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Creating a Recycling based Recycling-based Society in Oki Town, Fukuoka

D.G.J.PREMAKUMARA
Researcher, IGES-KUC

International Training Workshop for National Policy Framework on Municipal Waste Management in Indonesia, 27-29 October 2010, Kitakyushu, Japan

Source: Oki Town

An Overview of Oki Town


Small agricultural town located in Fukuoka Prefecture About 14,500 people and 4,300 households in 2010 14% of towns total land area of town s 18.43 sq.km is comprised by canal network Popular for its local agricultural production, such as Strawberries and Mushrooms When SWM identified as an environmental issue in 1995, due to insufficient capacity in treatment pants and high operational cost, solid waste was incinerated and human waste and sludge from g septic tanks was dumped at sea
Photo courtesy: Oki Town

Initiatives for creating a Recycling-based Society


Step 1: Making a vision (Okimachi Mottainai Declaration) with active citizen participation D l ti ith ti iti ti i ti
We shall create a town without waste anything We shall promote the recycling of waste and become a town that does not dispose of waste by incineration or landfills by 2016 We shall create a sustainable community and improving social harmony

Photo courtesy: Oki Town

Photo: Oki Town

Initiatives for creating a Recycling-based Society


Step 2: Introduce of new waste separation and co ect o system collection syste Organizedawarenessraisingworkshopstomakepeopleawareabout thenewwastecollectionsystem Currently the waste is separated into 21 categories at household Currently,thewasteisseparatedinto21categoriesathousehold Recyclablematerialsarecollectedonceamonthatthetownrecycling center Th kit h Thekitchenwasteseparationandcollectionsystemcommencedin t ti d ll ti t di 2006andcollectiontakesplacetwiceaweek.Thecollectionbaskets, onefortenhouseholdsareplacedcertainlocationsthedaybefore collection Burnablewasteiscollectedonceaweek

Photo courtesy: Oki Town

Initiatives for creating a Recycling-based Society


Step 3: Construction of biogas facility for organic waste, waste human waste and septic tank sludge

Source: Oki Town

Initiatives for creating a Recycling-based Society


Step 4: Establishment of social system t support St 4 E t bli h t f i l t to t biomass utilization

Source: Oki Town

Achievements c e e e ts
The total volume of waste generated has been reduced by 46%
Volum of waste (tons) me 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 2005 2007 Year 2009

Recycling Combustible Total Waste (under the new initiative) Total Waste (business as usual)

Source:OkiTown,2010.CompiledbyPremakumara,2010

Creating new energy source gy Generates 700 KW of electricity for use of Oki Sustainable Center
Photo courtesy: Oki Town

Cost benefits
Reduced its waste collection and treatment cost by 20% within four years 5,000,000 4,500,000 4,000,000 4 000 000 Ann nualcost(USD) 3,500,000 3,000,000 , , 2,500,000 2,000,000 1,500,000 1,000,000 500,000 0 2005 Year
Source: Oki Town. Compiled by Premakumara, 2010

Bring new opportunity to agricultural community

TotalCost 2,165,214 1,751,423 1 751 423 20% 753,054 753 054 750,035 1,412,160 1,001,388 1 412 160 1 001 388 C&Oofkitchen C & O of kitchen &humanwaste bybiomass C&Oofhuman wastebyocean disposal C&Ocostof combustible wasteby waste by incineration
Photo courtesy: Oki Town

2009

Key factors for achieving recycle-based society


Vision Making Techno logy Develo pment t Awaren ess Rising

Recyclebased Supportive national policy framework Society


Incenti ves Inform ation Sharing Partner ship hi

National support for biomass utilization

7 relevant ministries: Cabinet Office, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Ministry of Economy and Industry, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transportation and Tourism, Ministry of Environment Source: Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, 2009<http://www.biomass-asia-workshop.jp>

National support for biomass utilization

Measure

The government take measures on laws, economy, tax system and finance for enforcement of policies about promotion of the biomass.

Source: MOAFF, 2009

Some other major Biomass towns in Japan

Source: MOAFF, 2009

Thank you for your attention