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True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ 1. The simplest form of a network is a client/server network. 2. Very large peer-to-peer networks have emerged to take advantage of the Internet. 3. Clients on a client/server network share their resources directly with each other. 4. To prepare to enter the networking field, a student should master a number of general networking technologies. 5. Hands-on experience to improve networking hardware and software skills is important when attempting to enter the networking field. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 6. Which statement describes an advantage of networks? a. Networks require decentralized management. b. Isolating network devices decreases costs. c. Isolating network devices allows implementation of the sneakernet file sharing method. d. Networks enable multiple users to share resources. 7. Which network model ensures that no computer on the network has more authority than another? a. client/server c. peer-to-peer b. stand alone d. distributed 8. A common way of sharing resources on a peer-to-peer network is by modifying the ____ controls using the computers operating system. a. file-serving c. resource-sharing b. file-sharing d. resource-monitoring 9. A ____ facilitates communication and resource sharing between other computers on the network. a. servlet c. personal computer b. workstation d. server 10. ____ networks are the most popular type of network for medium- and large-scale organizations. a. Client/server c. Stand-alone b. Peer-to-peer d. Stationary 11. A ____ network is confined to a relatively small space. a. NAN c. WAN b. MAN d. LAN 12. Often, separate LANs are interconnected and rely on several ____ running many different applications and managing resources other than data. a. workstations c. clients b. servers d. stand-alone computers 13. A ____ network connects clients and servers from multiple buildings. a. NAN c. WAN b. MAN d. TAN 14. A ____ is a specialized device that allows multiple networks or multiple parts of one network to connect and exchange data.

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a. segment c. node b. host d. connectivity device Which network topology is the most common? a. ring c. hybrid b. star d. Ethernet ____ are the distinct units of data that are exchanged between nodes on a network. a. Segments c. Topologies b. Data packets d. Protocols ____ services refer to the capability of a server to share data files, applications, and disk storage space. a. File c. Management b. Print d. Access ____ services allow remote users to connect to the network. a. File c. Management b. Print d. Access The phenomenon of offering multiple types of communications services on the same network is known as ____. a. convergence c. divergence b. unified communications d. multi-communications Which type of service supports e-mail? a. management c. access b. communications d. file ____ provide a Web-based client for checking e-mail. a. Web servers c. File servers b. Mail servers d. Access servers Hardware diagnosis and failure alert are handled by ____. a. management services c. access services b. communication services d. Internet services Security auditing is handled by ____. a. management services c. access services b. communication services d. Internet services Dependability is a characteristic of ____. a. soft skills c. technical skills b. network communications d. network servers Which statement describes a certification drawback? a. Certification value may be lessened due to the number of people obtaining them. b. Certified professionals are expected to work harder than others to prove their value. c. Certified professionals are asked many questions during routine hours requiring them to work overtime to complete everyday tasks. d. Certification does not qualify a student for additional degrees. Which certification requires candidates to pass lab exams? a. Cisco CCIE c. CompTIA Network+ b. CompTIA A+ d. Microsoft MCSE Completion Complete each statement.

27. A(n) ____________________ is a computer that is not connected to other computers and that uses software applications and data stored on its local disks.

28. In a(n) ____________________ network, every computer can communicate directly with every other computer. 29. To function as a server, a computer must be running a(n) ______________________________. 30. A network that connects two or more geographically distinct LANs or MANs is called a(n) _________________________. 31. _________________________ refers to the centralized management of multiple network-based communications. Matching Match each item with a statement below: a. NIC (network interface card) b. backbone c. client d. protocol e. workstation ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. f. g. h. i. transmission media addressing data packets topology

The means through which data is transmitted and received. A personal computer which may or may not be connected to a network. A computer on the network that requests resources or services from another computer on a network. The scheme for assigning a unique identifying number to every node on the network. The device inside a computer that connects a computer to the network media. The physical layout of a computer network. The distinct units of data that are exchanged between nodes on a network. A standard method or format for communication between networked devices. The part of a network to which segments and significant shared devices connect. Short Answer

41. Describe the advantages of using traditional peer-to-peer networks. 42. Describe the disadvantages of using traditional peer-to-peer networks. 43. Define a network operating system (NOS) and describe the tasks it performs. 44. Describe the advantages client/server networks offer over peer-to-peer networks. 45. Describe license tracking in networks. 46. Besides an aptitude for logical and analytical thinking, describe additional skills desirable in the networking field. 47. Describe the network specialties currently in high demand. 48. Describe what is meant by soft skills and explain why they are important in networking projects. 49. Describe four benefits of becoming certified.

50. Describe considerations to take into account when evaluating if a professional organization is appropriate for an individual.

01 Answer Section
TRUE/FALSE 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: F T F T T PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: 1 1 1 1 1 REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: 3 4 5 15 16

MULTIPLE CHOICE 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: D C B D A D B B D B B A D A B B A A A A A PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: 2 3 4 4 6 6 7 7 9 10 10 12 12 13 13 13 14 15 17 18 18

COMPLETION 27. ANS: stand-alone computer PTS: 1 28. ANS: peer-to-peer PTS: 1 29. ANS: REF: 2 REF: 3

NOS (network operating system) network operating system NOS PTS: 1 REF: 5 30. ANS: WAN (wide area network) wide area network WAN PTS: 1 REF: 7 31. ANS: Unified communications PTS: 1 MATCHING 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: F E C G A I H D B PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: 10 9 8 10 9 10 10 10 10 REF: 13

SHORT ANSWER 41. ANS: The following are advantages of using traditional peer-to-peer networks: They are simple to configure. For this reason, they may be used in environments in which time or technical expertise is scarce. They are often less expensive to set up and maintain than other types of networks. This fact makes them suitable for environments in which saving money is critical. PTS: 1 REF: 4 42. ANS: The following are disadvantages of using traditional peer-to-peer networks: They are not very flexible. As a peer-to-peer network grows larger, adding or changing significant elements of the network may be difficult. They are also not necessarily secure - meaning that in simple installations, data and other resources shared by network users can be easily discovered and used by unauthorized people. They are not practical for connecting more than a handful of computers, because they do not always centralize resources. PTS: 1 43. ANS: REF: 4

An NOS is a special type of software designed to do the following: Manage data and other resources for a number of clients. Ensure that only authorized users access the network. Control which type of files a user can open and read. Restrict when and from where users can access the network. Dictate which rules computers will use to communicate. Supply applications to clients. PTS: 1 REF: 5-6 44. ANS: Although client/server networks are typically more complex in their design and maintenance than peer-topeer networks, they offer many advantages over peer-to-peer networks, such as: User logon accounts and passwords for anyone on a server-based network can be assigned in one place. Access to multiple shared resources (such as data files or printers) can be centrally granted to a single user or groups of users. Problems on the network can be monitored, diagnosed, and often fixed from one location. Servers are optimized to handle heavy processing loads and dedicated to handling requests from clients, enabling faster response time. Because of their efficient processing and larger disk storage, servers can connect more than a handful of computers on a network. Together, these advantages make client/server networks easier to manage, more secure, and more powerful than peer-to-peer networks. They are also more scalable - that is, they can be more easily added onto and extended - than peer-to-peer networks. PTS: 1 REF: 6 45. ANS: License tracking determines how many copies of a single application are currently in use on the network and ensures that number does not exceed the number of licenses purchased. This information is important for legal reasons, as software companies are vigilant about illegally copying software or using more than the authorized number of copies. PTS: 1 REF: 15 46. ANS: Aspiring network professionals also should acquire these skills: Installing, configuring, and troubleshooting network server software and hardware Installing, configuring, and troubleshooting network client software and hardware Understanding the characteristics of different transmission media Understanding network design Understanding network protocols Understanding how users interact with the network Constructing a network with clients, servers, media, and connectivity devices PTS: 1 REF: 16 47. ANS: The following specialties are currently in high demand: Network security Convergence (the delivery of voice, video, and data over a single network)

In-depth knowledge about one or more NOSs: UNIX, Linux, Mac OS X Server, Microsoft Windows Server 2003, or Windows Server 2008 Network management Internet and intranet design Configuration and optimization of routers and switches Centralized data storage and management for large-scale environments

PTS: 1 REF: 16 48. ANS: The term soft skills refers to those skills that are not easily measurable, such as customer relations, oral and written communications, dependability, teamwork, and leadership abilities. Some of these soft skills might appear to be advantages in any profession, but they are especially important when you must work in teams, in challenging technical circumstances, and under tight deadlines - requirements that apply to most networking projects. PTS: 1 REF: 17 49. ANS: Following are a list of benefits to becoming certified: Better salary - Professionals with certification can usually ask for higher salaries than those who arent certified. Employers will also want to retain certified employees, especially if they helped pay for their training, and will offer incentives to keep certified professionals at the company. Greater opportunities - Certification may qualify you for additional degrees or more advanced technical positions. Professional respect - After you have proven your skills with a product or system, your colleagues and clients will gain great respect for your ability to solve problems with that system or product. They will therefore feel confident asking you for help. Access to better support - Many manufacturers reward certified professionals with less expensive, more detailed, and more direct access to their technical support. PTS: 1 REF: 18 50. ANS: Among other things, you will want to consider the organizations number of members, membership benefits, membership dues, technical emphasis, and whether it hosts a local chapter. Many organizations host student chapters on university campuses. You may also want to find a professional association that caters to your demographic group (such as Women in Technology International, if you are female). PTS: 1 REF: 20