Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 12

Name: Mychael Phillyp N.


Date: January 29, 2012

Geoffrey Chaucer (1340 25 October 1400)

-was also known as the Father of English Literature and is considered as the greatest English poet in the Middle Ages. While he achieved fame during his lifetime as an author, philosopher, alchemist and astronomer, Chaucer also maintained an active career in the civil service as a bureaucrat, courtier and diplomat. Both of his father and grandfather were vintners and they were a member of the rising middle class. Major works y Translation of Roman de la Rose, possibly extant as The Romaunt of the Rose y The Book of the Duchess y The House of Fame y Anelida and Arcite y Parlement of Foules y Translation of Boethius' Consolation of Philosophy as Boece y Troilus and Criseyde y The Legend of Good Women y The Canterbury Tales y Treatise on the Astrolabe Short poems y An ABC y Chaucers Wordes unto Adam, His Owne Scriveyn y The Complaint unto Pity y The Complaint of Chaucer to his Purse y The Complaint of Mars y The Complaint of Venus y A Complaint to His Lady y The Former Age y Fortune y Gentilesse y Lak of Stedfastnesse y Lenvoy de Chaucer a Scogan y Lenvoy de Chaucer a Bukton y Proverbs y Balade to Rosemounde y Truth y Womanly Noblesse

Christopher Marlowe (baptised 26 February 1564- died 30 May 1593)

-was an English dramatist, poet and translator of the Elizabethan era. As the foremost Elizabethan tragedian, next to William Shakespeare, he is known for his blank verse, his overreaching protagonists, and his mysterious death. A warrant was issued for Marlowe's arrest on 18 May 1593. No reason for it was given, though it was thought to be connected to allegations of blasphemya manuscript believed to have been written by Marlowe was said to contain "vile heretical conceipts". On 20 May he was brought to the court to attend upon the Privy Council for questioning. There is no record of their having met that day, however, and he was commanded to attend upon them each day thereafter until "licensed to the contrary." Ten days later, he was stabbed to death by Ingram Frizer. Whether the stabbing was connected to his arrest has never been resolved. Works: Play y y y y y y y

Dido, Queen of Carthage (c.1586) (possibly co-written with Thomas Nashe) Tamburlaine, part 1 (c.1587) Tamburlaine, part 2 (c.15871588) The Jew of Malta (c.1589) Doctor Faustus (c.1589, or, c.1593) Edward II (c.1592) The Massacre at Paris (c.1593)

Poetry y Translation of Book One of Lucan's Pharsalia (date unknown) y Translation of Ovid's Elegies (c. 1580s?) y "The Passionate Shepherd to His Love" (pre-1593; because it is constantly referred to in his own plays we can presume an early date of mid-1580s) y Hero and Leander (c. 1593, unfinished; completed by George Chapman, 1598)

Sir Walter Raleigh (c. 1554 29 October 1618)

-was an English aristocrat, writer, poet, soldier, courtier, spy, and explorer. He is also well known for popularising tobacco in England. Raleigh was born to a Protestant family in Devon, the son of Walter Raleigh and Catherine Champernowne. He spent some time in Ireland, in Killua Castle, Clonmellon, County Westmeath, taking part in the suppression of rebellions and participating in the Siege of Smerwick. Later he became a landlord of properties confiscated from the Irish rebels. He rose rapidly in the favour of Queen Elizabeth I, and was knighted in 1585. Works

y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y

A Farewell to False Love A Literature Lesson. Sir Patrick Spens in the Eighteenth Century Manner A Vision upon the Fairy Queen As You Came from the Holy Land Epitaph Even Such Is Time Farewell to the Court From Catullus V Her Reply His Pilgrimage Hymn Life My Last Will Nature that Washed Her Hands in Milk Now What Is Love On Being Challenged to Write an Epigram in the Manner of Herrick Prais'd be Diana's Fair and Harmless Light Sestina Otiosa Sir Walter Raleigh (The night before his death) Sir Walter Raleigh to His Son Song of Myself Stans Puer ad Mensam The Artist The Conclusion The Lie The Nymphs Reply To The Shepherd The Ocean To Cynthia The Passionate Man's Pilgrimage The Silent Lover i The Silent Lover ii To a Lady with an Unruly and Ill-mannered Dog Who Bit several Persons of Importance To His Love When He Had Obtained Her What is Our Life

John Ronald Reuel Tolkien (3 January 1892 2 September 1973)

- was an English writer, poet, philologist, and university professor, best known as the author of the classic high fantasy works The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion. Tolkien was Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon at Pembroke College, Oxford, from 1925 to 1945 and Merton Professor of English Language and Literature there from 1945 to 1959. He was a close friend of C. S. Lewisthey were both

members of the informal literary discussion group known as the Inklings. Tolkien was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II on 28 March 1972. Major Works: y y y y y y y y y y y y The Hobbit: or There and Back Again (1937) Farmer Giles of Ham (1949) The Fellowship of the Ring (1954.) The Two Towers (1954) The Return of the King (1955.) The Adventures of Tom Bombadil and Other Verses from the Red Book (1962) Tree and Leaf (1964) The Tolkien Reader (1966) Smith of Wootton Major (1967) The Road Goes Ever On: A Song Cycle (1967, with Donald Swan) Bilbo's Last Song (1974) The Silmarillion (1977)

Clive Staples Lewis (29 November 1898 22 November 1963)

-commonly referred to as C. S. Lewis and known to his friends and family as "Jack", was a novelist, poet, academic, medievalist, literary critic, essayist, lay theologian and Christian apologist from Belfast, Ireland. He is known for both his fictional work, especially The Screwtape Letters, The Chronicles of Narnia and The Space Trilogy and his nonfiction, such as Mere Christianity, Miraclesand The Problem of Pain. Major Works: y y y y y y y y y y
y y

The Pilgrim's Regress (1933) The Allegory of Love (1936) Out of the Silent Planet (1938) The Screwtape Letters (1942, epistolary novel) Mere Christianity (1943) The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe (1950) Prince Caspian: The Return to Narnia (1951) The Voyage of the Dawn Treader (1952) The Silver Chair (1953) The Horse and His Boy (1954) The Magician's Nephew (1955) The Last Battle (1956)

Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (27 January 1832 14 January 1898)

- better known by the pseudonym Lewis Carroll, was an English author, mathematician, logician, Anglican deacon and photographer. His most famous writings are Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and its sequel Through the Looking-Glass, as well as the poems "The Hunting of the Snark" and "Jabberwocky", all examples of the genre of literary nonsense. He is noted for his facility at word play, logic, and fantasy, and there are societies dedicated to the enjoyment and promotion of his works and the investigation of his life in many parts of the world, including the United Kingdom, Japan, the United States, and New Zealand.

Major Works: Literary works y La Guida di Bragia, a Ballad Opera for the Marionette Theatre (around 1850) y A Tangled Tale y Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (1865) y Facts y Rhyme? And Reason? (also published as Phantasmagoria) y Pillow Problems y Sylvie and Bruno y Sylvie and Bruno Concluded y The Hunting of the Snark (1876) y Three Sunsets and Other Poems y Through the Looking-Glass, and What Alice Found There (includes "Jabberwocky" and "The Walrus and the Carpenter") (1871) y What the Tortoise Said to Achilles Mathematical works y A Syllabus of Plane Algebraic Geometry (1860) y The Fifth Book of Euclid Treated Algebraically (1858 and 1868) y An Elementary Treatise on Determinants, With Their Application to Simultaneous Linear Equations and Algebraic Equations y Euclid and his Modern Rivals (1879), both literary and mathematical in style y Symbolic Logic Part I y Symbolic Logic Part II (published posthumously) y The Alphabet Cipher (1868) y The Game of Logic y Some Popular Fallacies about Vivisection y Curiosa Mathematica I (1888) y Curiosa Mathematica II (1892) y The Theory of Committees and Elections, collected, edited, analysed, and published in 1958, by Duncan Black

Joanne "Jo" Rowling (born 31 July 1965)

- better known as J. K. Rowling, is a British novelist, best known as the author of the Harry Potter fantasy series. The Potter books have gained worldwide attention, won multiple awards, sold more than 400 million copies to become the best-selling book series in history and been the basis for a popular series of films, in which Rowling had overall approval on the scripts as well as maintaining creative control by serving as a producer on the final instalment. Rowling conceived the idea for the series on a train trip from Manchester to London in 1990. Major Works: y y y y y y y y y y Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (1997) Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (1998) Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (1999) Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (2000) Quidditch through the Ages (2001, as Kennilworthy Whisp) Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them (2001, as Newt Scamander) Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (2003) Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (2005) Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (2007) The Tales of Beedle the Bard (2008, short stories)

Jonathan Swift (30 November 1667 19 October 1745)

-was an Irish satirist, essayist, political pamphleteer (first for the Whigs, then for the Tories), poet and cleric who became Dean of St. Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin. He is remembered for works such as Gulliver's Travels, A Modest Proposal, A Journal to Stella, Drapier's Letters, The Battle of the Books, An Argument Against Abolishing Christianity, and A Tale of a Tub. Swift is probably the foremost prose satirist in the English language, and is less well known for his poetry. Swift originally published all of his works under pseudonymssuch as Lemuel Gulliver, Isaac Bickerstaff, M.B. Drapier or anonymously. He is also known for being a master of two styles of satire: the Horatian and Juvenalian styles.

Major Works:

Essays, tracts, pamphlets, periodicals y y "A Meditation upon a Broomstick" (17031710): Full text: munseys.com "A Critical Essay upon the Faculties of the Mind" (17071711)

y y y y y y y y y y y y y y

The Bickerstaff-Partridge Papers (17081709): Full text: U of Adelaide "An Argument Against Abolishing Christianity" (17081711): Full text: U of Adelaide The Intelligencer (with Thomas Sheridan) (17191788): Text: Project Gutenberg The Examiner (1710): Texts: Ourcivilisation.com, Project Gutenberg "A Proposal for Correcting, Improving and Ascertaining the English Tongue" (1712): Full texts: Jack Lynch, U of Virginia "On the Conduct of the Allies" (1713) "Hints Toward an Essay on Conversation" (1713): Full text: Bartleby.com "A Letter to a Young Gentleman, Lately Entered into Holy Orders" (1720) "A Letter of Advice to a Young Poet" (1721): Full text: Bartleby.com Drapier's Letters (1724, 1725): Full text: Project Gutenberg "Bon Mots de Stella" (1726): a curiously irrelevant appendix to "Gulliver's Travels" "A Modest Proposal", perhaps the most notable satire in English, suggesting that the Irish should engage in cannibalism. (Written in 1729) "An Essay on the Fates of Clergymen": Full text: JaffeBros "A Treatise on Good Manners and Good Breeding": Full text: Bartleby.com

Poem y "Ode to the Athenian Society", Swift's first publication, printed in The Athenian Mercury in the supplement of Feb 14, 1691. y Poems of Jonathan Swift, D.D. Texts at Project Gutenberg: Volume One, Volume Two y "Baucis and Philemon" (17061709): Full text: Munseys y "A Description of the Morning" (1709): Full annotated text: U of Toronto; Another text: U of Virginia y "A Description of a City Shower" (1710): Full text: U of Virginia y "Cadenus and Vanessa" (1713): Full text: Munseys y "Phillis, or, the Progress of Love" (1719): Full text: theotherpages.org y Stella's birthday poems: y 1719. Full annotated text: U of Toronto y 1720. Full text: U of Virginia y 1727. Full text: U of Toronto y "The Progress of Beauty" (17191720): Full text: OurCivilisation.com y "The Progress of Poetry" (1720): Full text: theotherpages.org y "A Satirical Elegy on the Death of a Late Famous General" (1722): Full text: U of Toronto y "To Quilca, a Country House not in Good Repair" (1725): Full text: U of Toronto y "Advice to the Grub Street Verse-writers" (1726): Full text: U of Toronto y "The Furniture of a Woman's Mind" (1727) y "On a Very Old Glass" (1728): Full text: Gosford.co.uk y "A Pastoral Dialogue" (1729): Full text: Gosford.co.uk

y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y

"The Grand Question debated Whether Hamilton's Bawn should be turned into a Barrack or a Malt House" (1729): Full text: Gosford.co.uk "On Stephen Duck, the Thresher and Favourite Poet" (1730): Full text: U of Toronto "Death and Daphne" (1730): Full text: OurCivilisation.com "The Place of the Damn'd" (1731): Full text "A Beautiful Young Nymph Going to Bed" (1731): Full annotated text: Jack Lynch; Another text: U of Virginia "Strephon and Chloe" (1731): Full annotated text: Jack Lynch; Another text: U of Virginia "Helter Skelter" (1731): Full text: OurCivilisation.com "Cassinus and Peter: A Tragical Elegy" (1731): Full annotated text: Jack Lynch "The Day of Judgment" (1731): Full text "Verses on the Death of Dr. Swift, D.S.P.D." (17311732): Full annotated texts: Jack Lynch, U of Toronto; Non-annotated text:: U of Virginia "An Epistle To A Lady" (1732): Full text: OurCivilisation.com "The Beasts' Confession to the Priest" (1732): Full annotated text: U of Toronto "The Lady's Dressing Room" (1732): Full annotated text: Jack Lynch "On Poetry: A Rhapsody" (1733) "The Puppet Show" Full text: Worldwideschool.org "The Logicians Refuted" Full text: Worldwideschool.org

Correspondence, personal writings y y "When I Come to Be Old" Swift's resolutions. (1699) The Journal to Stella (17101713)

Letters y Selected Letters: JaffeBros y To Oxford and Pope: OurCivilisation.com y 'The Correspondence of Jonathan Swift, D.D'. y Three Sermons and Three Prayers. y Three Sermons: I. on mutual subjection. II. on conscience. III. on the trinity. y Writings on Religion and the Church. y "The First He Wrote Oct. 17, 1727." y "The Second Prayer Was Written Nov. 6, 1727."

Charles John Huffam Dickens (7 February 1812 9 June 1870)

- was an English novelist, generally considered the greatest of the Victorian. Dickens enjoyed a wider popularity and fame than had any previous author during his lifetime and he remains popular, having been responsible for some of English literature's most iconic novels and characters. Many of his writings were originally published serially, in monthly instalments, a format of publication which Dickens himself helped popularise. Unlike other

authors who completed novels before serialisation, Dickens often created the episodes as they were being serialised. The practice lent his stories a particular rhythm, punctuated by cliff-hangers to keep the public looking forward to the next instalment. The continuing popularity of his novels and short stories is such that they have never gone out of print. Major Works: Novels y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club The Adventures of Oliver Twist The Life and Adventures of Nicholas Nickleby The Old Curiosity Shop Barnaby Rudge: A Tale of the Riots of 'Eighty A Christmas Carol (1843) The Chimes (1844) The Cricket on the Hearth (1845) The Battle of Life (1846) The Haunted Man and the Ghost's Bargain (1848) The Life and Adventures of Martin Chuzzlewit Dombey and Son David Copperfield Bleak House Hard Times: For These Times Little Dorrit A Tale of Two Cities Great Expectations Our Mutual Friend The Mystery of Edwin Drood

Short story collections


Sketches by Boz (1836) The Mudfog Papers (1837) Reprinted Pieces (1861) The Uncommercial Traveller (18601869)

Christmas numbers of Household Words magazine:


What Christmas Is, as We Grow Older (1851) A Round of Stories by the Christmas Fire (1852) Another Round of Stories by the Christmas Fire (1853)


The Seven Poor Travellers (1854) The Holly-Tree Inn (1855) The Wreck of the "Golden Mary" (1856) The Perils of Certain English Prisoners (1857) A House to Let (1858)

Christmas numbers of All the Year Round magazine:


The Haunted House (1859) A Message From the Sea (1860) Tom Tiddler's Ground (1861) Somebody's Luggage (1862) Mrs. Lirriper's Lodgings (1863) Mrs. Lirriper's Legacy (1864) Doctor Marigold's Prescriptions (1865) Mugby Junction (1866) No Thoroughfare (1867)

Mary Shelley (Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin 30 August 1797 1 February 1851)

- was an English novelist, short story writer, dramatist, essayist, biographer,

and travel writer, best known for her Gothic novel Frankenstein: or, The Modern Prometheus (1818). She also edited and promoted the works of her husband, the Romantic poet and philosopher Percy Bysshe Shelley. Her father was the political philosopher William Godwin, and her mother was the philosopher and feminist Mary Wollstonecraft.

Major Works: y History of Six Weeks' Tour through a Part of France, Switzerland, Germany, and Holland, with Letters Descriptive of a Sail round the Lake of Geneva, and of the Glaciers of Chamouni (1817) Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus (1818) Mathilda (1819) Valperga; or, The Life and Adventures of Castruccio, Prince of Lucca (1823) Posthumous Poems of Percy Bysshe Shelley (1824) The Last Man (1826) The Fortunes of Perkin Warbeck (1830) Lodore (1835) Falkner (1837) The Poetical Works of Percy Bysshe Shelley (1839) Contributions to Lives of the Most Eminent Literary and Scientific Men (183539), part of Lardner's Cabinet Cyclopaedia

y y y y y y y y y y

Rambles in Germany and Italy in 1840, 1842, and 1843 (1844)

Dame Agatha Christie DBE (15 September 1890 12 January 1976)

- was a British crime writer of novels, short stories, and plays. She also wrote romances under the name Mary Westmacott, but she is best remembered for her 66 detective novels and 14 short story collections (especially those featuring Hercule Poirot or Miss Jane Marple), and her successful West End plays.

Major Works: Hercule Poirot: y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y The Murder on the Links (1923) Poirot Investigates (1924) The Murder of Roger Ackroyd (1926) The Big Four (1927) The Mystery of the Blue Train (1928) Peril at End House (1932) Three Act Tragedy [also known as Murder in Three Acts] (1934) Death in the Clouds (1935) Murder in Mesopotamia (1936) Murder in the Mews (1937) Appointment with Death (1938) Sad Cypress (1940) Evil Under the Sun (1941) Five Little Pigs (1942) The Hollow (1946) The Labours of Hercules (1947) Mrs. McGintys Dead (1952) After the Funeral (1953) Dead Mans Folly (1956) Cat Among the Pigeons (1959) Halloween Party (1969) Elephants Can Remember (1972) Curtain: Poirots Last Case (1975).

Miss Marple:

y y y y y y y y y y y

The Murder at the Vicarage (1930) The Thirteen Problems (1932) The Body in the Library (1942) The Moving Finger (1943) A Murder Is Announced (1950) They Do It with Mirrors (1952) 4.50 from Paddington (1957) The Mirror Crackd (1962) A Caribbean Mystery (1964) At Bertrams Hotel (1965) Nemesis (1971)

As Mary Westmacott: y y y y y Unfinished Portrait (1934) Absent in the Spring (1944) The Rose and the Yew Tree (1948) A Daughters a Daughter (1952) The Burden (1956).

Other Titles include: The Man in the Brown Suit (1924), The Road of Dreams (poetry collection, 1924), plays The Alibi (1928) and Black Coffee (1930), The Mysterious Mr. Quin (1930), The Sittaford Mystery (1931), The Floating Admiral (a collaboration with other authors including Gilbert Keith Chesterton, 1931), Parker Pyne Investigates (1934), Murder Is Easy (1939), They Came to Baghdad (1951), Destination Unknown (1954), The Pale Horse (1961), Star Over Bethlehem (poems and childrens stories, 1965), Passenger to Frankfurt (1970), Come, Tell Me How You Live: An Archaeological Memoir (non-fiction, 1976), and Agatha Christie: An Autobiography (1977).