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~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

THEGRANDDUKE'SLETTER
p i t a l i t y , h e u r g e d m e t o b e s e a t e d
.
" Ta k e a s e a t , t a k e
a s e a t . "
Unl i k e t h e g e nt l e m e no ft h e Wi l h e l m s t r a s s e , h e
d i d no t p l u ng e i m m e d i a t e l y i nt o t h e s u b j e c t a t h a nd .
He b e g a na c h a t w i t h m e a b o u t p u r e l y p e r s o na l a f-
fa i r s
. F i na l l y t h e c o nv e r s a t i o nd r i ft i ng a r o u nd t o
t h e c a u s e o fm y v i s i t , h e s a i d
" C a ny o u fu l fi l l t h i s m i s s i o n? "
I t o l d h i m I c o u l d no t s a y u nt i l I h a d l e a r ne d w h a t
i t w a s
. I r e q u e s t e d t h a t h e g i v e m e t h e p r i v i l e g e
o fr e fu s a l s h o u l d I fi nd m y s e l fu na b l e t o ne g o t i a t e i t
s u c c e s s fu l l y . He a g r e e d t h a t i t w a s fa i r a nd w h e nh e
l o o k e d a t m e a g a i nh e s e e m e d t o s u g g e s t t h a t h e d i d
no t b e l i e v e m e s o y o u ng a ft e r a l l .
" Th e r e 's r a t h e r a nu nh a p p y a nd m o s t i nc o nv e ni e nt
e nt a ng l e m e nt i nm y h o u s e h o l d , " h e b e g a n
. " My
ne p h e w , t h e y o u ng Gr a nd Du k e , i s t a ng l e d u p a nd
e ns na r l e d w i t h a c e r t a i nl a d y i nEng l a nd w h o m h e
w i s h e s t o m a r r y
. I t i s u nfo r t u na t e t h a t s h e i s o ft o o
h i g h a s o c i a l s t a t u s t o b e e nt i r e l y i g no r e d o r r o u g h l y
b o u g h t o ff
. St i l l , s h e i s no t e l i g i b l e fo r a d m i s s i o n
i nt o o u r h o u s e . F o r m o r e t h a np o l i t i c a l r e a s o ns , i t i s
i m p o s s i b l e t h a t s h e e nt e r i nt o a na l l i a nc e w i t h u s
. "
Hi s e y e s fl a s h e d . "
Th i s l a d y h a s l a t e l y t h r e a t e ne d t o
m a k e t r o u b l e t h r o u g h m y p e r s i s t e nt r e fu s a l t o c o u nt e -
na nc e h e r d e s i r e d r e l a t i o ns h i p . " He fr o w ne d . " Sh e
h a s i nh e r p o s s e s s i o nc o m p r o m i s i ng l e t t e r s a nd d o c u -
m e nt s w h i c h m y ne p h e w w a s fo o l i s h e no u g h t o g i v e
h e r
. Th e s e m u s t b e r e t u r ne d t o m y h a nd s . Mo ne -
t a r y q u e s t i o ns ne e d no t b e c o ns i d e r e d fo r a m o m e nt
.
7 9 '
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
P r e s s u r e a nd i nfl u e nc e h a v e b e e nt r i e d o nb o t h m y
ne p h e w a nd t h e l a d y . B u t o fno a v a i l . Th e m e a ns I
l e a v e t o y o u . B u t fo r c e a nd p u b l i c i t y m u s t a t a l l
c o s t b e a v o i d e d . I c a ng i v e y o u v e r y l i t t l e h e l p a s t o
p r o c e d u r e a nd i nfo r m a t i o n
. Wh a t d o y o u t h i nk o f
t h e c h a nc e s ? "
I t h a s e v e r b e e nm y w a y t o b e c o ns e r v a t i v e i nm a k -
i ng p r o m i s e s a nd I s a i d
1 1 1 h o p e y o u r Hi g h ne s s w i l l p a r d o nm e , b u t I fi nd
i t o ft e nu nd e s i r a b l e t o v o i c e m y t h o u g h t s u nt i l I h a v e
r e a c h e d a c e r t a i ns t a g e o fm y i nv e s t i g a t i o ns . "
Th i s a p p e a r e d t o i m p r e s s h i m a nd h e r o s e s a y i ng
1 1 1 a m e nt i r e l y i ny o u r h a nd s . C o m m u ni c a t e d i -
r e c t w i t h m y c h a m b e r l a i n, o r i fne c e s s a r y t o u s e c a b l e ,
I s h a l l a r r a ng e w i t h y o u r c h i e fi nB e r l i nfo r fo r w a r d -
i ng fa c i l i t i e s . B e g o o d e no u g h t o w a i t a nd I s h a l l
s e nd y o u m y s e c r e t a r y . " Sl a p p i ng m e o nt h e s h o u l -
d e r , " Y o u 'l l no t r e g r e t i t , h e l p i ng u s o u t o ft h i s
q u a nd a r y . "
Ne i t h e r d i d I . Th e Gr a nd Du k e s t a l k e d o u t . A
fl u nk y a p p e a r e d a nd c o nd u c t e d m e t o a p r i v a t e l i t t l e
d i ni ng - r o o m w h e r e c o l d g a m e a nd w i ne w e r e s e r v e d
a nd a t t h e e nd o fw h i c h t h e s e c r e t a r y c a m e i na nd
h a nd e d m e a ne nv e l o p e w i t h t h e Gr a nd Du k e 's c o m p l i -
m e nt s a nd a r e q u e s t t o s t a r t a t o nc e o nm y m i s s i o n .
As s u r i ng h i m I w o u l d b e o nt h e r o a d t h a t s a m e ni g h t ,
I r e t u r ne d t o B e r l i n . I g o t St a m m e r o ft h e Wi l h e l m -
s t r a s s e o nt h e t e l e p h o ne a nd r e q u e s t e d a p r e l i m i na r y
t w o m o nt h s 'l e a v e o fa b s e nc e . I t h e nc a u g h t t h e
Ho o k o fHo l l a nd Ex p r e s s e nr o u t e fo r Lo nd o n .
8 0
THEGRANDDUKE'SLETTER
Up o no p e ni ng t h e Gr a nd Du k e 's l e t t e r I h a d fo u nd
i t c o nt a i ne d t h r e e b a nk no t e s o f1 0 0 0 m a r k s e a c h a nd
a d r a ft fo r 5 0 0 p o u nd s o nt h e Eng l i s h , Sc o t t i s h a nd
C o l o ni a l B a nk , w i t h a no t e s a y i ng t h a t a ny fu t u r e r e -
q u e s t w o u l d b e h o no r e d a t t h r e e d a y s 'no t i c e t o t h e
s a m e b a nk
. Th u s I w o u l d h a v e a l l t h e m o ne y I
w a nt e d i nLo nd o n
.
Ont h e w a y
o v e r , I fo l l o w e d m y u s u a l c u s t o m a nd
c o ns i d e r e d t h e s i t u a t i o ni nd e t a i l . Th e l a d y i nq u e s -
t i o nw a s i ns o c i e t y a nd t h e fi r s t t h i ng t o d o w a s t o t r y
t o g e t i nt o u c h w i t h t h e l i t t l e c i r c l e o r c l i q u e i nw h i c h
s h e m o v e d . Th i s m i g h t h a v e b e e nd i ffi c u l t i na ny
o t h e r c i t y b u t Lo nd o n . B u t a m a no fa p p e a r a nc e ,
c u l t u r e a nd m o ne y , s e t t i ng h i s s t a g e r i g h t , c a nw i t h
t a c t a nd p e r s i s t e nc e fo r c e a ne nt r y i nt o a ny c l i q u e o f
Lo nd o ns o c i e t y .
Th e o nl y t h i ng I h a d t o w o j . i y a b o u t w a s a s e t t i ng
o fm y s t a g e
.
I w a s u nd e c i d e d a b o u t i t . One o ft e n
h a s t o l e a v e t h i ng s t o c i r c u m s t a nc e s , b e i ng g u i d e d b y
a ny m o m e nt a r y p o i nt s t h a t m a y a r i s e . My fi r s t t a s k
w a s t o c r e a t e a ni m p r e s s i o n, s o m e t h i ng t h a t w o u l d g e t
p e o p l e t a l k i ng a b o u t m e . I d i d no t w a nt t o s h o w a ny
s e ns a t i o na l p a r v e nu i s m ;
Lo nd o ni s no t i m p r e s s e d b y
t h a t .
Ra t h e r , I m u s t b e c o m e k no w nfo r s o m e e c c e n
:
t r i c i t y t h a t w o u l d a r o u s e l e g i t i m a t e c u r i o s i t y . Y o u r
B r i t i s h e r , t h e w o m e ni nc l u d e d , a r e a l w a y s i nt e r e s t e d
i na m a no ft r a v e l , a h u nt e r , a d e s u l t o r y g l o b e - t r o t t e r ;
a nd no t h i ng a t t r a c t s t h e Eng l i s h m i nd s o q u i c k l y a s a
w e l l - b r e d e c c e nt r i c i t y i nm a nne r o r h a b i t . Th e b r o a d
8 1
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
l i ne s o fm y p l a nd e t e r m i ne d u p o n, I l e ft t h e p r e c i s e
s e t t i ng o ft h e s t a g e u nt i l t h e l a s t m i nu t e .
I q u a r t e r e d m y s e l fa t fi r s t a t t h e Ru s s e l Sq u a r e
Ho t e l , i na fe w d a y s t r a ns fe r r i ng t o t h e p a t r i c i a n
La ng h a m
. I b e g a nb y m a k i ng t e nt a t i v e i nq u i r i e s . I
p u r c h a s e d a l l s o c i e t y p a p e r s w h i c h I r e a d fr o m c o v e r
t o c o v e r , a nd t h e nc a r e fu l l y fe e l i ng m y w a y p u t fu r -
t h e r q u e s t i o ns t h a t w o u l d l o c a t e t h e s e t i nw h i c h m y
l a d y w a s a c e nt r a l fi g u r e . F r o m a c q u a i nt a nc e s I
m a d e a r o u nd t h e h o t e l , fr o m t h e s o c i e t y r e -
p o r t e r s o fne w s p a p e r s , I b e g a nt o g e t l i t t l e s c r a p s
o fi nfo r m a t i o n . F o r t u na t e l y i t w a s t h e s e a s o n
i nLo nd o na nd e v e r y b o d y w a s c o m i ng i nt o t o w n . I
s o o nk ne w w h o t h e La d y 's i nt i m a t e s w e r e a nd t h e i r
fa v o r i t e r e nd e z v o u s . Th e ne x t s t e p w a s t o b e c o m e
fa m i l i a r w i t h t h e p e r s o na l i t y o ft h e l a d y a nd t o g a i n
s o m e i d e a a s t o h e r h a b i t s , h e r l i k e s a nd d i s l i k e s . I
h e a r d t h a t t h e l a d y w a s i nt h e h a b i t o fg o i ng h o r s e -
b a c k r i d i ng i nHy d e P a r k . Ev e r y d a y I m a d e i t m y
b u s i ne s s t o t a k e a t w o - h o u r c a nt e r a l o ng t h e b r i d l e
p a t h . My p a t i e nc e w a s r e w a r d e d o nt h e fi ft h m o r n-
i ng , fo r I s a w h e r g a l l o p i ng b y w i t h a p a r t y o ffr i e nd s .
Th e ne x t m o r ni ng I w a s o nt h e b r i d l e p a t h a t t h e
s a m e h o u r . F i na l l y s h e c a m e g a l l o p i ng a l o ng w i t h
t h e s a m e g r o u p , a nd a ft e r t h e y h a d a l m o s t g o ne fr o m
s i g h t , I g a l l o p e d a ft e r t h e m . I fo u nd o u t w h e r e t h e y
k e p t t h e i r h o r s e s a nd a ft e r t h e y h a d d i s m o u nt e d I
s a u nt e r e d u p t o t h e s t a b l e a nd m a d e i nq u i r i e s . I
l e a r ne d t h a t t h e y a l w a y s w e nt o u t a t t h e s a m e t i m e o f
d a y . Th e r e a ft e r I m a d e i t m y b u s i ne s s t o p a s s t h e
8 2
THEGRANDDUKE'SLETTER
l a d y o nt h e b r i d l e p a t h d a y a ft e r d a y . I p r i d e m y s e l f
o nfe w t h i ng s , b u t m y h o r s e m a ns h i p i s o ne o ft h e m
.
Ma ny a h a r d t u s s l e a nd b l e e d i ng no s e I g o t r i d i ng
B r u m b i e s a c r o s s t h e w i l d t r a c k s o fAu s t r a l i a . I a l s o
l e a r ne d a t r i c k o r t w o a m o ng m y Tu a r e g fr i e nd s w h i c h
I e x h i b i t e d fo r t h e l a d y 's b e ne fi t o nv a r i o u s o c c a s i o ns
.
I d i d no t h o p e t o g a i na ni nt r o d u c t i o n, b u t o nl y t o a t -
t r a c t a t t e nt i o na nd fa m i l i a r i z e h e r p a r t y w i t h m y a p -
p e a r a nc e , a p p l y i ng o ne o ft h e t e s t p o i nt s o fh u m a n
p s y c h o l o g y . I e m p l o y e d t h e t h e o r y o ft h e s u b c o n-
s c i o u s a t t r a c t i o no fa no ft e n- s e e n, t h o u g h u nk no w n
fa c e .
I s o o na s c e r t a i ne d t h a t m y l a d y a nd h e r fr i e nd s
fo l l o w e d a l l t h e w h i m s o fLo nd o ns o c i e t y . One i n
p a r t i c u l a r i nt e r e s t e d m e . Th e y w e r e i nt h e h a b i t o f
fr e q u e nt i ng C a r l t o nTe r r a c e b e t w e e nt h r e e a nd fo u r
e v e r y a ft e r no o na nd e a t i ng s t r a w b e r r i e s . I a l s o w e nt
t o e a t s t r a w b e r r i e s .
C a r l t o nTe r r a c e d u r i ng t h e s t r a w b e r r y s e a s o ni s a n
e x q u i s i t e l y c o l o r e d fa s h i o np l a t e o fl i fe 's b u t t e r fl i e s
a nd d r o ne s . Th i s t h r o ng o ffa s h i o na nd b e a u t y ,
m a r k e d w i t h i t s a i r o fd i s t i nc t i o nc a r e l e s s l y a b a n-
d o ne d t o p l e a s u r e , e v e r m u r m u r i ng p l e a s a nt no t h i ng s
a nd t o s s i ng l i g h t p e r s i fl a g e fr o m t a b l e t o t a b l e , i s
t r u l y a ni nt e r e s t i ng s t u d y o ft h e l i g h t e r s i d e s o fl i fe .
One s i t s o na m a g ni fi c e nt m a r k e e - c o v e r e d , g l a s s - e n-
c l o s e d t e r r a c e , o v e r l o o k i ng t h e Th a m e s w i t h i t s e v e r -
c h a ng i ng s c e ne s o ffu s s y t u g s a nd s q u a t b a r g e s .
At C a r l t o nTe r r a c e o ne p a y s w e l l fo r t h e s u b t l e t i e s
o fe a t i ng . B y c o u r t e o u s c o ns i d e r a t i o no ft h e w a i t -
8 3
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
r e s s e s I m a na g e d t o s e c u r e a m u c h - c o v e t e d o u t s i d e
c o r ne r t a b l e , ne a r t o t h e o ne r e s e r v e d fo r t h e l a d y a nd
h e r p a r t y . I a l w a y s m a d e i t a p o i nt t o w i t h h o l d m y
e nt r a nc e u nt i l t h e l a d y w a s i nt h e t e r r a c e ; t h e nI
w o u l d s t r o l l i na l o ne , t a k e a s e a t a l o ne , a nd s h o w a
d e s i r e t o b e a l o ne . Th e y h a v e a v e r y c l e v e r w a y o f
s e r v i ng s t r a w b e r r i e s a t t h e C a r l t o n . Av i ne , g r o w -
i ng fr o m t e nt o t w e l v e l a r g e l u s c i o u s b e r r i e s i s
b r o u g h t o ni na s i l v e r p o t . I t i s t h e a c m e o fl u x u r y .
Y o u p i c k t h e fr e s h b e r r i e s fr o m t h e v i ne o ny o u r t a b l e ,
t h e Te r r a c e s u p p l i e s q u a nt i t i e s o fc r e a m , a nd y o u p a y
h a l fa s o v e r e i g n- $ 2 . 5 0 - fo r a d i s h o fs t r a w b e r r i e s .
One d i s h i s e no u g h fo r t h e a v e r a g e c u s t o m e r . Ev e r y
a ft e r no o nI o r d e r e d fi v e
Da y a ft e r d a y I c o ns u m e d i ns t r a w b e r r i e s t w o s o v -
e r e i g ns a nd a h a l f- $ 1 2 . 5 0 -
o ft h e Gr a nd Du k e o f
Me c k l e nb u r g - Sc h w e r e i n's m o ne y
. Al w a y s t i p p i ng t h e
g i r l a h a l fs o v e r e i g nw h i c h m a d e m y d a i l y s t r a w b e r r y
b i l l c o m e u p t o t h r e e s o v e r e i g ns ( $ 1 5 ) . F o r a b o u t t e n
d a y s I d i d t h i s , a l w a y s a t t h e s a m e t i m e , a l w a y s b e i ng
c a r e fu l t o m a k e m y e nt r a nc e a ft e r t h e l a d y 's p a r t y
w a s s e a t e d , a l w a y s o r d e r i ng t h e s a m e nu m b e r o fp o r -
t i o ns , a l w a y s g i v i ng t h e g i r l t h e s a m e t i p
. I t w a s n't
l o ng b e fo r e I b e g a nt o b e o b s e r v e d
. I s o o ns a w t h a t
no t o nl y t h e a t t e nd a nt s b u t t h e p a t r o ns o ft h e Te r r a c e
w e r e b e c o m i ng i nt e r e s t e d i nm y fo i b l e . One d a y a s
I p a s s e d I h e a r d s o m e o ne s a y
" He r e c o m e s t h e s t r a w b e r r y fi e nd . "
I w a s s a t i s fi e d
. I k ne w i t w o u l d b e e a s y no w t o
e ffe c t a ne nt r a nc e t o t h e l a d y 's s e t . I h a d b e e n
8 4
THEGRANDDUKE'SLETTER
m a r k e d a s s o m e t h i ng o u t o ft h e u s u a l i nt h e r e s t a u -
r a nt w h i c h fr o m t h r e e t o fo u r i nt h e a ft e r no o na t t h a t
t i m e o ft h e y e a r i s t h e m o s t fa s h i o na b l e i nLo nd o n .
No w , a w o m a nl i k e m y l a d y d o e s no t fl i r t . I fy o u
g l a nc e a t h e r u nd e r fa v o r a b l e c o nd i t i o ns , s u c h a s m y
s t r a w b e r r y
C Q
s t u nt "
h a d c r e a t e d fo r m e , s h e w i l l r e -
t u r nt h e g l a nc e . Y o u b o t h h a l fs m i l e a nd d o no t
l o o k a t e a c h o t h e r a g a i nt h a t a ft e r no o n . Th a t i s no t
fl i r t i ng
.
Sp l i t t i ng h a i r s , w e s h a l l c a l l i t p s y c h i c i n-
t e r e s t .
I c o nt i nu e d m y s t r a w b e r r y fe s t i v a l a nd o ne d a y a
m a na g e r o fC a r l t o nTe r r a c e t o l d m e t h a t p e o p l e w e r e
m a k i ng i nq u i r i e s a b o u t m e . Se v e r a l m e nh a d w a nt e d
t o k no w w h o I w a s . Und e r q u e s t i o ni ng , h e t o l d m e
t h a t o ne o ft h e m e nw a s a m e m b e r o ft h e l a d y 's s e t .
I t w a s e a s y t o p u t t o g e t h e r t w o a nd t w o . Ob v i o u s l y
t h e i nq u i r y h a d b e e ni ns p i r e d b y h e r .
Me a nw h i l e I h a d s e nt s e v e r a l c o m m u ni c a t i o ns t o
t h e Gr a nd Du k e , i ns i s t i ng t h a t p r e s s u r e b e b r o u g h t t o
b e a r u p o nh i s ne p h e w a nd t o k e e p h i m a w a y fr o m
Lo nd o n
; no t e v e np e r m i t t i ng h i m u nd e r p e na l t y o f
s t o p p i ng h i s a l l o w a nc e , t o w r i t e t h e l a d y i nt h e c a s e
u nt i l t h e Gr a nd Du k e g a v e h i s p e r m i s s i o n . B y no w ,
Lo nd o nh a d g r a d u a l l y fi l l e d a nd t h e s e a s o nw a s a t i t s
h e i g h t
. I w e nt t h e r o u nd s o ft h e t h e a t e r s fr o m Dr u r y
La ne t o t h e Em p i r e , a nd I v i s i t e d t h e c l u b s . I fo u nd
h e r e m e nw h o m I h a d m e t p r e v i o u s l y a nd p r e s e nt l y
I r o u nd e d u p t w o o r t h r e e fe l l o w s w i t h w h o m I h a d
b e e nfa i r l y i nt i m a t e a t o ne t i m e o r a no t h e r o nh u nt -
i ng e x p e d i t i o ns a nd a t c o nt i ne nt a l w a t e r i ng - p l a c e s
.
8 5
THE SEC RETS OF
THE GERMAN WAR OF F I C E
I m a d e t h e m i nt r o d u c e m e t o d i ffe r e nt s e t s
. De x t e r -
o u s m a ne u v e r i ng o b t a i ne d m e i nv i t a t i o ns t o a ft e r no o n
t e a s a nd a t - h o m e s i nt h e s a m e c i r c l e fr e q u e nt e d b y m y
l a d y .
I w a s i nt r o d u c e d t o h e r a t a na ft e r no o nr e c e p t i o n
.
Sh e w a s a t y p i c a l o u t d o o r Eng l i s h w o m a n
. No t p a r -
t i c u l a r l y h a nd s o m e , b u t p o s s e s s i ng t o t h e fu l l t h e
c l e a r ne s s o fs k i na nd e y e s a nd s t r o ng v i r i l e h e a l t h ,
t h a t i s t h e h e r e d i t a r y l i e no fAl b i o n's d a u g h t e r s .
Ta l l , w i l l o w y a nd s t r o ng , o ffr e e a nd i nd e p e nd e nt m a n-
ne r s a nd h a b i t s , s h e w a s t h e d i r e c t a nt i t h e s i s o ft h e
u s u a l Ge r m a nw o m a n . I r e a s o ne d t h a t t h i s w a s p r o b -
a b l y t h e r e a s o no ft h e y o u ng Du k e 's i nfa t u a t i o n .
" Ho w d o y o u d o , y o u w i l d C o l o ni a l b o y . St i l l a s
fo nd o fs t r a w b e r r i e s a s e v e r ?
"
We b o t h b u r s t o u t l a u g h i ng
.
"
So y o u r l a d y s h i p o b s e r v e d a nd c l a s s i fi e d m y l i t t l e
m a ne u v e r s . "
" Ofc o u r s e , " w i t h a t o s s o fh e r h e a d .
Unfo r c e d a nd p l e a s a nt c h a t t i ng fo l l o w e d . I c o u l d
m o r e a nd m o r e u nd e r s t a nd t h e Gr a nd Du k e 's i nfa t u a -
t i o n ; i nfa c t , c o ns i d e r e d h i m q u i t e a " d e u c e d , l u c k y
b e g g a r . "
F r o m t h a t d a y o nI m a d e i t a p o i nt t o b e p r e s e nt
w h e ne v e r s h e a t t e nd e d p u b l i c p l a c e s , s u c h a s t h e t h e a -
t e r , c o nc e r t s o r r e s t a u r a nt s . Gr a d u a l l y a nd i m p e r -
c e p t i b l y , b y l i t t l e s e r v i c e s h e r e a nd t h e r e , I w o nh e r
c o nfi d e nc e . Th e r e w a s a na ft e r - t h e a t e r s u p p e r , i nt h e
I nd i a nr o o m o ft h e Wi nd s o r , a nd I w a s i nv i t e d . B y
t h i s
t i m e
p e o p l e h a d c o m e t o k no w s o m e t h i ng a b o u t
8 6
THEGRANDDUKE'SLETTER
m e
. I w a s a g l o b e - t r o t t e r , a . m a no fl e i s u r e , i nt e r -
e s t e d a s a h o b b y i nr e s e a r c h w o r k i nm e d i c i ne
. I d i s -
c o v e r e d t h a t h e r a ffa i r w i t h t h e y o u ng Gr a nd Du k e
w a s a fa i r l y o p e ns e c r e t i nh e r s e t
; a l s o , t h a t s h e w a s
e x p e c t i ng h i m i nLo nd o na l m o s t d a i l y . Gr a d u a l l y I
h i nt e d t h a t I k ne w t h e y o u ng Gr a nd Du k e
. As I
g a i ne d h e r c o nfi d e nc e fu r t h e r , I i nv e nt e d a m o r o u s a f-
fa i r s fo r h i m a nd h i nt e d t o h e r a b o u t t h e m
. I nt h i s
w a y I fi na l l y m a na g e d t o i nd u c e h e r t o t a l k
. Su b t l y
I i ns t i l l e d a v a g u e r e s e nt m e nt a g a i ns t h i m , w h i c h w a s
a c c e nt u a t e d b y h i s no n- a p p e a r a nc e i nLo nd o ns o c i e t y
u p t o no w
. Hi s Hi g h ne s s h a v i ng b e e nk e p t a w a y b y
h i s Se r e ne Unc l e , t h e s e r e ne o ne h a v i ng b e e nc a u t i o ne d
t o d o s o b y m e .
Tw o m o nt h s p a s s e d b e fo r e I w a s i nv i t e d t o t h e
l a d y 's h o m e i nMa y fa i r a nd b y t h a t t i m e , p a r t l y b e -
c a u s e I p r e t e nd e d t o k no w t h e y o u ng Gr a nd Du k e , I
w a s o na m o r e i nt i m a t e fo o t i ng
. I h a d l e a r ne d t h a t
s h e h a d m e t h i m a t a h u nt i ng p a r t y a t t h e Ea r l o f
C r e w e s 's h o o t i ng b o x i nSh i 'o p s h i r e . La t e r , s h e i nt i -
m a t e d t h a t t h i s w a s b u t t h e i r o ffi c i a l m e e t i ng a nd t h a t
t h e i r a c q u a i nt a nc e a c t u a l l y d a t e d fr o m a m o u nt a i n
t r i p s h e h a d t a k e nt o Sw i t z e r l a nd , t h e u ni v e r s a l p l a y -
g r o u nd o fr o y a l t y t r a v e l i ng i nc o g . I l e a r ne d t o o t h a t
h e r h e a v y b r i d g e g a m b l i ng h a d c o s t h e r a l o t o fm o ne y
.
Th e i nfo r m a t i o nt h a t t h e l a d y w a s i nd e b t d i d no t
c o m e e a s i l y . To o b t a i ni t , I h a d t o w o r k o nh e r m a i d .
Wh e ne v e r t h e o c c a s i o na r o s e , I m a d e i t m y b u s i ne s s t o
t i p t h e m a i d l i b e r a l l y . I c o nt r i v e d t o d o a nu m b e r o f
l i t t l e t h i ng s fo r h e r . Kno w i ng t h e l a d y t o b e o u t , I
8 7
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
c a l l e d a t t h e h o u s e o ne d a y a nd w h i l e p r e t e nd i ng t o b e
w a i t i ng fo r m y h o s t e s s , I p u t s o m e l e a d i ng q u e s t i o ns
t o t h e m a i d . I l e a r ne d t h a t h e r m i s t r e s s w a s p r e s s e d
fo r m o ne y . Th a t w a s a no p e ni ng w o r t h w o r k i ng o n .
Th e r e a ft e r I c o nt r i v e d t o b e p r e s e nt w h e ne v e r t h e r e
w a s a b r i d g e p a r t y a t t h e l a d y 's . Th e y a r e p r e t t y
h i g h g a m b l e r s , t h o s e Eng l i s h s o c i e t y w o m e n, a nd I
c a m e t o s e e t h a t t h e l a d y w a s g e ne r a l l y a h e a v y l o s e r .
I t w a s m y g o o d fo r t u ne fo r h e r t o l o s e t o m e o ne ni g h t .
No w , i t i s t h e c u s t o m a t t h e s e g a t h e r i ng s no t t o h a nd
o v e r c a s h ; i ns t e a d , t h e u nl u c k y o ne p a y s w i t h w h a t
c o r r e s p o nd s t o a n " o nd e m a nd no t e . " I t o o k h e r no t e
t h a t ni g h t a nd w i t h o t h e r s - t h e w h e r e a b o u t s o f
w h i c h I l e a r ne d fr o m t h e m a i d a nd w h i c h I i nd i r e c t l y
p u r c h a s e d fr o m t h e h o l d e r s - I t o o k a l l t h e s e t o a no -
t o r i o u s m o ne y - l e nd e r a nd m a d e a d e a l w i t h h i m . He
w a s t o t a k e t h e no t e s a nd p r e s s t h e l a d y fo r p a y m e nt ,
o fc o u r s e k e e p i ng m y na m e o u t o fi t . I t i s o b v i o u s
t h a t , t r y i ng a s I w a s t o w i nh e r c o nfi d e nc e , I c o u l d no t
g o m y s e l fa nd h o l d t h e s e o b l i g a t i o ns o v e r h e r h e a d .
Th a t s a m e d a y t h e m o ne y - l e nd e r p a i d t h e l a d y a c a l l .
He p a i d h e r a g o o d m a ny o t h e r c a l l s , h a r a s s i ng h e r ,
t h r e a t e ni ng l e g a l a c t i o na nd d r i v i ng h e r u nt i l s h e w a s
a l m o s t t o a s t a t e o fne r v o u s c o l l a p s e . We l l - p l a c e d
s y m p a t h i e s s o o nm a d e h e r t a l k a nd s h e b u r s t o u t p e t -
t i s h l y t h a t s h e w a s i nd e b t a nd t h a t m o s t o fh e r a c -
q u a i nt a nc e s w e r e i nd e b t - no t h i ng u nu s u a l i nt h a t
s e t .
Th i s w a s a no p p o r t u ne c h a nc e t o b e o fm a t e r i a l
b e ne fi t t o t h e l a d y . Se r i o u s l y w e t a l k e d o v e r h e r a f-
8 8
THEGRANDDUKE'SLETTER
fa i r s . I fo u nd t h e m p r e t t y w e l l e nt a ng l e d
. We d i s -
c u s s e d t h e y o u ng Gr a nd Du k e . I g r a d u a l l y p e r -
s u a d e d h e r t h a t t h e r e w a s no h o p e o fa l e g i t i m a t e m a r -
r i a g e w i t h t h e h o u s e o fMe c k l e nb u r g - Sc h w e r e i n, b u t
b e c a u s e o fh e r a s s o c i a t i o nw i t h t h e y o u ng Gr a nd Du k e
a nd t h e fa c t t h a t s h e h a d b e e nb e t r o t h e d t o h i m , i t w a s
o nl y r i g h t t h a t t h e Du c h y p r o v i d e h e r w i t h s o m e
m e a ns o fa s s i s t a nc e .
Th e i c e w a s p e r i l o u s l y t h i n,
fo r t h e l a d y i s a h i g h - s p i r i t e d w o m a no fi d e a l s a nd I
h a d t o b e c a r e fu l t o w o r d m y l a ng u a g e s o t h a t i t w o u l d
no t a p p e a r a s t h o u g h s h e w e r e b l a c k m a i l i ng .
I nj u s -
t i c e t o h e r , I b e l i e v e t h a t i fs h e h a d t a k e nt h a t v i e w o f
i t s h e w o u l d h a v e d r o p p e d t h e e nt i r e m a t t e r , a nd
r e t i r e d fr o m s o c i e t y fo r t h e s e a s o nr a t h e r t h a ng o
t h r o u g h w i t h m y p l a n .
F i na l l y I s a i d
" Ha v e y o u a ny m e a ns b y w h i c h y o u c o u l d c o m p e l
t h e d u c a l h o u s e t o m a k e a d e q u a t e a c k no w l e d g m e nt s
a nd r e d r e s s e s t o y o u ?
"
Aft e r a l o ng h e s i t a t i o n, s h e j u m p e d u p , s w e p t fr o m
t h e r o o m a nd r e t u r ne d p r e s e nt l y w i t h a h a nd fu l o f
l e t t e r s . I s a w o ns o m e o ft h e m t h e Gr a nd Du k e 's c o a t
o fa r m s . Th e y o u ng fo o l h a d b e e nc a r e l e s s e no u g h
fo r t h a t ! Sh e s h o o k t h e l e t t e r s i na t e m p e r a nd
c r i e d
1 1 1
w o nd e r w h a t F r a nz 's u nc l e w o u l d s a y t o t h e s e ?
Wh y , I c o u l d c o m p e l h i m t o m a r r y m e . "
He r e w a s t h e c h a nc e . Th e i r o n - i nt h i s c a s e m y
l a d y 's t e m p e r - w a s h o t . I s u g g e s t e d t h a t w e s i t
d o w na nd t a l k i t o v e r . As a ni nt r o d u c t o r y a t t a c k , t o
c r e a t e t h e i m p r e s s i o nt h a t I k ne w w h a t I w a s t a l k i ng
8 9
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
a b o u t , I h i nt e d t h a t I w a s c o nne c t e d w i t h a l e a d i ng
fa m i l y i nGe r m a ny a nd t h a t I w a s i nLo nd o n i nc o g .
I a p p r o a c h e d t h e s i t u a t i o nfr o m t h e v i e w p o i nt t h a t I
w a s h e r fr i e nd , no t a fr i e nd o ft h e h o u s e o fMe c k l e n-
b u r g - Sc h w e r e i n, b u t t h a t , b y k no w i ng t h e m a nd t h e i r
w a y s , I c o u l d b e o fg r e a t a s s i s t a nc e t o h e r .
" I t i s r e g r e t t a b l e , " I c o ns o l e d ; " b u t y o u h a v e no
c h a nc e fo r a l e g i t i m a t e , e v e na m o r g a na t i c a l l i a nc e
w i t h t h e y o u ng Gr a nd Du k e . I c o ns i d e r t h e i r e nt i r e
a t t i t u d e t o w a r d y o u u t t e r l y u nfa i r . I nv i e w o fy o u r
u nd e r s t a nd i ng w i t h h i m , y o u a r e m o s t c e r t a i nl y e n-
t i t l e d t o a d e q u a t e r e c o m p e ns e fr o m h i s h o u s e . I fy o u
w e nt i nt o c o u r t y o u c o u l d o b t a i nt h i s o ng r o u nd s o f
b r e a c h o fp r o m i s e , b u t I c a nu nd e r s t a nd y o u r fe e l i ng s .
Su c h a s t e p w o u l d o nl y c a s t o d i u m u p o na no l d a nd
no b l e fa m i l y s u c h a s y o u r s . "
Th a t s e e m e d t o h e r l i k i ng .
" B u t w h a t c a nI d o ? " s h e s a i d .
" I nv i e w o fm y fr i e nd s h i p fo r y o u , " I t o l d h e r , 1 1 1
w o u l d c o ns i d e r i t a nh o no r i fy o u w o u l d p e r m i t m e t o
a c t o ny o u r b e h a l f . I t h i nk I c a nne g o t i a t e w i t h t h e
y o u ng Gr a nd Du k e 's u nc l e a nd I p r o m i s e t h a t h e w i l l
r e g a r d t h e m a t t e r i na fa i r l i g h t . I a p p r e c i a t e t h e e x -
t r e m e d e l i c a c y o ft h e s i t u a t i o na nd y o u m u s t o b s e r v e
t h e ne c e s s i t y o fa m a nh a nd l i ng t h i s a ffa i r . "
Sh e s h o o k h e r h e a d a nd t a p p e d t h e l e t t e r s 'ne r v -
o u s l y .
" No . I t i s i nt o l e r a b l e , " s h e s a i d . " No t t o b e
t h o u g h t o f . "
I s a w t h a t I h a d t o m a k e i t s t r o ng e r . I t h e r e u p o n
9 0
THEGRANDDUKE'SLETTER
i nv e nt e d t h e m o s t i ng e ni o u s l i e s i t h a s e v e r b e e ng i v e n
m e t o t e l l . I na b o u t fi v e m i nu t e s I h a d p a i nt e d t h e
y o u ng Gr a nd Du k e i ns u c h c o l o r s t h a t t h e a d v e nt u r e s
o fDo nJ u a nw e r e s a i nt l y c o m p a r e d t o t h e e s c a p a d e s
o fh i s d u c a l h i g h ne s s .
"
Wh y , c o ns i d e r i t y o u r s e l f, " I s a i d . " He w a s t o
b e o v e r h e r e w i t h y o u d u r i ng t h e s e a s o n . He h a s no t
c o m e . Y o u t o l d m e y o u r s e l ft h a t h e h a s no t e v e na n-
s w e r e d y o u r l e t t e r s . We l l , t h a t 's a l l t h e r e i s t o i t .
Y o u r l a d y s h i p , h e a nd h i s h o u s e d e s e r v e a ny p u ni s h -
m e nt t h a t y o u c a nv i s i t u p o nt h e m . "
Th e i d e a o fp u ni s h m e nt a p p e a l e d w h e r e t h e o t h e r
h a d fa i l e d . Th e o u t r a g e d p r i d e o fw o m a n, e s p e c i a l l y
a nEng l i s h w o m a n, i s a t e r r i b l e t h i ng . So o na ft e r
t h a t I m a d e h a s t e t o t a k e m y l e a v e
. At m y q u a r t e r s I
w r o t e t w o l e t t e r s t o m y s e l fa nd s i g ne d t h e Gr a nd
Du k e 's na m e t o t h e m . I nt h e s e I o ffe r e d t o p a y h e r
l a d y s h i p 's d e b t s .
Th e y w e r e a d d r e s s e d t o m e a nd
a ft e r a l l o w i ng a r e a s o na b l e t i m e t o e l a p s e , I a g a i n
w e nt o u t t o Ma y fa i r a nd r e a d t h e m t o h e r . Sh e w a s
no w c o l d a nd h a r d a nd g a v e m e fu l l p e r m i s s i o nt o g o
a h e a d a nd m a k e a ny a r r a ng e m e nt s I d e e m e d a d v i s -
a b l e . I t h e r e u p o nw e nt t o t h e Gr a nd Du k e 's b a nk i n
Lo nd o na nd no t i fi e d t h e m t h a t I m u s t h a v e 1 5 , 0 0 0
p o u nd s ( $ 7 5 , 0 0 0 ) . I nfo u r d a y s I h a d t h e m o ne y .
Th e r e s t o ft h e t r a ns a c t i o nw a s c o m m o np l a c e . Sh e
h a nd e d o v e r a l l t h e l e t t e r s a nd d o c u m e nt s a nd I g a v e
h e r t h e 1 5 , 0 0 0 p o u nd s . I k no w t o - d a y t h a t h e r l a d y -
s h i p t r a v e l s e x t e ns i v e l y i na v e r y c o m fo r t a b l e m a nne r
o nt h e y e a r l y a p p a na g e a l l o w e d h e r b y t h e o l d Gr a nd
9 1
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
Du k e . I d o no t k no w w h e t h e r s h e s t i l l g o e s t o C a r l t o n
Te r r a c e t o e a t s t r a w b e r r i e s , b u t I fl a t t e r m y s e l ft h a t
h e r p r e s e nt g o o d fo r t u ne i s p a r t i a l l y d u e t o t h e fa c t
t h a t s h e o nc e w e nt t h e r e .
At t h e t i m e o fc l o s i ng o u r l i t t l e t r a ns a c t i o n, s h e
t o o k t h e p r e c a u t i o nt o p r o t e c t a d e q u a t e l y a nd s e a l a l l
l e t t e r s a nd d o c u m e nt s fr o m m y p e r u s a l . Ofc o u r s e ,
t h a t w a s a d i s a p p o i nt m e nt . I p u t t h e p a c k e t a w a y
c a r e fu l l y , c l o s e d u p m y a ffa i r s i nLo nd o na nd w e nt
b a c k t o Ge r m a ny , g o i ng d i r e c t t o Me c k l e nb u r g -
Sc h w e r e i nw h e r e I d e l i v e r e d t h e p a c k a g e t o t h e o l d
Gr a nd Du k e i np e r s o n . He s e i z e d i t e a g e r l y a nd
o p e ne d i t i nm y p r e s e nc e . I no t i c e d a s h e r a nt h r o u g h
t h e l e t t e r s t h a t h e d i d no t s t o p e v e nt o g l a nc e a t t h e m .
He d i d , h o w e v e r , s t o p a nd p i c k o u t fr o m t h e p i l e a no f-
fi c i a l l o o k i ng d o c u m e nt , a t t h e s i g h t o fw h i c h a t r e m e n-
d o u s s i g h o fr e l i e fs e e m e d t o e s c a p e h i m . Th e d o c u -
m e nt h a d a d e c i d e d l y c l o s e r e s e m b l a nc e t o a m a r -
r i a g e l i c e ns e a s i s s u e d i nSw i t z e r l a nd . Ofc o u r s e I
o nl y g o t a fl e e t i ng , c u r s o r y g l a nc e a t i t , b u t t h e e a g e r -
ne s s o ft h e Gr a nd Du k e i np o u nc i ng u p o nt h a t o ne
d o c u m e nt a nd i g no r i ng t h e l e t t e r s , a nd h i nt s p r e v i -
o u s l y d r o p p e d b y h e r l a d y s h i p , e m b e l l i s h e d b y r u -
m o r s I l a t e r h e a r d i nSw i t z e r l a nd , a l l l e a v e v e r y
l i t t l e d o u b t i nm y m i nd t h a t a c l a nd e s t i ne m a r r i a g e
d i d a c t u a l l y t a k e p l a c e b e t w e e nt h i s l a d y o ft h e Eng -
l i s h no b i l i t y a nd t h e y o u ng Gr a nd Du k e o fMe c k l e n-
b u r g - Sc h w e r e i n .
Hi s Ro y a l Hi g h ne s s m u s t h a v e b e e ns a t i s fi e d , fo r
b e s i d e s a fe e o f5 0 0 0 m a r k s , I r e c e i v e d a fe w d a y s l a t e r
9 2
THEGRANDDUKE'SLETTER
t h r o u g h We d e l a d i a m o nd p i na nd a m a g ni fi c e nt g o l d
w a t c h a nd c h a i ni ns c r i b e d w i t h t h e Gr a nd Du c a l a r m s
o fMe c k l e nb u r g - Sc h w e r e i ni ns c r i b e d
" F o r s e r v i c e s p e r fo r m e d fa i t h fu l l y t o m y h o u s e
. "
9 8
VI
THEI NTRI GUEATMONTEC ARLO
B
AC Ki nB e r l i nfr o m a m i s s i o nt o Vi e nna , m y d i s -
p a t c h e s d e l i v e r e d , o nc e m o r e c o m fo r t a b l y e n-
s c o nc e d i nm y q u a r t e r s , o nt h e Mi t t e l s t r a s s e , I w a s
l o o k i ng fo r w a r d t o a ne v e ni ng a t t h e P a v i l i o nMa s -
c o t t e . I w a s j u s t g e t t i ng i nt o m y d i nne r c o a t w h e n
m y m a nb o w e d a no r d e r l y t h r o u g h t h e d o o r a nd a t
o nc e a l l m y p l a ns t o o k s w i ft fl i g h t o u t t h e w i nd o w
.
Th e o r d e r l y b r o u g h t a c o m m a nd fo r m y i m m e d i a t e a t -
t e nd a nc e a t t h e Wi l h e l m s t r a s s e . No w t h e g e nt l e m e n
o ft h e Wi l h e l m s t r a s s e a r e ne v e r k e p t w a i t i ng a nd d o
no t a c c e p t e x c u s e s . Wi t h i nt w e nt y m i nu t e s I w a s
s h o w ni nt o t h e c h a m b e r s o fC o u nt v o nWe d e l ; i n
t h i r t y m i nu t e s I w a s o u t a g a i n, h a v i ng c o m p l e t e o r -
d e r s . Th e y k no w w h a t t h e y w a nt a t t h e Wi l h e l m -
s t r a s s e a nd t h e y g e ne r a l l y g e t i t .
As I h u r r i e d b a c k t o m y r o o m s I w e nt o v e r w h a t
v o nWe d e l h a d s a i d
"
Y o u a r e t o b e r e a d y t o t a k e t h e m i d ni g h t e x p r e s s
t o Mo nt e C a r l o . Y o u w i l l t h e r e k e e p w a t c h o na nd
r e p o r t a ny p o s s i b l e m e e t i ng b e t w e e nt h e Ru s s i a n,
F r e nc h a nd Eng l i s h m i ni s t e r s , a t p r e s e nt t r a v e l i ng
a b o u t t h e Ri v i e r a . Y o u w i l l h a v e t h e a s s i s t a nc e , i f
9 4
THEI NTRI GUEATMONTEC ARLO
ne c e s s a r y , o ft h e C o u nt e s s C h e c h a ny . I fy o u ne e d
h e r , s e nd h e r t h i s c a r d " ( h e h a d g i v e nm e t h e c a r d
w i t h h i s s i g na t u r e a c r o s s i t , a r e p r o d u c t i o no fw h i c h i s
p r e s e nt e d o nt h i s p a g e ) .
" I fm e e t i ng s o r c o nfe r -
e nc e s t a k e p l a c e , y o u m u s t o b t a i nt h e t e no r t h e r e o f
.
S~ 3
I 1 i r k t i c i i e r Me i l e i m r a t l i
F o r s e c r e t s e r v i c e p u r p o s e s C o u nt We d e l l s i g ns h i m s e l fUd o , a nd
We d e l l , i nc a s e a na g e nt i s c a p t u r e d w i t h a c a r d o nh i m .
He r e i s a no r d e r fo r y o u r p r i m a r y e x p e ns e s . " He h a d
fl i c k e d a no r d e r fo r 3 0 0 0 m a r k s , a b o u t $ 7 5 0 , a c r o s s h i s
d e s k . " Any t h i ng y o u w i s h e l u c i d a t e d ? "
No t h a v i ng m e t t h e C o u nt e s s , I h a d r e q u e s t e d h e r
&4 e. . * - p o t - .
* ~ e e ~
Th e b a c k o fWe d e l l 's c a r d
.
d e s c r i p t i o n
. P u s h i ng a b u t t o n, C o u nt v o nWe d e l h a d
g i v e nt h e a ns w e r i ng s e c r e t a r y a no r d e r
; w i t h i nt h r e e
m i nu t e s I w a s s h o w nt h e p h o t o g r a p h o ft h e l a d y a nd
h e r s i g na t u r e , o fw h i c h I t o o k a c o p y . Ha v i ng no
fu r t h e r r e q u e s t s I h a d b o w e d m y s e l fo u t .
9 5
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
My fi r s t a c t w a s t o c a s h t h e o r d e r
; s e c o nd t o d e c i d e
a nd p r e p a r e t h e c h a r a c t e r I w i s h e d t o a s s u m e i n
Mo nt e C a r l o . I d e c i d e d o na So u t h Afr i c a nm i ne
o w ne r
.
I k no w c o ns i d e r a b l e a b o u t m i ni ng , a nd b e -
i ng w e l l a c q u a i nt e d w i t h So u t h Afr i c a , t h e Ra nd a nd
Tr a ns v a a l , I h a d t h e a d v a nt a g e o fk no w i ng m y l o c a l -
i t y fi r s t . ASe c r e t Se r v i c e a g e nt i s a l w a y s c a r e fu l t o
c h o o s e a c h a r a c t e r w i t h w h i c h h e i s fu l l y fa m i l i a r .
One i s c e r t a i nt o m e e t , s o o ne r o r l a t e r , m e ni n
t h e s a m e w a l k o fl i fe
; a nd u nl e s s o ne b e w e l l
p r i m e d , o ne i s b o u nd t o b e " b o w l e d o u t . " I k ne w
t h e r e w o u l d b e So u t h Afr i c a nm i ni ng m e na t Mo nt e
C a r l o .
P r o c u r i ng ne c e s s a r y p a p e r s , s u c h a s m i ni ng j o u r -
na l s , q u o t a t i o ns , a c o u p l e o fSo u t h Afr i c a nne w s -
p a p e r s a nd p h o t o g r a p h s , I w e nt h o m e a nd h a d m y m a n
c a r e fu l l y s e l e c t a nd p a c k m y w a r d r o b e . I c a u g h t t h e
m i d ni g h t Ll o y d Ex p r e s s . Se l e c t i ng a p l e a s a nt m i d d l e
c o m p a r t m e nt , a nd g e t t i ng m y s e a t r e g i s t e r e d , I m a d e
m y s e l fc o m fo r t a b l e a nd b e g a nt o m a p o u t a c a m p a i g n
.
Th i s w a s r a t h e r a t o u g h p r o b l e m . To b e i nt h e s l i g h t -
e s t d e g r e e s u c c e s s fu l , I h a d t o g e t ne a r , a nd i fp o s s i b l e
i nt o u c h w i t h t h e m i ni s t e r s t h a t C o u nt v o nWe d e l
h a d d e s i g na t e d . Ho w i s t h i s t o b e d o ne ? I k ne w i t
w a s fa r fr o m e a s y , a l m o s t i m p o s s i b l e , t o m a k e t h e i r
c a s u a l a c q u a i nt a nc e .
I b e g a nt o c a s t t h e p e r s o na l i t y o ft h e t h r e e m e no v e r
i nm y m i nd . Th e r e w a s P r i nc e Ka s s i m i r Ga l i t z i n, a t
t h a t t i m e h i g h i nt h e fa v o r o ft h e C z a r . Th e r e w e r e
De l c a s s e o fF r a nc e a nd Si r Ed w a r d Gr e y o fEng l a nd .
9 6
THEI NTRI GUEATMONTEC ARLO
Al l t h r e e w e r e g y r a t i ng a b o u t t h e Ri v i e r a a nd t h e
Sa v o y - o s t e ns i b l y i t w a s fo r t h e i r h e a l t h , p o s s i b l y
fo r o t h e r r e a s o ns . I na ny c a s e t h e h e a l t h o ft h e s e
g e nt l e m e ns e e m e d a m a t t e r o fs o m e c o nc e r nt o t h e
Ge r m a ne m p e r o r . He a l t h t r i p s o fm o r e t h a no ne
s t a t e s m a ni no r a b o u t t h e s a m e l o c a l i t y a r e l o o k e d
u p o nw i t h m u c h s u s p i c i o na nd p r o m p t l y i nv e s t i g a t e d ;
m o r e s o w h e nt h e r e i s a ny e x t r a p o l i t i c a l t e ns i o n
. At
t h a t t i m e
- i t w a s i n1 9 1 0 - t h e a i r w a s t e ns e , Ge r -
m a ny w a s i nt h e d a r k , u na b l e t o d i s t i ng u i s h fr i e nd o r
fo e .
Si r Ed w a r d Gr e y 's h a b i t s w e r e u nk no w nt o m e
.
Wi t h De l c a s s e 's I w a s s o m e w h a t fa m i l i a r
. P r i nc e
Ga l i t z i n -
a h , y e s ! I k ne w h i m p r e t t y w e l l ,
b o n
v i v a nt , e x t r e m e l y fo nd o fa p r e t t y fa c e
. Um ! I b e -
g a nt o s e e l i g h t
. He r e i s w h e r e t h e C o u nt e s s m i g h t
c o m e i n
. B y h e r p h o t o g r a p h , a ne x t r e m e l y b e a u t i fu l
w o m a n
; b u t p h o t o g r a p h s o ft e nfl a t t e r a nd d o no t g i v e
a ni nd i c a t i o na s t o p e r s o na l i t y
. F e s t i na l e nt e . I
w o u l d s e e .
F i v e fo r t y - fi v e t h e ne x t a ft e r no o na nd I w a s i n-
s t a l l e d a t t h e Ho t e l Me t r o p o l e i nMo nt e C a r l o
. Aft e r
a r e fr e s h i ng b a t h , I h a d s u p p e r s e r v e d i nm y r o o m ,
a nd s e nt fo r t h e h o t e l c o u r i e r - t h i s a no l d g l o b e -
t r o t t e r t r i c k
. Ho t e l c o u r i e r s o r d r a g o m e na r e w a l k -
i ng e nc y l o p a e d i a s
. Th e y a r e g o o d l i ng u i s t s , o b s e r v -
a nt a nd s h r e w d
. Th e y a r e m a s t e r s o ft h e a r t o ffi nd -
i ng o u t t h i ng s t h e y s h o u l d no t k no w , a nd p a s t g r a nd
m a s t e r s i nk e e p i ng t h e i r m o u t h s s h u t u nl e s s y o u k no w
h o w t o o p e nt h e m . No t w i t h p a l m o i l
. Oh , no , no t h -
9 7
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
i ng s o c r u d e ! Y o u w o u l d ne v e r g e t a ny t r u t h s o r
a ny t h i ng w o r t h w h i l e , w i t h b r i b e r y .
I h a d t o fi nd o u t l o c a l i nt r i g u e s a nd g o s s i p s , w h o
w a s i nMo nt e C a r l o a nd w h a t w a s d o i ng , w h o w e r e t h e
l e a d i ng d e m i - m o nd a i ne s a nd g a m b l e r s ? We r e t h e r e
a ny p o s s i b l e Se c r e t Se r v i c e m e n? He nc e t h e c o u r i e r ,
a Sw i s s fr o m Ob e r Ar a u , a d i s t r i c t o fSw i t z e r l a nd , I
l u c k i l y k ne w w e l l . Wh e nh e k no c k e d a t t h e d o o r , I
c h e e r i l y b a d e h i m c o m e i n . I m a d e m y m a nne r a s
g o o d na t u r e d a s p o s s i b l e . I o ffe r e d h i m a r e a l
Me d i j e h c i g a r e t t e . As b e fi t t i ng h i s s t a t i o n, h e w a s
s l i p p i ng t h e c i g a r e t t e i nh i s p o c k e t .
" Oh , no ! " I s a i d . " Li g h t i t , w o n't y o u ? Ha v e a
l i t t l e s m o k e w i t h m e h e r e . I 'm a b i t l o ne s o m e . I
w a nt t o g e t m y b e a r i ng s .
Wo n't y o u j o i nm e i na
g l a s s o fw i ne ? "
Th a t w a s m y fi r s t o a r i n . Aft e r s o m e c o m m o np l a c e
c o nv e r s a t i o n, a s t o h o w t h e s e a s o nw a s , I a s k e d
" Any b o d y o fi nt e r e s t h e r e ? "
I w i nk e d k no w i ng l y
.
P o s s i b l y i t p l e a s e d t h e
c o u r i e r t o h a v e s o m e o ne t o c h u c k l e o v e r a s e c r e t . Al l
m y o a r s w e r e i n
.
" At t h e Gr a nd Ho t e l d e Lo nd r e s , " h e s a i d s l y l y ,
" t h e r e i s a g e nt l e m a nw h o d o e s no t fo o l m e . "
I o ffe r e d h i m a no t h e r c i g a r e t t e , h e l p e d h i m t o a n-
o t h e r g l a s s o fw i ne .
"
He i s r e g i s t e r e d t h e r e a s C o u nt Te c h l o w , b u t h e
c a n't fo o l m e . He i s t h e P r i nc e Ga l i t z i n . "
" Wh a t 's h e d o i ng ; g a m b l i ng a l o t ? " ( I k ne w h e
w a s n't
. ) .
9 8
THEI NTRI GUEATMONTEC ARLO
" No , " r e p l i e d t h e c o u r i e r , " h e 's k e e p i ng p r e t t y
q u i e t . "
" I s t h e r e a C o u nt e s s Te c h l o w ? "
Th e c o u r i e r s h o o k h i s h e a d . B u e nno l Th e c o a s t
s e e m e d c l e a r .
I k ne w i t w a s e x t r e m e l y a w k w a r d a nd
o ft e nd a ng e r o u s t o t e m p t t h e q u a r r y a w a y fr o m a
d e m i - m o nd a i ne , e s p e c i a l l y a t Mo nt e C a r l o . Aft e r
c h a t t i ng s o m e m o r e I b i d t h e c o u r i e r g o o d ni g h t . I
w o u l d s e e t h e C o u nt e s s t h e fi r s t t h i ng i n t h e m o r n-
i ng .
Al o ng t o w a r d no o nI c a l l e d a t t h e No u v e l Ho t e l
Lo u v r e w h e r e v o nWe d e l h a d t o l d m e I w o u l d fi nd
C o u nt e s s C h e c h a ny . I s e nt i nm y o w nc a r d b e a r i ng
t h e na m e o fH. Va nHu i t , Do o r nKl o o f, Tr a ns v a a l
( t h e r e a d e r w i l l r e c a l l m y e x p e r i e nc e a t Do o r n
Kl o o f)
; a l s o v o nWe d e l 's c a r d w i t h h i s s i g na t u r e
.
I h a d t o w a i t fo r s o m e t i m e , b u t fi na l l y t h e C o u nt e s s
r e c e i v e d m e i nh e r b o u d o i r . Sh e w a s i nb e w i t c h i ng
ne g l i g e e . F r o m t h e p h o t o g r a p h I w a s p r e p a r e d t o
fi nd a v e r y h a nd s o m e w o m a n, b u t s h a d e s o fHe l e n !
Th i s w a s Ve nu s , J u no a nd Mi ne r v a - t h e w h o l e
Gr e e k a nd a ny o t h e r g o d d e s s e s r o l l e d i nt o o ne ! Ta l l
a nd w i l l o w y , s u p e r b o ffi g u r e , g r e a t d a r k - b l u e e y e s ,
m a s s e s o fb l u e - b l a c k w a v y h a i r , fu l l r e d l i p s fo r m i ng
a p e r fe c t C u p i d 's b o w .
B u t w h y g o o n-
I m i g h t g e t
t o o e nt h u s i a s t i c , a nd m i s l e a d t h e r e a d e r . Aft e r m y
a d v e nt u r e I ne v e r s a w t h e C o u nt e s s a g a i n .
I k ne w t h a t b y b i r t h t h e C o u nt e s s C h e c h a ny w a s a
h i g h Hu ng a r i a nno b l e w o m a n . B y m a r r i a g e s h e w a s
r e l a t e d t o t h e C o u nt s o fTo l na F e s t e t i c s , a l e a d i ng
9 9
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
h o u s e i nHu ng a r y . Al s o , s h e w a s o ne o ft h o s e m a r v e l -
o u s l y b e a u t i fu l w o m e np e c u l i a r t o t h a t c o u nt r y . Wa v -
i ng a s m a l l j e w e l e d h a nd , s h e b e g g e d m e t o t a k e a
c h a i r b e s i d e h e r . Ac i g a r e t t e w a s d a i nt i l y p o i s e d i n
h e r fi ng e r s .
" B e s e a t e d , Mr . Va nHu i t o fTr a ns v a a l , " g a z i ng a t
m e w i t h a r o g u i s h g r i n .
We b o t h b u r s t o u t l a u g h i ng
. Ofc o u r s e s h e k ne w
w h a t I w a s .
Vo nWe d e l 's c a r d s h o w e d h e r t h a t
.
B u t , a s h e r ne x t w o r d s p l a i nl y s h o w e d , s h e k ne w a
g r e a t d e a l m o r e .
"
I 'v e g o t a b a d l y s p r a i ne d a nk l e , Do c t o r
.
C a ny o u
d o a ny t h i ng fo r m e ? "
I m u s t h a v e s h o w na p r e t t y s t u p i d fa c e , fo r s h e
l a u g h e d a m u s e d l y a g a i n . I c e r t a i nl y w a s s u r p r i s e d ,
fo r u p t o no w I h a d ne v e r m e t h e r , a nd m y b e i ng a
d o c t o r w a s k no w no nl y t o o ne o r t w o p e r s o ns i nt h e
Se r v i c e . B e s i d e s , i t i s s t r i c t l y a r u l e o ft h e I m p e r i a l
Se c r e t Se r v i c e ne v e r t o d i s c u s s o r d i v u l g e p e r s o na l
m a t t e r s . He r a t t i t u d e b y no m e a ns p l e a s e d m e
.
I
c o r d i a l l y h a t e a ny o ne , e s p e c i a l l y w o m e n, k no w i ng
m o r e t h a nI d o . One ne v e r k no w s w h e r e o ne i s s t a nd -
i ng i na c a s e l i k e t h i s . I d e c i d e d no t t o s h o w m y
c u r i o s i t y , b u t I w a s d e t e r m i ne d t o l e a r nh o w s h e k ne w
a b o u t m e . C o o l l y I s a i d
" We l l , C o u nt e s s , y o u h a v e s o m e w h a t o fa na d v a n-
t a g e . B u t i fI c a nb e o fa ny a s s i s t a nc e t o y o u , p r a y
c o m m a nd m e . "
As a ns w e r , s h e s p r a ng u p , a nd p i r o u e t t i ng a r o u nd
t h e r o o m , e x c l a i m e d
1 0 0
THEI NTRI GUEATMONTEC ARLO
" No w , w h y b e p e e v i s h .
I fy o u 'r e g o o d a nd ni c e , I
s h a l l t e l l y o u s o m e t i m e a l l a b o u t i t . "
Sh e ne v e r d i d , fo r w i t h a l l h e r i ng e nu o u s m a nne r -
i s m s , m y l a d y w a s a b o u t t h e d e e p e s t a nd l e a s t fa t h o m -
a b l e b i t o ffe m i ni ni t y I h a v e e v e r m e t -
b e s i d e s b e i ng
t h e p o s s e s s o r o fa d e v i l o fa t e m p e r . Aft e r s o m e m o r e
b a nt e r , w h i c h I i ns t i g a t e d t o b e c o m e s o m e w h a t a c -
q u a i nt e d w i t h m y p r o s p e c t i v e p a r t ne r , I c a m e t o b u s i -
ne s s .
1 1 Do y o u k no w , C o u nt e s s , t h e o b j e c t o fm y
m i s s i o n? "
" No t h i ng b e y o nd t h e i nt i m a t i o no fy o u r c o m i ng
a nd t h e c o m m a nd t o c o o p e r a t e w i t h y o u i fne c e s s a r y .
So y o u h a d b e t t e r e nl i g h t e nm e , m o nc h e r e . "
I d i d s o w i t h s o m e r e s e r v a t i o n, i t b e i ng m y h a b i t
no t t o l e t a ny o ne i nt o a t h i ng t o o m u c h , l e a s t o fa l l a
w o m a n . I s u g g e s t e d t h a t o u r fi r s t o b j e c t w a s t o
m a k e P r i nc e Ga l i t z i n's a c q u a i nt a nc e . As h i s Se r e ne
Hi g h ne s s r e s i d e d a t t h e Ho t e l d e Lo nd r e s , w e a g r e e d
t o d i ne t h e r e . Aft e r a c c e p t i ng a d a i nt y c u p o fc h o c o -
l a t e I d e p a r t e d , p u r p o s e l y r e t u r ni ng h o m e b y w a y o f
t h e Lo nd r e s
. He r e , w i t h a l i t t l e d i p l o m a c y , I m a n-
a g e d t o r e s e r v e fo r d i nne r t h e t a b l e I w a nt e d , o ne ne x t
t o t h e P r i nc e . We l l p l e a s e d , I l a t e r d r e s s e d , a r m e d
m y s e l fw i t h a b o u q u e t o fLa F r a nc e r o s e s , a nd c a l l e d
o nm y p a r t ne r .
I h a d t h e r o s e s s e nt u p a nd w a i t e d
. Th e C o u nt e s s
s e nt w o r d t h a t s h e w o u l d b e d o w ns h o r t l y .
I s m o k e d
t h r e e c i g a r e t t e s .
St i l l no C o u nt e s s . I h a v e y e t t o
m e e t a w o m a nw h o c o u l d o r w o u l d b e p u nc t u a l . F i -
1 0 1
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
na l l y I h e a r d t h e s o ft s w i s h a nd fr o u - fr o u o fs i l k g a r -
m e nt s a nd l o o k i ng u p s a w h e r l a d y s h i p c o m i ng
d o w nt h e g r a nd s t a i r w a y
. Sh e w a s b r i l l i a nt l y r o b e d ,
j e w e l s fl a s h e d a t h e r ne c k a nd w r i s t s
. Sh e w a s o f
t h a t t y p e o fb e a u t y d i ffi c u l t t o c l a s s i fy , a l t h o u g h a s -
s u r e d o fa p p r o v a l i na ny q u a r t e r o ft h e w o r l d
.
"
Ti r e d o fw a i t i ng , m o na m i ? "
t a p p i ng m e p l a y -
fu l l y o nt h e a r m .
" Se e , i nr e t u r nfo r y o u r p a t i e nc e I
a m w e a r i ng y o u r r o s e s . "
Sh e h a d t h e m p i nne d o nh e r c o r s a g e
. We e nt e r e d
o u r c a r r i a g e a nd d r o v e t o t h e Ho t e l d e Lo nd r e s , d i s -
c u s s i ng t h e p a r t s w e w e r e g o i ng t o p l a y
. Wo u l d t h e
Ru s s i a nB e a r b e c a u g h t ? I w o nd e r e d
. Wh e nw e a r -
r i v e d , I s a w t h a t t h e h o t e l w a s p r e t t y w e l l fi l l e d
.
Ev e r y b o d y w h o w a s a ny b o d y s e e m e d t o b e t h e r e
. I
no t i c e d a nu m b e r o fp r o m i ne nt Am e r i c a ns o c i e t y
l a d i e s
. Ex p e r i e nc e h a s t a u g h t m e t h a t t h e r e a r e
t h r e e p l a c e s w h e r e y o u m e e t s o o ne r o r l a t e r e v e r y
k no w np e r s o ni nt h e w o r l d , - P i c c a d i l l y C i r c u s , t h e
t e r r a c e o fSh e p h a r d 's Ho t e l , C a i r o , a nd Mo nt e C a r l o
.
Re m e m b e r i ng o u r d i p l o m a t i c c o nv e r s a t i o no ft h e
a ft e r no o n, t h e m a i t r e d 'h St e l c a m e r u s h i ng fo r w a r d
a nd w i t h p r o fo u nd b o w s d i r e c t e d u s t o o u r t a b l e ,
- w h i c h w a s t a s t e fu l l y d e c o r a t e d w i t h La F r a nc e r o s e s ,
t h e C o u nt e s s 'fa v o r i t e s ( c h a r g e d t o e x p e ns e s )
. As
w e w a l k e d s l o w l y d o w nt h e p a s s a g e t o o u r t a b l e , m a ny
e y e s w e r e t u r ne d t o w a r d u s
. Th e C o u nt e s s a p p e a r e d
u nc o ns c i o u s o fi t a l l
. La z i l y , h a l fi ns o l e nt l y o b s e r v -
a nt , y e t w h o l l y u nc o nc e r ne d , s h e w a s w i t h o u t d o u b t
t h e m o s t s t r i k i ng l y b e a u t i fu l w o m a ni nt h e a s s e m b l y
;
1 0 2
THEI NTRI GUEATMONTEC ARLO
t h i s , t h o u g h t h e s o c i e t y o ft h e w o r l d s e e m e d t o fi l l t h e
Lo nd r e s t h a t ni g h t . P o o r Ga l i t z i n !
As w e s e a t e d o u r s e l v e s , a h u s h fe l l a b o u t t h e i m -
m e d i a t e t a b l e t o o u r r i g h t a nd l e ft . I t w a s fo l l o w e d
b y a l o w b u z z i ng o fc u r i o u s o r i nt e r e s t e d , w i s e o r i g no -
r a nt , h u m a nb e e s
. Ono u r r i g h t I s a w t h e P r i nc e
Ga l i t z i n . F r o m t h e m o m e nt o fo u r e nt r a nc e h e h a d
k e p t l o o k i ng a t t h e C o u nt e s s . I w a t c h e d h i m o u t o f
t h e c o r ne r o fm y e y e , a nd a b r u p t l y h e c h a ng e d s e a t s
w i t h o ne o ft h e g e nt l e m e na t h i s t a b l e . Ob v i o u s l y h i s
v i e w o ft h e C o u nt e s s 'fa c e w a s no t a t t h e a ng l e h e
w i s h e d . Sc r e w i ng h i s m o no c l e i nh i s e y e , h e b e g a n
t o s t a r e p r e t t y c o ns i s t e nt l y .
Ofc o u r s e t h i s d e l i g h t e d m e
. Th e a v i d i t y w i t h
w h i c h h i s Se r e ne Hi g h ne s s w a s s w a l l o w i ng t h e b a i t
p r o m i s e d m u c h . I t h o u g h t i t a d v i s a b l e , h o w e v e r , t o
c r e a t e a l i t t l e d i v e r s i o n, s o m e t h i ng t h a t w o u l d d r i v e
a w a y a p o s s i b l e s u s p i c i o nt h a t t h i s w a s a " p l a nt
. "
I t w a s p e r fe c t l y o b v i o u s t o a l l t h a t t h e P r i nc e w a s b e -
c o m i ng fa s c i na t e d . Al s o , h e w a s l o s i ng h i s h e a d , fo r
h e w a s s h o w i ng h i s fa s c i na t i o ni na r a t h e r r u d e m a n-
ne r . Hi s s t a r i ng b e g a nt o a t t r a c t s o m e a t t e nt i o n .
Th a t w a s t h e o p p o r t u ni t y I w a s l o o k i ng fo r . C a l l -
i ng t h e m a i t r e d 'h 6 t e l , I r e q u e s t e d h i m , p i t c h i ng m y
v o i c e s o t h a t i t w o u l d b e e a s i l y a u d i b l e a t t h e s u r -
r o u nd i ng t a b l e s
" P e r s u a d e t h e g e nt l e m a no no u r r i g h t t o d i s c o n-
t i nu e h i s a nno y i ng s t a r e . "
I s a w t h a t t h e P r i nc e h a d h e a r d m y r e q u e s t .
F l u s h i ng d e e p l y r e d , h e a b r u p t l y r o s e a nd w i t h a b o w
1 0 3
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
t o t h e C o u nt e s s w e nt o u t o ft h e r o o m . I t w a s a s I
w i s h e d .
We fi ni s h e d o u r e x q u i s i t e a nd e x c e l l e nt l y w e l l -
s e r v e d d i nne r , a nd w e nt o u t t o t h e Te r r a c e Ga r d e ns
t o h a v e o u r c a fe Tu r c a nd c i g a r e t t e s
. Th i s , t o m y
m i nd , i s t h e m o s t e nj o y a b l e h o u r o ft h e d a y , e s p e c i a l l y
i na p l a c e l i k e Mo nt e C a r l o , w e l l g r o o m e d , w e l l fe d ,
s u r r o u nd e d b y a ne v e r - v a r y i ng t h r o ng o fi nt e r e s t i ng
p e o p l e , b e a u t i fu l s c e ne r y , e x q u i s i t e m u s i c , t h e i d e a l
d o l e e fa r ni e nt e
.
Sl o w l y i nh a l i ng t h e s m o k e o fm y e x c e l l e nt Me d i j e h ,
I fe l l i nt o a s o r t o fc o nt e m p l a t i v e r e v e r i e w h i l e w a i t -
i ng fo r t h e P r i nc e
. I k ne w h e w o u l d c o m e . B a c k
a nd fo r t h i nfr o nt o fm e w a nd e r e d h u m a ni t y , a l l
g r a d e s a nd s h a d e s . He r e a p r i nc e , s c i o no fa no b l e
h o u s e , t h e r e a p a r v e nu , fr e s h fr o m h i s l a t e s t s t o c k -
j o b b i ng v i c t o r y
. He r e a m o nd a i ne , a d e m i - m o nd a i ne
w i t h a r e p u t a t i o ni nh a l fa d o z e nc o u nt r i e s
. He r e a
g r o u p o ffa m o u s l i g h t s o ft h e s t a g e , t h e r e a c o u p l e o f
e m i ne nt s t a t e s m e n .
Tr u l y , a c o s m o p o l i t a nc r o w d .
Wh a t i ft h e a nt e c e d e nt s o fs o m e o ft h e p l e a s u r e
s e e k e r s h e r e w e r e k no w n? I r e c o g ni z e d m a ny a nd i t
b e i ng m y b u s i ne s s t o k no w s u c h t h i ng s , t h e i r s t o r i e s
c a m e b a c k t o m e m a g i c a l l y .
Sk e l e t o ns a t t h e fe a s t ?
Oh , y e s , g r e w s o m e o ne s , t o o . J u s t a s w e l l , a na l l -
w i s e P r o v i d e nc e h a s o r d a i ne d o u r i na b i l i t y t o s e e b e -
h i nd t h e v e i l .
I k ne w t h a t t h e w o m a no p p o s i t e m e
c o u l d no m o r e a ffo r d t o l i ft h e r v e i l t h a nI c o u l d m i ne
.
Th e no ne o ft h e g e nt l e m e nfr o m t h e P r i nc e 's t a b l e
c a m e u p a nd a d d r e s s e d m e .
F i r s t , h o w e v e r , h e
1 0 4
THEI NTRI GUEATMONTEC ARLO
t
h a nd e d m e a c a r d , w h i c h I s a w b o r e t h e na m e o f
P r i nc e Ka s s i m i r Vl a d i m i r Ga l i t z i n .
"
Mo ns i e u r , " s a i d t h e P r i nc e 's c o m p a ni o n,
" I 'm
d e p u t e d b y t h e P r i nc e t o c o nv e y h i s r e g r e t s , s h o u l d
h e h a v e c a u s e d Ma d a m e o r y o u a ny a nno y a nc e . Th e
P r i nc e b e g s p e r m i s s i o nt o m a k e h i s a p o l o g y t o Ma -
d a m e i np e r s o n . "
I r e p l i e d i nw o r d s t o t h e e ffe c t t h a t Ma d a m e b e i ng
a fr e e a g e nt a nd o nl y a na c q u a i nt a nc e o fm i ne , m u s t
d e c i d e t h i s fo r h e r s e l f .
1 1 P e r s o na l l y , " I a d d e d ,
1 1 1 h a v e no o b j e c t i o n
. "
Th e C o u nt e s s s i m p l y no d d e d . Th e P r i nc e 's e nv o y
b o w e d a nd w e nt a w a y
.
He r e t u r ne d i na fe w m i nu t e s w i t h t h e P r i nc e
.
Mu t u a l i nt r o d u c t i o ns , g e ne r a l c h a t t i ng , t h e P r i nc e
c o nfi ni ng h i m s e l fe x c l u s i v e l y t o t h e C o u nt e s s . Ab o u t
h a l fa nh o u r 's t a l k , r e fr e s h m e nt s , a nd t h e r e c a m e a n
a r r a ng e m e nt fo r l u nc h e o nt h e ne x t d a y a t w h i c h t h e
C o u nt e s s a nd m y s e l fw e r e i nv i t e d t o b e t h e g u e s t s o f
t h e P r i nc e .
Th e l u nc h e o nw a s d u l y g i v e na t t h e Ho t e l Lo nd r e s
a nd t h e P r i nc e w a s a p r i nc e l y h o s t . Ha v i ng b e e ni n-
v i t e d , I h a d t o a t t e nd . Th e r e w a s a t h e a t e r p a r t y t h a t
e v e ni ng h o w e v e r , t o w h i c h I w a s no t i nv i t e d , a nd s u p -
p e r a ft e r , t o w h i c h I w a s no t i nv i t e d . I nd e e d , w h e nI
m e t t h e P r i nc e Ga l i t z i no nt h e g r a nd p r o m e na d e t h e
ne x t d a y , h e g a v e m e a v e r y p r i nc e l y s t a r e a nd k e p t o n
w a l k i ng . Al l o fw h i c h s u i t e d m e p e r fe c t l y w e l l . He
w a s i nt h e h a nd s o ft h e C o u nt e s s .
F r o m a fa r I w a t c h e d h i m b e c o m e d a i l y m o r e i n-
1 0 5
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
V .
fa t u a t e d . Th e y w e r e c o ns t a nt l y d r i v i ng a nd a t t e nd -
i ng t h e a t e r s t o g e t h e r . Th e P r i nc e w a s s h o w e r i ng
v a l u a b l e p r e s e nt s r i g h t a nd l e ft . I nt h e m i d s t o ft h i s ,
I r e c e i v e d i nfo r m a t i o nt h a t De l c a s s e h a d a r r i v e d a t
Ni z z a . Th e C o u nt e s s h a d h e r e y e s o nt h e P r i nc e , s o
t h i s l e ft m e fr e e t o t a k e c a r e o fDe l c a s s e . My w o r k
w a s no w t o l e a r ni ft h e F r e nc h m i ni s t e r h e l d a ny m e e t -
i ng s w i t h Si r Ed w a r d Gr e y o r Wi ns t o nC h u r c h i l l ,
m i ni s t e r s fr o m Eng l a nd , w h o w e r e s h o r t l y e x p e c t e d
a l s o t o a r r i v e a t Ni z z a
.
Su b s e q u e nt l y I g u e s s e d t h e r e
w o u l d b e a fi na l m e e t i ng w i t h t h e P r i nc e . I c o nt i nu -
a l l y a nd u no b t r u s i v e l y fo l l o w e d De l c a s s e e v e r y w h e r e ,
b u t no t h i ng e v e nt u a t e d o w i ng t o u nfo r e s e e nc i r c u m -
s t a nc e s i nt h e Ho u s e o fC o m m o ns , a nd t h e C a b i ne t o f
Eng l a nd , Si r Ed w a r d a nd C h u r c h i l l w e r e u na b l e t o
t a k e t h e i r
a
v a c a t i o nt r i p s " i np e r s o n . So t h e y s e nt
a ne m i s s a r y w i t h i m p o r t a nt d o c u m e nt s t o De l c a s s e ,
o ne o fw h i c h c a m e t o l i g h t i n h i s s u b s e q u e nt m e e t i ng
w i t h P r i nc e Ga l i t z i n .
Ont h e ni g h t o ft h e ni nt h o fNo v e m b e r I r e c e i v e d a
w i r e fr o m t h e C o u nt e s s . I t w a s d e l i v e r e d a t t h e
Ho t e l Ang l a i s , Ni z z a . Op e ni ng i t , I r e a d
" Re t u r n . De C a m p h e r e . Me e t i ng o u r fr i e nd . "
Ofc o u r s e b y De C a m p s h e m e a nt De l c a s s e . C l e a r l y
h e h a d s l i p p e d a w a y fr o m m e . " Ou r fr i e nd " r e -
fe r r e d t o t h e P r i nc e . Th i s w a s ne w s i nd e e d ! Hi r -
i ng a na u t o m o b i l e I m a d e r e c o r d t i m e fo r Mo nt e
C a r l o . I a r r i v e d a t m y h o t e l a b o u t t h r e e o 'c l o c k i n
t h e m o r ni ng o ft h e t e nt h a nd fo u nd a w a i t i ng m e i n
m y r o o m , t h e C o u nt e s s 'm a i d . Sh e d e l i v e r e d p a r t o f
1 0 6
THEI NTRI GUEATMONTEC ARLO
a ni m p o r t a nt c o nv e r s a t i o nw h i c h h a d t a k e np l a c e b e -
t w e e nDe l c a s s e a nd t h e P r i nc e , a nd o fw h i c h I s h a l l
p r e s e nt l y g i v e t h e s u b s t a nc e a nd i t s e x p l a na t i o n . I n-
s t r u c t i ng t h e m a i d t o i nfo r m h e r m i s t r e s s t h a t I
w i s h e d t o s e e h e r a t t e n A. M. a t t h e C a s i no , i nt h e
Sa l l e d e s Es t r a ng e r , I d i s m i s s e d h e r
. I c h o s e t h e
Sa l l e d e s Es t r a ng e r b e c a u s e i t w a s t h e m o s t fr e q u e nt e d
a nd fo r t h a t r e a s o nt h e l e a s t s u s p i c i o u s m e e t i ng
p l a c e
.
We m e t a s a p p o i nt e d a nd t h e C o u nt e s s c o nfi r m e d
t h e m a i d 's r e p o r t . F o r a b o u t t h r e e h o u r s o nt h e e v e n-
i ng o ft h e ni nt h , De l c a s s e , o fF r a nc e , a nd P r i nc e
Ga l i t z i no fRu s s i a w e r e i nc o nfe r e nc e i nt h e P r i nc e 's
c h a m b e r a t t h e Ho t e l d e Lo nd r e s
. Ha v i ng c h a ng e d
h e r h o t e l a nd b e i ng i na c h a m b e r a d j o i ni ng t h e
P r i nc e 's , t h e C o u nt e s s h a d m a na g e d t o o v e r h e a r m o s t
o ft h i s c o nv e r s a t i o n
. I nh e r r e p o r t t h e r e w e r e na t u -
r a l l y s o m e b l a nk s
. Sh e h a d no t b e e na b l e t o h e a r
e v e r y w o r d u t t e r e d . B u t t h e p u r p o r t a nd t r e nd
s h o w e d m e i t w a s o ft r e m e nd o u s i m p o r t a nc e
.
I t w a s e v i d e nt l y a na r r a ng e m e nt b e t w e e nF r a nc e
a nd Ru s s i a , w i t h t h e u nd e r s t a nd i ng o fEng l a nd , t o
fo r c e Ge r m a ny i nt o a na b j e c t i s o l a t i o n
. Go i ng fu r -
t h e r , t h e y w e r e t r y i ng t h r o u g h a c l o s e r a l l i a nc e o f
t h e s e t h r e e g r e a t p o w e r s t o c u r t a i l t h e a c t i v i t i e s o f
Ge r m a ne x p a ns i o na nd c o m p l e t e l y c o u p h e r u p
d i p l o m a t i c a l l y
. Th e C o u nt e s s t o l d m e t h a t P r i nc e
Ga l i t z i na nd De l c a s s e w e r e g o i ng t o m e e t a g a i nt h a t
s a m e a ft e r no o na b o u t fi v e o 'c l o c k
. As i t w a s a b s o -
l u t e l y i m p e r a t i v e t o o b t a i nk no w l e d g e o ft h e r e s t o f
1 0 7
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
t h e c o nv e r s a t i o nI e nj o i ne d t h e C o u nt e s s t o e x e r t a l l
h e r s k i l l t o s e c u r e t h e d e t a i l s a t t h i s m o s t i m p o r t a nt
i nt e r v i e w , a nd t o m e e t m e o nc e m o r e i na c o r ne r o ft h e
Sa l l e d e s Es t r a ng e r s , t h i s t i m e a t s e v e no 'c l o c k
.
I r e t u r ne d t o m y h o t e l , s e t t l e d m y b i l l a nd h a d m y
g r i p t a k e no v e r t o t h e r a i l w a y s t a t i o n
; I g o t a t i c k e t
fo r Mi l a n
. I t i s a l w a y s a d v i s a b l e t o l a y y o u r p l a ns
c a r e fu l l y fo r a p o s s i b l y v e r y h u r r i e d e x i t , t h e ne a r e s t
fr i e nd l y b o r d e r i nt h i s i ns t a nc e b e i ng I t a l y
. I nt h e
e v e nt o ft r o u b l e a r i s i ng , h u r r y i ng t h r o u g h F r a nc e
w o u l d h a v e b e e no u t o ft h e q u e s t i o n
. Sw i t z e r l a nd i s
a ni nd e p e nd e nt c o u nt r y w h i c h w o u l d h a v e h e l d m e u p
o ffi c i a l l y o nb e i ng r e q u e s t e d t o d o s o , a l t h o u g h t h e y d o
no t e x t r a d i t e fo r p o l i t i c a l o ffe ns e s , b u t b e i ng h e l d u p
i s b a d e no u g h
. B u t o nc e a c r o s s t h e I t a l i a nb o r d e r , I
w a s s a fe e no u g h
. As e m i - o ffi c i a l h i nt fr o m t h e Wi l -
h e l m s t r a s s e t o t h e Qu i r i na l w o u l d a l w a y s p r o c u r e a n
o p e ns e s a m e fo r m e
-
no d a ng e r o fb e i ng h e l d u p
t h e r e
. He nc e t h e t i c k e t fo r Mi l a n .
Th e i nt e r v e ni ng h o u r s I s p e nt o nt h e o u t s k i r t s o f
Mo nt e C a r l o , d r o p p i ng i nt o m a ny a q u a i nt l i t t l e w i ne
c e l l a r
. At d u s k I e nt e r e d t h e Sa l l e d e s Es t r a ng e r s o f
t h e C a s i no a nd s e t t l i ng m y s e l fc o m fo r t a b l y i nt h e a p -
p o i nt e d c o r ne r , a w a i t e d d e v e l o p m e nt s
. I t w a s a t r y -
i ng w a i t
. I s a t t h e r e fr o m s e v e nt o t e n- t h i r t y , s m o k -
i ng i nc e s s a nt l y
. I w a s j u s t fi ni s h i ng m y l a s t 6 g a -
r e t t e a nd I h a d a b o u t c o m e t o t h e e nd o fm y r e s o u r c e s
i ne nt e r t a i ni ng m y s e l f
. One h a s a m p l e t i m e t o c o n-
j e c t u r e a l l s o r t s o fp o s s i b l e m i s h a p s , a nd m i s h a p s a r e
d e u c e d l y u nc o m fo r t a b l e i nt h i s s o r t o fw o r k
.
1 0 8
THEI NTRI GUEATMONTEC ARLO
No t t o c r e a t e c u r i o s i t y o r s u s p i c i o n, b y m y l o ng o c -
c u p a t i o no ft h i s p a r t i c u l a r c o r ne r , I h a d s t a r t e d a
t r e m e nd o u s fl i r t a t i o nw i t h a r a t h e r p l a i n, r a t h e r r o -
t u nd l a d y o ft h e Eng l i s h C o o k 's To u r t y p e . He r r e -
t u r ng l a nc e s a nd s m i l e s a t t r a c t e d t h e a m u s e d a t t e n-
t i o no fm o s t o ft h e p a s s e r s - b y , e s p e c i a l l y t h e a t t e nd a nt
o ft h a t p a r t o ft h e Sa l l e . Th i s w a s r a t h e r g o o d , fo r
i fo ne d o e s no t g a m b l e o r fl i r t i nt h e C a s i no h e i s r e -
g a r d e d b y t h e c o m m i s s a i r e s a s a C h e v a l i e r d 'I nd u s t r i e ,
i no t h e r w o r d s " c o nfi d e nc e m a n . "
4 p
r
'v o w c e k l a w n
` i c e
J u s t t h e nI s a w t h e C o u nt e s s 'm a i d m a k i ng a s i g na l
t o m e fr o m t h e e nt r a nc e d o o r a nd w i t h o u t a s m u c h a s
b y y o u r l e a v e I h u r r i e d a ft e r h e r . I na b o u t t e n
s t r i d e s , I o v e r t o o k t h e g i r l
.
" Ha v e y o u g o t a ny t h i ng fo r m e ? "
" No , s i r , " s h e r e p l i e d .
" B u t h e r La d y s h i p w i s h e s
t o m e e t y o u
. Y o u a r e p l e a s e d t o m a k e a r e nd e z v o u s . "
Th i s w a s c l e v e r a nd s u i t e d m e
; k no w i ng t h a t s h e
m u s t h a v e p r o c u r e d s o m e t h i ng o fi m p o r t a nc e , I s e -
l e c t e d a l i t t l e c a fe , t h e B o u l a ng e r , c l o s e t o t h e s t a t i o n,
a nd a ft e r g i v i ng t h e g i r l a l o u i s , I j u m p e d i nt o a c a r -
1 0 9
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
r i a g e a nd d r o v e t h e r e . I na s h o r t t i m e I w a s j o i ne d
b y t h e C o u nt e s s w h o h a d t h r o w na h o o d e d m a nt l e
o v e r a b r i l l i a nt e v e ni ng g o w n . Qu i e t l y s l i p p i ng i nt o
a c h a i r ne x t t o m e s h e t o o k s o m e fo l d e d p a p e r s o u t o f
h e r g l o v e , a nd w h i l e fa s t e ni ng a l i t t l e r o s e b u d i nt o m y
l a p e l s l i p p e d t h e m i nt o m y p o c k e t s w i t h t h e w o r d s
"
Al l I c o u l d o b t a i n, b u t y o u 'l l fi nd i t s u ffi c i e nt .
I 'm l e a v i ng fo r Ro m e t o - m o r r o w ni g h t . B o nv o y -
a g e ! "
I l o o k e d a t m y w a t c h a nd s a w I h a d t i m e t o c a t c h
t h e t r a i nfo r Mi l a n . No s o o ne r w a s I l o c k e d i nm y
c o u p e a nd t h e t r a i ni nm o t i o n, w h e nI h a d a g o o d l o o k
a t t h e p a p e r s . Th e y w e r e t w o h a l fs h e e t s o fno t e
p a p e r , e m b o s s e d w i t h t h e p r i nc e l y c o a t o fa r m s a nd
c o nt a i ni ng a b b r e v i a t e d s e nt e nc e s o fd a t e s , a nd na m e s
a nd a r o u t e , a l l i nt h e h a nd w r i t i ng o fDe l c a s s e a nd
t h e P r i nc e . Th e w h o l e g i s t w i t h h e r r e p e a t e d , o v e r -
h e a r d s na t c h e s o fc o nv e r s a t i o ns h o w e d c l e a r l y a ni n-
t e nd e d s e c r e t v i s i t o ft h e P r e s i d e nt o fF r a nc e t o t h e
C z a r o fRu s s i a , t h e na m e s o ft h e o ffi c i a l s t o b e p r e s -
e nt a nd t h e m e e t i ng p l a c e , t h e C z a r 's y a c h t , t h e
St a a nd a r t , o ff Kr o ns t a d t
. Th i s m e e t i ng , h o w e v e r ,
d i d no t t a k e p l a c e , t h e Ka i s e r fo r e s t a l l i ng i t b y h i s
q u i c k a c t i o no nt h e Mo r o c c a ns i t u a t i o n .
F r o m Mi l a nI w e nt t o B e r l i na nd w i t h i nfo r t y -
e i g h t h o u r s t h e d o c u m e nt s w e r e d e l i v e r e d i nt o t h e
h a nd s o fC o u nt v o nWe d e l , a nd t h e ni nt o t h e h a nd s o f
t h e Em p e r o r . Th e i r s i g ni fi c a nc e w a s t h i s
Th e Mo r o c c a nt r o u b l e w a s v e r y o m i no u s . Ge r m a ny
w a s i na p o s i t i o nw h e r e , s o o ne r o r l a t e r , s h e w o u l d b e
1 1 0
THEI NTRI GUEATMONTEC ARLO
fo r c e d t o a c t . B e fo r e t h i s m i s s i o nt h e Ka i s e r w a s i n
t h e d a r k . F r a nc e , Ru s s i a a nd Eng l a nd d i d no t h a v e
t h e i r c a r d s o nt h e t a b l e . He d i d no t k no w w h i c h
c o u nt r i e s w o u l d r e m a i nne u t r a l i nc a s e o fw a r w i t h
F r a nc e . He h a d s u s p e c t e d t h a t t h e r e w a s s o m e s o r t
o fa nu nd e r s t a nd i ng b r e w i ng a g a i ns t h i m .
Th e r e -
s u l t s o fm y m i s s i o n -
l e a r ni ng o fSi r Ed w a r d Gr e y 's
m e s s a g e t o De l c a s s e , De l c a s s e 's m e e t i ng w i t h P r i nc e
Ga l i t z i no fRu s s i a - c o nfi r m e d t h i s b e y o nd a l l
d o u b t .
B u t h o w s t r o ng w a s t h i s a l l i a nc e ? Ho w c l o s e
w o u l d Eng l a nd s t i c k t o F r a nc e ? Th i s h e d i d no t
k no w . He o nl y k ne w t h a t t h e r e w a s a s o r t o fa n
a g r e e m e nt , a nd t o fi nd o u t j u s t h o w s t r o ng w a s t h e
b o nd b e t w e e nEng l a nd a nd F r a nc e , h e u s e d a m a s t e r
s t r o k e o fd i p l o m a c y .
He b r o u g h t t h e Mo r o c c a nq u e s -
t i o nt o a c r i s i s , l o ng b e fo r e i t w a s a nt i c i p a t e d ; h e s e nt
t h e w a r s h i p P a nt h e r i nt o Ag a d i r Ha r b o r a nd fo r c e d
Eng l a nd a nd F r a nc e t o s h o w t h e i r h a nd s .
Ho w c l o s e
w a r w a s a v e r t e d , o nl y fo u r p e r s o ns k ne w a t t h a t t i m e
- t h e C a p t a i no ft h e P a nt h e r , v o nWe d e l , t h e
Ka i s e r a nd m y s e l f . And h o w Eu r o p e j u s t m i s s e d b e -
i ng p l u ng e d i nt o a t r e m e nd o u s w a r I s h a l l t e l l o fi n
m y s e c r e t m i s s i o nt h a t ni p p e d w a r i nt h e b u d
.
I c a m e ne a r fo r g e t t i ng . F o r h i s d i s c r e t i o na t
Mo nt e C a r l o , t h e C z a r r e w a r d e d P r i nc e Ga l i t z i nb y
t r a ns fe r r i ng h i m t o a p r o v i nc e i nSi b e r i a .
1 1 1
VI I
THEKAI SERP REVENTSA WAR
I
Tw a s Ka i s e r w e a t h e r i nGe r m a ny
. B a c k fr o m a
fi v e m o nt h s 't r i p t o t h e F a r Ea s t , B e r l i ns e e m e d t o
m e l i k e He a v e n
. I h a d fi ni s h e d a s e c r e t d i p l o m a t i c
m i s s i o nfo r t h e Ka i s e r a nd a s a r e s u l t m y p o c k e t b o o k
w a s fu l l . Da y s a nd d a y s i nt h e Or i e nt m a k e a m a n
t r y t o c r o w d i nt o t h e fi r s t t w e nt y - fo u r h o u r s h o m e , a l l
t h e e nj o y m e nt s t h a t h i s c i t y o ffe r s .
Ac c o r d i ng l y ,
w i t h m o ne y r u nni ng t h r o u g h m y fi ng e r s l i k e s a nd , I
p l a nne d a l o ng r i d e i nt h e Gr u ne w a l d ; I s a w m y s e l f
o r d e r i ng t h e fe w s p e c i a l d i s h e s o ne g e t s a t Ke m p -
i ns k y 's ; I w o u l d b u y a g o o d s e a t a t t h e Me t r o p o l e a nd
t o w i nd u p I w o u l d l o o k i na t t h e Ad m i r a l 's P a l a c e
w h e nt h e p e r fo r m e r s w e r e m i ng l i ng i nt h e a u d i e nc e .
I t b e i ng m y fi r s t d a y b a c k i nB e r l i n, t h a t p r o g r a m m e
a p p e a l e d t o m e a l o t m o r e t h a nd i d t h e Eu r o p e a n
d i p l o m a t i c t a ng l e . I h a d b e e ni d l i ng t h e e a r l y a ft e r -
no o nh o u r s a t t h e C a fe B a u e r , Unt e r d e nLi nd e n, b u t
m y p r o g r a m m e fo r t h e r e s t o ft h e d a y fi na l l y c h o s e n,
I g o t u p , p a i d m y b i l l a nd s t r o l l e d h o m e .
My b o y Ki m m u s t h a v e b e e no nt h e l o o k o u t fo r m e
;
b e fo r e I c o u l d u s e m y k e y t h e d o o r fl e w o p e n
.
c .
Ma s t e r '. " h e e x c l a i m e d i nh i s h e a v y , j e r k y v o i c e
.
~ ~ Y o u a r e w a nt e d o nt h e t e l e p h o ne
. "
1 1 2
THEKAI SERP REVENTSAWAR
I h a d a nu ne a s y s u s p i c i o no fw h a t t h a t m e a nt ,
w h i c h w a s c o nfi r m e d w h e nm y b o y a d d e d ,
"
Nu m b e r
A1 1 w a nt s y o u . "
B i s m i l l a h ! Th a t s e t t l e d i t ! Th a t e nd e d m y
Gr u ne w a l d , Ke m p i ns k y 's , t h e Me t r o p o l e , t h e Ad m i r -
a l 's P a l a c e . I t m e a nt t h e h i g h w a y a w a y . I t a l w a y s
m e a ns t h a t w h e na m a no fm y p o s i t i o n i s i nB e r l i n
a nd s o m e b o d y s a y s t o c a l l u p t h a t nu m b e r , A1 1 .
Wh e ne v e r A1 1 s u m m o ns i t i s w i s e t o b e p r o m p t . I t
i s t h e nu m b e r o ft h e Wi l h e l m s t r a s s e , t h e fo r e i g no ffi c e
o fGe r m a ny .
I l o s t no t i m e i ng e t t i ng a c o nne c t i o na nd I w a s t o l d
t o r e p o r t a t t h e Wi l h e l m s t r a s s e a t 1 0 . 3 0 t h a t ni g h t .
I w a s t o h o l d m y s e l fr e a d y fo r i ns t a nt s e r v i c e
. I m u s t
c o m e p r e p a r e d p o s s i b l y fo r a l o ng j o u r ne y .
I g a v e o r d e r s fo r m y b o y t o h a v e m e d r e s s e d b y t e n
o 'c l o c k . I d e c i d e d t o t a k e a na p , fo r I k ne w t h a t m i d -
ni g h t i nt e r v i e w s w i t h t h e g e nt l e m a na t t h e Wi l h e l m -
s t r a s s e o ft e nl e d t o s o m e m i g h t y u ne x p e c t e d a nd p r o -
t r a c t e d t r a v e l i ng .
B e fo r e g o i ng t o s l e e p , h o w e v e r , I
w e nt o v e r t h e Eu r o p e a ns i t u a t i o n . Wh a t h a d l o o m e d
b i g ? I h o p e d i t w a s s o m e t h i ng b i g , fo r w h i l e a Se c r e t
Se r v i c e a g e nt d o e s n't g e t b l a s e , h e l i k e s t o w o r k w h e n
t h r o ne s o r t h e b o u nd a r i e s o fe m p i r e s a r e i nv o l v e d
.
I r e fl e c t e d t h a t J u ne - i t w a s i n1 9 1 1 - h a d b e e n
a d e c i d e d l y s t r e nu o u s m o nt h fo r m o r e t h a no ne
c a b i ne t i nEu r o p e . Ge r m a ny a nd F r a nc e w e r e s na p -
p i ng a nd s na r l i ng . F r a nc e w a s g o i ng a r o u nd w i t h i t s
c h e s t s t u c k o u t ; i t s a t t i t u d e d e c i d e d l y b e l l i g e r e nt
.
Ofc o u r s e , t h i s c o c k i ne s s w a s d u e t o t h e fa t fi ng e r s o f
1 1 3
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
h o ne s t J o h nB u l l ;
i nd e e d , Eng l a nd h a d m o r e t h a n
t e nfi ng e r s i nt h i s p i e t h a t w a s b a k i ng . I k ne w t h a t
t h e a i r w a s fu l l o fMo r o c c o a nd w a r t a l k . I k ne w t h a t
t h e r e w a s a c e r t a i nfa c t i o ni nGe r m a ny t h a t w a s t r y -
i ng t o p u s h t h e Ka i s e r , i nt o a w a r
. Th i s c l i q u e , c o m -
p o s e d o fa r m y a nd na v y m e na nd t h e j u nk e r , t h e
` 1 J i ng o "
p a r t y , t h e b i g g u ni nt e r e s t s , b a c k e d b y p u b -
l i c o p i ni o n, w e r e t r y i ng t h e i r u t m o s t t o u r g e w a r w i t h
F r a nc e . Wh a t w a s t h e l a t e s t a t t h e Wi l h e l m s t r a s s e ?
Ont h e s t r o k e o f1 0 . 3 0 I w a s t h e r e
. I h a nd e d m y
nu m b e r t o t h e c o m m i s s a i r e
. Th i s nu m b e r i s i m p o r -
t a nt . Al l Ge r m a ns e c r e t a g e nt s a r e k no w nb y nu m -
b e r , a l l c a r r y l i t t l e c a r d s a nd a p h o t o g r a p h o fm i ne i s
p u b l i s h e d b e t w e e nt h e s e c o v e r s
.
P r e s e nt l y t h e c o m m i s s a i r e r e t u r ne d a nd s h o w e d m e
i nt o t h e c h a m b e r s o fGr a fv o nWe d e l , P r i v y C o u n-
c i l o r t o t h e Ge r m a nEm p e r o r . Wi t h a no t h e r m a ni n
e v e ni ng d r e s s , I w a s t o l d t o w a i t i na na nt e c h a m b e r .
We b o w e d , a nd a l t h o u g h w e t o o k p r e t t y g o o d s t o c k
o fe a c h o t h e r , ne i t h e r s p o k e . I t i s a nu nw r i t t e nl a w
no t t o h o l d u nne c e s s a r y c o nv e r s a t i o ni nt h e I m p e r i a l
Se c r e t Se r v i c e
. Aft e r a b o u t h a l fa nh o u r 's w a i t , w e
w e r e s h o w ni nt o t h e C o u nt 's p r i v a t e r o o m
. Th i s
r a t h e r a s t o ni s h e d m e , fo r t h e u s u a l r u l e a t t h e Wi l -
h e l m s t r a s s e i s t o i nt e r v i e w o nl y o ne m a na t a t i m e
.
C l e a r l y s o m e t h i ng o u t o ft h e o r d i na r y w a s
i n t h e
a i r . Aft e r t h e C o u nt g r e e t e d u s , h e i nq u i r e d i fw e
w e r e k no w nt o e a c h o t h e r
. Re c e i v i ng a ne g a t i v e , h e
i nt r o d u c e d u s
. My c o m p a ni o nw a s a He r r v o n
Se nd e n, e x - o ffi c e r o ft h e Z w e i t e Ga a r d e Dr a g o na
.
1 1 4
THEKAI SERP REVENTSAWAR
" Y o u w i l l b o t h b e t a k e na t h a l f- p a s t e l e v e nt o a
c e r t a i nr o o m , " s a i d t h e C o u nt . " Y o u w i l l a d v a nc e
t o t h e m i d d l e , w h e e l t o y o u r r i g h t , fa c e t h e p o r t i e r e
a nd s t a nd a t a t t e nt i o n . Y o u w i l l a ns w e r a l l q u e s -
t i o ns , b u t m a k e no c o m m e nt s o r q u e r i e s y o u r s e l f . I
ne e d no t e nj o i ny o u t o t o t a l s i l e nc e
. Y o u u nd e r -
s t a nd ? "
We b o w e d . J u s t t h e na g o ng b o o m e d s o m e w h e r e
b e l o w u s . Al a s t w o r d fr o m t h e C o u nt , " B e r e a d y ! "
He l e ft u s . Re a p p e a r i ng a l m o s t i m m e d i a t e l y , h e
b e c k o ne d u s t o fo l l o w h i m . We no t i c e d t h a t h e
s e e m e d e v e nm o r e g r a v e t h a nu s u a l . Do w na fl i g h t o f
s t a i r s a l o ng a g r e a t c o r r i d o r w e m a d e o u r w a y , no
o ne s p e a k i ng a w o r d . At t h e e nd o ft h e c o r r i d o r w e
s a w t w o s e nt r i e s ; t h e n, a b i g s o l i d o a k d o o r , g u a r d e d
b y a na t t e nd a nt i nt h e l i v e r y o ft h e Ro y a l Ho u s e h o l d .
At a s i g nfr o m t h e C o u nt w e h a l t e d ; h e k no c k e d . Th e
d o o r w a s o p e ne d b y a no ffi c e r o ft h e Er s t e Ga a r d e d u
C o r p s a nd , r e m e m b e r i ng o u r i ns t r u c t i o ns , w e e nt e r e d
a nd c a m e t o a t t e nt i o ni nt h e m i d d l e o fa l a r g e r o o m ,
fa c i ng a na d j o i ni ng c h a m b e r , t h e p o r t i e r e s t o w h i c h
w e r e d i v i d e d . Th e r o o m i nw h i c h w e s t o o d w a s b r i l -
l i a nt l y l i g h t e d , b u t t h e o t h e r w a s d a r k , s a v e fo r a
g r e e ng l o w t h a t c a m e fr o m a s h a d e d r e a d i ng l a m p o n
a b i g w r i t i ng d e s k . Se nd e nl o o k e d a t t h e d e s k a nd
g a v e a s o r t o fg a s p .
Th e nI q u i t e u nd e r s t o o d h i s e m o t i o n . F o r s e a t e d
b e h i nd t h a t h e a v y , o l d - fa s h i o ne d d e s k , w a s Wi l h e l m
I I , Em p e r o r o fGe r m a ny .
We s t o o d a t a r i g i d a t t e nt i o n, a b s o l u t e l y s i l e nt , fo r
1 1 5
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
fu l l fi v e m i nu t e s
. Th e d i m l y l i t , s o l i t a r y fi g u r e a t t h e
d e s k m a d e no s i g nb u t w e nt o nw r i t i ng . I a m no t a
t i m i d o r a ne r v o u s m a n, t h e s o r t o fw o r k I w a s d o i ng
s e a s o ns o ne p r e t t y t h o r o u g h l y . B u t t h i s b e g a nt o
g e t o nm y ne r v e s
. Dr a w nu p i nfr o nt o ft h e Em -
p e r o r a nd w a i t i ng , w a i t i ng
. C o nt a c t w i t h t h e g r e a t
o ne s o ft h e e a r t h , e s p e c i a l l y t h r o u g h Se c r e t Se r v i c e ,
c a nt a k e s o m e a l m i g h t y q u e e r t u r ns a nd a s h o r t c i r -
c u i t i s c o nfo u nd e d l y u nh e a l t h y fo r t h e ne g a t i v e w i r e .
Th e m o r e I l o o k e d a t t h a t s i l e nt , l o ne l y fi g u r e , Wa r
Lo r d o fEu r o p e , t h e m o r e I b e g a nt o fe e l a g r e a t b i g
l o ng i ng fo r t h e Afr i c a nVe l d t , a t h o u s a nd m i l e s
no r t h o fP o r t Na t a l , p r e fe r a b l y .
Su d d e nl y t h e Em p e r o r m a d e a m o v e , a nd t h e r e
c a m e a s h a r p , r a t h e r h i g h p i t c h e d v o i c e , s a y i ng ,
~ ~ We d e l , I w i l l s e e t h e d o c t o r . "
At o nc e He r r Se nd e nw a s s h o w nfr o m t h e r o o m ; o b -
v i o u s l y t h e m i s s i o n, w h a t e v e r i t w a s , w a s no t fo r h i m
.
I ne v e r s a w h i m a g a i n .
I w a s b i d d e nt o s t e p t o w i t h i nt h r e e p a c e s o ft h e
Em p e r o r ; t h e o ffi c e r w h o e s c o r t e d He r r v o nSe nd e n
fr o m t h e r o o m a t t e m p t e d t o r e t u r n, b u t w a s w a v e d
o u t . Th e r e w e r e j u s t t h e t h r e e o fu s : C o u nt We d e l ,
s t a nd i ng a t t h e c o r ne r o ft h e d e s k o nt h e r i g h t , t h e
Ka i s e r a nd m y s e l f . I h a d s e e nt h e Em p e r o r o nm a ny
o c c a s i o ns , b u t ne v e r s o c l o s e b e fo r e . He a p p e a r e d t o
b e l o s t i ns o m e d o c u m e nt . He l o o k e d w e l l b u t o l d e r
t h a na ny o fh i s p o r t r a i t s . Ta nne d , a l m o s t d a r k , h i s
r a t h e r l e a nfa c e b o r e a s t r i k i ng l i k e ne s s t o F r e d e r i c k
t h e Gr e a t ; m o r e s o t h a ne v e r , fo r h e i s g e t t i ng g r a y .
1 1 6
THEKAI SERP REVENTSAWAR
I r e a l i z e d t h a t no ne o fh i s p o r t r a i t s d o h i s e y e s j u s t i c e .
Ofa b l u i s h - s t e e l g r a y , t h e y h a v e a ni c y , i m p e r s o na l ,
w e i g h i ng l o o k i nt h e m . I t i s h a r d t o d e fi ne . I t
s t r u c k m e i nt h a t m o m e nt t h a t Lo r d Ki t c h e ne r , Te u -
fi c k P a s h a , C e c i l Rh o d e s , a nd Li Hu ng C h a ng h a d e x -
a c t l y t h o s e s a m e e y e s - t h e e y e s o fm e nw h o fe e l i t
i nt h e m t o m a s t e r t h e w o r l d .
P r e s e nt l y Hi s Ma j e s t y l o o k e d u p , a nd i nt h a t s a m e ,
r a t h e r s h r i l l v o i c e , a s k e d
" Ho w l o ng a r e y o u i nt h e Se r v i c e ? "
" Th r e e y e a r s , s i r . "
" Y o u k no w Mo r o c c o ? "
Mo r o c c o ! So t h a t w a s i t . F r a nc e a nd Ge r m a ny
q u a r r e l i ng o v e r t h e b o ne , a t t h e p o i nt o fw a r ! I r e -
p l i e d
"
Y e s , s i r
! "
" Ho w l o ng w e r e y o u i nMo r o c c o ? " c o nt i nu e d t h e
Em p e r o r .
" Ab o u t t w e l v e m o nt h s , s i r
. "
Ont h i s h e s e e m e d t o h e s i t a t e . F r a nk l y , I w a s
ne r v o u s , s o i ns t e a d o ft h i nk i ng a b o u t Mo r o c c o , I no -
t i c e d t h a t t h e Ka i s e r w o r e t h e u nd r e s s u ni fo r m o fa
C o l o ne l o ft h e Gr e na d i e r Gu a r d w i t h t h e s t a r o ft h e
Or d e r P o u r l e Me r i t e , d a ng l i ng fr o m h i s c o a t b u t t o n .
As i fm a k i ng u p h i s m i nd , h e t u r ne d a g a i no nm e t h o s e
g r a y e y e s .
" Y o u k no w Ka i d Ma c Le a n ? "
" Y e s , s i r . "
" Ho w d i d y o u g e t t o k no w h i m ? "
" I h a p p e ne d t o b e o fa s s i s t a nc e t o Si r Ha r r y Ka i d
1 1 7
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
Ma c Le a nw h o w a s a t t h a t t i m e C o m m a nd e r - i n- C h i e f
a nd Ma n- o f- Affa i r s t o t h e Su l t a no fMo r o c c o . "
My a ns w e r s e e m e d t o p l e a s e t h e Em p e r o r , fo r h i s
e y e s g l e a m e d .
" Any l i k e l i h o o d o fh i s r e m e m b e r i ng y o u r s e r v -
i c e s ? "
I h e s i t a t e d , t h e ns a i d
" I c a nno t v o u c h fo r a no t h e r m a n's m e m o r y , s i r e .
B e s i d e s , I d o no t c a r e t o p u t t h e Ka i d t o t h e t e s t . "
Th e Em p e r o r l o o k e d a t m e q u e e r l y , b u t , e v i d e nt l y
s a t i s fi e d w i t h m y a ns w e r , h e t u r ne d t o C o u nt We d e l ,
s a y i ng
" He w i l l d o . Ha v e t h e d i s p a t c h e s r e a d y . "
At o nc e t h e C o u nt h u r r i e d no i s e l e s s l y i nt o a na d -
j o i ni ng r o o m . Th e Ka i s e r , m a k i ng o ne o fh i s c h a r a c -
t e r i s t i c s u d d e nm o v e m e nt s , fl u ng h i m s e l fb a c k i nt o
t h e c h a i r , l o o k e d s t e a d i l y a t m e , a nd a d d e d
" B e s i d e s t h e o ffi c i a l d i s p a t c h e s y o u w i l l m e m o r i z e
t h e s e c o m m a nd s , fo r t h e C a p t a i no ft h e w a r s h i p
P a nt h e r . " He h a nd e d m e a no t e , w h i c h I d i d no t
i m m e d i a t e l y l o o k a t , fo r h e c o nt i nu e d : " Ou t s i d e
o fC o u nt We d e l , no o ne i s t o k no w a ny t h i ng o fy o u r
m i s s i o n . No o ne i s t o k no w t h a t y o u a r e c a r r y i ng a
v e r b a l m e s s a g e fr o m m e t o t h e C a p t a i no ft h e w a r s h i p
P a nt h e r . Und e r s t a nd ? "
" Y e s , s i r . "
Th e Em p e r o r a s a b r u p t l y d r e w h i m s e l ffo r w a r d ,
a nd p r o p p i ng h i s h e a d w i t h h i s h a nd s , fe l l i nt o a
d e e p s t u d y , g a z i ng fi x e d l y a t no t h i ng . He s e e m e d
i nt h a t m o m e nt t o b e c o ns i d e r a b l y o l d e r . Hi s fa c e ,
u s
THEKAI SERP REVENTSAWAR
e v e nfo r t h e t a n, h a d t h a t g r a y i s h l o o k o fa m a nw h o
i s c a r r y i ng s o m e t r e m e nd o u s r e s p o ns i b i l i t y . I t c a m e
t o m e s w i ft l y , t h e p o p u l a r c l a m o r fo r w a r , P a nt h e r !
- t h e P a nt h e r w a s l y i ng o ffSp a i nr e a d y t o s t e a m
a c r o s s t h e Me d i t e r r a ne a nt o Mo r o c c o . And I w a s
t o b e a r s e c r e t o r d e r s fr o m t h e Em p e r o r t o t h e
P a nt h e r 's c a p t a i n .
Th e nI o p e ne d t h e no t e t h a t t h e Em p e r o r h a d g i v e n
m e , a nd b e g a nt o m e m o r i z e i t s c o nt e nt s . Am a z e m e nt
m u s t h a v e s h o w no nm y fa c e . Ab l o w w i t h a fe a t h e r
w o u l d h a v e k no c k e d m e d o w n . No w o nd e r Wi l h e l m
I I w a s s t a r i ng b l a nk l y , no w o nd e r t h i s m e s s a g e h a d
t o b e d e l i v e r e d v e r b a l l y . Hu r r i e d l y I b e g a nt o m e m -
o r i z e i t . P r e s e nt l y , I s a w C o u nt We d e l c o m e i na nd
h e a nd t h e Ka i s e r b e g a nt o t a l k i nw h i s p e r s . Th e n
Wi l h e l m l o o k e d u p a nd s a i d
"
Ha v e y o u m e m o r i z e d i t ? "
" Y e s , s i r ! " Ta k i ng t h e no t e fr o m m e , h e a t o nc e
s t r u c k a m a t c h a nd h e l d i t u nd e r t h e p a p e r u nt i l
i t w a s r e d u c e d t o a s h e s . Th e nm a k i ng a c u r t g e s t u r e
o fd i s m i s s a l , We d e l g a v e m e a s i g na l t o r e t i r e a nd
w e b a c k e d t o w a r d t h e d o o r
. I w a s i np o s s e s s i o no f
a s e c r e t k no w no nl y t o t h e Em p e r o r h i m s e l fa nd
w h i c h a t t h a t m o m e nt t h e c a b i ne t s o fF r a nc e a nd
Eng l a nd a nd t h e fi na nc i e r s o ft h e w o r l d w o u l d h a v e
g i v e nh u nd r e d s o ft h o u s a nd s o fd o l l a r s t o p o s s e s s .
Ou t i nt o t h e h a l l w e b a c k e d , a l w a y s b e i ng c a r e fu l
ne v e r t o c o m m i t t h e d i s c o u r t e s y o ft u r ni ng o u r fa c e s
a w a y fr o m t h e Em p e r o r , a nd t h e l a s t I s a w o fh i m ,
w a s t h a t l o ne l y fi g u r e s e a t e d a t h i s d e s k , t h e g r e e ni s h
1 1 9
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
l i g h t p l a y i ng o v e r h i m , a r o u nd a nd b e y o nd h i m
d a r k ne s s a nd h i s fa c e i l l u m i na t e d a g a i ns t t h a t b a c k -
g r o u nd , g r a y i s h , o l d . Th e r e h e w a s , a t h i s d e s k a t
m i d ni g h t , i na nu nd e r g r o u nd c h a m b e r o ft h e F o r -
e i g nOffi c e , t h e Em p e r o r o fGe r m a ny , w o r k i ng i ns o l i -
t u d e , w h i l e m o s t o fh i s s u b j e c t s s l e p t , t i r e l e s s l y m a p -
p i ng o u t a p o l i c y t h e t r e nd o fw h i c h h e d a r e d d i s -
c u s s w i t h no m a ns a v e We d e l a nd p o s s i b l y h i s o l d e s t
s o n .
B o w i ng , w e w e r e o u t i nt h e h a l l ; t h e b i g o a k e n
d o o r c l o s e d . We d e l l e d t h e w a y t o h i s p r i v a t e c h a m -
b e r . He p r o d u c e d a p a c k a g e o fs e a l e d p a p e r s a nd
h a nd i ng i t t o m e , s a i d
1 1 Do c t o r , t h i s i s a m o s t i m p o r t a nt a ffa i r . Th e r e
i s a m o s t s e r i o u s t r o u b l e b r e w i ng s o m e w h e r e -
t r o u -
b l e a b o u t w a r . We h a v e o u r s u s p i c i o ns a s t o w h a t
p o w e r i s b e h i nd a l l t h i s a nd w e a r e g o i ng t o fi nd o u t .
Y o u a r e w e l l e no u g h a c q u a i nt e d w i t h t h e s i t u a t i o n
t o r e q u i r e no fu r t h e r i l l u s t r a t i o n . Y o u k no w h o w
h e r e a t h o m e t h e y a r e a l s o t r y i ng t o fo r c e t h e Em -
p e r o r i nt o a w a r - Y o u w i l l l e a v e t h i s p a c k a g e a t
t h e Em b a s s y i nP a r i s . I t m u s t b e t h e r e a t t h e Ru e
d e Li l l e t o - m o r r o w no o n . To d o s o y o u w i l l h a v e t o
c a t c h t h e Or i e nt Ex p r e s s a t h a l f- p a s t t h r e e t h i s m o r n-
i ng . At t h e P a r i s l e g a t i o ny o u w i l l r e c e i v e a no t h e r
p a c k a g e w h i c h y o u w i l l t a k e o nt o Ma d r i d . Aft e r
d e l i v e r i ng t h i s , y o u h a v e c a r t e b l a nc h e t o m a k e y o u r
w a y t o t h e P a nt h e r , w h i c h y o u w i l l fi nd o ffB a r c e -
l o na . Al s o , y o u w i l l v i s i t Gi b r a l t a r a nd i nfo r m y o u r -
s e l fo ft h e s t r e ng t h a nd s t a t e o fp r e p a r a t i o no ft h e
1 2 0
THEKAI SERP REVENTSAWAR
B r i t i s h Na v a l Sq u a d r o nt h e r e . " He p a u s e d . " Th i s
t i m e y o u w i l l no t a p p l y a t t h e c a s h i e r 's d e s k .
Y o u r
e x p e ns e s a r e b o r ne t h i s t i m e o u t o ft h e Em p e r o r 's
p r i v a t e c h a t u l l e . I na fe w h o u r s t i m e I w i l l h a v e
F r e nc h a nd Sp a ni s h m o ne y r e a d y fo r y o u a nd s e nd i t
t o y o u r l o d g i ng s . Y o u t h o r o u g h l y u nd e r s t a nd y o u r
i ns t r u c t i o ns ? Ofc o u r s e , y o u h a v e no t fo r g o t t e nt h e
m e s s a g e t h a t y o u m e m o r i z e d b e fo r e t h e Em p e r o r ? "
I a s s u r e d h i m I h a d no t a nd a ft e r a c o r d i a l h a nd -
s h a k e I b o w e d m y s e l fo u t a nd h u r r i e d b a c k t o m y
q u a r t e r s . He r e I fo u nd t h a t m y b o y h a d m y t r a v e l -
i ng b a g r e a d y w i t h h i s u s u a l c o m p l e t e ne s s . One d o e s
no t t a k e m u c h b a g g a g e o nt h e s e t r i p s
. P a j a m a s ,
s l i p p e r s , s m o k i ng c a p , t o o t h b r u s h , h a v e s e e nm e
t h r e e - q u a r t e r s a r o u nd t h e g l o b e , a nd I ne v e r c a r r i e d
a s i x - s h o o t e r i nm y l i fe .
I na l l m y e x p e r i e nc e I h a v e
s e e nfe w s e c r e t a g e nt s w h o d o c a r r y i t . Th e o nl y
p r o t e c t i v e a r t i c l e I e v e r c a r r i e d w a s a l i t t l e s i l k b a g
c o nt a i ni ng a m i x t u r e o fc a y e nne p e p p e r , s nu ffa nd
c e r t a i nc h e m i c a l s . I t i s v e r y e ffe c t i v e t o t h r o w i nt o
t h e fa c e s o ft h o s e w h o a t t a c k y o u .
So o nt h e r e c a m e a m e s s e ng e r fr o m We d e l w i t h t h e
p r o m i s e d fu nd s , a t h o u s a nd fr a nc s a nd t w o t h o u s a nd
p e s o s . I t l a c k e d a h a l fh o u r t o t h r e e - t h i r t y , s o I
m a d e m y w a y t o t h e F r i e d r i c h s t r a s s e d e p o t o nfo o t .
Ex p e r i e nc e h a s t a u g h t m e t h a t t h e Or i e nt Ex p r e s s
i s g e ne r a l l y o v e r c r o w d e d a nd t h a t u nl e s s o ne r e a c h e s
t h e d e p o t e a r l y a nd u s e s a g o o d d e a l o fp a l m o i l , i t
i s i m p o s s i b l e t o s e c u r e a d e c e nt s e a t . Aj u d i c i o u s
o i l i ng o fp a l m s e na b l e d m e t o g e t a v e r y p l e a s a nt
1 2 1
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAR, OF F I C E
w i nd o w s e a t i nt h e m i d d l e c o m p a r t m e nt . Aft e r m a k -
i ng m y s e l fa t h o m e I t o o k a t o u r t h r o u g h t h e t r a i n .
I t i s m y i nv a r i a b l e c u s t o m t o t a k e s t o c k o fm y fe l l o w
t r a v e l e r s a nd i nt h i s c a s e i t w a s m o s t i m p e r a t i v e .
No t h i ng h a p p e ne d u nt i l w e p u l l e d i na t F r a nk -
fo r t - o n- t h e - Ma i n, t h e s e c o nd l a s t s t o p fo r t h e e x p r e s s
i nGe r m a ny . Gl a nc i ng o u t o ft h e w i nd o w I s a w a
p a r t y o ft h r e e e nt e r i ng t h e c a r r i a g e . Th e y s e l e c t e d
t h e c o m p a r t m e nt ne x t t o m i ne . Ob v i o u s l y t h e y w e r e
t r a v e l i ng t o g e t h e r , e q u a l l y o b v i o u s w a s i t t h a t t h e r e
w a s p l e nt y o fr o o m i nt h e i r o w nc o m p a r t m e nt . Th e
t r a i nw a s h a r d l y i nm o t i o n, h o w e v e r , w h e nt h e w o m a n
o ft h e p a r t y e nt e r e d m y c o m p a r t m e nt . Sh e s t a r t e d
t o c o m p l a i na b o u t b e i ng a nno y e d b y t h e m a nne x t
d o o r a nd t o a s k m y p r o t e c t i o n . As a m a t t e r o fc o u r s e ,
I g o t u p a nd o ffe r e d m y a s s i s t a nc e t o r e m o v e h e r
b e l o ng i ng s i nt o m y c o m p a r t m e nt . I h a d , u p t o no w ,
no t t h e s l i g h t e s t d o u b t a s t o t h e r e b e i ng a ny t h i ng
fi s h y i nh e r r e q u e s t . I h a d , i nfa c t , no r e a s o nt o b e
a p p r e h e ns i v e o fa ny i nt e r fe r e nc e , b e c a u s e o nl y t w o
p e o p l e b e s i d e s m y s e l f - We d e l a nd t h e Em p e r o r -
k ne w m y m i s s i o n . Ofc o u r s e , t h e r e w e r e o t h e r s w h o
w o u l d h a v e g i v e na ny t h i ng t o k no w o fi t , w h o w o u l d
h a v e d o ne a ny t h i ng t o p r e v e nt m y r e a c h i ng m y d e s t i -
na t i o n .
I h a d h a r d l y e nt e r e d t h e c o m p a r t m e nt a nd t r i e d t o
r e m o v e t h e t r a v e l i ng b a g i nd i c a t e d b y t h e l a d y a s
h e r s , w h e no ne o ft h e m e ne x c l a i m e d
"
Ho w d a r e y o u r e m o v e m y w i fe 's p r o p e r t y ? "
Th e l a d y i nq u e s t i o ns t o o d i nt h e c o r r i d o r o ft h e
1 2 2
THEKAI SERP REVENTSAWAR
c a r r i a g e
. I h a d m y b a c k t o h e r b u t I c o u l d s e e h e r
b y m e a ns o ft h e l o o k i ng - g l a s s w i t h w h i c h t h e s i d e s
o ft h e c o m p a r t m e nt w e r e fr a m e d
. I no t i c e d h e r m a k e
a s i g nt o t h e m a n . Ofc o u r s e , t h i s p u t a d i ffe r e nt
l i g h t o nt h e a ffa i r . I t w a s p r e c o nc e i v e d . F o r t h e
l i fe o fm e , t h o u g h , I c o u l d no t s e e h o w t h e y c o u l d u s e
t h e s i t u a t i o nt o a d v a nt a g e
.
P r e s e nt l y I w a s e nl i g h t e ne d . Wh e nt h e c o nd u c t o r
c a m e a l o ng , t h e " h u s b a nd "
c o o l l y r e q u e s t e d m y d e -
t e nt i o no ng r o u nd s o fi nt e r fe r e nc e w i t h h i s w i fe 's
l u g g a g e . He w a s s t a nc h l y s u p p o r t e d b y t h e o t h e r
m a na nd b y t h e l a d y w h o h a d c o m e t o m e fo r a s -
s i s t a nc e . I a t t e m p t e d t o e x p l a i n, b u t i t d i d n't g o
d o w nw i t h t h e c o nd u c t o r . P e nd i ng o u r a r r i v a l a t
C o l o g ne , h e l o c k e d m e u p i nm y c o m p a r t m e nt a nd
l e a v i ng m e , s a i d t h a t h e i nt e nd e d t o h a nd m e o v e r t o
t h e s t a t i o nm a s t e r h e r e .
I h a d t i m e t o p o nd e r o v e r m y s i t u a t i o n . I w a s
t h o r o u g h l y a ng r y , c h i e fl y w i t h m y s e l f
. He r e I w a s ,
a no l d , a nd p r e s u m a b l y e x p e r i e nc e d , s e c r e t a g e nt a nd
I w a s c a u g h t b y a s i m p l e d e v i c e . B u t t h e s i m p l i c i t y
g o t m e ! Wh e no ne i s p r e p a r e d fo r e l a b o r a t e s c h e m e s ,
t h e s i m p l e s t t r i c k l a nd s o ne h i g h a nd d r y
. St i l l I
c o u l d s e e no d a y l i g h t . Th e y c o u l d no t h o p e t o k e e p
m e o nt h i s p r e p o s t e r o u s c h a r g e
. As i ng l e w i r e t o
B e r l i nw o u l d s e t t l e t h e m a t t e r , b u t t h e nt h e r e w o u l d
b e a d e l a y . I w o u l d no t r e a c h P a r i s u nt i l s i x o 'c l o c k
a t ni g h t . We d e l h a d i ns i s t e d t h a t I b e t h e r e a t
no o n . Hu m !
De l a y s a t t h i s t i m e w e r e o ft r e m e nd o u s i m p o r t a nc e .
1 2 3
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
Ad i ffe r e nc e o fs i x h o u r s m i g h t m e a nw a r . P o w e r fu l
i nfl u e nc e s i nGe r m a ny w e r e a l l fo r w a r . I t fi l l e d t h e
a i r . I t ne e d e d o nl y a fa l s e o r o v e r s t e p o nt h e p a r t
o fa ny g o v e r nm e nt o ffi c i a l t o b r i ng a b o u t a ne x p l o -
s i o n . F r a nc e s e e m e d fa i r l y i t c h i ng fo r a fi g h t . My
v e r b a l m e s s a g e t o t h e c a p t a i no ft h e P a nt h e r m u s t
b e d e l i v e r e d o ns c h e d u l e o r t h e e x p l o s i o nm i g h t o c c u r .
I b e g a nt o s e e w h a t t h e y h o p e d t o g a i nb y t h e t r i c k
o fd e t a i ni ng m e , b u t h o w t h e y g o t w o r d o fm y m i s -
s i o nI h a v e ne v e r b e e na b l e t o l e a r n . I m u s t h a v e
b e e ns h a d o w e d fr o m m y l o d g i ng t o t h e Wi l h e l m -
s t r a s s e a nd s u b s e q u e nt l y l a i ni nw a i t fo r o ng e ne r a l
p r i nc i p l e s .
Ac c o r d i ng t o t h e t i m e - t a b l e , t h e Or i e nt Ex p r e s s
s t o p s a t C o l o g ne ni ne m i nu t e s . Th i s t i m e i t s t o p p e d
e l e v e n . Th e s t a t i o nm a s t e r h e l d i t u p . Aft e r t h e
p a r t y i nt h e ne x t c o m p a r t m e nt m a d e t h e i r c h a r g e , w e
a l l h u r r i e d t o h i s o ffi c e . I c a l l e d t h e s t a t i o nm a s t e r
a s i d e a nd s h o w e d h i m m y Se c r e t Se r v i c e c a r d .
I s h o w e d h i m a p a c k a g e a d d r e s s e d a nd s e a l e d t o
t h e Ge r m a nEm b a s s y a t P a r i s . I t w a s a no ffi c i a l
l i ne ne nv e l o p e t i e d w i t h a b l a c k a nd w h i t e s i l k c o r d
a nd w i t h t h e F o r e i g nOffi c e s e a l o nt h e b a c k . He
w a s i m p r e s s e d .
" Th i s i s a r i d i c u l o u s c h a r g e , " I d e c l a r e d . 1 Te l e -
p h o ne t h e Wi l h e l m s t r a s s e a t m y e x p e ns e . De t a i nm e
a nd y o u d o s o a t y o u r o w np e r i l . Th a t i s a l l . I h a v e
g i v e ny o u t h e fa c t s . I p u t no o b s t a c l e i nt h e p a t h o f
y o u r d u t y . I j u d g e , t h o u g h , t h a t y o u a r e a m a no f
d i s c r e t i o n
. "
1 2 4
THEKAI SERP REVENTSAWAR
Th e s t a t i o nm a s t e r w a s a m a no fd i s c r e t i o n . I
c o u l d i m a g i ne w h a t w a s g o i ng t h r o u g h h i s m i nd
" Th i s fe l l o w w h o s a y s h e i s t h e Em p e r o r 's m e s -
s e ng e r , " h e d o u b t l e s s t h o u g h t , " h a s t h r e e m o r e h o u r s
o nt h a t t r a i nb e fo r e h e c r o s s e s t h e Ge r m a nb o r d e r .
I fh e i s n't w h a t h e c l a i m s t o b e , w e c a nc a t c h h i m a t
t h e F r o nt i e r . I fh e i s w h a t h e c l a i m s t o b e a nd I h o l d
h i m h e r e , I w i l l g e t i nt r o u b l e . "
F i na l l y , h e t o l d t h e o t h e r s t h a t t h e i r c h a r g e w a s
t o o t h i na nd t h e y h u r r i e d l y l e ft h i s o ffi c e
. I ne v e r
s a w t h e m a g a i n
. Th e s t a t i o nm a s t e r e s c o r t e d m e t o
m y c o m p a r t m e nt a nd I no t i c e d t h a t fr o m C o l o g ne
t o t h e F r e nc h F r o nt i e r I h a d no o t h e r t r a v e l i ng c o m -
p a ni o ns
. My a r r i v a l a nd w h a t I a c c o m p l i s h e d i n
P a r i s i s c o m m o np l a c e
. Ar r i v i ng i nt h e Ga r e d u
No r d e , I t o o k a t a x i t o t h e Ge r m a nEm b a s s y o nt h e
Ru e d e Li l l e , w h e r e a nu nd e r - s e c r e t a r y s i g ne d fo r
m y d i s p a t c h e s a nd h a nd e d m e t w o l e t t e r s a d d r e s s e d
t o t h e Em b a s s y i nMa d r i d . I i m m e d i a t e l y p o s t e d h i s
r e c e i p t t o t h e Wi l h e l m s t r a s s e , s o m e t h i ng Ge r m a ns e -
c r e t a g e nt s a l w a y s m u s t d o - m a i l t h e F o r e i g nOffi c e
s i g na t u r e s fo r d o c u m e nt s a s s o o na s t h e y a r e d e l i v -
e r e d . Wi t h o u t fu r t h e r a d v e nt u r e I r e a c h e d Ma d r i d
.
As t h e t r a i nw a s fo u r h o u r s l a t e I d i d no t p r e s e nt
m y s e l fa t t h e Em b a s s y . I w a s m e t b y a c o m m i s s a i r e
a t t h e s t a t i o n, d e l i v e r e d h i m t h e p a p e r , r e c e i v e d h i s
s i g na t u r e , p o s t e d i t t o t h e Wi l h e l m s t r a s s e , a nd m a d e
c o nne c t i o ns fo r B a r c e l o na . So m e w h e r e o fft h e c i t y ,
o nt h e o p e ns e a , t h e P a nt h e r w a s w a i t i ng .
Wi t h t h e u t m o s t d i ffi c u l t y I c h a r t e r e d a t u g a nd
1 2 5
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
i nt h e t w i l i g h t s e t o fft o fi nd t h e P a nt h e r . I t w a s
c o m i ng ni g h t w h e nw e fi na l l y s a w h e r d a r k t r i m h u l l
l y i ng a g a i ns t t h e h o r i z o n . We l l na m e d t h e P a nt h e r ,
fo r i nt h i s c a s e a fa l s e s p r i ng b y h e r m e a nt w a r . As
w e s t e a m e d u p a l o ng s i d e a s e nt r y h a i l e d u s fr o m t h e
d e c k . I s h o u t e d t h a t I h a d c o m e t o s e e t h e C a p t a i n,
b u t h e t o l d u s t o s t a nd o ff . F i na l l y , a ft e r p e r s i s t -
e nt l y h a i l i ng t h e w a r s h i p , t h e o ffi c e r o ft h e w a t c h
c a m e t o t h e r a i l a nd h e l d p a r l e y w i t h m e .
" I h a v e I m p e r i a l o r d e r s
t o s e e t h e C a p t a i n, " I
s h o u t e d .
Ap p a r e nt l y t h i s s a t i s fi e d h i m , fo r h e l e t m e c o m e
o nb o a r d . Wi t h o u t fu r t h e r d e l a y I w a s s h o w ni nt o
t h e C a p t a i n's r o o m . Ve r y i m p o r t a nt , t h e C a p t a i n .
P i c t u r e h i m , a m a ni nt h e fo r t i e s , s t r a i g h t - b a c k e d ,
r a t h e r j o l l y , a nd w i t h o ne o ft h o s e Ge r m a nna v a l
b e a r d s . Th e s l i g h t e s t m i s t a k e b y t h e C a p t a i no ft h e
P a nt h e r
a nd Eng l a nd a nd F r a nc e w o u l d h a v e fl u ng
t h e m s e l v e s i nt o w a r w i t h Ge r m a ny . He s t o o d fo r a
m o m e nt r e g a r d i ng m e , t h e nh e s a i d ,
" We l l , w h a t i s t h i s ?
Wh a t i s y o u r Wi l h e l m s t r a s s e
nu m b e r ? "
"
Se v e nt e e n, " I t o l d h i m .
Th a t a p p e a r e d t o s a t i s fy t h e C a p t a i n .
I k ne w t h a t
t h e Wi l h e l m s t r a s s e h a d w i r e d h i m t h a t "
Nu m b e r
Se v e nt e e n " w a s c o m i ng . St i l l h e w a s c a r e fu l .
" Wh e r e w e r e y o u r fi r s t i ns t r u c t i o ns r e c e i v e d ? "
" F r o m We d e l . "
" Su b s e q u e nt l y ? "
I fe l t h i m l o o k i ng a t m e s h a r p l y .
1 2 6
THEKAI SERP REVENTSAWAR
" C o nfi r m e d b y t h e Em p e r o r , " I r e p l i e d , " a nd I
d e l i v e r y o u h e r e w i t h , t h e fo l l o w i ng m e s s a g e . Y o u a r e
r e q u e s t e d t o u s e t h e p r i v a t e s e r v i c e c o d e a s s o o na s
I h a v e d e l i v e r e d t h i s m e s s a g e t o y o u a nd r e p e a t i t a t
o nc e d i r e c t t o C o u nt We d e l . "
Th e C a p t a i ng o t u p a nd , m o v i ng no i s e l e s s l y t o t h e
d o o r , o p e ne d i t s w i ft l y . Th e r e w a s no o ne a b o u t .
" Al l r i g h t , " h e s a i d , " l e t m e h a v e i t
. "
I , r e p e a t e d w h a t I h a d m e m o r i z e d , w h a t t h e Em -
p e r o r h a d g i v e nm e i nt h e s e c r e t c h a m b e r a nd i m -
m e d i a t e l y a ft e r w a r d d e s t r o y e d a l l v i s i b l e t r a c e o f .
I s a i d : "
Onno a c c o u nt , i t d o e s no t m a t t e r w h a t
o ffi c i a l c o m m a nd s y o u h a v e r e c e i v e d o r m a y r e c e i v e ,
a r e y o u t o u s e o p e nfo r c e w h e nt h e
P a nt h e r g o e s t o
Ag i d i r .
No m a t t e r w h a t s t r e s s i s b r o u g h t t o b e a r
u p o ny o u b y a r i s i ng c o nd i t i o ns , no m a t t e r w h a t a f-
fr o nt m a y b e d o ne y o u r c o d e o fna v a l h o no r , y o u a r e
u nd e r no c i r c u m s t a nc e s t o u s e a ny fo r c e a g a i ns t
F r a nc e o r Eng l a nd . "
Li k e m y s e l f, w h e nt h e Em p e r o r g a v e m e t h a t m e s -
s a g e , t h e C a p t a i no ft h e P a nt h e r
w a s d u m b fo u nd e d .
I t w a s a d i r e c t c o nt r a d i c t i o no ft h e o ffi c i a l o r d e r s
h e h a d r e c e i v e d fr o m t h e F o r e i g nOffi c e t o g o t o Mo -
r o c c o a nd m a k e a d e m o ns t r a t i o na g a i ns t t h e F r e nc h
a nd t h e Eng l i s h i nt e r e s t s .
Th o s e p r e v i o u s o r d e r s
h a d b e e nt o c r e a t e w a r , t h i s v e r h a l m e s s a g e w a s t o
s t o p w a r . C o u l d t h e Ge r m a n "
j i ng o s , " t h e b i g g u n
m a nu fa c t u r e r s , t h e s h e l l p e o p l e , t h e a r m y a nd na v y
m e n, t h e p o w e r fu l fe u d a l fa c t i o nh a v e h e a r d m e d e -
l i v e r t h a t m e s s a g e t o t h e C a p t a i no ft h e
P a nt h e r ,
1 2 7
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
t h e y w o u l d h a v e b e l l o w e d i nr a g e
. Th e w h o l e e m -
p i r e w a nt e d w a r , b u t t h e t i r e d , s w a r t h y fa c e d m a n
i nt h e l i t t l e u nd e r g r o u nd c h a m b e r a t t h e Wi l h e l m -
s t r a s s e , no t
" a b s o l u t e l y a b s o l u t e " a s h e i s p o p u l a r l y
s u p p o s e d t o b e , d e e m e d i t w i s e no t t o fl y i nt h e fa c e
o fp u b l i c o p i ni o na t t h e t i m e a nd c o u nt e r m a nd t h e
o ffi c i a l o r d e r s t o t h e P a nt h e r
. So h e h a d d o ne s o i n
t h e d a r k , v e r b a l l y , b y m e , k no w i ng t h a t s o h e s e r v e d
t h e b e s t i nt e r e s t s o fh i s e m p i r e
.
Th e r e s t i s c o nt e m p o r a r y h i s t o r y
. Y o u r e m e m b e r
h o w , o nSu nd a y m o r ni ng , J u l y 7 , t h e
P a nt h e r s t e a m e d
t o Mo r o c c o , h o w i t fo r c e d i t s w a y i nt o t h e h a r b o r o f
Ag a d i r a nd c r e a t e d a ni nt e r na t i o na l s e ns a t i o nb y r e -
m a i ni ng t h e r e m o r e t h a nt w o w e e k s
. Y o u r e m e m -
b e r h o w a F r e nc h a nd a nEng l i s h w a r s h i p c a m e s i m u l -
t a ne o u s l y , h o w t h e y fo r m e d i nw h a t w a s e q u i v a l e nt
t o c o m m o nl i ne a nd h o w , w i t h o ffi c e r s a nd e v e r y b o d y
i t c h i ng t o o p e nfi r e , w a r j u s t m i s s e d b e i ng p r e c i p i -
t a t e d
. Y o u m a y no t k no w t h a t t h e B r i t i s h a nd
F r e nc h o ffi c e r s s e nt a nu l t i m a t u m t o t h e C a p t a i no f
t h e P a nt h e r .
Unl e s s h e l e ft Ag a d i r h e w o u l d b e
fo r c e d t o l e a v e . Th a t m e a nt w a r
.
No w , h a d t h e C a p t a i no ft h e
P a nt h e r no t r e c e i v e d
t h e p r i v a t e m e s s a g e fr o m t h e Em p e r o r , h e w o u l d h a v e
b e e nfo r c e d b y h i s na v a l c o d e t o r e s i s t t h i s u l t i m a t u m
b y fo r c e
. Ha d h e g o ne t h e r e a c t i ng u nd e r t h e o r i g i -
na l o ffi c i a l o r d e r s , r e d w a r w o u l d h a v e b l a z e d a c r o s s
i nAg a d i r Ha r b o r . Th e s l i g h t e s t s l i p w o u l d h a v e
c a u s e d i t - t h e r e p o r t o fa r i fl e
. B u t t h e P a nt h e r
s t e a m e d a w a y .
1 2 8
THEKAI SERP REVENTSAWAR
And t h i s i s t h e c l e v e r e s t p a r t o ft h e Em p e r o r 's
s c h e m e
; h e k ne w t h a t F r a nc e a nd Eng l a nd w e r e
a l l i e s , h e d i d n't k no w , t h o u g h , j u s t h o w s i nc e r e t h i s
a l l i a nc e w a s . B y s e nd i ng t h e
P a nt h e r i nt o Ag a d i r h e
l e a r ne d t h a t t h e e nt e nt e c o r d i a l e
r e a l l y m e a nt s o m e -
t h i ng , t h a t Eng l a nd a nd F r a nc e w e r e a l l i e s , t h a t t h e y
w e r e p r e p a r e d t o r e s i s t Ge r m a ny s h o u l d e r t o s h o u l d e r
i nw a r . I t t o o k a m a s t e r s t r o k e t o b r i ng t h e s i t u a -
t i o nu p t o t h e p o i nt o fw a r - fo r i t w a s a d a ng e r o u s
b u s i ne s s , w i t h a l l Ge r m a ny r o a r i ng fo r w a r - a nd
t h e na v e r t w a r w h e nEng l a nd a nd F r a nc e w e r e o n
t h e v e r g e o fi t . B u t w i t h h i s v e r b a l m e s s a g e t h e
Em p e r o r s h r e w d l y a c c o m p l i s h e d i t . Th e r e s u l t s
w e r e b e fo r e h i m . B y c r e a t i ng t h e s i t u a t i o nh e k ne w
t h a t h e h a d t w o p o w e r fu l na t i o ns o p p o s e d t o h i m .
Go o d
Wh a t h e w o u l d d o no w w o u l d b e t o t r y t o t a k e o ne
na t i o na nd s e c r e t l y a l l y h i m s e l fw i t h i t , l e a v i ng t h e
o t h e r o u t i nt h e c o l d . Th e nb e g a nt h e i nt r i g u e s
w h i c h p l a nne d t h e i s o l a t i o no fF r a nc e , a na m a z i ng
s i t u a t i o n, a b o m b s h e l l i np r e s e nt d a y i nt e r na t i o na l
d i p l o m a c y , t h a t I s h a l l d i s c u s s fu l l y i nt h e ne x t
c h a p t e r .
1 2 9
VI I I
THEI SOLATI ONOF F RANC E
A
F TERm y e x p e r i e nc e s w i t h t h e e a r l i e r s t a g e s o f
t h e F r e nc h , Eng l i s h , a nd Ge r m a ns i t u a t i o n, I
w a s q u i t e p r e p a r e d fo r t h e m o s t u ne x p e c t e d d e v e l o p -
m e nt s
. Wh a t o c c u r r e d i nt h e m i d d l e o fOc t o b e r ,
1 9 1 1 , w a s , h o w e v e r , b e y o nd w h a t I h a d i m a g i ne d
.
Th e Mo r o c c o i nc i d e nt h a d s h o w nt h e Ge r m a nEm -
p e r o r t h a t t h e
e nt e nt e c o r d i a l e w a s i nd e e d s o l i d .
Eng l a nd a nd F r a nc e w o u l d s t a nd s h o u l d e r t o s h o u l -
d e r i nw a r . B e i ng u s e d t o t h e w a y s o fGe r m a nd i -
p l o m a c y , I k ne w t h a t fr o m t h e Wi l h e l m s t r a s s e w o u l d
c o m e a q u i c k c o u nt e r m o v e
. I g u e s s e d , t o o , t h a t w h e n
i t c a m e I w o u l d b e e m p l o y e d . I t s t o o d t o r e a s o nt h a t ,
k no w i ng s o m u c h o ft h e t r e nd a nd i m p o r t a nc e o ft h e
a ffa i r - I h a d s e e nt h e i nt r i g u e g r o w s t e p b y s t e p -
I w a s t h e l o g i c a l c h o i c e .
No r w a s m y r e a s o ni ng a t fa u l t . I s o o nr e c e i v e d
t h e e x p e c t e d s u m m o ns , a nd i t b r o u g h t m e i nt o t h e
m o s t a m a z i ng o fm y d i p l o m a t i c a d v e nt u r e s -
a m i s -
s i o nw h i c h s h o w e d m e t h e u t t e r r u t h l e s s ne s s t h a t
c h a r a c t e r i z e s fo r e i g nm i ni s t e r s , p a r t i c u l a r l y w h e n
t h e v i t a l i nt e r e s t s o ft h e i r c o u nt r i e s a r e c o nc e r ne d .
Wo r d t o a p p e a r a t t h e Wi l h e l m s t r a s s e c a m e w h e n
t h e a u t u m nh o l i d a y s w e r e i nfu l l s w i ng . Th e u s u a l
1 3 0
THEI SOLATI ONOF F RANC E
p r o c e d u r e o ft h e F o r e i g nOffi c e h a v i ng b e e no b s e r v e d ,
I fo u nd m y s e l fi nC o u nt v o nWe d e l 's p r i v a t e s t u d y
.
Aft e r a ni nv i t a t i o nt o b e s e a t e d , t h e C o u nt s u r p r i s e d
m e
. He c o m p l i m e nt e d m e o nm y p r e v i o u s m i s s i o ns
o nt h e e nt e nt e c o r d i a l e s i t u a t i o n, a nd h a nd e d m e a
p r e t t y s u b s t a nt i a l c h e c k . I t w a s a c t u a l l y 1 0 , 0 0 0
m a r k s - $ 2 , 5 0 0 -
w h i c h t h e s t u b s o ft h e r o y a l c h e c k
b o o k w i l l s h o w .
As I t o o k t h e m o ne y h e r e m a r k e d " Se i ne Ma j e s t i t "
- F o r e i g nOffi c e b r e v i t y fo r c o nv e y i ng t h a t Hi s Ma j -
e s t y w a s s a t i s fi e d . Wi t h o u t m o r e a d o , v o nWe d e l
p l u ng e d i nt o t h e s u b j e c t . Le a ni ng b a c k a nd c r o s s i ng
h i s l e g s , h e b e g a nt o t a l k i nh i s a b r u p t w a y
.
1 1 1 w a nt y o u t o g o w i t h h i s Ex c e l l e nc y , He r r v o n
Ki nd e r l e n- Wa e c h t e r , a s h i s p r i v a t e a t t e nd a nt a nd
s e c r e t a r y , " b e g a nv o nWe d e l
.
1 1 1 h a v e s e l e c t e d y o u
b e c a u s e o fy o u r k no w l e d g e o fEng l i s h a nd y o u r i n-
s i g h t i nt o t h e w h o l e m a t t e r i nh a nd . Th e r e i s t o
b e a m e e t i ng o fc e r t a i ns t a t e s m e ni na c e r t a i ns p o t
i nt h e r a ng e o ft h e Sc h w a r z w a l d . Y o u a r e t o
b e t h e s o l e a t t e nd a nt o ft h e s e g e nt l e m e n
. Y o u 'l l s e e
t o i t t h a t no t h i ng o ft h e i r i d e nt i t y b e c o m e s k no w n .
Y o u w i l l l o o k a ft e r t h e m i ne v e r y w a y . Y o u w i l l
d e s t r o y a l l w r i t i ng , s u c h . a s p a p e r a nd b l o t t e r s
. Y o u
w i l l b u r na ny s u c h t h i ng s i nt h e p r e s e nc e o fHe r r v o n
Ki nd e r l e n- Wa e c h t e r . "
He p a u s e d i m p r e s s i v e l y , a nd I fo u nd m y m i nd i n
a w h i r l .
Wh a t h i s w o r d s p o r t e nd e d I c o u l d g u e s s .
Th i s m i s s i o np r o m i s e d t o b e v e r y i nt e r e s t i ng i nd e e d .
~ ~ I w a nt y o u t o b e a t t h e p l a c e o fm e e t i ng , " v o n
1 3 1
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
We d e l c o nt i nu e d , " t h r e e d a y s b e fo r e t h e a r r i v a l o f
t h e s e g e nt l e m e n . Y o u w i l l h a v e t o m a k e a r r a ng e -
m e nt s a s r e g a r d s c a t e r i ng a nd s o fo r t h . Y o u 'l l b e
t h e o nl y a t t e nd a nt . Me a ns h a v e b e e nt a k e nt o a s s u r e
s t r i c t p r i v a c y i nt h e d i s t r i c t . Und e r s t a nd t h a t w e
w a nt t h i s t o b e t h o r o u g h l y c l o a k e d . I s u g g e s t t o y o u
t h e i d e a o fa h u nt i ng p a r t y . Th e d e t a i l s I l e a v e t o
y o u . Th e g e nt l e m e ni nq u e s t i o nm a y o r m a y no t b e
k no w nt o y o u . I s h a l l w r i t e y o u t h e i r na m e s . "
Hi s p e nb e g a ns c r a t c h i ng a c r o s s a p i e c e o fp a p e r ,
a nd I h a d a m o m e nt i nw h i c h t o r e a l i z e t h e g r a v e
i m p o r t a nc e o ft h i s m i s s i o n : t h e fu t u r e o fGe r m a ny
m e na c e d , c o m p l e t e i s o l a t i o nw a s i nt h e m a k i ng b e -
t w e e nEng l a nd , F r a nc e , a nd Ru s s i a ; a nd t h e Ka i s e r
w a s a b o u t t o s a v e Ge r m a ny b y a m a s t e r s t r o k e o f
d i p l o m a c y . Ofw h a t t r e m e nd o u s i m p o r t a nc e i t w a s ,
h o w e v e r , I d i d no t l e a r nu nt i l I h a d g o ne d o w ni nt o
t h e fo r e s t .
Lo o k i ng u p , v o nWe d e l t o s s e d a p i e c e o fp a p e r
a c r o s s t h e d e s k t o m e ( t h e i d e nt i c a l p a p e r w h i c h
h a s b e e nr e p r o d u c e d i nc o nne c t i o nw i t h t h i s a r t i c l e ) .
I t b o r e t h e s e na m e s i nh i s h a nd w r i t i ng
Vi s c o u nt Ha l d a ne , Wi ns t o nSp e nc e r C h u r c h i l l , Ad -
m i r a l v o nTi r p i t z , Ge ne r a l v o nHe e r i ng e n, Ge ne r a l
Mo r i t z Ri t t e r v o nAu ffe nb e r g , He r r v o nKi nd e r l e n-
Wa e c h t e r
.
I s u p p o s e , h a d i t b e e nm y fi r s t Se c r e t Se r v i c e m i s -
s i o ni ns t e a d o ft h e c l i m a x o fe l e v e ny e a r s i nt h e
s e r v i c e , I c o u l d no t h a v e c o nt r o l l e d m y s u r p r i s e .
Th e s e m e n, a l l m e e t i ng i na l o ne l y s p o t i nTa u nu s
1 3 2
THEI SOLATI ONOF F RANC E
Hi l l s r e g i o n, fo r e t o l d a g r a v e s i t u a t i o n . Es p e c i a l l y
w a s t h i s t r u e i nv i e w o ft h e ne w s p a p e r s o fEu r o p e .
He r e w a s a l l t h e p r e s s h a v i ng Ge r m a ny a nd Eng l a nd
r e a d y t o r u s h a t e a c h o t h e r 's t h r o a t s i nw a r . I t w a s
t h e t i m e o ft h e Ge r m a ns p y s c a r e i nEng l a nd . And
no w h e r e w e r e t h e t w o p o w e r fu l m e m b e r s o ft h e Eng -
l i s h C a b i ne t m e e t i ng t h e Ka i s e r 's Mi ni s t e r o fWa r
s e c r e t l y .
I a l s o k ne w o fa s e c r e t v i s i t C h u r c h i l l a nd Ha l d a ne
h a d m a d e a t t h e F o r e i g nOffi c e 's i nv i t a t i o n . Si g ni fi -
c a nt l y t h e s e Eng l i s h d i p l o m a t s h a d b e e ns h o w nc e r -
t a i no fGe r m a ny 's p r e p a r a t i o ns fo r w a r , no t a b l y w a r
i nt h e s k y .
B u t v o nWe d e l w a s no t y e t t h r o u g h .
"
Th e s e g e nt l e m e n, " h e s a i d , 1 1 w i l l m e e t a t Sc h l a n-
g e nb a d a b o u t t h e m i d d l e o ft h i s m o nt h . Y o u k no w
t h e p l a c e , i nt h e Ta u nu s Hi l l s - o ne o ft h e Em p e r o r 's
h u nt i ng l o d g e s . I s u g g e s t t h a t y o u g e t d o w nt h e r e
t o - m o r r o w a nd h a v e e v e r y t h i ng r e a d y . Y o u t h o r -
o u g h l y k no w w h a t i s r e q u i r e d o fy o u , Do c t o r ? "
Onm y a s s e nt i ng I w a s d i s m i s s e d . I l o s t no t i m e
i ng e t t i ng h o m e t o m y q u a r t e r s a nd i nt o c o m fo r t a b l e
t o g s . Th i s m i s s i o nne e d e d s o m e t h i nk i ng o u t . And
a ft e r I t o l d m y B a s u t o b o y t o p a c k m y b a g , I g l a nc e d
a g a i na t t h e l i s t v o nWe d e l h a d g i v e nm e .
Ha l d a ne , Lo r d C h a nc e l l o r o fEng l a nd , p e r s o na
g r a t a w i t h t h e Ka i s e r - i nfa c t , a p e r s o na l fr i e nd .
C h u r c h i l l , F i r s t Lo r d o ft h e B r i t i s h Ad m i r a l t y .
Wa e c h t e r , t h e Ge r m a nMi ni s t e r o fF o r e i g nAffa i r s
a nd , d e s p i t e c o u r t o p p o s i t i o n, t h e t r u s t e d m a no ft h e
1 3 3
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
Ka i s e r
. Ti r p i t z a nd v o nHe e r i ng e n, c h i e fs o ft h e
Ge r m a nna v y a nd a r m y
s t a ffs ,
t h e l a t t e r a s e c o nd
Mo l t k e . Wh e nI c a m e t o v o nAu ffe nb e r g 's na m e I
w h i s t l e d . Vo nAu ffe nb e r g w a s Mi ni s t e r o fWa r a nd
t h e r i g h t - h a nd . m a no ft h e C h a nc e l l o r o ft h e Au s t r i a n
Em p i r e . Th u s t h r e e g r e a t p o w e r s w e r e r e p r e s e nt e d .
Si x m e no ft h i s e m i ne nc e , t h e b r a i ns a nd fo r c e o f
t h r e e na t i o ns , t o m e e t i ns e c r e t i na l i t t l e o b s c u r e h u nt -
i ng l o d g e i nt h e fo r e s t ! I t p o r t e nd e d d a r k l y fo r
F r a nc e ; b u t h o w d a r k l y I c o u l d no t t h e nc o nj e c t u r e .
I t i nt e r e s t e d m e t r e m e nd o u s l y , b u t I c o ns o l e d m y s e l f
t h a t I w o u l d p r o b a b l y k no w a l l w h e nt h e p a r t y
g a t h e r e d i nt h a t s e c l u d e d h u nt i ng l o d g e .
Ac c o r d i ng t o i ns t r u c t i o ns , I p r e s e nt e d m y s e l fe a r l y
ne x t m o r ni ng a t t h e r e s i d e nc e o fHe r r v o nKi nd e r l e n-
Wa e c h t e r
. I t w a s i nt h e Th i e r g a r t e ns t r a s s e . Wi t h -
o u t d e l a y I w a s s h o w ni nt o h i s Ex c e l l e nc y 's r o o m .
He w a s s e a t e d a t h i s d e s k , a nd w h i l e w e e x c h a ng e d
a fe w p e r fu nc t o r y w o r d s I p e r m i t t e d m y s e l fa m o -
m e nt 's b r i e fc o nj e c t u r e .
J u d g i ng fr o m a p p e a r a nc e s , y o u w o u l d ne v e r h a v e
t a k e nt h i s p o r t l y , r u b i c u nd , i r o n- g r a y , b u s h y - b r o w e d
g e nt l e m a nfo r a s t a t e s m a n . B u t a s t a t e s m a nh e w a s
fo r a l l t h a t , a nd t h e Em p e r o r a nd Ge r m a ny m i s s
h i m s o r e l y . I w o u l d h a v e t a k e nh i m fo r a B o e r Do p -
p e r o r a nEng l i s h y e o m a n . Th i s s u g g e s t i o nw a s s u p -
p o r t e d b y h i s a t r o c i o u s t a s t e i nfa nc y w a i s t c o a t s .
Th e o ne h e h a d o ns t i l l s t i c k s i n m y m e m o r y . I t w a s
a l u r i d p e a c h - b l o s s o m c r e a t i o n, s p o t t e d w i t h g r e e n
.
B u t o nc e h i s s t e e l - g r a y , d e e r h o u nd e y e s l o o k e d y o u u p
1 3 4
XZ 4 , e~
- t e " 4 1 ~ 7 - - , 9 4 ~ l l
1
" Lo o k i ng u p v o nWe d e l t o s s e d a p i e c e o fp a p e r a c r o s s t h e
d e s k t o m e . I t b o r e t h e s e na m e s i nh i s h a nd w r i t i ng
. "
THEI SOLATI ONOF F RANC E
a nd d o w ny o u fo r g o t a l l a b o u t t h e fa nc y w a i s t c o a t
a nd g o t r i g h t d o w nt o b u s i ne s s . I t o l d h i s Ex c e l l e nc y
I h a d c o m e fo r h i s p e r s o na l i ns t r u c t i o ns .
B e s i d e s t e l l i ng m e t o "
h a l t m y m a u l " ( a Ge r m a n
m i l i t a r y e x p r e s s i o nl i t e r a l l y m e a ni ng t o k e e p y o u r
m o u t h s h u t , b u t i m p l y i ng t h e ne e d fo r u t m o s t s e c r e c y )
h e g a v e m e c e r t a i ng e ne r a l i ns t r u c t i o ns . B u t fr o m
t h e m I c o u l d g a i nno i d e a o fj u s t w h a t w a s g o i ng t o
h a p p e n . I c o u l d o nl y g u e s s
.
Ho w b i g w a s t h e
g a t h e r i ng s t o r m h e ne v e r e v e nh i nt e d .
Re m e m b e r i ng v o nWe d e l 's s u g g e s t i o na b o u t t h e
h u nt i ng p a r t y , I p r o c u r e d s o m e g u ns a nd r e a c h e d
t h e s t a t i o ni nt i m e t o c a t c h t h e 1 2 . 3 0 e x p r e s s fo r
Sc h l a ng e nb a d .
I t w a s e a r l y i nOc t o b e r w h e nI w e nt t o t h e Ku r
Ho t e l a nd r e g i s t e r e d a s He r r B a m b e r g e r fr o m B e r -
l i n . I fy o u e v e r g o t o Sc h l a ng e nb a d , l o o k u p t h e
r e g i s t e r . Sc h l a ng e nb a d i s a m i ne r a l w a t e r i ng p l a c e
i nP r u s s i a , ne a r t h e B l a c k F o r e s t , a nd w i t h i ne a s y
d i s t a nc e o fo u r u l t i m a t e m e e t i ng p l a c e , t h e h u nt i ng
l o d g e t h a t v o nWe d e l h a d m e nt i o ne d .
I w a s a l o ne a t t h e h o t e l fo r s e v e r a l d a y s .
Th e n,
t r a v e l i ng i nc o g ni t o , t h e d i g ni t a r i e s b e g a nt o d r i ft i n
.
F i r s t c a m e t h e Au s t r i a n, Ge ne r a l Mo r i t z Ri t t e r v o n
Au ffe nb e r g . Ad i s t i ng u i s h e d , q u i e t , u na s s u m i ng g e n-
t l e m a n, h e i s k no w nt o b e h i g h i nt h e c o nfi d e nc e o f
F r a nc i s J o s e p h . I fo u nd t h e Wa r Mi ni s t e r v e r y fo nd
o fs a l m o nfi s h i ng , a nd g o t q u i t e i nt o h i s g o o d g r a c e s
b y e nt h u s i a s t i c t a l e s o ffl y fi s h i ng i nNe w Z e a l a nd .
Ad m i r a l v o nTi r p i t z a nd Ge ne r a l v o nHe e r i ng e n
1 3 5
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
c a m e ne x t
. Th e Ad m i r a l i s t y p i c a l o ft h e Ge r m a n
s a i l o r , a b i g m a n, s i x fe e t , w i d e o fs h o u l d e r , b l u e -
e y e d , a nd fu l l b e a r d e d . Hi s m a nne r I fo u nd g e ni a l
a nd c o u r t e o u s . Hi s e x a c t o p p o s i t e w a s v o nHe e r i n-
g e n, t h i n, a l m o s t c r o o k e d o fb o d y , s t o o p s h o u l d e r e d ,
u nu s u a l l y t a c i t u r n, a nd p o s s e s s i ng d e e p - s u nk e n,
s m o l d e r i ng b l a c k e y e s . He s t r u c k m e a s a na ni m a t e d
m u m m y o ft h e Ra m e s e s d y na s t y -
c o m e t o t h i nk o f
i t , h e m u c h r e s e m b l e s Ra m e s e s I I .
Th e e x a c t d a t e o ft h e m e e t i ng , a s I r e c a l l i t , w a s
Oc t o b e r 1 2 , a nd t h e p l a c e a s h o o t i ng l o d g e , p a m e d
Eh r e nk r u g
. Ont h e m o r ni ng o ft h e t w e l ft h I h i r e d
a v e h i c l e a nd , l o a d i ng p r o v i s i o ns , w i ne , a nd o t h e r
ne c e s s a r i e s a b o a r d , d r o v e t o t h e l o d g e , s i x t e e nm i l e s
i nt o t h e fo r e s t .
No fa r m h o u s e o r o t h e r h u m a nh a b i t a t i o nw a s w i t h i n
a r a d i u s o fs e v e r a l m i l e s . I t w a s a l a r g e s t o ne a nd
b r i c k b u i l d i ng , s o m e w h a t s i m i l a r t o y o u r c o l o ni a l
s t y l e . I t h a d fi v e o r s i x g u e s t r o o m s , a l a r g e g e ne r a l
m e e t i ng h a l l , a nd a m o r ni ng r o o m . I t b e i ng t h e p r o p -
e r t y o ft h e r o y a l fa m i l y , I fo u nd t w o o l d p e ns i o ne r s
o ft h e I m p e r i a l F o r e s t Se r v i c e i nc h a r g e . Th e y h a d
a g o o d fi r e g o i ng i nt h e g r a t e , w h i c h w a s w e l c o m e , fo r
i t w a s s t i l l a l i t t l e d a m p a nd c h i l l y , e s p e c i a l l y i nt h i s
w e t m o u nt a i nfo r e s t .
P a t r o l i ng b o t h e nd s o ft h e r o a d w e r e a nu m b e r
o fg e nd a r m e s
. Th e y w e r e s c a t t e r e d t h r o u g h t h e
w o o d s , t o o , fo r m i ng a c o r d o nt h r o u g h w h i c h no o ne
c o u l d c o m e
. I nd e e d , t h e y h a d c h a l l e ng e d m e . Ab o u t
t h r e e o 'c l o c k i nt h e a ft e r no o nt h e Ge r m a na nd Au s -
1 3 6
THEI SOLATI ONOF F RANC E
t r i a ne nv o y s c a m e o u t fr o m t h e h o t e l , a nd a t a q u a r t e r
t o fo u r ( I r e m e m b e r Wa e c h t e r r e m a r k i ng " Th e y 'r e
t h r e e - q u a r t e r s o fa nh o u r l a t e ! " )
t h e c h u g o fa m o t o r
a nno u nc e d t h e o t h e r s , Lo r d Ha l d a ne a nd Wi ns t o n
C h u r c h i l l .
I h a d ne v e r h a p p e ne d t o m e e t Ha l d a ne b e fo r e , a nd
I fo u nd h i m t h e Eng l i s h g e nt l e m a np e r s o ni fi e d -
p o l i s h e d a nd r e s e r v e d . Y e t h i s r e s e r v e , t e m p e r e d
b y a g e , b l e nd e d i nt o a g e ni a l m e l l o w ne s s . Th e u s u a l
Eng l i s h a r r o g a nc e h a d e v i d e nt l y b e e ns u b d u e d b y r e a -
s o no fh i s t r a i ni ng a nd c o s m o p o l i t a nk no w l e d g e . I n
s p e e c h a nd a c t i o nh e w a s a C h e s t e r fi e l d , b u t i na p p e a r -
a nc e h e w a s no t u nl i k e a c a no no r a b i s h o p , a l i t t l e
a s c e t i c l o o k i ng , a nd r a t h e r b a l d .
Qu i t e t h e o t h e r t y p e o fAng l o - Sa x o n, s t i l l b o y i s h
i nl o o k s , h i g h - s t r u ng a nd ne r v o u s , e r r a t i c i ns p e e c h
a nd a c t i o n, j u s t a b i t s e l f- c o ns c i o u s , Wi ns t o nC h u r c h i l l
w a s t h e y o u ng e s t m e m b e r o ft h i s r e m a r k a b l e g a t h e r -
i ng . I h a d m e t h i m d u r i ng t h e B o e r Wa r , a nd a s h e
t o o k o ffh i s m o t o r i ng c o a t h e l o o k e d a t m e c l o s e l y .
" I b e l i e v e I 'v e s e e ny o u b e fo r e , " h e s a i d .
" I m e t t h e r i g h t h o no r a b l e g e nt l e m a ni nt h e B l o e m -
fo nt e i nF i e l d Ho s p i t a l d u r i ng t h e w a r . "
" Ah , y e s , " s a i d C h u r c h i l l , h i s fa c e l i g h t i ng u p .
He h a d h a d h i s w o u nd d r e s s e d t h e r e ; h i s r e c o g ni -
t i o ns h o w e d h i s r e m a r k a b l e m e m o r y .
Aft e r r e fr e s h m e nt s t h e e nv o y s i m m e d i a t e l y a d -
j o u r ne d t o t h e b i g m o r ni ng r o o m , a nd I w a s p o s t e d
o u t s i d e t o s e e t h a t no g e nd a r m e o r fo r e s t p e ns i o ne r
c a m e w i t h i ne a r s h o t .
I w a s no t p r e s e nt a t t h e b e g i n-
1 3 7
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
p i ng o ft h e c o nfe r e nc e , b u t a ft e r a nh o u r h a d p a s s e d
I w a s s u m m o ne d . My fi r s t i m p r e s s i o na s I o p e ne d
t h e d o o r w a s o fa na i r o ft e ns e ne s s . I t w a s o b v i o u s
i nt h e w a y C h u r c h i l l w a s s t a r i ng a c r o s s t h e t a b l e a t
Ha l d a ne . I t w a s a no r d i na r y l a r g e Ge r m a no a k d i n-
i ng - r o o m t a b l e , a nd i nt h e m i d d l e w e r e t w o b i g s h a d e d
l a m p s . I t w a s g r o w i ng d u s k , a nd a ft e r l i g h t i ng t h e
l a m p s , I b a c k e d a w a y t o a c o r ne r o ft h e r o o m . I h a d
a d i s t i nc t i m p r e s s i o no ft h e fe a t u r e s o ft h e s i x m e n
w h o w e r e m a k i ng h i s t o r y r o u nd t h a t t a b l e . Th e r e
w e r e w r i t i ng m a t e r i a l s , s t a c k s o fp a p e r , a nd d o c u -
m e nt s a t e v e r y p l a c e . Sh e e t s a nd s h e e t s o fp a p e r
w e r e , c o v e r e d w i t h t h e i r h a nd w r i t i ng . Onl y i nfr o nt
o fv o nHe e r i ng e nw e r e t h e s h e e t s b l a nk , fo r h e ne v e r
m a k e s a no t e o fa ny t h i ng , c a r r y i ng e v e r y t h i ng i nh i s
m a r v e l o u s m e m o r y .
Ob v i o u s l y w h a t w e r e t h e l a s t w o r d s o fa s p e e c h
c a m e fr o m Mo r i t z , t h e Au s t r i a n, a s I e nt e r e d : " And
t o m a k e t h i s a l l p o s s i b l e , " h e w a s s a y i ng , " w e m u s t
b r e a k t h e Ru s s i a nF e d e r a t i o ni nt h e B a l k a ns . "
F r o m h i s p l a c e a t t h e h e a d o ft h e t a b l e t h e i r o n-
g r a y - h a i r e d Ki nd e r l e n- Wa e c h t e r r o s e s l o w l y . I no -
t i c e d h e w o r e a no t h e r o ft h o s e a t r o c i o u s v e s t s . Tu r n-
i ng o nh i s l e ft h e g a z e d a t C h u r c h i l l a nd Ti r p i t z ;
h i s c a r e fu l m e a s u r i ng e y e s t h e nm e t Mo r i t z , a ne x -
p e c t a nt , s l i g h t l y ne r v o u s fi g u r e a t t h e o t h e r e nd o ft h e
t a b l e a w a i t i ng t h e r e p l y t o t h e p o i nt h e h a d r a i s e d .
And Wa e c h t e r 's e y e s t u r ne d fr o m h i m t o He e r i ng e n,
t o Ha l d a ne ; t h e nh e s p o k e I r e c a l l d i s t i nc t l y t h e i m -
p o r t o fh i s r e m a r k s .
1 3 8
THEI SOLATI ONOF F RANC E
" Ge nt l e m e n, " h e s a i d , " t h e p o i nt r a i s e d b y Ge ne r a l
Mo r i t z m u s t s t a nd , a nd , o fc o u r s e , i t ne e d s t h e s a nc -
t i o no fo u r r e s p e c t i v e h e a d s .
As Lo r d Ha l d a ne h a s
p o i nt e d o u t , i t d o e s c o m p l i c a t e m a t t e r s t o s o m e e x t e nt .
Th e B a l k a ns c o nc e r nAu s t r i a m o s t ; t o m y w a y o f
t h i nk i ng i t i s q u i t e w i t h i nr e a s o nt o a c c e d e t h i s p o i nt .
[ As I w r i t e I r e c a l l v i v i d l y h o w g r a v e t h e y h a d a l l
b e c o m e . Th e y k ne w w h a t t h i s m e a nt - w a r i nt h e
B a l k a ns
. ]Ona l l m a i np o i nt s , " s a i d Ki nd e r l e n-
Wa e c h t e r , " w e a r e a g r e e d .
As i nd i c a t e d b y h i s I m -
p e r i a l Ma j e s t y , t h e p r i m a r y r e a s o no fo u r m e e t i ng i s
t o c o m e t o a t a c i t u nd e r s t a nd i ng i nr e g a r d t o t e c h ni c a l
d e t a i l s . Th i s w e h a v e d o ne . I t i s u nfo r t u na t e , h o w -
e v e r , t h a t t h i s p o s s i b l e p h a s e , t h e B a l k a np o i nt , h a s
no t b e e ng o ne i nt o b e fo r e
. I s u g g e s t t h a t w e a d j o u r n,
t o i nfo r m o u r r e s p e c t i v e Go v e r nm e nt s o ft h i s p o i nt .
I fne c e s s a r y , w e w i l l m e e t a g a i no nWe d ne s d a y . "
Th i s s e c o nd m e e t i ng , b y t h e w a y , w a s no t ne c e s s a r y ,
a l l t h e Go v e r nm e nt s r e p r e s e nt e d t e nt a t i v e l y a g r e e i ng
w i t h Au s t r i a . Th e t r e a t y , h o w e v e r , w a s s u b j e c t t o
s i g na t u r e s a nd i fi t w a s o ffi c i a l l y c l o s e d , I c a nno t
t e l l .
Ap p a r e nt l y t h e c o nfe r e nc e w a s a t a ne nd . B u t
w h a t h a d t h e y a c c o m p l i s h e d ? F r o m t h e g e ne r a l t e no r
o ft h e i r c o nv e r s a t i o ni t w a s o b v i o u s t h a t t h e y a l l
a g r e e d
.
B u t w h a t w e r e t h e t e r m s o ft h e i r b a r g a i n?
P r e s e nt l y I w a s t o k no w .
" B a m b e r g e r , " s a i d Ki nd e r l e n- Wa e c h t e r , a d d r e s s i ng
m e b y t h e na m e I h a d t a k e n, " g a t h e r u p a ny p i e c e s
o fp a p e r o nt h e t a b l e a nd c o ns i g nt h e m t o t h e fi r e . "
1 3 9
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
I r e p l i e d : " Y e s , s i r . " Th e nt u r ni ng t o t h e o t h e r s ,
h e c o nt i nu e d
" Ge nt l e m e n, s e l e c t t h e m e m o r a nd a y o u w i s h t o
k e e p . Th e r e s t i s g o i ng t o b e d e s t r o y e d i m m e d i a t e l y . "
Wh i l e t h e y r a no v e r t h e i r p a p e r s , s a v i ng ne c e s s a r y
s c r a p s , I s t o o d b a c k fr o m t h e t a b l e . I t w a s c h a r a c t e r -
i s t i c o ft h e m e nt h a t Wi ns t o nC h u r c h i l l s h o u l d h a v e
t a k e nt h e m o s t v o l u m i no u s no t e s , w h i l e He e r i ng e n
h a d no t p u t d o w na l i ne . I t h e ng a t h e r e d u p e v e r y
s c r a p o fp a p e r l e ft o nt h e t a b l e - b l o t t e r s , l i t t l e
no t e p a d s , fo o l s c a p -
u s e d o r u nu s e d . Ev e r y t h i ng
w a s t o g o i nt o t h e fi r e .
I w e nt a b o u t t h i s s l o w l y a nd d e l i b e r a t e l y , t a k i ng
c a r e t o g l a nc e a t e v e r y t h i ng b e fo r e I c a r r i e d i t o v e r
t o t h e g r a t e . I w a nt e d t o m a k e s u r e t h a t no t h i ng
o fv a l u e w a s d e s t r o y e d . He r e a nd t h e r e c a m e a g o o d
c h a nc e t o r e a d s o m e o ft h e c o nt e nt s . P i e c e b y p i e c e
fr o m t h e m e m o r a nd a t h e d i ffe r e nt m e nh a d m a d e , a l -
w a y s b e i ng c a r e fu l no t t o c o nfu s e i nd i v i d u a l no t e s ,
t h u s l e a r ni ng o ne b y o ne t h e i r t r a i no ft h o u g h t , t h e
t h i ng b e g a nt o p i e c e i t s e l ft o g e t h e r fo r m e
. Th e r e
w e r e e x t e ns i v e no t e s o na r m y a nd na v y m a t t e r s .
C h u r c h i l l , fo r i ns t a nc e , h a d c a r e fu l l y no t e d t h e fu l l
s t r e ng t h t h a t Au s t r i a a nd Ge r m a ny c o u l d m u s t e r i n
c a s e o fw a r . Ki nd e r l e n- Wa e c h t e r h a d r e c o r d e d t h e fu l l
s t r e ng t h o fEng l a nd a nd Au s t r i a a s g i v e nb y C h u r c h i l l
a nd Mo r i t z . So h a d Mo r i t z t a k e nd o w nGe r m a na nd
Eng l i s h s t a t i s t i c s . Ob v i o u s l y i t w a s a t r i a ng u l a r a l -
l i a nc e , e a c h no t i ng t o w h a t e x t e nt d e p e nd e nc e c o u l d
b e p l a c e d u p o nt h e o t h e r . Th e nt h e r e w e r e d a t a
1 4 0
THEI SOLATI ONOF F RANC E
o nt h e F r e nc h a nd Ru s s i a na r m i e s a nd na v i e s . Th e
s i g ni fi c a nc e o ft h a t w a s a p p a r e nt
. Wh a t p u z z l e d m e ,
h o w e v e r , w e r e nu m e r o u s s t a t i s t i c s o nHo l l a nd a nd
B e l g i u m .
No t u nt i l Ki nd e r l e n- Wa e c h t e r a nd C h u r c h i l l , s q u a t -
t i ng d o w nb y t h e fi r e p l a c e a nd p o k i ng t h e b u r ni ng
p a p e r s w i t h o l d - fa s h i o ne d i r o ns , no t u nt i l t h e n, w h e n
t h e r e b e g a na c o nv e r s a t i o na nd o t h e r p a i r s c o nv e r s e d
o nc e r t a i np o i nt s a l l a r o u nd t h e r o o m , d i d I g a i na
c l e a r i d e a o fj u s t w h a t h a d h a p p e ne d
. Wh a t t h e y
s a i d , t h e v i t a l s c r a p s o ft h e i r c o nv e r s a t i o na s t h e y
d r i ft e d
. t
o
m e w h i l e I m o v e d t o a nd fr o m t h e t a b l e
a nd fi r e p l a c e , I s h a l l no w p r e s e nt a s c l o s e t o t h e w o r d s
o ft h e m e ni nv o l v e d a s I a m a b l e
.
He e r i ng e n, w h o h a d d r a w nHa l d a ne a s i d e , s a i d
"
We a r e r e a d y a t a ny t i m e w i t h 3 , 5 0 0 , 0 0 0 m e nw i t h -
o u t a ny fu r t h e r s t r a i ni ng o fo u r r e s e r v e s
. Ac c o r d i ng
t o o u r l a t e s t a g r e e m e nt Au s t r i a w i l l s u p p o r t u s w i t h
2 , 0 0 0 , 0 0 0 m o r e m e n
. Th e fi na nc i a l a s p e c t o ft h i s i s ,
o fc o u r s e , o u t o fm y h a nd s
. "
Ha l d a ne m u m b l e d s o m e t h i ng t h a t s o u nd e d l i k e
" t h a t i s v e r y s a t i s fa c t o r y
. " At a ny r a t e , h e no d d e d
a na ffi r m a t i v e
.
B y t h i s t i m e t h e p o s i t i o ns h a d c h a ng e d s o m e w h a t ,
a nd C h u r c h i l l d r e w Ti r p i t z a s i d e . C h u r c h i l l s p o k e
Ge r m a no nl y i nd i ffe r e nt l y , s o t h e y c o nv e r s e d i n
F r e nc h a nd p a r t l y i nEng l i s h
. I h e a r d Ti r p i t z s a y
" We c o u l d b o t t l e u p t h e B a l t i c i nt w e l v e h o u r s
.
Ru s s i a w o u l d no t h a v e a c h a nc e t o s t i r
. Ofc o u r s e ,
i n
t h e e v e nt o fa ny o u t s i d e s i t u a t i o na r i s i ng , w e s h a l l
1 4 1
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
l o o k t o Eng l a nd t o t a k e c a r e o fs u c h ne w c o nd i t i o ns
.
Th a t s e e m s t o r e s t c l e a r l y w i t h y o u r na v y . "
C h u r c h i l l b e c a m e a l i t t l e c a u t i o u s .
" Th e r e i s a c e r t a i nc o nt i ng e nc y t h a t m i g h t a r i s e , "
h e s a i d . " Su p p o s e , u nd e r s t r e s s o fc i r c u m s t a nc e s
t h e Uni t e d St a t e s s h o u l d t a k e a d e fi ni t e s t a nd a g a i ns t
u s i nt h i s m a t t e r ? "
Th e r e p l y o ft h e Ad m i r a l w a s t h e v e r y e x p r e s s i v e
Ge r m a nw o r d - Qu a t s c h ! He fu r t h e r i nt i m a t e d
t h a t t h e Uni t e d St a t e s w a s s o i nt e r e s t e d i ni t s o w n
i nt e r na l a ffa i r s t h a t i t w o u l d no t b e d r a w ni nt o t h e
q u e s t i o n, a nd t h a t i na ny e v e nt i t s na v y w o u l d b e
ne e d e d fo r i t s o w ni m m e d i a t e p r o t e c t i o n . He h a d a
d i s p o s i t i o n, h o w e v e r , t o p u t t h e e nt i r e s i t u a t i o nu p t o
C h u r c h i l l .
Ki nd e r l e n- Wa e c h t e r a nd Mo r i t z w e r e d e e p i nt h e
B a l k a nq u e s t i o n, a nd I s e ns e d t h e nt h e c o m i ng B a l -
k a ni m b r o g l i o
.
" Wi t h o u t d o u b t , " Mo r i t z s a i d , " w e w i l l b r i ng t h a t
t o a ni s s u e w i t h i na fe w m o nt h s . " I k ne w h e m e a nt
t h a t Au s t r i a w o u l d p r e c i p i t a t e t h e B a l k a nq u e s t i o n
.
Ki nd e r l e n- Wa e c h t e r w a s s e r i o u s .
" I t h a s g o t t o b e d o ne . "
Th e r e w e r e o t h e r s na t c h e s , a l l b e a r i ng o nt h e s a m e
s u b j e c t , a nd g r a d u a l l y t h e s i t u a t i o nb e g a nt o c l a r i fy
i nm y m i nd . I t w a s no t , h o w e v e r , u nt i l I h a d no t e d
t h e c o nt e nt s o fc e r t a i nd o c u m e nt s b e fo r e d e s t r o y i ng
t h e m t h a t t h e t r e m e nd o u s i m p o r t a nc e o ft h e b i g
s t a k e s t h e y w e r e a l l p l a y i ng fo r b e c a m e a p p a r e nt .
Wh a t I s h a l l no w d o i s t o r e v e a l t h e s u b s t a nc e o ft h e s e
1 4 2
THEI SOLATI ONOF F RANC E
d o c u m e nt s , c o u p l i ng t h e m w i t h o v e r h e a r d c o nv e r s a -
t i o n, t h u s i nt e r p r e t i ng t h e fu l l s i g ni fi c a nc e o ft h e c o n-
fe r e nc e .
Wi t h i nt h e l a s t t w e nt y - fi v e y e a r s Ge r m a ny h a s s o
e no r m o u s l y a d v a nc e d i nc o m m e r c e t h a t s h e u r g e nt l y
ne e d s s o m e fu r t h e r o u t l e t o na no r t h e r ns e a c o a s t .
Th i s m e a ns Ho l l a nd a nd B e l g i u m . Ha m b u r g a nd
B r e m e na r e t h e o nl y t w o p r a c t i c a l h a r b o r s t h a t Ge r -
m a ny p o s s e s s e s fo r t h e d i s t r i b u t i o no fh e r e no r m o u s
e x p o r t . Th e c o ng e s t i o ni nb o t h p l a c e s i s s u c h t h a t
s t e a m e r s w a i t fo r w e e k s t o l o a d . One - q u a r t e r o f
Ge r m a ny 's e x p o r t s g o e s t h r o u g h Ant w e r p . Ge r m a ny
m u s t h a v e Ant w e r p . P r a c t i c a l l y t h e w h o l e o fs o u t h -
e r nGe r m a ny 's c o m m e r c e , e s p e c i a l l y a l o ng t h e Rh i ne
a nd t h e h i g h w a y o ft h e Rh i ne , p o u r s i nt o a fo r e i g n
c o u nt r y a t p r e s e nt
. Ge r m a ny m u s t h a v e Ant w e r p -
i nfa c t , t h e w h o l e c o a s t , Am s t e r d a m a nd Ro t t e r d a m
i nc l u d e d .
Th e e m p i r e w a nt s h a r b o r s , no t c o l o ni e s
.
Th e c o l -
o ni z i ng i d e a i s a fa l l a c y . Ge r m a ny i s , fi r s t a nd l a s t ,
a m a nu fa c t u r i ng c o u nt r y . I t ne v e r w a s a nd ne v e r
w i l l b e , fo r a l o ng t i m e t o c o m e , a s u c c e s s fu l c o l o ni z e r .
At p r e s e nt a l l t h a t Ge r m a ny w a nt s i s m a r k e t s , a nd
fa c i l i t i e s fo r e x t e nd i ng h e r m a r k e t s . Th e s e m a r k e t s
Ge r m a ny w i l l a l w a y s b e a b l e t o c o m m a nd b e c a u s e o f
h e r i nt e ns e s c i e nt i fi c a p p l i c a t i o nt o a l l b r a nc h e s o f
m a nu fa c t u r e . B u t t h e s e p r o d u c t s ne e d o u t l e t s .
Ge r m a ny i s q u i t e w i l l i ng t o l e t t h e o t h e r s c o l o ni z e s o
l o ng a s s h e h a s a c h a nc e t o g e t h e r g o o d s i n . So
m u c h fo r t h e Ge r m a ns i t u a t i o n .
1 4 3
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
Eng l a nd , i nh e r v a s t o v e r s e a d o m a i ns a nd p o s s e s -
s i o ns , w a nt s r o u nd i ng u p
. Eng l a nd h a s no t b e e n
a b l e i nt h e p a s t , a nd c e r t a i nl y i s no t a t p r e s e nt a b l e ,
t o s u p p l y h e r s e l fa nd h e r c o l o ni e s
. I nGe r m a ny s h e
h a s a fi r s t - c l a s s w o r k m a n .
Ge r m a ny m a nu fa c t u r e s
w h a t Eng l a nd ne e d s .
Ge r m a ny 's b u i l d i ng o fh e r
na v y w a s ne v e r m e a nt a s a r e a l m e na c e t o Gr e a t
B r i t a i n .
I t w a s s o l e l y a m e a ns t o i m p r e s s t h e Eng -
l i s h t h a t Ge r m a ny w o u l d m a k e a p o w e r fu l a nd v a l u -
a b l e a l l y i ne v e r y s h a p e a nd fo r m
. C o nv e r s e l y , i t
w a s a t h r e a t t h a t s h e w o u l d b e a d a ng e r o u s o p p o ne nt .
Th i s i s c l e a r l y u nd e r s t o o d i nt h e Eng l i s h a nd Ge r m a n
C a b i ne t s
. P u b l i c o p i ni o ni s b e i ng r a p i d l y e d u c a t e d
u p t o t h i s i nb o t h c o u nt r i e s
. Al l t h e w a r - s c a r e t a l k
b e t w e e nGe r m a ny a nd Eng l a nd h a s b e e na nd i s o nl y
a m e a ns t o a ne nd .
Th e e nd i s t o t h r o w d u s t i nt h e
e y e s o ft h e r e s t o ft h e w o r l d
. Ge r m a ny a nd Eng -
l a nd w i l l ne v e r w i l l i ng l y w a r . De s t r u c t i o no fo ne
w o u l d m e a nt h e d e s t r u c t i o no ft h e o t h e r
. Th e y a r e
t o o e q u a l l y p o w e r fu l t o b e a b l e t o fi g h t e a c h o t h e r
;
t h e i r r e a l i nt e r e s t s r u nt o o c l o s e t o g e t h e r
. I nd e e d ,
t h e y a r e m u t u a l
. Ge r m a ny m a nu fa c t u r e s , Eng l a nd
u s e s . Onl y a m i r a c l e w o u l d s e p a r a t e t h e m
.
Sh o u l d e r t o s h o u l d e r , Ge r m a ny a nd Eng l a nd ( Ge r -
m a ny , o fc o u r s e , i nc l u d i ng Au s t r i a , a nd p o s s i b l y
I t a l y ) c o u l d d i c t a t e t o t h e r e s t o ft h e w o r l d
. Th e r e
i s o ne s t u m b l i ng - b l o c k . Th i s i s F r a nc e
.
We l l - i nfo r m e d F r e nc h m e nh a v e k no w na nd fe a r e d
t h i s fo r a l o ng t i m e .
Th e y h a v e , o fc o u r s e , ne v e r
m e nt i o ne d i t i np u b l i c .
Sh r e w d F r e nc h s t a t e s m e n
1 4 4
THEI SOLATI ONOF F RANC E
h a v e l o ng k e p t i t i nt h e s e c l u s i o no ft h e i r o w nm i nd s .
I t w o u l d b e p o l i t i c a l a nd p o s s i b l y p h y s i c a l d e a t h
o p e nl y t o a s s e r t t h a t F r a nc e i s d o o m e d . B u t d o o m e d
s h e i s .
Wi t h a l l h e r g a l l a nt r y , h y s t e r i c a l p a t r i o t i s m , a nd
w e a l t h , s h e w o u l d ne v e r b e a b l e t o h o l d o u t a g a i ns t
Ge r m a ny a l o ne .
He r a t t e m p t s a t a l l i a nc e s h a v e b e e n
fr e nz i e d . To s e c u r e Ru s s i a 's fr i e nd s h i p s h e h a s
l o a ne d e no r m o u s s u m s o fm o ne y
.
B u t t h e J a p a ne s e
w a r a nd i nt e r na l t r o u b l e s h a v e e l i m i na t e d Ru s s i a
a s a h i g h - c l a s s a l l y .
Sh e w a s a t t h e t i m e o ft h e
B l a c k F o r e s t c o nfe r e nc e b u t a s e c o nd a r y p o w e r . Sh e
i s t o - d a y b a l a nc e d b y Tu r k e y a nd Au s t r i a
.
Th e B a l -
k a nSt a t e s a r e s m a s h e d . So F r a nc e d i d h e r u t m o s t
t o s o l i d i fy t h e e nt e nt e c o r d i a l e fo s t e r e d b y t h e l a t e
Ki ng Ed w a r d VI I u nd e r t h e s t r e s s o fp u b l i c o p i ni o n
i nEng l a nd
.
To w h a t e x t e nt s h e m e t s u c c e s s w e h a v e s e e n . Th e
Mo r o c c a nq u e s t i o ns h o w e d Eng l a nd r e a d y t o b a c k
u p F r a nc e i nw a r , b u t no w c o m e s t h i s m e e t i ng i nt h e
B l a c k F o r e s t . Ge r m a ny h a s s h o w nEng l a nd t h e
g r e a t e r a d v a nt a g e o fa Ge r m a n- Eng l i s h c o a l i t i o n, a nd
F r a nc e i s fr o z e no u t
. Eng l a nd , w i t h h e r s h r e w d
a l e r t ne s s t o m a k e t h e m o s t p r o fi t a b l e d e a l , e nt e r -
t a i ne d i fd i d no t c l o s e t h e Ge r m a np r o p o s i t i o n .
I n
a nu t s h e l l , i t i s t h i s
Ge r m a ny m u s t h a v e t h e l o w l a nd p o r t s . Ho l l a nd
i s no t a d v e r s e t o c o m i ng i nt o t h e Ge r m a nF e d e r a -
t i o n . B e l g i u m i s a d v e r s e , b u t c o u l d b e s nu ffe d o u t
a s e a s i l y a s a c a nd l e . B u t F r e nc h p u b l i c o p i ni o n
1 4 5
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
w o u l d ne v e r t o l e r a t e u nd e r a ny c i r c u m s t a n c e s t h i s
Ge r m a na g g r e s s i o n . F r a nc e w o u l d fi g h t , e v e nt h o u g h
k no w i ng i t t o b e a l o s i ng fi g h t . I fo nl y s h e w o u l d
l e t Ge r m a ny h a v e w h a t s h e w a nt s , t h e r e w o u l d b e
no w a r . B u t t h e F r e nc h t e m p e r a m e nt , p u b l i c o p i n-
i o n, y e a r s o fd e c o r a t i ng w i t h fl o w e r s t h a t Al s a c e -
Lo r r a i ne s y m b o l , t h e St r a s b o u r g s t a t u e i nP a r i s , h a v e
no t b e e nc o nd u c i v e t o fo s t e r i ng a s u b m i s s i v e s p i r i t
i nF r a nc e . To r e s e nt Ge r m a ny 's i ne v i t a b l e a g g r e s -
s i o ni s e q u a l l y i ne v i t a b l e .
So m u c h fo r w h a t Ge r m a ny g e t s o u t o fi t . Au s -
t r i a w a nt s t o r o u nd u p h e r e m p i r e i nt h e B a l k a ns .
Au s t r i a h a s t o h a v e o u t l e t s i nt h e Me d i t e r r a ne a n
.
Eng l a nd , i fs h e s t a nd s b y Ge r m a ny , w i l l b e r e w a r d e d
w i t h F r e nc h No r t h e r nAfr i c a a nd t h e Du t c h Ea s t
I nd i a p o s s e s s i o ns
. Wh a t w i l l b e c o m e o fF r a nc e ?
Re c o ns t r u c t i o n, p a r t i t i o ni ng , p o s s i b l y a l i t t l e k i ng -
d o m , p r o b a b l y u nd e r t h e Or l e a ns r e g i m e . F r a nc e i s
i nt h e l a p o ft h e g o d s . I k no w t h e s e t h i ng s , fo r I
p o s s e s s t h e m i nb l a c k a nd w h i t e .
1 4 6
I X
I NTHEB ALKANC OUNTRY
A
F TERm y m i s s i o ni nt h e B l a c k F o r e s t , I w e nt
t o Al b e c k , a w e l l - k no w ns e a s i d e r e s o r t o nt h e
B a l t i c .
F o r m o r e t h a na y e a r t h e g e nt l e m e na t t h e
Wi l h e l m s t r a s s e h a d k e p t m e o nt h e r u n, a nd a v a c a -
t i o na t Al b e c k - m u c h l i k e y o u r At l a nt i c C i t y o nl y
s m a l l e r - w a s no t o nl y w e l c o m e d b u t ne e d e d
. I w a s
j u s t s e t t l i ng d o w nt o a p e r i o d o fq u i e t i na nd a r o u nd
t h e Ku r h a u s w h e nt h e r e c a m e a w i r e fo r m y a t t e nd -
a nc e a t t h e Wi l h e l m s t r a s s e
. " At y o u r e a r l i e s t c o n-
v e ni e nc e
" w a s t h e p h r a s e w h i c h , o fc o u r s e , m e a nt a t
o nc e .
Ge r m a ny 's l a ng u a g e t o h e r Se c r e t Ag e nt s i s
a l w a y s p o l i t e .
I a m v e r y fr a nk t o c o nfe s s t h a t t h e m e s s a g e p u t m e a
l i t t l e o u t o fs o r t s .
Al l m y p l a ns fo r r e s t i ng a t Al -
b e c k w e nt t o s m a s h
. I k ne w t h a t s o m e t h i ng b i g m u s t
b e i nt h e a i r e l s e I w o u l d ne v e r h a v e b e e nr e c a l l e d
fr o m a v a c a t i o nt h a t w a s o nl y b e g i nni ng . Wi r i ng
a r e p l y I s t a t e d t h a t I w o u l d a r r i v e i nB e r l i no nt h e
7
. 3 0 t r a i na nd t h a t a ny fu r t h e r c o m m a nd s w o u l d r e -
c e i v e a t t e nt i o na t m y s t a nd i ng q u a r t e r s i nt h e Mi t t e l -
s t r a s s e .
I na fe w h o u r s I h a d c a u g h t a t r a i na nd w a s
b e i ng w h i r l e d s o u t h .
Du r i ng t h e t h r e e - h o u r r u nI s p e c u l a t e d o nw h a t
1 4 7
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
w a s l i k e l y t o b e r e q u i r e d fr o m m e
. Ani ns i d e r u m o r
t h e nc u r r e nt a m o ng u s Se c r e t Se r v i c e m e ng a v e m e
t h e c l e w .
I m a r s h a l e d p a s t e v e nt s a nd r a nt h e m o v e r
i nm y m i nd
.
I k ne w t h a t t h e Ka i s e r 's d i p l o m a t i c
m a s t e r s t r o k e u nd e r m i ni ng t h e
e nt e nt e c o r d i a l e
a nd t e nt a t i v e l y h o l d i ng o ffGr e a t B r i t a i n, l e ft t h e w a y
c l e a r fo r t h e e x e c u t i o no fAu s t r o - Ge r m a np o l i c i e s i n
t h e B a l k a ns .
As t h e e x p r e s s h u r r i e d m e t o w a r d B e r l i n, I r e fl e c t e d
t h a t s i nc e t h e Ru s s i a n- J a p a ne s e Wa r , Ru s s i a , w e a k -
e ne d a s s h e w a s , fe l t h e r i nfl u e nc e i nEu r o p e a na ffa i r s
w a ni ng .
I k ne w i t w a s a b o u t t i m e fo r h e r t o m a k e
a d e s p e r a t e e ffo r t t o r e g a i nEu r o p e a np r e s t i g e
. I
r e c a l l e d t h a t u p o nRu s s i a 's p l i g h t a ft e r t h e J a p a ne s e
w a r , Au s t r i a i m m e d i a t e l y a nne x e d He r z e g o v i na a nd
B o s ni a .
Sh e d i d t h i s w i t h t h e t a c i t u nd e r s t a nd i ng
a nd b a c k i ng u p o fGe r m a ny
. I k ne w t h a t a s a r e -
s u l t o ft h i s , Ru s s i a w a s a g a i na t w o r k i nt h e B a l k a ns
.
Gr e e k s , Se r v i a ns , B u l g a r i a ns , a nd Mo nt e ne g r i ns , u p
t i l l no w s u i c i d a l e ne m i e s , w e r e a r r i v i ng a t a n
. u nd e r -
s t a nd i ng
. Th e r e a r e a s m a ny d i ffe r e nc e s o fna t i o n-
a l i t i e s , c a s t e s a nd o p i ni o ns i nt h e B a l k a ns a s t h e r e
a r e i nI nd i a a nd i t t o o k c l e v e r m a ni p u l a t i o n, m u c h
m o ne y , a nd s t r e nu o u s e ffo r t s o nt h e p a r t o fRu s s i a
t o u ni t e t h e s e c o u nt r i e s u nd e r Ru s s i a ni nfl u e nc e
.
Th e v i s i t o ft h e C r o w nP r i nc e o fSe r v i a t o So fi a , t h e
B u l g a r i a nc a p i t a l , w a s e ng i ne e r e d b y Ru s s i a , a nd w a s
a t r i u m p h a nt s u c c e s s i nb r i ng i ng a b o u t a nu nd e r -
s t a nd i ng b e t w e e nB u l g a r i a a nd Se r v i a
. I t a b s o l u t e l y
u ni fi e d Se r v i a a nd B u l g a r i a
. Wh y t h e nt h e c o m -
1 4 8
I NTHEB ALKANC OUNTRY
p l e t e l y c h a ng e d a t t i t u d e o fSe r v i a a nd B u l g a r i a a ft e r
t h e i r m u t a l s u c c e s s e s a g a i ns t t h e Tu r k ? P r e s e nt l y
I s h a l l s h o w y o u t h e v a s t u nd e r c u r r e nt fo r c e s fo r -
e v e r m o v i ng b e ne a t h t h e B a l k a ns i t u a t i o n
.
I r e c a l l e d h a v i ng h e a r d h i g h Se r v i a no ffi c i a l s s p e c -
u l a t e a s t o t h e i r c h a nc e s o fr e v i v i ng t h e a nc i e nt e m -
p i r e , s o w i t h t h e B u l g a r i a ns . Aft e r t h e r e u ni o no f
Wa l l a c h i a a nd Mo l d a d i a , I h e a r d Ro u m a ni a no ffi c i a l s
e x p r e s s t h e w i s h t o g a i nDa c i a t h r o u g h t h e a d d i t i o n
o fTr a ns y l v a ni a , B u k o v i na a nd t h e B a na t e o fTe r ne s -
v a r
.
Th i s l o ng i ng c a ne a s i l y b e u nd e r s t o o d w h e n
o ne r e m e m b e r s t h a t e a c h o ft h e s e St a t e s m a i nt a i ns
r o y a l c o u r t l e g a t i o ns a nd a na r m y t h e q u a l i t y o f
w h i c h i nt h e c a s e o ft h e Al l i e s h a s j u s t b e e nt e s t e d
a nd s h o w ni nt h e i r s p l e nd i d fi g h t i ng a nd s a c r i fi c e s ,
b u t w h i c h i s a l l o u t o fp r o p o r t i o nt o t h e i r i nd i v i d u a l
s i z e s a nd r e s o u r c e s .
I k ne w t h e r e w e r e a r m i e s m o b i l i z i ng i nt h e B a l k a ns
a t a h i g h m a r k o fe ffi c i e nc y .
Th e y w e r e e q u i p p e d i n
a w a y t o t a l l y b e y o nd t h e m e a ns o fs u c h l i t t l e c o u n-
t r i e s
. Wh o w a s s u p p l y i ng t h i s d r i v i ng fo r c e , t h e
m o ne y , o ffi c e r s ? Th e y w e r e b u t p a w ns , t h e B a l k a n
St a t e s o na ni nt e r na t i o na l c h e s s b o a r d .
No w b e fo r e I r e l a t e m y m i s s i o n, c o ns i d e r t h e s e t e s t
p o i nt s : Th e a l l i a nc e o fSt a t e s u s u a l l y h e r e d i t a r y
e ne m i e s ; t h e d o w nfa l l o fa ne m p i r e , a b a c k g r o u nd o f
t h e w o r l d 's p o w e r s p u l l i ng t h e s t r i ng s ; t h e s u c c e s s
o ft h e B a l k a nAl l i e s .
Th e nt h e m o s t a m a z i ng p a r t
o fi t a l l
.
Tu r k e y , w e l l t h r a s h e d , l o s t l i t t l e s a v e
a fe w i s l a nd s i nt h e 1 Eg e a nSe a , s o m e o fw h i c h i t h a s
1 4 9
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
a l r e a d y r e g a i ne d . Th e Al l i e s g a i ne d no t h i ng b u t
d e b t s - d e b t s a nd e m p t y h o no r w h i c h l e a v e s t h e m
s o e x h a u s t e d t h a t t h e y c a nb e no r e a l fa c t o r i n t h e
w o r l d 's p o l i t i c s fo r d e c a d e s t o c o m e - a nd t h e r e l i e s
t h e k e y .
Ar r i v i ng i nB e r l i nI m a d e m y w a y t o m y q u a r t e r s
i nt h e Mi t t e l s t r a s s e . I t w a s a b o u t e i g h t o 'c l o c k w h e n
I p u t m y k e y i nt h e d o o r . I fo u nd Ki m v e r y m u c h
a w a k e a nd s o m e w h a t e x c i t e d
. At t h i s u ns e e m l y h o u r
t h e r e w a s a v i s i t o r ! Th i s w a s a l l t h e m o r e u nu s u a l
fo r I w a s no t i nt h e h a b i t o fr e c e i v i ng m y m o s t i nt i -
m a t e fr i e nd s o r a c q u a i nt a nc e s a t m y p r i v a t e q u a r -
t e r s .
" Ko o m , m a s s a ! " ( Sa l u t e , m a s t e r ! )
"
Ge nt l e -
m a nh i m h e r e t o s e e y o u . Ki m h i m d o n't k no w i f
h e d o r i g h t , m a y b e w r o ng ; b u t g e nt l e m a ns a i d i t a l l
r i g h t t h a t h i m c o m e i n . "
Al l a p o l o g i e s , Ki m w a s fr e t t i ng h i m s e l fa l m o s t i nt o
a ne r v o u s c o l l a p s e o v e r t h e v i s i t o r . Ra t h e r c u r i o u s ,
I w a l k e d i nt o t h e s i t t i ng - r o o m a nd fo u nd a m a nI
h a d s e e np r e t t y o ft e na t t h e Wi l h e l m s t r a s s e . I k ne w
h i m t o b e He r r v o nSt a m m e r , t h e r i g h t h a nd m a no f
v o nWe d e l . Al t h o u g h w e w e r e w e l l k no w nt o e a c h
o t h e r b y s i g h t , w e h a r d l y c o nv e r s e d t e nw o r d s o u t s i d e
o fo ffi c i a l b u s i ne s s . At t h e t i m e I t h o u g h t i t a l i t t l e
o d d t h a t t h e u s u a l p r o c e d u r e w a s no t o b s e r v e d , t h a t
s o m e o ne c a m e t o m y r o o m i ns t e a d o fm y g o i ng t o t h e
Wi l h e l m s t r a s s e , s e e m e d a b i t u nu s u a l . As t h i ng s d e -
v e l o p e d , h o w e v e r , I s a w a p o s s i b l e r e a s o nw h y .
1 5 0
I NTHEB ALKANC OUNTRY
" Y o u r q u a r t e r s a r e p r e t t y w e l l g u a r d e d h e r e , Do c -
t o r , " s a i d He r r v o nSt a m m e r . " Y o u r C e r b e r u s
d i d n't w a nt t o l e t m e i n . "
I h a l fs m i l e d . I c o u l d i m a g i ne w h a t a b a t t l e a
s t r a ng e r m u s t h a v e t o g e t b y Ki m .
" We r e c e i v e d y o u r w i r e fr o m Al b e c k a nd a s t h e
C o u nt i s i na c c e s s i b l e , y o u r o r d e r s w i l l c o m e t h r o u g h
m e t h i s t i m e . "
Th e r e w a s a ni nt e r r u p t i o n, fo r Ki m h a d a p p e a r e d
w i t h c i g a r e t t e s .
" Th e C o u nt , " c o nt i nu e d v o nSt a m m e r , d r i v i ng d i -
r e c t t o t h e p o i nt , " w i s h e s y o u t o g o t o B e l g r a d e a nd
g e t i nc l o s e t o u c h w i t h e x i s t i ng c o nd i t i o ns t h e r e . We
w i s h y o u t o a s c e r t a i nt h e u nd e r c u r r e nt s i t u a t i o n .
Th e o ffi c i a l s t a t u s i s , o fc o u r s e , w e l l k no w nt o u s .
B u t w e w a nt d e fi ni t e l y t o fi nd o u t j u s t h o w fa r Ru s -
s i a ni nfl u e nc e s a r e a t w o r k i nB u c h a r e s t a nd So fi a ,
j u s t h o w fa r t h e y h a v e p r o g r e s s e d a nd h o w fa r t h e y
a r e p r e p a r e d t o g o i nt h i s B a l k a na ffa i r . I fy o u c a n-
no t g e t i nB e l g r a d e t h e w a nt e d i nfo r m a t i o n- a nd
a b s o l u t e a c c u r a c y i s i m p e r a t i v e - g o t o t h e B u l g a r -
i a nc a p i t a l . B u t - a nd t h i s i s i m p o r t a nt - no t i m e
m u s t b e l o s t . Ad e fi ni t e i ns i g h t i nt o t h e i nne r w o r k -
i ng s o ft h e s i t u a t i o nm u s t b e i nm y h a nd s a t t h e e a r -
l i e s t p o s s i b l e m o m e nt
. "
He r e i nd e e d w a s a t a s k .
" Und e r s t a nd , " c o nt i nu e d v o nSt a m m e r , " y o u w i l l
h a v e t h e a s s i s t a nc e i nt h i s c a s e o fAu s t r i a nSe c r e t
e m p l o y e e s . B u t , a s I ne e d no t p o i nt o u t t o y o u , i t
i s i na d v i s a b l e t o t a k e a ny o ft h e m w i t h y o u , a s a l l
1 5 1
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
t h e Au s t r i a na g e nt s a r e k no w nt o t h e Ru s s i a na g e nt s
d o w ni nt h e B a l k a ns . I s u g g e s t t h a t y o u s t o p a t
B u d a p e s t a nd g e t a l l c o nne c t i ng l i nk s o fp o s s i b l e h e l p
t o y o u . Y o u w i l l o b t a i nt h e s e fr o m Ka s i m i r Ko w a l -
s k y , a nAu s t r i a na g e nt w h o m y o u w i l l fi nd a t Do na u -
s t r a s s e 2 4
.
B y t h e w a y , d o y o u k no w h i m ? "
I s a i d no .
" I nt h i s c a s e , " w e nt o nv o nSt a m m e r , 1 1 1 s h a l l g i v e
i ns t r u c t i o ns t o fa c i l i t a t e m a t t e r s . I t i s ne c e s s a r y fo r
y o u t o h a v e - p a s s p o r t s . Ha v e y o u a ny r e a s o nt o fe a r
y o u r p r e v i o u s m i s s i o nt o t h e B a l k a ns ? "
He r e fe r r e d t o t h a t i nc i d e nt i n1 9 0 3 , c u r r e nt w i t h
t h e a s s a s s i na t i o no fKi ng Al e x a nd e r a nd Qu e e nDr a g a
o fSe r v i a - a ni nc i d e nt I d o n't l i k e t o t h i nk o f, fo r
i t l a nd e d m e o na b l a nk w a l l l o o k i ng i nt o s i x u g l y
Ma u s e r t u b e s , a s y o u w i l l r e c a l l fr o m a p r e v i o u s c h a p -
t e r .
I c o ns i d e r e d t h a t t h e r e w e r e o nl y t w o m e ni nt h e
B a l k a ns w h o c o u l d h a v e p l a c e d m e fr o m t h e 1 9 0 3 i n-
c i d e nt .
One C o l o ne l Ni g l i t c h w a s d e a d , s l a i na t t h e
t i m e o ft h e Al e x a nd e r a s s a s s i na t i o n ; t h e o t h e r w a s
St a m b o u l a nd h e w a s no d o u b t m o v i ng i nt h e c i r c l e s
w h e r e m y m i s s i o nw o u l d t a k e m e . We r e I t o m e e t
h i m i t w o u l d m e a nr e c o g ni t i o n, a p o s s i b l e k ni fe i nt h e
b a c k . No , I w a s i nno w a y k e e nt o u nd e r t a k e t h i s
m i s s i o n . My p r e v i o u s e x p e r i e nc e i nt h e B a l k a ns a nd
a l l t h a t i l k h a d g i v e nm e a t h o r o u g h d i s t a s t e o ft h e
p e o p l e t h e r e . Th e r e i s no m i x t u r e o fr a c e s s o d a n-
g e r o u s . Ne a r l y e v e r y m a ni s fo r a s m a l l s u m a t r a i t o r
a nd p o t e nt i a l a s s a s s i n . I h a d h a d a t a s t e o ft h e i r
1 5 2
I NTHEB ALKANC OUNTRY
m e t h o d s a nd I d i d n't w a nt a no t h e r . Vo nSt a m m e r
m u s t h a v e no t i c e d m y h e s i t a t i o n, fo r h e g r i nne d a nd
s a i d
"
Ne r v o u s a b o u t i t ? "
I fr a nk l y w a s
. I t o l d h i m s o .
" Y e s , I u nd e r s t a nd y o u r a t t i t u d e
. "
[ I h a d b e e n
o nt h e g o fo r o v e r fi v e m o nt h s s o l i d a nd I w a nt e d a
r e s t . ]
"
I b e g o fy o u t o c o ns i d e r t h o u g h t h a t y o u
a r e t h e o nl y m a nw e h a v e a t o u r d i s p o s a l w h o c a ns e e
t h i s t h i ng t h r o u g h . "
He t h e nb e g a nt o h i nt i ns u c h a w a y t h a t i t b e c a m e
o b v i o u s t o m e t h a t r e fu s a l o nm y p a r t w o u l d no t b e
a t a l l t o t h e l i k i ng o ft h e Wi l h e l m s t r a s s e . Re fu s a l
w o u l d m e a nl o s s o ffa v o r a nd w i t h i t t h e c h o i c e j o b s .
As a na d d e d i nd u c e m e nt , v o nSt a m m e r p r o m i s e d
d o u b l e t h e u s u a l r e m u ne r a t i o n . F r a nk l y t h i s w a s a
p o i nt . I c o ns i d e r e d t h a t t h e m i s s i o nw o u l d no t t a k e
m e o v e r t h r e e o r fo u r w e e k s a nd h e h a d a g r e e d t o
p a y m e $ 2 , 5 0 0 , a s i d e fr o m t h e b o nu s a l w a y s a t t a c h e d
t o s u c c e s s fu l a nd q u i c k w o r k . St i l l , I w a s n't s u r e
t h a t I w a nt e d t o g o . I k ne w t h e r e w a s t h e d a ng e r o f
r e c o g ni t i o n, a nd I k ne w t h e k i nd o fi r r e s p o ns i b l e , h o t -
h e a d e d , t e m p e r a m e nt a l p e o p l e I w a s g o i ng a m o ng . I t
w a s fa r m o r e d i ffi c u l t , fa r m o r e h a z a r d o u s , t h a na ny
m i s s i o nI h a d e v e r u nd e r t a k e n, i nEng l a nd o r F r a nc e
;
e v e nt h e t r e m e nd o u s r e s p o ns i b i l i t i e s o ft h e a ffa i r i n
t h e B l a c k F o r e s t c a r r i e d w i t h t h e m no ne o ft h e p e r -
s o na l d a ng e r s t h a t t h i s d i d . Wh e nh e p r e s s e d m e
fo r a d e c i s i o nI r e q u e s t e d s o m e l i t t l e t i m e t o t h i nk
t h i ng s o v e r . As k i ng m e t o t e l e p h o ne h i s h o m e b e -
1 5 3
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
fo r e m i d ni g h t a nd l e t h i m k no w w h a t I w a s g o i ng t o
d o , h e d e p a r t e d
.
I h o p e I a m s t i l l a C h r i s t i a n, b u t c o nt a c t a nd i nt e r -
c o u r s e w i t h t h e m y s t i c i s m o fAfr i c a a nd I nd i a h a s
m a d e m e s u p e r s t i t i o u s
. I h a v e a c u r i o u s h a b i t a t
m o m e nt o u s t i m e s o fi nd e c i s i o no ft a k i ng t w o fu l l
p a c k a g e s o fc a r d s a nd p l a y i ng Na p o l e o n's s o l i t a i r e .
I fI g e t i t o u t o nc e i nt h r e e t i m e s , I g e ne r a l l y g o i nt o
t h e m a t t e r i nh a nd w i t h o u t q u e s t i o n
. I t ne v e r h a s
fa i l e d m e .
Tw i c e i nm y l i fe I w e nt a g a i ns t i t ; t w i c e
I h a d b i t t e r c a u s e o fr e g r e t .
We l l , I d i d n't g i v e v o nSt a m m e r h i s d e c i s i o no n
t h e m o m e nt b e c a u s e I w a nt e d t o t r y t h e o l d t e s t
.
Ki m p r o d u c e d t h e c a r d s a nd I b e g a nt o p l a y
. I g o t
i t o u t t h e s e c o nd t i m e .
Go i ng t o t h e 'p h o ne I c a l l e d
v o nSt a m m e r a nd t o l d h i m I w o u l d u nd e r t a k e t h e
m i s s i o n .
He a s k e d m e t o c o m e a t o nc e t o h i s h o u s e ,
a nd t h e r e I r e c e i v e d fi na l i ns t r u c t i o ns a nd p a s s -
p o r t s , t h e l a t t e r e s s e nt i a l s o u t h o ft h e Au s t r i a n
fr o nt i e r .
At t h r e e o 'c l o c k i nt h e m o r ni ng I b o a r d e d t h e Or i -
e nt Ex p r e s s v i a Vi e nna a nd m a d e a s t o p o v e r o fa
d a y a t B u d a p e s t
. I w e nt i m m e d i a t e l y t o Do na u -
s t r a s s e 2 4 a nd s a w t h e Au s t r i a na g e nt Ko w a i s k y
.
F r o m h i m I g a i ne d p o i nt s t h a t w e r e i nv a l u a b l e t o
m e . F o r i ns t a nc e , h e g a v e m e t h e na m e s o fm e nw h o
fr e q u e nt e d c e r t a i np l a c e s
i n
B e l g r a d e , m e nw h o
w o u l d b e o fu s e t o m e
. He a l s o w a r ne d m e o fc e r -
t a i np e r s o ns , e s p e c i a l l y w o m e nw h o m h e k ne w t o b e
i nRu s s i a ne m p l o y . Th a t ni g h t I c a u g h t a t r a i nfo r
1 5 4
I NTHEB ALKANC OUNTRY
B e l g r a d e , w e l l s a t i s fi e d w i t h 't h e r e s u l t s o fm y v i s i t
t o Ko w a l s k y .
B e fo r e d i nne r t i m e t h e ne x t d a y , I w a s i ns t a l l e d
a t t h e Ho t e l d e P a r i s i nB e l g r a d e . My r o o m s h a d
b e e ne ng a g e d fo r m e b e fo r e h a nd a nd t h e y w e r e t h e
m o s t e x p e ns i v e i nt h e h o t e l
- fo r a r e a s o n
. I fo u nd
m y s e l fi na ne l a b o r a t e s u i t e o nt h e fi r s t fl o o r , k no w n
a s t h e s u i t e De s P r i nc e s
. Th i s w a s a ne c e s s a r y m o v e
o ft h e p a r v e nu a s m o ne y i s t h e fi r s t a nd l a s t w o r d i n
t h e B a l k a ns .
B e l g r a d e a nd e v e r y b o d y i ni t p r i d e
t h e m s e l v e s o nt h e i r u p - t o - d a t e P a r i s i a ns t y l e
. Ev e r y -
b o d y l i v e s i nt h e P a r i s i a nw a y . Ar m y o ffi c e r s , w h o s e
p a y i s i nfi ni t e s i m a l , a l l l i v e l i k e Ru s s i a nGr a nd
Du k e s
. Ho w t h e y a r e a b l e t o m a na g e t h i s o nt h e
o ffi c i a l Se r v i a na r m y s a l a r i e s o f6 5 c e nt s a d a y w o u l d
na t u r a l l y p u z z l e a no u t s i d e r
. Th e a ns w e r i s , Ru s -
s i a ng o l d . I t b u y s a ny t h i ng a nd e v e r y t h i ng y o u t h
o fB u d a p e s t
. I t c a nno t b u y i nMo nt e ne g r o w h e r e
p a t r i o t i s m i s s u p r e m e , no r c a ni t b u y w h a t i t w a nt s
a m o ng t h e Os m a ns
. To b e s u r e i t c a nb u y t h e Tu r k ;
b u t t h e r e i s a v a s t d i ffe r e nc e b e t w e e na nOs m a nl y a nd
a Tu r k .
Th r o u g h m y l a v i s h e x p e nd i t u r e o fm o ne y , I s o o n
w a s a m a r k e d p e r s o na nd c o u r t e d b y a l l t h e g a y o f-
fi c e r s o ft h e c a p i t a l . One o ft h e i r nu m b e r w a s a
Ma j o r Sc h u v e a l o ff
. Ab o n v i v a nt a nd g a m b l e r , w a s
Ma j o r Sc h u v e a l o ff, w i t h t h e t a s t e s o fa Gr a nd Du k e
.
Ona m i s s i o no ft h i s k i nd a s e c r e t a g e nt a l w a y s l i k e s
t o fi nd a m a nw h o i s
a
fa s t . " I k ne w t h e Ma j o r t o
b e i nt h e Ru s s i a np a y
. Ko w a l s k y t i p p e d m e o fft o
1 5 5
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
t h a t
. I k ne w t h a t i t w a s fr o m h i m I c o u l d g e t e v e r y -
t h i ng I w a nt e d , e v e nt h o u g h h e w a s t a k i ng t h e C z a r 's
g o l d .
I nt o t h e g a y l i fe o fB e l g r a d e I p l u ng e d a - h u nt i ng ,
t h e Ma j o r t h e q u a r r y . I g a v e a s e r i e s o fd i nne r s a t
t h e Ho t e l d e P a r i s
. Aft e r t h e d i nne r s t h e r e w a s
g a m b l i ng . I a l w a y s l o s t t o t h e Ma j o r
. He l o s t t o
o t h e r s b u t I w a s c a r e fu l ne v e r t o w i nfr o m h i m . He
fe l l i nt o t h e w a y o fd r o p p i ng a r o u nd a t m y q u a r t e r s .
Li k e m o s t o fh i s s e t , t h e Ma j o r w a s a h e a v y d r i nk e r
.
Wh e nh i s fa c e w o u l d b e c o m e v e r y fl u s h e d a nd h i s
t o ng u e v e r y g l i b , I w o u l d t r y t o d r a w t h i ng s o u t o f
h i m , b u t I ne v e r c o u l d g e t a ny t h i ng w o r t h w h i l e . Th e
s l i g h t e s t s u s p i c i o u s q u e s t i o nm a d e h i m c l o s e u p a s
t i g h t a s a no y s t e r .
I h a d s e e nh i m o ft e ni nt h e c o m p a ny o fa F r e nc h
l a d y , a Ml l e . Re ne Va l o n . I t w a s o b v i o u s t h a t s h e
a nd t h e Ma j o r w e r e o np r e t t y g o o d t e r m s . Li t t l e i n-
c i d e nt s , t h i ng s t h a t h a p p e ne d i na r o o m fu l l o fp e o -
p l e , l e d m e t o g u e s s t h a t s h e w a s e x t r e m e l y fo nd o f
h i m . I m a d e i t m y b u s i ne s s t o c u l t i v a t e h e r a c q u a i nt -
a nc e , fo r e x p e r i e nc e h a d o ft e ns h o w nm e t h a t w h e r e
g o l d a nd m y s e l ffa i l e d , a p a i r o ffl a s h i ng e y e s a nd
o t h e r fe l i c i t i e s w i l l o ft e ns u c c e e d . Li k e a l l t h e o t h e r
w o m e no ft h a t s e t i nB e l g r a d e , Ml l e . Va l o nw a s
w o e fu l l y e x t r a v a g a nt
. Sh e g a m b l e d h e a v i l y a nd o ne
ni g h t I a s s i s t e d h e r w i t h a l o a no f5 0 0 fr a nc s . I c a m e
t o k no w h e r fa i r l y w e l l .
I h a d no p r e v i o u s i nd i c a t i o no fh e r b e i ng i na ny
w a y c o nne c t e d w i t h a ny fo r e i g ns e r v i c e . . I nd e e d e v -
1 5 6
I NTHEB ALKANC OUNTRY
e r y t h i ng p o i nt e d t o t h e c o nt r a r y . B u t w h e no nt h e s e
m i s s i o ns , o ne i s a l w a y s o nt h e q u i v i v e .
Ml l e . Va l o n's
F r e nc h w a s p e r fe c t . Sh e l o o k e d F r e nc h , h e r m a n-
ne r i s m s w e r e F r e nc h . St i l l I w a s n't s a t i s fi e d . I n
a c a s e l i k e t h i s , i t i s w i s e t o b e s u s p i c i o u s o fe v e r y -
o ne . I b e g a nt o m a k e t h e m o s t d e l i c a t e i nq u i r i e s
.
I nc o nv e r s a t i o nI t r i e d t o d r a w o u t l i t t l e t h i ng s
. I
fe l t s h e w a s p l a y i ng a r o l e . I u s e d o u t s i d e s o u r c e s ,
b u t e v e r y t h i ng b o r e o u t t h e F r e nc h o r i g i n . St i l l I
w a s n't s a t i s fi e d . Su b s e q u e nt l y m y q u a s i s u s p i c i o ns
p r o v e d t o b e c o r r e c t .
One ni g h t Ml l e . Va l o ng a v e a s u p p e r p a r t y i nh e r
a p a r t m e nt s i nt h e Ho t e l d e P a r i s . Aft e r t h e s u p p e r
t h e r e w a s g a m b l i ng a m o ng t h e g u e s t s . He r e i nt h e
p r i v a c y o fh e r r o o m s w a s a no p p o r t u ni t y t o d i s c o v e r
s o m e l i t t l e t h i ng t h a t w o u l d e i t h e r c o nfi r m h e r F r e nc h
c l a i m s o r c o nfi r m m y s u s p i c i o ns . I k e p t m y e y e s
o p e n, b u t t h e y c o u l d fi nd no t h i ng t h a t w o u l d s h o w
a ny c o nne c t i o nw i t h Ru s s i a . Th a t i s , t h e y fo u nd
no t h i ng u nt i l Ml l e . Va l o ng o t u p fr o m t h e t a b l e , w e nt
t o h e r b o u d o i r a nd r e t u r ne d ni b b l i ng o na p i e c e o f
c a nd y . I t w a s t h e c a nd y t h a t g a v e h e r a w a y .
I s a w a t o nc e i t w a s a p a r t i c u l a r b r a nd o fRu s s i a n
c a nd y q u i t e d i s t i nc t fr o m s i m i l a r c o nfe c t i o ns i n
F r a nc e a nd Tu r k e y . I nr e a l i t y t h e y a r e na t u r a l fl o w -
e r s s u c h a s r o s e s a nd v i o l e t s w i t h t h e i r fr a g r a nc e a nd
na t u r a l t a s t e i na c h a m p a g ne - c o l o r e d , c r y s t a l s u b -
s t a nc e , t h e na t u r e o fw h i c h i s a s e c r e t . Ma d e s o l e l y
b y De m i t r o fa nd So ns o fMo s c o w , t h e y a r e u s u a l l y a p -
p r e c i a t e d o nl y b y a b o r nMo s c o v i t e . Th e t a s t e fo r
1 5 7
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
t h e m m u s t b e a c q u i r e d . Onl y a Ru s s i a no r o ne w h o
h a d fo r y e a r s l i v e d i nRu s s i a w o u l d h a v e i t .
Al t h o u g h Ml l e . Va l o nw a s p e r s o na l l y u nk no w nt o
m e , fi v e o u t o fe v e r y t e no ft h e s e w o m e nw e r e i nv a r i a -
b l y k no w nt o t h e Se c r e t Se r v i c e b r a nc h o ft h e C o n-
t i ne nt a l p o l i c e . My s u s p i c i o ns a s t o h e r c o nfi r m e d ,
i t w a s a ne v e nc h a nc e t h a t I m i g h t b e a b l e t o p l a c e
h e r . I p r o c u r e d t w o s na p s h o t s o fh e r a nd a s p e c i -
m e no fh e r h a nd w r i t i ng
. Th e s e I fo r w a r d e d t o t h e
c h i e fo ft h e s e c t i o ns i nVi e nna a nd B e r l i n, w i t h a
r e q u e s t t o w i r e a ny p o s s i b l e i nfo r m a t i o na b o u t h e r
.
Wi t h i nfo r t y - e i g h t h o u r s I h a d a r e p l y
. Ml l e . Va l o n
w a s w e l l k no w nt o t h e Au s t r i a np o l i c e a s a o ne - t i m e
k e e p e r o fa fa s h i o na b l e g a m b l i ng r e s o r t i nGa l i c i a
.
Sh e h a d l e ft t h e c o u nt r y h u r r i e d l y a ft e r a s t a b b i ng
a ffr a y . Sh e w a s k no w ni nC r a k a u a s P a u l a , a nd s h e
w a s w a nt e d b y t h e p o l i c e .
I e ng i ne e r e d m y ne x t m e e t i ng w i t h Ml l e . Va l o nt o
b e a l o ne . Aft e r p r e s e nt i ng h e r w i t h a b o x o fp e r -
fu m e s , I s a i d a b r u p t l y
"
Th i s i s a c h a ng e fr o m C r a k a u , P a u l a . "
I t i s a l w a y s w i s e t o s m a s h r i g h t o u t , a nd no t t o
p u t t h e o t h e r o ng u a r d t h r o u g h l e a d i ng q u e s t i o ns ,
a nd t h e t r i c k h a d t h e d e s i r e d e ffe c t . Sh e r e c o i l e d .
To y o u r h i g h Am e r i c a ns t a nd a r d s o fc h i v a l r y , i t m a y
s e e m b r u t a l t o t a k e a d v a nt a g e o fa w o m a ni nt h i s
w a y , b u t i t h a d t o b e d o ne . Mo r e o v e r , t h e s e w o m e n
a r e a b s o l u t e l y c o ns c i e nc e l e s s t h e m s e l v e s .
~ ~ Gr a nd Di e u ! Wh o a r e y o u ? "
~ ~ Th a t d o e s no t c o nc e r ny o u m a fi l l e , I k no w t h a t
1 5 8
I NTHEB ALKANC OUNTRY
a nd a g o o d d e a l m o r e . Au s t r i a w o u l d b e v e r y g l a d
t o k no w w h e r e y o u a r e .
Sh a l l I t e l l t h e m ? "
Sh e h a d r e c o v e r e d t o a ne x t e nt .
" Wh a t i s y o u r p r i c e fo r no t t e l l i ng ?
"
I r e p l i e d
" Le t Ru s s i a s l i p t h i s o nc e , g a i nm e t h e i nfo r m a t i o n
I s e e k a nd no t h i ng fu r t h e r s h a l l b e s a i d . "
He r a i r o fs u r p r i s e w a s p e r fe c t .
" Ru s s i a ? I k no w no t h i ng a t a l l a b o u t Ru s s i a . "
I s m i l e d , w a l k e d t o h e r d e s k w h e r e t h e r e w a s a s i l -
v e r t r a y , a nd p i c k e d u p a s u g a r e d r o s e .
" Y o u 'r e c l e v e r , P a u l a , b u t c a r e l e s s . Kno w no t h -
i ng a b o u t Ru s s i a , y e t h a v e a c q u i r e d a t a s t e fo r t h e
fi ne c a nd i e s o ft h e Mo s c o v i t e s ? Re m a r k a b l e , P a u l a . "
Sh e b i t h e r l i p s .
" Wh a t d o y o u w a nt ? "
"
No w b e fo r e w e b e g i n, P a u l a , " - t h a t na m e
s e e m e d t o v e x h e r - " l e t i t b e u nd e r s t o o d t h a t t h e r e
i s t o b e no d o u b l e d e a l i ng h e r e . I t w o u l d b e a ne a s y
m a t t e r fo r y o u t o h a v e m e l e g i t i m a t e l y a s s a s s i -
na t e d . "
Sh e w o u l d d o t h a t i n t h i s w a y
Sh e w o u l d t e l l o ne o fh e r m a ny a d m i r e r s t h a t I h a d
i ns u l t e d h e r .
One m o r ni ng I w o u l d c o m e d o w ns t a i r s
t o b e s l a p p e d i nt h e fa c e b e fo r e a h o t e l fu l l o fp e o -
p l e a nd w h a t c o u l d I d o ?
I t w o u l d b e a c a s e o fp i s -
t o l s a nd I w o u l d g e t a b u l l e t .
" Re m e m b e r , " I c a u t i o ne d h e r , " i fa ny t h i ng h a p -
p e ns t o m e h e r e - a nd i ft h e y i nVi e nna d o no t h e a r
fr o m m e e v e r y s i x h o u r s , o nt h e s e v e nt h y o u w i l l b e
1 5 9
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
a r r e s t e d . Y o u w i l l b e a r r e s t e d o na nI m p e r i a l Au s -
t r i a nw a r r a nt
. Y o u r fr i e nd s i nh e r e , a r m y o f-
fi c e r s , t h o u g h t h e y a r e , w i l l no t d a r e t o h e l p y o u .
Se r v i a w i l l no t t a k e t h e c h a nc e o fa ng e r i ng Au s t r i a
b y r e fu s i ng t o a c k no w l e d g e t h e i m p e r i a l w a r r a nt .
Re m e m b e r , P a u l a , t h e r e i s no w a nAu s t r i a na r m y o n
t h e Se r v i a nb o r d e r . "
Th e l o o k s h e g a v e m e w a s v e no m o u s .
" No w I 'l l t e l l y o u w h a t I w a nt , " I c o nt i nu e d .
" Ma j o r Sc h u v e a l o ffi s i nt h e Ru s s i a np a y . He h a s
g o t t h e k e y t o t h e Ru s s i a ni nfl u e nc e h e r e
. He k no w s
j u s t h o w fa r t h e y a r e p r e p a r e d t o g o . I w a nt t h a t
k e y . Y o u 'v e g o t t o g e t i t
. I h a v e t h e Ma j o r p r e t t y
w e l l s o u nd e d .
Mo ne y w o u l d b e v e r y a c c e p t a b l e t o
h i m
. He i s h a l f- w i l l i ng t o s e l l o u t Ru s s i a , b u t h e
fe a r s y o u r s u p e r v i s i o n . I k no w t h a t y o u w e r e s e nt
h e r e b y Ru s s i a , P a u l a , j u s t t o k e e p y o u r e y e o na g e nt s
i nRu s s i a np a y , p r i nc i p a l l y o no u r fr i e nd Sc h u v e a l o ff
.
I k no w y o u h a v e no t t h e s i t u a t i o ni nh a nd l i k e h e h a s
.
I fy o u h a d , I w o u l d n't b o t h e r g o i ng a ny fu r t h e r , I 'd
g e t i t fr o m y o u . . . No w y o u r p a r t i s t o g i v e h i m - t o
u nd e r s t a nd t h a t h e h a s no t h i ng t o fe a r fr o m y o u
. No
l a p s e b y h i m w i l l b e r e p o r t e d
. Y o u 'r e r a t h e r fo nd o f
h i m a l r e a d y , a r e n't y o u ?
I fy o u v a l u e h i s s a fe t y
y o u 'd b e t t e r d o a s I a s k
. Ot h e r w i s e I s h a l l a l s o l e t
h i m g o u p . I h o l d s o m e t h i ng o v e r h i s h e a d t o o . "
Th i s l a s t s h o t i i i t h e d a r k s e e m e d t o b e a r t h e m o s t
w e i g h t w i t h h e r . Sh e s a i d
" Wh a t g u a r a nt e e h a v e I t h a t y o u 'l l k e e p y o u r s i d e
o ft h e b a r g a i n?
"
1 6 0
I NTHEB ALKANC OUNTRY
I s a i d no ne , fo r t h e s i m p l e r e a s o nI c o u l d n't g i v e
a ny .
"
Y o u r o w ns e ns e , " I e x p l a i ne d , "
a nd k no w l e d g e o f
t h e w o r k y o u 'r e d o i ng s h o u l d t e l l y o u t h a t i t i s t o m y
i nt e r e s t t o g e t r e s u l t s , a nd no t t r o u b l e a b o u t o t h e r
t h i ng s
. I 'l l p r o m i s e y o u , h o w e v e r , no fu r t h e r i nt e r -
fe r e nc e fo r t h i s a ffa i r i nC r a k a u
. Th e r e w i l l a l s o b e
t h e p r i c e o fa d i a m o nd c o l l a r i ni t fo r y o u . " ( I s u b -
s e q u e nt l y fi l e d a r e q u i s i t i o nfo r $ 1 , 0 0 0 t o b e p a i d
h e r , b u t I t h i nk s h e g o t m o r e
. ) " Y o u a g r e e ?
, Go o d ! "
Th e a g r e e m e nt c l o s e d , I w e nt b a c k t o t h e h o t e l w e l l
s a t i s fi e d w i t h t h e ni g h t 's w o r k .
Ea r l y t h e ne x t m o r ni ng a v e r y p e r t u r b e d Ma j o r
Sc h u v e a l o ffw a s s h o w ni nt o m y c h a m b e r . I g r e e t e d
h i m c o r d i a l l y a nd o p e ne d fi r e w i t h t h e r e m a r k .
1 1 1 s e e Ml l e
. Va l o nh a s c o nfe r r e d w i t h y o u
. "
'He s t a r t e d
.
"
Ho w d i d y o u k no w ? "
"
Mo nc h e r Ma j o r , t h i s e a r l y v i s i t , y o u r s o b r i e t y ,
y o u r ne r v o u s m a nne r a r e i nd i c a t i o ns e no u g h
. My
t i m e i s v a l u a b l e , a nd a l t h o u g h y o u r p e t i t e P a r i s h e r e
i s v e r y e nt e r t a i ni ng , I p r e fe r t h e B a l t i c s e a s h o r e
. I f
y o u h a v e a ny t h i ng t o s a y t o m e , s a y i t q u i c k l y , a nd t o
t h e p o i nt . I l e a v e t h i s a ft e r no o nfo r Vi e nna
. I t m a y
i nt e r e s t y o u t o k no w t h a t y o u a r e a b s o l u t e l y s a fe
. I
p u t no s t o p t o y o u r no d o u b t v a l u a b l e s e r v i c e t o y o u r
e m p l o y e r . I nfa c t , i t 's no
a ffa i r o fm i ne w h a t y o u d o
a ft e r I l e a v e
. B u t I w a nt t h e w h o l e o fy o u r k no w l -
e d g e o fRu s s i a na c t i v i t y h e r e a nd i nRo u m a ni a
. "
1 6 1
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
He r e p l i e d
"
I k no w v e r y l i t t l e a b o u t Ro u m a ni a . "
I s h o o k m y h e a d .
"
Th i s w i l l no t d o , Ma j o r , y o u k no w a b o u t a s m u c h
o fRu s s i a ni nt r i g u e s i nRo u m a ni a a s y o u d o o ft h e m
h e r e
. I w a nt t h e w h o l e o r no t h i ng . As Ml l e . Va l o n
- P a u l a - d o u b t l e s s h a s t o l d y o u , ne i t h e r y o u no r
s h e a r e i na p o s i t i o nt o h o l d b a c k a s i ng l e t h i ng
. "
Wi t h o u t fu r t h e r a t t e m p t t o b l u ffi t o u t , h e t o l d m e
w h a t I w a nt e d . Th e g i s t o fi t w a s t h i s
Wi t h t h e a i d o fF r e nc h m o ne y , Ru s s i a w a s h e a v i l y
s u b s i d i z i ng B u l g a r i a a nd Se r v i a a g a i ns t Tu r k e y .
Nu m e r a b l e no n- c o m m i s s i o nRu s s i a na nd F r e nc h o f-
fi c e r s w e r e p o u r i ng i nt o B e l g r a d e a nd So fi a . Th e y
w e r e r e a d y t o t a k e t h e fi e l d i n t h e a r m i e s o ft h e Al l i e s .
Mo s t o ft h e l e a d i ng o ffi c e r s a nd m e no fa ffa i r s o ft h e
Al l i e s w e r e i nt h e Ru s s i a np a y
. I nfa c t , a s y s t e m a t i c
Ru s s i a ni z a t i o nw a s i np r o g r e s s
. Th e a r m i e s o ft h e
Al l i e s w e r e b e i ng e q u i p p e d w i t h a ne w k i nd o fF r e nc h
g u n
. B u l g a r i a na nd Se r v i a nt r o o p s w e r e b e i ng p a i d
b y Ru s s i a na nd F r e nc h g o l d . Ob v i o u s l y t h e m e na c e
o ft h e C z a r a b e t t e d b y F r a nc e w a s t o b e a t r e m e nd o u s
fa c t o r i nt h e s i t u a t i o n . Ru s s i a w a s i ns o d e e p t h a t
t h e r e w a s no p u l l i ng o u t .
Th i s , o fc o u r s e , h a d b e e ns u s p e c t e d b y t h e c a b i ne t s
o fGe r m a ny a nd Au s t r i a
. B u t h o w fa r a nd h o w t h o r -
o u g h t h e a c t u a l i t y w a s , I h a d b e e ns e nt t o fi nd o u t
.
Th e r e s u l t s o fm y m i s s i o ns h o w e d b e y o nd a l l d o u b t t h e
u r g e nt ne e d fo r Ge r m a ny a nd Au s t r i a t o b e g i nt h e i r
m a c h i na t i o ns t o o ff- s e t t h e r i s i ng p o w e r o fRu s s i a i n
1 6 2
I NTHEB ALKANC OUNTRY
t h e B a l k a ns . I t o o k t h e ni g h t 's Or i e nt Ex p r e s s fo r
B e r l i nd i r e c t a nd I m a d e m y r e p o r t t o v o nSt a m m e r ,
a s We d e l w a s s t i l l i na c c e s s i b l e , b e i ng a w a y w i t h t h e
Ka i s e r .
At o nc e Au s t r i a a nd Ge r m a ny s e t a b o u t t o s m a s h
t h e t h r e a t e ni ng p r e d o m i na nc e o fRu s s i a ni nfl u e nc e
i nt h e B a l k a ns . As o l i d c o a l i t i o no fB u l g a r i a , Se r v i a
a nd Mo nt e ne g r o w i t h a Ru s s i a nd o m i na nc e w o u l d
h a v e p l a y e d a s o l i d fa c t o r i nt h e p o l i c i e s o fGe r m a ny ,
Au s t r i a a nd Eng l a nd . I t w o u l d h a v e i nt e r fe r e d w i t h
t h e p l a ns m a d e fo r t h e i s o l a t i o no fF r a nc e a t t h a t
s e c r e t m e e t i ng i nt h e B l a c k F o r e s t . Th i s c o a l i t i o n
h a d t o b e b r o k e nu p . I t w a s b r o k e nu p .
At t h e c r u c i a l s t a g e o ft h e B a l k a nw a r , e x p e r t s i n
Ea s t e r nq u e s t i o ns t u r ne d c u r i o u s e y e s t o w a r d Ro u -
m a ni a , t h e m o s t a d v a nc e d a nd t h e s t r o ng e s t o ft h e
B a l k a nSt a t e s . Th e s w a y a nd i nfl u e nc e b e h i nd Ro u -
m a ni a c o nt r o l s t h e s i t u a t i o ni nt h e B a l k a ns . Wh o
i s t h e p o w e r h o l d i ng t h i s k e y t o t h e s i t u a t i o n? Ge r -
m a ny a nd Au s t r i a . Th e a p p e a r a nc e o fa na r m y o n
Ro u m a ni a 's s o u t h w e s t e r nfr o nt i e r w o u l d h a v e m a d e
a v a s t d i ffe r e nc e i nt h e s u c c e s s o ft h e B a l k a na r m s
a g a i ns t t h e Tu r k
. Th i s a r m y , h o w e v e r , d i d no t a p -
p e a r u nt i l t h e Al l i e s h a d fi ni s h e d fi g h t i ng Tu r k e y a nd
h a d b e g u nt o fi g h t t h e m s e l v e s . I s h a l l s h o w y o u w h y
t h i s a r m y w a s w i t h h e l d .
Th e r u l i ng h o u s e i nRo u m a ni a i s c l o s e l y a l l i e d a nd
r e l a t e d t o t h e h o u s e o fHo h e nz o l l e r n . I ne e d o nl y
m e nt i o nC a r m e nSy l v a , t h e Qu e e no fRo u m a ni a , a nd
Ki ng C h a r l e s , b o t h Ge r m a nb y b i r t h . Th e d i r e c t c o m -
1 6 3
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
m e r c i a l r e l a t i o ns h i p b e t w e e nGe r m a ny a nd Ro u m a ni a
i s a l s o v e r y g r e a t .
Ro u m a ni a , o fa l l t h e B a l k a nc o u n-
t r i e s , h a s l e a s t fe l t t h e y o k e o ft h e Tu r k a nd t h e i nt e ns e
h a t r e d o ft h e Tu r k r a m p a nt i nt h e r e s t o ft h e B a l k a n
St a t e s i s no t c h a r a c t e r i s t i c o fC a r m e nSy l v a 's d o -
m a i ns .
Ru s s o - F r e nc h m a c h i na t i o ns p r o d u c i ng t a ng -
i b l e r e s u l t s i nB u l g a r i a , Se r v i a , Mo nt e ne g r o a nd Al -
b a ni a m e t w i t h o nl y i nd i ffe r e nt s u c c e s s i nRo u m a ni a
.
I fRu s s i a np e r s u a s i o na nd g o l d c o u l d h a v e i nd u c e d
Ro u m a ni a t o t h r o w h e r a r m i e s i nt o t h e fi e l d a g a i ns t
t h e Tu r k , t h e m a p o ft h e B a l k a ns w o u l d s h o w s o m e
m i g h t y c h a ng e s . ARo u m a ni a na r m y c o r p s , m e na c -
i ng Tu r k e y 's no r t h w e s t e r nfr o nt i e r d u r i ng h e r s t r u g -
g l e w i t h t h e B a l k a nAl l i e s , w o u l d c e r t a i nl y h a v e s e e n
t h e o c c u p a t i o no fC o ns t a nt i no p l e b y t h e a l l i e d fo r c e s
.
B u t t h o s e a r m y c o r p s w e r e w i t h h e l d t h r o u g h Au s t r o -
Ge r m a ni nfl u e nc e a nd p r e s s u r e o nRo u m a ni a .
Re a d y
t h e y w e r e a nd t h e y c a m e i nh a nd y a nd w e r e m a d e u s e
o fb y Ge r m a ny a nd Au s t r i a i nk e e p i ng Se r v i a a nd
B u l g a r i a i nc h e c k .
B u l g a r i a , Se r v i a a nd Mo nt e ne g r o ,
s t a nc h l y b e l i e v i ng Ru s s i a 's p r o m i s e s i ns e c u r i ng r a t i -
fi c a t i o no ft h e i r s u c c e s s e s a nd t e r r i t o r y , fo u nd t h e m -
s e l v e s l e ft t o t h e i r o w nr e s o u r c e , Ru s s i a b e i ng u na b l e
t h r o u g h fo r c e o fc i r c u m s t a nc e s t o e x e r t h e r p l e d g e d
i nfl u e nc e .
Hu m a ni t y h a s b e e ns t a g g e r e d b y t h e r e s u l t s o ft h e
w a r s i nt h e B a l k a ns , b u t t o t h o s e w h o w e r e b e h i nd
t h e s c e ne s t h e r e s u l t s d i d no t c o m e a s a s u r p r i s e .
B u l g a r i a a l o ne h a d e no u g h s u c c e s s e s a g a i ns t t h e Tu r k
t o w a r r a nt g r e a t a c q u i s i t i o ns o ft e r r i t o r y , s o w i t h h e r
1 6 4
I NTHEB ALKANC OUNTRY
a l l i e s . Und e r o r d i na r y c i r c u m s t a nc e s t h e r e w o u l d
h a v e b e e nno r e t u r nt o t h e s t a t u s q u o a nt e - b e l l u m .
Wh y t h i s r e t u r n?
Wh e nl i t t l e c o u nt r i e s p r e v i o u s l y h e r e d i t a r y e ne m i e s
a r e w e l d e d t o g e t h e r b y a no u t s i d e p o w e r a nd t h e i n-
fl u e nc e o ft h i s p o w e r s u b s e q u e nt l y w a ne s , t h e r e i s a n
i ne v i t a b l e o u t c o m e . Th e i nd i v i d u a l c u p i d i t y a nd
j e a l o u s i e s w i l l b r e a k fo r t h , e s p e c i a l l y w h e nj u d i c i o u s l y
fo s t e r e d a s t h e y w e r e i nt h i s i ns t a nc e b y t h e c o u nt e r
i nfl u e nc e o fGe r m a ny a nd Au s t r i a . Th e r e s u l t i s w e l l
k no w n . Se r v i a w a s j e a l o u s o fB u l g a r i a ; B u l g a r i a
w a s j e a l o u s o fMo nt e ne g r o ; Gr e e c e w a s j e a l o u s o ft h e
l o t a nd Ro u m a ni a , i ns t i g a t e d b y h e r w i r e p u l l e r s ,
w o u l d no t p e r m i t a ny o ft h e m t o h a v e a ny t h i ng . B u t
t h r o u g h s h e e r e x h a u s t i o na nd d i s g u s t a nd a s t o p p a g e
o fF r a nc o - Ru s s i a nm o ne y w e w o u l d h a v e h a d o ne o f
t h e fi ne s t a l l a r o u nd t h r o a t - c u t t i ng c o m p e t i t i o ns t h e
w o r l d h a s e v e r s e e n . I nt h e m e a nt i m e , t h e m u t u a l
j e a l o u s y a nd i na b i l i t y t o d i v i d e t h e s p o i l w a s b e ne fi c i a l
t o Tu r k e y , w h o r e a l l y l o s t no t h i ng w o r t h s p e a k i ng
a b o u t , c o m m e ns u r a t e w i t h t h e r e v e r s e s r e c e i v e d .
Th a t a nd t h e b r e a k i ng u p o fa ny p o s s i b l e c o a l i t i o n
o r fe d e r a t i o no fB a l k a nSt a t e s u nd e r Ru s s i a ni nfl u -
e nc e w a s j u s t w h a t t h e Ge r m a n- Au s t r i a nB a l k a n
p o l i c y d e m a nd e d . Ab r o k e na nd p r o s t r a t e d Tu r k e y ,
a u ni t e d a nd s t r o ng c e nt r a l B a l k a nF e d e r a t i o na b l e t o
p u t a m i l l i o ne ffi c i e nt fi g h t e r s i nt h e fi e l d , p r o b a b l y
u nd e r Ru s s i a ns w a y , w o u l d m a k e a v a s t d i ffe r e nc e t o
Ge r m a na i m s a nd a s p i r a t i o ns i nc e nt r a l Eu r o p e . A
m i l l i o ns o l d i e r s c o o p e r a t i ng w i t h Ru s s i a w o u l d i nt h e
1 6 5
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
'
e v e nt o fa Eu r o p e a nw a r t a k e p r a c t i c a l l y t h e w h o l e
o ft h e Au s t r i a nfo r c e s , l e a v i ng Ge r m a ny t h e s o l e c a r e
o ft h e Ru s s i a nb a t t a l i o ns , w h i c h w o u l d m e a nq u i t e
h a l fh e r a v a i l a b l e fi g h t i ng fo r c e , w e a k e ni ng h e r o p e r -
a t i o ns b y t h a t h a l fo nh e r F r a nc o a nd l o w l a nd b o r d e r
.
As i t s t a nd s no w , t h e B a l k a ns e l i m i na t e d fo r d e c a d e s
t o c o m e
; Tu r k e y a s a p o t e nt i a l fi g h t i ng s t r o ng e r t o -
d a y t h a ne v e r , w o u l d a nd w i l l b e u s e d b y Ge r m a ny
a g a i ns t a ny p o s s i b l e Ru s s i a ni nt e r fe r e nc e
; a nd t h e
Tu r k i s h a r m y , t h r e e - q u a r t e r s o fa m i l l i o ns t r o ng , i n
c o nj u nc t i o nw i t h t h e Au s t r i a na r m i e s p r o v i d e s t h e
ne e d e d g u a r d a g a i ns t Ru s s i a , j o i ni ng i no r m a k i ng
c a p i t a l o u t o fa ny w a r Ge r m a ny
i s l i k e l y t o e nt e r i nt o
i nt h e ne a r fu t u r e .
Dr
. Ar m g a a r d Ka r l Gr a v e s i s no t k no w n i n
t h e
B a l k a ns , b u t
a m o ng t h e g a y e x t r a v a g a nt a r m y o ffi c e r s
o fB e l g r a d e , "
C o u nt Ar t h u r Z u We r ni g r o d e " i s .
1 6 6
X
MY MI SSI ONANDB ETRAY ALI NENGLAND
D
URI NG1 9 1 1 m y d i p l o m a t i c m i s s i o ns p i l e d o ne
u p o nt h e o t h e r . Ofr e c e nt y e a r s i t w a s t h e
m o s t t e m p e s t u o u s i nEu r o p e a nc a b i ne t s .
Th e d r a m a
t h a t b e g a nw i t h m y m i s s i o nt o Mo nt e C a r l o a nd d e -
v e l o p e d t h r o u g h t h e s w i ft c l i m a x e s o ft h e Mo r o c c a n
a ffa i r , t h e s e c r e t c o nfe r e nc e b e t w e e nGe r m a ny , Au s -
t r i a a nd Eng l a nd i nt h e Ta u nu s , t h a t r u s h e d o n
t h r o u g h t h e i nt r i g u e s t h a t p r e c e d e d t h e B a l k a nWa r ,
h a d no w l u l l e d , g a t h e r i ng i t s fo r c e s p e r h a p s fo r t h e
fi na l c a t a s t r o p h e , t h e g e ne r a l w a r o fa l l t l . e P o w e r s ,
w h i c h m a y c o m e t h i s y e a r -
o r ne x t . To b e s u r e t h e
t e r m s t h a t t h e Eng l i s h , Ge r m a na nd Au s t r i a nm i ni s -
t e r s h a d a g r e e d u p o ni nt h e B l a c k F o r e s t w e r e no w
a w a i t i ng r a t i fi c a t i o nb y t h e i r r e s p e c t i v e g o v e r nm e nt s .
B e a r t h i s i nm i nd - " w e r e w a i t i ng r a t i fi c a t i o n " -
fo r i t e x p l a i ns t h e m i s s i o nt h a t I w a s c a l l e d u p o nt o
u nd e r t a k e o nNo v e m b e r 1 8 , 1 9 1 1 .
I r e c e i v e d t h e u s u a l s u m m o ns t o r e p o r t a t t h e Wi l -
h e l m s t r a s s e . I ns t e a d o fb e i ng b r o u g h t b e fo r e C o u nt
v o nWe d e l , I w a s t a k e no v e r t o Ko e ni g e r g r a t z e r s t r a s s e
7 0 , t o t h e Ge r m a nAd m i r a l t y I nt e l l i g e nc e De p a r t -
m e nt . He r e I m e t m y o l d C h i e fC a p t a i nTa p p k e n,
. 1 6 7
TI LESEC RETSOF TI TSGERMANWAROF F I C E
h e a d o ft h e na v a l b r a nc h o ft h e I nt e l l i g e nc e De p a r t -
m e nt
.
Th e C a p t a i nb r i e fl y i nfo r m e d m e t h a t i t h a d
b e e nd e e m e d a d v i s a b l e t o s e nd m e t o Eng l a nd
- u n-
w e l c o m e ne w s , t h i s , a s y o u w i l l s e e . I nt h e u s u a l c u r t
y e t p o l i t e m a nne r o fGe r m a no ffi c e r s , t h e C a p t a i ni n-
t r o d u c e d m e t o t h r e e na v a l e x p e r t s .
One w a s a c o n-
s t r u c t i o no ffi c e r , a no t h e r i nt h e s i g na l i ng d e p a r t m e nt ,
t h e t h i r d , a ne x p e r t o ne x p l o s i v e s a nd m i ne s . One a t
a t i m e t h e y t o o k m e i nh a nd , g r o o m i ng m e i nt h e i n-
t r i c a c i e s o ft h e i r r e s p e c t i v e fi e l d s
. I t w a s l i k e a r e -
h e a r s a l i nt h e g r o o m i ng I h a d r e c e i v e d y e a r s a g o w h e n
t a k e ni nt o t h e Se r v i c e a nd t r a i ne d fo r m o nt h s . I s a t
fo r h o u r s o v e r d i a g r a m s w i t h a na v a l o ffi c e r o ne a c h
s i d e .
Th e y b r o u g h t m e b e fo r e c h a r t s t h a t w e r e a s
b i g a s t h e w a l l o ft h e r o o m
. Th e s e c h a r t s g a v e t h e
e x a c t d i m e ns i o ns a nd t y p e o fe v e r y v e s s e l i nt h e B r i t -
i s h na v y . No t o nl y t h a t , I w a s m a d e t o s t u d y t h e
s i l h o u e t t e s o fa l l t h e ne w a nd d i ffe r e nt t y p e s o fEng -
l i s h w a r s h i p s - w h y y o u w i l l s e e .
Ob v i o u s l y t h i s s p e c i a l t r a i ni ng w a s s i g ni fi c a nt .
P a r t o fm y m i s s i o nt o Eng l a nd w a s t o w a t c h t h e
p r e p a r a t i o ns a nd m a ne u v e r s o fB r i t i s h w a r s h i p s a t
t h e na v a l b a s e s o nt h e Sc o t t i s h c o a s t .
As y o u m a y s u r m i s e , t h e s i t u a t i o nb e t w e e nEng l a nd
a nd Ge r m a ny w a s p e c u l i a r . Th e s e c r e t t r e a t y o ft h e
B l a c k F o r e s t w a s a w a i t i ng r a t i fi c a t i o nb y t h e h e a d s
o ft h e t w o g o v e r nm e nt s . Ofc o u r s e t h e m a s s o fs u b -
j e c t s - i nd e e d no t t e nm e ni ne a c h c o u nt r y
- k ne w
a u g h t o fw h a t h a d t r a ns p i r e d ne a r Sc h l a ng e nb a d .
P o l i t i c i a ns h a d w o r k e d u p a w a r s c a r e t o s u c h p i t c h
1 6 8
MY B ETRAY ALI NENGLAND
t h a t t h e p e o p l e o ft h e t w o na t i o ns w e r e r e a d y t o r u s h
i nt o c o nfl i c t . Onl y a s p a r k w a s ne e d e d t o fi r e t h e
s i t u a t i o n . Re a l i z i ng t h a t u nd e r t h e m e na c e o fe x -
i s t i ng c o nd i t i o ns , t h e u nfo r e s e e nm i g h t h a p p e n, t h e
Ka i s e r w a s no t l e s s e ni ng h i s s e c r e t d i p l o m a t i c i n-
t r i g u e s ; r a t h e r h e w a s i nc r e a s i ng t h e m . I t i s a fa c t
t h a t e v e nt h o u g h t w o na t i o ns h a v e a s e c r e t t r e a t y ,
t h e y e a c h r e m a i ns u s p i c i o u s o ft h e o t h e r
. Aft e r a l l ,
s e c r e t t r e a t i e s h a v e b e e nr u t h l e s s l y t o r nu p . Th e v i g -
i l a nc e o fEu r o p e a nc a b i ne t s m u s t b e e t e r na l
.
He nc e m y m i s s i o n . I t w a s i nc l u d e d i nm y i ns t r u c -
t i o ns t o w a t c h t h e m o v e m e nt s o fB r i t i s h w a r s h i p s o ff
t h e Sc o t t i s h c o a s t a nd p r o m p t l y c a b l e t h e Ge r m a nAd -
m i r a l t y I nt e l l i g e nc e De p a r t m e nt c o nc e r ni ng t h e m
.
Th i s i s w h e r e a s t u d y o ft h e s i l h o u e t t e c h a r t s w o u l d b e
i nv a l u a b l e . At ni g h t o r i na fo g o r e a r l y i nt h e m o r n-
i ng I w o u l d no t b e a b l e t o d i s t i ng u i s h t h e B r i t i s h
s h i p s b y na m e
. B u t k no w i ng t h e s i l h o u e t t e s o fa l l t h e
na v a l t y p e s - fo r e x a m p l e , c e r t a i nk i nd s o fd r e a d -
na u g h t s , p o w e r fu l c r u i s e r s , t o r p e d o b o a t d e s t r o y e r s
- I w o u l d b e a b l e t o t e l l w h a t s h i p s w e r e p u t t i ng t o
s e a . Wh e nI h a d m e m o r i z e d a l l t h e c h a r t s , t h e y c o v -
e r e d t h e na m e s o ft h e b a t t l e s h i p s t h e r e o na nd m a d e
m e r e p e a t t h e t y p e s . F o r i ns t a nc e , I w o u l d s a y ,
` 1 Th a t i s a Qu e e nMa r y t y p e o fb a t t l e c r u i s e r . Th e
o t h e r i s o ft h e Aj a x t y p e . Th a t d e s t r o y e r i s o ft h e
Vi p e r t y p e . " And s o o n . Th e r e a r e w e l l - d e fi ne d
a r c h i t e c t u r a l l i ne s t o e v e r y g r o u p o fs h i p s i nt h e B r i t -
i s h na v y a nd t h e s e s i l h o u e t t e s I l e a r ne d t o k no w b y
h e a r t b e fo r e I w a s p e r m i t t e d t o l e a v e B e r l i n .
1 6 9
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
Mo r e o v e r , I h a d t o b r u s h m y s e l fu p i nt o p o g r a p h y
a nd t r i g o no m e t r y . I nEng l a nd - s o I l e a r ne d fr o m
m y i ns t r u c t i o ns - i t w o u l d b e ne c e s s a r y t o c a l c u l a t e
d i s t a nc e s , t o
t a k e
o b s e r v a t i o ns o nt h e e x a c t na t u r e o f
t h e ne w l y r e c o ns t r u c t e d Ro s s y t h b a s e ne a r Ed i nb u r g h
o nt h e F i r t h o fF o r t h ; b e s i d e s k e e p i ng i nt o u c h w i t h
t h i ng s i nC r o m a r t y
.
I w a s t o w a t c h e s p e c i a l l y t h e ne w Ro s s y t h b a s e a nd
t o r e p o r t p r o g r e s s o na r m a m e nt s , ne w e q u i p m e nt , a ny -
t h i ng o fu s e t o t h e Ge r m a nAd m i r a l t y . I w a s t o k e e p
t a b o na l l t h e B r i t i s h fl e e t m a ne u v e r s t h e ni np r o g r e s s
o nt h e Sc o t t i s h c o a s t . I t m u s t b e u nd e r s t o o d t h a t t h e
b a s e s a t Ro s s y t h a nd C r o m a r t y w e r e Gr e a t B r i t a i n's
a ns w e r t o Ge r m a ny 's p o w e r fu l na v a l b a s e a t He l g o -
l a nd . So fa r a s Ge r m a ny 's no r t h e r nc o a s t s a r e c o n-
c e r ne d , t h e Sc o t t i s h c o a s t i s t h e m o s t c o nv e ni e nt p o i nt
o fa t t a c k fo r Gr e a t B r i t a i n . F e a r i ng t h e u nfo r e s e e n
s p a r k fi r i ng t h e h o s t i l e m i nd s o ft h e p e o p l e o ft h e t w o
na t i o ns , Ge r m a ny w a s t h u s p r e p a r i ng t o b e i ns t a nt l y
i nfo r m e d o fa ny s u d d e nd e m o ns t r a t i o nb y t h e Eng l i s h
fl e e t s o ffSc o t l a nd . No t a s h i p c o u l d l e a v e e i t h e r
Ro s s y t h o r C r o m a r t y w i t h o u t a ni m m e d i a t e c a b l e b e -
i ng s e nt b y m e t o B e r l i n, r e p o r t i ng h o w m a ny w a r
v e s s e l s a nd o fw h a t t y p e h a d p u t t o s e a , a l s o i fp o s -
s i b l e t h e r e a s o nfo r t h e m o v e m e nt
.
At t h e I nt e l l i g e nc e De p a r t m e nt , I w a s g i v e nc a r t e
b l a nc h e a s t o h o w t o g o a b o u t m y m i s s i o n .
I a m fr a nk
t o s a y I d i d no t c a r e a t a l l fo r i t . I h a d g o o d r e a s o n
t o b e w a r y . Th e s u s p i c i o u s s t a t e o fEng l a nd a t t h e
t i m e , a nd a s t r i ng e nt l a w j u s t p a s s e d , m a d e t h i s m i s -
1 7 0
MY B ETRAY ALI NENGLAND
s i o nv e r y d a ng e r o u s a s fa r a s y o u r l i b e r t y w a s c o n-
c e r ne d . Th e r e w a s no d a ng e r o fa k ni fe t h r u s t a s i n
t h e B a l k a ns , b u t t h e r e w a s o fj a i l
. C o nt r a r y t o a l l
p r e c e p t s o fB r i t i s h l a w , t h e r e h a d b e e nr u s h e d t h r o u g h
t h e Ho u s e o fC o m m o ns , t h e Offi c i a l Se c r e t s Ac t , a
c l a u s e s o e l a s t i c a nd c o nv e ni e nt fo r c o nv i c t i o ns t h a t a
j u d g e c o u l d c h a r g e a j u r y t o fi nd a m a ng u i l t y o ns u s -
p i c i o no nl y .
As I r e c a l l i t t h e g i s t o fi t w a s
u
Any p e r s o no r p e r s o ns m a k i ng o r o b t a i ni ng a ny
d o c u m e nt w h a t s o e v e r , e nd a ng e r i ng o r l i k e l y t o e n-
d a ng e r t h e s a fe g u a r d s o fGr e a t B r i t a i nc a nb e fo u nd
g u i l t y no t w i t h s t a nd i ng t h e r e b e i ng no c o ns e q u e nt
p r o o fo fa ny a c t u a l o ffe ns e
. As e nt e nc e o fs e v e ny e a r s
p e na l s e r v i t u d e w i l l b e g i v e nt h e o ffe nd e r . "
I t d o e s no t ne e d a l a w y e r t o p o i nt o u t t h e t r e m e n-
d o u s p o w e r o fp r o s e c u t i o nt h a t t h i s a d d e d c l a u s e t o
t h e s t a t u t e s p u t i nt h e h a nd s o ft h e Eng l i s h g o v e r n-
m e nt
. As I s t a t e d , i t w a s r u s h e d t h r o u g h t h e Ho u s e
o fC o m m o ns , b u t i t w a s ne c e s s a r y .
One h a s t o a d m i t
t h a t t o b e fa i r .
Wi t h i ns i x m o nt h s t h r e e Ge r m a n
s p i e s h a d b e e na r r e s t e d i nEng l a nd
. Th e r e w a s a
p l a g u e o ft h e m
. Kno w i ng t h i s a nd a l s o k no w i ng t h e
g e ne r a l e ffi c i e nc y o fEng l a nd 's p u b l i c s e r v a nt s a nd
s y s t e m , I w a s r a t h e r l o a t h t o s t i c k m y h e a d i nt o i t .
Th a t p e na l t y fo r b e i ng c a u g h t - s e v e ny e a r s 'p e na l
s e r v i t u d e - l o o m e d o m i no u s l y , fo r p e na l s e r v i t u d e i n
Eng l a nd i s p l a i nh e l l .
Al s o , I k ne w t h a t a l t h o u g h no
p a s s p o r t s a r e r e q u i r e d i nEng l a nd , t h e y s t i l l k no w
p r e t t y w e l l w h a t i s g o i ng o n, e s p e c i a l l y i nr e g a r d t o
fo r e i g ne r s .
I t i s e a s y t o g e t i nt o Eng l a nd , b u t d e u c e d
1 7 1
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
h a r d t o g e t o u t . Al s o , k no w i ng t h e s e c r e t u nd e r -
s t a nd i ng b e t w e e nt h e t w o g o v e r nm e nt s , I h a d a nu n-
e a s y p r e m o ni t i o nt h a t e v e r y t h i ng w a s no t q u i t e r i g h t
i nt h e s t a t e o fDe nm a r k . Su b s e q u e nt e v e nt s p r o v e d
t o m e t h a t t h i s fe e l i ng o fm i ne , v e r y s e l d o m a t fa u l t ,
w a s c o r r e c t .
Ho w e v e r , s t r o ng p r e s s u r e a nd g r e a t i nd u c e m e nt s
w e r e b r o u g h t t o b e a r o nm e a nd I u nd e r t o o k t h e m i s -
s i o n, a g a i ns t m y b e t t e r j u d g m e nt . Wh e nI l e ft B e r l i n
I w a s t h o r o u g h l y e q u i p p e d t o c a r r y o u t i ns t r u c t i o ns .
Ev e r y w a r v e s s e l o ft h e B r i t i s h na v y , e v e r y fo r t i fi c a -
t i o n, na v a l b a s e a nd d e p o t o fs u p p l i e s w a s c o d e d i n
Se c r e t Se r v i c e c i p h e r s . Ar r a ng e m e nt s h a d b e e nm a d e
w i t h t h e I nt e l l i g e nc e De p a r t m e nt t o t r a ns m i t t e l e -
g r a m s t o a d d r e s s e s i nB r u s s e l s , C o p e nh a g e na nd P a r i s
.
I nt h e e v e nt o ft h e B r u s s e l s c h a nne l o fc o m m u ni c a -
t i o nb e i ng c l o s e d , I c o u l d r e s o r t t o e i t h e r o ft h e o t h e r s .
Th e B r u s s e l s a d d r e s s w a s C . V . No e ns , Ru e d e Ve ni s e ,
3 4 . No e ns h a d i ns t r u c t i o ns t o fo r w a r d a ny c o m m u ni -
c a t i o ns fr o m m e t o t h e p r o p e r a u t h o r i t i e s i nB e r l i n,
a nd a l l l e t t e r s fr o m B e r l i nw e nt fr o m h i m t o a l i t t l e
t o b a c c o ni s t 's s h o p i nLo nd o na nd w e r e t h e r e r e m a i l e d
t o m e i nSc o t l a nd . Si x h o u r s a ft e r m y s u b s e q u e nt a r -
r e s t i nGl a s g o w , Sc o t l a nd Y a r d d e t e c t i v e s s o u g h t t h e
t o b a c c o ni s t b u t fo u nd h i m no t ; no r d i d t h e y fi nd
No e ns .
As fo r t h e C o p e nh a g e na d d r e s s , t h a t w a s t h e p r o -
p r i e t o r o ft h e Ho t e l St a d t k i e l . Ha v i ng h a d h i m a t
m y b e c k a nd c a l l d u r i ng a m i s s i o nt o C o p e nh a g e n, I
k ne w h i m t o b e i nGe r m a np a y . Ma r i e B l a nc h e , w h o
1 7 2
MY B ETRAY ALI NENGLAND
c o nd u c t e d a m o d i s t e a nd l i ng e r i e s h o p o nt h e Ru e d e
Ri v o l i e , h a nd l e d a l l m y c o m m u ni c a t i o ns t o P a r i s .
I w e nt t o Ed i nb u r g h b y w a y o fHo o k o fHo l l a nd a nd
F o l k s t o ne . I w e nt b y w a y o fMa r c h , no t g o i ng t h r o u g h
Lo nd o nfo r a r e a s o n . Th e r e a s o ni s t h a t a t a l l t i m e s
a nd m o r e e s p e c i a l l y w i t h t h e a i r s u r c h a r g e d w i t h w a r
s c a r e s , a l l c o nt i ne nt a l s t e a m e r s a nd e x p r e s s e s e nt e r -
i ng Lo nd o na r e c l o s e l y w a t c h e d . Th e g e ne r a l t r a v e l e r
d o e s no t k no w t h a t e v e r y Do v e r , C a l a i s a nd F l u s h i ng
Ex p r e s s i s m e t a nd w a t c h e d no t o nl y b y Sc o t l a nd Y a r d
d e t e c t i v e s b u t b y s p e c i a l g o v e r nm e nt o ffi c e r s
. As a
r u l e , v e r y l i t t l e e s c a p e s t h e m . Any o ne no t a nEng -
l i s h m a ni s u p o nl a nd i ng l i k e l y t o no t i c e a ne l d e r l y ,
g r a y - h a i r e d , h i g h - h a t t e d Eng l i s h g e nt l e m a nw h o l o o k s
l i k e a r e t i r e d a r m y o ffi c e r o r c l e r i c a nd w h o g e ne r a l l y
c a r r i e s a nu m b r e l l a . I ft h i s c l e r i c a l l o o k i ng g e nt l e -
m a nd e c i d e s a fo r e i g ne r i s s u s p i c i o u s , h e i s c l o s e l y
s h a d o w e d fr o m t h e m o m e nt h e e nt e r s Lo nd o n .
C i r c u m v e nt i ng t h i s b y g o i ng v i a Ma r c h , I a r r i v e d i n
Ed i nb u r g h a nd p u t u p a t t h e o l d B e d fo r d Ho t e l o n
P r i nc e 's St r e e t , a q u i e t s e l e c t Sc o t t i s h h o s t e l r y
. I
r e g i s t e r e d u nd e r m y q u a s i - c o r r e c t na m e o fA
. K.
Gr a v e s , M. D. , Tu r o , Au s t r a l i a . My " s t u nt " w a s
t o c o nv e y t h e i m p r e s s i o no fb e i ng a nAu s t r a l i a np h y s i -
c i a nt a k i ng a d d i t i o na l p o s t - g r a d u a t e c o u r s e s a t t h e
fa m o u s Sc o t t i s h s e a t o fm e d i c a l l e a r ni ng . Aft e r a fe w
d a y s 'r e s i d e nc e a t t h e B e d fo r d , I i ns t a l l e d m y s e l fi n
p r i v a t e q u a r t e r s a t a Mr s . Ma c l e o d 's , 2 3 C r a i g l e a
Dr i v e , Ed i nb u r g h . Th e o r d i na r y e x p e ns e p r o v i d e d
fo r m y r e s i d e nt i a l q u a r t e r s w a s $ 7 5 a w e e k . Th i s o f
1 7 3
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
c o u r s e d i d no t i nc l u d e " e x t r a s , " s u c h a s e nt e r t a i n-
i ng , m o t o r s , e t c .
F o r t h e fi r s t fo r t ni g h t I q u i e t l y t o o k m y b e a r i ng s ,
c r e a t i ng a s u g g e s t i o nt h a t I w a s a s e m i - i nv a l i d . Ha v -
i ng b y t h i s t i m e fa m i l i a r i z e d m y s e l fw i t h Ed i nb u r g h
a nd s u r r o u nd i ng s , I m a d e fr e q u e nt t r i p s t o t h e F i r t h
o fF o r t h u p o nw h i c h w a s l o c a t e d t h e Ro s s y t h b a s e .
No w a c r o s s t h e F i r t h t h e r e i s a l o ng b r i d g e . I t i s b e -
t w e e nt h e Ro s s y t h b a s e a nd t h e No r t h Se a . Wa r s h i p s
g o i ng t o a nd fr o m t h e na v a l s t a t i o np a s s u nd e r i t
.
B u t m o r e a b o u t t h i s b r i d g e l a t e r -
s o m e t h i ng fo r t h e
b e ne fi t o ft h e Eng l i s h Ad m i r a l t y .
Gr a d u a l l y I w o r k e d m y s e l fi nt o t h e c o nfi d e nc e o f
o ne o ft h e b r i d g e k e e p e r s .
I s h a l l no t g i v e t h e m a n's
na m e fo r t o d o s o w o u l d i nj u r e h i m a nd q u i t e u nw i l l -
i ng l y h e g a v e m e fa c i l i t i e s fo r s t u d y i ng t h e na v a l b a s e
a nd fu r ni s h e d m e w i t h s c r a p s o fi nfo r m a t i o nt h a t I
w a nt e d t o k no w . F o r t h i s h e r e c e i v e d no m o ne y a nd
h e w a s no t a t r a i t o r t o h i s c o u nt r y . Th r o u g h t h e l i t -
t l e a c q u a i nt a nc e I s t r u c k u p w i t h h i m , I w a s a b l e t o
m a k e a t h o r o u g h s t u d y o ft h e b r i d g e a nd i t s s t r u c t u r e
- a s t r a t e g i c p o i nt , t h e b r i d g e .
Al s o , t h r o u g h t h e o f-
fi c e s o fm y g o o d fr i e nd t h e k e e p e r , I w a s i nt r o d u c e d t o
s o m e o fh i s " p a l s "
i nt h e w a t e r g u a r d . B e c a u s e o f
m y i nt i m a t e k no w l e d g e o fRo b b i e B u r ns , Wa l t e r
Sc o t t , " i ns i d e "
h i s t o r y o fP r i nc e C h a r l i e , a nd -
a h e m ! - Sc o t t i s h p r o c l i v i t y fo r a d r o p o 'w h i s k y , t h e y
a c c e p t e d m e a s a h a l fSc o t c h m a n
.
F r o m t h e w a t e r g u a r d I o b t a i ne d m o r e d e fi ni t e i n-
fo r m a t i o nr e g a r d i ng t h e Ro s s y t h b a s e
. So m u c h fo r
1 7 4
MY B ETRAY ALI NENGLAND
t h e t o p o g r a p h i c a l k no w l e d g e w h i c h c o u l d o nl y b e o b -
t a i ne d t h r o u g h p e r s o na l c o nt a c t w i t h m e nw h o a c t -
u a l l y k ne w e v e r y i nc h o ft h e g r o u nd
. Th e c h a r t s b a c k
i nB e r l i nc o u l d no t g i v e m e t h a t e x a c t i nfo r m a t i o n .
Th e h i g h e r s c i e nt i fi c d a t a o ft h e fo r t i fi c a t i o ns a nd t h e
b a s e , I o b t a i ne d b y s o c i a l i nt e r c o u r s e w i t h h i g h p l a c e d
o ffi c i a l s -
o ffi c e r s a nd e ng i ne e r s a t Ro s s y t h - w h o m I
e nt e r t a i ne d a t v a r i o u s t i m e s .
Th e s c h o o l i ng I h a d r e c e i v e d i nt h e s i l h o u e t t e s p r e s -
e nt l y c a m e i nh a nd y . One ni g h t m y fr i e nd , t h e b r i d g e
t e nd e r , l e a r ne d t h a t t h e fl e e t w a s g e t t i ng u p s t e a m
.
Ac c o r d i ng l y , I s t o o d o nt h e b r i d g e t h a t ni g h t a nd
w a i t e d . At fi v e o 'c l o c k i n
t h e m o r ni ng a g r a y , r a i ny ,
fo g g y m o r ni ng , t h r o u g h w h i c h t h e s h i p s m o v e d a l -
m o s t g h o s t - l i k e , I m a d e o u t s i x t e e nw a r v e s s e l s . F r o m
t h e i r s i l h o u e t t e s , I k ne w t h e m t o b e d r e a d na u g h t s ,
c r u i s e r s , a nd t o r p e d o b o a t d e s t r o y e r s
. At o nc e I fi l e d
a c a b l e b y w a y o fB r u s s e l s , i nfo r m i ng t h e I nt e l l i g e nc e
De p a r t m e nt o ft h e Ge r m a nNa v y t h a t a nEng l i s h fl e e t
s i x t e e ns t r o ng h a d p u t t o s e a
. Su b s e q u e nt l y I l e a r ne d
t h a t
i n d e s c r i b i ng t h e s i x t e e ns h i p s I h a d m a d e o nl y
o ne m i s t a k e .
I m a y h e r e d r a w a t t e nt i o na nd i nr e t u r nfo r Eng -
l a nd 's fa i r t r e a t m e nt o fm e d u r i ng m y t r i a l , g i v e t h e m
g r a t i s , t h i s i nfo r m a t i o n .
Th e F i r t h o fF o r t h B r i d g e
c o ns t i t u t e s a g r a v e d a ng e r t o t h e Ro s s y t h Ro y a l na v a l
b a s e .
F o r t h i s r e a s o n
: I t s l o c a t i o nb e t w e e nRo s s y t h a nd
t h e s e a i s a d e c i d e d m e na c e
. I nt h e e v e nt o fh o s t i l i -
t i e s , i n fa c t b e fo r e t h e o u t b r e a k o fw a r , i t i s no w a y s
1 7 5 ,
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
i m p o s s i b l e t o b l o w u p t h e F i r t h o fF o r t h B r i d g e a nd
b o t t l e a l l w a r v e s s e l s c o nc e nt r a t e d a t t h e Ro s s y t h b a s e .
Th e y c o u l d t h u s b e b o t t l e d u p fo r s e v e r a l d a y s p o w e r -
l e s s , w h i l e a fo r e i g nfl e e t s w e p t a t t h e Sc o t t i s h c o a s t s .
Th e B r i t i s h fo r e i g no ffi c e w i l l u nd e r s t a nd w h a t I m e a n
b y t h i s : Lo o k t o t h e m i d d l e i s l a nd .
I fo u nd i t t o b e p a r t l y i nt e r v e ne d w i t h s o ft , s o a p y
ne i s s , m a k i ng na t u r a l r u t s a nd c a v i t i e s t h a t w e r e i d e a l
fo r t h e p l a c i ng o fe x p l o s i v e s
. I l e a r ne d a l s o t h a t a l o ng
t h e Ed i nb u r g h a p p r o a c h t o t h e F i r t h o fF o r t h B r i d g e
w e r e t w o p i e c e s o fg r o u nd a nd h o u s e s i nr e a l i t y o w ne d
b y Ge r m a ns a l t h o u g h t h e d e e d s s t o o d i nSc o t t i s h
na m e s
. Mo r e o v e r , l i t t l e fi s h i ng h a m l e t s o ne i t h e r s i d e
o ft h e b r i d g e h a r b o r e d m o r e t h a no ne s u p p o s e d Sw e d -
i s h fi s h e r m a nb u t w h o i nr e a l i t y h a d h i s na m e s t i l l o n
t h e Ge r m a nNa v a l r e g i s t e r
. I nt h e e v e nt o ft r o u b l e
t h e s e m e n, u s i ng e x p l o s i v e s s t o r e d i nt h e t w o h o u s e s
i nq u e s t i o n, c o u l d h a v e b l o w nt h e Mi d d l e I s l a nd t o
a t o m s
.
Aft e r a b o u t t h r e e w e e k s I b e g a nt o b e s u s p i c i o u s
o fb e i ng fo l l o w e d
. Ar r i v i ng h o m e o ne ni g h t I no t i c e d
t h a t m y d r e s s s u i t w a s a r r a ng e d i na d i ffe r e nt w a y t o
w h a t I h a d l e ft i t
. I c a l l e d m y l a nd l a d y a nd c a s u a l l y
i nq u i r e d i fm y t a i l o r h a d b e e nt h e r e
. Sh e s a i d , " No ,
Do c t o r
. "
" We l l , " I r e p l i e d
. " Wh a t r e a s o nh a v e y o u t h e nt o
r e a r r a ng e m y c l o t h e s ?
"
He r fa c e r e d d e ne d a nd s h e s e e m e d fl u s t e r e d .
~ ~ I w a s n't i ny o u r r o o m , " s h e fa l t e r e d . 1 1 1
r e m e m -
1 7 6
s e r v a nt s l e t h i m i n . "
I h a v e no r e a s o nt o s h i e l d Mr s . Ma c l e o d , fo r w i t h
t r u e Sc o t t i s h t h r i ft s h e g o t a s m u c h o u t o fm e a s s h e
c o u l d a nd t h e na ft e r w a r d s d e c l a r e d i nc o u r t t h a t s h e
t h o u g h t I w a s a Ge r m a ns p y a fo r t ni g h t a ft e r I h a d
b e e ni nh e r h o u s e .
I m a d e i t m y b u s i ne s s t o g o a r o u nd t o m y t a i l o r 's
w i t h i na nh o u r 's t i m e a nd h e c o nt r a d i c t e d h e r s t o r y
.
He h a d no t b e e na t t h e h o u s e .
To c o m p l e t e l y v e r i fy
m y s u s p i c i o ns t h a t I w a s b e i ng s h a d o w e d , I w e nt t h e
ne x t d a y i nt o t h e " F a nd F , " a w e l l - k no w nc a t e r e r o n
P r i nc e 's St r e e t . I nt h e w r i t i ng - r o o m I w r o t e s o m e
l e t t e r s , o ne o fw h i c h I p u r p o s e l y d r o p p e d o nt h e fl o o r .
I w i t h d r e w t o t h e w a s h r o o m a nd r e t u r ni ng i na b o u t
fi ft e e nm i nu t e s no t i c e d t h a t t h e l e t t e r h a d d i s a p -
p e a r e d . Ma k i ng i nq u i r i e s o f "
b u t t o ns
"
a nd o ft h e
" d e s k g i r l " I l e a r ne d t h a t a g e nt l e m a nh a d q u i e t l y
p i c k e d u p t h e l e t t e r a nd w i t h o u t r e a d i ng i t h a d p u t i t
i nh i s p o c k e t a nd w a l k e d a w a y . Th a t s e t t l e d i t .
Th e y w e r e a ft e r m e
.
I h o p e t h i s p a r t i c u l a r d e t e c t i v e o r h i s s u p e r i o r c o u l d
r e a d Gr e e k . F o r t h e y , o r w h o e v e r s p e nt t h e i r t i m e
t r a ns l a t i ng m y l e t t e r , r e a d a na nc i e nt Gr e e k v e r s i o n
o f
" Ma r y h a d a Li t t l e La m b . "
I r e c o g ni z e d i t a s a no c c a s i o nw h e r e I h a d t o m a k e
a r i g h t r o y a l b l u ff
.
I w e nt a t o nc e t o p o l i c e h e a d -
q u a r t e r s i nEd i nb u r g h
.
I a s k e d fo r C h i e fC o ns t a b l e
Ro s s , a nd s e nt i nm y c a r d b e a r i ng
Dr
. A. K. Gr a v e s ,
1 7 7
MY B ETRAY ALI NENGLAND
b e r no w . I b e l i e v e t h e t a i l o r w a s h e r e
. One o ft h e
'
THESEC RETSOF THEGERMANWAROF F I C E
Tu r o , S. Au s t r a l i a
. P r e s e nt l y I w a s s h o w ni nt o t h e
c h i e f's r o o m a nd w a s r e c e i v e d b y a t y p i c a l Sc o t t i s h
g e nt l e m a n . I o p e ne d fi r e i nt h i s w a y
" Ha v e y o u a ny r e a s o nt o b e l i e v e t h a t I a m a Ge r -
m a ns p y ? "
I s a w t h a t i t h a d k no c k e d h i m o ffh i s p i ns
.
" Wh y , no , " h e s a i d , s t a r t l e d . " I d o n't k no w a ny -
t h i ng a t a l l a b o u t i t . "
" I t 's no t b y y o u r o r d e r s t h e nt h a t I a m fo l l o w e d ?
"
" C e r t a i nl y no t , " h e r e p l i e d .
" We l l , C h i e f, i t 's h a r d l y l i k e l y t h a t a ny t h i ng o f
s u c h i m p o r t a nc e w o u l d t r a ns p i r e w i t h o u t y o u r no -
t i c e . "
" Wh a t r e a s o nh a v e y o u t o b e l i e v e t h a t y o u w e r e
fo l l o w e d ? " h e a s k e d .
" Re a s o ni np l e nt y , " I r e p l i e d
. " So m e a g e nt h a d
e v e nt h e a u d a c i t y t o e nt e r m y a p a r t m e nt s a nd s e a r c h
m y e ffe c t s . Th i s , a s y o u k no w , i s a b s o l u t e l y a g a i ns t
Eng l i s h l a w , a w a r r a nt b e i ng ne c e s s a r y fo r s u c h p r o -
c e d u r e . I fy o u h a v e a ny r e a s o nt o t a k e m e t o b e a
Ge r m a ns p y , g o r i g h t a h e a d no w , o r l e t t h e s e r a t h e r
no ns e ns i c a l p e r s e c u t i o ns c e a s e
. I h a v e t a k e n t h i s u p
t o no w t o b e r a t h e r a g o o d j o k e , b u t m y s e ns e o fh u m o r
h a s i t s l i m i t . "
C h i e fC o ns t a b l e Ro s s b e c a m e s e r i o u s , a nd v e r y
b r a v e l y s a i d
" We l l , Do c t o r , y o u k no w w e 'v e g o t t o o b e y o r d e r s
.
I 'm q u i t e s a t i s fi e d t h o u g h t h a t t h e r e h a s b e e na m i s -
t a k e m a d e a nd y o u s h a l l no fu r t h e r b e a nno y e d . "
He b o w e d m e o u t . Ofc o u r s e I k ne w I s t i l l w o u l d
1 7 8
MYBETRAYALINENGLAND
b e s h a d o w e d w h i c h Id i d n o t m i n d i n t h e l e a s t . I
r e a s o n e d t h a t m y v i s i t t o t h e p o l i c e m i g h t m a k e t h e m
s l o w d o w n a b i t
.
Ri g h t a l o n g Ic o m m u n i c a t e d b y
c a b l e s a n d l e t t e r w i t h Be r l i n a n d w e n t t h e e v e n t e n o r
o fm y w a y . Ab o u t a w e e k a ft e r m y e x p e r i e n c e w i t h
C o n s t a b l e Ro s s , Ir e c e i v e d i n fo r m a t i o n t h a t W i l l i a m
Be a r d m o r e &C o . , o fGl a s g o w , w e r e c o n s t r u c t i n g s o m e
n e w fo u r t e e n - i n c h g u n s fo r t h e Br i t i s h g o v e r n m e n t .
Th a t m e a n t a c h a n g e o fb a s e
.
Ia t o n c e m a d e i t m y b u s i n e s s t o g o t o Gl a s g o w a n d
g e t p a r t i c u l a r s . Ii n s t a l l e d m y s e l fi n t h e C e n t r a l
S t a t i o n H o t e l , a n d i n a fe w w e e k s g a i n e d a l l t h e i n -
fo r m a t i o n Iw a n t e d . It w o u l d t a k e t o o l o n g t o d e -
t a i l h o w t h i s w a s d o n e , b u t y o u h a v e a v e r y e x p r e s s i v e
Am e r i c a n s a y i n g ,
a
m o n e y t a l k s . " Ih a d t h e p l a n s ,
fi r i n g s y s t e m s , e v e r y t h i n g o fi n t e r e s t a b o u t t h e n e w
fo u r t e e n - i n c h t u r r e t g u n s
. W h i l e i n Gl a s g o w Ir e -
c e i v e d l e t t e r s a d d r e s s e d t o m e a s J a m e s S t a ffo r d . I
r e c e i v e d t w o s u c h l e t t e r s , a n d u p o n m y c a l l i n g a t a
Ge n e r a l P o s t - O ffi c e fo r a t h i r d , Iw a s i n fo r m e d t h a t
t h e r e w a s a l e t t e r fo r A
. S t a ffo r d .
" O h y e s , t h a t i s m y l e t t e r , " Is a i d .
Th e c l e r k d e m u r r e d a n d r e p l i e d
" Yo u a s k e d fo r J a m e s S t a ffo r d . U n d e r t h o s e c i r -
c u m s t a n c e s Ic a n n o t h a n d y o u t h i s l e t t e r . It i s
a g a i n s t t h e p o s t a l l a w . "
No t b e i n g i n a p o s i t i o n t o r a i s e a q u e s t i o n Il e t i t
g o a t t h a t , n e v e r fo r a m o m e n t t h i n k i n g t h a t m y e m -
p l o y e r s w o u l d b e s o c u l p a b l y c a r e l e s s a s t o p u t a n y i n -
c r i m i n a t i n g e v i d e n c e i n t h e m a i l . Ev e n t s p r o v e d t h a t
1 7 9
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
t h a t i s j u s t w h a t t h e y d i d
. Mo r e o v e r , Il a t e r c a m e t o
k n o w w h y t h a t p a r t i c u l a r l e t t e r w a s a d d r e s s e d n o t t o
J a m e s b u t t o A
. S t a ffo r d
. Al l m y p r e v i o u s l e t t e r s
w e r e a d d r e s s e d t o m e a s Dr
. A; K . Gr a v e s a n d w e r e
e n c l o s e d i n t h e b u s i n e s s e n v e l o p e o ft h e w e l l - k n o w n
c h e m i c a l fi r m o fBu r r o u g h s &W e l l c o m e , S n o w h i l l s , ,
Lo n d o n , E . C
. - w h i c h p a p e r h a d b e e n fa b r i c a t e d fo r
t h e p u r p o s e
. O fc o u r s e t h e l e t t e r s w e r e s e n t fr o m t h e
C o n t i n e n t t o Lo n d o n a n d t h e r e r e p o s t e d
. Th e s t a -
t i o n e r y o ft h i s c h e m i c a l fi r m w a s fa b r i c a t e d s o a s t o
d i s a r m a n y p o s s i b l e s u s p i c i o n , fo r Eu r o p e a n p o s t -
o ffi c e s a r e t a u g h t t o b e s u s p i c i o u s
. It w o u l d b e p e r -
fe c t l y n a t u r a l fo r m e , a p h y s i c i a n i n Ed i n b u r g h , t o r e -
c e i v e a l e t t e r fr o m a v e r y w e l l - k n o w n c h e m i c a l c o n -
c e r n .
W h e n Il e ft Ed i n b u r g h t o fi n d o u t a b o u t t h e fo u r -
t e e n - i n c h g u n s , Ig a v e o u r p e o p l e i n Lo n d o n i n s t r u c -
t i o n s t o u s e p l a i n e n v e l o p e s a n d t o a d d r e s s t h e m t o
J a m e s S t a ffo r d , G . P . 0
. , Gl a s g o w . Th e fi r s t t w o l e t -
t e r s w e r e a d d r e s s e d c o r r e c t l y a n d p l a i n e n v e l o p e s w e r e
u s e d .
Th e t h i r d w a s n o t o n l y m i s a d d r e s s e d b u t w a s
e n c l o s e d i n o n e o ft h e B . &W
. e n v e l o p e s - t h i s a s I
l a t e r l e a r n e d , fo r a r e a s o n
.
No o n e h a v i n g c a l l e d fo r i t , t h e l e t t e r w a s r e t u r n e d
t o t h e c h e m i c a l c o m p a n y . At t h e i r o ffi c e i t w a s
o p e n e d a n d fo u n d t o c o n t a i n a t y p e w r i t t e n l e t t e r i n
t h e Ge r m a n l a n g u a g e a n d fi v e t e n - p o u n d n o t e s o n t h e
Ba n k o fEn g l a n d
. Th e c o n t e n t s o ft h e l e t t e r w a s
s u c h a s t o l e a d t h e fi r m t o c a l l i n t h e p o l i c e .
O n t h e e v e n i n g o fAp r i l 1 4 t h , Ih a d j u s t p u t o n m y
1 8 0
MYBETRAYALINENGLAND
e v e n i n g c l o t h e s a n d g o n e t o t h e u p s t a i r s w r i t i n g - r o o m .
Iw a s a w a i t i n g a p a r t y o fg e n t l e m e n w h o w e r e c o m i n g
t o d i n e w i t h m e i n t h e h o t e l . Th e r e c a m e a " b u t -
t o n s " w h o a n n o u n c e d
" Th e r e ' s a g e n t l e m a n d o w n s t a i r s t o s e e y o u , Do c -
t o r . "
Ap r e m o n i t i o n s t o l e o v e r m e . Ik n e w t h a t m y
g u e s t s w o u l d n o t h a v e s e n t fo r m e t o c o m e d o w n b u t
w o u l d h a v e b e e n a n n o u n c e d . Ir e a l i z e d t h a t i fIw a s
g o i n g t o b e c a u g h t t h e r e w a s n o a v o i d i n g i t . S e c r e t
S e r v i c e m a k e s a m a n a fa t a l i s t . It o o k t h e p r e c a u -
t i o n , h o w e v e r , t o s l i p i n s i d e m y d i n n e r c o a t j u s t u n d e r
t h e a r m , m y l i t t l e b a g o fc h e m i c a l s , s o o ft e n h a n d y i n
a n e m e r g e n c y . Th e n Iw e n t d o w n s t a i r s , o n e h a n d
w a s t h r u s t i n m y p o c k e t , t h e o t h e r fo l d e d a c r o s s m y
b r e a s t s o t h a t Ic o u l d s n a t c h t h e l i t t l e b a g o fc h e m i -
c a l s i n a n e m e r g e n c y
.
Ih a d h a r d l y r e a c h e d t h e l a s t s t e p o ft h e g r a n d s t a i r -
w a y w h e n fo u r b i g p l a i n - c l o t h e s m e n , p o u n c e d u p o n
m e . Ih a d t o d o s o m e s w i ft t h i n k i n g . Ic o u l d h a v e
fl u n g t h e c h e m i c a l s i n t h e i r fa c e s - a n d e s c a p e d , b u t I
k n e w Ic o u l d n e v e r g e t o u t s i d e o ft h e Br i t i s h Is l e s
w i t h o u t b e i n g c a u g h t - o u t s i d e o fGl a s g o w fo r t h a t
m a t t e r
.
S u c h r e s i s t a n c e w o u l d o n l y i n c r i m i n a t e m a t -
t e r s s t i l l m o r e , s o Il e t m y h a n d fa l l d o w n t o m y s i d e .
Mo r e fo r t h e fu n o fi t t h a n a n y t h i n g e l s e , Ig u e s s , I
g o t o n m y h o r s e a n d d e m a n d e d t o k n o w w h a t w a s t h e
m a t t e r .
" Yo u ' l l s o o n k n o w , " In s p e c t o r Fr e n c h d e c l a r e d
.
It s e e m s t h a t a w o m a n h a d j u s t c a l l e d m e o n t h e
1 8 1
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
t e l e p h o n e a n d t h e In s p e c t o r , h u i - y i n g t o t h e w i r e , p r e -
t e n d e d t h a t h e w a s Ia n d t r i e d t o l e a r n s o m e t h i n g .
H e t h e n o r d e r e d h i s m e n t o s e a r c h m e a n d s e e m e d
a m a z e d w h e n t h e y c o u l d n ' t fi n d a n y s i x s h o o t e r s , d a g -
g e r s o r b o m b s . Iw a s t a k e n b a c k t o m y r o o m a n d
t h e r e h e b e g a n g o i n g t h r o u g h m y e ffe c t s , a n d b u n d l i n g
t h e m u p . Ik n e w Iw a s u p a g a i n s t i t ; b u t Iw a s n ' t
g o i n g t o m a k e i t a n y e a s i e r fo r t h e m . Ir e q u e s t e d
Mr
. Mo r r i s , t h e n m a n a g e r o ft h e h o t e l , a n d a n o t h e r
w i t n e s s t o b e c a l l e d i n t o m y r o o m . Th e s e g e n t l e m e n
w e r e k i n d e n o u g h t o p u t d o w n o n p a p e r a d e s c r i p t i o n
o fa l l m y e ffe c t s t h a t w e r e b e i n g t a k e n a w a y b y t h e
p o l i c e . Iw a s e x t r e m e l y c a r e fu l t o s e e t h a t t h e y n o t e d
a n d d e s c r i b e d a l l p a p e r s a n d w r i t t e n m a t t e r s o fa n y
k i n d
. Th e r e a r e o ft e n p r o d u c e d i n c o u r t d o c u m e n t s
t h a t a r e n o t fo u n d o n a S e c r e t S e r v i c e a g e n t a t t h e
t i m e o fh i s a r r e s t
. In s p e c t o r Fr e n c h - Ir e c a l l h i m
a s a n u n c o u t h , i l l i t e r a t e b u n g l e r w h o s u b s e q u e n t l y
t r i e d t o g e t a l o t o fp u b l i c i t y o u t o fm y a r r e s t a s i fh e
h i m s e l fh a d d e t e c t e d t h e w h o l e c o n c e r n , i n s t e a d o f
h a v i n g i t t h r u s t u n d e r h i s n o s e b y t h e Lo n d o n c h e m -
i c a l c o m p a n y - w a s p r e p a r i n g t o r i d e o v e r m e r o u g h -
s h o d . Ii n s i s t e d t h a t h e r e a d t h e w a r r a n t fo r m y a r -
r e s t a n d w i t h m u c h g r u m b l i n g h e fi n a l l y d i d s o .
It
h a d b e e n i s s u e d u n d e r t h e O ffi c i a l S e c r e t Ac t t h a t h a d
b e e n r u s h e d t h r o u g h t h e H o u s e o fC o m m o n s
.
Iw a s
c h a r g e d w i t h e n d a n g e r i n g t h e s a fe g u a r d s o ft h e Br i t -
i s h Em p i r e .
Is p e n t t h e n i g h t i n t h e Gl a s g o w C i t y P r i s o n , a n d
w a s t a k e n t h e n e x t d a y b e fo r e a m a g i s t r a t e a n d fo r m -
1 8 2
MYBETRAYALINENGLAND
a l l y c o m m i t t e d t o a s h e r i ff' s c o u r t .
O n J u l y 1 2 m y
c a s e c a m e u p b e fo r e t h e S h e r i ff' s c o u r t . W a i v i n g p r e -
l i m i n a r y e x a m i n a t i o n , Iw a s c o m m i t t e d fo r t r i a l t o
t h e Ed i n b u r g h H i g h C o u r t . It i s s i g n i fi c a n t t h a t t h e
e x t r e m e l e n g t h o fa c o m m i t t a l w i t h o u t t r i a l u n d e r
Br i t i s h l a w i s o n e h u n d r e d a n d fi v e c a l e n d a r d a y s ,
w h i c h h u n d r e d a n d fi v e d a y s u p t o t h e l a s t m i n u t e I
c e r t a i n l y w a i t e d
. Th e y w e r e t r y i n g t o fi n d o u t m y
a n t e c e d e n t s b u t t h e y d i d n o t s u c c e e d
.
Al e t t e r fr o m t h e Lo r d P r o v o s t i n fo r m e d m e t h a t a l l
m a t e r i a l fo r m y d e fe n s e s h o u l d b e i n h i s h a n d s a d a y
b e fo r e t h e t r i a l .
Ih a d n o d e fe n s e . In e i t h e r d e n i e d
n o r a d m i t t e d a n y t h i n g
.
Ir e p l i e d t o h i s Lo r d s h i p t h a t
a s Iw a s u n a w a r e o fa n y o ffe n s e t h e r e w a s n o n e e d o f
a n y d e fe n s e . My a t t i t u d e w a s a p r o fo u n d p u z z l e -
w h i c h w a s a s Iw a n t e d .
Ify o u c a r e t o l o o k o v e r t h e b a c k fi l e s o ft h e En g l i s h
a n d S c o t t i s h n e w s p a p e r s o ft h e t i m e y o u w i l l r e a d t h a t
m y t r i a l w a s " t h e m o s t s e n s a t i o n a l c o u r t p r o c e d u r e
e v e r h e l d i n a S c o t t i s h c o u r t o fj u s t i c e
. "
No w Is h a l l r e v e a l e v e r y c i r c u m s t a n c e o fi t . Fo r
t h e fi r s t t i m e Is h a l l e x p l a i n h o w , w h y a n d b y w h o m
Iw a s s e c r e t l y r e l e a s e d . U n t i l Ir e v e a l e d m y s e l f i n
t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s , e v e n t h e Ge r m a n Fo r e i g n O ffi c e
t h o u g h t m e i n j a i l .
Ag a i n s t m e t h e c r o w n h a d s u m m o n e d fo r t y - fi v e w i t -
n e s s e s . Th e y i n c l u d e d a d m i r a l s , c o l o n e l s , c a p t a i n s ,
m i l i t a r y a n d n a v a l e x p e r t s , p o s t o ffi c e o ffi c i a l s - I
c a n n o t r e c a l l a l l . Th e p r e s s fr o m a l l p a r t s o fEu r o p e
- fo r a l l Eu r o p e w a s v i t a l l y c o n c e r n e d i n
t h i s t r i a l -
1 8 3
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
w a s r e p r e s e n t e d
. My m e m o r y s h o w s m e a g a i n t h e
c r o w d s t h a t p a c k e d t h e b i g s u p r e m e c o u r t b u i l d i n g a t
Ed i n b u r g h o n t h e fi r s t d a y o ft h e p r o c e e d i n g s
. Th e
i m p o s i n g n a m e s c o n n e c t e d w i t h t h e t r i a l , t h e s t r a n g e
c i r c u m s t a n c e s , a s p y , m o r e o v e r a Ge r m a n
! - Th e s e
t h i n g s b r o u g h t t h e e x c i t e m e n t t o fe v e r h e a t .
P r e s i d i n g w a s t h e Lo r d J u s t i c e o fS c o t l a n d , h i m s e l f
n o m e a n e x p e r t i n m i l i t a r y m a t t e r s
. Th e S o l i c i t o r
Ge n e r a l o fS c o t l a n d , A. M. An d e r s o n , w h o p r o s e c u t e d
fo r t h e c r o w n , w a s s u p p o r t e d b y G
. Mo r t o n , Ad v o c a t e
De p u t y .
Th e g o v e r n m e n t h a d i n d e e d a n i m p o s i n g
a r r a y o fb e w i g g e d , b l a c k - g o w n e d , l e g a l n o t a b l e s m a r -
s h a l e d a g a i n s t m e .
Th o s e fa m i l i a r w i t h En g l i s h c o u r t p r o c e d u r e k n o w
t h e i m p r e s s i v e m a n n e r w i t h w h i c h j u s t i c e i s d i s p e n s e d
.
P u n c t u a l l y a t t e n o n t h e m o r n i n g o fJ u l y 2 3 , 1 9 1 2 , m y
t r i a l o p e n e d . C l a d i n h i s r o y a l r e d r o b e w i t h t h e
e r m i n e c o l l a r o fs u p r e m e j u s t i c e , t h e Lo r d J u s t i c e e n -
t e r e d t h e c o u r t .
Be fo r e h i m w a l k e d a m a c e b e a r e r ,
i n t o n i n g 1 1 Ge n t l e m e n , t h e Lo r d J u s t i c e
! Ge n t l e m e n ,
t h e C o u r t ! " Aft e r t h e i m p r e s s i v e c e r e m o n i e s h a d
b e e n o b s e r v e d , t h e j u r y w a s q u i c k l y e m p a n e l e d , Im a k -
i n g s e v e r a l c h a l l e n g e s .
Tw e l v e y e a r s i n t h e S e c r e t
S e r v i c e n a t u r a l l y h a s m a d e m e k n o w s o m e t h i n g o f
m e n .
Ik n e w t h a t t h o s e t w e l v e h a r d - h e a d e d , c a u t i o u s
S c o t t i s h j u r y m e n w o u l d d e m a n d p r e t t y s u b s t a n t i a l
p r o o fb e fo r e c o n v i c t i n g
. At t h e t i m e Ia m fr a n k t o
s a y t h a t Id i d n o t t h i n k t h e r e w a s a c h a n c e o fa v e r d i c t
o fg u i l t y b e i n g b r o u g h t i n
. Th e e v i d e n c e a g a i n s t m e
w a s t o o v a g u e . .
1 8 4
MYBETRAYALINENGLAND
Ex p r e s s i n g a s t o n i s h m e n t a t m y r e fu s a l t o a c c e p t
c o u n s e l - w h i c h w a s s u b s e q u e n t l y fo r c e d o n m e -
H i s Lo r d s h i p p r o m i s e d t o g u a r d m y i n t e r e s t o n l e g a l
p o i n t s ; a n d g u a r d i t h e d i d . Re p e a t e d l y h e r u l e d
a g a i n s t t h e S o l i c i t o r Ge n e r a l a n d c h a l l e n g e d h i m o n
m o r e t h a n o n e p o i n t
. Ia m fr a n k i n m y a d m i r a t i o n
o fBr i t i s h j u s t i c e . My t r i a l w a s a m o d e l o ffa i r n e s s .
O n t h e fi r s t d a y Iw a i v e d e x a m i n a t i o n o n a l l w i t -
n e s s e s b u t t h e n a v a l a n d m i l i t a r y e x p e r t s . Id i r e c t e d
m y fi r e a g a i n s t Re a r Ad m i r a l T . B. S t r a t t o n Ad a i r ,
w h o s u p e r i n t e n d e d t h e o r d n a n c e fa c t o r i e s o ft h e
Be a r d m o r e Gu n W o r k s i n Gl a s g l o w
. Th e Ad m i r a l ,
a t y p i c a l En g l i s h g e n t l e m a n o ft h e n a v a l o ffi c e r t y p e ,
l o n g , l a n k w i t h a r a t h e r a s c e t i c , c l e a r - c u t Ro m a n h e a d ,
n o t u n l i k e C h a m b e r l a i n i n g e n e r a l a p p e a r a n c e , e v e n
t o t h e s i n g l e e y e - g l a s s , d i d n o t m a k e m u c h o fa s h o w -
i n g a s a n e x p e r t w i t n e s s fo r t h e p r o s e c u t i o n
. Th e Ad -
m i r a l w a s c a l l e d i n o n t e s t i m o n y c o n c e r n i n g t h e n e w
fo u r t e e n - i n c h g u n . Th e p o i n t t h e y w e r e t r y i n g t o e s -
t a b l i s h w a s t h a t i t w a s i m p o s s i b l e fo r a m a n t o h a v e
m y k n o w l e d g e o ft h e s e g u n s u n l e s s h e h a d o b t a i n e d i t
fi r s t h a n d fr o m t h e w o r k s i n Gl a s g o w . O fc o u r s e
t h a t b r o u g h t t h e t e s t i m o n y i n t o t e c h n i c a l i t i e s . I
m a n a g e d t o i n v o l v e t h e Ad m i r a l i n a h e a t e d a l t e r c a -
t i o n o n t h e t r a j e c t o r y a n d p e n e t r a t i n g p o w e r o ft h e
s o - m u c h d i s p u t e d fo u r t e e n - i n c h g u n . O n e w o r d l e d
t o a n o t h e r a n d n o t w i t h s t a n d i n g t h a t h e r a n k e d a t t h a t
t i m e a s a r e a r a d m i r a l o ft h e Br i t i s h Na v y , t h e Ad -
m i r a l s h o w e d t h a t h e d i d n o t k n o w a s m u c h a b o u t h i s
o w n g u n s a s
I. Ba c k e d i n t o t h i s c o r n e r h e w a s a b o u t
1 8 5
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
t o d i v u l g e t h i n g s i n s u p p o r t o fh i s k n o w l e d g e w h e n h e
r e c o v e r e d h i m s e l f, p u l l e d u p s u d d e n l y a n d a p p e a l e d t o
t h e C o u r t .
"
Yo u r Lo r d s h i p , i t i s a g a i n s t t h e Br i t i s h Go v e r n -
m e n t t o h a v e a n y m o r e q u e s t i o n s o n t h i s p o i n t i n o p e n
c o u r t . "
Im a i n t a i n e d t h a t m y k n o w l e d g e o fg u n s w a s s u c h
t h a t Id i d n o t n e e d t o s p y a t Be a r d m o r e t o o b t a i n t h e
t h i n g s I k n e w . S u b s e q u e n t l y a ft e r b e i n g c r o s s - e x a m -
i n e d b y m e a n o t h e r o ft h e g o v e r n m e n t ' s n a v a l e x p e r t s
t o l d t h e c o u r t
"
It i s q u i t e p o s s i b l e fo r o n e w i t h a b a l l i s t i c k n o w l -
e d g e s u c h a s t h e d e fe n d a n t ' s t o b e a b l e w i t h v e r y l i t t l e
d a t a t o a r r i v e a t a c c u r a t e c o n c l u s i o n s r e g a r d i n g o u r
n e w fo u r t e e n - i n c h g u n s . "
Aw o r d o fa d v i c e t o t h e Ad m i r a l . Do n o t t a l k s o
m u c h w h e n y o u g o m o t o r b o a t i n g w i t h p r e t t y y o u n g
m u s i c a l c o m e d y g i r l s . Yo u s e e , Ad m i r a l , Im a d e i t
m y b u s i n e s s t o s e e t h o s e y o u n g l a d i e s i n Gl a s g o w
.
W h a t a n i n t e r e s t t h e y t o o k i n y o u
-
a g r e a t Ad m i r a l !
It i s y o u , Ad m i r a l , w h o m It h a n k fo r a i d i n g m e i n s e -
c u r i n g t h e r i g h t p e r s o n s fr o m w h o m t h e s e c r e t s o f y o u r
n e w fo u r t e e n - i n c h g u n s c o u l d b e o b t a i n e d .
An o t e t h e y fo u n d i n m y e ffe c t s w a s i n t r o d u c e d a s
e v i d e n c e . It r e a d a s fo l l o w s
" Th e fi r m o fW i l l i a m Be a r d m o r e a n d C o . , P a r k -
h e a d , Gl a s g o w . Bfi r s t o r d e r s Fn e w 1 3 . 5 g u n s F,
Na v y . Le n g t h 5 1 fe e t , w e i g h t 7 3 t o n s . O n e fo o t
l o n g e r t h a n 1 2 - i n c h , b u t 1 2 t o n s h e a v i e r . W e i g h t o f
s h o t , 1 , 2 5 0 l b . , 4 0 0 l b . m o r e t h a n t h e 1 2 - i n c h g u n . "
1 8 6
MYBETRAYALINENGLAND
Th e u p s h o t o fi t w a s t h a t t h e fi r s t d a y o ft h e t r i a l
e n d e d w i t h e v e r y b o d y p o s i t i v e t h a t Iw o u l d n o t b e
fo u n d g u i l t y o n t h e c h a r g e o fo b t a i n i n g s e c r e t i n -
fo r m a t i o n a b o u t t h e i r g u n s . O fc o u r s e a l l t h i s i n fo r -
m a t i o n Ih a d o b t a i n e d .
O n t h e r e c e s s Iw a s p l e a s a n t l y s u r p r i s e d w h e n a
c o u r t o r d e r l y b r o u g h t m e r e fr e s h m e n t s fr o m t h e
j u d g e ' s o w n t a b l e w i t h h i s Lo r d s h i p ' s c o m p l i m e n t s .
It s t r u c k m e t h a t Iw a s b e i n g t r e a t e d m o r e l i k e a
g u e s t t h a n a p r i s o n e r .
Th e s e c o n d d a y o ft h e t r i a l b r o u g h t t h e Bu r r o u g h s
&W e l l c o m e l e t t e r i n t o t h e t e s t i m o n y - t h e l e t t e r t h a t
h a d b e e n r e fu s e d m e a n d h a d i n t u r n g o n e b a c k t o t h e
C h e m i c a l C o m p a n y . Ve r y g r a v e l y S i r An d e r s o n ,
C r o w n P r o s e c u t o r , r e a d t h e c o n t e n t s o ft h i s l e t t e r
a l o u d . As Ir e c a l l t h e e x a c t w o r d i n g i t w a s
De a r S i r :
W e a r e p l e a s e d t o l e a r n o fy o u r s u c c e s s fu l n e g o t i a t i o n o ft h e b u s i -
n e s s a t h a n d
. Be p l e a s e d t o s e n d u s a n e a r l y s a m p l e
.
As r e g a r d s
t h e o t h e r m a t t e r i n h a n d Id o n o t k n o w h o w u s e fu l i t w i l l b e t o u s
.
In a n y c a s e m y fi r m i s n o t w i l l i n g t o p a y y o u m o r e t h a n 1 0 0 In t h i s
c a s e
.
It w a s u n s i g n e d
.
W h i l e r e a d i n g , S i r An d e r s o n h e l d t h e fi v e t e n - p o u n d
n o t e s i n h i s h a n d
. U p o n fi n i s h i n g h e b e g a n a v i g o r -
o u s i n d i c t m e n t w h i c h i n s u b s t a n c e h e d e c l a i m e d i n
t h i s w a y .
" O n t h e fa c e o fi t , t h i s l e t t e r d o e s n o t s e e m s u s -
p i c i o u s . Bu t i fy o u g e n t l e m e n w i l l r e c a l l t h e t i m e s
o fP r i n c e C h a r l e s ' i n s u r r e c t i o n s , p e r i o d s w h e n e v e r i n -
1 8 7
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
t r i g u e s w e r e g o i n g o n , y o u w i l l r e m e m b e r t h a t i n c o m -
m u n i c a t i o n s o ft h i s s o r t a g o v e r n m e n t w a s a l w a y s r e -
fe r r e d t o a s a `
fi r m . ' Ift h i s w a s a n h o n e s t b u s i n e s s
l e t t e r w h y w a s i t e n c l o s e d i n t h e e n v e l o p e s t a t i o n e r y
o fa c o m p a n y t h a t k n e w n o t h i n g a b o u t i t ? W h y w a s
t h i s l e t t e r u n s i g n e d W h y w a s c a s h e n c l o s e d , w i t h i t ?
W h a t w a s h i s fi r m w i l l i n g t o p a y 1 0 0 p o u n d s fo r ?
Ge n t l e m e n , t h e r e a s o n s fo r a l l t h e s e t h i n g s a r e o b -
v i o u s . "
Bu t t h e l e t t e r p u z z l e d n o t o n l y t h e c o u r t , t h e j u r y ,
t h e n e w s p a p e r s , b u t a l l En g l a n d . Fo r t h e fi r s t t i m e
Is h a l l n o w e x p l a i n i t
It w a s fr o m t h e Ge r m a n g o v e r n m e n t . By t h e
" b u s i n e s s a t h a n d " t h e y m e a n t a n e w e x p l o s i v e a n d
s l o w - b u r n i n g p o w d e r t h a t w a s t o b e u s e d i n t h e n e w
t y p e o ffo u r t e e n - i n c h t u r r e t g u n s b e i n g m a d e i n Gl a s -
g o w . S o m e o ft h a t e x p l o s i v e w a s i n m y p o s s e s s i o n .
Th e fa c t t h a t i t w a s n o t d i s c o v e r e d i n m y e ffe c t s , n o r
w a s a n y t h i n g e l s e i n c r i m i n a t i n g fo u n d o n m e i s b e -
c a u s e t h e S e c r e t Ag e n t w h o k n o w s h i s b u s i n e s s l e a v e s
n o t h i n g a b o u t
; b u t h e " p l a n t s " t h i n g s , t h a t i s t o s a y ,
l e a v e s t h e m i n a s a fe d e p o s i t v a u l t w i t h t h e k e y i n t h e
h a n d s o fa p e r s o n w i t h p o w e r o fa t t o r n e y .
By t h e " s a m p l e "
i n t h e l e t t e r w a s m e a n t a s a m p l e
o ft h e e x p l o s i v e . Th e
" o t h e r b u s i n e s s a t h a n d " w a s
s p o k e n o fa s o ft r e m e n d o u s i m p o r t a n c e , m o r e v i t a l t o
t h e s a fe g u a r d s o fBr i t a i n t h a n t h e o t h e r p o i n t s m e n -
t i o n e d i n t h e l e t t e r .
Th e r e w e r e s u b - a g e n t s w o r k i n g a t C r o m a r t y . Id i d
n o t k n o w w h o t h e y w e r e ; t h e y s i m p l y m a d e t h e i r r e -
1 8 8
MYBETRAYALINENGLAND
p o r t s t o m e , s i g n i n g t h e i r Ge r m a n S e c r e t S e r v i c e n u m -
b e r . It o o k u p t h e i r p o i n t s w i t h Be r l i n . W e l l , t h e
" o t h e r b u s i n e s s i n h a n d " w a s t o p u t a c e r t a i n Br i t i s h
a r m y o ffi c e r u n d e r a m o n t h l y r e t a i n i n g fe e o f1 0 0 fo r
w h i c h i n t h e e v e n t o fw a r h e w a s t o c o m m i t a n a c t o f
u n s p e a k a b l e t r e a s o n a n d t r e a c h e r y o n a c e r t a i n h a r b o r
d e fe n s e .
Ih a d j u d g e d m y j u r y m e n r i g h t , fo r t h e y w e r e v e r y
l i t t l e i m p r e s s e d b y t h i s l e t t e r
. It w a s a l l t o o v a g u e
a n d e v e n t h e fl u e n t l a n g u a g e o fa C r o w n P r o s e c u t o r
d o e s n o t i m p r e s s a h a r d - h e a d e d S c o t c h m a n . Iw a s
fe e l i n g i n h i g h s p i r i t s i n d e e d , w h e n Is a w o n e o ft h e
a t t e n d a n t s a p p r o a c h S i r An d e r s o n a n d d e l i v e r a d o c u -
m e n t t h a t h a d b e e n h a n d e d i n t o c o u r t
. Ia t o n c e r e c -
o g n i z e d i t a n d m y h e a r t d r o p p e d i n t o m y s h o e s
. Th e
S o l i c i t o r Ge n e r a l r e a d t h e d o c u m e n t a n d s m i l e d . I
k n e w t h e y h a d m e .
In a d d r e s s i n g t h e c o u r t t h e S o l i c i t o r Ge n e r a l p r o -
d u c e d t w o p i e c e s o ft h i n p a p e r - t h e s a m e t h a t h a d
b e e n b r o u g h t i n o n t h e p r e v i o u s a ft e r n o o n .
1 1 1 h a v e g o t t o s h o w t h e c o u r t , " h e s a i d i m p r e s s i v e l y ,
~ ~ t h e m o s t d e a d l y c o d e e v e r p r e p a r e d a g a i n s t t h e s a fe -
g u a r d s o fGr e a t Br i t a i n . "
An d i t c e r t a i n l y w a s .
It c o n t a i n e d t h e n a m e o f
e v e r y v e s s e l i n
t h e Br i t i s h Na v y , e v e r y n a v a l b a s e ,
fo r t i fi c a t i o n a n d s t r a t e g i c p o i n t , i n Gr e a t Br i t a i n
.
Th e r e w e r e o v e r t e n t h o u s a n d n a m e s a n d o p p o s i t e
e a c h w a s w r i t t e n a n u m b e r
. Fo r e x a m p l e , t h e b a t t l e
c r u i s e r Q u e e n Ma r y
w a s n u m b e r 8 1 3 .
As Ih a v e c o n fe s s e d , Ia m s u p e r s t i t i o u s
. An d h a v e
1 8 9
TIl ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
In o t r e a s o n t o b e ? It w a s t h e Bu r r o u g h s &W e l l -
c o m e l e t t e r t h a t g o t m e c a u g h t i n t h e fi r s t p l a c e
. An d
m y s e c r e t c o d e w a s w r i t t e n
i n a b o o k i s s u e d fo r t h e
u s e o fp h y s i c i a n s b y Bu r r o u g h s &W e l l c o m e ! Bo t h
t i m e s t h e B&W m a r k w a s u p o n m e .
U s i n g a m a g n i fy i n g g l a s s Ih a d w r i t t e n i n
t i n y c h a r -
a c t e r s m y c o d e .
Th e r e w e r e s o m a n y n a m e s i t w a s
i m p o s s i b l e t o m e m o r i z e t h e m a l l
. Tw o o p p o s i t e s h e e t s
o ft h e l i t t l e m e m o r a n d a b o o k w e r e u s e d , t h e n t h e e d g e s
o ft h e p a g e s w e r e p a s t e d t o g e t h e r .
W h e n e v e r I
l e a r n e d t h e Br i t i s h w a r s h i p s w e r e g o i n g t o p u t t o s e a ,
Is l i p p e d t h e b o o k i n m y p o c k e t , w e n t t o a p o s i t i o n
o fv a n t a g e w h e r e Ic o u l d m a k e o u t t h e s i l h o u e t t e s o f
t h e w a r s h i p s , c l a s s i fi e d t h e m i n m y m i n d , a n d t h e n
w r i t i n g o u t a c a b l e p u t d o w n t h e c o d e n u m b e r s , s a y
i n t h i s w a y .
2 1 4 , 6 9 , 7 0 0 ,
9 1 0 , 2 1 - (Ne c e s s a r y w o r d s w e r e
fi l l e d
i n b y t h e A. B . C . c o d e ) .
Th i s m e s s a g e w a s s e n t b y w a y o fBr u s s e l s o r P a r i s
t o t h e In t e l l i g e n c e De p a r t m e n t o ft h e Ge r m a n Ad m i r -
a l t y i n Be r l i n a n d t o l d t h e m w h a t w a r s h i p s w e r e p u t -
t i n g t o s e a o r a r r i v i n g a t Ro s s y t h
. Th e c o d e c o n -
t a i n e d s u c h p h r a s e s a s t h i s :
" C u r r e n t r u m o r s . " " In c o m i n g . "
a
O u t g o i n g . "
" C l e a r i n g fo r a c t i o n . "
" H a v e l o w e r e d d e fe n d i n g
n e t s . " " La n d fo r t i fi c a t i o n s a r e m a n n e d
. " " P r o .
t e c t i v e m a n e u v e r s a r e b e i n g c a r r i e d o u t a t s e a
. "
" C o a l b e i n g c a r r i e d b y r a i l . " " Re m a r k a b l e i n fl u x o f
Re s e r v i s t s . " " Mi n e fi e l d s b e i n g l a i d . " "
Al l i s q u i e t ;
1 9 0
MYBETRAYALINENGLAND
n o t h i n g i m p o r t a n t t o r e p o r t . " " Li n e r s a r e a p p e a r -
i n g . "
Th e a c c i d e n t a l fi n d i n g o ft h i s c o d e o fc o u r s e s e t t l e d
a l l fu r t h e r a r g u m e n t . Ic a l l e d n o w i t n e s s fo r t h e d e -
fe n s e e x c e p t t w o o r t h r e e p e r s o n a l a c q u a i n t a n c e s t o
e a c h o fw h o m Ip u t t h i s q u e s t i o n
" W h a t i s y o u r k n o w l e d g e o fm y a t t i t u d e a s r e g a r d s
En g l a n d ? "
Th e y a l l d e c l a r e d t h a t e v e n i fIw a s a s p y i n t h e
p a y o fa n y fo r e i g n g o v e r n m e n t Ic e r t a i n l y h a d n e v e r
s h o w n a n y p e r s o n a l fe e l i n g o r a n i m o s i t y t o w a r d Gr e a t
Br i t a i n .
Al l o fw h i c h Ifi g u r e d m i g h t a i d t h e c a u s e o fc l e m -
e n c y
. Th e j u r y w a s n o t o u t m o r e t h a n h a l fa n h o u r .
Iw a s fo u n d g u i l t y o fe n d a n g e r i n g t h e s a fe g u a r d s o f
t h e Br i t i s h Em p i r e a n d u n d e r t h e n e w l a w t h a t h a d
b e e n a i m e d a g a i n s t Ge r m a n s p i e s Iw a s l i a b l e t o s e v e n
y e a r s ' p e n a l s e r v i t u d e . Ev e n t h e n m y s p i r i t s w e r e
n o t d o w n . Ih a d w h a t Am e r i c a n s c a l l " a h u n c h . "
J u s t b e fo r e h i s Lo r d s h i p , t h e C h i e fJ u s t i c e , s u m m e d
u p , a n a r i s t o c r a t i c , g r a y - c l a d En g l i s h m a n , w h o n e v e r
h a d b e e n i n t h e c o u r t r o o m b e fo r e , a p p e a r e d a n d w a s
c o u r t e o u s l y , a l m o s t i m p r e s s i v e l y , c o n d u c t e d t o t h e
b e n c h . In o t i c e d t h a t t h e C h i e fJ u s t i c e b o w e d t o h i m
w i t h u n c t i o n a n d t h e y h a d a b o u t t w o m i n u t e s ' w h i s -
p e r e d c o n v e r s a t i o n
. H i s Lo r d s h i p w a s n o d d i n g r e -
p e a t e d l y . Th i s w o r r i e d m e . Ife l t Iw a s g o i n g t o g e t
i t g o o d .
Bu t , i n s u b s t a n c e , h i s Lo r d s h i p ' s v e r d i c t w a s
1 9 1
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
" Ta k i n g a l l t h e c i r c u m s t a n c e s i n t o c o n s i d e r a t i o n ,
t h e c o u r t p r o n o u n c e s a s e n t e n c e o fe i g h t e e n m o n t h s '
i m p r i s o n m e n t . "
Is m i l e d a n d s a i d
" Ex i t Ar m g a a r d K a r l Gr a v e s . "
Am u r m u r o fa s t o n i s h m e n t w a s a u d i b l e . Ev e r y -
b o d y i n c o u r t w a s s u r p r i s e d . Ih e a r d g a s p s a l l
a r o u n d m e , e s p e c i a l l y a m o n g t h e fo r e i g n n e w s p a p e r
r e p o r t e r s . W i t h e v e r y b o d y e x p e c t i n g s e v e n y e a r s o f
p e n a l s e r v i t u d e , e i g h t e e n m o n t h s o fp l a i n i m p r i s o n -
m e n t w a s a b o m b s h e l l . W h y ?
Iw a s t a k e n fi r s t t o C a r l t o n H i l l J a i l , Ed i n b u r g h ,
a n d t r a n s fe r r e d a ft e r t w o w e e k s t o Ba r l i n n e y P r i s o n
n e a r Gl a s g o w . C o n s i d e r i n g t h e c i r c u m s t a n c e s , Iw a s
t r e a t e d w i t h s u r p r i s i n g c o n s i d e r a t i o n
. Th e c o n d i -
t i o n s t h a t h a d c h a r a c t e r i z e d m y t r i a l p r e v a i l e d
i n t h e
p r i s o n . Is o o n p e r c e i v e d t h a t t h e Ba r l i n n e y p r i s o n
o ffi c i a l s w e r e t r y i n g t o s o u n d m e i n a c a n n y S c o t c h
w a y - w i t h n o r e s u l t .
" Yo u ' r e fo o l i s h t o s t a y i n h e r e
- Yo u m u s t h a v e
s o m e t h i n g w o r t h w h i l e
-
W h y d o n ' t y o u g e t o u t ? "
Th a t w a s t h e g i s t o ft h e i r t a l k s w i t h m e fr o m t h e
w a r d e r s u p . Ik e p t m y m o u t h s h u t .
No w Is h a l l p r e s e n t i n fo r m a t i o n t h a t w a s d e n i e d t h e
H o u s e o fC o m m o n s u p o n t h e o c c a s i o n o fa n i n q u i r y
i n t o m y c a s e .
O n t h e fi ft h w e e k o fm y i m p r i s o n m e n t Iw a s t a k e n
t o t h e o ffi c e o ft h e Go v e r n o r o ft h e p r i s o n . As Ie n -
t e r e d Is a w a s l i g h t , s o l d i e r l y l o o k i n g En g l i s h g e n t l e -
m a n o ft h e c a v a l r y t y p e
-
(a c a v a l r y o ffi c e r h a s c e r -
1 9 2
MYBETRAYALINENGLAND
t a i n m a n n e r i s m s t h a t i n v a r i a b l y g i v e h i m a w a y t o
o n e w h o k n o w s ) . Th e Go v e r n o r s p o k e fi r s t
" Gr a v e s , h e r e i s a g e n t l e m a n w h o w i s h e s t o s e e
y o u . "
Th e s t r a n g e r n o d d e d t o t h e Go v e r n o r a n d s a i d
.
1 1 1
m a y b e q u i t e a w h i l e . Yo u h a v e y o u r i n s t r u c -
t i o n s . "
" Th a t ' s a l l r i g h t , s i r , " r e p l i e d t h e Go v e r n o r .
Th e Go v e r n o r l e ft a n d w e w e r e a l o n e . Th e s t r a n g e r
r o s e .
" My n a m e i s Ro b i n s o n , Do c t o r . P l e a s e t a k e a
s e a t . "
O fc o u r s e , b e i n g a p r i s o n e r , Ih a d r e m a i n e d s t a n d -
i n g .
Ro b i n s o n b e g a n s o m e c a s u a l c o n v e r s a t i o n .
" H o w a r e t h e y t r e a t i n g y o u ? "
" Ih a v e n o c o m p l a i n t s t o m a k e . "
" Is t h e c o n fi n e m e n t i r k s o m e t o y o u ? "
" Na t u r a l l y . "
Il o o k e d h i m s t r a i g h t i n t h e fa c e .
" Ia m a p h i l o s o p h e r . K i s m e t , C a p t a i n . "
" O h - h o " h e e x c l a i m e d . " Yo u a d d r e s s m e a s
C a p t a i n . W h e r e fo r t h i s k n o w l e d g e ?
W e h a v e n e v e r
m e t . "
" No , " Ir e p l i e d . " Bu t Ih a v e a s s o c i a t e d t o o l o n g
w i t h v a r i o u s t y p e s o fa r m y o ffi c e r s n o t t o b e a b l e t o d e -
t e c t a Br i t i s h c a v a l r y o ffi c e r . Fo r m e r l y o fa n H u s s a r
r e g i m e n t , It a k e i t ? "
H e l a u g h e d fo r s o m e t i m e . H e c o n t i n u e d fe e l i n g h i s
w a y i n t h i s m a n n e r . Th e n s u d d e n l y h e c h a n g e d
fr o n t . P o i n t b l a n k h e a s k e d m e
1 9 3
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
" No w , o l d c h a p , w e k n o w t h a t y o u w o r k e d fo r
Ge r m a n y a g a i n s t u s . W e a l s o k n o w t h a t y o u a r e n o t
a Ge r m a n
.
Is t h e r e a n y r e a s o n w h y y o u s h o u l d n o t
w o r k fo r u s ? An y p r i v a t e r e a s o n ?
"
" C a p t a i n , " Is a i d , " y o u o fa l l m e n o u g h t t o k n o w
t h a t t h e b e t r a y a l o fy o u r e m p l o y e r s fo r a m o n e t a r y o r
a l i b e r t y r e a s o n a l o n e i s n e v e r e n t e r t a i n e d b y a m a n
w h o h a s b e e n i n m y w o r k . W e g o i n t o i t w i t h o u r e y e s
o p e n , w e l l k n o w i n g t h e c o n s e q u e n c e s i fw e a r e c a u g h t .
W e d o n o t s q u e a l i fw e a r e h u r t
. "
Fo r a t i m e h e l o o k e d a t m e v e r y e a r n e s t l y .
" H - m , " h e s a i d . " Th a t j u s t b e a r s o u t w h a t w e
h a v e b e e n a b l e t o a s c e r t a i n a b o u t y o u . It p u z z l e d
u s h o w a m a n o fy o u r k n o w n a b i l i t y a c t e d t h e w a y y o u
d i d . Fr o m t h e m o m e n t y o u l a n d e d i n En g l a n d , a l l
t h e t i m e y o u w e r e d o i n g y o u r w o r k , e v e n a ft e r y o u r
a r r e s t , i n p r i s o n a n d i n c o u r t y o u s h o w a s o r t o fl i s t -
l e s s , a l m o s t a n i n d i ffe r e n t a t t i t u d e . IfIm a y p u t i t
t h i s w a y , y o u s e e m e d i n n o w a y s k e e n t o g o t o e x t r e m e s
i n a n y p o s s i b l e m i s s i o n s y o u m i g h t h a v e h a d , " h e
p a u s e d . " W e t h i n k y o u c o u l d h a v e d o n e m o r e t h a n
y o u d i d . . . Th e m i l d n e s s o fy o u r s e n t e n c e , h a s i t
s u r p r i s e d y o u ? "
Ig r i n n e d .
" No t h i n g s u r p r i s e s m e , C a p t a i n . "
H i s m a n n e r b e c a m e v e r y e a r n e s t .
"
S u p p o s i n g , " h e s a i d , "
w e s h o w y o u t h a t i t w a s a
q u a s i - d e l i b e r a t e i n t e n t i o n o n t h e p a r t o fy o u r e m -
p l o y e r s t o h a v e y o u c a u g h t - w h a t t h e n ? "
Th i s d i d n o t s t a r t l e m e e i t h e r
. Ih a d a n i d e a o ft h a t
1 9 4
MYBETRAYALINENGLAND
a l l a l o n g . It i s w h y Ip l a y e d m y c a r d s s o q u i e t l y ,
w h y Id i d n o t a c c o m p l i s h i n En g l a n d e v e r y t h i n g Ih a d
a c h a n c e t o a c c o m p l i s h . Id i d n o t g r i n t h i s t i m e .
"
U n d e r t h o s e c i r c u m s t a n c e s , " Is a i d , 1 1 1 a m o p e n
t o n e g o t i a t i o n s . Bu t Ia m r a t h e r d e a fa n d m y v i s i o n
i s v e r y m u c h o b s c u r e d a s l o n g a s Is e e b a r s i n fr o n t o f
m y w i n d o w . "
Th e C a p t a i n s m i l e d
" W e l l , Do c t o r , Im a y s e e y o u a g a i n s o o n . "
" C a p t a i n , Ih a v e n o t t h e s l i g h t e s t d o u b t b u t t h a t
y o u w i l l
.
Bu t l e t i t b e u n d e r s t o o d , p l e a s e , t h a t i t ' s a
w a s t e o ft i m e a s l o n g a s Ia m b e h i n d b a r s . "
" Le a v e t h a t t o m e , " h e s a i d a n d w e s h o o k h a n d s .
Iw a s t a k e n b a c k t o m y c e l l . Ia m fr a n k t o a d m i t
t h a t Id i d n ' t s l e e p m u c h fo r t h e n e x t t w o o r t h r e e
n i g h t s . Al l t h r o u g h m y t r i a l a n d i n Ba r l i n n e y Ih a d
b e e n p l a y i n g a p a r t . W h e n t h e o c c a s i o n d e m a n d e d I
c o u l d b e a s c o o l a s Iw a s w i t h C a p t a i n Ro b i n s o n .
Bu t t h a t w a s a s t r a i n a n d i t t o o k i t o u t o fm e
. Du r -
i n g t h e s e fo l l o w i n g d a y s Iw a s n e r v o u s ; Ih a d i n -
s o m n i a ; Ip a c e d m y c e l l a t n i g h t . Th e fe e l i n g o fa
j a i l i s c o l d a n d t h i c k .
Bu t a s Ie x p e c t e d , a n o t h e r w e e k b r o u g h t C a p t a i n
Ro b i n s o n a g a i n . Th i s t i m e i t w a s l a t e i n t h e e v e n i n g
a ft e r a l l t h e p r i s o n s w e r e s h u t u p t i g h t . Th e Li e u -
t e n a n t - g o v e r n o r h i m s e l ft o o k m e i n t o t h e Go v e r n o r ' s
o ffi c e . No o t h e r w a r d e r o r p r i s o n o ffi c i a l o b s e r v e d
u s .
" W e l l , Do c t o r , " w a s t h e w a y Ro b i n s o n g r e e t e d m e .
" Ih a v e s o m e t h i n g d e fi n i t e t o p r o p o s e t o y o u . Yo u
1 9 5
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
c a n b e o fu s e t o u s . Yo u h a v e s t i l l s i x t e e n m o n t h s
o fy o u r s e n t e n c e t o s e r v e . Ar e y o u w i l l i n g t o g i v e
t h e s e s i x t e e n m o n t h s o fy o u r t i m e t o u s - t e r m s t o
b e a g r e e d u p o n l a t e r ? Ia m p r e p a r e d t o s u p p l y y o u
w i t h p r o o fs t h a t y o u w e r e d e l i b e r a t e l y p u t a w a y , b e -
t r a y e d b y y o u r e m p l o y e r s , t h e Ge r m a n g o v e r n m e n t . "
H e d i d s o t o m y c o m p l e t e s a t i s fa c t i o n . As I
g u e s s e d , Ih a d c o m e t o l e a r n s o m u c h o fGe r m a n y ' s
a ffa i r s t h a t Iw a s d a n g e r o u s . To b e t r a y m e i n s u c h a
w a y t h a t Iw o u l d n o t s u s p e c t a n d s q u e a l w a s a c l e v e r
w a y t o c l o s e m y m o u t h fo r s e v e n y e a r s i n j a i l o r u n t i l
t h e Bl a c k Fo r e s t p l a n s h a d m a t u r e d .
" H o w w o u l d y o u s u g g e s t t h a t w e g o a b o u t i t ? " h e
a s k e d .
" To b e o ft h e s l i g h t e s t d e g r e e o fu s e t o y o u , n o b o d y
m u s t k n o w o fm y r e l e a s e , " Ia d d e d . " H e r e i s m y
s u g g e s t i o n
. Im u s t l e a v e t h e e x e c u t i o n o fi t t o y o u .
Th e i m p r e s s i o n Ic o n v e y e d a r o u n d Ed i n b u r g h w a s
t h a t m y h e a l t h i s r a t h e r i n d i ffe r e n t . S o i t i s a l s o b e -
l i e v e d h e r e i n t h e p r i s o n . O n t h o s e g r o u n d s i t s h o u l d
b e a n e a s y m a t t e r fo r y o u t o h a v e m e o s t e n s i b l y t r a n s -
fe r r e d t o a n o t h e r p r i s o n ; i n s t e a d o fw h i c h , h a v e m e
t a k e n w h e r e v e r y o u w i s h t o . Is e e n o n e c e s s i t y t h a t
o u t s i d e t h e Li e u t e n a n t - g o v e r n o r , t h e Go v e r n o r a n d
y o u r s e l f, a n y o n e n e e d k n o w o fi t . "
1 1
Ye s , y e s , " s a i d Ro b i n s o n . " Th a t c o i n c i d e s w i t h
m y o w n i d e a s a n d p l a n s . " P r e s e n t l y h e d e p a r t e d a n d
Iw e n t b a c k a g a i n t o m y c e l l .
At h a l f- p a s t fi v e t h e n e x t m o r n i n g , Iw a s a r o u s e d b y
t h e Li e u t e n a n t - g o v e r n o r . H e w a s a l o n e . Th e r e w e r e
1 9 6
MYBETRAYALINENGLAND
n o w a r d e r s i n s i g h t . In t h e Go v e r n o r ' s o ffi c e Ifo u n d
a l l m y c l o t h e s a n d e ffe c t s r e a d y a n d l a i d o u t fo r m e .
Th e s e Ia d d r e s s e d a n d l e ft w i t h t h e Li e u t e n a n t - g o v e r -
n o r . W e t o o k a t a x i c a b fo r t h e C a l e d o n i a n S t a t i o n
i n Gl a s g o w . Fe w p e o p l e w e r e a b r o a d i n Gl a s g o w a t
t h a t t i m e o fd a y a n d t h e r e w a s n o d a n g e r o fr e c o g n i -
t i o n . Th e t r i p t o Lo n d o n w a s u n e v e n t fu l . At
Eu s t o n S t a t i o n w e w e r e m e t b y C a p t a i n Ro b i n s o n .
W e w e n t i n t o a p r i v a t e w a i t i n g - r o o m w h e r e C a p t a i n
Ro b i n s o n s i g n e d a p a p e r fo r t h e Li e u t e n a n t - g o v e r n o r .
It w a s w h a t a m o u n t e d t o a r e c e i p t fo r t h e p r i s o n ' s d e -
l i v e r y o fm e i n t o h i s h a n d s . Th e n t h e l i e u t e n a n t -
g o v e r n o r l e ft u s ; t h e n Ro b i n s o n l e ft , a ft e r h a n d i n g
o v e r a n e n v e l o p e c o n t a i n i n g c a s h a n d i n s t r u c t i o n s .
Iw a s a l o n e a n d fr e e . Ic o u l d t h e n a n d t h e r e h a v e
d i s a p p e a r e d . O b v i o u s l y t h e En g l i s h g o v e r n m e n t
t r u s t e d m e fu l l y .
My fi r s t m o v e w a s t o r e g i s t e r a t t h e Ru s s e l S q u a r e
H o t e l .
O p e n i n g t h e e n v e l o p e i n m y r o o m s , Ifo u n d i t
c o n t a i n e d t e n p o u n d s a n d t h e fo l l o w i n g i n s t r u c -
t i o n s
" Te l e p h o n e a t 1 0 . 3 0 t o - m o r r o w m o r n i n g , t h i s n u m -
b e r Ma y fa i r "
It e l e p h o n e d t h e Ma y fa i r n u m b e r a n d w a s t o l d t o
h o l d t h e w i r e . Th e n C a p t a i n Ro b i n s o n g o t o n t h e
' p h o n e a n d t o l d m e t o m e e t h i m a t l u n c h e o n t h a t d a y
a t o n e o ' c l o c k a t t h e Im p e r i a l H o t e l
.
Th e r e a n -
o t h e r g e n t l e m a n j o i n e d u s -
a Mr . Mo r g a n , w h o m
Ie a s i l y j u d g e d a n d a ft e r w a r d s k n e w t o b e o ft h e
En g l i s h S e c r e t S e r v i c e . P r e s e n t l y Mo r g a n t o l d
1 9 7
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
m e t h a t Iw a s t o d r i v e w i t h C a p t a i n Ro b i n s o n t o
Do w n i n g S t r e e t t h a t a ft e r n o o n .
" O n e o fo u r m i n i s t e r s w i s h e s t o s e e y o u , " h e e x -
p l a i n e d .
W e d r o v e t o Do w n i n g S t r e e t , C a p t a i n Ro b i n s o n a n d
I, a n d s t o p p e d b e fo r e t h e h i s t o r i c g o v e r n m e n t a l b u i l d -
i n g . Aft e r w e h a d s i g n e d t h e b o o k t h a t a l l v i s i t o r s t o
" Do w n i n g S t r e e t " m u s t s i g n , Iw a s u s h e r e d i n t o a n
a n t e r o o m a n d Ro b i n s o n t o o k h i s l e a v e . My n a m e a p -
p e a r s o n t h i s b o o k a s Tr e n t o n S n e l l , a n d i ft h e En g l i s h
g o v e r n m e n t c h a l l e n g e s a s t a t e m e n t t h a t Is h a l l s u b -
s e q u e n t l y m a k e , l e t t h e m p r o d u c e t h e " Do w n i n g
S t r e e t " b o o k fo r t h e d a t e Is h a l l m e n t i o n , l e t t h e m
h a v e a h a n d w r i t i n g e x p e r t c o m p a r e t h e n a m e
" Tr e n -
t o n S n e l l " w i t h m y h a n d w r i t i n g .
Im a k e t h i s s t a t e m e n t fo r w h a t fo l l o w e d i s o f
t r e m e n d o u s i m p o r t a n c e
.
Aft e r a t w e n t y - m i n u t e w a i t , w h i c h i m p r e s s e d m e a s
b e i n g d i ffe r e n t fr o m t h e s l a m - i n - a n d - s l a m - o u t m e t h o d s
o ft h e W i l h e l m s t r a s s e , Iw a s s h o w n u p a fl i g h t o f
s t a i r s . Th e a t t e n d a n t k n o c k e d o n t h e d o o r , o p e n e d i t
a n d a n n o u n c e d " Th e g e n t l e m a n . "
Iw a s fa c i n g S i r Ed w a r d Gr e y .
H e w a s s e a t e d b e h i n d a b i g g r e e n - c o v e r e d m a h o g -
a n y d e s k
. In o t i c e d t h a t t h e r o o m s e e m e d l i k e a p r i -
v a t e l i b r a r y ; b o o k s , m e m o r a n d a s , l e t t e r s a n d d i s p a t c h
c a s e s l i t t e r e d n o t o n l y t h e d e s k b u t t h e t a b l e s a n d
c h a i r s . Th e e y e w a s s t r u c k b y a h u g e p i e c e o ffu r n i -
t u r e , a t a l l l e a t h e r - c o v e r e d e a s y c h a i r .
Ip r e s e n t t h e s e
d e t a i l s fo r o b v i o u s r e a s o n s .
1 9 8
MYBETRAYALINENGLAND
S i r Ed w a r d , l o o k i n g s m a l l i n t h e b i g a r m c h a i r ,
w a s s e a t e d w i t h h i s l e g s c r o s s e d
. H e w a s r e a d i n g
s o m e d o c u m e n t a n d w i t h o u t a s i g n o fr e c o g n i t i o n h e
k e p t m e s t a n d i n g t h e r e , i t m u s t h a v e b e e n t e n m i n u t e s .
In o t i c e d t h a t h e g l a n c e d a t m e n o w a n d t h e n a b o v e
t h e t o p o ft h e p a p e r
. Ab r u p t l y h e t o l d m e t o h a v e a
s e a t . W h e n Is a i d t h a t Ip r e fe r r e d t o s t a n d , h e
n o d d e d a n d p u l l i n g o p e n a d r a w e r t o o k fr o m i t a
fo l d e r t h a t , a s s u b s e q u e n t e v e n t s v e r i fi e d , Is u s p e c t e d
t o b e a r e p o r t o n m e . Th e r e w a s a n o t h e r p e r i o d d u r -
i n g w h i c h h e s e e m e d t o b e u n a w a r e o fm y p r e s e n c e ,
a n d It o o k a d v a n t a g e o fi t t o s i z e u p m y m a n . H e i m -
p r e s s e d m e a s b e i n g o n e o ft h o s e i n t o l e r a b l e , t y p i c a l l y
En g l i s h i c i c l e s , w h i c h o n l y t h a t n a t i o n s e e m s a b l e t o
p r o d u c e i n h e r p u b l i c s e r v a n t s . P r e s u m a b l y t h r o u g h
a c e n t u r y - l o n g c o n t a c t w i t h t h e r a c e s o ft h e Ea s t , t h e
En g l i s h d i p l o m a t o ft h e S i r Ed w a r d Gr e y t y p e p r e -
s e n t s t h e b l a n d , i m p e r t u r b a b l e , n o n - c o m m i t t a l , a l m o s t
i n a n e e x p r e s s i o n o ft h e O r i e n t a l t h a t h a r d l y g i v e s o n e
a n y c r i t e r i o n o ft h e t r e m e n d o u s p o w e r o fp e r c e p t i o n
a n d c o n c e n t r a t i o n b e n e a t h t h e m a s k
.
Aft e r t w i r l i n g h i s fi n g e r s , h e s a i d
1 1 1
p r e s u m e y o u a r e fa m i l i a r w i t h Ge r m a n y ' s n a v a l
a c t i v i t y . "
" U p t o a c e r t a i n p o i n t , s i r
. "
~ ~ W h a t p o i n t ? " h e a s k e d q u i c k l y .
~ ~ I- a m fa m i l i a r o n l y w i t h t h e In t e l l i g e n c e De p a r t -
m e n t o ft h e Ad m i r a l t y , " Ir e p l i e d .
"
Th e i r s y s t e m ? " h e a s k e d . "
Is i t s o e x t e n s i v e a n d
e ffi c i e n t a s w e h a v e b e e n l e d t o b e l i e v e ? "
1 9 9
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
" Th a t c a n n o t b e e x a g g e r a t e d . "
At t h i s S i r Ed w a r d b e g a n t o t h r o w o u t i n n u e n d o e s
t o w h i c h Ir e p l i e d i n l i k e v e i n . Th e i n t e r v i e w w a s
n o t p r o g r e s s i n g
. Fi n a l l y h e c a m e o u t w i t h w h a t w a s
i n h i s m i n d .
Do y o u k n o w i fa n y o ffi c i a l s o r n a v a l o ffi c e r s a r e
s e l l i n g o r n e g o t i a t i n g t o s e l l i n fo r m a t i o n t o Fo r e i g n
In t e l l i g e n c e De p a r t m e n t s ? "
Al t h o u g h h e h a d n o t s a i d En g l i s h o ffi c e r s o r o f-
fi c i a l s , Ik n e w w h a t h e m e a n t , b u t Im a d e u p m y m i n d
n o t t o t e l l e v e r y t h i n g Ik n e w .
" Th e r e a r e s u c h , " Ir e p l i e d .
It h a d t h e e ffe c t o fm a k i n g h i m l o o k a t m e i n a m o s t
s t a r t l e d m a n n e r .
u
H o w d o y o u k n o w t h a t ? O n w h a t g r o u n d s d o y o u
m a k e t h a t a s s e r t i o n ? " H i s a g i t a t i o n w a s i l l - c o n -
c e a l e d .
" Ih a v e n o s p e c i fi c p r o o f, " Ir e p l i e d - (w h i c h I
h a d ) - - I' b u t fr o m i n fo r m a t i o n t h a t h a s b e e n g a i n e d ,
fr o m p l a n s t h a t h a v e b e e n s e c u r e d - p l a n s l i k e t h o s e
o fy o u r b a t t l e s h i p s Q u e e n Ma r y a n d Aj a x - i t i s
o b v i o u s t h a t t h e s e t h i n g s h a v e b e e n d o n e w i t h t h e
c o o p e r a t i o n o fh i g h o ffi c i a l s o fy o u r c o u n t r y . "
H e p r e s s e d m e fo r fu r t h e r d e t a i l s , b u t Iw i t h h e l d
t h e m . Ic o u l d h a v e t o l d h i m a p r e t t y s t o r y a b o u t t h e
p l a n s o ft h e Q u e e n Ma r y a n d Aj a x . H e fe l l t o s t u d y -
i n g a r a t h e r v o l u m i n o u s r e p o r t
; t h e n h e b e g a n a n e w
w i t h h i s i n n u e n d o e s . Ig u e s s e d w h a t w a s c o m i n g .
Al t h o u g h h i s s p e e c h w a s m o r e p r o l o n g e d t h a n Is h a l l
n o w p r e s e n t i t , t h i s i s t h e g i s t o fw h a t h e a s k e d
2 0 0
MYBETRAYALINENGLAND
" W e r e y o u e v e r p r e s e n t a t c o n fe r e n c e s a t t e n d e d b y
h i g h o ffi c i a l s ? W e r e y o u , fo r i n s t a n c e , a t t h e
S c h l a n g e n b a d m e e t i n g ? H a v e y o u a n y d a t a ? An y
d o c u m e n t a r y e v i d e n c e o fh a v i n g b e e n t h e r e ? "
Iw a s n o t a b i t s t a r t l e d . Ih a d g u e s s e d i t w o u l d b e
t h a t . H i s v e r y q u e s t i o n s h o w e d t h a t i t w a s u s e l e s s
fo r m e t o d e n y t h a t Ih a d b e e n a t t h e Bl a c k Fo r e s t
c o n fe r e n c e . P o s s i b l y C h u r c h i l l , r e c a l l i n g m y m e e t i n g
h i m d u r i n g t h e Bo e r W a r , h a d d r o p p e d a w o r d a b o u t
t h i s c o i n c i d e n c e t o h i s Lo r d s h i p . Na t u r a l l y It o l d
h i m Ip o s s e s s e d n o s u c h d a t a . S t i l l Id i d n o t l i k e t h e
t r e n d o fh i s t a l k . Ib e g a n t o s u s p e c t t h a t t h i s Br i t i s h
Mi n i s t e r w a s d o i n g o n e o ft w o t h i n g s . Ei t h e r h e d i d
n o t k n o w e v e r y t h i n g a b o u t t h e Bl a c k Fo r e s t m e e t i n g
- (n o t a t a l l i m p r o b a b l e w i t h t h e c o n d i t i o n s e x i s t i n g
i n En g l a n d ' s c a b i n e t a t t h a t t i m e ) -
o r e l s e h e w a n t e d
t o l e a r n i fIk n e w t h e t e n o r o ft h a t c o n fe r e n c e . In
e i t h e r c a s e i t w a s o n e o ft h o s e o c c a s i o n s w h e r e I
d e e m e d i t w i s e t o k e e p m y o w n c o u n s e l .
Aft e r m a n y s e a r c h i n g q u e s t i o n s u p o n t h e Fr e n c h
s y s t e m a n d h e r a r m y a n d n a v y , h e b e g a n t o t r y t o l e a d
m e t o m a k e c o m p a r i s o n s b e t w e e n t h e i r s t r e n g t h a n d
En g l a n d ' s , t h e s e b e i n g b a s e d u p o n m y p e r s o n a l o b -
s e r v a t i o n s . Th i s , a n d t h e w h o l e t r e n d o fh i s t h o u g h t ,
l e d m e t o s u s p e c t t h a t S i r Ed w a r d Gr e y w a s i n n o -
w a y s s u r e i n h i s o w n m i n d o r fa v o r a b l e t o t h e Ge r -
m a n - En g l i s h a l l i a n c e
. W i t h m e n l i k e h i s Lo r d s h i p ,
p e r s o n a l a n t i p a t h y p l a y s a p o w e r fu l p a r t i n s u c h
m a t t e r s .
H e t h e n b e g a n t o t r y t o m a k e m e d i v u l g e t h e c o n -
2 0 1
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
t e n t s o fa n y p e r s o n a l d i s p a t c h e s Ih a d c a r r i e d fo r t h e
Ge r m a n Em p e r o r .
" Do y o u k n o w , " h e a s k e d a b r u p t l y , " i ft h e Ge r m a n
Em p e r o r e v e r c o m m u n i c a t e s w i t h Vi s c o u n t H a l -
d a n e ? "
" Ye s , s i r . "
H e l e a n e d fo r w a r d e a g e r l y .
" H o w a n d u n d e r w h a t c i r c u m s t a n c e s ? "
" W h y , It h o u g h t i t c o m m o n k n o w l e d g e t h a t t h e y
o ft e n c o r r e s p o n d . Th e y a r e g o o d fr i e n d s . "
" No t t h a t . Im e a n d i r e c t s e c r e t c o m m u n i c a t i o n s
b e t w e e n t h e m , c o n c e r n i n g a ffa i r s o ft h e s t a t e . "
Id e n i e d a n y k n o w l e d g e o ft h i s , a l t h o u g h Ik n e w i t
t o b e s o .
H e b e g a n h i s fi s h i n g a r o u n d a g a i n a n d h i s h i n t s
fo u n d m e v e r y s t u p i d .
My u n s a t i s fa c t o r y a n s w e r s s e e m e d t o d i s p l e a s e S i r
Ed w a r d Gr e y , fo r w i t h t r u e Br i t i s h d i s c o u r t e s y h e
a b r u p t l y b e g a n w o r k i n g a t s o m e t h i n g o n h i s d e s k a n d
w i t h o u t e v e n s a y i n g g o o d d a y , l e t a c o m m i s s a i r e b o w
m e o u t .
Afe w d a y s l a t e r Ir e c e i v e d d e fi n i t e i n s t r u c t i o n s
fr o m C a p t a i n Ro b i n s o n . Iw a s t o g o o n m y fi r s t m i s -
s i o n i n t h e i n t e r e s t s o ft h e Br i t i s h S e c r e t S e r v i c e a n d
s u b s e q u e n t l y a n o t h e r m i s s i o n b r o u g h t m e t o Ne w
Yo r k , w h e r e Ir e s i g n e d fr o m s e r v i c e p e r m a n e n t l y .
2 0 2
XI
TO NEW YO RK FO RENGLAND
I
Tw a s i n De c e m b e r , 1 9 1 2 , t h a t Ia g a i n fe l t t h e
t h r i l l o ft h e o l d g a m e a s Im o v e d a b o u t Lo n d o n
u n d e r t h e p l a u s i b l e n a m e o f 1 1 Tr e n t o n S n e l l , " e n -
g a g e d i n g u a r d i n g o r o b t a i n i n g s t a t e s e c r e t s , b u t t h i s
t i m e fo r a n e w m a s t e r . En g l i s h s e c r e t a g e n t s a r e
a l l o w e d l i b e r a l e x p e n s e m o n e y a n d m y w o r k i n Lo n -
d o n a n d o t h e r p o i n t s i n t h e Br i t i s h Is l e s w a s n o t s o
a r d u o u s a s t o p r e v e n t m y t a k i n g fr e q u e n t h o l i d a y s .
Ij u d g e d t h a t Do w n i n g S t r e e t w a s h o l d i n g m e fo r
s o m e t h i n g b i g s h o u l d t h e o c c a s i o n a r i s e . In Lo n d o n ,
m y c h i e fw o r k fo r a t i m e w a s c o u n t e r a c t i n g t h e
m a c h i n a t i o n s a n d i n fl u e n c e s o fGe r m a n a g e n t s , fo r -
e v e r i n fe s t i n g t h e Br i t i s h c a p i t a l . Ma n y a n e a t l i t t l e
p l a n i n s p i r e d b y t h e g e n t l e m e n o ft h e W i l h e l m s t r a s s e
w e n t w r o n g d u r i n g t h o s e n e x t fe w w e e k s a n d b a c k
i n Be r l i n t h e y b e g a n t o t h i n k t h a t t h e i r s p i e s h a d l o s t
t h e i r c u n n i n g .
Du r i n g t h i s p e r i o d Iw a s u n d e r t h e d i r e c t o r d e r s
o fC a p t a i n Ro b i n s o n , w h o , y o u w i l l r e c a l l , h a d b e e n
t h e g o - b e t w e e n fo r Do w n i n g S t r e e t i n c l o s i n g t h e
b a r g a i n fo r m y r e l e a s e fr o m Ba r l i n n e y P r i s o n
. Ro b -
i n s o n , a n e x - c a p t a i n o ft h e H u s s a r s , w a s w e l l u p i n
2 0 3
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
s u b t e r r a n e a n a ffa i r s a n d t o h i m S i r Ed w a r d Gr e y
w a s n o s t r a n g e r .
Al o n g i n J a n u a r y t h e r e c a m e t o t h e e a r s o fDo w n -
i n g S t r e e t r u m o r s o fa p o s s i b l e m e e t i n g b e t w e e n
Ge r m a n a n d J a p a n e s e e n v o y s .
Mo r e o v e r , t h e m e e t -
i n g g r o u n d w a s t o b e t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s
. It m a y s u r -
p r i s e Am e r i c a n s t o l e a r n t h a t o fl a t e y e a r s t h e i r
c o u n t r y h a s b e c o m e a fa v o r i t e m e e t i n g p l a c e fo r Eu -
r o p e a n d i p l o m a t s , s e c r e t a n d o t h e r w i s e . Th e s e m e n
i n v a r i a b l y s a i l fr o m Eu r o p e , r e m a r k i n g s o m e t h i n g
a b o u t t a k i n g a t r i p t o t h e Ro c k i e s o r v i s i t i n g s o m e
n o t e d fi s h i n g s t r e a m s . Th e y m a y b e g o i n g i n t o
C a n a d a o r t h e W e s t e r n S t a t e s fo r t h e s h o o t i n g ; a n d
w h e n t h e s e g e n t l e m e n l e a v e Eu r o p e o n t h e s e l i t t l e
" v a c a t i o n s " t h e y a r e g e n e r a l l y s h a d o w e d , o r a t -
t e m p t s a r e m a d e t o s h a d o w t h e m . In t h e c o u r s e o f
a fe w d a y s a ft e r t h e En g l i s h fo r e i g n o ffi c e l e a r n e d o f
t h e s u p p o s e d m e e t i n g o fGe r m a n a n d J a p a n e s e
a g e n t s t o b e h e l d i n Am e r i c a , Ir e c e i v e d o ffi c i a l i n -
s t r u c t i o n s . Th e y w e r e s h a r p a n d v e r y m u c h t o t h e
p o i n t .
Iw a s t o fi n d o u t w h a t t h e m e e t i n g i n t h e
U n i t e d S t a t e s w a s a b o u t , a n d , i fp o s s i b l e , t o l e a r n t h e
n a t u r e o ft h e d i p l o m a t i c p r o p o s a l s l i k e l y t o b e c o n -
s i d e r e d b y J a p a n a n d Ge r m a n y
. En g l a n d h e r s e l f
h a v i n g a n a l l i a n c e p e n d i n g w i t h Ge r m a n y , w a s d e -
c i d e d l y w a r y o ft h i s n e w d i p l o m a t i c c o n v e r s a t i o n
w i t h t h e y e l l o w e m p i r e o ft h e P a c i fi c . W h a t w a s i n
t h e w i n d ? W h y w a s Ge r m a n y c o n n i v i n g s e c r e t l y
w i t h J a p a n ? W h a t e ffe c t w o u l d i t h a v e o n t h e En g -
l i s h - Au s t r i a n - Ge r m a n a l l i a n c e s e c r e t l y d i s c u s s e d i n
2 0 4
GENERALS VO NH EERINGENANDVO NMO LTK E
Tw o fa m o u s m i l i t a r y m e n w h o fi g u r e d l a r g e l y i n
Ge r m a n y ' s w a r p l a n s d u r i n g Dr . Gr a v e s ' s e r v i c e
TO NEW YO RK FO RENGLAND
t h e Ta u n u s H i l l s o n l y t h e a u t u m n b e fo r e
. O b v i -
o u s l y t h e m i s s i o n w a s a n i m p o r t a n t o n e .
Th e fi r s t s t e p w a s t o l o c a t e o n e o ft h e Ge r m a n e n -
v o y s . To d o t h i s Ih a d t o c r o s s t o t h e C o n t i n e n t , a
d a n g e r o u s p r o c e e d i n g , a t b e s t , fo r t h e r e w e r e a b u n d a n t
p o s s i b i l i t i e s o fr e c o g n i t i o n
. Es p e c i a l l y w a s i t s t i c k -
i n g o n e ' s h e a d i n t h e m o u t h o fd a n g e r t o b e s e e n i n
Ge r m a n y .
Ne v e r t h e l e s s t o Ge r m a n y Ih a d t o g o t o
l o c a t e m y m a n .
It m u s t b e u n d e r s t o o d t h a t t h e b i g
m i s s i o n s o fS e c r e t S e r v i c e a r e a c c o m p l i s h e d b y m a n y
c o o p e r a t i n g a g e n c i e s
. Tr u e , Gr e a t Br i t a i n h a d b e e n
r a t h e r s l o w i n p e r fe c t i n g a c o n t i n e n t a l s y s t e m o fe s -
p i o n a g e , b u t b y 1 9 1 3 t h e m a c h i n e r y w a s o p e r a t i n g
w e l l .
Do w n i n g S t r e e t h a d s p e c i a l l i n e s o fi n t e l l i -
g e n c e fr o m a l l t h e Eu r o p e a n c a p i t a l s . Il o s t n o t i m e
i n m a k i n g u s e o ft h e r e s o u r c e s o ft h e s e l e s s e r a g e n t s ,
i n fa c t a s y s t e m o fs p y i n g o n s p i e s , a n d s o o n h a d i n -
fo r m a t i o n a t m y d i s p o s a l t h a t l e d m e t o g o t o Be r l i n .
It w a s i n Be r l i n t h a t Il e a r n e d t h a t a m a n k n o w n
a s C a r l S c h m i d t w o u l d b e t h e m e s s e n g e r fo r t h e W i l -
h e l m s t r a s s e , b e a r i n g t h e i n s t r u c t i o n s t o o i m p o r t a n t t o
b e t r u s t e d t o t r a n s a t l a n t i c c a b l e c i p h e r . Ex e r c i s i n g
i n fi n i t e c a r e a n d t r e m e n d o u s p a t i e n c e - fo r s h o u l d
Ib e r e c o g n i z e d i n Be r l i n , t h e Ge r m a n Fo r e i g n O ffi c e
w o u l d h a v e b e e n t h r o w n i n t o c o n s t e r n a t i o n : " W h a t ' s
t h i s ? Am a n w e b e l i e v e d s a fe l y l o o k i n g t h r o u g h t h e
b a r s o fa n En g l i s h p r i s o n i s a t l a r g e i n o u r o w n c a p -
i t a l . H m " - c o m p l e t e l y e ffa c i n g m y s e l fs o fa r a s
p o s s i b l e , Im a n a g e d t o k e e p t r a c k o ft h e w h e r e a b o u t s
o fC a r l S c h m i d t .
2 0 5
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
It w a s d r a w i n g n e a r t o Fe b r u a r y 4 , t h e s a i l i n g d a y
o ft h e K a i s e r W i l h e l m II,
a n d Ik e p t t h e q u a r r y i n
s i g h t n i g h t a n d d a y
. It w a s w i t h t h e m o s t s a t i s fi e d
o fs m i l e s t h e r e fo r e t h a t Ia s c e r t a i n e d t h e p u r c h a s e
o fr a i l r o a d a c c o m m o d a t i o n s b y C a r l S c h m i d t fo r
Br e m e n , t h e s a i l i n g p o r t o ft h e b i g No r t h Ge r m a n
Ll o y d l i n e r
. Ta k i n g c a r e t o s e c u r e a s e a t i n t h e
s a m e c o m p a r t m e n t w i t h H e r r S c h m i d t , Iw a t c h e d
h i m a l l t h e w a y fr o m Be r l i n t o Br e m e n . No w , w h e n -
e v e r Ih a v e c a r r i e d a d o c u m e n t o fa n y d e s c r i p t i o n
w h i l e t r a v e l i n g fo r a n y l e n g t h o ft i m e , Ih a v e a l w a y s
l e t m y h a n d w a n d e r t o w a r d i t s h i d i n g p l a c e t o a s s u r e
m y s e l ft h a t i t w a s s t i l l t h e r e
. S o m e t i m e s Ifi s h e d i n
m y p o c k e t s fo r a m a t c h , o r u s e d a n y p r e t e x t t o l o c a t e
t h e p a p e r w i t h o u t b e t r a y i n g m y s e l f
. Th e r e i s n o t a
h u m a n b e i n g w h o w i l l n o t g i v e s o m e l i t t l e s i g n o f
c o n c e r n , p e r h a p s o n l y o n c e a n h o u r , b u t o ft e n e n o u g h
t o b e t r a y h i m s e l ft o t h e t r a i n e d o b s e r v e r . Ac c o r d -
i n g l y Is e t m y s e l ft o w a t c h C a r l S c h m i d t ' s h a n d s .
No t fo r a m i n u t e d i d Ir e l a x m y v i g i l a n c e , y e t n o t
o n c e o n t h e w a y t o Br e m e n d i d t h e Ge r m a n e n v o y
b e t r a y h i m s e l fb y a n a p p a r e n t m o t i o n . W h e r e u p o n
Ib e c a m e p o s i t i v e t h a t H e r r S c h m i d t h a d n o t t h e
d o c u m e n t u p o n h i s p e r s o n . W h e r e t h e n w a s i t ?
It w a s a n e a s y m a t t e r a t t h e s t e a m s h i p o ffi c e s t o
fi n d o u t t h e n u m b e r o fS c h m i d t ' s s t a t e r o o m
. H e
h a d e n g a g e d r o o m 4 8 o n t h e fi r s t p r o m e n a d e d e c k
.
Ii m m e d i a t e l y a s k e d fo r t h e r o o m s o n t h e o t h e r s i d e ,
a n d b y a j u d i c i o u s u s e o fm y fa v o r i t e p a l m o i l " I
s e c u r e d t h e m
. It w a s i m p e r a t i v e n o w t o b o a r d t h e
2 0 6
TO NEW YO RK FO RENGLAND
s t e a m e r a n d k e e p i n g o u t o fs i g h t u n t i l s h e l e ft p o r t
.
Ih a d m a d e u p m y m i n d t o t r y a n d o b t a i n t h e d o c u -
m e n t b e t w e e n Br e m e n a n d C h e r b o u r g . Th i s b e i n g
s u c c e s s fu l Is h o u l d b e a b l e t o l e a v e t h e s h i p a t t h e
l a t t e r p o r t a n d r e t u r n a t o n c e t o Lo n d o n .
Fr o m t h e m o m e n t t h e b i g No r t h Ge r m a n Ll o y d
l i n e r s t e a m e d o u t o fp o r t , Ik e p t a c l o s e w a t c h o n
S c h m i d t , s t i l l t o n o p u r p o s e . Th e r e w a s o n l y o n e
m o m e n t d a y o r n i g h t , w h e n t h e m e s s e n g e r l e ft h i s
d i s p a t c h b o x u n g u a r d e d a n d w h e n Ifi n a l l y g o t a t i t ,
Ifo u n d n o d o c u m e n t .
O b v i o u s l y t h e d i s p a t c h b o x
w a s a b l i n d .
H e r r S c h m i d t w a s n o t g u i l t y o fa s i n -
g l e p i e c e o fc a r e l e s s n e s s t h a t w o u l d b e t r a y t h e h i d i n g
p l a c e o ft h e d o s s i e r . Al l t h i s h a d t o b e d o n e b e t w e e n
Br e m e n a n d C h e r b o u r g , a n d w h e n t h e l i n e r p u l l e d
i n t o t h e Fr e n c h h a r b o r n o t h i n g h a d b e e n a c c o m -
p l i s h e d . It w a s a q u e s t i o n o fr e m a i n i n g o n b o a r d
a n d s o l v i n g t h e p r o b l e m b e fo r e r e a c h i n g Ne w Yo r k .
No w i t w a s r i s k y b u s i n e s s t o a t t e m p t a n y t h i n g fo r
t h e n e x t fe w d a y s fo r Iw a s t r a v e l i n g o n a s h i p o fa
l i n e t h a t w a s s u b s i d i z e d b y t h e Ge r m a n g o v e r n m e n t .
O n c e H e r r S c h m i d t r e a l i z e d t h a t t h e r e w a s a n y t h i n g
i n t h e w i n d , i t w o u l d m e a n a c h e c k t o m y a c t i v i t i e s
.
S c h m i d t c o u l d s e n d a w i r e l e s s m e s s a g e t o t h e W i l -
h e l m s t r a s s e , a n d b a c k w o u l d b e fl a s h e d a m e s s a g e t o
t h e c a p t a i n o ft h e K a i s e r W i l h e l m II a u t h o r i z i n g a n y
a c t i o n S c h m i d t d e e m e d a d v i s a b l e . Th u s c o u l d h e
e a s i l y p u t m e u n d e r c u s t o d y o n s o m e t r u m p e d - u p
c h a r g e . S t i l l , t h e r e w a s n o r i s k i n v o l v e d i n w a t c h -
i n g S c h m i d t t o l o c a t e a p o s s i b l e c o n fe d e r a t e w h o w a s
2 0 7
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
c a r r y i n g t h e d o s s i e r
. Iw a t c h e d h i m u n c e a s i n g l y
b u t c o n fe d e r a t e s t h e r e w e r e n o n e . O n l y o n e p l a y
r e m a i n e d a n d t o m a k e i t Im u s t w a i t p a t i e n t l y u n t i l
t h e s h i p w a s a l m o s t a t i t s d o c k i n Ne w Yo r k
. Th e n
H e r r S c h m i d t c o u l d u s e t h e w i r e l e s s a n d c o m m a n d
t h e c a p t a i n ' s a s s i s t a n c e t o h i s h e a r t ' s c o n t e n t . It
w o u l d b e t o o l a t e
.
Du r i n g t h e fe w d a y s i m m e d i a t e l y fo l l o w i n g , Ik e p t
m y a c t i v i t i e s w e l l c o n c e a l e d . In fa c t , Im a d e i t m y
b u s i n e s s t o a v o i d S c h m i d t . My m e t h o d o fh a n d l i n g
t h e s i t u a t i o n d i d n o t n e c e s s i t a t e m y s t r i k i n g u p a n
a c q u a i n t a n c e w i t h t h e m a n
. O n t h e c o n t r a r y t o
d i s a r m h i m o fa l l p o s s i b l e s u s p i c i o n s Is h u n n e d h i m .
Ie v e n c o n t r i v e d n o t t o s i t a t H e r r S c h m i d t ' s t a b l e i n
t h e d i n i n g s a l o n
. Me a n w h i l e , Ro b i n s o n , b a c k i n
Do w n i n g S t r e e t , k e p t h i s h a n d s o n t h e s i t u a t i o n ,
s e n d i n g m e t w o w i r e l e s s m e s s a g e s o n b o a r d t h e
s t e a m e r .
Al l d i s p a t c h e s s e n t t o " Bu z z i n g " Lo n d o n , fi n d
t h e i r w a y t o Do w n i n g S t r e e t . It w a s v e r y p r o b a b l e
t h a t b e i n g i n t h e d i p l o m a t i c s e r v i c e , H e r r S c h m i d t
w o u l d k n o w t h i s t e r m " Bu z z i n g
. " It h o u g h t i t u n -
w i s e t o r i s k a r e p l y . S o Ik e p t i n t h e d a r k w a i t i n g
fo r m y c h a n c e . Du r i n g t h e v o y a g e n o t h i n g h a d o c -
c u r r e d t o a r o u s e t h e s u s p i c i o n s o fH e r r S c h m i d t a n d
h e b e g a n t o r e l a x h i s v i g i l a n c e a ft e r t h e s h i p w a s
fo u r d a y s o u t . Bu t Iw a s c a r e fu l n o t t o t a k e t h e
s l i g h t e s t a d v a n t a g e o fh i s e a s e a t t h i s p o i n t
. I
w o u l d w a i t u n t i l t h e s h i p w a s a l m o s t i n p o r t ; t h e n
m a k e m y p l a y .
2 0 8
TO NEW YO RK FO RENGLAND
To p r e p a r e fo r t h i s Ih a d d a y s a g o b e g u n t o c u l -
t i v a t e t h e a c q u a i n t a n c e o fo n e o ft h e b a g g a g e m e n .
Th i s m a n a t o n c e a t t r a c t e d m e b y h i s s h i ft y e y e s a n d
u n h e a l t h y r e d c o m p l e x i o n . It h a s o ft e n b e e n a S e -
c r e t S e r v i c e p r e c e p t w i t h m e
: " Gi v e m e a h a r d
d r i n k e r o r a m a n w h o i s fa s t a n d I' l l l a n d h i m n i n e
t i m e s o u t o ft e n . " W e l l , t h e b a g g a g e m a s t e r w a s n o
e x c e p t i o n . Id e c i d e d t o p l y h i m w i t h l i q u o r t o m a k e
h i s t o n g u e r u n a w a y . Im a d e i t m y b u s i n e s s t o s e e
t h a t t h i s p a r t i c u l a r b a g g a g e m a n w a s i n a n i n c o m p e -
t e n t s t a t e a ft e r n o o n a n d n i g h t . O n e n i g h t a s h e w a s
c h i n - c h u c k i n g a s t e w a r d e s s w i t h w h o m h e w a s i n -
fa t u a t e d , t h i s r e d - fa c e d g e n t l e m a n s a i d
"
W e l l , Do c t o r , w e ' r e g o i n g t o g e t m a r r i e d , t h e l i t -
t l e l a d y a n d I. W e ' r e g o i n g t o s e t u p i n b u s i n e s s .
Do y o u k n o w o fa n y s m a l l h o t e l t h a t w e c o u l d b u y
c h e a p ? "
At t h i s Iw a s a l l a t t e n t i o n ; Ih a d b e e n w a i t i n g fo r
c o m e l e a d o ft h i s s o r t
.
" H o , fr i e n d , " Is a i d ; " r e a d y t o b u y a h o t e l e h ?
Th e r e m u s t b e p l e n t y o fg o l d i n y o u r j o b
. "
Th e l o u t w i n k e d h e a v i l y .
" S u r e , " h e s a i d . " J u s t a s w e a r e a b o u t t o
r e a c h p o r t w e a s k e v e r y b o d y o n b o a r d t o p r e p a r e fo r
u s a s t a t e m e n t o ft h e t h i n g s t h e y h a v e t o d e c l a r e .
W e g i v e i t t o t h e c u s t o m s o ffi c e r s w h e n t h e y c o m e o n
b o a r d i n t h e Lo w e r Ba y o fNe w Yo r k . W e l l , s o m e
Dft h o s e fa n c y r i c h p e o p l e a l w a y s w a n t t o d o a b i t
) fs m u g g l i n g a n d d o n ' t d e c l a r e l o t s o ft h i n g s . I
h a v e k n o w n t h a t fo r y e a r s
. W h a t d o Id o ? " Be -
2 0 9
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
c o m i n g b o a s t fu l , h e p a t t e d t h e s t e w a r d e s s o n t h e
s h o u l d e r , a t w h i c h s h e g l a n c e d a t m e a l i t t l e fr i g h t -
e n e d
. S h e s e e m e d t o r e a l i z e t h a t h e r fu t u r e s p o u s e
w a s t a l k i n g t o o m u c h
. S h e t r i e d t o r e m o n s t r a t e
w i t h h i m b u t h e w a s t o o fu l l o fh i s t h e m e a n d g o o d
s p i r i t s
.
" No n s e n s e , m y g i r l ;
Iw i l l t e l l m y fr i e n d . Ar e n ' t
w e a l l d r i n k i n g t o g e t h e r ?
"
Tu r n i n g o n c e m o r e t o m e h e s a i d
" W h a t d o Id o , Do c t o r
. W e l l , fi r s t Il o o k o v e r
t h e l o t o fd e c l a r a t i o n s . Th e n Ip i c k o u t t w o o r t h r e e
t h a t l o o k p r e t t y g o o d
. Im a k e a l i s t o ft h e t h i n g s
t h e y c l a i m t o h a v e i n t h e i r t r u n k s
. Th e n Ig e t a t
t h e i r b a g g a g e a n d g i v e i t a s m a s h , a c c i d e n t a l l y o f
c o u r s e
- t h i n g s a r e a p t t o b e b r o k e n i n t h e h o l d y o u
k n o w , t h e b o a t p i t c h i n g , c a r e l e s s n e s s b y t h e p o r t e r s
a n d a l l t h a t
. S o t h e l u g g a g e o fm y fa n c y fo l k s i s
b r o k e n o p e n
. W e l o o k i t o v e r . Ifm y l a d y h a s h e l d
o u t a n y t h i n g fr o m h e r d e c l a r a t i o n , o u t o ft h e t r u n k
t h a t c o m e s a n d i n t o m y p r i v a t e q u a r t e r s
. "
Iw i n k e d k n o w i n g l y a s i ft o p r a i s e h i s c l e v e r n e s s
.
" W e r e a c h t h e b a y ; t h e c u s t o m s o ffi c e r s c o m e o n
b o a r d . W e g i v e t h e m a l l t h e d e c l a r a t i o n s
. Th e
fa n c y fo l k s a r e s t a n d i n g r o u n d t h e i r b a g g a g e w a i t -
i n g fo r t h e c u s t o m s m a n t o g e t t h r o u g h
. S u d d e n l y
o n e o ft h e m c r i e s
~ ~ '
O h , m y s e a l s k i n c o a t i s g o n e ! '
"
Is t e p u p a n d p o l i t e l y s a y
C
Bu t y o u m u s t b e m i s t a k e n . Ma d a m e s a i d n o t h -
2 1 0
TO NEW YO RK FO RENGLAND
i n g a b o u t a s e a l s k i n c o a t o n h e r d e c l a r a t i o n s o s h e
c o u l d n o t h a v e h a d o n e . '
" H a ! H a ! Th e c u s t o m s m a n h e a r s t h i s s o s h e
c a n s a y n o t h i n g . Fi n i s h !
Ah y e s , y o u r o l d fr i e n d
b a g g a g e m a n k n o w s a t h i n g o r t w o
. "
Ne e d l e s s t o s a y t h i s w a s a l l g r i s t t o m y m i l l . It
w a s j u s t w h a t Iw a n t e d . W h e n t h e s h i p w a s a d a y
fr o m Ne w Yo r k , Is a i d t o t h e r a s c a l
" My fr i e n d , Iw a n t t o l o o k a t t h e l u g g a g e o fC a r l
S c h m i d t fo r t e n m i n u t e s .
It i s c h e c k n u m b e r 3 1 6 9 4
a n d i s a k i s t e . "
Th e b a g g a g e m a n w a s v e r y s o r r y b u t t h a t c o u l d
n o t b e d o n e . Ifi t w e r e fo u n d o u t h e w o u l d l o s e h i s
p o s i t i o n .
"
Ei t h e r Ig e t a t t h a t k i s t e , " I . s a i d , " o r u p y o u
g o
. "
Th e b a g g a g e m a n a t t e m p t e d t o b l u s t e r .
" No h e r o i c s n o w , m y fr i e n d , " Is m i l e d .
1 1 1
k n o w
e n o u g h a b o u t y o u a n d y o u r l i t t l e i n g e n i o u s p i e c e o f
g r a ft t o t e l l a p r e t t y s t o r y a t t h e No r t h Ge r m a n
Ll o y d o ffi c e s i n Ne w Yo r k . No w d o Ig e t a l o o k a t
H e r r S c h m i d t ' s k i s t e ? "
W i t h a g r o w l t h e b a g g a g e m a n y i e l d e d , w h e r e u p o n
Ig a v e h i m $ 7 5 t o b i n d t h e b a r g a i n a n d h a n d e d t h e
s t e w a r d e s s $ 2 5 s o a s t o a s s u r e h e r s u p p o r t . S t i l l , i t
w o u l d n o t d o t o m e d d l e w i t h t h e c h e s t u n t i l t h e l i n e r
w a s s t e a m i n g i n t o p o r t , fo r w e r e S c h m i d t t o d i s c o v e r
t h a t h i s l u g g a g e h a d b e e n t a m p e r e d w i t h a n d t h e d i s -
p a t c h a b s t r a c t e d , s i n c e b y t h e p r o c e s s o fe l i m i n a t i o n
2 1 1
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
Ic o n c l u d e d i t m u s t b e t h e r e , t h e a l a r m w o u l d g o
t h r o u g h o u t t h e s h i p a n d e v e r y p a s s e n g e r w o u l d b e
s e a r c h e d . Re m e m b e r t h i s w a s a Ge r m a n r e s e r v e
s h i p .
Th e c h a n c e c a m e a ft e r t h e K a i s e r W i l h e l m II h a d
s t e a m e d p a s t S a n d y H o o k a n d w a s m o v i n g u p t h e
Lo w e r Ba y o fNe w Yo r k . W i t h h i s d e s t i n a t i o n i n
s i g h t , w i t h n o s i g n s i n a n y w a y s u s p i c i o u s d u r i n g t h e
t r i p o v e r , H e r r S c h m i d t h a d b e c o m e v e r y e a s y i n
m i n d . W i t h m a n y o ft h e o t h e r p a s s e n g e r s b e w e n t
fo r w a r d a n d fr o m t h e d e c k w a t c h e d t h e l o o m i n g
h o r i z o n o fNe w Yo r k ' s s k y s c r a p e r s
. Am o s t i n t e r -
e s t i n g s i g h t t h e s k y l i n e , s o m e t h i n g t o e n g r o s s y o u r
a t t e n t i o n .
Iw a s i n t e r e s t e d i n s o m e t h i n g e l s e .
Iw a s i n t e r e s t e d i n t h e l u g g a g e t h a t w a s b e i n g p r e -
p a r e d fo r t h e c u s t o m s o ffi c e r s . O n a l o w e r d e c k t h e
k i s t e o fC a r l S c h m i d t h a d b e e n c o n v e n i e n t l y s e t a p a r t
fr o m t h e o t h e r t r u n k s a n d b o x e s a n d t h e Ge r m a n
a g e n t h i m s e l fw a s w a i t i n g fo r t h e c u s t o m s m a n t o
p a s s u p o n i t
. Th i s d o n e , S c h m i d t w a s g u i l t y o fa n
u n w a r r a n t a b l e p i e c e o fc a r e l e s s n e s s . H e t i p p e d t h e
b a g g a g e m a s t e r a n d l e ft h i m t o l o c k u p t h e k i s t e
w h i l e h e w e n t u p o n t h e p r o m e n a d e d e c k t o e n j o y t h e
v i e w .
Th i s d i d n o t s u r p r i s e m e , fo r Ih a d b e e n e x -
p e c t i n g s o m e s u c h b l u n d e r t o m a k e m y w a y e a s i e r .
Ih a d c o n j e c t u r e d a s n o t h i n g h a d o c c u r r e d d u r i n g t h e
e n t i r e v o y a g e t o e x c i t e S c h m i d t ' s s u s p i c i o n s t h a t h e
w o u l d b e c a r e l e s s a s h i s d e s t i n a t i o n w a s n e a r e d
.
Ac c o r d i n g l y , w h e n Is a w h i m l e a v e h i s l u g g a g e t o
t h e m e r c i e s o ft h e b a g g a g e m a n , Is t e p p e d fo r w a r d .
2 1 2
TO NEW YO RK FO RENGLAND
Q u i t e u n c o n c e r n e d l y i n v i e w o ft h e o t h e r p a s s e n g e r s
w h o w e r e s t i l l s t a n d i n g w a i t i n g t h e i r t u r n , a c t i n g
e n t i r e l y a s i fi t w e r e m y o w n , Io p e n e d t h e u n l o c k e d
k i s t e a n d r u m m a g i n g a m o n g i t s c o n t e n t s s o o n
b r o u g h t t o l i g h t a p l a i n , l a r g e e n v e l o p e s e a l e d w i t h
w a x .
Br e a k i n g t h e s e a l It o o k o u t t h e o n l y p a p e r i t
c o n t a i n e d , g l a n c e d a t i t , s m i l e d t o m y s e l fa n d w e n t t o
w o r k -
s w i ft w o r k , fo r a t a n y m o m e n t S c h m i d t
m i g h t r e t u r n .
IfIh a d n o t m a d e m y p l a n s l o n g a h e a d , t h e s i m p l e
t a k i n g o ft h e d o c u m e n t w o u l d o n l y h a v e a d d e d t o t h e
p r o b l e m .
U n d e r s t a n d , Id i d n o t w a n t t o s t e a l t h e
d o c u m e n t , m e r e l y i t s c o n t e n t s
. No w , i n t h e b r i e f
m i n u t e s t h a t Ih a d b e s i d e t h e l u g g a g e , i t w a s i m p o s -
s i b l e t o m e m o r i z e a l l t h e c o n t e n t s o ft h e d o c u m e n t
.
S o Ij u d g e d w o u l d b e t h e c a s e a n d Ih a d c o m e p r e -
p a r e d .
U n d e r m y a r m w a s a p o p u l a r n o v e l a n d b e t w e e n
t h e p a g e s o ft h i s l a y a s h e e t o fs p e c i a l l o t i o n p a p e r ,
c h e m i c a l l y t r e a t e d i n a w a y k n o w n o n l y t o t h e Ge r -
m a n S e c r e t S e r v i c e a n d c a p a b l e o ft a k i n g a q u i c k
c l e a n p r i n t o fa n y t h i n g w r i t t e n i n p e n c i l o r i n k . As
Il i ft e d t h e d o s s i e r fr o m t h e k i s t e In o t i c e d t h a t i t
w a s e m b o s s e d o n a g r e e n i s h w h i t e p a p e r , n o t u n l i k e
a b a n k o fEn g l a n d n o t e i n c o l o r . It w a s w r i t t e n i n
Ge r m a n a n d s i g n e d w i t h a fo r e i g n o ffi c e c i p h e r , t h e
l e t t e r s W a n d Ri n t e r t w i n e d
. Fo l l o w i n g t h i s w a s
t h e n u m e r a l 2 4 , t h e W i l h e l m s t r a s s e s e r i a l n u m b e r o f
t h e d o c u m e n t .
Ta k i n g a c h a n c e t h a t H e r r S c h m i d t w o u l d b e fa s -
2 1 3
TH ES EC RETS O F
TH E GERMANW ARO FFIC E
c i n a t e d j u s t a m i n u t e l o n g e r b y t h e m a g i c s k y l i n e o f
Ne w Yo r k , Is l i p p e d t h e d o s s i e r a g a i n s t t h e s p e c i a l
l o t i o n p a p e r a n d t o o k a n a c c u r a t e p r i n t b y s i t t i n g o n
i t fo r t w o m i n u t e s
. It h e n r e p l a c e d t h e d o c u m e n t
i n t h e d i s p a t c h e n v e l o p e a n d b e i n g s u r e t o l e a v e
e v e r y t h i n g a p p e a r i n g a s i t w a s , e v e n t o fi x i n g t h e
b r o k e n s e a l a s b e s t Ic o u l d , l e s t b y c h a n c e H e r r
S c h m i d t s h o u l d r e t u r n a n d g l a n c e a t h i s k i s t e .
It w a s a c a s e n o w o fg e t t i n g s a fe l y o fft h e s h i p
a n d r e a c h i n g t h e n e a r e s t c a b l e o ffi c e fo r h a d S c h m i d t
s u s p e c t e d a n y t h i n g , t h e b o a t w o u l d n e v e r h a v e
d o c k e d u n t i l e v e r y b o d y o n b o a r d h a d b e e n s e a r c h e d .
Th e r e w a s s m a l l d a n g e r o ft h i s , h o w e v e r , fo r n o t h i n g
h a d o c c u r r e d t o a l a r m H e r r S c h m i d t . Th e l o t i o n
p a p e r u s e d b y t h e Ge r m a n S e c r e t S e r v i c e h a s b e e n
p e r fe c t e d t o s u c h a n e x t e n t t h a t w h e n t a k i n g t h e
p r i n t i t d o e s n o t l e a v e a n y s i g n s o n t h e o r i g i n a l . Ac -
c o r d i n g l y , t h e r e w o u l d l i k e l y n o t h a v e b e e n a c l e w -
o n l y o n c l o s e s c r u t i n y w o u l d i t b e s e e n t h a t t h e s e a l
h a d b e e n t a m p e r e d w i t h
- e v e n h a d S c h m i d t e x a m -
i n e d h i s k i s t e a g a i n b e fo r e l a n d i n g .
My l u g g a g e p a s s e d , Im a d e m y w a y t o t h e n e a r e s t
c a b l e o ffi c e o u t s i d e t h e z o n e o ft h e s t e a m s h i p o ffi c e s .
At Fo u r t e e n t h S t r e e t a n d Br o a d w a y Ie n t e r e d a
W e s t e r n U n i o n o ffi c e a n d w r o t e o u t t h i s m e s s a g e t o
" Bu z z i n g " Lo n d o n . Ac o p y o ft h i s b e i n g h e r e w i t h
r e p r o d u c e d :
Fe b r u a r y 1 2 , 1 9 1 3
.
Bu z z i n g , Lo n d o n .
O b t a i n e d s a m p l e . Le t t e r m o s t i m p o r t a n t
. No t s a fe w r i t i n g . W i l l
2 1 4
TO NEW YO RK FO RENGLAND
t a k e t o - m o r r o w n i g h t ' s s t e a m e r Q u e e n s t o w n
. No t s u ffi c i e n t fa r e .
W i r e t w e n t y - fi v e p o u n d s W . U n i o n , Br o a d w a y 1 4 t h .
TRENTO NS NELL.
It m a y b e o fi n t e r e s t t o n o t e t h a t a t t h e t i m e o fm y
a n n o u n c i n g m y p r e s e n c e i n t h i s c o u n t r y t h r o u g h t h e
m e d i u m o ft h e Ne w Yo r k Am e r i c a n
t h a t a c o p y o f
t h i s d i s p a t c h w a s s e c u r e d fr o m t h e c a b l e c o m p a n y
;
a l s o t h a t H e a r s t r e p o r t e r s i d e n t i fi e d m e a t t h e c a b l e
o ffi c e a s " Tr e n t o n S n e l l . "
W h e n Ip r e s e n t e d m y s e l fa t t h e Fo u r t e e n t h S t r e e t
o ffi c e t h e n e x t d a y Ir e c e i v e d t h i s m e s s a g e
Lo n d o n , En g . , Fe b r u a r y 1 3 , 1 9 1 3 .
Tr e n t o n S n e l l ,
W . U
. 1 4 Bw a y .
C a b l e s o m e d e t a i l s i fp o s s i b l e , c o m e Lo n d o n , c a n ' t m e e t y o u Q u e e n s -
t o w n .

RO BINS O N .
(Th e a b o v e m e s s a g e a c c o m p a n i e s C a b l e r e m i t t a n c e t h i s d a t e . )
Th e Br i t i s h Fo r e i g n O ffi c e r e p l y i n g t o m y r e q u e s t
fo r fu r t h e r fu n d s h a d c a b l e d t h e t w e n t y - fi v e p o u n d s
w h i c h l e s s e x c h a n g e c a m e t o $ 1 2 1 . 7 5 . At t h e W e s t -
e r n U n i o n o ffi c e a t Fo u r t e e n t h S t r e e t Iw a s p a i d
c h e c k n u m b e r 2 6 2 t o t h e o r d e r o fTr e n t o n S n e l l fr o m
" Ro b Ro b i n s o n " Lo n d o n . No w b e i n g o n a l i e n t e r -
r i t o r y , Ir e fr a i n e d fr o m s e n d i n g a c o p y o ft h e s t o l e n
d i s p a t c h b y c a b l e .
Th e r e w o u l d b e n o a i d o fs e -
c r e c y fr o m t h e c a b l e c o m p a n y . Ih a d p l a n n e d t o
e n c l o s e t h e c o p y b y r e g i s t e r e d m a i l , s e n d i n g i t t o Bo x
3 5 6 , G.
P
. 0 . , Lo n d o n , w h i c h w a s t h e a d d r e s s o ft h e
d e p a r t m e n t o ft h e Fo r e i g n O ffi c e fo r w h i c h Iw o r k e d ,
b u t Ro b i n s o n d e m a n d e d i m m e d i a t e d e t a i l s
. Ac c o r d -
i n g l y Is e n t b a c k t h i s w i r e
2 1 5
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
Bu z z i n g , Lo n d o n .
Ri g h t . W i l l w i r e fr o m C a n a d a
. Br i t i s h Te r r i t o r y .
TRENTO N S Ni
Lr .
Th a t w a s i m p e r a t i v e , fo r o n l y i n C a n a d a c o u l d I
s e c u r e a g u a r a n t e e o fs e c r e c y fo r s o i m p o r t a n t a m e s -
s a g e a s t h a t w h i c h Iw o u l d s e n d . Be fo r e c a b l i n g
t h e d e t a i l s a n d m a i l i n g t h e o r i g i n a l , Im a d e a c o p y
o ft h e d o c u m e n t . It w a s n o t w o r d e d i n t h e o ffi c i a l
d i p l o m a t i c fo r m . Ra t h e r i t a p p e a r e d t o b e a n o t e
o fm e m o r a n d a a n d i n s t r u c t i o n t h a t w a s t o g u i d e t h e
Ge r m a n e n v o y s i n t h e i r m e e t i n g w i t h t h e J a p a n e s e
- w h i c h m e e t i n g w a s s u b s e q u e n t l y h e l d a t t h e H o t e l
As t o r , i n Ne w Yo r k C i t y , a n d t o w h i c h m e e t i n g w e n t
t h e Ge r m a n e n v o y s , i n s t r u c t e d b y t h e d o c u m e n t
w h i c h H e r r S c h m i d t t h o u g h t h e d e l i v e r e d s o s e c r e t l y
a n d t r u s t w o r t h i l y . Th i s i s i t ; w o r d fo r w o r d , a s i t
w a s c o p i e d fr o m t h e p r i n t t a k e n i n t h e H e r r
S c h m i d t ' s s t a t e r o o m
Ge r m a n y s a n c t i o n s a n d w i l l n o t o b s t r u c t J a p a n i n a n y c o l o n i z a t i o n
i n t e n t i o n J a p a n e n t e r t a i n e d a s r e g a r d s t h e Fa r Ea s t , a n d w o u l d n o t
o b s t r u c t t h e a c q u i r i n g o fc o a l i n g s t a t i o n s i n t h e S o u t h S e a s o t h e r
t h a n Ne w Gu i n e a a n d t h e Bi s m a r c k Ar c h i p e l a g o . Ge r m a n y w o u l d
n o t p r e v e n t t h e a c q u i s i t i o n o fGe r m a n y v e s s e l s b y J a p a n p r o v i d i n g
s u c h v e s s e l s w e r e n o t a u x i l i a r y c r u i s e r s o ft h e Im p e r i a l Ge r m a n
Na v y .
Ge r m a n y w i s h e s i t u n d e r s t o o d t h a t i n t h e e v e n t o fa c o n fl i c t b e -
t w e e n J a p a n a n d a n o t h e r n a t i o n , Ge r m a n y w i l l m a i n t a i n a s t r i c t
n e u t r a l i t y i n a n y e v e n t n o t a ffe c t i n g Ge r m a n y i t s e l f . Ge r m a n y
e x p r e s s e s a h i g h e r r e g a r d fo r t h e J a p a n e s e n a t i o n a n d d e s i r e s c l o s e r
c o n t a c t w i t h J a p a n .
Th i s d o c u m e n t , a s h a s b e e n s t a t e d , w a s i n i t i a l e d
w i t h t h e l e t t e r s W a n d R, w h i c h i s s o m e t i m e s t h e w a y
2 1 6
TO NEW YO RK FO RENGLAND
t h e K a i s e r O . K . ' s a n y d i p l o m a t i c d o c u m e n t . In
a n y e v e n t i t h a d a r e g u l a r s e r i a l n u m b e r ; i n t h i s i n -
s t a n c e n u m b e r t w e n t y - fo u r o ft h e Ge r m a n Fo r e i g n
O ffi c e .
O fc o u r s e t h e a c q u i s i t i o n o ft h i s d o c u m e n t b y Gr e a t
Br i t a i n r e l i e v e d t h e m i n d s o ft h e En g l i s h s t a t e s -
m a n . Th e r e w a s n o t a s t h e y h a d fe a r e d a p o s s i b l e
m e n a c e i n u n d e r s t a n d i n g b e t w e e n Ge r m a n y a n d J a -
p a n . It w a s s i m p l y a n a g r e e m e n t b y Ge r m a n y n o t
t o i n t e r v e n e i n a n y c o l o n i z a t i o n s c h e m e o ft h e J a p a -
n e s e i n t h e i s l a n d s o ft h e P a c i fi c .
In r e t u r n fo r t h i s
i t w a s u n d e r s t o o d t h a t J a p a n w a s t o d o e v e n m o r e
t h o r o u g h l y w h a t s h e h a s d o n e i n t h e p a s t . In o t h e r
w o r d s , s h e m u s t g o o n p l a y i n g t h e r o l e o fb o g i e m a n
fo r t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s
. Aw o r d a b o u t t h i s m a y n o t
b e o u t o fp l a c e .
Ge r m a n y , t h a t i s o ffi c i a l Ge r m a n y , i s r a t h e r
fr i e n d l y t o w a r d t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s . J a p a n , t h e " y e l -
l o w p e r i l " i s a g r e a t w a r d i r i g i b l e t h a t i s i n fl a t e d
w i t h w a r s c a r e s a n d h y s t e r i a
.
Th i s a i m s t o k e e p
t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s p r e o c c u p i e d o n t h e i r W e s t e r n
c o a s t l i n e , s o t h e y w i l l n o t h a v e a n y d e s i r e t o m e d d l e
w i t h c e r t a i n p l a n s t h a t m a y e v e n t u a t e i n Eu r o p e
w i t h i n t h e n e x t fe w y e a r s . Th e J a p a n e s e q u e s t i o n
i s fo s t e r e d b y Eu r o p e t o k e e p Am e r i c a ' s h a n d s fu l l
i n t h e e v e n t o ft h e c o m i n g Eu r o p e a n w a r . It i s a l l
b l u ffa n d o c c a s i o n a l l y J a p a n m u s t b e r e w a r d e d fo r
k e e p i n g u p t h e b l u ff . In t h i s i n s t a n c e Ge r m a n y p e r -
m i t t e d J a p a n t o c o l o n i z e a n d p e r m i t t e d h e r t o b u y
a l l t h e Ge r m a n s h i p s s h e w a n t e d w i t h t h e e x c e p t i o n
2 1 7
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
o ft h o s e b i g t r a n s a t l a n t i c l i n e r s t h a t a r e a u x i l i a r y
c r u i s e r s o ft h e Ge r m a n n a v y , s h i p s w h i c h i n t i m e
o fw a r m a y b e t r a n s fo r m e d a t s h o r t n o t i c e i n t o g o o d
fi g h t i n g m a c h i n e s . Le t m e e m p h a s i z e w i t h a l l d u e
k n o w l e d g e o ft h e a l a r m i s t ' s fe a r s t h a t U n i t e d S t a t e s
n e e d n e v e r fe a r t h e " Ye l l o w P e r i l " a s l o n g a s s h e
d o e s n o t a n t a g o n i z e t h e d o m i n a n t p o w e r s o fEu r o p e .
2 1 8
XII
" TH EGERMANW ARMAC H INE"
T
H En u m e r i c a l s t r e n g t h , d i s p o s i t i o n a n d e ffi -
c i e n c y o ft h e Ge r m a n a r m y a r e m o r e o r l e s s w e l l
k n o w n .
Th e b r a i n a n d a l l p r e v a i l i n g p o w e r c o n -
t r o l l i n g i t s fi g h t i n g fo r c e o ffo u r a n d h a l fa m i l l i o n
m e n - o r t a k i n g
t h e Tr i p l e Al l i a n c e i n t o c o n s i d e r a -
t i o n -
t h e fo r c e s o fw h i c h w o u l d i n t h e e v e n t o fw a r
b e c o n t r o l l e d fr o m Be r l i n -
a fo r c e i n r o u n d n u m -
b e r s o f9 , 0 0 0 , 0 0 0 m e n i s , h o w e v e r , n o t k n o w n
. H e r e
fo r t h e fi r s t t i m e i s p u b l i s h e d a n a c c o u n t o ft h e i n -
s i d e w o r k i n g s o ft h e Ge r m a n W a r Ma c h i n e a s fa r
a s i s p o s s i b l e fo r a n y o n e m a n t o g i v e . Th r o u g h m y
i n t i m a t e c o n n e c t i o n s w i t h t h e Ge r m a n a n d o t h e r S e -
c r e t S e r v i c e s y s t e m s ; t h r o u g h c o n s t a n t c o n t a c t w i t h
p r o m i n e n t a r m y a n d n a v y o ffi c e r s , Ih a d s p e c i a l fa -
c i l i t i e s o fw h i c h Ia v a i l e d m y s e l ft o t h e fu l l , t o g a i n
t h e i n s i d e k n o w l e d g e w h i c h Ih e r e c o m m i t t o p a p e r .
Th e m o s t e ffi c i e n t a n d e l a b o r a t e s y s t e m e v e r d e -
v i s e d b y t h e i n g e n u i t y o fm a n , u s e d n o t o n l y fo r w a r
a n d d e s t r u c t i o n b u t a s a n i n t e l l i g e n c e c l e a r i n g h o u s e
fo r t h e w h o l e o ft h e Em p i r e , i s t h e Ge r m a n W a r
Ma c h i n e . C o n c e i v e d b y Ge n e r a l S t e i n i n t h e d a y s o f
t h e Na p o l e o n i c w a r s , a d d e d t o a n d e l a b o r a t e d b y
s u c c e s s i v e a d m i n i s t r a t i o n s , s o l e l y u n d e r t h e c o n t r o l
2 1 9
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
o ft h e r u l i n g h o u s e , i t s e ffi c i e n c y , p e r fe c t a n d s m o o t h
w o r k i n g i s d u e t o t h e t o t a l a b s e n c e o fp o l i t i c a l m a -
c h i n a t i o n s o r p r e fe r e n c e s . Br a i n s , a b i l i t y , a n d t h o r -
o u g h s c i e n t i fi c k n o w l e d g e a r e t h e o n l y p a s s p o r t s fo r
e n t r a n c e i n t h e Gr o s s e r Ge n e r a l S t a b , t h e Ge n e r a l
S t a ffo ft h e Ge r m a n Em p i r e . Yo u w i l l fi n d b l o o d e d
y o u n g o ffi c e r s a n d g r a y - h a i r e d g e n e r a l s p a s t a c t i v e
e ffi c i e n c y , e x p e r t s r a n k i n g fr o m a n o r d i n a r y m e c h a n i c
t o t h e h i g h e s t e n g i n e e r i n g e x p e r t , a l l w o r k i n g h a r -
m o n i o u s l y t o g e t h e r w i t h o n e e n d i n v i e w , t h e a c m e
o f e ffi c i e n c y . C o n t r o l l e d a n d d i r e c t e d b y t h e W a r
Lo r d i n p e r s o n t h r o u g h t h e C h e fd e s Gr o s s e n Ge n -
e r a l S t a b s , i n m y t i m e Ge n e r a l Fi e l d Ma r s h a l v o n
H e e r i n g e n , t h i s i m m e n s e m a c h i n e , t h e p u l s i n g b r a i n
o fa fi g h t i n g fo r c e o ffo u r a n d h a l fa m i l l i o n s o fm e n ,
i s c o m p o s e d o ffr o m 1 8 0 t o 2 0 0 o ffi c i a l s .
At t h e P e a c e o fTi l s i t , a ft e r t h e c r u s h i n g d e fe a t o f
t h e P r u s s i a n a r m i e s a t P r u s s i a n Ey l a u a n d Fr i e d -
l a n d , Bo n a p a r t e h a d P r u s s i a a n d t h e w h o l e o fC e n -
t r a l Eu r o p e a t h i s m e r c y . C o n t r a r y t o t h e a d v i c e
o fh i s g e n e r a l s , e s p e c i a l l y t h e s u c c i n c t a d v i c e o fh i s
o ft e n u n h e e d e d m e n t o r Ta l l e y r a n d , t o c o m p l e t e l y d i s -
i n t e g r a t e P r u s s i a , Na p o l e o n t h r o u g h h i s fo n d n e s s fo r
p r e t t y w o m e n l e t h i m s e l fb e t r i c k e d b y Lo u i s e o fP r u s -
s i a . Th e i n t e r e s t i n g h i s t o r i c a l s t o r y o ft h i s i n c i d e n t
m a y b e a p r o p o s h e r e , s h o w i n g h o w t h e w o r l d ' s h i s t o r y
c a n b e c h a n g e d t h r o u g h a k i s s . At t h e P e a c e C o n -
fe r e n c e i n Ti l s i t , Na p o l e o n , o n t h e v e r g e o fd i s i n t e -
g r a t i n g P r u s s i a , m e t t h e
b e a u t i fu l Q u e e n Lo u i s e o f
P r u s s i a . Th r o u g h h e r p l e a d i n g s a n d t h e i m p r i n t o f
2 2 0
" TH EGERMANW ARMAC H INE"
Na p o l e o n ' s k i s s o n h e r c l a s s i c a r m Bo n a p a r t e g r a n t e d
P r u s s i a t h e r i g h t t o m a i n t a i n a s t a n d i n g a r m y o f
1 2 , 0 0 0 m e n . Th a t i n i t s e l fd i d n o t m e a n m u c h b u t
i t g a v e a b l e a n d s h r e w d P r u s s i a n p a t r i o t s t h e o p p o r -
t u n i t y t o c i r c u m v e n t a n d h o o d w i n k Bo n a p a r t e ' s p o l -
i c y .
P r u s s i a h a s a l w a y s b e e n fo r t u n a t e i n p r o d u c i n g
a b l e m e n a t t h e m o s t n e e d e d m o m e n t s . Am a n a r o s e
w i t h a g i ft fo r m i l i t a r y o r g a n i z a t i o n . H e h a d e v e r y
p r o v i n c e , d i s t r i c t , t o w n , a n d v i l l a g e i n P r u s s i a c a r e -
fu l l y s c h e d u l e d a n d t h e a b l e - b o d i e d m e n t h e r e o fp u t
o n r e c o r d
. H e s e l e c t e d t h e 1 2 , 0 0 0 m e n p e r m i t t e d
P r u s s i a u n d e r t h e Na p o l e o n i c d e c r e e a n d d r i l l e d
t h e m . No s o o n e r w e r e t h o s e m e n d r i l l e d t h a n t h e y
w e r e d i s m i s s e d a n d a n o t h e r 1 2 , 0 0 0 c a l l e d i n
. Fr o m
t h i s p o i n t d a t e s m o d e r n c o n s c r i p t i o n - t h e fa t h e r o f
w h i c h w a s Ge n e r a l S t e i n -
a n d t h i s a l s o i n a u g u r a t e d
t h e b i r t h o ft h e W a r Ma c h i n e
. In t h e t h r e e y e a r s
P r u s s i a h a d 1 8 0 , 0 0 0 w e l l - d r i l l e d m e n a n d 1 2 0 , 0 0 0 r e -
s e r v e s , q u i t e a d i ffe r e n t p r o p o s i t i o n fr o m t h e 1 2 , 0 0 0
m e n Na p o l e o n t h o u g h t h e h a d t o fa c e o n h i s r e t r e a t
fr o m Mo s c o w , a n d w h i c h p l a y e d a d e c i s i v e fa c t o r i n
t h e o v e r t h r o w o ft h e d i c t a t o r o fEu r o p e
.
Th r o u g h t h e w a r s o f1 8 6 4 a n d 1 8 6 6 t o 1 8 7 0 , t h e
Fr a n c o - P r u s s i a n W a r , t h e W a r Ma c h i n e o fP r u s s i a
w a s m e r g e d i n t o t h a t o ft h e Ge r m a n Em p i r e a n d i s
a r e c o r d o fi n c r e a s i n g e ffo r t s , e n t a i l i n g u n b e l i e v a b l e
h a r d w o r k a n d a c o m p i l a t i o n o ft h e m i n u t e s t d e t a i l s
.
Th e m o d e r n s y s t e m o fo r g a n i z a t i o n , e s p e c i a l l y t h e
m o b i l i z a t i o n s c h e d u l e s , a r e H e l m u t h v o n Mo l t k e ' s ,
2 2 1
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
t h e
a
Gr o s s e S c h w e i g e r , " t h e Gr e a t S i l e n t , t h e s t r a t e -
g i s t o ft h e 1 8 7 1 c a m p a i g n .
It i s c u r i o u s t h a t t h e r e i s a g r e a t s i m i l a r i t y b e -
t w e e n t h e l a t e Mo l t k e a n d H e e r i n g e n . Th e y h a v e t h e
s a m e a q u i l i n e fe a t u r e s , t a l l , t h i n , d r i e d - u p b o d y , t h e
s a m e t a c i t u r n d i s p o s i t i o n , e v e n t o t h e i r h o b b i e s
-
Mo l t k e b e i n g a n i n c e s s a n t c h e s s p l a y e r , H e e r i n g e n
u s i n g e v e r y o n e o fh i s s p a r e m o m e n t s t o p l a y w i t h
l e a d s o l d i e r s
. H e i s r e p u t e d t o h a v e a n a r m y o f
3 0 , 0 0 0 l e a d s o l d i e r s w i t h w h i c h h e p l a y s t h e m o m e n t
h e o p e n s h i s e y e s -
m u c h i n t h e s a m e m a n n e r a s
Mo l t k e , w h o u s e d t o r e q u e s t h i s c h e s s - b o a r d t h e fi r s t
t h i n g i n t h e m o r n i n g
. In m i l i t a r y c i r c l e s H e e r i n g e n
i s l o o k e d u p o n w i t h t h e s a m e r e s p e c t a n d a c c r e d i t e d
w i t h q u i t e a s m u c h s t r a t e g i c a l k n o w l e d g e a s Mo l t k e
w a s
. It i s a s i g n i fi c a n t fa c t , t h a t , w h e n e v e r t h e r e
i s a n y t e n s i o n i n Eu r o p e , e s p e c i a l l y b e t w e e n Ge r m a n y
a n d Fr a n c e , Ge n e r a l v o n H e e r i n g e n o r h i s c o m r a d e
i n a r m s , Ge n e r a l v o n Th u l s e n H a e s e l e r
- a l s o a g r e a t
s t r a t e g i s t a n d i r o n d i s c i p l i n a r i a n , i m m e d i a t e l y t a k e s
c o m m a n d o fMe t z , t h e m o s t i m p o r t a n t b a s e a n d m i l i -
t a r y p o s t i n t h e Em p e r o r ' s d o m a i n
.
Th e r e i s n o m a n a l i v e w h o k n o w s o n e - h a l fa s m u c h
a b o u t t h e s t r a t e g i c a l p o s i t i o n o fMe t z a n d t h e s u r -
r o u n d i n g c o u n t r y a s Ge n e r a l v o n H e e r i n g e n
. O ft e n
o n s t o r m y , b i t t e r c o l d w i n t e r n i g h t s , s e n t r i e s o n o u t -
p o s t s s t a t i o n e d a n d g u a r d i n g t h e a p p r o a c h e s o fMe t z
a r e s t a r t l e d t o fi n d a g a u n t , l i m p i n g fi g u r e , c o v e r e d
i n a g r a y a r m y g r e a t c o a t w i t h
n o d i s t i n g u i s h i n g
2 2 2
" TH EGERMANW ARMAC H INE"
m a r k s , s t a l k i n g a l o n g
. Ac c o m p a n i e d b y o r d e r l i e s
c a r r y i n g c a m p s t o o l s a n d t a b l e , n i g h t g l a s s e s a n d
e l e c t r i c t o r c h e s , h a l t i n g r e p e a t e d l y , h i d d e n m e n t a k i n g
d o w n i n w r i t i n g t h e s h o r t , c r o a k i n g s e n t e n c e s e s c a p -
i n g b e t w e e n t h e t h i n c o m p r e s s e d l i p s , t h e
" Ge i s t o f
Me t z "
p r o w l s r o u n d m e a s u r i n g e v e r y fo o t o fg r o u n d
fi ft y m i l e s e a s t , w e s t , n o r t h , a n d s o u t h o fh i s b e -
l o v e d Me t z
. Th e s t e e l t i p p e d a r r o w e v e r p o i n t i n g a t
t h e h e a r t o fFr a n c e i s s a fe i n t h e h a n d s o fs u c h g u a r d -
i a n s .
Th e v i s i b l e h e a d o ft h i s v a s t o r g a n i z a t i o n i s c a l l e d
De r Gr o s s e Ge n e r a l S t a b w i t h h e a d q u a r t e r s i n Be r l i n .
Ea c h a r m y c o r p s h a s a "
k l e i n e Ge n e r a l S t a b " w h o
s e n d s i t s m o s t a b l e o ffi c e r s t o Be r l i n
. Th e s e o ffi c e r s ,
i n c o n j u n c t i o n w i t h t h e m o s t a b l e s c i e n t i s t s , e n g i n e e r s ,
a n d a r c h i t e c t s t h e Em p i r e c a n p r o d u c e , c o m p o s e t h e
Gr e a t Ge n e r a l S t a ff
. Th e v i r t u a l h e a d i s t h e Ge r -
m a n Em p e r o r
. Th e a c t u a l e x e c u t i v e i s c a l l e d " C h e f
d e s Gr o s s e n Ge n e r a l S t a b s . "
Th e r e i s a s m a l l , d i n g y , u n p r e t e n t i o u s r o o m i n t h e
Ge n e r a l S t a ffGe b a u d e w h e r e a t m o m e n t s o fs t r e s s
a n d t e n s i o n o r i n t e r n a t i o n a l c o m p l i c a t i o n s , a s s e m b l e
fi v e m e n
. H i s Ma j e s t y , a t t h e h e a d o ft h e t a b l e
; t o
t h e r i g h t t h e C h e fo fGr o s s e n Ge n e r a l S t a b
; t o t h e
l e ft h i s Mi n i s t e r o fW a r
; t h e n t h e Mi n i s t e r o fRa i l -
w a y s , a n d t h e C h i e fo fAd m i r a l S t a b
. Yo u w i l l n o -
t i c e t h e t o t a l a b s e n c e o ft h e Mi n i s t e r s o fFi n a n c e a n d
Di p l o m a c y
. W h e n t h o s e fi v e m e n m e e t t h e i n fl u e n c e
o fd i p l o m a t i c a n d fi n a n c i a l a ffa i r s h a s c e a s e d
. Th e y
2 2 3
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
a r e t h e r e t o a c t
. Th e s c r a t c h i n g o ft h e Em p e r o r ' s
p e n i n t h a t r o o m m e a n s w a r , t h e s e t t i n g i n m o t i o n
o fa fi g h t i n g fo r c e o f5 , 0 0 0 , 0 0 0 m e n .
H e r e i s a n o t h e r i n s t a n c e
W h e n t h e fe e l i n g a n d s t r e s s o v e r t h e Mo r o c c a n
q u e s t i o n w a s a t i t s h e i g h t Ge n e r a l v o n H e e r i n g e n o n
l e a v i n g h i s q u a r t e r s fo r h i s u s u a l d r i v e i n t h e Th i e r -
g a r t e n w a s e a g e r l y q u e s t i o n e d b y a s c o r e o fo ffi c e r s ,
a w a i t i n g h i s e x i t .
"
Ex c e l l e n c y ! Ge h t ' s l o s ? " (" Do w e b e g i n ? " ) '
Gr i m l y s m i l i n g , r e t u r n i n g t h e i r s a l u t e s a n d w i t h -
o u t p a u s e , l i m p i n g t o h i s w a i t i n g c a r r i a g e c a m e h i s
a n s w e r
" S i e b e n Bu c h s t a b e n , m e i n e H e r r e n ! " (" S e v e n
l e t t e r s , g e n t l e m e n ! " )
In Ge r m a n y m i l i t a r y p a r l a n c e t h i s m e a n s t h e Em -
p e r o r ' s s i g n a t u r e , W i l h e i m II, t o t h e m o b i l i z a t i o n
o r d e r s .
In o r d e r t o g i v e t h e r e a d e r a fa i r l y c o r r e c t v i e w o f
t h i s m i g h t y o r g a n i z a t i o n , Ih a v e t o e x p l a i n e a c h g r o u p
s e p a r a t e l y . Th e w h o l e s y s t e m r e s t s o n t h e q u e s t i o n
o fm o b i l i z a t i o n , m e a n i n g t h e a b i l i t y t o a r m , t r a n s -
p o r t , c l o t h e , a n d fe e d a fi g h t i n g fo r c e o ffo u r a n d o n e -
h a l fm i l l i o n m e n , i n t h e s h o r t e s t p o s s i b l e t i m e o n a n y
g i v e n p o i n t i n e i t h e r e a s t e r n o r w e s t e r n Eu r o p e .
Fo r l e t i t b e c l e a r l y u n d e r s t o o d t h a t t h e m a i n p o i n t
o ft h e t r a i n i n g o ft h e Ge r m a n a r m i e s i s t h e r e a d i -
n e s s t o l a u n c h t h e e n t i r e fi g h t i n g fo r c e l i k e a t h u n d e r -
b o l t o n a n y g i v e n p o i n t o ft h e c o m p a s s . Ge r m a n y
k n o w s t h r o u g h p a s t e x p e r i e n c e t h e a d v i s a b i l i t y a n d
2 2 4
" TH EGERMANW ARMAC H INE"
n e c e s s i t y o fc o n d u c t i n g w a r i n a n e n e m y ' s c o u n t r y .
Th e Ge r m a n a r m y i s b u i l t fo r a g g r e s s i o n . Th e r e a r e
fo u r m a i n g r o u p s
1 . O r g a n i z a t i o n .
2 . Tr a n s p o r t a t i o n
.
3 . Vi c t u a l i z a t i o n .
4 . In t e l l i g e n c e .
Ea c h o ft h e s e g r o u p s i s , o fc o u r s e , s u b d i v i d e d i n t o
n u m e r o u s b r a n c h e s w h i c h w e s h a l l g o i n t o u n d e r e a c h
i n d i v i d u a l h e a d .
O RGANIZATIO N
Fi r s t c o m e s o r g a n i z a t i o n . Th e Ge r m a n a r m y i s
c o m p o s e d o ft h r e e d i s t i n c t p a r t s : t h e s t a n d i n g a r m y ,
t h e r e s e r v e s , a n d La n d w e h r .
Th e s t a n d i n g a r m c o m p r i s e s 7 9 0 , 0 0 0 o ffi c e r s a n d
m e n . Th i s b o d y o fm e n i s r e a d y a t a n i n s t a n t . It
i s t h e r e s e r v e s w h o n e e d a n e l a b o r a t e s y s t e m o fm o -
b i l i z a t i o n . Th e r e s e r v e s a r e d i v i d e d i n t o t w o c l a s s e s ,
fi r s t a n d s e c o n d r e s e r v e s . S o i s t h e La n d w e h r , h a v -
i n g t w o l e v i e s - t h e fi r s t a n d s e c o n d Au fg e b o t .
Ev e r y a b l e - b o d i e d m a n o n r e a c h i n g t h e a g e o ft w e n t y -
o n e c a n b e c a l l e d u p o n t o s e r v e t h e c o l o r s
. O n e i n
fi v e o n l y i s t a k e n , a s t h e r e i s m o r e m a t e r i a l t h a n t h e
c o u n t r y n e e d s - t h e fi ft h b e i n g s e l e c t e d fo r o n e o f
fi v e b r a n c h e s : i n fa n t r y , c a v a l r y , a r t i l l e r y , Ge n i e
c o r p s , o r t h e n a v y . Th e t i m e o fs e r v i c e i n t h e i n -
fa n t r y i s t w o y e a r s ; i n t h e c a v a l r y t h r e e , i n t h e a r -
t i l e r y t h r e e , i n t h e Ge n i e c o r p s t w o , a n d i n t h e n a v y
t h r e e . W e l l - c o n d u c t e d m e n g e t fr o m t w o t o fo u r
2 2 5
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
m o n t h s o ft h e i r t i m e . Th i s i s b y
n o
m e a n s a c h a r i t y
o n t h e p a r t o ft h e a u t h o r i t i e s , b u t a w e l l - t h r a s h e d
a n d d e e p - l a i d s c h e m e t o c i r c u m v e n t t h e Re i c h s t a g a s
i t g i v e s t h e Em p e r o r a n o t h e r 7 5 , 0 0 0 m e n . Ac e r t a i n
c l a s s o fm e n p a s s i n g a n e x a m i n a t i o n c a l l e d Ei n j a h -
r i g e s Ze u g n i s s o r p o s s e s s i n g a d i p l o m a c a l l e d
Ab i t u r i e n t e n Ex a m e n (t h e e q u i v a l e n t o fa B . A. )
s e r v e o n l y o n e y e a r i n e a c h b r a n c h . Th i s c l a s s p r o -
v i d e s m o s t o ft h e r e s e r v e o ffi c e r s . Th e a c t i v e o ffi c e r s ,
u s u a l l y t h e s c i o n s o fa n a r i s t o c r a t i c h o u s e o r t h e s o n s
o ft h e o l d m i l i t a r y o r fe u d a l fa m i l i e s i n Ge r m a n y ,
a r e m o s t l y e d u c a t e d i n o n e o ft h e s t a t e K a d e t t e n -
An s t a l t e n , m i l i t a r y a c a d e m i e s , o fw h i c h Gr o s s - Li c h -
t e r fe l d e b e i Be r l i n i s t h e m o s t fa m o u s . Th e r e a l
b a c k b o n e a n d s t i ffe n i n g o ft h e Ge r m a n a r m y a n d n a v y
i s t h e n o n c o m m i s s i o n e d o ffi c e r s r e c r u i t e d fr o m t h e
r a n k a n d fi l e
. In fa c t , t h i s b o d y o fm e n i s t h e m a i n -
s t a y o ft h e t h r o n e s i n t h e Ge r m a n Em p i r e , e s p e c i a l l y
o fP r u s s i a . Th e s e m e n , a ft e r a b o u t t w e l v e y e a r s o f
s e r v i c e i n a n a r m y w h e r e d i s c i p l i n e , o b e d i e n c e , a n d
e ffi c i e n c y a r e t h e fi r s t a n d l a s t w o r d , a r e t h e n d r a ft e d
i n t o a l l t h e m i n o r a d m i n i s t r a t i v e o ffi c e r s o ft h e s t a t e ,
s u c h a s m i n o r r a i l w a y , p o s t , e x c i s e , m u n i c i p a l , a n d
p o l i c e . Th e r e a d e r w i l l s e e t h e s i g n i fi c a n c e o ft h i s
w h e n i t i s p o i n t e d o u t t h a t n o t o n l y t h e Em p i r e b u t
t h e W a r Ma c h i n e h a s t h e s e w e l l - t r a i n e d m e n a t i t s
b e c k a n d c a l l . Th e s a m e t h i n g a p p l i e s t o t h e d r a ft -
i n g o fo ffi c e r s t o h o l d t h e h i g h e s t a d m i
n i s t r a t i v e p o s i -
t i o n s i n t h e s t a t e
.
Th e r e a r e t w e n t y - fi v e a r m y c o r p s a l l p l a c e d i n
2 2 6
i ' TH EGERMANW ARMAC H INE"
s t r a t e g i c a l p o s i t i o n . Th e s t r o n g e s t i s i n Al s a c e - Lo r -
r a i n e a n d a l o n g t h e Rh i n e ; t h e s e c o n d i n i m p o r t a n c e
g a r r i s o n i n g t h e P r u s s i a n - Ru s s i a n b o r d e r . Th e
w h o l e c o u n t r y i s s u b d i v i d e d i n t o Be z i r k s c o m m a n d o s
(d i s t r i c t s p o s t s ) w h o s e b u s i n e s s i s t o h a v e o n r e c o r d
n o t o n l y e v e r y a b l e - b o d i e d m a n - - r e s e r v i s t s - b u t e v -
e r y m o t o r , h o r s e , a n d v e h i c l e a v a i l a b l e ; a l s o fo o d a n d
c o a l s u p p l y - i n fa c t , e v e r y t h i n g l i k e l y t o b e w a n t e d
o r u s e fu l t o t h e a r m y . Ev e r y Ge r m a n r e s e r v i s t , o r
o t h e r w i s e , k n o w s t h e r e p o r t i n g p l a c e o fh i s d i s t r i c t
a n d h a s t o r e p o r t t h e r e w h e n n o t i fi e d w i t h i n t w e n t y -
fo u r h o u r s
. Th e p e n a l t i e s fo r n o n c o m p l i a n c e a r e h i g h
e v e n i n p e a c e t i m e s . In t h e e v e n t o fw a r o r m a r t i a l
l a w t h e y a r e a b s o l u t e l y s t r i n g e n t . Th e c o m m a n d o s
a r e s o p l a c e d t h a t t h e y c o u l d fo r w a r d t h e i r d r a ft s o f
m e n a n d m a t e r i a l t o t h e i r p r o v i n c i a l c o n c e n t r a t i o n
p o i n t s a t t h e q u i c k e s t p o s s i b l e n o t i c e . Th e s e p r o v i n -
c i a l c o n c e n t r a t i o n p o i n t s , b e i n g r a i l w a y c e n t e r s , a r e
s o l o c a t e d t h a t t h e m a s s e s o fm e n a n d m a t e r i a l s p o u r -
i n g i n fr o m a l l s i d e s c a n b e h a n d l e d a n d s e n t i n t h e
w a n t e d a n d n e e d e d d i r e c t i o n w i t h o u t a n y c o n g e s -
t i o n . H o w t h i s i s d o n e Is h a l l e x p l a i n w h e n Ic o m e
t o t r a n s p o r t a t i o n . In e a c h o ft h o s e d i s t r i c t c o m -
m a n d o s a r e d e p o t s , Mo n t i r u n g s - K a m m e r n (a r s e n a l s ) ,
w h e r e a fu l l e q u i p m e n t fo r e a c h i n d i v i d u a l o n t h e
r o l l i a k e p t . Th e m a r v e l o u s q u i c k n e s s w i t h w h i c h
a c i v i l i a n i s t r a n s fe r r e d i n t o a fu l l y e q u i p p e d m i l i -
t a r y u n i t m u s t b e s e e n t o b e b e l i e v e d , a n d i s o n l y
m a d e p o s s i b l e t h r o u g h s y s t e m a t i c t r a i n i n g a n d c o n -
s t a n t m a n e u v e r s . Th e s e m a n e u v e r s a r e c o s t l y , b u t
2 2 7
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
h a v e l o n g b e e n r e c o g n i z e d i n Ge r m a n m i l i t a r y c i r c l e s
a s e s s e n t i a l i n t r a i n i n g t h e u n i t s a n d fa m i l i a r i z i n g
t h e c o m m a n d e r s w i t h t h e h a n d l i n g o fe n o r m o u s
m a s s e s o fm e n . In t h e l a s t K a i s e r m a n e u v e r s o v e r
h a l fa m i l l i o n m e n w e r e c o n c e n t r a t e d a n d m a s s e d ;
i n fa c t , s h u t t l e c o c k e d fr o m o n e e n d o ft h e Em p i r e t o
t h e o t h e r w i t h o u t a h i t c h
.
Th e c o n t r o l o ft h e a r m y i n p e a c e o r i n w a r l i e s w i t h
t h e Em p e r o r . H e i s t h e s o l e a r b i t e r a n d h e a d . No
p o l i t i c a l o r s o c i a l b o d y o fm e n h a s a n y c o n t r o l i n
a r m y m a t t e r s . No p o l i t i c a l j e a l o u s i e s w o u l d b e p e r -
m i t t e d . O b e d i e n c e a n d e ffi c i e n c y a r e d e m a n d e d .
Mu t u a l j e a l o u s i e s a n d p o l i t i c a l t r i c k s s u c h a s w e
h a v e s e e n i n t h e Ru s s i a n c a m p a i g n i n t h e Ea s t a n d
l a t e l y i n Fr a n c e a r e i m p o s s i b l e i n t h e Ge r m a n s y s -
t e m , fo r t h e Em p e r o r w o u l d b r e a k i n s t a n t l y , i n fa c t
h a s d o n e s o , a n y g e n e r a l g u i l t y o fe v e n t h e fa i n t e s t
i n d i c a t i o n o fs u c h a n o ffe n s e . An d t h e r e i s n o a p -
p e a l t o a C o n g r e s s , a C h a m b e r o fDe p u t i e s , o r p o l i t i -
c a l o r g a n a g a i n s t t h e Em p e r o r ' s d e c i s i o n .
La s t b u t n o t l e a s t , u n d e r t h e h e a d i n g o ft h e o r g a n -
i z a t i o n c o m e s t h e fi n a n c i a l a s p e c t . O u t o ft h e fi v e
m i l l i a r d s o ffr a n c s , t h e w a r i n d e m n i t y p a i d b y Fr a n c e
t o Ge r m a n y i n 1 8 7 1 , 2 0 0 , 0 0 0 , 0 0 0 m a r k s i n g o l d c o i n ,
m o s t l y Fr e n c h , w e r e p u t a w a y a s t h e n u c l e u s o fa
r e a d y w a r c h e s t . In a l i t t l e m e d i e v a l - l o o k i n g w a t c h
t o w e r , t h e J u l i u s Th u r m n e a r S p a n d a u , l i e s t h i s e v e r -
i n c r e a s i n g d r i v i n g fo r c e o ft h e m i g h t i e s t w a r e n g i n e
t h e w o r l d h a s e v e r s e e n . Ev e r i n c r e a s i n g , fo r q u i e t l y
a n d
u n o b t r u s i v e l y 6 , 0 0 0 , 0 0 0 m a r k s i n n e w l y m i n t e d
2 2 8
" TH EGERMANW ARMAC H INE"
r
g o l d c o i n s a r e t a k e n y e a r b y y e a r a n d a d d e d t o t h e
s t o r e
. O n t h e fi r s t o fO c t o b e r e a c h y e a r s i n c e 1 8 7 1 ,
t h r e e a m m u n i t i o n w a g o n s fu l l o fb r i g h t a n d g l i t t e r -
i n g t w e n t y - m a r k p i e c e s c l a t t e r o v e r t h e d r a w b r i d g e
a n d t h e s e p i e c e s a r e s t o r e d a w a y i n t h e s t e e l - p l a t e
s u b t e r r a n e a n c h a m b e r s o ft h e J u l i u s Th u r m , r e a d y
a t a n i n s t a n t ' s n o t i c e t o fu r n i s h t h e s i n e w s t o t h e m a n
w i e l d i n g t h i s fo r c e . Th i s i s a t r e m e n d o u s p o w e r i n
i t s e l f, fo r t h e r e a r e n o w c l o s e t o 5 0 0 , 0 0 0 , 0 0 0 m a r k s
($ 1 2 0 , 0 0 0 , 0 0 0 ) i n m i n t e d g o l d c o i n a g e i n s t o r a g e
t h e r e .
Th i s p r o v i d e s t h e n e c e s s a r y fu n d s fo r t h e
Ge r m a n a r m y fo r t e n c a l e n d a r m o n t h s . Th e a u -
t h o r i t i e s h a v e n o n e c e s s i t y t o a s k t h e c o u n t r y , w a r -
r i n g p o l i t i c i a n s
- i n t h i s i n s t a n c e t h e Re i c h s t a g -
fo r m o n e y t o s t a r t a c a m p a i g n . Th e y h a v e g o t i t
r e a d y t o h a n d . O n c e w a r i s d e c l a r e d a n d s t a r t e d , i f
n e e d e d t h e y ' l l g e t t h e r e s t .
Th i s m o n e y i s u n d e r t h e s o l e c o n t r o l o fm i l i t a r y
a u t h o r i t i e s . It h a s o ft e n b e e n d e c l a r e d a m y t h . I
k n o w i t t o b e a fa c t . No t w i t h s t a n d i n g t h e fi n a n c i a l
s t r a i t s Ge r m a n y h a s g o n e t h r o u g h a t t i m e s o r m a y
g o t h r o u g h , t h i s m o n e y w i l l n e v e r b e t o u c h e d
. It i s
t h e r e fo r o n e p u r p o s e o n l y a n d t h a t p u r p o s e i s w a r .
Ne e d l e s s t o s a y , i t i s a m p l y g u a r d e d . Tr i p l e p o s t s
i n t h i s g a r r i s o n t o w n , d e v i c e s t o fl o o d i n s t a n t l y t h e
w h o l e u n d e r fi ft e e n fe e t o fw a t e r fr o m t h e r i v e r
H a v e l , a r e b u t i t e m s i n t h e s y s t e m o fp r o t e c t i o n .
Tw i c e a y e a r t h e Em p e r o r i n p e r s o n , o r h i s h e i r a p -
p a r e n t , p e r s o n a l l y i n s p e c t s h i s w a r c h e s t . Me c h a n i -
c a l - b a l a n c e d d e v i c e s a r e e m p l o y e d t o c h e c k t h e c o r -
2 2 9
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
r e c t w e i g h t . It i s a m a r v e l o u s l y s i m p l e m e c h a n i s m b y
m e a n s o fw h i c h i n l e s s t h a n t w o h o u r s t h e w h o l e
o ft h i s v a s t h o a r d o fg o l d c a n b e a c c u r a t e l y c h e c k e d
a n d t h e a b s e n c e o fa s i n g l e g o l d p i e c e d e t e c t e d .
TRANS P O RTATIO N
O n e o ft h e m o s t i m p o r t a n t p a r t s o ft h e o r g a n i z a t i o n
i s t h e q u e s t i o n o ft r a n s p o r t a t i o n . H a n n i b a l ' s c a m -
p a i g n s a g a i n s t C a e s a r a n d Na p o l e o n ' s c e n t r a l Eu r o -
p e a n w a r s o w e d t h e i r s u c c e s s i n a g r e a t m e a s u r e , i f
n o t w h o l l y , t o t h e i r q u i c k n e s s o fm o t i o n . Th i s a p -
p l i e s a b o u t t e n fo l d i n m o d e r n w a r fa r e . In a c t u a l
a r m a m e n t t h e l e a d i n g p o w e r s i n Eu r o p e a r e p r a c -
t i c a l l y o n a p a r
. Th e p e r s o n n e l , a s r e g a r d s p e r s o n a l
c o u r a g e , s t a m i n a , e l a n , o r w h a t e v e r y o u w i s h t o c a l l
i t , i s fa i r l y e q u a l a l s o . Th e r e i s l i t t l e d i ffe r e n c e i n
t h e i n d i v i d u a l p r o w e s s o fFr e n c h , Ru s s i a n , En g l i s h ,
a n d Ge r m a n s o l d i e r s . Th i s i s w e l l k n o w n t o m i l i t a r y
e x p e r t s . Th e d i ffe r e n c e i s m a i n l y a q u e s t i o n o fd i s c i -
p l i n e , t e c h n i q u e , a n d p r e p a r e d n e s s , t h e m a i n fa c t o r
b e i n g , a s i n d i c a t e d , t h e a b i l i t y t o t h r o w t h e g r e a t e r
n u m b e r o ft r o o p s i n t h e s h o r t e s t p o s s i b l e t i m e a g a i n s t
t h e e n e m y a t a n y g i v e n p o i n t , w i t h o u t e x h a u s t i n g m a n
a n d b e a s t u n n e c e s s a r i l y a n d e n e r v a t i n g t h e c o u n t r y t o
b e t r a v e r s e d . It i s t h e r e fo r e n e c e s s a r y t o h a v e n u m -
e r o u s a r t e r i e s o ft r a ffi c a t d i s p o s a l
. Th i s w i l l l e a d u s
l a t e r t o t h e q u e s t i o n o fv i c t u a l i z a t i o n , Ge r m a n y fo l -
l o w i n g c l o s e l y o n e o fMo l t k e ' s a x i o m s : " Ma r c h
s e p a r a t e l y , b u t fi g h t c o n j o i n t l y . "
O n l y i n a c o u n t r y w h e r e a l l r a i l r o a d s , h i g h w a y s ,
2 3 0
" TH EGERMANW ARMAC H INE
a n d w a t e r w a y s , a n d w h e r e p o s t a n d t e l e g r a p h a r e
o w n e d a n d c o n t r o l l e d b y t h e s t a t e , i s i t p o s s i b l e t o
e v o l v e a n d p e r fe c t a s y s t e m o ft r a n s p o r t a t i o n s u c h a s
i s a t t h e d i s p o s a l o ft h e Ge r m a n Ge n e r a l S t a ff . Ev e r y
m i l e o fGe r m a n r a i l r o a d s , e s p e c i a l l y t h e o n e s b u i l t
w i t h i n t h e l a s t t w e n t y y e a r s , h a s b e e n c o n s t r u c t e d
m a i n l y fo r s t r a t e g i c a l r e a s o n s . Ta k i n g Be r l i n a s t h e
c e n t e r y o u w i l l fi n d o n l o o k i n g a t a Ge r m a n , m o r e e s -
p e c i a l l y a P r u s s i a n , r a i l r o a d m a p , c l o s e s i m i l a r i t y t o
a s p i d e r ' s w e b . Fr o m Be r l i n y o u w i l l s e e t r u n k l i n e s
e x t e n d i n g i n a n a l m o s t d i r e c t r o u t e t o h e r Fr e n c h a n d
Ru s s i a n fr o n t i e r s . No t s i n g l e o r d o u b l e , b u t t r e b l e
a n d q u a d r u p l e l i n e s o fs t e e l c o n v e r g i n g w i t h o t h e r
s t r a t e g i c l i n e s a t c e r t a i n p o i n t s s u c h a s Ma g d e b u r g ,
H a n o v e r , No r d h a u s e n , K a s s e l , Fr a n k fo r t - o n - t h e -
Ma i n , C o l o g n e , o r S t r a s s b u r g - t o n a m e b u t a fe w
.
P l a c e s s u c h a s e n u m e r a t e d a r e i n v a r i a b l y p r o v i n c i a l
c o m m a n d o s , h a v i n g g a r r i s o n s , a r s e n a l s , a n d d e p o t s
o n a l a r g e s c a l e .
Th e c a p a c i t y o ft h e r a i l r o a d y a r d s fo r h a n d l i n g
l a r g e b o d i e s o fm e n a n d v a s t a m o u n t s o fg o o d s s w i ft l y
i s j u d i c i o u s l y s t u d i e d . At a n y g i v e n t i m e , e s p e c i a l l y
a t t e n s e p o l i t i c a l m o m e n t s , a t e v e r y l a r g e s t r a t e g i c a l
r a i l w a y c e n t e r i n Ge r m a n y t h e r e a r e a c e r t a i n n u m -
b e r o ft r u c k s a n d e n g i n e s k e p t fo r m i l i t a r y p u r p o s e s
o n l y
-
s o m e t i m e s , a s i n t h e Rh i n e d i v i s i o n d u r i n g t h e
a c u t e p e r i o d o ft h e Mo r o c c o q u e s t i o n , w i t h s t e a m u p .
As p r e v i o u s l y r e l a t e d , 9 0 p e r c e n t
. o fa l l t h e r a i l -
w a y o ffi c i a l s a r e e x - s o l d i e r s . Fi v e m i n u t e s a ft e r t h e
s i g n i n g o ft h e m o b i l i z a t i o n o r d e r s b y t h e Em p e r o r ,
2 3 1
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
t h e w h o l e o ft h e r a i l w a y s y s t e m w o u l d b e u n d e r d i -
r e c t m i l i t a r y c o n t r o l . S p e c i a l l y t r a i n e d t r a n s p o r t a -
t i o n a n d r a i l w a y e x p e r t s o n t h e Ge n e r a l S t a ffw o u l d
t a k e o v e r t h e d i r e c t i o n o fa ffa i r s . Be s i d e s t h i s , t h e r e
e x i s t s i n t h e Ge r m a n s t a n d i n g a r m y a n u m b e r o f
Ei s e n b a h n Re g i m e n t e r (r a i l w a y c o r p s )
-
a l l t r a i n e d
r a i l r o a d b u i l d e r s a n d m e c h a n i c s . El a b o r a t e t i m e -
t a b l e s a n d t r a n s p o r t a t i o n c a r d s a r e i n r e a d i n e s s t o b e
p u t i n t o o p e r a t i o n o n t h e i n s t a n t o fm o b i l i z a t i o n , s u p -
e r s e d i n g t h e c i v i l t i m e - t a b l e s o fp e a c e . Th e o r e t i c a l l y
a n d p r a c t i c a l l y t h e s c h e d u l e s a r e t e s t e d t w i c e a y e a r
d u r i n g t h e b i g m a n e u v e r s .
Th e s a m e a p p l i e s t o t h e w a t e r w a y s a n d h i g h r o a d s
o ft h e Em p i r e
. Ak e e n o b s e r v e r w i l l o ft e n w o n d e r a t
t h e b r o a d n e s s , s o l i d n e s s , a n d e x c e l l e n t s t a t e o fr e p a i r
o ft h e c h a u s s e e s a n d c o u n t r y r o a d s , o u t o fa l l p r o p o r -
t i o n t o t h e l i t t l e t r a ffi c p a s s i n g a l o n g . Th e y a r e
s i m p l y s t r a t e g i c a l a r t e r i e s k e p t u p b y t h e s t a t e fo r
m i l i t a r y p u r p o s e s . Th e h e a d s o ft h e t r a n s p o r t a t i o n
a n d r a i l w a y c o r p s i n Be r l i n s i t b e fo r e t h e h u g e g l a s s -
c o v e r e d t a b l e s w h e r e t h e w h o l e o ft h e Ge r m a n r a i l w a y
s y s t e m t o i t s m i n u t e s t d e t a i l i s s h o w n i n r e l i e f, a n d
t h e y b y p r e s s i n g v a r i o u s s i n g l e b u t t o n s c a n c o n d u c t
a n e n d l e s s c h a i n o ft r a i n s t o a n y g i v e n p o i n t o ft h e
Em p i r e .
To s h o w t h e a c c u r a t e w o r k i n g s o ft h i s s y s t e m Is h a l l
r e l a t e a n i n c i d e n t . Du r i n g t h e K a i s e r m a n e u v e r s i n
W e s t P r u s s i a a fe w y e a r s a g o Ih a p p e n e d t o b e a t
h e a d q u a r t e r s i n Be r l i n d e l i v e r i n g s o m e p l a n s a n d
r e c o r d s o ft h e En g l i s h Mi d l a n d Ra i l w a y s y s t e m w h e n
2 3 2
" TH EGERMANW ARMAC H INE"
a Ge n e r a l S t a ff O ffi c e r e n t e r e d t h e s i g n a l h a l l a n d
m a d e i n q u i r i e s a s t o t h e w h e r e a b o u t s o fa c e r t a i n t r a i n
h a v i n g a r e g i m e n t o n b o a r d d e s t i n e d t o a c e r t a i n p a r t
o ft h e m a n e u v e r fi e l d . O n e o ft h e o p e r a t o r s t h r o u g h
t h e s i m p l e m a n i p u l a t i o n o fs o m e i v o r y k e y s i n t h e
s h o r t s p a c e o ft w o a n d a h a l fm i n u t e s (a s Iw a s k e e n l y
i n t e r e s t e d , It i m e d i t ) c o u l d s h o w t h e e x a c t s p o t o f
t h e t r a i n b e t w e e n t w o s t a t i o n s , t h e t r a i n b e i n g o v e r
3 1 0 m i l e s d i s t a n t fr o m Be r l i n .
As e v e r y c l a s s Al v e s s e l i n t h e m e r c h a n t m a r i n e o f
Ge r m a n y , e s p e c i a l l y t h e p a s s e n g e r b o a t s o ft h e b i g
s t e a m s h i p l i n e s , c a n b e p r e s s e d i n t o g o v e r n m e n t s e r v -
i c e , s o c a n a l l m o t o r v e h i c l e s , t a x i s , a n d t r u c k s o w n e d
e i t h e r p r i v a t e l y o r b y c o r p o r a t i o n s b e c a l l e d u p o n i f
c o n s i d e r e d n e c e s s a r y . Th r o u g h t h i s v a s t a n d fa r -
r e a c h i n g s y s t e m o ft r a n s p o r t a t i o n Ge r m a n y i s e n -
a b l e d t o t h r o w a m i l l i o n fu l l y e q u i p p e d m e n o n t o
e i t h e r o fh e r fr o n t i e r s w i t h i n fo r t y - e i g h t h o u r s . S h e
c a n d o u b l e t h i s h o s t i n s i x t y h o u r s m o r e .
VIC TU ALIZATIO N
Na p o l e o n ' s d i c t u m t h a t a n a r m y m a r c h e s o n i t s
s t o m a c h i s a s t r u e t o - d a y a s i t w a s t h e n , a d e q u a t e p r o -
v i s i o n s fo r m a n a n d b e a s t b e i n g t h e m o s t i m p o r t a n t
fa c t o r i n m i l i t a r y s c i e n c e . Th e e c o n o m i c fe e d i n g o f
t h r e e - q u a r t e r s o fa m i l l i o n m e n i n p e a c e t i m e i s w o r k
e n o u g h . It b e c o m e s a s e r i o u s p r o b l e m i n t h e e v e n t
o fw a r , e s p e c i a l l y t o a c o u n t r y l i k e Ge r m a n y w h i c h i s
s o m e w h a t d e p e n d e n t o n o u t s i d e s o u r c e s fo r t h e fe e d -
i n g o fh e r m i l l i o n s .
Th e a u t h o r i t i e s , q u i t e a w a r e o f
2 3 3
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
a p o s s i b l e b l o c k a d i n g a n d c o n s e q u e n t s t o p p a g e o fi m -
p o r t s , h a v e m a d e p r e p a r a t i o n s w i t h t h e i r u s u a l t h o r -
o u g h Ge r m a n c o m p l e t e n e s s
. At a n y g i v e n t i m e t h e r e
i s s u ffi c i e n t fo o d s t u fffo r m a n a n d b e a s t s t o r e d i n s t a t e
s t o r e h o u s e s a n d t h e l a r g e p r i v a t e c o n c e r n s t o fe e d t h e
e n t i r e Ge r m a n a r m y fo r t w e l v e m o n t h s . Th i s m i g h t
s e e m i n a d e q u a t e , b u t i s n o t s o , t h e a u t h o r i t i e s b e i n g
w e l l a w a r e t h a t w a r i n Eu r o p e a t t h e p r e s e n t t i m e
c o u l d a n d w o u l d n o t l a s t l o n g e r t h a n s u c h a p e r i o d
.
O n c e a y e a r t h e s e s t o r e h o u s e s a r e o v e r h a u l e d a n d
p e r i s h a b l e o r d e t e r i o r a t i n g p r o v i s i o n s r e p l a c e d
. Te n s
o ft h o u s a n d s o ft o n s o ffo o d s t u ffs , e s p e c i a l l y fo d d e r ,
a r e s o l d fa r b e l o w t h e i r u s u a l m a r k e t p r i c e s t o t h e
p o o r e r c l a s s e s , n o t a b l y fa r m e r s . Li k e w i s e t h e m a -
t e r i a l u s e d b y t h e a r m y i s a s fa r a s p o s s i b l e s u p p l i e d
b y t h e fa r m e r d i r e c t
. Th e t o t a l a b s e n c e o fb l o a t e d ,
p u d g y - fi n g e r e d a r m y c o n t r a c t o r s i n Ge r m a n y i s p l e a s -
a n t t o t h e e y e s o ft h o s e w h o k n o w t h e c o n d i t i o n s i n
s o m e o t h e r c o u n t r i e s Ic o u l d m e n t i o n .
Be s i d e s , t h e w h o l e o ft h e Ge r m a n fi g h t i n g m a c h i n e
i s s o o r g a n i z e d t h a t i n a l l
p r o b a b i l i t y d e c i s i v e b a t t l e s
w o u l d b e fo u g h t i n t h e e n e m y ' s c o u n t r y , i n w h i c h c a s e
t h e o n u s o ffe e d i n g t h e t r o o p s w o u l d fa l l o n t h e
e n e m y , c a l l e d i n m i l i t a r y p a r l a n c e " r e q u i s i t i o n i n g
a n d c o m m a n d e e r i n g
. " In t h i s , Ge r m a n , a n d e s p e -
c i a l l y P r u s s i a n , q u a r t e r m a s t e r s a r e i n n o w a y b e h i n d
t h e i r En g l i s h c o n fr e r e s o fw h o s e a c t i v i t y i n t h e Bo e r
W a r Ik n o w fr o m p e r s o n a l e x p e r i e n c e .
To g i v e b u t a n o t h e r i n s t a n c e o ft h e s c i e n t i fi c t h o r -
o u g h n e s s i n d e t a i l , t a k e a s i n g l e fo o d p r e p a r a t i o n -
2 3 4
" TH EGERMANW ARMAC H INE"
t h e Er b s w u r s t (p e a - m e a l s a u s a g e ) , a p r e p a r a t i o n o f
p e a s , m e a l , b a c o n , s a l t a n d s e a s o n i n g , c o m p r e s s e d i n
a d r y s t a t e i n t o a i r - a n d w a t e r - t i g h t t u b e s i n t h e
fo r m o fa s a u s a g e , e a c h w e i g h i n g a q u a r t e r o fa
p o u n d . H i g h l y n u t r i t i o u s , l i g h t i n w e i g h t , p r a c t i -
c a l l y i n d e s t r u c t i b l e , w h o l e s o m e , t h i s i s e a s i l y p r e -
p a r e d i n t o a p a l a t a b l e m e a l w i t h t h e s i m p l e a d d i t i o n
o fh o t w a t e r . O ft h i s p r e p a r a t i o n h u g e q u a n t i t i e s
a r e a l w a y s k e p t i n s t o c k fo r t h e a r m y .
INTELLIGENC E
W i t h o u t d o u b t t h e m o s t i m p o r t a n t d i v i s i o n o ft h e
Ge n e r a l S t a ffa n d u p o n w h o s e i n fo r m a t i o n a n d e ffo r t s
t h e w h o l e m a c h i n e h i n g e s i s t h e In t e l l i g e n c e De p a r t -
m e n t - r e a l l y c o v e r i n g m a n y d i ffe r e n t fi e l d s - fo r i n -
s t a n c e , g e n e r a l s c i e n c e , e s p e c i a l l y s t r a t e g y , t o p o g -
r a p h y , b a l l i s t i c s , b u t m a i n l y t h e p r o c u r i n g o fi n fo r m a -
t i o n d a t a , p l a n s , m a p s , e t c . , k e p t m o r e o r l e s s s e c r e t
b y o t h e r p o w e r s . In t h i s d i v i s i o n t h e b r i g h t e s t y o u n g
o ffi c e r s a n d g e n e r a l o ffi c i a l s a r e fo u n d . Th e t r a i n i n g
a n d k n o w l e d g e r e q u i r e d o ft h e m e n i n t h i s s e r v i c e a r e
e x a c t i n g t o a d e g r e e . It r e q u i r e s i n m o s t c a s e s t h e
u n d i v i d e d a t t e n t i o n - o ft e n a l i fe s t u d y
- t o a s i n g l e
s u b j e c t .
It h a s b e e n t h e u n s w e r v i n g p o l i c y o ft h e P r u s s i a n
m i l i t a r y a u t h o r i t i e s t o k n o w a s m u c h o ft h e r e s t o ft h e
Eu r o p e a n c o u n t r i e s a s t h e y k n o w o ft h e i r o w n . In
t h e w a r o f1 8 7 0 - 7 1 , Ge r m a n c o m m a n d e r s d o w n t o a
l i e u t e n a n t l e a d i n g a s m a l l d e t a c h m e n t h a d a c c u r a t e
i n fo r m a t i o n , c h a r t s a n d d a t a o fe v e r y p r o v i n c e i n
2 3 5
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
Fr a n c e , g i v i n g t h e m m o r e a c c u r a t e k n o w l e d g e o fa
fo r e i g n c o u n t r y t h a n t h a t c o u n t r y h a d o fi t s e l f . It i s
a n o t o r i o u s fa c t t h a t , a ft e r t h e d e fe a t o ft h e Fr e n c h
a r m i e s a t W e i s s e n b u r g a n d W o r t h a n d l a t e r a t Me t z ,
t h e Fr e n c h c o m m a n d e r s a n d o ffi c e r s l o s t v a l u a b l e t i m e
.
a n d s t r a t e g i c a l p o s i t i o n s t h r o u g h s h e e r i g n o r a n c e o f
t h e i r o w n c o u n t r y . Th i s i s i m p o s s i b l e u n d e r t h e
P r u s s i a n s y s t e m .
To - d a y t h e r e i s n o t a c o u n t r y i n
Eu r o p e b u t o fw h i c h t h e r e a r e t h e m o s t e l a b o r a t e
c h a r t s a n d m a p s , t o p o g r a p h i c a l l y e x a c t t o t h e m i n u -
t e s t d e t a i l d o c k e t e d i n t h e a r c h i v e s o ft h e Ge n e r a l
S t a ff . Th i s a p p l i e s a s a r u l e t o t h e Ge n e r a l S t a ffo f
m o s t n a t i o n s , b u t n o t t o s u c h p a i n s t a k i n g d e t a i l s .
W h i l e u n d e r g o i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s i n t h e Ad m i r a l S t a b
i n t h e K o e n i g e r g r a t z e r s t r a s s e 7 0 , p r e v i o u s t o m y b e i n g
s e n t o n a n En g l i s h m i s s i o n , a c o n t r o v e r s y a r o s e b e -
t w e e n m y i n s t r u c t o r a n d m y s e l fa s t o t h e d i s t a n c e b e -
t w e e n t w o t o w n s o n t h e Li n c o l n s h i r e c o a s t
. H e
p u s h e d a b u t t o n a n d r e q u e s t e d t h e a n s w e r i n g o r d e r l y
t o b r i n g m a p 6 4 a n d t h e o ffi c e r i n c h a r g e
. W i t h t h e
u s u a l p r o m p t n e s s b o t h m a p a n d o ffi c e r a p p e a r e d .
Th e o ffi c e r , w h o c o u l d n o t h a v e b e e n m o r e t h a n t w e n t y -
fi v e y e a r s o fa g e , d i s c u s s e d w i t h m e i n fl u e n t c o l l o q u i a l
En g l i s h t h e w h o l e o ft h i s s e c t i o n o fLi n c o l n s h i r e .
No t a h u m m o c k , r o a d , r o a d - h o u s e , e v e n t o fa r m e r s '
r e s i d e n c e s a n d b l a c k s m i t h ' s s h o p o fw h i c h h e d i d n o t
h a v e e x a c t k n o w l e d g e
. Ie x p r e s s e d a s t o n i s h m e n t a t
t h i s m o s t u n u s u a l a c q u a i n t a n c e w i t h t h e l o c a l i t y , a n d
s u g g e s t e d t h a t h e m u s t h a v e s p e n t c o n s i d e r a b l e t i m e
i n r e s i d e n c e t h e r e
. C o n c e i v e m y a s t o n i s h m e n t w h e n
2 3 6
" TH EGERMANW ARMAC H INE"
i n fo r m e d t h a t h e h a d n e v e r b e e n o u t o fGe r m a n y a n d
t h e o n l y v o y a g e e v e r t a k e n b y h i m l e d h i m a s fa r a s
H e l g o l a n d . S u b s e q u e n t l y t h r o u g h c a r e fu l i n q u i r i e s
a n d r e s e a r c h - m y w o r k b r i n g i n g m e i n t o c o n s t a n t
c o n t a c t w i t h t h e v a r i o u s d i v i s i o n s - Ifo u n d t h a t t h e
w h o l e o fEn g l a n d , Fr a n c e a n d Ru s s i a w a s c a r e fu l l y
c u t i n t o s e c t i o n s , e a c h o ft h o s e s e c t i o n s b e i n g i n c h a r g e
o ft w o o ffi c e r s a n d a s e c r e t a r y w h o s e d u t y i t w a s t o a c -
q u a i n t a n d m a k e t h e m s e l v e s p e r fe c t l y fa m i l i a r w i t h
e v e r y t h i n g i n t h a t p a r t i c u l a r l o c a l i t y . Th r o u g h t h e
fa r - r e a c h i n g s y s t e m o fe s p i o n a g e , t h e l a t e s t a n d m o s t
u p - t o - d a t e i n fo r m a t i o n i s a l w a y s fo r t h c o m i n g , a n d
t i m e a n d a g a i n Im y s e l f, o ft e n r e t u r n i n g fr o m a m i s -
s i o n l i k e o n e o ft h o s e t o t h e n a v a l b a s e i n S c o t l a n d ,
h a v e s a t b y t h e h o u r v e r b a l l y a m p l i fy i n g m y p r e v i o u s
r e p o r t s .
Ap a r t o ft h e i n t e l l i g e n c e s y s t e m i s t h e p e r s o n a l i t y
s q u a d , w h o s e d u t y i t i s t o a c q u a i n t t h e m s e l v e s w i t h
t h e p e r s o n a l i t y o fe v e r y a r m y a n d n a v y o ffi c e r o ft h e
l e a d i n g p o w e r s . Ih a v e s e e n r e p o r t s a s t o t h e e n -
v i r o n m e n t s , h a b i t s , h o b b i e s , a n d g e n e r a l p r o c l i v i t i e s
o fm e n s u c h a s Ad m i r a l Fi s h e r , c o m m a n d i n g t h e
C h a n n e l S q u a d r o n o ft h e Br i t i s h Na v y , d o w n t o C o l -
o n e l Ri b a u l t , i n c h a r g e o fa b a t t e r y i n To u l o u s e . To
m i l i t a r y o r n a v a l o ffi c e r s a n d m e n o f
a ffa i r s , t h e
r e a s o n a n d b e n e fi t o fs u c h a s y s t e m a r e o b v i o u s . Th e
g e n e r a l r e a d e r , h o w e v e r , m a y n o t q u i t e s e e t h e p o i n t .
Th e p o s i t i o n o fa c o m m a n d e r i n t h e fi e l d i s a n a l o g o u s
t o t h e e x e c u t i v e h e a d o fa b i g s e l l i n g c o n c e r n . As e m i -
p e r s o n a l k n o w l e d g e o ft h e fo i b l e s a n d c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s
2 3 7
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
o fh i s c u s t o m e r s w i t h o u t d o u b t g i v e s h i m a n a d v a n -
t a g e o v e r a r i v a l c o n c e r n , n e g l e c t i n g t h e p e r s o n a l
e q u a t i o n b e i n g r e a l l y m o r e i m p o r t a n t t h a n i s g e n e r -
a l l y u n d e r s t o o d . Th i s h a s l o n g b e e n r e c o g n i z e d a n d
fu l l y t a k e n a d v a n t a g e o fb y t h e Ge r m a n Ar m y a u t h o r -
i t i e s .
AERIAL
W i t h i n t h e l a s t fe w y e a r s a n e n t i r e l y n e w a n d a c -
c o r d i n g t o Ge r m a n i d e a s m o s t i m p o r t a n t fa c t o r h a s
e n t e r e d a n d d i s t u r b e d t h e r e l a t i v e m i l i t a r y p o w e r o f
Eu r o p e a n n a t i o n s
. Th i s i s t h e a e r i a l w e a p o n .
S i n c e t h e d a y s o fO t t o Li l i e n t h a l a n d h i s g l i d e r
i t h a s b e e n t h e p o l i c y o fGe r m a n y t o k e e p t r a c k o fa l l
i n v e n t i o n s l i k e l y t o b e e m b o d i e d a n d m a d e u s e o f
i n
t h e W a r Ma c h i n e . It i s a fa r c r y fr o m Li l i e n t h a l ' s
g l i d e r t o t h e l a s t w o r d i n a e r i a l c o n s t r u c t i o n s u c h a s
t h e m y s t e r i o u s Ze p p e l i n - P a r s e v a l s k y m o n s t e r t h a t ,
c a r r y i n g a c o m p l e m e n t o ft w e n t y - fi v e m e n a n d t w e l v e
t o n s o fe x p l o s i v e s , s a i l e d a c r o s s t h e No r t h S e a , c i r c l e d
o v e r Lo n d o n , a n d r e t u r n e d t o Ge r m a n y . Li l i e n t h a l ' s
g l i d e r k e p t a l o ft fo u r m i n u t e s , b u t t h i s n e w d r e a d -
n a u g h t o fGe r m a n y ' s fl y i n g n a v y w a s a l o ft n i n e t y - s i x
h o u r s , m a i n t a i n i n g a s p e e d o ft h i r t y - e i g h t m i l e s a n
h o u r , t h i s e v e n i n t h e fa c e o fa s t o r m p r e s s u r e o fa l -
m o s t e i g h t y m e t e r s . S u c h fe a t s a s t h e s e a r e s i g n i fi -
c a n t . Th e y a r e a t t h e s a m e t i m e t h e o u t c o m e a n d t h e
c a u s e fo r t h e d e v e l o p m e n t o ft h i s p a r t o ft h e W a r Ma -
c h i n e .
It i s m y p u r p o s e h e r e t o t e l l y o u h o w fa r Ge r -
m a n y h a s a d v a n c e d a n d p r o g r e s s e d i n t h i s s t r u g g l e fo r
2 3 8
" TH EGERMANW ARMAC H INE"
m a s t e r y o ft h e s k y . Is h a l l d i s c l o s e fa c t s a b o u t h e r
s y s t e m t h a t h a v e n e v e r a p p e a r e d i n p r i n t - t h a t h a v e
n e v e r b e e n h e a r d i n c o n v e r s a t i o n . Th e y a r e k n o w n
o n l y t o t h e Ge n e r a l S t a ffa t Be r l i n , n o t e v e n i n t h e
c a b i n e t s o fEu r o p e .
Ge r m a n y w i t h o u t d o u b t h a s t h e m o s t u p - t o - d a t e
a e r i a l fl e e t i n t h e w o r l d . Th e Bu d g e t o ft h e Re i c h -
s t a g o f1 9 0 8 - 1 9 0 9 a l l o w s a n d p r o v i d e s fo r t h e b u i l d -
i n g a n d m a i n t e n a n c e o ft w e l v e d i r i g i b l e s o fZe p p e l i n
t y p e . As fa r a s t h e k n o w l e d g e o ft h e r e s t o ft h e w o r l d
i s c o n c e r n e d t h i s i s a l l t h e s k y n a v y t h a t Ge r m a n y p o s -
s e s s e s
. It i s a fa c t , t h o u g h , t h a t s h e h a s t h r e e t i m e s
t h e n u m b e r w h i c h s h e o ffi c i a l l y a c k n o w l e d g e s .
Th e d i r i g i b l e b a l l o o n c e n t e r s i n Ge r m a n y a r e fi v e
a n d t h e y a r e s i t u a t e d a t v i t a l l y s t r a t e g i c p o i n t s .
Th e r e a r e t w o o n t h e Fr e n c h b o r d e r , o n e o n t h e Ru s -
s i a n b o r d e r , o n e o n t h e At l a n t i c C o a s t , a n d a c e n t r a l
s t a t i o n n e a r Be r l i n . Th e e x a c t p l a c e s a r e S t r a s s b u r g ,
Fr a n k fo r t - o n - t h e - Ma i n , P o s e n , W i l h e l m s h a fe n , a n d
Be r l i n . Th i s d o e s n o t i n c l u d e t h e m a r v e l o u s s t a t i o n
a t H e l g o l a n d i n t h e No r t h S e a , t h i s b e i n g a s t r a t e g i c
p o i n t i n r e l a t i o n t o Gr e a t Br i t a i n . No t h i n g i s k n o w n
a b o u t t h i s H e l g o l a n d s t a t i o n . No o n e b u t t h o s e o n
o ffi c i a l b u s i n e s s a r e p e r m i t t e d w i t h i n a t h o u s a n d y a r d s
o fi t . Is h a l l t e l l t h i n g s c o n c e r n i n g i t .
Be s i d e s t h e s e p u r e l y m i l i t a r y p o s t s , t h e r e a r e a
n u m b e r o fc o m m e r c i a l s t a t i o n s n e c e s s a r y a s d e p o t s
o ft h e r e g u l a r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n a e r i a l l i n e s t h a t o p e r a t e
fo r t h e c o n v e n i e n c e o ft h e p u b l i c . Li k e Ge r m a n y ' s
c o m m e r c i a l s t e a m e r s , h o w e v e r , t h e y a r e c o n t r o l l e d
2 3 9
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
a n d s u b s i d i z e d b y t h e Go v e r n m e n t . At a fe w h o u r s '
n o t i c e t h e y c a n b e c o n v e r t e d a n d m a d e u s e o ffo r Go v -
e r n m e n t p u r p o s e s .
Ta k i n g t h e s e t r a n s p o r t a t i o n l i n e s
i n t o c o n s i d e r a t i o n , i t i s s a fe t o s t a t e t h a t b y s u m m e r
o ft h e p r e s e n t y e a r Ge r m a n y c o u l d s e n d fi ft y h u g e a i r -
s h i p s t o w a r .
It m a y b e a p u z z l e t o Am e r i c a n s w h y , i n t h e fa c e o f
d i s a s t e r s a n d a c c i d e n t s t o t h e s e Ze p p e l i n s , Ge r m a n y
i s s p e n d i n g a b o u t $ 4 , 0 0 0 , 0 0 0 o n h e r a e r i a l fl e e t . No w
w e c o m e t o a v e r y s i g n i fi c a n t p o i n t . Ik n o w a n d c e r -
t a i n m e m b e r s o ft h e Ge r m a n Ge n e r a l S t a ffk n o w , a s
w e l l a s t r u s t e d m e n i n t h e a e r i a l c o r p s , t h a t t h e r e a r e
t w o c o n d i t i o n s u n d e r w h i c h a i r s h i p s a r e o p e r a t e d i n
Ge r m a n y . O n e i s t h e o r d i n a r y m o r e o r l e s s w e l l -
k n o w n s y s t e m w h i c h c h a r a c t e r i z e s t h e o p e r a t i o n o f
a l l t h e p a s s e n g e r l i n e s n o w i n s e r v i c e i n t h e Em p i r e .
It i s t h e s y s t e m u n d e r w h i c h a l l t h e d i s a s t e r s t h a t
a p p e a r i n t h e n e w s p a p e r s o c c u r . Ai r s h i p s t h a t a r e
u s e d i n t h e g e n e r a l a r m y fl i g h t s a n d m a n e u v e r s a r e
a l s o r u n u n d e r t h e s a m e s y s t e m a s t h e p a s s e n g e r
d i r i g i b l e s - fo r a r e a s o n .
Th e o t h e r s y s t e m i s a n a b s o l u t e s e c r e t o ft h e Ge r -
m a n Ge n e r a l S t a ff . It i s n o t u s e d i n t h e g e n e r a l
m a n e u v e r s , o n l y i n s p e c i fi c c a s e s , a n d t h e s e a l w a y s
s e c r e t l y . It h a s b e e n p r o v e d t o b e e ffe c t i v e i n e l i m i -
n a t i n g 7 5 p e r c e n t . o ft h e a c c i d e n t s w h i c h h a v e c h a r -
a c t e r i z e d a l l o fGe r m a n y ' s a d v e n t u r e s i n d i r i g i b l e s
a n d h e a v i e r - t h a n - a i r m a c h i n e s . Th e s e s t a t i s t i c s a r e
k n o w n o n l y b y t h e Ge r m a n Ge n e r a l S t a ffo ffi c e .
Le t u s
g o
i n t o t h i s fu r t h e r . C r i t i c s o ft h e Ge r m a n
2 4 0
" TH EGERMANW ARMAC H INE"
d i r i g i b l e w h o fo o l i s h l y r a t e t h e Fr e n c h a e r o p l a n e s u
p e r i o r p o i n t o u t t h a t t h e Ze p p e l i n s h a v e t h r e e s e r i o u s
d e fe c t s - - b u l k a n d h e a v i n e s s o fs t r u c t u r e , i n fl a m m a -
b i l i t y o ft h e g a s t h a t fl o a t s t h e m , a n d i n a b i l i t y t o s t o r e
e n o u g h g a s t o s t a y i n t h e a i r t h e d e s i r a b l e l e n g t h o f
t i m e w i t h o u t c o m i n g d o w n . Th e s e c r e t d e v i c e s o ft h e
Ge r m a n W a r O ffi c e h a v e e l i m i n a t e d a l l t h e s e o b j e c -
t i o n a b l e fe a t u r e s . Th e y h a v e o v e r c o m e t h e c o n d i t i o n
o fb u l k a n d h e a v i n e s s o fs t r u c t u r e b y t h e i r g o v e r n -
m e n t c h e m i s t s d e v i s i n g t h e fo r m u l a o fa m a t e r i a l t h a t
i s l i g h t e r t h a n a l u m i n u m , y e t w h i c h p o s s e s s e s a l l o f
t h a t m e t a l ' s d e n s i t y a n d w h i c h h a s a l s o t h e fl e x i b i l i t y
o fs t e e l . Ai r s h i p s n o t a m o n g t h e t w e l v e t h a t Ge r -
m a n y a d m i t s o ffi c i a l l y a r e m a d e o ft h i s m a t e r i a l .
It s fo r m u l a i s a g o v e r n m e n t s e c r e t a n d En g l a n d o r
Fr a n c e w o u l d g i v e t h o u s a n d s o fd o l l a r s t o p o s s e s s i t .
Th e o b j e c t i o n o fi n fl a m m a b i l i t y o ft h e l i ft i n g p o w e r
h a s a l s o b e e n o v e r c o m e . Th e p o w e r o ft h e o r d i n a r y
h y d r o g e n g a s i n a l l i t s v a r i o u s fo r m s h a s b e e n m u l t i -
p l i e d t h r e e fo l d b y a n e w d i o x y g e n g a s d i s c o v e r e d a t t h e
S p a n d a u g o v e r n m e n t c h e m i c a l l a b o r a t o r y . Th i s g a s
h a s a l s o t h e e n o r m o u s a d v a n t a g e s o fb e i n g a b s o l u t e l y
n o n i n fl a m m a b l e . Ih a v e s e e n e x p e r i m e n t s m a d e
w i t h i t . It c a n n o t b e u s e d fo r i l l u m i n a t i n g p u r p o s e s .
Di r i g i b l e s t h a t a r e e q u i p p e d w i t h i t a r e n o t l i a b l e t o
t h e a w fu l e x p l o s i o n s t h a t h a v e c h a r a c t e r i z e d fl i g h t s
u n d e r t h e o r d i n a r y s y s t e m
. Th e n e w g a s h a s a l s o t h e
e n o r m o u s a d v a n t a g e o fh a v i n g a l i q u i d fo r m . To
p r o d u c e t h e g a s i t i s o n l y n e c e s s a r y t o l e t t h e o r d i n a r y
a t m o s p h e r e c o m e i n c o n t a c t w i t h t h e l i q u i d .
C a r r i e d
2 4 1
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
i n c y l i n d e r s t w o fe e t l o n g a n d w i t h a d i a m e t e r o fs i x
i n c h e s i t i s o b v i o u s t h a t e n o u g h o ft h i s l i q u i d c a n b e
c a r r i e d a b o a r d t h e b i g w a r d i r i g i b l e s t o p e r m i t t h e i r
r e fi l l i n g i n m i d a i r . S o , y o u s e e , a l l t h e o b j e c t i o n s t o
t h e c o m m o n l y k n o w n s y s t e m o fo p e r a t i o n h a v e b e e n
o v e r c o m e b y t h e W a r O ffi c e .
Th e l a s t d i r i g i b l e t r i e d b y t h e W a r O ffi c e i n 1 9 1 2 ,
t h e m y s t e r i o u s Ze p p e l i n X, m a d e a c o n t i n u o u s t r i p
fr o m S t e t t i n o v e r t h e Ba l t i c t o U p s a l a i n S w e d e n ,
t h e n c e a c r o s s t h e Ba l t i c a g a i n t o Ri g a i n t h e Gu l fo f
Fi n l a n d , w h e r e i t d o u b l e d a n d s a i l e d b a c k t o S t e t t i n .
Th i s w a s a j o u r n e y o f9 7 6 m i l e s
. Th e a i r s h i p h a d a
c o m p l e m e n t o ft w e n t y - fi v e m e n a n d fi v e t o n s o fd e a d
w e i g h t . It t r a v e l e d u n d e r s e v e r e w e a t h e r c o n d i t i o n s ,
t h e m o n t h b e i n g Ma r c h , a n d s n o w - s t o r m s , h a i l a n d
r a i n o c c u r r i n g t h r o u g h o u t t h e v o y a g e
. Th e s i g n i fi -
c a n c e o ft h i s fl i g h t c a n b e e a s i l y u n d e r s t o o d i fy o u
c o n s i d e r t h e d i s t a n c e fr o m S t r a s s b u r g o r Di i s s e l d o r f
t o P a r i s o r o t h e r s t r a t e g i c a l p o i n t s t o Fr a n c e i s a p -
p r o x i m a t e l y 2 9 8 m i l e s . As h i p l i k e t h e Ze p p e l i n X
c o u l d s a i l o v e r t h e Fr e n c h b o r d e r , d y n a m i t e t h e fo r t i -
fi c a t i o n s a r o u n d P a r i s a n d r e t u r n , t h e j o u r n e y b e i n g
r o u g h l y 9 0 0 m i l e s -
7 6 m i l e s l e s s t h a n t h e a c t u a l t r i p
m a d e b y t h e Ze p p e l i n X
. Mo r e o v e r , t h e Ge r m a n m i l i -
t a r y t r i a l s h a v e s h o w n t h e p o s s i b i l i t y o fa n a e r i a l
fl e e t l e a v i n g t h e i r h o m e p o r t s a n d c r u i s i n g t o fo r e i g n
l a n d s a n d r e t u r n i n g w i t h o u t t h e n e c e s s i t y o fl a n d i n g
t o r e p l e n i s h t h e i r g a s t a n k s o r fu e l .
Le t m e s h o w y o u h o w t h e Ge r m a n a e r i a l c o r p s i s
m a d e u p
. It i s c a l l e d t h e Lu ft s c h i ffe r Ab t e i l u n g a n d
2 4 2
" TH EGERMANW ARMAC H INE"
i s c o m p o s e d o ft e n b a t t a l i o n s , e a c h c o n s i s t i n g o f3 5 0
m e n . Th e y a r e a l l t r a i n e d a b s o l u t e l y fo r t h i s b r a n c h
o ft h e s e r v i c e . O n l y t h e s m a r t e s t m e c h a n i c s a n d a r t i -
fi c e r s a r e s e l e c t e d . In t h e h i g h e r b r a n c h e s t h e m o s t
i n t e l l i g e n t a n d b r a v e s t o ffi c e r s h o l d c o m m a n d . C o n -
s i d e r i n g t h e u s u a l p a y i n c o n t i n e n t a l a r m i e s , t h e
w a g e s o ft h e m e n i n t h e Ge n e r a l a e r i a l c o r p s a r e e x -
c e p t i o n a l l y h i g h . In fa c t t h e y a r e t h e h i g h e s t p a i d i n
t h e Ge r m a n a r m y . Th e y a r e n o t o r d i n a r y e n l i s t e d
m e n , m e a n i n g t h a t t h e y s e r v e o n l y t h e i r . t w o y e a r s '
t i m e . Mo s t o ft h e m h a v e a g r e e d t o s e r v e a l e n g t h y
t e r m . Ma r r i e d m e n a r e n o t e n c o u r a g e d t o e n r o l l i n
t h i s b r a n c h o ft h e s e r v i c e . It i s o b v i o u s fr o m t h e n a -
t u r e o ft h e w o r k t h a t t h e h a z a r d s a r e o ft e n g r e a t .
Th e w o n d e r fu l s y s t e m o ft h e Ge r m a n W a r Ma c h i n e
h a s b e e n i n s t a l l e d w i t h r a r e d e t a i l i n t h e a e r i a l c o r p s .
Th e e q u i p m e n t o ft h e d i ffe r e n t s t a t i o n s i s r e a l l y m a r -
v e l o u s . Fo r e v e r y t h i n g h u m a n i n g e n u i t y h a s b e e n
a b l e t o d e v i s e c o n c e r n i n g t h e d i r i g i b l e y o u w i l l fi n d i n
a p p l i c a t i o n . Ea c h s t a t i o n i s fu l l y e q u i p p e d a n d i s
a n a b s o l u t e l y i n d e p e n d e n t c e n t e r i n i t s e l f . Ta k e t h e
b a s e a t H e l g o l a n d . It i s t h e n e w e s t a n d t h e o n e t h a t
i s a l w a y s c l o a k e d w i t h s e c r e c y .
At t h e e x t r e m e e a s t e r n c o r n e r o ft h e i s l a n d o fH e l g o -
l a n d o n e s e e s , a m i d t h e s a n d y d u n e s , t h r e e v a s t o b -
l o n g , i r o n - g r a y s t r u c t u r e s
. At a d i s t a n c e t h e y a r e
n o t u n l i k e o v e r g r o w n g a s o m e t e r s . Is a y a t a d i s -
t a n c e , fo r i t i s i m p o s s i b l e fo r a n y v i s i t o r t o g e t w i t h i n
a t h o u s a n d y a r d s o ft h e s t a t i o n . Th e s o l i t a r y a p -
p r o a c h i s g u a r d e d b y a t r i p l e p o s t o ft h e m a r i n e g u a r d .
2 4 3
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
Ify o u w a l k t o w a r d t h e s t a t i o n , b e fo r e y o u c o m e w i t h i n
a h u n d r e d y a r d s o ft h e g u a r d , y o u w i l l fi n d l a r g e
s i g n s s e t t i n g fo r t h i n u n m i s t a k a b l e a n d t e r s e l a n -
g u a g e t h a t d i r e a n d s w i ft p e n a l t i e s fo l l o w a n y fu r -
t h e r e x p l o r a t i o n i n t h a t d i r e c t i o n . No t o n l y En g l i s h
b u t Ge r m a n v i s i t o r s t o H e l g o l a n d h a v e fo u n d o u t
t h r o u g h t h e i r c o u r s e t h a t e v e n t h e s l i g h t e s t i n fr i n g e -
m e n t o ft h e r u l e s o ft h e s e s i g n s i s d a n g e r o u s . Is h a l l
h o w e v e r , t a k e y o u a l i t t l e c l o s e r .
W a l k i n g o n u n t i l y o u a r e w i t h i n fi ft y y a r d s o ft h e
g r e a t b a l l o o n s h e d s , y o u p a u s e b e fo r e a t a l l fe n c e o f
b a r b e d w i r e , t h i s c o n n e c t e d w i t h a n e l a b o r a t e a l a r m -
b e l l s y s t e m t h a t s o u n d s i n t h e t w o g u a r d h o u s e s . Fo r
i n s t a n c e , i fa n e n t e r p r i s i n g s e c r e t a g e n t o fFr a n c e
w e r e t o t r y t o s t e a l u p o n t h e s t a t i o n , i fh e c a m e b y
n i g h t a n d c u t t h r o u g h t h e b a r b e d w i r e , a s e r i e s o f
b e l l s w o u l d i m m e d i a t e l y s o u n d t h e g e n e r a l a l a r m .
H a v i n g p a s s e d t h r o u g h t h e s i x s t r a n d s o fb a r b e d w i r e
a t a l l o c t a g o n a l t o w e r m e e t s t h e e y e . In t h i s t o w e r
a r e i n s t a l l e d t w o p o w e r fu l s e a r c h l i g h t s a s w e l l a s a
c o m p l e t e w i r e l e s s o u t fi t . Al l t h e Ze p p e l i n s c a r r y
w i r e l e s s
. By m e a n s o fe l a b o r a t e r e fl e c t o r s , i t i s p o s -
s i b l e w i t h t h e s e a r c h l i g h t s t o fl o o d t h e w h o l e p l a c e
w i t h d a y l i g h t i n t h e m i d d l e o ft h e n i g h t . Th u s a s c e n -
s i o n s c a n b e m a d e s a fe l y a t a n y h o u r o ft h e t w e n t y -
fo u r . Th e t h r e e o b l o n g s h e d s s t a n d i n a r o w , t h e
m i d d l e b e i n g t h e l a r g e s t , h a v i n g s p a c e s fo r t w o c o m -
p l e t e d i r i g i b l e s , w h i l e t h e o t h e r s h e d s h o u s e b u t o n e
e a c h . Th e y a r e a b o u t 8 0 0 fe e t l o n g , 2 0 0 fe e t b r o a d
2 4 4
" TH EGERMANW ARMAC H INE"
a n d 1 2 0 fe e t h i g h . Th e w h o l e s t r u c t u r e i t s e l fc a n b e
s h i ft e d t o a b o u t a n a n g l e o ffo r t y d e g r e e s , t h i s b e i n g
w o r k e d o n a p l a n s i m i l a r t o t h e r a i l r o a d e n g i n e t u r n -
t a b l e . Th e r e a s o n fo r i t i s t h a t w i t h t h e v e e r i n g o f
t h e w i n d t h e s h e d s a r e t u r n e d s o t h a t t h e d o o r s w i l l b e
p l a c e d a d v a n t a g e o u s l y fo r t h e r e m o v a l o ft h e a i r s h i p
fr o m i t s p l a c e o fs h e l t e r .
Th e w h o l e l a y o u t a n d t h e v a s t a r e a o fs p a c e s h o w
t h a t i t i s t h e Go v e r n m e n t ' s i n t e n t i o n t o s t i l l fu r t h e r
i n c r e a s e t h e p l a n t . In fa c t , o n m y l a s t v i s i t t o H e l g o -
l a n d - a n d i t w a s m o r e t h a n t w o y e a r s a g o - Is a w
t h e e v i d e n c e o fa n o t h e r s h e d a b o u t t o b e b u i l t . At t h e
s t a t i o n i s t h e m o s t e ffi c i e n t m e t e o r o l o g i c a l d e p a r t m e n t
o fa l l t h e s t a t i o n s . Th e m o s t u p - t o - d a t e a n d s e n s i t i v e
i n s t r u m e n t s c o n n e c t e d w i t h t h i s s c i e n c e a r e t h e r e i n
d u p l i c a t e s a n d t h e h i g h e s t e x p e r t s s u c h a s o n l y Ge r -
m a n y c a n p r o d u c e a r e i n c h a r g e o ft h e d e p a r t m e n t .
W h e n Iw a s a t H e l g o l a n d In o t i c e d a v a s t d i ffe r e n c e
i n t h e s t r e n g t h o ft h e fo r t i fi c a t i o n s c o m p a r e d t o w h a t
t h e y h a d b e e n . Th e y u s e d t o b e t r e m e n d o u s , b u t s i n c e
t h e a d d i t i o n o ft h e n a v a l b a s e t h e y h a v e b e c o m e s e c -
o n d a r y . H a l ft h e s o l d i e r s o n d u t y t h e r e h a v e b e e n
t r a n s fe r r e d e l s e w h e r e ; s o w i t h t h e b i g g u n s . Th e r e
i s n o l o n g e r a n y n e e d fo r t h e m . As Is t a t e d , Is a w a
fo u r t h b i g b a l l o o n s h e d i n t h e c o u r s e o fc o n s t r u c t i o n .
Ih a v e n o t b e e n o n t h e i s l a n d fo r t w o y e a r s . No b o d y
h a s b e e n n e a r t h e e x t r e m e e a s t e r n e n d e x c e p t t h o s e
c l o s e l y i d e n t i fi e d w i t h t h e s e r v i c e . C o n s i d e r i n g t h a t
Ge r m a n y h a s n o t b u i l t m o r e t h a n o n e e x t r a s h e d , t h a t
2 4 5
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
m e a n s fi v e d i r i g i b l e s , a n d t h e r e i s n o t h i n g o n e a r t h
t h a t c o u l d s t a n d u p a g a i n s t t h e m . H e l g o l a n d d o e s
n o t n e e d fo r t s a n y m o r e . Th e n e w fo r t s fl o a t i n t h e
s k y a n d c a n r a i n d e a t h .
H e l g o l a n d h a s a l w a y s b e e n a s o r e s p o t o fBr i t i s h
d i p l o m a c y . O r i g i n a l l y En g l a n d o w n e d t h e i s l a n d ;
n o w i t i s a m e n a c e t o En g l a n d . W h e n Lo r d S a l i s -
b u r y w a s P r i m e Mi n i s t e r o fEn g l a n d , h e c o n c e i v e d
w h a t h e b e l i e v e d t o b e a s h r e w d d i p l o m a t i c m o v e .
H e o ffe r e d Bi s m a r c k t h e i s l a n d o fH e l g o l a n d i n e x -
c h a n g e fo r s o m e Ea s t Afr i c a n c o n c e s s i o n s . H e l g o -
l a n d i s n o w t h e k e y a n d g u a r d o fGe r m a n y ' s m a i n
a r t e r y o fc o m m e r c e , b e i n g t h e k e y t o H a m b u r g .
W i t h t h e d i r i g i b l e s t a t i o n o fH e l g o l a n d t o g u a r d h e r ,
H a m b u r g i s i m p r e g n a b l e a n d o n En g l a n d ' s n o r t h e r n
c o a s t t h e y h a v e a w a y o fl o o k i n g o u t a c r o s s t h e No r t h
S e a w i t h t r o u b l e d e y e s , fo r w h o k n o w s w h e n t h o s e
t e r r i b l e c a r t r i d g e - s h a p e d m o n s t e r s w i l l r i s e i n t o
t h e a i r a n d s w e e p o v e r t h e s e a ? S t r a n g e r t h i n g s h a v e
h a p p e n e d , e v e n t h o u g h t h e c o u n t r i e s h a v e t h e i r s e c r e t
d i p l o m a t i c u n d e r s t a n d i n g s .
Le t u s c o n s i d e r o n e o ft h e s e n e w w a r m o n s t e r s , t h e
l a t e s t a n d m o s t p o w e r fu l , t h e X1 5
. Th e l a t e s t Ze p -
p e l i n s , c h a r g e d w i t h t h e n e w l y d i s c o v e r e d d i o x y -
g e n o u s g a s , g i v i n g t h e s e s k y b a t t l e s h i p s t r i p l e l i ft i n g
c a p a c i t y ; t h e p e r fe c t i n g o ft h e Di e s e l m o t o r , g i v i n g
e n o r m o u s c o n s u m p t i o n (fi ft y o ft h e s e Di e s e l e n g i n e s ,
t h e i r w o r k i n g s s e c r e t t o t h e Ge r m a n Go v e r n m e n t , a r e
s t o r e d u n d e r g u a r d a t t h e b i g n a v y y a r d s a t W i l h e l m -
2 4 6
" TH EGERMANW ARMAC H INE"
s h a fe n a n d K i e l , r e a d y t o b e i n s t a l l e d a t t h e b r e a k o f
w a r i n t o s u b m a r i n e s a n d d i r i g i b l e s ) , h a v e g i v e n t h e
Ge r m a n t y p e o fa i r c r a ft a n i m p o r t a n c e u n d r e a m e d o f
a n d u n s u s p e c t e d b y t h e r e s t o ft h e w o r l d .
Th e o p e r a t i n g s p h e r e o ft h e n e w b a l l o o n s h a s e x -
t e n d e d fr o m 1 0 0 t o 1 , 2 0 0 - 1 , 4 0 0 k i l o m e t e r s . S e c r e t
t r i a l t r i p s o fa fu l l y e q u i p p e d Ze p p e l i n l i k e X1 5 ,
c a r r y i n g a c r e w o ft w e n t y - fo u r m e n , s i x q u i c k - fi r i n g
g u n s , s e v e n t o n s o fe x p l o s i v e , h a v e e x t e n d e d fr o m
S t e t t i n , o v e r t h e Ba l t i c , o v e r S w e d e n b u r g i n S w e d e n ,
r e c r o s s i n g t h e Ba l t i c a n d l a n d i n g a t S w i n e m u n d e ,
w i t h e n o u g h g a s , fu e l , a n d p r o v i s i o n s l e ft t o k e e p a l o ft
a n o t h e r t h i r t y - s i x h o u r s . Th e d i s t a n c e a l l t o l d c o v -
e r e d o n o n e o ft h e s e t r i p s w a s 1 , 1 8 0 k i l o m e t e r s . Th i s
fa c t s p e a k s fo r i t s e l f . Th e r e t u r n d i s t a n c e fr o m H e l -
g o l a n d t o Lo n d o n , o r a n y m i d l a n d t o w n s i n En g l a n d ,
c o r r e s p o n d s w i t h t h e m i l e a g e c o v e r e d o n r e c e n t t r i p s .
In t h e e v e n t o fh o s t i l i t i e s b e t w e e n En g l a n d a n d Ge r -
m a n y , t h i s s t a t e m e n t n e e d s n o e x p l a n a t i o n . Th a t i s
w h y Im e n t i o n e d t h a t t h e l a t t e r - d a y Ze p p e l i n s w e r e a
p o w e r fu l fa c t o r i n b r i n g i n g a b o u t a n a m i a b l e u n d e r -
s t a n d i n g b e t w e e n t h o s e t w o p o w e r fu l c o u n t r i e s . Fo r
n e i t h e r t h e h i s t o r i c w o o d e n w a l l s o fNe l s o n ' s d a y n o r
t h e s t e e l p l a t e s o fh e r m o d e r n n a v y c o u l d h e l p En g -
l a n d o r a n y o t h e r n a t i o n a g a i n s t t h e i n r o a d s o ft h e
m o n s t e r s o ft h e a i r .
Th e c a p a c i t y o fs e v e n t o n s o fe x p l o s i v e d o e s n o t e x -
h a u s t t h e r e s o u r c e s o ft h i s t y p e o fw e a p o n . Ih a v e i t
o n g o o d a u t h o r i t y t h a t t h e n e w Ze p p e l i n s c a n c a r r y
2 4 7
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
d o u b l e t h a t q u a n t i t y o fe x p l o s i v e i fn e c e s s a r y . As
t h e s i z e o ft h e s e v e s s e l s i n c r e a s e s , s o d o e s t h e r a t i o o f
t h e i r c a r r y i n g c a p a c i t y .
P i c t u r e t h e h a v o c a d o z e n s u c h v u l t u r e s c o u l d
c r e a t e a t t a c k i n g a c i t y l i k e Lo n d o n o r P a r i s . P r e s -
e n t - d a y d e fe n s e a g a i n s t t h e s e s h i p s i s t o t a l l y i n a d e -
q u a t e .
In a t t a c k i n g l a r g e p l a c e s , t h e Ze p p e l i n s w o u l d
r i s e t o a h e i g h t o ffr o m 6 , 0 0 0 t o 8 , 0 0 0 fe e t , a t w h i c h
d i s t a n c e t h e s e h u g e c i g a r - s h a p e d e n g i n e s o fd e a t h ,
7 0 0 fe e t l o n g , w o u l d a p p e a r t h e s i z e o fa fo o t b a l l , a n d
n o b i g g e r . Ik n o w t h a t Ze p p e l i n s h a v e s u c c e s s fu l l y
s a i l e d a l o ft a t a n a l t i t u d e o f1 0 , 0 0 0 fe e t
. P i c t u r e
t h e m a t t h a t e l e v a t i o n , e v e r y b o d y a b o a r d i n w a r m ,
c o m fo r t a b l e q u a r t e r s , r e a d y t o d r o p e x p l o s i v e s t o t h e
g r o u n d . Th e h a l fi n fo r m e d m a n
- a n d t h e r e a p p e a r
t o b e m a n y s u c h i n Eu r o p e a n c a b i n e t s , w h i c h r e c a l l s
t h e p r o v e r b a b o u t a l i t t l e k n o w l e d g e b e i n g a d a n g e r -
o u s t h i n g - l i k e s t o s a y t h a t a fl o c k o fa e r o p l a n e s c a n
p u t a d i r i g i b l e o u t o fb u s i n e s s
. C o n s i d e r n o w a n
a e r o p l a n e a t a n e l e v a t i o n o f6 , 0 0 0 fe e t a n d r e m e m b e r
t h a t t h e n e w Ze p p e l i n s h a v e g o n e t h o u s a n d s o ffe e t
h i g h e r . An a v i a t o r a t 6 , 0 0 0 fe e t i s s o c o l d t h a t h e i s
p r a c t i c a l l y u s e l e s s fo r a n y t h i n g b u t g u i d i n g h i s m a -
c h i n e
. H o w i n t h e w o r l d i s h e o r h i s s e a t - m a t e g o i n g
t o d o h a r m t o a b i g c r a ft t h e s i z e o ft h e Ze p p e l i n t h a t
i s fa r a b o v e h i m ? An a v i a t o r w h o h a s e v e r g o n e u p ,
s a y 8 , 0 0 0 fe e t , w i l l t e l l y o u w h e n h e c o m e s d o w n w h a t
a h a r r o w i n g e x p e r i e n c e h e h a s h a d
. W h a t g o o d c a n
a n i n d i v i d u a l b e , e x p o s e d t o t h e t e m p e r a t u r e a n d t h e
e l e m e n t s a t s u c h a n a l t i t u d e , i n d o i n g h a r m t o t h e
2 4 8
" TH EGERMANW ARMAC H INE"
c a l m , c o m fo r t a b l e g e n t l e m e n i n t h e h e a t e d c o m p a r t -
m e n t s o ft h e Ze p p e l i n ? - Q u a t s c h ! w h i c h i s a Ge r -
m a n a r m y t e r m fo r p i ffl e !
At 8 , 0 0 0 fe e t t h e s m a l l t a r g e t a Ze p p e l i n a ffo r d s
w o u l d m o v e a t a r a t e o fs p e e d o ffr o m t h i r t y - fi v e t o
s i x t y m i l e s a n h o u r . Th e p o s s i b l e c h a n c e s o fb e i n g
h i t b y t e r r e s t r i a l g u n fi r e a r e i n fi n i t e s i m a l l y s m a l l
.
Th i s d o e s n o t t a k e i n t o a c c o u n t t h e v a s t o p p o r t u n i t i e s
t h a t a d i r i g i b l e h a s fo r n i g h t a t t a c k s o r t h e p o s s i b i l i t y
o fh i d i n g a m o n g t h e c l o u d s . Th e X1 5 , s a i l i n g o v e r
Lo n d o n , c o u l d d r o p e x p l o s i v e s d o w n a n d c r e a t e t e r -
r i b l e h a v o c . Th e y d o n ' t h a v e t o a i m
. Th e y a r e n o t
l i k e a v i a t o r s t r y i n g t o d r o p a b o m b o n t h e d e c k o fa
w a r s h i p . Th e y s i m p l y d u m p o v e r b o a r d s o m e o ft h e
n e w e x p l o s i v e o ft h e Ge r m a n Go v e r n m e n t , t h e s e n e w
c h e m i c a l s h a v i n g t h e p r o p e r t y o fs e t t i n g o n fi r e a n y -
t h i n g t h a t t h e y h i t , a n d t h e y s a i l o n
. Th e y d o n o t h a v e
t o w o r r y a b o u t h i t t i n g t h e m a r k . C o n s i d e r t h e s i z e
o ft h e i r t a r g e t . Th e y a r e s i m p l y t h r o w i n g s o m e t h i n g
a t t h e C i t y o fLo n d o n . Ift h e y d o n o t h i t Bu c k i n g -
h a m P a l a c e t h e y a r e a p t t o h i t K n i g h t s b r i d g e . An d
r e m e m b e r t h a t w h a t e v e r o n e o ft h e n e w Ge r m a n e x -
p l o s i v e s s t r i k e s , c o n fl a g r a t i o n b e g i n s .
Ae r o p l a n e s , b i p l a n e s , m o n o p l a n e s , a n d t h e o t h e r i n -
n u m e r a b l e h o s t o fs m a l l c r a ft s o o ft e n q u o t e d a s a
p o s s i b l e c o u n t e r d e fe n s e a g a i n s t t h e Ze p p e l i n , a r e
o v e r r a t e d , a n d a r e i n a n y c a s e t h e o r e t i c a l . Th e Ge r -
m a n a u t h o r i t i e s h a v e m a d e v a s t a n d e x h a u s t i v e t r i a l s
i n t h e s e m a t t e r s . Th e s t r e n u o u s e ffo r t s o n t h e p a r t
o ft h i s Em p i r e t o i n c r e a s e i t s d i r i g i b l e fl e e t i s t o m y
2 4 9
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
w a y o ft h i n k i n g a n s w e r e n o u g h . Th e Ge r m a n Ge n -
e r a l S t a ffa t Be r l i n t r i e s o u t m o r e t h o r o u g h l y t h a n
a n y n a t i o n i n t h e w o r l d e v e r y n e w d e v i c e o fw a r fa r e .
Th e y h a v e t r i e d t h e a e r o p l a n e a n d t h e d i r i g i b l e
. I
h a v e h e a r d t h e l e a d i n g e x p e r t s a n d a v i a t o r s w h o h a v e
b e e n a s s i g n e d t o b o t h t y p e s a g r e e i n g t h a t t h e Ze p p e -
l i n s o ft h e X1 5 t y p e h a v e n o t h i n g t o fe a r fr o m a n y
p r e s e n t - d a y fl y i n g m a c h i n e - a n d t h a t i s g o o d e n o u g h
fo r m e .
2 5 0
XIII
ARMINGFO RP EAC E
O RW AR
T
H Em a p o fEu r o p e i s c e r t a i n t o u n d e r g o s o m e
v e r y d e c i d e d c h a n g e s w i t h i n t h e n e x t d e c a d e ,
v e r y p o s s i b l y i n l e s s t i m e . S o c i a l a n d e c o n o m i c c o n -
d i t i o n s , l e t a l o n e t h e p a r a m o u n t p o l i t i c a l a m b i t i o n s
o ft h e i n d i v i d u a l r u l e r s , m u s t b r i n g a b o u t a d e c i d e d
a l t e r a t i o n i n s t a t e b o u n d a r i e s i n C e n t r a l Eu r o p e
.
Th i s w i l l b e a c c o m p l i s h e d e i t h e r w i t h o r w i t h o u t w a r
- w i t h b l o o d s h e d m o s t l i k e l y . H i s t o r y a n d h u m a n
p r o p e n s i t i e s h a v e s h o w n t h e i n a b i l i t y t o s e t t l e a n y
v i t a l p o i n t s b y p e a c e fu l a r b i t r a t i o n a n d t h e m o r e o n e
c o m e s i n c o n t a c t w i t h t h e fo r c e s , o b v i o u s a n d o t h e r -
w i s e , d i r e c t i n g h u m a n a ffa i r s , t h e m o r e o n e l e a r n s t h e
r a t h e r d i s h e a r t e n i n g fa c t t h a t t h e m i l l e n n i u m i s a s
fa r o ffa s e v e r
. Th e p r o p h e c i e s o ft h e o l d Bi b l i c a l
p r o p h e t s a b o u t w a r s a n d r u m o r s o fw a r s a r e a s p e r -
t i n e n t t o - d a y a s b e fo r e t h e a d v e n t o fC h r i s t . Th e
m e t h o d s m a y h a v e c h a n g e d s i n c e t h e c o n c e p t i o n o ft h e
C h r i s t i a n r e l i g i o n b u t t h e r e s u l t s w i l l b e a t t a i n e d n o w
a s e v e r b y t h e r i g h t o fa m i g h t y s w o r d a r m .
Th e m o s t v i r i l e a n d a g g r e s s i v e p o w e r i n t h e c e n t e r
o fEu r o p e i s Ge r m a n y p r o p e r - t h i s t e r m o fGe r -
m a n y , i n c l u d i n g t h e w h o l e o ft h e Te u t o n i c r a c e s , s u c h
a s
. t h e Ge r m a n - s p e a k i n g p o r t i o n o fAu s t r i a , H u n g a r y
2 5 1
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
(fo r y o u r t r u e H u n g a r i a n i s a k e e n a d m i r e r o f
s t r e n g t h a n d fo r c e ) , H o l l a n d , S w i t z e r l a n d a n d i n a l l
p r o b a b i l i t y t h e No r s e m e n a n d Vi k i n g b r a n c h e s o ft h e
Te u t o n i c c l a n , m e a n i n g S w e d e n , No r w a y a n d De n -
m a r k . S o c i a l a n d c o m m e r c i a l a i m s a n d a s p i r a t i o n s
i n S w e d e n , No r w a y a n d De n m a r k , i n d e p e n d e n t a s
t h e y a r e a n d p r o b a b l y a l w a y s w i l l b e , s t i l l s h o w a d e -
c i d e d t r e n d t o C e n t r a l Ge r m a n i c c o h e s i o n . Th e w h o l e
o fEu r o p e i s r o u g h l y d i v i d e d i n t o t h r e e d o m i n a n t
r a c e s - t h e Te u t o n i c , t h e La t i n a n d t h e S l a v i s h . Th e
Te u t o n i c h a s An g l o - S a x o n , Ge r m a n i c a n d No r s e s u b -
d i v i s i o n s
. Th e La t i n , Ga l l i c , h a s t h e Fr e n c h , It a l i a n
a n d S p a n i s h n a t i o n s ; a n d t h e S l a v o n i c c o m p r i s e s t h e
S l a v s a n d Ro m a n i c r a c e s w i t h t h e i r i n n u m e r a b l e s u b -
d i v i s i o n s s u c h a s Mo s c o v i t e , C h e c h , P o l e , C r o a t , S e r b ,
Bu l g a r , Bo j a r , e t c
. Th e s e t h r e e g r o u p s a r e d i s t i n c t l y
d i ffe r e n t i n h a b i t s , t h o u g h t s , m a n n e r s a n d a m b i t i o n s .
Th r o u g h r a c e a n d r e l i g i o n t h e y a r e a l s o d e e p l y a n t a g -
o n i s t i c b y r e a s o n o fi t s h i g h e r c o m m e r c i a l d e v e l o p -
m e n t (Id o n o t s a y e d u c a t i o n , a n d a r t , m u s i c o r l i t e r a -
t u r e , fo r t h e r e y o u r La t i n o r S l a v e x c e l s ) , t h e Te u -
t o n i c r a c e s h a v e o u t s t r i p p e d t h e o t h e r t w o . C o m -
m e r c i a l i s m m e a n s c o n s o l i d a t i o n a n d c o n c e n t r a t i o n
a n d s i n c e t h e Na p o l e o n i c w a r s t h e Ge r m a n i c r a c e s
-
a t t h e b e g i n n i n g s l o w l y b u t w i t h i n t h e l a s t t w e n t y -
fi v e y e a r s r a p i d l y - h a v e d r a w n t o g e t h e r a t a n a s t o n -
i s h i n g p a c e . In c o u n t r i e s s u c h a s Be l g i u m , H o l -
l a n d , De n m a r k a n d S w i t z e r l a n d , e a c h p o s s e s s i n g t h e i r
o w n p e t t y m a c h i n e r y o fe x p e n s i v e g o v e r n m e n t ; e x i s t -
e n t o n l y t h r o u g h t h e m u t u a l j e a l o u s i e s o ft h e i r b i g g e r
2 5 2
AR1 4 INGFO RP EAC EO RW AR
n e i g h b o r s , t h e r e h a s g r o w n u p a d e c i d e d l y i n c o r p o r -
a t i n g s p i r i t
. No t w i t h s t a n d i n g t h e n a t u r a l d i s i n -
c l i n a t i o n o ft h e r u l i n g fa c t i o n s o ft h a t c o u n t r y , t h e
g e n e r a l m a s s o ft h e p e o p l e a r e b y n o m e a n s a v e r s e t o
b e c o m e m e m b e r s o fa v a s t c e n t r a l Eu r o p e a n e m p i r e ,
t h e u n s w e r v i n g a m b i t i o n o ft h e h o u s e o ft h e H o h e n -
z o l l e r n s .
S i n c e t h e d a y s w h e n t h e C o u n t s o fNu r e m b u r g b e -
c a m e e l e c t o r s o fBr a n d e n b u r g , fr o m t h e g r o s s e K u r -
fu r s t , Fr e d e r i c k t h e Gr e a t , t o t h e p r e s e n t Em p e r o r ,
t h e h o u s e o fH o h e n z o l l e r n h a s s h o w n i t s e l ft o b e t h e
m o s t v i r i l e d y n a s t y i n m o d e r n h i s t o r y
. No t a l w a y s
c l e v e r , t h e y p o s s e s s e d t h e r a r e fa c u l t y o ffi n d i n g , d e -
v e l o p i n g a n d u s i n g m e n h a v i n g t h e n e c e s s a r y a b i l i t y t o
e x e c u t e t h e i r c u r r e n t p o l i c i e s .
In t h o r o u g h l y fe u d a l a n d a r i s t o c r a t i c c o u n t r i e s
s u c h a s c o m p r i s e C e n t r a l Eu r o p e , e s p e c i a l l y Ge r -
m a n y , d e c i d e d , u n s w e r v i n g a i m s a r e n e c e s s a r y
. If
t h e s e p o l i c i e s a r e c o n d u c t e d i n a c l e a r , l e v e l - h e a d e d
m a n n e r , j u d i c i o u s l y d e v e l o p i n g t h e w e a l t h a n d c u l t -
u r e o ft h e g e n e r a l m a s s e s , t h e s t a b i l i t y o fs u c h a g o v -
e r n m e n t o r t h r o n e i s w e l l - n i g h u n s h a k a b l e .
It h a s o ft e n b e e n s p o k e n a n d w r i t t e n t h a t i n c o u n -
t r i e s s u c h a s Ge r m a n y a n d Au s t r i a , S o c i a l i s m , t o
q u o t e b u t o n e o ft h e n u m e r o u s " i s m s , " h a s u n d e r -
m i n e d e x i s t i n g g o v e r n m e n t a l p o w e r s . To a c l o s e s t u -
d e n t , t h e s e a s s e r t i o n s a r e a b s o l u t e l y w r o n g . Te u -
t o n i c Ge r m a n i c r a c e s h a v e e v e r b e e n g i v e n t o d e e p l y
a n a l y t i c a l , p h i l o s o p h i c a l s t u d i e s , c r i t i c i s i n g a n d d i s -
s e c t i n g , t h e p o l i c i e s o ft h e i r r u l e r s . Bu t u n d e r l y i n g ,
2 5 3
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
y o u w i l l fi n d a d e e p l y p r a c t i c a l s e n s e a n d a p p r e c i a -
t i o n o fm a t e r i a l b e n e fi t s . Th e Ge r m a n S o c i a l i s t i s i n
fa c t a p r a c t i c a l d r e a m e r , q u i t e i n c o n t r a s t t o h i s m e r -
c u r i a l , e ffe r v e s c e n t La t i n p r o t o t y p e . Th e r u l e r s o f
Ge r m a n y h a v e l e a r n e d t h e l e s s o n t h a t t h e s t a b i l i t y o f
a t h r o n e r e s t s i n t h e w e l fa r e o fh e r p e o p l e a n d e v e r y -
o n e m u s t a d m i t t h a t t h e y h a v e s u c c e e d e d i n t h i s r e -
s p e c t b e t t e r t h a n a n y o t h e r d y n a s t y k n o w n t o h i s -
t o r y . Ge r m a n y w i t h o u t d o u b t i s t h e m o s t u n i fo r m l y
p r o s p e r o u s a n d c i v i l i z e d c o u n t r y i n t h e w o r l d . An d
t h e r e i n l i e s t h e d a n g e r , a s n o s a n e a n d p r o s p e r o u s
b u s i n e s s c a n a ffo r d t o s t a n d s t i l l . Ne i t h e r c a n a s o l v -
e n t v i r i l e n a t i o n s u c h a s Ge r m a n y , m a r k t i m e . Fo r
t h i s r e a s o n : Tw o t h i n g s m u s t h a p p e n i n t h e n e a r fu -
t u r e . Ge r m a n y m u s t e x p a n d p e a c e fu l l y i n Eu r o p e ,
t o t h e n o r t h e a s t a n d w e s t ; o r t h e r e w i l l b e w a r . Th e
r e a s o n s fo r t h i s Ig a v e i n t h e c h a p t e r o n
" Th e Is o l a -
t i o n o fFr a n c e . "
An d t h a t t h e c h a n c e s o fp e a c e fu l a n d r e a l l y s e n s i b l e
a d j u s t m e n t a r e t h o r o u g h l y d i s c o u n t e d a m o n g Ge r m a n
m e n o fa ffa i r s , m u s t b e p r e t t y o b v i o u s t o t h e c a r e fu l
r e a d e r . An i n t e n s e l y p r a c t i c a l a n d s a v i n g p e o p l e
s u c h a s t h e Ge r m a n s w o u l d n o t s p e n d b i l l i o n s i n
m o n e y , a v a s t a m o u n t o ft i m e a n d l a b o r , i n p e r fe c t i n g
a n d k e e p i n g u p a fi g h t i n g m a c h i n e w i t h o u t b e i n g t h o r -
o u g h l y c o n v i n c e d o ft h e n e c e s s i t y o ft h i s i n v e s t m e n t
.
S t r o n g , w e a l t h y a n d p o w e r fu l a s Ge r m a n y i s t o - d a y ,
t h e s t r a i n i s t r e m e n d o u s a n d fo r t h i s r e a s o n a l o n e e x -
i s t i n g p o l i t i c a l a n d g e o g r a p h i c a l c o n d i t i o n s i n Eu r o p e
m u s t u n d e r g o a d e c i d e d c h a n g e
.
2 5 4
ARMINGFO RP EAC EO RW AR
Th e s e c h a n g e s a r e b o u n d t o o c c u r b u t i t i s h a r d t o
s e t a c o r r e c t t i m e
. It m a y b e t o - m o r r o w ; i t c e r t a i n l y
w i l l n o t b e m o r e t h a n a d e c a d e h e n c e . Th e d e a t h o f
t h e Em p e r o r Fr a n c i s J o s e p h w i l l p r e c i p i t a t e i t a t
o n c e - a n d h e i s o l d a n d fe e b l e .
S e c o n d l y , t h e C h u r c h . Th e m a i n s t a y o ft h e C a t h -
o l i c C h u r c h r e s t s w i t h t h e Au s t r i a n m o n a r c h y a n d
w i t h t h e d e a t h o ft h e o l d Em p e r o r , t t w o u l d
- i n
fa c t h a v e t o - - l o o k t o s o m e o t h e r c o u n t r y a n d r u l e r
fo r p r o t e c t i o n . Th e r e i s n o C a t h o l i c r u l e r i n a C a t h -
o l i c c o u n t r y t o - d a y a b l e t o s u p p o r t a n d p r o t e c t t h e d i g -
n i t y o ft h e C h u r c h . Th e Ge r m a n Em p e r o r i s a
P r o t e s t a n t m o n a r c h , b u t h e i s fi r s t a n d l a s t a C h r i s -
t i a n , a n d t h a n k s t o h i s u s u a l k e e n a n d fa r - s i g h t e d
p o l i c y , b a c k e d u p b y s t r o n g s p i r i t u a l c o n v i c t i o n s , r e -
l i g i o u s d i s s e n s i o n s a r e a l m o s t u n k n o w n i n h i s e m -
p i r e
. Th e C a t h o l i c r e l i g i o n e n j o y s i n n o c o u n t r y ,
s a v e t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s , m o r e r e a l fr e e d o m fr o m p e r s e -
c u t i o n t h a n i t d o e s i n Ge r m a n y
. An d t h e Em p e r o r ' s
p e r s o n a l s t a n d i n g w i t h t h e Va t i c a n i s e x c e l l e n t . I
n e e d o n l y r e m i n d t h e r e a d e r o fh i s p e r e n n i a l v i s i t s t o
t h e K i n g o fIt a l y w h e n h e n e v e r fa i l s t o v i s i t t h e
Va t i c a n , p a y i n g h i s r e s p e c t s a s t h e r u l e r o ft w e n t y -
s e v e n m i l l i o n s o fC a t h o l i c s , i fy o u p l e a s e , t o t h e k e e p e r
o fP e t e r ' s k e y s .
In m y w o r k , Ih a v e m e t e m i n e n t d i g n i t a r i e s a n d
p r i n c e s o ft h e C a t h o l i c C h u r c h w h o v o i c e d p r e t t y
fr e e l y - t h a t i s fo r c h u r c h m e n
-
t h e i r c o n fi d e n c e s ,
w i l l i n g n e s s o ft h e i r s u p p o r t t o t h e Em p e r o r ' s g e n e r a l
p o l i c i e s
. .
2 5 5
TH ES EC RETS O FTH EGERMANW ARO FFIC E
TH EBU FFERS TATEO FTH ENO RTH
As Ge r m a n y h a s p r o v i d e d h e r s e l fw i t h a b u ffe r
s t a t e a n d a l l y i n S o u t h e r n Eu r o p e , m e a n i n g Tu r k e y ,
s o s h e h a s c l e v e r l y s u c c e e d e d i n c r e a t i n g a s i m i l a r
c o n d i t i o n i n t h e e x t r e m e n o r t h o fEu r o p e . S w e d e n
a n d No r w a y , a t n o t i m e fr i e n d l y t o t h e Mo s c o v i t e -
y o u n e e d o n l y r e c a l l t h e d a y s o fC h a r l e s XII - h a v e
w i t h i n t h e l a s t fe w y e a r s d e v e l o p e d a s t r o n g m a r t i a l
fe e l i n g a g a i n s t Ru s s i a n a g g r e s s i o n . Bo t h c o u n t r i e s
a r e i n t e n s e l y p a t r i o t i c a n d i n d e p e n d e n t a n d w o u l d
n o t o n a n y a c c o u n t t o l e r a t e i n c o r p o r a t i o n . Ge r m a n y
d o e s n o t w a n t No r w a y a n d S w e d e n , a n d S c a n d i n a v i a
k n o w s t h a t . Th e y a l s o k n o w t h a t Ru s s i a , h a v i n g a
fr e e h a n d , d o e s w a n t t h e m
. H e n c e t h e y a r e l o o k i n g
t o w a r d s Ge r m a n y t o k e e p a n a t i o n a l i n d e p e n d e n c e .
W i t h Ge r m a n h e l p , S w e d e n a n d No r w a y c o u l d m a i n -
t a i n , t r a n s p o r t a n d p l a c e t h r e e - q u a r t e r s o fa m i l l i o n
o ffi r s t - c l a s s fi g h t i n g m e n i n t h e fi e l d a n d t h a t a t
s t r a t e g i c a l a n d c r u c i a l p o i n t s o ft h e Ru s s i a n Em p i r e .
Th e p e r s o n a l d o m i n a t i o n o ft h e h o u s e o fH o h e n -
z o l l e r n e v e n o u t s i d e p o l i t i c a l m a t t e r s i s t r e m e n d o u s ,
b y v i r t u e o fg r e a t w e a l t h a n d m a r r i a g e s , - t h e Em -
p e r o r ' s s o n s h a v i n g m a r r i e d t h e m o s t w e a l t h y
p r i n c e s s e s i n Eu r o p e - b e s i d e s t h e p r i v a t e l y i n v e s t e d
fo r t u n e s o ft h e Em p e r o r , g i v i n g h i m a t r e m e n d o u s i n -
fl u e n c e i n c o m m e r c i a l a ffa i r s . W i l h e l m h o l d s t h e
t h u n d e r b o l t t h a t w i l l s h a k e t h e w o r l d .
TH EEND
2 5 6