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ST232

5V POWERED MULTI-CHANNEL RS-232 DRIVERS AND RECEIVERS


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SUPPLY VOLTAGE RANGE: 4.5 TO 5.5V SUPPLY CURRENT NO LOAD (TYP): 5mA TRANSMITTER OUTPUT VOLTAGE SWING (TYP): 7.8V CONTROLLED OUTPUT SLEW RATE RECEIVER INPUT VOLTAGE RANGE: 30V DATA RATE (TYP): 220Kbps OPERATING TEMPERATURE RANGE: -40 TO 85C, 0 TO 70C COMPATIBLE WITH MAX232 AND MAX202

DIP

SOP

DESCRIPTION The ST232 is a 2 driver, 2 receiver device following EIA/TIA-232 and V.28 communication standard. It is particularly suitable for applications where 12V is not available. The ST232 uses a single 5V power supply and only four external capacitors (0.1F). Typical applications are in: Portable Computers, Low Power Modems, Interfaces Translation, Battery Powered RS-232 System, Multi-Drop RS-232 Networks. ORDERING CODES
Type ST232CN ST232BN ST232CD ST232BD ST232CDR ST232BDR ST232CW ST232BW ST232CWR ST232BWR ST232CT ST232BT ST232CTR ST232BTR Temperature Range 0 to 70 C -40 to 85 C 0 to 70 C -40 to 85 C 0 to 70 C -40 to 85 C 0 to 70 C -40 to 85 C 0 to 70 C -40 to 85 C 0 to 70 C -40 to 85 C 0 to 70 C -40 to 85 C Package DIP-16 DIP-16 SO-16 (Tube) SO-16 (Tube) SO-16 (Tape & Reel) SO-16 (Tape & Reel) SO-16 Large (Tube) SO-16 Large (Tube) SO-16 Large (Tape & Reel) SO-16 Large (Tape & Reel) TSSOP16 (Tube) TSSOP16 (Tube) TSSOP16 (Tape & Reel) TSSOP16 (Tape & Reel)

SOP Large

TSSOP

Comments 25parts per tube / 40tube per box 25parts per tube / 40tube per box 50parts per tube / 20tube per box 50parts per tube / 20tube per box 2500 parts per reel 2500 parts per reel 49 parts per tube / 25 tube per box 49 parts per tube / 25 tube per box 1000 parts per reel 1000 parts per reel only for samples only for samples 2500 parts per reel 2500 parts per reel

January 2003

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ST232
PIN CONFIGURATION

PIN DESCRIPTION
PlN N 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 SYMBOL C1+ V+ C1C2 + C2VT2OUT R2IN R2OUT T2IN T1IN R1OUT R1IN T1OUT GND VCC NAME AND FUNCTION Positive Terminal for the first Charge Pump Capacitor Doubled Voltage Terminal Negative Terminal for the first Charge Pump Capacitor Positive Terminal for the second Charge Pump Capacitor Negative Terminal for the second Charge Pump Capacitor Inverted Voltage Terminal Second Transmitter Output Voltage Second Receiver Input Voltage Second Receiver Output Voltage Second Transmitter Input Voltage First Transmitter Input Voltage First Receiver Output Voltage First Receiver Input Voltage First Transmitter Output Voltage Ground Supply Voltage

ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS


Symbol VCC TIN RIN TOUT ROUT TSCTOUT Tstg Supply Voltage Transmitter Input Voltage Range Receiver Input Voltage Range Transmitter Output Voltage Range Receiver Output Voltage Range Short Circuit Duration on TOUT Storage Temperature Range Parameter Value -0.3 to 6 -0.3 to (VCC + 0.3) 30 (V+ + 0.3) to (V- - 0.3) -0.3 to (VCC + 0.3) infinite -65 to + 150 C Unit V V V V V

Absolute Maximum Ratings are those values beyond which damage to the device may occur. Functional operation under these condition is not implied. Note 1: No external supply can be applied to V+ terminal and V- terminal.

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ST232
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (C1 - C4 = 0.1F, VCC = 5V 10%, TA = -40 to 85C, unless otherwise specified. Typical values are referred to TA = 25C)
Symbol Parameter No Load, Test Conditions TA = 25C Min. Typ. 5 Max. 10 Unit mA ISUPPLY VCC Power Supply Current

TRANSMITTER ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (C1 - C4 = 0.1F, VCC = 5V 10%, TA = -40 to 85C, unless otherwise specified. Typical values are referred to TA = 25C)
Symbol VTOUT ITIL VTIL VTIH SRT Parameter Output Voltage Swing Input Leakage Current Input Logic Threshold Low Input Logic Threshold High Transition Slew Rate TA = 25C, RL = 3 to 7K, (Note1) (Note 2) VCC = V+ = V- = 0V One TXOUT to GND VCC = 5V CL = 50 to 2500pF 120 VOUT = 2V 300 10 60 7 0.8 2 30 Test Conditions All Transmitter outputs are loaded with 3K to GND Min. 5 Typ. 7.8 1 Max. Unit V A V V V/s

DR RTOUT ISC

Data Rate Transmitter Output Resistance Transmitter Output Short Circuit Current

220

Kbits/s mA

Note 1: Measured from 3V to -3V or from -3V to 3V. Note2: One transmitter output is loaded with RL = 3K to 7K, CL = 50 to 1000pF

RECEIVER ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (C1 - C4 = 0.1F, VCC = 5V 10%, TA = -40 to 85C, unless otherwise specified. Typical values are referred to TA = 25C)
Symbol VRIN RRIN VRIL Parameter Receiver Input Voltage Operating Range RS-232 Input Resistance Test Conditions Min. -30 TA = 25C, VCC = 5 V, VRIN = 5V TA = 25C, VCC = 5 V TA = 25C, VCC = 5 V VCC = 5V IOUT = 3.2mA (to VCC) IOUT = -1mA (to GND) CL = 150pF (Note 1) 3.5 VCC-0.4 0.3 10 1 0.2 3 0.8 5 1.2 1.7 0.5 2.4 1 0.4 Typ. Max. 30 7 Unit V K V V V V V s mA

RS-232 Input Logic Threshold Low RS-232 Input Logic VRIH Threshold High VRIHYS RS-232 Input Hysteresis VROL TTL/CMOS Output Voltage Low VROH TTL/CMOS Output Voltage High Receiver Propagation Delay tDR ISCR Receiver Output Short Circuit Current

Note 1: RS-232 IN to TTL-CMOS OUT (from 50% to 50%)

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ST232
APPLICATION CIRCUITS (note 1, note 2)

Note 1: C1-4 capacitors can even be 1F ones. Note 2: C1-4 can be common or biased capacitors.

CAPACITANCE VALUE (F)


C1 0.1 C2. 0.1 C3 0.1 C4 0.1 C5 0.1

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ST232
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS (unless otherwise specified Tj = 25C) Figure 1 : Supply Current vs Temperature Figure 4 : Driver Propagation Delay

Figure 2 : Data Rate vs Temperature

Figure 5 : High Level Output Voltage Swing vs Temperature

Figure 3 : Receiver Propagation Delay

Figure 6 : Low Level Output Voltage Swing vs Temperature

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ST232
Figure 7 : High Level Transmitter Output Short Circuit Current vs Temperature Figure 9 : High Level Receiver Output Short Circuit Current vs Temperature

Figure 8 : Low Level Transmitter Output Short Circuit Current vs Temperature

Figure 10 : Low Level Receiver Output Short Circuit Current vs Temperature

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ST232

Plastic DIP-16 (0.25) MECHANICAL DATA


mm. DIM. MIN. a1 B b b1 D E e e3 F I L Z 3.3 1.27 8.5 2.54 17.78 7.1 5.1 0.130 0.050 0.51 0.77 0.5 0.25 20 0.335 0.100 0.700 0.280 0.201 1.65 TYP MAX. MIN. 0.020 0.030 0.020 0.010 0.787 0.065 TYP. MAX. inch

P001C
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ST232

SO-16 MECHANICAL DATA


DIM. A a1 a2 b b1 C c1 D E e e3 F G L M S 8 3.8 4.6 0.5 9.8 5.8 1.27 8.89 4.0 5.3 1.27 0.62 (max.) 0.149 0.181 0.019 10 6.2 0.35 0.19 0.5 45 (typ.) 0.385 0.228 0.050 0.350 0.157 0.208 0.050 0.024 0.393 0.244 0.1 mm. MIN. TYP MAX. 1.75 0.2 1.65 0.46 0.25 0.013 0.007 0.019 0.004 MIN. inch TYP. MAX. 0.068 0.008 0.064 0.018 0.010

PO13H
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ST232

SO-16L MECHANICAL DATA


DIM. A a1 a2 b b1 C c1 D E e e3 F G L M S 8 0.5 1.27 0.75 (max.) 0.020 0.050 0.029 7.4 10.1 10.0 1.27 8.89 7.6 0.291 10.5 10.65 0.35 0.23 0.5 45 (typ.) 0.397 0.393 0.050 0.350 0.300 0.413 0.419 0.1 mm. MIN. TYP MAX. 2.65 0.2 2.45 0.49 0.32 0.014 0.009 0.020 0.004 MIN. inch TYP. MAX. 0.104 0.008 0.096 0.019 0.012

PO13I
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ST232

TSSOP16 MECHANICAL DATA


mm. DIM. MIN. A A1 A2 b c D E E1 e K L 0 0.45 0.60 0.05 0.8 0.19 0.09 4.9 6.2 4.3 5 6.4 4.4 0.65 BSC 8 0.75 0 0.018 0.024 1 TYP MAX. 1.2 0.15 1.05 0.30 0.20 5.1 6.6 4.48 0.002 0.031 0.007 0.004 0.193 0.244 0.169 0.197 0.252 0.173 0.0256 BSC 8 0.030 0.004 0.039 MIN. TYP. MAX. 0.047 0.006 0.041 0.012 0.0079 0.201 0.260 0.176 inch

A2 A1 b e K c L E

E1

PIN 1 IDENTIFICATION

1
0080338D

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ST232

Tape & Reel SO-16 MECHANICAL DATA


mm. DIM. MIN. A C D N T Ao Bo Ko Po P 6.45 10.3 2.1 3.9 7.9 12.8 20.2 60 22.4 6.65 10.5 2.3 4.1 8.1 0.254 0.406 0.082 0.153 0.311 TYP MAX. 330 13.2 0.504 0.795 2.362 0.882 0.262 0.414 0.090 0.161 0.319 MIN. TYP. MAX. 12.992 0.519 inch

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ST232

Tape & Reel SO-16L MECHANICAL DATA


mm. DIM. MIN. A C D N T Ao Bo Ko Po P 10.8 10.7 2.9 3.9 11.9 12.8 20.2 60 22.4 11.0 10.9 3.1 4.1 12.1 0.425 0.421 0.114 0.153 0.468 TYP MAX. 330 13.2 0.504 0.795 2.362 0.882 0.433 0.429 0.122 0.161 0.476 MIN. TYP. MAX. 12.992 0.519 inch

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ST232

Tape & Reel TSSOP16 MECHANICAL DATA


mm. DIM. MIN. A C D N T Ao Bo Ko Po P 6.7 5.3 1.6 3.9 7.9 12.8 20.2 60 22.4 6.9 5.5 1.8 4.1 8.1 0.264 0.209 0.063 0.153 0.311 TYP MAX. 330 13.2 0.504 0.795 2.362 0.882 0.272 0.217 0.071 0.161 0.319 MIN. TYP. MAX. 12.992 0.519 inch

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ST232

ormation furnished is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, STMicroelectronics assumes no responsibility for the nsequences of use of such information nor for any infringement of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of STMicroelectronics. Specifications entioned in this publication are subject to change without notice. This publication supersedes and replaces all information eviously supplied. STMicroelectronics products are not authorized for use as critical components in life support devices or stems without express written approval of STMicroelectronics. The ST logo is a registered trademark of STMicroelectronics 2003 STMicroelectronics - Printed in Italy - All Rights Reserved STMicroelectronics GROUP OF COMPANIES ustralia - Brazil - Canada - China - Finland - France - Germany - Hong Kong - India - Israel - Italy - Japan - Malaysia - Malta - Morocco Singapore - Spain - Sweden - Switzerland - United Kingdom - United States. http://www.st.com

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