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Mainstreaming Water Safety Plans in ADB Projects


Introduction / Background
What are WSPs and why are WHO and others promoting them? How WSPs could be of great use to ADB Current Initiatives

Mainstreaming WSPs in ADB Projects

WSP and ADB cycles Which ADB activities Extra resources required Next steps

What are Water Safety Plans?

Water Safety Plans are a systematic process not a oneoff event

As simple or as complex as system applied to

To be effective, Water Safety Plans must comprise as a minimum:

holistic risk assessment from catchment to consumer mitigation measures and controls for risks identified a continuing programme of monitoring and updating

supporting programs / communications

What does a Water Safety Plan involve?

Manual - http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2009/9789241562638_eng.pdf Assemble the WSP team


System assessment

Describe the water supply system Identify the hazardous events and assess the risk Determine and validate control measures reassess and prioritise risks Develop, implement and maintain an improvement/upgrade plan

Define monitoring of the control measures Verify the effectiveness of the WSP Prepare management procedures Develop supporting programmes

Operational Monitoring

Management and communication

Plan and carry out periodic review of the WSP Revise the WSP following an incident

Feedback and improvement

Why Water Safety Plans?

WSPs are a very good idea water quality & health priority, good practice, improved asset management and sustainability
Landfill including waste from septic tanks

Abstraction for town water supply

Benefits of Water Safety Plans?

Reduce disease Enhance good practice Evidence-based investments Save money in the long-term

Why would WSPs be important to ADB?

Better operation & maintenance of water supply systems SOPs Help reduce Non-Revenue Water leakage reduction, maintaining pressure and communication with consumers Asset condition and management and associated current/future investment requirements Assess the impact of development upon water supply systems and their catchments

ADB Strategies from Key Note at Kuching WQ Conference Nov. 2010

Promote Water Safety Plans
By better understanding on essential operating data to improve efficiencies to achieve financial sustainability critical for maintaining safety of supplies

Protect the sources

Urgent and large scale Creative approaches & flexibility required

3) Hazard identification and risk assessment

Current Regional WSP Initiatives

Investment Planning

4) Determine control AusAIDreassess andWQ Partnership / WHO measures, prioritise risk

Scaling-Up WSP Implementation & TOTs Assessment Tool and Regulation

i) Cost estimation ii) Impact on risk iii) Prioritisation

Asset Management/Investment Planning

5) Improvement/ upgrade plan

iv) Funding Asia Pacific WSP Network (Waterlinks,WOPs) sources v) Costed programme of measures

WHO/AusAID program links with ADB?

Philippines 5 cities project between PPTA and implementation Lao PDR and Vietnam MEK-WATSAN, Water for Asian Cities Bangladesh Secondary Towns Water Supply Project (in future WSPs in City Corporations?)

Mainstreaming WSPs in ADB activities ADB project cycle and WSP steps largely compliment each other
WSP Stage 1: Concept and Preparation WSP Stage 2: System assessment (and operational monitoring) WSP Stage 3: Management and Communications WSP Stage 4: Feedback (and improvement)

ADB Project Cycle

Country Partnership Strategy


Consultants/ Experts

Country Stakeholders

WSP Project Cycle

CPS Report Concept Note

PPTA TOR Preparation

Project Feasibility Study, EIA etc TA consultants report Fact Finding Mission

Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3

WSP team identification by Consultants

Design and Monitoring Framework Appraisal Project Administration Manual

Inception Mission Appraisal Mission

Stage 1

Monitoring Reports

Stage 2 Stage 3

WSP Team creation with Support from implementing Consultants Feedback and Improvement


Stage 4 Project Completion Report

Report of findings Independent Review

Evaluation Report

Periodic Review of WSP

Where to incorporate WSPs in ADB activities?

WSPs need to be included from the very beginning (planning) and incorporated in:
Project Concept Paper showing how WSPs support higher project goals Concept Stage Design and Monitoring Framework Safeguard related documents PPTA ToRs

People required for WSPs

PPTA and implementation one consultant able to identify hazards and control measures as well as design and cost implications. Familiar with WSPs (can work with WHO). Consultants to identify WSP Team within the utility. Teams will be assembled on two occasions (membership likely to be the same):
Preliminary team at preparation stage for system assessment and identification of hazards and control measures Permanent team to implement WSP

Project Preparation Extra for WSPs

Consultants for feasibility study and safeguards assessments should demonstrate experience / understanding of WSP approaches WSPs for all projects with water impact or use from whatever sector (ADB Strategy improved efficiency AND Assemble team, facilitate workshop, initial system and hazard assessment, cost and institutional capacity implications 25 days input

source protection)

Project Appraisal
Design & Monitoring Framework WSP and O&M plans included in the performance indicators (SOPs, Protocols, Manuals, KPIs, QC/QA systems) Fact Finding Mission ToRs should include review of System Assessment and Operational Monitoring Steps Project Administration Manual WSP team in project definition, impact/outcomes of WSPs, what WSPs delivered, extra finances for WSP, Execution Plan, KPIs

Project Implementation
Inception and Progress Missions additional requirement to review WSP process and implementation of control measures
Design and implementation WSP expert to assemble WSP team, provide detailed training and work with them on:
Assessment of post-investment system Revised hazard assessment Review teams outputs further reviews after completion

Project Evaluation
Review of WSPs based on indicators set out in the PPTA consultants report Review of both process and impact Ministry of Health for water quality and health data

Next Steps
Pilot Guidance Note in one or more ADB pipeline projects Country level partnership ADB / WHO on current projects Viet Nam, Bangladesh & Lao PDR. Record actions & outcomes

Thank You