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INTRODUCTION The construction industry is one of the most dynamic, risky, challenging and rewardingfields.

It involves numerous uncertainties and widely associated with a high degree of riskd u e t o t h e n a t u r e o f c o n s t r u c t i o n b u s i n e s s a c t i v i t i e s , p r o c e s s e s , e n v i r o n m e n t a n d organization (N.A. and S.A., Kartam, 2001).Based on the report by CIDB (2000), it also underlines the contributions from theconstruction sector are more than just economic, the products of construction whether directly or indirectly through provision of superior infrastructure and buildings has contributedextensively towards the creation of wealth and quality of life of the population. The activitiesgenerated from the construction activities will in turn generate the productivity of other industries, resulting in a well-balance economy in our country.The school infrastructure development plan s will be reviewed to ensure that theeducational system in the country is more holistic as is the case in developed countries. Thereview of the schools' design could result in cost savings of between 20 and 30 per cent andt h e mo n e y s a ve d ca n b e u t i l i se d f o r i n f ra st r u ct u re d e ve l o p m e n t f o r t h e st u d e n t s a n d t e a c h e r s, " sa i d D e p u t y P ri m e Mi n i st e r T a n S ri Mu h y i d d i n Y a s s i n ( Ne w s S ra i t s T i m e 2010/01/07).The Industrialized Building Systems (IBS) has the known theoretical advantages of speed, safety and quality. However, in Malaysia, wet constru ction method is still widelyaccepted as a convention and safe option despite incurring higher cost and slow productionrate (ICCBT 2008).From the statements above, this report will review the best the most efficient method of construction that can reduce co st and completion time spend due to school infrastructure such as hall, classes and teachers room. Introduction Constructions method these days is known as Modern Method Construction (MMC).M M C c o n s i st s o f t wo p a r t s w h i c h a r e I n d u st r i a l i s e d B u i l d i n g S y st e m ( I B S ) a n d n o n - Industrialised Building System (non-IBS). 2.2Industrialised Building System (IBS) Full y p ref ab rication o r name l y Indu stri al i sed Buil ding Syst e m (IBS ) stat ed b yConst ru ction Indu stri al De velop me nt Boa r d ( C I D B ) a s c o n s t r u c t i o n s y s t e m w h i c h components are manufactured in a factory, on or off site, positioned and assembled intostructures with minimal additional site work. IBS can be done in two ways, those are off-siteand on-site fabrication.Of f si t e f a b ri c a t i o n i s t h e d e s c ri p t i o n o f t h e sp e ct r u m o r p a r t t h e re o f w h i c h a r e manufactured assembled remote from building site prior to installation in their find position.Whereas all Offsite may be regarded as falling within a generic IBS heading, not all IBS maybe regarded as offsite (Gibb and Pendleton, 2006). Consists of Offsite Construction (OSC),Offsite Manufacturing (OSM) and Offsite Production (OSP) is largely interchangeable termsthat refer to that part of the construction p rocess that is carried out away from the buildingsite, such as in a factory or sometimes in specially created temporary production facilitiesclose to the construction site (or field factories) (Goodier and Gibb, 2006).Prefabrication is a manufacturing proce ss generally taking place at a specialis edfacility, in which va rious material are joined to form a components part of final installation(Tatum et al, 1986). Pre-assembly carried on a

definition as a process by which variousmaterial, pre-fabricated components and or equipment are joined together at a remotelocation for subsequent installation as a sub unit. It generally focused on system. Therefore,a generic classification of IBS term in this report is based on the following assumption(ARCOM Conference 2009). 2 Benefits of IBS Although IBS is an advance system, but there are not perfected yet because based oncurrent technologies or methods, we still far from the perfection of the construction method.Hence, the benefits of IBS are: Th e r e p e t i t i ve u se o f s y st e m f o r m w o r k m a d e u p st e e l , a l u m i n i u m , e t c a n d s c a f f o l d i n g provides considerable cost savings (Bing et al . 2001). Construction operation is not affected by adver s e w e a t h e r c o n d i t i o n b e c a u s e prefabricated component is done in a factory controlled environment (Peng, 1986). Prefabrication takes place at a centralised factory, thus reducing labo ur requirement atsite. This is true especially when high degree of mechanisation involved (Warszawski,1999). An industrialised building system allows for faster construction time because casting of precast element at factory and foundation work at site can occur simultaneously. Thisprovides earlier occupation of the building, thus reducing interest payment or capitaloutlays (Peng, 1986). An i n d u s t ri a l i se d b u i l d i n g s y s t e m a l l o w s f l e x i b i l i t y i n a r c h i t e ct u r a l d e si g n i n o rd e r t o minimise the monotony of repetitive facades (Warszawski, 1999). An industrialised building system provides flexibility in the design of preca st element asw e l l a s i n c o n st r u ct i o n so t h a t d i f f e r e n t s y s t e m s m a y p r o d u c e t h e i r o w n u n i q u e prefabrication construction methods (Zaini, 2000). An i n d u st ri a l i se d b u i l d i n g s y s t e m co m p o n e n t p r o d u ce s h i g h e r q u a l i t y o f c o m p o n e n t sattainable through careful selection of materials, use of advanced technology and strictquality assurance control (Din, 1984). 2.7Benefit of non-IBS Non-IBS method more focuses on the quality of the structure itself. This quality isimportant for the durability, strength and other criteria that must exist togethe r with thestructure. The benefit of non-IBS includes: F l e xi b i l i t y i n f o r m i n g sh a p e i n v a r i o u s d e s i g n , m o re o r l e s s m o n o l i t h i c a n d e t c . G ra d e o f c o n c re t e u s e d c a n b e a d j u st e d in si t e d u e t o s i t e co n d i t i o n . U su a l l y o c c u r s i n several elements such as piling and foundation. 13 Work done orderly by stages because of continuously in forming t h e e l e m e n t s , especially for the building operatives. Every stage is connected. Hence, the element isvery cohesive in bond within each other. It i s a c o m m o n m e t h o d o f co n st r u c t i o n u s e d i n Ma l a y s i a a n d w i se l y sa i d t h a t a l mo s t every contractor can accomplish construction by doing this method. B u i l d i n g c a n b e e x t e n d e d i n f u t u r e . N o w a d a y s , i t i s

a c o m m o n t h i n g t o e x t e n d t h e building. L o o ki n g w h e re t h i s m e t h o d a l r e a d y u s e d f o r a l o n g t i m e p re v io u s l y , t h e r e h a v e b e e n many records on time taken to its co mpletion, material used, flow of work on eachelement or asection. These records are crucial and enabled similar project to be costeasier while giving rooms to the contractor to predict the progress of the project costly. S t a n d a r d i s a t i o n o f t h i s m e t h o d m a d e i t e a s i e r t o b e a d a p t i n o r d e r t o f u l f i l t h e requirement stated in the building regulation. 2.8 Compa rison be twee n IBS a nd non-IBS Comparison between IBS and non-IBS will only e xplained in se veral criteria for thisr e p o r t . T h o se c r i t e r i a a r e c o m p l e t i o n t i m e o r d u r a t i o n o f co n st r u ct i o n , m a n p o w e r a n d m a ch i n e r y r e q u i r e d f o r w o r k, m a t e r ia l a va i l a b l e , q u a l i t y o f w o r k a n d e n vi r o n m e n t o f construction site. Duration I B S n o t a f f e c t b y w e a t h e r condition because each part of the element is made in factory.I t m e a n s t h e r e i s n o v o i d i n waiting the concrete to dry. H e n c e , l e s s t i m e r e q u i r e d t o complete each work. C o n c r e t e n e e d a t l e a s t 2 8 d a y s t o g a i n f u l l strength (fully dry). If the weather is inconsistent,it may further the period for concrete to gain fullstrength. A t l e a s t 7 d a y s n e e d e d f o r c o n c r e t e t o a b l e withstand its and minimum loads, so the nextse q u e l o f w o r k s m u s t b e a f t e r 7 d a y s . T h e se co n t ri b u t e t o t h e l o n g p e r i o d o f co n st r u ct io n completion.Manpow er andmachinery Less plant and labour requiredfor works because all parts of st r u c t u r e a r e a l r e a d y m a d e , labours job is minimal such asf i x i n g t h e c o m p o n e n t o f H u g e a m o u n t o f l a b o u r a n d p l a n t n e e d e d (based on construction size) to perform the task.Plant needed to carry and lift things, mixed theconcrete and etc. Labou rs neede d f or almost each se ction of 14

C O N C L U S I O N Each method in construction industries has its o wn strength and weakne ss. Thesemethods rely on each other to bury their own weakness and produce a higher level of perfection when there are no perfect method existed ever. Perfection also has its own cost.Its also occurred to the mix method.Mix method may seem as its flawless, but then again, nothing is perfect. The mainchallenge that must be faced to construct by using this method most likely consists of:

Skills required by the contractors (which only few percentage of them has). Experiences (a little amount of contractor, designer and client ever merged with thismethod). Construction regulation must be updated to enhance the method (standard isationimportant to keep the quality of construction industries). S u i t a b i l i t y ( t h e d e s i g n o f s ch o o l b u i l d i n g h a ve b e e n st a n d a rd i s e d f o r ye a r s , a n y changes to the design must be followed by research and other process as well, just toknow whether the design can be used or not).All this problem must be solved to enable changes of method can be used, and mostimportantly can be done to the schools building. 19 C o n s t r u c t i o n u s i n g I B S 2.3.1Low cost construction S i t e c l e a r a n c e t o t h e c h o s e n s p a c e Figure 2.3.1.1: Site clearance E x c a v a t e p i t t o r e ce i v e f o o t i n g ( s i z e va r i e s t o v a r i e s p r o j e c t ) . Ea ch f o o t i n g m u st b e o n the same level to provide a stable base. Footing then concreted. 3Modern Method of Construction(MMS)Assembly on siteNonIndustrialisedBuildingSystemOn-Site FabricationIndustrialisedBuilding SystemOffsite Manufacturing (OSM),Prefabrication, Offsite Fabrication(OSF), Offsite Production (OSP)Pre-assembly atFactory