Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 11

List of rivers by length

List of rivers by length


This is a list of the longest rivers on Earth. It includes river systems over 1,000 kilometers.

Definition of length
The length of a river can be very hard to calculate. There are many factors, such as the source, the identification or the definition of the mouth, and the scale of measurement[1] of the river length between source and mouth, that determine the precise meaning of "river length". As a result, the length measurements of many rivers are only approximations. In particular, View of the River Nile, from a cruiseboat, between Luxor and there has long been disagreement as to whether the Nile Aswan in Egypt. or the Amazon is the world's longest river. The Nile has traditionally been considered longer, but in recent years some Brazilian and Peruvian studies have suggested that the Amazon is longer by measuring the river plus the adjacent Par estuary and the longest connecting tidal canal.[2] [3] [4] [4] For the purpose of determining maximum length a river's "true source" is considered to be the source of whichever tributary is farthest from the mouth. This tributary may or may not have the same name as the main stem river. For example, the source of the Mississippi River is normally said to be Lake Itasca in the U.S. state of Minnesota, but the most distant source in the Mississippi system is that of the Jefferson River in the state of Montana, a tributary of the Missouri River which in turn is a tributary of the Mississippi. When the Mississippi is measured from mouth to this farthest source, it is called the Mississippi-Missouri-Jefferson. Furthermore, it is sometimes hard to state exactly where a river begins, especially rivers that are formed by ephemeral streams, swamps, or changing lakes. In this article, length means the length of the longest continuous river channel in a given river system, regardless of name. The mouth of a river is hard to determine in cases where the river has a large estuary that gradually widens and opens into the ocean; examples are the River Plate and the Saint Lawrence River. Some rivers, like the Okavango, Humboldt, and Kern do not have a mouth; instead they dwindle to very low water volume and eventually evaporate, or sink into an aquifer, or get diverted for agriculture. The exact point where these rivers end will vary seasonally. The source of some rivers starting in farming areas can be difficult to determine, if the river is formed by the confluence of several farm field drainage ditches which only contain water after rain. Similarly, in rivers starting in a chalk area, such as the Chilterns in south England, the length of the upper course which is dry varies with how high the water table is, which varies with the weather: see winterbourne (stream). The length of a river between source and mouth may be hard to determine due to issues of map scale. Small scale maps (those showing large areas) tend to generalize, or "smooth" lines more than large scale maps (those showing small areas). According to the generally accepted ideal, length measurements should be based on maps that are of a large enough scale to show the width of the river, and the path measured is the path a small boat would take down the middle of the river. Even when detailed maps are available, the length measurement is not always clear. A river may have multiple channels, or anabranches. The length may depend on whether the center or the edge of the river is measured. It may not be clear how to measure the length through a lake. Seasonal and annual changes may alter both rivers and lakes. Other factors that can change the length of a river include cycles of erosion and flooding, dams, levees, and channelization. In addition, the length of meanders can change significantly over time due to natural or artificial

List of rivers by length cutoffs, when a new channel cuts across a narrow strip of land, bypassing a large river bend. For example, due to 18 cutoffs created between 1766 and 1885 the length of the Mississippi River from Cairo, Illinois, to New Orleans, Louisiana, was reduced by 218 miles (351km).[5] These points make it difficult, if not impossible, to get an accurate measurement of the length of a river. The varying accuracy and precision also makes it difficult to make length comparisons between different rivers without a degree of uncertainty.

List of rivers longer than 1000 km


One should take the aforementioned discussion into account when using the data in the following table. For most rivers, different sources provide conflicting information on the length of a river system. The information in different sources is between parentheses. This list is incomplete.

Continent color key Africa Asia Australia Europe North America South America

River

Length (km)

Length (miles)

Drainage area (km)

Average discharge (m/s) 5,100

Outflow

Countries in the drainage basin

1.

Nile Kagera

[6]

6,650 (6,853)

4,132 (4,258)

3,349,000

Mediterranean Sea

Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya, Rwanda, Burundi, Egypt, Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Guyana China

2.

Amazon Ucayali [6] Apurmac Yangtze (Chang Jiang) Mississippi Missouri Jefferson Yenisei Angara Selenge Yellow River (Huang He) Ob Irtysh Paran - Ro de la Plata [4]

6,400 (6,992) 6,300

3,976 (4,345) 3,917

6,915,000

219,000

Atlantic Ocean

3.

1,800,000

31,900

East China Sea

4.

6,275

3,902

2,980,000

16,200

Gulf of Mexico

United States (98.5%), Canada (1.5%)

5.

5,539

3,445

2,580,000

19,600

Kara Sea

Russia (97%), Mongolia (2.9%)

6.

5,464

3,395

745,000

2,110

Bohai Sea

China

7. 8.

5,410 4,880

3,364 3,030

2,990,000 2,582,672

12,800 18,000

Gulf of Ob Ro de la Plata

Russia, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia Brazil (46.7%), Argentina (27.7%), Paraguay (13.5%), Bolivia (8.3%), Uruguay (3.8%) Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, Angola, Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Cameroon, Zambia, Burundi, Rwanda Russia, China, Mongolia

9.

Congo Chambeshi (Zare)

4,700

2,922

3,680,000

41,800

Atlantic Ocean

10.

Amur Argun (Heilong Jiang) Lena

4,444

2,763

1,855,000

11,400

Sea of Okhotsk

11.

4,400

2,736

2,490,000

17,100

Laptev Sea

Russia

List of rivers by length

3
4,350 2,705 810,000 16,000 South China Sea Laos, Thailand, China, Cambodia, Vietnam, Myanmar Canada

12.

Mekong (Lancang Jiang) Mackenzie Peace Finlay Niger

13.

4,241

2,637

1,790,000

10,300

Beaufort Sea

14.

4,200

2,611

2,090,000

9,570

Gulf of Guinea

Nigeria (26.6%), Mali (25.6%), Niger (23.6%), Algeria (7.6%), Guinea (4.5%), Cameroon (4.2%), Burkina Faso (3.9%), Cte d'Ivoire, Benin, Chad Australia Brazil

15. 16.

Murray Darling Tocantins Araguaia

3,672 3,650

[7]

2,282 2,270

1,061,000 950,000

767 13,598

Southern Ocean Atlantic Ocean, Amazon Caspian Sea Persian Gulf

17. 18.

Volga

3,645

2,266 2,236

1,380,000 884,000

8,080 856

Russia Iraq (60.5%), Turkey (24.8%), Syria (14.7%) Brazil, Bolivia, Peru

Shatt al-Arab Euphrates 3,596

19.

Madeira Mamor Grande Caine Rocha Purus Yukon

3,380

2,100

1,485,200

31,200

Amazon

20. 21.

3,211 3,185

1,995 1,980

63,166 850,000

8,400 6,210

Amazon Bering Sea

Brazil, Peru United States (59.8%), Canada (40.2%) Pakistan (93%), India, China Brazil

22. 23.

Indus So Francisco

3,180 3,180* (2,900) 3,078

1,976 1,976* (1,802) 1,913

960,000 610,000

7,160 3,300

Arabian Sea Atlantic Ocean

24.

Syr Darya Naryn

219,000

703

Aral Sea

Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan China (52.4%), Myanmar (43.9%), Thailand (3.7%) Canada (52.1%), United States (47.9%)

25.

Salween (Nu Jiang)

3,060

1,901

324,000

3,153

[8]

Andaman Sea

26.

Saint Lawrence Niagara 3,058 Detroit Saint Clair Saint Marys Saint Louis Rio Grande 3,057 (2,896) 2,989 2,948*

1,900

1,030,000

10,100

Gulf of Saint Lawrence

27.

1,900 (1,799) 1,857 1,832*

570,000

82

Gulf of Mexico

United States (52.1%), Mexico (47.9%) Russia India (58.0%), China (19.7%), Nepal (9.0%), Bangladesh (6.6%), Disputed India/China (4.2%), Bhutan (2.4%) Romania (28.9%), Hungary (11.7%), Austria (10.3%), Serbia (10.3%), Germany (7.5%), Slovakia (5.8%), Bulgaria (5.2%), Croatia (4.5%), Zambia (41.6%), Angola (18.4%), Zimbabwe (15.6%), Mozambique (11.8%), Malawi (8.0%), Tanzania (2.0%), Namibia, Botswana Russia Brazil

28. 29.

Lower Tunguska Brahmaputra Tsangpo

473,000 1,730,000

3,600 19,200 [9]

Yenisei Bay of Bengal

30.

Danube Breg (Duna)

2,888*

1,795*

817,000

7,130

Black Sea

31.

Zambezi (Zambesi)

2,693*

1,673*

1,330,000

4,880

Mozambique Channel

32. 33.

Vilyuy Araguaia

2,650 2,627

1,647 1,632

454,000 358,125

1,480 5,510

Lena Tocantins

List of rivers by length


[10] [11]

4
1,630 907,000 Bay of Bengal India, Bangladesh

34.

Ganges Hooghly Padma (Ganga) Amu Darya -- Panj

2,620

12,037

34.

2,620

1,628

534,739

1,400

Aral Sea

Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan Brazil, Colombia

35.

Japur (Rio Yapur) Nelson Saskatchewan Paraguay (Rio Paraguay) Kolyma Pilcomayo Upper Ob -- Katun Ishim Juru Ural Arkansas

2,615*

1,625*

242,259

6,000

Amazon

36. 37.

2,570 2,549

1,597 1,584

1,093,000 900,000

2,575 4,300

Hudson Bay Paran

Canada, United States Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia, Argentina

38. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45.

2,513 2,500 2,490 2,450 2,410 2,428 2,348

1,562 1,553 1,547 1,522 1,498 1,509 1,459

644,000 270,000

3,800

East Siberian Sea Paraguay Ob

Russia Paraguay, Argentina, Bolivia Russia Kazakhstan, Russia Peru, Brazil Russia, Kazakhstan United States

177,000 200,000 237,000 505,000 (435,122) 219,000 516,300 729,000 772,800

56 6,000 475 1,066

Irtysh Amazon Caspian Sea Mississippi

47. 48. 49. 46.

Olenyok Dnieper Aldan Ubangi Uele [12]

2,292 2,287 2,273 2,270

1,424 1,421 1,412 1,410

1,210 1,670 5,060 4,000

Laptev Sea Black Sea Lena Congo

Russia Russia, Belarus, Ukraine Russia Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, Republic of Congo Brazil, Venezuela, Colombia United States, Canada

50. 51.

Negro Columbia

2,250 2,250 (1,953) 2,333 2,200 2,188 2,170

1,450 1,450 (1,214) 1,450 1,376 1,360 1,348

720,114 415,211

26,700 7,500

Amazon Pacific Ocean

52. 53. 54. 55.

Colorado (western U.S.) Pearl Zhu Jiang Red Ayeyarwady (Irrawaddy) Kasai

390,000 437,000 78,592 411,000

1,200 13,600 875 13,000

Gulf of California South China Sea Mississippi Andaman Sea

United States, Mexico China (98.5%), Vietnam (1.5%) United States Myanmar

56.

2,153

1,338

880,200

10,000

Congo

Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo United States Venezuela, Colombia, Guyana P. R. China Brazil South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Lesotho Argentina Russia Turkey, Iraq, Syria

57. 58. 59. 60. 61.

Ohio Allegheny Orinoco Tarim Xingu Orange

2,102 2,101 2,100 2,100 2,092

1,306 1,306 1,305 1,305 1,300

490,603 1,380,000 557,000

7,957 33,000

Mississippi Atlantic Ocean Lop Nur Amazon Atlantic Ocean

62. 63. 64.

Northern Salado Vitim Tigris

2,010 1,978 1,950

1,249 1,229 1,212

Paran Lena Shatt al-Arab

List of rivers by length

5
1,927 1,900 1,870 1,865 1,809 1,805 1,800 1,197 1,181 1,162 1,159 1,124 1,122 1,118 425,600 240,000 322,000 507,000 413,000 935 Amur Amazon Sea of Azov Yenisei Barents Sea Volga Indian Ocean P. R. China Brazil Russia, Ukraine Russia Russia Russia Mozambique, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Botswana Brazil, Bolivia Russia United States Senegal, Mali, Mauritania Uruguay, Argentina, Brazil Australia Ethiopia, Sudan Canada Russia Namibia, Angola, Botswana Ghana, Burkina Faso, Togo, Cte d'Ivoire, Benin Bolivia United States Kazakhstan, Russia Ethiopia, Somalia Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Ecuador Colombia P. R. China Russia United States Russia, Mongolia

65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71.

Songhua Tapajs Don Stony Tunguska Pechora Kama Limpopo

72. 73. 74. 75. 76. 77. 77. 77. 77. 77. 77.

Guapor (Itenez) Indigirka Snake Senegal Uruguay Murrumbidgee River Blue Nile Churchill Khatanga Okavango Volta

1,749 1,726 1,670 1,641 1,610 1,600 1,600 1,600 1,600 1,600 1,600

1,087 1,072 1,038 1,020 1,000 994 994 994 994 994 994 326,400 360,400 279,719 419,659 370,000 1,810 1,611

Mamor East Siberian Sea Columbia Atlantic Ocean Atlantic Ocean [[]] Nile Hudson Bay Laptev Sea Okavango Delta Gulf of Guinea

82. 83. 84. 85. 86. 87. 88. 89. 91. 92.

Beni Platte Tobol Jubba Shebelle I (Putumayo) Magdalena Han Oka Pecos Upper Yenisei -- Little Yenisei (Kaa-Hem) Godavari Colorado (Texas) Ro Grande (Guapay) Belaya Cooper Barcoo Maran Dniester

1,599 1,594 1,591 1,580* 1,575 1,550 1,532 1,500 1,490 1,480

994 990 989 982* 979 963 952 932 926 920

283,350

8,900

Madeira Missouri Irtysh Indian Ocean Amazon

263,858

9,000

Caribbean Sea Yangtze Volga Rio Grande Yenisei

93. 94. 95. 96. 97. 98. 99.

1,465 1,438 1,438 1,420 1,420 1,415 1,411 (1,352) 1,400

910 894 894 882 880 879 877 (840) 870 102,600 264

Bay of Bengal Gulf of Mexico Ichilo Kama Lake Eyre Amazon Black Sea

India United States Bolivia Russia Australia Peru Ukraine, Moldova

100. Benue

Niger

Cameroon, Nigeria

List of rivers by length

6
1,400 870 Lake Balkhash P. R. China, Kazakhstan

100. Ili (Yili) 100. Warburton Georgina 103. Sutlej 104. Yamuna 105. Vyatka 106. Fraser 107. Mtkvari (Kura)

1,400 1,372 1,370 1,370 1,368 1,364

870 852 851 851 850 848 220,000 3,475

Lake Eyre Chenab Ganges Kama Pacific Ocean Caspian Sea

Australia China, India, Pakistan India Russia Canada Azerbaijan, Georgia, Armenia, Turkey, Iran Brazil United States Colombia P. R. China P. R. China Brazil, Argentina Russia Russia

108. Grande 109. Brazos 110. Cauca 111. Liao 112. Yalong 113. Iguau 113. Olyokma 115. Northern Dvina Sukhona 116. Krishna 116. Iriri 117. Narmada 118. Lomami[13] 119. Ottawa 120. Zeya 121. Juruena 122. Upper Mississippi 123. Rhine

1,360 1,352 1,350 1,345 1,323 1,320 1,320 1,302

845 840 839 836 822 820 820 809 357,052 3,332

Paran Gulf of Mexico Magdalena Bo Hai Yangtze Paran Lena White Sea

1,300 1,300 1,289 1,280 1,271 1,242 1,240 1,236 1,233

808 808 801 795 790 772 771 768 768 198,735 2,330

Bay of Bengal Xingu Arabian Sea Congo Saint Lawrence Amur Tapajs Mississippi North Sea

India Brazil India Democratic Republic of the Congo Canada Russia Brazil United States Germany, France, Switzerland, Netherlands, Austria, Liechtenstein, Italy (minimal), Belgium, Luxembourg Canada Germany, Czech Republic United States Canada Morocco South Africa Mozambique, Malawi P. R. China

124. Athabasca 124. Elbe Vltava 126. Canadian 127. North Saskatchewan 128. Draa 129. Vaal 130. Shire 131. Nen (Nonni) 132. Kzl River 133. Green

1,231 1,252 1,223 1,220 1,218 1,210 1,200 1,190

765 778 760 758 994 752 746 739

95,300 148,268 711

Mackenzie North Sea Arkansas Saskatchewan Atlantic Ocean Orange Zambezi Songhua

1,182 1,175

734 730

115,000

400

Black Sea Colorado (western U.S.)

Turkey United States

List of rivers by length

7
1,173 1,158 1,150 1,143 1,143 1,130 1,130 1,130 1,130 1,130 1,126 1,123 1,120 1,120 1,119 1,115 1,105 1,102 1,100 1,100 729 720 715 710 710 702 702 702 702 702 700 698 696 696 695 693 687 685 684 684 263,500 2,700 46,830 862 77,700 125,000 4,915 88,900 360 Missouri Ayeyarwady Kasai Missouri South China Sea Dnieper Hamun-i-Helmand Beni Paran Northern Dvina Pacific Ocean Arkansas Gulf of Anadyr Atlantic Ocean Yangtze Mackenzie Mississippi Mississippi Maran Kasai United States, Canada Myanmar Democratic Republic of the Congo United States Indonesia Russia, Belarus, Ukraine Afghanistan, Iran Peru, Bolivia Brazil Russia Papua New Guinea, Indonesia United States Russia Brazil P. R. China Canada United States United States Peru Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo The Gambia, Senegal, Guinea India, Pakistan United States Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan Russia, Ukraine

134. Milk 135. Chindwin 136. Sankuru 137. James (Dakotas) 138. Kapuas 139. Desna 140. Helmand 141. Madre de Dios 142. Tiet 142. Vychegda 144. Sepik 145. Cimarron 146. Anadyr 146. Paraba do Sul 148. Jialing River 149. Liard 150. Cumberland 150. White 152. Huallaga 152. Kwango

154. Gambia 155. Chenab 156. Yellowstone 158. Aras 159. Chu River 160. Seversky Donets

1,094 1,086 1,080 1,072 1,067 1,078 (1,053) 1,050 1,050 1,050 1,050 1,049 1,047 1,030 1,020 1,015

680 675 671 665 663 670 (654) 652 652 652 652 652 630 640 634 631 87,900 678 194,424 1,080 114,260 102,000 62,500 285

Atlantic Ocean Indus Missouri Kura none Don

161. Bermejo 162. Fly 163. Guaviare 164. Kuskokwim 165. Tennessee 166. Vistula 167. Aruwimi[13] 168. Daugava 169. Gila

Paraguay Gulf of Papua Orinoco Bering Sea Ohio Baltic Sea Congo River Gulf of Riga Colorado (western U.S.) 115,271 840 Atlantic Ocean Atlantic Ocean

Argentina, Bolivia Papua New Guinea, Indonesia Colombia United States United States Poland Democratic Republic of the Congo Latvia, Belarus, Russia United States

170. Loire 171. Essequibo

1,012 1,010

629 628

France Guyana

List of rivers by length

8
1,010 1,006 628 625 80,100 Don Atlantic Ocean Russia Spain, Portugal

172. Khoper 173. Tagus (Tajo/Tejo)

Notes
When the length of a river is followed by an asterisk , it is an average of multiple information sources. If the difference in lengths between given information sources is significant, all lengths are listed. Likewise, if the lengths from secondary information sources are similar, they are averaged and that figure has an asterisk. Scientists debate whether the Amazon or the Nile is the longest river in the world. Traditionally, the Nile is considered longer, but recent information suggests that the Amazon may be longer. Differences in the recorded length of the Amazon mainly depend on whether or not it is valid to take a course south of the Ilha de Maraj at the Amazon's mouth. New evidence [14], (dated 16 June 2007) obtained from a high-altitude scientific venture in the Andes, claims that "the Amazon is longer than the Nile by 100km, with its longest headwater being the Carhuasanta stream originating in the south of Peru on the Nevado Mismi mountain's northern slopes and flowing into the Ro Apurmac".[15] However, the origin of the river at Nevado Mismi had already been known more than one decade earlier (see Jacek Palkiewicz [16]), and satellite based measuring from this origin to the Amazon mouth has resulted in not more than 6,400km. Generally, the most commonly used/anglicised name of the river is used. The name in a native language or alternate spelling may be shown. The exact percentage of each river in countries may be disputed (including the effects of political frontier disputes) or unknown.

The Mississippi River just north of St. Louis.

Saint Lawrence River along the New York-Quebec border.

River systems that may have existed in the past


Amazon-Congo
The Amazon basin formerly drained westwards into the Pacific Ocean, until the Andes rose and reversed the drainage.[17] The Congo basin is completely surrounded by high land, except for its long narrow exit valley past Kinshasa, including waterfalls around Manyanga. That gives the impression that most of the Congo basin was formerly on a much higher land level and that it was rejuvenated by much of its lower course being removed. In Permian and early Triassic times Africa and South America were close against each other with no sea between (see continental drift and plate tectonics), and the Congo probably drained into the Amazon basin and eventually into the Pacific. Including part of its course that was completely lost when the South Atlantic opened, its total course may have been anything up to approximately unknown operator: u','unknown operator: u','unknown operator: u','

List of rivers by length (unknown operator: u'strong'unknown operator: u','mi) long.

West Siberian Glacial Lake drainage


This river would have been about unknown operator: u','unknown operator: u','unknown operator: u',' (unknown operator: u'strong'unknown operator: u','mi) long, in the last Ice Age. See West Siberian Glacial Lake. Its longest headwater was the Selenga river of Mongolia: it drained through ice-dammed lakes and the Aral Sea and the Caspian Sea to the Black Sea.

Nile
Formerly Lake Tanganyika drained northwards into the Albert Nile, making the Nile somewhere around 700 miles longer, until in the Miocene the Virunga Volcanoes arose and blocked its course. Also, when the Mediterranean Sea was dry during the Messinian Salinity Crisis, the Nile extended northwards over the dry seabed and thus may have gained 100 miles or more in length.

Eridanos
The Eridanos was a large river during the Baventian Stage about two million years ago in the late early Pleistocene, when the Baltic Sea was all land. It was about 2700 kilometres or about 1700 miles long, a little shorter than the modern Danube. It began in Lapland, and then flowed through the area of the modern-day Gulf of Bothnia and Baltic Sea to western Europe, where it had an immense delta which spanned almost all the current North Sea. It was comparable in size to the current-day Amazon River mouth.

Po
Similarly to the Nile, during the Messinian Salinity Crisis, the Po would have extended its course south-eastwards in what is today the seabed of the Adriatic Sea, more or less doubling its current length (652km), likely varying seasonally according to how far it managed to flow across the hot dry seabed until it dried.

Notes and references


Notes
[1] for more on this, see coastline paradox [2] "Amazon river 'longer than Nile'" (http:/ / news. bbc. co. uk/ 2/ hi/ 6759291. stm). BBC News. 16 June 2007. . Retrieved 3 August 2010. [3] "Studies from INPE indicate that the Amazon River is 140km longer than the Nile" (http:/ / www. inpe. br/ ingles/ news/ news_dest29. php). Brazilian National Institute for Space Research. . Retrieved 3 August 2010. [4] "Amazon River" (http:/ / www. britannica. com/ EBchecked/ topic/ 18722/ Amazon-River). Encyclopdia Britannica. 2010. . Retrieved 3 August 2010. [5] Largest Rivers in the United States (http:/ / pubs. usgs. gov/ of/ 1987/ ofr87-242/ ), United States Geological Survey. [6] The Nile is usually said to be the longest river in the world, with a length of about 6,650 km, and the Amazon the second longest, with a length of at least 6,400 km. In recent decades debate has intensified over the true source and therefore the length of the Amazon River. Brazilian and Peruvian Studies in 2007 and 2008 added the waterway from the Amazon's southern outlet through tidal canals and the Par estuary of the Tocantins and then concluded that the Amazon has a length of 6,992 km and was longer than the Nile, whose length was calculated as 6,853 km. However, as of 2010 the length of both rivers remains open to interpretation and continued debate. [7] http:/ / www. ga. gov. au/ education/ geoscience-basics/ landforms/ longest-rivers. jsp GeoScience Australia [8] "Impact of Humans on the Flux of Terrestrial Sediment to the Global Coastal Ocean" (http:/ / web. archive. org/ web/ 20060919054444/ http:/ / instaar. colorado. edu/ deltaforce/ papers/ global_sediment_flux. html). Archived from the original (http:/ / instaar. colorado. edu/ deltaforce/ papers/ global_sediment_flux. html) on 2006-09-19. . Retrieved 2006-02-27. [9] "River and Drainage System of Bangladesh" (http:/ / banglapedia. search. com. bd/ HT/ R_0208. htm). . Retrieved 2007-02-27. [10] Parua, Pranab Kumar (3 January 2010). The Ganga: water use in the Indian subcontinent (http:/ / books. google. com/ books?id=yUc7Cus2a-MC& pg=PA272). Springer. p.272. ISBN9789048131020. . Retrieved 17 May 2011. [11] Ganges - Farakka (http:/ / www. grdc. sr. unh. edu/ html/ Polygons/ P2846800. html) [12] Bossche, J.P. vanden; G. M. Bernacsek (1990). Source Book for the Inland Fishery Resources of Africa, Volume 1 (http:/ / books. google. com/ books?id=WLZRxM9vfXoC& pg=PA338). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. p.338. ISBN9789251029831. .

List of rivers by length


[13] Bossche, J.P. vanden; G. M. Bernacsek (1990). Source Book for the Inland Fishery Resources of Africa, Volume 1 (http:/ / books. google. com/ books?id=WLZRxM9vfXoC& pg=PA333). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. p.333. ISBN9789251029831. . [14] http:/ / news. bbc. co. uk/ 1/ hi/ world/ americas/ 6759291. stm [15] Daily Telegraph, Monday 18 June 2007, page 18 [16] http:/ / www. palkiewicz. com/ ekspedycje/ index. php?p=zrodl_amaz [17] "Amazon river flowed into the Pacific millions of years ago" (http:/ / news. mongabay. com/ 2006/ 1024-amazon. html). mongabay.com. . Retrieved 2006-02-27.

10

References

External links
Time Almanac 2004 Principal Rivers of the World (http://www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0001779.html) EarthTrends Watersheds of the World (http://earthtrends.wri.org/maps_spatial/watersheds/index.php) World Resources Institute Amazon river 'longer than Nile' (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/6759291.stm) (BBC)

Article Sources and Contributors

11

Article Sources and Contributors


List of rivers by length Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=457267704 Contributors: 661kts, A8UDI, Adam78, Ahoerstemeier, Andycjp, Anne Alias, Anthony Appleyard, Apyule, Arbeo, Art Carlson, Art LaPella, Asdfqwe123, Astuishin, Auntof6, Avala, Avicennasis, Avsa, BRUTE, Baburkhan, Bart133, Bathrobe, Bggoldie, Black Condor, Blanchardb, Bobwon, Brandon.blacka, Brianhe, CJLL Wright, CUSENZA Mario, CambridgeBayWeather, Camerong, Can't sleep, clown will eat me, CanadianLinuxUser, Canaima, Carders, Carioca, Carlossuarez46, Cburnett, Chagai, Cherine00, Chl, Christo.norman, Chrsanf, Closedmouth, CommonsDelinker, Cryptic, Cwigtil, D V S, DLinth, DVdm, DaMatriX, Dan East, Danthemankhan, Dbachmann, December21st2012Freak, Decumanus, Demonesque, DerBorg, Dimaar, Dirtylim, Discochloe1999, Dmz5, Doc Strange, Docu, Dondegroovily, Download, DraKyry, Dralwik, Dual Freq, Dubhe.sk, Dycedarg, Edson Rosa, Epbr123, Eteru, Ev, Ezhiki, Feeeshboy, Ffaarr, Fjdhyland, Fluffernutter, FoekeNoppert, Forenti, Fredddie, Galactus777, Gcalda, GeneralCheese, Gerrit, Ghmyrtle, Gjs238, GoonerDP, Gragox, Grand51paul, Grue, Gungor yildizbayrak, H8erade, Hatifnatter, HelenKMarks, Hintha, Hmains, Hmrox, Hydrogen Iodide, Imatooleveryday, Ixfd64, JamesAM, Jeghedderjord, Jklamo, Jnestorius, Joelleo, Joeymahone, Joseph B, Joshua Issac, Jpbowen, Juanvandergast, Kaiwhakahaere, Kansan, Karl Palmen, Katherine, Kingpin13, Kiril Simeonovski, Kmusser, Krakatoa, Kralizec!, Kschwerdt514, Kwamikagami, LachlanA, Lazman, Lcgarcia, Lupeb2, MER-C, Maaf, Macgroover, Mani1, Marek69, Mari0us, MarshalN20, Massimillio, Mattisse, Mbenna, Mecil, Meister, MementoVivere, Mgiganteus1, Mike1024111177, Millbrooky, Mircea cs, Mm40, Monfornot, Myasuda, Naddy, Nagy vilmos, Naru12333, Naughtywatermelon, Nichalp, Nikai, Niteowlneils, Nneonneo, Nohomers48, NomadicNatureNerd.edu, Nomadtales, Okedem, Open2universe, Ous85, Owen214, PDH, Paulkondratuklovesny, Pedro, PeterGHughes, Pfly, Pgk, Pharaoh of the Wizards, Philip Trueman, Phoenix2, Pilotguy, Pinethicket, Plumbago, Pogo-Pogo-Pogo, Pratish100, Pwhitwor, Quantumobserver, Quuxplusone, Racerx11, RapidR, Ravenmasterq, Reinyday, Rettetast, Rkstafford, Rmhermen, Rmww98, Robth, Robzz, Ronhjones, Rzafar, S711, SDC, SM, Sanderella65, Scientizzle, Shanes, Shannon1, Sigmundur, Sluzzelin, Source-of-river, Stephen MUFC, Storm Rider, Subaudio, Suffusion of Yellow, Supasheep, Svishal15, TShilo12, Tannin, Teamjenn, The Evil Spartan, TheYoungThinker, Thecurran, Thingg, Tide rolls, Tirerim, Tobias Conradi, Tom Meijer, Tristanb, Tutu101201, Tyw7, Ufwuct, Ulflarsen, Ulric1313, Uncle Dick, Unschool, Useight, Utcursch, Viriditas, Visor, Voidvector, Vrenator, Vsmith, WAvegetarian, WWasser, Wakablogger2, Warofdreams, Wiki alf, Wikieditor06, Wikijens, Wikipelli, Yvwv, Zannah, Zarcadia, Zeimusu, Ziggurat, Zntrip, 565 anonymous edits

Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors


Image:Nile.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Nile.jpg License: Creative Commons Attribution 1.0 Generic Contributors: JMCC1, Look2See1, Neuceu, Wouterhagens, Zaphod, 1 anonymous edits Image:Miss R dam 27.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Miss_R_dam_27.jpg License: Public Domain Contributors: Fanghong, Mircea, Mulad, NeverDoING, Romanm, Trelio, Xnatedawgx Image:DSCN4262 rmosesspstlawrence e.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:DSCN4262_rmosesspstlawrence_e.jpg License: GNU Free Documentation License Contributors: w:en:User:DecumanusMatthew Trump

License
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported //creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/