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Visual inspection - learning aid.

To discover more about an ite taken to a note file or read the commen Protective measure(s) against electric shock. Basic fault protection
CLICK CLICK CLICK SELV PELV Double or Reinforced Insulation

Basic Protection
CLICK CLICK CLICK CLICK Insulation of live parts Barriers or enclosures Obstacles ** Placing out of reach **

Fault protection
CLICK CLICK CLICK CLICK Presence of Earthing conductor Presence of circuit protective conductors Presence of main protective bonding conductors Presence of earthing arrangement for combined protective and functional purpose

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Presence of adequate arrangements for alternative sources, where applicable

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FELV Choice and setting of protective and monitoring devices (for fault and/or over-current protection)

Non conducting location **


CLICK Absence of protective conductors

Earth free equipotential bonding **


CLICK Presence of Earth free equipotential bonding

Electrical separation
CLICK CLICK For one item of current using equipment For more than one item of current using equipment

Additional protection
CLICK CLICK Presence of Residual Current device(s) Presence of supplementary bonding conductors

For further reading please refer to: Insp periodic reporting) NICEIC

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Prevention of mutual detrimental influence


CLICK CLICK CLICK Proximity of non-electrical services & other influences Segregation of Band I & Band II circuits or Band II Insulation used Segregation of safety circuits

Identification
CLICK Presence of diagrams, instructions, circuit charts and similar information Presence of danger notices and other warning notices Labelling of protective devices, switches and terminals Identification of conductors

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Cables & conductors


CLICK CLICK CLICK CLICK Selection of conductors for current carrying capacity and voltage drop Erection methods Routing of cables in prescribed zones Cables incorporating earthed armour or sheath, or run in an earthed wiring system, or otherwise protected against nails, screws and the like Additional protection provided by 30mA RCD for cables concealed in walls (where required in premises not under the supervision of skilled or instructed person) Connection of conductors Presence of fire barriers, suitable seals and protection

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against thermal effects

General
CLICK CLICK CLICK CLICK CLICK CLICK CLICK CLICK Presence and correct location of appropriate devices for isolation and switching Adequacy of access to switchgear and other equipment Particular protective measures for special installations or locations Connection of single pole devices for protection or switching in line conductors only Correct connection of accessories and equipment Presence of under-voltage protective devices Selection of equipment and protective measures appropriate to external influences Selection of appropriate functional switching devices

Visual inspection - Definitions table -

Protective measure(s) against e


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SELV

Separated extr recognised by important thin SELV side shou


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PELV

Protected extr side is generall will not be suit special installa


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Double or reinforced Insulation

Double or rein Basic protectio is provided by fault protectio accessible part

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Basic P
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Insulation of live parts

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Barriers or enclosures

Inspection of t covered with in with the releva intended to pr generally not c normal service An understand for the inspect Barriers or enc at least IP2X or or enclosure w

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Obstacles **

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Placing out of reach **

An obstacle ca unintentional c obstacle may b secured to pre used in areas w warning notice This protective live parts by pl which access is supervision of

Fault Protection - Autom


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Presence of Earthing conductor

The earthing co installation to

A visual inspec where required Note. Metallic enclosures used for CPC have determin purposes must satisfy the requirements of application of section 543 of BS7671, in terms of continuity, cables, or be fo CSA and reliability may also be us RETURN Presence of main protective Main protectiv bonding conductors earthing termi include: Steel f 1, Water instal installation pip installation pip RETURN Presence of earthing arrangement The installation for combined protective and conductors to functional purpose should confirm area and are co BS7671 the col E.g. IT SUITES purposes only. RETURN Presence of adequate Where a suppl arrangements for alternative inspection sho sources, where applicable safety are pres automatic swit generators, inc BS7671. FELV RETURN A functional e measures requ used for both b applied. 1) Bas barriers/enclos protective con Choice and setting of protective and RETURN This section co monitoring devices (for fault and/or over current monito current protection) current, Type, verify conform
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Presence of CPC

Non conducting location **


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Absence of protective conductors

None of the in may be marked

Earth free equipotential Bonding**


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Presence of earth free equipotential bonding

None of the in may be marked

Electrica
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For one item of current using equipment

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Where electric the inspector s circuit, such as connected to t circuit, or to ea For more than one item of current The use of elec using equipment single source is controlled or u requirements o more than one required.

Addition
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Presence of residual current device(s)

RCD's should have the operating characteristics as given in section 415 of BS7671. i.e. operating current not exceeding 30mA and operating time not exceeding 40ms.
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Addition prote points or circui are intended fo current rating installations an

Some of the lo in section 7 of The requirement for supplementary equipotential bonding may n bonding is generally applicable only to installations 411.3.1.2 of BS
and locations where there is an increased risk of electric shock.

Presence of supplementary bonding conductors

Prevention of mutua
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Proximity of non-electrical services It should be ve & other influences occurred, are a any part of the

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Segregation of Band I & Band II circuits or Band II Insulation used

Band I = Voltage too low to cause serious electric shocks e.g. ELV including telecommunications, bell wire, control and alarm circuits. Band II = All voltages used in electrical installations not included in Band I. So all 230/400v supplies are included.

Segregation or Where every c separate conta separate comp separation.

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Segregation of safety circuits

Fire alarm and other circuits a importance of breakdown of caused by a fau Electromagnet another circuit resulting from conduit, ducts

Ident
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Presence of diagrams, instructions, The presence o circuit charts and similar Regulation 514 information being inspecte and durable, a 1) The type and The method us type of earthin residual curren information ne of protection, i 5) Any circuit o

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Presence of danger notices and other warning notices

The inspector s have been fitte clearly visible. notices are as f (Regulation 51 514.11.1) (Regulation 51 5) Earthing and Non standard c

protective con supply (Regula


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Labelling of protective devices, switches and terminals

The inspector s protective dev necessary). Lab circuit breaker 1) It is arrange recognised, an rated current i

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Identification of conductors

The correct ide conductors, in This is in addit connection ref exceptions* (S identified by co must be identi

Cables an
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Selection of conductors for current The sizes and t carrying capacity and voltage drop trunking system information to Note: Particular attention should be given to the designer. It cables in contact with thermally insulating available to th material. Erection Methods RETURN Adequate insp installation is i Compliance wi considered at e all equipment equivalent, are defective so as RETURN Routing of cables in prescribed Cables conceal zones 50mm or less f appropriate sta they are cables zones.
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Cables incorporating earthed armour or sheath, or run in an earthed wiring system, or otherwise protected against nails, screws and the like Additional protection provided by 30mA RCD for cables concealed in walls (where required in premises not under the supervision of skilled or instructed person) Connection of conductors

If a cable cann conduit or SWA

If additional pr for cables conc put N/A.

Every connecti must be sound External influences include but are not limited to: insulation mus 1) External moisture 2) that the conne Vibration and thermal cycling 3) The method of Mechanical strain
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Presence of fire barriers, suitable seals and protection against thermal effects

Where the wir (such as a wall wiring system that (if any) pr system has an passes through

Ge
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Presence and correct location of appropriate devices for isolation and switching

Isolation and s namely isolatio and functional purposes of ins however, that provided that t requirements o

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Adequacy of access to switchgear and other equipment

It must be conf have been affo inspection, tes

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Particular protective measures for The special ins special installations and locations the risks assoc or minimal clo other risks, suc and installation measures asso shower etc. Connection of single pole devices This is a visual for protection or switching in line are connected conductors only breaker, fuse, the like should made in additi conducted late Correct connection of accessories and equipment

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Presence of under-voltage protective devices

The inspector s equipment are well made bot where possible The inspector s devices which of a significant They are found motors. They m automatic con inspector shou design require

Selection of equipment and protective measures appropriate to external influences Examples of external influences: heat, humidity, water, solid foreign bodies, mechanical stress, impact, vibration, UV, corrosive or polluting substances .. RETURN Selection of appropriate functional switching devices
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The installation confirm that th selected and e reasonably like is defined in Pa installation tha

See section rel isolation and s

END OF VISUA

General

Visual inspection - Definitions table - CLICK HER


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SELV

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PELV

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Double or Reinforced Insulation

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Insulation of live parts

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Barriers or enclosures

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Obstacles **

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Placing out of reach **

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Presence of Earthing conductor

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Presence of main protective bonding conductors

Other examples of extraneous conductive parts include: 1, Central heating and air conditioning systems 2, Exposed metallic structural parts of a buildings 3, Connection to a lightning protection system to the protective equipotential bonding (made in accordance with BSEN 62305)

For the periodic inspection of an existing installation, the inspector will need to make an assessment based on all the relevant circumstances. The electrical safety council technical manual and IEE Guidance note 5: Protection against electric shock and Guidance note 8: Earthing and bonding which give advice to help determine whether or not a conductive part is an extraneous-conductive-part.

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FELV

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Choice of setting of protective and monitoring devices (for fault a

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Proximity of non-electrical services and other influences

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Segregation of Band I and Band II circuits or band II insulation us

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Presence of danger notices and other warning notices - EXAMPLE

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Labelling of protective devices, switches and terminals - EXAMPL

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Identification of conductors

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Erection Methods

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Routing of cables in prescribed zones

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Routing of cables in prescribed zones