Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 1

INTRODUCTION

* We make mistakes / argument surrounds us / it plays


our emotion, changes our attitude. ARGUMENT lies behind political labeling, advertising, jargon, voices, gestures & guilt trips. - It forms a real-life matrix, the supreme software that derives our social lives. PHILOSOPHY - not merely another field of learning. It serves as a Framework for all knowledge/ and way of integrating knowledge - invented by PHYTAGORAS a greek philosopher who noted: 1. LOVER OF PLEASURE 2. LOVER OF SUCCESS 3. LOVER OF WISDOM superior type. Comes from the Greek word PHILIA w/ means LOVE and SOPHIA w/ means WISDOM. LITERAL DEFINITION : LOVERS OF WISDOM. someone who is seeking wisdom, not one who has found it. - ONLY GOD CAN BE CALLED WISE; WE CAN ONLY BE LOVERS OF WISDOM. We can never be wise. REAL DEFINITION : THE SCIENCE OF ALL THINGS BY THEIR FIRST CAUSES AS KNOWN IN LIGHT REASON. *SCIENCE latin verb SCIRE means to know - cognito per causas *SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE knowledge of causes of things. The why things must be addressed not the what. Not only the fact but also the reasons of the fact. SK MUST BE CERTAIN and not merely an opinion belief. *CERTITUE natural result of knowing not only the facts but also their causes.

2. JUDGEMENT mental operation that


pronounces the identity or non-identity between 2 ideas. 3. REASONING mental act that proceeds from the previously known truth to a new truth.

METHOD OG LOGIC -

CHAP 1 IDEAS & TERMS CHAP 2 DEFINITION CHAP 3 CATEGORICAL PROPOSITION CHAP 4 HYPOTHETICAL PROPOSITION CHAP 5 INFERENCE & SYLLOGISM CHAP 6 CATEGORICAL SYLOOGISM CHAP 7- FIGURES & MOODS

DIVISIONS OF PHILISOPHY 1. METAPHYSICS - study of reality 2. EPISTEMOLOGY study of validity 3. ETHICS study of morality of human act 4. LOGIC study of correct reasoning 5. COSMOLOGY science of the universe 6. THEODICY philosophical study of GOD.
PHILOSOPHY accomplishes knowledge of the word by means of human reason. - universal science bcoz considers the totality of reality and investigates the basic causes of all beings. -its aim is not this truth or that truth, but THE TRUTH LOGIC The science of correct reasoning - basically a theoretical science. 1. FORMAL/SYMBOLIC LOGIC concerns itself primarily w/ the correctness rather than the truth. 2. MATERIAL LOGIC concern w/ the truth of the material content. 3. INFORMAL LOGIC/CRITICAL THINKING - Focus is instead on the application of logical concepts to the analysis of everyday reasoning.

DIVISION OF LOGIC 1. SIMPLE APPREHENSION Act by w/ the


intellect grasp the essence of something.