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# Mr.Kamble V.V. Dahiwadi College Dahiwadi Bridge Course for Ph.D.in Botany 1.

Which measure of central tendency is least affected by the extreme values. a) A.M b) Median c) G.M d) H. M. 2. The arithmetic mean of first n- natural number is . a)n +1/2 b) n( n + 1) c) n(n + 1)2/2 d) none of these. 3. Compare mean with the median for the Positively skewed distribution [mode<median<mean]following data . a) Mean < Median b) Mean > median c) Mean = Median d) None of these above . 4. If a constant value of 50 is subtracted from each observation of a set, the mean of set is . a) Increased by 50 b) Decreased by 50 c) Not affected d) 50 times of the original value. 5. A distribution of 6 scores has a median of 21 If the highest score increases by 3 point, the median will become. a) 21 b) 21.5 c) 24 d) Cannot be determine. 6. Which of the following is always corrected statement . a) A.M G.M H.M b) G.M H.M A.M c) H.M G.M A.M d) G.M A.M H.M.. 7. The graph of less than and more than type ogive curves intersect at a) Mean b) Q1 c) Q2=median=P50 =D5 d) Q3 . 8. The graph of variates value against corresponding frequencies with successive point Jointed with straight line is known as. a) Density function b) Frequency polygon c) Frequency curve d) scatter plot . 9. Second decile divided the series in the ratio . a) 2:10 b) 2:8 c) 1:10 d) none of the above. 10. If each observation of a set is divided by 2 , then the first quartile of the new values. a) Is two time of the original value b) Is increased by 2 c) Half that of original value d) Remain the same . 11. Which of the following measure of dispersion does not depend on the unit of measurement ? a) S.D b) Q.D c) Range d) C.V. 12. Mean deviation is minimum . When the observation are taken from. a) Mean b) Median c) Mode d)Q3. 13. If you are told that a population has a mean of 25 and variance of zero. What must you conclude . a) Someone has made mistake. b) There is only one element in the population. c) There are no element in the population d) All values in the population are same and is equal to 25 14. Each year , during a period of seven years. Mrs. Wagle gave a birth a child ,The S.D of the age in whole year of seven children of the wagle family is equal to a) 2 b) 4 c) 7 d) None of these. 15. The sum of deviation of observation from mean is , a) 1 b) 0 c) n 1 d) None of the above . 16. If each of the observation series is multiplied by constant C, the C.V as compared to original value. a) Is increased by C b) Decreased by C c) Remained unchanged d) Is time original value. 17. If the mean ,median & mode of a distributed distribution are 5,6,7 respectively then distribution is . a) Symmetric b) skewed negatively c) skewed positively d) None of the above . 18. Mean is measure of :--------a) Location ( central) values b) Dispersion c) Correlation d) None of the above. 1

19. Which of the following is a measure of central value? a) Median b) S.D c) M.D d) Q.D . 20. Which of the following represent the median. a) Q1 b) P50 c) D6 d) None of these. 21. If a constant 5 is added to each observation of a set a the mean is . a) Increased by 5 b) Decreased by 5 c) 5 times original mean d) Not affected. 22. Which of the following relation among the location parameter does not hold? a) Q2 = median b) P50 = median c) D5 = median d)D6 = median. 23. If the grouped data has open- end classes one cannot be calculate: a) Median b) Mode c) Mean d) quartile. 24. Extreme value has no effect on : a) Average(mean) b) Median c) G.M d) H.M . 25. G.M of the two number 1/16 and 4/25 is. a) 1 / 10 b) 1/100 c) 10 d) 100. 26. The average of 7 numbers 7 ,9 ,12 , X, 5, 4, 11, is 9. The missing number X is . a) 134 b) 14 c) 15 d) 8. 27. What percentage of values greater than Q3. a) 5% b) 50% c) 25% d) 0%. 28. What percentage of value is less than D3 third decile. a) 30% b) 70% c) 40% d) None of these. 29. what percentage of value lie between 5th and 25th percentile . a) 15% b) 20% c) 75% d) None of these. 30. If the A.M of the set of observation is 9 and its G.M is 6 then the H.M of the set of the observation is. [Gm2=AmxHm] a) 4. b) 3 6 c) 3 d) 1.5. 31. If the A.M of a two of observation is 6.5 and the G.M is 6 the two number are. a) 9, 6 b) 9, 5 c) 7, 6 d) 4, 9. 32. Which of the following relation is true between 3rd Deciles and 30th percentile . a) D3 = P70 b)D3 = P30 c) D3 = P75 d) None of the above. 33. If the two observation are 10 and 10 then there H.M is a) 10 b) 0 c)5 d) . 34. If the two observation are 10 and 10 then there G.M is a) 5 b) -5 c) 10 d) None of these. 35. Which of the deciles are less than first quartile. a) D1 and D3 b) D1 and D2 c) D2 and D3 d) None of the above. 36. If the two observation are 20 and 20 their A.M is a) 10 b) 20 c) 0 d) None of these . 37. TheVariance of first natural number is a) n2-1/12 b) n+2/2 c) n(n+1)/2 d) None of these. 38. A frequency having two mode is called as a) unimodal b) bimodal c) trimodal d) without mode 39. Mode is a value in the frequency distance which possesses a) Minimum frequency b) maximum frequency c) frequency one d) None of these. 40. The middle value of an ordered series is called a) Q2 b) D5 c) P5o d) all the above. 41. To find median it is necessary to arrange the data in : a) Ascending order b) Descending order c) Ascending or Descending order d) Any one of the above . 42. The median of variates value 11,7,6 12,5 ,9 ,15,19.20 a) 9 b) 12 c) 15 d) 11. 2

43. Which of the measure central tendency is not affected by end values. a) Mode b) median c) D5 d) All the above . 44. The first quartile is know as a) Median b) Mode c)lower quartile d) third decile. 45. The third quartiles is also called as a) Lower quartile b) upper quartiles c) P5o d) Mode . 46. Mean of a set of values is based on a) All value b) 50% value c) first & last value d) maximum & minimum value 47. The measure of central tendency which cannot be calculate with open end class in case of grouped data a) Median b) A.M c) Mode d) C3. 48. The percentage of value in a set of a value Which are less than (more than ) the median value is : a) 100% b) 75% c) 50% d)25%. 49. The percentage of value of a set which is beyond the third quartile is : a) 100% b) 75% c) 50% d)25%. 50. The sum of deviation from the mean is : a) Zero b) minimum c) maximum d) one 51. The sum of absolute deviation of the median is : a) Zero b) minimum c) maximum d) one 52. The sum of the square deviation about mean is : a) Zero b) minimum c) maximum d) one 53. The suitable measure of central tendency for qualitative data. a) Mode b) A.M c) G.M d) Median 54. Graphically partition be determined with the help of : a) Frequency polygon b) Histogram c) ogive curve d) frequency curve . 55. If the sum of N observation is 630 and their mean is 42 then the value of N is a) 21 b) 30 c) 15 d) 30 56. Karl Pearson correlation coefficient always lies in the interval a) [0, 1] b) (1, 2) C) [1, 1] d) [1, 0] 57. The idea of product moment correlation coefficient is given by: a) R. A. Fisher b) Sir Francis Galton c) Karl Pearson d) Spearman 58. The correlation coefficient between X and Y is 0.4, then the correlation coefficient between 3X + 2 and 6-4Y is a) 0.4 b) 0.4 c) 0.48 d) None of these 59. If X =Y = 3 , x = 2 and Cov (X,Y) = 2 then the estimated value of Y when X = 4 is a) 4 b) 5 c) 3 d) 4.5 60. Spearmans rank correlation coefficient always lies in the interval a) [0, 1] b) (1, 2) C) [1, 1] d) [1, 0] 61.The correlation coefficient between college entrance exam grades and the final grades was computed to be -2 . 08 . On the basis of this you would recommend that : a) The entrance exam is good predictor of success. b) Students who do worst in this exam will do best in final c) Students at this school are not scholars d) Recomputed the correlation coefficient 62. If A and B are mutually exclusive [A B =0] then a) P (A U B) = P (A) P (B) b) P (A U B) = P (A) + P (B) c) P (A U B) = 0 d) P (A U B) = 1. 63. The sample space of an experiment consists of n points. Its power set will contain the following no. of points a) 2n b) 3n c) 2n+1 d) none of these. 64. If A and B are two events, the probability of occurrence of either A or B is given by a) P (A) + P (B) 2 P (A B) b) P (A U B) c) P (A B) d) P (A) P (B). 65. A function assigns a real number to every point in a sample space. Then the function is called a) probability mass function b) set function c) random variable d) probability distribution function. 66.If A and B are two events which have no point in common, the events A and B are: a) complementary to each other b) independent c) mutually exclusive[A B =0] d) dependent. 3

67. The definition of a priori probability was originally given by: a) De Moivre b) Laplace c) Von-Mises d) Feller. 68. The definition of statistcal probability was originally given by: a) De Moivre b) Laplace c) Von-Mises d) Pascal. 69. Classical probability is also known as: a) Laplaces probability b) mathematical probability c) a priori probability d) all these three. 70. If A and B are any two mutually exclusive events, the P (A | B ) is equal to: a) P (A) / [P (A) + P (B)] b) P (A U B) / [P (A) + P (B)] c) P (A B ) / P (B) d) none of these. 71. If an event B is a sure event , then probability P (B) is equal to: a) P (A) b) P (B) c) 1 d) 0. 72. If it is known that an event A has occurred, the probability of an event E given A is called: a) empirical probability b) classical probability c) posterior probability d) conditional probability. 73. A coin is tossed 4 times and the top faces are observed. The sample space of this experiment is: a) continuous b) infinite c) finite d) countable. 74. A single letter is selected at random from the word Probability.The probability that it is a vowel is: a) 3/11 b) 2/11 c) 4/11 d) 0. 75. If the variables X and Y independent then the angle between the two lines of Regression is A) B) /2 C) /3 D) /6 76. A number is selected at random from the set of numbers {11, 12,., 99}.What is probability that selected number contain digit 9? a) 18/89 b) 19/89 c) 1/10 d) 11/100. 77. Probability can take values a) - to b) - to1 c) 1 to 1 d) 0 to 1 . 78 If A and B are the independent event then P( A B) is equal to a) P(A) .P(B) b) P(A) /P(B) c) P(B) +P(A) 79. Prob. Of the intersection of two mutually exclusive event is always . a) b) Zero c) one d) None of these. 80. If A is an event then P(A/A) is a) 0 b) 1 c) d) none of these 81. If B A then P (A / B) is equal to a) Zero b) one c) P(A) / P(B)) d) P(B) / P(A)) 82. In tossing of three coin at a time the probability of getting of most a head is a) 3 / 8 b) 7/8 c) d) 1/8. 83. Given that P(A) = 1/3 P(B) = P(A/B) = 1/6 then P(P(B/A) is a) b)3/4 c) 1/8 d) None of these . 84. Given that P(A) = 1/3 P(B) = & P(A B) = 11/12 then P(B/A) is a) 1/3 b) 4/9 c) d) . 85. The equation of line of regression of Y on X is parallel to Y axis then the correlation coefficient between two variables is a) 1 b) 1 c) 0 d) 1/2 86. If X =Y = 3 , x = 2 and Cov (X,Y) = 2 then the estimated value of Y when X = 4 is a) 4 b) 5 c) 3 d) 4.5 87. If the rank correlation coefficient between 6 pairs of observations is 0.6, then the sum of the squares of the difference between the ranks is a) 10 b) 14 c) 12 d) 8 88. The value of the median for the data 3, 1, 9, 7, 0, 4 is a) 3.5 b) 4 c) 8 d) none of them. 89. Two regression lines coincide when A) r = 0 B) r = 1 C) r = 2 D) None of these 90. 18. If Y = mX + 1 and X = 4X + 5 are the regression lines of Y on X and X on Y, then m lies between A) 0 & 1 B) 0 & 0.5 C) 0 & 0.25 D) None of these 4