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# BAHIRDAR UNIVERSITY

## SCHOOL OF CIVIL AND WATER RESOURCE ENGINEERING

PG PROGRAM VIA VIDEO CONFERENCING TECHNOLOGY

## Water Resource Systems: Planning and Management Assignment Two

Submitted By: Afework Befkadu ID Number: Hyd/0004/03 Submitted to: Dr. Dereje

Assignment two
1. Compute the storage yield function for single reservoir system by the mass diagram and modified sequent peak methods given the following sequences of annual flows(7, 3 ,5 ,1, 2, 5, 6, 3, 4) Solution: 9 t 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Q 7 3 5 1 2 5 6 3 4

## Max storage yield value will be:

n

36 !4 9 n I. By sequent peak methods For R= 1 Kmin= 0 For R= 2 Kmin= 1 For R= 3 Kmin= 3 For R= 4 Kmin= 5 Sample calculation R=
i !1

Year 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1

Release R(t) 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

Inflow Q(t) 7 3 5 1 2 5 6 3 4 7

Kt-1 0 0 1 0 3 5 4 2 3 3

K = Kt-1+Rt-Qt 0 1 0 3

5
4 2 3 3 0

II. By mass diagram For release 1 minimum storage capacity will be 0 For release 2 minimum storage capacity will be 0.8 For release 3 minimum storage capacity will be 2.2 For release 4 minimum storage capacity will be 3.1

Sample calculation

Year 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Annual in flow 7 3 5 1 2 5 6 3 4

Cumulative in flow 7 10 15 16 18 23 29 32 36

Average Demand 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

Cumulative demand 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

2.

Determine the required capacity (k) of the reservoir for each of the given annual yield, given the inflow data for a 6-year repetitive sequence, as given in the table. Neglecting the evaporation losses, plot the storage yield function if yield is 5,6,7,8,9,10. Use Lp.
Year Inflow 1 16 2 8 3 12 4 4 5 8 6 12

## Plot the storage yield function if yield is: R 5 6 7 8 9 10

Solution: Sample computation for R=5 to minimize capacity of the reservoir LP model will be Min K Subj St+ Qt-R= St+1 for all t St =< K for all t

## S1=<K S2=<K S3=<K S4=<K S5=<K S6=<K 2 8 5 3 3 12 5 7 4 4 5 -1 5 8 5 3 6 12 5 7

The overall optimization is done by the following table by Excel solver: optimization input s3 s4 s5 0 -1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 s3 0 0 0 -1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 s4 0 0 0 0 -1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 s5 1

s1 objective constraint 1 constraint 2 constraint 3 constraint 4 constraint 5 constraint 6 constraint 7 constraint 8 constraint 9 constraint 10 constraint 11 constraint 12 solution 1 0 0 0 0 -1 1 0 0 0 0 0 s1 0

s2 -1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 s2 0

s6 0 0 0 0 -1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 s6 0

k6 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 k6 1

function

RHS

1
0 0 0 -1 1 0 -1 -1 -1 -1 5.51E-14 -1 11 3 7 -1 3 7 0 0 0 0 0 0

By the same procedure for the remaining is summarized by the following table R 5 6 7 8 9 K 1 2 3 4 6

10 8

## Storage yield function

10 8 6 4 2 0 0 2 4 6 Capacity (K) 8 10 12 10, 8 Yield (k)

Capacity (K)

3. A reservoir is constructed on a river for supplying the power of a city located near the river and water demands of the city. The water that is released for power generation can also be used for supplying water to the city. The required in stream flow is estimated to be 1 million m3 each month. The total capacity of the reservoir is 10 million m3.maximum monthly releases From the reservoir is 7million m3.the table below shows the monthly in flows to a reservoir and benefits of power generation and water supply. The reservoir storage on Jun 1 is considered to be 5 million m3.find optimal releases using linear programming.

Solution: Objective function max Rt*(Bpt+Bwst) for all t Subjected to S t+1=St+Qt-Rt Stk=10 Rt Rmax=7 Rt1

S t+1=S1 Where Bpt is Benefits of power production (\$1000/mill m3) Bwst is Benefits of water supply (\$1000/mill m3) The solution is done using excel solver,
month Inflow Benefits of power production(\$1000/mill m3) 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 Benefits of water supply (\$1000/mill m3) 1.0 1.2 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.5 2.2 1.8 1.4 1.1 1.0

Jun Feb Mar April May June July Aug Sept Oct November Dec

2 2 3 4 3 2 2 1 2 3 3 2

s1 1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

s2 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0

s 3 0 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0

s 4 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0

s5 0 0 0 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0

s6 0 0 0 0 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0

s 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0

s8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1

s9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

s1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

s1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

## Optimization of release input s1 2 R1 R2 R3 R4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

R5 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

R6 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

R7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

R8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

R9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

R10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

R11 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

R12 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

## functi on 113.9 5 2 2 3 4 3 2 2 1 2 3 3 2 1 1 1 3 3 7 7 1 2 1 1 1 6 7 9 10 10 5 3.37E-

limts 5 2 2 3 4 3 2 2 1 2 3 3 2 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 10 10 10 10 10 10 10

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 s1 0 5

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 s2 0 6

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 s 3 0 7

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 s 4 0 9

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 s5 0 10

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 s6 0 1 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 s 7 0 5

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 s8 0 -0

1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 s9 0 0

0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 s1 0 0 0

0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 s1 1 0 2

0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 s1 2 0 4

0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 R1 3 1

0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 R2 2. 9 1

0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 R3 3. 6 1

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 R4 3.9 3

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 R5 4 3

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 R6 4. 2 7

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 R7 4. 5 7

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 R8 4. 1 1

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 R9 3. 6 2

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 R10 3.1 1

## 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 R11 2.7 1 R12 2.5

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1

80 0 6.551 E-12 2 4 1 1 1 3 3 7 7 1 2 1 1 1

10 10 10 10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

4. A reservoir has a live capacity of 870Mm3. When possible, a constant release of 150Mm3 is made from the reservoir during all periods for power generation. If this release in not possible, all available water in the reservoir is released for power generation. The head available for power generation is given by h=30+(S/18) where h is the head in meters and s is the reservoir storage in Mm3. Assuming an initial storage of 500Mm3 , simulate the power generation from the reservoir. The inflow during the six periods in a year is 75, 100, 540, 328, 0, 0 Mm3. Assume the over flow s are not available for power generation and neglect losses. Solution: Power in W=L*9810*Rt*Ht/t Where: Rt; release Ht: 30+(S/18) L : assumed 85% or 0.85 Reservoir continuity equation applied St+1 = St+Qt-Rt if St+Qt-Rt <= K = K and spill = K- St+Qt-Rt And over all simulation is summarized on the following table.
Season Storage (St) in Mm3 In flow Mm3 Release Mm3 St+1 in Mm3 Net head Spill Power

13.94 1 2 3 4 5 6 500 425 375 765 870 720 75 100 540 328 0 0 150 150 150 150 150 150 425 375 765 870 720 570 57.78 53.61 50.83 72.50 78.33 70.00 0 12.93 0 12.26 0 17.49 73 18.90 0 16.89 0

5. The monthly reservoir releases in 3 years are shown in the table below. The monthly demand downstream of the reservoir is 10 million m3. Estimate the reliability of the reservoir in supplying 100% of demand s and greater than 80% demands. Soln: Number of months that 100% of demand available =19 (see the table below) Number of months that 80% of demand available =28 (see the table below) The reliability of supplying 100% of the monthly demand (
100= 100)

## Number of months that 100% of demand available =19/36

Total no. of month =19/36*100 =52.7% The reliability of supplying 80% of the monthly demand (
80 80)

## Total no. of month =77.78%

month
Jun. Feb. Mar. april May June july augst sep oct nov Dec Annual deficit

Year1(million m3)
10 12 11 8 7 7 8 10 11 10 11 13 10

Year2(million m3)
8 10 11 8 6 7 9 10 11 9 10 12 13

Year3(million m3)
9 11 10 8 5 6 5 7 9 10 12 11 21