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GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

M.E SEMESTER 1
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

Subject Name: SOLID STATE DC DRIVES

Sr.No. 1

Course Content DC MOTORS FUNDAMENTALS AND MECHANICAL SYSTEMS DC motor- Types, induced emf, speed-torque relations; Speed control Armature and field speed control; Ward Leonard control Constant torque and constant horse power operations. Characteristics of mechanical system dynamic equations, components of torque, types of load; Requirements of drives characteristics multi-quadrant operation; Drive elements, types of motor duty and selection of motor rating. CONVERTER CONTROL Principle of phase control Fundamental relations; Analysis of series and separately excited DC motor with single-phase and three-phase converters waveforms, performance parameters, performance characteristics. Continuous and discontinuous armature current operations; Current ripple and its effect on performance; Operation with free wheeling diode; Implementation of braking schemes; Drive employing dual converter.

3 CHOPPER CONTROL Introduction to time ratio control and frequency modulation; Class A, B, C, D and E chopper controlled DC motors performance analysis, multi-quadrant control - Chopper based implementation of braking schemes; Multi-phase chopper; Related problems. 4 CLOSED LOOP CONTROL Modeling of drive elements Equivalent circuit, transfer function of self, separately excited DC motors; Linear Transfer function model of power converters; Sensing and feed back elements

- Closed loop speed control current and speed loops, P, PI and PID controllers response comparison. Simulation of converter and chopper fed DC drive. 5 DIGITAL CONTROL OF D.C DRIVE 9 Phase Locked Loop and micro-computer control of DC drives Program flow chart for constant horse power and load disturbed operations; Speed detection and gate firing.

References: 1.Gopal K Dubey, Power Semiconductor controlled Drives, Prentice Hall Inc., New Yersy,1989. 2. R.Krishnan, Electric Motor Drives Modeling, Analysis and Control, Prentice- Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 2003. 3.Gobal K.Dubey, Fundamentals of Electrical Drives, Narosal Publishing House, New Delhi,2001. 4. Bimal K.Bose Modern Power Electronics and AC Drives, Pearson Education (Singapore) Pte. Ltd., New Delhi, 2003. 3. Vedam Subramanyam, Electric Drives Concepts and Applications, Tata McGraw-Hill publishing company Ltd., New Delhi, 2002. 4. P.C Sen. Thyristor DC Drives, John wiely and sons, New York, 1981. 5. B. K. Bose Power Electronics& AC Drives Prentice-Hall, New Jersey. 6. P. Vas Vector control of ac machines, Clarandon Press, Oxford. 7. G. K. Dubey Power semiconductor controlled drives, Prentice-Hall, Eaglewood cliffs. 8. T.J.E. Miller Brushless PM and Reluctance Motor Drives, clarendon Press Oxford. 9. Recent IEEE publication &transactions on power electronics, industry applications and power delivery.

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY


M.E SEMESTER 1
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

Subject Name: ENERGY MANAGEMENT

Sr.No. 1

Course Content Energy management: Concept of energy management, elements of energy management, energy cost, energy performance, energy saving calculations, balancing energy use and requirement, maximizing system efficiencies, optimizing input energy requirement, Demand Side Management Quality and Reliability of Industrial / Commercial Power Systems: Introduction, Harmonics in supply system, Voltage Sag, Power Factor Reliability analysis of power system Economic aspects of energy audit: Cost evaluation by ROI, IRR Cost evaluation by payback terms. Organization for energy management. Conservation measures and diagnostic review Energy Audit & Case Studies: Introduction, types and walkthrough energy audit. Energy audit at unit level, Industrial Audit approaches. Procedure for energy audit and equipments required. Comprehensive Energy audit Site testing Measurement & Analysis of Electrical System like Induction Motors, Transformers, synchronous Machines, Illumination system, Domestic Appliances Site testing Measurement & Analysis of Electrical System like Boilers, Furnaces, Refrigeration and Air-conditioning System The Electric Utility in Industry: Introduction, Electric utilities characterized by function, Different regulated electric utility frameworks, Electric Utility structure in deregulated industry, Energy conservation task in industry, Co generation, Energy conservation in cement, textile, sugar, etc. industry Energy conservation in building.

Energy performance assessment of motors / variable speed drives Introduction, Efficiency of the induction motor, Determining motor loading Field tests for determining efficiency, Performance evaluation of rewound motors, Format for data collection, Concept of variable frequency drives and Applications, Factors for successful implementation of variable speed drives, Information needed to evaluate energy savings for variable speed application Energy performance assessment of Pumps, Compressors, Blowers and Cooling Towers: Introduction and types, Performance terms and definitions, Performance Analysis and suggestions Modern Energy efficient technologies Maximum demand controller , Automatic power factor controller, Energy efficient motors, Soft starters with energy saver, Energy efficient transformers, electronic ballast, occupancy sensors etc. Energy efficient lightning controls, Energy saving in transportation system especially electric vehicle, Energy saving in air conditioning system

Reference: 1. A Guide to Energy Management by Barney L Capehart, William J Kennedy, Wayne C Turner 2. Energy Technology by S. Rao 3. Energy conservation techniques by P.M. Dave & M.N.sheth 4. Course Material for Accredited Energy Managers & Energy Auditors Bureau of Energy Efficiency website : www.energymanagertraining.com, www.bee-india.gov.in

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY M.E Semester: I Electrical Engineering Subject Name : Communication and Research Skills (C&RS)

Sr No. 1.

Course content Concepts of Communications: Definition, Forms of Communication, Objectives of Communication, Characteristics of Communication, Process of Communication, Communication, Roadblocks, Role of Verbal and Non-verbal Symbols in Communication, Barriers to Effective Communication, Overcoming Communication Barriers Nonverbal communication: Body Language, Gestures, Postures, Facial Expressions, Dress codes; the Cross Cultural Dimensions of Business Communication; Listening and Speaking, techniques of electing response, probing questions, Observation. Business and social etiquettes; Listening Skills: Definition, Anatomy of poor Listening, Features of a good Listener, Role Play, Group Discussion and Interviews, Meetings: Ways and Means of conducting meetings effectively, Mock Meetings and Interviews Reading and language skills The reading process, purpose, different kinds of texts, reference material, scientific and technical texts, active and passive reading, strategies - vocabulary skills, eye reading and visual perception, prediction techniques, scanning skills, distinguishing facts and opinions, drawing inferences and conclusions, comprehension of technical material - scientific and technical texts, instructions and technical manuals, graphic information. Forms of Communication in Written mode: Basics Body language of Business Letters and Memos, Tone of writing, enquiries, orders and replying to them, sales letters, Job applications and resume, E-mail: How to make smart e-mail, Writing Business Reports and Proposals, Practice for Writing Referencing and Writing skills: Business letters: Enquiries, Circulars, Quotations, Orders, Acknowledgments, Executions, Complaints, Claims and adjustments, Collection letter, Banking correspondence, Agency correspondence, Bad news and persuading letters, Sales letters, Job application letters Biodata, Covering Letter, Interview Letters, Letter of Reference, Memos, minutes, Circulars & notices Types of Business Reports - Format, Choice of vocabulary, coherence and cohesion, paragraph writing, organization reports by individual, Report by committee. Introduction to Research and Research Design Nature and scope of research, information based decision making and source of

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knowledge. The research process; basic approaches and terminologies used in research. Defining research question and framing of hypotheses, Preparing a research plan, qualitative and quantitative research designs, Experimentation, Observational studies, Exploring secondary data.
6. Measurement and Scaling, Data Source and Data Collection Field research; primary data collection from observations, surveys and experimentation. Measurement and scaling; commonly used scales in reliability and validity of scales. Designing instrument for data collection; testing the instrument, data collection process, Sampling methods and procedures and sample size decisions. Data Analysis and Presentation Editing and coding of data, tabulation, graphic presentation of data, cross tabulation, Testing of hypotheses; type I and II errors, one tailed and two tailed tests of significance, Parametric and nonparametric tests for Univariate and Bivariate data. Tests of association; simple linear regression and other nonparametric tests. Technical Proposal writing Definition, Purpose, types, characteristics, Elements of structure, style and appearance, evaluation, exercises, Research report writing, Proposal writing, referencing, forms of reports, bibliography, etc. Research paper, Dissertation, and Thesis, Instruction Manuals, Type of instructions, Writing Instructions, Technical Descriptions, Process descriptions, Guidelines for Writing Good Descriptions

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References
Sr. No. 1 Author/s Name of the Book Publisher Edition and Year of Publication Latest Edition

Bowman, J.P. & Branchaw, P.P.

Business Communications: From Process to Product

Dryden Press, Chicago Tata McGraw Hill Prentice hall India McMillan India Ltd.

M Ashraf Rizvi

Effective Technical Communication

Latest Edition

E. H. McGrath

Basic Managerial Skills for all

Latest Edition

Meera Banerji

Developing Communication Skills

Latest Edition

Whigham

David Business Data Analysis Using Excel Technical Writing

Oxford

Latest Edition

Sajitha Jayaprakash

Himalaya

Latest Edition

Adair, J.

Effective Communication

Pan Mcmillan Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd PHI

2003

Donald R. Cooper and Pamela S. Schindler

Business Research Methods (IXedition)

IX edition

10

Taylor, Sinha & Ghoshal Lesikar, R. V. & Flatley Meenakshi Raman, Sangeeta Sharma D. K. Bhattacharyya

11

12

Research Methodology: A Guide for Researchers in Management and Social Sciences Basic Business Communication Skills for Empowering the InternetGeneration. Technical Communications

Latest Edition

Tata McGraw Hill Oxford

2005 or Latest

Latest Edition

13

Research Methodology

Excel Books

2nd Edition

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY


M.E SEMESTER 1
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

Subject Name: POWER CONDITIONING

Sr.No. 1

Course Content Non Linear Load Concepts of non-linear loads and electric power conditioning, unity power factor rectifier, STATCON (static condenser), SMPS: SMPS analysis, design and control, UPS on-line and off-line, power supplies Electrical Heating High frequency induction heating, Dielectric heating Power supplies in automobiles Filter: Passive filters, active filters for harmonic and reactive power compensation in two wire, three wire and four wire ac systems. Harmonic standards, power quality, surge suppressors, compensation of arc furnace and traction loads. Power supply: power supplies for appliances such as camera, X-Ray equipments. Case studies on microcomputer and DSP control in active filters and power supplies.

References: 1. Recent IEEE publication &transactions on power electronics, industry applications and power delivery.

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY


M.E SEMESTER 1
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

Subject Name: MODELLING AND ANALYSIS OF ELECTRICAL MACHINES

Sr.No. 1

Course Content PRINCIPLES OF ELECTROMAGNETIC ENERGY CONVERSION 8 General expression of stored magnetic energy, co-energy and force/torque, example using single and doubly excited system. BASIC CONCEPTS OF ROTATING MACHINES 9 Calculation of air gap MMF and per phase machine inductance using physical machine data; Voltage and torque equation of dc machine, three phase symmetrical induction machine and salient pole synchronous machines in phase variable form. INTRODUCTION TO REFERENCE FRAME THEORY 11 Static and rotating reference frames, transformation relationships, examples using static symmetrical three phase R, R-L, R-L-M and R-L-C circuits, application of reference frame theory to three phase symmetrical induction and synchronous machines, dynamic direct and quadrature axis mode in arbitrarily rotating reference frames, voltage and torque equations, derivation of steady state phasor relationship from dynamic model, generalized theory of rotating electrical machine and Kron's primitive machine. ANALYSIS OF INDUCTION MACHINES 8 Induction machine equations in phase quantities assisted by space vectors-Sinusoidal distributed winding; stator single-phase magnetizing and mutual inductance; per-phase magnetizing inductance; equivalent winding in a squirrel-cage rotor and rotor inductances; review of space vectors; flux-linkage and voltage equations in terms of space vectors. Dynamic analysis in terms of dq windings-stator and rotor dq windings and inductance-flux linkage and voltage equations in dq coordinates, electromagnetic torque; dq equivalent circuits; computer simulation. SPECIAL MACHINES 9 Permanent magnet synchronous machine: Surface permanent magnet (square and sinusoidal back emf type) and interior permanent magnet machines. Construction and operating principle, dynamic modeling and self controlled operation; Analysis of Switched Reluctance Motors.

References: 1.Charles Kingsley,Jr., A.E. Fitzgerald, Stephen D.Umans Electric Machinery, Tata McGraw Hill, Fifth Edition, 1992. 2. R. Krishnan, Electric Motor & Drives: Modeling, Analysis and Control, Prentice Hall of India,2001. 3. Ned Mohan, Advanced electrical drives Analysis, Control and Modeling using Simulink, MNPERE, Minneapolis, USA, 2001. 4.C.V.Jones, The Unified Theory of Electrical Machines, Butterworth, London, 1967. 5. Miller, T.J.E. Brushless permanent magnet and reluctance motor drives Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1989.

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY


M.E SEMESTER 1
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

Subject Name: POWER ELECTRONICS SIMULATION LABORATORY

Sr.No. 1 2

List of Experiments To simulate and design gate triggering circuit using analog devices. To simulate and design gate triggering circuit using microcontroller. To simulate and study speed control of DC series motor by static armature voltage

control using SCR. To simulate and study the speed control of 3-phase induction motor using PWM and to determine speed torque characteristics. To study 3 full wave controlled rectifier with R and RL load and to plot input and output waveforms. To study the single phase series inverter and to measure the resonance frequency. To simulate and study the current commutated step down chopper.

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To simulate and study operation of DC static circuit breaker using SCR. To simulate and study the UJT based relaxation oscillator & to evaluate the dynamic resistance. To simulate and study single phase Mc Murray Inverter power circuit.

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY


M.E SEMESTER 1
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

Subject Name: : POWER ELECTRONICS - I

Sr.No.

Course Content
REVIEW OF POWER SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES Review of Power semiconductor devices, Gate and Base drive circuits - Preliminary design considerations, Temperature control of power devices, Heat sink design, and Design of Magnetic components. DC-DC CONVERTERS Buck converter, Boost converter, Buck Boost converters, CUK converter, Fly-back converter, Forward converter, Push pull converter, Full bridge and Half bridge converters, Design considerations and comparison. INVERTERS Review of single phase bridge inverters, 3-phase bridge inverters, Pulse width modulated inverters, 1-pulseand multi pulse modulation, Sinusoidal PWM, Space Vector PWM, Reduction of harmonics Selective Harmonic Elimination Technique. LINE COMMUTATED CONVERTERS Principle of phase control, Review of single phase converters, 3 phase half and fully controlled converters, 12 pulse converter, Dual converters.

AC VOLTAGE CONTROLLERS Single phase AC voltage controllers, 3 phase AC voltage controllers.

REFERENCE : 1. Rashid, M. H., "Power Electronics Circuits, Devices, and Applications, Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 2nd edition, 1999. 2. Ned Mohan, Tore M. Undeland and William P. Robbins, Power Electronics Converters, Applications, and Design , John Willey & Sons, Inc., 2ndEdition, 1995. 3. Agrawal, J. P., "Power electronic systems: Theory and design" Addison Wesley Longman (Singapore) Pte.Ltd. New Delhi, 2001. 4. Erickson Robert W., Maksimovic Dragan, "Fundamentals of Power Electronics", Kluwer Academic Publishers Group (Netherlands), 2001.

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY


Electrical Engineering
M.E. Semester: I Subject Name: Modern Control System Sr. No. Course content Mathematical Background Matrices: Definition of Matrices; Matrix Algebra; Matrix Multiplication and Inversion; Rank of a Matrix; Differentiation and Integration of Matrices. State Space Analysis of Control Systems: State Variables; State-Space Representation of Electrical, Mechanical and Electromechanical Systems; State Space Representation of nth Order Linear Differential Equation; Transformation to Phase Variable Canonical Form; Relationship Between State Equations and Transfer Functions; Characteristic Equation; Eigen Values and Eigen Vectors; Transformation to Diagonal Canonical Form; Jordan Canonical Form; Controllability Canonical Form; Observabilty Canonical Form; Decomposition of Transfer Function-Direct, Cascade and Parallel Decomposition; State Diagram; Solution of the Time-Invariant State Equation; State Transition Matrix and its Properties; Transfer Matrix; Transfer Matrix of Closed Loop Systems. Controllability and Observability: Concept of Controllability and Observability; Kalmans Theorems on Controllability and Observability, Alternative Tests (Gilberts Method) of Controllability and Observability; Principle of Duality; Relationship among Controllability, Observability and Transfer Function. Liapunov Stability Analysis : Stability of Equilibrium State in the Sense of Liapunov; Graphical Representation of Stability; Asymptotic Stability and Instability; Sign-Definiteness of Scalar Function; Second Method of Liapunov; Stability Analysis of Linear Systems; Krasovskis Theorem; Liapunov Function Based on Variable Gradient Method. State Feedback Control Design: Design of Robust Control Systems; State Feedback Control-Pole Placement Design, State Feedback with Integral Control. Observer Design: Design of Observer

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References: 1. Modern Control Engineering, Fourth Edition, Prentice Hall, 2001- Katsuhiko Ogata 2. Automatic Control Systems, High Education Press, 2003- B. C. Kuo 3. Control Systems Engineering, Fifth Edition, New Age International Publishers, 2007- L. J. Nagrath & M. Gopal 4. Modern Control Systems, Sixth Edition, Addison-Wesley, 1993- Rich