g ( x) = 2 x 5 + 4

c)

h( x ) =

1 +6 2x 4

d)

k ( x ) = 2 x 3 + 4

21. For each of the following functions f ( x ) : i. State the inverse function f 1 ( x ) ii. Graph f ( x ) and f 1 ( x ) on the same grid iii. Determine whether f 1 ( x ) is a function. If it is NOT, give a restriction that can be made to the domain of f ( x ) so that f 1 ( x ) will be a function.
a) f ( x) = 11x 3 b) f ( x ) = ( x + 8) 2 + 9 24 22. Find the exact value of the ratio for the angle given. a) cos 585 0 b) sin 300 0 c) tan 150 0 d) cot 480 0
18cm 37 23. Solve for the missing values. Round to the nearest tenth.

c) f ( x ) = x 1 + 4 e) 28cm

sec 225 0

108

f) csc 315 0
35cm

a)

b)

c)

10cm 123 12cm

d)
14m x 7m y 8m

24. Given the following triangles and the given sides and angle, determine how many solutions there are. Round to one decimal place. a) ABC, a = 85cm, b = 90cm and = 37 .4 0 b) ABC, a = 17.5cm, b = 20.2cm and A = 120 0 A 0 c) ABC, a = 6.1m, b = 7.5m and = 105 A 25. Prove the following identities. a)

cot x sec x = csc x

b) sec a + csc a =
2 2

1 sin a cos 2 a
2

c)

tan x + cot x = sec x csc x

26. The water depth in a harbor is 25 m at high tide occurring at midnight, and 9 m at low tide. One cycle is completed
approximately every 12 hours. a) Find a sine and cosine equation for the water depth as a function of time, t hours starting at high tide. b) Graph this function. c) What is the depth of the water at 19:00h, to the nearest hundredth? d) Determine the times at which the depth of the water was 20m, in a 24 hour period. e) State the times during a 24 hour period at which the water depth was at a maximum and a minimum.

27. For the following functions, identify the transformations that have occurred, and graph each on a separate grid.
a) f ( x ) = cos ( x +90 ) d) f ( x ) = cos ( 2 x ) 3 g) f ( x ) = b) f ( x ) = sin ( x 30 ) 2 c) f ( x ) = 2 cos ( x ) +1

e) f ( x ) = cos ( x +90 ) 2

f) f ( x ) = 2 sin ( 3 x + 90 ) + 4