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CROSSINGTHECAUCASUSMOUNTAINSSS
PETROGRAD. Arrivedmidday .
Ic ameaw ayf ro mTif l is b yt h emil it aryro ad
ac ro s s t h eCauc as us Mo unt ains ,8o o o f eet h igh .
Th ero adw as b et t ert h anmigh t h aveb eenex p ec t ed,
as Iw as int h ef irs t aut o mo b il et o c ro s s t h is year .
Onec o mes do w no nt h eno rt h s idet h ro ugh anarro w
def il ew it h adas h ingt o rrent . Th ec h auf f eurw as
no t veryat t ent ivet o h is c ar,andp ref erredl o o k ing
o vert h ep rec ip ic es t o l o o k ingat t h et urnings in
f ro nt o f h im . Ih adat l as t t o t h reat enh imw it h
p ers o nal vio l enc e
. Ih adp aidf o rt h ej o urneyb ef o re
l eaving .
As w ef l ew do w nt h is narro w def il et h erero s e
s uddenl yint h emiddl eo f it agreat det ac h edro c k
o rs mal l h il l w it h aruinedc as t l eo nit . It w as
t h eret h at "
Th am'ara " int h eRus s ianb al l et l ured
h ervic t ims . F urt ivel yt h ec h auf f eurp o int edat it
w it h o neh and,b ut didno t daret o t urnro undt o
s ayanyt h ing,s o Il eant f o rw ardands aid, " Sc h t o
t ak o i ? " ( " Wh at is it ? " ) , andh eo nl ys aid,
" Th am'ara . " Il o o k edup q uic k l y,andt h ro ugh a
w indo w c o ul dp ic t uret h evo l up t uo us al mo ndeyes
o f K ars avinaas "
Th am'ara " l o o k ingf o rano t h er
vic t im,andb eneat h t h ero c k s t h eb l eac h edb o nes
andno s eo f dearMr . B o l m .
Th ereIw as ,at t h ef o o t o f t h everyc as t l ew e
h ads o o f t en- s it t inginyo urb o x at Co vent Garden
- admiredt h eint erio ro f ,andt h ro ugh it s w indo w
gaz edo nt h eview o f t h edef il e . If anc iedIs aw o ne
o f h erc us h io ns at t h ew indo w as If l ew do w nt h e
ro ads eek ings af et yf o rmyvirt ueandmyb o nes
.
1 9 1 6
Sunday,
Ap ril 1 6 . D.
Tues day,
Ap ril 1 8
. L .
t o Mar-
c h io nes s o f
Rip o n .
5 6

RUSSIANDIARY
1 9 1 6
It h ink " Th am'ara " mus t h avel ivedo nt ro ut
andmut t o n- as t h ereis no t h ingel s eint h ec o unt ry
- ando f c o urs eo nric e,l ik eeverygo o dGeo rgian .
Af t ert h ew arIs h al l p ro p o s et o yo ut o c o meo ut
ands eet h ec as t l eandMr . B o l m's s k el et o n .
Wh ent h eRus s ians go t t o Erz rumt h erew as no t
o neCh ris t ianal ives aves ix girl s int h eAmeric an
Co ns ul at e . Th eguideo f t h eTif l is Ho t el w as a
Ch ris t ianTurk ,no t Armenian,andh is t o w nw as a
l it t l et o t h es o ut h o f Erz rum . Th ereal l t h eCh ris -
t ians w ereal s o mas s ac red- 84 o ,inc l udingh is o l d
grandmo t h er .
Tel l h is l o rds h ip Is aw int h eCauc as us h ero ns ,
s t o rk s ,p el ic ans ,w h it eeagl es w it h b l ac k t ip s t o
t h eirw ings ,manyk es t rel s andb uz z ards ,f l amingo s ,
yel l o w w at er- w agt ail s anddark redw o o dp ec k ers ,
magp ies andj ays ,h eap s o f duc k s ,It h ink s h el -
drak es ( b ut no t neareno ugh f o rmet o dis t inguis h ) ,
ando nek ingf is h er .
Al l t h ef ruit - t rees w ereinb l o s s o mint h eval l eys
at Tif l is - p eac h es ,ap ric o t s ,p l ums ,andc h erries .
Idinedw it h t h eGrandDuc h es s l as t nigh t . I
f o undh erw el l andingo o ds p irit s ; w et al k ed
muc h ab o ut yo u . Sh edec l ares s h eneverh ears
anynew s w h enIamaw ay ! Th ef amil yh aveb een
muc h ex erc is edw h eret h eEmp ero rw il l b eat
Eas t er . Th eEmp ero rs p ends Eas t erat t h eF ro nt .
Wednes day,
L as t nigh t ,int h es t reet ,f ro maf riendint h e
Ap ril 1 9 .
D
.
Sec ret Servic e,h eardo f t h et ak ingo f Treb iz o nd
.
Immediat el yw ro t et h is t o t h eGrandDuc h es s ,w h o
w as at dinnerw it h h ert h rees o ns ; no neo f t h em
k new it . L unc h eo nt o - dayw it h t h eGrandDuc h es s ,
GOODF RIDAYCEREMONIES

5 7
andaf t erw ards s aw f ro mt h ep al ac ew indo w s t h e

X 9 1 6
c eremo nyo f t h eo p eningo f t h eNeva
. Th eGo verno r
o f t h ePet er- Paul F o rt res s s t o o dat t h eriver- s ide
ent ranc e,w h ereh ew as f irs t s al ut edb yt h eSt at e
b argeo f t h et o w n,o nw h ic h h eemb ark ed . Hew as
t h enmet b yt h eb arges o f t h eAdmiral t yandt h e
Preo b raj ens k iGuards andes c o rt edt o t h eWint er
Pal ac e . Af t erw ards Iw ent t o Pavl o s k t o s eePrinc e
Ch ris t o p h ero f Greec e,w h o is s t ayingw it h h is
mo t h er,Q ueenOl ga . F ineo l dEngl is h p rint s inal l
t h ec o rrido rs .
Ort h o do x Go o dF riday,s amedayas o urs t h is Go o dF ri-
year- rare . To l unc h eo no f f c aviareat Po l o vt s o v's .
day ,
Ap ril
2 1 .

.
Hemo s t k indl yt o o k met o t h eSt . Al ex anderNevs k i
L avra( mo nas t ery) t o s eet h eGo o dF ridayPro c es -
s io nf ro mo nec h urc h t o t h eo t h er . Th e " To mb " -
w h ic h is af l at p ic t ureo f t h edeadCh ris t - w as
c arriedb yf o uro f t h ec l ergy,t h eMet ro p o l it an
w al k ingunderneat h t h eic o n,b earingit o nh is
up l if t edh ands . At 7 t o t h eGrandDuc h es s
Vl adimir's c h urc h ,w h eret h et h reeGrandDuk es
c arriedt h e " t o mb . " Af t erw ards dined maigre w it h
h erandh erc h il dren .
Th is af t erno o n,w h il ew at c h ingt h ec ro w do ut Ho l y
o f t h ew indo w o f myro o m,s uddenl yreal is edt h at
Sat urday,
Ap ril z z . D.
t h ec urt ains w ereo nf ire . B ef o reIc o ul dget h el p
h al f t h ero o minf l ames
. Myo nl yc o ns o l at io nw as
t o h earl at ert h at t h ef l agw as h o is t edo nt h ef ire-
t o w erat t h eendo f mys t reet ,w h ic h dat es f ro m
earl ies t Pet ro grad .
At h al f - p as t el evenat nigh t dro vet o St . Is aac 's ,
w h eref ro m my iz vo s c h ik s aw t h eEas t erp ro c es s io n
5
8
RUSSIANDIARY
r9 1 6 p as s ingro undt h ec at h edral
. Th ePet er- Paul F o r-
t res s c anno nw eref iringminut eguns
. Th ent o
t h eGrandDuc h es s Vl adimir's c h urc h ,w h eret h e
DivineL it urgyw as no t o vert il l o neint h emo rning
.
Wes at do w nt o s up p er,f o rt y- t w o p eo p l eat t h ree
t ab l es
. Iw as o nt h eGrandDuc h es s 's l ef t
. At
aq uart ert o t h reet h eGrandDuk eDmit ridro ve
Princ es s Sus ieB el o s s el s k i* andmet o t h eMic h ael
Go rc h ak o vs ,w h erew es t ayedt il l 5 .
Eas t er

At no o nret urnedt o t h eVl adimirp al ac e


. Th e
Sund
Ap ril
a
z 3
y,
D
GrandDuc h es s p res ent edeac h o f t h eent ireh o us e-
.

.
h o l d- o vert w o h undred- w it h anEas t eregg,and
af t erw ards h erel des t s o n,t h eGrandDuk eK yril l ,
gaveeveryb o dyt h eEas t erk is s ,ex c ep t t h eo l d
L ut h eranh o us ek eep er
. I,w it h t h o s ew h o h adat
dif f erent t imes ac c o mp aniedHerImp erial High nes s
t o t h eF ro nt ,w as p res ent edw it h ap l at inumb adge
o f h erinit ial s ent w inedro undaRedCro s s
.
Mo nday,

Int h emo rningt o t h eAdmiral t y


. Int h eaf t er-
Ap ril 2 4 . D.
no o nt o ac h il dren's p art yat t h eGrandDuc h es s
Vl adimir's .
Great f unw it h t h ec h il drenh unt ing
al l o vert h eh o us ef o rh iddenEas t ereggs
. B ac k t o
dinnert h ere
.
GrandDuk eB o ris p ro p o s edmy
l eavingw it h h imo nWednes dayf o rK ievt o s eet h e
GrandDuk eAl ex anderMic h ail o vic h ,h eado f t h e
AirServic e
.
Wednes day,
L ef t at 5
. 3 0 f o rK iev . Dinedw it h GrandDuk e
Ap ril z 6 . D.
B o ris inh is p rivat ec ar,w it h Co unt es s Z amo ys k a
andGrandDuk eSergeiMic h ail o vic h
.
At Go mel St at io nmet General L uk o ms k i,w h o
* Princ es s Suz anneB el o s s el s k i, nee
Wh it t ier, m . Princ e
Serge .
ATK IEV
5 9
h adb eens o k indandc o urt eo us t o meat t h eWar

1 9 1 6
Of f ic e- w h ic h h el ef t at t h es amet imew it h t h e
Minis t ero f War,General Po l ivano v . Hew as o nh is
w ayt o t ak eup ac o mmandint h eSo ut h - Wes t ern
Army .
K IEV . Arrivedh ere6 . 1 5 a . m . L unc h eo nw it h F riday,
al o t o f o f f ic ers ,andt o t h eb al l et w it h t h emint h e
Ap ril 2 8 . D.
evening . Sup p erandb edat 5 a
. m .
K IEV .
To w rit emynameo nGrandDuk e
Al ex ander . Dinedw it h t h eAmb as s ado r,L ady
Geo rginaandMis s Meriel ,w h o h adj us t arrived
f ro maf o rt nigh t 's s t ayint h eCrimea
.
K IEV . To - dayis t h eTys z k iew ic z - B ranic k a* mar- Sunday,
riageat B iel o z ervig,t w o h o urs f ro mK iev,t o w h ic h
Ap ril 3 0 .
D.
al l Po l andw as go ing . Th eGrandDuk eB o ris w as
s ent b yt h eEmp ero rt o rep res ent h im . Oneh un-
dredandt h irt y- f ives at do w nt o b reak f as t ,s erved
o nL o uis - Q uinz e vermeil . Th eh o us e,w h ereI
s t ayedini9 o g,is c rammedw it h p ric el es s o b j et s
d'art . Th eGrandDuk eB o ris s ent h is A . D. C. t o
as k met o dinnerinmyh o t el . Wew eret h irt y- t w o
- al l w eddinggues t s j us t ret urnedf ro mt h ew edding .
K IEV . Af t erl unc h eo nw it h t h eGrandDuk e Mo nday,
B o ris h edro vemet o t h eGrandDuk eAl ex ander's ,
Mayi .
D.
w h o w as o ut . Hew ent inandex p l ainedmymis s io n
t o t h eA . D. C. Weret urnedt o t h eh o t el . L at er
GrandDuk eAl ex andert el ep h o nedt o met o c o me,
andIw ent . Hel is t enedmo s t at t ent ivel yt o w h at
Ih adt o s ayandt h enas k edmef o rEuro p eannew s .
Het o l dmeh eh adh eardf ro manAmeric anin
Paris ,w h o w ro t eo f no t h ingb ut amus ement s and
* Co unt B enedic t Tys z k iew ic z ,m . Co unt es s Ro s eB ranic k a .
Sat urday,
Ap ril 2 9 . D.
6 o

RUSSIANDIARY
i9 i6

t h ew eat h er
. Th is s el f is h nes s andindif f erenc e
h o rrif iedh im .
F riday,

PETROGRAD. ArrivedWednes day


. Sat urday* is
May5
. L .
t h eEmp res s 's name- day,w h ent h ew h o l ef amil y
h as l unc h eo nat Ts ars k o eSel o
. Princ es s Sus ie
B el o s s el s k i's s o nw as marriedl as t Sundayint h eir
b eaut if ul o l dh o us eo nt h eCh ris t o vs k iIs l and .
B eingal o vel yday,everyb o dyw as int h egarden .
Sunday,

Al o net o Pet erh o f .


It 's s o b eaut if ul - l ik e
May7 .
D.
Hamp t o nCo urt ,w it h t h es eains t eado f t h eriver,
t h ew o o ds c arp et edw it h f l o w ers ,andno t o uris t s
yet ;
t h ef o unt ains o nl yb eginnex t Sunday
.
Tues day,

Anat t ac h eo f o urEmb as s ydiedq uit es uddenl y,


May9 .
D.
andw eal l w ent t o t h ef uneral yes t erday ; t h e
F renc h Amb as s ado rw al k edw it h us t o t h ec emet ery
inab l az ings un .
Greenw ayw as o nl yt w ent y- t h ree,
averynic eb o y .
Th urs day,

Sno w ingdel ib erat el yandt h ero o f s q uit ew h it e


.
Mayii .
D.
L unc h eo nat t h eGrandDuc h es s 's t o - dayt o meet
Princ eCh ris t o p h ero f Greec e,w h o l eaves t o - mo rro w
.
Af t erw ards ac c o mp aniedh ert o t h eAc ademy,w h ere
t h erew as af ineex h ib it io no f Engl is h p o s t ers .
Mo nday,

Th eGrandDuc h es s 's b irt h day


. To o k h erap ink
May1 5 .
D.
ro s e- t ree
. Th ent o h erc h urc h f o r TeDeum. At
l unc h eo n( s ix t y- t w o
` c o uvert s ) Iw as t h eo nl y
f o reigner . GrandDuk ePaul p ro p o s edh erh eal t h
.
Int h eeveningt h et w o demo is el l es d'h o nneur gave
amus ic al p art yint h eirap art ment s ,f o l l o w edb ya
s urp ris es up p erandt h eGrandDuk eB o ris 's
o rc h es t ra . Sup p erat 1
. 3 0 ; dayl igh t at 2 ; h o me
at 3 .
Al l veryp l eas ant andgay .
* Ap ril 2 3 , O. S. , St . Geo rge's Day .
L ADYMURIEL PAGET

6 i
Emp ero r's b irt h day,andMo nday* ano t h erh o l i-
day !
Th is mo nt h ,w it h Sundays ,t h ereareel even
h o l idays int h irt y- o nedays . Th is is l ik et h e
k ingdo mo f Nap l es b ef o rei86 o .
Saw t h ef irs t b as k et o f c h erries ands ent t h em
Sunday,
t o t h eGrandDuc h es s .
Everyo neinl o vew it h
May 2 1 . D.
Al b ert Th o mas - t h eGrandDuc h es s s ays h eis
del igh t f ul .
B ac k inmyb urnt - o ut ro o m,s mel l ing
o f p aint ,b ut s p ic k ands p an,w it h new c urt ains .
Ih avemadegreat f riends w it h L adyMuriel Wednes day,
Paget ,w h o h as c o meo ut ab o ut t h eAngl o - Rus s ian
May 2 4 . L .
Ho s p it al
. If indh erc h arming,andal s o ef f ic ient .
Th eAngl o - Rus s ianHo s p it al w as ins p l endid
is o l at io nands h eh as al readymadeit mo reh uman
andmo reus ef ul .
It o o k h ert o s eet h eGrandDuc h es s o nSun-
dayab o ut t h ef iel dh o s p it al go ingt o t h eF ro nt
.
Th eGrandDuk eAndrec amein,andinaminut e
h eh adt el ep h o nedf o rh ert o s eet h eGeneral
c o mmandingt h eGuards Divis io n,t o w h ic h s h e
h adh o p edt o b eat t ac h ed ;
s o no w it 's al l f ix edup .
Th eGrandDuk eAndrearrangedit al l andL ady
Muriel is t o l eavedirec t l y . Th eGrandDuc h es s ,
w h o h as t ak enimmens el yt o h er,yes t erdayvis it ed
t h eh o s p it al andw as rec eivedb yt h eAmb as s ado r .
Sh es p o k et o al l t h ew o undedmenandaf t erw ards
w ent w it h L adyMuriel t o h erro o mt o t al k o ver
t h ef iel dh o s p it al .
It is ap l eas uret o do anyt h ingf o rL adyMuriel ;
s h eis s o q uic k andgrat ef ul
.
In t h eaf t erno o nw ent t o t h eCo urdes Pages Sunday,
* F eas t o f St . Nic o l as ,t h eEmp ero r's p at ro n .

May 2 8 . D
1 9 1 6
F riday,
Mayi9
. D.
6 2

RUSSIANDIARY
1 9 x 6
f o rt h eb l es s ingo f t h ef iel dh o s p it al ,andw al k ed
aw ayw it h General Hanb ury - Wil l iams . Th e
GrandDuc h es s MariePavl o vnaas s is t edat t h e
c eremo ny .
Mo nday,

To L ip h art 's s t udio - agreat p o rt rait p aint er-


May2 9 .
D.
w h eret h eGrandDuc h es s w as s it t ingf o rh erp ic t ure,
w h ic h is t o h angp ermanent l yat t h eAc ademy .
Het o l dmeh is s o nw as int h eRus s ianMis s io nin
'L o ndo n .
It w as h ew h o w as s ent f ro mL o ndo nt o
Paris t o anno unc et h ec o nf irmat io no f myAdmiral t y
o rdert el egrap h edb yt h eEmp ero r's c o mmand .
Tues day,

Heardunders eal o f s ec rec yt h at O'B eirnew as


May3 0 . D
.
c o mingw it h L o rdK it c h ener . F ro mEngl andh ad
al s o h eardo f t h eirint endeddep art ure,b ut c o n-
s ideredmys el f s t il l undert h es eal . To - nigh t at
dinnerImet s everal f riends o f O'B eirne,w h o w as
s imp l yw o rs h ip p edb yal l c l as s es o f s o c iet yin
Rus s iaduringh is nineyears at t h eEmb as s y
.
To o neo f t h el adies Is aidIw o ul dt el l h erf o rt une
if s h ew o ul dc ut t h ec ards . Wh at evers h ec ut
Iint endedt o s ayt h at agreat f riendw as c o ming
t o s eeh er . Sh ec ut " anunmarriedman," " a
j o urney," " an
ac c ident ,"
and
" deat h . " B ut Io nl y
s aidaf riendw as mak ingaj o urneyt o s eeh er ;
no b o dygues s edw h o it c o ul db e . Th erew as t h en
inPet ro gradno ideao f anyEngl is h Mis s io n
c o ming .
Mo nday,

To t h eEmb as s y,t o s p eak t o His Ex c el l enc y


J une5 .
D.
ab o ut anAmeric anl o ano f f eredt o Rus s iab yt h e
Nat io nal Cit yB ank ,w h ic h h adgo t h ungup and
s eemedmo ret h anl ik el yt o f al l t h ro ugh
. Wit h o ut
h es it at io nh es aidh ew o ul ddo al l h ec o ul df o rit
.
AMERICANF INANCESINPETROGRAD6 3
Th eB ank rep res ent at ives w h o h adc o mef ro m

1 9 1 6
New Yo rk w ant edh imt o s ayaw o rdt o Saz o no v
.
Th emat t erw as int h eh ands o f B ark ,Minis t ero f
F inanc e
.
Ret urnedt o t h eh o t el t o t el l t h ef inanc iers ,w h o
as k edif It h o ugh t t h eAmb as s ado rw o ul drec eive
t h emb ef o res p eak ingt o Saz o no v .
Iimmediat el y
w ro t et o h imandt o o k t h el et t ermys el f .
To dinnerw it h t h eGrandDuc h es s ,w h o b ro k e
t o met h at h erRedCro s s t rainw as t o o f ul l t o t ak e
met o t h eF ro nt ,as p ro mis ed
.
Met t h eAmb as s ado ro nt h eq uay
. Hes t o p p ed Tues day,
meands aidh eh ads eent h ef inanc iers andagreed
J une6 . D.
w it h al l t h eys aid,andh adl aidt h ep o s it io nb ef o re
Saz o no v,w h o w as go ingt h at nigh t t o St avk a .
At t h eh o t el dinedo nt h ero o f w it h t h eAmeric ans ,
andaf t erw ards w ent t o t h eirap art ment s t o p l ay
b ridge .
Iw as p l ayingt h eh andw h enIw as c al l ed
t o t h et el ep h o nef ro mt h eEmb as s y . Myp art ner
ans w ered . Wh enIh admade" grands l am"
Iw ent t o t h et el ep h o neandw as t o l dt h eap p al l ing
new s o f t h edeat h o f L o rdK it c h enerandeveryb o dy
w it h h imo nb o ard .
Myk nees gavew ayb eneat h
me : Ic o l l ap s ed
.
B ef o rego ingt o t h eGrandDuc h es s ,w h o h ad
Wednes day,
t el ep h o nedmet o c o met o l unc h eo n,l o o k edinat
J une7
. D.
t h eEmb as s y,b ut t h erew as no f urt h ernew s .
Af t erw ards s h ew ent t o s eet h eEmp res s Al ex andra
at Ts ars k o eb ef o rel eavingat nigh t f o rt h eF ro nt .
Duringt h edayal l Pet ro gradp as s edb yt h e
Emb as s yf o ranynew s o f O'B eirne
.
Dec idedt o s p endf o urdays o nt h eVo l gat o res t .
1 9 1 6
Th urs day,
J une8 .
L . t o Sir
Geo rge
Art h ur .
Sat urday,
J une 1 o . D.
Sunday,
J uneii . D.
6 4

RUSSIANDIARY
Great angerh ereat s uc h val uab l el ives b eingris k ed
w it h ap p arent l yno p rec aut io ns .
Yes t erdayGrandDuc h es s Vl adimirt al k edagreat
deal ab o ut L o rdK it c h enerandEngl and
. Sh e
c h argedmet o t el l yo uh o w deep l ys h ef el t f o r yo u .
If ul l yreal is et h eimmens it yo f yo urgrief andt h e
magnit udeo f yo url o s s .
It is at errib l et ragedyf o rRus s iat h at t h egreat
manw as nevert o get h ere .
Hew o ul dh aveb een
inval uab l et o everyb o dy,f ro mt h eEmp ero rt o t h e
raw rec ruit .
Th erec ruit s o f Mayih avec o meinandare
s et t l ingdo w n . Th es t reet s againaref ul l o f s ec t io ns
dril l ingat vario us s t ages ; everydril l - h al l is o ver-
f l o w ing . Th emenaremuc h f inert h ant h o s eo f l as t
Oc t o b er,w h ic h is ac c o unt edf o rb yt w ent y- t w o
mo nt h s o f " No al c o h o l . " Ic o ns t ant l yp as s b ef o re
t h eb arrac k s o f t h ePavl o vs k iGuards - " s nub -
no s es " - f o undedb yt h eEmp ero rPaul ,w h o h ad
h ardl yanyno s e ! Magnif ic ent men,b ut t h et al l es t
arek ep t f o rt h ePreo b raj ens k iGuards - f irs t regi-
ment int h eRus s ianArmy . Th eyareno w l earning
t o marc h w it h t h eirl o ngs t ride,t o p o ut o ut t h eir
c h es t s ,andt o s al ut ew it h t h ec h in in t h eair .
Th eRus s ians o l dieris as imp l e,earnes t c reat ure,
b o rnt o b ec o mmanded ; w h enp ro p erl yl ed,
invinc ib l e- no t o nl yb ec aus eo f h is great p ers o nal
b ravery,b ut b ec aus eh is individual it yis mergedin
t h at o f h is c o mmander .
To Nic o l ais t at io nf o rReb ins k .
REB INSK - ON- THE- VOL GA. At aw ays ides t at io n
h eardt h eh eart - rendingc ries o f ayo ungp eas ant -
VOYAGEONTHEVOL GA

6 5
w o mans eeingo f f h ers o l dierh us b and . Th eunc o n-

9 1 6
t ro l l edc ries o f t h ep eo p l erec al l animal s s ep arat ed
f ro mt h eiryo ung . Dro ves t raigh t t o t h es t eamer
o f f ic e,go t myc ab ink ey,andw ent o nb o ard . Up
s t reamt o Yaro s l av,w h ic h ,s t andingo nit s w h it e
c l if f s ,w it h it s c l as s ic al c h urc h emb eddedint rees ,
c o mmands o neo f t h emo s t b eaut if ul reac h es o f t h e
Vo l ga .
NIJ NINOVGOROD.
Arrivedat 3 p
. m
. andvis it ed
Mo nday,
t h eK reml inandc at h edral w it h it s w o nderf ul
J une r2 . D.
anc ient ic o ns ,andl ef t at nigh t . F ro mmyc ab in
c o ul dh eart h enigh t ingal es s ingingas w ew ent
al o ng . B righ t mo o nl igh t .
VOL GA. Riverreal l yro ugh w it h s t ro ngh ead- Tues day,
w ind ; s o mep eo p l eil l . Cl o udl es s s k y . At every
J une
1
3 . D.
l anding- s t agec h il drenw ereo f f eringarms f ul o f
l il ies o f t h eval l eyf o ral mo s t no t h ing
.
F ro mab ig
mo nas t eryo nt h eb ank l argec ro w ds o f Wh it s unt ide
p il grims c ameo nb o ard . ArrivedK as anat 6 p . m .
L ef t s t eameranddro vet o h o t el .
K ASAN . Int h emo rningvis it edt h eK reml in, Wednes day,
t h ec at h edral ,andt h emo nas t eryf ro mw h ic h t h e
J une
1 4 -
D.
c el eb rat edic o no f t h eVirginw as t ak enb yPet er
t h eGreat t o Pet ers b urg . Int h eaf t erno o nt o s ee
t h eTart arq uart erandt h emo s q ues . At nigh t
dro vet o t h es t eamer- p ier,t h reemil es o vert h e
p l ainat t h ef o o t o f t h et o w n,w h ic h is c o vered
w it h w at erw h ent h eic emel t s . L ef t at mid-
nigh t up s t ream . " Mo t h erVo l ga " is t o o
b eaut if ul f o rw o rds - o neo f t h ef ew t h ings
inmyl if eIh avereal l yf o undb et t ert h anI
ex p ec t ed .
E
6 6

RUSSIANDIARY
1 9 1 6

NIJ NINOVGOROD.
Ap ic t ures q uet o w no f o l d
J une i6 . D.
w o o denh o us es amids t gardens o nt h es ideo f w o o ded
c l if f s
. To reac h t h eMo s c o w s t at io no neh as t o
c ro s s at rib ut aryriverb yf erry .
As uddent emp es t
w it h drenc h ingrainp revent edt h ef erry- b o at f ro m
mak ingt h eo p p o s it ep ier . It w as o nl yaf t erf ive
" t ries "
t h at w emanagedt o get al o ngs ide .
Peo p l e
o nt h eb o at muc h al armed,ex c ep t al it t l enine-
year- o l dgirl w it h l o nggo l denh air,w h o mIs h el t ered
ins idemyw at erp ro o f ;
s h el augh edat t h ep anic
andt h es t o rm
. Ic arriedh ero f f t h eb o at ands h e
k is s edme .
St at io ns it uat edint h eq uart erw h eret h eannual
f airt ak es p l ac e .
B us yb uil dinggo ingo nf o rt h e
f air . Wh erevert rains t o p p ed,mus h ro o ms ,l il ies
o f t h eval l ey,andnigh t ingal es .
Sunday,

PETROGRAD.
Arrivedf ro mMo s c o w t h is mo rning .
J une is . D.
To - nigh t Americ anl o ans igned .
F rida y ,

Wal k ingdo w nt h eNevs k iIo vert o o k arel igio us


J une2 3
. D.
p ro c es s io nint h emids t o f t h et rams andt raf f ic .
Wh o s h o ul db eo ut f o raw al k b ut t h eic o no f t h e
K as anVirgin,w h o l ives int h eK as anCat h edral ,
ac c o mp aniedb yh ero w nmet ro p o l it anw it h h is
w al k ing- s t ic k .
If o l l o w edh erint o h erc h urc h ,
ands aw h erp o p p edint o h erf rameagain .
Sh e
h as ah ugeemeral do nh erc h es t ,andadiamo nd
c ro w n .
No s ervic et o - dayat t h eGrandDuc h es s 's c h urc h .
Sh eis t h eh eado f t h ePo mp iers
; it is t h eirannual
review ,s o h ears Mas s w it h t h em- Igo t o l unc h eo n .
Tues day, Saz o no vis s et t l edint h eb igp al ac eat Ts ars k o e
J une2 7 . D_
f o rt h es ummer .
L et t erf ro mB uc k ingh amPal ac e
THETZ ESAREVICHINSTAVK A 6 7
t h ank ingmef o rt h ec o mp l et es eries o f WarL o an

1 9 1 6
p ic t urep l ac ards .
Princ es s Orl o vh adl unc h eo nw it h meat F el ic ien's .
Af t erw ards ingl o rio us w eat h erw ew al k edt o
K ris t o vs k it o s eePrinc eB el o s s el s k i,h erf at h er,w h o
s h o w edmeh is w o nderf ul c o l l ec t io no f p ic t ures ,
b uh l ,and o b j et s d'art .
TSARSK OESEL O . Mo vedh ereyes t erdayt o p as s Sunday,
t h es ummerw it h t h eGrandDuc h es s Vl adimir .

J ul y 2 . D.
To t h eEmp ero r's c h urc h ; t h eEmp res s and
daugh t ers w eret h ere . Th edearl it t l eb o yis aw ay
at St avk aw it h t h eEmp ero r . His Sw is s t ut o ris
w it h h im,andh edo es h is l es s o ns o nt h everanda
- s o met imes ! Th ereis al s o ago o ddeal o f b o at ing,
ro w ing,andp ic nic s - p erh ap s j us t al it t l et o o
muc h .
TSARSK OE
SEL O
.
Mo t o redw it h t h e Grand F riday,
Duc h es s t o Pet ro gradh er . w eek l yvis it t o h er
J ul y7 . D.
c o mmit t ees . Sh erec eivedt h eAmeric anf inanc iers ,
w h o mIt o o k t o s eeh er . Saz o no vdined . He
p ro mis edt o do al l inh is p o w ert o f urt h eramat t er
Iw as int eres t edin . Al l udingt o L o rdK it c h ener
h es aid, " Real l yEngl andis t o o c arel es s o f h er
great men's l ives . "
TSARSK OE SEL O. Dro ve af t er l unc h eo nt o Wednes day,
GrandDuk eB o ris ,andmo t o redw it h h imt o
J ul y 1 2 .
D.
Terrij o k i,inF inl and,t o s t ayw it h General No s t it z .
Al o vel y dac h a ( vil l a) int h emids t o f p ine- t rees and
b irc h es ,w it h l aw ns andf l o w ers do w nt o t h es ea
.
K ro ns t adt int h edis t anc e . Do w nt h eavenue
t h ef ul l mo o nro s eac ro s s t h es ea,w h il s t w ew ere
diningint h everanda .
6 8

RUSSIANDIARY
x 9 1 6

TERRIJ OK I. Yes t erdayw eal l w ent f o rap ic nic


F riday
J ul y 3 1 , 4

J
D
inb o at s up t h eB l ac k River . Aminiat ureMaiden-
h eadReac h . Riverf ul l o f t ro ut ands al mo n .
Teao nt h eb ank . To - davmo t o redb ac k t o Ts ars k o e
w it h GrandDuk eB o ris . Pas s ingPet ro gradrac e-
c o urs e,w ent int o Imp erial b o x f o rt w o rac es . On
Ts ars k o ero ads t o p p edf o rt h eGrandDuk et o
s p eak t o Co unt es s B ras s o v,w if eo f GrandDuk e
Mic h ael .
Tues day,

TSARSK OF SEL O. Int h eaf t erno o nmo t o redt o


J ul y Is .
D.
Pet ro gradw it h t h eGrandDuc h es s t o t h eAdmiral t y
Pier . As t eam- l aunc h w as w ait ingt o t ak eh er
do w nt h erivert o t h eh arb o uro f Vas s il iOs t ro v,
w h eres h el andedt o ins p ec t aneno rmo us t ent
madeb ys ail o rs f o ro neo f t h et h irt eeno rganis at io ns .
Ont h eis l andaret w o l it t l eh o us es o f t h et imeo f
Pet ert h eGreat
. It w as h eret h at h eh adh is gal l eys
b uil t . Wevis it edt w o gal l eys - o neb uil t int h et ime
o f Cat h erineII,t h eo t h erint h at o f Al ex anderI .
F riday,

TSARSK OESEL O. Duc deL uynes ,Marq uis de


J ul y 2 i .
D.
F l ers ,o nt h eirw ayt o Rumania,andCh amb run
o f t h eF renc h Emb as s ydined . Princ eNic o l as o f
Greec earrivedat i i .
Mo nday,

TSARSK OE SEL O . Weal l w ent t o t h eGrand


J ul y
2 4 .
D.
Duk ePaul 's p al ac ef o rt eaint h egarden . Int h e
l argedraw ing- ro o mt h et w o l it t l egirl s o f t h e
Princ es s Pal eiac t edap l ayinb l ank vers e,w rit t en
b yt h eirb ro t h erinF renc h . Th ep iec ew as del igh t f ul
andb eaut if ul l yac t ed .
F riday,

TSARSK OESEL O. St . MaryMagdal en . At l un-


Aug
. 4 .
D.
c h eo nf o rt y
c o uvert s . L ef t af t erw ards f o rPet ro grad
ab o ut p as s p o rt ,s o mis s edmeet ingEmp res s and
J OURNEYTOENGL AND

6 9
h erdaugh t ers .
Ret urnedf o rdinner . Th eGrand

I9 I6
Duc h es s rec eivedmeinh er
c ab inet det ravail t o
w is h me b o nvo yage .
PETROGRAD. Cameup l as t nigh t
. Havery,t h e
Sat urday,
Emb as s yMes s enger,f et c h edme6 . 3 0 a . m . Pic k ed
Aug . 5 . D.
up t h eb ags at t h eEmb as s yandl ef t f o rEngl and .
TORNEO. F o undmyCus t o ms f riendmo s t c ivil .
Sunday,
Hes ent everyt h ingt o t h erivers t eamerw it h o ut
Aug . 6 . D.
ex aminat io n . Met B ark ,Minis t ero f F inanc e,
w it h General Wat ers ,j us t ret urningf ro mL o ndo n .
InF inl andrail w ay- s t at io ns ,o np ayingf o ro ne's
l unc h eo n,o neis h andedk nif e,f o rk ,nap k in,p l at e,
et c . ,andeat s as muc h as o nel ik es !
B ERGEN . St eamerl ef t h al f anh o url at e,b ec aus e
Th urs day,
Mrs . L evert o nHarris h adl o s t h erl uggage . Sl eep -
Aug .
io .
D.
ingo ndec k af t erl unc h eo n,b ef o rel eavingt h e
f j o rds f o rt h eo p ens ea,w as s ent f o rb yCap t ain .
Heex p ec t edt h es t eamert o b es t o p p edb yGerman
s ub marines ,ands aidt h eF
. O
. b ags o ugh t t o b e
w eigh t ed . Th es h ip 's c arp ent erp ut iro nint o t h e
c o ul is s es o f t h eb ags anddep o s it edt h emo ndec k
h andyt o t h ro w o verb o ard
.
Sh ip s t o p p eds ud-
denl yint h enigh t . Rus h edo ndec k andf o und
o nl yas ea- f o g . Arrivedat New c as t l e- o n- Tyne .
PETROGRAD [ o nh is ret urnf ro mEngl and] . Train Sunday,
arrivedp unc t ual l y .

Sep t . 2 4 . D
.
Ho l yCro s s Day . To Ts ars k o eSel o t o evening Tues day,
s ervic eat F eo do ro vs k iSo b o r,w h ic h s o imp res s edme
Sep t . 2 6
. D
.
l as t year . Th eEmp res s andf o urdaugh t ers w ere
t h ere .
7 0

RUSSIANDIARY
1 9 1 [ 6

F irs t s no w .
L as t nigh t t o B rit is h Co l o nyHo s -
Sunday,
Oc t . r
. D.
p it al f o rex c el l ent p erf o rmanc egivenb ef o ret h e
Amb as s ado rb yEngl is h s ub marines ail o rs f ro m
Reval ; l augh edimmo derat el y
.
Th urs day,

Heardo f t h edeat h o f myo l df riend,Al ex is


Oc t , 5 * D.
Orl o v,inParis . To Naro dnieDo m( Peo p l e's
Pal ac e) t o f irs t p erf o rmanc eo f anew o p erab ro ugh t
f ro mMo s c o w . L o vel ymus ic ,b al l et ,and mis een
s c ene
; Rus s ianh is t o ric s ub j ec t .
GrandDuk eB o ris t el ep h o nedf ro mTs ars k o e
t h at h is aut o mo b il ew o ul df et c h met o - mo rro w
midday . 1 h aveap et it io nt o giveh imf o rt h e
Emp ero r .
Wednes day

F irs t f ro s t . 2 4 F ah renh eit . It is q uit et rue


Oc t . II L .
ab o ut SergeOb o l ens k i . Hemarries Princ es s B aria-
t ins k i,t h eyo unges t mo rganat ic c h il do f t h eEm-
p res s Al ex anderII. Sh eis veryb eaut if ul ; al l t h e
mo t h ers o f marriageab l edaugh t ers aref urio us .
Th edeat h s o f Al ex is Orl o f f andPrinc eAb amel ek
h avegivenus al l muc h t o t al k ab o ut as t h eyw ere
b o t h veryric h
. Ius edt o s t ayw it h Al ex is inParis .
His maddo gb it me .
F riday,

To t h ePo l o vt s o v's h o us eo nt h eis l ands f o r


o c t .
2 0 . D.
l unc h eo n,w h ereIs at nex t t o t h eGrandDuc h es s
Vl adimirandt o o k l eaveo f h erb ef o res t art ingf o r
Paris t o - mo rro w .
Ah o us eo f t h et imeo f Al ex an-
derI- f urnit ureand o b j et s d'art o f t h at ep o c h - al l
int h eb es t o f t as t e .
Sat urday,

Haveryf et c h edmeat 6 . 3 0 ,andt o o k met o t h e


Oc t . 2 1 .
D.
s t at io nf o rParis .
General Wat ers andCap t ain
Mac Caw int rain . Mac Caw w as c ert ainl yt h eb es t
andneat es t t ravel l ingc o mp anio nIh aveeverh ad
ATTORNEO

7 1
t h ep l eas ureo f f indingmys el f w it h
. Hew as mo s t
ent ert aining,w it h l o t s o f St avk as t o ries
.
TORNEO.
Riverf ro z en- eno ugh t o s t o p naviga-
Sunday,
t io nb ut no t t o b ears l edges .
No b o t h erw it h
Oc t . 2 2 . D.
Cus t o ms .
Et t er,b ro t h ero f t h eGrandDuc h es s 's
eq uerry,andh eado f t h ec o mmit t eef o rt h erec ep -
t io no f Rus s ianw o undedp ris o ners f ro mGermany,
t o o k meandMac Caw o vert h eh ut s ,w h eret h e
Rus s ians p as s t h enigh t b ef o rel eavingf o rPet ro -
grad .
Sp l endidl yo rganis ed,w it h c h ap el ,b at h s ,
anddining- ro o ms
. Th ent o t h eis l andint h eriver
t o t h eGermanh ut s
. Th es ameex c el l ent o rgani-
s at io n .
AGermanp ris o ner,t o o il l t o b einc l uded
int h el as t t w o c o nvo ys ,t o l dmeh ew as mo s t
c o mf o rt ab l eandw el l l o o k edaf t er .
At t h et o p o f
t h ec h urc h t o w eris as mal l w indo w w h ic h ak ing
o f Sw edenh ado p enedt o s eet h eMidnigh t Sun,
b eingo nl yf if t eenmil es f ro mt h eArc t ic Circ l e
.
NEWCASTL E- ON- TYNE
[ o nret urnj o urneyt o Pet ro -
grad] .
Af t eral as t f rieds o l e,rumb l edina
t umb l e- do w nveh ic l edo w nt h es t eep andt o t al l y
unl it s t reet s ,inat errif ic gal e,t o t h ew h arf ,and
go t o nb o ardat io p . m.
Wo k eup at 6 . 5 o a . m
. andf o undw ew eres t il l
al o ngs idet h ew h arf . B l o w ingb igguns .
At 7 . 3 0
w es t art ed,andIdres s eds o as t o b ereadyt o go
o ndec k as s o o nas w eh adgo t o ut t o s ea,f o ro n
t h eTyneit is f o rb iddenf o rp as s engers t o go o n
1 9 1 6
Sunday,
No v . 1 9 . D.
1 9 1 6
dec k .
F ro mw indo w s o f dec k s al o o ns aw w ew ere
f o l l o w ingt h eCh ris t ianiaw eek l ymail b o at , B es s h eim,
o nw h ic h Ih adc ro s s edinSep t emb er . Th egal e
inc reas edas w eap p ro ac h edt h es ea . Saw t h e
B es s h eim
indif f ic ul t ies o ut s ide . Sh es uddenl y
t urnedro undandh eel edo ver,h ers t ernb eingo n
t h ero c k s .
B igs eas b ro k eo verh er . Weret urned
up s t reamandmo o redal o ngs ideano t h ers t eamer .
Wew ereno t al l o w edo ndec k al l day . Cap t ain
gavemeno h o p es o f l eavingb ef o ret o - mo rro w
middayat earl ies t . Th is ent ail edmyl o s ingmy
c o mp art ment s res ervedeveryw h eref o rt h edirec t
j o urneyt o Pet ro grad . At 5 o 'c l o c k aCus t o ms t ug
c ameal o ngs ide
. Ias k edt h emt o t el ep h o net h e
'

aut h o rit ies if Imigh t c o meas h o re . Th eyret urned


w it h t h ep ermis s io nat 7 p . m . Il ef t immediat el y
w it h t h em,s l idinginp it c h - dark nes s do w naro p e-
l adderinaRus s ianf urc o at andp o t - h at int o w h at
s eemedab o t t o ml es s gul f . L andedw it h dif f ic ul t y
at No rt h Sh iel ds p ier,t o o k anel ec t ric t raint o
New c as t l e,andarrivedinL o ndo nnex t mo rning
.
Re- emb ark edat New c as t l e- o n- Tyne,af t erdinner
w it h myCanadianf l yingf riendL anc el o t Duk e,
at io p . m . f o rB ergen . Terrib l ec ro s s ing .
Sat urday,

HAPARANDA. Met w it h t h eus ual andp ers is t ent


Dec . z . D
.
c ivil it yf ro mt h eSw edis h aut h o rit ies ,w h o ,every
t imeIh avep as s edt h ro ugh ,h aveal w ays b eenmo re
t h anc o urt eo us .
Sunday,

ArrivedPet ro grad .
Dec .
3 .
D.
To c al l o nt h eAmb as s ado randL adyGeo rgina
Mo nday,
Dec . 4 . D.
t h ent o t h eGrandDuc h es s Vl adimirs p al ac e .
K no w ingit w as as aint 's day,f o undh erat s ervic e
Sat urday,
No v . 2 5 . D
.
7 2
RUSSIANDIARY
ATTHEK ASANCATHEDRAL

7 3
w h eres h ew as muc h s urp ris edt o s eeme . To
l unc h eo naf t erw ards . Nevano t f ro z en .
Heardo nt h eh igh es t aut h o rit yf ro manAl l ied
Emb as s yt h at Germanyh as madeac at ego ric al
o f f ero f p eac e . Th is w as c o nf irmedl at erb yan
eq ual l yeminent aut h o rit y . Th eNevaf ro z eno ver .
Af t ers ervic eat t h eGrandDuc h es s 's c h urc h w e Sunday,
w eret h irt y- s evenat l unc h eo n . GrandDuk eB o ris ,
Dec . 1 7 . D.
b ac k f ro mPers ia,w as t h ere . Dinedw it h t h eGrand.
Duc h es s ,w h o readmeamo s t p it if ul l et t erj us t
c o mef ro mt h eQ ueeno f Rumania,andaf t erw ards
t al k edmo s t int eres t ingl yo f h errel at io ns w it h
Prus s ia,as aPrinc es s o f Mec k l enb urg . Deep s no w
;
f irs t s l edges o ut t h is evening .
Onf o o t t o t h eK as anc h urc h ,w h ere Te Deum
Tues day,
w as s ungf o rt h eEmp ero r's name- day . Al l t h e
Dec . 1 9 . D.
Emb as s ies andt h eo f f ic ial w o rl dw erep res ent . I
w as al l o w edt o ent er,b eingk no w nb yt h eSec ret
Po l ic e . Hearingo f t h eret urno f t h eGrand
Duk eDmit rif ro mt h eF ro nt ,w ro t emynameo n
h im . Dinedat t h eEmb as s y- o nl yEngl is h p eo p l e .
Went o nt o s up p erat Sc h ub ine's ,w h ereIf o und-
amo ngs t manyf riends - t h eGrandDuk eDmit ri .
Ih adno t s eenh imf o rmanymo nt h s .
Hec al l ed
meas ideint o ano t h erro o m,w h ereh edis c us s ed
w it h meat great l engt h t h ew h o l eint ernal p o l it ic al
s it uat io n . Havingh adk no w l edgeb o t h o f my
l o yal t yanddis c ret io n,h ec o nf idedt o met h es t ep s
h et h o ugh t mus t b et ak ent o arres t t h ec o nt inued
reac t io naryp o l ic yo f t h eEmp res s ,int o w h ic h s h e
w as draggingt h eEmp ero r ; andh o w imp erat ive
w as t h eremo val o f evil c o uns el l o rs .
x 9 1 6
Wednes day,
Dec . 1 3 . D.
1 9 z 6
Wednes day,
Dec . 2 0 . D
7 4
RUSSIANDIARY
L unc h eo nw it h GrandDuk eDmit rit o s eeh is
ap art ment ,rearrangedo nt h egro undf l o o ro f
h is p al ac e
.
At midnigh t ret urnedt o s up p er
t h ere .
F riday,

St ranget h ings areh ap p eningh ere :


t h eEmp ero r
Dec - 2 2 - L .
h as ex il edPrinc es s Vas s il t c h ik o v,al adyo f h igh
b irt h ,f o rw rit ingt o t h eEmp res s ! Arew eb ac k
inPet ert h eGreat 's reign ? Wh erew il l it al l end ?
Ih aveb eenw arnedo f adramaw h ic h mays o o n
h ap p en . B ut Idareno t b reat h eaw o rd . Even
myf req uent vis it s t o Euro p emigh t c o unt agains t
me!
Mo nday,

At l unc h eo nat Do no n's ,Savins k it al k edt il l h al f -


Dec . 2 5 .
D.
p as t t h reeo nt h egeneral unres t w h ic h p revail s
;
t h enw ew al k edt o t h eF o reignOf f ic e . Ch ris t mas
dinnerat t h eEmb as s y ;
c h arades . It o l dt h e
Amb as s ado ro f t h edep art ureo f t h eEmp res s f o r
t h eF ro nt .
Wednes day, Mo s c o w . Arrivedat 1 0 . 2 0 t h is mo rning .
L un-
Dec
.
2 7
. D.
c h eo nat MadamOl ive's ,w it h Princ es s Sus ie
B el o s s eis k iandh erl it t l eb o y .
Wit h t h emt o t h e
c el eb rat edo l dc o nvent inw h ic h Pet ert h eGreat
h adh is h al f - s is t erSo p h ies h ut up ,andw h eret h e
nuns mak eas p ec ial it yo f emb ro idery . To t h e
Th eat redes Art s , Ts arF eo do rIvano vic h - marvel -
l o us l ymo unt edandb eaut if ul l yp l ayed .
Sat urday,

PETROGRAD. Ab o ut 5 p . m . w as as l eep ,w h en
Dec
. 3 o
. D.
Seymo urc ame . Af riendint h ep o l ic e,w h o mh e
met int h es t reet ,t o l dh imRas p ut inh adb eens h o t
t h reet imes b yF el ix Yus up o v . Hedidno t k no w
if Ras p ut inw as dead . It el ep h o nedt o t h eEmb as s y
b ut L adyGeo rginaw as o ut . Sh erangmeup at
THEGRANDDUK EDMITRIPAVL OVICH
DISAPPEARANCEOF RASPUTIN
7 5
5
. 4 o t o s ays h eh adj us t h eardt h erep o rt
. Mean-

1 9 1 6
w h il eIh adal readyw rit t ent o t h eGrandDuc h es s
Vl adimir .
Int h eh o t el t h erumo urw as general l y
k no w nb y7 . 1 5
. To t h eF renc h t h eat re,w h erein
t h eImp erial b o x w eret h eGrandDuk es B o ris and
Dmit ri
. Ac o us ino f F el ix Yus up o v's w as t h ere,
b ut k new no t h ing
. No b o dyk no w s anyt h ingdef i-
nit e .
It l o o k s as if t h ew arningIrec eivedo n
Dec emb eri9 o f at ragic
deno uement b ef o reDec emb er
3 1 h adc o met rue .
Gl o rio us w eat h er : - 2
F ah renh eit . Wh enI Sunday,
k is s edt h eGrandDuc h es s Vl adimir's h andaf t er
Naryrive
.
Mas s Is aid,"
To - dayevent h es unis s h ining," b ut
s h erep l ied," Weareno t yet s ureo f t h ef ac t
. "
Wew eret h irt y- f o urt o l unc h eo n
; t h et h reeGrand
Duk es ,h ers o ns ,al s o
. GrandDuk eAndreh as
j us t c o meb ac k f ro mt h eF ro nt af t ert w o mo nt h s '
ab s enc e .
No t h ingdef init ek no w nyet
; manys t o ries ,b ut
al l endingint h es amew ay- t h at Ras p ut inh ad
dis ap p eared .
Il ef t at 1 . 1 6 p . m
. o nf o o t f o rt h eEmb as s y
b ril l iant s uns h ine,inw h ic h t h eredEmb as s yw as
gl o w ing . If o undt h eAmb as s ado r,L adyGeo rgina,
Mis s Meriel ,General Hanb ury- Wil l iams ,andCo l o nel
B urn,w h o h adb ro ugh t t h eb ag
. It o l dt h emal l
Ih adh eardab o ut Ras p ut in's dis ap p earanc e .
I
al s o t o l dt h eGeneral t h at Ih adw rit t enh o met en
days ago t h at t h ep o l it ic al s it uat io nw o ul dendin
at ragic deno uement .
Wh il s t w ew eret al k ing,t h ere
w as b ro ugh t inac o p yo f t h ePo l ic eRep o rt * w it h
* SeeAp p endix III.
1 9 1 6
7 6

RUSSIANDIARY
t h edif f erent arrival s ,dep art ures ,andp o l ic ec al l s
at t h eYus up o vPal ac et h at nigh t
.
Everyo new ent aw ayandIs at w it h L ady
Geo rginaint h ec o rnerdraw ing- ro o m . L adySyb il
Greyc al l ed ; s h es aidt h at F el ix Yus up o vh ad
b eeno nSat urdayaf t erno o nt o t h eAngl o - Rus s ian
Ho s p it al - w h ic h o c c up ies t h ef irs t f l o o ro f t h e
Dmit riPal ac e- w it h t h eGrandDuk eDmit ri,t o
h aveaf is h - b o net ak eno ut o f h is t h ro at . Th is
w as t h ef irs t def init enew s o f F el ix Yus up o vs inc e
t h erumo urs o f t h emurder . To inq uiries at t h e
Yus up o vPal ac et h eans w eral l dayh adb eent h at
h eh adl ef t f o rt h eCrimea
.
F ro mt h eEmb as s yIdro veb ac k direc t l yt o t h e
GrandDuc h es s Vl adimir's p al ac eandas k edt o s ee
h er. Iw as s h o w ninimmediat el y . Sh ew as in
t h el at eGrandDuk eVl adimir's c ab inet det ravail
o nt h egro undf l o o r,w h ereduringt h ew ars h e
al w ays dines ands it s af t erdinner . It o l dh eral l
Ic o ul drememb ero f t h ePo l ic eRep o rt ,andt h en
s h et o l dmet h eGrandDuk eDmit riPavl o vic h
h adb eenp ut underarres t - anunh eard- o f t h ing,
f o rs inc et h emurdero f t h eEmp ero rPaul ( 1 8o i)
no GrandDuk eh as everb eenp ut underarres t o n
agravec h arge,ando nt h at o c c as io nt h eEmp ero r
Paul l o s t h is l if ef o ro nl yt h reat eningit .
Iw ent b ac k t o t h eEmb as s yandw ent s t raigh t
up t o L adyGeo rginaw it h o ut b einganno unc ed .
Sh ew as al o ne,andIas k edw h et h erImigh t s p eak
t o t h eAmb as s ado r . Sh et o o k met o h is ro o mand
h es aw meat o nc e . It o l dh imo f t h eGrandDuk e
Dmit ri's arres t andt h at F el ix Yus up o vh adt el e-
GRANDDUK EDMITRIANDRASPUTIN7 7
p h o nedt o t h eGrandDuc h es s f ro mt h eDmit ri
Pal ac e, " Iiyaun mal ent endu . "
His Ex c el l enc yw as muc h imp res s edb yt h enew s
andb egant o w rit eh is dis p at c h . Ias k edh im
w h et h erImigh t t ak et h ePo l ic eRep o rt t o t h e
GrandDuc h es s
. Hes aid, " Cert ainl y,b ut b ring
it b ac k at o nc e . " It h endro veb ac k t o t h eGrand
Duc h es s 's p al ac eandw ent inat o nc et o h erro o m .
Sh ereadt h edo c ument o ut al o ud : no b o dyw as
t h ereb ut I.
Wh enIagaingo t b ac k t o t h eEmb as s yIw ent
s t raigh t up t o t h eAmb as s ado r's ro o mandh anded
h imb ac k t h edo c ument . Hel ef t t h ero o mat t h e
s amet imeas Idid,go ingdo w ns t airs w it h h is
dis p at c h t o t h eCh anc ery . Go ingo ut Imet B ruc e
int h eh al l ,t o w h o mIanno unc edt h eGrandDuk e's
arres t . Th eAmb as s ado r,b ef o reIl ef t ,as k edme,
if Ih eardanymo renew s ,t o l et h imk no w
. As I
w as diningat t h eGrandDuc h es s Vl adimir's ,w h o
al w ays ret iredat io ,Is aidIw o ul dt el ep h o ne
anyt h ingo f imp o rt anc e .
Wo remy s c h ub a f o rt h ef irs t t ime- -
5
F ah ren-
h eit - andmyc l o t h es w erec o veredw it h f ur
.
Wh il s t Iw as b eingb rus h edint h eant ec h amb er
t h eGrandDuk eB o ris c amein,andw ew ent
t o get h erint o t h e c ab inet det ravail ,
w h eret h eGrand
Duc h es s w as s it t ingat h erw rit ing- t ab l e
. Wes at
do w nt o dinnerat o nc e,as h ew as go ingt o t h e
b al l et . Th eGrandDuc h es s t h ens aid,
" It el e-
p h o nedt o Dmit riPavl o vic h ,andas t rangevo ic e
f irs t ans w eredmeinEngl is h ; t h enh eh ims el f s p o k e
t o me. Hes w o ret h at h ek new no t h ingab o ut t h e
1 9 1 6
1 9 1 6
7 8

RUSSIANDIARY
Ras p ut inaf f air ; t h at h eh adl ef t t h es up p erat 4
.
Th is w as inrep l yt o t h eGrandDuc h es s h avingt o l d
h imt h at h ers o ns w ereo ut ragedat t h et h o ugh t o f
h is b eingunderarres t . Het h ens aidit w as t h e
Emp res s w h o h ads ent aGeneral t o p ut h imunder
arres t ; t h at t h eGeneral ap o l o gis edf o rh avingt o
do anac t w h ic h w as no t s t ric t l y enregl e, b ut h e
" h o p edt h eGrandDuk ew o ul ds ub mit . " Heal s o
s aidt h at t h eEmp ero rw as t o arriveat Ts ars k o e
t o - mo rro w ,anddec l aredt h at h emeant t o " rais e
h el l . "
Duringdinnerw ew ereal l p et rif iedb yt h eGrand
Duk eDmit ri's denyingal l k no w l edgeo f t h eaf f air,
ands ayingt h at ,al t h o ugh h eh adb eent o s up p er
t h ere,h eh adl ef t b ef o re4 .
Wh ent h eGrandDuk eB o ris l ef t t o go t o t h e
b al l et Iw ent o nf o o t t o t h eEmb as s y
. As it w as
earl yIt h o ugh t Iw o ul dgo inp ers o nins t eado f
t el ep h o ning . Th erew erel igh t s o nt h eEmb as s y
s t airc as e,s o Ias k edif Ic o ul ds eeL adyGeo rgina,
andw as s h o w nup t o t h eAmb as s ado r's b edro o m ;
h ew as j us t go ingt o undres s . It o l dh imo f t h e
GrandDuk eDmit ri's ab s o l ut edenial o f anys h are
int h emurder- w h ic h ,af t eral l ,is o nl ynat ural ,
t h o ugh h es w o reit o nh is o w nic o n . If al l t h e
c o ns p irat o rs ac k no w l edgedt h eirc o mp l ic it yo nt h e
t el ep h o net o t h eirf riends andrel at io ns it migh t
b edis as t ro us t o t h eac t ual p erp et rat o ro rt o t h e
w h o l el o t .
If o undt h eAmb as s ado rverymuc h p ert urb ed
andt ired ; h eh adb eenc o nf inedt o h is b edro o m
f o raw eek . Hew al k edup anddo w nt h ero o m
;
CONCERNINGRASPUTIN'SDEATH 7 9
Is at b yt h ef ire . Iw is h edt h eAmb as s ado r " Go o d
nigh t " andw ent ands at w it h L adyGeo rginainh er
s it t ing- ro o m . It w as t h en 1 0 . 3 0 . Sh ew as c al l ed
t o t h et el ep h o neb yMrs . B eringer,w if eo f t h e
Reut erc o rres p o ndent ,b ut h es p o k et o h er . Th e
o nl ynew s h egavew as t h at t h ep o l ic eo f t h edis t ric t
w h ereRas p ut inl ivedh ads eenanaut o mo b il ego
t o h is h o us eab o ut 4 a . m . , f et c h h imandt ak eh im
aw ay . Th is is t h ef irs t ac t ual new s Ih adh eard
o f t h earrival o f Ras p ut inat t h eYus up o vPal ac e,
o rrat h ero f h is dep art uret o arrivet h ere
.
1 9 1 6
NINETEENSEVENTEEN
NINETEENSEVENTEEN
I
HAVE go t s uc h aw f ul rh eumat is minb o t h
1 9 1 7
arms andb o t h h ands Ic anh ardl yh o l daTues day
.

L
p en .

t o t h e
Ras p ut inw as k il l edint h eYus up o vPal ac eab o ut
f
x
p o n
es s
7 a . m . Sat urday,Dec emb er 3 1 . Th erew erep res ent
GrandDuk eDmit riPavl o vic h ,F el ix Yus up o v,and
aCo ns ervat ivememb ero f t h eDuma,andt w o l ady
f riends o f Ras p ut in,w h o l ef t ,p ro t es t ing,at 4 a . m . ,
s o t h emanh adanago nyo f t h reeh o urs . Al l t h is
is f ro mt h ePo l ic eRep o rt w h ic h Ih avego t
. I
h ap p enedt o b eint h everys t o rm- c ent re . Grand
Duk eDmit riw as arres t edb yo rdero f t h eEmp res s -
il l egal l y,b ut h es ub mit t ed,as it gives h imac ard
inh is h and . Th eEmp ero rarrivedp o s t - h as t el as t
nigh t f ro mSt avk a . Ih avew rit t enminut el yin
mydiaryeverydet ail .
THETRUEANDAUTHENTICSTORYOF THEMURDER
OF GREGORYRASPUTIN,ASRECOUNTEDTO
MEONJ UNE6 ,
1 9 1 7 ,
ATYAL TAB YTHE
PERPETRATOR
PRINCEF EL IX YUSUPOV madet h eac q uaint anc e
o f t h eno t o rio us Grego ryRas p ut inb ec aus eh ew as
c o nvinc edt h at t h eremo val o f t h is manw as ab s o -
83
1 9 1 7
84
RUSSIANDIARY
l ut el yes s ent ial f o rt h es af et yo f Rus s ia . Th e
s c eneo f t h eRas p ut int ragedyw as t h ePal ac e
Yus up o v,al o ngb uil dingw it h t w ent y- s ix w indo w s
o neac h f l o o r,o verl o o k ingt h eMo ik aCanal
. Th e
ap art ment s o nt h egro undf l o o r,w h ic h t h ePrinc e's
p arent s h adgivent o h imandh is w if e,h adb een
inp ro c es s o f redec o rat io ns inc et h eb eginningo f
t h ew ar . Int h emeant imet h eyw ereus ingas a
s it t ing- ro o mt h eex t remec o rnerro o mo nt h e
gro undf l o o rat t h el ef t endo f t h ep al ac e,as s een
f ro mt h es t reet
; andb eneat h it int h eb as ement
h adb eenarrangedadining- ro o m,inw h ic h w ere
p l ac eds everal It al ians ix t eent h - c ent uryc ab inet s
and o b j et s d'art
o f t h es amep erio d . F ro mt h e
s it t ing- ro o mo nt h egro undf l o o ranarro w s t airc as e
l eads t o t h edining- ro o mint h eb as ement . At
t h es ix t h s t ep f ro mt h et o p o f t h es t airc as e,o n
t h el ef t ,as mal l do o ro p ens int o t h ec o b b l edf o re-
c o urt o f t h eh o us eadj o ining
. Th is h o us eal s o
b el o ngs t o t h eYus up o vf amil y,andit s f o rec o urt h as
t rees p l ant edal o ngaw o o denp al is adew h ic h b o rders
t h eMo ik aQ uayo verl o o k ingt h eMo ik aCanal .
Th edeedw as def init el yp l annedt o t ak ep l ac e
b ef o reF riday,Dec emb erz 9 ,1 9 1 6 ,b ec aus eF el ix
Yus up o vw as t o l eavenex t dayw it h h is t w o
yo ungb ro t h ers - in- l aw ,t o j o inh is w if eands p end
Ch ris t mas int h eCrimeaw it h h erf amil y
. On
t h ef at al nigh t t h erew as no "
s up p er- p art y. "
F el ix Yus up o vw ent h ims el f t o f et c h Ras p ut in-
w h o h adneverb ef o res et f o o t int h eYus up o v
Pal ac e- ando nl yw it h great dif f ic ul t yp ers uaded
h imt o c o meh o mew it h h imandt al k o vert h e
RASPUTINATYUSUPOVPAL ACE 85
p o l it ic al s it uat io n . Ont h eirarrival t h emo t o r- c ar
dro veint o t h ef o rec o urt o f t h eadj o iningh o us e
.
Th eyent eredt h ep al ac eb yt h es mal l do o rand
immediat el yw ent do w nt o t h edining- ro o mint h e
b as ement .
Th eGrandDuk eDmit riandM. Puris h k evic h ,
amemb ero f t h eDuma,w ereat t h at t imeint h e
s it t ing- ro o mup s t airs o nt h egro undf l o o r,andt h e
Po l ic eRep o rt l eaves no do ub t t h at t w o l adies
w erew it h t h em,al t h o ugh neit h ert h eyno rt h eir
f riends h aveeveradmit t edt h at anyl adies w ere
p res ent int h ep al ac et h at nigh t
. Neit h ert h e
GrandDuk eDmit rino rM
. Puris h k evic h s aw
Ras p ut inw h il eh ew as w it h int h ep al ac e .
Arrivedint h edining- ro o m,F el ix Yus up o v
engagedRas p ut ininal o ngc o nvers at io n,int h e
c o urs eo f w h ic h t h el at t erp o s it ivel yas s ert edt h at
t h eEmp res s Al ex andraF eo do ro vnaint endedt o
mak eh ers el f Regent o nJ anuaryio ( N. S. ) .
Ras p ut in,invit edt o ref res h h ims el f ,drank a
gl as s o f redw ineinw h ic h p o is o nh adb eenp ut .
F el ix Yus up o vh ims el f drank no w ine,b einga
t o t al ab s t ainer . Th ep o is o nh avingb eenb o ugh t
s o met h reew eek s b ef o re,it s s t rengt h h adap p a-
rent l yevap o rat ed,andit f ail edt o t ak eimmediat e
ef f ec t . Th ereens uedanint erminab l ew ait ,during
w h ic h t h e mo uj ik , t h o ugh h egrew dro w s yand
daz ed,didno t die,s o F el ix Yus up o vdet ermined,
as t h enigh t w as no w f aradvanc ed,t o s h o o t t h e
mano ut righ t . Ac c o rdingl yh ew ent up s t airs t o
t h egro undf l o o rt o b o rro w Puris h k evic h 's revo l ver .
Ret urningt o t h edining- ro o mb el o w w it h t h e
1 1 9 1 7
1 9
1
7
86

RUSSIANDIARY
w eap o nh el db eh indh is b ac k ,h eap p ro ac h ed
Ras p ut in,w h o w as l eaningo vert h es up p er- t ab l e
h al f daz ed,and,t o uc h ingh imo nt h es h o ul der,
s aid, " Ont h ec ab inet at t h eendo f t h ero o mt h ere
is aw o nderf ul c ruc if ix . " F el ix Yus up o vw as h o l d-
ingt h erevo l verinh is l ef t h and,b ut h avingRas -
p ut inno w o nh is righ t s ide,q uic k l yt rans f erred
t h ew eap o nb eh indh is b ac k ' t o h is righ t h and,
andt h ens h o t Ras p ut inat c l o s eq uart ers t h ro ugh
t h el ef t s ide,b el o w t h erib s . Th e mo uj ik
reel ed
andf el l h eavil yb ac k o naw h it eb ears k in,and
F el ix Yus up o v,b el ievingh ew as dead,l ef t h im
l yingt h ere,andw ent up s t airs t o j o inh is f riends
o nt h egro undf l o o r
.
Th ePo l ic eRep o rt mak es it evident t h at t h is
w as t h emo ment w h ent h el adies w h o h adb een
ent ert ainedint h e s al o n
o nt h egro undf l o o rw ere
p ers uadedt o l eavet h ep al ac e .
F el ix Yus up o v,af t eras h o rt int erval ,ino rder
t o mak eq uit es uret h at Ras p ut inw as dead,
des c endedt h es t airc as eandagainent eredt h e
dining- ro o m .
B endingo vert h eb o dy,h ew as
h o rrif iedt o f indt h at t h eeyes w ereno t o nl yw ide
o p en,b ut gl eamingw it h t iger- l ik ef ury .
Suddenl y
t h ew o undedmanrais edh ims el f o nh is el b o w s
ands t ruggl edt o h is f eet
; t h en,s p ringingw it h
amaz ingvit al it yo nF el ix Yus up o v,s eiz edh imb y
t h et h ro at andt riedt o s t rangl eh im,p ul l ingo f f
h is ep aul et t es int h emel ee .
F inal l ydis engaging
h ims el f ,t h ew ret c h edmanmadeo f f b yt h es t air-
c as ew it h t h eins t inc t o f aw o undedanimal t o
es c ap eo ut o f t h et rap int o w h ic h h eh adf al l en
.
MURDEROF RASPUTIN

87
F indingt h at t h edo o rt h ro ugh w h ic h h eh ad
ent eredt h ep al ac ew as unl o c k ed,h ep as s edo ut
int o t h ef o rec o urt o f t h eadj o iningh o us e,and
t h enf el l do w nex h aus t edint h es no w .
Meanw h il eF el ix Yus up o vh adrus h edup t h e
s t airc as eaf t erh imandb urs t int o t h es it t ing- ro o m
t o c al l Puris h k evic h ,w h o at o nc ec ameo ut int o
t h ef o rec o urt andf iredf o urs h o t s at Ras p ut in,
t h enumb erment io nedint h ePo l ic eRep o rt . Tw o
o f t h es emus t h avemis s edt h eiraim,as o nl yt w o
b ul l et s h it Ras p ut in,o neo nt h eb ac k o f t h e
h ead,andt h eo t h erf iredp o int - b l ank at h is
f o reh ead .
Th el if el es s b o dyw as p ic k edup and
c arriedb ac k int o t h ep al ac et o aw ait t h eret urn
o f t h emo t o r- c ar,inw h ic h ,o narrival ,it w as
p l ac ed,drivenrap idl yo ut t o K ris t o vs k iIs l and,
andt h ro w nint o ah o l eint h eic eo f t h eL it t l e
Neva .
F el ix Yus up o vret urnedw it h t h eGrandDuk e
Dmit rit o h is p al ac eint h eNevs k iandremained
t h ere,t h eans w ert o al l s ub s eq uent inq uiries at
t h eYus up o vPal ac eb eingt h at h eh ad
" l ef t f o r
t h eCrimea . "
At t h einq ues t s ub s eq uent l yh el dit w as aut h o rit a-
t ivel yrec o gnis edt h at t h es h o t f iredint h edining-
ro o mmus t h aveb eenmo rt al .
Th ep o l ic eh aveno t t h erigh t t o ent erah o us e
w h ereanymemb ero f t h eImp erial f amil yis
p res ent .
Al l t h eImp erial F amil yareo f f t h eirh eads at
t h eGrandDuk eDmit ri's arres t ,f o revent h e
1 9 1 7
'9 1 7
Sat urday,
J an . 6 . L .
88

RUSSIANDIARY
Emp ero rh as no t t h erigh t t o arres t h is f amil y
. *
It h as neverb eendo nes inc ePet ert h eGreat h ad
h is s o nAl ex eiPet ro vic h arres t ed,andit w as f o r
t h reat eningt o arres t t h eTz es arevic h ( Al ex anderI)
t h at t h eEmp ero rPaul w as k il l ed . t
Herew eareal l ex p ec t inganyt h ingmayh ap p en .
Iw o n't w rit eyo ual l t h ego s s ip ,mo s t l yf o undedo n
l ies ,s o meo nant iq uat edt rut h s . Dmit riPavl o vic h
andF el ix arek ep t underarres t ,andw h ent h e
GrandDuk ePaul as k edo nMo ndayl as t f o rh is
s o nt o b eal l o w edt o c o meands t ayinh is p al ac e
at Ts ars k o eSel o t h eEmp ero rrep l ied," Th e
Emp res s c anno t al l o w it f o rt h ep res ent " !
Th eEmp res s - Mo t h eris s t il l at K iev ;
s h eo ugh t
t o b eh ere,as h ers o ns t il l f ears h eral it t l e( no t
verymuc h ) . Th eAl l iedEmb as s ies w o ul dl ik eh er
b ac k inPet ro grad .
Unl uc k il yt h eb aggo es o ut t h is af t erno o n,and
Is h al l o nl yh aveal l t h enew s at dinneras it is t h e
Rus s ianCh ris t mas EveandIdineat t h eGrand
Duc h es s 's . To - mo rro w Is h al l go t o t h eEmp ero r's
c h urc h at Ts ars k o eSel o t o s eeh o w t h eyareal l
get t ingo ndo w nt h ere .
Ih aveb eent o l eaveaCh ris t mas p res ent f o r
Dmit riPavl o vic h . As IarrivedB o ris Go l it z inw as
l eavingt h eh o us e . Th eo l db ut l erh adt o l dh im
* Th eo nl yc as es o f t h ek indo nrec o rdare :
( z ) adis t ant
rel at iveo f t h eEmp ero rAl ex anderIIro b b edh is mo t h ero f
h erj ew el s ,and
( 2 )
ano t h eryo ut h f ul rel at iveranaw ayw it h
ab al l et - danc erandw as b ro ugh t b ac k f ro mt h ef ro nt ierand
reduc edt o t h erank s .
t Th eEmp ero rPaul 's t o mb int h ePet er- Paul F o rt res s is
al w ays ab l az ew it h t ap ers ,w h il s t t h at o f h is s o n,b el ievedb y
t h ep eo p l et o b ec o gnis ant o f h is murder,h as no ne .
DEPORTATIONOF DMITRI

89
Dmit riPavl o vic h h adgo neo ut ,b ut t h eh o us eis
guardedandt h erew as as ent ryins idet h edo o r .
OurAmb as s ado ris veryw o rried . It is real w int er
andt h et h ermo met ervaries b et w een2 0 and3 5

o f
f ro s t F ah renh eit . It 's dreadf ul h avingt w o Ch ris t -
mas es andt w o New Year's Days . Myw rit ingis
unreadab l eb ec aus emyarms ares o b ad,andunt il
t h ec o l dgo es Ido n't ex p ec t t o get b et t er .
It el egrap h edt o Princ ePut iat inat Ts ars k o et o
k no w w h et h erIc o ul dh earMas s at F eo do ro vs k i
So b o rt o - mo rro w ,Ch ris t mas Day,as w ew h o h ave
t h e ent ree
t o t h ec h urc h h avet o get s p ec ial p er-
mis s io nf o rt h egreat f eas t s .
At 8t o dinew it h t h eGrandDuc h es s .
Wew ere
t w ent y- eigh t at dinner .
Is at o nt h el ef t o f t h e
GrandDuc h es s Vic t o ria,j us t ret urnedf ro mRu-
mania ;
t h et h reeGrandDuk es dined ; al l t h e
f amil yl o o k edverydis t urb ed
. Duringdinnert h e
GrandDuc h es s Vic t o riat o l dmet h at Dmit ri
Pavl o vic h h adl ef t f o rPers ia .
Af t erdinnerw eal l w ent int o t h eb al l ro o m,w h ere
t h erew as aCh ris t mas t ree
. Th eGrandDuc h es s
Marieb ec k o nedmet o c o met o h er,andt o l dme
t h eevent s o f t h eday .
Sh ew as verymuc h up s et .
Sh et o l dmet h at Dmit riPavl o vic h h adb een
dep o rt edat 2 a . m . t h at mo rningt o K as vin,o n
t h ec o nf ines o f t h eEmp ire- t h ePers ianb o rder .
Heh ado nl yb eent o l dat 9 . 3 0 p
. m . , andh is c arriage
w as at t ac h edt o a2 . 3 o a
. m . t rain . Hel ef t under
arres t . Hew as ac c o mp aniedb yGeneral L yman,
h is mil it aryt ut o rf ro mc h il dh o o d,andb yano f f ic er
w h o is res p o ns ib l ef o rh is s af ec us t o dy . Th is
1 9 1 7
1 9 1 7
go

RUSSIANDIARY
o f f ic erw as o b l iged,muc h agains t h is w il l ,t o under-
t ak et h ec h arge .
His regiment s uf f ers f ro mt h e
ins ul t ; t h eregiment o f t h eGrandDuk ew is h ed
al s o t o t ak eac t ives t ep s ,b ut w erec o uns el l edt o do
no t h ingf o rt h emo ment
. Th eEmp ero rh as ref us ed
t o s eet h eGrandDuk ePaul ,h is f at h er . His s is t er
c amef ro mTs ars k o et o b ew it h h im . Sh es aidt h at
h eb ro k edo w nf o raf ew minut es j us t b ef o rel eaving .
F el ix Yus up o vw as s ent f ro mt h eDmit riPal ac e,
w h ereh eh adb eenunderarres t s inc et h emurder,
t o ac o unt ryp l ac eo f h is f amil ys o ut h - eas t o f
Mo s c o w . Neit h ero f t h emc anb ec o mmunic at ed
w it h eit h erb yl et t ero rb yt el egram,no rc ant h ey
c o mmunic at ew it h anyo ne . Th eGrandDuc h es s ,
w it h h ert w o s o ns K yril l andAndre,s at up unt il
t h eyk new h eh adl ef t Pet ro grad .
Herc o uns el s p revail ed- t h at no t h ings h o ul db e
do net h at nigh t .
Hero t h ers o n,B o ris ,w as at h is
h o us einTs ars k o eSel o
. Th eydidno t t el ep h o net o
h im,f earingt h at inh is angerh emigh t do s o met h ing
ras h .
Ih eardt o - dayt h at t h e" Unment io nab l e" w as
b uriedat Ts ars k o eSel o ; t h at t h eEmp ero r,
Emp res s ,andHeirAp p arent * w ereat t h ef uneral ,
al s o t h eMet ro p o l it anPit irimandPro t o p o p o v,t h e
Minis t ero f Ho meAf f airs ; t h es et w o w ereb o t h
no minees o f t h edead mo z j ik . Heis b uriedin
t h ep ark w h ereac h urc h w as t o b eerec t edc o n-
t iguo us t o o neo f t h eEmp res s 's h o s p it al s ,and
h is b o dyno w l ies w h eret h eal t arw il l event ual l y
s t and .
Th eHeirAp p arent w as no t p res ent .
INF L UENCEOF SIRGEORGEB UCHANAN9
1
Iw ent t o s eet h eGrandDuc h es s at 6 . Sh et o l d
met h at Mme
. Derf el den,daugh t ero f Princ es s Pal ei,
h adb eenp ut underarres t . * Sh eh adb eent o
Ts ars k o eSel o ,t o t h eCh ris t mas t reeat t h eGrand
Duk ePaul 's . Wh ens h ego t b ac k s h ef o undal l
h erap art ment s h adb eens earc h edandt h el o c k s
b urs t . Al t h o ugh no p o p ul arrevo l ut io nis ex p ec t ed
yet ,l everh as t h es it uat io nb eens o b ad . InRus s ia,
af t ermanyarres t s ,as s as s inat io nus ual l yf o l l o w s
.
Anyt h ingmayh ap p en .
If o nl yo urAmb as s ado rc o ul ds eet h eEmp ero r,
If eel s ureh ec o ul dp l ac eb ef o reh imt h ereal s it ua-
t io n . Th eEmp ero rh as al w ays l is t enedt o Sir
Geo rge . Rus s iais t h eo nec o unt ryw h ereindi-
vidual it yc o unt s mo ret h aninanyo t h erc o unt ry
Ih avel ivedin
.
Th ereis no do ub t o urAmb as s ado r
h as ap o s it io nh erew h ic h no o t h erAmb as s ado rh as
everh el d,no ranyb o dyel s eh o l ds at t h ep res ent
mo ment . Th emeet ingo f t h eDumao nJ anuaryiz
w il l b eac ruc ial mo ment ,b ut t h edangerc o ul db e
avert edif t h eEmp ero rw o ul do nl yt ak et h enec es s ary
s t ep s
.
Hadl unc h eo nw it h t h eGrandDuc h es s Vl adimir ; Mo nday,
t h eL eo nRadz iw il l s al s o t h ere,andGrandDuk e
J an . 8 . D
.
B o ris . It o o k h imal l t h enew es t " ragt imes " f ro m
L o ndo nf o rh is p rivat eb and . St ayedo nt o t al k
t o t h eGrandDuc h es s . Sh es aids h ew o ul dl ik et o
dinenex t Mo ndayat t h eEmb as s y,s o Iw ent t h ere
t o t el l His Ex c el l enc y .
It s eems t h eGrandDuc h es s Sergew ro t et o t h e Th urs day,
Emp res s Al ex andra,h ers is t er,t o as k h ert o c o me
J an . rr
.
L .
s
F o rf o rt y- eigh t h o urs o nl y .
1 9 1 7
Sunday,
J an . 7 . L .
9 2

RUSSIANDIARY
3 1 9 1 7
t o h erc o nvent * inMo s c o w f o ramo nt h o rs o t o
regaint h ec o nf idenc eo f t h ep eo p l eandt o s h o w
t h ems h eh adno des iret o int erf ereint h eGo vern-
ment .
Yo umayimagineh o w t h is p ro p o s al w as
met !
Weareno w t h reat enedw it h aRegenc yo f
t h eEmp ireduringt h eEmp ero r's ab s enc eat
St avk a . If t h ew o rs t h as t o c o me- andSh eis
p rep aredt o t ak eal l ris k s - b et t erf o rt h ep o o r
c o unt ryit s h o ul dc o meq uic k l y !
As yo umus t k no w ,Dmit riPavl o vic h andal l t h e
f amil yaref urio us at t h eirp rero gat ives b eing
t o uc h ed . No o neh as t h erigh t t o ent ert h eir
h o us es ,andyet t h at p o o rb o y's h o us ew as ,b yo rder
o f t h eEmp res s ,f il l edw it h c o mmo ns o l diers
.
It h ink t h ereis no do ub t t h e "
Unment io nab l e "
h adanago nyo f s everal h o urs .
Th emeet ingo f t h eDumais p o s t p o nedt o
J anuary2 5 . If dis s o l vedt h eyw il l al l go t o ano t h er
t o w nt o meet . Th enw il l c o met h egreat t ugo f
w ar . It is t h e Et at s Generaux
o veragain . Do n't
b es urp ris edat t h emo s t s t art l ingnew s anyt ime
.
Iw o nderw h at andh o w muc h t h eEngl is h new s -
p ap ers s ay .
Th urs day,

Pl eas ef o rgivet h is aw f ul s c raw l ,b ut rh eumat is m


J an
.
ii . L .
inmyarms ,w ris t ,andf ingers p revent mew rit ing
p ro p erl y . L as t Sunday,Ort h o do x Ch ris t mas Day,
Iw ent t o Ts ars k o e,t o t h eEmp ero r's c h urc h : al l
t h ef amil yw eret h ere,al it t l ew o rried- l o o k ing,af t er
t h eevent s o f t h ew eek - t h eEmp ero rverydraw n
andw h it e ;
h ew as verys t il l andl o o k eds t raigh t
* Af t ert h eas s as s inat io no f t h eGrandDuk eSergein 1 9 0 5 ,
h is w ido w b ec ameAb b es s o f t h eMis eric o rdeCo nvent .
HARSHTREATMENTOF CUL PRITS
9 3
b ef o reh imal l t h et ime
; o nl yo nc eh et urnedand

1 9 1 7
l o o k edint o t h eb o dyo f t h ec h urc h ,ando nc e,w h en
t h es unh adc o meo ut ,h el o o k edup at t h edo me .
Onc eb o t h h eandt h eGrandDuc h es s Ol ga,w h o
al w ays s it s nex t t o h im,l o o k eddo w nt h eirais l e
f o raminut eo rs o .
Pro b ab l yt h eHeirAp p arent
w as do ings o met h ingt o at t rac t t h eirat t ent io n,
w h ic h h ap p ens o f t en .
Th eEmp res s w as al l inw h it eandl o o k ed
c o nges -
t io nnee ;
Ih adnevers eenh ers o f l us h edb ef o re .
Th eHeirAp p arent is ab eaut if ul b o yandmuc h
gro w ns inc eIs aw h iml as t int h es ummer
. He
dro veaw ayw it h h is f at h erandmo t h er .
Dmit riPavl o vic h w it h o ut h is A
. D. C. w as dep o rt ed Narrat ive.
at z a . m
. o nSat urday,J anuary6 ,t o t h ePers ian
f ro nt ier
. New s o f h imh as b eenb ro ugh t t h ro ugh
b yaf ait h f ul p ers o n . Th erew as no t h ingt o eat
int h ec arriage,al t h o ugh h eh adb eenas s uredt h ere
w o ul db e . His des t inat io nw as as ec ret
. Even
t h eengine- drivers ,w h o w erec h angedeveryt w o
h undredvers t s ,w ereo nl yt o l dt h enex t s t aget h ey
w eret o go t o
. Heh as arrived,w ek no w ,as f ar
as B ak u . His des t inat io nis K as vin
.
As f o rF el ix ,h ew as p ut w it h o ut f o o do rat t en-
danc einas ec o nd- c l as s c arriageat t ac h edt o a
go o ds t rain,andt o o k adayandah al f ,ins t eado f
t enh o urs ,t o get t o Mo s c o w ; h is f at h er- in- l aw ,
GrandDuk eAl ex ander,met h imt h ere .
If eel
F el ix is s o c l everh ew il l get al l h ew ant s ,w h ereas
t h eo t h erb o yis al w ays h el p l es s anddes o l at e ; h e
h ad unec ris edenerf s ,
andc o mp l et el yb ro k edo w n
int h et rainnex t dayinh is f amis h edc o ndit io n
.
1 9 1 7
F riday,
J an . 1 2 . D.
9 4
RUSSIANDIARY
Neit h ert h et w o b o ys no rt h eirs ervant s w ereint er-
ro gat edb yt h ep o l ic eo rmil it aryaut h o rit ies .
Th eyw eres imp l ydep o rt ed .
Weal l k no w w h eret h e mo uj ik w as b uried,and
h o w andw h en . It is dis grac ef ul . Wh at is real l y
f earedf o rt h eImp erial f amil yis t h at t h eEmp res s
maymak eh ers el f Regent w h il et h eEmp ero ris aw ay
at St avk a .
Yo udo n't k no w w h at it is t o l iveinac o unt ry
w h ere l et t res dec ac h et s t il l ex is t !
Went t o s eeGuyCo l eb ro o k e,ando nt h es t air-
c as emet t h eAmb as s ado r,w h o h adj us t c o meb ac k
f ro mb eingrec eivedb yt h eEmp ero rat Ts ars k o e .
His Ex c el l enc yt o l dmet h eEmp ero rh adrec eived
h ims t andingup int h el argedraw ing- ro o m,w h ere
o neus ual l yw ait s b ef o reb eingrec eived . Hew as
h al f anh o urw it h t h eEmp ero r,andw as ab l et o
t el l h imeveryt h ingt h at h eh adh o p edandin-
t endedt o t el l h im .
Th o ugh h ew as l o o k ingveryt ired,Ic o ul ds ee
h o w p l eas edh ew as t o h avego t it o f f h is mind-
l ik es o meo new h o h adc o nf es s edandc o mmunic at ed .
Wh enh el ef t ,t h eEmp ero rs h o o k h imw arml yb y
t h eh andandt h ank edh im . Th eno minat io no f t h e
new Under- Sec ret aryf o rHo meAf f airs is as b ad
as it c anb e,andenc o uragedt h eAmb as s ado rt o
s p eak mo reb o l dl yt h anh eh adint endedt o .
L unc h eo nat Do no n's ,w h ereImet Savins k i,
ex - Minis t erat So f ia . Het o l dmet h at Co unt
B enc k endo rf f ,t h eRus s ianAmb as s ado rinL o ndo n,
w as dead . Iat o nc es ent al inet o t h eGrand
Duc h es s Vl adimir,inc as es h eh adno t al ready
THEEMPRESSAL EX ANDRAF EODOROVNA
PETITIONTOTHEEMPEROR
9 5
h eard
. Engagedt o dinnerat t h eF renc h Emb as s y,

1 9 1 7
b ut l at er,b eingas k edb yt h eGrandDuc h es s ,I
h adt o ex c us emys el f t o t h eAmb as s ado r .
Duringdinner,w h il et h es ervant s w ereo ut o f
t h ero o m,t h eGrandDuc h es s t o l dmet h at s h e
h adh addraw nup ands ignedb yal l t h eImp erial
f amil yno w inPet ro gradap et it io n* t o t h eEmp ero r
ap p eal ingt o t h eh umans ideo f Dmit riPavl o vic h 's
c as e . Th is w as h andedt o t h eEmp ero rl as t nigh t
.
At h al f - p as t nineIl ef t f o rt h eF renc h Emb as s y
.
Ih adal o ngt al k w it h So nEx c el l enc e,
b ut h et o l d
meno t h ingt h at Ididno t al readyk no w
. Heh ad
b eenrec eivedb yt h eEmp ero rl as t Sunday,and
f o undh imw h it eanddraw nandal t ered,j us t as I
h adremark edinc h urc h t h es ameday .
OnNew Year's Eveat s up p erat Princ eMic h ail Sat urday,
Go rc h ak o v's Iw as t o l dt h at t h eans w ert o t h eIm-
J an. 1 3 . D.
p erial f amil y's p et it io no nb eh al f o f Dmit riPavl o -
vic h h adc o mec o uc h edint h eh ardes t t erms
. *
St . Sauveuras s uredmet h eGrandDuk es h ad
dec idedno t t o go t o Ts ars k o eSel o t o - mo rro w ,New
Year's Day,t o w is h t h eEmp ero rah ap p yNew
Year . Ido ub t edh is new s b ut ,no t b eingab s o l ut el y
s ure,didno t c o nt radic t h im .
At t h eGrandDuc h es s 's af t erc h urc h w ew ere Sunday,
t w ent y- eigh t at l unc h eo n ; no neo f h ers o ns w ere
J an .
1 4
. D.
t h ere . Th eGrandDuc h es s t o l dmet h eyh adgo ne
t o Ts ars k o e- eac h inh is o f f ic ial c ap ac it y- t o at t end
t h eEmp ero r's New Yearrec ep t io n . Sh eal s o t o l d
met h at t h eGrandDuk eNic o l aiMic h ail o vic h h ad
c o met o s eeh ert h enigh t b ef o ret o s aygo o d- b ye,
* SeeAp p endix I
.
9 6

RUSSIANDIARY
1 1 9 1 7

h avingb eenc o mmandedb yt h eEmp ero rt o ret ire


t o h is es t at eint h eSo ut h o f Rus s ia .
Th urs day,

Dinedw it h t h eGrandDuc h es s .
Sh ew as mo s t
J an . z 8 .
D
.
int eres t ing,t el l ingmeab o ut h erearl ymarriedl if e
at Co urt ,andab o ut t h eEmp ero rAl ex anderII,
w h o w as devo t edt o h er . Hew as k indnes s it s el f ,
al t h o ugh amart inet . Sh edes c rib edt h eSundayo f
h is as s as s inat io n- h o w t h eyw eres eat edat l unc h eo n
inh erp al ac ew h ent h ew if eo f t h ec o nc iergeo f t h e
Mil l io naiaent ranc ef l ungo p ent h edining- ro o m
do o r,c rying " He's dead ! He's dead ! "
No t h ing
f urt h erc o ul db eex t rac t edf ro mh er
. Pres ent l ya
man- s ervant raninands aid, "
Th eEmp ero rh as
j us t b eendrivenb y- deadinh is b ro ugh am
. "
Th eGrandDuk eVl adimirimmediat el yl ef t f o rt h e
Wint erPal ac einh is c arriage,w h ic h w as al w ays in
readines s f o rh im
. Th eGrandDuc h es s s t art edo f f
as s o o nas h erh o rs es c o ul db ep ut t o ,ando n
arrivingat t h ep al ac ef o l l o w edt h eb l o o d- s t ains t o
t h ero o mw h eret h eEmp ero rh adb eent ak en .
Sh ef o undh iml yingo nab ed- s t il l c o ns c io us ,f o r
h erec o gnis edh er . To h erh o rro rs h es aw t h at t h e
righ t f o o t w as h angingb yo nel o ngs inew
.
His k indnes s o f h eart c o s t h imh is l if e . Wh en
t h ef irs t b o mb h adk il l edaCo s s ac k o f h is es c o rt
anddamagedt h eb ac k o f h is c arriage,t h eEmp ero r
at o nc eal igh t ed,t h ec o ac h man,ent reat ingh imt o
get inagain,s aidh ec o ul ddriveh imt o t h ep al ac e
.
Th eEmp ero rap p ro ac h edt h eNih il is t andas k ed,
" Wh at c anIdo f o ryo u ? Wh ydo yo uw ant t o
t ak emyl if e ? " Th emano nl yh url edano t h er
b o mb ,w h ic h ex p l o dedb et w eent h eEmp ero r's f eet .
SAZ ONOVAMB ASSADORTOENGL AND9 7
OnF riday,J anuaryt 9 ,Rus s ianEp ip h any,I
w ent t o t h eEmp ero r's c h urc h at Ts ars k o eSel o
.
Sinc eIw as t h erel as t ,o nt h eirCh ris t mas Day,t h e
w h o l ep l ac eis o verrunw it h s ec ret p o l ic e,w h ic h
is s o met h ingq uit enew
.
Th ereareal l s o rt s o f f o rec as t s o f t h eo ut c o me
o f t h eRas p ut int ragedy
. Th o ugh it h as b eendis -
c us s edf ul l yandp ub l ic l yandevenint h ePres s ,
p erh ap s af t eral l no t h ings erio us w il l h ap p en
. Th ere
arerumo urs o f dis c o nt ent int h eGuards Regiment s ,
es p ec ial l yt h ePreo b raj ens k i
.
Wh enPo k ro vs k i* w ent t o Ts ars k o eab o ut t h e
vac ant L o ndo nEmb as s yt h eEmp ero rs aid, " Yo u
h aveb ro ugh t al is t ? " Po k ro vs k ians w ered," I
h aveb ro ugh t o nl yo nename,s ire . " Th eEmp ero r
s aid, " Ial s o h aveo nl yo ne- Saz o no v
. " Po k ro vs k i
s aid, " Th at w as minet o o ! "
Iw ent t o t h eCat h o l ic c h ap el o f t h eCo urdes
Pages t o t h eReq uiemf o rCo unt B enc k endo rf f
.
OurAmb as s ado r,Saz o no v,Po k ro vs k i,t h ef amil y,
andmanyf riends w eret h ere .
Saz o no vl eaves int h reew eek s f o rL o ndo n
.
K yril l Vl adimiro vic h h as b eens ent o nanaval
mis s io nt o t h eF arNo rt h . AndreVl adimiro vic h
go es f o rh is h eal t h t o t h eCauc as us ; s o al l t h e
GrandDuk es areb einggradual l ydis p ers ed,ino rder
t o w eak ent h eiro p p o s it io n . Nic o l aiMic h ail o vic h
o nh is w ayt o h is f at ep as s edb yK ievt o s eet h e
Emp res s Marie,w h o ado res h im,b ut t h ereis no
new s o f h erret urn .
Th ereis ab igdinnerat GrandDuc h es s Vl adimir's
* Minis t erf o rF o reignAf f airs .
G
1 9 1 1 7
Th urs day,
J an . z g . L .
9 8
RUSSIANDIARY
1 9 1 7 o nF ridayf o rt h eCro w nPrinc eo f Rumania,t o
w h ic h s h eh as j us t as k edme : as t h erearet o b e
o nl yyo ungp eo p l e,Iammuc h t o uc h ed
. To - day
It o o k Co l o nel Th o ms o nt o l unc h eo nt h ere
. Heis
o urMil it aryAt t ac h ein
. J as s y,agreat f riendo f
mine . Th eCro w nPrinc eo f RumaniaandGeneral
Hanb ury- Wil l iams w ereal s o at l unc h eo n
.
Mo nday,

Th eB rit is h Mis s io narrivedt h is mo rning


. Is aw
J an . 2 9 . L .
GuyCo l eb ro o k edo w ns t airs andas k edh imt o l un-
c h eo n
. Hec amew it h Th o ms o n,al s o Princ es s Sus ie
B el o s s el s k iandPrinc es s Do l l yRadz iw il l ,inap rivat e
ro o mat Do no n's .
Dinedat General No s t it z 's t o
meet t h eGrandDuk eB o ris . At 9
. 3 0 Il ef t f o rt h e
Emb as s y,w h eret h eB rit is h Mis s io nw eredining
t o meet t h eMinis t ers . Iw as t h eo nl ygues t invit ed
af t erdinner ;
no l adies w ereas k ed . Saz o no v
int ro duc edmet o B ark ,Minis t ero f F inanc e,w h o
s aidh ek new al l ab o ut me . It al k edt o GrandDuk e
SergeiMic h ail o vic h .
Is h al l w ait t il l Ic o met o Engl andt o b ringmy
p rivat ep ap ers o nt h emurder . Th eyareal l int h e
Ch anc eryf o rs af et y ;
al s o ac o p yo f t h eGrand
Duc h es s 's ap p eal t o t h eEmp ero rw it h h is ans w er,*
andmydiary
. Oneis nevers urew h at t h ep o l ic e
w il l do !
Al l t h eEngl is h new s p ap ert el egrams ab o ut
Ras p ut in's murderareinc o rrec t
.
Tues day,

Th eEngl is h Mis s io nh as b eent o s eet h eEmp ero r


J an . 3 0 .
L .
- w h o w as int earings p irit s - andw al k edinaf t er
t h erec ep t io nandins is t edo nb eingp h o t o grap h ed
w it h t h emal l
. Th eAmb as s ado rt o l dmet h is .
* SeeAp p endix I.
THEB RITISHMISSION

9 9
Th eyareal l t o dinet h ereagaino nSat urday,w h ic h
w as no t ex p ec t ed . To - mo rro w ,dinnerat t h e
Engl is h Emb as s y .
Dunc anno nc ameup t o myro o mf o rac h at .
SirHenryWil s o nis muc h l ik edb yeveryo new h o
meet s h imh ere .
Ih eart h eRigap us h c o s t us 9 5 ,0 0 0 men ; no
art il l eryt o s up p o rt t h em,o rRedCro s s t o b ring
aw ayt h ew o unded ; t h eyw ereal l f ro z enas t h ey
l ay .
As Iw as l eavingt h eh o t el at midnigh t t o go t o Sat urday,
s up p erat Princ es s Do l l yRadz iw il l 's ,* Imet mo s t o f
F eb . 3 . D.
t h eMis s io nc o mingb ac k f ro mdinnerw it h t h e
Emp ero rat Ts ars k o e . Everyo nedel igh t edw it h
t h eirevening .
Th eMis s io nw as at t h eb al l et . Al l t h eNat io nal Sunday,
Ant h ems w erep l ayed . It al k edf o rs o met imet o
F eb . q . D.
Saz o no vinh is b o x . Het o l dmeh eh adb een
rec eivedb yt h eEmp ero randEmp res s . Th e
Emp ero rh adgivenh imh is s ignedp h o t o grap h
f ramed,w it h t h edat es o f h is Minis t ryins c rib ed .
L unc h eo nat t h eGrandDuc h es s 's ,w it h B o ris
Wednes day,
Vl adimiro vic h ,SirHenryWil s o n,L o rds B ro o k e
F eb
. 7
. D.
andDunc anno n,andCap t ainVal ent ine,R . F . C.
SirHenryWil s o nl ef t at midnigh t f o rt h eF ro nt
f o rt endays .
At el ep h o nemes s agef ro mt h eGrandDuc h es s
Sat urday,
as k ingmet o go at 1 1 . 3 0
w it h h ert o meet t h e
F eb . io . D.
ex c h angedp ris o ners f ro mGermany . Dro veinh er
mo t o rt o t h eVib o rgs t at io n . Th et rainc amein
af ew minut es af t er- it w as al l mo s t imp res s ive
.
* Princ es s Do l o res ,m . Princ eSt anis l as
.
1 9 1 7
1 0 0

RUSSIANDIARY
1 9 1 7
Wh ent h eImp erial Hymnw as s ungaf t ert h e
TeDeum
manyo f t h es o l diers b ro k edo w n
. Th ey
t h enh adal argemeal ,at t ab l es l aidint h es h eds
b uil t t o rec eivet h erep at riat edp ris o ners
.
Mo nday,

Met t h eAmb as s ado r,w h o w as go ingt o s ee


F eb .
1 2
. D.
L o rdMil nerj us t b ac k f ro mMo s c o w
. Wal k ingin
t h eMil l io naia,s aw amo t o r- c ars urro undedb y
mo unt edp o l ic ew it h draw ns w o rds - evident l ya
p ris o nero f s o meimp o rt anc eb eingc o nveyedt o t h e
Pet er- Paul F o rt res s
.
Tues day,

L unc h eo nat t h eGrandDuc h es s 's


.
GuyCo l e-
F eb .
1 3
.
D.
b ro o k eandIgo t t h erej us t b ef o ret h eAm-
b as s ado r, w h o s at
o p p o s it e t o h er . L o rds
Mil nerandRevel s t o k e,Geo rgeCl ark e,SirB erk el ey
Sh ef f iel d ;
al s o Princ es s Sus ieB el o s s el s k iand
K no rring( dip l o mat )
. Ac h armingl unc h eo n
; t h e
GrandDuc h es s w as at h erb es t
.
Wednes day,
Th eMis s io nis l eaving,andno w w eaw ait c al ml y
F eb . 2 1 . L .
- mais avec degrandes inq uiet udes - t h e2 8t h
o f
F eb ruary,t h eo p eningo f t h eDuma
. Th et rains
t o Mo s c o w ares t o p p edf o rt h erevic t ual l ingo f
Pet ro grad
. Th el it t l eb o yat Ts ars k o eSel o h as
b eenil l w it h ac h il l o nt h ek idneys ,b ut ,is no w o ut
o f al l danger .
Pet ro gradh as b eenq uit egayf o r
t h eMis s io n
. Th eGrandDuc h es s Vl adimirw as t h e
o nl ymemb ero f t h eImp erial f amil yw h o ent ert ained
t h emex c ep t t h eEmp ero r
. Ons ep arat eo c c as io ns
s h erec eivedat l unc h eo nt h ec ivil andt h emil it ary
memb ers o f t h eEngl is h Mis s io n,andt h eF renc h
Mis s io no nano t h erday
. Sh emo s t k indl yas k edme
t o al l .
Ih adamo s t int eres t ingc o nvers at io nw it h
General Cas t el nauaf t erl unc h eo n
. L o rdMil ner
STREETDEMONSTRATIONS

io i
madeago o dimp res s io n,andSirHenryWil s o n

'9 '7
c h eeredus al l up .
At 7 It o o k t h et raint o Ts ars k o eSel o t o dine

D.
w it h t h eGrandDuk eB o ris . Wew eres event een
at dinner .
Heh adex p ec t edt h eEngl is h men,
b ut t h eMis s io nh adl ef t .
Dro vew it h Saz o no vf ro mo urh o t el t o l unc h eo n Sat urday,
at t h eGrandDuc h es s 's .
Sh egaveh imh erp h o t o -
Mar . 3 .
D.
grap h ,s ignedandf ramed,t o t ak ew it h h imt o
L o ndo n,s aying, "
Ih o p e,as s o o nas t h ew aris o ver
t o s eeit mys el f o nyo urt ab l eat t h eEmb as s y
. "
At 9 . io p . m
. dro vet o t h eNic o l ais k iSt at io nt o
Sunday,
s eet h eGrandDuc h es s o f f ; s h ew as l eavingf o r
Mar. 4 . D.
K is l o vo ds k int h eCauc as us
. K yril l Vl adimiro vic h
w as t h ereandmanyo f h erf riends .
Hadl unc h eo nal o neat Do no n's . Teres t c h enk o ,
Wednes day,
o nh is w ayo ut ,s at do w nat myt ab l e
. Hadno t
Mar . 7 . D.
s eenh imf o rnearl yayear .
Dinedat t h eF renc h
Emb as s y ;
h eardt h ereh adb eendis t urb anc es in
t h es t reet s t o - dayands o met ram- c arw indo w s
s mas h ed .
Dro vet o t h eF renc h Ho s p it al .
J us t af t er F riday,
c ro s s ingt h eNic o l aiB ridgeImet ademo ns t rat io n
Mar . 9 . D.
s ingingt h e " Mars eil l ais e
. " Th eyw erep revent ed
f ro mc ro s s ingt h eb ridge,s o t urnedb ac k andw ent
up t h e8t h L ineaSt reet
. Igo t o ut o f mys l edge,
andt el l ingt h emant o w ait Ij o inedt h emandw ent
w it h t h emas f aras t h eB o l s c h o iePro s p ek t .
Th ey
w ereac c o mp aniedb yCo s s ac k s .
Th eyw ereno t
h aras s edat al l ,andt h eCo s s ac k s c h af f edt h emand
t al k edt o t h ec h il dren :
al l w ereo nt h eb es t o f
t erms .
Iw ant edt o s eeh o w t h eyb eh avedandh o w
1 9 1 7
Sat urday,
Mar . io .
Narrat ive .
1 0 2

RUSSIANDIARY
t h eyw eret reat ed . To ut et ait a l 'amiab l e . Wh en
Il ef t t h emIw al k edb ac k t o mys l edgeandw ent o n
t o t h eh o s p it al .
At 1 . 4 5 Ih eardagreat no is eo ut s idet h eh o t el
ands aw t h eCo s s ac k s ridedo w nt h eMic h ail St reet
andc l eart h ep eo p l eaw ay,b ut as s o o nas t h e
Co s s ac k s h adl ef t t h ep eo p l ec ameb ac k ,anda
manaddres s edac ro w dj us t inf ro nt o f t h eh o t el .
Sh o rt l yaf t erw ards Ih eardac ras h ,t h eb reak ingo f
t h ew indo w s at Pek ar's - t h ec af eat t h ec o rnero f
t h eNevs k iPro s p ek t undermyh o t el . Th eCo s s ac k s
t h enro deb ac k do w nt h es t reet andt h ep eo p l eran
aw ayb ef o ret h em . Il eanedo ut o f myw indo w
andc o ul ds eeint o t h eNevs k i .
It h endres s edandw ent t o l unc h eo nat Do no n's .
Ret urningal o ngt h eNevs k it o w ards myh o t el
It al k edf o ramo ment t o Savins k i . Th es t reet w as
f ul l o f t h eus ual p eo p l eo nes ees o f aSat urday
af t erno o no nt h eNevs k i . Th eCo s s ac k s ,un-
mo unt ed,w erep o s t edb yt h eMo ik aCanal o ut s ide
t h eSt ro go no vPal ac e ;
w h eret h eMo rs k aiac ro s s es
t h eNevs k it h ep at ro l w as go ingdo w nt o t h eend
o f t h ePro s p ek t . Ret urningup t h eNevs k iIw ent
o nf o o t t o myh o t el . It w as ab eaut if ul day . Th e
s t reet s w ereq uit eno rmal and very f ul l . As I
t urneddo w nt h eMic h ail St reet Is aw ,h igh erup
t h eNevs k i,ac ro w dc o l l ec t edat t h eSado via
c ro s s ing- w h et h ert ro o p s o rp eo p l eIc o ul dno t
mak eo ut . Mo t o r- c ars ands l edges w eredriving
ab o ut ; t h erew ereno p eo p l eo f f t h es idew al k in
t h es t reet it s el f . Iw ent up t o myro o mandadded
ap o s t s c rip t t o al et t erIh adw rit t ent o t h eGrand
F IRINGONTHECROWD

1 0 3
Duc h es s Vl adimirint h eCauc as us des c rib ingt h e
s it uat io n ; t o o k t h el et t erdo w nt o t h ep o rt ert o b e
s ent b yh andt o h erp al ac e,w ent up s t airs and
immediat el yb egant o c h angemyc l o t h es ,as Iw as
go ingt o ac o nc ert o f t h eB o ris Vl adimiro vic h
Orc h es t rainah al l int h eMo c h o vaia . Ih adp ut
o nmyb o o t s andmyt ro us ers w h enIh eardas o und
w h ic h Ik new ,b ut c o ul dn't rec al l . Io p enedmy
w indo w w ideandreal is edit w as t h ec h at t ero f a
mac h ine- gun ; t h enIs aw anindes c rib ab l es igh t -
al l t h ew el l - dres s edNevs k ic ro w drunningf o rt h eir
l ives do w nt h eMic h ail St reet ,andas t amp edeo f
mo t o r- c ars ands l edges - t o es c ap ef ro mt h emac h ine-
guns w h ic h nevers t o p p edf iring . Is aw aw el l -
dres s edl adyruno verb yanaut o mo b il e,as l edge
t urno verandt h edrivert h ro w nint o t h eairand
k il l ed . Th ep o o rer- l o o k ingp eo p l ec ro uc h edagains t
t h ew al l s ; manyo t h ers ,p rinc ip al l ymen,l ayf l at
int h es no w . L o t s o f c h il drenw eret ramp l edo n,
andp eo p l ek no c k eddo w nb yt h es l edges o rb yt h e
rus h o f t h ec ro w d .
It al l s eemeds o unj us t . Is aw red .
Ip ut o na
j ac k et w it h o ut t ieo rc o l l aro rgreat c o at ,rus h edt o
myt h ird- f l o o rl if t ,w h ereIw as k ep t w ait ings o me
t ime . It h o ugh t ,if Ic o ul dral l yt h ep eo p l e,w e
c o ul dc ap t uret h eguns .
Wh enIgo t do w ns t airs
If o undt h eh al l anddo o rw ayc rammed
. Onl y
w it h dif f ic ul t yc o ul dIget o ut
. B yno w t h o s ew h o
h adc ro uc h edneart h ew al l h adgo t up andw ere
runningaw ay
. Th eguns h ads t o p p edf iring .
Th es t reet w as al mo s t emp t y ; t h erew as no t h ing
f o rmet o do ,s o Iret urnedt o t h eh o t el ,f inis h ed
1 9 1 7
1 9 1 7
1 0
4

RUSSIANDIARY
dres s ing,andw al k edt o t h ec o nc ert at t h eMo c h o vaia .
Al l t h es l edges h adgo neh o me . Th erew ereo nl y
ado z enp eo p l et h ere,w h o immediat el yl ef t w h en
It o l dt h emw h at Ih ads een . Th eaut h o rit ies h ad
w arnedt h eGrandDuk eB o ris no t t o go o ut .
Ido n't k no w w h at p ro vo k edt h egun- f iring,f o r
t h eNevs k iw as q uit eno rmal w h enIw ent int o t h e
h o t el
. Wh et h erademo ns t rat io nh adc o medo w n
f ro mt h eSado vaiao rno t Ido n't k no w ,b ut t h e
c ro w dw h o rus h eddo w nt h eMic h ail St reet w ere
mo s t l yw el l dres s ed
.
Th erew eret h reemac h ine- guns b et w eent h e
Trinit yCh ap el andt h eGas t innyDvo r,w h ic h c o ul d
rak eMic h ail St reet ; t h eyw erep l ac edt w o inf ro nt
ando neb eh ind . Th eyw eres urro undedb ys o l diers ,
s o o nec o ul dno t s eet h emf ro mt h es t reet . Is aw
t h emf ro manup p erh o t el w indo w .
Wh enIgo t b ac k t o t h eh o t el at 6 . 5 o t h e
managert o l dmet h at ,af t erIh adgo neo ut ,t h e
guns h adb eenf iringt o c l eart h es t reet ,andt h at
f o urp eo p l eh adb eenk il l edat t h ec o rnero f t h e
Nevs k i . Al ma,t h eh o us emaidw h o l o o k s af t erme
s o w el l ,c amet o myro o mands aids h eh adb een
al l t h et imeat aw indo w t h at o verl o o k edt h e
Nevs k i,andw h ent h emac h ine- guns h adf ireda
s ec o ndt imes h eh ads eenaw o manandt h reemen
s h o t .
Ac ro w dh adc o medo w nf ro mt h eSado vaia ;
w h ent h eyarrivedo ut s idet h eMunic ip al Duma
o p p o s it emyh o t el ,amanmadeas p eec h s aying
t h ep eo p l ew ant edt h eEmp ero rt o k no w h o w muc h
t h eyw eres uf f ering . Th ep o l ic e,no t t h es o l diers ,
COSSACK SPATROL L INGINSTREETSio 5
f ired,k il l ingt h reemen : t h ew o manw as s h o t at
t h ec o rnero f t h es t reet . Th eb o dies w eret ak en
aw ayeit h erb yt h ep o l ic eo rt h es o l diers ; o neb o dy
w as p ut inas l edgeanddrivenq uic k l yaw aydo w n
t h eNevs k i . Al mas aw al l t h is .
Iw al k edt o Do no n's t o dinew it h Al b ert Radz i-
w il l andF ras s o ,w h o h adc o mef ro mIt al yo na
c inemat o grap h p ro p agandamis s io n . Af t erw ards
w ew ent o nf o o t t o s eet h eJ o s ep h Po t o c k is ,and
s at t h erew it h t h em,dis c us s ingw h at Ih ads een
int h eaf t erno o n .
Al l t h emo rningIw as w rit ingab o ut t h eevent s
o f yes t erday . At 2 Iw ent o nf o o t do w nt h eNevs k i
t o Do no n's . At t h ec o rnero f Mic h ail St reet and
Nevs k iIc ro s s edo vert o s eew h eret h eb ul l et s o f t h e
p o l ic eh adh it t h ew al l o f t h eMunic ip al Dumaand
t h es h o p s al o ngs ideo f it . Th ep o l ic eh adc o meup
t h eNevs k if ro mt h eK as anCh urc h ,andh ad
draw nt h ems el ves up undert h ew indo w s o f t h e
" Euro p e," w h ic h giveo nt o t h eNevs k i . Th e
p eo p l ew ereunarmedandp eac eab l ec it iz ens .
Go ingt o l unc h eo nIno t ic edt h erew ereno t rams
running,b ut int h eNevs k it h erew ereaf ew s l edges .
Th es t reet s w eref ul l ,andc ro w ds o f Sundayp eo p l e
w al k ingdo w nt h emiddl eo f t h es t reet . Th ere
w erep at ro l s o f Co s s ac k s everyw h ere . Th eCo s s ac k s
af t erp at ro l l ingw o ul ds t o p at t h ec o rners o f t h e
s t reet s ,get o f f t h eirh o rs es andt al k t o t h ep eo p l e .
Iw it nes s edno . unp l eas ant nes s at al l .
Do no n's veryf ul l . Th eus ual Sundayb andno t
p l aying . Tal k edt o Princ es s Do l l yRadz iw il l ,
Co unt es s K reut z ,Princ eK udac h ev,andPrinc e
1 9 1 7
Sunday,
Mar . ii .
Narrat ive .
1 9 1 7
io 6

RUSSIANDIARY
B o ris Go l it z in,w h o h adb eenh avingl unc h eo n
t o get h er . Co unt es s K reut z as k edmet o c o met o
t h eb al l et t h at evening . Onmyw ayt o t h eHo t el
deI'Ours inB igSt ab l eSt reet f o undap at ro l o f
c aval ryCo s s ac k s draw nac ro s s t h et h o ro ugh f are,
andp eo p l eb eingref us edp ermis s io nt o p as s
.
Ih uggedt h ew al l at t h ec o rnerandmanagedt o
reac h t h eh o t el . Onc o mingo ut w it h Madame
Derf el den, nee Sc h eremet ev,Is aw t h eNevs k ih ad
b eenemp t iedo f p eo p l e
. Weh eardt h at t h e
p o l ic eh adb eens h o o t ingt h ep eo p l eneart h eNic o l ai
s t at io n . Ip ro p o s edt o go up t h eNevs k i,b ut s h e
h es it at ed . Wh ens h edidc o ns ent t o c o me,a
s ingl ep at ro l as k edus indial ec t ,no t inRus s ian,
t o t urnb ac k . Hew as p ro b ab l yaMo h ammedan
;
Mo h ammedant ro o p s h aveb eenb ro ugh t ex p res s l y
t o Pet ro grad .
So w ew ent b ac k do w nt h eB igSt ab l eSt reet ,
ac ro s s t h eImp erial St ab l ePl ac e,ando nt o t h e
Engl is h Emb as s y . Th erew eremanyp eo p l eab o ut
;
p at ro l s o f c aval ryeveryw h ere ;
no s l edges . At
t h eEmb as s yIw ent in,MadameDerf el denp ro -
c eedingal o net o t h eF renc h Q uay,w h eres h el ives
.
If o undt h eAmb as s ado r,h is w if eanddaugh t er-
al s o GuyCo l eb ro o k e- j us t arrivedf ro mF inl and,
w h eret h eyh adb eenf o rt endays 'res t
. As it
t urnedo ut ,t h eirt rainw as t h el as t o nt h eF inl and
l inew h ic h w as al l o w edb yt h ep o l ic eo rt h ep eo p l e
t o c o meint o Pet ro grad .
Ont h ew ayb ac k t o myh o t el Ih adt o p as s in
f ro nt o f t h eb arrac k s o f t h ePavl o vs k iGuards
Regiment
. Th erew as muc h f erment amo ngs t t h e
SYMPATHYWITHTHEPOPULACE
107
s o l d i e r s a t t h e g a t e s , a n d a g r e a t d e a l o f v e r y
a n i m a t e d c o n v e r s a t i o n
.Th e m e n wh o h a d be e n
o u t o n l e a v e d u r i n g t h e d a y we r e n o wc o m i n g ba c k
f o r t h e n i g h t
. So m e o f t h e i r o f f i c e r s we r e u r g i n g
t h e m t o g o q u i e t l y i n t o t h e i r ba r r a c k s .
La t e r t h e
p o l i c e c a m e t o t h e Co l o n e l , a n d a s k e d t o be a l l o we d
t o we a r u n i f o r m s o f h i s r e g i m e n t
. Th e s o l d i e r s ,
h e a r i n g h e h a d c o n s e n t e d , k i l l e d h i m
. Th i s wa s
t h e f i r s t Gu a r d s Re g i m e n t i n Pe t r o g r a d t h a t
m u t i n i e d
.Th e d i f f e r e n t Gu a r d s Re g i m e n t s i n
Pe t r o g r a d we r e c o m p o s e d m o s t l y o f r e s e r v i s t s -
m a r r i e d m e n o f be t we e n t h i r t y a n d f o r t y , a n d
a f e wbo y s .
Gu y Co l e br o o k e t o l d m e h e wa s g o i n g t o t h e
ba l l e t , s o we a r r a n g e d t o d i n e a t t h e
" Ou r s ." As
t h e r e we r e n o s l e d g e s we wa l k e d t o t h e Ma r i e n s k i
Th e a t r e ;
t h e h o u s e q u i t e d e s e r t e d . Fr o m t h e r e
Co u n t e s s K r e u t z d r o v e u s i n h e r a u t o m o bi l e t o t h e
Le o n Ra d z i wi l l s ' d a n c e . Th e Gr a n d Du k e Bo r i s
wa s t h e r e .
Ih a d wo r d s wi t h Bo r i s Go l i t z i n a bo u t t h e p o l i c e
s h o o t i n g t h e p e o p l e wh o , q u i t e q u i e t l y , we r e a s k i n g
f o r br e a d . He s n e e r e d , " Yo u we r e v e r y m u c h
u p s e t y e s t e r d a y a t s e e i n g a f e wp e o p l e k i l l e d i n t h e
s t r e e t
. To -m o r r o wy o u wi l l s e e t h o u s a n d s ! "
Ir e p l i e d , "
It ' s d a m n e d h a r d l i n e s a s k i n g f o r br e a d
a n d o n l y g e t t i n g a bu l l e t
! "
Le o n Ra d z i wi l l * v e r y k i n d l y s e n t m e h o m e i n h i s
a u t o m o bi l e a t 4 a .m .
Th e N e v s k i , a s we l l a s t h e
o t h e r s t r e e t s t h a t r a d i a t e f r o m t h e Ad m i r a l t y ,
wa s be i n g s we p t by s e a r c h l i g h t s f r o m t h e Ad m i r a l t y
* Pr i n c e Le o n , f o u r t h s o n o f Pr i n c e Ge o r g e .
19 17
1 9 1 7
Mo n d a y ,
Ma r . 12 .
N a r r a t i v e .
108

RUSSIAN DIARY
To we r ;
o c c a s i o n a l bu l l e t s wh i s t l e d u p a n d d o wn
t h e N e v s k i .
Fi n e we a t h e r . N o s t r e e t t r a f f i c o r t r a m s r u n n i n g .
As Iwa l k e d f r o m t h e h o t e l t o h a v e l u n c h e o n a t
Ma d a m e De r f e l d e n ' s , Ip a s s e d i n f r o n t o f t h e
En g i n e e r Pa l a c e , i n wh i c h t h e Em p e r o r Pa u l wa s
a s s a s s i n a t e d i n i 8 o i , c r o s s e d t h e Fo n t a n k a Ca n a l ,
a n d we n t d o wn t o t h e Fr e n c h Q u a y , wh e r e s h e l i v e s
.
Du r i n g l u n c h e o n we h e a r d i n c e s s a n t f i r i n g a l l r o u n d
t h e h o u s e . On l e a v i n g Iwa l k e d a s f a r a s t h e
Li t e i n y Pr o s p e k t , wh i c h i s a l wa y s t h e s t o r m -c e n t r e
o f e v e r y a g i t a t i o n i n Pe t r o g r a d . Th e r e wa s a
g o o d d e a l o f d e s u l t o r y f i r i n g . Ir e t u r n e d a l o n g
t h e q u a y t o t h e En g l i s h Em ba s s y , c a t c h i n g u p
Te r e s c h e n k o .
At t h e Em ba s s y Ih e a r d t h a t t h e Ol i v e s -wh o
l i v e o p p o s i t e t h e Ta u r i d e Ga r d e n , wh e r e t h e Pa l a c e
o f t h e Du m a i s s i t u a t e d -e xp e c t i n g f r i e n d s f o r
l u n c h e o n , h a d t e l e p h o n e d t o s a y t h e y we r e q u i t e
c u t o f f , a n d h o p e d n o bo d y wo u l d r i s k t h e j o u r n e y .
Th a t i m m e d i a t e l y e xc i t e d m e t o g o , s o Is t a r t e d o f f
a l o n g t h e Fr e n c h Q u a y . Ih a d j u s t g o t t o t h e
Li t e i n y , a n d wa s i n t h e a c t o f c r o s s i n g t h e s t r e e t ,
wh e n m a c h i n e -g u n s be g a n t o f i r e , s o Il a y d o wn i n
t h e s n o w, a n d a f a t wo m a n o f t h e p e o p l e l a y a c r o s s
m y l e g s t i l l t h e m a c h i n e -g u n s h a d f i n i s h e d f i r i n g
.
Wi t h d i f f i c u l t y wa s Ia bl e t o e xt r a c t m y s e l f f r o m
t h e s n o wa n d t h e o l d l a d y . Pl a t o d e f i n e d br a v e r y
a s t h e k n o wl e d g e o f wh a t o n e o u g h t -a n d o u g h t
n o t -t o f e a r . It h e n bo l t e d a c r o s s t h e s t r e e t a n d
c o n t i n u e d m y wa y t o t h e Ol i v e s ' . Al o n g t h e
Sc h p a l e r n a i a St r e e t t h e f i r s t t r o o p s we r e c o m i n g
AN N IHILATION OFTHEPOLICE i o 9
ba c k f r o m h a v i n g s wo r n a l l e g i a n c e t o t h e Pr o -
v i s i o n a l Go v e r n m e n t .
Iwa n t e d t o g e t n e ws o f t h e Br i t i s h Re d Cr o s s
De p o t , o v e r wh i c h t h e Am ba s s a d r e s s p r e s i d e s ,
a n d f o u n d i t h a d n o t be e n l o o t e d -s h u t t e r s u p a n d
e v e r y t h i n g i n o r d e r .Af t e r t h a t Im a d e m y wa y
u p t h e q u a y s be c a u s e t h e c r o wd wa s t h r e a t e n i n g ;
a n d , h a v i n g s e e n a bo y o f f i c e r k i l l e d be c a u s e h e
wo u l d n o t s u r r e n d e r h i s s wo r d , Ia v o i d e d t h e br o a d
s t r e e t s t h a t r u n t o wa r d s t h e Du m a , a s t h e y we r e
c o n t i n u o u s l y be i n g s we p t by m a c h i n e -g u n f i r e
.
Wa l k i n g a l o n g t h e e d g e o f t h e r i v e r Iwi t n e s s e d a
f i e r c e ba t t l e g o i n g o n a c r o s s t h e N e v a o n t h e
o p p o s i t e q u a y .
In m y f a l t e r i n g Ru s s i a n Ia s k e d a n o n -c o m -
m i s s i o n e d o f f i c e r wh o wa s wa l k i n g i n t h e d e e p s n o w
wh e t h e r Iwa s t o g o s t r a i g h t o n o r t u r n t o t h e
r i g h t f o r t h e Po t e m k i n s k a i a .He r e p l i e d i n Ru s s i a n ,
" St r a i g h t o n ." Af e wm i n u t e s a f t e r , t o m y u t t e r
a s t o n i s h m e n t , h e s a i d i n p u r e s t En g l i s h , " Th i s i s
t h e h e l l o f a m e s s ! " He t h e n t o l d m e t h a t h i s
m o t h e r wa s En g l i s h , a n d we c o n t i n u e d wa l k i n g
t o g e t h e r u n t i l h e l e f t m e a t t h e Ol i v e s ' h o u s e .
On o u r wa y we l o o k e d i n a t t h e Du m a t o s e e
t h e t r o o p s " s we a r i n g a l l e g i a n c e " be f o r e t h e y
m a r c h e d o f f t o p a t r o l t h e s t r e e t s a g a i n s t t h e
p o l i c e , t h o u g h by t h i s t i m e t h e r e we r e n o p o l i c e
i n t h e s t r e e t s -t h e y h a d e i t h e r be e n k i l l e d o r
t a k e n p r i s o n e r s , o r we r e i n h i d i n g . Al l d a y
t h e r e wa s u n c e a s i n g f i r i n g o f r i f l e s a n d m a c h i n e -
g u n s .
[ Pa r t o f n a r r a t i v e o f t h i s d a y l o s t .]
19 17
19 17
Tu e s d a y ,
Ma r . 13 . D.
110

RUSSIAN DIARY
Gl o r i o u s we a t h e r .On f o o t t o t h e Em ba s s y , a n d
a l o n g t h e q u a y t o s e e i f a n y t h i n g h a d h a p p e n e d t o
t h e V l a d i m i r Pa l a c e . Fo u n d e v e r y t h i n g a l l r i g h t .
On t o t h e Ho t e l As t o r i a , wh i c h h a d be e n c o m p l e t e l y
g u t t e d .
Th i s m o r n i n g be t we e n 9 a n d i o , a s a n o r d e r l y
d e m o n s t r a t i o n wa s p a s s i n g by t h e Ho t e l As t o r i a ,
a s h o t wa s f i r e d f r o m o n e o f t h e u p p e r wi n d o ws o f
t h e h o t e l .Th e c r o wd i m m e d i a t e l y o p e n e d f i r e o n
t h e h o t e l , s t o r m e d t h e e n t r a n c e , a n d s wa r m e d
a l l o v e r t h e bu i l d i n g o n e v e r y f l o o r . N o n e o f t h e
wo m e n we r e m o l e s t e d , bu t s e v e r a l o f f i c e r s we r e
k i l l e d a n d t h e wh o l e o f t h e g r o u n d f l o o r wa s
c o m p l e t e l y wr e c k e d . Se v e r a l o f m y a c q u a i n t a n c e s
wh o we r e s t o p p i n g t h e r e we r e g i v e n s h e l t e r a t t h e
It a l i a n Em ba s s y o n t h e o p p o s i t e s i d e o f Is a a c ' s
Pl a c e . Fr o m t h e r e Iwe n t o n t o Po t s d a m St r e e t t o
s e e Ge n e r a l Fr e e d e r i c k s z ' s h o u s e , l o o t e d a n d s e t o n
f i r e by t h e m o bt h i s m o r n i n g .It wa s c o m p l e t e l y
bu r n t o u t , o n l y t h e o u t s i d e wa l l s r e m a i n i n g . Ev e n
t h e i r c o l l i e d o g wa s ba y o n e t e d i n t h e h i n d q u a r t e r s .
Co u n t e s s Fr e e d e r i c k s z o n l y g o t a wa y j u s t i n t i m e .
Re t u r n e d t o Em ba s s y . Gr e a t e xc i t e m e n t -f i g h t i n g
i n a l l t h e s t r e e t s . Ev e r y wh e r e r i f l e a n d m a c h i n e -
g u n f i r i n g , e s p e c i a l l y o n t h e o t h e r s i d e o f t h e N e v a .
Le f t t h e Em ba s s y l a t e r wi t h Lo c k e r -La m p s o n
i n o n e o f h i s c a r s . He d r o p p e d m e a t t h e Fo n t a n k a .
On l e a v i n g m e t h e c a r wa s s h o t t h r o u g h .
Wa l k e d ba c k t o t h e h o t e l , k e e p i n g c l o s e t o t h e
h o u s e s f o r f e a r o f be i n g s h o t . So t o be d a n d h a d
j u s t g o n e t o s l e e p wh e n t h e n e wm i l i t a r y p o l i c e
c a m e a n d m a d e m e g e t o u t o f be d wh i l e t h e y
THEEMPERORATBOLOGOE
i i i
s e a r c h e d m y r o o m s f o r h i d d e n f i r e a r m s .
In t e r l u d e s

19 17
o f r i f l e a n d m a c h i n e -g u n f i r i n g a l l n i g h t .
Ze r o Fa h r e n h e i t -s n o we d a l l d a y . Ih e a r d n o
We d n e s d a y ,
f i r i n g be f o r e 8 .5 0 .
St r e e t s q u i e t , bu t m a n y s o l d i e r s
Ma r
.14 -
N a r r a t i v e .
wa l k i n g a bo u t
. Wh e n Iwe n t o u t a t i o
.5 o ,
Ed e l s o n , o f t h e An g l o -Ru s s i a n Ba n k , o v e r t o o k m e
a n d t o l d m e h e h a d be e n d i s t r i bu t i n g br e a d t o t h e
p e o p l e a n d t h a t t h e Em p e r o r h a d a r r i v e d a t
Ts a r s k o e Se l o .
Iwa l k e d wi t h h i m a s f a r a s h i s
ba n k
.ASi be r i a n r e g i m e n t wa s m a r c h i n g u p t h e
N e v s k i _ ; t h e y h a d be e n m e t a t t h e s t a t i o n by
t h e Pe t r o g r a d t r o o p s a n d we r e o n t h e i r wa y t o t h e
Du m a -n o wt h e s e a t o f t h e Pr o v i s i o n a l Go v e r n m e n t
.
Il o o k e d i n a t t h e V o t i v e Ch u r c h f o r t h e Em p e r o r
Al e xa n d e r II' s r e q u i e m
.On l y Ia n d a f e w m o u j i k s
we r e p r e s e n t ; l a s t y e a r a l l t h e Co u r t wa s t h e r e
.
At t h e Ho t e l d e l ' Ou r s Ih e a r d t h a t t h e Em p e r o r
i n h i s t r a i n h a d be e n s t o p p e d a t Bo l o g o e , wh i c h i s
s i xh o u r s by f a s t t r a i n f r o m Pe t r o g r a d
; a l s o t h a t
h e h a d be e n t o Mo s c o wf r o m Mo g h i l e v
; bu t t h i s
Id o u bt .Mo s t l i k e l y , i n s t e a d o f t a k i n g t h e d i r e c t
r o u t e f r o m Mo g h i l e v t o Pe t r o g r a d , t h e t r a i n we n t
a c r o s s c o u n t r y a n d j o i n e d t h e Mo s c o wl i n e a t
Bo l o g o e .
Fr o m t h e Ou r s Iwa l k e d d o wn t h e s t r e e t o n t o
t h e q u a y s a n d s o t o t h e Em ba s s y .
Fr o m La d y
Ge o r g i n a ' s bo u d o i r o n t h e e n t r e s o l
we s a wq u a n t i t i e s
o f t r o o p s c r o s s i n g t h e Tr o i t z a Br i d g e , wh o t u r n e d
a l o n g t h e q u a y i n f r o n t o f t h e Em ba s s y o n t h e i r
wa y t o t h e Du m a t o s u p p o r t t h e Go v e r n m e n t .
In t h e n i g h t a l l t h e K r a s n o e Se l o t r o o p s , a n d a l l t h e
Ts a r s k o e Se l o t r o o p s , h a d m a r c h e d o r c o m e i n
1
9
1 7
112

RUSSIAN DIARY
t r a i n s t o Pe t r o g r a d ;
a l s o m a n y o f t h e K r o n s t a d t
s a i l o r s .Th e r e we r e ba t c h e s o f s a i l o r s m a r c h i n g
a bo u t , m o s t l y o r d e r l y .
At i we n t u p s t a i r s t o l u n c h e o n ; t h e r e wa s
n o t h i n g t o e a t i n m y h o t e l .On t h e s t a i r c a s e m e t
t h e Am ba s s a d o r a n d Lo c k e r -La m p s o n . It o l d
Hi s Exc e l l e n c y a l l Ih a d s e e n a n d h e a r d
. He
wa s i n c l i n e d t o be l i e v e i t t r u e t h a t t h e Em p e r o r
h a d be e n d e t a i n e d a t Bo l o g o e
.Af t e r l u n c h e o n
t h e Da i l y Ch r o n i c l e
c o r r e s p o n d e n t c a m e t o t h e
Am ba s s a d o r wi t h t h e n e ws t h a t a d e l e g a t i o n wa s
l e a v i n g f o r Bo l o g o e t o i n f o r m t h e Em p e r o r t h a t
h i s br o t h e r h a d be e n a p p o i n t e d Re g e n t u n t i l t h e
e n d o f t h e wa r .He t o l d u s t h a t n e wMi n i s t e r s
h a d a l r e a d y be e n c h o s e n , wi t h Pr i n c e Lv o v a s
Pr e s i d e n t o f t h e Co u n c i l ;
t h a t t h e f o o d -s u p p l y
wo u l d n o wbe a l l r i g h t , a s t h e t o wn h a d be e n
o r g a n i s e d i n t o d i s t r i c t s
; t h a t 5 00 o f f i c e r s , i n c l u d i n g
m a n y Ge n e r a l s , h a d be e n t o s we a r a l l e g i a n c e ;
t h a t i n t h e Du m a Pr o t o p o p o v h a d be e n r e c e i v e d
wi t h l a u g h t e r a n d s u p r e m e c o n t e m p t , a n d s e n t t o
t h e Pe t e r -Pa u l Fo r t r e s s
.
Il e f t t h e Em ba s s y i n t e n d i n g t o g o t o t h e Fo n -
t a n k a t o s e e t h e Mi c h a e l Go r c h a k o v s , bu t i n f r o n t
o f t h e Su m m e r Ga r d e n Ch a p e l Im e t V e s e y , wh o
t o l d m e t h e r e h a d j u s t be e n a ba t t l e i n t h e Li t e i n y
Pr o s p e k t , t h e p o l i c e s t i l l f i r i n g m a c h i n e -g u n s .
Ir e t u r n e d a t o n c e t o t h e Em ba s s y t o t e l l Ge n e r a l
K n o x, wh o wa s g o i n g t h a t wa y t o t h e Du m a .
Ou t s i d e t h e Em ba s s y a m a n wa s s a y i n g t h a t
m a c h i n e -g u n s h a d a g a i n be e n f i r i n g i n t h e N e v s k i
a n d d o wn Mi c h a i l St r e e t .
K n o xh a d t o l d m e a t
DEATHOFSTACK ELBERG

113
l u n c h e o n t h a t Pr o t o p o p o v h a d h a d m a c h i n e -g u n s
p u t o n a l l t h e c o r n e r h o u s e s o f Pe t r o g r a d , a n d t h a t
t h e t r o o p s h a d t a k e n f o r t y -f o u r m a c h i n e -g u n s o f f
t h e r o o f s y e s t e r d a y ; bu t e v i d e n t l y t h e r e a r e s t i l l
s o m e l e f t , f o r Ih a d h e a r d o n e f i r i n g c l o s e t o t h e
Ou r s a t m i d d a y .
Il e f t t h e Em ba s s y t o wa l k ba c k t o t h e h o t e l ,
a n d i n t h e Mi l l i o n a i a h e a r d a Ge n e r a l h a d j u s t be e n
k i l l e d , a n d l a t e r t h a t wh e n s o m e s o l d i e r s f o r c e d
t h e i r wa y i n t o Ge n e r a l St a c k e l be r g ' s h o u s e , h e h a d
s h o t a t t h e m wi t h h i s r e v o l v e r a n d t h e n r a n o u t
o f t h e h o u s e t o t h e Pa l a c e Q u a y , j u m p i n g o v e r t h e
p a r a p e t o n t o t h e f r o z e n N e v a , wh e r e h e wa s s h o t
.
Wh e n Ig o t ba c k t o t h e h o t e l If o u n d o u r s t r e e t
q u i t e e m p t y a n d n o bo d y e xc e p t r e s i d e n t s a l l o we d
t o e n t e r t h e h o t e l
.Al l p a s s p o r t s h a d t o be s h o wn .
Th i s Ih a d i m p l o r e d Be r g , t h e m a n a g e r , t o o r d e r
t wo d a y s a g o , a s e v e r y Ge r m a n o p h i l o r s u s p e c t e d
p e r s o n n a t u r a l l y f l i e s t o a n h o t e l t o h i d e h i m s e l f
.
Iwa s p a s s e d i n a n d f o u n d t h e Co m m a n d a n t i n t h e
h a l l g i v i n g o r d e r s .
Ia s k e d Be r g t o t r a n s l a t e f o r
m e , a n d Ir e q u e s t e d t h e Co m m a n d a n t t o p u t a
g u a r d o n t h e r o o f s o t h a t t h e r e c o u l d be n o m i s t a k e
a bo u t m a c h i n e -g u n s be i n g t h e r e .Ap o l i c e m a c h i n e -
g u n h a d be e n f i r i n g d o wn o u r s t r e e t a n d t h e N e v s k i
f i f t e e n m i n u t e s be f o r e , bu t c o u l d n o t be l o c a t e d .
Iwe n t u p s t a i r s t o s e e Sa z o n o v , a n d s a t wi t h h i m
t we n t y m i n u t e s .
He h a d s e e n a n o l d l a d y s h o t i n
t h e s t r e e t by t h e p o l i c e m a c h i n e -g u n . IIe t a i t
o u t r a g e .
Iwe n t o u t a g a i n t o t h e Ou r s by Li t t l e
St a bl e St r e e t , wh e r e t h e r e h a d be e n l a r g e p a t c h e s
o f bl o o d i n t h e s n o wwh e n Ip a s s e d i n t h e m o r n i n g .
H
19 17
19 17
114

RUSSIAN DIARY
Th e f a l l i n g s n o wh a d n o wc o v e r e d t h e m : i t h a d
be e n s n o wi n g s i n c e 12 .
At t h e Ou r s Io n l y h e a r d l i e s , a n d f r o m t h e r e
Iwe n t t o c a l l o n t h e Po l o v t s o v s . Th e y h a d g o n e
t o t h e Fo r e i g n Of f i c e , s o Iwe n t o n t h e r e t o s e e
Ma d a m e Ta t i s t c h e v , * a n d f o u n d Ma d a m e Po l o v t s o v
a n d s e v e r a l f r i e n d s . In a f e wm i n u t e s Pe t e r
Po l o v t s o v a n d Ma d a m e Ig n a t i e v , wh o m Ih a d
j u s t m e t i n t h e s t r e e t , c a m e i n . Th e y we r e s a y i n g
t h a t Ma d a m e V i r bo v a h a d d i e d o f m e a s l e s , t h a t
t h e Em p r e s s h a d c o m p l a i n e d t h e r e we r e n o t r o o p s
i n Ts a r s k o e Se l o , t h a t s h e a s k e d f o r s o m e o n e
r e s p o n s i bl e t o be s e n t t h e r e , t h a t Ro d z i a n k o h a d
h i m s e l f l e f t f o r Ts a r s k o e wi t h t wo Me m be r s o f t h e
Du m a .
Th e Fr e n c h Am ba s s a d o r c a l l e d , a n d a f t e r s t a y i n g
t we n t y m i n u t e s t o o k m e i n h i s a u t o m o bi l e a s f a r a s
t h e En g l i s h Em ba s s y -m y f i r s t d r i v e s i n c e Fr i d a y .
He t o l d m e Ba r k a n d h i s o f f i c i a l s t a f f o f t h e Mi n i s t r y
o f Fi n a n c e h a d be e n a r r e s t e d . In t h e h o t e l Iwa s
t o l d 3 000 p e o p l e h a d be e n s h o t i n a l l .On e wo n d e r s
h o wm a n y m o r e t h e p o l i c e wo u l d h a v e k i l l e d u n l e s s
t h e t r o o p s h a d j o i n e d t h e p e o p l e ! Th e n e ws i s t h a t
St i i r m e r d i e d i n t h e n i g h t ! Co u n t e s s Fr e e d e r i c k s z ,
wh o i s v e r y i l l , wa s t a k e n o u t o f h e r h o u s e j u s t
be f o r e i t wa s s e t o n f i r e , a n d p a s s e d t h e n i g h t o n a
s t r e t c h e r i n t h e Gu a r d s ' Ho s p i t a l .He r d a u g h t e r
a p p e a l e d t o t h e Am ba s s a d o r f o r h e r t o be t a k e n i n
a t a n y En g l i s h i n s t i t u t i o n , s o i t wa s a r r a n g e d by
t h e En g l i s h Ch a p l a i n , wh o a t l u n c h e o n t o -d a y a t
* Wi f e o f t h e Pe r m a n e n t Un d e r -Se c r e t a r y f o r Fo r e i g n
Af f a i r s -f o r m e r l y o f t h e Ru s s i a n Em ba s s y i n Pa r i s
.
THE SOCIALDEMOCRATS

11 5
t h e Em ba s s y t o l d t h e Am ba s s a d o r s h e h a d be e n
r e m o v e d i n a s l e d g e a n d s t o we d a wa y a t t h e t o p
o f t h e En g l i s h N u r s i n g Ho m e .
Z' Fa h r e n h e i t . Lo v e l y m o r n i n g , v e r y c o l d wi n d .
Sn o wbe i n g c l e a r e d a wa y .Us u a l p e o p l e i n t h e
s t r e e t s . Iwa s h e d m y wi n d o ws , wh i c h we r e v e r y
d i r t y
.
N o br e a d !
Se y m o u r c a m e t o s e e m e a n d t o l d m e t h e s i t u a t i o n
wa s g e t t i n g s e r i o u s -n o t i n t h e s t r e e t s , wh i c h we r e
q u i e t i n g d o wn --bu t a m o n g s t t h e So c i a l De m o c r a t s ,
wh o we r e t h r o wi n g p r i n t e d i n f l a m m a t o r y m a n i -
f e s t o s o u t o f a u t o m o bi l e s .We d i s c u s s e d , a n d h e
a g r e e d t o , a p r o p o s a l Im a d e t o a c q u a i n t t h e So c i a l
De m o c r a t s o f t h e Al l i e d n a t i o n s wi t h t h e g r a v i t y o f
t h e p o s i t i o n h e r e , a n d a s k t h e m t o t e l e g r a p h t o t h e i r
Ru s s i a n c o m r a d e s .We we n t o u t t o g e t h e r d o wn
t h e N e v s k i , wh i c h s e e m e d q u i t e n o r m a l ; p e o p l e
wa l k i n g , bu t n o t r a f f i c .Th e d e a d h o r s e wa s s t i l l
a t t h e c o r n e r o f t h e Li t t l e St a bl e St r e e t .
Se y m o u r l e f t m e a t t h e Ou r s , wh e r e Is a wFr a s s o
.
He h a d be e n a t t h e Du m a y e s t e r d a y a n d h a d s e e n
t h e Gr a n d Du k e K y r i l l m a r c h i n a t t h e h e a d o f t h e
r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s o f t h e N a v y t o s u p p o r t t h e n e w
Go v e r n m e n t
.He h a d a l s o h e a r d t h a t Ro d z i a n k o
h a d n o t g o n e t o Ts a r s k o e Se l o t o s e e t h e Em p r e s s
.
Iwe n t o n t o t h e Po l o v t s o v ' s a n d f o u n d f o u r
Fo r e i g n Of f i c e m e n wh o h a d h a d l u n c h e o n t h e r e .
Fr o m t h a t m o m e n t Ibe g a n t o r e a l i s e h o ws e r i o u s
t h e s i t u a t i o n wa s g e t t i n g
.Th e y t o l d m e t h e
Em p e r o r h a d l e f t Bo l o g o e i n h i s t r a i n a n d h a d be e n
h e a r d o f a t o r n e a r Ps k o v .
Ma d a m e Po l o v t s o v wa s
v e r y a n xi o u s a n d wo r r i e d
. Iwe n t t o t h e Em ba s s y .
19 17
Th u r s d a y ,
Ma r
.15
.D.
19 3 17
116

RUSSIAN DIARY
Th e s t r e e t s v e r y f u l l -s t i l l q u i e t , bu t g r o u p s o f
p e o p l e e v e r y wh e r e .Th e Am ba s s a d o r c a m e d o wn -
s t a i r s .As Ih e l p e d h i m o n wi t h h i s c o a t It o l d h i m
o f t h e p r o j e c t Se y m o u r h a d be e n t o s e e m e a bo u t .
He s a i d h e h a d r e c e i v e d a l e t t e r o n t h e s a m e s u bj e c t
a n d h a d a l r e a d y t e l e g r a p h e d
.
Ju s t t h e n h e wa s
c a l l e d t o t h e t e l e p h o n e , a n d wh e n h e c a m e o u t s a i d
t h e Em p e r o r h a d a bd i c a t e d -t h e He i r Ap p a r e n t
wa s t o r e i g n u n d e r t h e Re g e n c y o f Mi c h a i l Al e x-
a n d r o v i c h
.As h e we n t o u t , Wi l t o n * c a m e i n
wi t h n o n e ws
.
La d y Ge o r g i n a c a m e d o wn a n d Ih e l p e d h e r
a r r a n g e r o o m s f o r Ra i k e s , K i n g ' s Me s s e n g e r , a n d
e i g h t o f f i c e r s wh o we r e e xp e c t e d f r o m Ro m a n o v .
So m e r s e t , a K i n g ' s Me s s e n g e r , wa s a l s o m o v i n g
i n t o t h e Em ba s s y . He h a d be e n s t a y i n g a t t h e
As t o r i a a n d s a wt h e r e d f l a g h o i s t e d o n t h e Wi n t e r
Pa l a c e . Pr e s e n t l y Ra i k e s a r r i v e d wi t h t h e o f f i c e r s
a n d t h e ba g s a n d a l o t o f o u r s u bm a r i n e s a i l o r s .
Th e s e a j o u r n e y h a d be e n g o o d a l l t h e wa y , a n d
a f t e r t h e N o r t h Ca p e a s s m o o t h a s g l a s s ; bu t t h e
r a i l wa y j o u r n e y h a d be e n t e r r i bl e .N o a c c o m m o -
d a t i o n i n t h e t r a i n a n d e i g h t n i g h t s wi t h o u t c h a n g i n g
t h e i r c l o t h e s ! As t h e y we r e l e a v i n g t h e i r p o r t a
s h i p c a u g h t f i r e , i l l u m i n a t i n g t h e wh o l e c o u n t r y
a n d m a k i n g a we i r d e f f e c t o n t h e s n o w .Ge n e r a l
Po o l e c a m e i n f r o m t h e Du m a a n d t o l d t h e Am -
ba s s a d o r t h e s i t u a t i o n wa s v e r y g r a v e . Ih e l p e d
t o c a r r y t h e ba g s u p .
On m y wa y t o t h e Fo r e i g n Of f i c e Im e t a h e a r s e
wi t h a n o a k c o f f i n c o m i n g f r o m t h e Mi l l i o n a i a -
* Th e Ti m e s Co r r e s p o n d e n t .
SITUATION ATFOREIGN OFFICE 117
t h e f i r s t f u n e r a l Ih a v e s e e n s i n c e t h e be g i n n i n g o f
t h e Ev o u t i o n ; t h e Re v o l u t i o n be g a n t o -d a y !
At t h e Fo r e i g n Of f i c e If o u n d , be s i d e s Pr i n c e s s
Mi c h a i l Go r c h a k o v a n d Co u n t e s s Al e xa n d e r Sc h u -
v a l o v , a n u m be r o f m e n .Am o n g s t t h e m wa s
Et t e r , t h e Ru s s i a n Mi n i s t e r t o Pe r s i a , wh o m Ih a d
n o t s e e n s i n c e h i s r e t u r n t o Pe t r o g r a d
.
He t o l d m e
t h a t t h e r e wa s n o c o n f i r m a t i o n o f t h e Em p e r o r ' s
a bd i c a t i o n -t h a t t h e Fo r e i g n Of f i c e h a d a l s o be e n
t e l e p h o n e d t o f o r i n f o r m a t i o n -t h a t t h e a c t u a l
Go v e r n m e n t c o u l d n o t g e t i n t o u c h wi t h h i m .
Et t e r h a d h a d l u n c h e o n o n Mo n d a y wi t h Bo r i s
V l a d i m i r o v i c h , wh o wa s l e a v i n g a t 3 f o r Ts a r s k o e
Se l o , s o a s t o s e e t h e Em p e r o r t h e m o m e n t h e
a r r i v e d . Sa v i n s k i d e s c r i be d h i s m o r n i n g a t t h e
As t o r i a -h i s r o o m r i d d l e d wi t h bu l l e t s , a n d h o w
h e we n t t o t h e It a l i a n Em ba s s y , wh e r e t h e Am -
ba s s a d o r m o s t k i n d l y r e c e i v e d h i m .
Ju s t be f o r e Il e f t t h e Fo r e i g n Of f i c e , Ta t i s t c h e v
c a m e i n t o t h e d r a wi n g -r o o m .He h a d be e n a t t h e
Du m a s i n c e i o i n t h e m o r n i n g . He s a i d t h e r e wa s
n o n e ws o f t h e Em p e r o r -t h a t t h e s i t u a t i o n wa s
m o s t p r e c a r i o u s a n d " h u n g o n a h a i r ." Al l t h e
Fo r e i g n Of f i c e m e n h a d i d e n t i f i c a t i o n p a p e r s g i v e n
t h e m a s a p r e c a u t i o n .
Wh e n Ig o t ba c k t o t h e Eu r o p e If o u n d t h e
g u a r d h a d be e n d o u bl e d a n d Me s e r v e , t h e Am e r i c a n
ba n k e r , t o l d m e t h a t g u a r d s h a d be e n p u t a t a l l
t h e ba n k s . In t h e h a l l Im e t Ge n e r a l Po o l e , wh o
a s k e d i f Ih a d a n y n e ws . Ir e p e a t e d wh a t Ih a d
h e a r d a t t h e Fo r e i g n Of f i c e , t h a t t h e s i t u a t i o n wa s
m o s t c r i t i c a l . He s a i d , " Th a t i s j u s t wh a t It o l d
19 17
19 17
118

RUSSIAN DIARY
t h e Am ba s s a d o r
." Id i n e d wi t h t h e Me s e r v e s a n d
p l a y e d br i d g e a f t e r wa r d s . Ch a r l i e r , o f t h e Be l g i a n
Co n s u l a t e , c a m e i n a t
9
.4 5
a n d s a i d h e h a d t a k e n
t h e Be l g i a n Mi n i s t e r t o t h e En g l i s h Em ba s s y f o r a
c o n f e r e n c e wi t h t h e En g l i s h a n d Fr e n c h Am ba s s a -
d o r s , a n d a t i o h e h a d t o g o a n d f e t c h h i m . He
r e t u r n e d a t 10
.4 5 a n d s a i d t h e s i t u a t i o n wa s
s l i g h t l y be t t e r t h a n e a r l i e r i n t h e e v e n i n g , a n d t h e y
h o p e d t h e c r i s i s m i g h t be we a t h e r e d , bu t i t wa s
s t i l l a c u t e .
Ih e a r d f r o m t h e N a t i o n a l Ci t y Ba n k c l e r k s t h a t
St a c k e l be r g d i d r u n a wa y f r o m h i s h o u s e , bu t wa s
s h o t c r o u c h i n g be h i n d a l a m p -p o s t o n t h e Pa l a c e
Q u a y ;
t h a t a f t e r t h e s o l d i e r s s h o t h i m t h e y
s t r i p p e d h i m n a k e d a n d l e f t h i m i n t h e m i d d l e o f
t h e r o a d
.Th e p a t r o l s r o d e o v e r h i s bo d y a s i t l a y
t h e r e t wo h o u r s
.Ih a d p a s s e d a l o n g t h e q u a y a t
m i d d a y , a n d a s t h e s n o wo n t h e N e v a h a d n o t
be e n t r a m p l e d , It h i n k t h i s m u s t be t r u e
.
Ia l s o h e a r d t h e r e t h a t t h e Em p r e s s h a d be e n
p l a c e d u n d e r g u a r d by a f r i e n d l y o f f i c e r , wh o t h u s
p r e v e n t e d a n y q u e s t i o n o f s o l d i e r s o r p e o p l e
m o l e s t i n g h e r
.Th e s o l d i e r s o f Ts a r s k o e Se l o
l o o t e d a l l t h e wi n e -s h o p s , bu t n e xt m o r n i n g a s k e d
t h e i r o f f i c e r s t o t a k e t h e m t o Pe t r o g r a d
. Th e
t r a i n s d i d n o t g o y e s t e r d a y t o Ts a r s k o e Se l o f o r t h e
f i r s t t i m e
.Co u n t e s s K l e i n m i c h e l h a d m a n a g e d t o
e s c a p e y e s t e r d a y be f o r e t h e y we n t t o a r r e s t h e r i n
h e r h o u s e
.Th e s o l d i e r s d r a n k a l l h e r wi n e , a n d
s h e wa s a r r e s t e d t h i s a f t e r n o o n a t t h e Ch i n e s e
Le g a t i o n , Al s o h e a r d t h a t Ge n e r a l K n o r r i n g , *
It wa s h i s c o u s i n ,
THEN EWGOV ERN MEN T

119
m y f r i e n d t h e Gr a n d Du c h e s s V l a d i m i r ' s e q u e r r y ,

19 17
h a d o f f e n d e d a s o l d i e r a t t h e c l u ba n d be e n s h o t o n
t h e s t a i r c a s e ; t h a t Ge n e r a l Sc h e be k o wa s a s k e d t o
g i v e u p h i s s wo r d a n d i o o o r o u bl e s t o t h o s e wh o
wi s h e d t o a r r e s t h i m , wh i c h h e d i d ; t h a t Ge n e r a l
N o s t i t z wa s a r r e s t e d , t a k e n t o t h e Du m a , a n d
r e l e a s e d .
Ma d a m e V o y e i k o v c a m e t o t h e Em ba s s y wh i l e I
wa s t h e r e , a bo u t h e r m o t h e r , Co u n t e s s Fr e e d e r i c k s z ,
wh o i s s t a y i n g i n t h e En g l i s h N u r s i n g Ho m e .
Th e t r o o p s h a d v i s i t e d t h e h o m e . Af t e r l e a v i n g
t h e Fo r e i g n Of f i c e Iwe n t t o t h e Ou r s , bu t Fr a s s o
h a d n o t c o m e ba c k f r o m t h e Du m a . He i s
De p u t a t o
It a l i a n o , a n d t h e y l e t h i m a s s i s t a t t h e s e a n c e s .
1 0 Fa h r e n h e i t .
Su n n y m o r n i n g . Th e s t r e e t s
Fr i d a y ,
be i n g s we p t a n d t h e s n o wc a r r i e d a wa y o n t h e
Ma r . 16 . D .
u s u a l h o r s e d r a y s .
i o a .m
.Th e o l d m a n wh o k e e p s a m u s i c s h o p
o p p o s i t e h a s r e o p e n e d i t a f t e r s i xd a y s . Wo o d i s
be i n g br o u g h t o n h o r s e s l e d g e s t o t h e h o u s e
o p p o s i t e
.Be n n e t t br o u g h t m e wr i t i n g -p a p e r a n d
t o l d m e t h e r e we r e m a n y g r o u p s o f p e o p l e e v e r y -
wh e r e a n d m u c h r e v o l u t i o n a r y c o n v e r s a t i o n a n d
t a l k a bo u t a r r e s t i n g t h o s e wh o d o n ' t a g r e e wi t h t h e
s p e a k e r s .
At 11 .15
o n g o i n g d o wn s t a i r s f o u n d Sk i r m u n t
( Co n s e i l l e r d e 1' Em p i r e ) i n t h e h a l l . He s a i d t h e
n e wGo v e r n m e n t wa s c o m p o s e d o f t h e m o s t
i n t e l l i g e n t m e n i n Ru s s i a .On m y wa y t o t h e
Em ba s s y , n e a r t h e V o t i v e Ch u r c h , m e t Bu n t i n g ,
Pe r m a n e n t Se c r e t a r y t o Wa y s a n d Co m m u n i c a t i o n s .
He t o l d m e t h e n o m i n a t i o n o f Pr i n c e Lv o v a s
19 17
12 0

RUSSIAN DIARY
Pr e s i d e n t o f t h e Co u n c i l a n d Mi n i s t e r o f t h e
In t e r i o r wa s e xc e l l e n t -t h a t h e wa s a m a n wh o wa s
l i s t e n e d t o a n d r e s p e c t e d by a l l c l a s s e s .
At t h e Em ba s s y If o u n d La d y Ge o r g i n a ; t h e
Am ba s s a d o r h a d g o n e t o t h e Fo r e i g n Of f i c e .
Wh i l s t we we r e t a l k i n g , Wi l l i a m s , o f t h e Da i l y
Ch r o n i c l e ,
c a m e i n .
He t h o u g h t t h e s i t u a t i o n
c l e a r e r , bu t by n o m e a n s s e t t l e d . He s a i d t h e
Mi n i s t e r o f Ju s t i c e , K e r e n s k i , wa s a g o o d a p p o i n t -
m e n t -t h a t h e wa s t h e c l e v e r e s t l a wy e r i n Ru s s i a -
t h a t i n t h e Du m a l a s t n i g h t a bo u t 8 p .m ., wh i l s t
t h e Ext r e m e Le f t we r e s h o u t i n g f o r a Re p u bl i c ,
K e r e n s k i c a m e i n a n d s a i d , " Co m r a d e s , Ia m
Mi n i s t e r o f Ju s t i c e ." Th e y r o a r e d o u t , " In wh a t
Go v e r n m e n t ? " He s a i d , " Th e Em p e r o r h a s
a bd i c a t e d a n d Mi c h a i l Al e xa n d r o v i c h i s t o be
Re g e n t ! " Mo r e s h o u t s f o r a Re p u bl i c . He
a n s we r e d , " Iwa s bo r n a Re p u bl i c a n a n d Is h a l l
d i e a Re p u bl i c a n ; bu t Ru s s i a i s n o t r e a d y y e t f o r
t h a t f o r m o f Go v e r n m e n t , a n d wh e n t h e wa r i s
o v e r -wh i c h we a l l i n t e n d t o wi n -t h e n t h e wi l l
o f t h e c o u n t r y wi l l be f o l l o we d ."
Af t e r l e a v i n g t h e Em ba s s y Iwe n t t o t h e Ou r s
a n d h a d l u n c h e o n wi t h Fr a s s o , wh o h a d be e n a t
t h e Du m a t i l l 5 y e s t e r d a y . He h a d n o t h i n g n e w
t o t e l l .In t h e a f t e r n o o n f o u n d Ma d a m e Po l o v t s o v
j u s t g o i n g o u t , s o we we n t t o g e t h e r d o wn t h e
Mo r s k a i a -Je wi s h s t u d e n t s we r e p u l l i n g d o wn t h e
e a g l e s o v e r t h e s h o p s a n d o v e r t h e Ya c h t
Cl u b . We we n t a n d s a wMa r y Ha r t m a n n , wi f e
o f t h e Co l o n e l o f t h e Ho r s e Gu a r d s
. Th e r e
we r e m a n y y o u n g o f f i c e r s o f t h e Ho r s e Gu a r d s .
ABDICATION OFTHEEMPEROR I2 I
Ma d a m e Ta t i s t c h e v a n d Pr i n c e s s Go r c h a k o v
c a m e i n
.
We h e a r d t h e Em p e r o r h a d a bd i c a t e d f o r h i m s e l f
a n d h i s s o n ( wh i c h i s n o t l e g a l ) , a n d t h a t Mi c h a i l
Al e xa n d r o v i c h h a d r e f u s e d t h e Re g e n c y
.We we n t
ba c k by Co u n t Fr e e d e r i c k s z ' s h o u s e , wh i c h i s c o m -
p l e t e l y g u t t e d , a l o n g t h e Po t s d a m St r e e t t o Is a a c
Sq u a r e , a n d d o wn t h e Mo r s k a i a a c r o s s t h e N e v s k i
t o t h e Wi n t e r Pa l a c e , wh e r e t h e Re d Fl a g i s f l y i n g
a n d t h e e a g l e s o n t h e bi g g a t e s a r e c o v e r e d wi t h
r e d c l o t h .
Th e bi g c o a t o f a r m s i s s t i l l o n t h e l a r g e
e n t r a n c e g a t e . We t h e n we n t o n by t h e Mi l l i o n a i a
t o t h e Pa l a c e Q u a y
. Th e f l a g o f t h e Im p e r i a l
N a v y i s n o wf l y i n g o n t h e Pe t e r -Pa u l Fo r t r e s s i n
p l a c e o f t h e Em p e r o r ' s f l a g . Fr o m t h e Pa l a c e Q u a y
we h e a r d v o l l e y s be i n g f i r e d a c r o s s t h e r i v e r .
Ia f t e r wa r d s u n d e r s t o o d i t wa s t h e p o l i c e be i n g
s h o t a g a i n s t a wa l l .
In e v e r s a wPe t r o g r a d l o o k m o r e be a u t i f u l -
br i l l i a n t s u n s h i n e , c l o u d l e s s s k y , a n d y e s t e r d a y ' s
s n o wn o t s we p t a wa y .At t h e Em ba s s y If o u n d
La d y Ge o r g i n a v e r y bu s y , a s a g u a r d o f t h i r t y -s i x
y o u n g m e n o f t h e Co r p s d e s Pa g e s h a d be e n .
a p p o i n t e d t o g u a r d t h e Em ba s s y . Iwe n t a n d
h e l p e d h e r t o a r r a n g e t h e t wo r o o m s g i v e n t o t h e m .
Th e y we r e a l l s o n s o f we l l -k n o wn f a m i l i e s a n d m o s t l y
q u i t e y o u n g
.Th e Am ba s s a d o r wa s r e c e i v i n g t h e m .
K n o xc a m e ba c k f r o m t h e Du m a a n d s a i d Mi c h a i l
Al e xa n d r o v i c h h a d r e f u s e d t h e Re g e n c y , s o t h e y
we r e i n a g r e a t f i xa s t o wh o wa s t o be h e a d o f t h e
Em p i r e u n t i l t h e e n d o f t h e wa r
. Th e Am ba s s a d o r
i n r e p l y t o m y i n q u i r i e s s a i d t h a t t h i n g s we r e g o i n g
19 17
Iz z

RUSSIAN DIARY
f r o m wo r s e t o wo r s t .Du r i n g d i n n e r a t Pr i n c e
Co n s t a n t i n e Ra d z i wi l l ' s , a n o f f i c e r o f t h e Et a t -
Ma j o r c a m e i n wi t h a t y p e d c o p y o f t h e Em p e r o r ' s
a bd i c a t i o n , wh i c h Sk i r m u n t t r a n s l a t e d i n t o Fr e n c h .
If o u n d i t a l i t t l e d i f f i c u l t t o g r a s p , bu t i t s e e m e d
t o m e t h a t wh i l e t h e f i r s t p a r t r e f e r r i n g t o t h e wa r
wa s v e r y f i n e , t h e p a r t a bo u t h a n d i n g o v e r t h e
p o we r t o h i s br o t h e r wa s i l l o g i c a l . Ca n o n e h a n d
o v e r s o m e t h i n g wh i c h h a s a l r e a d y be e n t a k e n
a wa y ?
Th e Et a t -Ma j o r o f f i c e r s a i d h e wa s a t t h e Du m a
wh e n t h e Co u n t e s s K l e i n m i c h e l wa s t a k e n t h e r e .
Sh e wa s br o u g h t i n be t we e n t wo e n o r m o u s s a i l o r s .
Wh e n t h e y a r r e s t e d h e r a t t h e Ch i n e s e Em ba s s y
s h e o f f e r e d t h e s o l d i e r s c i g a r e t t e s , bu t t h e y s a i d
t h e y d i d n ' t wa n t a n y n o n s e n s e l i k e t h a t -t h e y
wa n t e d
h e r ! Sh e wa s t a k e n f r o m t h e Ch i n e s e
Em ba s s y o n a h o r s e d r a y t o t h e Du m a .On
We d n e s d a y e v e n i n g t h e Ch i n e s e Le g a t i o n h a d
t e l e p h o n e d t o t h e En g l i s h Em ba s s y t h a t t h e t r o o p s
we r e ba t t e r i n g a t t h e i r d o o r s .Wh a t o u g h t t h e y
t o d o ? Ha v i n g o wn e d t h a t Co u n t e s s K l e i n m i c h e l
wa s t h e r e , t h e y we r e a d v i s e d t o o p e n t h e m i m -
m e d i a t e l y . Sh e h a s s i n c e be e n r e l e a s e d f r o m t h e
Du m a .
Ih e a r d t h a t Em p r e s s Ma r i e h a s l e f t K i e v i n a n
a u t o m o bi l e
;
t h a t a g u a r d h a s be e n p l a c e d o n
Mi c h a i l Al e xa n d r o v i c h ' s a p a r t m e n t
; t h a t t h e
a bd i c a t i o n o f t h e Em p e r o r wa s c o u n t e r s i g n e d by
Co u n t Fr e e d e r i c k s z
;
t h a t t h e Em p r e s s wa s i n be d ,
s u f f e r i n g f r o m v i o l e n t h y s t e r i a .
Th e Am ba s s a d o r we n t o n Th u r s d a y t o s e e t h e
N
FOODSCARCITY

12 3
Gr a n d Du c h e s s X e n i a i n h e r p a l a c e . Sh e wa s i n

19 17
a g r e a t s t a t e o f m i n d . N i c o l a i Mi c h a i l o v i c h -wh o
h a d be e n ba n i s h e d t o h i s c o u n t r y e s t a t e i n Ja n u a r y
-wa s a l r e a d y ba c k i n Pe t r o g r a d Th u r s d a y n i g h t .
Th e s t r e e t s e v e r y wh e r e c r a m m e d wi t h o r d e r l y
c r o wd s .Th e wo o d -d r a y s a n d a f e ws l e d g e s i n t h e
s t r e e t s -s o m e s h o p s o p e n .
6 Fa h r e n h e i t . De e p s n o wf e l l i n t h e n i g h t ; Sa t u r d a y ,
s t i l l s n o wi n g h a r d , wi t h h i g h wi n d . If o u n d a
Ma r .17
.D .
s l e d g e a t t h e d o o r a n d d r o v e t o t h e Em ba s s y
.
Fl u r r i e s o f s n o w-a l m o s t i m p o s s i bl e t o s e e . La d y
Ge o r g i n a g a v e m e s o m e s a r d i n e s a n d j a m , t h e r e
be i n g n o t h i n g t o e a t i n t h e h o t e l .
Iwe n t i i .5 o t o t h e Em ba s s y be f o r e l u n c h e o n i n
a s l e d g e , a n d br o u g h t ba c k He a d ( s e c r e t a r y ) wi t h
m e t o t h e Eu r o p e
.
Ih a d s e e n Sk i r m u n t ( Co n s e i l l e r
d e 1' Em p i r e ) o n m y wa y o u t , wh o s a i d t h e n e w
Mi n i s t r y wa s s a f e l y e s t a bl i s h e d ; t h a t t h e y we r e
s i t t i n g a t t h a t m o m e n t ; t h a t t h e p o s i t i o n h a d be e n
v e r y d i f f i c u l t t h e n i g h t be f o r e , a s Mi l y u k o v a n d
Gu c h k o v h a d wi s h e d t o r e s i g n -i n f a c t , h a d r e -
s i g n e d f o r s e v e r a l h o u r s .
Af t e r l u n c h e o n a t t h e Eu r o p e Iwe n t i n a s l e d g e
t o s e e Pr i n c e s s Do l l y Ra d z i wi l l . Wh i l s t Iwa s
t h e r e t h e y t e l e p h o n e d t o s a y t h a t Sc h u bi n e h a d
be e n a r r e s t e d .
At 8 Iwe n t o n f o o t t o d i n e wi t h t h e Po l o v t s o v s .
Bu n t i n g d i n e d ; h i s br o t h e r , a g e n e r a l , h a d be e n
k i l l e d a t Tv e r , o f wh i c h h e wa s Go v e r n o r , f o r
r e f u s i n g t o g i v e u p h i s s wo r d t o t h e s o l d i e r s .
Po l o v t s o v t o l d m e t h a t Mi l y u k o v h a d m a d e a
v e r y g o o d i m p r e s s i o n a t t h e Fo r e i g n Of f i c e ;
t h a t
19 17
12 4 RUSSIAN DIARY
Po k r o v s k i wa s s t i l l l i v i n g t h e r e , a s h e c o u l d f i n d
n o a p a r t m e n t t o g o t o .
Wh e n Gu c h k o v a n d Sc h u l g i n e a r r i v e d a t Ps k o v
t o a s k t h e Em p e r o r t o a bd i c a t e , h e r e c e i v e d t h e m
a t o n c e a n d br o u g h t o u t o f a d r a we r f r o m h i s
wr i t i n g -t a bl e t h r e e s h e e t s o f wr i t i n g -p a p e r , wi t h
t h e s u bs t a n c e o f h i s a bd i c a t i o n a l r e a d y t y p e -
wr i t t e n .He s a i d h i s d e c i s i o n t o a bd i c a t e h a d
be e n d e f i n i t e l y t a k e n t h e d a y be f o r e , a n d h e h a d
d r a wn u p c e r t a i n l e a d i n g p o i n t s . Fo r t wo wh o l e
h o u r s t h e e n v o y s wo r k e d t o g e t h e r a t t h e Ac t o f
Abd i c a t i o n , a n d t wo c o p i e s o f i t we r e s i g n e d by
t h e Em p e r o r a n d c o u n t e r s i g n e d by Ge n e r a l Fr e e d -
e r i c k s z .Th e e n v o y s t h e n l e f t i n t h e s p e c i a l t r a i n
t h a t h a d be e n g i v e n t o t h e m a t t h e Wa r s a ws t a t i o n
i n Pe t r o g r a d o n n o a u t h o r i t y bu t t h e i r o wn wo r d .
On t h e i r r e t u r n t o Pe t r o g r a d t h e s o l d i e r s t r i e d t o
t a k e a wa y Gu c h k o v ' s c o p y o f t h e Abd i c a t i o n Ac t ,
wh i c h t h e y a l l wa n t e d t o s e e a n d r e a d -n e w-bo r n
Li be r t y ! Th e o t h e r c o p y i s i n t h e h a n d s o f Ge n e r a l
Ru s s k i .Th e d o c u m e n t Gu c h k o v br o u g h t ba c k i s
t o be h a n d e d o v e r s o l e m n l y t o -m o r r o w, Su n d a y
m o r n i n g , t o t h e a r c h i v e s o f t h e Fo r e i g n Of f i c e .
Th e r e h a s be e n n o o f f i c i a l a n n o u n c e m e n t a s y e t
a s t o wh e t h e r t h e n a m e s o f t h e Em p e r o r a n d t h e
Im p e r i a l Fa m i l y a r e t o be o m i t t e d f r o m t h e Di v i n e
Li t u r g y -e a c h p r i e s t i s t o f o l l o wh i s o wn j u d g m e n t
t o -m o r r o w .
Go r e m y k i n e , t h e f o r m e r Pr e m i e r , i s v e r y i l l a n d
h a s a s k e d f o r a p r i e s t .
Th e m e d i c i n e s a n d r e m e d i e s
wh i c h h a d be e n s e n t f r o m h i s h o u s e t o t h e Pe t e r -
Pa u l Fo r t r e s s n e v e r r e a c h e d h i m .
V ISITTOTSARSK OESELO

12 5
Th e Re d s d e m a n d t h e h e a d s o f Pr o t o p o p o v a n d

19 17
Ge n e r a l Be l i a e v f o r h a n d i n g o v e r m a c h i n e -g u n s t o
t h e p o l i c e .
Pi t i r i m , t h e Me t r o p o l i t a n , wh o wa s
a r r e s t e d , h a s s i n c e be e n r e l e a s e d .K o k o v t s o v , f o r m e r
Mi n i s t e r o f Fi n a n c e , wh o m Ik n e wa t Sa l s o m a g g i o r e
i n 19 13 , wa s a r r e s t e d i n t h e h a l l o f t h e Ho t e l d e
l ' Eu r o p e , bu t i m m e d i a t e l y r e l e a s e d wi t h a p o l o g i e s .
Th e r e h a v e be e n n o a r r e s t s m a i n t a i n e d o f t h o s e
wh o we r e n o t d i r e c t l y r e s p o n s i bl e f o r r e a c t i o n a r y
p o l i t i c s .
In Mo s c o wt h e y s a y o n l y t wo p e o p l e
we r e k i l l e d
.To i n q u i r i e s a t t h e Da n i s h Le g a t i o n
a bo u t t h e Em p r e s s Ma r i e Fe o d o r o v n a i t i s r e p l i e d ,
"
Sh e i s we l l a n d a t K i e v ."
Iwa l k e d h o m e a t m i d n i g h t u p t h e N e v s k i -
e v e r y t h i n g q u i t e p e a c e f u l .On t h e wi n d o ws o f t h e
n e ws p a p e r o f f i c e wa s p o s t e d u p i n l a r g e l e t t e r s ,
"
N i c o l a i Al e xa n d r o v i c h Ro m a n o v [ s i c ] h a s l e f t
f o r Li v a d i a ."
Ho wa r e t h e m i g h t y f a l l e n !
8 Fa h r e n h e i t .
Af t e r l u n c h e o n , a l o n e a t t h e h o t e l ,
Su n d a y ,
Id e c i d e d t o g o t o Ts a r s k o e Se l o a n d d r o v e t o t h e
Ma r . 118 . D .
s t a t i o n .Th e t r a i n wa s v e r y f u l l .Wh e n Ia r r i v e d
It o o k a s l e d g e a n d d r o v e a l o n g t h e l o n g a v e n u e
a n d c r o s s e d t h e Pe t r o g r a d c h a u s s e e
by t h e o l d
f o u n t a i n a n d we n t t h r o u g h t h e Co n v o y Co s s a c k s '
q u a r t e r s t o t h e Fe o d o r o v s k i So bo r , wh e r e Ih a v e s o
o f t e n be e n t o s e r v i c e wi t h t h e Em p e r o r a n d h i s
f a m i l y .
Ih e a r d t h e r e h a d be e n m u c h f i g h t i n g
h e r e , bu t a l l wa s q u i t e q u i e t n o w-l i k e a n y o t h e r
Su n d a y
.Th e s t r e e t s e v e r y wh e r e we r e f u l l o f
s o l d i e r s a n d t h e p u bl i c . Be f o r e t h e c h u r c h I
s t o p p e d a n d g o t o u t .
Ac h i l d o n s k i s wa s p l a y i n g
i n t h e s n o w ;
t h e t r e e s s p a r k l i n g i n t h e br i l l i a n t
19 17
12 6

RUSSIAN DIARY
s u n s h i n e . It h e n c o n t i n u e d by t h e r o a d a l o n g wh i c h
t h e Em p e r o r c o m e s f r o m t h e p a l a c e t o t h e c h u r c h
.
Th e r o a d wa y , c l e a r e d o f s n o w, wa s a s we l l k e p t a s
be f o r e .My o l d f r i e n d wh o s we e p s t h e l e a v e s wa s
n o t a t h i s c o r n e r , bu t t h e m o u n t e d Co s s a c k s we r e
i n t h e i r p l a c e s , a n d t h e u s u a l p o l i c e m a n a t t h e
p a r k g a t e -wh i c h i s r a r e l y o r n e v e r u s e d -a n d a t
t h e p a l a c e g a t e t h r e e p o l i c e m e n i n t h e i r g r e y
u n i f o r m ; e a c h o f t h e m h a d a wh i t e a r m l e t
.
Id r o v e o n t o t h e o l d p a l a c e a n d t h e n a l o n g t h e
p a r k t o Pr i n c e Pu t i a t i n ' s h o u s e , wh e r e , h a v i n g n o
c a r d s , Iwr o t e a wo r d f o r h i m . Is a wh i s s e r v a n t
wa s m u c h u p s e t . He e xp l a i n e d t o m e t h e Pr i n c e
h a d g o n e a wa y , bu t Id i d n o t r e a l i s e h e h a d be e n
a r r e s t e d u n t i l t h e Gr a n d Du k e Pa u l t o l d m e
.
Pr i n c e Pu t i a t i n h a d be e n t o s e e t h e a u t h o r i t i e s
;
i n h i s a bs e n c e Ge n e r a l Iv a n o v h a d a r r i v e d a n d ,
u s i n g t h e Pr i n c e ' s t y p e wr i t i n g m a c h i n e , h a d
wr i t t e n a m a n i f e s t o s a y i n g h e h a d be e n s e n t f r o m
t h e Fr o n t by t h e Em p e r o r t o t a k e t h e l e a d a g a i n s t
t h e i n s u r g e n t s
.Th e s o l d i e r s c o m i n g i n a n d f i n d i n g
wh a t h a d be e n wr i t t e n wi t h o u t t h e Pr i n c e ' s k n o w-
l e d g e , wa i t e d t i l l h e c a m e i n , a n d a r r e s t e d h i m
.
He i s n o wl o d g e d a t t h e Ri d i n g Sc h o o l n e xt t o t h e
Mu n i c i p a l Du m a ( To wn Ha l l ) .
Fr o m t h e r e Id r o v e r o u n d t h e Gr a n d Du c h e s s
V l a d i m i r ' s p a l a c e a n d g a r d e n s , wh e r e Ih a d s p e n t
s o m a n y h a p p y d a y s , a n d f o u n d e v e r y t h i n g i n
o r d e r , wi t h s e n t r i e s a t t h e g a t e s a n d t h e f r o n t d o o r ,
a s be f o r e .
Iwr o t e m y n a m e o n t h e Gr a n d Du k e Pa u l a n d
s e n t i n m y c a r d t o Pr i n c e s s Pa l e i t o k n o wi f s h e
THEEMPRESSAN DTHEABDICATION i n
wo u l d l i k e t o s e e m e
.He r s o n c a m e o u t , s a i d

19 1 7
t h e y we r e a t t e a , a n d a s k e d m e i n
. If o u n d t h e
Gr a n d Du k e e n e r v e m a i s p a s a ba t t u , a n d Pr i n c e s s
Pa l e i u n h a p p y . It o l d h i m a l l Ih a d s e e n a n d
h e a r d i n Pe t r o g r a d a n d t h e s t a t e o f t h e t o wn t o -d a y .
He t o l d m e t h a t i t wa s h e wh o h a d a n n o u n c e d t o
t h e Em p r e s s t h a t t h e Em p e r o r h a d a bd i c a t e d -
t h a t s h e h a d k n o wn n o t h i n g wh a t e v e r -t h a t s h e
wa s c o m p l e t e l y br o k e n d o wn , bu t d r e s s e d a n d
wa l k i n g a bo u t -t h a t t h e l i t t l e bo y a n d t h e t wo
y o u n g e r d a u g h t e r s h a d q u i t e g o t o v e r t h e i r m e a s l e s
-t h a t t h e Gr a n d Du c h e s s Ol g a h a d br o n c h i t i s a s
we l l a s t h e m e a s l e s , a n d Gr a n d Du c h e s s Ta t i a n a
wa s a l s o v e r y i l l .
Pr i n c e s s Pa l e i t o l d m e t h a t a t t h e Ma s s a t t h e
o l d p a r i s h c h u r c h -wh e r e t h e Em p r e s s El i z a be t h
h a d a f i t ( 176 0) a n d wa s t o o h e a v y t o be c a r r i e d
a wa y -a l l t h e n a m e s o f t h e Im p e r i a l f a m i l y h a d
be e n l e f t o u t , a n d t h a t t h e p r i e s t c r i e d wh e n h e
g a v e h e r t h e p a i n be n i t .
Th e Gr a n d Du k e a s k e d f o r n e ws o f Bo r i s V l a d i -
m i r o v i c h o r K y r i l l V l a d i m i r o v i c h
.On m y wa y t o
t h e s t a t i o n Id r o v e t o Bo r i s V l a d i m i r o v i c h ' s h o u s e ,
r a n g t h e be l l , a n d a s k e d t o s e e Be n n e t t , h i s En g l i s h
s e r v a n t ; bu t h e t o o k s o l o n g t o c o m e t h a t Iwr o t e
m y n a m e wi t h t h e d a t e , a n d l e f t
.Th e r e wa s a
g o o d d e a l o f f i r i n g l a s t n i g h t a t i o .
Th e y be g a n t o c l e a n t h e t r a m wa y l i n e s a t 9
a .m ., Mo n d a y ,
bu t o wi n g t o Sa t u r d a y ' s h e a v y f a l l o f s n o w, a n d
Ma r .r 9 .D
.
s n o wa l l t o -d a y , t h e r e wa s m u c h t o d o
. In St
.
Is a a c ' s Pl a c e , s o l d i e r s we r e a l s o c l e a r i n g a wa y t h e
s n o w .Bo u g h t h a l f a p o u n d o f bu t t e r f o r 9 o k o p e k s
19 17
Tu e s d a y ,
Ma r . 2 o . D .
Mo n d a y a n d
Tu e s d a y ,
Ma r
. i 9 -2 o
L.t o Si r
Ge o r g e
Ar t h u r
i 2 8

RUSSIAN DIARY
i n s t e a d o f i r o u bl e 75 k o p e k s -t h e p r i c e be f o r e
t h e Re v o l u t i o n
.
At
2 t o t h e Po l o v t s o v s a n d f o u n d
h i s br o t h e r Pe t e r h a d be e n a p p o i n t e d Se c r e t a r y t o
Gu c h k o v , t h e Mi n i s t e r o f Wa r .At 4 .3 0t o t h e
Em ba s s y .La d y Ge o r g i n a h a d be e n i n t h e m o r n i n g
t o s e e Gr a n d Du c h e s s V i c t o r i a , wh o wa s d o wn -
h e a r t e d a n d c r o s s .
2 Fa h r e n h e i t .
Wo k e u p a t 9 a f t e r t we l v e a n d
a h a l f h o u r s ' s l e e p .To s e e La d y Sy bi l Gr e y , wh o
i s l e a v i n g t o -m o r r o wwi t h So m e r s e t f o r En g l a n d
v i a Be r g e n . Sh e wa s o u t .We n t o n t o t h e Em ba s s y
t o l e a v e m y l e t t e r s f o r t h e ba g . He a r d e xc e l l e n t
Fr e n c h a n d En g l i s h wa r n e ws t h e r e . At 11 .2 5
t h e f i r s t t r a m we n t by .
Oh ! Ar c h i e , we h a v e h a d a we e k ! As y o u m a y
i m a g i n e , Ih a v e be e n i n t h e s t r e e t s a l l t h r o u g h t h e
r e v o l u t i o n -c o n s t a n t l y o n m y s t o m a c h i n t h e s n o w
wi t h t h e p o l i c e m a c h i n e -g u n s f i r i n g o v e r m e . Yo u
wo u l d h a v e l a u g h e d t o s e e m e l y i n g i n t h e s n o w
i n t h e m i d d l e o f a s t r e e t wi t h a f a t wo m a n a c r o s s
m y bo d y a n d t h e m a c h i n e -g u n s r a k i n g t h e s t r e e t .
Ia m v e r y , v e r y t i r e d . Is a wa g r e a t d e a l a n d a l s o
h e a r d a g r e a t d e a l o f f i r s t -h a n d n e ws , a l l o f wh i c h
Ih a v e wr i t t e n d o wn f r o m h o u r t o h o u r .
Ij u s t s t e p p e d d o wn t o Ts a r s k o e Se l o y e s t e r d a y
a f t e r l u n c h e o n t o s e e wh a t wa s g o i n g o n .Th e r e
h a d be e n m u c h f i g h t i n g t h e r e , bu t a l l wa s q u i t e
q u i e t n o w, a s o n a n y o t h e r Su n d a y .
It h e n we n t o n t o s e e Pa u l , t h e Gr a n d Du k e ;
h e h a d s e e n t h e Em p r e s s i n t h e m o r n i n g . Sh e wa s
c a l m , s h e r e a l i s e s t h e i r p o s i t i o n , a n d -wh a t i s
m o r e -h e r o wn wa n t o f j u d g m e n t .
SOLDIERSSUPPORTTHEREV OLUTION i a q
-Th e f i r s t f i r i n g by t h e p o l i c e wa s i n o u r s t r e e t a t
5 S i 5 p
.m
.o n Sa t u r d a y , Ma r c h i o .-Un t i l We d n e s -
d a y t h e 4 t h , a c o m p l e t e u p h e a v a l . By Th u r s d a y
t h e p o l i c e h a d be e n be a t e n a n d t h e Em p e r o r h a d
a bd i c a t e d .Th e n e wExe c u t i v e Go v e r n m e n t o n l y
wa n t e d a Co n s t i t u t i o n a l r e g i m e , bu t t h i n g s h a v e
g o n e s o f a r i t wi l l p r o ba bl y h a v e t o be a Re p u bl i c ;
s t i l l , Ru s s i a i s a bo xo f s u r p r i s e s .
We h a v e be e n p a s s i n g t h r o u g h h e l l a n d Id o n ' t
s u p p o s e we a r e o u t o f i t y e t .If t h e wo r k m e n k e e p
t h e s o l d i e r s o n t h e i r s i d e , o r d e r wi l l n o t be r e -
e s t a bl i s h e d , t h e r e be i n g n o p o l i c e t o p r o t e c t t h e
p e a c e a bl e c i t i z e n
.Ye s t e r d a y t wo p r i e s t s we r e
m a u l e d -a t h i n g wh i c h h a d n o t h a p p e n e d be f o r e
.
Th e f i r s t t r a m f o r t e n d a y s h a s j u s t g o n e by .
Th e p o s t be g a n a g a i n t h i s m o r n i n g .
Th e f e a r i s t h a t t h e p r e s e n t Li be r a l -Ra d i c a l
Go v e r n m e n t m a y be c o m e Ra d i c a l -Re d . Mi c h a i l
Al e xa n d r o v i c h u p s e t e v e r y t h i n g by n o t a c c e p t i n g
t h e Re g e n c y wh i c h wa s o f f e r e d h i m . Hi s wi f e wa s
a wa y a t Ga t c h i n a , o r p r o ba bl y i t wo u l d h a v e be e n
o t h e r wi s e .
Iwa s a t t h e Du m a wh e n t h e f i r s t t h r e e r e g i m e n t s
" c a m e o v e r ." In e v e r o n c e s a wa d r u n k e n s o l d i e r .
Tu e s d a y , Ma r c h
13 ,
wa s t h e wo r s t d a y .Th e p e o p l e
h a d s e i z e d g u n s f r o m t h e a r s e n a l a n d we r e f i r i n g a t
a n y t h i n g a n d a n y bo d y .
In t h e N e v s k i t h e r e i s
h a r d l y a br o k e n wi n d o we xc e p t f r o m bu l l e t s , a n d
n o s h o p s l o o t e d . Ru m o u r h a s i t t h a t " Al e xa n d r a
Fe o d o r o v n a Ro m a n o v a " s a y s : " If o n l y t h e Du m a
h a d be e n p r o r o g u e d a we e k e a r l i e r , a l l t h i s wo u l d
n e v e r h a v e h a p p e n e d ! "
I
19 17
19 17
13 0

RUSSIAN DIARY
It i s t o o s o o n t o j u d g e o f d e t a i l s , bu t a l l a g r e e
i t wi l l be i m p o s s i bl e f o r t h e Em p e r o r a n d h i s f a m i l y
t o s t a y i n Ru s s i a .
Do y o u t h i n k we s h a l l s e e t h e m
a t Ca n n e s a s we d i d t h e Ca s e r t a ?
* Th e Exe c u t i v e
Go v e r n m e n t r e g r e t t h a t m a t t e r s h a v e g o n e s o f a r
.
Al l t h e y wa n t e d wa s a Co n s t i t u t i o n a l Em p i r e
.
To t h i n k o f t h e m a g n i f i c e n t p a t r i m o n y Go d g a v e
t h e Em p e r o r a n d h o wi t h a s be e n f r i t t e r e d a wa y !
He n e v e r c h a n g e d a m u s c l e o f h i s f a c e wh i l e t h e
Abd i c a t i o n Ma n i f e s t o wa s be i n g d r a wn u p i n h i s
t r a i n .
Th a n k Go d
! m y Gr a n d Du c h e s s h a d l e f t a
f o r t n i g h t be f o r e f o r t h e Ca u c a s u s
. Iwa s t o h a v e
l e f t l a s t n i g h t wi t h h e r s o n Bo r i s t o j o i n h e r
. Go d
o n l y k n o ws h o ws h e wi l l g e t ba c k , p o o r s o u l !
We h a v e n o wa r n e ws e xc e p t t h a t Ba p a u m e i s
t a k e n , wh i c h i s c h e e r i n g . Ia m v e r y a c t i v e bu t
h o r r i bl y t i r e d a n d f e e l v e r y , v e r y o l d -m u c h o l d e r
t h a n a t t h e Ba t t l e o f t h e Ma r n e , Se p t e m be r
' 1 4 -
( La t e r .) Ih a v e j u s t h e a r d t h e Em p e r o r i s o n
h i s wa y ba c k t o Ts a r s k o e Se l o ; t h e i d e a i s t o s e n d
t h e m t o En g l a n d , t h e h o m e o f l i be r t y a n d o f a l l
r e f u g e e s
.He a s k e d t o be a l l o we d t o g o t o N o r wa y .
( La t e r .) N o f r e s h n e ws
.Th e t r a m s r u n n i n g ,
s o m e r e s t a u r a n t s o p e n , bu t o f c o u r s e n o p o l i c e ;
Is h a l l s t a y o n
. Ih a v e be e n v e r y a c t i v e t h e l a s t
t wo d a y s , a n d a m a l r e a d y f r i e n d s wi t h t h e n e w
Mi n i s t e r o f Wa r ' s p r i v a t e s e c r e t a r y , s o p e r h a p s
Is h a l l g e t m y wo r k t h r o u g h
.Th e g e n e r a l i m -
p r e s s i o n o f t h e n e wMi n i s t e r o f Fo r e i g n Af f a i r s i s
* Co u n t Ca s e r t a , o f N a p l e s , h e i r t o t h e l a s t K i n g o f t h e
Two Si c i l i e s .
THEDOWAGEREMPRESS

1 3 1
" i n t e l l i g e n t , bu t n o t s t r o n g ." Lu n c h e o n t o -d a y a t

19 17
t h e Em ba s s y , n o wbe c o m e s n o r m a l
.
Co l d a n d
s u n n y .Ou r g o o d wa r n e ws c h e e r s o n e u p . If o n l y
Lo r d K i t c h e n e r we r e a l i v e t o k n o wi t !
Le t t e r f r o m Ts a r s k o e f r o m Gr a n d Du k e Bo r i s ' s We d n e s d a y .
En g l i s h s e r v a n t s a y i n g t h a t h e h a d a t r u s t wo r t h y
Ma r . 2 I. D .
m e s s e n g e r wh o c o u l d t a k e a n y t h i n g Iwi s h e d t o
s e n d t o t h e Gr a n d Du k e a t t h e p l a c e wh e r e h e
t h e n wa s .
Ih e a r d a t t h e Fo r e i g n Of f i c e t h a t t h e Em p r e s s
Ma r i e h a d t e l e g r a p h e d t h e r e i n En g l i s h o n Ma r c h
12 : " Wh e r e i s m y e l d e s t s o n ? " -t h a t t h e
Pr i n c e s s N i c o l a s o f Gr e e c e t e l e g r a p h e d t h e r e
t o -d a y f o r n e ws o f h e r m o t h e r , Gr a n d Du c h e s s
V l a d i m i r ; t h a t t h e Gr a n d Du k e Dm i t r i Pa v l o v i c h
h a d be e n t e l e g r a p h e d t o by t h e Exe c u t i v e Go v e r n -
m e n t t h a t h e c o u l d r e t u r n t o Ru s s i a wh e n e v e r h e
c h o s e a n d g o wh e r e v e r h e l i k e d ; t h a t l a s t n i g h t
l a r g e f i r e s h a d be e n l i t a t t h e f o o t o f t h e c o l u m n
i n t h e Wi n t e r Pa l a c e s q u a r e t o m e l t t h e s n o wa n d
e a r t h a n d e n a bl e a p i t t o be d u g f o r t h e bu r i a l o f
t h e v i c t i m s o f t h e Re v o l u t i o n .At m i d n i g h t t h i s
wa s s t o p p e d by o r d e r .Th e Wo r k m e n ' s a n d So l -
d i e r s ' Co m m i t t e e t h e n a s k e d i f t h e y c o u l d be bu r i e d
i n t h e Su m m e r Ga r d e n ; n o a n s we r wa s g i v e n .
Ev e r y s e r i o u s q u e s t i o n i s p o s t p o n e d a s m u c h a n d
a s l o n g a s p o s s i bl e . In t h e m e a n t i m e , wi t h t h e
s e v e r e f r o s t , t h e r e i s n o d a n g e r f r o m t h e u n bu r i e d
d e a d bo d i e s .
Th e l a r g e c o a t o f a r m s o v e r t h e m a i n e n t r a n c e
t o t h e Wi n t e r Pa l a c e i s s t i l l u n c o v e r e d , bu t t h e bi g
c r o wn o n t h e t o p o f t h e p a l a c e i s c o v e r e d wi t h r e d .
13 2

RUSSIAN DIARY
Ze r o Fa h r e n h e i t .
To o k a s l e d g e a t t h e h o t e l .
Th e d r i v e r , i n a r u d e a n d i n s o l e n t t o n e o f v o i c e ,
d e m a n d e d f i v e r o u bl e s f o r wh a t be f o r e wo u l d h a v e
c o s t m e i r o u bl e , a n d a Ru s s i a n 6 o k o p e k s
. I
r e p e a t e d i n a m a z e m e n t ,
" Fi v e r o u bl e s ! " a n d g o t
i n t o t h e s l e d g e
. In f u r i a t e d , h e s c o wl e d f i e r c e l y a t
m e , a n d r e f u s e d t o s t a r t f o r s e v e r a l m i n u t e s .Al l
t h e wa y h e k e p t o n r e p e a t i n g ,
" Fi v e r o u bl e s , "
m i m i c k i n g m y a c c e n t
.On a r r i v a l a t t h e Ou r s ,
Ij u s t g a v e h i m 7o k o p e k s
.He s t o o d a g h a s t , bu t
t o o k i t l i k e a l a m b .
Lu n c h e o n wi t h Co n s t a n t i n e Ra d z i wi l l t o m e e t
h i s c o u s i n Pr i n c e s s Do r o t h y , wh o
.h a d a r r i v e d f r o m
Pa r i s t h e n i g h t be f o r e , a f t e r s i xd a y s a t s e a , f r o m
Hu l l by Le r wi c k t o Be r g e n .
Pa s s i n g a c r o s s t h e Fo r e i g n Of f i c e s q u a r e , f o u n d
t h e Im p e r i a l c o a t o f a r m s a n d t h e t wo e a g l e s f r o m
t h e s m a l l e r g a t e s , a n d t h e g r e a t c r o wn o n t h e
r o o f o f t h e Wi n t e r Pa l a c e h a d be e n r e m o v e d s i n c e
l a s t n i g h t , wh e n Ip a s s e d a t 6
.15
.Al o n g t h e
Mo r s k a i a a r e g i m e n t m a r c h e d wi t h i t s ba n d p l a y -
i n g t h e " Ma r s e i l l a i s e "
o v e r a n d o v e r a g a i n .Th e
n e ws f r o m t h e Ru s s i a n t r e n c h e s i s ba d -u t t e r r u i n
o f a l l d i s c i p l i n e a n d t h e wh o l e s a l e d e p o s i t i o n o f
o f f i c e r s , i f n o t wo r s e
! Th i s i s f r o m t h e Dv i n s k
r e g i o n .
Sa t u r d a y ,
To -d a y t h e Al l i e s r e c o g n i s e d t h e Pr o v i s i o n a l
Ma r
.2 4 -
Go v e r n m e n t , t o wh o m , t h r o u g h t h e a bd i c a t i o n o f
N a r r a t i v e .
t h e Em p e r o r , t h e i r Em ba s s i e s h a v e be c o m e a u t o -
m a t i c a l l y a c c r e d i t e d .At o u r Em ba s s y Is a wt h e
Am ba s s a d o r , wh o h a d be e n i l l i n be d f o r t h r e e d a y s ,
p r e p a r i n g t o g o t o t h e Co u n c i l o f St a t e t o a n n o u n c e
19 17
Th u r s d a y ,
Ma r .2 2 . D .
Fr i d a y ,
Ma r .
2 3 .
D.
EMPERORAN D EMPRESSARRESTED 1
3 3
En g l a n d ' s r e c o g n i t i o n . Ih e a r d l a t e r t h a t h i s

1 9 1 7
s p e e c h wa s v e r y s e v e r e , bu t m u c h t o t h e p o i n t
.
Ge n e r a l K o r n i l o v , wh o i s r e s p o n s i bl e f o r t h e
s a f e t y o f t h e Em p e r o r a n d Em p r e s s , a n d wh o p u t
t h e Em p r e s s u n d e r a r r e s t f o r s e n d i n g a t e l e g r a m i n
c i p h e r t o t h e Em p e r o r -be f o r e t h e r e h a d be e n
n o q u e s t i o n o f t h e i r a r r e s t -a s k e d t h e Mi n i s t e r o f
Wa r t o s e n d a n o f f i c e r c o m p e t e n t t o f u l f i l t h e d u t i e s
r e q u i r e d o f o n e i n c o n s t a n t c o n t a c t wi t h t h e
Im p e r i a l f a m i l y
.Th e o f f i c e r s e n t h a s be e n wo r k i n g
a t t h e Et a t -Ma j o r i n Pe t r o g r a d s i n c e t h e be g i n n i n g
o f t h e wa r .
He i s t o l i v e a t Ts a r s k o e Se l o , o p p o s i t e
t h e c h u r c h o f t h e Ol d Pa l a c e , o n t h e g r o u n d f l o o r
o f Co u n t Be n c k e n d o r f f ' s h o u s e , h a v i n g o t h e r
o f f i c e r s wi t h h i m .He h a s be e n i n s t r u c t e d t o c a l l
t h e Em p e r o r " Ma j e s t y , " n o t "
Im p e r i a l Ma j e s t y ."
So m e t h r e e h o u r s a f t e r t h e Em p e r o r ' s a r r i v a l
a t Ts a r s k o e Se l o a c r o wd o f wo r k p e o p l e , wi t h
s e v e r a l m a c h i n e -g u n s , a r r i v e d a t t h e p a l a c e t o f i n d
o u t wh e t h e r t h e Em p e r o r h a d r e a l l y r e t u r n e d , a n d
a s k e d h i m t o s h o wh i m s e l f . It wa s a r r a n g e d wi t h
Co u n t Be n c k e n d o r f f t h a t a d e p u t a t i o n o f t h e m ,
s h o u l d c o m e i n t o t h e bi g h a l l , a n d t h a t t h e Em p e r o r
s h o u l d wa l k a c r o s s i t f r o m o n e r o o m t o a n o t h e r .
As s o o n a s t h e y h a d c o m e i n , t h e Em p e r o r , a c c o m -
p a n i e d by Co u n t Be n c k e n d o r f f , wa l k e d f r o m o n e
r o o m t o t h e o t h e r a c r o s s t h e e n d o f t h e l o n g g a l l e r y
.
He n e v e r t u r n e d h i s h e a d
.Th e d e p u t a t i o n i n -
v o l u n t a r i l y u n c o v e r e d
.Th e c r o wd t h e n l e f t .
Th e Gr a n d Du k e Al e xe i h a s q u i t e r e c o v e r e d
.
Hi s s a i l o r i s a l wa y s wi t h h i m
. Co u n t Be n c k e n d o r f f
i s u n d e r a r r e s t , bu t i s a l l o we d , wi t h h i s wi f e , t o l i v e
19 17
1 3 4
RUSSIAN DIARY
i n t h e p a l a c e , a n d i s i n a t t e n d a n c e o n t h e Em p e r o r .
On l y
l e p e r s o n n e l d o u t e u x h a s be e n s e n t a wa y ;
m o s t o f t h e s e r v a n t s a r e s t i l l t h e r e
.Th e Em p e r o r
i s a l l o we d t o wa l k i n t h e p a r k , bu t a l wa y s a c c o m -
p a n i e d by a n o f f i c e r . He s we e p s t h e s n o wo f f t h e
p a t h s t o o c c u p y h i m s e l f .
He h a s t h e f a c e o f a d e a d
m a n , t h o u g h h i s f i n e e y e s s t i l l g l e a m ; h e s h o ws n o
e m o t i o n a t a l l -h e h a s n e v e r s h o wn e m o t i o n e v e n
d u r i n g t h e m o s t t r y i n g s i t u a t i o n s o f h i s l i f e .
Ig r i e v e t o h a v e t o wr i t e i t o f s o g o o d a m a n , bu t a s
Em p e r o r , t h r o u g h a l l t h i s t e r r i bl e t i m e , h e h a s n o t
m a d e u n s e u l be a u g e s t e . Th e Em p r e s s i s q u i t e
c a l m .Th e y a r e n o t s e p a r a t e d , a s t h e n e ws p a p e r s
s a y . He r e v i l g e n i u s , Ma d a m e V i r bo v a , i s i l l wi t h
m e a s l e s i n t h e p a l a c e . Sh e wi l l be t a k e n a wa y u n d e r
a r r e s t a s s o o n a s s h e r e c o v e r s .
Di n i n g a t t h e Fr e n c h Em ba s s y Ih e a r d t h a t t h e
Mi n i s t e r o f Ju s t i c e -K e r e n s k i -i s t h e o n l y m e m be r
o f t h e n e wGo v e r n m e n t wh o m a k e s a n y i m p r e s s i o n
o f h a v i n g r e a l f o r c e o f c h a r a c t e r .Th e p o s i t i o n i s
i n s o m e wa y s l e s s s t r a i n e d , bu t e v e r y d a y t h e Re d s
be c o m e m o r e e xo r bi t a n t i n t h e i r d e m a n d s -t h e y
wa n t t h e Em p e r o r a n d Em p r e s s t o be br o u g h t t o
t r i a l , a n d n o t a l l o we d t o l e a v e t h e c o u n t r y . An y -
h o w, i t wo u l d t a k e a t l e a s t a f o r t n i g h t be f o r e
a n y t h i n g c o u l d be . a r r a n g e d f o r t h e i r d e p a r t u r e
a n d m u c h m a y h a p p e n i n t h a t t i m e .
Th e t e l e p h o n e d i r e c t t o t h e Exe c u t i v e Go v e r n -
m e n t wh i c h t h e Du m a h a d g i v e n He r h a s be e n
t a k e n a wa y
.As l o n g a s t h e y r e m a i n h e r e t h e r e i s
bo u n d t o be d i s t r u s t a n d u n r e s t . Is u g g e s t e d
Ba l m o r a l t o t h e Am ba s s a d o r -wh i c h , a f t e r a l l , i s
BREAK -UPOFTHEARMY

13 5
n o t En g l a n d , bu t Sc o t l a n d .Am o m e n t m i g h t c o m e

19 3 17
wh e n t h e i r p r e s e n c e i n En g l a n d m i g h t h u r t t h e
En t e n t e .Th e c h i l d r e n a r e s t i l l i l l -t h o u g h be t t e r
-wh i c h c o m p l i c a t e s m a t t e r s .
Th e K y r i l l s a r e be h a v i n g t a c t l e s s l y ;
h e i s
a t t a c k e d by a l l p a r t i e s f o r h i s a t t e m p t s t o c u r r y
f a v o u r wi t h t h e p o we r s t h a t be , a t t h e e xp e n s e o f
h i s f a m i l y
.K y r i l l Eg a l i t e ! ARa d i c a l n e ws p a p e r
s a i d , "
On l y r a t s l e a v e a s i n k i n g s h i p ! "
Ou r o l d f r i e n d Mi t a , c a l m , a n d c o v e r e d wi t h r e d
bo ws
! Th e s t r e e t s a r e n o r m a l a n d t h e v i c t i m s
t o be bu r i e d by t h e i r r e l a t i o n s , n o t by t h e Go v e r n -
m e n t .
Th e Wo r k m e n ' s a n d So l d i e r s ' Co m m i t t e e i s
i m p o s s i bl e ; bu t e v e r y d a y wi l l s t r e n g t h e n , t h e
h a n d s o f t h e Pr o v i s i o n a l Go v e r n m e n t , i f o n l y t h e
a r m y r e m a i n s o n t h e s i d e o f o r d e r
.Wh o l e r e g i -
m e n t s a r e l e a v i n g t h e Fr o n t a n d wa l k i n g o f f t o
t h e i r h o m e s .
On e d i n e s i n m o r n i n g c l o t h e s -e n c i t o y e n . Th e
f o o d q u e s t i o n i s s t i l l a c u t e a n d t h e r e i s o n l y s o l d i e r s '
bl a c k br e a d
.Th e p o s t c o m e s f i t f u l l y , n o n e ws -
p a p e r s h a v e be e n d e l i v e r e d y e t .Ov e r a m i l l i o n
l e t t e r s we r e d e s t r o y e d a t t h e Ge n e r a l Po s t Of f i c e .
Th e c o l d a l wa y s c o n t i n u e s , a n d s n o wm o s t d a y s .
- Fa h r e n h e i t
.Th e l o n g e s t wi n t e r s i n c e 18 o 8 .
Iwi s h t h e s p r i n g c o u l d be g i n .
Wh e n s h a l l Ie v e r s e e y o u a g a i n
? Ma n y t h i n g s
m a y y e t h a p p e n h e r e wo r s e t h a n wh a t we h a v e
a l r e a d y g o n e t h r o u g h
.
At 12 .3 0
V a l e n t i n e , o f t h e En g l i s h Ro y a l Fl y i n g Su n d a y ,
Co r p s , wi t h h i s Co s s a c k o r d e r l y , a r r i v e d f r o m
Ma r .2 5 .
D .
19 17
13 6

RUSSIAN DIARY
Mo s c o wt o a s k f o r i n s t r u c t i o n s f r o m t h e Mi n i s t e r o f
Wa r , wh e t h e r h i s j o ba t t h e Mo s c o wa e r o d r o m e i s
t o c o n t i n u e u n d e r t h e n e wGo v e r n m e n t
.Th e
h o t e l wa s c r a m m e d , s o h e d r e s s e d a n d h a d l u n c h e o n
i n m y a p a r t m e n t , wh e r e If o u n d h i m bu s y e a t i n g
o n m y r e t u r n .He t o l d m e t h a t a t Mo s c o wh e h a d
h e l p e d t o d e f e n d h i s f r i e n d s a g a i n s t t h e s o l d i e r s
wh o , i n t o xi c a t e d by t h e n o t o r i o u s Fi r s t Or d e r , we r e
a s s a s s i n a t i n g t h e i r o f f i c e r s .
Th e o f f i c e r i n a t t e n d a n c e o n t h e Em p e r o r t o l d m e
Hi s Ma j e s t y h a d a s k e d p e r m i s s i o n t o t e l e g r a p h t o
Ha n bu r y -Wi l l i a m s , a n d a t e l e g r a m h a d be e n s e n t
t e l l i n g t h e Ge n e r a l h o wt h e c h i l d r e n we r e .Th e
Em p e r o r s a i d h e m u s t l e a r n t o p l a y " Pa t i e n c e " ;
be f o r e , h e n e v e r h a d a n y l e i s u r e , n o wh e h a s t o o
m u c h
.
Ma d a m e N a r i s c h k i n e , Gr a n d e Ma i t r e s s e d e
l a Co u r , i s l i v i n g i n t h e p a l a c e , h a v i n g v o l u n t a r i l y
p l a c e d h e r s e l f u n d e r a r r e s t , i n o r d e r t o be n e a r t h e
Em p e r o r a n d Em p r e s s .
Ra s p u t i n ' s bo d y wa s d u g u p a t Ts a r s k o e Se l o o n
t h e n i g h t o f Ma r c h 2 2 -2 3 .It h a d be e n e m ba l m e d
a n d l o o k e d a s i f s t i l l a l i v e
. It wa s s t r i p p e d a n d
i n s u l t e d by t h e s o l d i e r s , a f t e r wa r d s p u t o n a m o t o r -
t r o l l e y a n d br o u g h t t o t h e Im p e r i a l s t a bl e s i n
Pe t r o g r a d a n d bu r n t a t Ud i l n i , f i f t e e n m i l e s n o r t h
o f Pe t r o g r a d , be t we e n 3 a n d 7y e s t e r d a y m o r n i n g .
Wh e n p u l l e d o u t o f t h e Li t t l e N e v a t h e bo d y wa s
f o u n d , o n o f f i c i a l e xa m i n a t i o n , t o h a v e t h r e e s h o t
wo u n d s -o n e i n t h e s i d e , wh i c h wa s m o r t a l ; o n e
i n t h e ba c k ; a n d o n e o n t h e f o r e h e a d , wh i c h wa s
d i s c o l o u r e d by t h e p o wd e r .Th e r e wa s n o d a g g e r
wo u n d .Th e m e d a l f o u n d o n i t a t Ts a r s k o e Se l o
THEBALLETUN DERN EWREGIME13 7
h a s be e n l o s t . It wa s t a k e n o f f by t h e s o l d i e r s .
Th e d i s f i g u r e m e n t o f t h e f a c e wa s c a u s e d by
g r a p n e l s u s e d i n d r a g g i n g t h e c o r p s e o u t o f t h e
wa t e r .
Ou r Am ba s s a d o r , l o o k i n g be t t e r , wa s m o r e
p l e a s e d wi t h t h e s i t u a t i o n
. He h a d g o o d n e ws o f
t h e Dv i n s k -Ri g a f r o n t a n d o f t h e m o r a l o f t h e
t r o o p s t h e r e
.
Cr o s s i n g t h e Ch a m p s d e Ma r s , wa t c h e d t h e
s o l d i e r s d i g g i n g t h e g r a v e s f o r t h e v i c t i m s .
In t h e a f t e r n o o n h a d a n o t h e r r o wwi t h a n
i z v o s c h i k ,
wh o wa s o n t h e h o t e l r a n k a n d r e f u s e d
t o t a k e m e
.Th e r e wa s a g r e a t c r o wd . Is a i d i n
Fr e n c h t o a l a d y wh o wa s t h e r e t h a t Ih a d l i v e d
t we n t y y e a r s i n Re p u bl i c a n Fr a n c e , a n d t h a t t h e r e
c a b-d r i v e r s we r e t h e s e r v a n t s o f t h e p u bl i c
. Sh e
t r a n s l a t e d t h i s t o t h e c r o wd , a n d t h e m a n wa s
s e n t o f f t h e r a n k .
As Ih a p p e n e d t o be a t t h e l a s t r e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f
t h e Im p e r i a l ba l l e t , Iwe n t t h i s e v e n i n g t o t h e f i r s t
r e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f t h e ba l l e t u n d e r t h e n e wo r d e r .
Iwa s t h e r e be f o r e t h e c u r t a i n we n t u p , a t 7, a n
h o u r e a r l i e r t h a n f o r m e r l y . In t h e g r o u n d f l o o r
Im p e r i a l s t a g e bo xo n t h e l e f t , wh e r e t h e Gr a n d
Du k e s a l wa y s s a t , we r e s e v e r a l l a d y d a n c e r s a n d
o n e m a n .Ov e r t h e i r h e a d , i n t h e f i r s t bo x, wh e r e
t h e c h i l d r e n o f t h e Gr a n d Du k e s u s e d t o g o , we r e
a Je wa n d a Je we s s .Th e o p p o s i t e g r o u n d -f l o o r
s t a g e bo xwa s e m p t y . Th e bo xo v e r t h a t -
f o r m e r l y r e s e r v e d f o r m e m be r s o f t h e Im p e r i a l
h o u s e h o l d -wa s o c c u p i e d by e l e v e n p e o p l e a n d a
c h i l d a l l s t r a n g e r s t o e a c h o t h e r ! Th e g r e a t
' 9 , 7
We d n e s d a y
Ma r .2 8 .D
19 117
Th u r s d a y ,
Ma r .2 9 .D .
13 8

RUSSIAN DIARY
Im p e r i a l bo xi n t h e c e n t r e o f t h e g r a n d t i e r wa s
u n o c c u p i e d u n t i l t h e s e c o n d
e n t r ' a c t e , wh e n a m a n
a n d wo m a n o f t h e p e o p l e c a m e a n d s a t i n i t
.
It d i s g u s t e d m e .Th e " Ma r s e i l l a i s e " wa s p l a y e d
a t t h e be g i n n i n g o f t h e s e c o n d a c t a n d e n c o r e d .
At t h e t h i r d a c t t h e t u r n i n g d o wn o f t h e l i g h t s
be f o r e t h e c o n d u c t o r t o o k h i s p l a c e o bv i a t e d
a n o t h e r r e p e t i t i o n o f t h e " Ma r s e i l l a i s e
."
In t h e
ba l l e t o f t h e "
Sl e e p i n g Be a u t y , " a K i n g a n d Q u e e n
a n d a Pr i n c e s s -d a n c e d by Sm i r n o v a -a l l wo r e
c r o wn s ! Il e f t a t 9 .15 be f o r e i t wa s o v e r , a n d
e a s i l y f o u n d a n i z v o s c h i k ; t h e r e a r e p l e n t y n o w
o n t h e s t r e e t s .
Iwa s t o l d t h a t a t t h e e n d a m a n wi t h l o n g h a i r
a n d a r e d t i e a n d a s o l d i e r h a r a n g u e d t h e h o u s e
f r o m t h e Im p e r i a l s t a g e bo xo n t h e f i r s t f l o o r .
Ma n y p e o p l e we n t o n t o t h e s t a g e a n d m i xe d wi t h
t h e d a n c e r s a n d s a n g t h e " Ma r s e i l l a i s e ."
Sa wa r e g i m e n t m a r c h i n g t o t h e Wi n t e r Pa l a c e
s q u a r e t o s e e Ge n e r a l K o r n i l o v , t h e Mi l i t a r y
Go v e r n o r o f Pe t r o g r a d
.
Ih e a r d t h a t Gu c h k o v
h a s l e f t f o r St a v k a t o s e t t l e t h e t r o u bl e a bo u t t h e
Gr a n d Du k e N i c o l a i N i c o l a i e v i c h , wh o r e f u s e s t o
l e a v e , i n s i s t i n g t h a t h e i s j u s t a s m u c h a g e n e r a l
a s t h e o t h e r s , a n d t h a t a l t h o u g h h i s c o m m a n d
h a s be e n t a k e n a wa y , h e i s n o n e t h e l e s s a g e n e r a l
-t h a t t h e Em p r e s s e xc l a i m e d , " Ho wc a n I
be l i e v e wh a t t h e y s a y a bo u t V o y e i k o v , wh e n a l l
t h e y s a y a bo u t m e i s f a l s e ? " -t h a t s h e s u f f e r s
m u c h f r o m o p p r e s s i o n o n t h e c h e s t a n d h a s c o n -
s t a n t l y t o s i t d o wn wh i l e t a l k i n g -t h a t t h e Gr a n d
Du k e Al e xe i r u n s a bo u t e v e r y wh e r e , a n d h a d , a
GRAN DDUCHESSV LADIMIRARRESTED 1
3 9
Fr e n c h l e s s o n t h i s a f t e r n o o n wi t h h i s t u t o r
. Ih a v e
d i r e c t n e ws f r o m t h e p a l a c e
.,
Th e n e ws p a p e r s t h i s m o r n i n g a n n o u n c e t h e
s e q u e s t r a t i o n o f t h e a p a n a g e s a n d l a n d s be l o n g i n g
t o t h e Im p e r i a l f a m i l y , a n d -wh a t i s s t i l l wo r s e -
t h e a r r e s t o f t h e Gr a n d Du c h e s s i n h e r v i l l a a t
K i s l o v o d s k i n t h e Ca u c a s u s . Th e i r s t o r y i s t h a t
s h e h a d g i v e n a l e t t e r f o r h e r s o n Bo r i s t o a g e n e r a l
wh o wa s g o i n g t o St a v k a
; t h a t s h e h a d wr i t t e n
t o s a y t h e o n l y h o p e f o r Ru s s i a wa s i n N i c o l a i
N i c o l a i e v i c h .
Th e g e n e r a l wa s a r r e s t e d e n r o u t e ,
a n d t h e l e t t e r wa s f o u n d
.
Ia m t e r r i bl y u p s e t , bu t t r y i n g n o t t o wo r r y
a bo u t i t , be c a u s e t h e r e h a v e be e n m a n y t e m p o r a r y
a r r e s t s , a n d a f t e r a n e xp l a n a t i o n t h e p e r s o n s
a r r e s t e d h a v e be e n s e t f r e e . If e e l q u i t e s u r e t h a t
s h e h a s d o n e n o t h i n g f o r wh i c h s h e c a n be a t t a c k e d .
( La t e r
.) N o f u r t h e r n e ws o f t h e Gr a n d Du c h e s s .
As l o n g a s s h e i s u n d e r a r r e s t n o o n e c a n s e e h e r ,
o t h e r wi s e Iwo u l d h a v e g o n e t o t h e Ca u c a s u s ,
bu t i f s h e i s l e t o u t Is h a l l g o a t o n c e .N o t h i n g i n
t h e n e ws p a p e r s a bo u t Bo r i s ' s a r r e s t l a s t , n i g h t .
Is e e m t o h a v e be e n t h e o n l y p e r s o n wh o k n e w,
a s i t wa s a l a d y f r i e n d o f h i s wh o t e l e p h o n e d m e .
N i c o l a i N i c o l a i e v i c h , wi t h V l a d d y a n d N i c k y Or l o v
i n h i s t r a i n , h a s l e f t St a v k a f o r t h e Cr i m e a . He i s
n o t e v e n a l l o we d t o f i g h t
.Ol g a Or l o v c a m e o n i n
a n o t h e r t r a i n wi t h Gr a n d Du c h e s s N i c o l a i a n d h e r
t wo n i e c e s t o K i e v , wh e r e t h e y we n t t o a c o n v e n t ,
bu t t h e r e i s n o n e ws y e t wh e t h e r t h e y h a v e j o i n e d
t h e o t h e r s i n t h e Cr i m e a
.
Al l t h e n e ws f r o m t h e Ru s s i a n Fr o n t i s be t t e r ,
19 17
Fr i d a y ,
Ma r
. 3 0
.
L.
t o a n i n t i -
m a t e f r i e n d
o f Gr a n d
Du c h e s s
V l a d i m i r .
I9 I7
14 0

RUSSIAN DIARY
a n d t h e Ar m y s e e m s g r a d u a l l y c o m i n g r o u n d t o
o r d e r , a n d It h i n k wi l l s o o n e r o r l a t e r wo r k e n t i r e l y
wi t h t h e Pr o v i s i o n a l Go v e r n m e n t a g a i n s t t h e
u l t r a -Re d s .
Wh a t i s m o s t n e e d e d i s a h e a d -i t
d o n ' t m a t t e r wh o !
Th e c r u e l l e s t t h i n g t h e Em p e r o r d i d t o h i s c o u n t r y
wa s t o a bd i c a t e f o r t h e Gr a n d Du k e Al e xe i
. He
h a d n o r i g h t t o d o i t , a n d i f i t h a d n o t be e n d o n e
e v e r y t h i n g wo u l d h a v e g o n e m u c h m o r e e a s i l y a n d
s m o o t h l y f o r Ru s s i a . It h i n k t h e d a y i s n o t f a r o f f
wh e n t h e Ar m y a n d t h e p e o p l e , e xc i t e d by Ge r m a n
i n f l u e n c e , wi l l c o m e t o l o g g e r h e a d s ;
t h e n t h e r e
wi l l be a bl o o d y c a r n a g e
. Is h a l l n o t g o o u t
t h o s e d a y s .
Do r o t h y Ra d z i wi l l c a m e ba c k f u l l o f
p o t i n s ,
h o wt h e Fr e n c h h a t e d t h e En g l i s h , e t c
. If s h e
d o n ' t t a k e c a r e s h e wi l l g e t d e p o r t e d , a s t h i s
Go v e r n m e n t i s m o s t a n t i -Ge r m a n a n d wi l l s t a n d n o
n o n s e n s e .
Ik n o wt h e o f f i c e r i n c h a r g e a t Ts a r s k o e Se l o
a n d s o Ih e a r wh a t i s g o i n g o n
.Th e Em p e r o r
a l wa y s t h o u g h t t h e y wo u l d be a l l o we d t o s t a y i n
Li v a d i a o r l e a v e t h e c o u n t r y
. Go d o n l y k n o ws
wh a t wi l l be c o m e o f t h e m .Th e K y r i l l s a r e i n a
g r e a t s t a t e .Po o r t h i n g s ! Th e i r En g l i s h n u r s e
h a s t y p h o i d f e v e r , a n d n o o n e t o t a k e h e r p l a c e .
Th e i r f r o n t d o o r i s s t i l l ba r r i c a d e d a n d h a s a r e d
f l a g .Two r e g i m e n t s wi t h ba n d s p l a y i n g t h e
" Ma r s e i l l a i s e , " o n e m a r c h i n g u p t h e N e v s k i a n d
t h e o t h e r i n t h e o p p o s i t e d i r e c t i o n , h a v e j u s t p a s s e d ,
a l l i n p e r f e c t o r d e r -a c o m f o r t t o s e e a f t e r t h e
a bs e n c e o f o r d e r o f t e n d a y s .Th e bu r i a l o f t h e
FELIX YUSUPOV

Iq .I
v i c t i m s m a y c a u s e d i s t u r ba n c e s a n d we a r e a d v i s e d

' 9 ' 7
t o s t a y i n t h a t d a y , bu t Is h a l l j u s t g o a n d h a v e
a l o o k .
Go o d -by e , d e a r , Ih a v e wr i t t e n i n s t r u c t i o n s , i f
a n y t h i n g h a p p e n s t o m e h e r e , t h a t a l l m y p a p e r s
a r e t o be s e n t t o y o u .
Fe l i xYu s u p o v h a s j u s t be e n t o s e e m e
; h e s a y s
Sa t u r d a y ,
t h e Em p e r o r a n d f a m i l y o u g h t t o be s e n t a wa y f o r
Ma r .
3 I.
L.
t h e s a f e t y o f Ru s s i a , a n d s h o u l d be k e p t u n d e r
s u r v e i l l a n c e t i l l t h e e n d o f t h e wa r
; o t h e r wi s e , h e
s a i d , t h e r e wo u l d a l wa y s be t h e f e a r o f He r c o r r e -
s p o n d i n g wi t h Ge r m a n y .
Fe l i xi s wo r k i n g wi t h t h e Ar m y h e r e t o p r o m o t e
o r d e r a n d d i s c i p l i n e
.Th i n g s s e e m t o be g o i n g
be t t e r , a n d t h e r e i s h o p e t h a t t h e Ar m y , o n c e
r e t u r n e d t o o r d e r , wi l l k e e p i n wi t h t h e Go v e r n m e n t ,
a n d h a v e n o t r u c k wi t h t h e wo r k m e n -wh i c h i s
a l l o n e c a n a s k .
Th e r e i s a q u e s t i o n o f t h e
" Bo a t m e n ' s V o l g a
So n g " be i n g m a d e t h e N a t i o n a l An t h e m
.Th e
r e d f l a g s g e t f e we r e a c h d a y ;
t o m e t h e y a r e m o s t
i r r i t a t i n g -s u r e l y t h e Ru s s i a n t r i c o l o u r i s q u i t e
g o o d e n o u g h .
Gr a n d Du k e N i c o l a i N i c o l a i e v i c h we n t i n h i s
t r a i n f r o m Ti f l i s t o St a v k a
.Th e Go v e r n m e n t
c o m e s ba c k t o -n i g h t
.If t h e y c a n o n l y k e e p i n
!
It h i n k t h e y wi l l n o w.
Ih a v e s o m u c h t o wr i t e a bo u t bu t Ic a n ' t k e e p
m y t h o u g h t s t o g e t h e r
.Fe l i x' s v i s i t h a s s wi t c h e d
m e o f f
.Im u s t g o t o t h e Em ba s s y n o w
.Iwr i t e
d o wn e v e r y t h i n g Ih e a r , a n d -o n c e i t ' s wr i t t e n -
a m l i k e a h e n wi t h h e r e g g ;
If o r g e t a l l a bo u t i t
.
19 1 7
Su n d a y ,
Ap r i l z .D .
14 2 RUSSIAN DIARY
Ibe l i e v e n o l e t t e r c a n be f o r wa r d e d e i t h e r t o o r
f r o m t h e Im p e r i a l f a m i l y .Th e y s t i l l p r a y f o r
Em p r e s s Ma r i e i n t h e K i e v c h u r c h e s .
Th e r e g i m e n t s m a r c h a bo u t t h e t o wn wi t h ba n d s
p l a y i n g t h e " Ma r s e i l l a i s e " a n d r e d ba n n e r s wi t h
" Wa r t o a V i c t o r i o u s Fi n i s h
." Th e a u t h o r i t i e s
a r e be i n g v e r y c l e v e r a bo u t t h e bu r i a l o f t h e v i c t i m s .
Wh i l e t h e d e a d c i v i l i a n s a r e be i n g bu r i e d q u i c k l y
a n d q u i e t l y , t h e d e a d p o l i c e a r e l e f t .Th e r e c a n be
n o p u bl i c f u n e r a l f o r t h e p o l i c e , t h e m e n wh o we r e
t h e c a u s e o f e v e r y t h i n g
.
Im e t t o -d a y Pr i n c e Be l o s s e l s k i -Be l o z e r s k i , f a t h e r
o f Pr i n c e s s Ol g a Or l o v
.
He t o l d m e t h a t t h e
Gr a n d Du k e N i c o l a i N i c o l a i e v i c h , a c c o m p a n i e d
by Pr i n c e V l a d i m i r Or l o v a n d h i s s o n N i k k y , h a d
c o m e i n h i s t r a i n f r o m Ti f l i s t o St a v k a , a n d t h a t t h e
Gr a n d Du c h e s s An a s t a s i e Mi c h a i l o v n a , a c c o m p a n i e d
by h e r t wo n i e c e s ( t h e y o u n g e s t f i a n c e e t o N i k k y
Or l o v ) a n d Pr i n c e s s Ol g a Or l o v , h a d g o n e t o a
c o n v e n t
.
Th e Gr a n d Du k e N i c o l a i N i c o l a i e v i c h h a d l e f t
St a v k a f o r t h e Cr i m e a .Th e r e wa s n o n e ws o f t h e
l a d i e s .
Th e Mi n i s t e r s , wi t h t h e e xc e p t i o n o f Pr i n c e
Lv o v , we n t o n Fr i d a y t o St a v k a a n d r e t u r n t o
Pe t r o g r a d t o -m o r r o w, Mo n d a y n i g h t , Ap r i l 2 .
Ih a d o f t e n wo n d e r e d h o ws u c h a n e xc e l l e n t
Go v e r n m e n t h a d be e n c a l l e d t o g e t h e r wh e n t h e
Du m a wa s i n a s t a t e o f a bs o l u t e c h a o s a n d e v e r y -
bo d y s u r e xc i t e . Pr i n c e Be l o s s e l s k i -Be l o z e r s k i t o l d
m e t h e f a c t s wh i c h h e h a d f r o m a n u n i m p e a c h a bl e
s o u r c e
CON STITUTION FORRUSSIA

1
4 3
Ro d z i a n k o i n t h e m o n t h o f De c e m be r h a d

19 17
a r r a n g e d wi t h t h e Em p e r o r t h a t a Co n s t i t u t i o n
s h o u l d be g i v e n t o Ru s s i a .Al i s t o f Mi n i s t e r s wa s
d r a wn u p , a n d a n o r d e r wa s g i v e n a t t h e Wi n t e r
Pa l a c e t o p r e p a r e t h e St a t e r o o m s f o r t h e o c c a s i o n
o f t h e a n n o u n c e m e n t a n d t h e r e c e p t i o n o f t h e Du m a
o n Tu e s d a y , De c e m be r 1g -De c e m be r 6 ( O.S.) -
St .N i c o l a s , t h e Em p e r o r ' s n a m e -d a y . Wh e n
t h e Em p r e s s wa s t o l d wh a t h e i n t e n d e d t o d o
s h e s e n t h i m o f f t o t h e Fr o n t . He l e f t o n Su n d a y ,
De c e m be r 17 . Th e l i s t o f Mi n i s t e r s wh o we r e t o
h a v e be e n t h e f i r s t u n d e r t h e N e wCo n s t i t u t i o n i s
t h a t o f t h e Pr o v i s i o n a l Go v e r n m e n t o f t o -d a y .
Be n n e t t , wh o h a s be e n s t u d -g r o o m t h i r t y -s e v e n
y e a r s i n t h e s e r v i c e o f t h e Em p r e s s Ma r i e , a n d wh o
l i v e s i n t h e An i t c h k o v Pa l a c e , r e c e i v e d a n o r d e r
f r o m t h e m e m be r s o f t h e Du m a t o be p r e p a r e d t o
l e a v e t h e p a l a c e o n Ap r i l 14 . Th e n e xt d a y h e wa s
t o l d h e c o u l d s t a y o n a n d t h a t h i s wa g e s wo u l d
c o n t i n u e t o be p a i d t o h i m .* Th e r e a r e t wo
It a l i a n s a n d o n e Fr e n c h m a n a l s o u n d e r t h e s a m e
c o n d i t i o n s .
Id i n e d a t Ts a r s k o e Se l o l a s t n i g h t , o n t h e g r o u n d
N a r r a t i v e
f l o o r o f t h e Ly c e t , wi t h t h e o f f i c e r wh o i s r e s p o n s i bl e
f o r t h e s a f e t y o f t h e i r Ma j e s t i e s .Ou r d i n n e r ,
wh i c h wa s t h e s a m e a s t h a t s e r v e d t o ' t h e Em p e r o r
a n d t h e s u i t e , wa s br o u g h t f r o m t h e p a l a c e , a
c o u p l e o f h u n d r e d y a r d s a wa y , a n d wa r m e d u p
h e r e
.
* On h i s l e a v i n g Ru s s i a ( N o v e m be r 9 , 19 17) t h e Go v e r n m e n t
p a i d h i m , i n l i e u o f n o t i c e , t h e s u m a g r e e d u p o n i n t h e o r i g i n a l
c o n t r a c t wi t h t h e Em p r e s s -Mo t h e r .
19 17
1 4 4
RUSSIAN DIARY
Th e o f f i c e r s i n a t t e n d a n c e a r e a l l o we d a bo t t l e o f
wi n e a d a y , a n d Co u n t Be n c k e n d o r f f g i v e s t h e
o r d e r f o r br a n d y .We h a d He n n e s s e y br a n d y
bo t t l e d 19 09 . Al l t h e wi n e i n t h e Im p e r i a l c e l l a r s
i s bo t t l e d i n Ru s s i a ; t h e bo t t l e s h a v e t h e Im p e r i a l
a r m s i n t h e g l a s s
.
Th e Gr a n d Du c h e s s e s Ol g a a n d Ta t i a n a c a m e
d o wn s t a i r s y e s t e r d a y f o r t h e f i r s t t i m e , a n d we n t
t o v e s p e r s i n t h e p a l a c e c h a p e l ; t h e i r f a t h e r g a v e
a n a r m t o e a c h .Th e Gr a n d Du c h e s s Ma r i e i s
d a n g e r o u s l y i l l wi t h p n e u m o n i a o n t h e t o p o f
m e a s l e s .Th e Em p e r o r a n d Em p r e s s h a v e be e n a l l
d a y wi t h h e r . Sh e c o u l d o n l y br e a t h e wi t h o xy g e n -
ba g s . Pr o f e s s o r Fe d e r o v c a m e f r o m Pe t r o g r a d t o
s e e h e r .Th e t wo d o c t o r s o f t h e p a l a c e a n d t h e
Swi s s t u t o r i n v i t e d t h e p r o f e s s o r a n d t h e o f f i c e r
a c c o m p a n y i n g h i m t o l u n c h i n t h e i r r o o m s , wh i c h
t h e y d i d .Th i s i s a g a i n s t t h e r u l e s .
Th e Gr a n d Du k e Al e xe i i s q u i t e we l l a n d h a s
h i s Fr e n c h l e s s o n s . Mr .Gi bbs , t h e En g l i s h t u t o r ,
wh o wa s a wa y wh e n t h e f a m i l y wa s a r r e s t e d , h a d
a s k e d p e r m i s s i o n t o g o i n t o t h e p a l a c e ; t h i s h a d
be e n r e f u s e d .Th e Em p e r o r a n d Em p r e s s d i n e i n
t h e bi g p l a y r o o m o f t h e Gr a n d Du k e Al e xe i o n
t h e f i r s t f l o o r . Th e d i n n e r -t a bl e s a r e t a k e n i n
t h e r e a l l r e a d y l a i d . Th e Em p r e s s h a r d l y e a t s
a n y t h i n g , o n l y c h i c k e n
.Th e r e i s o n l y o n e d i n n e r
c o o k e d f o r e v e r y bo d y i n t h e p a l a c e .
Th e s u i t e ,
wh i c h c o n s i s t s o f Ma d a m e N a r i s c h k i n e , Co u n t
a n d Co u n t e s s Be n c k e n d o r f f , a n d h e r s o n Pr i n c e
Do l g o r u k o v a n d t h e t wo d e m o i s e l l e s d ' h o n n e u r ,
d i n e a n d l i v e o n t h e f i r s t f l o o r o f t h e r i g h t
DESTITUTION OFIMPERIALFAMILY
1
4 5
wi n g , o v e r t h e a p a r t m e n t s o f t h e Gr a n d Du c h e s s
Se r g e i .
Th e s e r v a n t s , wh o n u m be r 16 3 , s e n t a d e p u t a t i o n
t o t h e o f f i c e r i n c h a r g e t o k n o wwh e t h e r t h e y a r e t o
be k e p t a s p r i s o n e r s a l l t h e t i m e t h e Em p e r o r i s
t h e r e .As u g g e s t i o n h a s be e n s e n t t o t h e Mi n i s t e r
o f Wa r t h a t t h e s e r v a n t s f r o m t h e o t h e r p a l a c e s
s h o u l d t a k e t h e i r p l a c e s a t t h e e n d o f a m o n t h , a n d
t h e n e v e r y m o n t h t h e y s h o u l d be c h a n g e d .Ma n y
o f t h e s e s e r v a n t s a r e m a r r i e d a n d h a v e t h e i r f a m i l i e s
l i v i n g o u t o f t h e p a l a c e
.Th e a c t u a l bo d y -s e r v a n t s
o f t h e f a m i l y we r e n o t i n c l u d e d i n t h e d e p u t a t i o n .
Th e Em p e r o r a s k e d t o be a l l o we d t o s e e Pr i n c e
V i c t o r K o t c h u be y , t h e h e a d o f t h e Ap a n a g e s , i n
o r d e r t o p u t t h e f i n a n c i a l q u e s t i o n o n s o m e s o r t o f
ba s i s .Th e r e i s n o m o n e y a t a l l i n t h e p a l a c e .
In c o u r s e o f c o n v e r s a t i o n Co u n t Be n c k e n d o r f f s a i d
t h e Em p e r o r h a d n o m o n e y a br o a d , a n d t h a t t h e
p r i v a t e f o r t u n e , i n c l u d i n g t h a t o f t h e c h i l d r e n ,
a m o u n t e d t o v e r y l i t t l e .
Th e Ts a r s k o e Se l o m u n i c i p a l a u t h o r i t i e s a r e a s
u l t r a -Re d a s V e r s a i l l e s i n 178 9 . Th e y h a d p l a n n e d
a n d h a d be g u n t o d i g a g r a v e i n t h e l a r g e s q u a r e
be f o r e t h e Ol d Pa l a c e , bu t a t e l e p h o n e m e s s a g e t o
t h e Wa r Of f i c e br o u g h t a g e n e r a l by t h e n e xt t r a i n
f r o m Pe t r o g r a d wh o f o r ba d e i t .Th e Em p r e s s wa s
g r a t e f u l t h a t t h i s h a d be e n d o n e .
Th e Em p e r o r i s a f a t a l i s t
.He i s s o p l e a s e d t o
be wi t h h i s c h i l d r e n , a n d t o h a v e t h e h e a v y bu r d e n
o f r e s p o n s i bi l i t y h e h a d i n h e r i t e d f r o m h i s f a t h e r
l i f t e d f r o m h i s s h o u l d e r s , t h a t h e d o e s n o t r e a l i s e
t h e g r e a t d a n g e r bo t h h e a n d t h e Em p r e s s wi l l r u n
K
19 T7
19 17
Th u r s d a y ,
Ap r i l 5 .
N a r r a t i v e .
14 6 RUSSIAN DIARY
wh e n t h e St a t e t r i a l s o f t h e f o r m e r Mi n i s t e r s be g i n .
Th e u n e d u c a t e d m a s s e s wi l l n e v e r be a bl e t o d i s -
t i n g u i s h be t we e n t h e t r e a s o n a bl e d e s i g n s o f t h e
Mi n i s t e r s a n d t h e Em p e r o r ' s u n c o n s c i o u s a c q u i e s -
c e n c e , o r r e a l i s e h i s g r e a t l o v e o f Ru s s i a . He s t i l l
t h i n k s h e wi l l be a l l o we d t o l e a v e a s s o o n a s t h e
d a u g h t e r s h a v e r e c o v e r e d .
He wo u l d l i k e t o g o t o
N o r wa y .
Ev e r y t h r e e d a y s t h e r e g i m e n t wh i c h g u a r d s t h e m
i s c h a n g e d f o r a n o t h e r Ts a r s k o e Se l o r e g i m e n t , a n d
t h e o f f i c e r wh o c a m e t o -d a y a s k e d t h a t h e s h o u l d
be a l l o we d t o s e e t h o s e g u a r d s , a s h e i s r e s p o n -
s i bl e f o r t h e i r s a f e t y a n d m u s t k n o wwh o i s i n t h e
p a l a c e . It i s n o wa r r a n g e d t h a t o n c h a n g i n g g u a r d
t h e o f f i c e r wi l l be p r e s e n t e d t o t h e Em p e r o r -t h i s
h a s be c o m e a r u l e .
Ea c h t i m e t h e g u a r d i s c h a n g e d t h e r e i s a r e g u l a r
s c r i m m a g e a m o n g s t t h e s o l d i e r s a s t o wh o s h o u l d
be o n g u a r d i n t h e p a l a c e a n d wh o s h o u l d be o u t s i d e
i n t h e p a r k . Ev e r y o n e d e s i r e s t o be n e a r t h e
Em p e r o r , s u c h i s t h e l o v e o f t h e Ru s s i a n f o r h i s
Li t t l e Fa t h e r .
Th e bu r i a l p r o c e s s i o n o f t h e v i c t i m s o f t h e Re v o -
l u t i o n i n t h e Ch a m p d e Ma r s be g a n t o p a s s t h e e n d
o f Mi c h a i l St r e e t a l o n g t h e N e v s k i a t 8
.4 0 .Du r i n g
t h e n e xt t h r e e h o u r s Is a wo n l y f o u r c o f f i n s g o by ,
a n d t h e r e we r e i n a l l o n l y t we l v e c o f f i n s i n t h a t
p r o c e s s i o n wh i c h p a s s e d u p t h e N e v s k i .
An a u t o -
m o bi l e wi t h f o u r p e o p l e i n i t wa s i n t h e p r o c e s s i o n ;
i t c o n t a i n e d t h e Gr a n d m o t h e r o f t h e Re v o l u t i o n .
Op p o s i t e t h e Mu n i c i p a l Du m a t h r e e s t r i p l i n g
Mi l i t i a y o u t h s r u s h e d u p t o i t a n d s t o p p e d i t .An
BURIALOFV ICTIMS

1
4 7
o f f i c e r wh o wa s a t t h e h e a d o f t h e n e xt c o m p a n y

119 17
q u i c k l y wa l k e d u p t o t h e m , v e r y r e d i n t h e f a c e ,
s t a m p e d h i s f o o t , a n d o r d e r e d t h e m o f f .
Th e p r o c e s s i o n wa s o r g a n i s e d e xt r a o r d i n a r i l y
we l l i n c o m p a n i e s , a n d t o r e g u l a t e t h e d i s t a n c e s
be t we e n t h e m t h e r e we r e m e n o r wo m e n c a r r y -
i n g s m a l l wh i t e f l a g s o n p o l e s wh o s i g n a l l e d d o wn
t h e l i n e f o r a d v a n c i n g o r h a l t i n g
.At t i m e s t h e
p r o c e s s i o n wo u l d be o n o n l y o n e s i d e o f t h e N e v s k i ,
bu t g e n e r a l l y t h e r e we r e d i s t i n c t c o m p a n i e s o n
e i t h e r s i d e wh o h a l t e d o r a d v a n c e d s i m u l t a n e o u s l y .
At t h e e n d o f t h e Mi c h a i l St r e e t s e v e n o r e i g h t
o n l o o k e r s l i n k e d t o g e t h e r a n d j o i n e d i n be h i n d t h e
d i f f e r e n t c o m p a n i e s
.Th i s Ia f t e r wa r d s l e a r n t h a d
be e n a l l o we d , a n d wa s a n n o u n c e d i n t h e n e ws -
p a p e r s .
Ir e g r e t n o t k n o wi n g i t , a s Iwo u l d h a v e
j o i n e d t h e m .
Th e r e we r e m a n y ba n d s ;
Io n l y h e a r d p l a y e d
t h e " Ma r s e i l l a i s e " a n d Ch o p i n ' s
" Fu n e r a l Ma r c h ."
Th e p e o p l e c o n s t a n t l y s a n g a s o n g wi t h a s i m p l e ,
h a r m o n i o u s t u n e bu t s a d , a n d f r o m t i m e t o t i m e
t h e Pr a y e r s f o r t h e De a d we r e c h a n t e d
. Wh e n
t h e c a p t a i n s o f t h e d i f f e r e n t c o m p a n i e s g a v e t h e
o r d e r a l l h e a d s we r e u n c o v e r e d
. So m e o n e i n t h e
p r o c e s s i o n c a l l e d o u t t o a m a n i n t h e c r o wd n e a r
m e t o u n c o v e r .
Th e Pe t e r -Pa u l Fo r t r e s s c a n n o n we r e f i r e d f o r
e a c h c o f f i n p l a c e d i n t h e g r a v e . Ibe l i e v e m a n y o f
t h e m we r e e m p t y , t h e r e l a t i v e s a n d f r i e n d s h a v i n g
a l r e a d y bu r i e d t h e i r o wn d e a d . So m e t i m e s a s i m p l e
p l a n k o f wo o d wa s c a r r i e d a l o n g s i d e o f t h e c o f f i n s
t o r e p r e s e n t a n o t h e r v i c t i m wh o h a d a l r e a d y be e n
14 8

RUSSIAN DIARY
19 17 bu r i e d
.Th e d e a d we r e n o t a l l c a r r i e d t o g e t h e r , bu t
i n d i f f e r e n t p a r t s o f t h e p r o c e s s i o n a s t h e y h a p p e n e d
t o c o m e f r o m t h e d i f f e r e n t q u a r t e r s o f t h e t o wn .
N e v e r h a v e Is e e n s u c h p e r f e c t o r d e r , n o r a
p r o c e s s i o n o r d e m o n s t r a t i o n o f p e o p l e be t t e r o r g a -
n i s e d .Th e p r o c e e d i n g s f r o m be g i n n i n g t o e n d be a r
s t r i k i n g wi t n e s s t o t h e s e l f -c o n t r o l o f t h e Pe t r o g r a d
p o p u l a c e . N o t r a m s , c a r r i a g e s , o r s l e d g e s we r e
a l l o we d a l l d a y
.Th e p r o c e s s i o n we n t o n u n t i l 5
i n t h e e v e n i n g .
It s n o we d f i t f u l l y i n t h e m o r n i n g ,
a n d a f t e r wa r d s t h e t h e r m o m e t e r m a r k e d 4 8 Fa h r e n -
h e i t -wi t h o u t s u n s h i n e
.Th e s t r e e t s i n a t e r r i bl e
s t a t e f r o m t h e t h a w .
Fr i d a y ,

Iwe n t t h i s m o r n i n g t o v i s i t t h e c o m m o n g r a v e o n
Ap r i l 6 .D .
t h e Ch a m p s d e Ma r s , wh i c h i s q u i t e c l o s e t o t h e
Em ba s s y .Th e c o f f i n s we r e s t i l l u n c o v e r e d
. I
c o u n t e d o v e r 15 0 . Ibe l i e v e t h e r e we r e i n a l l 16 8 -
a n y h o w, t h e r e we r e n o t
2 00 . Ce m e n t wa s a l l r e a d y
t o be p u t o v e r t h e m , a n d s o l d i e r s we r e p l a c i n g
p l a n k s a l o n g , a c r o s s t h e c o f f i n s
.Awo m a n k n e e l i n g
by a c o f f i n , wh i c h s h e f r e q u e n t l y k i s s e d , wa s s a y i n g
h e r p r a y e r s a n d c r o s s i n g h e r s e l f
. Iwa s s u r p r i s e d
a t n o p a r t be i n g t a k e n by t h e c l e r g y o n t h e r o u t e ,
bu t h e a r d a f t e r wa r d s t h a t t h e y h a d n o t be e n i n v i t e d
t o a t t e n d , a s t h e y h a d a l l o we d m a c h i n e -g u n s t o be
p l a c e d by t h e p o l i c e o n s e v e r a l c h u r c h e s .
To t h e Em ba s s y , t o k n o wa t wh a t t i m e t h e
d e p u t a t i o n o f Co s s a c k s wa s c o m i n g .
At n o o n ,
a s t h e y h a d n o t c o m e , t h e Am ba s s a d o r we n t t o t h e
Fo r e i g n Of f i c e t o s e e Mi l i u k o v , a n d wa s ba c k i n
h a l f a n h o u r
.He h a d s e e n t h e Co s s a c k s i n t h e
Wi n t e r Pa l a c e s q u a r e . Pr e s e n t l y f r o m t h e Em -
ESTHON IAN DEMON STRATION
1
4 9
ba s s y wi n d o ws we s a wt h e m c o m i n g d o wn t h e

19 17
Mi l l i o n a i a o n t h e i r wa y t o t h e g r a v e
.On r e a c h i n g
i t t h e y wh e e l e d r o u n d , a d v a n c e d t o wa r d s t h e
Em ba s s y , a n d h a l t i n g a t t h e Su v a r o v Mo n u m e n t
be f o r e t h e s i d e wi n d o ws h u n g a wr e a t h o n t h e n e c k
o f t h e s t a t u e . Pr o c e e d i n g t o t h e N e v a f r o n t ,
t h e y f i r s t d e f i l e d be f o r e , a n d t h e n d r e wu p f a c i n g ,
t h e Am ba s s a d o r , wh o , wi t h t h e Em ba s s y St a f f ,
wa s o n t h e ba l c o n y
.Ad e p u t a t i o n t h e n c a m e u p .
Gu y Co l e br o o k e t o l d m e h e h a d h e a r d t h a t , wh e n Su n d a y ,
Is e t f i r e t o m y r o o m o n Ea s t e r Ev e a y e a r a g o ,
Ap r i l 8 .D .
Ih a d be e n bu r n i n g p o l i t i c a l p a p e r s . Do u xp a y s !
Ho wt h e Ge r m a n o p h i l s h a t e m e
Abo u t n o o n wa l k e d d o wn t h e N e v s k i t o s e e t h e
Es t h o n i a n d e m o n s t r a t i o n o f
75 , 000 p e o p l e wi t h
t h e i r n a t i o n a l f l a g -bl u e , bl a c k , a n d wh i t e
. He a r d
t h a t t h e f o o d q u e s t i o n wa s g e t t i n g v e r y a c u t e ,
c h i e f l y be c a u s e o f t h e a r r i v a l o f s o m a n y p e o p l e
o u t o f wo r k i n Pe t r o g r a d , a n d o f a l l t h e Be l g i a n
g l a s s -wo r k e r s f r o m t h e Do n e t z .
Th e Go v e r n m e n t , e xc e l l e n t t h o u g h i t i s , i s n o t Mo n d a y ,
s t r o n g e n o u g h f o r t h e s i t u a t i o n . Go d o n l y k n o ws
Ap r i l 9 .L.
h o wt h i n g s wi l l t u r n o u t .
We h e a r t h e s u i t e o f t h e Em p e r o r h a s be e n
m o v e d f r o m h i s p a l a c e t o t h e Ol d Pa l a c e a t Ts a r s k o e
Se l o , a n d s o m e p e o p l e j u m p t o t h e c o n c l u s i o n t h a t
t h e f a m i l y h a v e be e n t a k e n a wa y , bu t Id o u bt i t
-wh e r e t o
? Th e n e ws p a p e r s a l l p u bl i s h wh a t
t h e y l i k e
.
Ia m l e a v i n g o n We d n e s d a y , Ap r i l 11,
f o r K i s -
l o v o d s k i n t h e Ca u c a s u s , i n h o p e s o f s e e i n g t h e
Gr a n d Du c h e s s
. Ev e n i f Id o n ' t s e e h e r , s h e wi l l
1 9 1 7
15 o

RUSSIAN DIARY
k n o wt h a t Ih a v e m a d e t h e e f f o r t .It ' s a l o n g
j o u r n e y -t h r e e n i g h t s i n t h e t r a i n ; a n d If e a r
t h e r e i s c o m p l e t e a n a r c h y o n t h e r a i l wa y s , t h e
s o l d i e r s i n s i s t i n g o n g o i n g f i r s t c l a s s wi t h o u t p a y i n g .
Bu t If e e l , a f t e r a l l h e r k i n d n e s s t o m e , i t i s t h e
l e a s t Ic a n d o .Is h a l l c o m e ba c k d i r e c t l y
.N o bo d y
bu t K n o r r i n g * k n o ws Ia m g o i n g
; Is h a l l n o t t e l l
a n y o n e , n o t e v e n t h e Am ba s s a d o r
.If e a r Im i g h t
d o h e r h a r m
; bu t Ih a v e h e a r d s h e f e e l s d e s e r t e d ,
a n d a l s o t h a t s h e h a s h a d a ba d h e a r t a t t a c k .
We t h i n k t h a t s h e i s n o l o n g e r u n d e r a r r e s t , a s
Et t e r h a s t e l e g r a p h e d t o h i s s i s t e r -i n -l a w, " Be a u
t e m p s
:
n o u s n o u s p r o m e n o n s , " wh i c h m a k e s u s
t h i n k q u ' e l l e e s t r e l d c h e e .
He r a u t o m o bi l e s h a v e n o t be e n t a k e n , bu t i t i s
v e r y d i f f i c u l t t o k e e p t h e m f r o m t h e Re v o l u t i o n a r i e s .
To -d a y Ih e a r d t h a t K e r e n s k i , t h e Mi n i s t e r o f
Ju s t i c e , wa s t r y i n g t o g e t a n a u t o m o bi l e f o r h i m -
s e l f -c o m m a n d e e r i n g , n o t s t e a l i n g -s o Ih a v e l e t
K n o r r i n g k n o w.By s u p p l y i n g h i s wa n t i t m i g h t
s a v e h e r o t h e r m o t o r -c a r s f r o m be i n g s t o l e n , a n d
m i g h t a l s o h e l p h e r l a t e r o n .Ev e r y bo d y ' s a u t o -
m o bi l e s we r e t a k e n a t t h e be g i n n i n g o f t h e Re v o -
l u t i o n , a n d n o t o n e h a s be e n r e t u r n e d .
Ih e a r t h a t a l l t h e p a l a c e s wh i c h we r e i n h e r i t e d
by t h e Im p e r i a l f a m i l y h a v e be e n m a d e n a t i o n a l
p r o p e r t y -l i k e t h e Wi n t e r Pa l a c e , t h e Ts a r s k o e
Se l o p a l a c e s , Pe t e r h o f a n d Or a n i e n ba u m ; bu t
p a l a c e s bu i l t o r bo u g h t by t h e Im p e r i a l f a m i l y
wi l l c o n t i n u e t o be l o n g t o t h e m .Th e Ap a n a g e s
a r e s e q u e s t r a t e d f o r a g r a r i a n p u r p o s e s , a n d a c i v i l
* Eq u e r r y t o t h e Gr a n d Du c h e s s V l a d i m i r .
AN ARCHYAMON GWORK IN GCLASSESI5 I
l i s t i s t o be m a d e .Th e p r o p o s e d a m o u n t f o r

1 9 17
Gr a n d Du k e s a n d Gr a n d Du c h e s s e s i s t o be
Rs .3 o , 0000
p e r
y e a r , a n d f o r t h e Pr i n c e s ,
Rs 0t 5 , 000p e r y e a r
.
Pr i n c e s a r e t h e t h i r d g e n e r a -
t i o n f r o m t h e Em p e r o r .
Th e p e o p l e wi l l n o t wo r k -s o m e t i m e s It h i n k a
f e wm o n t h s u n d e r t h e Pr u s s i a n " i r o n h e e l "
wo u l d
d o t h e m g o o d
;
t h e s o l d i e r s ' a t t i t u d e i s i m p r o v i n g
s l i g h t l y . Th e wo r k i n g c l a s s e s a r e i n a s t a t e o f
a bs o l u t e a n a r c h y
.
Id o n o t k n o wwh a t wi l l h a p p e n
i f t h e p o we r g o e s t o t h e So v i e t s .Th e wo r k -
p e o p l e e xp r e s s v i o l e n t h a t r e d o f t h e En g l i s h .
It i s a l l v e r y p e r p l e xi n g , v e r y s a d , a n d e xt r e m e l y
wo r r y i n g .On e i s a n xi o u s wi t h o u t k n o wi n g wh y .
Th e En g l i s h n e ws p a p e r s a bo u t t h e Re v o l u t i o n
h a v e n o t a r r i v e d ;
i t wi l l be i n t e r e s t i n g t o r e a d
t h e m .Am o n t h a g o t o -d a y wa s t h e ba d d a y .
Wh a t a d a y ! Wh e n s h a l l Ie v e r l e a v e t h i s c o u n t r y
o r s e e y o u o r Pa r i s a g a i n !
Se r g e i Obo l e n s k i c a m e t o s e e m e a n d y e s t e r d a y Tu e s d a y
Ih a d l u n c h e o n wi t h t h e m
.
He i s a n d l o o k s i l l
;
Ap r i l i o
.
bu t h e h a s p a s s e d t h e m e d i c a l e xa m i n a t i o n a n d i s
n o wwa i t i n g f o r a n o r d e r t o g o t o t h e Cr i m e a .
He i s a s c h a r m i n g a s e v e r .
Th i n g s g o o n v a g u e l y , bu t a s l o n g a s t h i s Go v e r n -
m e n t k e e p s i n i t i s a l l we a s k . If e a r Mi l y u k o v
wi l l l e a v e -be t t e r p e r h a p s f o r t h o s e t h a t r e m a i n ,
t h o u g h i t i s a l wa y s a bo t h e r t o h a v e t o t h r o w
s o m e o n e o v e r bo a r d .
N e i t h e r t h e Em p e r o r n o r h i s f a m i l y n o wh a v e a
p e n n y ; a l l t h e i r m o n e y i s s t o p p e d
.Th e r e ' s n o t a
5 -r o u bl e n o t e i n t h e p a l a c e o f Ts a r s k o e Se l o , s o
15 2

RUSSIAN DIARY
3 19 17

t h a t t h e y a r e a l l c o m p l e t e l y i n t h e h a n d s o f t h e
Go v e r n m e n t .
Th e Co u n c i l o f Wo r k m e n a n d So l d i e r s c o n s i s t s o f
p e o p l e wi t h f a l s e Ru s s i a n n a m e s , a n d i s f u l l o f
Ge r m a n a g e n t s .Al t o g e t h e r t h i n g s a r e n o t v e r y
br i g h t .
Ap r i l z o .L.
Ih a v e be e n a wa y m y s t e r i o u s l y . Wi t h o u t t e l l i n g
a n y bo d y Ir u s h e d o f f t o K i s l o v o d s k i n t h e Ca u c a s u s
t o s e e m y Gr a n d Du c h e s s .As y o u k n o w, s h e h a s
a l wa y s be e n m o r e t h a n k i n d t o m e , a n d Iwa n t e d
t o s h o wh e r t h a t m y d e v o t i o n c o u l d be p r a c t i c a l .
N o bo d y f r o m Pe t r o g r a d h a d be e n t o s e e h e r , a n d
s h e wa s m u c h t o u c h e d .
Wh e n Iwa l k e d i n t o h e r v i l l a s h e wa s a t l u n c h e o n .
Sh e wa s s o p l e a s e d t o s e e m e t h a t a l l t h e bo t h e r s
o f m y j o u r n e y we r e f o r g o t t e n .Th e s o l d i e r s a n d
o f f i c e r s wh o g u a r d h e r a r e we l l -m a n n e r e d , bu t
t h r e e we e k s be f o r e Ig o t t h e r e t h e " Re d " To wn
Co m m i t t e e -wh i c h , l i k e a l l t h e p r o v i n c i a l o n e s , i s
m o s t v i r u l e n t -c a m e i n t o h e r be d r o o m a t 2 .3 o a .m .
t o r e a d t h e m a n d a t d ' a r r e t ; a n d a f t e r wa r d s s h e h a d
f a i n t i n g f i t s a n d wa s u n c o n s c i o u s f o r h o u r s . Sh e
i s be t t e r n o w, a n d Id i d n o t f i n d h e r l o o k i n g t o o i l l .
Ih a d t h e m o s t a wf u l j o u r n e y -s e v e n t y -e i g h t h o u r s ,
a n d t we n t y h o u r s l a t e ; bu t Id i d n ' t m i n d , a s I
o n l y t h o u g h t o f g e t t i n g t h e r e . Fo u r n i g h t s i n t h e
t r a i n , a n d n o r o o m t o g o t o o n a r r i v a l
!
We we r e
f o u r p e o p l e i n t h e c a r r i a g e a l l t h e wa y -t h e c o r r i d o r
f i l l e d wi t h t we n t y -f i v e d e s e r t e r s f r o m t h e Fr o n t .
Ia r r i v e d i n K i s l o v o d s k a t 3 a .m .o n Ea s t e r
m o r n i n g , a n d , h a v i n g n o i n n t o g o t o , r u s h e d o f f t o
c h u r c h i n t i m e t o s e e t h e p e a s a n t s ' Ea s t e r f o o d
GRAN DDUCHESSV LADIMIR
15 3
bl e s s e d o u t s i d e t h e c h u r c h , wi t h d a y l i g h t j u s t

1 9 1 7
g l i m m e r i n g , a n d t h e be l l s r i n g i n g wi l d l y i n be a u t i f u l
s p r i n g we a t h e r
.
Wh e n Il e f t Pe t r o g r a d Id i d n o t k n o wi f Is h o u l d
be a l l o we d t o s e e h e r
. Ih a d i n t e n d e d t o
r r d e r
r o u n d t h e v i l l a t o l e t h e r k n o wIh a d c o m e , bu t o n
Ea s t e r Da y s h e wa s a l l o we d t o r e c e i v e , a n d t h e
n e xt d a y t h e r e wa s a n i c e o f f i c e r wh o l e t m e i n
.
N a t u r a l l y t h e s o l d i e r s a r e d e v o t e d t o h e r
.Th e y
s e n t h e r a n Ea s t e r c a r d , a n d t h e o f f i c e r s t o o
. Al l
t h e s a m e , i t i s d i f f i c u l t f o r t h e d a u g h t e r -i n -l a wo f
Al e xa n d e r IIt o i m a g i n e h e r s e l f a p r i s o n e r
! El l e
n ' e s t p a s r e s i g n e e d u t o u t .
Sh e t o l d m e s h e t h o u g h t
o f t h e "
Ba l l a d o f Re a d i n g Ga o l " a l l t h e t i m e
!
Sh e k n e wa bs o l u t e l y n o t h i n g o f wh a t h a s be e n
g o i n g o n i n Ru s s i a
.
Th e o n l y t h i n g f o r t h e f a m i l y i s t o l i e l o wf o r
t h e m o m e n t , s o t h a t t h e Pr o v i s i o n a l Go v e r n m e n t
s h o u l d n o t be p u t i n a p o s i t i o n t o be a t t a c k e d by
t h e Wo r k m e n ' s Co m m i t t e e .
If e e l t h a t i n t h e e n d
i t wo n ' t be s o ba d f o r t h e m a s m o s t p e o p l e t h i n k ,
bu t t h e Go v e r n m e n t i s o bl i g e d t o g i v e i n t o t h i s
bl o o d y Re d Co m m i t t e e i n o r d e r t o e xi s t
.
On m y a d v i c e s h e h a s g i v e n u p t h e i d e a o f g o i n g
t o t h e Cr i m e a .Th e l e a s e o f h e r K i s l o v o d s k h o u s e
i s u p , a n d s h e h a d a h o u s e o f f e r e d h e r i n t h e Cr i m e a ,
bu t t h e r e a r e t o o m a n y o f t h e Im p e r i a l f a m i l y t h e r e
a l r e a d y , a n d , i f s h e i s t o m o v e , s u r e l y i t i s be t t e r
t o g o t o wa r d s l i be r t y , wh i c h c a n o n l y be t h r o u g h
Fi n l a n d .
Ih a v e s i n c e h e a r d t h a t s h e a p p l i e d t o
g o t o a s a n a t o r i u m i n Fi n l a n d , wh i c h h a s be e n
r e f u s e d , s o Ie xp e c t s h e wi l l h a v e t o m o v e i n t o
T9 17
1 5 4
RUSSIAN DIARY
An d r e ' s v i l l a a t K i s l o v o d s k .Th e y wi l l s t a y o n
t h e r e t o g e t h e r .
On Ea s t e r Mo n d a y s h e wi t h h e r s o n a n d Et t e r
a n d t h e o f f i c e r o n g u a r d , Ma d e m o i s e l l e Ol i v e a n d
I, we n t i n t h r e e s l e d g e s f o r a d r i v e .V e r y p r e t t y
c o u n t r y , a n d t h e d a y wa r m
.
Il e f t t h e s a m e n i g h t , a s we t h o u g h t m y s t a y i n g o n
m i g h t a t t r a c t n o t i c e
.An y h o w, Ia m d e l i g h t e d t o
h a v e be e n a bl e t o s e e h e r .
Th e j o u r n e y ba c k t o Pe t r o g r a d t o o k o n l y t h r e e
n i g h t s ; t h e t r a i n wa s s i xh o u r s l a t e . It wa s
s u m m e r t h e r e , bu t h e r e i t i s c o l d a n d d i s a g r e e a bl e .
Iwe n t s t r a i g h t t o t h e h o t e l , h a d a ba t h , a n d d r o v e
t o t h e Em ba s s y t o t e l l t h e Am ba s s a d o r Ih a d be e n
t o t h e Ca u c a s u s . He i s a l wa y s d e l i g h t f u l a n d s o
q u i c k , a n d q u i t e u n d e r s t o o d m y g o i n g a wa y
wi t h o u t l e t t i n g h i m k n o wwh e r e Iwa s g o i n g , a s
Id i d n o t wa n t t o m a k e h i m a p a r t y t o m y v i s i t .
Th e s i t u a t i o n h a s n o t c h a n g e d f o r t h e be t t e r
i n m y a bs e n c e .
It i s a l l v e r y ba d a n d h o p e l e s s .
Th e s p i r i t o f t h e Fl e e t i s a bo m i n a bl e .
Th e y h a v e
n e a r l y a l l t h e i r o f f i c e r s l o c k e d u p , a n d wh e n
Gu c h k o v we n t t h e r e l a s t we e k t h e y wo u l d n o t
r e l e a s e t h e m f o r h i m , a n d h e h a d t o l e a v e h u r r i e d l y
.
In 19 05 t h e a c t u a l s t a t e o f a f f a i r s wa s wo r s e d u r i n g
s i xwe e k s -n o e l e c t r i c l i g h t , n o r a i l wa y s , n o p o s t ,
n o t e l e g r a m s .Th e Em p e r o r , c u t o f f i n Pe t e r h o f ,
wa s s t i l l a l l -p o we r f u l -a l t h o u g h t h e Mi n i s t e r s h a d
t o s l e d g e a c r o s s t h e i c e f r o m t h e Fi n l a n d s i d e o r
t o g o i n bo a t s t o s e e h i m , be c a u s e t h e Ar m y wa s o n
t h e s i d e o f o r d e r .N o wt h e r e a r e n e a r l y t wo
m i l l i o n d e s e r t e r s f r o m t h e Ar m y . Im p o s s i bl e t o
LABOURMEMBERSATPETROGRAD15 5
m a k e a n o f f e n s i v e , a n d Go d a l o n e k n o ws i f t h e y wi l l
k e e p t h e d e f e n s i v e
.Al t o g e t h e r i t i s a s ba d a s i t
c a n be , bu t i n Ru s s i a t h e u n e xp e c t e d a l wa y s
h a p p e n s a n d Wi t t e i n 19 05 g a v e t h e Re d s t h e i r
h e a d s , a n d wh e n t h e p e o p l e g o t t i r e d o f t h e m
t h i n g s a r r a n g e d t h e m s e l v e s ;
bu t h e h a d t h e Ar m y
wi t h h i m
.
Th e En g l i s h La bo u r Me m be r s a r e i n t h i s h o t e l ,
a n d a g r e a t s u c c e s s ;
t h e Am ba s s a d o r l i k e s t h e m ;
t h e y a r e h o r r i f i e d a t t h e p r e s e n t c o n d i t i o n o f t h i n g s
.
Wi l l Th o r n e a n d K e r e n s k i d i n e d a t t h e Em ba s s y
l a s t n i g h t . Al be r t Th o m a s a r r i v e d t o -d a y
.Th e
Am ba s s a d o r i s m u c h wo r r i e d
.Th e Pr o v i s i o n a l
Go v e r n m e n t i s n o t s t r o n g , a n d h a s t o g i v e i n t o
t h e So v i e t , wh i c h r e a l l y o u g h t n o t t o e xi s t
.
My
n e ws y e s t e r d a y d o e s n o t s h o wa n y c h a n g e i n t h e
p o s i t i o n , Ir e g r e t t o s a y
.Wh e r e a s e v e r y o n e
c u r s e s a n d h a t e s t h e Em p r e s s , m o s t p i t y t h e
Em p e r o r
.Th e a c t u a l Go v e r n m e n t i s wh a t e v e r y
o n e wa n t e d , a n d i f i t h a d n o t be e n f o r t h e Em -
p e r o r ' s a bd i c a t i o n f o r h i s s o n , t h e r e n e e d n e v e r h a v e
be e n a n y q u e s t i o n o f t h e So l d i e r s ' a n d Wo r k m e n ' s
Co u n c i l ;
wh e r e a s n o wi t i s d i f f i c u l t t o s e p a r a t e i n
o n e ' s m i n d -a n d e s p e c i a l l y f o r t h o s e wh o s u f f e r f r o m
i t l i k e t h e Gr a n d Du c h e s s -t h e n o m i n a l Go v e r n m e n t
a n d t h e So v i e t wh i c h t e r r o r i s e s t h e m .
It h i n k i t
wi l l e n d i n bl o o d s h e d .
Am a n h a s j u s t be e n t o s e e m e wh o h a s a l a r g e
m u n i t i o n f a c t o r y , a n d h e t e l l s m e t h e y a r e wo r k i n g
be t t e r n o wo n s h o r t e r h o u r s t h a n t h e y we r e be f o r e
o n t h e l o n g e r h o u r s .
Th e Je ws a r e wo r k i n g o p e n l y f o r Ge r m a n y
.
19 17
15 6

RUSSIAN DIARY
19 17

Th e y a r e bu y i n g u p h o u s e p r o p e r t y , wh i c h i s be i n g
s o l d m u c h be l o wi t s v a l u e f o r f e a r o f wo r s e d a y s .
Ap r i l 4 .D . To Ts a r s k o e Se l o t o -d a y t o s e e Gr a n d Du k e Pa u l
a n d g e t n e ws o f h i s n e p h e wBo r i s , wh o be f o r e Il e f t
wa s u n d e r a r r e s t i n h i s En g l i s h c o t t a g e i n t h e p a r k
t h e r e .It i s i m p o s s i bl e t o s e e o r c o m m u n i c a t e wi t h
h i m .He h a d e xc e l l e n t n e ws o f h i s s o n Dm i t r i i n
Pe r s i a .K e r e n s k i h a d be e n t o s e e t h e Gr a n d Du k e
a n d t o l d h i m n o m e m be r o f t h e Im p e r i a l f a m i l y
wo u l d be a l l o we d t o l e a v e Ru s s i a t i l l t h e e n d o f t h e
wa r .
Su n d a y ,

Ad e p u t a t i o n o f s c h o o l -t e a c h e r s c a m e t o t h e
Ap r i l 2 2 . D .
Em ba s s y a n d a s k e d f o r Hi s Exc e l l e n c y , wh o we n t
o n t o t h e ba l c o n y
.Pa r e s , wh o h a p p e n e d t o be
t h e r e , t r a n s l a t e d a f e wwo r d s f r o m h i m i n t o
Ru s s i a n
.
Th e N e v a h a s a t l a s t be g u n t o t h a w ;
t h e r e i s a n
o p e n s t r e a m t we n t y y a r d s wi d e a l o n g t h i s ba n k -
t h e r e s t r e m a i n s f r o z e n .
Ap r i l
2 8 . L. It i s i m p o s s i bl e a s y e t t o r e a l i s e t h e u p h e a v a l o f
e v e r y t h i n g , a n d t h e u t t e r s we e p i n g a wa y o f a n
Em p i r e i n f o r t y -e i g h t h o u r s .Ye t t h i s h a s h a p -
p e n e d h e r e , a n d wi t h h a r d l y a n y bl o o d s h e d -a bo u t
2 0o k i l l e d .
Mu c h a s Id e p l o r e d t h e g r a v e e r r o r s o f t h e
Em p r e s s , m y s y m p a t h y i s a l wa y s wi t h m o n a r c h y -
e xc e p t f o r Fr a n c e ; t h e r e t h e p e o p l e a r e l o g i c a l -
t h e o n l y l o g i c a l n a t i o n i n t h e wo r l d .Bu t f o r
Ru s s i a i t wi l l be "
o u t o f t h e f r y i n g -p a n " -t o g o
f r o m a n a u t o c r a c y t o a r e p u bl i c .Th e t wo e xt r e m e
p a r t i e s wo u l d e q u a l l y r o b, l i e , a n d p r o c r a s t i n a t e .
Ih a d h a d f e v e r f o r f i v e d a y s wi t h a ba d
LEN IN THEAGEN TOF GERMAN Y 1
5 7
c o u g h , a n d s t i l l k e e p m y r o o m
. It h i n k i t wa s

1
9 17
t h e s e v e n n i g h t s i n t h e t r a i n a n d t h e d i f f e r e n c e s
o f c l i m a t e .
Th i n g s g o f r o m wo r s e t o wo r s t : Go d a l o n e
k n o ws wh a t wi l l h a p p e n .
Al l t h e a e r o d r o m e s a r e be i n g m o v e d t o t h e Bl a c k
Se a -t o K h e r s o n .Th e i r r e m o v a l f r o m t h e e n v i r o n s
o f Pe t r o g r a d i s p a r t l y d u e t o t h e f e a r o f a p o s s i bl e
a t t a c k by t h e Ge r m a n Fl e e t , bu t p r i n c i p a l l y be -
c a u s e t h e m e n wo n ' t wo r k h e r e -a l l t h e a e r o p l a n e
s o l d i e r s a r e m o bi l i s e d a r t i s a n s .
Th e Fr e n c h Am ba s s a d o r i s g o i n g o n l e a v e -n o t t o
r e t u r n , Ia m s o r r y t o h e a r
.Al be r t Th o m a s s t a y s
o n i n t h e i n t e r i m
.We d o n ' t k n o wy e t wh o wi l l
e v e n t u a l l y be n o m i n a t e d
.
Iwa s j u s t be t we e n m y a bo n n e m e n t s o f t h e
N e wYo r k He r a l d a n d t h e Ti m e s , s o h a v e be e n
wi t h o u t En g l i s h n e ws p a p e r s d e s c r i bi n g t h e Re v o -
l u t i o n , e xc e p t o n e o f Ma r c h 17, wh i c h wa s
r i d i c u l o u s l y i n a c c u r a t e .
In f r o n t o f t h e Em ba s s y If e l l o u t o f a t r a m - Ap r i l
3 0
. L.
p u s h e d by a c i t i z e n s o l d i e r -o n m y f a c e a n d wr i s t ,
s o p l e a s e e xc u s e ba d wr i t i n g
.Two o f t h e m i l i t i a ,
wh o s i n c e t h e Re v o l u t i o n a r e t a k i n g t h e p l a c e o f
t h e p o l i c e , h e l p e d m e t o t h e Em ba s s y , wh e r e La d y
Ge o r g i n a t i e d u p m y wr i s t
.
Th e Ge r m a n a g e n t s a r e wo r k i n g a g a i n s t En g l a n d .
Th e Is m a i l o v s k i Re g i m e n t h a s g o n e o v e r t o Le n i n ,
t h e Ge r m a n a g e n t h e r e
.Th e s a i l o r s h a v e t a k e n
a wa y f r o m t h e i r o f f i c e r s t h e r i g h t t o we a r e p a u l e t t e s
.
Il e a v e We d n e s d a y f o r t h e Cr i m e a t o s t a y wi t h
t h e Obo l e n s k i s a t Ya l t a .Ia m d e l i g h t e d t o l e a v e
15 8

RUSSIAN DIARY
19 17

t h i s d i s o r d e r l y t o wn , bu t s h a l l h a t e m i s s i n g t h e
s t r e e t f i g h t i n g , i f t h e r e i s a n y
.
Ibe l i e v e t h e K i n g o f Swe d e n o f f e r e d a h o m e t o
s o m e m e m be r s o f t h e Im p e r i a l f a m i l y , wh i c h wa s
r e a l l y k i n d . Em p r e s s Ma r i e i s f u r i o u s a t o u r
Em ba s s y ' s n o t s e n d i n g h e r l e t t e r s t o Ma r l bo r o u g h
Ho u s e . Sh e c a n n o t u n d e r s t a n d t h e s i t u a t i o n .
Po o r t h i n g ! Ho wc a n o n e e xp e c t h e r t o
?
Th e p a l a c e o f t h e Gr a n d Du c h e s s V l a d i m i r a t
Ts a r s k o e Se l o h a s be e n p e r q u i s i t i o n n e .
Th i s i s wh a t
r e a l l y h a p p e n e d
.Th e h o u s e k e e p e r h a d by m i s t a k e
l e f t t h e e l e c t r i c l i g h t o n a l l n i g h t
. Th e m i l i t a r y
p o l i c e c a m e i n . N e xt d a y t h e a u t h o r i t i e s t h o u g h t
i t a d v i s a bl e t o m a k e a n i n v e n t o r y o f t h e wh o l e
p a l a c e .In h e r s a f e wa s f o u n d a bo o k wh i c h t h e
Re d n e ws p a p e r s a l l e g e i s a Ge r m a n c i p h e r -t h e
f o o l s ! Th e y h a v e s i n c e h a d t o a d m i t i t wa s t h e
k e y t o t h e wo r k i n g o f t h e s a f e , wh i c h h a d o n l y
l a t e l y be e n p u t i n a n d wh i c h , l i k e e v e r y t h i n g e l s e
i n Pe t r o g r a d , wa s " m a d e i n Ge r m a n y ."
To -d a y Ih a v e s e e n a n o f f i c e r wh o we n t t o St a v k a
wi t h Gu c h k o v , a n d y e s t e r d a y t h e Fo r e i g n Of f i c e
r e p r e s e n t a t i v e wh o wo r k s t h e r e
. Bo t h t o l d m e
t h a t t h e wh o l e St a v k a m o u r n t h e d e p a r t u r e o f
Ge n e r a l Ha n bu r y -Wi l l i a m s .
Ik n o wt h e n e wMi n i s t e r o f Wa r
. Ih o p e t o
g e t m y bu s i n e s s t h r o u g h wh e n t h i n g s a r e s e t t l e d
.
Ih a v e be e n v e r y bu s y
.Th e Mi n i s t e r o f Fi n a n c e ,
Te r e s t c h e n k o , i s o u r o l d f r i e n d f r o m t h e s o u t h o f
Fr a n c e , s o Ih o p e f o r t h e be s t .
Sa t u r d a y ,

It wa s d a y l i g h t a t 3 .3 o a .m .wh e n m y t r a i n
Ma y
5 .
D .
r e a c h e d Se m f e r o p o l i n t h e Cr i m e a , t h e s t a t i o n f o r
ATYALTA
1 5 9
Ya l t a .N o a u t o m o bi l e t o be g o t be f o r e h a l f -p a s t

19 17
s i x ! Wa l k e d a bo u t t h e t o wn , wa t c h e d t h e r o o k s
bu i l d i n g , a n d f e d t h e m wi t h br e a d .Il e f t a t 7
t o d r i v e f i f t y -f i v e m i l e s t o Ya l t a .Ov e r t h e
m o u n t a i n s a n d d o wn t h e o t h e r s i d e , t h r o u g h wo o d s
o f wi l d p e a r , c h e r r y , a n d c r a b-a p p l e i n bl o s s o m ,
wi t h t h e bl u e s e a a t m y f e e t .At Al u s h t a , o n t h e
s e a -s h o r e , h a d br e a k f a s t .Th e l i l a c -t r e e s i n f l o we r
e v e r y wh e r e .Ar r i v e d a t t h e V i l l a Mo r d v i n a 10 .3 0
a .m .a n d r e c e i v e d by Pr i n c e s s Obo l e n s k i .Se r g e i
wa s d o wn i n t h e t o wn .
YALTA
. He r e Ia m , s e t t l e d , bu t t h e we a t h e r Sa t u r d a y ,
m o s t i n d i f f e r e n t , a n d e v e r y t h i n g a f o r t n i g h t l a t e
Ma y 5
.L.
be c a u s e o f t h i s a wf u l wi n t e r .Th e p l a c e i s n o t
n e a r l y s o p r e t t y a s Ca n n e s , o r Ca p Ma r t i n , o r
Si c i l y , bu t i t h a s i t s c h a r m
.It r e m i n d s m e o f t h e
Te r r i t e t e n d o f La k e Ge n e v a -n o t a bi t o f t h e
Fr e n c h Ri v i e r a .
We l e a d t h e s i m p l e l i f e -u p a t 7a n d t o be d
a t 9 . Se r g e i Obo l e n s k i i s a l r e a d y be t t e r f o r t h e
c h a n g e a n d r e s t .Th e v i l l a v e r y l a r g e , c l e a n ,
a n d c o m f o r t a bl e .Th e Em p r e s s Ma r i e i s s t a y i n g
a t h e r d a u g h t e r ' s * v i l l a -e i g h t y -t h r e e p e o p l e i n a l l
.
On e d o e s n o t h e a r o f n o r s e e t h e m .
Fe l i xYu s u p o v i s e xp e c t e d ba c k f r o m Pe t r o g r a d
a n y d a y .Ih a v e f u l l d e t a i l s n o wo f t h e e v e n t ,
bu t n o t y e t f r o m h i m s e l f .It wa s h e wh o k i l l e d
t h e " Un m e n t i o n a bl e ." Dm i t r i Pa v l o v i c h ' s d e c l a r a -
t i o n o n o a t h wa s q u i t e t r u e
.'
* Gr a n d Du c h e s s X e n i a , wi f e o f Gr a n d Du k e Al e xa n d e r
Mi c h a i l o v i c h a n d m o t h e r o f Pr i n c e s s Fe l i xYu s u p o v .
t Se e De c .3 1, 19 16 ( PP
.7 6 -
79 ) .
19 17
Ma y 15 .L .
16 o

RUSSIAN DIARY
YALTA. It i s s u c h a r e l i e f t o be i n t h e s u n -
s h i n e a n d f l o we r s a f t e r Pe t r o g r a d . Ia m l e a d i n g
a q u i e t l i f e , wh i c h h a s d o n e m e a l o t o f g o o d ,
a n d t h i n k Is h a l l s t a y h e r e a m o n t h . Ia m q u i t e
h a p p y -m y h o s t e s s i s c h a r m i n g , a n d Ih a v e a f e w
f r i e n d s i n t h e t o wn
.
An e n t i r e a bs e n c e o f h y p o c r i s y o r p r e t e n c e
m a k e s Ru s s i a n s s o e a s y t o l i v e wi t h
. Id o n ' t
t h i n k La t i n s o r An g l o -Sa xo n s c a n e v e r u n d e r s t a n d
Sl a v s . Le s Sl a v s s e c o m p r e n n e n t .
To -d a y i s m y Gr a n d Du c h e s s ' s bi r t h d a y , a n d
m i n e t o -m o r r o w . La s t y e a r Is p e n t bo t h wi t h
h e r . Iwo u l d l i k e t o g o a n d s e e h e r a g a i n , bu t
f r o m h e r e i t i s t o o d i f f i c u l t , a n d t h e c r o s s -c o u n t r y
r a i l wa y j o u r n e y t o o c o m p l i c a t e d , a n d be s i d e s
t h e r e i s a l wa y s t h e f e a r o f d o i n g h e r h a r m by
t h e i d e a o f a n y c o m m u n i c a t i o n be t we e n d i f f e r e n t
m e m be r s o f t h e f a m i l y . Ih a v e g i v e n h e r p r o o f
o f m y d e v o t i o n ; n o wt h e r e wo u l d o n l y be m y
s t r o n g d e s i r e t o s e e h e r i n h e r d i s t r e s s .
Fe l i xYu s u p o v , ba c k f r o m Pe t r o g r a d , c o m e s
h e r e t h i s a f t e r n o o n .
Th i s l e t t e r i s g o i n g t o Pe t r o g r a d wi t h Ma d a m e
Te r e s t c h e n k o , m o t h e r o f t h e Fo r e i g n Mi n i s t e r .
On e n e v e r k n o ws n o wwh e t h e r l e t t e r s a r r i v e -
t h a t ' s " Li be r t y " !
Af e wn i g h t s a g o , a d e s t r o y e r s e i z e d by s a i l o r s
a t Se ba s t o p o l a r r i v e d h e r e a bo u t m i d n i g h t .Af t e r
l a n d i n g t h e y c o m m a n d e e r e d a s m a n y a u t o m o bi l e s
a s t h e y c o u l d l a y h a n d s o n a n d m o t o r e d t o
Ai To d o r , wh e r e t h e Em p r e s s Ma r i e i s s t a y i n g wi t h
h e r d a u g h t e r , a n d a r r i v e d t h e r e be t we e n
2 a n d 3
V ISITTODOWAGEREMPRESS 16 1
i n t h e m o r n i n g . Th e f r o n t d o o r be i n g u n l o c k e d ,

11 9 17
t h e y we n t s t r a i g h t t o t h e u p p e r f l o o r , f o u n d h e r
be d r o o m , we n t i n a n d o r d e r e d h e r o u t o f be d .
Th e y wo u l d n o t l e t h e r m a i d c o m e t o h e r . Sh e
s t o o d u p be h i n d a s c r e e n i n h e r n i g h t a t t i r e u n t i l
t h e " p e r q u i s i t i o n " wa s c o m p l e t e d . Awo m a n
wh o m t h e y br o u g h t wi t h t h e m r i p p e d u p t h e
m a t t r e s s e s , a n d t h e wh o l e r o o m wa s s e a r c h e d
f r o m c e i l i n g t o f l o o r .Th e y s p l i t o p e n h e r i c o n s
t o s e e i f a n y t h i n g we r e h i d d e n , a n d t o o k t h e m
a wa y , a n d a l s o c o n f i s c a t e d h e r Te s t a m e n t a n d
h e r p r e s c r i p t i o n bo o k , a n d a l l t h e l e t t e r s t h e y
c o u l d f i n d , m a n y be i n g f r o m t h e l a t e K i n g a n d
Q u e e n o f De n m a r k
.Th i s o c c u p i e d n e a r l y t h r e e
h o u r s . Se v e r a l a r t i c l e s o f n o g r e a t v a l u e we r e
m i s s i n g a f t e r wa r d s .Th e n t h e y we n t i n t o h e r
d a u g h t e r ' s r o o m , wh o wa s a s l e e p wi t h h e r h u s ba n d .
Th e y m a d e h i m g e t o u t o f be d a n d l e a v e t h e
r o o m , a n d p u t a s a i l o r wi t h a g u n a n d f i xe d
ba y o n e t o n e i t h e r s i d e o f h e r be d , wh e r e s h e h a d
t o s t a y .
Af t e r wa r d s t h e s e d e v i l s we n t o n t o t h e Gr a n d
Du k e N i c o l a i N i c o l a i e v i c h .He wa s a l r e a d y
d r e s s e d wh e n t h e y a r r i v e d , r e c e i v e d t h e m a t
t h e f r o n t d o o r , a n d s a i d t h e
v i l l a wa s e n t i r e l y
a t t h e i r d i s p o s a l t o s e a r c h .He a n d h i s f a m i l y
we n t i n t o t h e g a r d e n . Gu a r d s we r e p l a c e d a t t h e
d o o r s a n d e n t r a n c e s o f bo t h v i l l a s .
YALTA.
Wa s s i t t i n g a t t h e Ca f e Fl o r e n s , bu i l t
Th u r s d a y ,
o u t o v e r t h e s e a -wh e r e e v e r y bo d y m e e t s i n t h e
Ma y 3 z .L.
m o r n i n g . Ac r o s s t h e r o a d i s t h e c o n f i s e r i e , a l s o
k e p t by Fl o r e n s , a Fr e n c h m a n wi t h a c h a r m i n g
L
16 ?

RUSSIAN DIARY
19 17 wi f e a n d t wo d a u g h t e r s . Se r g e i Do l g o r u k i c a m e i n
wi t h h i s s i s t e r , Co u n t e s s Fe r s e n a n d h e r t wo
c h i l d r e n , a n d a n o t h e r l a d y t o wh o m h e i n t r o d u c e d
m e -h i s wi f e -be a u t i f u l a n d f u l l o f c h a r m .Th e y
i n v i t e d m e t o t h e i r v i l l a a t Mi s h o r n e xt we e k .
Fr i d a y ,

YALTA
. Al l r o u n d a n d e v e r y wh e r e t h e r e i s
Ju n e i
. L
.
o n l y a n xi e t y . Co u n t e s s Be t s y Sc h u v a l o v h a s
j u s t a r r i v e d f r o m K i s l o v o d s k , wh e r e s h e s a wt h e
Gr a n d Du c h e s s V l a d i m i r m o s t d a y s , a n d h a s
br o u g h t m e a p i t e o u s l e t t e r f r o m h e r i n wh i c h
s h e c o m p l a i n s m o s t bi t t e r l y o f h e r l o t . Sh e
h a s n o t be e n o u t o f h e r h o u s e f o r m o r e t h a n
t wo m o n t h s .As s h e h a s m o v e d i n t o a s m a l l e r
h o u s e , s h e l i v e s e n t i r e l y i n o n e be d -s i t t i n g r o o m .
Wh a t c a n Id o ? Su r e l y t h e be s t t h i n g i s t o d o
n o t h i n g ; bu t h o wc a n s h e be e xp e c t e d t o t a k e
t h i s v i e w, n e v e r i n h e r l i f e h a v i n g be e n d e n i e d
a n y t h i n g ?
Sh e wa n t s m e t o g o f r o m h e r e t o t h e Ca u c a s u s ,
bu t i n h e r i n t e r e s t It h i n k i t wi l l be be s t t h a t
Is h o u l d g o f i r s t t o Pe t r o g r a d , wh e r e a t l e a s t I
s h a l l be a bl e t o a s c e r t a i n t h e e xa c t p o s i t i o n o f t h e
f a m i l y d u r i n g m y a bs e n c e
.At t h i s d i s t a n c e o n e
h e a r s n o t h i n g bu t l i e s , a n d o n p e u t s e r e n d r e
c o m p t e d e r i e n .
Q u e l t y p e l a Co m t e s s e Be t s y ! Sh e i s t h e o n l y
e n e r g e t i c Ru s s i a n Ih a v e e v e r m e t , a n d wo u l d
m a k e a s p l e n d i d Di c t a t o r , n o t c a r i n g a d a m n f o r
a n y o n e ! To -d a y s h e g o e s t o s e e t h e Em p r e s s
Ma r i e , a l t h o u g h s h e i s u n d e r a r r e s t .
We d n e s d a y , YALTA
. To v i s i t Pr i n c e s s Ba r i a t i n s k i , Co u n t e s s
Ju n e 6 .D .
Be t s y ' s s i s t e r , f o r m a n y y e a r s h e a d o f t h e Re d Cr o s s
REMIN ISCEN CESOF19 14

16 3
i n Ya l t a , wh o , r e g a r d l e s s o f Bo l s h e v i k i o p p o s i t i o n ,
h a s s t u c k c o u r a g e o u s l y t o h e r p o s t
. Sh e t o o k m e
r o u n d t h e v a r i o u s Re d Cr o s s h o s p i t a l s i n Ya l t a
.
Im e t a Ru s s i a n l a d y wh o h a d be e n s e n t o f f i c i a l l y
t o Ge r m a n y by t h e Ru s s i a n Re d Cr o s s -o f wh i c h
t h e Em p r e s s Ma r i e i s t h e h e a d -a c c o m p a n i e d
by a Da n i s h o f f i c e r .
On e d a y , wh i l e wa i t i n g
f o r t h e Ge r m a n o f f i c i a l s t o s h o wh e r o v e r t h e
c a m p s , s h e h a p p e n e d t o s t r a y i n t o a s h e d u s e d
a s a c a m p ba k e r y
.
Th e r e , t o h e r h o r r o r , s h e
s a w, t i e d be f o r e t h e o v e n s , s o m e Ru s s i a n s o l d i e r s
wh o , f o r s o m e m i s d e m e a n o u r s , we r e be i n g p a r -
r o a s t e d .
Ir e c o u n t e d t o h e r wh a t Is a wi n Pa r i s , o n t h e
t h i r d Su n d a y i n Se p t e m be r 19 14 , a f t e r t h e Ba t t l e
o f t h e Ma r n e
.Th e Ge r m a n s h a d r e t r e a t e d , l e a v i n g
t h e i r wo u n d e d o n t h e f i e l d
.Ge n e r a l Ga l l i e n i , wi t h
c h a r a c t e r i s t i c k i n d n e s s , h a d t h e m a l l br o u g h t t o
Pa r i s .
At t h a t t i m e Iwa s g o i n g e v e r y d a y t o t h e
V a l d e Gr a c e Ho s p i t a l t o s e e t h e En g l i s h wo u n d e d ,
wh o we r e be i n g br o u g h t i n wi t h t h e Fr e n c h , a n d t o
v i s i t a n Ir i s h s o l d i e r wh o wa s d y i n g
.Th e s i s t e r
wh o wa s n u r s i n g h i m s a i d ,
" Ih a v e g o t s o m e -
t h i n g t o s h o wy o u
! " a n d t o o k m e o u t o f t h e wa r d
t o a l i t t l e r o o m o n t h e s t a i r c a s e
.Un d e r a n a p k i n
we r e t h r e e wa t c h e s a n d
t h e r i g h t h a n d o f a c h i l d o f
f o u r ,
t a k e n o u t o f t h e c o a t p o c k e t o f a Ge r m a n
s o l d i e r .*
Fe l i xYu s u p o v a n d h i s wi f e t o t e a i n t h e l o g g i a .
Af t e r wa r d s , i n t h e g a r d e n , h e t o l d m e t h e wh o l e
s t o r y o f t h e m u r d e r o f Ra s p u t i n .t
* Th i s wr e t c h wa s p r o m p t l y s h o t .

t
Se e p .8 3 .
19 17
16 4

RUSSIAN DIARY
Th e n e ws o f t h e V i m y Ri d g e m i n e i s m a r v e l l o u s ,
e v e n a s g i v e n i n a s h o r t t e l e g r a m
.Th e Ru s s i a n
n e ws p a p e r s n o wh a t e t o a d m i t t h a t we En g l i s h d o
a n y t h i n g .
Sa t u r d a y ,

YALTA. Pr i n c e s s Se r g e Do l g o r u k i d i e d q u i t e
Ju n e 16
.L.
s u d d e n l y a t t h e a g e o f t h i r t y -s i x, l e a v i n g s i x
c h i l d r e n by a f o r m e r h u s ba n d -t h e e l d e s t o n l y
t h i r t e e n -a n d o n e l i t t l e Do l g o r u k a . Sh e h a s be e n
u n c o n s c i o u s f o r t wo d a y s f r o m a m i s t a k e n d o s e o f
v e r o n a l
.
Sh e i s t o be bu r i e d o n We d n e s d a y
.
Sh e wa s a c h a r m i n g l a d y , l o v e d by e v e r y bo d y ,
a n d wa s a n i n t i m a t e f r i e n d o f t h e Gr a n d Du c h e s s
X e n i a .He r d e a t h h a s g r e a t l y u p s e t u s a l l .
Co u n t e s s Be t s y Sc h u v a l o v c a m e t o f e t c h m e t o
g o t o t h e f u n e r a l s e r v i c e a t t h e l i t t l e c h u r c h o f
K o r r i s e , n e a r t h e i r h o u s e , Mi s h o r , wh i c h l i e s i n t h e
m i d s t o f o a k a n d l a bu r n u m wo o d s n e a r t h e s e a
be l o wt h e v i l l a g e .We p i c k e d u p Pr i n c e s s Ur u s s o v
a n d Pr i n c e s s V o l k o n s k i , a n d a r r i v e d a t K o r r i s e
a t 10 . Th e r e q u i e m be g a n a t o n c e . In So u t h
Ru s s i a t h e c o f f i n i s o n l y c l o s e d i n t h e c e m e t e r y .
Th e bo d y l a y h a l f c o v e r e d wi t h a c l o t h -o f -s i l v e r
p a l l , a n d e m be d d e d i n p i n k r o s e s . Ih a v e n e v e r
s e e n a n y t h i n g m o r e be a u t i f u l o r m o r e m o v i n g .
Th e s i xc h i l d r e n we r e t h e r e ; t h e y a l l k i s s e d t h e i r
d e a d m o t h e r o n e n t e r i n g t h e c h u r c h . Du r i n g t h e
s e r v i c e a c o n s t a n t s t r e a m o f v i l l a g e p e o p l e wa s
p l a c i n g f l o we r s n e a r t h e bo d y . At t h e e n d e v e r y
o n e p r e s e n t k i s s e d t h e d e a d Pr i n c e s s . It wa s t h e
f i r s t Ru s s i a n f u n e r a l Ih a d be e n t o .
Th e Em p r e s s Ma r i e a n d t h e Gr a n d Du c h e s s
X e n i a a s s i s t e d a t t h e s e r v i c e i n a s i d e c h a p e l ,
1
9
1 7
Th u r s d a y ,
Ju n e 14 .D.
FUN ERALOFPRIN CESSDOLGORUK I16 5
wh i c h t h e y e n t e r e d by a n o t h e r d o o r , a n d wh e n
t h e c o f f i n , bo r n e by f r i e n d s , wa s c a r r i e d o u t a n d t h e
p r o c e s s i o n s t a r t e d f o r t h e c e m e t e r y , t h e Em p r e s s ,
h e r d a u g h t e r , a n d h e r s o n s a l s o f o l l o we d o n f o o t .
Th e r o a d s we r e s t r e wn wi t h p i n k r o s e s a n d g r e e n
bo u g h s
.
It h o u g h t t h e Em p r e s s , wh o m Ih a d n o t s e e n
f o r m o r e t h a n a y e a r , wa s l o o k i n g we l l -be t t e r
t h a n Ie xp e c t e d s h e p o s s i bl y c o u l d , t h o u g h a l i t t l e
t h i n n e r .
Sh e wa l k e d wi t h a f i r m s t e p o v e r a v e r y
m u d d y , s l i p p e r y r o a d a n d d o wn a s t e e p h i l l .
Th e Gr a n d Du c h e s s a p p e a r e d i l l , t i r e d , a n d v e r y
s a d .
He r d a u g h t e r , Pr i n c e s s Fe l i xYu s u p o v , t o l d
m e s h e wa s i n i n d i f f e r e n t h e a l t h a n d m u c h u p s e t
by r e c e n t e v e n t s .
Al l Ya l t a wa s p r e s e n t
.Th e c e m e t e r y -a m i l e
a wa y -i s o n a wo o d e d k n o l l i n t h e m i d d l e o f a
v i n e y a r d
.We h a d h a r d l y a r r i v e d wh e n a t e r r i bl e
t h u n d e r -s h o we r be g a n , a n d we we r e a l l d r e n c h e d
t o t h e s k i n .Th e m o t o r s a n d c a r r i a g e s h a d be e n
l e f t i n t h e h i g h r o a d , a n d we h a d t o d e s c e n d a s t e e p
f o o t p a t h t h r o u g h t h e v i n e y a r d t o t h e c e m e t e r y
.
Ah i r e d c a r r i a g e c a m e t o f e t c h t h e Em p r e s s Ma r i e ,
h e r d a u g h t e r , a n d " t wo l i t t l e g r a n d s o n s , t o j o i n
h e r a u t o m o bi l e , wh i c h h a d g o n e wi t h h e r o wn
Co s s a c k o n t h e l o we r r o a d , a t t h e bo t t o m o f t h e
v i n e y a r d .
It wa s t o o we t t o f i n i s h t h e s e r v i c e ,
a n d t h e p r i e s t l e f t t o c o m e ba c k l a t e r
. Th e
c o f f i n , n o wc o v e r e d wi t h i t s l i d , be i n g p l a c e d u n d e r
a t r e e , a l l t h e f r i e n d s l e f t a n d o n l y t h e f a m i l y
r e m a i n e d .
Th e we a t h e r h a s be e n a bo m i n a bl e
.Th e c h e r r i e s ,
1
9
1
7
16 6

RUSSIAN DIARY
11 9 1 7 m a g n o l i a s , a n d wh i t e j a s m i n e a r e wo n d e r f u l .Th e
s i d e s o f t h e h i l l s , s l o p i n g t o t h e s e a , a r e p l a n t e d
wi t h t o ba c c o .Th e c h e r r y -m a r k e t i s a s i g h t t o
s e e .Th e c h e r r i e s -wh i t e , p i n k , r e d , a n d bl a c k -
a r e br o u g h t i n , i n e v e r y s h a p e a n d s i z e o f ba s k e t ,
o n e v e r y s o r t o f a n i m a l , a n d i n e v e r y k i n d o f
' v e h i c l e .Th e p e a s a n t s h e r e a r e Mo h a m m e d a n -
k i n d a n d c o u r t e o u s p e o p l e , a n d e v e r y v i l l a g e
h a s i t s m o s q u e .
On e d a y Io f f e r e d s o m e c h e r r i e s t o a Ta r t a r
bo y , a c h i l d o f s e v e n wh o l i v e s by t h e g a t e .As
h e r e f u s e d t h e m , It h r e wt h e m a wa y
.N e xt
t i m e Ip a s s e d h e r a n u p a n d k i s s e d m y h a n d , a n d
s a i d h e h a d n o t m e a n t t o be r u d e !
We d n e s d a y ,
YALTA. Te r r i f i c t h u n d e r -s t o r m a l l n i g h t
.V e r y
Ju n e 2 7 .D.
h o t m o r n i n g .Gr a n d Du k e Al e xa n d e r ' s t wo s o n s
c a m e t o wi s h m e g o o d -by e ;
a l s o Co u n t e s s Be t s y
Sc h u v a l o v a n d Pr i n c e s s Ba r i a t i n s k i .Le f t a t 4
p .m .f o r Se m f e r o p o l .
Th e wo o d s a r e n o wc a r p e t e d wi t h wi l d f l o we r s
o f e v e r y c o n c e i v a bl e c o l o u r -bl u e p r e d o m i n a t i n g
-f a r m o r e be a u t i f u l t h a n t h e En g a d i n e f l o r a
!
Al l a l o n g t h e h i g h wa y c u s h a t d o v e s i n p a i r s ,
p e c k i n g g r a v e l , h a r d l y t o o k t h e t r o u bl e t o g e t
o u t o f o u r wa y .
Fo u n d N i k k y Or l o v a t t h e s t a t i o n ; we n t t o
t h e h o t e l a n d d i n e d wi t h h i m . We l e f t by t h e
3 .2 2 a .m .t r a i n .
Th u r s d a y ,

ALEX AN DR o V SK .
g o ' Fa h r e n h e i t .N i k k y
Ju n e 2 8
.D.
c h a n g e d h e r e f o r K i e v .Ma d e t h e a c q u a i n t a n c e
o f Al e xi n s k i , m e m be r o f t h e Se c o n d Du m a , o n
h i s wa y ba c k f r o m Se v a s t o p o l , wh e r e h e h a d be e n
TRAV ELLIN GUN DERGUARD 16 7
s e n t by K e r e n s k i t o i n q u i r e i n t o a n d r e p o r t o n

119 17
t h e s a i l o r s ' m u t i n y a n d t h e i r r a i d o n t h e Im p e r i a l
f a m i l y a t Ya l t a , wh i c h h a d n o t be e n a u t h o r i s e d
by t h e Go v e r n m e n t , t h e " p e r q u i s i t i o n " be i n g
m a d e u n d e r f o r g e d s i g n a t u r e s . It i s d i f f i c u l t t o
g e t a t t h e t r u t h . He i s a g r e e a bl e a n d i n t e r e s t i n g ,
a n d t a l k s g o o d Fr e n c h .
Fr o m t h e t r a i n , i n br i l l i a n t s u n s h i n e , s a wa h a wk
s u r r o u n d e d a n d p u r s u e d by a f l o c k o f g o l d e n
o r i o l e s , wi t h t h e i r s l o w, u n d u l a t i n g f l i g h t ; I
c o u n t e d f o r t y -e i g h t , bu t t h e h a wk g o t a wa y !
CHAxxo v .At i m p o r t a n t s t a t i o n s t h e d o o r o f Fr i d a y ,
e a c h c o r r i d o r c a r r i a g e i s g u a r d e d by a s e n t r y wi t h
Ju n e 2 9 .D.
f i xe d ba y o n e t t o s t o p d e s e r t e r s o r p r e v e n t t h e
u n a u t h o r i s e d e n t r y o f s o l d i e r s .Th e m a n o n g u a r d
a t m y c a r r i a g e wa s l e a n i n g a g a i n s t t h e t r a i n ,
s m o k i n g , wi t h h i s r i f l e h e l d a n y h o w . Is a i d i n
En g l i s h , wi t h a n a i r o f a u t h o r i t y , " Yo u k n o w
y o u a r e o n d u t y ;
wh y t h e h e l l d o n ' t y o u t a k e
t h e c i g a r e t t e o u t o f y o u r m o u t h a n d h o l d y o u r s e l f
s t r a i g h t ? " Th e i n f l e xi o n o f m y v o i c e a n d t h e
a t a v i s m o f o be d i e n c e we r e e n o u g h
:
h e i n s t a n t l y
t h r e wa wa y h i s c i g a r e t t e a n d s t o o d t o a t t e n t i o n !
Ar r i v e d Pe t r o g r a d a t 11 .3 0 a .m .N o p o r t e r s Sa t u r d a y ,
a n d n o c a bs ; c o m m a n d e e r e d p r i v a t e t wo -h o r s e
Ju n e 3 0 . D.
c a r r i a g e , wh i c h t o o k m e t o t h e h o t e l f o r 5 r o u bl e s
-f i v e t i m e s o r d i n a r y p r i c e ! My c a s e o f Cr i m e a n
wi n e , t o o h e a v y f o r l u g g a g e v a n , t r a v e l l e d u n d e r
c o n d u c t o r ' s be d . St r e e t s f i l t h y .
At 9 .2 0 a p r o c e s s i o n be g a n t o p a s s d o wn t h e
Su n d a y ,
N e v s k i .
Th e s a i l o r s ' ba n d h e a d e d i t ; e v e r y t h i n g
Ju l y
i . D.
wa s q u i e t ; bu t t h e r e wa s p a n i c i n o u r s t r e e t .
16 8

RUSSIAN DIARY
19 3 17 Th e s u p p o r t e r s o f t h e Go v e r n m e n t s t a y e d a wa y
.
At 12
.4 5
Iwa l k e d t o Do n o n ' s a n d f o u n d i t s h u t ,
s o c a m e ba c k a n d h a d l u n c h e o n i n m y r o o m
.
At 4 .
.3 0wa l k e d t o t h e Em ba s s y a n d h a d t e a wi t h
La d y Ge o r g i n a , Pr i n c e s s So l t y k o v , a n d Ma d a m e
Ta t i s t c h e v , wi t h wh o m Iwa l k e d ba c k t o t h e Fo r e i g n
Of f i c e
.Th e n t o t h e h o t e l , d i n e d , a n d t o o k a l o n g
wa l k , e v e n t u a l l y a r r i v i n g a t t h e Fo r e i g n Of f i c e ,
f i n d i n g o n l y t h e Ta t i s t c h e v s a n d So l d a t e n k o v .
Mo n d a y ,

He a r i n g Gr a n d Du k e Bo r i s i s n o l o n g e r u n d e r
Ju l y 2 . D .
a r r e s t , d e c i d e d t o g o t o Ts a r s k o e Se l o .Dr o v e
s t r a i g h t t o h i s h o u s e a n d f o u n d h i m a t l u n c h e o n
.
Fi r s t t i m e Ih a d s e e n h i m s i n c e t h e Re v o l u t i o n .
Ha s l e f t t h e Ar m y
.Af t e r wa r d s we wa l k e d t o t h e
Gr a n d Du k e Pa u l ' s h o u s e a n d s a t i n t h e g a r d e n
.
Tu e s d a y ,

At 3 t h i s m o r n i n g t h e Co s s a c k s t o o k a wa y t h e
Ju l y 3
.D
.
An a r c h i s t p r i s o n e r s f r o m t h e Pr e o br a j e n s k i Ba r -
r a c k s .
If e e l a s t a t e o f g e n e r a l t e n s i o n .Wa l k e d
wi t h t h e Am ba s s a d o r a s f a r a s t h e Wi n t e r Pa l a c e
a n d ba c k , t o t e l l h i m a bo u t t h e s i t u a t i o n i n t h e
Cr i m e a
.
We d n e s d a y ,
Ap r o c e s s i o n o f s o l d i e r s we n t u p t h e N e v s k i
Ju l y 4 .D
.
a t n o o n . In t h e a f t e r n o o n t o v i s i t t h e Fe l i x
Yu s u p o v s .
He s h o we d m e e xa c t l y wh e r e Ra s p u t i n
wa s k i l l e d , t h e bl o o d -s t a i n e d Po l a r be a r s k i n , a n d
h o wi t h a p p e n e d .We t h e n wa l k e d t o t h e N e v s k i ,
wh e r e Fe l i xl e f t m e .
Su n d a y ,

Pa s s i n g t h e c h u r c h o f t h e Pr e o br a j e n s k i Re g i -
Ju l y 8 .
D .
m e n t , * wh e r e e v e n i n g s e r v i c e wa s be i n g s u n g by
t h e s o l d i e r s a n d o n e p r i e s t , we n t i n t o s e e i f t h e
* On e o f t h e n u m e r o u s r e g i m e n t s o f wh i c h e v e r y Em p e r o r
i s Co l o n e l -i n -Ch i e f .
PRIN CEFELIX YUSUPOV
IN V EN TORIESOFPOSSESSION S 16 9
s wo r d o f Al e xa n d e r IIwa s s t i l l i n i t s g l a s s c a s e ;
o n l y t h e Em p e r o r ' s s e a t u n d e r t h e c a n o p y h a s g o n e
a n d t h e e a g l e a t t h e ba c k i s c o v e r e d wi t h r e d
c l o t h .
He r e Ia m ba c k i n Pe t r o g r a d
.Te l e g r a m s t a k e
n i n e d a y s i n Ru s s i a a n d t we n t y -s e v e n h o u r s t o
Lo n d o n , a n d t h e p o s t o n e c a n n o t d e p e n d o n .
It i s a l l v e r y u n p l e a s a n t h e r e , a n d Is h a l l be
d e l i g h t e d t o g e t a wa y ; bu t f i r s t Is h o u l d l i k e t o
g o a n d s a y g o o d -by e t o o u r Gr a n d Du c h e s s .
Th e j o u r n e y d o n ' t f r i g h t e n m e
; Ih a v e d o n e s o
m a n y .Ih e a r s h e i s q u i e t a n d we l l .Sh e h a s
bu t t o l i e l o wa n d -u n l e s s t h e a n a r c h i s t s g e t t h e
u p p e r h a n d -h a s n o t h i n g t o f e a r .
Th e Gr a n d Du k e Bo r i s i s q u i t e f r e e .Ic o n -
s t a n t l y s e e h i m .Th e r e i s a l wa y s g o o d n e ws
o f Dm i t r i Pa v l o v i c h f r o m Te h e r a n , f r o m t h e
s u m m e r q u a r t e r s o f t h e Le g a t i o n s .He i s f r e e
t o g o wh e r e h e l i k e s .
Al be r t Th o m a s wa s t h e m o s t e n o r m o u s s u c c e s s .
El i h u Ro o t l e a v e s o n Tu e s d a y -m u c h l i k e d , bu t
Id o u bt i f h i s v i s i t i s o f a n y r e a l u s e , a s t h e y
wi l l n o t l i s t e n t o a n y t h i n g h e p r o p o s e s .Th e y
wa n t n o t h i n g bu t p e a c e a t a n y p r i c e .
Al e xa n d e r Po l o v t s o v i s m a k i n g a n i n v e n t o r y
o f e v e r y t h i n g i n t h e p a l a c e o f Ga t c h i n a .Th e
p r i v a t e wi l l o f t h e Em p e r o r Al e xa n d e r IIIwa s
f o u n d i n t h e d r a we r o f h i s wr i t i n g -t a bl e a n d
s e n t t o t h e a r c h i v e s .Po l o v s t o v i s wo r k i n g f o r
t h e Go v e r n m e n t , wh o a r e c a t a l o g u i n g t h e c o n t e n t s
o f a l l t h e Im p e r i a l Pa l a c e s
.La s t n i g h t i t wa s
s a i d h i s br o t h e r Pe t e r h a d g i v e n u p t h e Pe t r o g r a d
19 17
Su n d a y ,
Ju l y 8 .L.
19 17
Th u r s d a y ,
Ju l y 12 .
D .
Fr i d a y ,
Ju l y
1 3 -
D.
170

RUSSIAN DIARY
c o m m a n d -a t h a n k l e s s j o bwi t h n o s u p p o r t
be h i n d i t .
Ac u r i o u s s i d e o f t h e Ru s s i a n c h a r a c t e r , i n a l l
c l a s s e s , i s t h e a bs e n c e o f i n i t i a t i v e . Ip u t i t
d o wn a s t h e n a t u r a l r e s u l t o f a u t o c r a c y . In t h i s
c o u n t r y t h e l e a s t a t t e m p t a t i n i t i a t i v e wo u l d
a l wa y s h a v e be e n n s u p p r e s s e d ; h e n c e i t d o e s
n o t e xi s t . In e v e r y Ru s s i a n t h e r e i s t h e l a t e n t
d r e a d o f t h e a u t o c r a t .
Di n e d a t Ts a r s k o e Se l o wi t h t h e Gr a n d Du k e
Pa u l .Af t e r wa r d s m o t o r e d wi t h t h e Gr a n d Du k e
Bo r i s t o Pa v l o v s k , a n d t h e n ba c k t o Pe t r o g r a d
.
As u m m e r n i g h t o f wo n d e r f u l c o l o u r s -t h e r e d
r o s e o f s u n s e t f a d i n g i n t o t h e f l u s h o f d a wn -
f r o m c r i m s o n i n t o p a l e s t p i n k , a n d t h e n ba c k t o
r o s e -c o l o u r
.
Wo k e u p a t i i a .m .N o o n e a n s we r e d m y
be l l .Fo u n d h o t e l s e r v a n t s o n s t r i k e , e xc e p t
c o o k s .Dr e s s e d , m a d e m y o wn be d , c l e a n e d
m y ba t h , s we p t m y r o o m . Id i d t h e s a m e f o r
a r h e u m a t i c o l d l a d y i n m y c o r r i d o r wh o wa s
m u c h u p s e t by t h e s t r i k e . Ha d i n v i t e d Bi bi k o v
a n d Pu t i a t i n t o l u n c h e o n . Wi t h t h e m t o k i t c h e n
a n d p r o c u r e d wh a t we wa n t e d t o e a t , a n d c a r r i e d
i t u p t o m y r o o m .Od d l y e n o u g h , t h e c o f f e e -p o t
Iwa s c a r r y i n g d r i p p e d a l l t h e wa y t o t h e s e c o n d
f l o o r . It t o o k t wo d a y s ' h a r d l a bo u r t o c l e a n t h e
m a r bl e s t a i r c a s e -wi t h o u t c a r p e t i n t h e s u m m e r -
a f t e r t h e s e r v a n t s c a m e o f f s t r i k e . Lu n c h e o n o v e r ,
p l a c e d a l l t h e p l a t e s , d i s h e s , e t c ., o n t h e f l o o r
o u t s i d e t h e d o o r .Di n n e r a t Fe l i xYu s u p o v ' s
i n t h e r o o m wh e r e Ra s p u t i n wa s k i l l e d ; s a t n e xt
TURMOIL IN POPULARQ UARTER 171
t o La d y Mu r i e l Pa g e t . To o k a n i z v o s c h i k h o m e ;

19 117
p a i d h i m a r o u bl e f o r a 4 o -k o p e k f a r e
. He c a l l e d
m e a Je w
!
Th e r e i s q u i t e a d i f f e r e n t f e e l i n g i n Pe t r o g r a d Ju l y 13 .L.
s i n c e t h e a d v a n c e i n Ga l i c i a . Le t ' s h o p e t h e y
wo n ' t r u n i n t o a t r a p o r l o s e wh a t t h e y h a v e g o t .
Ar t h u r He n d e r s o n l e a v e s t o -d a y . Wh a t d o y o u
t h i n k o f " So n i a " ? Is u p p o s e i t wi l l be c o m e a
c l a s s i c o f t h e y e a r s j u s t be f o r e t h e wa r .
Th e Am ba s s a d o r t h a n k e d m e f o r n e ws Ih a d Mo n d a y ,
s e n t h i m i n t h e m o r n i n g -" j u s t wh a t h e wa n t e d
A' al y r a t v e .
t o k n o w ."
Di n e d wi t h Ed wa r d Cu n a r d a n d Gu y Co l e br o o k e ,
bo t h o f t h e Em ba s s y , i n t h e Ol i v e s ' h o u s e , wh e r e
Ih a d be e n o n Ma r c h i o . It i s a t t h e f a r e n d o f
t h e t o wn , o n l y a h u n d r e d y a r d s f r o m t h e Ta u r i d e
Pa l a c e , wh e r e t h e Du m a m e e t s . Il e f t a t
9.i 5
p .m .
o n f o o t wi t h Cu n a r d . Th e s t r e e t s we r e q u i t e
n o r m a l .He a c c o m p a n i e d m e d o wn t h e Se r g e i v s k i a
a l i t t l e wa y . Wh e n Ig o t t o t h e Li t e i n y -t h e
m a i n a r t e r y f r o m t h e p o p u l a r q u a r t e r a c r o s s t h e
N e v a -If o u n d i t a l l i n e f f e r v e s c e n c e . N o t r a m s -
a l wa y s a ba d s i g n . N o bo d y s e e m e d t o k n o wi f
a n y t h i n g h a d h a p p e n e d o r wa s g o i n g t o h a p p e n -
m a n y p e o p l e s p o k e t o m e . Ev e r y bo d y wa s a s k i n g
e v e r y bo d y e l s e wh a t wa s o n .
Iwa l k e d d o wn t h e Mo c h o v a i a a n d a m o t o r -c a r
f u l l o f s t u d e n t s a n d Gr e n a d i e r s o l d i e r s p a s s e d m e
a n d s t o p p e d a t N o .z 8 , wh e r e Is a ws e v e r a l r i f l e s
bd i n g br o u g h t o u t , p u t i n t o t h e a u t o m o bi l e , wh i c h
t u r n e d r o u n d a n d l e f t a t f u l l s p e e d
. At t h e c o r n e r
o f t h e Fo n t a n k a Br i d g e a n d t h e Ci n i s t e l l i Ci r c u s ,
19 17
172

RUSSIAN DIARY
t h e s a m e a u t o m o bi l e c a m e u p , s t o p p e d a m o t o r -c a r
wi t h a l a d y a n d g e n t l e m a n , p u l l e d t h e m o u t , n o t
t o o r o u g h l y ;
h a l f o f t h e a r m e d m e n g o t i n t o i t ,
a n d t h e t wo c a r s s t a r t e d o f f a g a i n a t f u l l s p e e d .
Ic o n t i n u e d o n f o o t t o t h e Ho t e l d e 1' Eu r o p e
a n d t e l e p h o n e d wh a t Ih a d s e e n t o La d y Ge o r g i n a .
Sh e t o l d m e t h a t m o t o r -l o r r i e s f u l l o f a r m e d m e n
h a d be e n c o m i n g o v e r t h e Tr o i t z a Br i d g e i n f r o n t
o f t h e Em ba s s y f o r t h e l a s t h o u r
. It h e n wa l k e d
d o wn t h e N e v s k i t o g o t o t h e Yu s u p o v s ' Pa l a c e .
It wa s t h e Pr i n c e s s ' s bi r t h d a y .Th e N e v s k i wa s
e m p t y i n g f a s t , t h o u g h t h e r e we r e s t i l l s o m e s t r o l l e r s
a n d s o m e s i g h t s e e r s . Ar m o u r e d c a r s a n d m o t o r -
l o r r i e s wi t h a r m e d m e n we r e t e a r i n g u p a n d d o wn .
Th r e e t i n y c h i l d r e n we r e d a n c i n g r o u n d t o g e t h e r ,
e xc i t e d l y s i n g i n g o u t , " Re v o l u z i o n , Re v o l u z i o n ! "
Il e f t t h e N e v s k i t o g o d o wn t h e Mo i k a , wh i c h wa s
q u i t e c a l m .Ag o o d m a n y d i n e r s we r e c o m i n g o u t
o f t h e r e s t a u r a n t s .
Th e Ma r i e n s k i Pa l a c e Pl a c e , t h e s e a t o f t h e
Pr o v i s i o n a l Go v e r n m e n t , wa s q u i t e e m p t y ;
o n
t h e s t e p s o f t h e p a l a c e n i n e s o l d i e r s we r e t a l k i n g .
Co n t i n u i n g d o wn t h e Mo i k a t o t h e Yu s u p o v Pa l a c e ,
f o u n d m y h o s t s p a c k i n g o f f t h e Gr a n d Du c h e s s
Ma r i e Pa v l o v n a II, Mi t a Be n c k e n d o r f f , a n d Pr i n c e
Pa l e i , f o r t h e s t a t i o n t o t a k e t h e t r a i n t o Ts a r s k o e
Se l o .Th e y h a d c o m e u p t o d i n e a n d s p e n d t h e
e v e n i n g , bu t i t wa s t h o u g h t be t t e r t h e y s h o u l d
l e a v e a t o n c e .Ti l l Ic a m e t h e o n l y n e ws t h e y h a d
h a d wa s by t e l e p h o n e ; e v e r y t h i n g wa s q u i t e
q u i e t i n t h i s q u a r t e r .
Ma n y g u e s t s h a d c o m e a f t e r d i n n e r , l i k e m e , t o
TERROROFTHECOSSACK S

173
h e a r Sa c h a Ma r k a r o v , t h e g r e a t g u i t a r i s t , p l a y .

1 9 1 7
Ay o u n g l a d y t h o u g h t f i t t o s i t o n t h e wi n d o w-s i l l
o f t h e g r o u n d -f l o o r d r a wi n g -r o o m , a n d i n a f e w
m i n u t e s a c r o wd h a d g a t h e r e d o u t s i d e . It wa s
t h o u g h t be t t e r t o c l o s e a l l t h e i r o n s h u t t e r s o n t h e
g r o u n d f l o o r .
In t h e m e a n t i m e a r e g i m e n t , a r m e d , wi t h a l l
i t s o f f i c e r s , m a r c h e d d o wn t h e Mo i k a o n t h e
o p p o s i t e s i d e , h a l t e d , a n d s t o o d a l o n g t h e ba l u s t r a d e
o f t h e c a n a l .
Ia f t e r wa r d s h e a r d t h a t , n e a r t h e
N e v s k i e n d o f t h e Mo i k a , wh i l e t h i s r e g i m e n t
wa s m a r c h i n g a l o n g , t h e c r y o f " Co s s a c k s "
wa s
r a i s e d , a n d t h e y a l l f l e d i n t o t h e n e a r e s t h o u s e s
a n d c o u r t y a r d s . Ma n y p a s s e r s -by we r e k n o c k e d
d o wn a n d t r a m p l e d u p o n , a n d m y i n f o r m a n t wa s
br u i s e d a g o o d d e a l a s t h e s o l d i e r s r u s h e d t h r o u g h
t h e n a r r o wo p e n i n g o f a bi g d o o r i n t o t h e c o u r t -
y a r d . Su c h i s t h e i n h e r e n t t e r r o r bo t h s o l d i e r s
a n d t h e p e o p l e h a v e o f t h e Co s s a c k s
!
We a l l l e f t t h e d r a wi n g -r o o m o n t h e g r o u n d
f l o o r a n d we n t t o t h e a p a r t m e n t o n t h e t o p f l o o r
-wh i c h a r e t h e i r s l e e p i n g -r o o m s u n t i l t h o s e o n
t h e g r o u n d f l o o r a r e f i n i s h e d
. Fr o m t h e s e wi n -
d o ws we c o u l d s e e t h e r e g i m e n t , wh i c h e v e n t u a l l y
m a r c h e d a wa y .
Iwe n t d o wn s t a i r s t o t h e d i n i n g -r o o m i n t h e
ba s e m e n t , wh e r e La d y Mu r i e l Pa g e t h a d i n t h e
m e a n t i m e a r r i v e d a n d , wi t h t h e o t h e r g u e s t s ,
h a d c o m e d o wn t o t h e d i n i n g -r o o m i n t h e ba s e -
m e n t .
Id e t e r m i n e d t o g o ba c k t o t h e s t r e e t.
La d y Mu r i e l a s k e d m e wh e t h e r Iwo u l d s e e h e r
h o m e ; Is a i d Iwo u l d , p r o v i d e d s h e d i d e v e r y -
19 17
174

RUSSIAN DIARY
t h i n g It o l d h e r .Av o i d i n g a l l o p e n s p a c e s a n d
br o a d s t r e e t s , a s Ih a d l e a r n t t o d o i n t h e Fi r s t
Re v o l u t i o n , a n d k e e p i n g c l o s e t o t h e h o u s e s ,
we m a d e f o r t h e Fo n t a n k a Ca n a l . Pr e s e n t l y
we f o u n d a n i z v o s c h i k , wh o a g r e e d f o r t e n r o u bl e s
t o g o wh e r e v e r we wa n t e d .
As we a r r i v e d a t , t h e Sa d o v i a we r a n u p a g a i n s t
a d e m o n s t r a t i o n o f wo r k p e o p l e a n d s o l d i e r s ,
wh i c h j u s t p r e v e n t e d o u r c r o s s i n g .Th e y we r e a l l
v e r y e xc i t e d a n d s i n g i n g t h e " Ma r s e i l l a i s e ."
La d y Mu r i e l p r e f e r r e d t o g e t o u t o f t h e i z v o s c h i k
a n d s t a n d n e a r t h e h o u s e s , s o t h a t i n c a s e o f
a r u s h s h e m i g h t be a bl e t o g o i n s i d e
.
So m e
i z v o s c h i k i c a m e u p , a n d o n e o f t h e d r i v e r s be g a n
t o c o m p l a i n l o u d l y o f be i n g h e l d u p by t h e p r o -
c e s s i o n .He wa s i n s t a n t l y s u r r o u n d e d by t h e
m o ba n d p u l l e d o f f h i s bo x
.
Af e wm i n u t e s a f t e r
a p a n i c s e i z e d t h e p r o c e s s i o n -wh e t h e r f r o m f e a r
o f t h e Co s s a c k s o r o f m a c h i n e -g u n s Id o n ' t k n o w
;
Ih e a r d n o f i r i n g
.Al l t h e i z v o s c h i k i s k e d a d d l e d
.
Im a n a g e d t o t u m bl e o u t o f m i n e a n d g e t o n
t h e s i d e wa l k , a n d f o r t h e m o m e n t Il o s t La d y
Mu r i e l .
An o l d wo m a n wa s h o bbl i n g a l o n g o n t wo s t i c k s ,
wh i c h we r e k n o c k e d o u t o f h e r h a n d s i n t h e
r u s h , a n d s h e f e l l o n h e r k n e e s . Ip i c k e d h e r
u p , g a v e h e r h e r s t i c k s , a n d p r o p p e d h e r a g a i n s t
t h e wa l l . It h e n c a l l e d o u t t o La d y Mu r i e l ,
a n d f o r t u n a t e l y s h e h e a r d m e . It o l d h e r t o
l i e d o wn n e a r t h e wa l l , a s t h e r e wa s n o c o u r t y a r d
n e a r t o g e t i n t o ; bu t o n s e c o n d t h o u g h t s Ih u r r i e d
h e r d o wn t h e s t r e e t a n d we f o u n d o n e .
FIGHTIN GIN THEN EV SK IPROSPEK T175
In
t h e m e a n t i m e o u r i z v o s c h i k
h a d d i s a p p e a r e d ,

19 17
a n d a s s o o n a s t h e d e m o n s t r a t i o n h a d t h i n n e d
d o wn we m a n a g e d t o c r o s s t h e s t r e e t a n d wa l k e d
o n , e v e n t u a l l y r e a c h i n g t h e An g l o -Ru s s i a n Ho s -
p i t a l a t 1 .15 a .m
.Al o t o f wo u n d e d f r o m t h e
f i g h t i n g i n t h e N e v s k i h a d be e n br o u g h t i n , a n d
we we n t s t r a i g h t u p t o t h e wa r d s t o s e e t h e m
.
Th e d o c t o r s a n d s i s t e r s we r e m u c h c o n c e r n e d
a t t h e n o n -a p p e a r a n c e o f La d y Mu r i e l , a s o n
t h e i r t e l e p h o n i n g t o t h e Yu s u p o v Pa l a c e t h e y
we r e t o l d s h e h a d l e f t t h e r e m o r e t h a n a n h o u r
be f o r e .
Th e f i g h t i n g i n t h e N e v s k i wa s be t we e n Bo l -
s h e v i k s o l d i e r s a n d t h e Co s s a c k s , wh o h a d be e n
d r a wn u p a c r o s s t h e s t r e e t a t t h e c o r n e r o f
V l a d i m i r Pr o s p e k t
. Th e s o l d i e r s l a y f l a t i n t h e
m i d d l e o f t h e r o a d wa y a n d f i r e d o n t h e Co s s a c k s .
N o s o o n e r d i d t h e Co s s a c k s r e p l y t h a n t h e c o wa r d s
c r e p t t o t h e s i d e a n d bo l t e d i n t o t h e n e a r e s t
h o u s e s .
Th a n k Go d , s o m e o f t h e br u t e s we r e
k i l l e d .
Af t e r Ih a d h a d s o m e t e a Il e f t t h e h o s p i t a l
a n d wa l k e d d o wn t h e N e v s k i t o t h e Ho t e l d e
1' Eu r o p e .
Is a wo n l y o n e s h o p wi n d o wbr o k e n
-a c i g a r -s h o p .
Im e t m a n y s t r e t c h e r s wi t h
wo u n d e d p e o p l e o n t h e m , a n d t h e r e wa s a g r e a t
c r o wd o n t h e Sa d o v i a -t h e N e v s k i wa s e m p t y .
Ig o t ba c k t o t h e h o t e l a t
2 .15 a .m .a n d we n t
t o be d .
Wh i l s t wa l k i n g a bo u t i n t h e m o r n i n g h e a r d
Tu e s d a y ,
f i e r c e s h o o t i n g , bu t d i d n o t g e t u n d e r f i r e .Du r i n g
Ju l y
117
. D.
l u n c h e o n i n t h e h o t e l a ba t t l e t o o k p l a c e i n t h e
19 17
We d n e s d a y ,
Ju l y i 8 .D .
Th u r s d a y ,
Ju l y z 9
.D.
176

RUSSIAN DIARY
Sa d o v i a c l o s e by
; t h e bu l l e t s r a t t l e d d o wn o n
t h e r o o f o p p o s i t e
.Ha n d -g r e n a d e s we r e be i n g
u s e d by t h e Bo i s h e v i k i a l l o v e r Pe t r o g r a d
.To
t h e Em ba s s y a n d t a l k e d wi t h t h e Am ba s s a d o r
p r i v a t e l y
.Di n e d a t n i g h t o f f t e a a n d j a m , a s
a l l t h e h o t e l c o o k s h a d l e f t
.
V i o l e n t r a i n a l l n i g h t , wh i c h s we p t t h e Bo l -
s h e v i k i o f f t h e s t r e e t s .
N o t r a m s a n d o n l y a n
o c c a s i o n a l i z v o s c h i k
.
My o l d m u s i c -s e l l e r o p p o s i t e
o p e n e d h i s s h o p a t 10 .3 0
f o r a f e wm i n u t e s o n l y .
Al l s h o p s c l o s e d
.Di n e d a t t h e Po l o v t s o v s , a n d
h e a r d t h a t t h e Bo l s h e v i k i we r e t o be
" p o l i s h e d
o f f "
t o -n i g h t
.Th i s wo u l d h a v e be e n d o n e l a s t
n i g h t bu t f o r t h e v i o l e n t r a i n
.We n t t o t h e
Em ba s s y t o wa r n t h e Am ba s s a d o r t h a t a l l t h e
br i d g e s a r e t o be o p e n e d , i n o r d e r t o c u t o f f
t h e Bo l s h e v i k i f r o m t h e i r s t r o n g h o l d s , wh i c h a r e
t h e wo r k m e n ' s q u a r t e r s o n t h e o t h e r s i d e o f t h e
r i v e r .
Re t u r n e d t o t h e Po l o v t s o v s , wh e r e we
p l a y e d br i d g e t i l l 3
a .m .,
wa i t i n g f o r n e ws wh i c h
n e v e r c a m e .
Ea r l y
i n
t h e m o r n i n g La d y Ge o r g i n a t e l e p h o n e d
m e t h e y h a d be e n wa r n e d a t 5
.3 0t h a t t h e Pe t e r -
Pa u l Fo r t r e s s m i g h t bo m ba r d t h e t o wn a t a n y
m o m e n t
.Dr e s s e d q u i c k l y a n d s t a r t e d o f f a t
o n c e t o t h e Em ba s s y
.As Ic r o s s e d t h e Ch a m p
d e Ma r s a n u m be r o f s o l d i e r s a t t h e Pa v l o v s k
Ba r r a c k s , s i t t i n g i n t h e wi n d o ws wi t h r i f l e s ,
f i r e d f r o m t i m e t o t i m e a c r o s s t h e Ch a m p d e Ma r s
o v e r m y h e a d i n t o t h e Su m m e r Ga r d e n
. Iwa s
n o t g o i n g t o t u r n ba c k f o r t h e m
. Ip u l l e d m y s e l f
t o g e t h e r a n d wa l k e d a c r o s s t h e Ch a m p d e Ma r s
PETER-PAULFORTRESSCAPITULATES177
a n d e n t e r e d t h e Em ba s s y by t h e a d j o i n i n g c o u r t -

19 17
y a r d o f Pr i n c e s s So l t y k o v ' s h o u s e .We n t s t r a i g h t
u p t o t h e f i r s t f l o o r , f o u n d t h e Am ba s s a d o r o n
t h e ba l c o n y s u r r o u n d e d by h i s s e c r e t a r i e s -i n s t e a d
o f s i t t i n g i n t h e c e l l a r , a s t h e y h a d be e n t o l d
t o d o -e a g e r l y wa t c h i n g t h e t r o o p s a d v a n c i n g
o n t h e i r s t o m a c h s a c r o s s t h e Tr o i t z k a Br i d g e .
Te r e s t c h e n k o , t h e Mi n i s t e r f o r Fo r e i g n Af f a i r s ,
h a d p l a c e d r o o m s i n t h e Fo r e i g n Of f i c e a t t h e
d i s p o s a l o f t h e Am ba s s a d o r a n d h i s f a m i l y , bu t
t h e y r e f u s e d t o l e a v e
.
Abo u t h a l f -p a s t e l e v e n a m e s s a g e c a m e t o s a y
t h a t t h e h o u s e o f t h e d a n c e r , K c h e s s i n s k a i a , wh i c h
h a d be e n l o o t e d a n d t a k e n o v e r by t h e Bo l s h e v i k i
a t t h e be g i n n i n g o f t h e Re v o l u t i o n , h a d be e n
c a p t u r e d by t h e Go v e r n m e n t t r o o p s , a n d a t
t e n m i n u t e s p a s t o n e a n o f f i c e r c a m e t o s a y
t h a t t h e Pe t e r -Pa u l Fo r t r e s s , wh i c h wa s be i n g
h e l d by t h e
So l d i e r s a n d Wo r k m e n
a g a i n s t
t h e Go v e r n m e n t f o r c e s , h a d c a p i t u l a t e d . Fo r
t h e f i r s t t i m e s i n c e t h e Re v o l u t i o n t h e m i d d a y
g u n wa s n o t f i r e d f r o m t h e f o r t r e s s a s u s u a l
t o -d a y .
In t h e e v e n i n g Is a wCo s s a c k s o n
wh i t e h o r s e s e s c o r t i n g K e r e n s k i ba c k f r o m t h e
s t a t i o n t o t h e Wi n t e r Pa l a c e o n h i s r e t u r n f r o m
St a v k a .
Se v e r e f i g h t i n g r o u n d t h e N i c o l a i r a i l wa y s t a t i o n .
Fr i d a y ,
Ch a n g e s i n t h e Ca bi n e t
.At m i d n i g h t s o m e o n e
Ju l y
2 0
.
D .
t e l e p h o n e d t o s a y a ba t t l e wa s g o i n g o n by t h e
Pa l a c e Br i d g e , o p p o s i t e t h e Wi n t e r Pa l a c e
.Op e n e d
m y wi n d o ws bu t c o u l d h e a r n o t h i n g
; t o o t i r e d
t o d r e s s a g a i n
.
M
178

RUSSIAN DIARY
119 17

In l a s t n i g h t ' s ba t t l e t h e Bo l s h e v i k i , wh o h a d
Sa t u r d a y ,
d j y , c o l l e c t e d a t t h e e n d o f t h e Pa l a c e Br i d g e , we r e
s u r r o u n d e d by Co s s a c k s a n d c u t i n t o s m a l l p i e c e s .
Ih a d a l i t t l e p i e c e o f Bo l s h e v i k br o u g h t m e
l a t e r ! Th e ba d n e ws f r o m t h e Fr o n t , wh i c h
Ih a v e k n o wn s i n c e Th u r s d a y , i s n o wp u bl i s h e d .
Mo n d a y ,

To t h e Po l o v t s o v s a f t e r d i n n e r .Th e Ge n e r a l
Ju l y 2 3
.D.
c a m e i n a n d t o l d u s Le n i n h a d n o t y e t be e n
f o u n d . Is u g g e s t e d t o s e a r c h t h e V l a d i m i r Pa l a c e ,
wh i c h Ik n o wh a s be e n a n e s t o f r e v o l u t i o n a r i e s
f o r t h e l a s t t h r e e m o n t h s .
Ju l y 2 5 .L. We h a v e h a d f i v e d a y s ' h e l l .Tu e s d a y wa s
wo r s e t h a n a n y d a y i n t h e Re v o l u t i o n , bu t i t
i s n o t o v e r y e t . We m u s t wa d e t h r o u g h a s e a
o f bl o o d be f o r e i t c a n be e n d e d . Pe r h a p s n o t h i n g
wi l l h a p p e n t o m e -wh y s h o u l d i t ? Bu t i f I
" g o a wa y " d o n ' t r e g r e t m e ; Ia m s o t i r e d -
Iwa n t t o s l e e p !
Th e Co s s a c k s a r e t o be bu r i e d o n Ju l y z 8 .
Th e n e ws f r o m t h e Fr o n t i s t o o t e r r i bl e t o t h i n k
o f -t wo Ar m y Co r p s s u r r e n d e r e d , a n d a l l t h e
t o wn s l o s t wh i c h we r e s o l a t e l y wo n .Th a n k
Go d , t h e Hu n s wi l l f i n d n o t h i n g t o e a t .Ik n o w
wh a t t h a t i s , a s we a r e s t a r v i n g h e r e .Ta r n o p o l
i s a g r e a t d i s a s t e r , a n d r e a l l y l a s t n i g h t , a f t e r
f o u r d a y s ' a n a r c h y , wh e n t h a t n e ws c a m e , we
we r e a l l d i s h e a r t e n e d .Yo u h a v e n o i d e a h o w
t i r e d i t m a k e s o n e ; Is l e e p e i g h t h o u r s , o n l y t o
wa k e u p m u c h m o r e t i r e d .Th e r e i s n o t h i n g
t o e a t , e i t h e r ;
Ia m a l wa y s h u n g r y .
Fo r t h e m o m e n t a l l i s q u i e t h e r e , bu t t h e r e
m a y y e t be a p i t c h e d ba t t l e be t we e n t h o s e wh o
IMPERIALFAMILYIN CAPTIV ITY 179
wa n t t o m a i n t a i n o r d e r a n d c a r r y o n t h e wa r ,

19 17
a n d t h o s e wh o d o n ' t wa n t t o d o e i t h e r
.
Ih a v e be e n ba c k t h r e e we e k s f r o m t h e Cr i m e a , Ju l y 2 7.L.
a n d y e s t e r d a y Iwe n t t o Ts a r s k o e Se l o t o s e e t h e
Gr a n d Du k e Pa u l . Th e r e i s bu t l i t t l e n e ws o f
t h e Em p e r o r a n d h i s c h i l d r e n
.
It i s o n l y wh e n
by c h a n c e s o m e bo d y k n o ws o n e o f t h e o f f i c e r s
wh o h a v e be e n o n g u a r d t h a t a n y d i r e c t n e ws
i s g o t ;
bu t t h i s i s k n o wn -t h e y
a r e a l l i n e x-
c e l l e n t h e a l t h a n d a t wo r k i n t h e i r k i t c h e n -g a r d e n ,
e xc e p t t h e Em p r e s s , wh o d o e s n o t g o o u t . Th e r e
i s a t r i p l e c o r d o n o f g u a r d s , a n d t h e y a r e n o t
a l l o we d t o p a s s t h e f i r s t l i n e , wh i c h r a t h e r r e s t r i c t s
t h e i r e xe r c i s e ; bu t , a f t e r a l l , i t i s f o r t h e i r
s a f e t y ; a n d i f y o u h a d be e n t h r o u g h wh a t we
h a v e be e n t h r o u g h t h i s l a s t we e k , y o u wo u l d
be g l a d t o h a v e g u a r d s t o p r o t e c t y o u .
Th e Co m m a n d a n t o f t h e Pa l a c e i s a n u p r i g h t
o f f i c e r a n d a g e n t l e m a n , a n d h e d o e s a l l i n h i s
p o we r t o m e e t t h e i r wi s h e s .
La s t n i g h t Pr i n c e Pu t i a t i n c a m e t o s e e m e .
He wa s t we n t y -t h r e e y e a r s i n t h e Im p e r i a l h o u s e -
h o l d a n d t h i r t y -t wo d a y s i n t h e f o r t r e s s . La s t
we e k h e l o s t h i s f a t h e r -i n -l a w, Ad m i r a l Pa l t o v ,
o n e o f t h e o l d e s t a d m i r a l s i n t h e Im p e r i a l N a v y
.
At t h e f u n e r a l s e r v i c e , Ma d e m o i s e l l e He n d r i k o v ,
t h e Em p r e s s ' s m a i d o f h o n o u r , c a m e wi t h a
m e s s a g e o f c o n d o l e n c e f r o m h e r , wh i c h s h o ws
t h a t t h e y k n o wa l l t h a t p a s s e s , a n d a r e a l l o we d
t o c o m m u n i c a t e wi t h f r i e n d s o n m a t t e r s o f p e r s o n a l
i n t e r e s t
.Th e Pr i n c e c o n f i r m e d t h e e xc e l l e n t
c h a r a c t e r o f t h e Co m m a n d a n t o f t h e Pa l a c e .
1 9 17
18 0

RUSSIAN DIARY
Ih a v e n o t wr i t t e n t o y o u s i n c e m y r e t u r n ,
be c a u s e t i l l y e s t e r d a y Ih a d n o t h i n g bu t v a g u e
r e p o r t s t o g i v e y o u , a l t h o u g h Ih a v e be e n s e v e r a l
t i m e s t o Ts a r s k o e Se l o
. Ir e c e i v e d a l e t t e r f r o m
K i s l o v o d s k f r o m t h e Gr a n d Du c h e s s V l a d i m i r .
Sh e i s q u i t e f r e e i n t h a t t o wn a n d i s n o l o n g e r
m o l e s t e d , bu t If e a r h e r h e a l t h h a s s u f f e r e d f r o m
h e r t h r e e m o n t h s ' a r r e s t ; s h e c o m p l a i n s o f h e r
h e a r t . Be f o r e Il e a v e Ru s s i a Ih o p e t o be a bl e
t o g o a n d s e e h e r a g a i n .
We h a v e p a s s e d t h r o u g h a t e r r i bl e we e k .
It be g a n a t 9
.3 0o n Mo n d a y e v e n i n g , Ju l y
16 ,
a n d t h e l a s t s t r e e t ba t t l e wa s o n Sa t u r d a y ,
Ju l y 2 1, a t m i d n i g h t . It h i n k Tu e s d a y wa s wo r s e
t h a n a n y d a y i n t h e Fi r s t Re v o l u t i o n ; t h e n
t h e p e o p l e we r e o u t f o r a n i d e a l , t h i s we e k i t
i s p u r e a n a r c h y , c o m bi n e d wi t h n o t h i n g t o e a t .
Th u r s d a y m o r n i n g wa s a c r i t i c a l m o m e n t f o r
t h e Em ba s s y .Th e y we r e a l l wa r n e d a t 5 .3 0
t o be r e a d y t o l e a v e .At i i , t h e h o u s e o f t h e
d a n c e r o p p o s i t e , o c c u p i e d by t h e a n a r c h i s t s , c a p i -
t u l a t e d
; a n d a t a q u a r t e r t o o n e , t h e Fo r t r e s s .
Th e we a t h e r wa s v e r y h o t a n d s t u f f y ; It h i n k
r e v o l u t i o n s a r e be t t e r i n t h e wi n t e r .
Bu t a l l o f t h i s i s n o t h i n g c o m p a r e d wi t h t h e
n e ws f r o m t h e Fr o n t , wh e r e t h e s o l d i e r s a r e
l a y i n g d o wn t h e i r a r m s wh o l e s a l e . Hi s t o r y t e l l s
u s t h e Ru s s i a n s h a v e n e v e r wo n a r e a l wa r -
o n l y wa r s f o r e n l a r g i n g t h e i r f r o n t i e r s . Fo r m e r l y
t h e Ru s s i a n s o l d i e r g a v e h i s l i f e f o r t h e Ts a r ,
a n d we n t i n t o t h e t r e n c h e s s i n g i n g h i s h y m n -
t h a t h e wo u l d d i e f o r t h e Ts a r .N o wh e i s f o r -
K EREN SK IIN WIN TERPALACE 18 1
bi d d e n t o s i n g t h a t h y m n
.He h a s n o " Li t t l e

19 1 7
Fa t h e r " t o d i e f o r , a n d a s k s h i m s e l f , " Wh a t
a m If i g h t i n g f o r ? "
Si be r i a n s -wh o , by t h e wa y , h a v e p r o v e d t h e m -
s e l v e s f i r s t -r a t e s o l d i e r s -l i v e m u c h f a r t h e r f r o m
Wa r s a wt h a n Wa r s a wi s f r o m Bo r d e a u x, a n d
t h e y wo u l d m u c h s o o n e r be t i l l i n g t h e i r l a n d
t h a n f i g h t i n g Ge r m a n s wh o l i v e t h o u s a n d s o f
v e r s t s a wa y .Al l t h i s h a s be e n p r e a c h e d t o
t h e m o n t h e Fr o n t by p a i d a g e n t s o f Ge r m a n y
.
Th e r e a r e t we n t y -f o u r m i l l i o n m e n u n d e r a r m s
i n Ru s s i a , a n d o n e h a s o n l y t o l o o k a t t h e m a p
t o s e e wh e r e t h e l a r g e r p r o p o r t i o n m u s t c o m e
f r o m . If Mo s c o wh a d be e n a t t a c k e d , a s i n
18 12 , i t wo u l d h a v e be e n a d i f f e r e n t t h i n g .Th e
Am ba s s a d o r i s i n d e s p a i r , t h o u g h bu t f o r h i m
Id o n o t be l i e v e a n y o f f e n s i v e wo u l d h a v e be e n
m a d e s i n c e t h e Re v o l u t i o n ; a n d s i n c e Al be r t
Th o m a s l e f t h e h a s h a d t o wo r k s i n g l e -h a n d e d .
Th e n e wFr e n c h Am ba s s a d o r wi l l n o t f o r s o m e l i t t l e
t i m e h a v e m u c h i n f l u e n c e .It i s h e a r t -r e n d i n g .
Ig o t o -m o r r o wt o K i s l o v o d s k t o s e e t h e Gr a n d Ju l y 2 7 .
L.
Du c h e s s V l a d i m i r a n d s p e n d h e r f e t e wi t h h e r
.
Is h a l l be a wa y n i n e d a y s -s i xi n t h e t r a i n a n d
t h r e e t h e r e .On Mo n d a y Ig o t o Ts a r s k o e Se l o
t o g e t a n y m e s s a g e s a n d n e ws f r o m Gr a n d Du k e
Bo r i s f o r h i s m o t h e r .
Th e wa r n e ws wa s v e r y ba d l a s t n i g h t .K e r e n s k i
-wh o h a s Je wi s h bl o o d -i s l i v i n g i n t h e Wi n t e r
Pa l a c e .Th e r e i s a q u e s t i o n o f s e n d i n g t h e Em -
p e r o r a n d h i s f a m i l y t o Si be r i a -t o a t o wn , To bo l s k ,
4 0o v e r s t s f r o m a r a i l wa y .
18 2

RUSSIAN DIARY
19 3 17

Ibe l i e v e t h e Em p e r o r a n d h i s f a m i l y h a v e
Ju l y
2 9 . D .
be e n s e n t t o Si be r i a .
Ih e a r d t h i s l a s t n i g h t .
Iwo n d e r wh a t e f f e c t i t wi l l h a v e o n t h e p e o p l e .
It h i n k K e r e n s k i wi l l m a k e h i m s e l f d i c t a t o r
.
Le f t N i c o l a i s t a t i o n , Pe t r o g r a d , 9
.3 0f o r K i s -
l o v d s k i n t h e Ca u c a s u s . Ge n e r a l Of f l e y Sh a w
a n d Li e u t e n a n t Gr u n d y , Pe r s i a n Ri f l e s , t r a v e l l e d
i n t h e n e xt c o m p a r t m e n t t o m e o n t h e i r wa y
t o Ti f l i s a n d Pe r s i a r e s p e c t i v e l y
.
Mo n d a y ,

Ro s TOV -ON -DON .Th e br i d g e a c r o s s t h e Do n ,


J u l y 3 0 .
D.
s we p t a wa y by t h e g r e a t f l o o d s i n t h e m o n t h
o f Ma y , h a s n o wbe e n r e p a i r e d . Al l d a y p a s s i n g
t h r o u g h e n d l e s s a c r e s o f u n d u l a t i n g g r o u n d p l a n t e d
wi t h s u n f l o we r s . Se e n f r o m t h e n o r t h , t h e e f f e c t
wa s a p a l e y e l l o w-g r e e n y o c e a n , wh i c h , a s Il o o k e d
ba c k , c h a n g e d t o l a k e s o f g o l d e n s u n s h i n e a s
t h e y f a c e d t h e s u n .
Tu e s d a y ,

K i s LOV On s x .Ar r i v e d 9 p .m .Al l t h e h o t e l s


Ju l y 3 1 .
D .
f u l l . Le f t m y l u g g a g e a t t h e s t a t i o n a n d d r o v e
t o t h e Gr a n d Du c h e s s V l a d i m i r ' s v i l l a .Wa l k e d
u n e xp e c t e d l y i n t o t h e d i n i n g -r o o m , wh e r e If o u n d
h e r s t i l l a t t a bl e a f t e r d i n n e r wi t h t h e Gr a n d Du k e
An d r e , Pr i n c e s s Me s t c h e r s k i , a n d h e r e q u e r r i e s
.
My u n a n n o u n c e d a r r i v a l e v i d e n t l y p l e a s e d h e r
;
s h e m a d e m e v e r y we l c o m e , o r d e r e d d i n n e r f o r
m e , a n d a s k e d m e t o s t a y i n t h e v i l l a . Al l
we r e h a p p y t o h e a r n e ws f r o m t h e n o r t h , a n d
we r e m a i n e d r o u n d t h e t a bl e t a l k i n g t i l l m i d -
n i g h t .
Th u r s d a y ,

K i s LOV On s x .Th e Gr a n d Du c h e s s r e c e i v e d m e
Au g ., . D .
i n h e r
c a bi n e t d e t r a v a i l , a n d we c o u n t e d t h e
m o n e y wh i c h Ih a d br o u g h t h e r i n m y bo o t s
ATK ISLOV ODSK

18 3
f r o m Pe t r o g r a d !
It wa s i n r e v o l u t i o n a r y t h o u s a n d -

119 17
r o u bl e n o t e s , wh i c h s h e h a d n e v e r s e e n be f o r e
.
Af t e r wa r d s wa l k e d wi t h h e r t o t h e h i l l l e a d i n g
t o t h e t o wn t o m e e t h e r s o n
.On o u r wa y ba c k
a n u n k n o wn l a d y c u r t s i e d t o t h e Gr a n d Du c h e s s
.
Ev e r s i n c e h e r r e l e a s e s h e h a s r e c e i v e d m a r k s
o f s y m p a t h y a n d c o u r t e s y f r o m a l l c l a s s e s . Sh e
t o o k m e f o r a d r i v e t h r o u g h t h e Co s s a c k v i l l a g e s
wh e r e we h a d be e n o n Ea s t e r Mo n d a y .Af t e r t e a
Iwa l k e d u p t h e v a l l e y a l o n g s i d e t h e r i v e r o f
K i s l o v o d s k , wh i c h r e m i n d e d m e o f t h e Li c h t e n t h a l
Al l e e , Ba d e n -Ba d e n
. It i s t i d y a n d we l l k e p t .
Ap a i r o f g o l d e n o r i o l e s s a n g a t 7a .m .Or d e r e d
Fr i d a y ,
a c a k e a n d br e a d t o t a k e ba c k t o Pe t r o g r a d .
In
Au g .3 .D .
t h e a f t e r n o o n d r o v e wi t h t h e Gr a n d Du c h e s s
u p t o t h e Bl u e Ro c k s , wh e r e t h e r e i s a wo n d e r f u l
v i e w.
Sh e t o l d m e t h a t a t a c h i l d r e n ' s p i c n i c
i n t h e m o u n t a i n s , a t a p l a c e c a l l e d
" Th e Ea g l e s '
N e s t , " a n e n o r m o u s g o l d e n e a g l e p l a n e d a bo v e
t h e m .
Th e c h i l d r e n s h o u t e d o u t , " Ae r o p l a n e !
Ae r o p l a n e ! "
So m a c h i n e r y d i s p l a c e s n a t u r e
!
As Iwa l k e d i n t h e t o wn l a t e r , wa s a d d r e s s e d i n
p e r f e c t En g l i s h by a y o u n g Co s s a c k wh o wa s
r i d i n g , a n d wh o m we h a d m e t d u r i n g o u r d r i v e
.
Be f o r e d i n n e r t h e Gr a n d Du c h e s s ' s p r e s e n t s we r e
l a i d o u t o n a t a bl e i n h e r s a l o n . Ig a v e t u be r o s e s
a s Id i d l a s t y e a r
.
K i s LOV On s x
.
Th e Gr a n d Du c h e s s ' s f e t e -d a y ,
Sa t u r d a y ,
St
.Ma r y Ma g d a l e n
.Wo k e u p a t 6 by m y g o l d e n
Au g .4 .D .
o r i o l e s . At 12 .3 0
t h e p r i e s t c a m e a n d s a n g
Te De u m .
We s a t d o wn t we n t y -e i g h t t o l u n c h e o n
o n t h e v e r a n d a a t t h r e e t a bl e s .
K i s LOV ODSK . Fe t c h e d t h e c a k e a n d br e a d I
h a d h a d ba k e d , t o t a k e t o Pe t r o g r a d .
Ea r l y
d i n n e r o n a c c o u n t o f m e . Le f t a t 8 .3 0
f o r
Pe t r o g r a d . Th e Gr a n d Du c h e s s a n d h e r g u e s t s
wa v e d t o m e i n t h e t r a i n f r o m t h e v e r a n d a .
We d n e s d a y , TV ER . Fr o m t h e r a i l wa y -c a r r i a g e g a v e a be g g a r
Au g .8 . D .
bo y wh i t e br e a d -t h e f i r s t h e h a d s e e n f o r t h r e e
y e a r s !
Th u r s d a y ,

Ar r i v e d a t i . i 5 a .m .a t N i c o l a i s t a t i o n , Pe t r o -
Au g
.9 .
D
g r a d -s i xt e e n h o u r s l a t e ! To l u n c h e o n wi t h
Gr a n d Du k e Bo r i s a t Ts a r s k o e Se l o .
Al o n g t a l k
wi t h h i m a l o n e .
Fr i d a y ,

To d i n e a t t h e Em ba s s y , a l s o Ge n e r a l Si r Ch a r l e s
Au g .i o .D .
Ba r t e r , Ge n e r a l K n o x, a n d Lo r d Il c h e s t e r ( K i n g ' s
Me s s e n g e r ) .La t e r wi t h Il c h e s t e r t o Yu s u p o v
Pa l a c e , wh e r e t h e g i p s i e s s a n g .
Sa t u r d a y ,

Th e Em p e r o r a n d h i s f a m i l y a r e s t i l l a t Ts a r s k o e
Au g . i i . D .
Se l o ; n o o n e k n o ws t h e r e a s o n o f t h e p o s t p o n e -
m e n t o f t h e i r j o u r n e y t o Si be r i a . He wa s t o l d
a bo u t i t a n d m a d e n o o bj e c t i o n
. It i s t r u e t h e
Em p r e s s c a n ' t wa l k , bu t Id o u bt t h a t be i n g
t h e c a u s e .
It h a d be e n a r r a n g e d f o r Th u r d a y ,
Ju l y z 6 . Ev e r y t h i n g s e e m s q u i e t f o r t h e m o m e n t ,
bu t l a s t n i g h t , c o m i n g a wa y f r o m t h e Yu s u p o v s ' ,
t h e r e wa s a r i f l e -s h o t q u i t e c l o s e t o m e
. N o wa d a y s
a s i n g l e s h o t c a n br i n g o n a ba t t l e . On e i s
a l m o s t m o r e a p p r e h e n s i v e o f c a l m t h a n o f n o i s e ,
bu t t h e Am ba s s a d o r g o e s o n Th u r s d a y f o r f i v e
d a y s ' r e s t t o Fi n l a n d , s o Ic o n c l u d e h e i s n o t
t o o wo r r i e d f o r t h e m o m e n t .
Wa n t o f br e a d br o u g h t o n t h e Re v o l u t i o n , a n d
t h e s a m e m a y br i n g a c o u n t e r -r e v o l u t i o n . Th e r e
19 17
Su n d a y ,
Au g .5 . D.
18 4 RUSSIAN DIARY
DEPARTUREOFIMPERIALFAMILY
18 5
i s n o t h i n g t o e a t : Is u f f e r m o s t f r o m t h e a bs e n c e

1 9 1 7
o f bu t t e r .
Re t u r n i n g h o m e a t a n e a r l y h o u r t h i s m o r n i n g
Sa t u r d a y ,
d o wn t h e Mo r s k a i a , a s e n t r y c a l l e d o u t s o m e t h i n g
Au g .
i i
.
D .
Id i d n o t u n d e r s t a n d .As Ic o n t i n u e d , h e r u s h e d
a t m e wi t h a f i xe d ba y o n e t , p r e s e n t e d t o m y br e a s t .
Iwo u l d n o t g o ba c k a n d r e m a i n e d s t a n d i n g e r e c t .
Gu l e s c u , t h e c e l e br a t e d c h e f d ' o r c h e s t r e , wh o h a d
be e n p l a y i n g a t o u r s u p p e r -p a r t y , d r i v i n g by ,
j u m p e d o u t o f h i s c a r r i a g e a n d e xp l a i n e d m a t t e r s .
He i n t e r p r e t e d f o r m e : " Be t t e r g o t o t h e Fr o n t
a n d k i l l Ge r m a n s t h a n a p e a c e a bl e a l l y ! "
Th e Em p e r o r a n d h i s f a m i l y l e f t Ts a r s k o e Se l o Tu e s d a y ,
s t a t i o n t h i s m o r n i n g a t
5 .3 5
a .m .

Au g .
3 14
. D .
Fe t c h e d Ma d a m e Ta t i s t c h e v f r o m t h e Fo r e i g n
We d n e s d a y ,
Of f i c e t o g o t o t h e c h u r c h * o f t h e Pe t e r -Pa u l
Au g .
15
. D .
Fo r t r e s s .Th e c u s t o d i a n t o l d m e t h a t a s m a n y
p e o p l e c o m e n o wa s be f o r e t h e Re v o l u t i o n t o
p u t c a n d l e s o n t h e t o m bo f t h e Em p e r o r Pa u l ,
wh i c h h a s a l wa y s be e n a n o bj e c t o f v e n e r a t i o n ,
a s t h e p e o p l e be l i e v e i t wi l l br i n g ba c k t h e i r
s o n s s a f e f r o m t h e wa r
. Ip u t t wo c a n d l e s o n
t h e t o m b, o n e f o r t h e Gr a n d Du c h e s s V l a d i m i r ,
a n d o n e f o r m y s e l f , a n d a f t e r wa r d s we we n t
o n t o t h e n e wc h u r c h , wh e r e Ip u t a c a n d l e
o n t h e t o m bo f t h e Gr a n d Du k e V l a d i m i r .
Fr o m
t h e r e we d r o v e t o t h e c o n v e n t wh e r e Jo h n o f
Cr o n s t a d t
t
wa s bu r i e d . At t h e Em ba s s y t o l d
t h e Am ba s s a d o r d e t a i l s o f t h e Em p e r o r ' s d e -
* Th e bu r i a l -p l a c e o f t h e Em p e r o r s f r o m Pe t e r t h e Gr e a t
t o Al e xa n d e r III, wh e n t h e n e wc h u r c h wa s r e q u i r e d .
t Re l i g i o u s a d v i s e r o f Al e xa n d e r IIIs h o r t l y be f o r e h i s
d e a t h .
19 17
Su n d a y ,
Au g .i 9 .L.
18 6

RUSSIAN DIARY
p a r t u r e , wh i c h Ih a d f r o m a n e y e -wi t n e s s
.On
t h e Pa l a c e Q u a y s a wK e r e n s k i i n t h e Em p e r o r ' s
Ro l l s -Ro y c e , t a l k i n g wi t h a f r i e n d .
It i s a l o n g t i m e s i n c e Ih a v e wr i t t e n t o y o u
.
At t i m e s Ih a v e o n l y h a d l i t t l e bi t s o f n e ws
;
a n d Ih a v e be e n a t K i s l o v o d s k .
Ih a v e t h e f a c t s a bo u t t h e d e p a r t u r e o f t h e
Em p e r o r a n d f a m i l y f r o m o n e wh o wa s a t t h e
s t a t i o n
.Th e t r a i n wa s t o h a v e s t a r t e d a t z a .m .,
bu t o wi n g t o t h e q u a n t i t y o f l u g g a g e , wh i c h
p r e c e d e d t h e m i n a s e p a r a t e t r a i n , t h e y d i d n o t
l e a v e t i l l
5 .3 5 .
Th e Gu a r d s g a v e t h e Em p e r o r
t h e s a l u t e wh e n h e l e f t t h e p a l a c e .Th e Em p e r o r ,
t h e Gr a n d Du k e Al e xe i , a n d t h e Em p r e s s , d r o v e
i n a n o p e n a u t o m o bi l e t o t h e s t a t i o n , t h e f o u r
Gr a n d Du c h e s s e s i n a n o t h e r
; t h e y we r e i n wh i t e
d r e s s e s . Th e i r h e a d s we r e s h a v e d a f t e r t h e
m e a s l e s . Th e Em p e r o r l i t c i g a r e t t e s i n c e s s a n t l y ,
a n d t h r e wt h e m a wa y .Th e Em p r e s s h a d t e a r s
i n h e r e y e s .Th e Gr a n d Du k e Al e xe i c r i e d -
p o o r l i t t l e bo y ! Yo u m u s t n ' t f o r g e t t h e y h a d
be e n wa i t i n g t o l e a v e s i n c e t wo o ' c l o c k , f o r o v e r
t h r e e h o u r s .Th e f o u r Gr a n d Du c h e s s e s s h o we d
n o e m o t i o n .
Th e Gr a n d Du k e Mi c h a e l m o t o r e d y e s t e r d a y
f r o m Ga t c h i n a t o h i s c o u s i n Bo r i s ' s h o u s e i n
Ts a r s k o e Se l o , wh e r e h e l e f t h i s wi f e , Co u n t e s s
Br a s s o v . He t h e n we n t t o t h e p a l a c e a n d s a w
t h e Em p e r o r ; t h e y s t o o d u p f o r a l i t t l e m o r e
t h a n f i v e m i n u t e s t a l k i n g t o g e t h e r
.K e r e n s k i
a n d t h e o f f i c e r o n g u a r d we r e i n t h e r o o m a l l
t h e t i m e a n d l o o k e d o u t o f t h e wi n d o w.Th e
THEIMPERIALFAMILY
COUN TBEN CK EN DORFF
18 7
Gr a n d Du k e Mi c h a e l a s k e d t o s e e t h e Em p r e s s
;
i t wa s n o t a l l o we d .Th e br o t h e r s e m br a c e d .
Th e Gr a n d Du k e Bo r i s t o l d m e t h a t wh e n h i s
c o u s i n c a m e ba c k f r o m t h e i n t e r v i e wh e wa s
s o u p s e t h e c o u l d n ' t s p e a k
. Co u n t Be n c k e n d o r f f
s o m e d a y s l a t e r a s k e d K e r e n s k i a q u e s t i o n
a
p r o p o s o f
s o m e t h i n g r e l a t i n g t o t h e p a l a c e , a n d
K e r e n s k i a n s we r e d : " Th e y wi l l be ba c k h e r e i n
N o v e m be r ."
Th e c l i m a t e o f To bo l s k i s g o o d , e s p e c i a l l y
i n t h e a u t u m n . Th e l a s t 4 0o v e r s t s d o wn t h e
r i v e r i s d o n e o n Am e r i c a n s t e a m e r s , wh i c h a r e
q u i t e c o m f o r t a bl e . Co n v i c t s we r e n e v e r s e n t
t h e r e . It h i n k i t wi l l m a k e a ba d i m p r e s s i o n
o n t h e Ru s s i a n p e o p l e t h a t Si be r i a s h o u l d h a v e
be e n c h o s e n f o r t h e Im p e r i a l r e s i d e n c e , a s t h e
Em p e r o r
.n o wbe c o m e s a v i c t i m i n s t e a d o f a
p r i s o n e r .
If i t h a d be e n t h i s s i d e o f t h e Ur a l s
l e s s i m p r e s s i o n wo u l d h a v e be e n m a d e , bu t t h a t
t h e Lo r d ' s An o i n t e d s h o u l d be s e n t t o Si be r i a
m a y h u r t t h e a m o u r -p r o p r e o f t h e p e o p l e .
Th e y we r e t o h a v e l e f t o n Ju l y 2 6 , bu t a t t h e
l a s t m o m e n t t h e d e p a r t u r e wa s c a n c e l l e d . Co u n t
El i e Le o n i d o v i c h Ta t i s t c h e v , * l e p l u s br a v e d e s
br a v e s ,
h a s g o n e i n t h e p l a c e o f Be n c k e n d o r f f ,
wh o i s s u f f e r i n g f r o m h i s e y e s .Th e Em p r e s s
l e f t a l e t t e r t o t h a n k h i m f o r h i s s e r v i c e s o f t we n t y -
t h r e e y e a r s -h e i s t h e o n l y p e r s o n wh o m s h e i s
k n o wn t o h a v e t h a n k e d .
* Wh e n K e r e n s k i s e n t f o r h i m a n d a s k e d wh e t h e r h e wo u l d
g o t o Si be r i a h e s a i d , "
Im u s t g o wh e r e v e r y o u o r d e r m e ."
" It i s t o a c c o m p a n y t h e Em p e r o r t o Si be r i a
." He r e p l i e d ,
"
Iwi l l d o wh a t e v e r t h e Em p e r o r c o m m a n d s ." An d h e we n t .
19 17
19 17
18 8

RUSSIAN DIARY
Th e y a r e a c c o m p a n i e d by Ma r k a r o v , wh o l o o k s
a f t e r t h e p a l a c e s , wo r k s o f a r t , a n d a r c h i v e s .
He i s t h e g o o d g e n i u s o f K e r e n s k i .Th e Em p r e s s
s a y s , " We h a v e n o t s u f f e r e d e n o u g h f o r a l l t h e
f a u l t s we h a v e c o m m i t t e d ." To m e i t s e e m s
t h a t , t h r o u g h h e r f a u l t , h u s ba n d , c h i l d r e n , f a m i l y ,
a n d c o u n t r y h a v e a l l s u f f e r e d m o r e t h a n e n o u g h .
Ge n e r a l Go u r k o i s i n a d r y r o o m i n t h e Pe t e r -
Pa u l Fo r t r e s s , a n d h i s wi f e h a s be e n a l l o we d
t o j o i n h i m t h e r e
.Th e r e i s p e r s o n a l s p i t e i n
h i s d e t e n t i o n .
Iwe n t y e s t e r d a y t o t h e c h u r c h
i n t h e f o r t r e s s , wh e r e t h e Em p e r o r s a r e bu r i e d .
Al l i s i n p e r f e c t o r d e r a n d t h e l i g h t s bu r n i n g
o n t h e d i f f e r e n t t o m bs
.Th e t o m bo f t h e Em p e r o r
Pa u l wa s a bl a z e wi t h c a n d l e s , a n d o n i t wa s a
l a r g e bu n c h o f wh i t e l i l i e s .
He h a s a l wa y s be e n
l o o k e d u p o n by t h e p e o p l e a s a m a r t y r , a n d
p r a y e r s t o h i m a r e be l i e v e d t o br i n g ba c k a l i v e
a n d we l l t h o s e a t t h e wa r
.Th e y a s s u r e d m e
t h e Re v o l u t i o n m a k e s n o d i f f e r e n c e t o t h e p o p u l a r
d e v o t i o n
.Th e Ru s s i a n s r e s p e c t t h e d e a d , i f
t h e y d o n o t t h e l i v i n g .
Iwe n t o n Ju l y 2 8 t o K i s l o v o d s k , wh e r e t h e
Gr a n d
Du c h e s s V l a d i m i r i s s t i l l s t a y i n g . I
t o o k m o n e y t o h e r , a s o n e c a n t r u s t n o bo d y
n o wa d a y s . Ia r r i v e d q u i t e u n e xp e c t e d l y a n d
s t a y e d i n h e r v i l l a f o r f i v e n i g h t s
.Al t h o u g h
i t i s q u i t e s m a l l t h e y m a n a g e d t o m a k e r o o m
f o r m e
.Iwa s t h e r e i n t i m e f o r h e r f e t e , Au g u s t 4
.
Af t e r t h e
Te De u m i n t h e v i l l a , t h e o l d p a r i s h
p r i e s t s a i d a f e wwo r d s
: " As Ma r y Ma g d a l e n
wa s t h e f i r s t t o k n o wo f t h e Re s u r r e c t i o n o f
PRIN CESSIREN E
YUSUPOV

18 9
Ch r i s t , s o m a y y o u , a f t e r a l l y o u r s u f f e r i n g , be

1 9 1 7
t h e f i r s t t o k n o wt h a t t h e o r d e r o f f o r m e r d a y s
h a s c o m e ba c k t o Ru s s i a
."
It wa s v e r y br a v e
o f t h e o l d m a n t o d a r e s a y s o m u c h
.Th e Gr a n d
Du c h e s s wa s m u c h
e m u e . Sh e i s be t t e r i n h e a l t h
n o wt h a t s h e h a s be e n r e l e a s e d a f t e r t h r e e m o n t h s '
d e t e n t i o n , a n d i s t a k i n g ba t h s f o r h e r h e a r t
.
Sh e l i v e s wi t h a f e wo l d s e r v a n t s a n d h a d t h e
h a p p y i d e a o f g e t t i n g a d o z e n Co s s a c k s f r o m
a v i l l a g e i n t h e h i l l s -a l l o f o n e f a m i l y -t o p r o -
t e c t h e r .Th e y g i v e n o bo t h e r , a n d d o t h e i r
t wo h o u r s ' d u t y a t t h e e n t r a n c e o f t h e v i l l a a n d
g a r d e n , a n d a r e d e v o t e d a n d a t t e n t i v e
.Th e
Gr a n d Du c h e s s a s k e d m e , i f t h e o c c a s i o n p r e s e n t e d
i t s e l f , t o a s s u r e t h e K i n g a n d Q u e e n o f h e r d e e p e s t
a f f e c t i o n , a n d t o s a y h o ws h e e n v i e d e v e r y bo d y
wh o l i v e d i n a c o u n t r y wh e r e t h e r e we r e p o l i c e -
m e n
.Sh e h a s a p p l i e d f o r p e r m i s s i o n t o t r a v e l
i f i t s h o u l d be n e c e s s a r y f o r s o m e p e r s o n a l o r
f a m i l y r e a s o n ;
t h e Gr a n d Du k e Bo r i s a l r e a d y
h a s t h i s p e r m i s s i o n .
Th e n e ws f r o m t h e Cr i m e a h a s n o t be e n g o o d ,
bu t Ie xp e c t y o u k n o wa l l a bo u t t h a t
. Pr i n c e s s
Ir e n e Yu s u p o v we n t t o s e e K e r e n s k i i n t h e
Wi n t e r Pa l a c e i n t h e a p a r t m e n t s o f Em p e r o r
Al e xa n d e r IIIt o a s k t h a t t h a t Em p e r o r ' s wi d o w
s h o u l d n o t be i l l -t r e a t e d !
It h i n k i t wa s br a v e
o f h e r
; t h e r e i s s o l i t t l e o f h e r !
Bu t s h e t o l d
m e t h a t , o n c e i n t h e r o o m , s h e wa s n o l o n g e r
f r i g h t e n e d , a n d a l t h o u g h a t f i r s t K e r e n s k i d e -
c l a r e d h e c o u l d d o n o t h i n g , h e e n d e d by a c c e d i n g
t o a l l s h e a s k e d
.Sh e i s a p l u c k y l i t t l e t h i n g a n d
I9 o

RUSSIAN DIARY
1 9 1 7 c l e v e r . K e r e n s k i d i d n o t k i s s h e r h a n d n o r
o p e n t h e d o o r f o r h e r , be c a u s e s h e g o t t o i t be f o r e
h e d i d . He d i d n o t k e e p h e r wa i t i n g
.Th e
r e s u l t o f a l l t h i s wi l l be --a t l e a s t we h o p e s o
-t h a t t h e Em p r e s s Ma r i e wi l l c o m e t o Fi n l a n d
a n d e v e n t u a l l y g e t t o De n m a r k .
Th e Gr a n d Du k e N i c o l a i N i c o l a i e v i c h i s s t i l l
u n d e r a r r e s t i n t h e Cr i m e a , a n d t h e Em p r e s s
Ma r i e , t h o u g h n o l o n g e r u n d e r a r r e s t , i s n o t
a l l o we d t o l e a v e t h e h o u s e . At e l e g r a m t o t h a t
e f f e c t c a m e t o t h e Yu s u p o v s wh i l e Iwa s l u n c h i n g
t h e r e ;
t h e y l e f t t h e s a m e n i g h t f o r t h e Cr i m e a .
It h i n k t h i s i s a l l m y n e ws .Ia m g o i n g t o -n i g h t
t o Ge n e r a l He a d q u a r t e r s a t Mo g h i l e v , a n d m a y
be a wa y f o r a f e wd a y s ; a f t e r wa r d s Ih o p e t o
be a bl e t o l e a v e f o r En g l a n d , s o p l e a s e d o n o t
t r o u bl e t o a c k n o wl e d g e t h i s l e t t e r .
Th e Go v e r n m e n t g e t s we a k e r e v e r y d a y ; t h e y
m i s s e d t h e p s y c h o l o g i c a l m o m e n t f o r g a i n i n g
c o m p l e t e c o n t r o l a f t e r t h e Bo l s h e v i k Re v o l u t i o n
( Ju l y 18 ) , wh i c h , by t h e wa y , wa s a m o s t u n p l e a s a n t
e xp e r i e n c e . K o r n i l o v i s a s t r o n g l i t t l e m a n , a n d
we m a y y e t s e e h i m a t t h e h e a d o f a m i l i t a r y
d i c t a t o r s h i p . If o r e s e e m u c h t r o u bl e a h e a d a n d
m u c h bl o o d s h e d .
Mo n d a y ,

Ar r i v e d Mo g h i l e v 1 .4 0
P.m .;
St a f f a u t o m o bi l e
Au g . 2 o . D.
t o m e e t m e
.To Ho t e l Br i s t o l , wh e r e t h e Al l i e d
o f f i c e r s a r e l o d g e d
. Fr o m t h e r e t o t h e Av i a t i o n
H.Q ., wh e r e t h e Ge n e r a l -i n -Co m m a n d , a Ca u c a s i a n ,
i m m e d i a t e l y r e c e i v e d m e .
Tu e s d a y ,

MOGHILEV . To t h e Ca t h o l i c Ca t h e d r a l , e n d o we d
Au g . 2 I. D.
by t h e Em p r e s s Ca t h e r i n e , t h e Me t r o p o l i t a n
ATMOGHILEV

19 1
Ch u r c h o f a l l t h e Ca t h o l i c s i n Ru s s i a -a n i m -
p o s i n g e d i f i c e . Sa wt h e Ca u c a s i a n Ge n e r a l , wh o
wa s m o s t c o u r t e o u s a n d i n t e r e s t e d . Ha d a l a r g e
s a c k m a d e a n d f i l l e d wi t h wh i t e br e a d t o t a k e
t o Pe t r o g r a d .
Af t e r d i n n e r d r o v e o v e r t h e Dn i e p e r
Br i d g e t h r o u g h t h e l o we r t o wn , a n d a l o n g t h e
Mo s c o w c h a u s s e e f o r a c o u p l e o f m i l e s . Th i s i s
t h e be s t r o a d i n Ru s s i a , s p e c i a l l y m a d e wi t h a
s t e a m -r o l l e r f o r t h e Em p e r o r wh e n h e t o o k o v e r
t h e Su p r e m e Co m m a n d f r o m h i s c o u s i n .
MOGHILEV . At t h e Wi r e l e s s H.Q .m e t m y
Ca u c a s i a n Ge n e r a l , wh o t o o k m e i n t o t h e o f f i c e r s '
r o o m , p r e s e n t e d m e t o t h e m , a n d s c o l d e d t h e m
f o r n o t l o o k i n g a f t e r m e p r o p e r l y . Ba c k t o t h e
Br i s t o l t o l u n c h e o n wi t h t h e Al l i e d St a f f , a t t h e
i n v i t a t i o n o f Ge n e r a l Si r Ch a r l e s Ba r t e r . Sa t
be t we e n h i m a n d Mo r d v e n o , a n a m u s i n g Ru s s i a n ,
i n wh o s e v i l l a Is t a y e d a t Ya l t a wi t h t h e Obo -
l e n s k i s
.
Be y o n d h i m wa s t h e Ru m a n i a n Ge n e r a l ,
i n g r e a t s p i r i t s be c a u s e o f t h e Ru m a n i a n g o o d
n e ws a n d r e s i s t a n c e t o Ma c k e n s e n .At t h e h e a d
o f t h e t a bl e wa s t h e It a l i a n Ca p t a i n Ma s s e n g h a ,
a f r i e n d o f a l l m y f r i e n d s , a g r e e a bl e a n d g a y .
Ou r Ge n e r a l wa s o n h i s l e f t .Op p o s i t e u s we r e
t wo Fr e n c h o f f i c e r s , a m a j o r a n d a c a p t a i n .Th e
m a j o r e xc e s s i v e l y n i c e , a Fr e n c h m a n a t h i s v e r y
be s t .At t h e o t h e r e n d o f t h e t a bl e we r e Ma j o r
N e i l s o n a n d Li e u t .Po r t e r s , o f o u r St a f f
.Th e l u n -
c h e o n wa s n o t ba d , a l t h o u g h t h e Ge n e r a l c o m p l a i n e d .
Co m p a r e d wi t h Pe t r o g r a d , It h o u g h t i t d e l i c i o u s .
Af t e r l u n c h e o n h e t o o k m e t o h i s r o o m , g a v e m e
a c i g a r , a n d t o l d m e m a n y i n t e r e s t i n g t h i n g s .
19 17
We d n e s d a y ,
Au g . 2 2 . D .
19 17
Au g . 2 2 .
N a r r a t i v e .
19 2

RUSSIAN DIARY
Ge n e r a l Ba r t e r i s t h e r i g h t m a n i n t h e r i g h t
p l a c e a t t h e p r e s e n t m o m e n t .At St a v k a , o wi n g
t o h i m , En g l a n d h a s i t a l l h e r o wn wa y . He i s
t h e o n l y St a f f r e p r e s e n t a t i v e a s k e d by K o r n i l o v
t o g o t o Mo s c o wf o r t h e Co n f e r e n c e : Iwa s t o l d
by t h e o t h e r Al l i e d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s t h a t h e h a s
t h e c o m p l e t e c o n f i d e n c e o f K o r n i l o v , wh o m h e
s e e s t wi c e a d a y a n d p l a y s c a r d s wi t h .Th e
Fr e n c h a r e r a t h e r o u t o f f a v o u r , f r o m t h e i r e x-
p r e s s i n g t o o o p e n l y t h e i r o p i n i o n o f t h e d i s g r a c e f u l
c o n d u c t o f t h e Ru s s i a n Ar m y
.
Li e u t .Po r t e r s c a m e t o t h e d o o r t o s e e m e o f f
i n t h e c a r o r d e r e d f o r m e by t h e Ge n e r a l .At
t h e s t a t i o n , t h r e e v e r s t s a wa y , f o u n d m y r e s e r v e d
c o m p a r t m e n t i n t h e St a v k a c a r r i a g e , wh i c h wa s
a t t a c h e d t o t h e K i e v e xp r e s s , g u a r d e d by a n
N .C.O
.wi t h t wo s o l d i e r s .Tr a v e l l e d wi t h Ge o r g e
Po p o v i c h , c o u s i n o f t h e K i n g o f Mo n t e n e g r o , o n
h i s wa y f r o m v i s i t i n g K o r n i l o v , wh o m h e h a d
k n o wn a l l h i s l i f e , h a v i n g be e n br o u g h t u p i n
Ru s s i a .
He t o l d m e t h a t o n e r e g i m e n t wr o t e t o K o r n i l o v ,
" Pl e a s e g i v e u s a f l a g a n d t a k e a wa y t h e Re d
Fl a g , f o r t h e Ge r m a n s t a u n t u s a n d s a y a r e d
f l a g i s t h e s i g n o f a h o u s e o f i l l -f a m e ! "
K o r n i l o v h a s f o r h i s bo d y g u a r d a s q u a d r o n
o f Tu r k e s t a n Co s s a c k s br o u g h t f r o m t h e Ca u -
c a s i a n Fr o n t . Th e y r u n s m a l l , o f a s t r o n g Mo n -
g o l i a n t y p e , a n d a r e t e r r i f y i n g t o l o o k a t , wi t h
e n o r m o u s s h e e p s k i n c a p s , g e n e r a l l y br o wn , a
f e wwh i t e -wo r n a t t h e ba c k o f t h e h e a d , s o
t h a t t h e l o n g f u r f a l l s a wa y a t a n a n g l e .Th e r e
K ORN ILOV ' SBODYGUARD

19 3
wa s o n l y o n e t a l l o n e a m o n g s t t h e m .Th e i r

19 17
br e e c h e s a r e o f a f a d e d r o s e -c o l o u r , a n d t h e y
c a r r y y a t a g h a n s a s s h a r p a s r a z o r s -t h e y c a n
s h a v e t h e i r a r m s wi t h t h e m ! -be s i d e s a d a g g e r
a n d r e v o l v e r
.Th e y a r e wo n d e r f u l r i d e r s , l o o k i n g
a s t h o u g h t h e y a r e o n e wi t h t h e i r h o r s e s
.Th e y
p u t t h e f e a r o f Go d i n t o t h e Ru s s i a n i n f a n t r y
s o l d i e r s ; i f o n e o f t h e m a p p r o a c h e s a k n o t o f
s o l d i e r s t a l k i n g p o l i t i c s , t h e k n o t f a d e s a wa y
l i k e s n o wbe f o r e t h e s u n .Awo m a n wh o h a d
l i v e d wi t h o n e t r a n s f e r r e d h e r a f f e c t i o n s t o a
c o m r a d e
:
h e r f i r s t a d m i r e r t h r e wh e r o v e r
t h e br i d g e i n t o t h e Dn i e p e r , wh e r e s h e wa s
d r o wn e d .N o o n e s a i d o r d i d a n y t h i n g , o r t h o u g h t
i t s t r a n g e .
Si t t i n g i n t h e p u bl i c g a r d e n o p p o s i t e m y h o t e l ,
wh e r e t h e c r o ws a n d j a c k d a ws c o m e ba c k i n
h u n d r e d s t o r o o s t a t n i g h t i n t h e e l m s , wa k i n g
m e u p e v e r y m o r n i n g a t d a y l i g h t wh e n t h e y g o
o f f t o t h e p l a i n s f o r t h e d a y , In o t i c e d a p r e t t y
g i r l o f t h e wo r k i n g c l a s s t a l k i n g t o h e r f r i e n d
wh o k e e p s t h e n e ws p a p e r k i o s k a t t h e c o r n e r .
Ak n o t o f Co s s a c k s s t a n d i n g n e a r we r e e v i d e n t l y
a t t r a c t e d by h e r , bu t s h e t o o k n o h e e d o f t h e m
u n t i l t h e t a l l , g o o d -l o o k i n g o n e wi t h a wh i t e
s h e e p s k i n c a p j o i n e d t h e m .Sh e m o v e d t o wa r d s
t h e m , a n d t h e r e wa s a n a n i m a t e d c o n v e r s a t i o n
l a s t i n g n e a r l y a n h o u r , wi t h t h e r e s u l t t h a t s h e
a n d h e wa l k e d a wa y t o g e t h e r , l e a v i n g t h e r e s t
f u r i o u s a n d s c o wl i n g .La t e r i n t h e d a y s h e
wa s we a r i n g a n e wbl a c k s i l k d r e s s ; i n t h e
e v e n i n g Im e t t h e m o n t h e c h a u s s e e i n a t h r e e -
N
1 9 4

RUSSIAN DIARY
3 19 17

h o r s e i z v o s c h i k ,
a n d n e xt m o r n i n g t h e y we r e
s i t t i n g c l o s e t o g e t h e r o n a be n c h i n t h e g a r d e n .
Fr i d a y ,

PETROGRAD . N o m i l k . Fa i l i n g t o f i n d Am ba s -
Au g .2 4 .D .
s a d o r y e s t e r d a y o n a r r i v a l , c a l l e d t o -d a y t o g i v e
h i m m y St a v k a n e ws .
Fr i d a y ,

Ha v e j u s t s e e n a p r o c e s s i o n wi t h Re d Fl a g ,
Au g .2 4 .L.
s o Is u p p o s e we a r e i n f o r m o r e r i o t s -a g r e a t
n u i s a n c e .Th e Go v e r n m e n t we a k e n s d a i l y , a n d
a t t h e a p p o i n t e d t i m e K o r n i l o v wi l l c o m e a t t h e
h e a d o f a r e g e n e r a t e d a r m y t o s a v e Pe t r o g r a d .
If h e s u c c e e d s , t h e n a n Em p e r o r i n t h r e e m o n t h s ,
Is a y !
Au g .2 5 .

La s t n i g h t a l l t h e Mi n i s t e r s l e f t f o r t h e Mo s c o w
N a r r a t i v e .
Co n f e r e n c e i n f o u r o r d i n a r y t r a i n s be t we e n 10.3 0
p .m .a n d 11 .2 0 p .m .
K e r e n s k i , wh o h a d d e c l i n e d
t h e c o m p a n i o n s h i p o f Te r e s t c h e n k o , l e f t by h i m s e l f
i n t h e Em p e r o r ' s t r a i n , a r r i v e d i n Mo s c o wa t
11 .2 a .m .a n d d r o v e s t r a i g h t t o t h e K r e m l i n
.
K o r n i l o v , wh o h a d c o m e u n e xp e c t e d l y t o Pe t r o -
g r a d o n Th u r s d a y n i g h t f r o m Mo g h i l e v , p a s s e d
s e v e r a l h o u r s c l o s e t e d wi t h K e r e n s k i i n t h e Wi n t e r
Pa l a c e , r e t u r n i n g a t o n e o ' c l o c k i n t h e m o r n i n g
o n Fr i d a y t o Mo g h i l e v , a n d l e a v i n g t h e s a m e
e v e n i n g f o r Mo s c o w, wh i c h wa s r e a c h e d o n Sa t u r -
d a y a f t e r n o o n .He wa s a c c o m p a n i e d f r o m t h e
s t a t i o n by m o r e a u t o m o bi l e s t h a n K e r e n s k i . He
br o u g h t h i s e s c o r t o f Tu r k e s t a n Co s s a c k s wi t h
h i m a n d d r o v e s t r a i g h t t o t h e Ibe r s k i Ch a p e l ,
wh e r e i s t h e m i r a c u l o u s i c o n o f t h e Ibe r i a V i r g i n ,
a t t h e e n t r a n c e t o t h e K r e m l i n , a n d wh e r e t h e
Em p e r o r s a l wa y s p r a y e d be f o r e e n t e r i n g t h e
K r e m l i n .Th e Co s s a c k s c l e a r e d t h e p e o p l e a wa y
K EREN SK IASDICTATOR

1
9 5
a n d m a d e a l i n e o n e a c h s i d e , a n d K o r n i l o v we n t

19 17
i n a l o n e t o p r a y .
At a m e e t i n g o f t h e Ge n e r a l s
wh o h a d c o m e t o Mo s c o wf o r t h e Co n f e r e n c e
t h e y i m p l o r e d K o r n i l o v t o g i v e t h e m a Ch i e f o r
a n Em p e r o r , o r e l s e t o m a k e h i m s e l f h e a d o f t h e
n a t i o n .
On t h e f i r s t d a y o f t h e Co n f e r e n c e K e r e n s k i
h a d a m i l i t a r y a n d n a v a l r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s t a n d i n g
o n e i t h e r s i d e o f h i s c h a i r . Th i s t h e Re d s o bj e c t e d
t o a s r i d i c u l o u s
; h e d i d n o t d o i t a g a i n . Hi s
s p e e c h wa s s o u n i n t e l l i g i bl e t h a t i t h a d l a t e r t o be
d i c t a t e d t o t h e Pr e s s r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s
.
Wh e n h e t r a v e l s by t r a i n h e o f t e n o r d e r s t h e
s p e e d t o be i n c r e a s e d , r e g a r d l e s s o f t h e u t t e r c o n -
f u s i o n i t c a u s e s a l l d o wn t h e l i n e s h e i s t r a v e l l i n g
o n
.Th e Em p e r o r -t h e Au t o c r a t -n e v e r d i d t h i s ;
h e wa s f a r t o o c o n s i d e r a t e o f t h e c o n v e n i e n c e o f
o t h e r s a n d o f t h e we l f a r e o f h i s c o u n t r y
.
Im u s t r e s t .
Ia m n e a r l y a s t h i n a s wh e n
Su n d a y ,
Iwa s s o i l l ; t h e r e i s n o t h i n g t o e a t h e r e -n o
Au g . 2 6 . L.
bu t t e r f o r f o u r d a y s .
Id o n ' t m i n d . Id o n ' t
c o m p l a i n . 7e c o n s t a t e .
Ih a d t o g o t o St a v k a
-g l o r i o u s we a t h e r ,
a n d Ie n j o y e d m y v i s i t .
So m e o n e s a y s , " Th e f e a r o f Ru s s i a i s wo r s e
t h a n Ru s s i a , " a n d Ia m s u r e i t i s t r u e
. Du r i n g
t h e a c t u a l r i o t s It h o r o u g h l y e n j o y t h e s t r e e t
f i g h t i n g , bu t Ia m wo r r i e d t o d e a t h wh i l e i t
t h r e a t e n s , a n d d e a d t i r e d a f t e r i t i s o v e r
.
Iwr i t e o f t e n t o Dm i t r i Pa v l o v i c h , wh o i s i n
Te h e r a n .
Fe l i xYu s u p o v a n d h i s wi f e h a v e g o n e
ba c k t o t h e Cr i m e a -be t t e r s o
. Ig a v e h i m a g o o d
t a l k i n g t o . Id i n e t wo o r t h r e e t i m e s a we e k
19 17
Tu e s d a y ,
Au g .2 8 .D .
Au g .2 8 .L.
19 6

RUSSIAN DIARY
wi t h Bo r i s V l a d i m i r o v i c h .He h a s t h e g o o d h e a r t
o f h i s g r a n d f a t h e r . Ie xp e c t ba d t i m e s a g a i n
be f o r e l o n g .
Ba c h e r , o f t h e En t e n t e ,
t h e n e ws p a p e r wh i c h
r e n d e r s t h e c a u s e o f t h e Al l i e s s u c h g o o d s e r v i c e ,
c a m e t o c o n s u l t m e .
To Em ba s s y ; Hi s Ex-
c e l l e n c y a n d La d y Ge o r g i n a , j u s t l e a v i n g f o r
Is l a n d s , a s k e d m e t o a c c o m p a n y t h e m . Ie x-
p l a i n e d Ba c h e r ' s n e ws p a p e r s c h e m e t o h i m . Me t
a d e a d m a n , p r o p p e d u p i n a n i z v o s c h i k . N o t h i n g
s u r p r i s e s o n e i n Ru s s i a !
Si n c e wr i t i n g t o y o u l a s t we e k Ih a v e s p e n t
t h r e e d a y s a t Ge n e r a l He a d q u a r t e r s a t Mo g h i l e v ,
a n d It h o u g h t p e r h a p s m y i m p r e s s i o n s f r o m t h e r e
m i g h t i n t e r e s t a n y wh o r e a d t h i s l e t t e r .
K o r n i l o v c a m e t o Pe t r o g r a d t o s e e K e r e n s k i ;
t h e be a s t l y So v i e t o f Wo r k m e n a n d So l d i e r s
wi s h e s t o t u r n o u t K o r n i l o v be c a u s e t h e y s e e
h e i s g r a d u a l l y g a i n i n g t h e h e a r t s o f t h e t r o o p s -
t h a t i s t o s a y , a l r e a d y t h e 6 o o , o o o Co s s a c k s , t h e
c a v a l r y , a n d t h e g r e a t e r p a r t o f t h e s o u t h -we s t e r n
a r m y .
K e r e n s k i ' s o p e n i n g s p e e c h a t t h e Mo s c o wCo n -
f e r e n c e wa s a g r e a t f a i l u r e ; i t wa s i n t h e s a m e
s t r a i n a s h e h a s be e n a c c u s t o m e d t o u s e t o wa r d s
t r u c u l e n t s o l d i e r s . Hi s c o u r s e h a s n o wn e a r l y
r u n .Th i n g s a r e v e r y d i f f e r e n t f r o m wh a t t h e y
we r e t we l v e y e a r s a g o .Af t e r 19 o 5 , by t h e s u p -
p o r t o f t h e Ar m y a l l c a m e s t r a i g h t ; n o wt h e
l o s s o f t h e Ar m y o n t h e s e c o n d d a y o f t h e Re v o -
l u t i o n br o u g h t a bo u t t h e f a l l o f t h e Em p e r o r .
As h o r t t i m e a g o t h e Gr a n d Du k e Mi c h a e l we n t
GEN ERALK ORN ILOV

1
9 7
a s a s i m p l e c i t i z e n t o t h e c i n e m a a t Ga t c h i n a .
He wa s r e c o g n i s e d by t h e s o l d i e r s , wh o s a n g t h e
h y m n , " Go d s a v e t h e Ts a r ." He f l e d , a n d
r i g h t l y t o o
. At a t h e a t r e i n Mo s c o wt h e y be g a n
t o p l a y t h e " Ma r s e i l l a i s e " ; t h e p e o p l e c r i e d
" Da v o l n y " ( " En o u g h " ) , a n d t h e n t h e ba n d
p l a y e d " Go d s a v e t h e Ts a r ."
K o r n i l o v ' s m o t h e r i s a n a t i v e o f Tu r k e s t a n
.
He i s a l wa y s s u p p o s e d t o h a v e be e n wi t h t h e
Bo e r s i n t h e i r wa r wi t h En g l a n d . Wh e n a s k e d
a bo u t t h i s , h e s m i l e s a n d s a y s , " N o t a t a l l .
Iwa s i n p l a i n c l o t h e s i n t h e N o r t h -We s t Pr o v i n c e s
o f In d i a , wo r k i n g f o r t h e Ru s s i a n Se c r e t Se r v i c e ."
He t a l k s En g l i s h p e r f e c t l y . Th o u s a n d s o f l e t t e r s
r e a c h h i m f r o m t h e Fr o n t .
An a r t i l l e r y ba t t e r y ,
a s k i n g h i s p e r m i s s i o n t o f i r e o n a n i n f a n t r y
r e g i m e n t n e a r t h e m , wr o t e , " Th e y c a l l t h e m -
s e l v e s
Fi l s d e l a Pa t r i e , bu t t h e y a r e r e a l l y Fi l s
d e s c h i e n s ."
Ou r Wa r Of f i c e c e r t a i n l y m a d e a m o s t l u c k y
c h o i c e i n Si r Ch a r l e s Ba r t e r ,
q u i s ' i m p o s e , wh i c h
i s e xa c t l y wh a t i s a l wa y s r e q u i r e d i n Ru s s i a -n o w
m o r e t h a n e v e r
.
Ih a v e h e a r d n o p r i v a t e n e ws d i r e c t f r o m
To bo l s k , bu t Ih e a r t h a t t h e f o r m e r Go v e r n o r ' s
p a l a c e -wh e r e t h e Em p e r o r a n d h i s f a m i l y a r e -
h a s v e r y f e wr o o m s , t h o u g h t h e p a r k a r o u n d i s
f a i r l y l a r g e . An En g l i s h m e r c h a n t wh o m Ik n o w
h a s be e n t h e r e , a n d t e l l s m e t h e c l i m a t e i s n o t
ba d -e xc e p t f o r be i n g a c t u a l l y i n As i a i t h a s
n o n e o f t h e d i s a d v a n t a g e s o f Si be r i a .
Ia m g l a d t o s e e t h e f i r m s u p p o r t o u r Am ba s -
1 9 1 7
19 17
19 8

RUSSIAN DIARY
s a d o r a l wa y s r e c e i v e s i n t h e Ho u s e o f Co m m o n s .
He h a s be e n s o wo n d e r f u l , be a r i n g a l l t h e we i g h t
o f t h e Al l i e s o n h i s s h o u l d e r s , a n d r e c e i v i n g a l l
t h e k n o c k s p o u r q u a t r e . I c a n ' t t h i n k wh y t h e
Go v e r n m e n t d o e s n o t s e n d f o r h i m t o c o m e t o
En g l a n d a n d g i v e t h e m f i r s t -h a n d i n f o r m a t i o n
o f t h e e xa c t p o s i t i o n .Be s i d e s , p o o r m a n ! h e
d e s e r v e s a l o n g r e s t .Th e r e i s a n e p i d e m i c o f
d y s e n t e r y i n Pe t r o g r a d a n d i n m a n y t o wn s ;
h e h a d a t o u c h l a s t we e k
.Th e we a t h e r i s n o t
t o o h o t n o w-l i k e Se p t e m be r i n It a l y
.Ih o p e
t o l e a v e i n a f o r t n i g h t , a n d s h a l l be p l e a s e d t o
q u i t t h i s d i s t r e s s f u l c o u n t r y , t h o u g h Ih a v e
a n i m m e n s e l o v e f o r Ru s s i a .Th e r e i s n o t h i n g
t o e a t i n Pe t r o g r a d -n o m i l k , n o br e a d , n o
bu t t e r .
Ih e a r o f a p i t c h e d ba t t l e i n Ri g a be t we e n
t h e Le t t s a n d t h e Ru s s i a n s o l d i e r s .Th e Ge r m a n s
s e n d o v e r t h r e e -r o u bl e n o t e s t o t h e Ru s s i a n
t r e n c h e s i n t h e n i g h t . It i s t h o u g h t t h a t t h e
n o t e s a r e m a d e i n Ge r m a n y , bu t t h a t Ia m n o t
s u r e o f . Pe r h a p s e v e n be f o r e Il e a v e t h i n g s m a y
c o m e t o a h e a d , f r o m s o m e t h i n g Ih a v e j u s t
h e a r d i n wh i c h c a s e Is h a l l s e e Pe t r o g r a d a g a i n
s o a k e d i n bl o o d ; bu t i t i s be t t e r s o . Th e t r o u bl e
m u s t be e n d e d a n d d o n e wi t h , a n d g r e a t e v i l s
r e q u i r e g r e a t r e m e d i e s .
P.S.To -d a y i s f e t e . Il o o k e d i n t o t h e V o t i v e
Ch u r c h
wh i c h i s bu i l t o v e r t h e p l a c e wh e r e
Al e xa n d e r IIwa s a s s a s s i n a t e d . It wa s f u l l , a n d
a t t h e e n d o f t h e s e r v i c e , a s be f o r e t h e Re v o l u t i o n ,
t h e c l e r g y we n t t o t h e we s t e n d o f t h e c h u r c h
REQ UIEMSERV ICEFORALEX AN DER II 1
9 9
t o s a y t h e p r a y e r s f o r t h e d e a d Em p e r o r o n t h e

19 1 7
s p o t wh e r e -u n d e r a c a n o p y h u n g wi t h m a n y
l a m p s bu r n i n g n i g h t a n d d a y -t h e p a v e m e n t i s
k e p t e xa c t l y a s i t wa s i n t h e s t r e e t i n 18 8 o .At
t h e m o m e n t wh e n t h e y s a i d t h e p r a y e r f o r t h e
r e p o s e o f h i s s o u l e v e r y o n e k n e l t d o wn , i n c l u d i n g
a l l t h e s o l d i e r s a n d e v e n t h e wo u n d e d s o l d i e r s .
If o r g e t i f Ih a v e a l r e a d y wr i t t e n i n a p r e v i o u s
l e t t e r t h e f o l l o wi n g t r u e s t o r y .On Ma r c h 13
-f o u r t h d a y o f t h e Re v o l u t i o n a n d t h i r t y -
s e v e n t h a n n i v e r s a r y o f t h e Em p e r o r ' s m u r d e r
-a r e q u i e m wa s be i n g s u n g a t o n e o f t h e Pe t r o -
g r a d c h u r c h e s
.As o l d i e r c a l l e d o u t , " Do n ' t
y o u k n o wt h e r e i s a Re v o l u t i o n , a n d n o bo d y
p r a y s f o r d e a d Em p e r o r s ? " Th e p r i e s t t u r n e d
r o u n d a n d s a i d , " In He a v e n t h e r e i s n o r e v o -
l u t i o n , " a n d c o n t i n u e d t h e s e r v i c e .
Th e r e i s a n e xc e l l e n t Fr e n c h d a i l y n e ws p a p e r
c a l l e d L' En t e n t e , wh i c h g i v e s a l l t h e n e ws a n d
wa r m l y s u p p o r t s t h e Al l i e s .
On m y wa y ba c k f r o m Em ba s s y Ba c h e r t h a n k e d
We d n e s d a y ,
m e f o r a r r a n g i n g i n t e r v i e w, a n d t o l d m e h o w
Au g .2 9 .D .
m u c h i m p r e s s e d h e wa s wi t h Hi s Exc e l l e n c y ' s
k i n d n e s s a n d p e r s p i c u i t y .
Th e Em p r e s s Ma r i e ' s h e a l t h h a s l a t e l y be e n Sa t u r d a y ,
g i v i n g a n xi e t y -t h e r e s u l t o f a l l t h e t r i a l s s h e
Se p t .i . L.
h a s u n d e r g o n e .Sh e h a s t o k e e p q u i e t a n d i s
n o t a l l o we d t o l e a v e h e r r o o m .Sh e h a s n o w
be e n t o l d a bo u t t h e d e p a r t u r e o f h e r s o n a n d h i s
f a m i l y f o r To bo l s k , a n d i s n a t u r a l l y m u c h u p s e t .
K e r e n s k i h a s t e l e g r a p h e d t o g e t n e ws o f h e r f o r t h e
Em ba s s y , a s t h e n e ws p a p e r s g i v e a l a r m i n g r e p o r t s .
2 00

RUSSIAN DIARY
19 17 We a r e a l l v e r y wo r r i e d a g a i n
. Th e Go v e r n -
m e n t , i n i t s f e a r o f t h e So v i e t , s t i l l h e s i t a t e s
t o g i v e K o r n i l o v t h e n e c e s s a r y p o we r s t o e n s u r e
d i s c i p l i n e i n t h e Ar m y .Th e bu r n i n g o f K a s a n
wa s d o n e by s o l d i e r s s u p p l i e d wi t h d r i n k by
Ge r m a n a g e n t s .Th e s a m e t h i n g c o u l d j u s t a s
we l l h a p p e n h e r e a n y d a y -l a Ja c q u e r i e , wh i c h
f o r s o m e t i m e Ih a v e f e a r e d . Ih o p e t o be a bl e
t o l e a v e i n t e n d a y s , bu t be t we e n n o wa n d t h e n
m u c h m a y h a p p e n .
Su n d a y ,

Di n e d wi t h f r i e n d s i n a p r i v a t e r o o m a t Fe l i c i e n ' s ,
Se p t
. 2
. D.
a r e s t a u r a n t o n t h e Is l a n d s , o n t h e e d g e o f t h e
wa t e r , i n f r o n t o f t h e Em p r e s s Ma r i e ' s f o r m e r
p a l a c e -wh o s e p a r k i s n o wp l a n t e d wi t h p o t a t o e s
-a n d m o r e be a u t i f u l l y s i t u a t e d t h a n a n y o t h e r
r e s t a u r a n t i n Eu r o p e . Ma r v e l l o u s e v e n i n g -t h e
s u n s e t i n g l o r y wi t h a e r o p l a n e s q u i v e r i n g a g a i n s t
t h e g o l d e n g l o w
.Af e wbo a t s g l i d i n g by a n d
o c c a s i o n a l t s i g a n e s o n g s s u n g
. We l e f t i n a bs o l u t e
s t i l l n e s s .
Fr i d a y ,

Th e Gr a n d Du k e s Mi c h a e l a n d Pa u l , wi t h
Se p t
.7
.L.
t h e i r r e s p e c t i v e f a m i l i e s , h a v e bo t h be e n p l a c e d
u n d e r a r r e s t i n t h e i r o wn h o m e s
.
Ru m o u r d e c l a r e s
t h a t t h i s i s d u e t o t h e i r wi v e s ' i r r e s p o n s i bl e
p o l i t i c a l c h a t t e r .
Wh e n t h e Im p e r i a l e xi l e s we r e l e a v i n g f o r
Si be r i a , s o m e o n e i n t h e h e a r i n g o f t h e l i t t l e
Tz e s a r e v i c h r e m a r k e d : " Wh a t a be a u t i f u l a u t o -
m o bi l e K e r e n s k i h a s g o t ! " Th e bo y s a i d , " Wh y ,
i t i s o n e o f p a p a ' s ! "
Ih a v e m e a n s o f k n o wi n g t h a t we a r e o n t h e
e v e o f g r e a t e v e n t s , bu t we s h a l l h a v e t o wa d e
K ORN ILOV AN DK EREN SK I

2 01
i n bl o o d be f o r e t h e l i be r a t i o n o f Ru s s i a i s

11 9 11 7
a t t a i n e d .
At Ra o u l t , t h e wi n e -m e r c h a n t ' s , Is a wa m i l i t i a -
Sa t u r d a y ,
m a n m a k e a s c e n e wi t h a s o l d i e r wh o h a d a
Se p t .8 . D .
p e r m i t f o r wi n e . , He wa s a Bo l s h e v i k p r e t e n d i n g
t o be a p o l i c e -a g e n t , i n o r d e r t o c o n f i s c a t e t h e
wi n e f o r h i s o wn be n e f i t , bu t t h e s o l d i e r g o t
a wa y
.
Du c d e Lu y n e s a r r i v e d f r o m Ru m a n i a a n d Su n d a y ,
l e f t a t n i g h t f o r Eu r o p e . Ba c h e r , o f t h e En t e n t e ,
Se p t .9 . D .
c a m e t o s a y t h a t t h e Mi n i s t e r f o r Fo r e i g n Af f a i r s ,
Te r e s t c h e n k o , wh i l e e n r o u t e f o r St a v k a t o n e g o -
t i a t e wi t h K o r n i l o v , h a d be e n s t o p p e d by t e l e g r a m
f r o m K e r e n s k i . Ba c h e r d i d n o t y e t k n o wt h e
r e a s o n . It e l e p h o n e d t h i s a t o n c e t o t h e Em ba s s y .
In t h e e v e n i n g , a bo u t 7, Ba c h e r t e l e p h o n e d
m e t h a t g r a v e e v e n t s we r e h a p p e n i n g
; h e wo u l d
g i v e m e p a r t i c u l a r s l a t e r . Ic o n v e y e d t h i s a l s o
t o La d y Ge o r g i n a , wh o wa s wa i t i n g f o r Hi s
Exc e l l e n c y ' s r e t u r n . He h a d be e n t e l e p h o n e d f o r
i n t h e a f t e r n o o n by t h e Fo r e i g n Of f i c e , wh e r e h e
we n t o n h i s r e t u r n . Ba c h e r a r r i v e d j u s t a f t e r
n i n e o ' c l o c k a n d t o l d m e t h e wh o l e s t o r y -t h a t
Te r e s t c h e n k o h a d be e n r e c a l l e d by K e r e n s k i be -
c a u s e K o r n i l o v h a d s e n t a n u l t i m a t u m t o t h e Pr o -
v i s i o n a l Go v e r n m e n t a n d h a d a r r e s t e d Fi l i n e n k o v
a t St a v k a .On t h a t , K e r e n s k i s u m m a r i l y d i s m i s s e d
K o r n i l o v f r o m t h e Hi g h Co m m a n d , bu t t h e l a t t e r
r e f u s e d p o i n t -bl a n k t o g i v e i t u p , a n d wa s a bo u t t o
m a r c h o n Pe t r o g r a d wi t h h i s Co s s a c k s .
At Ma d a m e Po l o v t s o v ' s , wh e r e Iwe n t a t t e n
o ' c l o c k , a l l t h i s wa s c o n f i r m e d . It wa s a l r e a d y
19 17
Mo n d a y ,
Se p t .i o . D .
Tu e s d a y ,
Se p t . i i . D .
2 02

RUSSIAN DIARY
l o n g p a s t m i d n i g h t wh e n Ig o t ba c k , a n d I
r e c e i v e d a n o t h e r m e s s a g e f r o m Ba c h e r , wh o t u r n e d
u p a t t h r e e o ' c l o c k i n t h e m o r n i n g wi t h t h e n e ws
t h a t t h e r e h a d be e n a s l i g h t d e t e n t e , bu t t h a t ,
a l l t h e s a m e , K o r n i l o v wi t h h i s Co s s a c k s wo u l d
c e r t a i n l y c o m e t o Pe t r o g r a d .
N o br e a d s i n c e Fr i d a y .Di d n o t s e e Ba c h e r
a l l d a y .He c a m e a t t wo o ' c l o c k n e xt m o r n i n g
t h e n e ws h e br o u g h t t h e n wa s a l l g o o d .Th e
Is m a i l o v s k i Gu a r d s Re g i m e n t h a d g o n e o v e r t o
K o r n i l o v , wh o h a d a l r e a d y 70, 000 t r o o p s wi t h
h i m .
Br e a d =o n l y o n e s l i c e ! Fe t e -d a y , bu t v e r y
f e wp e o p l e a t t h e K a s a n So bo r ( c a t h e d r a l i n t h e
N e v s k i ) -s u r e s i g n o f t h e g e n e r a l u n r e s t .My r i a d s
o f c a n d l e s bu r n i n g be f o r e t h e K a s a n i c o n . In
t h e a f t e r n o o n t o t h e c h u r c h o f t h e Is m a i l o v s k i
Ba r r a c k s ' a n d s a wf o u r l o r r i e s d e l i v e r i n g c a r t -
r i d g e s a t t h e ba r r a c k s . So m e o f f i c e r s t o l d m e
t h e y h a d m e t t h e Gr a n d Du k e Mi c h a e l i n a
g u a r d e d c a r .He h a d be e n br o u g h t u p f r o m
Ga t c h i n a t o t h e Et a t -Ma j o r .My wi n d o ws o p e n
a l l d a y , i n o r d e r t o h e a r t h e f i r s t s i g n s o f t h e
Co s s a c k s ' a r r i v a l .As t h e a f t e r n o o n a d v a n c e d
a n d Ih e a r d n o f i r i n g , m y h e a r t s a n k , wi t h a
p r e s e n t i m e n t t h a t t h e c o u p d ' e t a t h a d f a i l e d .
Le f t a t 5 o n p r e s s i n g i n v i t a t i o n t o d i n e Ta t
Ts a r s k o e Se l o wi t h t h e Gr a n d Du k e Bo r i s , wh o m
If o u n d s i t t i n g i n a c h a i r l o o k i n g t h e p i c t u r e
o f m i s e r y -t h e f i r s t t i m e h e h a s be e n r e a l l y d e -
p r e s s e d s i n c e t h e a bd i c a t i o n .On t h e wa y d o wn ,
t r o o p s a l l a l o n g t h e t r a c k
.Th e p r i v a t e l i n e o f
FAILUREOFK ORN ILOV

2 03
t h e Em p e r o r , t i l l n o wu n t o u c h e d , bl o wn u p .It

19 17
c o n n e c t e d t h e m a i n l i n e s
.Be f o r e g o i n g t o d i n n e r
d r o v e t o Pa v l o v s k i n h o p e s o f g e t t i n g i n t o u c h
wi t h K o r n i l o v ' s a d v a n c e -g u a r d , wh o we r e o c c u -
p y i n g t h e wo o d s .Th e Go v e r n m e n t t r o o p s wo u l d
n o t a l l o wm e t o p a s .Th e t e l e p h o n e t o Pe t r o g r a d
wa s c u t .
Th e s e l a s t f e wd a y s h a v e s e e m e d l i k e a l i f e - We d n e s d a y ,
t i m e .Ye s t e r d a y Iwe n t t h r o u g h m o r e c o n f l i c t i n g
Se p t . 12
. D .
e m o t i o n s t h a n a t a n y t i m e s i n c e t h e m u r d e r
o f t h e " Un m e n t i o n a bl e
." Th e a n n o u n c e m e n t o f
K o r n i l o v ' s s u bm i s s i o n , t h o u g h p u bl i s h e d by a l l
t h e n e ws p a p e r s , c o m e s o n l y f r o m t h e Pr o v i s i o n a l
Go v e r n m e n t .Se v e r a l m e m be r s o f a Fr e n c h Mi s -
s i o n , wh o m Im e t i n t h e h a l l o f t h e h o t e l , c r e d i t e d
t h i s n e ws .Th e y a l l t h o u g h t i t wa s a t r a g e d y .
Fo r m y p a r t , Ia m s t i l l n o t q u i t e s u r e ; i t r e -
q u i r e s t i m e t o v e r i f y Pr o v i s i o n a l Go v e r n m e n t
" n e ws ." Me a n wh i l e t h e r e i s n o t h i n g h e a r d f r o m
K o r n i l o v .
Il l a l l t o -d a y f r o m o v e r s t r u n g n e r v e s a f t e r Th u r s d a y ,
t h e i n t e n s e e xc i t e m e n t o f y e s t e r d a y .Pe o p l e o f
Se p t .i 3 .L,
a l l c l a s s e s p r o f o u n d l y d i s a p p o i n t e d a t t h e t r a g e d y
o f K o r n i l o v ' s m i s c a l c u l a t i o n .On K o r n i l o v ' s a p -
p r o a c h s i xt y t h o u s a n d wo r k m e n we r e a r m e d by
t h e Pr o v i s i o n a l Go v e r n m e n t .Th e y k e e p t h e i r a r m s ,
s o we a r e c o m p l e t e l y i n t h e i r p o we r .Sa i n t -
Sa u v e u r t o l d m e a r e g i m e n t a t V i bo r g h a d k i l l e d
i t s o f f i c e r s .At 6 .3 0, a s Ih a d s h o wn n o s i g n
o f l i f e a l l d a y , La d y Ge o r g i n a t e l e p h o n e d t o a s k
i f Ih a d a n y n e ws .
It i s a l l o v e r ! K o r n i l o v h a s f a i l e d
.Ho w
19 17
2 04

RUSSIAN DIARY
i t h a p p e n e d we d o n ' t k n o wy e t , bu t t o -d a y h e
i s t o be br o u g h t t o Pe t r o g r a d u n d e r a r r e s t .If
h e h a d s u c c e e d e d -a s h e o u g h t t o h a v e d o n e ,
o n c e h e h a d e m ba r k e d o n s o i m p o r t a n t a n u n d e r -
t a k i n g -we s h o u l d h a v e h a d o r d e r r e s t o r e d .
At n o o n a t t h e Em ba s s y s a wCa p t a i n Ro wl a n d
Sm i t h , wh o s e j u d g m e n t i s i n v a r i a bl y r i g h t .Fo r e -
s e e i n g t h e f a i l u r e o f K o r n i l o v , h e e xp l a i n e d h i s
r e a s o n s t o m e t wo d a y s be f o r e , wh e n K o r n i l o v ' s
s u c c e s s wa s s t i l l i n t h e ba l a n c e .He d o e s n o t
t h i n k t h e r e wa s a n y t r e a c h e r y , be c a u s e o f t h e
f e a r i n s p i r e d i n Pe t r o g r a d by t h e e xp e c t a t i o n
o f K o r n i l o v ' s a r r i v a l .
To g i v e y o u a n i d e a o f t h i s d r e a d o f K o r n i l o v ' s
i m p e n d i n g a r r i v a l : -Du r i n g Mo n d a y a n d Tu e s d a y
t h e d e s e r t e r s , wh o f o r m o n t h s h a d f i l l e d t h e
s t r e e t s a n d c r a m m e d t h e t r a m s , a l l v a n i s h e d .
Th e Gr a n d Du k e An d r e ' s p a l a c e h a d be e n c o m -
m a n d e e r e d by t h e Pr o v i s i o n a l Go v e r n m e n t f o r
Tc h e r n o v , t h e Mi n i s t e r o f Ag r i c u l t u r e -a Ge r m a n
Je wwh o s e r e a l n a m e i s Li e be r m a n n
.At 3 a .m .
o n Tu e s d a y m o r n i n g -wi t h a u t o m o bi l e s wa i t i n g
s i n c e m i d n i g h t -h e a n d h i s wi f e a n d be a s t l y
i l l -m a n n e r e d c h i l d r e n a n d h o u s e h o l d , a n t i c i p a t i n g
K o r n i l o v ' s e n t r y i n t o Pe t r o g r a d , h a s t i l y c l e a r e d
o u t , a n d i t wa s o n l y a f t e r m i d d a y t h a t t h e y
s n e a k e d ba c k i n bi t s
t o r e o c c u p y t h e p a l a c e .
If o n l y K o r n i l o v h a d a r r i v e d , Pe t r o g r a d wa s
h i s f o r s u r e .Hi s t o r y r e p e a t s i t s e l f -i 8 Fr u c t i d o r
!
Fr o m To bo l s k o n e h e a r s t h a t a l l t h e p e a s a n t s
f r o m m i l e s a r o u n d -s e v e r a l h u n d r e d t h o u s a n d ,
wi t h o u t e xa g g e r a t i o n -l e d by a h o l y m a n , k n e e l
GRAN DDUK ESUN DERARREST 2 05
o u t s i d e t h e p a l a c e a t To bo l s k a n d p r a y f o r t h e
Em p e r o r .Th e s o l d i e r s c a n n o t d r i v e t h e m a wa y .
Th e y h a v e p r o c l a i m e d h i m " Em p e r o r o f Si be r i a ."
Th i s i t e m o f n e ws , a s m i g h t be g u e s s e d , i s n o t
a l l o we d t o be p u bl i s h e d i n t h e n e ws p a p e r s !
Th e a r r e s t e d Gr a n d Du k e s a n d t h e i r f a m i l i e s
a r e a l l i n Pe t r o g r a d t o -d a y , l o d g e d i n t h e Ho m e
Of f i c e .Th a n k s t o t h o s e t wo s i l l y wo m e n , p r o b-
a bl y a l l t h e Gr a n d Du k e s wi l l g o t o Si be r i a ! My
Gr a n d Du c h e s s i s q u i e t l y l i v i n g i n t h e Ca u c a s u s ,
a n d i f s h e i s s e n t t o Si be r i a If e a r m u c h f o r h e r
h e a l t h .Sh e l i v e s h e r o wn q u i e t l i f e , e t e l l e n e s e
m i l e d e r i e n . Th e we d d i n g o f t h e l i t t l e Gr a n d
Du c h e s s Ma r i e II, wh i c h wa s t o h a v e t a k e n p l a c e
o n Su n d a y , wa s f i xe d f o r y e s t e r d a y ; bu t o wi n g
t o a bs e n c e o f wi t n e s s e s , a n d o t h e r r e a s o n s , i t h a s
a g a i n be e n p u t o f f
.Sh e i s l i v i n g a t Pa v l o v s k wi t h
h e r g r a n d m o t h e r , Ol g a , Q u e e n o f t h e He l l e n e s .
Sh e i s m a r r y i n g a y o u n g m a n o f h i g h e s t c h a r a c t e r
a f e wm o n t h s y o u n g e r t h a n h e r s e l f , Pr i n c e Al e x-
a n d e r Pu t i a t i n .If e e l s u r e t h e y wi l l be q u i t e
h a p p y .
As t h e K o r n i l o v a t t e m p t t o br i n g o r d e r h a s
f a i l e d , Iwi l l t e l l y o u wh a t If o r e s e e n o w, f o r
t h e c a r d s a r e s h u f f l e d a g a i n .K e r e n s k i i s a l r e a d y
i n t h e h a n d s o f t h e So v i e t .Th e So v i e t n o w
h a v e v i r t u a l l y f u l l p o we r , a n d t h e Bo l s h e v i k i
wi l l be c o m e m o r e d a r i n g a n d t r y t o t u r n o u t t h e
Go v e r n m e n t ; t h e n wo u l d c o m e a n a r c h y , wi t h
70, 000 wo r k m e n f u l l y a r m e d .Wi t h t h e Bo l s h e v i k i
a r e a l l t h e c r i m i n a l c l a s s e s .Th e f a i l u r e o f K o r -
n i l o v h a s c o m p l e t e l y k n o c k e d m e o v e r , a n d
19 17
a o 6

RUSSIAN DIARY
119 17

y e s t e r d a y Ic o u l d n o t wa l k . Is t i l l f o r e s e e a n
o c e a n o f bl o o d be f o r e o r d e r c o m e s .
La t e r , s a m e
We n t f o r a wa l k a n d m e t t h e Gr a n d Du c h e s s
d a y .
Ma r i e IIwi t h h e r f i a n c e . Sh e t e l l s m e t h e we d -
d i n g i s p o s t p o n e d i n t h e h o p e s o f h e r f a t h e r
t h e Gr a n d Du k e Pa u l ' s r e l i e f f r o m a r r e s t , o f wh i c h
s h e t h i n k s t h e r e i s a c h a n c e , a s t h e r e wa s n o t h i n g
a g a i n s t h i m p e r s o n a l l y .
Fr i d a y ,

In t h e e v e n i n g l e a r n t f r o m La d y Ge o r g i n a
Se p t .14 . D .
t h a t t h e Am ba s s a d o r wa s i l l i n be d wi t h f e v e r .
In t h e m i d d l e o f t h e n i g h t Iwa s c a l l e d t o t h e
t e l e p h o n e a n d t o l d t h a t K e r e n s k i h a d r e s i g n e d ,
t h a t Tc h e r n o v a n d Sk o bo l e v we r e t o f o r m a
Mi n i s t r y -s u p r e m e a u t h o r i t y t h u s p a s s i n g i n t o
t h e h a n d s o f t h e So v i e t .Le a r n t l a t e r t h a t a t
t h r e e o ' c l o c k i n t h e m o r n i n g t h e So v i e t m e m be r s
o f t h e Mi n i s t r y l e f t e n m a s s e f o r t h e Sm o l n y
In s t i t u t e , l e a v i n g K e r e n s k i , wi t h f o u r o t h e r
Mi n i s t e r s , a g a i n i n p o we r a f t e r a n a l l -n i g h t s i t t i n g
t i l l 7
.Ho wl o n g h e c a n r e t a i n i t r e m a i n s t o
be s e e n .An u n d i l u t e d So v i e t Go v e r n m e n t wo u l d
m e a n m a s s a c r e s a n d a s e p a r a t e p e a c e wi t h Ge r -
m a n y .
Sa t u r d a y ,

N o n e ws a l l d a y .Ev e r y t h i n g q u i t e q u i e t -
Se p t .i g . D .
m u c h t o o q u i e t , i n f a c t .La t e a t n i g h t c a m e
t h e s t a t e m e n t t h a t t h e So v i e t h a d g i v e n t h e
Pr o v i s i o n a l Go v e r n m e n t t e n d a y s ' r e s p i t e f r o m
i n t e r f e r e n c e ; t h a t Te r e s t c h e n k o h a d be e n t o s e e
t h e Br i t i s h Am ba s s a d o r be f o r e n o o n ; a n d t h a t
i n t h e a f t e r n o o n t h e Al l i e d Am ba s s a d o r s h a d
a s s e m bl e d a t t h e Br i t i s h Em ba s s y a n d be e n
a d m i t t e d t o Hi s Exc e l l e n c y ' s be d r o o m , wh e r e
REPUBLICPROCLAIMED

2 07
t h e y s t a y e d n e a r l y t wo h o u r s . Ha p p i l y h e i s

19 117
be t t e r t o -n i g h t .At s e v e n o ' c l o c k If e l t m o r e
r e a s s u r e d o n t h e s i t u a t i o n a n d a t e l e v e n o ' c l o c k
s t i l l m o r e s o .
Lo v e l y a u t u m n we a t h e r . Go r d o n Be n n e t t wi r e d Su n d a y ,
m e t o i n t e r v i e wK e r e n s k i f o r a h u n d r e d -wo r d
Se p t .16 .D .
m e s s a g e t o N e wYo r k He r a l d
o n s i t u a t i o n . Wr o t e
a bo u t t h i s t o Te r e s t c h e n k o
.*
My l e t t e r h a d h a r d l y l e f t o n Sa t u r d a y , Se p -
Mo n d a y ,
t e m be r 15 , wh e n t h e n e ws c a m e i n t h a t K e r e n s k i
Se p t .
17-
L.
r e m a i n s i n p o we r a n d t h e So v i e t l e a v e s h i m i n
p e a c e f o r t e n d a y s . Th i s n e ws wa s v e r y r e -
a s s u r i n g a f t e r t h e f e a r o f Sk o bo l e v a n d Tc h e r n o v ' s
be i n g i n p o we r , a s t h e y we r e , f o r a bo u t t h r e e
h o u r s t h a t n i g h t .
On Sa t u r d a y a t m i d d a y t h e Pr o v i s i o n a l Go v e r n -
m e n t s e n t g u a r d s f o r t h e En g l i s h Em ba s s y , bu t
by t h e e v e n i n g t h e s i t u a t i o n h a d c a l m e d a n d
y e s t e r d a y t h e Re p u bl i c wa s a n n o u n c e d
. Gi v e n
t h a t K o r n i l o v i s be a t e n , t h e s t r e n g t h e n i n g o f
t h e Pr o v i s i o n a l Go v e r n m e n t i s a l l t h a t o n e c a n
a s k f o r .
In t h e m e a n t i m e t h e n e ws f r o m d i f f e r e n t t o wn s
i s m o s t d i s q u i e t i n g
.Twe n t y -s i xg e n e r a l s a n d
o f f i c e r s we r e m a s s a c r e d a t V i bo r g . An En g l i s h
l a d y s a wi t a l l .Ap o o r o f f i c e r wh o h a d be e n
t h r o wn i n t o t h e r i v e r s wa m a bo u t f o r n e a r l y
a n h o u r , p e l t e d by t h e s o l d i e r s wi t h l o g s o f wo o d .
On e g e n e r a l i n s i s t e d o n j u m p i n g o f f t h e br i d g e ,
i n s t e a d o f be i n g t h r o wn ! Th i s h a s be e n f o l l o we d
by a m a s s a c r e o f o f f i c e r s a t Dv i n s k
. APr i n c e
* Il e f t be f o r e t h i s wa s a r r a n g e d .
2 08

RUSSIAN DIARY
19 17
V i a z e m s k i h a s be e n m u r d e r e d by h i s p e a s a n t s -
h i s e y e s f i r s t p u t o u t a n d h i s s u f f e r i n g s p r o l o n g e d
s e v e r a l h o u r s .Hi s y o u n g wi f e wa s i n t h e h o u s e
a n d h a d t o wi t n e s s i t a l l .
To -n i g h t t h e p r i e s t l e a v e s f o r He l s i n g f o r s t o
ba p t i z e t h e Gr a n d Du k e K y r i l l ' s ba by V l a d i m i r .
Th e Gr a n d Du k e Bo r i s i s g o d f a t h e r , bu t h a s be e n
a d v i s e d by t h e Go v e r n m e n t n o t t o g o t h e r e .
If t h e So v i e t g e t s t h e u p p e r h a n d , t h e Em p e r o r
m a y be t r i e d , a n d a l l t h e Im p e r i a l f a m i l y wi l l
r u n g r e a t r i s k s , a n d p e a c e wi t h Ge r m a n y wi l l be
m a d e i n f o r t y -e i g h t h o u r s .So y o u wi l l r e a l i s e
wh a t m y f e a r wa s o n Sa t u r d a y , a s l o n g a s Iwa s
u n d e r t h e i m p r e s s i o n o f t h e So v i e t ' s be i n g i n
p o we r .N o r e s p e c t a bl e p e r s o n ' s l i f e wo u l d be
wo r t h a c o u p l e o f s o u s
.
La s t n i g h t Id i n e d a t t h e Em ba s s y .Th e
Am ba s s a d o r s t i l l i n be d wi t h f e v e r
.La d y Ba r c l a y
( wi f e o f o u r Mi n i s t e r a t Ja s s y ) a n d Ge n e r a l Si r
Ch a r l e s Ba r t e r f r o m St a v k a d i n e d .He h a d s e e n
K e r e n s k i d u r i n g t h e d a y , i f n o t e xa c t l y t o i n -
t e r c e d e f o r K o r n i l o v , a t l e a s t t o e xp l a i n t h e a c t u a l
s i t u a t i o n t o h i m .Th e r e i s s t i l l a m y s t e r y a bo u t
t h e f a i l u r e , bu t t h e r e i s n o d o u bt t h a t K e r e n s k i
wa s i n t h e c o m p l o t wi t h K o r n i l o v , a n d t h a t
t h r o u g h Lv o v ' s t r e a c h e r y -o r m a d n e s s -K e r e n s k i
l e f t K o r n i l o v i n t h e l u r c h .*
Se p t . 2 0 .
L.
Ih a v e j u s t r e c e i v e d a l e t t e r f r o m t h e Gr a n d
* Lv o v -c o u s i n o f t h e f o r m e r Pr e s i d e n t o f t h e Co u n c i l -
wa s s e n t f r o m Mo s c o wby K e r e n s k i t o s e e h o wt h e l a n d l a y
a t Mo g h i l e v a n d r e p o r t t o h i m
. Ap p a r e n t l y h e wa s t a k e n
i n t o K o r n i l o v ' s c o n f i d e n c e , a n d i s s a i d t o h a v e g i v e n t h e
Ge n e r a l a wa y t o K e r e n s k i -p o s s i bl y i n a f i t o f i n s a n i t y .
PETROGRADWITHOUTBREAD 2 09
Du c h e s s f r o m K i s l o v o d s k , t e l l i n g m e t h a t t h e

119 17
n i g h t be f o r e -Se p t e m be r 13 -14 -s h e wr o t e t h a t
t h e Co m m i t t e e o f Wo r k m e n a n d So l d i e r s c a m e
t o h e r h o u s e a t 2
.3 o a
.m .a n d s t a y e d t i l l 6 , o p e n i n g ,
s e a r c h i n g , a n d t u r n i n g e v e r y t h i n g t o p s y -t u r v y . I
h a v e wr i t t e n a t o n c e t o Te r e s t c h e n k o t o a p p r i s e
h i m o f t h e f a c t . As we a r e i n a Re p u bl i c , t h e
Gr a n d Du c h e s s h a s a s m u c h r i g h t t o be p r o t e c t e d
a s h e h i m s e l f , o r t h e m a n wh o c l e a n s m y bo o t s .
Th e l i t t l e Gr a n d Du c h e s s Ma r i e wa s a t l a s t
m a r r i e d y e s t e r d a y a f t e r n o o n a t Pa v l o v s k .
Ih a v e n o n e ws f r o m t h e Cr i m e a , bu t a n En g l i s h -
m a n wh o h a d p r o p o s e d h i m s e l f t o s t a y t h e r e
wi t h f r i e n d s r e c e i v e d a l e t t e r s a y i n g h e h a d m u c h
be t t e r n o t c o m e .
At t h e Em ba s s y l a s t n i g h t f o u n d t h e Am ba s s a d o r Se p t
. 2 1 .
be t t e r ; h e h a s be e n o u t .We a r e s t i l l be i n g
t h r e a t e n e d f o r n e xt Tu e s d a y o r We d n e s d a y wi t h
a d e m o n s t r a t i o n by t h e Bo l s h e v i k i .Th i s , t h o u g h
i t h a s be e n s o c o n s t a n t l y p r o m i s e d a n d s o m u c h
t a l k e d a bo u t , m a y e n d o n l y i n wo r d s . An y h o w,
t h e t e n d a y s ' g r a c e t h e So v i e t h a v e a l l o we d t h e
Pr o v i s i o n a l Go v e r n m e n t i s o v e r o n Tu e s d a y .
N o br e a d y e s t e r d a y o r t o -d a y .To Em ba s s y
Mo n d a y ,
t o s e e t h e N a v a l At t a c h e , Co m m a n d e r Gr e n f e l l ,
Se p t . 2 4 . D .
t o t h a n k h i m f o r h i s k i n d l y a s s i s t a n c e d u r i n g
m y s t a y .Di n e d a t Do n o n ' s .Th e Pr e o br a j e n s k i
Gu a r d s , o n t h e i r o wn , h e l d u p t h e r e s t a u r a n t
a n d s e a r c h e d f o r wi n e , a n d t o o k a wa y e v e r y t h i n g
t h e y t h o u g h t f i t , i n c l u d i n g m y d i n n e r !
Ye s t e r d a y t o Ts a r s k o e Se l o t o wi s h t h e Gr a n d We d n e s d a y ,
Du k e Bo r i s
"
Go o d -by e a n d Go o d Lu c k ." He
Se p t .2 6 .D .
0
19 17
Su n d a y ,
Oc t
.6 .D .
2 10

RUSSIAN DIARY
wa s v e r y s a d , a n d s a i d , " Yo u a r e m y l a s t l i n k
wi t h c i v i l i s a t i o n ." On m y r e t u r n , we n t t o t h e
Em ba s s y t o t h a n k Hi s Exc e l l e n c y a n d La d y
Ge o r g i n a f o r t h e i r i n f i n i t e k i n d n e s s t o m e d u r i n g
m y s o j o u r n i n Ru s s i a .
Th i s m o r n i n g l e f t Pe t r o g r a d a t 7 .3 0f o r En g l a n d .
ABERDEEN . La n d e d a t 9 a
.m . ; d e l i g h t e d t o
s e e p o l i c e m e n a g a i n .
APPEN DICES
APPEN DIX I
PETITION TOTHEEMPERORON BEHALF
OFTHEGRAN DDUK EDMITRIPAV LO-
V ICH, AN DTHEEMPEROR' SREPLY
THERETO
YOUR
MAJESTY, -We a l l , wh o s e n a m e s y o u wi l l
f i n d a t t h e e n d o f t h i s l e t t e r , i m p l o r e y o u t o r e c o n -
s i d e r y o u r h a r s h d e c i s i o n c o n c e r n i n g t h e f a t e o f
t h e Gr a n d Du k e Dm i t r i Pa v l o v i c h .
We k n o wt h a t h e i s i l l a n d q u i t e u n n e r v e d by
a l l h e h a s g o n e t h r o u g h .Yo u , wh o we r e h i s
Gu a r d i a n a n d h i s Su p r e m e Pr o t e c t o r i n i n f a n c y
a n d bo y h o o d , we l l k n o wh o wd e e p l y h e l o v e d Yo u
a n d Ou r Co u n t r y .
Mo s t h e a r t i l y d o we i m p l o r e Yo u r Ma j e s t y , i n
c o n s i d e r a t i o n o f h i s we a k h e a l t h a n d h i s y o u t h ,
t o a l l o wt h e Gr a n d Du k e t o g o a n d l i v e o n h i s
o wn e s t a t e s , e i t h e r a t On c o v a o r a t Il l i n s k o e
.
Yo u r Ma j e s t y m u s t k n o wt h e v e r y h a r d c o n d i -
t i o n s u n d e r wh i c h o u r t r o o p s h a v e t o l i v e i n Pe r s i a -
wi t h o u t s h e l t e r a n d i n c o n s t a n t p e r i l t o h e a l t h a n d
l i f e .
To h a v e t o l i v e t h e r e wo u l d be f o r t h e Gr a n d
Du k e a l m o s t c e r t a i n d e a t h , a n d i n t h e h e a r t o f
Yo u r Ma j e s t y s u r e l y a f e e l i n g o f p i t y wi l l be
2 1 3
2 14

RUSSIAN DIARY
a wa k e n e d t o wa r d s t h i s y o u n g m a n wh o f r o m c h i l d -
h o o d h a d t h e j o y o f l i v i n g i n y o u r h o u s e , a n d
wh o m y o u l o v e d a n d t o wh o m y o u u s e d t o be l i k e
a f a t h e r .
Ma y Go d i n s p i r e y o u a n d g u i d e y o u t o t u r n
wr a t h i n t o m e r c y !
Yo u r Ma j e s t y ' s m o s t l o v i n g a n d d e v o t e d ,
OLGA, Q u e e n o f Gr e e c e ;
MARIE, Gr a n d Du c h e s s V l a d i m i r
K YRILL, V ICTORIA, BORIS, AN DRE
( h e r c h i l d r e n ) ;
PAUL( f a t h e r ) ;
MARIE( s i s t e r ) ;
ELIZABETH, Gr a n d Du c h e s s Co n s t a n t i n e ;
JOAN N A, HELEN E, GABRIEL,
CON STAN TIN E, IGOR( h e r c h i l d r e n )
;
N ICOLAIMICHAILOV ICH ;
SERGEIMICHAILOV ICH.
N o bo d y h a s
t h e
r i g h t t o k i l l o n h i s o wn p r i v a t e
j u d g m e n t . Ik n o wt h a t t h e r e a r e m a n y o t h e r s be s i d e s
Dm i t r i Pa v l o v i c h wh o s e c o n s c i e n c e s g i v e t h e m n o
r e s t , be c a u s e t h e y a r e c o m p r o m i s e d
.
Ia m a s t o n i s h e d
t h a t y o u s h o u l d h a v e a p p l i e d t o m e .-N ICOLAI.*
* Th e p e t i t i o n wa s e n d o r s e d by t h e Em p e r o r i n t h e s e
t e r m s .
APPEN DIX II
MEMORAN DUM PRIV ATELY
CIRCULATED
ON DECEMBER3 1, 19 16
Th e f o l l o wi n g n a r r a t i v e r e p r e s e n t s wh a t wa s g e n e -
r a l l y be l i e v e d , u p t o t h e t i m e o f t h e r e v o l u t i o n ,
a bo u t t h e d e a t h o f
Ra s p u t i n
GREGORYRASPUTIN
wa s s h o t i n a r o o m i n t h e
ba s e m e n t o f t h e p a l a c e o f Pr i n c e Yu s u p o v o n t h e
Mo i k a Ca n a l s h o r t l y a f t e r 7o ' c l o c k o n t h e m o r n i n g
o f De c e m be r 3 0, 19 17 ( N .S.) .
Th e Gr a n d Du k e
Dm i t r i Pa v l o v i c h , Pr i n c e s Fe o d o r a n d N i k i t a
Al e xa n d r o v i c h , a n d t h e y o u n g Pr i n c e Fe l i xYu s u p o v
we r e i n t h e p a l a c e , a n d we r e a l l p r i v y t o t h e s h o o t -
i n g .
Co n j o i n t l y wi t h o t h e r y o u n g Pr i n c e s o f t h e
Bl o o d , i n c l u d i n g t h e s o n s o f t h e l a t e Gr a n d Du k e
Co n s t a n t i n e , t h e y h a d d e c i d e d s o m e t i m e p r e v i o u s l y
t o
"
r e m o v e
" Ra s p u t i n , be c a u s e t h e y r e g a r d e d
h i m a s t h e c a u s e o f a d a n g e r o u s s c a n d a l a f f e c t i n g
t h e i n t e r e s t s o f t h e Dy n a s t y a n d t h e Em p i r e
. So
m a n y p e r s o n s be i n g i n v o l v e d i n t h e p l o t , r u m o u r s
we r e bo u n d t o l e a k o u t , a n d a s f a r ba c k a s Mo n d a y
l a s t i t wa s r e p o r t e d t h a t Ra s p u t i n ' s d e a t h m i g h t
be e xp e c t e d a t a n y t i m e .
It wa s e v e n u n d e r s t o o d
t h a t o n e o f t h e s o n s o f t h e Gr a n d Du k e Co n s t a n t i n e
h a d be e n s e l e c t e d by l o t t o p e r f o r m t h e d e e d , bu t
2 1 5
z 16

RUSSIAN DIARY
t h a t h e h a d h e s i t a t e d a n d t h e e xe c u t i o n be e n
c o n s e q u e n t l y p o s t p o n e d
.
Pr i n c e Yu s u p o v a n d t h e y o u n g Pr i n c e s , h i s
br o t h e r s -i n -l a w, t o g e t h e r wi t h t h e o t h e r Im p e r i a l
Pr i n c e s , u s e d t o a s s e m bl e a t n i g h t a t t h e Yu s u p o v
Pa l a c e , a n d t o t h e s e g a t h e r i n g s t h e y f r e q u e n t l y
i n v i t e d Ra s p u t i n , t h e i r o bj e c t be i n g t o e xt r a c t f r o m
h i m a s m u c h i n f o r m a t i o n a s p o s s i bl e a s t o t h e
d o i n g s o f a u g u s t p e r s o n a g e s . Wh i l e u n d e r t h e
i n f l u e n c e o f l i q u o r , Ra s p u t i n wo u l d g i v e a wa y , n o t
o n l y h i s o wn s e c r e t s , bu t a l s o t h o s e o f t h e v a r i o u s
Mi n i s t e r i a l a n d o t h e r p o l i t i c a l c h a n g e s t h a t h a v e
s o m u c h i n c e n s e d Ru s s i a n p u bl i c o p i n i o n wi t h i n
r e c e n t m o n t h s -n o t a bl y t h e d i s m i s s a l o f Sa z o n o v ,
t h e a p p o i n t m e n t o f St u r m e r , a n d t h e s u c c e s s i v e
a n d p e r s i s t e n t f a i l u r e s t o i n t r o d u c e a s t a bl e Mi n i s t r y
a n d i n t e r n a l r e f o r m s .
It wa s a t t h e s e n o c t u r n a l m e e t i n g s t h a t t h e i d e a
o f r e m o v i n g Ra s p u t i n a s s u m e d c o n c r e t e f o r m .
Wh e n t h e Du m a wa s s u d d e n l y p r o r o g u e d o n
De c e m be r 2 9 , t h e p r i n c e l y c o n s p i r a t o r s d e c i d e d
t h a t f u r t h e r d e l a y wo u l d be d a n g e r o u s .Th e
d i s c l o s u r e s m a d e by Ra s p u t i n h i m s e l f l e f t n o
d o u bt s i n t h e m i n d s o f h i s h o s t s t h a t h e h a d a l s o
p l a y e d s o m e p a r t i n t h e p r o r o g a t i o n o f t h e Du m a .
Th i s o n l y s t r e n g t h e n e d t h e i r r e s o l v e t o d o a wa y
wi t h h i m a t o n c e .Th e y a c c o r d i n g l y i n v i t e d h i m
t o m e e t t h e m a s u s u a l , a n d , i n o r d e r t o a l l a y h i s
p o s s i bl e s u s p i c i o n s , s o m e o f Ra s p u t i n ' s l a d y f r i e n d s
we r e i n c l u d e d i n t h e i n v i t a t i o n .
Fr o m t h e r e p o r t s o f t h e p o l i c e i n v e s t i g a t i o n s
c i t e d be l o w, a n d f r o m o t h e r i n f o r m a t i o n o bt a i n e d
APPEN DIX II

2 17
by r e p o r t e r s o n t h e s t a f f o f t h e N o m e V r e m y a , i t
wo u l d a p p e a r t h a t a bo u t 2 .3 o a t n i g h t Ra s p u t i n
wa s t o l d t h a t h e wo u l d h a v e t o d i e , a n d h e wa s
g i v e n t h e o p t i o n o f c o m m i t t i n g s u i c i d e o r be i n g
k i l l e d .Ar e v o l v e r wa s p l a c e d i n h i s h a n d , bu t
h e f l a t l y d e c l i n e d t o c o m m i t s u i c i d e a n d d i s c h a r g e d
t h e we a p o n s o m e wh e r e i n t h e d i r e c t i o n o f t h e
Gr a n d Du k e Dm i t r i .Th e bu l l e t s m a s h e d a p a n e
o f g l a s s , a n d t h e s o u n d a t t r a c t e d t h e a t t e n t i o n o f
t h e p o l i c e o u t s i d e .Su bs e q u e n t l y h e wa s k i l l e d
a n d h i s bo d y r e m o v e d t o a p l a c e u n k n o wn , p r e s u m -
a bl y Ts a r s k o e Se l o .
APPEN DIX III
THEPOLICEREPORTOFDECEMBER
3 0, 19 16
Th e f o l l o wi n g i s a l i t e r a l t r a n s l a t i o n o f t h e Of f i c i a l
Re p o r t h a n d e d i n by t h e Po l i c e
TO-DAY a t a bo u t 2 .3 o i n t h e m o r n i n g , t h e p o l i c e -
m a n wh o s t a n d s o n g u a r d a t t h e h o u s e o f t h e
Ho m e Of f i c e s i t u a t e d o n t h e Mo r s k a i a h e a r d a
d e t o n a t i o n f r o m t h e p a l a c e o f Pr i n c e Yu s u p o v
s i t u a t e d o n t h e o p p o s i t e s i d e o f t h e Mo i k a .As
t h i s p o s t i s a s p e c i a l o n e a n d t h e p o l i c e m a n o n
d u t y i s f o r bi d d e n t o l e a v e i t , h e we n t i n t o t h e
Ho m e Of f i c e p r e m i s e s a n d c o m m u n i c a t e d by t e l e -
p h o n e wi t h t h e p o l i c e s e r g e a n t o n d u t y a t t h e
a d j o i n i n g s t a t i o n .Th e n t h e n e ws o f t h e s h o o t i n g
wa s p a s s e d o n t o t h e K a s a n p o l i c e d i s t r i c t i n
wh i c h t h e p a l a c e i s s i t u a t e d
.
Th e c h i e f p o l i c e
o f f i c e r , Co l o n e l Ro g o v , wi t h a d e t a c h m e n t o f m e n ,
p r o c e e d e d t o t h e s p o t . Exa m i n a t i o n o f t h e d v o r n i k
o n d u t y a t t h e a d j o i n i n g h o u s e e l i c i t e d t h e f a c t
t h a t t h e s h o t h a d be e n f i r e d f r o m t h e y o u n g
Pr i n c e ' s s i d e o f t h e p a l a c e . In o r d e r t o a s c e r t a i n
t h e c a u s e s o f t h e s h o o t i n g i n t h e p a l a c e , t h e a s s i s t a n t
p o l i c e o f f i c e r , Ca p t a i n K r y l o v , wa s o r d e r e d t o e n t e r
t h e bu i l d i n g , a n d h e wa s i n f o r m e d by t h e bu t l e r
t h a t a r e c e p t i o n wa s p r o c e e d i n g i n s i d e , a n d t h a t
2 18
APPEN DIX III

2 1 9
o n e o f t h e g u e s t s , wh i l e p r a c t i s i n g a t a t a r g e t , h a d
m i s s e d h i s a i m a n d f i r e d i n t o t h e wi n d o w, i n p r o o f
wh e r e o f Ca p t a i n K r y l o v wa s s h o wn t h e br o k e n
wi n d o wo n t h e g r o u n d f l o o r o v e r l o o k i n g t h e f o r e -
c o u r t o f t h e a d j o i n i n g h o u s e .Th e d a t a o bt a i n e d
t h r o u g h t h e i n v e s t i g a t i o n s we r e c o m m u n i c a t e d by
Co l o n e l Ro g o v t h e s a m e n i g h t t o t h e Po l i c e Ma s t e r
o f t h e Se c o n d Di v i s i o n , Ma j o r -Ge n e r a l Gr i g o r i e v ,
a n d t o M
.Ch a p l y g i n , t h e o f f i c i a l o n d u t y a t t h e
Pr e f e c t u r e .
Sc a r c e l y h a d t h e p o l i c e o f f i c e r s l e f t t h e p a l a c e
wh e n a m o t o r -c a r d r o v e u p a l o n g t h e Mo i k a Ca n a l
q u a y a n d s t o p p e d n e a r a s m a l l f o o t -br i d g e a l m o s t
f a c i n g t h e p a l a c e
.Fo u r m e n we r e s e e n t o a l i g h t
f r o m t h e c a r
.Th e m o m e n t t h e y h a d l e f t i t t h e
c h a u f f e u r e xt i n g u i s h e d t h e l i g h t s , a n d , p u t t i n g o n
f u l l s p e e d , m a d e o f f a l o n g t h e c a n a l
.
Th i s s c e n e
wa s wi t n e s s e d by a d e t e c t i v e be l o n g i n g t o t h e
Ok h r a n a , n a m e d Ti h o m i r o v , wh o h a d be e n d e t a i l e d
by t h e Po l i c e De p a r t m e n t t o l o o k a f t e r Ra s p u t i n .
Ti h o m i r o v -p r e s u m i n g t h a t t h e m e n wh o e n t e r e d
t h e p a l a c e , n o t by t h e m a i n e n t r a n c e , bu t f r o m a
d o o r s i t u a t e d o n t h e s i d e o f t h e p a l a c e a n d o p e n -
i n g i n t o t h e f o r e c o u r t o f t h e a d j o i n i n g h o u s e ,
we r e r o bbe r s -h u r r i e d a c r o s s t h e c a n a l t o t h e
p o l i c e s t a t i o n , a n d t h e n c e t e l e p h o n e d a r e p o r t o f
wh a t h e h a d o bs e r v e d t o t h e Ch i e f o f t h e Se c r e t
Po l i c e .
Co l o n e l Ro g o v h a d n o s o o n e r r e t u r n e d t o h i s
h o m e t h a n h e wa s n o t i f i e d f r o m t h e Ok h r a n a t h a t
i n f o r m a t i o n h a d be e n r e c e i v e d r e l a t i v e t o a n a t t a c k
o n t h e p a l a c e o f Pr i n c e Yu s u p o v .An u m be r o f
2 2 0

RUSSIAN DIARY
p o l i c e o f f i c e r s we r e a g a i n d i s p a t c h e d t h e r e
.Th e
bu t l e r c a m e o u t a n d e xp l a i n e d t o t h e m t h a t s o m e
v e r y h i g h l y p l a c e d g u e s t s h a d j u s t a r r i v e d f r o m
t h e e n v i r o n s o f Pe t r o g r a d .Ar e p o r t a bo u t t h i s
wa s m a d e d u r i n g t h e c o u r s e o f t h e n i g h t t o t h e
Pr e f e c t , Ge n e r a l Ba l k
.
Sh o r t l y a f t e r 6
a .m ., a t t h e p o l i c e s t a t i o n be s i d e
t h e p a l a c e , wh i l e t h e p o l i c e o f f i c e r s wh o h a d c o m e
o f f d u t y we r e be i n g q u e s t i o n e d i n t h e o r d i n a r y
c o u r s e a s t o t h e e v e n t s o f t h e n i g h t , t h e s o u n d o f
s e v e r a l p o l i c e wh i s t l e s wa s h e a r d f r o m t h e s t r e e t .
Th i s d r e wt h e c o n s t a bl e s a n d p o l i c e s e r g e a n t s t o
t h e wi n d o ws , wh e n c e t h e y p e r c e i v e d t h a t f r o m
t h e m a i n e n t r a n c e o f t h e Pr i n c e ' s p a l a c e t wo wo m e n
we r e be i n g h e l p e d o u t , a n d t h a t t h e y we r e o f f e r i n g
r e s i s t a n c e t o t h e i r e j e c t i o n a n d r e f u s i n g t o e n t e r
a m o t o r -c a r , a n d d o i n g t h e i r be s t t o f o r c e a wa y
ba c k i n t o t h e p a l a c e . In r e s p o n s e t o t h e i r p r o -
t e s t a t i o n s t h e d e t e c t i v e s s t a t i o n e d a l o n g t h e c a n a l
h a d s o u n d e d t h e a l a r m . By t h e t i m e t h e p o l i c e
r u s h e d o u t o f t h e p o l i c e s t a t i o n t h e m o t o r -c a r
wa s a l r e a d y wh i r l i n g o f f a l o n g t h e q u a y
.Ha s t e n -
i n g o u t a f t e r h i s m e n , t h e p o l i c e i n s p e c t o r , Co l o n e l
Bo r o z d i n , h a i l e d t h e m o t o r -c a r be l o n g i n g t o t h e
Se c r e t Po l i c e , wh i c h wa s p e r m a n e n t l y o n d u t y a t
t h e Ho m e Of f i c e bu i l d i n g , a n d s t a r t e d o f f i n p u r s u i t
.
At t h e s a m e t i m e h i s m e n we r e h u r r i e d t o t h e
p a l a c e . It wa s i m p o s s i bl e t o o v e r t a k e t h e f u g i t i v e
c a r o n a c c o u n t o f i t s s u p e r i o r s p e e d ; m o r e o v e r ,
i t c a r r i e d n e i t h e r n u m be r n o r l i g h t s .To t h e
p o l i c e wh o c a m e t o i n q u i r e a t t h e p a l a c e t h e
e xp l a n a t i o n wa s o f f e r e d t h a t d t wo l a d i e s be l o n g i n g
APPEN DIX III

2 2 1
t o t h e d e m i -m o n d e h a d be e n m i s c o n d u c t i n g t h e m -
s e l v e s a n d be e n i n v i t e d t o l e a v e t h e p a l a c e .
On t h e n o c t u r n a l a d v e n t u r e s o n t h e Mo i k a a
j o i n t p e r s o n a l r e p o r t wa s m a d e t o t h e Pr e f e c t i n
t h e m o r n i n g by Co l o n e l Ro g o v a n d Co l o n e l Bo r o z -
d i n
.Th e wh o l e a f f a i r s e e m e d t o be a t a n e n d
wh e n s u d d e n l y f r o m t h e f o r e c o u r t a l o n g s i d e t h e
p a l a c e f o u r s h o t s we r e h e a r d i n r a p i d s u c c e s s i o n .
On c e m o r e t h e a l a r m wa s s o u n d e d i n bo t h p o l i c e
s t a t i o n s , a n d a g a i n d e t a c h m e n t s o f p o l i c e a p p e a r e d
a t t h e p a l a c e .Th i s t i m e a n o f f i c i a l we a r i n g
c o l o n e l ' s u n i f o r m c a m e o u t t o t h e m a n d a n n o u n c e d
c a t e g o r i c a l l y t h a t wi t h i n t h e Pr i n c e ' s p a l a c e t h e r e
wa s p r e s e n t a Gr a n d Du k e , a n d t h a t H .I.H.wo u l d
m a k e i n p e r s o n t o t h e p r o p e r q u a r t e r s a n y e xp l a n a -
t i o n s t h a t m i g h t be n e c e s s a r y .Af t e r s u c h a
d e c l a r a t i o n , t h e p o l i c e i n s p e c t o r , u n a bl e t o o bt a i n
a n y e n l i g h t e n m e n t wh a t s o e v e r , r e t u r n e d t o h i s
o f f i c i a l d u t i e s , l e a v i n g a p a t r o l o n t h e o p p o s i t e
s i d e o f t h e Mo i k a by wa y o f p r e c a u t i o n .Abo u t
a n h o u r h a d p a s s e d wh e n s u d d e n l y f r o m t h e d i r e c -
t i o n o f t h e Bl u e Br i d g e a m o t o r -c a r d r o v e u p t o
t h e p a l a c e .Th e s e r v a n t s , a s s i s t e d by t h e c h a u f -
f e u r , i n t h e p r e s e n c e o f a n o f f i c e r we a r i n g a l o n g
f u r c l o a k , c a r r i e d o u t wh a t l o o k e d l i k e a h u m a n
bo d y a n d p l a c e d i t i n t h e c a r .Th e c h a u f f e u r
j u m p e d i n , a n d , p u t t i n g o n f u l l s p e e d , m a d e o f f
a l o n g t h e c a n a l s i d e a n d p r o m p t l y d i s a p p e a r e d .
Al m o s t a t t h e s a m e t i m e Ge n e r a l Gr i g o r i e v wa s
i n f o r m e d f r o m t h e Pr e f e c t u r e t h a t Ra s p u t i n h a d
be e n k i l l e d i n t h e Yu s u p o v Pa l a c e .
Th e p o l i c e o f f i c i a l s o n a r r i v i n g a t t h e p a l a c e
2 2 2

RUSSIAN DIARY
we r e m e t t h i s t i m e by Pr i n c e Fe l i xYu s u p o v h i m -
s e l f , wh o t o l d t h e m t h a t i t wo u l d be n e c e s s a r y t o
d r a wu p a r e p o r t a s t o t h e k i l l i n g o f Ra s p u t i n .
At f i r s t t h i s a n n o u n c e m e n t wa s n o t a c c e p t e d
s e r i o u s l y i n v i e wo f a l l t h e s t r a n g e o c c u r r e n c e s o f
t h e n i g h t
. Bu t t h e p o l i c e o f f i c i a l s we r e i n v i t e d t o
c o m e i n t o t h e d i n i n g -r o o m i n t h e ba s e m e n t , a n d
we r e t h e r e s h o wn t h e s p o t wh e r e t h e bo d y h a d
be e n l y i n g .Th e y s a wo n t h e f l o o r a p o o l o f c o n -
g e a l e d bl o o d , a n d t r a c e s o f bl o o d we r e a l s o v i s i bl e
o n t h e s n o wi n t h e f o r e c o u r t o f t h e a d j o i n i n g
h o u s e . In a n s we r t o t h e q u e s t i o n wh e r e t h e bo d y
wa s , t h e Pr i n c e r e p l i e d t h a t t h e bo d y wa s wh e r e
i t s h o u l d be , d e c l i n i n g t o g i v e a n y f u r t h e r e xp l a n a -
t i o n .
So o n a f t e r wa r d s t h e p a l a c e wa s v i s i t e d by t h e
Di r e c t o r o f t h e Po l i c e De p a r t m e n t , t h e Ch i e f o f
t h e Se c r e t Po l i c e , a n d t h e wh o l e o f t h e Ge n e r a l s
o f Ge n d a r m e r i e .Th e p o l i c e p a t r o l s we r e t h e n
r e l e g a t e d t o t h e i r v a r i o u s s t a t i o n s , a n d a t t h e
s u bs e q u e n t i n v e s t i g a t i o n s e n t o v e r t o t h e o f f i c i a l s
o f t h e Po l i c e De p a r t m e n t .At 5 o ' c l o c k o n t h e
f o l l o wi n g a f t e r n o o n a s e c r e t t e l e g r a m wa s s e n t t o
e v e r y p o l i c e s t a t i o n wi t h a v i e wt o a s c e r t a i n i n g
t h e i t i n e r a r y o f t h e m o t o r -c a r s wh i c h h a d c o m e
u p t o t h e Pr i n c e ' s p a l a c e d u r i n g t h e n i g h t , a n d
o f t h e o n e wh i c h h a d r e m o v e d Ra s p u t i n ' s bo d y i n
t h e m o r n i n g .At t h e s a m e t i m e n u m e r o u s p o l i c e
p a t r o l s we r e d i s p a t c h e d t o t h e i s l a n d s i n t h e N e v a
a n d t o t h e s u bu r ba n d i s t r i c t s .
IN DEX
3 2 .4 5 .5 8 .5 9 .7 0 , 77, 9 o , 9 8 ,
10L104 , 16 8 , 2 02 , 2 09
Br a n i c k a , 5 9
Br a s s o v , 6 8 , , 13 6
Br o o k e , Lo r d , 9 9
Bu c h a n a n , 12 ,
17 . 2 3 , 4 4 , 5 9
.6 2 ,
77 .
78 ,
9 1
.
9 4
.116 -7, 2 10, a n d
p a s s i m
Bu c k i n g h a m Pa l a c e , 6 6
CALLWELL, 5 3
Ca u c a s u s , 5 5
Ca t h e r i n e II, 2 , 12 , 14 , 15
IN DEX
2 2 5
EASTER, 5 7
El i z a be t h , Em p r e s s , 2 4 , 12 7
Em p e r o r N i c o l a s II, 5 , 2 4 , 2 9 ,
3 0, 3 6 .3 9 .4 5 -5
1 . 5 2 , 5 6 , 6 1,
8 3 , 8 8 , 9 1
.9 2
.9 4 -5
.9 8 ,
1 x 1,
115 -6 , 12 1-2 , 12 4 -7, 13 0, 13 3
-
4 , 13 6 , 14 4 -6 , 179 , 18 1, 18 4
-7,
19 5
Em p r e s s Al e xa n d r a , 5 , 2 7, 2 8 ,
3 0.3 5 .5 2 .73 .74
.78 , 8 3 , 8 8 ,
9 1 .
9 4 , 118 , 12 2 , 12 8 -9 , 1
3 4 -8 ,
14 4 , x8 6 , 18 8
En g l a n d h a t e d , 15 1
P
ABAMELEK , 70
Abd i c a t i o n o f t h e Em p e r o r , 12 4
Abs o l u t i s m , ,
Al e xa n d e r I, 8 8
Al e xa n d e r II, 5 2 , 9 6 , 19 8
Ch a r k o v , 16 7
Ch i n e s e Pa l a c e , 2 4
Ch r i s t i a n i a , 4 3
Co n s t i t u t i o n , 4 , 12 9 , 14 3
Co s s a c k s , 101-2 , , o 6 , 173 ,
1 77-
Al e xa n d e r III, 16 9 , 18 5
19 3
Al e xa n d e r Mi c h a i l o v i c h , 3
1 , 5 9 , 9 3
Al e xe i e v , 19
An d r 6 V l a d i m i r o v i c h , 2 9
.3 9
.6 1,
9 0 .9 7
Co v e n t Ga r d e n , 5 5
Cr o s s Da y , Ho l y , 2 6 , 6 9
Cu n a r d , 12
BAxv , 5 3
Ba r i a t i n s k i , 70, 16 2 , 16 6
DERFELDEN , 19 , 9 1, 1o 6
Dm i t r i Pa v l o v i c h , 7, 2 3
.3 1, 3 2 ,
3 3 .5
8
. 73 .74 .
76 -78 ,
8 3 -8 9 ,
Ba r k , 6 9 , 9 8
9 2 -3
.9 5
.13 1, 15 6 , 16 9 , 19 5
Be l o s s e l s k i , 12 ,
5 8 , 6 0,
74 , 9 8 ,
100, 14 2
s e e Ap p e n d i xI, 2 13
Do l g o r u k i , 16
4 -
5
Be n c k e n d o r f f , 2 6
Be n n e t t , 119 , 12 7
Do l g o r u k o v , 4 6
Du m a , 2 , 5 2 , 9 1, 112 , 115 , 12 0
" Bl u e Bi r d " d a n c e , 3 1
Bo l s h e v i k s , 1, 176 -7, 19 0, 2 05
Du n c a n n o n , Lo r d , 9 9
Dv i n s k , 3 4 , 2 07
Bo r i s V l a d i m i r o v i c h , 18 , 2 7, 2 9 ,
2 2 6

RUSSIAN DIARY
FEODOROV SK ISo bo r , 2 5 , 2 7, 2 9 ,
12 5
Fi r e , A, 5 7, 6 1
Fo r t u n e -t e l l i n g , 6 2
Fr e e d e r i c k s z , 110, 114 , 119 , 12 2
Fr e n c h Em ba s s y , 4 5
114 , 13 4
GEORGEV , K i n g , 4 .4 8 .5 0, 18 9
Ge o r g i a n s , 5 3
Ge r m a n a t r o c i t i e s , 16 3
Ge r m a n i n f l u e n c e , 2
Ge r m a n p r i s o n e r s , t r e a t m e n t o f ,
71, 16 3
Go l i t z i n , 106 -7
Go o d Fr i d a y , 5 7
Go r c h a k o v , 3 7
.4 5 .9 5
.117
Gr e e c e , Q u e e n o f , 5 7
Gr e y , La d y S., 12 8
HAN BURY-WILLIAMS, 16 , 2 9 , 6 2 ,
75
.9 8
.13 6
Ha p a r a n d a , 72
Ha r r i s , Mr s .Le v e r t o n , 6 9
Ha r t u n g , 3 3
He r m i t a g e , 17
He y d e n , 2 0
ILCHESTER, Lo r d , 1[ 8 4
JEwIs Hr e v o l u t i o n i s t s , 12 0, 13 7,
15 5 , 18 1
Jo h n o f Cr o n s t a d t , 18 5
K ARSAV IN A, 2 1, 5 1, 5 5
K a s a n , 6 5
K c h e s s i n s k a i a , 5 2
K e r e n s k i , 6 , 12 0,
1 3 4
.15 0 .18 1,
18 6 -7, 18 9
K i e v , 5 8 -6 0
K i s l o v o d s k , 101, 14 9 , 15 2 -4 ,
18 2 -4
K i t c h e n e r , 2 9 , 4 9 .6 2 , 6 3 , 6 7, 13 1
K n o r r i n g , 3 7, t o o , 15 0
K n o x, 112 , 18 4
K o k o v t s o v , 2 7, 12 5
K o r n i l o v , 13 3 , 13 8 , 19 2
K r e u t z , 105
K u d a c h e v , 105
K y a s h t , 3 3
K y r i l l V l a d i m i r o v i c h , 2 9 , 4 4 ,
9 0, 9 7, 115 , 13 5
LEN IN , 1
5 7
Li p h a r t , 6 2
Lo c k e r -La m p s o n , 1 i o
Lu k o m s k i , 2 4 , 3 3
.5 8
Lu y n e s , Du e d e , 6 8 , 2 01
Lv o v , 4 , 6
Ly m a n , 8 9
MACCAW, 70
Ma r i e , Em p r e s s , 2 2 , 8 8 , 12 2 , 13 1,
15 8 , 16 o -i , 16 4 -5 , 19 0
.19 9
Ma r i e Pa v l o v n a ; s e e V l a d i m i r ,
Gr a n d Du c h e s s
Ma r i e Pa v l o v n a II, Gr a n d
Du c h e s s , z o 6
Ma s s a c r e s by Re v o l u t i o n i s t s , 2 07
Mi c h a i l Al e xa n d r o v i c h , 6 , 116 ,
12 1, 12 9 , 18 6 -7, 2 00
Mi d n i g h t Su n , 71
Mi l y u k o v , 12 3 , 15 1
Mo g h i l e v , 1g o
Mo s c o w, 14
Mu r a t , 5 4
5 8 ,
N APOLEON , 3 4
N e v a , 5 7
N e wc a s t l e -o n -Ty n e , 71
N i c o l a i Mi c h a i l o v i c h ,
12 3
N i c o l a i N i c o l a i e v i c h , 19 , 2 2 , 3 0,
13 8 -9 , 14 1,
16 1, 19 0
N i j n i N o v g o r o d , 6 5 , 6 6
N o s t i t z , 6 7, 9 8
O' BEIRN E, 6 2
Obo l e n s k i , 3 2 , I5 1, 15 9
9 5 , 9 7,
Ol g a , Gr a n d Du c h e s s , 9 3
Ol i v e ,
1 5 , 3 5 , 74
Or l o v , 12 , 15 , 2 3 , 2 4 , 2 6 , 3 0, 70,
14 2
PAGET, 5 2 , 6 1
Pa l e i , 9 1, 12 6 -7
Pa u l , Em p e r o r , 2 0, 76 , 8 8 , i o 8
Pa u l , Gr a n d Du k e , 3 1, 6 8 , 8 8 , g o ,
15 6 , 170, 2 00
Pe a s a n t c r u e l t y , 2 08
Pe m br o k e , Ea r l o f , 5 2
Pe t e r t h e Gr e a t , 6 8 , 74 , 8 8
Pe t e r h o f , 12 , 6 o
Pi t i r i m , 9 0, 12 5
Po k r o v s k i , 9 7, 12 4
Po l i c e Re p o r t o f Ra s p u t i n ' s e n d ,
76
Po l i v a n o v , 5 9
Po l o v t s o v , 11, 19 , 5 7, 70, 12 3 , 19 6
Po t o c k i , 12
Pr o t o p o p o v , 9 0, 112
Pr o v i s i o n a l Go v e r n m e n t ,
13 2 ,
1 4 3 , 14 9 , 15 5
Pu r i s h k e v i c h , 8 5 -8 7
Pu t i a t i n , z 6 , 2 8 , 8 9 , 12 6
RADZIWILL,
12 , 9 1, 9 8 -g , 105 ,
107, 12 3 , 13 2 , 14 0
Ra p t i , 11
Ra s p u t i n , 3 , 73
-75 , 79 , 8 3 -8 7,
9 0, 9 2 , 9 4 , 9 7 -8 , 13 6 - 7, 15 9 ,
16 8 ; s e e
Ap p e n d i c e s , 2 15 -2 2 2
Re d Fl a g , 116 , 12 1
Re p u bl i c , a , 12 0, 12 9
Re v a l , 3 8
Re v o l u t i o n , s c e n e s o f , 102 , 110,
12 9 , 14 6 , 171
Ro d z i a n k o , 114 , 115
Ro m a n o v s , i
Ru m a n i a , Q u e e n o f , 73
Ru s s i a n p r i s o n e r s r o a s t e d a l i v e ,
16 3
Ru s s k i , 19
IN DEX
2 2 7
SAV IN SK I,
74 , 9 4 , 11 7
Sa z o n o v , 17, 3
0, 3 7, 4 4 , 9 7-8 ,
101
Sc h a h o v s k o i , 2 8
Sc h u v a l o v , 16 , 117, 16 2 , 16 6
Se r g e , Gr a n d Du c h e s s , 9 1
Se r g e i Mi c h a i l o v i c h , 5 8 , 9 8
Sk i r m u n t , 119 , 12 3
Sm i t h , Ro wl a n d , 2 04
So u p -k i t c h e n bl e s s e d , 2 4
So v i e t , 6 , 13 5 , 15 2 , 19 6 , 2 05
St a c k e l be r g , 118
St i e g l i t z , 18
St o l y p i n , 3 1
Su m m e r , Ru s s i a n , 2 0
TATISTCHEV , 114 , 117
Te r e s t c h e n k o , 5 3 , Io 1, i o 8 , 2 06
Te r r i j o k i , 6 7
`1 Th a m ' a r a , " 5 6
Th o m s o n , 9 8
Ti f l i s , 5 3
To bo l s k , 18 7
To l s t o y , 5 3
To r n e o , 4 3 , 7
1
Tr a i n s f o r s o l d i e r s , 2 6
Tr e p o v , 5
1
Ts a r s k o e , 2 6 ,
14 3 -4 ,
a n d p a s s i m
Ty s z k i e wi c z , 5 9
Tz e s a r e v i c h , 4 , 2 9 , 3 1, 3 6 , 5 2 ,
9 3 ,
100,
II6 , 12 1, 13 3 , 14 0,
14 4 , 18 6 , 2 00
V ALEN TIN E, 9 9 , 13 5
V i bo r g m a s s a c r e , 2 07
V i c t o r i a , Gr a n d Du c h e s s ,
8 9 ,
12 8
V l a d i k a v k a s , 5 4
V l a d i m i r , Gr a n d Du c h e s s , 11, 12 ,
2 1,
3 1, 3 2 , 3 3 , 3 6 , 3 8 , 4 4 , 5 8 , 6 o ,
6 1,
6 9 ,
9 6 , 100,
13 9 , 1
5 2 -4 ,
15 8 , 18 2 -4 , 2 05
V l a d i m i r , Gr a n d Du k e , 5 1
V o l g a , 6 3 -6 6
2 2 8

RUSSIAN DIARY
WATERS, 6 g , 70

YALTA, 15 9 -16 6
Wi l s o n ,
9 9

Yu s u p o v ,
14 , 74 .7
6
. 8 3 -8 8 . 9 o ,
9 3 , 14 1 - 1 5 9
.16 3
X EN IA, Gr a n d Du c h e s s ,
12 3 ,
16 4

ZAMOYSBI, 5 8
PRIN TEDAT
THECOMPLETEPRESS
WESTN ORWOOD, LON DON