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Published in 1986 by the National Institute for Transport and Road Research of the Council for Scientific and

Industrial Research P 0 Box 395 Pretoria 0001 South Africa

Printed in the

GAcsir 94H1071*8602

H) are written for the ed practice in selected asfrican experience and proval of the Committee circulated in draft form for a perio for approval. This document, Dra ring which you are welcome

ational Institute for Transport and ay Materials ommittee of the

The functions of

ie funksies van en vereistes vir

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iii

Functions of

prime coat

................................................................... 2 ................................................................. ............................................................................. 3


ess

.................... ......

.................S...m......

unctions of a curing m iturninsus curi ers

rane .......................................................

..................................................~.................................................... ........*. icatisn ..........*.............. S .................... ........ . . .......................................................................... 1

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4.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.........a.............

m . . . . . . . . ' . . . . . . .

........ 1 . ........... 1 . . .................................. 1

I tar or gasific

tion tar. er applied to a ne avernent layer to which a cementitious

vii

Primes and bituminous membranes TRH1, Pretoria, South Africa, 1986

ion between a

(b) It helps to seal the surface pores in the b oisture and to of the first spray of surfacin
e base near its surface by bin rovides the base with a mental effects of weather a constructed. mporary protection a t traffic until the

is dependent on the density of the base; the denser the base, the lower

* Where a bitumen or tar hot-mix base is laid over a granular subbase, the subbase should be primed.
Primes and bituminous membranes TRH1 , Pretoria, South Africa, 1986

terial by the tyres.

en the road to t

ification crude
ecification; refer to su

Other methods have also been found to be successful, such as brooming or watering the primed surface followed by pneumatic-tyred rolling to wash off excess prime.

Primes and bituminous membranes

TRHI , Pretoria, South Africa, 1986

Primes and bituminous membranes TRX1, Pretoria, South Africa, l986

is to receive an asphalt surf

t to the base is

case, one must take into

f relatively I
\

Primes and bituminous membranes TRH1, Pretoria, South Africa, 1986

s 'soon as po is very moist,

Primes and bituminous membranes TRX1 , Pretoria, South Africa, 1986

as the job proceeds. In e consistent with a rea-

hould not be heated to

ion, to avoid overheat-

Primes and bituminous membranes TRHI , Pretoria, South Africa, 1986

3.1
entitious stabilize etrimental carbonation or salt mi (c) It provides a waterproof mem rane which protects the e which may be caused by sur Thermal stresses in uced in the surface of the layer as a result of th lack membrane may lead to the develo ment of cracks.

membranes are use only on cemented enetration of a ayer before it

he most effective bituminous

oarseness of t

Primes and bituminous membranes TRH1 , Pretoria, South Africa, l986

he cementing process

eratures for bitumen emulsions


ituminous content

Spraying

erature

Primes and bituminous membranes TRH1, Pretoria, South Africa, 1986

e by the traffic. es to openin areas of the bas of the prime is ensured. uring the traffickin control notices should b ed base to controlle

is not critical suitable for nor pe of base. However, the rate of a

effect of traffic is influence

Primes and bituminous membranes TRH1, Pretoria, South Africa, 1986

Primes and bituminous membranes TRH1, Pretoria, South Africa, 1986

RGW. The de-

specifics tion for ani-

Primes and bituminous membranes TRH1, Pretoria, South Africa, 1986