Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 737

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~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~
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~~~~
ANALYTICALTABLEOFCONTENTS

xxv
Peas
lowauthorities-wouldnot"cultivateself-relianceanddevelop
theintuition"-thebaneof"successorship "-H. P
. B
. declared
in"Isis"that"apostolicsuccessionisagrossandpalpable
fraud'' the"successorship"ideaamongTheosophistsafter
H. P. B. 'sdeath-DuchessedePomarhailedasH. P. B. 's"sue-
cessor"-thenAnnieBesantinEnglandandJudgeinAmerica
-Judgetellsthereporters "H. P . B. wassui generis"--"she can
havenosuccessor"-claimsofmediumsand"Occultists"to
beH. P. B. 's"successor"-thecaseofHenryB. Foulke-Judge's
twolettersonthesubjecttotheWilkes-Barre Times-Mrs.
BesantreprintsJudge'slettersin Lucifer-Olcott declareshim-
selfon"suecessorship" claims-"
Blavatskynascitwr,nonfit"
-Olcottbeginsthepublicationof"OldDiaryLeaves"in
TheTheosophist forMarch,1892-theireffectontheSociety
andtheMovement-"OldDiaryLeaves"ostensiblepurposeto
give a "truehistoryoftheTheosophicalSociety"-theactual
motiveto pull downH. P. B. tothecommonlevel-therealanimus
notdisclosedtill1895-contradictoryviewsofH. P. B. heldby
Olcottandothers-the"real H. P . B. " unknowntoOlcott-
somehintsfortheintuitional-mindedon"our Brother, H. P. B. "
CHAPTERXXIV. CONTROVERSYOVERH. P. B. 'SSTATUSAS
AGENTOFTHEMAS1' . ttS
ConstantbelittlementofH. P . B. publiclyandprivately-ema-
natesfromOlcottandSinnett-couldnotendureherpre-
eminence-Judge'sdifficultsituation-boundtodefendH. P. B.
-realizesmustantagonizeprominentleaders-stepstakenin
theE. S. T. -'Wehavenotbeendeserted'-"Authorshipof
the'SecretDoctrine'"-otherarticlesin The Path-the old
controversybetweenMr . Sinnettand H. P. B. --1 Theearthchain
ofglobes'-LondonLodgelectures-W . ScottElliottclaims
"inspiration"-AlexanderFullerton's faux pas-Judgedis-
claimsresponsibilityforFullerton-correctsmisconceptionsin
The Path-JudgequotesMasters'certificatesonthe"Secret
Doctrine''-letterfromMasterstoFrancescaArundale-shows
conditionsinLondonLodgeasfarbackas1884-MissArun-
dale'sletterunknowntomembersattime-thecontroversybe-
comesviolent-Judgewriteson"Masters,Adepts,Teachers
andDisciples"-Sinnettcomesoutintheopen-declaresH
. P . B.
"underotherinfluences"thanMasters-affirmsheisstill in
communicationwithMahatmas-JudgeandMrs . Besanttryto
quietthestormwhileupholdingH. P . B. -Olcottspeaksinpraise
ofSinnett-thesituationbytheearlyfallof1893-asharpand
sheercleavageoverteachings-andoverstatusofH. P. B. as
agentoftheMasters .
380
CHAPTERXXV. ANNIEBESANTINAMERICA,1892-3 . . 405
Mrs. BesantinvitedtovisitIndiaagaininfallof1892-goes
toAmericainstead-herAmericantouragreatsuccess-returns
toEnglandloudinpraiseofMr . Judge-Olcottwritesthe
AmericanConventioninApril,1893-raisesthe"herowbrship"
bogyoncemore-JudgespeaksasGeneralSecretaryAmerican
Section-disclaimsallheroworshipanddogmatism butinsists
thosewhoreverenceH. P
. B
. haveperfectrighttoexpresstheir
views-warnsagainstofficialpromulgationsonmattersofindi-
vidualopinion-Mrs. Besantupholdsmembers'rightstofreedom
ofindividualbeliefandexpression-W . ScottElliott'sclaimsto
x$vi

ANALYTICALTABLEOFCONTENTS
"inspiration" discussed-"authority"intheT. S. -nodoc-
trines""authoritative"-allmuststandontheirownmerit-
Mrs. BesantquotesH
. P . B
. onfreedomofopinionintheT. S. -
E. T
. Sturdytakesahand-Sturdyamemberofthe E. S. T. -
objectstoclaimsof`messagesfromMasters"-Mrs. Besant
writeson"GurusandChelas"-opposesSturdy'sviews-the
wholesubjectof"Mahatmamessages"oncemoretothefore
--claimsof"JasperNiemand"in ThePath article--claimsof
Mrs. Besanttorecent"messages"fromMasters-Mrs . Besant
nowtheforemostfigureintheSociety-OlcottandSinnettwor-
riedoverMrs. Besant'achampionshipofJudgeandH. P . B.
CHAPTERXXVI. BEGINNINGSOFTHE"JUDGECASE"

425
Mrs. Besantpublishesin Lucifer forApril,1893,Judge'sletter
toOlcottin1891aboutthe"JasperNiemand"message-
Sturdy'sarticlereallyareplytoJudge'slettertoOleott-Ol-
cottjoinsinthefray-" N. D. K. "writesin TheTheosophist-
challengesJudge'sstatementsinthelettertoOlcott-Oleott
reprintsSturdy'sarticleincludingparagraphsomittedbyMrs
.
Besant-WalterR. OldandS
. V
. Edge-Oldamemberofthe
"E
. S. T
.
Council"-Edgeassistanton TheTheosophist-they
writein TheTheosophist on"TheosophieFreethought"-the
articleaveiledattackonJudge-theytellofthe"Mahatma
Message"atthe "E. S. T. Council"meetingofMay27,1891
-theyquestionthe bonafides ofJudgeandthegenuinenessof
the"message"-OldandEdgeundoubtedlyinspiredbyOlcott
-thequestionof"Master'sseal"-thewholesubjectof"mes-
sagesfromMasters"discussed-H. P . B. 'sstatement-"Occult
phenomenacanneverbe proved"-The publicationof"Theo-
sophicFreethought"aviolationoftheE
. S. T. pledgesofOldand
Edge-takenupbyMrs
. BesantintheEsotericSection-Oldand
EdgesuspendedfrommembershipintheE. S. T. inAugust,1893
-thecircularissuedtomembersoftheE. S. T. byMrs. Besant
andJudge-OlcottfollowsuptheattackonJudgeandH. P . B. -
theWhiteLotusDaymeetingatAdyar,May8,1893-thequan-
daryofOlcottandhisallies-canJudgebeunseatedinconfi-
denceofmemberst-H. P . B. cannotbe"buried"whileJudge
lives-JudgeinvinciblewithMrs. Besant'ssupport-theprob-
lemtowinoverMrs . BesantagainstJudgeandH. P. B. -be-
ginningsoftheconspiracyagainstJudge.
CHAPTERXXVII. MRS
. BESANTCHANGESSIDES

. . 441
JudgeandOlcottpersonifytheopposingissues-theFirstand
SecondSections versus theThirdSectionesotericaspectsofthe
Movement versus theesoteric"TheJudgecase"theexternal
phaseofthebattle-themomentousyearof1893-Bertram
geightleytheunconsciousagentinthesubornationofMrs.
Besant-Keightleyoriginallyastaunchsupporterof H. P . B. -
getsintroublewithMabelCollins--sentbyH. P. B. toAmerica
in1890-posesasher"representative"-H. P . B. issuesfamous
NoticeofAugust9,1890-disavowsBertramKeightley's
"teachings"-saysJudgeher"solerepresentative"-recalls
KeightleytoEurope-sendshimtoIndia-hebecomesGeneral
SecretaryIndianSection-becomesanadherentofOlcott's-
fallsunderinfluenceofG . N. Chakravarti-Chakravartia
reel
ANALYTICALTABLEOFCONTENTS
"psychic"-posesasa II Chela"-KeightleycomestoAmerica
inspringof1893-attendsAmericanSectionConvention-in-
vited byJudgetoselectBrahminandBuddhistDelegatesto
World'sParliamentofReligionsatChicagoFair-Chakravarti
chosen-Judge'seffortstoallayBrahminicalhostility tothe
T. S. -hewarnsof"AplotagainsttheTheosophicalSociety
"-
KeightleyaclosefriendofMrs . Besant-hegoestoEngland
fromAmerica-worksonMrs. Besant-shebeginstogrowsus-
piciousofJudge-ChakravarticomestoLondon-Mrs . Besant
becomesoneofhisworshippers-adopts"ascetic"practices-
herintimacywithChakravarti-Mrs . Besant,MissMuller, and
ChakravarticometoAmericatoattendthe "Parliamentof
Religions"-thegreatsuccessoftheParliament-Mrs
. Besant
andChakravartisharehonorsasthe greatfeatureof
. the
"Parliament"-Mrs. Besantsuccumbstotheluresheldout-
goestoIndiainthefallof1893-hervisit
therearegal
triumph-howOlcottsetthestage-hiscontemptuousreviewof
Judge's Ooean of Theosophy-prepares the"AdyarConven-
tion, " Christmas,1893-hisPresidentialAddress-laudations
ofMrs . Besant-seesinMrs . BesantamessiahfromtheMasters
-theepiphanyofMrs . Besant-intimatesacoming storm
understoodtorefertoJudge-thesecretmeetingbehindthe
publicaddress-theChristmasnightconclaveatAdyarin1893
-Mrs. Besant,Col. Olcott,WalterR. Old,andothersplanthe
assaultonJudge-themeetingunknowntothemembers-Mrs.
Besantchosentohurlthethunderboltprepared-shewrites a
formallettertoOleottFeb
. 6,1894-makescharges against
Judge-demandsinvestigation-nextdayOlcottwritesofficially
toJudge-demandsheresignorstandtrial
for"misusing
Mahatmas'namesandhandwritings. "
xxvii
PAGE
CHAPTERXXVIII. THEAMERICANSECTIONSUPPORTS
JUDGE

468
TherealissueTheosophyortheSociety-Chelasormediums-
Brotherhoodorsectarianism-howJudgeactedonreceipt of
Olcott's''ultimatum''-addressesacircular
March15,1894,
toallmembersoftheT. S. -laysbarethefacts-refuses
to
resign-announceshisreadinesstomeet anycharges-denies
anywrong-doing-admitsreceiving
anddeliveringmessages
fromMasters-declaresthemgenuine-nevercourtedpublicity
-saysnoonebutagenuinechelacandeterminewhatisoris
nota"message"-thechargesadistinctviolationofConsti-
tutionofSociety-makeadogmaoutofMastersandMessages
-anassaultonlibertyofconscience-willmeethisaccusers-
Judge'scircularwidelydistributed-itsfranknessandfairness
inmeetingallissues-BertramKeightleyandGeorgeMeadre-
ceivecopiesofchargesandJudge'sreply-theirsenseofhonor
andfairplayoutraged-theyaddressanopenletter toCol.
OlcottasGeneralSecretariesofIndianandBritishSections-
chargeOleottwithviolationofConstitution andtheprinci-
plesofBrotherhood-declarethematteratissueoneofpersonal
opinionandbarredfromconstitutionalattack-Olcott
follows
uphisfirstlettertoJudgewithanother-invites Judgeto
`provehimselfinnocent"
andsuspendshim fromVice-
Presidency-setsthe"trial"tobeheldatLondoninJuly,
1894-Mrs . BesantleavesIndiatoreturntoEnglandandcarry
thefightagainstJudgebeforetheBritishSectionConvention
xxviii

ANALYTICALTABLEOFCONTENTS
-the AmericanSection Convention meets in April, 1894-
unanimously votes confldence in Judge-re-elects him General
Secretary-charges Olcott with violation of the Constitution-
demandsthatifJudge's"messages"areinvestigatedthoseof
Sinnett,Mrs . Besant,Col
. ,Olcottandothersbealsoinvestigated
atthesametime-declaresforfreedomofopinionandbelief
intheSociety-votestoreimburseJudgefortheexpenseshe
hasbeenputtobecause of thechargesagainsthim.
CHAPTERXXIX. THE"JUDICIALENQUIRY"INLONDON . 493
Olcott'spositioninspringof1894-determinedto"fightitout
tothehilt"thistime-feelsmasterofthesituationdueto
alliancewithMrs. Besant-hisotheraids-WalterOld'shelp-
OlddeterminestoreturntoEnglandwithMrs . Besant-Oldan
astrologerand"psychic"withmanyEnglishfriends-Olcott'8
panegyricsonMrs. Besant-hissignedarticlein TheTheoso-
phist onMrs . Besant-hisattitudetowardJudgecontrastedwith
hisdeificationofMrs . Besant-makesMrs
. Besanthisvice-
regalagent-grantsher carteblanche in Australasia-thesig-
nificanceofthis-OlcottandMrs . Besantnaturalautocrats-
noideaofdemocracy-thebombshellofBeightleyandMead's
rebellion-thesituationreversed-Olcottnowfearfulofdefeat-
consultshisadvisers-sendsoutanewOfficialNotice-triesto
explainsituation-announceshisdecisiontogotoEngland-his
"explanation"examined-thebattlefieldtransferredtoEng-
land-The"JudicialCommittee"meetsatLondoninJuly,1894
-Mrs
. Besant,Olcottandothersconfer
thecasethrashedout
inCommittee-JudgeattendsthesessionoftheCommittee-
remainssilent-Committeeinhardcase-pointsraisedbyJudge
inescapable-Judgeannounceshisreadinesstobe"tried"-the
CommitteecontrolledbyBesantandOlcott-theyfearJudge
can"provehisinnocence"iftried-theyreversethemselves-
Olcottmakesaspeech-declarescasecannotconstitutionallybe
tried-theCommitteedecidesithas"nojurisdiction"-the
actiontakenacompleteexposureoftheanimusofthepersecu-
tion-the"Enquiry" a farce.
CHAPTERXXX. BRITISHCONVENTIONDISMISSESCASE
AGAINSTJUDGE519
Effectofthedecisionofthe"JudicialCommittee"-Theoso-
phistsatLondonfortheBritishConventionsensethewrongdone
Judge-Mrs . BesantandOlcotttryto"savetheirface"-
theydemanda"Juryofhonour"-Judge'sreply-whereare
thecompetent"occultists"?-whocantellwhethera"Mes-
sage"isorisnotgenuine?-Mrs . Besantproposesthematterbe
placedbeforetheBritishConventionasa"Jury"--Judge
promptlyconsents-Mrs . BesantandJudgereadStatementsto
theConvention-Mrs . Besantadmitsthechargesdueto"per-
sonalhatred"ofJudgeby"certainpersons"-OldandEdge
indicatedasthe"guiltypersons"-Mrs . Besantdeniesrespon-
sibility-saysshesponsoredchargesfor"Judge'ssake "-ad-
mitsJudgeisincommunicationwithMasters-saysthe"mes-
sages"inthe"Master'sscript"--butsaysshebelievesMasters
didnot"directly"precipitatethem-acquitsJudgeofdishon-
orableintentions-apologizesforhershareinthecase-asks
PAGE
ANALYTICALTABLEOFCONTENTS

axis
Judge'sforgiveness"forwrongsdonehim"-Olcottaddsa
footnotetoMrs. Besant'sStatement-saysheaskedherto
makethecharges-betrayshimself-JudgemakeshisStatement
-sayshedidnotcoupleMrs . Besant'anamewiththecharges
tosaveher-denies"forgingthehandwritingofMahatmas' -
admitshavingdeliveredMessages-affirmstheirgenuineness-
refusestosay how theyweredone-deniesrightofanyoneto
makeunverifiablecharges-saysanyonecanreceiveMessages
who"livesthelife"-nevertriedtoinfluenceothers-says
handwriting,sealsand"precipitation"nota"proof"that
MessagesarefromMasters-forgiveshisenemies-Mrs
. Besant's
andMr . Judge'sStatementsanalyzedandcompared-theBritish
ConventionunanimouslyacceptstheStatementsmadeandde-
claresthe"Judgecase"a"closedincident"-the"Occultism
andTruth"circulardistributedafteradjournmentoftheCon-
vention-Mrs. Besant's Lucifer articleonthe"Judicial
En-
quiry"-her evasionsandmisrepresentations-thesignersofthe
"OccultismandTruth"circular-showwhowerebehindthe
persecutionofJudge-what"possessed"hisdefamers-were
Mrs. Besant,Olcottandtherestdeliberatemaliciousassassinsof
reputationofJudge?-theywere"occultfailures"-couldnot
discriminatebetweentruthandfalsehood-movedbythesame
self-righteousrelentlessnessasreligiousbigotsinalltimes-
Olcott'sParthianshotaftertheConvention-hisarticleon
"T. S
. SolidarityandIdeals. "
CHAPTERXXXI. THE"EASTERNDIVISION"AND"WEST-
ERNDIVISION"559
Thecalmafterthestormofthe"JudicialCommittee"inJuly,
1894-thelessonofthe" Enquiry "-" occultphenomenacannot
beproved"-nopartofthebusinessoftheTheosophicalSo-
ciety-phenomenanoevidenceofmoralityorethics-canbeper-
formedbymediumsand"blackmagicians"aswellasChelas
andAdepts-H. P. B. 'amissionphilosophicalandethical-notto
supplyademonstrationoftheOccultSciences-herphenomena
incidentalandunavoidabletoherMission-phenomenanever
madepublicbyeitherH. P. B. orJudgeinfirstinstance-the
"Judgecase"atestingoutofthe"EsotericSection"-fur-
therextractsfromthe PreliminaryMemorandum-rules andpur-
poseoftheE
. S. T. -conductofOlcott,Besant, etal. , grossvio-
lationoftheirownPledgesinOccultism-clearevidenceoftheir
totalfailureas"probationaryChelas"-thewarningsgivento
Mrs
. BesantintheSchool-aftermathofthe"Judicial En-
quiry"--how thematterwassettledforthetimeintheE. S. T.
-thejointcircularofMrs . BesantandMr . JudgetotheMem-
bers,August,1894-itshistoryandre-organizationrecited-the
agreementreached-Mrs. Besanttoconductthe"EasternDivi-
sion"andMr. Judgethe"WesternDivision"--''timemustbe
allowed"fortherestorationoftranquillity-Mr . Judgethe
realAgentofH. P. B. intheSchool-Mrs . Besant"Recorderof
theteachings"-herfailureas"Recorder"-hercorruptionof
the"SecretDoctrine"-herspuriousThirdVolume-herbold-
nessinpublishingmisrepresentationsoffactandphilosophy-
sheputsanutterfalsehoodinthemouthofH. P. B. -declares
H. P. B. "professedfaithinthegods"-Mrs
. Besant'slossof
ethicalbalancewheneverherstatementsquestionedorherac-
tionsimpugned .
PAGE
ass

ANALYTICALTABLEOFCONTENTS
PAGE
CHAPTER
XXXII. WestminsterGazette ATTACKS THE
SOCIETY574
Thesituation in the early fall of 1894-Judge returns to
America-Olcott and Keightley returntoIndia-Mrs. Besant
goestoAustralia-WalterOldremainsinEngland-renewsthe
fightonJudge-evidencesofcollusion-OldprovidesEdmund
Garrettwithammunition-Garrettopensagrandassaultinthe
WestminsterGazette-ridicules Theosophy-pokesfunatOlcott
andMrs . Besant-callsthemdupesofH. P . B. andJudge-Gar-
rettanhonestman-avowshisanimus-declareshimselfenemy
ofTheosophy-hispurposetodestroyT. S. -his series ofarticles
publishedinbookform-theirtremendouscirculationandef-
feet-OldwritestheGazette--admitshiscomplicity-regretsto
draginMrs . Besantand Olcott-exposes hisenmitytoJudge
-confesses unwittinglythesecretconferenceatAdyar,Christ-
mas,1893-the"Judge
case" plannedthenbyOld,Besant,
Olcottandothers-decriesH. P. B. aswellasJudge-theenemies
ofJudgemovedby"prideandwoundedvanity"-thesteps
takenbyJudgeafterthe WestminsterGazette attack-his
letter totheNewYork Sun andthe Gazette-his famousE. S. T.
CircularofNovember3,1894-"ByMaster'sOrder"hetells
theE. S. T. members thewholestory-"blackmagic" versus
"whitemagic"-Mrs. Besanttheunconscioustoolandvictim
ofChakravarti-therealissuebetweenthe , Brahminismofthe
OrientandtheTheosophyofH. P . B. -theSocietywillstandor
fallbyH. P . B. -deposesMrs. BesantfromherCo-Headshipin
theE. S. T. -JudgeinformsMrs . BesantinAustraliabycableof
hisaction-Mrs . Besant'scircularfromColombo,December18,
1894,inreplytoJudge's-defiesJudge-misrepresentsthe
factsoftheMeetingofMay27 1891-declaresherself
'' H. P . B. 'sSuccessor"-Mrs. Besant ; scircularanalyzed-its
falsityshown .
CHAPTERXXXIII. MRS. BESANTTRIESTODRIVEJUDGE
OUTOFTHESOCIETY
596
ThewaronJudgebreaksoutmorefiercelythanever-Mrs.
BesantproceedstoIndia-publisheslongarticleinMadrasMail
--sendsviolentattackonJudgetotheLondon
Daily Chronicle
-attendstheAdyarConventionatendof December, 1894-
Olcott'sPresidentialAddress-callsJudgeamedium-Mrs .
Besantintroduces Resolutions againstJudge-demandsthat
Judge resign-her bitterspeech-thewholeproceedingsplainly
plannedinadvance-thelonglistofdenunciatory speeches-
MissMiiller'sinfamousremarks-notavoiceraisedindefense
ofJudge-not a demandmadeforfairdealing-Mrs . Besant'a
Resolutions unanimouslyadopted-nextday'sIndianConvention
-moredenunciationofJudge-Resolutionsadopteddemanding
an"explanation"fromJudgeor his expulsionfromtheSociety
-coincidentstepsinEngland-GeorgeMeadfirst deprecates
Old'sandthe WestminsterGazette articles-thenhearsfrom
Mrs. Besant-thenbeginsthe"ClashofOpinion"
in Lucifer
-publisheslettersfromOldandothersassailingJudge-prints
Mrs
. Besant'sIndianattacksonJudge-BertramKeightley
followssuit-AlexanderFullertonlikeMeadisbetweentwo
fires-firstforJudgeandthenagainst-Mrs. Besant'sformer
ANALYTICALTABLEOFCONTENTS

xxxi
PAGI
triumphaltourofIndiarepeated-shereturnstoEnglandin
April,1894-issuesherpamphlet"TheCaseAgainstW
. Q.
Judge"-demandshisexpulsionfromtheT. S.
CHAPTERXXXIV
. THEAMERICANSECTIONDECLARESITS
AUTONOMYANDELECTSJUDGEITSLIFE-PRESIDENT
. 622
ProceedingsinAmerica-Judgewritesthe WestminsterGazette
andNewYorkSun-dealswithsituationfullyandfrankly-
publishes"ThePrayagLetter"in
ThePath forMarch,1895
-declaresitagenuine"messagefromtheMasters"-thehis-
tory'ofthe"PrayagMessage"-originallysentin1881-from
MasterstoBrahmins-sentthroughH
. P. B. -Judgethrowsdown
thegauntlettohisadversaries-sayswhole"ease"againsthim
duetohisdefenseofH. P. B
. -makespublicthatOleott,Mrs .
Besant,Sinnettandothershavebeenmakingprivatelysame
chargesagainstH. P . B. -invitesCol . OleottandMrs
. Besant
tomakepublicstatementregarding ``
ThePrayagLetter"-The
"Message"infullMrs . Besantrepliesin
Lucifer-"Idonot
regardtheinessageasgenuine"-Oleottcomesoutintheopen
-his"Postscript"inthe Supplement to
The
Theosophist
for
April,1895-"themessageafalseone"-"thesimpletheory
ofmediumship"accountsforH. P . B. -Sinnettsays"Ineverin
mylifecalledMme
. Blavatskyafraud"-theproofpositiveout
ofSinnett'aownmouththathedidjustthat-theoriginalof
the"Prayagmessage"inthehandwritingofH
. P . E. -theorig-
inalwasinSinnett'ahandsallthetime-publishedsincehis
deathin The Mahatma
LetterstoA. P. Sinnett-both Judge
andH. P . B. vindicatedcompletelybythetextofthe
Mahatma
Letters-the
AmericanConventionofApril,1895-TheCon-
ventionadoptsResolutionstowithdrawofficiallyfromtheT
. S.
andbecome
The Theosophical
SocietyinAmerica-adoptsa
Constitution-electsJudgePresidentforlife-drawsupaLetter
totheforthcomingBritishConvention-textoftheLetter-the
BritishConventionmeetsJuly4,1895-tablestheLetterfrom
theAmericanTheosophists-splitintheBritishConvention-
OlcottissuesanotherExecutiveNotice-admitslegalityofthe
actionoftheAmericanConvention-cancelsalldiplomasand
charterofAmericans-refusesallofficialintercourse-expresses
good-will-Judge's"Reply"toMrs
. Besant's"Caseagainst
W. Q. Judge"-the"Case"analyzed-neverany
evidence
againstJudge-thewhole"Case"restsonsuspicionsand
"psychicrevelations. "
CHAPTERXXXV.
JUDGE'SDEATHANDTHETINGLEY
"SUCCESSORSHIP"

653
Afterthesplitin1895-Mrs
. Besantaltersthe"Pledge"-
putsherownandLeadbeater'awritingsonaparwithH
. P. B. 'a
-Judgeholdstruetotheline-butsickensanddiesMarch21,
1896-TheTingley"Successorship"myth-E
. T. Hargrove
andothersholda"GeneralE. S. T
. Meeting,"March29,1896-
theyannouncetothemembersthat"Judgeleftanoccultheir"
-thecircularofApril3,1896-thestatementsofthe"Coun-
cil"andthe"Minutes"ofthemeetingofMarch29-the
identityofthe"Successor"tobekeptsecretforoneyear-
thewholeclaimrestson"messages"fromthe
deadW. Q.
Judge-notascrapinthephysicalhandwritingofthe
living
W. Q
. Judgeproducedthenorsince-therealexplanation-the
xxxn

ANALYTICALTABLEOFCONTENTS
secretmeetingatMrs
. Tingley'shomeonMarch26,1896-the
AmericanTheosophistsaccepttheTingleySuecessorship "-
theConventionof1896-Mrs
. Tingleydisclosedasthe"Sue-
cessor"-the"Crusade"-frictionsbegin-Hargroveresigns
-anothersecretmeetingatMrs
. Tingley'shome-the"Uni-
versalBrotherhood"planned-theConventionofFebruary,1898
-Hargroveandhisfriends"bolt"theConvention-thewarof
recriminations-themembersfollowMrs
. Tingley-Hargrove's
"E. S. T. "
circular-thedegradationofbothwingsoftheold
Society-offshootsfromTingleyism-Hargrove's "T. S. inA. "
-the"TempleofthePeople"-the`QT. S. ofNewYork"-
Dr
. Buckand"The T. K . ''-Mrs. AliceL. Cleatherandher
pupils"-the"BlavatskyAssociation'-theBesant-Olcott
fragment-Leadbeaterthe"powerbehindthethrone"ofMrs
.
Besant-Leadbeateradmitsinfamousteachingstoboys-resigns
fromtheT. S. -Olcottdies-Mrs
. Besantclaims"Successor-
ship"toPresident-Founder-Morechargesandcounter-charges
-LeadbeaterinvitedbacktotheT
. S. -the"ComingChrist"-
the"Liberal'CatholicChurch''-completereversionofthe
T. S. -itsoffshoots-Dr
. RudolphSteinerandthe"Anthropo-
sophicalSociety"-MaxHeindelandhis"RosierucianCosmo-
Conception"-other"Occult"societies .
CHAPTERXXXVI
. PRESENTANDFUTUREOFTHETHEO-
SOPHICALMOVEMENT
689
HastheTheosophicalMovementbeenafailure?-CyclicLaw-
Centenaryeffortssincefourteenthcentury-H. P. B
. 'smissionthe
fifth-Mediumshipandpsychisminevitableconcomitantsofthe
publicMovement-theMovementhasnotfailed-spreadof
Theosophicalideas-theypermeatereligion,philosophyand
scienceto-day-thesignsandevidences-therealaimofH. P. B.
achieved-theMastersneverfail-whatofthefutureofthe
TheosophicalMovement?-1925itsnadirpoint-thefirstand
SecondsSectionsstillactiveasalways-signsoftheirwork-
Nirrmanakayas-true
Disciplesknownbytheirfruits-Edmond
Holmes-"TheCreedofBuddha"-the
Angarika Dharmapala-
B. P. Wadia-JuliaH
. Scott-RobertCrosbie-theUnited
LodgeofTheosophists-themagazine
Theosophy-the " chang-
ing Buddhii-Manas
oftherace"-duetoincarnationofthe
pioneersofthe"SixthSub-Race"-thedestinyoftheMove-
mentuntil1975.
BAas
THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
CHAPTERI
CHANNELSOFTHETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
IN
itslargeraspecttheTheosophicalMovementisthe
pathofprogress,individuallyandcollectively . Wher-
everthoughthasstruggledtobefree,whereverspiritual
ideas,asopposedtoformsanddogmatism,havebeen
promulgated,therethegreatMovementistobediscerned
.
Organizedreligions,systemsofthought,governments,
parties,sects-allhavetheiroriginsineffortsforthe
betterco-operationofmen,forconservingenergyand
puttingittouse
. Theyallintimebecomecorruptedand
mustchange,asthetimeschange,ashumandefectscome
out,andasthegreatunderlyingSpiritualandIntellectual
evolutioncompelssuchalterations.
Luther'sReformationmust,becountedasapartof
theTheosophicalMovement . Masonryhasplayedagreat
andimportantpartinit,andstilldoestosomeextent,
forhoweverrestrictedinapplication,howeveritsgreat
symbolismmayhavebeenforgottenorobscured,
Masonrynonethelessstandsfortolerance,forreligious
andintellectualliberty,forcharity
. Theformationof
theAmericanRepublicwithitsnobleDeclarationofIn-
dependence,itsequalityofallmenbeforethelaw,its
idealsofbrotherhoodandfreedomfromsectarianre-
ligiouspartialitiesmustbeaccountedagreatforward
stepintheTheosophicalMovement . Andwiththeaboli-
tionofhumanslaveryinallthegreatWesternnations
duringthecourseofthenineteenthcentury,anothergreat
stepin. theemancipationoftheracemustbeacclaimed .
The"divineright"ofanorthodoxGodspeakingthrough
2
THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
avestedclergywasrebelledagainstineveryvoiceraised
againsttheCatholichierarchy
. The"divineright"of
kingswasoverthrownbytheAmericanandFrenchRevo-
lutions
. The"divineright"ofonemanorsetofmento
enslaveanotherorotherswastherealissueinvolvedin
theAmericanCivilWar,andtheemancipationofthe
serfsinRussia
. Nationalism,socialism,universalsuf-
frage,strugglesbetweenclasses,betweenlaborandcapi-
tal,areallphysicalandmetaphysicaleffortstoward
freedomfrombondage,howevertheymaybemistaken,
misguided,misled,pervertedtoselfishanddestructive
purposesandends .
TheprincipleofanunderlyingSpiritualandIntellec-
tualevolutionproceedingapacewithitsvisiblemanifesta-
tioninphysicaleffects,willdiscloseunerringlythatthe
formationoftheSocietyandtheinjectionofthelitera-
tureofTheosophyintothemindoftheracemusthave
beenprecededandaccompaniedbycollateraleffortsand
resultants
. Thoseindirectpreparationsmustnecessarily
beasvariedasthevarietiesofhumanexperienceand
beliefregardingfundamentalthings . Andthoseprepara-
tionsdonotissueinthefirstinstancefromanyhuman
inventionordiscovery,althoughthecharactersofcertain
individualhumanbeingscanbeandmustbethechan-
nels,consciousorunconscious,fortheplayofhigher
forcesandtheinspirationofhigherIntelligence
. The
courseofallevolutionisfirstSpiritual,thenMental,then
Personaltocertaingiftedindividuals
. Fromtheselatter
itpermeatesgraduallytheracemind,impellingthewhole
massforwardandupward,inhoweversloworslight
degree
. "Evolution"appearsasphysicalonlytothose
whodonotlookbeneaththesurfaceofevents
. Thereal
processofNatureisevercyclic
: fromthehighesttothe
lowestontheinvisiblesideofNature ; correspondingly
fromthelowesttothehighestonthevisibleside,as
humanvisionisatpresentexercisedinthefieldsofre-
ligion,philosophyandscience
.
Indirectbutnonethelesspotentandnecessarycon-
comitantsofthespiritualandpsychicalaspects-ofthe
TheosophicalMovementshouldthereforebelookedfor
CHANNELSOFTHETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT8
in all directions . Oneofthesewasandisthegreattide
ofinterestinOrientalreligionsandphilosophies . Until
theworkofMadameHelenaPetrovnaBlavatskywaswell
underwaynonebuttheconqueror,themerchant,the
missionaryandthephilologist,eachimmersedinhisown
especialobjects,hadanyconcernwiththeFarEast
.
ThemassofthepopulationsoftheWesternworldwere
fartherremovedfromthelivingEastwithitsimmense
butalienwealthofmetaphysicalacquisitions,thanfrom
thedeadandby-gonestoresofancientGreeceandim-
perialRome. Generallyspeaking,itwasunknownand
unsuspectedthatthegreatleadersofearlyEuropean
civilization, no lessthantheirmodernsuccessors,hadin
factderivedtheirinspirationandtheirlearningfromthe
exhaustlesstreasuryofOrientalthoughtandpractice .
BeginningwithWilkinsnearthecloseoftheeighteenth
century,aseriesoftranslationsoftheancientandven-
erated"Bhagavad-Gita"hadsuccessivelybeenbrought
outinEngland,inGermany,inFranceandintheUnited
States . TherichesoftheVedantaphilosophyhad thus
tosomeextentbecomeaccessibletoaspiringmindsinthe
West . CopiescameintothepossessionofThoreauand
Emerson . . Emerson'sfameasalecturerandwriterand
thenobilityofhischaractermadeofhimoneofthemost
potentvehiclesforthedisseminationofthegreatand
timelessideasoftheEast . Throughhislifeandwork
countlessyoungermindsweregivenafreerrangeand
truerbasis,andbysomuchfreedfromthesterileand
narrowdogmasofsectarianChristianity . Religionwas
seenbymanynottobeconfinednorduetosectsorspe-
cialrevelations .
Thecelebrated"BrookFarmCom-
munity"spreadfarandwidetranscendentalaspirations
andincreasedthethirstforfreedomfromthebondage
ofprevailingideas .
SirEdwinArnold's"LightofAsia"waspublishedin
1879,andreadbyhundredsofthousandsinEuropeand
America.
Myriadsofmindsgainedforthefirsttime
sometrueideaofthenobleethicsandphilosophyof
Buddhism,andwereamazedtofindthatforcenturies
antedatingthetimeofJesushismoralteachingshadbeen
4

THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
impartedintheirplenitude,coupledwithaphilosophy
unknowntotheChristianworldatanytime. Scholarly
menbegantogivesomeheedotherthanpurelyscholastic
toOrientalexperienceasembodiedinitsage-oldliterary
remains. Despitethegeneralcontemptfor"heathen"
peopleandtheexclusivenessofignorancethathadso
longobtained,Westernexplorersbeganinearnesttoad-
ventureinsearchofthehereditarymetaphysicalpos-
sessionsoftheOrient,muchinthesamefashionasother
Westernadventurershadlongexploitedbyconquestor
bytheftthephysical ,treasuresofthesacredEast . Wil-
son'stranslationofthe"VishnuPurana"andDr . Max
Miiller'seditionofthe"SacredBooksoftheEast,"
werepartofthefruitagethusmadeaccessibleinthe
West .
WhenCharlesDarwin'sgreatwork,"TheOriginof
SpeciesbyMeansofNaturalSelection,"appearedin
1859,apowerfulvoicewasraisedagainstthedeeplyim-
beddedideasofmiracleandspecialcreationbyanom-
nipotentpersonalGod,asengravedbycenturiesofdog-
matictheologies . Mr . Darwin'sworkwasnotintended
asanattackeitheronrevealedreligionorthedead-letter
creeds,butwaslimitedtothepresentationofanimmense
accumulationofascertainedfactsinnaturalhistory,and
tothesubmissionofinferencesdrawnwithinescapable
logicfromthefactsthusfaramassed . Itwasperhaps
themostbrilliantexampleinhistoryofsustainedinduc-
tivereasoning . Itshowedandprovedphysicalmanto
beno"specialcreation,"butanevolutionarypartofthe
"naturalorderofthings . ""TheOriginofSpecies,"
anditssupplement,"TheDescentofMan,"publishedin
1871,werepurelyscientificworksinthebestsenseofthe
term. The"Darwiniantheory"wasreceivedbythe
educatedworldwithprofoundinterest,followedbya
tidalwaveofrevulsionasitsbearingandeffectsupon
currentChristiandogmasandinterpretationsoftheBi-
blewereperceived
. Itwasattackedoneveryhandand
itsauthorwassubjectedtoeveryformofridicule,slan-
derandcalumnythatreligiousbigotry,everthemost
fertileinmaliceandmalevolence,couldinvent
. Never-
CHANNELSOFTHETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT5
theless,asscientificstudentsverifieditscompilationsof
physicalfactsandtriedconclusionswithitslogic,the
theorygainedheadwayinspiteofallthestormsofoppo-
sition . Itsauthorlivedtoseehisfactsadmitted,his
conclusionsacceptedandadoptedinwholeorinpart,
evenbyhisdetractors
. Corruptedandgrotesquelydis-
tortedastheDarwiniantheoryhasbeenintheinterven-
ingyears,andhoweverlimitedinitsviewof"evolution"
fromthestandpointofOccultphilosophy,itnonethe
lessremainstothisdaythegreatestadvanceinscientific
hypothesessincethetimeofNewton,andaidedlargely
inmakingpossiblethepresentationofthetripleevolu-
tionaryschemeoutlinedinthe"SecretDoctrine . "
WhateverthedefectsoftheDarwiniantheory,theyare
duetonolackofhonesty,zealnorindustryonthepart
ofitsgreatauthor,butrathertothelimitationsofhis
modeofresearchandtotheinherentdefectofallinduc-
tivereasoning . Soimmensehasbeentheeffectofthe
Darwiniantheoryofevolutionontheideasprevailing
withoutquestionagenerationago,thatitisverydifficult
fortheaveragemindoftodaytorealizehowthistheory
ofphysicalevolutioncouldeverhavebeenquestioned,
denied,opposed,vilified .
Inhis"HistoryofCivilizationinEngland,"awork
foremostamongthecontributoryfactorswearediscuss-
ing,Mr. HenryT. Bucklesumsuptheselessonsofthe
pastwhich,inouropinion,areequallyaprophecyofthe
futureofTheosophyandtheTheosophicalMovement,
howeverunconsciousMr . Bucklemayhavebeenofthe
immense. reachofthespiritualandintelligentAgencies
atworkbehindthescenesofhumanlife . Inthefirst
volumeofhiswork,whichappearedin1857,Mr
. Buckle
writes( p . 257)
Owingtocircumstancesstillunknownthere
appearfromtimetotimegreatthinkerswho
devotingtheirlivestoasinglepurposeareable
toanticipatetheprogressofmankind,andto
produceareligionoraphilosophybywhich im-
portanteventsareeventuallybroughtabout .
THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
Butifwelookintohistoryweshallclearly see
that,althoughtheoriginofanewopinionmay
bethusduetoasingleman,theresultwhich
thenewopinionproduceswilldependonthecon-
ditionofthepeopleamongwhomitispropa-
gated . Ifeitherareligionoraphilosophyistoo
muchinadvanceof a nation,itcandonopresent
service,butmustbideitstimeuntiltheminds
ofmenareripeforitsreception . . . . Everysci-
ence,everycreedhashaditsmartyrs. Accord-
ingtotheordinarycourseofaffairs,afewgen-
erationspassaway,andthentherecomesa
periodwhentheseverytruthsarelookedupon
ascommon-placefacts,andalittlelaterthere
comesanotherperiodinwhichtheyaredeclared
tobenecessary,andeventhedullestintellect
wondershowtheycouldeverhavebeendenied .
ThestudentofTheosophyknowsthatthe"circum-
stancesstillunknown"toMr
. Buckle,butwhichhein-
tuitivelyrecognizedtoexist,areinfactduetothe Kar-
mic provisionofSpiritualandIntellectualevolution .
UnderKarmicLaw,attransitionalperiodsinthecyclic
progressionofHumanity,greatAdeptsrestoretoman-
kindthroughbothdirectandindirectchannelssomeof
theWisdomonce"known,"butwhichinthelapseof
timehasbecomelostorobscuredduringthecomplexi-
tiesofphysicalandpersonalevolution .
Foritmustnot
beoverlookedbythestudentthattheseElderBrothers
arethemselvesapartoftheverystreamofevolutionin
whichwebelong . Assuch,Theytakeanactive,albeit
undisclosedandbuttoooftenunperceived,shareinthe
governmentofthenaturalorderofthings . Andalthough
thispartoftheoperationofcycliclawisoftendelayed
anddefiedbytheignoranceandprejudiceofmankind
ingeneral,eachriseandfallofcivilizationsissucceeded
byaregenerationandfurtherprogression .
Otherconstructivefactorsinthepreparatoryworkof
theTheosophicalMovementinourtimemaybeseenin
thegreatandsuddenleap( fromthestandpointofracial
CHANNELSOFTHETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT7
andnationalcycles) ininvention,discovery,trade,the
meansandmethodsoftransportation,manufacture,and
utilizationofalltherawmaterialsinNature-allmaking
inonewayandanotherforinter-dependence,inter-com-
munication,inter-respectinthegreathumanfamily,and
theconsequentbreakingdownofthebarriersofNature,
ofhumaninsularityandseparateness : aharrowingof
thesoil,whetherbythemeansofwarorpeace,asa
necessarypreludeforoncemoresowinginthatsoilthe
seedsofBrotherhood.
Andinthepoliticalfieldthe
greatcareersofAbrahamLincoln,ofJohnBright,of
Mazzini,andmanyothers,allmadefortheRights
ofMan,asopposedtotheforcesofreaction
.
Inaniconoclasticsenseanequallynecessaryandvalu-
ablepioneerworkinthebreakingofthemoldsoffixed
ideasintowhichhumanthoughtforevertendstocrystal-
lize,canbediscernedintheworkofsuchmenasRobert
G
. IngersollinAmerica,CharlesBradlaughinEngland,
and,inthechurch,bysuchmenasCharlesKingsleyand
W. E
. Channing
. Whetherapparentlypursuingthepath
ofagnosticism,ofapurelysocialisticandmaterialistic
altruism,orofaliberalizedorthodoxy,theeffortsofall
thesecommandedawidefollowingandbroketoalarge
extenttheholdofbigotryandintolerance
. Philosophical
speculationslikethoseofHerbertSpencer,theesthetic
spiritofmenlikeRuskin,therebelliousmindofCarlyle,
theinsubordinationtotheharrowofconventionalideas
ofwriterslikeDickens,GeorgeEliot,Balzac,Tolstoy,
WaltWhitman,andmanyothers,allaidedinthepioneer
workoftheTheosophicalMovement
. Theymayallbe
saidtohavefoughtfortheunrestricteddomainofthe
individualconscience,thelargeroutlookuponhuman
lifeandhumanduty,asopposedtothe
ipsedixit
ofany
"thussaiththeLord . "
Alltheseindividualandcol-
lectivefactors,some,perhaps,dimlyconsciousofthe
germinalforceatworkwithinthemselves,othersaware
onlyofthetravailwithoutissueofhumanexistence-
allwereofvalue .
Allthatinanywayhasmade,or
thatmakes,possiblethearousalofseriousattentionto
theSecondandThirdObjectsoftheParentTheosophi-
8

THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
calSociety,allthatfacilitatestherevoltofthemind
andconsciencefromcreedalexclusiveness,allthatmight
turnmenfromthesordidmaterialismofaone-lifeex-
istencedevotedtothepursuitofphysicalwell-being-
allthisistrulyaconcurrentpartoftheTheosophical
Movement,andnecessarytoanyattemptatthepractical
re ali zationofitsFirstObject-UniversalBrotherhood,
thelifeofserviceasopposedtothelifeforself .
Theideasrepresentedbysuchtermsasrevealedre-
ligion,afavoredpeople,apersonalGod,miracles,heaven
gainedbyan"actoffaith,"a"vicariousatonement,"
selfishpersonalsalvation-thefettersforgedbymany
centuriesofecclesiasticalusurpationofauthorityover
theignorantmindandconscience
: alltheseveritable
Bastillesofmoralandmentaltyrannywereunderas-
saultorsiegeduringalargepartofthenineteenthcen-
tury. Their
lettresdecachet nolongersufficedtoim-
prisonoroutcasttheindividualmind,toforfeitthe
reputableestateoftheindividualrebelagainstthe"es-
tablishedorder
. "Ifthemindoftheracecouldnotbe
saidtohavebeeninrevolutionagainstspiritualandmen-
talintolerance,itwasnonethelesstruethatevery-
wherecouldbefoundsincereandreverent-mindedmen
inoutspokenrebellionagainstthedominantanddomi-
natingideasofcenturies
. The"millennium"ofsec-
tarianreligionwasdrawingtoaclose
. Agnosticism,
infidelity,boldquestioningofthefoundationshitherto
esteemedinviolate,werenolongerbrandedwiththe
brandofinfamybytheall-powerfulsects,becausethe
sectswerenolongerall-powerful
. Aspiritofliberty,
oftenoflicensemistakenforliberty,wasabroadinEu-
ropeandAmerica. EveninIndiatheBrahmo-Somajof
RamohunRoyandhissuccessorshadbeguntoundermine
theancientwallsofcreedandcaste
.
Spiritualismhadperhapsmoretodothananyother
singlefactorinproducingamongmillionsthattransi-
tionalstateofmindintowhichthegraniteideasofcen-
turieshadbeguntodisintegrate
. ThisIshmaelamong
faiths,undermanynamesandproscriptions,isasold
asthehistoryandtraditionoftherace
. Initsmodern
CHANNELSOFTHETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT9
formitbeganwiththemediumisticmanifestationsofthe
FoxsistersatRochesterinNewYorkState,
U. S. A. ,
in1848
. Intheensuingtwenty-fiveorthirty yearsit
spread,inspiteofthemostrelentlessoppositionofthe
orthodoxChristiansects,despitetheridiculeofscien-
tificstudentsandtheincredulityofthegeneralpublic,
despitealsotherealorpretendedexposuresofmanyof
themostnotedmediums,untilitsbelieverswerenum-
beredbymillionsinAmerica,England,France,andin
lessernumbersinothercountries
. Mostcelebratedof
themediumsfollowingtheFoxsistersweretheAmer-
icans,AndrewJacksonDavis,hisdiscipleThomasLake
Harris,P. B. Randolph,DanielDunglasHome,the
Davenportbrothers,HenrySlade,Mrs
. EmmaH.
Britten,andtheEddybrothers . Allthesewereaccused
offraudtimeswithoutnumber,andsomeofthemwere
madethevictimsofpersecution . Nevertheless,the
genuineness,varietyandextentoftheirphenomena
wereattestedbynumbersoffamousinvestigatorsof
thehighestcharacter . Notableamongthosewhofrom
scepticalexperimentersbecameconvincedbelieversin
therealityofthemanifestationswereDr . Robert
HareofPhiladelphia,EpesSargent,JudgeEdmunds,
thenotedlawyer,Dr . RobertChambers,
Col
.
Olcott,
andmanyothermenofmarkinAmerica . InEngland
Profs. WilliamCrookes,AlfredRusselWallace,Lodge,
C. C. Massey,LordBorthwick,LordLindsay,Sergeant
Cox,andothermenofthehigheststandingaccepted
theevidencesaftersearchingtests
. InGermanythe
famousProf . Z ollnerheldprolongedsittingswithSlade
andothersandpublishedhisconclusionsandtheories
inthework,"TranscendentalPhysics,"dealingwith
thephenomenaas a probleminthe"fourthdimen-
sion . "InFrancetheEmperorNapoleonandhiswife,
andinRussiatheCzarandhisconsortbecamethe
firmfriendsandfollowersofMr . D
. D
. Home. The
papersoftheRussiansavant,Dr . A. Aksakoff,show
howprofoundwashisinterestinthenewphenomena .
Leon-Denizarth-HippolyteRivail,authorofnumerous
popularandeducationalscientifictextsforFrench
10

THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
schools,becamesointerestedinthephenomenaandso
convincedoftheirvalueinestablishingcommunication
withdiscarnateintelligences,thathedevotedhisentire
timetostudyandexperiments
. Inorderthatthepreju-
dicesthusarousedshouldnotinterferewithhisestab-
lishedwritingsandreputationheadoptedthepseudonym
of"AllanKardec,"bywhichheisnowalmostuniver-
sallyknown. Contrarytothegeneralsupposition,Allan
Kardecwasnothimselfamedium
. Allhisexperiments
wereconductedatsecondhand . Hepublishedtwobooks
ofenormouscirculation,the"BookofSpirits,"andthe
"BookofMediums,"bothofwhichweretranslatedinto
English . TheFrencheditionsaloneofI'LeLivredes
Esprits"attained a circulationofmorethanonehun-
dredandtwentythousandcopiesinthetwentyyears
following'thepublicationofthe"revisededition"in
1857 . ItwasAllanKardecwho,morethananyother,
madesystematiceffortstoestablishaphilosophyof
Spiritualismfromthecommunicationsheobtained
throughcarefullychosenmediums .
ThespreadofSpiritualismwasgreatlyfacilitatedby
a
numberoffactors
. Itrequirednoeducation,nostudy,
nomoraldiscipline,ontheparteitherofthemedium
orthebeliever . Itsphenomenawerenotessentially
antagonistictoreligion,andthecommunicationsreceived
moreoftenthanotherwiserepeatedtheplatitudesofthe
churches . Infactnearlyeverynotedmediumorreputa-
bleproponentofthephenomenawasstillmoreorless
orthodoxinhisacceptanceofthefundamentaldogmas
oftheChristiancreeds
. Tothebereavedwhomight
bemoreorlessscepticalorindifferenttoorthodoxteach-
ingsregardingafter-deathstates,Spiritualismmadea
profoundappeal,foritofferedtheprospectofimmediate
assuranceandconsolation . Tothematerialisticandthe
curious-mindeditofferedafascinatingsubjectforfacile
experimentation . Norcanitbedoubtedthatinthein-
creasingdilemmaofmany,duetotheDarwiniantheory
ofphysicalevolution,Spiritualismofferedanattractive
middlegroundofexperimentalevidencethatenabled
them,withouttoogreatsacrificeofcherishedreligious
CHANNELSOFTHETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT 11
convictionsorlogicalcommon-sense,bothtoholdonto
hereditaryChristianideasandtoacceptthetheoryof
"evolution. "Andinthiscompromisemanyweredoubt-
lessmovedbytheexampleofProf . Wallace,co-originator
withMr. Darwinofhistheory . Prof. Wallacewashim-
selfaSpiritualistandabelieverinChristianity,evenif
notaltogetherorthodox in hisfaith
.
InasinglegenerationSpiritualism,frombeinga
pariahbothastoitsphenomenaanditsmanytheories,
becamealmostrespectable. Modernscience,hitherto
deaf,dumbandblindtowardseverythingbuttheem-
piricalacquisitionofphysicalfactsandhypothesesbased
onthem,began,reluctantlyandsuspiciously,butstill
began,totakenoteofthephenomenaofthemetaphysi-
cal,which,iftrue,compelledtheadmissionofother
factorsthan"forceandmatter"asthecausativeagencies
ofthephenomenalworld . Butthegeneralattitudeof
scientificstudentstowardsSpiritualismaffordsacuri-
ousparalleltotheattitudeofthetheologianstoward
Darwinism : firstderisionandcontempt,thenwholesale
denialandopposition,thengrudgingacceptanceinpart .
Intothismightyarenaofcontendingforcesentered
H. P. BlavatskywithherTheosophicalSocietyandher
firstpublicexpositionofTheosophy . Lookingback-
wardsfromthesafedistanceoftheinterveningyears,
somethingofthesignificanceofthemightystruggle
betweenorthodoxChristianityandmodernmaterial-
isticscience,betweenboththeseandthechangeling,
Spiritualism,cannowbediscernedinthelightofhis-
tory-alightnecessarilydeniedalltheactivecombatants
exceptH. P. B. herself . Thatshesawandforesawwhat
wasandwastobe,andwasherselfundernoillusions,
isveryclearlyindicatedinthePrefaceof"IsisUn-
veiled"alone,withoutgoingdeeperintotheabundant
evidences . Bitterlyastheologyandsciencemightbe
opposedtoeachotherwithspearandtrident,eachwas,
atthelastquarterofthenineteenthcentury,equallyhos-
tiletothenewcombatant,Spiritualism,armedwithits
netofweirdphenomenaandstrangetheories . Alone,
friendlytoallthegladiators,butwithoutasolitaryun-
12

THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
derstandingallyamongthem,H
. P. B. cameequipped
withanunknownknowledgeandanunknownpurpose
whichmustserveherforbothswordandshield
. It
wastoomuchforhertohope,howevervasttherecon-
structiveforcesloosedbyherintheworldofpublic
opinion,thatthoseforces,theirsource,theirscopeand
theirsignificance,wouldbegraspedbyanybutthevery
few. Nordidsheexpectthattheireffectonthemind
oftheracewouldbealtogetherandimmediatelycon-
structive,howeverbeneficentherpurposemightbe . Nor
couldshelookforotherthanahostileandretardative
receptionatthehandsofvestedandmercenaryinterests,
theignorantandthedogmatic,thepredatoryandcon-
tentious . Althoughheraimwastoelevatethemindof
therace,hermethodcouldonlybetodealwiththatmind
asshefoundit,by t rying . to leaditon,stepbystep ; by
seekingoutandeducating a fewwho,appreciatingthe
majestyoftheeternalWisdom-Religionanddevotedto
"thegreatorphan-humanity,"couldcarryonherwork
withzealandwisdom ; byfoundingasocietywhich,how-
eversmallitsnumbersmightbe,wouldinjectintothe
thoughtofthedaytheideas,thedoctrines,thenomen-
clatureoftheWisdom-Religion .
CHAPTERII
THEPARENTTHEOSOPHICALSOCIETY
THETheosophicalMovementofthenineteenthcentury
waspubliclyinauguratedwiththefoundingoftheThe-
osophicalSocietyatNewYorkCity.
BybirthaRussianofnoblefamily,MadameBlavatsky
hadbeenawandererformorethantwentyyearsinmany
lands,orientalandoccidental . Shehadtwiceorthrice
beenintheAmericas,NorthandSouth,beforecoming
toNewYorkinJulyof1873 . Shelivedinretirement
thereandinBrooklynformorethanayear . InOctober
of1874shejourneyedtotheEddyfarmhousenearChit-
tenden,Vermont,andtheremadetheacquaintanceof
Col. HenryS. Olcott .
ColonelOlcottwasanAmericanandhadacquired
histitleintheAmericanCivilWar . Hehadbeenagri-
culturaleditorofthe NewYorkTribune, hadwritten
manyarticlesforvariouspublicationsonmanysubjects,
hadbeenadmittedtothebar,andwasatthetimea
well-knownlawyer,withaverywideacquaintanceamong
prominentmen. FormanyyearshehadbeenaSpiritual-
ist. Interestedinanaccounthehadseenofthemani-
festationstakingplacethroughthemediumshipofthe
Eddybrothers,hehadvisitedChittendeninJulyand
writtenanaccountofwhathehadwitnessedforthe New
YorkStn . Thisarticlewascopiedandcommentedonin
manypublications . InSeptemberCol . Olcottreturned
totheEddyplaceundercommissiontoinvestigatethe
phenomenaandreportonthemtothe
NewYorkGraphic,
Itwaswhilehewasengagedinthiscongenialworkthat
MadameBlavatskyarrivedatChittenden .
AlthoughMadameBlavatskyapparentlytooknopart
intheproceedingsotherthanasavisitorandinter-
estedwitness,Col . Olcottnotedthatthephenomena
13
14

THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
changedgreatlyincharacterandvarietyimmediately
afterherarrival
. Hewassoimpressedbywhathesaw
andbyhisconversationswithMadameBlavatskythat
hefolloweduptheacquaintanceafterherreturnto
NewYork.
AttherequestofMadameBlavatskyheintroducedto
herayounglawyerofhisacquaintancenamedWilliam
Q
. Judge. Mr . JudgewasofIrishparentage,andhad
beenbroughtbyhisfamilytoAmericawhilestillaboy .
Fromhisearliestyearshehadbeenmarkedlyreligious
intemperament,and,ashegrewolder,haddelvedin
religions,philosophies,mysticalwritings,Mesmerism,
Spiritualism,andkindredsubjects
. Hewasmanyyears
youngerthaneitherMadameBlavatskyorCol
. Olcott,
whowereborn,respectively,in1831and1832,while
Mr
. Judge'sbirthdatewas1851. BothCol . Olcottand
Mr. JudgebecamepupilsofMadameBlavatskyand
passedalltheiravailabletimeinhercompany
.
Inthewinterof1874-5MadameBlavatskywasin
Philadelphia,whereshemadetheacquaintanceofseveral
notedSpiritualists
. WiththemandCol . Olcottshe
attendedtheseancesofMr
. andMrs
. Holmesandothers .
Certainscepticalinvestigatorshavingattackedinthe
pressthegenuinenessoftheEddyandHolmesphe-
nomena,andquestionedthebonafidesofanymedium-
ship,bothCol. OlcottandMadameBlavatskyreplied
vigorously,defendingthefactofmediumshipitself,
andurgingthenecessityforimpartialinvestigationof
theclaimsofSpiritualism,bothastoitsphilosophyand
itsallegedfacts. ThiswasMadameBlavatsky'sfirstap-
pearanceinprintintheEnglishlanguage
. Thepe-
culiaritiesofherstyleofexpression,theboldnessof
herstatements,theapparentrangeofherknowledge
onthesubject,allconspiredtoattracttheattentionof
Spiritualists,investigators,andthepublicgenerally.
InJanuary,1875,Col . Olcott'sbook,"PeopleFrom
theOtherWorld,"wasissued,describingindetailthe
EddyandHolmesphenomena,andgivingacuriosity-
provokingaccountofMadameBlavatsky
. Whatever
opinionanyreadermayformofthemarvelsdescribed,
THEPARENTTHEOSOPHICALSOCIETY

15
orofCol . Olcott'scommentsandconclusions,therecan
benoquestionofhisgoodfaith . Nor,asthebookwas
writtenduringtheveryperiodoftheoccurrences,can
therebeanyquestionthatitreflectsaccuratelytheopin-
ionsandstateofmindofCol . Olcottatthetime .
OnMadameBlavatsky'sreturntoNewYorkfrom
Philadelphiashetookapartmentsat46IrvingPlace .
ThewondersrecitedbyCol . Olcottandherownletters
tothenewspapershaddrawnsomuchattentiontoher
thatherroomsbecameacenterofattraction . Nearly
everyeveningwasgivenovertovisitors
. Oneofthe
newspaperreportersdubbedherapartment"thelama-
sery,"andthenamequicklybecamecurrentastypifying
theflavorofmysterysurroundingherandthesubjects
discussedather soirees
.
Totheseeveninggatherings
cameSpiritualists,Kabalists,Platonists,studentsof
modernscienceandofancientmysteries,theprofane,
thesceptical,thecuriousandtheseekersafterthemar-
velous. ColonelOlcottandMr . Judgewerenearlyal-
wayspresent,and,afterthedepartureofthecasual
visitors,wouldremainfarintothenightimmersedin
studyanddiscussion .
Intheirmanyconversationsshetoldthemmoreor
lessofhertravelsandtheirpurpose . Amongstother
experiencesshehadendeavoredunsuccessfullytoestab-
lishagroupatCairo,Egypt,in1871,toinvestigatethe
rationaleofmediumshipanditsphenomena . Movedby
whathehadseenandheard,nolessthanbyhisardent
desiretoexploremoredeeplythephenomenawhichfas-
cinatedhim,Col
. Olcotthadproposed,asearlyasMay,
1875,toformasecret"miracleclub"fortheproduction
andexaminationofphenomena. ColonelOlcott'sown
account,writtenmanyyearsaftertheevent,statesthat
the"miracleclub"planfailedbecausetheexpected
mediumcouldnotbeobtainedfortheexperimentshe
desiredtoconduct . Thefactthathewassofascinatedby
thephenomenaprivatelyperformedbyMadameBla-
vatskyinexpositionofhertheories,thathethoughther
`infallible"andherMasters"miracleworkers,"would
indicatethatthe"expectedmedium"wasnoneother
16

THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
thanMadameBlavatskyherself,andthatthefailureof
hisattemptwasduetoherrefusal,thenasthereafter
throughouthercareer,tolendherselftotheproduction
ofphenomenaunderhisoranyone'sdirections,orfor
thepurposesheandothersdesired.
OntheeveningofSeptember7,1875,atalkwasgiven
inMadameBlavatsky'sapartmentbyaMr. G. H
. Felt,
whohadbeenastudentofEgyptianmysticism,andwho
professedtobeabletocontrol"elementals . " While
theassemblagewasdiscussingthetalk,Col . Olcottwrote
onaslipofpaperwhichhehandedtoMr . Judgethese
words
: "Woulditnotbeagoodthingtoformasociety
forthiskindofstudy?"
Mr. Judgereadthepaper,
passedittoMadameBlavatsky,
. whonoddedassent,and
thenMr. Judgeproposedthattheassemblagecometo
orderandthatCol . Olcottactaschairmantoconsider
theproposal . Anothermeetingwasarrangedforthe
followingeveningatMadameBlavatsky'sroomsandat
thattimesixteenpersonsgaveintheirnamesasbeing
willingtojoininfoundingasocietyforOccultstudy .
OthermeetingswereheldatCol
. Olcott'slawoffices,and
attheresidenceofMrs . EmmaHardingeBrittenin
furtheranceoftheproposedsociety . OnSeptember13
thename,TheTheosophicalSociety,waschosen . On
October16apreambleandby-lawswereadopted . On
October30additionalnameswereaddedtothelistof
"Founders,"andOfficersandaCouncilwereelected
.
TheprincipalOfficerswereCol . OlcottasPresident,
MadameBlavatskyasCorrespondingSecretary,andMr .
JudgeasCounsel .
OntheeveningofNovember17a
formalmeetingwasheldatMottMemorialHall,64
MadisonAvenue. ColonelOlcottdeliveredan II
Inaugural
Address"and500copiesofthisaddresswereordered
electrotyped"forimmediatedistribution . "
Thereafter,statedmeetingscontinuedtobeheldfrom
timetotime ; varioustalksandlecturesweregiven,much
discussionensuedandmanyplansforexperimentation
inphenomenawereproposed . NeitherMadameBla-
vatskynorMr. Judgetookanyactivepartinthemeet-
ingsafterthefirstfewsessions . Theformerbusied
THEPARENTTHEOSOPHICALSOCIETY

17
herself in correspondence, in communications to the
press,indiscussionwiththesteadystreamofvisitors
to"thelamasery"andinthewritingof"IsisUnveiled . "
Mr. Judge,occupiedwiththenecessitiesofhisdaily
living,gavehiseveningstostudyunderMadameBla-
vatsky'sdirectionandinstruction . ColonelOlcottalone
wasactiveinthemeetingsoftheSociety . Additional
Fellowswereadmittedfromtimetotime,bothActive
andCorresponding,andgreateffortsmadetoprocure
phenomena. Mr . Felt'spromisedrevelationsfailedto
materializeandafteratimehelefttheSociety,asdid
mostoftheotherearlymemberswhenitwasfound
thattheexpectationsarousedwerenotfulfilled . Very
earlyinthehistoryoftheSocietyMr . Felthadexacted
apledgeofsecrecyregardingthedisclosureshehad
promisedtomake,andthiswassigned,at his andCol
.
Olcott'srequest,bymostoftheattendantFellows . It
wasthispledgewhichwasmanyyearslaterpublished
inthe NewYorkHerald astheoriginalpledgeofsecrecy
oftheTheosophicalSociety,andafterwardsincorpor-
atedin"HoursWiththeGhosts,"byHenryRidgely
Evans,publishedbyLaird&Lee,Chicago,in1897 . The
materialforthe Herald attackswassuppliedbyMr .
HenryJ. Newton,oneoftheoriginalFounders,who
hadbeenelectedTreasureroftheSocietyatitsincep-
tion. Hewasawell-knownandardentSpiritualistwho
becamebitterlyhostiletotheSocietyafterthepublica-
tionof"IsisUnveiled . "OthersamongtheFounders
wereMrs. EmmaHardingeBrittenandherhusband
Dr. Britten . BothwereSpiritualistsandMrs . Britten
washerselfaversatilemedium,verywidelyknown
astheauthororreputedauthorof"Ghostland,""Art
Magic,""NineteenthCenturyOccultism,"andother
writings. Shehadalsobeenactiveintheinvestigations
conductedbytheLondon"DialecticalSociety,"afew
yearspreviously . AnotherSpiritualistFounderwas
Mr. C. C. Massey,anEnglishbarristerandwell-known
writerforBritishspiritualistpublications. Onhisre-
turntoLondonaftertheformationoftheSociety,he
interestedanumberofothers,amongthemthefamous
18

THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
W. StaintonMoses( " M. A. Oxon. ") , andMissEmily
Kislingbury,atthattimeSecretaryoftheBritishSpir-
itualistAssociation . TheBritishTheosophicalSociety
wasestablishedin1876,withMr . Masseyasitsfirst
President. ThemembersoftheBritishSocietywere
acceptedas"CorrespondingFellows"oftheParent
Society,butwerenotformallyrecognizeduntilthesum-
merof1878,whenJohnStorerCobb,thethenRecord-
ingSecretary,journeyedtoLondonforthepurpose,un-
dercommissionfromtheParentSociety . Withtheex-
ceptionofMissKislingburynearlyalltheoriginaland
earlyLondonFellowslaterbecameantagonistic . Both
inLondonandNewYorknearlytheentiremembership
consistedofSpiritualists . Asphenomenawerenotforth-
coming,astheteachingsofMadameBlavatskycameto
berecognizedasfataltothetheorythatmediumistic
communicationsaremessagesfromdepartedhumanbe-
ings,thegreatmajorityofSpiritualistmemberseither
silentlydroppedoutorbecamethemostactiveenemies
ofthenewSociety .
AnotherearlyFellowwasDr . AlexanderWilder,the
learnedPlatonist,whoremainedfriendlytotheSociety
anditspurposesthroughouthislife
.
Itwashewho
readthemanuscriptof"IsisUnveiled"andrecom-
mendeditspublicationtoMr . J . W . Bouton . Healso
wrotemostoftheprefatoryarticle"BeforetheVeil,"
whichprecedesChapterIofVolume1of"Isis . " In
otherways,also,hewashelpfultoMadameBlavatsky
andhermission,andhisserviceswereoftengratefully
referredtobyher . OtherearlymemberswereRev.
J. H. Wiggin,aUnitarianclergyman,Dr . SethPan-
coastofPhiladelphia,alifetimestudentoftheKabbala,
andMajor-GeneralAbnerW
. Doubleday,U . S. Army,
retired . GeneralDoubledayremainedaconsistentand
devotedmemberoftheSocietytothedayofhisdeath .
HebecamePresident
protem. afterthedepartureof
MadameBlavatskyandCol . OlcottforIndia,andspent
muchofhistimeincorrespondenceandotheractivities
inbehalfoftheSociety . Someuniquemanuscriptsand
rarebooksgivenbyhimtotheoriginallibraryofthe
THEPARENTTHEOSOPHICALSOCIETY

19
New YorkSocietyareinthepossessionofthewriters .
OneofhislastserviceswastopresenttheSocietywith
acompletefileofthefirstsixvolumesof The Theosophist,
completelyindexedin'manuscriptpreparedandwritten
outbyhimself .
ThroughthelaborsofMadameBlavatsky,Correspond-
ingFellowswereobtainedinmanylands . Inthisway
theIonianTheosophicalSocietywasestablishedatCorfu
in1877 . Otheractivitiesbycorrespondenceresulted in
anaffiliationwiththeAryaSamaj,aHinduassociation
originallyformedfortherevivalofinterestinthean-
cientscripturesandphilosophicalsystemsofIndia. It
waspresidedoverbytheSwami,DayanandSarasvati,
wellknowninhisnativecountry
. Jointdiplomaswere
issuedtomanyFellowsoftheT. S
. asmembersof"The
TheosophicalSocietyoftheAryaSamajofAryavart"
( theancientdesignationofIndia) . Thisallianceen-
dureduntil1881,whenitwasrupturedandtheSwami
andhispartisansbecameviolentopponentstotheT. S.
inIndia. Averyfullaccountofthevarious difficulties
iscontainedinthe"ExtraSupplement"to The The-
osophist forJuly,1882
.
AsoriginallyconstitutedtheTheosophicalSocietywas
entirelydemocraticinitsby-lawsandorganization . All
Officers
wereelective. Changesinby-laws,whetherby
substitutionorotherwise,hadfirsttobesubmittedin
writingatastatedmeetingatleastthirtydaysprior
toavote,andthenratifiedbythe affirmative actionof
two-thirdsoftheFellowspresent . Allnominationsfor
Fellowshipwererequiredtobeinwriting,tobeendorsed
bytwoFellowsingoodstanding,andapprovedbythe
Council . ThreeclassesofFellowswereprovidedfor :
Active,CorrespondingandHonorary,whosenatureis
sufficientlyindicatedbytheirdesignations . Theearlier
SocietiesestablishedafterthefoundationoftheParent
bodyadopteditspreambleandmadeadditionalrules
andby-lawsnotinconflict,tosuitthemselves . Inter-
coursebetweenthevariousSocietieswasmoreorless
desultoryandinformal,butallFellowsreceivedtheir
diplomasfromtheParentSocietyuntilbranchSocieties
20

THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
begantobeformedinIndia,whendiplomasweresigned
byCol . OlcottandMadameBlavatsky
. InAmericadiplo-
masweresignedafter1878byGen . DoubledayasPresi-
dent
protem . , andbyMr . Judge as RecordingSecretary,
until1883,afterwhichdatediplomasweresignedinthe
firstinstanceinIndiaorAmericaasexigencymight
require,until1885,afterwhichtimeH. P. B. beinginEu-
rope,Mr . JudgeinAmerica,andCol . OlcottinIndia,
allregulardiplomasweresignedinthefirstinstanceby
Col . Olcottas defacto PresidentofalltheTheosophical
Societies . Diplomas,whenissued,wererecognizedas
validcertificatesofFellowshipbyalllodgeswherever
situated.
NoformalConventionofalltheSocietieswasever
heldduringtheexistenceoftheParentbody,butin
Indiaaspeciesofgatheringor"AnniversaryConven-
tion"washeldasearlyas1880,andthereafterannually
attheendofeachyear . Thesewereattendedbydele-
gatesfromtheIndianandCeylonLodgesandbyocca-
sionalvisitorsfromEuropeandAmerica
. NoSections
wereorganizedduringthefirsttenyearsoftheSociety's
history.
TheParentTheosophicalSocietyhadthreedeclared
Objects,andthesewereformallyadoptedbyallsubse-
quentlyformedSocietiesexceptafewoftheIndian
branches
. ThoseObjectswere :
I. ToformthenucleusofaUniversalBrotherhoodof
Humanity,withoutdistinctionofrace,creed,sex,caste,
orcolor ;
II. Thestudyofancientandmodernreligions,philoso-
phiesandsciences,andthedemonstrationoftheimpor-
tanceofsuchstudy ; and
III. TheinvestigationoftheunexplainedlawsofNa-
tureandthepsychicalpowerslatentinman .
AssenttotheFirstObjectonlywasrequiredofall
Fellows,theremainingObjectsbeingsetforthassub-
sidiaryandoptional . Originally,anduntilaslateas
1885,aformofinitiation,severaltimeschanged,was
usedfortheinductionofnewmembers,andthepro-
ceedingsoftheseveralSocietieswerequasi-private
.
THEPARENTTHEOSOPHICALSOCIETY

21
InthebeginningtheParentSocietyandtheotherThe-
osophicalbodieshadnoliteratureoftheirown . The
Iabbala,translationsofPlato,Orientalphilosophiesand
religions,theSpiritualistpublications,thenumerous
writingsofChristianmystics,andtheexistentWestern
worksonmagic,hypnotism,mesmerismandrelatedsub-
jectssuppliedtheonlymaterialforstudy .
MadameBlavatskyhadbegunthecompositionof"Isis
Unveiled"in1874,andthisworkshecontinuedsteadily,
subjecttothemultifariousinterruptionsandactivities
occasionedbyherincreasingacquaintanceandthelabors
incidenttoherworkasCorrespondingSecretaryofthe
newSociety . Inordertobenearathandintheprepara-
tionof"Isis"forthepress,Col . Olcottandhissister,
Mrs. Mitchell,tookroomsinthesamebuildingwith
MadameBlavatsky'sapartment . Mostoftheproofsof
"Isis"werereadbyhim,andthearrangementofthe
textishis . BothCol. OlcottandH. P. B. weregreatly
hamperedbythelackofworksofreference,byattendant
circumstances,andbyspecialdifficulties . Englishwas
aforeigntonguetoH. P
. B. andhadneverbeenacquired
byherexceptinacolloquialsenseinchildhood. She
wasentirelyunfamiliarwithcurrentliteraryusagesor
theexigenciesoftheprinter'sart . OnhissideCol.
Olcotthadbuttheslightestacquaintancewithmany
ofthesubjectstreated ; wastotallyignorantofmost
ofthelanguagesancientandmodernnecessarilyre-
ferredto,andtheauthorsandauthoritieswhosestate-
mentswerequotedanddiscussed . Thealmostendless
ramificationsoftheologies,philosophiesandotherwrit-
ingsreferredtowereforthemostpartunknownto
him,andinmanycasesnoexactequivalentsorcorre-
spondingtermsexistedinEnglishtoconveythedesired
meaningsandinterpretations. Afurtherdifficultyde-
velopedinMadameBlavatsky'shavingoccasiontore-
writelargeportionsofthetext,ortoincorporatenew
matterintheproofs,evenafterthestereotypeplates
werecast . Whenthemanyobstaclesareconsidered,it
isremarkablethatsofewerrorsexistinthework
as
finallypublishedbyMr
. J . W
. BoutonofNewYorkin
^z~

THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
theearlyautumnof1877 . Twoeditionsof"Isis" were
immediatelyexhausted,andneweditionsfollowedfrom
theoriginalplatesformanyyears . Aneditionof"Isis"
wasalsoissuedmanyyearslaterbyMrs . Tingley'sThe-
osophicalorganizationfromtheoriginalBoutonplates,
withadditionalmatter
. Stillanothereditionof"Isis"
resetthroughouthasbeenpublishedbythesameorgan-
ization. AnentirelyneweditionwasalsoissuedinLon-
donin1907bytheTheosophicalPublishingSociety,
affiliatedwithMrs . Besant'sTheosophicalorganization
.
Somecorrectionsofthemoreglaringerrorsinthe
originalBoutoneditionsof"Isis"weremadeatvarious
timesbyMadameBlavatsky,in
The Theosophist,The
Path and Lucifer,
buttheoriginalplates,notbeing
ownedbyher,couldnotbecorrected .
"IsisUnveiled"havingbeencompletedandtheSociety
inAmericabeingonasfirmafootingaspossible,active
preparationsbegantocarryitspropagandatoother
countrieswherebeginningshadalreadybeenmade
. Ac-
cordingly,alittleoverayearafterthepublicationof
"Isis,"MadameBlavatskyandCol
. Olcottsailedfor
Indiaasa"committee"oftheSociety
. Afortnight's
staywasmadeinLondon,arrangementsweremadeat
Parisfortheimmediateformationof"TheTheosophi-
calSocietyofFrenchSpiritists,"andthetwoFounders
proceededontheirway,arrivingatBombay,India,Feb-
ruary16,1879 .
AlmostatonceaccessionstotheSocietybeganinIndia,
bothamongEnglishresidentsandHindus
. Learned
membersofthevarioussectsandcastes,pundits,pro-
fessorsofthevariousschoolsofHinduphilosophy,In-
dianrulers,writers,lawyers,gavetheiradhesiontothe
Society
. AmongnotedEnglishFellowsinIndiawere
Major-GeneralMorgan,BritishArmy,retired,andhis
wife ; Mr . A. O
. Hume,lateSecretarytotheGovernment
ofIndia ; andMr
. A. P
. Sinnett,editoroftheleading
pro-Governmentorgan,theAllahabad
Pioneer
. InOc-
toberof1879MadameBlavatskybeganthepublication
of TheTheosophist
. Themagazinesoonattainedawide
THEPARENTTHEOSOPHICALSOCIETY

28
circulationnotonly in India,butinEuropeandAmerica
aswell. In1881Mr . Sinnett'sbook,"The - Occult
World,"waspublishedatLondon . Itwassubsequently
republishedinAmerica,andpassedthroughmanyedi-
tions. Itwasfollowedin1883by"EsotericBuddhism,"
whichcirculatedasextensively . InIndia,"Hintson
EsotericTheosophy,No . 1,"wasissuedin1882,and
"No . 2"ayearlater
. In1881Col . Olcottpublishedhis
"BuddhistCatechism,"aworkwhichwaslateradopted
asaccuratebyboththeNorthernandSouthernwings
oftheBuddhistfaith,andwhichspeedilypassedthrough
ascoreofeditionsandisstillbeingpublished
. Inthe
periodfrom1879to1884therewereestablishedinIndia
andCeylonanevenhundredTheosophicalSocieties .
Forthefirsttimeinrecordedhistory,someapproachto
fellowshipinacommonsocietywithacommonaimwas
broughtaboutamongstmembersofsectsandcastes
whichfromtimeimmemorialhadconsidereditasinand
adegradationtomeetandmingleonequalterms .
CorrespondencewiththeParent,theBritishandthe
FrenchSocieties,andwith H. P. B. , resultedintheforma-
tionofseveraladditionalSocietiesinAmericaandEu-
ropeinthefirstdecadeoftheMovement . Thusthe"St .
Thomas"SocietyintheDanishWestIndieswasformed
in1881,the"PostNubilaLux"SocietyatTheHague,
Holland,the"OdessaGroup"inRussia'in1883,the
"Scottish"atAyre,the"Germania"atElberfeld,in
1884. TheQueenslandSocietyinAustraliawasformed
in1881 . IntheUnitedStatesthefirstSocietyestab-
lishedaftertheParentbodywastheRochester T. S. ,
organizedinJuly,1882,bytheeffortsofMrs . J
. W .
Cables. ThefirstpublicationinAmericadevotedto
Theosophicalsubjectswas TheOccultWord, thefirst
numberofwhichwasissuedbyMrs . CablesinApril,
1884. The"Pioneer"T. S. was formedatSt . Louisin
thesummerof1883,andthe"Gnostic"atWashington,
D. C. ,in1884.
MadameBlavatsky'sfirstworkwaswiththeSpir-
itualists . Whenherpowerfulvoicewasraisedintheir
24

THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
defense,whenshedemandedthattheirwondersshould
beinvestigatedwith an
openmind,theirclaimsexamined
impartially,shewashailed as afriend,asanally,asa
championofthenewdispensation . Whenitwasnoised
aboutthroughtheindiscreetbutwell-meantlaudations
ofCol
. Olcottthatshewasherselfamedium par ex-
cellence, shewasacclaimedasaprophet
. Her soirees
andherSocietywerecrowdedwiththerushofseekers
demandingasign . Butwhensherefusedtoproducethe
hoped-formarvels
; wheninherconversationsandlet-
terstothepressshehintedatotherandtruerexplana-
tionsofthephenomenathan"communicationsfromthe
dead" ; whensheutteredveiledwarningsregardingthe
dangersofmediumship,shewaslistenedtowithsur-
prise,withincredulity,withsuspicions . Andwhenat
last"IsisUnveiled"wasissued,afiercerevulsionset
in,increasingastheyearswenton . Shewasdenounced'
bysomeSpiritualistsas
a traitortothe"cause,"and
slanderedbyothersasamerecheatingtrickster,not
evenanhonestmedium. NearlyeverySpiritualistwho
hadenteredtheSocietydepartedfromit,andshewas
generallyregardedquiteasmuchthefoeofSpiritualism
asoforthodoxreligionormaterialisticscience
. Itis
ofmorethanpassingsignificancethatineverycasethe
chiefenemiesofH. P. B
. andherteachings,bothwithin
andwithouttheoriginalTheosophicalSocietyandthe
manyorganizationswhichstill . employthatname,have
beenpersonswhowereSpiritualists,orwhosenatural
tendencieshavebeeninthatdirection
. Allthemanyat-
tacksuponhernameandfamethroughoutalltheyears
canbetracedbacktotheirsourceeitherinSpiritualists
orthoseaddictedtomediumshipanditspractices .
What,then,wereherearliestexpositionsofTheosophy,
whichsufficedontheonehandtoprovidethematerial
forthegrowthandstudyofthemembersoftheThe-
osophicalSociety,and,ontheotherhand,drewupon
herdevotedheadfromtheveryfirst,aseriesofattacks
which,graduallyincreasinginrangeandintensity,cul-
minatedinthetremendousexplosionsof1884-57 No
studentoftheTheosophicalMovementcanaffordto
THEPARENTTHEOSOPHICALSOCIETY

25
neglectthemostpainstakingexaminationof"IsisUn-
veiled. "Toasummaryofitsmostimportantcontents
wemaynowturnourattentionprofitably,thecollateral
andaccompanyingcircumstanceshavingbeenoutlined .
CHAPTERIII
19
ISISUNVEILED 11
"ISISUNVEILED"
isstatedonitstitlepagetobe"a
master-keytothemysteriesofancientandmodernsci-
enceandtheology . "Inthebodyoftheworkthereare
saidtobesevenofthesekeystothemysteriesofNature
andofMan,ofwhichoneonlyisgiven
. Thevolumes
arededicatedto"TheTheosophicalSocietywhichwas
foundedtostudythesubjectsonwhichtheytreat
. "
BycorrelatingtheworktotheThreeObjectsofthe
Societyaclearlightmaybehadonthemethodoftreat-
mentemployed
. Volume1hasforitsgeneralsubject
"Science,"andinthatrespectrelatesstrictlytothe
ThirdObject
. Volume2isentitled"Theology,"andre-
latestotheSecondObject
. Butasbothscienceand
theologyrelatetothegreatobjectsofhumaninquiry,
thetreatmentisinter-wovenandinter-blendedthrough-
out
. Asallinquirypresentstwogeneralpoles,theascer-
tainmentoffactsandtheconsiderationoftheirmean-
ingandrelations,so"Isis"takesuptheacquisitionsof
modernscientificresearchandthetheoriesandhy-
pothesesbuiltuptoaccountforascertainedphysicalphe-
nomena
; therevelationsandclaimsofthevariousreli-
gions,particularlytheChristian,areexamined,andtheir
theologies( ortheoriestoaccountformetaphysicalphe-
nomena) areanalyzed .
Theworkisnecessarilyaddressedtothemostopen-
mindedoftherace,andthemethodpursuedisnecessarily
adaptedtothelimitationsofthoseminds
. Itisnotso
muchtheintroductionofnewevidencethatisattempted,
asthepartialpresentationofanentirelynew( toWest-
ernminds) hypothesistoexplaintheevidencethatal-
readyexistsinthegeneralfundofhumanexperience
.
26
"ISISUNVEILED"
27
Inthecourseoftheworkitis,demonstratedoverand
overagainthatthedogmasofthesectsarenotonly
mutuallycontradictoryanddestructive,but,aswell,that
soundphilosophicalprinciples,correctlogicandthe
provedfactsofmodernscienceareindirectandover-
whelmingoppositiontotheclaimsandpretensionsof
theology. Thesamemethodofexaminationisalsoap-
pliedtothe"workinghypotheses"ofmodernscience,
andthevarioustheoriesaretestedoutbycomparison,
onewithanother, all withthefactsofexperience
. Itis
conclusivelyestablishedthat,nomorethantheology,
canthephilosophyofmodernsciencestandthelight
ofsearchinginvestigation . Thebelieverintheologyor
scienceisfurthermoreshownbymassesofindisputable
testimonythatcertainfactsexistandalwayshaveex-
isted,whichareinthemselvesabsolutelydestructive
alikeoftheclaimsoforthodoxreligionandmaterialistic
science ; thatthesefactshavebeenpersistentlyover-
looked,ignoredordenied,bothbythevotariesof"re-
vealedreligion"andofmodern"exactscience" ; yet
thatthesedisregardedfactshaveatalltimesbeenuni-
formlytestifiedtobythenoblestmindsoftheraceno
lessthanbythecommonbeliefofmankind . Sideby
side,therefore,withtheintroductionoftheaffirmative
evidenceofthesefactsisplacedthetestimonyofthe
ages
as totheirbearingonthegreatsubjectsofreligion,
philosophyandscience,andtheinferenceisdrawnthat
therehasalwaysexisted,fromtheremotesttimes,asys-
temwhoseteachingsinregardtoNature and toManare
inclusiveof all thingsandexclusiveofnothing . This
systemMadameBlavatskydenominatestheHermetic
philosophy,orWisdom-Religion,anddeclaresthather
workandmissionarea "plea fortherecognitionofthe
Wisdom-ReligionastheonlypossiblekeytotheAbso-
luteinscienceandtheology . " Theworkitselfisthe
evidencethatsheusestheword"plea" in itsstrictly
legalandforensicsense. "Isis"containsthetestimony,
theanalysisoftheevidence,thearguments,andthe
citationsofprinciples,lawsandprecedents. Thework
is"submittedtopublicjudgment"uponitqinherent
28

THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
reasonablenessastoitsconclusions,itsverifiableac-
curacyastothefacts,andnotuponanyassumed
authority.
Turningeverandanonfromthepurelyinductive
methodwhichcharacterizestheworkgenerally,Madame
Blavatskysubmitssomeoftheprincipaltenetsofthe
Wisdom-Religion,whichshenames
THEosoPm, and
showsthatthereismorethanampleground,fromevi-
denceaccessibletothegeneralstudent,tojustifythe
statementsshemakes,thattheWisdom-Religionunder-
liesandantedateseveryreligion,everyphilosophy,every
systemofthought,everyscienceknowntomankind,and
thatallthesehaveinpointoffactsprungfromperiodi-
calimpartationsofportionsoftheSecretDoctrines
byitsAdeptcustodians .
"Isis"isinnosenseputforwardbyitswriteras
aninference,arevelation,oraspeculation,although
theburdenofitsmightycontentsisnecessarilylargely
assumedtoprovethattheexistenceofAdeptsanda
Wisdom-Religionistheunavoidableinferencefromthe
testimony ; thepriormissionsandmessagesofgreat
Adeptstheindubitablesourceofthegreatreligionsand
thecommonbeliefingods,saviorsandredeemers ; their
teachingsregardingthe"mysteries"therealfountain
whencehavebeendrawnthematerialsforthephilosophi-
calandethicaltreatisesofthegreatwritersofalltimes .
Sheshowsthateverywhere,fromtheremotestantiquity,
thereareabundantindicationsthattheartsandsciences
asre-discoveredinourtimes,wereknown
. andprac-
ticedbythe"wisemenofold"
; furthermore,thatmuch
was"known"totheancientsconcerningcertainsciences
andartsnow"unknown"eventothemostadvanced
scienceandscientistsofourday . Andalthoughpopu-
larreligion,philosophyandsciencebecameintimepol-
lutedwithpurelyhumanspeculationsandfancies, "Isis"
showsthattheyallstartedoriginallyasclearandun-
adulteratedstreamsfromthemothersource
. Whatwas
originallyateachingdependingonknowledgeandin-
spirationdegeneratedintimeintomeredogmasand
speculations ; whatwasoriginallyaTeacherofprimeval
truthsbecameintimeanobjectofvenerationandwor-
shipasagodoradivineincarnation .
Withtheseconsiderationsinmindsomethingmaybe
graspedoftheepochalimportanceofMadameBlavat-
sky'sfirstgreatwork,andoftheleadingstatementsof
Occultismembodiedinit .
Although"IsisUnveiled"
hasbeenbeforetheworldfornearlyhalfacenturyfew,
evenamongTheosophists,haveasyetassimilatedmore
thanafewcrumbsfromthis"storehouseofthought . "
Theplanoftheworkisearlystated . Theobjectisnot
toforceuponthepublicthepersonalviewsortheories
oftheauthor,nordoesitaimatcreatingarevolution
insomedepartmentofthought :
Itisratherabriefsummaryofthereligions,
philosophies,anduniversaltraditionsofhuman
kind,andthe exegesis ofthesame,inthespirit
ofthose secretdoctrines, ofwhichnone-thanks
toprejudiceandbigotry
havereachedChris-
tendominsounmutilatedaformastosecureit
afairjudgment . Hencetheunmeritedcontempt
intowhichthestudyofthenoblestofsciences-
thatofthe spiritual manhasgraduallyfallen .
Inundertakingtoinquireintotheassumed
infallibilityofModernScienceandTheology,
theauthorhasbeenforced,evenattheriskof
beingthoughtdiscursive,tomakeconstantcom-
parisonoftheideas,achievements,andpreten-
sionsoftheirrepresentativeswiththoseofthe
ancientphilosophiesandreligiousteachers
.
Thingsthemostwidelyseparatedastotime
havethusbeenbroughtintoimmediatejuxta-
position,foronlythuscouldthepriorityand
parentageofdiscoveriesanddogmasbedeter-
mined
. Indiscussingthemeritsofourscien-
tificcontemporaries,theirownconfessionsof
failureinexperimentalresearch,ofbafflingmys-
teries,ofmissinglinksintheirchainsoftheory,
ofinabilitytocomprehendnaturalphenomena,
ofignoranceofthelawsofthecausalworld,
29
s0 THETHEOSOPHICAL. MOVEMENT
havefurnishedthebasisforthepresentstudy .
Especiallywe will reviewthespeculationsand
policyofnotedauthoritiesinconnectionwith
thosemodernpsychologicalphenomena[ Spir-
itualism] whichbeganatRochesterandhave
nowoverspreadtheworld
. Wewishtoshow
howinevitableweretheirinnumerablefailures,
andhowtheymustcontinueuntilthesepre-
tendedauthoritiesgototheBrahminsand
Lamaists of thefarOrient,andrespectfullyask
themtoimpartthealphabetoftruescience .
DeeplysensibleoftheTitanicstrugglethat
isnowinprogressbetweenmaterialismandthe
spiritualaspirationsofmankind,ourconstant
endeavorhasbeentogatherintoourseveral
chapters,likeweaponsintoarmories,everyfact
andargumentthatcanbeusedtoaidthelatter
indefeatingtheformer . Sicklyanddeformed
childasitnowis,thematerialismofTodayis
bornofthebrutalYesterday . Unlessitsgrowth
isarresteditmaybecomeourmaster . Topre-
ventthecrushingofthesespiritualaspirations,
theblightingofthesehopes,andthedeadening
ofthatintuitionwhichteachesusofaGodanda
hereafter,wemustshowourfalsetheologiesin
theirnakeddeformity,anddistinguishbetween
divinereligionandhumandogmas . Ourvoice
israisedforspiritualfreedom,andourplea
madeforenfranchisementfromalltyranny,
whetherof SCIENCEor THEOLOGY.
Theworkplungesforthwithintothecomparisonof
theancientOcculttenetsbothwithmoderntheological
dogmasandmodernscientifictheories . Someofthe
tenetslaiddownareasfollows
I. Thepre-existenceof spiritual manclothedinabody
ofetherealmatter,andwiththeabilitytocommune
freelywiththenowunseenuniverses .
II. Analmostincredibleantiquityisclaimedforthe
humanraceinitsvarious"coatsofskin,"andthegreat
"ISISUNVEILED"

31
doctrineofCyclesofDestiny( Karma) isemphasized,
aswell asthattheseCyclesdonotaffectallmankind
atoneandthesametime,thusexplainingtheriseand
fallofcivilizationsandtheexistenceatoneandthesame
timeofthemosthighlydevelopedracessidebyside
withtribessunkinsavagery
.
III. Adoubleevolution,spiritualandintellectualas
wellasphysical,ispostulatedwhosephilosophyalone
canreconcilespiritandmatterandcauseeachtodemon-
stratetheothermathematically
.
IV. Thedoctrineofthe Metempsychosis ofthespir-
itualandmentalManisgiven as thekeywhichwill
supplyeverymissing link inthetheoriesofthemodern
evolutionists,aswellasthemysteries_ ofthevarious
religions . Thelowerordersofevolutionaredeclared
tohaveemanatedfromhigherspiritualonesbeforethey
develop . Itisaffirmedthatifmenofscienceandthe-
ologianshadproperlyunderstoodthedoctrineof Me-
tempsychosisinitsapplicationtotheindestructibility
ofmatterandtheimmortalityofspirititwouldhave
beenperceivedthatthisdoctrineisasublimeconception
.
Itisdemonstratedthattherehasnotbeenaphilosopher
ofanynotewhodidnotholdtothisdoctrineofMetem-
psychosisastaughtbytheBrahmins,Buddhists,and
laterbythePythagoreansandtheGnostics,
initsesoteric
sense. For lackofcomprehensionofthisgreatphil-
osophicalprinciplethemethodsofmodernscience,how-
everexact, mustendinnullity .
V. Theancientsknewfarmoreconcerningcertain
sciencesthanourmodernsavantshaveyetdiscovered .
Magic isasoldasman
.
Thecalculationsofthean-
cientsappliedequallytothe spiritual progressofhu-
manityastothephysical . Magicwasconsideredadi-
vinesciencewhichledtoaparticipationintheattributes
ofDivinityitself . "Asabove,soitisbelow . That
whichhasbeenwillreturnagain . Asinheaven,soon
earth. "Therevolutionofthephysicalworldisattended
bya likerevolutionin the worldofintellect-thespiritual
evolutionproceedinginCycles,likethephysicalone .
Thegreatkingdomsandempiresoftheworldafterreach-
82

THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
ingtheculminationoftheirgreatness,descendagain,
in
accordancewiththesamelawbywhichtheyascended;
till,havingreachedthelowestpoint,humanityre-asserts
itselfandmountsuponcemore,theheightofitsattain-
mentbeing,bythislawofascendingprogressionbycy-
cles,somewhathigherthanthepointfromwhichithad
beforedescended .
VI
. Toomanyofourthinkersdonotconsider
thatthenumerouschangesinlanguage,theal-
legoricalphrasesandevidentsecretivenessof
oldMysticwriters,whoweregenerallyunderan
obligationnevertodivulgethesolemnsecrets
ofthesanctuary,mighthavesadlymisledtrans-
latorsandcommentators. Onedaytheymay
learntoknowbetter,andsobecomeawarethat
themethodofextremenecessarianismwasprac-
ticedinancientas well
asinmodernphilosophy ;
that
fromthefirstagesofman,thefundamental
truthsofallthatwearepermittedtoknowon
earthwereinthesafekeepingoftheadeptsof
thesanctuary ; thatthedifferenceincreedsand
religiouspracticewasonlyexternal
; andthat
thoseguardiansoftheprimitivedivinerevela-
tion,whohadsolvedeveryproblemthatis
withinthegraspofhumanintellect,werebound
togetherbyauniversalfreemasonryofscience
and
philosophy,whichformedoneunbroken
chainaroundtheglobe
.
ThefirstchapterofVolume1,fromwhichwehave
extractedtheseveralstatementswhichwehavehere
numberedfortheirbettermassingandcomprehension,
closeswithaforecast,drawnfromthestudyofthepast
:
Themomentismoreopportunethaneverfor
thereviewofoldphilosophies
. Archaeologists,
philologists,astronomers,chemistsandphysi-
cistsaregettingnearertothepointwherethey
willbeforcedtoconsiderthem
. Physicalsci-
"ISIS UNVEILED"
encehasalreadyreacheditslimitsofexplora-
tion ; dogmatictheologyseesthespringsofits
inspirationdry. Unlesswemistakethesigns,
thedayisapproachingwhentheworldwillre-
ceivetheproofsthatonlyancientreligionswere
inharmonywithnature,andancientscience
embracedallthatcanbeknown . Whoknowsthe
possibilitiesofthefuture7Aneraofdisen-
chantmentandrebuildingwillsoonbegin-nay,
hasalreadybegun . Thecyclehasalmostrunits
course; anewoneisabouttobegin, andthefu-
turepagesofhistorymaycontainfullevidence,
andconveyfullproofthat
"Ifancestrycanbeinaughtbelieved,
Descendingspiritshaveconversedwith
man,
And
toldhim
secrets of the world
unknown . "
Ifweturnnowtothetwelfthandlastchapterof
Volume2of"Isis,"weshallbeconfrontedwithanin-
troductoryparagraph,alsopropheticatthetimeofits
writing,nowalltootrulyamatterofboththeosophical
andprofanehistory
. Shetheresays
Itwouldarguesmalldiscernmentonourpart
werewetosupposethatwehavebeenfollowed
thus
farthroughthisworkbyanybutmeta-
physicians,ormysticsofsomesort . Wereit
otherwise,weshouldcertainlyadvisesuchto
sparethemselvesthetroubleofreadingthis
chapter ; for,althoughnothingissaidthatisnot
strictlytrue,theywouldnotfailtoregardthe
leastwonderfulofthenarrativesasabsolutely
false,howeversubstantiated
.
Thechapterfollowswitharecapitulationoftheprinci-
plesofnaturallaw,coveredbythefundamentalproposi-
tionsoftheOrientalphilosophyassuccessivelyeluci
s3
34

THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
datedinthecourseofthework
. Shestatesthem in
numberedorderasfollows
I. Thereisnomiracle
. Everythingthathappensis
theresultoflaw-eternal,immutable,ever-active . This
"immutablelaw"isfrequentlyreferredtothroughout
thevolumesundersuchtermsascycles,the"lawofcom-
pensation,"Karma, I`self-madedestiny,"andsoon
. Its
modeofoperationisincessantlydiscussedintreatingof
theriseandfallofcivilizations,successiveracesof
men,earthtransformations,thethree-foldprincipleof
evolution,Spiritual,Mental,andPhysical ; thecom-
poundnatureofmanandtheuniverse ; andinsuch
terminologyaspre-existence,metempsychosis,trans-
migration,reincarnation,evolution,transformation,per-
mutation,emanation,immortality,andafter-deathstates
andconditions
. Constanteffortismadetokeepbefore
thereadertheunvaryingprinciplethatspiritualand
mentalevolutionproceedsapacewithphysicalmani-
festations,andstandstophysicalevolutionintherela-
tionofcausetoeffect . Thisisallsummarizedinthe
secondproposition .
II. Natureistriune :
thereisavisible,objectiveNa-
ture ;
aninvisible,indwelling,energizingNature,the
exactmodeloftheother,anditsvitalprinciple
; and,
abovethesetwo, spirit,
sourceofallforces,aloneeternal
andindestructible
. Thelowertwoconstantlychange
;
thehigherthirddoesnot
. Thisuniversalpostulateis
thenappliedspecificallytohumannatureandevolu-
tioninthethirdproposition .
III. Manisalsotriune :
hehashisobjective,physical
body,hisvitalizingastralbody( orsoul) ,therealman
;
andthesetwoarebroodedoverandilluminatedbythe
third-thesovereign,theimmortalspirit
. Whenthereal
mansucceedsinmerginghimselfwiththelatter,hebe-
comesanimmortalentity
. Theargumentthroughout
thetwolargevolumesof"Isis"isalwaysthatsuch
mergenceorunionispossibleandistheunderlyingpur-
poseofallevolution
; thatsuchbeingsasJesus,Buddha
andothershadinfactarrivedatthisconsummation,and
"ISISUNVEILED"

86
thattherealmissionoftheFoundersofallreligionsis
topointmankindtothepurposeofMentalandSpiritual
evolution,andgivethedirectionsandconditionsprece-
denttothe"perfectibilityofman . " Suchexaltedbe-
ingsarebyH. P. Blavatskyvariouslycalledthesages,
theAdepts,theGreatSoulsofalltime . Theirknowl-
edgeofNatureandofNature'slawsiscalled in itsen-
tiretytheWisdom-Religion,anditspracticalexemplifi-
cationissummarizedinthefourthproposition
.
IV. andV. Magic,asascience,istheknowledgeof
theseprinciples,andofthe
way
bywhichtheomniscience
andomnipotenceofthespiritanditscontroloverNa-
ture'sforcesmaybeacquiredbytheindividualwhile
stillinthebody . Magic,asanart,istheapplicationof
thisknowledgeinpractice. Grantingthatgreatpowers
existinNature,andthattheconsciouscontroloverthese
powersmaybeattainedbytheincarnatedbeingthrough
metaphysicalmeans,itfollowsthatsuchcontrolmay
beexercisedbeneficentlyormaleficently. Arcaneknowl-
edgemisappliedissorcery,or"BlackMagic" ; benefi-
centlyused,trueMagicor WISDOM . Ineithercaseit
constitutesAdeptship,whetherofthe Right- orthe Left-
havnd Path . Thisisthefifthproposition,andthetext
ofthetwovolumescontainsalmostnumberlessdirect
andindirectreferencestocelebratedcharactersinhis-
tory,traditionandmythwhoexemplifiedthetwochar-
actersofAdeptship .
VI. ThispropositionsetsforththatMediumshipisthe
oppositeofAdeptship . WhereastheAdeptactivelycon-
trolshimselfandallinferiorpotencies,theMediumis
thepassiveinstrumentofforeigninfluences
. Thereis
nomoreimportantpracticaltheoreminthewholework.
Many,manypagesaredevotedtodiscussionofthechar-
acteristics,tendencies,practicesandfruitsofmedium-
ship . Itsphenomena,objectiveandsubjective,aredealt
withatlength . Spiritualism,ormediumship,isshown
tohavebeenprevalent in allages,nomatterunder
whatnamesknown,anditsrecurrence,whetherinindi-
vidualcasesoramongstmassesofmen,isshowntobe
subjecttocycliclaw,nowmoregenerallyknowntoThe-
86

THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
osophicalstudentsunderitsSanskritdesignationof
Karma. InMediumship,asinAdeptship,itisshown
thattherearetwopolarantitheses,dependentonthe
moralcharacterofthemediumforthequalityandrange
nolessthantheeffects,goodorbad,ofitsexercise .
Theremainingnumberedpropositionsofthelastchap-
terofVolume2willbeconsideredinotherconnections
lateron,'buttheiressentialnatureandimplicationsare
containedinthefollowingsentences,withoutthebasic .
apprehensionofwhichnoinquiryintoTheosophyand
theTheosophicalMovementcanbefruitfulofunder-
standing,howeveritmayaffordinformation :
Tosumupallinafewwords,MAGICisspir-
itualWISDOM
; nature,thematerialally,pupil
andservantofthemagician . Onecommonvital
principlepervadesallthings,andthisiscon-
trollablebytheperfectedhumanwill . Theadept
canstimulatethemovementsofthenatural
forcesinplantsandanimalsinapreternatural
degree. Suchexperimentsarenotobstructions
ofnature,butquickenings
; theconditionsofin-
tenservitalactionaregiven .
Theadeptcancontrolthesensationsandalter
theconditionsofthephysicalandastralbodies
ofotherpersonsnotadepts
; hecanalsogovern
andemploy,ashechooses,thespiritsoftheele-
ments. Hecannotcontroltheimmortalspirit
ofanyhumanbeing,livingordead,forallsuch
spiritsarealikesparksoftheDivineEssence,
andnotsubjecttoanyforeigndomination
.
Therestrictionswithwhichtheinformationconveyed
in"Isis"ishedgedabout,bothfromthestandpoint
oftheteacherendeavoringtoimpartandtheinquirer
endeavoringtolearn,andthedangers,knownorun-
knowntothelatter,areindicatedtowardsthecloseof
thechapter :
'SeeChapterXXXIII
.
"ISISUNVEILED"

37,
Bythosewhohavefollowedusthusfar,it
willnaturallybeasked,towhatpracticalissue
thisbooktends ; muchhasbeensaidaboutmagic
anditspotentiality,muchoftheimmensean-
tiquityofitspractice . Dowewishtoaffirmthat
theoccultsciencesoughttobestudiedandprac-
ticedthroughouttheworld?Wouldwereplace
modernspiritualismwiththeancientmagic?
Neither ; thesubstitutioncouldnotbemade,nor
thestudyuniversallyprosecuted,withoutincur-
ringtheriskofenormouspublicdangers .
Wewouldhaveneitherscientists,theologians
norspiritualiststurnpracticalmagicians,but
alltorealizethattherewastruescience,pro-
foundreligion,andgenuinephenomenabefore
thismodernera . Wewouldthatallwhohavea
voiceintheeducationofthemassesshouldfirst
knowandthen
teach
thatthesafestguidesto
humanhappinessandenlightenmentarethose
writingswhichhavedescendedtousfromthere-
motestantiquity ; andthatnoblerspiritualas-
pirationsandahigheraveragemoralityprevail
inthecountrieswherethepeoplehavetaken
theirpreceptsastheruleoftheirlives . We
wouldhavealltorealizethatmagical, i . e . ,spir-
itualpowersexistineveryman,andthosefew
topracticethemwhofeelcalledtoteach,andare
readytopaythepriceofdisciplineandself-con-
questwhichtheirdevelopmentexacts .
Manymenhavearisenwhohadglimpsesof
thetruth,andfanciedtheyhaditall . Suchhave
failedtoachievethegoodtheymighthavedone
andsoughttodo,becausevanityhasmadethem
thrusttheirpersonalityintosuchunduepromi-
nenceastointerposeitbetweentheirbelievers
andthe whole truththatlaybehind . Theworld
needsnosectarianchurch,whetherofBuddha,
Jesus,Mahomet,Swedenborg,Calvin,orany
other. Therebeingbut ONETruth,manre-
quiresbutonechurch-theTempleofGodwithin
88

THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
us,walledinbymatterbutpenetrablebyanyone
whocanfindtheway ;
thepureinheartseeGod .
The trinityofnatureisthelockofmagic
; the
trinityofmanthekeythatfitsit
. Withinthe
solemnprecinctsofthesanctuarythe
SUPREME
hadandhasnoname . Itisunthinkableandun-
pronounceable
; andyeteverymanfindsinhim-
selfhisgod.
Besides,therearemanygoodreasonswhythe
studyofmagic,exceptinitsbroadphilosophy,is
nearlyimpracticableinEuropeandAmerica
.
Magicbeingwhatitis,themostdifficultofall
sciencestolearnexperimentally-itsacquisi-
tionis,practically,beyondthereachofthema-
jorityofwhite-skinnedpeople ; andthat,whether
theireffortismadeathomeorintheEast .
Probablynotmorethanonemaninamillionof
Europeanbloodisfitted-eitherphysically,
morally,orpsychologically-tobecomeapracti-
calmagician,andnotoneintenmillionswould
befoundendowedwithallthesethreequalifica-
tionsasrequiredforthework . Unlikeother
sciences,atheoreticalknowledgeofformulae
withoutmentalcapacitiesorsoulpowers,isut-
terlyuselessinmagic. Thespiritmustholdin
completesubjectionthecombativenessofwhat
islooselytermededucatedreason,untilfacts
havevanquishedcoldhumansophistry .
Theconcludingpagesof "Isis" recitethatthosebest
preparedtoappreciateOccultismaretheSpiritualists,
although,throughprejudice,theyhavehithertobeen
thebitterestopponentstoitsintroductiontopublicno-
tice. Shesumsupthus
Despiteallfoolishnegationsanddenuncia-
tionstheirphenomenaarereal .
Despite,also,
theirownassertionstheyarewhollymisunder-
stoodbythemselves
. Thetotallyinsufficientthe-
oryoftheconstantagencyofdisembodiedhu-
"ISISUNVEILED"

$9
manspiritsintheirproductionhasbeenthebane
ofthe Cause. Athousandmortifyingrebuffs
have failed toopentheirreasonorintuitionto
thetruth . Ignoringtheteachingsofthepast,
theyhavediscoverednosubstitute . Weoffer
themphilosophicaldeductioninsteadofunveri-
fiablehypothesis,scientificanalysisanddemon-
strationinsteadofundiscriminatingfaith . Oc-
cultphilosophygivesthemthemeansofmeet-
ingthereasonablerequirementsofscience,and
freesthemfromthehumiliatingnecessitytoac-
cepttheoracularteachingsof"intelligences,"
whichasarulehavelessintelligencethana
childatschool . Sobasedandsostrengthened,
modernphenomenawouldbeinapositionto
commandtheattentionandenforcetherespect
ofthosewhocarrywiththempublicopinion .
Withoutinvokingsuchhelp,spiritualismmust
continuetovegetate, equallyrepulsed-not
withoutcause-bothbyscientistsandtheolo-
gians. Initsmodernaspectitisneitherasci
ence,areligion,noraphilosophy .
WiththisoutlineoftheteachingofOccultismascon-
tainedin"IsisUnveiled" ; itsoverwhelmingarraign-
mentoutofthemouthsoftheirownexponents,ofthe
religion,scienceandphilosophyoftheday ; itsoutspoken
treatmentofdogmaticChristianity, ofmaterialistic
hypotheses,ofthephenomenaandtheoriesofSpiritual-
ism,thestudentcanbegintocomprehendtheenormous
difficultiesfacedbyH. P. B. ingaining a footholdforthe
TheosophicalSocietyandahearingforherteachings
ofTheosophy . Hertaskwasnotthatofateacherin
akindergarten : tomeetandleadplasticandunsullied
mindseagerwithinterest,unburdenedwithpreconcep-
tions,intonewanddelightfulpathsofoccupationand
learning . Farfromit . Ratheritwasthatofthealien-
istinamadworld,itsunsaneinhabitants
soaked
throughandthroughwiththeirseveralillusions,each
profoundlycertainofthetruthofhisownparticular
40

THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
mania,profoundlyconvincedofthehallucinationofall
others ; eachlookingatthephenomenaoflifethrough
thedistortedlensesoffundamentalmisconceptions . Re-
gardlessofnamesandforms,shehadtoreckonwiththe
fact,fromthestandpointoftheteachingsofOccult-
ism,thateverywhere,themenoftheWesternworld
werefast
fixed
infalsebeliefs,takingthattobethe
Eternalwhichisnoteternal ; thattobeSoulwhichisnot
soul ; thattobePurewhichisimpure ; thattobeGood
whichisevil. Shehad to destroywhileseemingtocreate,
tocreatewhileseemingtodestroy .
Lookingbackfromthepresentbasisoftoleratedifnot
acceptedideas,itisonlybythecontrastthatthesupreme
miracleofherwisdomcanbeevenfaintlysensed . The
identity ofmanwiththeSupremeSpirit ; thedoctrineof
Cycles,thelawofCompensation ; SpiritualandIntellect-
ualaswellasphysicalevolution
;
inherent immortality,
metempsychosis ; theSpiritualBrotherhoodofallbeings,
Adeptsastheculminationofthetripleevolutionary
schemeinNature
; SpiritandMatterastheeternaldual
presentmentofevolvingConsciousness,thepolaraspects
oftheOneEssence-allthesegreatandsupremeideas
sheandnoneotherrestoredtoavitalplaceinhuman
thought . The words existed-mummifiedformsfromthe
by-gonePast,wrappedinthethousandcerementsofthe
sects . AsintheTalmudiclegend,shebreatheduponthe
clay,breathedintoitthebreathoflife .
Or,better,as
inthestoryofJoseph,shemadethedeadcomeforth
fromthetomb,clothedinthehabilimentsinwhichthe
livingdeadhadburiedhimagainstafar-offimpossible
resurrection .
MuchhasbeenwrittenbyTheosophists-thosewho
owetheiralltoherandherwork-thattheH. P. B. of
1875wasnottheH. P
. B
. oflaterdays ; thatshe,like
themselves,wasbutastudent,stumbling,halting,grop-
ing,findingherwaythroughfailuresandmistakes ; that
itwasonlyinlateryearsthatshecametolearnofthis,
ofthat,ofreincarnationamongothermatters ; thatmany
contradictionswillbefoundin"Isis"whencompared
withherfinalteachings.
"ISISUNVEILED"

41
Theinquirerintofactsandphilosophieshasbutto
read"Isis,"toannotateitsteachings,tocomparethem
withallhersubsequentmultifariouswritingstoseeand
knowforhimselfthattheteachingsof"Isis"areher
unchangingteachings ; thatnotinjotorintittleisthere
acontradictionoradisagreementinallsheeverwrote ;
thatin"Isis"arethefoundationalstatementsofOc-
cultism. Allherlaterwritingsarebutextensions,rami-
fications,theorderlydevelopmentandunfoldingofwhat
isbothexplicitandimplicitin"IsisUnveiled . "Study
andcomparisonwilldomore
:
itwillgivethestudent . a
solidandimpregnablestandardfromwhichtosurvey
therealnatureandcharacteroftheAvatarofthenine-
teenthcentury ; acriterionbywhich,aswell,trulyto
measuretheunderstanding,thenatureandthedevelop-
mentofthosedisciples,studentsandfollowersofH. P. B.
ofwhomshemightwellhaverepeatedinthewordsof
Blake
-
on"certainfriends"
Ifoundthemblind ; Itaughtthemhowtosee ;
Andnowtheyneitherknowthemselvesnorme
.
Thefactsbeingascertained,andsomefaintperception
oftheirsignificancebeinggrasped,thestudentneedsno
interpretertotellhimthatobstacles,opposition,mis-
understanding,contumely,hatredandmisrepresentation
wereunavoidableconcomitantsofeverystepintheprog-
ressoftheTheosophicalSociety,nolessthaninthepath
ofherwhosemissionitwastobeits"presidingdeity
. "
Thechiefofthesedifficultieshavenowtobeconsidered .
CHAPTERIV
EARLYDAYSOFTHETHEOSOPHICALSOCIETY
ATfirstglancetheObjectsoftheTheosophicalSociety
mightbeassumedtobeinthemselvessomanifestlybene-
ficialand,negativelyspeaking,soentirelyharmlessas
atoncetocommendthemtothegood-willifnottothe
activesupportofallmeneverywhere. Todrawthiscon-
clusion,however,isunfortunatelytobeblindtotheles-
sonsofhumanhistory ; istobeignorantoftheforces
whichdominatetheoperationsofhumanconsciousness .
Selfishness,inoneoranotherofitscountlessforms,is
andatalltimeshasbeentheprevailingkeynoteofhu-
manaction . Manyhavebeentheattemptstoformen-
duringassociationshavingfortheirprimeobjectthe
realizationofanactualnucleusofuniversalbrotherhood
amongmen . Tounitefirmlyabodyofmeninbrotherly
lovebentonpurealtruisticworkhasbeenthedreamof
manyhigh-souledmenandwomen . Whateverofprog-
ressandameliorationhasbeenachievedfortherace
fromtimetotimehasbeenduetosuchefforts . Butin
theirdurablepurposetheyhaveallfailedofthegreat
object,andhumanityistodaywaitingasvainlyasever
fortheaccomplishmentofthemostholyandmostim-
portantmissionthathasevercommandedthedevotion
ofthesavior,thephilanthropistandthemartyr . Dis-
ruptivepressuresfromwithout,disintegratingforces
fromwithin,haveintheendmademockandhavocof
everyattempttoembodypracticallywhatallmenrever-
enceasthenoblestofideals . Yettheidealpersists,
thoughitssuccessiveincarnationswitheranddecay .
Itcannot,then,besupposedthatH. P . Blavatskywas
inignoranceormisconceptionofthegigantictaskshe
setforherselfintheendeavortocreateamongmena
Societywhichshouldhaveforitsprimarypurposethe
42
EARLYDAYS

48
formationofanucleusofactualBrotherhood . Noris
it to beimaginedthatshewasindifferenttoorunac-
quaintedwiththecausesofallformerfailuresinthat
direction . TheSecondandThirdObjectsoftheSociety
havetheirrealfoundationinherunderstandingofthe
causesofallfailuresamongmentoachievetheirheart's
ideal. Solongasmenfindoccasionforfrictionsand
antagonisms,ratherthangroundsforunionandharmony,
inwhattheybelieveandpracticeinthenameofreligion,
solongwilltheybefundamentallyatvariance . Solong
astheirideasofknowledge-oftruescience-arecon-
finedtomerebodilyexistence,solongwillallattemptsat
brotherhooddegenerateintosordidsearchformaterial
well-being,forphysicalandintellectualprogressandde-
velopmentonly. Faithandknowledge,insteadofbeing
naturalallies,willpursueopposedcourses,religionand
sciencetakemutuallydestructivepaths,theidealand
thepracticalseemtobeseparatedbyanimpassablegulf .
Allthesethingsareclearly,ifsuccinctly,indicatedin
thePrefacetothefirstvolumeof"IsisUnveiled . "
Neverinallhervastoutpourofteachingandpractical
exampledidMadameBlavatskyplaceonrecordanything
ofmoreenduringandfar-reachingworththanthepropo-
sitionsandimplicationsofthisPreface . Afterdedicat-
ing"thesevolumestotheTheosophicalSociety,which
wasformedinNewYork,A. D. 1875,tostudythesubjects
onwhichtheytreat,"herfirstwordsareanaffirmation
oftheexistenceofMasters,oftheWisdom-Religion,of
herownintimateacquaintancewithThemandwith
Theirphilosophy
Theworknowsubmittedtopublicjudgment
isthefruitofasomewhatintimateacquaintance
withEasternadeptsandstudyoftheirscience.
HereisimpliedtheexistenceofanactualBrotherhood
oflivingmen,ofperfectedhumanbeingswhohavebe-
comesuchthroughself-inducedandself-devisedexer-
tions ; hereinisaffirmedtheperfectibilityofman,thepos-
sibilityofafraternityofpeaceandgood-willthrough
44

THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
themeansandtheexampleaffordedbyacquaintancewith
andstudyoftheseAdeptsandtheirscience . Centuries
ofsectariantheologicalteachingsthatmanisapoormis-
erablesinner,inherentlyimperfectandnever
byany pos-
sibilitytobecomeperfectsavethroughanactoffaithin
avicariousSaviour
; centuriesofmaterialisminthought
andactiononaone-lifebasis-overagainstthesedeeply
imbeddedanddominatingideasisset,sheerandclear,
the factofMasters
; notassomefar-off,remoteabstrac-
tion,somelonged-forbutimpossibleideal,someunique
andspecialcreationofafavoringGod,butveritableDi-
vineBeingswhohavereachedphysicalandmental,no
lessthanmoralandspiritual,perfection
underLaw.
Hereisthetremendousassurancethattherealizationof
Brotherhoodisnotanimpossibilitytoanymanwhowill
followthepathTheyshow,bycreatinginandofhimself
theconditionsprecedenttotheacquisitionofTheir
knowledgeandnature .
Whatthoseconditionsprecedentare
is indicatedin
thesucceedingsentences
Itisofferedtosuchasarewillingtoaccept
truthwhereveritmaybefound,andtodefend
it,evenlookingpopularprejudicestraightinthe
face.
Itisanattempttoaidthestudentto
detectthevitalprincipleswhichunderliethe
philosophicalsystemsofold
.
Allmenarewillingtoaccepttruth,buteachispredis-
posedtodetermineforhimselfthetermsandconditions
uponwhichhewillbasehisacceptance
. Eachmanholds,
consciouslyorunconsciouslytohimself,certainfunda-
mentalideasastoDeity,NatureandMan
. Hewill,by
consequence,acceptonlysomuchoftruthasmaycon-
formtothoseideas,modifyingorrejectingallelse
. As
thosefundamentalconceptionsproceedfromhumanig-
noranceandpartialities,thetruevitalprincipleswhich
underlie
therace-oldsystemsofthoughtmustbedetected
.
Thatcannotbeforanymansolongasheclingstoforms
ofreligionandphilosophywhichseparateinsteadof
EARLYDAYS

4 5
uni
te-mankindinthebondsoftruefraternity . TheSec-
ondObject,thestudyforcomparativepurposesofthe
variousreligionsandphilosophies,willleadtotheper-
ceptionofthecommonvitalprinciplesupon which all
faithsarefounded .
Inthiscomparativestudythe
searcherfortruthmustemulatetheplanandpurposeof
"Isis,"whichiswritten"inallsincerity . Itismeant
todoevenjustice,andtospeakthetruthalikewithout
maliceorprejudice . Butitshowsneithermercyfor
enthronederror,norreverenceforusurpedauthority .
Towardnoformofworship,noreligiousfaith,noscien-
tifichypothesishasitscriticismbeendirectedinany
otherspirit
. Menandparties,sectsandschoolsarebut
themereephemeraoftheworld'sday
. TRUTH, high-
seateduponitsrockofadamant,isaloneeternalandsu-
preme. "Unlesstheinquireradoptsandmaintainsthe
spiritof"Isis,"hecannotridhimselfofprejudice,of
preconception,ofbiasandself-interest-therealbar-
rierstoknowledgeandtoBrotherhood .
TheThirdObjectrunscurrentwiththefollowing
clausesofthenoblePreface
WebelieveinnoMagicwhichtranscendsthe
scopeandcapacityofthehumanmind,norin
"miracle,"whetherdivineordiabolical,ifsuch
implyatransgressionofthelawsofnaturein-
stitutedfromalleternity . Nevertheless,weac-
ceptthesayingofthegiftedauthorof
IIFestus,"
thatthehumanhearthasnotyetfullyutteredit-
self,andthatwehaveneverattainedorevenun-
derstoodtheextentofitspowers. Isittoomuch
tobelievethatmanshouldbedevelopingnew
sensibilitiesandacloserrelationwithnature?
Thelogicofevolutionmustteachasmuch,if
carriedtoitslegitimateconclusions . If,some-
where,inthelineofascentfromvegetableor
ascidiantothenoblestmanasoulwasevolved,
giftedwithintellectualqualities,itcannotbeun-
reasonabletobelieveandinferthatafaculty
ofperceptionisalsogrowinginman,enabling
46

THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
him todescryfactsandtruthsevenbeyondour
ordinaryken .
He who
wouldpassbehindthes`veilofIsis,"andlearn
tofathomthemysteriesofNatureandofMan,must
boldlytakehisstandinadvanceofthescienceofour
timesandproceedtothestudyoftheunexplainedlaws
ofNatureandthepsychicalpowerslatentinman .
The
quotedsentencespostulatetheomnipresentexistenceof
immutableLaw ; doawaywiththeideaofmiraculousin-
terventioninhumanormundaneaffairs ; affirmthein-
herentcapacityofthemindofmanforsuchdevelopment
ofitsfacultiesasshallenablehimtopenetratethearcana
ofbeing ; tounderstand,andunderstanding,controlthe
phenomenaofNatureandofhisownconsciousness,
withoutwhichtrueBrotherhoodmustforeverremaina
longed-forbutinaccessibleUtopia .
TheSecondandThirdObjectsthusconstitutetheways
andmeansbywhichalonethegreatFirstObjectmaybe
consummated
. Viewedfromthestandpointofreligions
whichteachthatenduringhappinessispossibleonlybe-
yondthegrave,orfromthatofasciencewhichinculcates
thatearthlyexistenceandearthlyknowledgeareallthat
areaccessibletoman,alltheObjectsoftheTheosophical
Societyarealikefutile,becauseimpossibleofattainment
.
Consideredfromthebasisoftheordinarymanthose
Objectsareequallyuselessorunsatisfactory,because
theyallimplyandrequirethegivingupofobjectsand
possessionscountedvaluable ; atbestinexchangefor
somethingremoteandintangible,yieldingnopersonalor
selfishbenefit ; atworstthelossofwhatoneholdsdear
withoutanyreturnbutfailure.
Here,then,thePrefacepredicatesthetrueandendur-
ingfoundationfortheseeker'sfaithandefforts. The
philosophyoftheAdeptsisgiven
Theyshowedusthatbycombiningscience
withreligion,theexistenceofGodandimmor-
talityofman'sspiritmaybedemonstratedlike
aproblemofEuclid
. Forthefirsttimewere-
EARLYDAYS
ceived
the assurance
that the
Oriental phi-
losophyhasroomfornootherfaiththananabso-
luteandimmovablefaithintheomnipotenceof
man'sownimmortalself. Weweretaughtthat
thisomnipotencecomesfromthekinshipof
man'sspiritwiththeUniversalSoul-Godl
Thelatter,theysaid,canneverbedemonstrated
butbytheformer. Man-spiritprovesGod-
spirit,astheonedropofwaterprovesasource
fromwhenceitmusthavecome . Ex nihilonihil
fit ; provethesoulofmanbyitswondrouspow-
ers-youhaveprovedGodl
Everyattempttoestablishareligiononthefunda-
mentalconceptionthatmanisinherentlyfallibleandsin-
ful,everyattempttounderstandNatureonthetheory
thatmanisinherentlymortalandfinite,mustendin
failure . Butoncethestandistakenthatthereisan
im-
mortal self
inman,itslimitlesspotentialitiesforknowl-
edgeandpower( truereligionandtruescience) follow ;
theThreeObjectsofH. P. Blavatskyseemnolongera
vainattemptathitchingoftheearthlywagontothe
firmamentallights ; anucleusofUniversalBrotherhood
becomestheonethingtobestrivenfor,becauseseento
beeternallypossibleandeternallydesirable ; theim-
mortalissubstitutedforthemortalasbasisandasstruc-
ture,asobjectandassubject .
ThefactofAdeptsgrasped,thefactoftheWisdom-
Religionrecognized,heonlyisinanyrealsenseaFel-
lowoftherealTheosophicalSociety who setsoutto
performtheworkofclearancestandinginthewayof
hisownrealizationofboth . BythestudyoftheWisdom-
ReligionoftheseElderBrotherssays H. P. B. , IIscience,
theology,everyhumanhypothesisandconceptionborn
ofimperfectknowledge,lostforevertheirauthoritative
character"inhersight
. Thesameresultmusttakeplace
inthestudent,elsetheSecondandThirdObjectsofthe
Societyhavebeenmisconstruedintheirpurpose,willfail
oftheirmissionwithhim,andtheFirstObjectbeasfar
offaseverfromrealizationbyhim
. Unlessthisposition
47
48

THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
isassumeditwillremainhiddenfromhim,asshe,says
italwayshasbeenhidden,"fromthosewhooverlooked
it,deridedit,ordenieditsexistence . "Encouragement
isofferedtoprosecutethesearchandtheeffort,andthe
explanationmadeofhermissionatthistimeinthewords,
"thedayofdomineeringovermenwithdogmashas
reacheditsgloaming . Thedriftofmodernthoughtis
palpablyinthedirectionofliberalisminreligionaswell
asinscience . Eachdaybringsthereactionistsnearer
tothepointwheretheymustsurrenderthedespoticau-
thorityoverthepublicconscience,whichtheyhaveso
longexercisedandenjoyed . "
Nevertheless,shewellrealizedthatalltheforcesof
reaction,withinaswellaswithouttheSociety,would
fighttothedeathagainstthehearingandthespreadof
theideasshecametoimpart
. Soshesays,propheticat
thetime,factsofhistorynow :
Toshowthatwedonotatallconcealfrom
ourselvesthegravityofourundertaking,we
maysayinadvancethatitwouldnotbestrange
ifthefollowingclassesshouldarraythemselves
againstus
TheChristians,whowillseethatwequestion
theevidencesofthegenuinenessoftheirfaith
.
Thescientists,whowillfindtheirpretensions
placedinthesamebundlewiththoseofthe
RomanCatholicChurchforinfallibility,and,
incertainparticulars,thesagesandphilos-
ophersoftheancientworldclassedhigherthan
they.
Pseudo-scientistswill,ofcourse,denounceus
furiously .
BroadChurchmenandFreethinkerswillfind
thatwedonotacceptwhattheydo,butdemand
recognitionofthewholetruth
.
Menoflettersandvarious
authorities, who
hidetheirrealbeliefindeferencetopopular
prejudices.
ThemercenariesandparasitesofthePress,
EARLYDAYS
49
who prostituteitsmorethan
royal power,
and
dishonoranobleprofession,willfinditeasyto
mockatthingstoowonderfulforthemtounder-
stand ; fortothemthepriceofaparagraphis
morethanthevalueofsincerity . Frommany
willcomehonestcriticism ; frommany-cant .
Butwelooktothefuture . Werepeatagain-
wearelaboringforthebrightermorrow
.
Onceaclearapprehensionisgainedofwhatisactually
impliedintheThreeObjectsoftheTheosophicalSociety,
andofwhatisinvolvedintheattempttoapplythem,
thestudentwillhavenodifficultyindetermininghow
absolutelydependenttheSocietywasforitslifeand
sustenanceon . theteachingsimpartedbyH
. P
. Blavat-
sky,ifitwerenottofailutterlyasavehicleofBrother-
hood,whateverothersuccessitmightincidentally
achieve. Thesameunderstandingwillmakeplainthat
externalandinternaldifficultieswereinseparablefrom
itseveryefforttowardevenameasurableandpartial
realizationofthoseobjects .
TheeffectupontheSpiritualistshasalreadybeen
foreshadowedinageneralway. Convincedastheywere
oftherealityofmetaphysicalphenomena ; multitudinous,
conflictingandoftentimesgrotesqueaswerethetheories
formulatedoracceptedtoaccountforthem,the"forces
ofreaction,"thatistosay,ofpre-conceptionandbias,
hadalreadyascribedallthesephenomenatotheagency
of"disembodiedhumanspirits . "When,then,philo-
sophicalprinciplesandlogicaldeductions,aswellasthe
uninterruptedlineofteachingofallthesagesofthepast,
wereappliedtothemanifestations,anditwaspointed
outthattheycouldnotproceedfromtherationalmoral
elementsofonce-livingmen,theSpiritualistsalmost
withoutexceptionroseinarms . Theywereall"looking
.
fortruth,"butnotinthatdirection .
Onemaysoberlyaskhimself,afteracarefulstudyof
"IsisUnveiled" : Whatisthereinthatworkbutthecon
scientious,,painstakingandstupendouspresentationof
facts,principles,argumentsandanalogiestoexplain con-
50

THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
sistentlyandirrefutablythesourceandrationaleofthe
phenomenacalledSpiritualistic?Whatistheretoarouse
theopposition,theanger,themalevolenceofanyone,
letaloneoneseekingtruth`whereveritmaybefound"
inregardtomysteriousandill-explainedhappenings-
happeningssorecentlybroughttotheattentionofman-
kindinthemassthatthethreepartsofthatmankindre-
jectasabsurdandincredibletheeventsthemselves !
Hereisametaphysicalphenomenonworthyoftheutmost
consideration : therejectionofevidenceandtestimony
fromverifiablelivingsourcesinfavoroftheblindac-
ceptanceofunverifiabletheories,speculationsand"com-
munications"atvariancewiththewholeorderofNature
andthewholehistoryofhumanexperience . Madame
BlavatskywasassailedandpursuedbySpiritualistswith
apersistencyofmisrepresentationequaledonlybythat
ofthereligionistsandpseudo-scientistsoftheday
.
Surely,iftheyhadapproachedtheseanceroomandthe
mediuminthesamespiritthatH. P. B. 'scommunica-
tionswerereceived,theywould,accordingtotheirown
unvaryingexperience,havereceivednothingatall ; yet
whatshehadtosay,whencontrastedwiththebestthat
haseverbeenrecordedfromany"spirit,"wasathou-
sandtimesmorelogical,moreconsistent,morephilo-
sophical,moreexplanatoryandmoreeasilyverifiable.
IntheearlieryearsoftheSocietyintheWestthebulk
oftheoppositiontoitsteachingscamefromtheSpiritu-
alists . TheteachingsofH. P . B. wereasyetsoalien
torootedinheritedideasinreligionandsciencethather
Societyattractedbutlittleattentionexceptamongthe
Spiritualistsandhencetheweightoftheoppositioncame
fromthesamequarter
.
InIndia,wheretheconditionswerealtogetherdiffer-
ent,theobstaclesarosefromanothersource . There,in
spiteoftherigidsectsandcastes,thereligiousfaithand
philosophyofthepeople( apartfromtheMohammedan
elementofthepopulation) ,wasdeeplyakintothemes-
sagetheFoundershadtobring .
Fortheybutbrought
backtotheirsourcetheancientteachings,strippedof
theiroutward,humangarments,theaccretionsofthemil-
EARLYDAYS

51
lenniumsofinterpretersandpriests . Whattheyhad to
sayappealedaliketoBrahmin,Buddhist,JainandParsi,
oncethebarriersofcreedalexclusivenesswerepassed
.
Intheearlierandprecariousdaysthealliancehitherto
formedbycorrespondencewiththeSwami,Dayanand
Saraswati,andhisAryaSamaj,wasoftheutmostas-
sistanceinthisrespect . AvisitwasmadetoCeylonand
there, theBuddhisthighpriest,Sumangala,anobleand
enlightenedman,receivedH. P. B. asafellowdevotee
ofthegreatfounderoftheBuddhistfaith . Headmitted
Col . OlcotttomembershipintheBuddhistcongregation
andwasatpainstofavortheirmission . Acoupleof
yearslaterCol . Olcott's"BuddhistCatechism"aidedin
producingaveritablerevivalofBuddhismandgained
forhimandhisSocietytheenduringfriendship,notonly
ofenlightenedBuddhists,butoftheotherfaithsofthe
ancientEast
. Almostimmediatelyaftertheirarrival
Col. OlcottbeganlecturingthroughoutIndia,andhis
clearexpositions,hisgreattact,hisintuitiveunderstand-
ingofandsympathywiththeOrientalmindmadethe
establishmentofbranchesphenomenallysuccessful .
DamodarK. Mavalankar,anativeBrahminyouth
ofhighcaste,metH. P. B. andrecognizinginherhis
Guru, forsookfamily,fortuneandallworldlyprospects
tobecomeherdevotedfollower,pupilandservant
. The
Theosophist
wasfoundedbyH. P. B
. withinlessthana
yearafterthearrivalinIndia. Contributionswerein-
vitedandobtainedfromHinduwritersofabilityand
reputeonthevarioussubjectsaffordedbyEasternphil-
osophyandreligion,andthese,withH
. P
. B
. 'sownar-
ticles,soonmadeofthemagazineaforumwhichat-
tractedattentionfarandwide . Shortlyaftertheestab-
lishmentof TheTheosophist, H. P. B. madetheacquaint-
anceofT. SubbaRow,anorthodoxBrahmin,alawyer,
amanofability,immenseeruditionandgreatinfluence .
HisfriendshipandattachmenttotheSocietypavedthe
wayformanyaccessions. Hiscontributionstothe
pagesofTheTheosophist weremodelsofliteraryand
philosophicexcellence .
Theseactivitiesquicklydrewthenoticeandaroused
82

THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
theireofthemissionariesofthevariousChristiansects
establishedinIndia
. Almostimmediatelyrumorsbegan
tocirculatethatH
. P. B. andCol . Olcottweredisrepu-
tablecharacters,practicallyforcedintoexilefromtheir
ownland . Asinisterpurposewasallegedtobebehind
theirSociety,andthatpurposetheoverthrowofBritish
ruleinIndia . H. P. B. was said
tobeanimmoralwoman,
aRussianspy,andCol . Olcottherdupeandherabettor .
Nothingcouldhavebeenbettercalculatedtoprejudice
theirmission,andnothingcouldhavebeenmoredifficult
tocounteractanddisprove
. TheGovernmentsetawatch
upontheireverymovementandformonthsthespiesof
thesecretservicedoggedtheireverystep . Intheend,
however,nothingofanobjectionablenaturewasdiscov-
ered,andCol . Olcottwasabletosubmittothecentral
authoritiesindubitabledocumentaryproofoftheante-
cedentgoodcharacterandreputeofhimselfandhiscol-
league.
Fortunately,also,withinthefirstyear,the
FoundersmetMr
. A. P. Sinnett,editoroftheAllahabad
Pioneer, astrongpro-Governmentorgan,andMr . Allan
0. Hume,lateSecretarytotheGovernment . . Bothof
thesegentlemenhadbeeninterestedinspiritualistic
manifestations,andlearningsomethingofthenatureof
H. P. B. andthescopeofherteachings,becamemembers
oftheSocietyandactiveinitsbehalf . Theybusied
themselvesinremovingallmisconceptionsastothe
natureandpurposeoftheTheosophicalSociety,the
authoritiesbecamefriendly,andthereactionspeedily
broughttheSocietytothefavorableattentionofmany
well-knownEnglishresidents .
OtherstorieswerecirculatedthatH
. P. B. andCol .
Olcottwere"godless,"atheistsaswellas
"infidels," and
theirpurposeequallytodestroytheHindureligionsas
wellastheChristianandmakeofIndiaalandofma-
terialism . Thepagesof TheTheosophist aswellasits
"Supplements"duringtheearlieryearsshowhowun-
brokenlyandinwhatvariedfashiontheoppositionto
theSocietyanditsteachingscontinued . Onedevice
wastheimportationoftheRev. JosephCook,thena
widelyknownAmericanclergymanandlecturer,who
EARLYDAYS

663
cametoIndiaostensiblyonatour,butwhoselectures
werealmostuniformlydevotedtosuchmisrepresenta-
tionsofTheosophy,theSocietyanditsFoundersas
wouldhavedone. honortoahiredmercenary . Hewas
repeatedlychallengedtomeettheTheosophistsindebate,
butalwaysavoidedanysuchdirectissue . Finally,hewas
publiclydenouncedinasignedcardpublishedbyaBrit-
isharmyofficer,andthereafterspeedilydepartedthe
country
. Asimilarstratagemwasemployedinthecase
oftheRev. MoncureD
. Conway,who,whileinIndia,
visitedtheheadquartersandwascordiallyreceivedthere
byH. P. B. Heafterwardspublishedarticlesinleading
magazinesofAmericaandEnglandindisparagementof
TheosophyandtheworkoftheSocietyanddeclaredthat
H. P. B
. hadadmittedtohiminhisinterviewwithher
thatherphenomenawereall"glamour,"hencefraudu-
lent . Onceortwice,inunguardedmoments,theassail-
antsoftheTheosophistslaidthemselvesopentopro-
ceedingswhichenforcedpublicretractions,butingen-
eraltheassaultsweretoocunninglymadetopermitof
redressorrebuttal
. Somuchforthegeneralcourseof
antagonismtotheSociety'sprogress
.
ThefirstseriousripplewithintheSocietyoccurred
whenDr. GeorgeWyld,PresidentoftheLondonLodge,
resignedhisFellowshipandbecameextremelyantago-
nistic . Dr
. Wyldwasawell-knownandhighlyeducated
man,aChristianandaSpiritualist . Whenhecameto
learnthattheteachingsofH. P. B. wereopposedtothe
theoriesof"spiritcommunion,"andtoallideassavor-
ingofa"personalGod,"heattackedher,her"Masters"
andherTheosophywithequalviolence .
Dr . AnnaBonusKingsfordthenbecamePresidentof
theBritishSociety . Thoughsheremainedfriendlyto
H
. P. B. andsympathetictowardthegeneralObjectsof
theTheosophicalSocietythroughoutherlife,Dr. Kings
fordhadverypronouncedideasofherown . Theseare
embodiedinherwork,"ThePerfectWay,ortheFinding
ofChrist,"originallydeliveredasaseriesoflectures
beforeaprivateaudienceduringthesummerof1881,
andpublishedinbookformin1882 . A"psychic"and
54

THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
stronglycoloredwithChristianmysticism,itappearedto
Mrs. KingsfordthattheSocietywasdevotingtoomuch
attentiontopurelyorientalteachings,whichsheconsid-
eredtobemoreorlessanti-Christianandtaintedwith
amaterialisticbias . TogetherwithMr . E. Maitland( as-
sociatedthenasthereafterwithherinherteachings) ,
Dr. Kingsfordissuedin1883apamphlet"Lettertothe
FellowsoftheLondonLodge,"containingaseverear-
raignmentofsomeofthestatementsembodiedinMr .
Sinnett's"EsotericBud dh ism
. "Agooddealofmore
orlessacrimoniousdiscussionfollowedandfinally,very
earlyin1884,T. SubbaRowpublished,withtheap-
provalofMadameBlavatsky,apamphletforprivate
circulationamongtheFellows . Thispamphletcontained
some"Observations"onthevariousquestionsraisedand
initSubbaRowdiscussedthegeneralteachingsoutlined
in"EsotericBudd
hi
sm. "Hedefendedthebookasa
whole,whileadmittingthejusticeofsomeofthecriti-
cisms,whichheexplainedbyrecitingMr . Sinnett'sun-
familiaritywiththeOcculttenets,andbycorrectingsome
ofMr
. Sinnett'serroneousdeductionsandexpositions .
ToSubbaRow'spamphletinturnMr . C
. C
. Masseygave
attentioninaseventy-pagebookletbearingthetitle,
"TheMetaphysicalBasisofEsotericBuddhism . "Mr.
Massey'sbookletwasonthewholeanablyarguedsup-
portofthepositiontakenbyDr . Kingsford,and,inaddi-
tion,embodiedsomecriticismsandcomplaintsonhisown
accountofMadameBlavatsky'spolicy . Hechargedher
withteaching,firstonethingandthenanotheronthe
samesubject,andofcountenancingopposingviewspro-
poundedbyherpupilsandfollowers . Induesequence,
also,Mrs . KingsfordandMr. Maitlandreturnedtothe
frayandpublisheda"Reply"toSubbaRow,reiterating
andfurtherfortifyingtheirearliercriticismsandob-
jections .
Mr
. Massey'schargesagainstH. P. B. reallyoriginated
fromanarticlein TheTheosophist . As earlyasJune,
1882,shehadpublishedcertainquestionsaddressedto
herby"CaledonianTheosophist"ontheapparentlack
ofconsistencyanduniformityinsomeofthestatements
EARLYDAYS

55
in "Isis Unveiled"ascomparedwithlaterarticles in
TheTheosophist supposedlyemanatingfromthe
same
source. Tothesequeries,publishedunderthetitleof
"SeemingDiscrepancies,"H. P. B. hadrepliedinan
EditorialNote,closingherexplanationwiththewords
"Butthereneverwas,norcantherebe,anyradicaldis-
crepancybetweentheteachingsin`Isis'andthoseofthis
laterperiod,asbothproceedfromoneandthesame
source-the ADEPTBROTHERS
. " IntheEnglishSpiritu-
alistpublication Light, forJuly8,1882,"C. C. M . "( C.
C. Massey) tookup"seemingdiscrepancies"andmore
orlessdirectlychargedH. P. B. withequivocationinher
replyto"CaledonianTheosophist . "Heinstancedthat
in"Isis"thesubjectofReincarnationwastreatedina
mannernotreconcilablewithherlaterwritingson,the
sametopic . TothischallengeH. P. B. repliedin
The
Theosophist forAugust,1882,denyinganycontradictions
inteachings,butstatingthatmuchin"Isis"waspre-
liminaryonly,thereforeincomplete,butnotinactualcon-
flictwithanythingsubsequentlygivenout . Variousother
articlesappearedthereafterin Light, in The Theosophist,
andinotherpublicationsinEnglishandinFrenchon
thismootedsubjectoftheTheosophicaldoctrineson"re-
incarnation. " Arguments,speculations,chargesand
counter-claimswereadducedbydifferentwriters,but
H. P. B. heldherpeace . Notuntil1886didshebreak
silenceonthemuchdiscussedpassagesin`Isis,"Volume
1,pp . 346-51 etcirca . Thiswillbeconsideredinits
propersequence . '
Anotherfruitfuloccasionforexternalattackandin-
ternaldisturbancearoseoutofthepublicationofMr .
Sinnett'sbook,"TheOccultWorld . "Thisworkcontains
extractsfromlettersoftheMaster"K
. H. "toMr. Sin-
nettandanunnamedfriendwhowas,infact,Mr
. A
. O.
Hume. InoneoftheseletterstheMastertookoccasion
torefertoSpiritualisticideasandtheories
. In1883Mr .
HenryKiddie,highlyreputableandwell-knownAmeri-
canlectureronSpiritualism,publishedin Light a com-
municationinwhichheclaimedandprovedthatMr.
2 See ChapterIX.
56

THETHEOSOPHICA. "MOVEMENT
Sinnett'spublishedextractwasinlargepart made up
ofunacknowledgedquotationsfromanaddressof Mr.
Kiddie'sdeliveredinthesummerof1880( ayearpriorto
thepublicationof"TheOccultWorld ") beforeaSpir-
itualistcampmeetingatMountPleasant,NewYork . He
publishedin IIdeadlyparallel"thegermaneportionsof
hisaddressasprintedatthetimeinseveralpapers,and
thequotationsfromtheMaster'sletterin"TheOccult
World . "Mr. Kiddie'sletterwas,ofcourse,verywidely
copiedinSpiritualistpublicationsandthesecularpress,
andnumerousSpiritualistsandothercommentators
mademerryoverthediscomfitureoftheTheosophists.
Thevaunted"Adepts,"itseemed,werenotabovestoop-
ingto"borrow"withoutcreditfromordinaryhumanex-
ponentsofdoctrinesthese"Masters"professedtocon-
sidererroneousandfalse . Inmanyquarterstheepisode
wasquitesincerelybelievedtobenotonlyproofofplagi-
arism,butacompleteexposureofH. P. B. andherpre-
tendedAdepts
. TheexistenceofMastersandofaWis-
dom-Religionwasderided
; theywereascribedtothein-
ventiveimaginationofMadameBlavatskybysomeand
byotherscalledasmuchaplagiarismfromtheideasof
Eliphas Levi asthe"Master'sletter"wasaplagiarism
fromMr . Kiddie. ThetrustoftheTheosophistsinthe
goodfaithof H. P. B. , inthesourceofherteachings,
andinherteachings,wasconsideredtorestuponabasis
moreunsubstantialandmorediscreditablethanthebe-
liefoftheSpiritualistsintheirmediums,"guides"and
"controls
. "MadameBlavatsky'sphenomenalpowers
wereeitherlaughedatasmerehumbuggingdevicesor
ascribedtothesamecharacterasmediumship
. Thede-
fendersoftheorthodoxsectsandthedisbelieversinpsy-
chicalmanifestationsofanykindmadehastetoavail
themselvesoftheammunitionprovidedbyMr
. Kiddie's
`$revelation,"anduseditwithequalzealtodiscredit
boththeTheosophistsandtheSpiritualists . Muchfeel-
inggrewupoutofthe"Kiddieincident"andmuchof
whateveramicablerelationsexistedbetweenthevarious
SpiritualistandTheosophicalexponentswasdissipated
byit . IntheTheosophicalSociety,andamongthose
EARLYDAYS

67
friendlytoit,agooddealofdoubtsprangup,onthe
theorythatwheretherewassomuchsmoketheremostbe
somefire . H. P. B. . remainedsilentastheproverbial
sphinx,butintimeseveralcautiouslywordedarticlesap-
peared inTheTheosophist andinotherfriendlypublica-
tions,fromSubbaRowandothers,defendingthe bona
fides ofMr. Sinnett,oftheMasters,andtestifyingfrom
personalphysical
aswellas
psychicalrelationswith
themtotheactualexistence
of
Adeptsaslivingandper-
fectedmen,withphenomenalpowersoverspace,timeand
matter. SubbaRow'sarticle,inparticular,contained
someguardedstatementsonthesubjectoftheprecipita-
tionofOccultletters . Healsoreferredtothemanifest
discrepanciesintheextractspublishedin"TheOccult
World,"asindicatingthatintheprocessof"precipita-
tion"somemistakesofomissionorofcommissionhad
occurred. Thisarticlealsowaswidelycommentedon, .
andtheexplanationshintedatwereacceptedofcourse
byTheosophistswithrelief,afewotherswithreserve,
butforthemostpartbyantagonistswithsarcasticcom-
mentsonthe expostfacto natureoftheexplanations.
Finally,in1884,inthefourtheditionof"TheOccult
World,"Mr. SinnettaddedanAppendixcontainingthe
Master'sownreplytohisletterofinquiryonthesubject
.
Theexplanationgivenwasreceivedbymanyasnotonly
whollysatisfactoryinitself,butascontainingsomemost
valuablehintsonOccultprocesses ; by othersasmerelya
furtherefforton'thepartoftheTheosophiststoextri-
catethemselvesfromanembarrassingsituation
. Asthe
"Kiddieincident"thematterhaslongsincebeenfor-
gottenorhasneverbeenheardofbypresent-daystu-
dents,butithasanimportantbearingonthe"Coulomb
case,"onthe"Report"oftheSocietyforPsychicalRe-
search,onthechargesmadeadecadelateragainstMr
Judge,andonthewholesubjectofthephenomenaof
4
precipitation,"andtheso-called"Occultletters . "We
shalltreatthemattermorefullyatalaterperiodof
theTheosophicalMovement
. 2
ThetroublesovertheKiddiematter,thechargesof
x
seeChaptersXXVIandXXX.
58

THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
contradictoryteachingsonthesubjectof"reincarna-
tion,"thedisputesexistingintheLondonLodgeasa
resultofthebroadsides of pamphletsonthematerialistic
trendof"EsotericBuddhism,"alloccurredcontem-
poraneouslyandwereaddedtobysharpdissensions
amongtheFrenchFellows . Practically all themembers
oftheSocietyinFrancewereSpiritualists,andbe-
lieversin"reincarnation"andothersubjectsasde-
velopedbyAllanKardec . AstheTheosophicalteachings
wereatvariance,bothintheoryandpractice,withthe
Kardecphilosophy,thezealoftheproponentsofthe
respectiveviewsthreatenedtodisrupttheParisLodge
aswellastheBritish . Theseandotherreasonsimpelled
H. P. B. andCol
. OlcotttomakeavisittoEurope. They
accordinglysailedfromIndia_earlyin1884. TheParis
difficultieswerefirstadjustedandanewimpetusgiven
bothtotheSocietyandtheMovement
. Itwaswhileat
ParisonthisoccasionthatV. V. Solovyoffsoughtand
madetheacquaintanceof H. P. B. , becameaFellow
oftheSocietyand,forthetimebeing,anassiduous
workerandstudent. Mr
. Judgehadcomeoverfrom
AmericatomeettheFounders . Hespentsometimewith
H. P. B. inFranceandthenwentontoIndia,returning
toAmerica via London,wherehemetCol . Olcottagain,
lateintheyear . AftertheirParisstayH. P . B. and
Col . OlcottproceededtoLondon . Muchtimeandeffort
weregiventostraighteningoutthedifficultiesinthe
LondonandParisLodges,tomeetingtheFellowsofthe
Society,andinreceptionstoinquirers
. Animmense
interestwasexcitedbythepresenceinEnglandof
H. P. B. , anditwasatthistime-thesummerof1884-
thattheSocietyforPsychicalResearchbeganitsinvesti-
gationsoftheTheosophicalphenomena . Tothiswemust
nowturnourattention
.
CHAPTERV
THEB. P. R. ANDTHETHEOSOPHICALPHENOMENA
THEfirstseriousmodernattempttoinvestigatemeta-
physicalphenomenain
a
quasi-scientificspiritwasthat
madebytheLondonDialecticalSociety .
Atameet-
ingoftheCouncilofthatSocietyinJanuary,1869,a
Committeewasappointed"toinvestigatethePhenomena
allegedtobeSpiritualManifestations,andtoreport
thereon . "
TheCommittee,composedofthirty-fourwell-known
persons,passednearlyeighteenmonthsinitsinvestiga-
tions . ItheldfifteensittingsofthefullCommittee,re-
ceivedtestimonyfromthirty-threepersonswhodescribed
phenomenaoccurringwithintheirownpersonalexperi-
ence,andprocuredwrittenstatementsfromthirty-one
others. TheCommitteealsoappointedfromitsmember-
shipsixsubcommitteeswhoundertookfirst-handinvesti-
gationsbyexperimentsandtests . TheCommitteesent
outlettersinvitingtheattendance,co-operation,andad-
viceofscientificmenwhohadexpressedopinions,favor-
ableoradverse,onthegenuinenessofSpiritualistic
phenomena .
OnJuly20,1870,thefullCommitteerendereditsun-
animousReporttotheCouncil,withrequestforpublica-
tionoftheReportundertheapprovaloftheSociety .
TheCouncilreceivedandfiledtheReport,dischargedits
Committeewithavoteofthanks,butdeclinedtoaccede
totherequestforpublicationoftheReport . Inconse-
quencetheCommitteeunanimouslyresolvedtopublish
itsReportonitsownresponsibility . Twoeditionsofthe
Reportwereprintedtosupplythedemandforcopies,
andatthetimecausedaverygreatdiscussion .
TheReportisdrawnwithgreatconservatism . The
59
60

THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
statementoffactsascertained'andconclusionsreachedby
theCommitteeis,condensed,asfollows
TheCommitteespeciallyinvitedtheattendanceofper-
sonswhohadpubliclyascribedthephenomenatoim-
postureordelusion . OnthistheReportsays
YourCommittee,whilesuccessfulinprocur-
ingtheevidenceofbelieversinthephenomena
andintheirsupernaturalorigin,almostwholly
failedtoobtainevidencefromthosewhoat-
tributedthemtofraudordelusion . Alargema-
jorityofthemembersofyourCommitteehave
becomeactualwitnessestoseveralphasesofthe
phenomenawithouttheaidorpresenceofany
professionalmedium,althoughthegreaterpart
ofthemcommencedtheirinvestigationsinan
avowedlyscepticalspirit .
TheCommitteerecitesthatthereportsoftheseveral
subcommittees"substantiallycorroborateeachother . "
TheReportconcludes
YourCommittee,takingintoconsideration
thehigh . characterandgreatintelligenceof
manyofthewitnessestothemoreextraordinary
facts,theextenttowhichtheirtestimonyissup-
portedbythereportsofthesubcommittees,and
theabsenceofanyproofofimpostureordelusion
asregardsalargeportionofthephenomena,the
largenumberofpersonsineverygradeofso-
cietyandoverthewholecivilizedworldwhoare
moreorlessinfluencedbyabeliefintheir
supernaturalorigin,andthefactthatno
, philo-
sophicalexplanationofthemhasyetbeenarrived
at,deemitincumbentuponthemtostatetheir
convictionthatthesubjectisworthyofmore
seriousattentionandcarefulinvestigationthan
ithashithertoreceived .
IthasbeenfiftyyearssincetheaboveReportwas
issued . Inthatperiodunnumberedthousands
havere-
THES. P
. R. -THECOULOMBS

Al
peated-the investigationsof"thephenomenaallegedto
bespiritualmanifestations,"greatnumbersofbooks
havebeenissued,argumentsandtheoriesproandcon
havebeenmultiplied,butnoadvancewhateverinactual
knowledgehasbeengained
. Itremainstoday,asitre-
mainedthen,that
"nophilosophicalexplanationofthem
hasbeenarrivedat"
outsidethepropositionsadvanced
byH
. P. Blavatskyin"IsisUnveiled
. "
Viewingthemoderation,theaccuracyandthedispas-
sionatenessoftheCommittee'sreportoffactsascer-
tainedandconclusionsreached,itshouldbeofinterest
tothestudentofhumannatureinthelightoftheteach-
ingsofTheosophy,toobservethereceptionaccordedthe
ReportoftheCommitteebythemouldersofpublic
opinioninpressandscience
. TheLondon Times called
theReport"afarragoofimpotentconclusions,garnished
byamassofthemostmonstrousrubbishithaseverbeen
ourmisfortunetositinjudgmentupon
. "The
PallMall
Gazette
declared,"Itisdifficulttospeakorthinkwith
anythingelsethancontemptuouspainofproceedings
suchasaredescribed
in thisreport . " TheLondon
Standard
commented,withunconsciousverisimilitude,as
follows : "Ifthereisanythingwhateverinitbeyondim-
postureandimbecility,thereisthewholeofanother
worldinit
. "The MorningPost sweptthewholematter
asideinonecontemptuoussentence : "TheReportwhich
hasbeenpublishedisentirelyworthless
. "The Saturday
Review
pronouncedthesubject"oneofthemostun-
equivocallydegradingsuperstitionsthathaveeverfound
currencyamongreasonablebeings . "
Thereviewerof
the SportingTimes
madethesedispassionateremarks
"IfIhadmyway,afewoftheleadingprofessional
spiritualistsshouldbesentasroguesandvagabondsto
thetreadmillforafewweeks
. Itwoulddothemgood .
Theyareacanting,deceiving,mischievouslot . Someof
theirdupesarecontemptiblystupid-insane,Ishould
say
. "ProfessorHuxley,whohadspokenslightinglyof
themanifestations,wrote,inreplytotheCommittee's
invitationtoparticipate
: "Itwouldbelittleshortof
madnessformetoundertakeaninvestigationofsodeli-
62

THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
cateanddifficultacharacter,theonlycertainresultof
whichwouldbeaninterminableseriesofattacksfrom
thesidefromwhichImightchancetodiffer . Ihopethat
Iamperfectlyopentoconvictiononthisoranyother
subject ; butImustfranklyconfesstoyouthatitdoes
notinterestme
. "
ProfessorTyndall'sattitudeisin-
dicatedbythisquotationfromhis"Fragments of
Science" : "Theworldwillhaveareligionofsomekind,
eventhoughitshouldflyforittotheintellectualwhore-
domofSpiritualism . "
WhiletheDialecticalSocietyCommitteewasengaged
initsinvestigation,Prof . WilliamCrookes,latertobe-
comethemostnotablescientistofhisgenerationbut
thenjustbeginningtoattracttheattentionoftheFel-
lowsoftheRoyalSociety,haddeterminedonhisown
accounttostudythephenomenaprivately .
Hisboldand
unqualifiedstatementsoftheresultsachieved,hiscauti-
ousdiscussionofthemanytheoriestoaccountforthe
phenomenahewitnessed,werefirstprintedinthenum-
bersofthe QuarterlyJournalof Science for1870-2,and
publishedinbookformin1874,withthetitle,"Re-
searchesintothePhenomenaofSpiritualism . "
Hisre-
searcheswereundertakeninatrulyscientificspirit,in
thepublicinterest,andhisresultsdescribedwithasin-
cerity,acourageandcandorthatinanyotherfieldwould
havereceived,astheymerited,thehighestcommenda-
tion . Butuponhishead,asinthecaseofDarwin,was
heapedeveryabuse,andagainsthisscientificrepute
everycalumnywasspread,thatcouldbedevisedbythe
reactionistsofreligionandscience
.
In1875waspublished"TheUnseenUniverse,"anat-
temptprimarilytoreconciletheDarwiniantheorywith
thetenetofa"revealedreligion,"andcontainingadis-
cussionofancientreligions,Spiritualism,andimmortal-
ityinrelationtothephenomenaofthevisibleuniverse .
Inlessthanayeartheworkpassedthroughfouredi-
tions . Numerousotherbooksandcontinuousdiscussion
inthepressthroughouttheperiodfrom1870-80marked
thesteadyincreaseofinterestinmetaphysicalphe-
nomena,andbetokenedthegrowingunrestofthegenera-
THES. P. R. -THECOULOMBS

a8
tion.
TheformationoftheTheosophicalSocietyandits
rapidprogresswaslikeaGulfstreaminthevastoceanof
publicdiscussion . Theteachingsembodiedin"IsisUn-
veiled"and
TheTheosophist andputinpopularform
in"TheOccultWorld"and"Esoteric Buddhism" might
belikenedtothesuddenupheavalofanewlandinthe
midstofthatocean,offeringitscompellingattraction
toadventurousexplorers .
ItwasinsuchcircumstancesthattheSocietyforPsy-
chicalResearchwasestablishedearlyin1882byanum-
berofwell-knownpersons,amongthemProf . F. W . H.
Myers,Mr. W . StaintonMoses ( M. A. Oxon) ,andMr .
C. C
. Massey,allmembersoftheLondonLodgeofthe
TheosophicalSociety . Thepreliminaryannouncement
ofthenewSocietydeclaredthat"thepresentisanop-
portunetimeformakinganorganizedandsystematic
attempttoinvestigatethatlargegroupofdebatable
phenomenadesignatedbysuchtermsasmesmeric,psy-
chical,andSpiritualistic . " Committeesweretobe
appointedtoinvestigateandreportuponsuchsubjects
astelepathy,hypnotism,trance,clairvoyance,sensitives,
apparitions,etc
. Theannouncementstatedthat"the
aimoftheSociety will betoapproachthesevarious
problemswithoutprejudiceorprepossessionofanykind,
andinthesamespiritofexactandunimpassionedinquiry
whichhasenabledsciencetosolve so manyproblems,
oncenotlessobscurenorlesshotlydebated
. "
Withsuchabroadandjustprospectusandsuchan
invitingfieldforitsefforts,thenewSocietyalmostim-
mediatelyattractedtoitsFellowshipsomehundredsof
menandwomenofreputationandabilityintheirseveral
fields . By1884theSocietyhadmadenumerousinvesti-
gations,hadbegunthepublicationofthevoluminousre-
portsofits Proceedings, andwasfirmlyestablishedin
thepublicconfidenceasaseriousscientificbodyengaged
inthemethodicalandunbiasedinvestigationofthedis-
putedphenomena
.
MeantimeMr. SinnetthadremovedtoLondon,his
publishedbookshadbeenreadbythousands,hehadbeen
electedVice-PresidentoftheLondonLodge,andwas
64

THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
thecenterandinspirationofeagerinvestigationsand
experimentsinthelineofthe-ThirdObjectoftheThe-
osophicalSociety
. Rumorsandcircumstantialstories
wereafloatregarding"astralappearances,""Occult
letters"andotherphenomenaconnectedwiththemys-
terious"Brothers"supposedtobetheinvisibledirectors
behindtheTheosophicalactivities
. WhenCol . Olcottar-
rivedinLondonearlyinthesummerof1884,followed
alittlelaterby H. P . B. ,
interestrosetoagenuineex-
citement
. Thisexcitement,coupledwiththefactthat
anumberofmembersoftheSocietyforPsychicalRe-
searchwerealsoFellowsoftheTheosophicalSociety,
madeitnaturalandplausiblefortheS
. P. R. toturnits
attentiontothenewandinvitingpossibilitiesathand
.
Accordingly,onMay2,1884,theCounciloftheS
. P. R.
appointeda"Committeeforthepurposeoftakingsuch
evidenceastotheallegedphenomenaconnectedwiththe
TheosophicalSocietyasmightbeofferedbymembersof
thatbodyatthetimeinEngland,orascouldbecollected
elsewhere
. "Outofthisbeginninggrewthefamous"ex-
posure"thatforatimethreatenedtheruinoftheThe-
osophicalSociety
.
TheS. P. R
. Committeeasoriginallyconstitutedcon-
sistedofProfs . E
. Gurney,F. W. H. Myers,F
. Podmore,
andJ. H. Stack
. TotheseweresubsequentlyaddedProf
.
H. Sidgwick,Mrs
. Sidgwick,andMr
. RichardHodgson,
ayoungUniversitygraduate .
TheCommitteeheldmeetingsonMay11and27at
whichCol . Olcottwaspresentandrepliedtonumerous
.
questions,narratingthedetailsofvariousphenomena
ofwhichhehadbeenwitnessduringtheyearsofhis
connectionwithH
. P. B. MohiniM
. Chatterji,ayoung
HinduwhohadaccompaniedtheFoundersfromIndia,
wasquestionedonJune10. OnJune13Mr
. Sinnettre-
peatedtotheCommitteehisobservationsonthephe-
nomenadescribedinhis"OccultWorld
. "Duringthe
summerthemeetingsoftheCambridgeBranchofthe
S. P. R. wereattendedonseveraloccasions,byinvita-
tion,byCol . Olcott,Chatterji,andMadameBlavatsky
.
Ontheseoccasions,saysthepreliminaryReport,"the
THES
. P . R. -THECOULOMBS

65
visitorspermittedthemselvestobequestionedonmany
topics
. "AdditionalevidenceswereobtainedbytheCom-
mitteefrommanysources,testifyingtoawiderange
andvarietyofphenomenathroughtheprecedingten
years,inAmericaandEuropeaswellasinIndia
. All
thewitnesseswerepersonsofreputeandsomeofthem
wellknowninEnglandandontheContinent
. Inthe
autumnof1884theCommitteepublished"forprivate
andconfidentialuse"the"firstreportoftheCommit-
tee
. "ThisReport,nowveryrare,isapamphletof130
pages
. Thefirstthirty-threepagesaredevotedtothe
formalrecitalofthebasisandnatureoftheinvestiga-
tionsmade,theCommittee'scommentsonthevarious
questionsraised,theconclusionstentativelyarrivedat,
andtwonotes,onerelatingtotheCoulombsandtheother,
byProf
. Myers,givingabriefdigestoftheTheosophical
viewsandexplanationsofthephenomenaenquiredinto
.
Theremainingninety-sevenpagesconsistofXLIIAp-
pendices,givingthesubstanceoftheevidenceobtained
fromthemanywitnesses
.
ThephenomenainvestigatedbytheCommitteewere
chiefly( 1) "astralappearances"oflivingmen
; ( 2) the
transportationby"Occult"meansofphysicalsub-
stances
; ( 3) the"precipitation"oflettersandother
messages
; ( 4) "Occult"soundsandvoices
. Theap-
pendicescontainthedetailsofnumerousoccurrencesof
thekindsindicated,thesourcesofthetestimonyand
thenamesofthescoresofwitnesses,withcommentsof
theCommitteeonthecharacterandvalidityofthetesti-
monyastoitssufficiencyandbearing,andnotuponthe
goodfaithofthewitnessesthemselves,allofwhomare
regardedasreputable
. IntheearlierportionoftheRe-
porttheCommitteesaysthatinconsideringevidencesof
abnormaloccurrencesit"hasaltogetherdeclinedtoac-
cepttheevidenceofapaidmediumastoanyabnormal
event
. "Itgoesontosay,"indealingwiththesemat-
ters,itisadmittedthatspecialstringencyisnecessary,
andoneobviousprecautionliesintheexclusionofallthe
commonerandbasermotivestofraudorexaggeration
. "
ButwithregardtotheTheosophicalexponentsitsays,
66 THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
"wemaysayatoncethatnotrustworthyevidencesup-
portingsuchaviewhasbeenbroughttoournotice . "
AlthoughthewitnessesexpresslystatethattheThe-
osophicalphenomenaarenotofthekindfamiliarlyknown
asmediumistic,andalthoughMadameBlavatskyex-
presslydeclinedtoproduceanyphenomenaforthecon-
siderationoftheCommitteeasherpurposewastopro-
mulgatecertaindoctrines,nottoproveherpossessionof
Occultpowers,theCommittee'sbasisoftreatmentof
thephenomena,anditstheoriestoaccountforthem,
werethefamiliaronesemployedinSpiritualisticinvesti-
gations. Nevertheless,theCommitteerecognizedthat
therewerethreepointscallingforthegreatestcareon
itspart . Thefirstoftheseis"thatitiscertainthat
fraudhasbeenpracticedbypersonsconnectedwiththe
Society. " Thisreferstothechargesbroughtbythe
Coulombs,whoweremembersoftheTheosophicalSo-
ciety,againstMadameBlavatsky ; tothe"Kiddieinci-
dent,"andtocertain"evidenceprivatelybroughtbefore
usbyMr . C. C. Massey . "OnthismattertheCommittee
saysthatitsuggests,"totheWesternmindatanyrate,
thatnoamountofcautioncanbeexcessiveindealing
withevidenceofthiskind . "
ThesecondpointraisedbytheCommitteeisthat
"TheosophyappealstoOccultpersonsandmethods . "
Accustomedtodealingwithmediumsandmediumistic
manifestations,wherethemoralandphilosophicalfac-
torshavenobearing,accustomedtobelievethatwhere
thereisreticencetheremustbefraud,theCommittee
doesnotliketheideamadeplainatalltimesbyH
. P. B.
thatthesubjectofOccultphenomena,theirproduction
andlaws,willnotbesubmittedtoscientificexploitation,
butwillonlybemadeknowntothosewhoqualifythem-
selvesunderthestrictestpledgesofsecrecyanddis-
cipleship
.
Finally,theCommitteerecognizesthat
Theosophymakesclaimswhich,though
avowedlybasedonoccultscience,do,infact,
68

THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
s e y " - - i n s p i t e o f a l l t h e s e d i s t u r b i n g e q u a t i o n s , t h e t e s t i -
mo n y a ma s s e d b y t h e Co mmi t t e e wa s s o a b s o l u t e l y
o ve r wh e l mi n g a s t o t h e
f a c t
o f t h e a l l e g e d p h e n o me n a
t h a t t h e Co mmi t t e e f o u n d i t s e l f c o mp e l l e d t o ma ke c e r -
t a i n a d mi s s i o n s , a s f o l l o ws
:
It i s o b vi o u s t h a t i f we . c o u l d a c c o u n t f o r a l l
t h e p h e n o me n a d e s c r i b e d b y t h e me r e a s s u mp -
t i o n o f c l e ve r c o n ju r i n g o n t h e p a r t o f Ma d a me
Bl a va t s ky a n d t h e Co u l o mb s , a s s i s t e d b y a n y
n u mb e r o f Hi n d u s e r va n t s , we c o u l d h a r d l y ,
u n d e r p r e s e n t c i r c u ms t a n c e s , r e g a r d o u r s e l ve s
a s h a vi n g a d e q u a t e g r o u n d f o r f u r t h e r i n q u i r y .
Bu t t h i s a s s u mp t i o n wo u l d b y n o me a n s me e t
t h e c a s e . Th e s t a t e me n t s o f t h e Co u l o mb s i m-
p l i c a t e n o o n e i n t h e a l l e g e d f r a u d e xc e p t
Ma d a me Bl a va t s ky . Th e o t h e r Th e o s o p h i s t s ,
a c c o r d i n g t o t h e m, a r e a l l d u p e s . No wt h e e vi -
d e n c e g i ve n i n t h e Ap p e n d i xi n o u r o p i n i o n r e n -
d e r s i t i mp o s s i b l e t o a vo i d o n e o r o t h e r o f t wo
a l t e r n a t i ve c o n c l u s i o n s : Ei t h e r t h a t s o me o f t h e
p h e n o me n a r e c o r d e d a r e g e n u i n e , o r t h a t o t h e r
p e r s o n s o f g o o d s t a n d i n g i n s o c i e t y , a n d wi t h
c h a r a c t e r s t o l o s e , h a ve t a ke n p a r t i n d e l i b e r a t e
i mp o s t u r e .
Ac c o r d i n g l y , t h e Co mmi t t e e e xp r e s s e d t h e f o l l o wi n g
c o n c l u s i o n s
On t h e wh o l e , h o we ve r (t h o u g h wi t h s o me
s e r i o u s r e s e r ve s ), - i t s e e ms u n d e n i a b l e t h a t t h e r e
i s a p r i ma f a c i e
c a s e , f o r s o me p a r t a t l e a s t o f
t h e c l a i mma d e , wh i c h , a t t h e p o i n t wh i c h t h e i n -
ve s t i g a t i o n s o f t h e So c i e t y o f Ps y c h i c a l Re -
s e a r c h h a ve n o wr e a c h e d , c a n n o t , wi t h c o n s i s -
t e n c y , b e i g n o r e d
.
Th e Co mmi t t e e d e c i d e d t o s e n d o n e o f i t s me mb e r s t o
In d i a t o i n ve s t i g a t e t h e c h a r g e s ma d e b y t h e Co u l o mb s ,
t o i n t e r vi e wt h e n u me r o u s wi t n e s s e s t o p h e n o me n a t e s t i -
f i e d t o b y Hi n d u s a n d Eu r o p e a n s i n In d i a , a n d r e p o r t
THES. P. R . - THECOULOMBS

67
u l t i ma t e l y c o ve r mu c h mo r e t h a n a me r e l y
s c i e n t i f i c f i e l d .
Th i s , a l s o , i s n o t a g r e e a b l e t o t h e Co mmi t t e e , wh i c h
r e ma r ks
Th e h i s t o r y o f r e l i g i o n s wo u l d h a ve b e e n wr i t -
t e n i n va i n i f we s t i l l f a n c i e d t h a t a J u d a s o r
a J o e Smi t h wa s t h e o n l y ki n d o f a p o s t l e wh o
n e e d e d wa t c h i n g . . . . Su s p i c i o n s o f t h i s ki n d
a r e n e c e s s a r i l y s o me wh a t va g u e ; b u t i t i s n o t
o u r p l a c e t o g i ve t h e md e f i n i t e n e s s . Wh a t we
h a ve t o p o i n t o u t i s t h a t i t i s o u r d u t y , a s i n ve s -
t i g a t o r s , i n e xa mi n i n g t h e e vi d e n c e f o r Th e -
o s o p h i c ma r ve l s , t o s u p p o s e t h e p o s s i b i l i t y o f a
d e l i b e r a t e c o mb i n a t i o n t o d e c e i ve o n t h e p a r t o f
c e r t a i n Th e o s o p h i s t s . We c a n n o t r e g a r d t h i s
p o s s i b i l i t y a s e xc l u d e d b y t h e f a c t t h a t we f i n d
n o r e a s o n t o a t t r i b u t e t o a n y o f t h e p e r s o n s
wh o s e e vi d e n c e we h a ve t o c o n s i d e r , a n y vu l g a r
o r s o r d i d mo t i ve f o r s u c h c o mb i n a t i o n .
Th e s e f r a n ke xp r e s s i o n s o f t h e Co mmi t t e e a r e i l l u mi -
n a t i n g a s t o i t s o wn b a s i s a n d mo t i ve s , a n d e q u a l l y i l l u -
mi n a t i n g wh e n c o n t r a s t e d wi t h t h e f a i r p r o mi s e s ma d e
i n t h e p r e l i mi n a r y a n n o u n c e me n t o f t h e f o r ma t i o n o f
t h e S. P. R
.
Th e y b e c o me s t i l l mo r e c l e a r wh e n vi e we d
i n t h e l i g h t o f t h e Pr e f a c e t o " Is i s Un ve i l e d , " wi t h i t s
s t a t e me n t i n a d va n c e o f t h e ki n d o f o p p o s i t i o n i t s a u -
t h o r wo u l d b e c a l l e d u p o n t o f a c e .
In s p i t e o f i t s s u s p i c i o n s , i t s d o u b t s , i t s f e a r s , i t s
me n t a l r e s e r va t i o n s o c c a s i o n e d b y i t s o wn i g n o r a n c e o f
t h e l a ws g o ve r n i n g me t a p h y s i c a l p h e n o me n a ; b y t h e a b -
s o l u t e r e f u s a l o f H. P. B . t o d i s c l o s e t h e p r o c e s s e s o f
p r a c t i c a l Oc c u l t i s m ; b y t h e a t mo s p h e r e o f my s t e r y s u r -
r o u n d i n g t h e wh o l e s u b je c t o f t h e h i d d e n " Br o t h e r s "
a n d t h e i r p o we r s ; b y t h e c h a r g e s o f f r a u d l a i d b y t h e
Co u l o mb s a t t h e d o o r o f H. P. B . ; b y t h e u n d i s c l o s e d
" e vi d e n c e p r i va t e l y b r o u g h t b e f o r e u s b y Mr
. C. C. Ma s -
THES. P. R
. - THECOULOMBS
o n t h e r e s u l t s o f s u c h e xa mi n a t i o n
. Mr . Ri c h a r d Ho d g -
s o n wa s t h e me mb e r c h o s e n
. Hi s r e p o r t i s t h e f o u n d a -
t i o n
a n d s u p e r s t r u c t u r e o f t h e c e l e b r a t e d " e xp o s u r e "
e mb o d i e d i n Vo l u me 3 o f t h e Pr o c e e d i n g s o f t h e So c i e t y
f o r Ps y c h i c a l Re s e a r c h
. Be f o r e c o n s i d e r i n g Mr . Ho d g -
s o n ' s r e p o r t , i t i s n e c e s s a r y t o r e vi e wt h e a n t e c e d e n t a n d
s u r r o u n d i n g c i r c u ms t a n c e s a n d e ve n t s , t h e ma i n f e a t u r e s
o f wh i c h a r e wr a p p e d u p
i n t h e c o n n e c t i o n o f t h e Co u -
l o mb s wi t h t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y
.
In t h e y e a r 1 871 , Ma d a me Bl a va t s ky wa s vo y a g i n g o n
a ve s s e l wh i c h wa s wr e c ke d b y a n e xp l o s i o n . Al o n g wi t h
o t h e r p a s s e n g e r s s h e wa s l a n d e d i n Eg y p t , d e s t i t u t e o f
mo n e y o r b e l o n g i n g s
. Sh e ma d e h e r wa y t o Ca i r o a n d
t h e r e me t Ma d a me Co u l o mb , a n En g l i s h wo ma n t h e n u n -
ma r r i e d a n d c o n d u c t i n g a l o d g i n g h o u s e
. Ma d a me
Co u l o mb wa s mo ve d b y t h e mi s f o r t u n e s a n d d i s t r e s s o f
t h e wa n d e r e r , r e c e i ve d h e r i n t o h e r h o u s e , s u p p l i e d h e r
n e c e s s i t i e s a n d a d va n c e d h e r f u n d s u n t i l H. P. B. c o u l d
c o mmu n i c a t e wi t h h e r f a mi l y .
Ma d a me Co u l o mb wa s me d i u mi s t i c , i n t e n s e l y i n t e r -
e s t e d i n Sp i r i t u a l i s m, a n d t h e mo r e s o b e c a u s e s h e h a d
b u t r e c e n t l y l o s t a b r o t h e r wi t h wh o ms h e wa s a n xi o u s
t o " c o mmu n i c a t e . " Fi n d i n g t h a t H
. P. B . p o s s e s s e d a
f u n d o f l o r e a n d e xp e r i e n c e i n ma t t e r s Oc c u l t , Ma d a me
Co u l o mb b e s o u g h t h e r t o a i d i n p r o c u r i n g t h e l o n g e d - f o r
c o mmu n i c a t i o n s , a s , f r o mh e r e xp e r i e n c e , t h e y c o u l d n o t
c o n s c i o u s l y b e o b t a i n e d e xc e p t t h r o u g h a n o t h e r , Fi n d i n g
t h a t o t h e r s i n Ca i r o we r e a l s o i n t e r e s t e d i n t h e my s t e r i -
o u s p h e n o me n a wi t h wh i c h a l l t h e We s t e r n wo r l d wa s
t h e n d a b b l i n g i n o n e wa y a n d a n o t h e r , H
. P. B . t o o k
a d va n t a g e o f t h e o p p o r t u n i t y , a n d e n d e a vo r e d t o f o r m
a So c i e t y f o r i n ve s t i g a t i o n a n d e xp e r i me n t
. It s p e e d i l y
d e ve l o p e d t h a t c u r i o s i t y a n d t h e t h i r s t f o r p h e n o me n a ,
n o t t h e d e s i r e f o r p h i l o s o p h y a n d u n d e r s t a n d i n g , we r e a t
t h e b o t t o mo f a l l t h e wo u l d - b e i n ve s t i g a t o r s ' z e a l , a n d
H. P. B . d r o p p e d t h e ma t t e r
. Th e So c i e t y we n t t o p i e c e s
a s s o o n a s s h e d i d s o . H. P. B . wa s i n Eg y p t i n a l l n e a r l y
a y e a r , r e t u r n i n g t o Ru s s i a i n 1 872
. Fr o mt h e r e , i n t h e
s p r i n g o f 1 873 , s h e we n t t o Pa r i s , a n d t h e n c e t o
Ne w
Y o r k, r e t u r n i n g t o In d i a e a r l y i n 1 879 .
70

THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
Ma d a me Co u l o mb ma r r i e d i n Eg y p t
.
Af t e r a s u c c e s -
s i o n o f mi s f o r t u n e s t h e Co u l o mb s we n t t o In d i a , a n d
t h e n t o Ce y l o n . Th e i r mi s f o r t u n e s p u r s u e d t h e ma n d
t h e y we r e l i vi n g i n d i r e s t p e n u r y wh e n t h e y h e a r d o f
t h e a r r i va l o f H. P. B . a n d Co l . Ol c o t t i n In d i a a n d t h e
i n t e r e s t a t t e n d a n t u p o n t h e i r a c t i vi t i e s .
Ma d a me
Co u l o mb a t o n c e wr o t e t o H. P. B . , r e c a l l i n g t h e Ca i r o
a c q u a i n t a n c e , d e t a i l i n g h e r c i r c u ms t a n c e s a n d a s ki n g f o r
h e l p . To t h i s l e t t e r H. P. B . r e p l i e d wi t h e xp r e s s i o n s o f
s y mp a t h y , b u t s t a t i n g t h a t s h e h e r s e l f wa s i n l i t t l e b e t t e r
p l i g h t p e r s o n a l l y t h a n t h e Co u l o mb s , a n d d e s c r i b i n g h e r
mi s s i o n a n d p u r p o s e s i n In d i a . Ma d a me Co u l o mb wr o t e
a g a i n a vo wi n g t h e i n t e r e s t o f h e r s e l f a n d h u s b a n d i n t h e
So c i e t y , a n d p l e a d i n g f o r h e l p . To t h i s a p p e a l H. P. B .
a n s we r e d t h a t i f t h e Co u l o mb s s o d e s i r e d t h e y c o u l d c o me
t o h e a d q u a r t e r s a n d s h a r e s u c h f o r t u n e s a s mi g h t b e f a l l
t h e Fo u n d e r s .
Ac c o r d i n g l y , t h e Co u l o mb s ma d e t h e i r
wa y t o In d i a , a r r i vi n g e a r l y i n 1 880 . Th e y t o o kt h e
p l e d g e s o f me mb e r s h i p a n d e n t e r e d t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So -
c i e t y . Du r i n g t h e e n s u i n g f o u r y e a r s Ma d a me Co u l o mb
a c t e d a s h o u s e ke e p e r , a n d , a s s h e wa s a c q u a i n t e d b o t h
wi t h Fr e n c h a n d It a l i a n , a n d t h e l a b o r s we r e g r e a t a n d
t h e wo r ke r s f e w, s h e a s s i s t e d i n t r a n s l a t i o n s a n d i n f o r -
e i g n c o r r e s p o n d e n c e . M. Co u l o mb wa s ma d e g e n e r a l
u t i l i t y ma n a r o u n d t h e p r e mi s e s .
He a c t e d a s g a r d e n e r ,
a s c a r p e n t e r , a s l i b r a r i a n , a n d a l s o a s s i s t e d i n s o me o f
t h e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e .
Th e Co u l o mb s we r e ma d e e n t i r e l y
f r e e o f t h e p r e mi s e s a n d t h e wo r ka t h e a d q u a r t e r s
. At
f i r s t t h e y p r o f e s s e d t h e u t mo s t g r a t i t u d e f o r t h e s u c c o r s
g i ve n t h e m, a n d t h e l i ve l i e s t i n t e r e s t a n d s y mp a t h y i n
t h e wo r ko f t h e So c i e t y .
As a f f a i r s p r o g r e s s e d , t h e y
b e c a me a c q u a i n t e d wi t h n u me r o u s vi s i t o r s a n d i n q u i r e r s ,
Eu r o p e a n a n d Hi n d u , a t h e a d q u a r t e r s
. Di s s a t i s f i e d a n d
d i s c o n t e n t e d wi t h t h e c o mp a r a t i ve l y i n s i g n i f i c a n t a n d
me n i a l r o l e p l a y e d b y t h e ms e l ve s , t h e y f e l t t h a t t h e y
we r e n o t r e c e i vi n g t h e i r ju s t d u e s
. Gr e e d y , we a kb y
n a t u r e , a n d a n xi o u s t o b e c o me f i n a n c i a l l y i n d e p e n d e n t ,
i t a p p e a r e d t o t h e mt h a t Ma d a me Bl a va t s ky wa s r e c e i v-
i n g a n a t t e n t i o n a n d p r o mi n e n c e t o wh i c h s h e wa s n o mo r e
, e n t i t l e d t h a n t h e ms e l ve s . In a d d i t i o n , t h e Co u l o mb s we r e
THES. P. R . - THECOULOMBS

Ti
Ch r i s t i a n s o f t h e n a r r o we s t ki n d , s u p e r s t i t i o u s t o a d e -
g r e e ,
a n d i n f a c t wh o l l y o u t o f s y mp a t h y a n d a c c o r d wi t h
t h e a i ms a n d t e a c h i n g s o f t h e Fo u n d e r s
.
Wi t h i n a c o u p l e o f
' y e a r s Ma d a me Co u l o mb t r i e d t o
e xt o r t o r b e g mo n e y f r o mwe a l t h y p e r s o n s i n t e r e s t e d
i n t h e So c i e t y , n o t a b l y f r o mt h e n a t i ve p r i n c e , Ha r -
r i s i n ji Ru p s i n ji . Th i s c o mi n g t o t h e kn o wl e d g e o f
H. P. B . , s h e r e p r o ve d Ma d a me Co u l o mb s t e r n l y .
To
o t h e r s o f t h e vi s i t o r s a n d r e s i d e n t s a t h e a d q u a r t e r s
Ma d a me Co u l o mb wh i s p e r e d t a l e s o f h e r o wn p o we r s
a n d o f h e r a b i l i t y t o f i n d " h i d d e n t r e a s u r e s . " To o t h e r s
s h e i n t i ma t e d t h a t Ma d a me Bl a va t s ky ' s p o we r s we r e
f r o mt h e " e vi l o n e . " Th e Co u l o mb s we r e mo r e o r l e s s
c o n s t a n t l y i n c o mmu n i c a t i o n wi t h t h e e s t a b l i s h me n t s o f
t h e mi s s i o n a r i e s n e a r b y , a n d Ma d a me Co u l o mb , i n p a r -
t i c u l a r , wa s i n c o n s t a n t f r i c t i o n s a n d d i s p u t e s o ve r r e -
l i g i o u s ma t t e r s a n d o p i n i o n s wi t h r e s i d e n t c h e l a s a n d
me mb e r s o f t h e So c i e t y . Co l . Ol c o t t t o o kh e r t o t a s kf o r
t h e s e n e e d l e s s d i f f i c u l t i e s o n s e ve r a l o c c a s i o n s . In g e n -
e r a l , h o we ve r , t h e Co u l o mb s we r e l o o ke d u p o n
a s
h a r m-
l e s s me d d l e r s , t h e i r mi s f o r t u n e s c a u s e d t h e mt o b e vi e we d
wi t h c h a r i t y , a n d t h e kn o wn g r a t i t u d e o f H. P. B . f o r
h e l p r e c e i ve d f r o mMa d a me Co u l o mb a t a t i me o f n e e d
r e c o n c i l e d t h e Th e o s o p h i s t s t o t h e a n n o y a n c e s a n d d i s -
t u r b a n c e s o c c a s i o n e d b y t h e i r p r e s e n c e a n d o f f i c i o u s n e s s
a t h e a d q u a r t e r s .
J u s t p r i o r t o t h e d e p a r t u r e o f H . P. B . a n d Co l . Ol c o t t
f o r Eu r o p e i n Fe b r u a r y , 1 884 , a Co u n c i l wa s a p p o i n t e d
t o t a ke c h a r g e o f a f f a i r s a t h e a d q u a r t e r s d u r i n g t h e a b -
s e n c e o f t h e Fo u n d e r s . Amo n g t h e Co u n c i l we r e Dr .
Fr a n z Ha r t ma n n , Mr . St . Ge o r g e La n e - Fo x, a n d Mr
. W.
T. Br o wn , wi t h wh o m, p a r t i c u l a r l y Dr . Ha r t ma n n a n d
Mr
. La n e - Fo x, t h e Co u l o mb s h a d b e e n i n a l mo s t c o n s t a n t
wr a n g l e s
. Th e s e d e s i r e d t o d i s p e n s e wi t h t h e Co u l o mb s
a l t o g e t h e r , b u t o n t h e p r a y e r s o f Ma d a me Co u l o mb
H. P. B . p e r mi t t e d t h e mt o r e ma i n a s h i t h e r t o , a n d , i n
o r d e r t o r e mo ve s o u r c e s o f d i s a g r e e me n t a s mu c h a s
p o s s i b l e , g a ve t h e Co u l o mb s " a u t h o r i t y " t o d o t h e h o u s e -
wo r k, t o h a ve c h a r g e o f t h e u p ke e p o f t h e p r e mi s e s , a n d
t o ke e p h e r o wn r o o ms i n o r d e r .
I"

THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
Th e Fo u n d e r s a wa y , f r e s h f u e l f o r t h e f i r e s o f
d i s c o r d
wa s s o o n h e a p e d o n t h e a s h e s o f d i s c o n t e n t
.
Th e
Co u -
l o mb s r e f u s e d t o a c c e p t a n y o r d e r s o r o b e y a n y i n s t r u e -
t i o n s f r o mt h e r e s i d e n t me mb e r s o f t h e Co u n c i l
; t h e y
r e f u s e d a l l a c c e s s t o H. P
. B
. ' s a p a r t me n t s a n d d e c l a r e d
t h a t H. P. B . h a d p l a c e d t h e mi n i n d e p e n d e n t c o n t r o l
o f h e r q u a r t e r s a n d t h e c o n d u c t o f t h e h o u s e h o l d
. On
t h e o t h e r h a n d , t h e me mb e r s o f t h e Co u n c i l l i vi n g a t
h e a d q u a r t e r s , h a vi n g n o l i ki n g f o r t h e Co u l o mb s a n d d i s -
t r u s t i n g t h e mu t t e r l y we r e mo r e o r l e s s h a r s h a n d c o n -
t e mp t u o u s t o wa r d s t h e m, c o mmu n i c a t i n g wi t h t h e mo n l y
b y l e t t e r , a n d r e f u s i n g t o e a t wi t h t h e m, o r t o e a t t h e
f o o d p r o vi d e d b y Ma d a me Co u l o mb .
Th e y c h a r g e d
Ma d a me Co u l o mb wi t h e xt r a va g a n c e , wa s t e , a n d wi t h
p e r s o n a l l y p r o f i t i n g o u t o f h e r h a n d l i n g o f t h e d o me s t i c
f u n d s , a n d s e t a b o u t a u d i t i n g a n d c h e c ki n g h e r d a i l y e x-
p e n d i t u r e s
. Va i n , s e n s i t i ve , a n d wi t h o u t d o u b t s ma r t i n g
u n d e r t h e i r g r i e va n c e s , r e a l a n d i ma g i n a r y , t h e Co u -
l o mb s p l a n n e d r e ve n g e i n d u a l f a s h i o n . Th e y wr o t e t o
H. P. B . ,
r e c i t i n g t h e i r wr o n g s , a s s e r t i n g t h e i r o wn l o y -
a l t y a n d i n n o c e n c e o f a n y wr o n g - d o i n g , a n d ma ki n g s u n -
d r y c h a r g e s a g a i n s t t h e Co u n c i l me mb e r s
. At t h e s a me
t i me t h e Co u n c i l me mb e r s we r e a l s o wr i t i n g t h e Fo u n d e r s
t h e i r s i d e o f t h e d i s p u t e s , a n d t e l l i n g c i r c u ms t a n t i a l l y
t h e a c t i o n s o f t h e Co u l o mb s a n d t h e i n s i n u a t i o n s b e i n g
wh i s p e r e d a b o u t b y t h e ma g a i n s t t h e g o o d f a i t h o f t h e
Th e o s o p h i s t s a n d H. P. B .
Wh i l e t h i s wa r o f c h a r g e s
a n d r e c r i mi n a t i o n s wa s g o i n g o n b y ma i l , t h e Co u l o mb s
we r e b u s y f o r t i f y i n g t h e ms e l ve s f o r t h e i r
u l t i ma t e
t r e a c h e r y b y c o n s t r u c t i n g f a l s e d o o r s a n d s l i d i n g p a n e l s
i n t h e s o - c a l l e d ' Oc c u l t r o o m" i n H. P
. B . ' s a p a r t me n t s
s o a s t o g i ve s u c h a n a p p e a r a n c e o f me c h a n i c a l c o n t r i -
va n c e a s mi g h t s u p p o r t c h a r g e s o f f r a u d i n t h e p h e -
n o me n a t a ki n g p l a c e a t h e a d q u a r t e r s
.
To o u r mi n d ,
a f t e r we i g h i n g we l l a l l t h e c i r c u ms t a n c e s o f t h i s u n h a p p y
p e r i o d , t h e r e i s n o r o o mf o r d o u b t t h a t t h e Co u l o mb s
we r e a l r e a d y i n a c t i ve c o n s p i r a c y wi t h t h e mi s s i o n a r i e s
a n d we r e c a r e f u l l y f o l l o wi n g a b l e b u t s i n i s t e r i n s t r u c -
t i o n s i n t h e i r c o u r s e o f c o n d u c t .
By t e mp o r i z i n g wi t h
t h e r e s i d e n t me mb e r s o f t h e Co u n c i l , b y t h e i r wr i t t e n
THES. P. R . - - THECOULOMBS

78
d e n i a l s a n d p r o t e s t a t i o n s t o H
. P
. B . a n d Co l . Ol c o t t ,
t h e y we r e g a i n i n g t h e t i me n e e d e d t o p e r f e c t t h e mi s e e n
s c e n e f o r t h e i r s u b s e q u e n t a c c u s a t i o n s .
Bo t h H. P. B . a n d Co l . Ol c o t t wr o t e t h e Co u l o mb s
a n d t h e Co u n c i l , e n d e a vo r i n g t o p a t c h u p t h e r a n c o r s
a n d b i t t e r n e s s e s e n g e n d e r e d , a n d
. a p p e a l i n g t o a l l f o r t h e
s a ke o f t h e So c i e t y a n d i t s wo r k, t o e xe r c i s e mu t u a l f o r -
b e a r a n c e a n d t o l e r a n c e . Bu t t h e e vi l f o r c e s a t wo r kwe r e
t o o f a vo r e d o f c i r c u ms t a n c e . Th e Co u n c i l me mb e r s a t
l a s t f o r c e d t h e i r wa y t o t h e q u a r t e r s o f H. P. B . , d i s -
c o ve r e d wh a t h a d b e e n g o i n g o n t h e r e , t a l ke d s e ve r a l l y
wi t h t h e Co u l o mb s , a n d s u mmo n e d t h e mb e f o r e t h e me e t -
i n g o f t h e Co u n c i l t o a n s we r c h a r g e s o f b a d f a i t h , o f
t r e a c h e r y , o f f a l s e s t o r i e s a b o u t H
. P. B . a n d t h e p h e -
n o me n a a t h e a d q u a r t e r s . Th e Co u l o mb s n e i t h e r a f f i r me d
n o r d e n i e d t h e s t a t e me n t s ma d e i n t h e s e ve r a l a f f i d a vi t s
r e a d c o n c e r n i n g t h e i r b e h a vi o r , a n d d e c l i n i n g t o p r o d u c e
a n y e vi d e n c e t o s u p p o r t t h e i r a l l e g a t i o n s , we r e e xp e l l e d
f r o mt h e So c i e t y a n d o r d e r e d t o l e a ve t h e p r e mi s e s . Le -
g a l p r o c e e d i n g s we r e t h e n t h r e a t e n e d t o e je c t t h e m, a n d
i n t h e wr a n g l i n g St
. Ge o r g e La n e - Fo xs t r u c kM. Co u l o mb ,
wh o h a d h i ma r r e s t e d a n d f i n e d f o r a s s a u l t a n d b a t t e r y .
Th e , Co u l o mb s o f f e r e d , d u r i n g t h e d i s p u t e s a n d n e g o t i a -
t i o n s , t o l e a ve t h e c o u n t r y a n d g o t o Ame r i c a i f p a i d
3 , 000r u p e e s a n d g i ve n t h e i r p a s s a g e . Th i s wa s r e f u s e d .
Fi n a l l y , o n t h e d i r e c t a p p r o va l o f H. P. B . , t o wh o mb o t h
t h e Co u l o mb s a n d t h e Co u n c i l me mb e r s h a d a p p e a l e d , a n d
a f t e r t h e Co u l o mb s h a d t h r e a t e n e d t o h e r t h a t i f s h e
d i d n o t s u p p o r t t h e mi n t h e i r c o n t e n t i o n s t h e y wo u l d
e xp o s e h e r , t h e Co u l o mb s we r e c o mp e l l e d t o l e a ve t h e
p r e mi s e s
. Th i s t o o kp l a c e a t t h e e n d o f Ma y , 1 884 .
Th e Co u l o mb s we n t a t o n c e t o t h e mi s s i o n a r i e s b y wh o m
t h e y we r e r e c e i ve d wi t h . o p e n a r ms . Th e y we r e g i ve n
mo n e y a n d t h e i r l i vi n g wa s p r o vi d e d t h e m . In t h e e n -
s u i n g t h r e e mo n t h s t h e p l a n s o f b a t t l e we r e p e r f e c t e d f o r
t h e a s s a u l t wh i c h i t wa s h o p e d wo u l d o n c e a n d f o r a l l
d e s t r o y t h e r e p u t a t i o n o f H. P. B . , a n d i n t h e r u i n o f h e r
g o o d r e p u t e , r u i n t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y . In t h e Se p -
t e mb e r a n d s u c c e e d i n g i s s u e s o f t h e Ch r i s t i a n Co l l e g e
Ma g a z i n e
we r e p u b l i s h e d wi t h e xt e n d e d c o mme n t s a
74

THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
s e r i e s o f l e t t e r s p u r p o r t i n g t o h a ve b e e n wr i t t e n b y
H. P. B
. t o Ma d a me Co u l o mb wh i c h , i f g e n u i n e , s h o we d
H. P. B . t o h a ve b e e n a c o n s c i e n c e l e s s a n d h e a r t l e s s
s wi n d l e r , h e r p h e n o me n a p l a i n f r a u d s , h e r So c i e t y a c o l -
l e c t i o n o f d u p e s , h e r Ma s t e r s a me r e i n ve n t i o n , h e r t e a c h -
i n g s a my t h o f t h e i ma g i n a t i o n .
Th e f a c t s , s o f a r a s p u b l i c l y d i s c l o s e d , ma y b e f o u n d
a s r e p r e s e n t e d b y t h e va r i o u s i n t e r e s t s i n vo l ve d , i n t h e
Ch r i s t i a n Co l l e g e Ma g a z i n e
a r t i c l e s e n t i t l e d " Th e Co l -
l a p s e o f Bo o t Ho o mi " ; i n Ma d a me Co u l o mb ' s p a mp h l e t
i s s u e d a t t h e t i me i n In d i a a n d r e p u b l i s h e d i n Lo n d o n
b y El l i o t t St o c k" f o r t h e p r o p r i e t o r s o f t h e Ma d r a s
Ch r i s t i a n Co l l e g e Ma g a z i n e , "
u n d e r t h e t i t l e " So me Ac -
c o u n t o f My In t e r c o u r s e wi t h Ma d a me Bl a va t s ky f r o m
1 872 t o 1 884 , b y Ma d a me Co u l o mb "
; i n Dr . Fr a n z Ha r t -
ma n n ' s p a mp h l e t , " Ob s e r va t i o n s Du r i n g a Ni n e Mo n t h s '
St a y a t t h e He a d q u a r t e r s o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y ,
Ma d r a s , In d i a , " p u b l i s h e d i n t h e f a l l o f 1 884 ; i n t h e
" Re p o r t o f t h e Re s u l t o f a n In ve s t i g a t i o n i n t o t h e
Ch a r g e s a g a i n s t Ma d a me Bl a va t s ky , " b y t h e Co mmi t -
t e e o f t h e In d i a n Co n ve n t i o n ; i n t h e Re p o r t o f t h e In d i a n
Co n ve n t i o n o f t h e Th e o s o p h i s t s h e l d a t t h e c l o s e o f De -
c e mb e r , 1 884 ; i n Mr . Si n n e t t ' s b o o k, " In c i d e n t s i n t h e
Li f e o f H. P. Bl a va t s ky "
; i n Co l . Ol c o t t ' s " Ol d Di a r y
Le a ve s , " a n d i n n u me r o u s a r t i c l e s p r o a n d c o n a t t h e
t i me a n d d u r i n g s u c c e e d i n g y e a r s i n ma n y Th e o s o p h i c a l ,
Sp i r i t u a l i s t , Ch r i s t i a n , a n d s e c u l a r p u b l i c a t i o n s . Th e
f a c t s a s h e r e i n g i ve n a r e t h o s e d e r i ve d f r o mt h e i mme n s e
a c c u mu l a t i o n o f l i t e r a t u r e o n t h e s u b je c t , a f t e r t h e mo s t
c a r e f u l a n d p a i n s t a ki n g c o mp a r i s o n a n d we i g h i n g .
We ma y n o wc o n s i d e r t h e e f f e c t o f t h e Co u l o mb d i s -
c l o s u r e s a n d t h e mi s s i o n a r y u s e o f t h e m, b o t h o n t h e
Th e o s o p h i s t s a n d o n t h e So c i e t y f o r Ps y c h i c a l Re s e a r c h .
CHAPTERVI
THEREPORTOFTHEB. P. R.
THE
Pr e l i mi n a r y Re p o r t o f t h e Co mmi t t e e o f t h e So -
c i e t y f o r Ps y c h i c a l Re s e a r c h wa s d r a wn u p i n t h e mi d s t
o f t h e e xc i t e me n t o c c a s i o n e d b y t h e Co u l o mb a c c u s a t i o n s
a n d t h e mi s s i o n a r y a t t a c ks i n t h e
Ch r i s t i a n Co l l e g e
Ma g a z i n e o f Ma d r a s , In d i a .
Imme d i a t e l y t h e c h a r g e s we r e c a b l e d t o En g l a n d
Ma d a me Bl a va t s ky t o o ks t e p s t o p r o t e c t t h e g o o d n a me
o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y . On Se p t e mb e r 2 7, 1 884 ,
s h e h a n d e d t o Co l . Ol e o t t a s Pr e s i d e n t h e r r e s i g n a t i o n
a s Co r r e s p o n d i n g Se c r e t a r y , b u t u n d e r p r e s s u r e f r o m
l e a d i n g me mb e r s o f t h e So c i e t y i n En g l a n d Co l . Ol c o t t
r e f u s e d t o a c c e p t h e r wi t h d r a wa l . At t h e s a me t i me
H. P. B
. a d d r e s s e d a l e t t e r t o t h e Lo n d o n
Ti me s wh i c h
wa s p u b l i s h e d i n t h a t p a p e r i n i t s i s s u e o f Oc t o b e r 9 .
Th e l e t t e r f o l l o ws
Si r , Wi t h r e f e r e n c e t o t h e a l l e g e d e xp o s u r e
a t Ma d r a s o f a d i s h o n o u r a b l e c o n s p i r a c y b e -
t we e n my s e l f a n d t wo p e r s o n s o f t h e n a me o f
Co u l o mb t o d e c e i ve t h e p u b l i c wi t h o c c u l t p h e -
n o me n a , Ih a ve t o s a y t h a t t h e l e t t e r s p u r p o r t i n g
t o h a ve b e e n wr i t t e n b y me a r e c e r t a i n l y n o t
mi n e . Se n t e n c e s h e r e a n d t h e r e Ir e c o g n i s e ,
t a ke n f r o mo l d n o t e s o f mi n e o n d i f f e r e n t ma t -
t e r s , b u t t h e y a r e mi n g l e d wi t h i n t e r p o l a t i o n s
t h a t e n t i r e l y p e r ve r t t h e i r me a n i n g . Wi t h t h e s e
e xc e p t i o n s t h e wh o l e o f t h e l e t t e r s a r e a
f a b r i c a t i o n .
Th e f a b r i c a t o r s mu s t h a ve b e e n g r o s s l y i g -
n o r a n t o f In d i a n a f f a i r s ,
s , s i n c e t h e y ma ke me
s p e a ko f a " Ma h a r a ja h o f La h o r e , " wh e n e ve r y
75
76
. THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
In d i a n s c h o o l b o y kn o ws t h a t n o s u c h p e r s o n
e xi s t s .
Wi t h r e g a r d t o t h e s u g g e s t i o n t h a t Ia t t e mp t e d
t o p r o mo t e t h e " f i n a n c i a l p r o s p e r i t y " o f t h e
Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y b y me a n s o f o c c u l t p h e -
n o me n a , Is a y t h a t Ih a ve n e ve r a t a n y t i me
r e c e i ve d , o r a t t e mp t e d t o o b t a i n , f r o ma n y p e r -
s o n a n y mo n e y e i t h e r f o r my s e l f o r f o r t h e So -
c i e t y b y a n y s u c h me a n s . Id e f y a n y o n e t o c o me
f o r wa r d a n d p r o ve t h e c o n t r a r y . Su c h mo n e y
a s Ih a ve r e c e i ve d h a s b e e n e a r n e d b y l i t e r a r y
wo r ko f my o wn , a n d t h e s e e a r n i n g s , a n d wh a t
r e ma i n e d o f my i n h e r i t e d p r o p e r t y wh e n Iwe n t
t o In d i a , h a ve b e e n d e vo t e d t o t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l
So c i e t y . Ia ma p o o r e r wo ma n t o - d a y t h a n I
wa s wh e n , wi t h o t h e r s , If o u n d e d t h e So c i e t y .
- Y o u r o b e d i e n t Se r va n t ,
H. P. BLAVATSKY .
On Oc t o b e r 2 3 , t h e Pa l l Ma l l Ga z e t t e p u b l i s h e d a l o n g
i n t e r vi e wwi t h H. P. B
. i n wh i c h h e r d e n i a l o f t h e a u t h o r -
s h i p o f t h e l e t t e r s a t t r i b u t e d t o h e r b y t h e Co u l o mb s
i s r e i t e r a t e d , t h e f a c t s o f t h e Co u l o mb s ' b a d f a i t h g i ve n
a n d a t t e n t i o n c a l l e d t o t h e f u r t h e r f a c t t h a t t wo l e t t e r s
a t t r i b u t e d b y t h e Co u l o mb s t o Ge n . Mo r g a n a n d Mr .
Sa s s o o n h a d a l r e a d y b e e n c o n c l u s i ve l y p r o ve d t o b e
f o r g e r i e s .
On t h e o p p o s i n g s i d e t h e a t t a c kwa s p r e s s e d wi t h
vi g o r a n d a l l p o s s i b l e c a p i t a l ma d e o f t h e Co u l o mb a c -
c u s a t i o n s , wi t h , o f c o u r s e , a r e n e wa l o f e ve r y o l d a n d
e xp l o d e d c h a r g e a g a i n s t H. P. B . , h e r t e a c h i n g s , a n d h e r
So c i e t y . Th e Ch r i s t i a n s e c t s , t h e Sp i r i t u a l i s t p u b l i c a -
t i o n s , t h e s p a c e wr i t e r s i n t h e d a i l y p r e s s t o wh o ma n y
s e n s a t i o n wa s s o mu c h ma t e r i a l f o r " c o p y , " r e g a r d l e s s
o f t h e me r i t s o f t h e c a s e , a l l jo i n e d i n t h e f r a y .
Imme d i a t e p r e p a r a t i o n s we r e ma d e b y t h e Fo u n d e r s
t o r e t u r n t o In d i a . Co l o n e l Ol c o t t a r r i ve d a t h e a d q u a r -
t e r s i n No ve mb e r . H. P. B . s t o p p e d o f f i n Eg y p t t o
o b t a i n i n f o r ma t i o n i n r e g a r d t o t h e Co u l o mb s a n d d i d
n o t r e a c h In d i a t i l l De c e mb e r . On h e r a r r i va l s h e wa s
REPORTOFTHES. P. R .
me t a n d p r e s e n t e d wi t h a n Ad d r e s s s i g n e d b y s o me t h r e e
h u n d r e d o f t h e n a t i ve s t u d e n t s o f t h e Ch r i s t i a n Co l -
l e g e , e xp r e s s i n g g r a t i t u d e f o r wh a t s h e h a d d o n e f o r
In d i a , a n d d i s c l a i mi n g a n y p a r t o r s y mp a t h y i n t h e a t -
t a c ks o f t h e
Ch r i s t i a n Co l l e g e Ma g a z i n e .
Th e Co n ve n t i o n o f t h e So c i e t y i n In d i a me t a t h e a d -
q u a r t e r s n e a r t h e e n d o f De c e mb e r . Fr o mt h e f i r s t
H. P. B . h a d i n s i s t e d t h a t t h e Co u l o mb s a n d t h e p r o -
p r i e t o r s o f t h e Ch r i s t i a n Co l l e g e Ma g a z i n e mu s t b e me t
i n Co u r t b y l e g a l p r o c e e d i n g s f o r l i b e l . Th e f u t u r e o f
t h e So c i e t y , t h e b o n a f i d e s o f h e r t e a c h i n g s , s h e d e c l a r e d
we r e wr a p p e d u p i n t h e a s s a u l t s ma d e u p o n h e r o wn
r e p u t a t i o n , a n d i f h e r g o o d n a me we r e - d e s t r o y e d b o t h
t h e So c i e t y a n d Th e o s o p h y wo u l d s u f f e r i r r e p a r a b l e i n -
ju r y
. Fo r h e r s e l f , s h e a vo we d , s h e c a r e d n o t h i n g p e n
s o n a l l y , b u t t h e f i e r c e o n s e t wa s i n r e a l i t y d i r e c t e d a g a i n s t
h e r wo r k, a n d t h a t wo r kc o u l d n o t b e s e p a r a t e d i n t h e
p u b l i c mi n d f r o mh e r s e l f a s i t s l e a d i n g e xp o n e n t . To
d e s t r o y t h e o n e wa s t o i n f l i c t d i s a s t e r o n t h e o t h e r .
Co l o n e l Ol c o t t wa s b e t we e n Sc y l l a a n d Ch a r y b d i s , b o t h
i n h i ms e l f a n d i n r e l a t i o n t o t h e So c i e t y t o wh i c h h e wa s
wh o l l y d e vo t e d . Hi s c l o s e a n d l o n g p e r s o n a l f r i e n d s h i p
a n d s p i r i t u a l i s t i c r e l a t i o n s wi t h Mr
. W
. St a i n t o n Mo s e s
a n d Mr . C. C
. Ma s s e y , b o t h o f wh o mb e l i e ve d t h a t H. P. B .
h a d b e e n t h e a g e n c y b o t h f o r g e n u i n e a n d s p u r i o u s p h e -
n o me n a , u n d o u b t e d l y a f f e c t e d h i mp o we r f u l l y . Hi s r e l a -
t i o n s wi t h Mr . Si n n e t t we r e c o n c o r d a n t i n Th e o s o p h i c a l
vi e ws , a n d h e kn e wt h a t Mr . Si n n e t t h a d s i mi l a r i d e a s
t o h i s o wn r e g a r d i n g t h e n a t u r e o f H. P. B . On h i s r e -
t u r n t o In d i a h e f o u n d t h a t Mr . A. 0 . Hu me , f o r me r l y
a r e s p o n s i b l e Go ve r n me n t o f f i c i a l a n d , n e xt t o Mr . Si n -
n e t t , t h e mo s t i n f l u e n t i a l f r i e n d o f t h e So c i e t y i n In d i a ,
h a d b e c o me i n f e c t e d wi t h d o u b t s a n d s u s p i c i o n s a n d b e -
l i e ve d t h a t , wh i l e s o me o f H. P. B . ' s p h e n o me n a we r e
u n d o u b t e d l y g e n u i n e , o t h e r s h a d b e e n p r o d u c e d b y c o l -
l u s i o n wi t h t h e Co u l o mb s . Co l o n e l Ol c o t t s p e e d i l y f o u n d ,
a l s o , t h a t t h e mo r e p r o mi n e n t Hi n d u me mb e r s o f t h e
So c i e t y , wh i l e wi l l i n g t o s p e a kp o l i t e l y i n f a vo r o f
H. P. B. , we r e . a u n i t i n o p p o s i t i o n t o l e g a l p r o c e e d i n g s
i n wh i c h r e l i g i o u s c o n vi c t i o n s a n d s u b je c t s s a c r e d t o
78

THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
t h e mwo u l d b e d r a g g e d i n t h e mi r e o f me r c i l e s s t r e a t -
me n t b y t h e d e f e n d a n t s ' a t t o r n e y s i n a n a l i e n Co u r t . On
e ve r y h a n d h e wa s u r g e d t o c o n s i d e r t h a t p s y c h i c a l p o w-
e r s a n d p r i n c i p l e s c o u l d b e p r o ve d o n l y b y a c t u a l p r o d u c -
t i o n o f p h e n o me n a i n Co u r t - a t h i n g f o r b i d d e n a l i ke b y
t h e i r r e l i g i o u s t r a i n i n g a n d t h e r u l e s o f Oc c u l t i s m . ,
Ot h e r s a r g u e d t h a t a ju d g me n t , e ve n i f o b t a i n e d , wo u l d
b e va l u e l e s s b e f o r e t h e wo r l d , s i n c e t h e mi s c h i e f wa s
a l r e a d y d o n e ; t h o s e wh o b e l i e ve d t h e p h e n o me n a f r a u d u -
l e n t wo u l d s t i l l t h i n ks o , ju d g me n t o r n o ju d g me n t ; t h o s e
wh o b e l i e ve d t h e mg e n u i n e wo u l d c o n t i n u e t o h o l d t h a t
vi e wi f t h e ma t t e r we r e a l l o we d t o d r o p ; wh i l e a n a d -
ve r s e ju d g me n t wo u l d f o r e ve r b r a n d H. P. B . a n d d e -
s t r o y t h e So c i e t y b e y o n d a n y h o p e o f r e s u s c i t a t i o n .
Bu t H. P. B . s t o o d f i r mf o r l e g a l p r o s e c u t i o n o f t h e
d e f a me r s , d e c l a r i n g h e r f a i t h i n Ma s t e r s a n d h e r o wn
i n n o c e n c e ;
t h a t Th e y wo u l d n o t c o u n t e n a n c e d i s l o y a l t y
a n d i n g r a t i t u d e , a n d t h a t , i f wo r s t c a me t o wo r s t , i t we r e
b e t t e r f o r t h e Th e o s o p h i s t s t o b e d e s t r o y e d f i g h t i n g
f o r
wh a t t h e y h e l d t o b e t r u e t h a n t o l i ve o n b y a n i n g l o r i o u s
a n d i g n o mi n i o u s e va s i o n o f t h e i s s u e s r a i s e d . To r n b y
h i s f e a r s a n d d o u b t s , Co l . Ol c o t t t o o kwh a t wa s d o u b t -
l e s s t o h i mt h e o n l y p o s s i b l e r o a d
. He p r o p o s e d a c o m-
p r o mi s e wh i c h wa s i n e f f e c t a b e t r a y a l
; h e d e ma n d e d t h a t
H. P. B
. p l a c e t h e ma t t e r i n t h e h a n d s o f t h e Co n ve n -
t i o n a n d a b i d e b y i t s d e c i s i o n ; t h r e a t e n i n g , i f t h i s we r e
n o t d o n e , t h a t h e h i ms e l f a n d t h e o t h e r s wi t h h i mwo u l d
a b a n d o n t h e So c i e t y a n d l e a ve i t t o i t s f a t e . H. P. B .
a c c e d e d t o t h e d e ma n d ma d e . Ac c o r d i n g l y , a t t h e Co n -
ve n t i o n a Co mmi t t e e wa s a p p o i n t e d , a n d t h i s Co mmi t t e e
u n a n i mo u s l y r e p o r t e d a s f o l l o ws
Re s o l ve d - Th a t t h e l e t t e r s p u b l i s h e d i n t h e
Ch r i s t i a n Co l l e g e Ma g a z i n e u n d e r t h e h e a d i n g
II Co l l a p s e o f Bo o t Ho o mi " a r e o n l y a p r e t e xt t o
i n ju r e t h e c a u s e o f Th e o s o p h y ; a n d a s t h e s e l e t
t e r s n e c e s s a r i l y a p p e a r a b s u r d t o t h o s e wh o a r e
a c q u a i n t e d wi t h o u r p h i l o s o p h y a n d f a c t s , a n d a s
t h o s e wh o a r e n o t a c q u a i n t e d wi t h t h o s e f a c t s
c o u l d n o t h a ve t h e i r o p i n i o n c h a n g e d , e ve n b y a
REPORTOFTHES
. P
. R .
ju d i c i a l ve r d i c t g i ve n i n f a vo u r o f Ma d a me Bl a -
va t s ky , t h e r e f o r e i t i s t h e u n a n i mo u s o p i n i o n o f
t h i s Co mmi t t e e t h a t Ma d a me Bl a va t s ky s h o u l d
n o t p r o s e c u t e h e r d e f a me r s i n a Co u r t o f La w .
Th e r e p o r t o f t h e Co mmi t t e e wa s u n a n i mo u s l y a d o p t e d
b y t h e Co n ve n t i o n . Th i s a c t i o n wa s r e c e i ve d b y t h e
In d i a n p r e s s a n d t h a t we d d e d t o s e c t a r i a n i n t e r e s t s wi t h
p r o l o n g e d je e r s a n d c o n t u me l y l e ve l e d a g a i n s t H. P. B . ,
h e r f o l l o we r s a n d h e r So c i e t y . By t h e g r e a t ma jo r i t y
o f p u b l i c jo u r n a l s a n d i n t e l l i g e n t mi n d s i t wa s c o n s i d -
e r e d t o b e t h e t a c i t a d mi s s i o n b y Th e o s o p h i s t s t h a t t h e
Co u l o mb c h a r g e s we r e t r u e .
Th e b l o wwa s we l l - n i g h mo r t a l t o t h e b o d y o f H . P. B .
De f e n s e l e s s a n d u n d e f e n d e d , h e r l i f e wa s d e s p a i r e d o f
b y h e r p h y s i c i a n
. Du r i n g t h e s u c c e e d i n g t h r e e mo n t h s
s h e wa s r a r e l y a b l e t o l e a ve h e r b e d . Fi n a l l y , t o wa r d
t h e e n d o f Ma r c h , y i e l d i n g t o t h e s o l i c i t a t i o n s o f t h e f e w
wh o s t i l l r e ma i n e d d e vo t e d l y l o y a l t o h e r , s h e p r e p a r e d
t o l e a ve In d i a a n d g o t o Eu r o p e . On t h e 2 1 s t o f Ma r c h
s h e a d d r e s s e d a f o r ma l l e t t e r t o t h e Ge n e r a l Co u n c i l ,
o n c e mo r e t e n d e r i n g h e r r e s i g n a t i o n a s Co r r e s p o n d i n g
Se c r e t a r y , a n d c l o s i n g h e r c o mmu n i c a t i o n wi t h t h e s e
wo r d s
Il e a ve wi t h y o u , o n e a n d a l l , a n d t o e ve r y o n e
o f my f r i e n d s a n d s y mp a t h i z e r s , my l o vi n g f a r e -
we l l . Sh o u l d t h i s b e my l a s t wo r d , Iwo u l d i m-
p l o r e y o u a l l , a s y o u h a ve r e g a r d f o r t h e we l -
f a r e o f ma n ki n d a n d y o u r o wn Ka r ma , t o b e
t r u e t o t h e So c i e t y a n d n o t t o p e r mi t i t t o b e
o ve r t h r o wn b y t h e e n e my . Fr a t e r n a l l y a n d e ve r
y o u r s - i n l i f e o r d e a t h
.
H. P. BLAVATSSy .
He r r e s i g n a t i o n wa s a c c e p t e d b y t h e Co u n c i l wi t h f u l -
s o me c o mp l i me n t s , e ve n a s t h e c o wa r d l y a c t i o n o f t h e
Co n ve n t i o n a n d i t s Co mmi t t e e h a d b e e n a c c o mp a n i e d
wi t h b r a ve wo r d s
.
Mr
. Ri c h a r d Ho d g s o n , c h o s e n b y t h e So c i e t y f o r Ps y -
$ 0

THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
c h i c a l Re s e a r c h t o c o n t i n u e i n In d i a t h e i n ve s t i g a t i o n s
b e g u n i n En g l a n d , a r r i ve d ' a t
h e a d q u a r t e r s i n De e e m-
b e r , p a s s e d t h r e e mo n t h s i n p u r s u i n g h i s i n q u i r i e s a n d
r e t u r n e d t o En g l a n d i n Ap r i l , 1 885 . He wa s , t h e r e f o r e ,
p r e s e n t i n In d i a d u r i n g a l l t h e t y p h o o n s o f f i e r c e a t t a c k
a n d a l l t h e p e r i o d o f wa ve r i n g d e f e n s e . He wi t n e s s e d
t h e . b o l d c o n f i d e n c e o f t h e a c c u s e r s a n d o b s e r ve d t h e
t i mi d , t h e c a u t i o u s , t h e d o u b t i n g a n d f e a r i n g a t t i t u d e
a n d a c t i o n s o f Co l . Ol c o t t a n d o t h e r l e a d i n g Th e o s o p h i s t s .
Ha d t h e r e b e e n n o o t h e r i n f l u e n c e a t wo r ku p o n h i s mi n d ,
t h e s e a l o n e , we t h i n k, wo u l d h a ve b e e n mo r e t h a n a mp l e
t o p e r s u a d e h i mt h a t Th e o s o p h y , t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So -
c i e t y , t h e " Ad e p t Br o t h e r s " a n d t h e i r t e a c h i n g s we r e ,
wi t h t h e p h e n o me n a o f H. P. B . , n o t h i n g b u t a va s t f r a u d
d e vi s e d a n d p e r p e t r a t e d f o r s o me s e c r e t p u r p o s e .
Mr
. Ho d g s o n ' s r e p o r t o f h i s i n ve s t i g a t i o n s wa s s u b -
mi t t e d t o t h e Co mmi t t e e o f t h e S. P. R . ,
b y t h e me n -
d o r s e d , a n d a t t h e Ge n e r a l Me e t i n g o f t h e So c i e t y o n
J u n e 2 4 , 1 885 , Pr o f . Si d g wi c ko f t h e Co mmi t t e e r e a d i t s
Co n c l u s i o n s . Ce r t a i n d i f f i c u l t i e s d e ve l o p i n g , t h e e n s u i n g
s i xmo n t h s we r e s p e n t b y Mr . Ho d g s o n i n r e vi s i n g a n d
r e - va mp i n g h i s r e p o r t . In t h e i n t e r va l i t b e c a me c o m-
mo n kn o wl e d g e t h a t t h e r e p o r t o f t h e Co mmi t t e e a n d
t h e S. P. R . wo u l d b e e n t i r e l y a d ve r s e t o t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l
p h e n o me n a . As i n t h e Co u l o mb c a s e , t h e ma c h i n e r y o f
a s s a u l t wa s p r e p a r e d i n s e c r e c y a n d s i l e n c e
. No , o p p o r -
t u n i t y wa s g i ve n t h e Th e o s o p h i s t s t o i n s p e c t Mr
. Ho d g -
s o n ' s r e p o r t , n o c h a n c e o f f e r e d f o r c o r r e c t i o n , c r i t i c i s m,
o b je c t i o n , o r c o u n t e r - s t a t e me n t , wh i l e d u r i n g a l l t h e l o n g
i n t e r va l t h e mo s t i n ju r i o u s d a ma g e wa s b e i n g i n f l i c t e d
t h r o u g h t h e p u b l i c kn o wl e d g e o f wh a t t h e f i n d i n g s wo u l d
b e , a n d wh i l e t h e Th e o s o p h i s t s c o u l d o n l y a wa i t t h e p r o -
d u c t i o n o f c h a r g e s o f wh o s e e s s e n t i a l n a t u r e t h e y kn e w
n o t h i n g a n d t o wh i c h , t h e r e f o r e , n o r e p l y wa s p o s -
s i b l e .
Th e Co n c l u s i o n s o f t h e Co mmi t t e e a n d t h e f u l l t e xt
o f Mr . Ho d g s o n ' s r e p o r t we r e f i n a l l y e mb o d i e d i n t h e
Pr o c e e d i n g s o f t h e S. P. R . , Vo l u me 3 , p p . 2 01 - 4 00, i s s u e d
i n De c e mb e r , 1 885 .
REPORTOFTHES. P. R.
Th e e s s e n t i a l c o n c l u s i o n s o f t h e Co mmi t t e e a r e e m-
b o d i e d i n t h e f o l l o wi n g e xt r a c t s
Af t e r c a r e f u l l y we i g h i n g a l l t h e e vi d e n c e b e -
f o r e t h e m, t h e Co mmi t t e e u n a n i mo u s l y a r r i ve d
a t t h e f o l l o wi n g c o n c l u s i o n s
(1 )Th a t o f ' t h e l e t t e r s p u t f o r wa r d b y
Ma d a me Co u l o mb , a l l t h o s e , a t l e a s t , wh i c h t h e
Co mmi t t e e
h a ve h a d t h e o p p o r t u n i t y o f t h e m-
s e l ve s e xa mi n i n g , a n d o f s u b mi t t i n g t o t h e ju d g -
me n t o f e xp e r t s , a r e u n d o u b t e d l y wr i t t e n b y
Ma d a me Bl a va t s ky ; a n d s u f f i c e t o p r o ve t h a t
s h e h a s b e e n e n g a g e d i n a l o n g - c o n t i n u e d c o m-
b i n a t i o n wi t h o t h e r p e r s o n s t o p r o d u c e b y o r d i -
n a r y me a n s a s e r i e s o f a p p a r e n t ma r ve l s f o r t h e
s u p p o r t o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c mo ve me n t .
(2 )Th a t , i n p a r t i c u l a r , t h e Sh r i n e a t Ad y a r ,
t h r o u g h wh i c h l e t t e r s , p u r p o r t i n g t o c o me f r o m
Ma h a t ma s we r e r e c e i ve d , wa s e l a b o r a t e l y a r -
r a n g e d wi t h a vi e wt o t h e s e c r e t i n s e r t i o n o f l e t -
t e r s a n d o t h e r o b je c t s t h r o u g h a s l i d i n g p a n e l
a t t h e b a c k, a n d r e g u l a r l y u s e d f o r t h i s p u r p o s e
b y Ma d a me Bl a va t s ky o r h e r a g e n t s .
(3 )Th a t t h e r e i s i n c o n s e q u e n c e a ve r y
s t r o n g g e n e r a l p r e s u mp t i o n t h a t a l l t h e ma r -
ve l o u s n a r r a t i ve s p u t f o r wa r d a s e vi d e n c e o f t h e
e xi s t e n c e a n d o c c u l t p o we r o f t h e Ma h a t ma s
a r e t o b e e xp l a i n e d a s d u e e i t h e r (a ) t o d e -
l i b e r a t e d e c e p t i o n c a r r i e d o u t b y o r a t t h e i n -
s t i g a t i o n o f Ma d a me Bl a va t s ky , o r (b )t o s p o n -
t a n e o u s i l l u s i o n , o r h a l l u c i n a t i o n , o r u n c o n s c i o u s
mi s r e p r e s e n t a t i o n o r i n ve n t i o n o n t h e p a r t o f
t h e wi t n e s s e s .
(4 )Th a t a f t e r e xa mi n i n g Mr . Ho d g s o n ' s r e -
p o r t o f t h e r e s u l t s o f h i s p e r s o n a l i n q u i r i e s , t h e y
a r e o f t h e o p i n i o n t h a t t h e t e s t i mo n y t o t h e s e
ma r ve l s i s i n n o c a s e s u f f i c i e n t , t a l d n g a mo u n t
a n d c h a r a c t e r t o g e t h e r , t o r e s i s t t h e f o r c e o f t h e
g e n e r a l p r e s u mp t i o n a b o ve me n t i o n e d
.
o f ,

THETHEOSOPHICALMOVEMENT
f
Ac c o r d i n g l y , t h e y t h i n ki t wo u l d b e a wa s t e
o f t i me t o p r o l o n g t h e i n ve s t i g a t i o n .
Wi t h r e f e r e n c e t o Ma d a me Bl a va t s ky h e r s e l f , t h e
Co mmi t t e e s a y
Fo r o u r o wn p a r t , we r e g a r d h e r n e i t h e r a s
t h e mo u t h p i e c e o f h i d d e n s e e r s , n o r a s a me r e
vu l g a r a d ve n t u r e s s ; we t h i n kt h a t s h e h a s
a c h i e ve d a t i t l e t o p e r ma n e n t r e me mb r a n c e a s
o n e o f t h e mo s t a c c o mp l i s h e d , i n g e n i o u s , a n d i n -
t e r e s t i n g i mp o s t o r s i n h i s t o r y .
Th e p r e l i mi n a r y a n d f i n a l r e p o r t s o f t h e Co mmi t t e e
s h o u l d b e t a ke n t o g e t h e r . Th e f o r me r i s t o b e f o u n d
o n l y i n p r i va t e c o l l e c t i o n s a n d a f e wl a r g e l i b r a r i e s , b u t
t h e Pr o c e e d i n g s o f t h e So c i e t y f o r Ps y c h i c a l Re s e a r c h ,
Vo l u me 3 , ma y b e c o n s u l t e d i n n e a r l y e ve r y l i b r a r y o f
a n y c o n s e q u e n c e i n En g l a n d a n d Ame r i c a
. Eve r y s t u -
d e n t o f Th e o s o p h i c a l h i s t o r y o u g h t t o r e a d , d i g e s t a n d
c o l l a t e t h i s r e p o r t f o r h i ms e l f
. Su c h a c a r e f u l a n d f i r s t -
h a n d e xa mi n a t i o n a n d c o mp a r i s o n wi l l p r o ve t o h i ma s
n o t h i n g e l s e c a n t h e mo n s t r o u s i n ju s t i c e a n d i n f a my
o f t h e S. P. R . i n ve s t i g a t i o n a n d r e p o r t .
Mi s c a r r i a g e s o f ju s t i c e a r e f r e q u e n t e ve n - i n c o n t r o -
ve r s i e s i n vo l vi n g o n l y o r d i n a r y p h y s i c a l - e ve n t s , a n d
wh e r e s u r r o u n d e d a n d s a f e g u a r d e d b y a l l t h e ju r i s p r u -
d e n c e , p r i n c i p l e s a n d p r a c t i c e e mb o d y i n g t h e a c c u mu -
l a t e d e xp e r i e n c e o f t h e r a c e i n t h e d e t e r mi n a t i o n o f mo o t
a n d d i s p u t e d i s s u e s . Ho wmu c h g r e a t e r , t h e n , t h e r i s k
o f mi s t a ke n o r f a l s e ju d g me n t i n c a s e s n o t s o p r o t e c t e d ,
a n d wh e r e t h e i s s u e s t o b e d e c i d e d n o t o n l y d o n o t l i e
wi t h i n t h e g e n e r a l e xp e r i e n c e o f t h e r a c e , b u t b y mo s t
me n a r e b e l i e ve d t o b e i mp o s s i b l e a n d t h e r e f o r e i n c r e d i -
b l e ; wh e r e t h e ve r y f a c t s t h e ms e l ve s t o b e i n ve s t i g a t e d ,
a s we l l a s t h e l a ws a n d p r i n c i p l e s b y vi r t u e o f wh i c h a l o n e
t h e i r p o s s i b i l i t y c a n b e a s s u me d , l i e o u t s i d e t h e kn o wl -
e d g e o r e xp e r i e n c e o f t h e i n ve s t i g a t o r s t h e ms e l ve s
; a n d
wh e r e i t i s r e c o g n i z e d t h a t t h e a d mi s s i o n o r e s t a b l i s h -
me n t o f t h e s e l a ws , p r i n c i p l e s , a n d p h e n o me n a wi l l wo r k
REPORT OF THES. P. R.

88
a r e v o l u t i o n i n e v e r y d e p a r t m e n t o f h u m a n t h o u g h t a n d
a c t i o n
. B e a r i n g t h e s e c o n s i d e r a t i o n s a n d t h e c o n c o m i -
t a n t c i r c u m s t a n c e s i n
m i n d t h e r e a l f a c t s a n d t h e r e a l
i s s u e s m a y b e u n d e r s t o o d f r o m a s t u d y o f t h e r e p o r t s
o f t h e So c i e t y f o r Ps y c h i c a l Re s e a r c h a l o n e
.
I n t h e f i r s t p l a c e , t h e i n v e s t i g a t i o n w a s e n t i r e l y
e x
p a r t e .
Th e C o m m i t t e e l a i d o u t i t s o w n c o u r s e o f p r o -
c e d u r e , d e t e r m i n e d i t s o w n b a s i s , a d m i t t e d w h a t i t c h o s e ,
r e j e c t e d w h a t i t c h o s e , r e p o r t e d w h a t i t c h o s e o f t h e
e v i d e n c e - s u b j e c t t o n o s u p e r v i s i o n , n o c o r r e c t i o n , n o
s a f e g u a r d s t o i n s u r e i m p a r t i a l i t y , o r a f f o r d r e d r e s s i f
b i a s w e r e e x e r c i s e d . Of i t s o w n m o t i o n a n d d e c i s i o n i t
c o n s t i t u t e d i t s e l f c o u r t , j u d g e , a n d j u r y ; a t i t s p l e a s u r e
i t f i n a l l y t o o k u p o n i t s e l f t h e r o l e o f p r o s e c u t o r w i t h o u t
a l l o w i n g o r p e r m i t t i n g t o t h o s e i t t h u s c o n s t i t u t e d d e -
f e n d a n t s t o i t s p r o c e e d i n g s a n y r i g h t o f c r o s s - e x a m i n a -
t i o n o r r e b u t t a l . Th a t w h i c h b e g a n o s t e n s i b l y a s a m e r e
i n q u i r y i n t o t h e e v i d e n c e s a v a i l a b l e c o n c e r n i n g t h e Th e -
o s o p h i c a l p h e n o m e n a d e g e n e r a t e d i n t o a c r i m i n a l p r o s e -
c u t i o n , i n w h i c h a v e r d i c t o f " g u i l t y " w a s p r o n o u n c e d
u p o n H. P
. B l a v a t s k y - w i t h o u t a h e a r i n g , w i t h o u t a p -
p e a l , w i t h o u t r e c o u r s e f o r t h e v i c t i m
. Ha d t h e C o m -
m i t t e e b e e n a d u l y a n d l e g a l l y c o n s t i t u t e d C o u r t , i t s p r o -
c e d u r e w o u l d h a v e b e e n w i t h o u t a p a r a l l e l i n En g l i s h
h i s t o r y s a v e i n t h e " b l o o d y a s s i z e s " o f t h e i n f a m o u s
J e f f r e y s
.
B u t i n f a c t t h e C o m m i t t e e w a s t h a t o f a r i v a l s o c i e t y
w h o s e o b j e c t s , m e t h o d s , a n d p u r p o s e s w e r e d i a m e t r i c a l l y
o p p o s e d t o t h e o b j e c t s a n d p r i n c i p l e s p r o c l a i m e d b y
H. P
. B l a v a t s k y a n d t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y f o r t e n
y e a r s p r e c e d i n g t h e i n v e s t i g a t i o n
. Th e So c i e t y f o r Ps y -
c h i c a l Re s e a r c h w a s i n t e r e s t e d i n p h e n o m e n a s o l e l y a n d
o n l y a s p h e n o m e n a
; w a s m o v e d b y m e r e s c i e n t i f i c c u r i -
o s i t y .
I t s p e c i f i c a l l y d i s c l a i m e d a n y i n t e r e s t i n p h i l -
o s o p h i c a l r e s e a r c h , a n y c o n c e r n i n Oc c u l t l a w s , a n y r e g a r d
f o r t h e m o r a l f a c t o r , i n i t s e q u a t i o n s
.
Th e Th e o s o p h i -
c a l So c i e t y a n d H. P. B
. , o n t h e c o n t r a r y , s p e c i f i c a l l y
a v o w e d t h e p r i m a r y Ob j e c t o f i t s e x i s t e n c e w a s t h e
m o r a l f a c t o r o f Un i v e r s a l B r o t h e r h o o d , i t s s e c o n d
Ob j e c t t h e s e r i o u s s t u d y a n d c o m p a r i s o n o f r e l i g i o n s a n d
84

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
p h i l o s o p h i e s , a n d i t s t h i r d o b j e c t t h e i n v e s t i g a t i o n o f
l a w s a n d p o w e r s a s y e t u n e x p l a i n e d a n d m i s u n d e r s t o o d ;
n o t p h e n o m e n a a t a l l , s a v e a s t h e s e m i g h t b e i n c i d e n t a l
a n d i l l u s t r a t i v e .
Th e s e d i f f e r e n c e s w e r e r e c o g n i z e d b y t h e C o m m i t t e e .
Th e p r e l i m i n a r y r e p o r t s a y s :
Th e d i f f e r e n c e b e t w e e n . Th e Th e o s o p h i c a l So -
c i e t y a n d t h e So c i e t y f o r Ps y c h i c a l Re s e a r c h
i s . . . a l m o s t d i a m e t r i c a l . Th e So c i e t y f o r
Ps y c h i c a l Re s e a r c h e x i s t s m e r e l y a s a m a c h i n -
e r y f o r i n v e s t i g a t i o n . . . . Th e Th e o s o p h i c a l
So c i e t y e x i s t s m a i n l y t o p r o m u l g a t e c e r t a i n d o c -
t r i n e s a l r e a d y f o r m u l a t e d , t h o s e d o c t r i n e s b e i n g
s u p p o r t e d b y p h e n o m e n a w h i c h a r e a v o w e d l y
i n t e n d e d a n d a d a p t e d r a t h e r f o r t h e i n f l u e n c i n g
o f i n d i v i d u a l m i n d s t h a n f o r t h e w h o l e s a l e i n -
s t r u c t i o n o f t h e s c i e n t i f i c w o r l d .
W h a t t h e C o m m i t t e e ' s a t t i t u d e w a s i n r e g a r d t o t h e
m o r a l f a c t o r ,
a n d i t s a t t i t u d e t o w a r d t h e " c e r t a i n d o c -
t r i n e s a l r e a d y f o r m u l a t e d " f o r t h e p r o m u l g a t i o n o f
w h i c h t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y " m a i n l y e x i s t s " a r e
s h o w n b y i t s o w n r e p o r t s . I n t h e p r e l i m i n a r y r e p o r t
t h e s t a t e m e n t i s m a d e , " Th e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y w a s
f o u n d e d . . . f o r c e r t a i n p h i l a n t h r o p i c a n d l i t e r a r y p u r -
p o s e s , w i t h w h i c h w e a r e n o t n o w c o n c e r n e d
. " I n t h e
f i n a l r e p o r t t h e s t a t e m e n t i s m a d e :
" Th e Th e o s o p h i c a l
So c i e t y w a s f o u n d e d
o s t e n s i b l y f o r c e r t a i n p h i l a n t h r o p i c
a n d l i t e r a r y p u r p o s e s
. . . w i t h t h e s e d o c t r i n e s ( o r s o -
c a l l e d ' W i s d o m - Re l i g i o n ' ) t h e C o m m i t t e e h a v e , o f c o u r s e ,
n o c o n c e r n . "
I t s h o u l d b e u n d e r s t o o d i n c o n n e c t i o n w i t h t h e u s e
o f t h e w o r d " o s t e n s i b l y " a b o v e , t h a t n o t a s h r e d o f e v i -
d e n c e i s i n t r o d u c e d o r c l a i m e d t o b e i n t r o d u c e d t h a t t h e
Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y e v e r h a d a n y o t h e r o b j e c t s t h a n
i t s p r o c l a i m e d o n e s
.
Th e C o m m i t t e e t o o k e n o u g h n o t e o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l
d o c t r i n e s t o r e c o g n i z e a t t h e b e g i n n i n g t h e i r e n o r m o u s
i m p o r t
REPORTOFTHES
. P
. R.

85
Th e t e a c h i n g
. . .
c o m p r i s e s a c o s m o g o n y , a
p h i l o s o p h y , a r e l i g i o n
. W i t h t h e v a l u e o f t h i s
t e a c h i n g
p e r s e w e a r e n o t a t p r e s e n t c o n c e r n e d .
B UTI TI SOB VI OUSTHATW EREI TW I DELYAC C EPTED
AGREATC HANGEW OULDB EI NDUC EDI NHUMAN
THOUGHTI NALMOSTEVERY DEPARTMENT. TO TAKE
ONEPOI NTONLY, THESPI RI TUALANDI NTELLEC TUAL
RELATI ONSHI POFEASTTOW ESTW OULDB EFORTHE
TI MEI NGREATMEASUREREVERSED. I I Ex ORI ENTE
LUX" W OULDB EMORETHANAMETAPHORANDA
MEMORY
; I TW OULDB ETHEEXPRESSI ONOFAC TUAL
C ONTEMPORARYFAC T.
W h y w a s t h e C o m m i t t e e " n o t c o n c e r n e d i n t h e v a l u e
o f t h i s t e a c h i n g ?" W a s i t b e c a u s e t h e W e s t o r t h e
C o m m i t t e e a l r e a d y p o s s e s s e d a b u n d a n t k n o w l e d g e a s t o
t h e e x i s t e n c e o f s u p e r p h y s i c a l p h e n o m e n a a n d t h e l a w s
a n d p r o c e s s e s b y w h i c h s u c h p h e n o m e n a a r e p r o d u c e d ?
He r e i s w h a t w a s p r o c l a i m e d i n t h e p r o s p e c t u s o f t h e
S. P
. R. i n 1882
:
Th e f o u n d e r s o f t h i s So c i e t y f u l l y r e c o g n i z e
t h e e x c e p t i o n a l d i f f i c u l t i e s w h i c h s u r r o u n d t h i s
b r a n c h o f r e s e a r c h ; b u t t h e y n e v e r t h e l e s s h o p e
t h a t b y p a t i e n t a n d s y s t e m a t i c e f f o r t s o m e r e -
s u l t s o f p e r m a n e n t v a l u e m a y b e a t t a i n e d .
An d t h e C o m m i t t e e i t s e l f a d m i t s i n t h e p r e l i m i n a r y r e -
p o r t t h a t t h e e v i d e n c e f o r t h e s e p h e n o m e n a " i s o f a
k i n d w h i c h i t i s p e c u l i a r l y d i f f i c u l t t o d i s e n t a n g l e o r t o
e v a l u a t e . Th e c l a i m s a d v a n c e d a r e s o e n o r m o u s , a n d
t h e l i n e s o f t e s t i m o n y c o n v e r g e a n d i n o s c u l a t e i n a m a n -
n e r s o p e r p l e x i n g t h a t i t i s a l m o s t e q u a l l y h a r d t o s a y
w h a t s t a t e m e n t s a r e t o b e a c c e p t e d , a n d w h a t i n f e r -
e n c e s a s t o o t h e r s t a t e m e n t s a r e t o b e d r a w n f r o m t h e
a c c e p t a n c e o f a n y . "
To h a v e c o n c e r n e d i t s e l f s e r i o u s l y w i t h Ma d a m e B l a -
v a t s k y ' s t e a c h i n g s , t o h a v e i n v e s t i g a t e d a n d s t u d i e d t h e
p r i n c i p l e s a n d p r o c e s s e s s h e i n c u l c a t e d w o u l d h a v e c a l l e d
f o r a s e l f - s a c r i f i c i n g d e v o t i o n t h a t n o m e m b e r o f t h e
86

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
C o m m i t t e e h a d a n y z e s t f o r . Th e r e w a s a d v e r t i s i n g
v a l u e i n " i n v e s t i g a t i n g " H. P. B . a n d h e r p h e n o m e n a ;
i m m e d i a t e a n d s a f e p r o f i t a n d a d v a n t a g e i n a r g u i n g s u c h
o p i n i o n s a n d s p e c u l a t i o n s a s a c c o r d e d w i t h t h e i r o w n
p r e c o n c e p t i o n s a n d t h e o r i e s a n d n o t i n d i r e c t o p p o s i t i o n
t o t h e " c o s m o g o n y , p h i l o s o p h y a n d r e l i g i o n " o f t h e
t i m e s , n o r c o u n t e r t o p r e v a i l i n g i d e a s o f t h e c o m p l e t e
s u p e r i o r i t y o f " t h e s p i r i t u a l a n d i n t e l l e c t u a l r e l a t i o n -
s h i p " o f t h e
W e s t
t o t h e Ea s t . Th e C o m m i t t e e h a d n o
a p p e t i t e i n a d i r e c t i o n t h a t m i g h t r e s u l t i n m a k i n g " e x
o r i e n t e l u x " s o m e t h i n g m o r e t h a n " a m e t a p h o r a n d a
m e m o r y . " W h a t o t h e r r a t i o n a l i n f e r e n c e s c a n b e d r a w n
f r o m t h e C o m m i t t e e ' s o w n s t a t e m e n t s ?
Re a l i z i n g t h a t t h e w h o l e i n v e s t i g a t i o n w a s e x p a r t e ,
a n d a f a r c e a s w e l l , b e c a u s e i t r e f u s e d t o e n t e r i n t o a n y
s t u d y o f t h e s t a t e d p r i n c i p l e s u n d e r w h i c h t h e p h e n o m e n a
w e r e p o s s i b l e , t h e n e x t q u e s t i o n i s c o n c e r n e d w i t h t h e
c o m p e t e n c y o f t h e C o m m i t t e e t o i n q u i r e i n t o t h e Th e -
o s o p h i c a l p h e n o m e n a o r w e i g h t h e v a l u e o f t h e e v i d e n c e
a m a s s e d .
Th e w h o l e h i s t o r y o f Sp i r i t u a l i s t i c a n d a l l i e d p h e -
n o m e n a w i t h o u t e x c e p t i o n s h o w s t h a t t h e o c c u r r e n c e s a r e
i n v o l u n t a r y
o n t h e p a r t o f t h e m e d i u m , b o t h a s r e g a r d s
t h e i r p r o d u c t i o n a n d c o n t r o l , a n d t h a t t h e i r r a t i o n a l e a n d
p r o c e s s e s a r e n o t u n d e r s t o o d e i t h e r b y m e d i u m s o r i n -
v e s t i g a t o r s . On t h e o t h e r h a n d , a b s o l u t e l y e v e r y i o t a o f
e v i d e n c e a m a s s e d b y t h e C o m m i t t e e s h o w s t h a t t h e Th e -
o s o p h i c a l p h e n o m e n a w e r e v o l u n t a r y , - t h a t i s , c o n -
s c i o u s l y p r o d u c e d a n d c o n s c i o u s l y c o n t r o l l e d b y t h e
o p e r a t o r s , a n d t h o s e o p e r a t o r s t h e m s e l v e s c l a i m e d t h a t
t h e e x p l a n a t i o n o f l a w s a n d p r o c e s s e s c o u l d b e a c q u i r e d
o n l y t h r o u g h t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l t e a c h i n g s . Ne v e r t h e l e s s ,
t h e C o m m i t t e e a n d Mr . Ho d g s o n s t e a d f a s t l y t o o k t h e p o -
s i t i o n t h a t t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l p h e n o m e n a w e r e o f t h e s a m e
c h a r a c t e r a s Sp i r i t u a l i s t i c m a n i f e s t a t i o n s , a n d w e r e t o b e
a p p r o a c h e d i n t h e s a m e w a y . Al t h o u g h t h e p h e n o m e n a
w e r e a d m i t t e d l y m e t a p h y s i c a l
i n c a u s a t i o n , t h e C o m m i t -
t e e u s e d o n l y p h y s i c a l m e a n s o f i n v e s t i g a t i o n , a n d r e -
j e c t e d e v e r y h y p o t h e s i s o t h e r t h a n p h y s i c a l t o e x p l a i n
t h e m . Al t h o u g h i n t h e p r e l i m i n a r y r e p o r t i t w a s a l r e a d y
REPORTOFTHES. P. R.

87
a w a r e o f t h e C o u l o m b a c c u s a t i o n s i n r e g a r d t o p h e -
n o m e n a i n I n d i a , o f t h e " Ri d d l e i n c i d e n t " i n c o n n e c t i o n
w i t h o n e o f t h e " l e t t e r s " i n t h e ` Oc c u l t W o r l d , " a n d
o f t h e n a t u r e o f Mr . Ma s s e y ' s " p r i v a t e e v i d e n c e " i n r e -
g a r d t o a n o t h e r " Oc c u l t l e t t e r , " y e t t h e t e s t i m o n y t o n u -
m e r o u s o t h e r p h e n o m e n a w a s s o o v e r w h e l m i n g , s o u n -
q u e s t i o n e d , t h a t t h e C o m m i t t e e s a y i t i s " i m p o s s i b l e t o
a v o i d o n e o r o t h e r o f t w o a l t e r n a t i v e c o n c l u s i o n s -
. -
Ei t h e r t h a t s o m e o f t h e p h e n o m e n a r e c o r d e d a r e g e n u -
i n e , o r t h a t o t h e r p e r s o n s o f g o o d s t a n d i n g i n s o c i e t y ,
a n d w i t h c h a r a c t e r s t o l o s e , h a v e t a k e n p a r t i n d e l i b -
e r a t e i m p o s t u r e . " I n t h e f i n a l r e p o r t n o t a s c i n t i l l a o f
e v i d e n c e c a n b e f o u n d t o c o n t r o v e r t t h i s t e s t i m o n y , n o r
t o i m p e a c h t h e " p e r s o n s o f g o o d s t a n d i n g i n s o c i e t y , a n d
w i t h c h a r a c t e r s t o l o s e
. " Th e y , a t l e a s t , a r e n o t c h a r g e d
w i t h h a v i n g " t a k e n p a r t i n d e l i b e r a t e i m p o s t u r e
. "
Ho w , t h e n , d o e s t h e C o m m i t t e e e x p l a i n t h e p h e n o m e n a
s o o v e r w h e l m i n g l y t e s t i f i e d t o ?I t s a y s t h e y w e r e d u e
" t o s p o n t a n e o u s i l l u s i o n , o r h a l l u c i n a t i o n , o r u n c o n s c i o u s
m i s r e p r e s e n t a t i o n o r i n v e n t i o n o n t h e p a r t o f t h e w i t -
n e s s e s . " Fo r t h i s w h o l e s a l e " e x p l a n a t i o n , " n o t a b e n e ,
n o t o n e p a r t i c l e o f e v i d e n c e i s i n t r o d u c e d o r p r e t e n d e d
t o b e i n t r o d u c e d . I t r e s t s u n e q u i v o c a l l y , n a k e d l y a n d
u n a s h a m e d l y o n t h e i p s e d i x i t o f t h e C o m m i t t e e ; i t s o n l y
s u p p o r t t h e i r t h e o r i e s a n d s p e c u l a t i o n s t o a c c o u n t f o r
p h e n o m e n a t h a t c a n n o t o t h e r w i s e b e d o n e a w a y w i t h .
W h e r e t h e n w a s t h e " s p o n t a n e o u s i l l u s i o n , o r h a l l u c i n a -
t i o n , o r u n c o n s c i o u s m i s r e p r e s e n t a t i o n o r i n v e n t i o n " -
" o n t h e p a r t o f t h e w i t n e s s e s , " o r o n
t h e p a r t o f t h e
C o m m i t t e e a n d Mr . Ho d g s o n ?
I t r e m a i n s t o b e s t a t e d t h a t n e i t h e r t h e m e m b e r s o f
t h e C o m m i t t e e n o r Mr
. Ho d g s o n w e r e a b l e t h e m s e l v e s
t o p r o d u c e a n y p h e n o m e n a , n o r w e r e w i t n e s s o f a n y o f
t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l p h e n o m e n a
. No r d i d t h e y c l a i m f o r
t h e m s e l v e s a n y k n o w l e d g e o f t h e i r o w n a s t o h o w s u c h
p h e n o m e n a c o u l d o r c o u l d n o t b e p r o d u c e d
. Al l t h a t
t h e y h a d o r i g i n a l l y s e t o u t t o d o w a s t o s e c u r e t h e t e s t i -
m o n y o f w i t n e s s e s w h o h a d s e e n p h e n o m e n a
. Th e t w o
r e p o r t s s h o w t h a t w i t h t h e s i n g l e e x c e p t i o n o f t h e a c -
c u s a t i o n s o f t h e C o u l o m b s n o t a w i t n e s s o f t h e m o r e
88

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
t h a n o n e h u n d r e d ' w h o s e t e s t i m o n y w a s o b t a i n e d , b u t
t e s t i f i e d u n e q u i v o c a l l y a n d p o s i t i v e l y t o t h e o c c u r r e n c e
o f p h e n o m e n a u n d e r c i r c u m s t a n c e s t h a t f o r h i m p r e -
c l u d e d a n y o t h e r c o n c l u s i o n s b u t t h a t t h e p h e n o m e n a
w e r e g e n u i n e . So m u c h f o r t h e c o m p e t e n c y o f t h e C o m -
m i t t e e t o a d j u d g e t h e f a c t s a s t e s t i f i e d t o .
Up o n w h a t , t h e n , d i d t h e C o m m i t t e e r e l y f o r i t s c o n -
c l u s i o n s ?Up o n t h e C o u l o m b s ; u p o n t h e " Ki d d i e i n c i -
d e n t " ; u p o n Mr . Ma s s e y ' s " p r i v a t e e v i d e n c e " ; u p o n
t h e " e x p e r t o p i n i o n s " o f Mr . F. G. Ne t h e r c l i f t a n d Mr .
Si m s o n h a n d w r i t i n g s ; m o s t o f a l l o n t h e " o p i n i o n s "
o f Mr . Ho d g s o n a n d o t h e r s . Th e C o u l o m b s a n d t h e i r
c h a r g e s h a v e a l r e a d y b e e n d i s c u s s e d . B y t h e i r o w n s t o r y
t h e y w e r d k n a v e s , c h e a t s , a n d e x t o r t i o n e r s , " a c c o m -
p l i c e s " w i t h p l a i n l y e v i d e n t e v i l m o t i v e s , w h o s e s t o r y
h a d n o i n d e p e n d e n t c o r r o b o r a t i o n w h a t e v e r o u t s i d e t h e
s u s p i c i o n s o f Mr . Ho d g s o n a n d o t h e r s , a n d w h i c h w a s
d e n i e d p o i n t - b l a n k b y H. P. B . , c o n t r a d i c t e d p o i n t - b l a n k
b y t h e t e s t i m o n y o f s c o r e s o f a c t u a l i n d e p e n d e n t w i t -
n e s s e s a n d i n v e s t i g a t o r s . " Th e Ki d d i e i n c i d e n t " h a s
b e e n g i v e n , " a n d w h a t e v e r o p i n i o n m a y b e f o r m e d i n
r e g a r d t o i t , t h e r e i s n o e v i d e n c e w h a t e v e r o f f r a u d i n
c o n n e c t i o n w i t h i t , o r o f a n y b a d f a i t h o n t h e p a r t o f Mr .
Si n n e t t o r H. P. B . o r a n y o t h e r Th e o s o p h i s t . Mr . Ma s -
s e y ' s " p r i v a t e e v i d e n c e " i s g i v e n a t p
. 3 9 7 o f t h e Re p o r t
a n d a n y o n e w h o r e a d s i t c a n d e t e r m i n e f o r h i m s e l f t h a t ,
w h a t e v e r o f t h e m y s t e r i o u s a n d t h e u n e x p l a i n e d t h e r e
m a y b e i n c o n n e c t i o n w i t h t h e m a t t e r , t h e r e i s
n o e v i -
d e n c e w h a t e v e r o f a n y f r a u d o n H. P. B . ' s p a r t . As i n
m a n y , m a n y o t h e r c a s e s , s o m e t h i n g o c c u r r e d w h i c h Mr .
Ma s s e y c o u l d n o t u n d e r s t a n d ; h i s d o u b t s w e r e a r o u s e d ;
H. P. B . d e n i e d a b s o l u t e l y a n y w r o n g - d o i n g , b u t r e f u s e d
a s a b s o l u t e l y t o e x p l a i n t h e m y s t e r y ; h e n c e s h e w a s
g u i l t y o f f r a u d
. "
Mr . Ho d g s o n a n d t h e C o m m i t t e e r e a c h e d t h e c o n -
c l u s i o n t h a t t h e " Ma h a t m a l e t t e r s " t o Mr . Si n n e t t a n d
o t h e r s w e r e i n f a c t w r i t t e n b y Ma d a m e B l a v a t s k y - a
c o n c l u s i o n o n l y , b e i t n o t e d . To f o r t i f y t h i s . o p i n i o n s o m e
o f t h e l e t t e r s w e r e s u b m i t t e d t o Mr . Si m s o f t h e B r i t i s h
' Se e C h a p t e r I V.
REPORTOFTHES. P. R.

89
Mu s e u m a n d t o Mr . Ne t h e r c l i f t , a Lo n d o n h a n d w r i t i n g
e x p e r t , a l o n g w i t h s a m p l e s o f t h e w r i t i n g o f H . P. B .
I n t h e f i r s t i n s t a n c e b o t h Mr . Ne t h e r c l i f t a n d Mr . Si m s
i n d e p e n d e n t l y r e a c h e d t h e c o n c l u s i o n t h a t t h e Ma h a t m a
l e t t e r s w e r e n o t
w r i t t e n b y H. P. B .
Th i s i s o n e o f t h e
" c e r t a i n d i f f i c u l t i e s " a l r e a d y s p o k e n o f a s c o n f r o n t i n g
Mr . Ho d g s o n a n d t h e C o m m i t t e e . Fo r i f t h e Ma h a t m a
l e t t e r s w e r e n o t w r i t t e n b y H. P. B . , w h o w r o t e t h e m ?
Af t e r h i s r e t u r n t o En g l a n d , t h e r e f o r e , Mr . Ho d g s o n
f o u n d h i m s e l f i n a q u a n d a r y o n t h i s p h a s e o f h i s r e p o r t .
He t h e r e u p o n t o o k t h e m a t t e r u p a g a i n w i t h t h e e x p e r t s ,
a n d a g r e e a b l y t h e y r e v e r s e d t h e i r o p i n i o n a n d d e c i d e d
t h a t t h e l e t t e r s
w e r e w r i t t e n b y H. P. B
. ! I n c r e d i b l e a s
t h i s m a y a p p e a r i t i s t h e f a c t a s d e r i v e d f r o m t h e r e p o r t
i t s e l f . On e w h o i s a t a l l f a m i l i a r w i t h t h e c o u r s e o f
" e x p e r t t e s t i m o n y " a s t o h a n d w r i t i n g k n o w s t h a t , a t
b e s t , s u c h t e s t i m o n y i s b u t o p i n i o n , a n d o f t e n e r r o n e o u s ,
e v e n w h e r e n o t f o r m e d t o s u i t t h e d e s i r e s o f t h e c l i e n t .
An e x a m p l e i s f u r n i s h e d o f t h e f a l l i b i l i t y o f " e x p e r t
o p i n i o n " b y t h i s v e r y Mr . Ne t h e r c l i f t h i m s e l f , f o r , a f e w
y e a r s l a t e r , h e w a s c a l l e d a s a n e x p e r t w i t n e s s i n t h e
c e l e b r a t e d c a s e o f C h a r l e s St e w a r t Pa r n e l l a g a i n s t t h e
Lo n d o n
Ti m e s
f o r l i b e l . I n t h a t c a s e Mr . Ne t h e r c l i f t
s w o r e p o s i t i v e l y t h a t t h e s i g n a t u r e t o t h e f a m o u s I I
Pi g o t t
l e t t e r s " w a s t h e h a n d w r i t i n g o f Mr . Pa r n e l l . La t e r o n
i n t h e c a s e Pi g o t t h i m s e l f c o n f e s s e d i n o p e n c o u r t t h a t
h e h a d f o r g e d t h e s i g n a t u r e s .
Th e e a r l i e s t k n o w n Ma h a t m a l e t t e r w a s o n e h a n d e d
t o Ma d a m e Fa d e e f , a u n t o f H . P. B . a n d w i d o w o f a
w e l l - k n o w n Ru s s i a n Ge n e r a l , i n 187 0 , l o n g b e f o r e H. P. B .
w a s k n o w n i n t h e w o r l d , a n d l o n g b e f o r e t h e f o r m a t i o n
o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y . Ac c o r d i n g t o t h e w r i t t e n
t e s t i m o n y o f Ma d a m e Fa d e e f , w h o s e g o o d c h a r a c t e r n o
o n e q u e s t i o n e d , t h e l e t t e r w a s h a n d e d t o h e r i n Ru s s i a
b y a n Or i e n t a l w h o v a n i s h e d b e f o r e h e r e y e s . Sh e s t a t e d
t h a t , a t t h e t i m e , H. P. B . h a d b e e n a b s e n t f o r y e a r s , n o
o n e o f t h e f a m i l y k n e w o f h e r w h e r e a b o u t s , a l l t h e i r i n -
q u i r i e s h a d c o m e t o n a u g h t , a n d t h e y w e r e r e a d y t o b e -
l i e v e h e r d e a d w h e n " t h e l e t t e r r e l i e v e d t h e i r a n x i e t i e s b y
s a y i n g t h a t s h e w a s i n t h e c a r e o f t h e Ma h a t m a s a n d
9 0

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
w o u l d r e j o i n h e r f a m i l y w i t h i n e i g h t e e n m o n t h s
. W i t h
r e g a r d t o t h i s f i r s t Ma h a t m i c l e t t e r , w h i c h i s g i v e n i n
t h e p r e l i m i n a r y r e p o r t , Pr o f . F. W . H. My e r s , t h e l e a d i n g
m e m b e r o f t h e C o m m i t t e e ,
h i m s e l f c e r t i f i e d a s f o l l o w s
" I h a v e s e e n t h i s l e t t e r , w h i c h c e r t a i n l y a p p e a r s t o b e
i n t h e K. H. . ( Ma h a t m a )
h a n d w r i t i n g . F. W . H. M. "
C a n a n y o n e s u p p o s e t h a t t h i s Ma h a t m a l e t t e r , w r i t t e n
t o r e l i e v e t h e p r e s s i n g a n x i e t i e s o f l o v e d a n d l o v i n g r e l a -
t i v e s , w a s " d u e t o d e l i b e r a t e d e c e p t i o n c a r r i e d o u t b y
o r a t t h e i n s t i g a t i o n o f Ma d a m e B l a v a t s k y ?"
If n o t ,
h o w a c c o u n t f o r i t a n d t h e o t h e r Ma h a t m a l e t t e r s b e i n g
i n t h e s a m e h a n d w r i t i n g ?
Re m a i n s o n e m o r e q u e s t i o n f o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n : t h a t o f
t h e " m o r a l f a c t o r " o f m o t i v e . Th e i n f l u e n c e s a f f e c t i n g
t h e m o t i v e s a n d c o n d u c t o f t h e C o m m i t t e e , Mr . Ho d g s o n ,
t h e C o u l o m b s a n d o t h e r s , h a v e b e e n i n d i c a t e d . I n e v e r y
c a s e p r e c o n c e p t i o n s , i g n o r a n c e o f Oc c u l t l a w s a n d p r o c -
e s s e s ; m y s t e r i o u s c i r c u m s t a n c e s w h i c h t h e y c o u l d n o t
u n d e r s t a n d a n d w h i c h H. P. B . r e f u s e d t o e l u c i d a t e ; t h e
b a f f l i n g n a t u r e o f t h e p h e n o m e n a ; s e l f - i n t e r e s t ; p o p u -
l a r a n d s e c t a r i a n p r e s s u r e s a n d p r e j u d i c e s - a l l c o m -
b i n e d t o c r e a t e u n c e r t a i n t i e s , d o u b t s , s u s p i c i o n s , c o n -
j e c t u r e s a n d i n f e r e n c e s o f f r a u d a n d d e c e p t i o n
. Th e
e v i d e n c e , t h a t w h i c h w a s a c t u a l l y t e s t i f i e d t o , w a s o v e r -
w h e l m i n g l y i n s u p p o r t o f t h e g e n u i n e n e s s o f t h e
p h e n o m e n a .
Th e m o t i v e s o f t h e w i t n e s s e s a r e e q u a l l y e v i d e n t ; t h e y
h a d n o t h i n g w h a t e v e r t o g a i n a n d e v e r y t h i n g t o l o s e b y
t h e i r t e s t i m o n y . Th e y w e r e a f f i r m i n g t h e g e n u i n e n e s s
a n d r e a l i t y o f p h e n o m e n a i n w h i c h n i n e - t e n t h s o f h u -
m a n i t y d i s b e l i e v e s , a n d w h i c h , i f p r o v e d a n d a c c e p t e d ,
w o u l d u p s e t a n d d e s t r o y c h e r i s h e d a n d a l m o s t u n i v e r -
s a l l y p r e v a i l i n g i d e a s i n r e l i g i o n , s c i e n c e , a n d " a l m o s t
e v e r y d e p a r t m e n t o f h u m a n t h o u g h t a n d a c t i o n . " Th e
m o s t t h a t c o u l d h a v e b e e n e x p e c t e d f r o m t h e C o m m i t t e e
i n s u c h c i r c u m s t a n c e s w a s s u c h a c o n c l u s i o n a s t h a t o f
t h e Lo n d o n Di a l e c t i c a l So c i e t y o n t h e Sp i r i t u a l i s t i c p h e -
n o m e n a . B u t t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l p r i n c i p l e s a n d p h e n o m e n a
r e a c h f a r d e e p e r i n t o t h e f o u n d a t i o n s o f h u m a n c o n -
s c i o u s n e s s . Un l i k e t h e Sp i r i t u a l i s t m a n i f e s t a t i o n s a n d
REPORTOFTHES
. P. R.

9 1
t h e o r i e s , t h e r e i s n o r o o m f o r r e c o n c i l i a t i o n o r c o m p r o -
m i s e b e t w e e n Th e o s o p h i c a l t e a c h i n g s a n d p h e n o m e n a a n d
t h e " f o r c e s o f r e a c t i o n , " t h e e s t a b l i s h e d i n t e r e s t s i n
c h u r c h a n d s c i e n c e a n d h u m a n c o n d u c t . B i t t e r a s w a s
t h e o p p o s i t i o n t o Da r w i n i s m , m a l e v o l e n t a s w a s t h e a n -
t a g o n i s m t o t h e s p r e a d o f Sp i r i t u a l i s m a n d t o s u c h i n -
v e s t i g a t o r s o f i t a s Pr o f
. C r o o k e s , t h e s e w e r e a s n o t h -
i n g t o t h e f e a r a n d h a t r e d i n s p i r e d b y
H. P. B . , h e r
t e a c h i n g s a n d h e r p h e n o m e n a . I n t h e o n e c a s e c o m -
p r o m i s e , a m i d d l e g r o u n d , w a s p o s s i b l e . I n h e r c a s e i t
w a s i n s t i n c t i v e l y r e c o g n i z e d b y a l l t h a t n o c o m p r o m i s e
w a s p o s s i b l e . He n c e , t h e c o n c l u s i o n s o f t h e C o m m i t t e e
w e r e i n f a c t f o r e g o n e f r o m t h e b e g i n n i n g .
' I n n o o n e t h i n g , p e r h a p s , i s t h e w e a k n e s s o f t h e S . P. R.
i n v e s t i g a t i o n m o r e f a t a l l y s e l f - b e t r a y i n g t h a n i n t h e m o -
t i v e s t h e y a s s i g n t o a c c o u n t f o r t h e " l o n g - c o n t i n u e d
c o m b i n a t i o n a n d d e l i b e r a t e d e c e p t i o n i n s t i g a t e d a n d c a r -
r i e d o u t b y Ma d a m e B l a v a t s k y
. " Th a t a n y o n e , l e t a l o n e
a w o m a n , s h o u l d f o r t e n o r m o r e y e a r s m a k e e n d l e s s
p e r s o n a l s a c r i f i c e s o f e f f o r t , t i m e , m o n e y , h e a l t h , a n d
r e p u t a t i o n i n t h r e e c o n t i n e n t s , m e r e l y t o d e c e i v e t h o s e
w h o t r u s t e d h e r , w i t h n o p o s s i b l e b e n e f i t t o h e r s e l f ;
s h o u l d s u c c e e d i n s o d e c e i v i n g h u n d r e d s o f t h e m o s t i n -
t e l l i g e n t m e n a n d w o m e n o f m a n y r a c e s t h a t t h e y w e r e
c o n v i n c e d o f t h e r e a l i t y o f h e r p o w e r s , h e r t e a c h i n g s , h e r
m i s s i o n a s w e l l a s h e r p h e n o m e n a , o n l y t o b e u n m a s k e d
b y a b o y o f t w e n t y - t h r e e w h o , b y i n t e r v i e w i n g s o m e o f
t h e w i t n e s s e s a n d h e a r i n g t h e i r s t o r i e s , i s a b l e i n f a l l i b l y
t o s e e w h a t t h e y c o u l d n o t s e e , i s a b l e t o s u s p e c t w h a t
t h e y c o u l d f i n d n o o c c a s i o n f o r s u s p e c t i n g , i s a b l e t o d e -
t e c t a s u f f i c i e n t m o t i v e f o r i n s p i r i n g H
. P. B . t o t h e m o s t
m o n u m e n t a l c a r e e r o f c h i c a n e r y i n a l l h i s t o r y - t h i s i s
w h a t o n e h a s t o s w a l l o w i n o r d e r t o a t t a c h c r e d i b i l i t y
t o t h e e l a b o r a t e t i s s u e o f c o n j e c t u r e a n d s u s p i c i o n w o v e n
b y Mr
. Ho d g s o n t o o f f s e t t h e s o l i d w e i g h t o f t e s t i m o n y
t h a t t h e p h e n o m e n a w e r e g e n u i n e .
No c r i m e w i t h o u t a . m o t i v e . " W h a t , t h e n , w a s t h e
m o t i v e a t t r i b u t e d b y Mr . Ho d g s o n a n d t h e C o m m i t -
t e e t o m a k e c r e d i b l e t h e i r c o n c l u s i o n t h a t s h e w a s " o n e
o f t h e m o s t a c c o m p l i s h e d , i n g e n i o u s , a n d i n t e r e s t i n g i m -
9 2

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
p o s t o r s i n h i s t o r y ?"
Sh e w a s a Ru s s i a n s p y , a n d h e r m o -
t i v e w a s t o d e s t r o y B r i t i s h r u l e i n I n d i a l
I t i s i n t e r e s t i n g t o o b s e r v e t h e s u c c e s s i v e s t e p s o f
t h e C o m m i t t e e ' s s t r u g g l e w i t h t h i s ' q u e s t i o n o f t h e p o s s i -
b l e m o t i v e o f H. P. B
. I n t h e p r e l i m i n a r y r e p o r t t h e
C o m m i t t e e r a i s e s t h e q u e s t i o n o f " a l l t h e c o m m o n e r a n d
b a s e r m o t i v e s t o f r a u d o r e x a g g e r a t i o n , " a n d d i s m i s s e s
t h e m : " w e m a y s a y a t o n c e t h a t n o t r u s t w o r t h y e v i -
d e n c e s u p p o r t i n g s u c h a v i e w h a s b e e n b r o u g h t u n d e r o u r
n o t i c e . "
Ne x t t h e C o m m i t t e e c o n s i d e r s t h e p o s s i b i l i t y o f
" g o o d " m o t i v e s f o r b a d c o n d u c t : " No w w e k n o w , i n -
d e e d , t h a t t h e s u s p i c i o n s w h i c h t h e An g l o - I n d i a n a u -
t h o r i t i e s a t f i r s t e n t e r t a i n e d a s t o t h e p o l i t i c a l o b j e c t s
o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y h a v e b e e n a b a n d o n e d a s
g r o u n d l e s s . "
Ne x t t h e C o m m i t t e e s a y , " B u t w e c a n
i m a g i n e s c h e m e s a n d i n t e n t i o n s o f a p a t r i o t i c k i n d
.
. .
w e m u s t b e o n o u r g u a r d a g a i n s t m e n ' s h i g h e s t
i n s t i n c t s
q u i t e a s m u c h a s t h e i r l o w e s t . "
I n t h e f i n a l r e p o r t Mr . Ho d g s o n g o e s o v e r t h e g r o u n d s
o f p o s s i b l e m o t i v e s : " Th e q u e s t i o n w h i c h w i l l n o w i n -
e v i t a b l y a r i s e i s - w h a t h a s i n d u c e d Ma d a m e B l a v a t s k y
t o l i v e s o m a n y l a b o r i o u s d a y s i n s u c h a f a n t a s t i c w o r k
o f i m p o s t u r e ? . . . I s h o u l d c o n s i d e r t h i s Re p o r t i n c o m -
p l e t e u n l e s s I s u g g e s t w h a t I m y s e l f b e l i e v e t o b e a n a d e -
q u a t e e x p l a n a t i o n o f h e r t e n y e a r s ' t o i l o n b e h a l f o f t h e
Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y
. "
W a s i t e g o t i s m ? " A c l o s e r k n o w l e d g e o f h e r c h a r a c t e r
w o u l d s h o w s u c h a s u p p o s i t i o n t o b e q u i t e u n t e n a b l e . "
W a s s h e a p l a i n , u n v a r n i s h e d f r a u d ?" Sh e i s , i n d e e d ,
a r a r e p s y c h o l o g i c a l s t u d y , a l m o s t a s r a r e a s a ' Ma -
h a t m a ' 1 Sh e w a s t e r r i b l e e x c e e d i n g l y w h e n s h e e x -
p r e s s e d h e r o v e r p o w e r i n g t h o u g h t t h a t p e r h a p s h e r
` t w e n t y y e a r s ' ' w o r k m i g h t b e s p o i l e d t h r o u g h Ma d a m e
C o u l o m b . "
W a s i t r e l i g i o u s m a n i a , a m o r b i d y e a r n i n g f o r n o -
t o r i e t y ?" I m u s t c o n f e s s t h a t t h e p r o b l e m o f h e r m o -
t i v e s
. . .
c a u s e d m e
n o
l i t t l e p e r p l e x i t y . . . . Th e s o r d i d
m o t i v e o f p e c u n i a r y g a i n w o u l d b e a s o l u t i o n s t i l l l e s s
s a t i s f a c t o r y t h a n t h e h y p o t h e s i s o f r e l i g i o u s m a n i a
REPORTOFTHES
. P
. R.

a s
B u t e v e n t h i s h y p o t h e s i s I w a s u n a b l e t o
a d o p t , a n d
r e c o n c i l e w i t h m y u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f h e r c h a r a c t e r
. "
W h a t , t h e n , w a s t h e c o m p e l l i n g m o t i v e t h a t i n d u c e d
t h e l a b o r s o f a He r c u l e s , t h e s a c r i f i c e s o f a C h r i s t , t o
c a r r y o n a c a r e e r o f d e c e p t i o n w o r t h y o f t h e Pr i n c e o f
De c e i v e r s h i m s e l f ?
" At l a s t a c a s u a l c o n v e r s a t i o n
o p e n e d m y e y e s
. . . . I c a n n o t p r o f e s s , m y s e l f , a f t e r m y
p e r s o n a l e x p e r i e n c e s w i t h Ma d a m e B l a v a t s k y , t o f e e l
m u c h d o u b t t h a t h e r
r e a l o b j e c t h a s b e e n t h e f u r t h e r a n c e
o f Ru s s i a n i n t e r e s t s .
. . . I s u g g e s t i t h e r e o n l y a s a s u p -
p o s i t i o n w h i c h a p p e a r s b e s t t o c o v e r t h e k n o w n i n c i -
d e n t s o f h e r c a r e e r d u r i n g t h e p a s t 13 o r 14y e a r s
. , "
H. P. B l a v a t s k y l i v e d a n d d i e d a m a r t y r , p h y s i c a l l y ,
m e n t a l l y , a n d i n a l l t h a t m e n h o l d d e a r
; s h e f o r s o o k
r e l a t i v e s , f r i e n d s , e a s e a n d h i g h s o c i a l s t a n d i n g , b e -
c a m e a n e x p a t r i a t e a n d n a t u r a l i z e d c i t i z e n o f a n a l i e n
l a n d o n t h e o t h e r s i d e o f t h e g l o b e ; s h e f o u n d e d a
So c i e t y t o w h i c h s h e g a v e u n r e m i t t i n g a n d u n t h a n k e d
d e v o t i o n
; s h e w r o t e " I s i s Un v e i l e d , " t h e " Se c r e t Do c -
t r i n e , " t h e " Vo i c e o f t h e Si l e n c e , " a l l o f w h i c h w e r e
p r o s c r i b e d i n Ru s s i a ; s h e b e c a m e a v e r i t a b l e W a n d e r -
i n g J e w d e v o t e d t o t h e p r o p a g a t i o n o f t e a c h i n g s a n d
i d e a s h a t e f u l t o t h e w o r l d o f " r e a c t i o n a r y f o r c e s " ; s h e
e s c h e w e d a l l c o n c e r n w i t h p o l i t i c a l o b j e c t s o f a n y k i n d ,
a l l a t t a c h m e n t t o " r a c e , c r e e d , s e x , c a s t e , o r c o l o r , " a n d
h e r l i f e b l o o d f o r m e d a n d s u s t a i n e d a So c i e t y s w o r n t o
t h e s a m e a b s t e n t i o n s ; s h e l i v e d a n d s h e d i e d i n p o v e r t y -
s l a n d e r e d , c a l u m n i a t e d , b e t r a y e d b y f o l l o w e r s a n d f o e s
a l i k e ; m i s u n d e r s t o o d b y a l l ; s h e n e v e r , f r o m 187 3 t o t h e
d a y o f h e r d e a t h , s e t f o o t o n Ru s s i a n s o i l , a n e x i l e f r o m
f a m i l y a n d c o u n t r y .
W h y d i d s h e d o t h e s e t h i n g s ? " I n f u r t h e r a n c e o f
Ru s s i a n i n t e r e s t s ! "
C HAPTERVI I
DI VI SI ONSAMONGTHEOSOPHI STS- - NEW PUB LI C ATI ONS
I T
w i l l e a s i l y b e u n d e r s t o o d t h a t t h e o p e n i n g o f t h e
y e a r 1885 f o u n d t h e Th e o s o p h i s t s i n I n d i a i n t h e u t m o s t
d i s o r d e r a n d d i s a r r a y - a s s a i l e d o n a l l s i d e s f r o m w i t h -
o u t b y t r i u m p h a n t e n e m i e s ; p r e y t o c o n f u s i o n a n d r e -
c r i m i n a t i o n s w i t h i n
.
H. P. B . l a y p h y s i c a l l y i l l , w a v e r i n g b e t w e e n l i f e a n d
d e a t h
. C o l
. Ol c o t t , a v a i l i n g h i m s e l f o f a n i n v i t a t i o n
p r e v i o u s l y e x t e n d e d t o h i m i n r e c o g n i t i o n o f h i s w o r k
f o r t h e r e v i v a l o f B u d d h i s m , l e f t a l m o s t i m m e d i a t e l y
f o r a v i s i t t o t h e B u r m e s e c a p i t a l , Ma n d a l a y . On h i s
a r r i v a l a t Ra n g o o n , e n r o u t e t o t h e c o u r t o f Th e e b a w
I I I , h e w a s m e t b y t h e l e a d i n g B u d d h i s t p r i e s t s a n d
d i g n i t a r i e s . He r e h e w a s c o r d i a l l y r e c e i v e d a n d r e -
m a i n e d f o r a c o n s i d e r a b l e t i m e , h o l d i n g c o n f e r e n c e s ,
g i v i n g l e c t u r e s , a n d r e g a i n i n g h i s s p i r i t s i n a n a t m o s -
p h e r e r e m o v e d f r o m t h e d e p r e s s i n g s i t u a t i o n a t h e a d -
q u a r t e r s . J u s t a s h e w a s o n t h e p o i n t o f p r o c e e d i n g t o
Ma n d a l a y h e r e c e i v e d a t e l e g r a m f r o m Da m o d a r u r g i n g
h i s i m m e d i a t e r e t u r n t o I n d i a b e c a u s e o f t h e a p p a r e n t l y
f a t a l t u r n i n t h e c o n d i t i o n o f H
. P. B .
I t c a n s c a r c e l y b e d o u b t e d t h a t C o l
. Ol c o t t ' s r e t u r n
t o h e a d q u a r t e r s w a s i m p e l l e d b y w h a t w e r e t o h i m s t i l l
m o r e u r g e n t r e a s o n s , f o r h e w a s a t t h e s a m e t i m e i n r e -
c e i p t o f a d v i c e s f r o m h i s Hi n d u i n t i m a t e s t h a t a f f a i r s
w e r e f a s t b e c o m i n g d e s p e r a t e
. He w a s a d v i s e d t h a t
m a n y Lo d g e s w e r e l a p s i n g i n t o d o r m a n c y , o t h e r s t h r e a t -
e n i n g t o d i s s o l v e ; h i s Ge n e r a l C o u n c i l d i v i d e d i n t o t w o
c a m p s , w i t h t h o s e o p p o s e d t o h i m i n t h e a s c e n d a n t . Th e
f a c t s a p p e a r t o h a v e b e e n t h a t i n a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e f e w
w h o h a d r e m a i n e d s t e a d f a s t l y l o y a l t o H. P. B . , n u m e r -
o u s o t h e r Eu r o p e a n a n d s o m e Hi n d u m e m b e r s h a d , b y
9 4
DI VI SI ONSAMONGTHEOSOPHI STS
9 5
r e a c t i o n , f e l t t o s o m e e x t e n t t h e m o n s t r o u s i n j u s t i c e d o n e
H. P. B . a n d w e r e i n t h e m o o d t o m a k e t h e Pr e s i d e n t -
Fo u n d e r t h e s c a p e g o a t f o r t h e t i m i d i t y a n d t h e l u k e -
w a r m n e s s o f a l l
. Th e s e n s e o f p r e s e n t a n d i m p e n d i n g
l o s s c a u s e d m a n y t o r e a l i z e t h e f a t a l e r r o r o f d e s e r t i n g
H. P. B
. a n d a l l k n e w t h a t t h e C o n v e n t i o n ' s a c t i o n w a s
d i r e c t l y d u e t o t h e s a n c t i o n o f C o l . Ol c o t t . Ad e t e r m i n e d
m o v e m e n t h a d g a i n e d h e a d w a y t o l i m i t h i s a u t o c r a t i c
c o n t r o l a n d d i r e c t i o n o f t h e s o c i e t y ' s a f f a i r s , b y m a k i n g
t h e C o u n c i l a n a c t u a l e x e c u t i v e a n d r e s p o n s i b l e g o v e r n -
i n g b o d y , i n s t e a d o f a s h i t h e r t o t h e m e r e c l o a k a n d i n -
s t r u m e n t o f t h e Pr e s i d e n t ' s w i s h e s . Th i s s p o n t a n e o u s
f e e l i n g w a s p l a c e d b e f o r e H. P. B . , a n d s h e h a d g i v e n h e r
s i g n a t u r e o f a p p r o v a l i n t h e f o l l o w i n g w o r d s : " B e -
l i e v i n g t h a t t h i s n e w a r r a n g e m e n t i s n e c e s s a r y f o r t h e
w e l f a r e o f t h e So c i e t y , I a p p r o v e o f i t , s o f a r a s I a m
c o n c e r n e d . "
C o l o n e l Ol c o t t , w h o h a d b e e n f o r e m o s t i n t h e b e l i e f
t h a t i t w a s n e c e s s a r y t o a b a n d o n H. P. B . " f o r t h e h o n o r
o f t h e So c i e t y " a n d t o p r e s e r v e i t f r o m s h a f t s a i m e d
a t i t t h r o u g h H. P. B . , n o w f e l t h i m s e l f s t u n g t o t h e
q u i c k b y t h e s e e v i d e n c e s o f d e f e c t i o n a n d d i s a f f e c t i o n
o n t h e p a r t o f t h e m e m b e r s t o w a r d s h i m s e l f . Af t e r c o n -
s u l t a t i o n w i t h h i s f r i e n d s h e w e n t s t r a i g h t t o t h e m o r -
t a l l y s t r i c k e n H. P. B . , a s a l l t h o u g h t h e r , a n d b e s o u g h t
h e r t o r e s t o r e h i m t o h i s f o r m e r s t a t u s a n d f u n c t i o n .
C l o u d e d a n d p i e c e m e a l a s a r e t h e p u b l i s h e d f r a g m e n t s
o f i n f o r m a t i o n c o n c e r n i n g t h e e v e n t s o f t h o s e t r y i n g
m o n t h s , c e r t a i n f a c t s s e e m c l e a r i n t h e l i g h t o f s u b s e -
q u e n t h i s t o r y . I t w o u l d a p p e a r t h a t C o l . Ol c o t t r e c o g -
n i z e d a n d a d m i t t e d h i s f a u l t s , p r o m i s e d t o t a k e a m o r e
l o y a l a n d c o n s i s t e n t c o u r s e i n t h e f u t u r e , a n d a g r e e d t o
p u r s u e a l e s s a r b i t r a r y p o l i c y i n h i s m a n a g e m e n t o f t h e
So c i e t y . Kn o w i n g t h a t h i s d e v o t i o n t o t h e w e l l - b e i n g o f
t h e So c i e t y w a s c o n s t a n t a n d u n s w e r v i n g , w h a t e v e r h i s
m i s t a k e s d u e t o h i s v a n i t y a n d s e l f - s u f f i c i e n c y , a n d a l -
w a y s t o l e r a n t a n d g e n e r o u s t o t h e l a s t d e g r e e t o w a r d
f r i e n d o r f o e , i t i s c l e a r t h a t H
. P. B
. a c c e p t e d h i s r e -
p e n t a n c e a n d p r o f e s s i o n s a n d o n c e m o r e l e n t h i m h e r
p o w e r f u l p r o t e c t i o n
. Sh e w i t h d r e w h e r a u t h o r i z a t i o n o f
9 6

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
t h e p r o p o s e d c h a n g e s , s m o o t h e d o u t t h e p e r s o n a l f e e l i n g s
a r o u s e d b e t w e e n C o l
. Ol c o t t a n d h i s p a r t i s a n s a n d t h o s e
o p p o s e d t o h i s r u l e r s h i p , a n d l e f t t o h i m t o m a k e a s o f
h i s o w n v o l i t i o n a n d a c c o r d t h e n e e d f u l m o d i f i c a t i o n s o f
p o l i c y a n d c o n d u c t . Th i s i s t h e s e c r e t o f t h e v a r i o u s
n o t i c e s i n t h e " Su p p l e m e n t " t o Th e Th e o s o p h i s t
f o r
Ma y , 1885 , c o n c e r n i n g t h e " Fo r m a t i o n o f a n Ex e c u t i v e
C o m m i t t e e , " t h e " Sp e c i a l No t i f i c a t i o n , " a n d t h e " Sp e -
c i a l Or d e r s o f 1885 . " Li k e w i s e i n t h e s e e v e n t s w i l l b e
f o u n d t h e e x p l a n a t i o n o f C o l . Ol c o t t ' a v i s i t t o Mr . Ho d g -
s o n a n d h i s e f f o r t t o g e t t h a t g e n t l e m a n t o t a k e a m o r e
i m p a r t i a l i f n o t m o r e f r i e n d l y a t t i t u d e t o w a r d t h e Th e -
o s o p h i c a l e v i d e n c e s a n d e x p l a n a t i o n s c o n n e c t e d w i t h t h e
p h e n o m e n a , w h i c h Mr . Ho d g s o n w a s i n v e s t i g a t i n g a l m o s t
e n t i r e l y f r o m t h e s t a n d p o i n t o f t h e C o u l o m b s a n d t h e
m i s s i o n a r i e s . Si n c e r e a n d w e l l - i n t e n t i o n e d a s t h i s m o v e
o f C o l . Ol c o t t ' s u n d o u b t e d l y w a s , i t c o u l d b u t s e r v e , i n
v i e w o f a l l t h e c i r c u m s t a n c e s , t o i n c r e a s e a n d c o n f i r m
t h e a l r e a d y a c u t e s u s p i c i o n s o f Mr . Ho d g s o n ; a n d t h i s ,
a s w e h a v e s e e n , i s w h a t i n f a c t o c c u r r e d . C o l . Ol c o t t
a l s o , i n h i s n e w z e a l , m a d e s t r e n u o u s a n d p a r t l y s u c c e s s -
f u l e f f o r t s t o p r o c u r e t h e w r i t i n g a n d p u b l i c a t i o n o f a r t i -
c l e s f a v o r a b l e t o H. P. B . a n d h e r p h e n o m e n a i n v a r i o u s
I n d i a n p a p e r s .
B u t k n o w i n g w e l l t h e w e a k n e s s e s a s w e l l a s t h e v i r -
t u e s o f h e r c o l l e a g u e , H. P. B
. w a s u n d e r n o i l l u s i o n s a s
t o t h e f i n a l o u t c o m e
. Sh e k n e w C o l . Ol c o t t ' s s e l f - e s t e e m ,
h i s d o u b t s , j e a l o u s i e s a n d s u s p i c i o n s ; k n e w o n l y t o o w e l l
t h e p e r s o n a l a m b i t i o n s , r i v a l r i e s a n d a n i m o s i t i e s w i t h
w h i c h t h e h e a d q u a r t e r s w e r e r i f e
. As a p p e a r e d m a n y
y e a r s l a t e r , s h e a d d r e s s e d o n Ap r i l 11, 1885 , a l e t t e r t o
C o l . Ol c o t t , i n w h i c h s h e t o l d h i m t h a t n o p a r o l e l o y a l t y
w o u l d s u f f i c e t o r e p a i r t h e m i s c h i e f t h a t h a d b e e n d o n e ;
t h a t s h e h a d w i l l i n g l y b o r n e a n d w o u l d c o n t i n u e t o b e a r
i n h e r o w n p e r s o n t h e e v i l Ka r m a e n g e n d e r e d b y h i m
a n d b y t h e So c i e t y , b u t t h a t i n d e s e r t i n g h e r t h e So c i e t y
a n d i t s l e a d e r s w e r e i n f a c t d e s e r t i n g t h e Ma s t e r s w h o s e
Ag e n t s h e w a s
; t h a t s h e h a d d o n e h e r b e s t f o r t h e m a l l ,
b u t t h a t s h e c o u l d n o t a v o i d f o r t h e m t h e h a r v e s t o f
t h e i r o w n m i s t a k e s a n d i n g r a t i t u d e .
DI VI SI ONSAMONGTHEOSOPHI STS

9 7
Th i s l e t t e r w a s w r i t t e n b y H
. P. B . f r o m Ad e n , a f t e r
s h e h a d l e f t I n d i a . . C o l o n e l Ol c o t t s u p p r e s s e d t h i s l e t t e r
a n d i n a l l h i s v o l u m i n o u s w r i t i n g s n e v e r r e f e r r e d t o i t .
I t w a s p r e c e d e d b y h e r f o r m a l l e t t e r o f Ma r c h 21, a d -
d r e s s e d t o t h e Ge n e r a l C o u n c i l , s u b m i t t i n g h e r r e s i g n a -
t i o n , w h i c h w a s a c c e p t e d . Th e p u b l i s h e d i n t e r - c h a n g e
a s s i g n e d t h e i l l n e s s o f H . P. B . a s t h e c a u s e o f h e r s e v -
e r a n c e o f r e l a t i o n s o f f i c i a l l y w i t h t h e So c i e t y i n I n d i a ,
a n d t h e s a m e c a u s e w a s g i v e n . f o r h e r d e p a r t u r e . Th i s
w a s a l l t r u e b u t t h e d e e p e r r e a s o n , t h e Oc c u l t b a s i s , w a s
t h e d e s e r t i o n b y C o l . Ol c o t t a n d h i s a s s o c i a t e s o f t h e
p a r a m o u n t o b j e c t i v e s o f h e r Ma s t e r s . Th i s i s s h o w n b y
t h e a c c e p t a n c e o f h e r r e s i g n a t i o n
; b y t h e l e t t e r o f Ap r i l
11, 1885 , a s m e n t i o n e d
; b y t h e r e p o r t o f a c o n v e r s a t i o n
w i t h o n e o f t h e Ma h a t m a s , ' w h i c h r e p o r t w a s a l s o s u p -
p r e s s e d b y C o l . Ol c o t t a n d n e v e r r e f e r r e d t o b y h i m ,
t h o u g h p a r t i a l l y c o m i n g t o l i g h t m a n y y e a r s l a t e r ; a n d
b y C o l . Ol c o t t ' s c o u r s e i m m e d i a t e l y f o l l o w i n g t h e r e s i g -
n a t i o n a n d d e p a r t u r e o f H. P. B . . He a t o n c e s e t a c t i v e l y
t o w o r k t o m a k e t h e So c i e t y i n d e p e n d e n t o f H . P. B .
Th e J u n e n u m b e r o f
Th e Th e o s o p h i s t w a s p r e f a c e d a t
t h e h e a d o f t h e t e x t w i t h a n i t a l i c i n s e r t a c c o m p a n i e d b y
a " p r i n t e r ' s h a n d " a n d r e a d i n g a s f o l l o w s
Th e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y , a s s u c h , i s n o t r e -
s p o n s i b l e f o r a n y o p i n i o n o r d e c l a r a t i o n i n t h i s
o r a n y o t h e r J o u r n a l , b y w h o m s o e v e r e x p r e s s e d ,
u n l e s s c o n t a i n e d i n a n o f f i c i a l d o c u m e n t .
I n t h e s a m e ( J u n e ) n u m b e r C o l . Ol c o t t p u b l i s h e d o v e r
h i s s i g n a t u r e a l e a d i n g e d i t o r i a l o n " I n f a l l i b i l i t y , " d e -
v o t e d t o a d i s c l a i m e r o f a n y r e l i a n c e b y t h e So c i e t y o n
a n y o n e ' s a s s u m e d p o w e r s , k n o w l e d g e , o r s t a t u s , o r t h a t
s u c h r e l i a n c e w a s i n a n y w a y n e c e s s a r y f o r t h e So c i e t y ' s
s u c c e s s o r e x i s t e n c e . Th i s w a s a l l a i m e d a t H. P. B .
a n d h e r s t a t u s a s Ag e n t o f t h e Ma s t e r s s u p p o s e d t o b e
b e h i n d t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l Mo v e m e n t a n d t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l
So c i e t y . I n d i r e c t l y , i t w a s a t t h e s a m e t i m e a n a s s e r t i o n
' s o m e e x t r a c t s f r o m t h i s l e t t e r a n d f r o m t h e c o n v e r s a t i o n m e n t i o n e d a r e
g i v e n i n Th e Th e o s o p h i s t f o r Oc t o b e r , 19 0 7 , p p
. 9 , 10 , a n d 7 8
.
9 8

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
o f h i s o w n p r e - e m i n e n c e a s t h e He a d o f t h e So c i e t y ,
s i n c e t h e o n l y o f f i c i a l d o c u m e n t s w e r e t h o s e i s s u e d b y
h i m s e l f a s Pr e s i d e n t - Fo u n d e r , o r a t h i s i n s t r u c t i o n s
.
Da m o d a r K. Ma v a l a n k a r , n e x t t o H. P
. B . , t h e m o s t
l o v e d a n d t h e m o s t e n v i e d o f t h e Th e o s o p h i s t s i n
I n d i a , a n d , a s i d e f r o m h e r , t h e o n l y o n e o f t h e m g e n -
e r a l l y k n o w n t o b e i n c o n s t a n t a c t i v e t o u c h w i t h t h e
Ma s t e r s , h a d b e e n h e r f a i t h f u l a n d d e v o t e d s e r v a n t a n d
i n d e f a t i g a b l e w o r k e r i n t h e C a u s e . Mu c h o f h e r c o r r e -
s p o n d e n c e t h r o u g h o u t t h e w o r l d h a d b e e n c a r r i e d o n b y
h i m u n d e r h e r d i r e c t i o n s ; v i s i t i n g c h e l a s a t h e a d q u a r -
t e r s w e r e l a r g e l y c a r e d f o r b y h i m ; t h e c h i e f b u r d e n o f
t h e g e t t i n g o u t o f Th e Th e o s o p h i s t f e l l u p o n h i s s h o u l -
d e r s ; a n d h e h a d s h a r e d w i t h h e r t h e s t i g m a o f t h e
C o u l o m b c h a r g e s a n d Mr . Ho d g s o n ' s i n v e s t i g a t i n g s u s p i -
c i o n s . He r e m a i n e d a t Ad y a r f o r s o m e t i m e a f t e r t h e
d e p a r t u r e o f H. P. B . , d o i n g w h a t c o u l d b e d o n e f o r t h e
f e w w h o p o s s e s s e d t h e e l e m e n t s o f r e a l l o y a l t y a n d
s t e a d f a s t n e s s . To w a r d s t h e l a t t e r h a l f o f t h e y e a r h e
l e f t h e a d q u a r t e r s o n a " p i l g r i m a g e , " a n d w a s l a s t p u b -
l i c l y h e a r d o f n e a r t h e Th i b e t a n f r o n t i e r s . B y m a n y
h e w a s t h o u g h t t o h a v e p e r i s h e d o f e x p o s u r e , b u t t h e r e
c a n b e l i t t l e d o u b t , f r o m h i n t s a f t e r w a r d s g i v e n b y
H. P . B . a n d Mr . J u d g e , t h a t i n f a c t h e w a s c a l l e d b y
t h e Ma s t e r s i n t o Th e i r d i r e c t s e r v i c e a n d c o m p a n y
. He
t h u s r e c e i v e d t h e r e w a r d o f h i s u n d y i n g d e v o t i o n a n d
h i s u n c o m p l a i n i n g e n d u r a n c e o f t h e t r i b u l a t i o n s c o n s e -
q u e n t u p o n h i s h u m a n d e f e c t s a n d m i s t a k e s
. Of h i m
t h e Ma s t e r K. H. w r o t e , " B e f o r e h e c o u l d ` s t a n d i n t h e
p r e s e n c e o f t h e Ma s t e r s ' h e h a d t o u n d e r g o t h e s e v e r e s t
t r i a l s t h a t a n e o p h y t e e v e r p a s s e d t h r o u g h . " Da m o d a r
h a d f i r s t m e t H. P. B . e a r l y i n 187 9 , h a d i m m e d i a t e l y
f o r s a k e n e v e r y t h i n g t h a t m e n h o l d d e a r t o b e c o m e h e r
f a i t h f u l s e r v a n t a n d c h e l a , a n d i n t h e e n s u i n g y e a r s o f
h i s p r o b a t i o n h a d r e m a i n e d s t e a d f a s t l y l o y a l t o h e r a n d
h e r m i s s i o n " w i t h o u t v a r i a b l e n e s s o r t h e s h a d o w o f
t u r n i n g . " Of h i s s u b s e q u e n t f o r t u n e s , h i s p r e s e n t s t a t u s ,
h i s f u t u r e r e l a t i o n s w i t h t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l Mo v e m e n t , t h e
s t o r y r e m a i n s u n t o l d ; o n e o f t h e u n w r i t t e n c h a p t e r s o f
t h e Se c o n d Se c t i o n .
DI VI SI ONSAMONGTHEOSOPHI STS

9 9
As t h e m o n t h s w e n t b y i t b e g a n t o b e a p p a r e n t t h a t
t h e l i f e o f t h e So c i e t y i n I n d i a c o u l d n o t b e m a i n t a i n e d
b y i t s v e n o u s c i r c u l a t i o n a l o n e . Th e c o n t e n t s o f Th e
Th e o s o p h i s t d e t e r i o r a t e d i n q u a l i t y ; t h e c i r c u l a t i o n o f
t h e m a g a z i n e d i m i n i s h e d ; n u m e r o u s b r a n c h e s c e a s e d t o
e x i s t e x c e p t o n p a p e r , t h e m e m b e r s h i p f e l l o f f i n o t h e r s ;
c o n t r i b u t i o n s a n d d u e s l e s s e n e d ; t h e So c i e t y w a s f a s t
f a l l i n g i n t o m e r e d i s c u s s i o n o f t h e e n d l e s s m e t a p h y s i c s
o f Hi n d u f a i t h s a n d p h i l o s o p h i e s . On t h e o t h e r h a n d
n e w s b e g a n t o p e r m e a t e t h e I n d i a n c o n t i n g e n t t h a t
H. P. B . w a s b e i n g v i s i t e d i n h e r Eu r o p e a n r e t i r e m e n t
b y s t a u n c h f r i e n d s , c o r r e s p o n d e d w i t h b y a n e v e r - i n c r e a s -
i n g n u m b e r o f i n q u i r e r s , s u p p o r t e d b y t h e a d h e r e n c e o f
n e w a n d n o t a b l e p e r s o n s . C o l o n e l Ol c o t t , w h o h a d e v e r
a w e a k n e s s f o r t h e a c q u a i n t a n c e o f t h e g r e a t a n d t h e
n e a r - g r e a t , b e g a n t o t a k e s t o c k o f t h e f o r t u n e s o f w a r .
No r c a n i t , w e t h i n k , b e d o u b t e d t h a t a s t i m e w e n t o n , a s
h e r a b s e n c e a n d h i s s e n s e o f l o s s o f t h e o l d d a i l y i n -
t i m a c y , t h e o l d s t r o n g a n d u n f a i l i n g g u i d a n c e o f t h e
" l i o n o f t h e Pu n j a b " g r e w m o r e k e e n ; a s t h e t r u e r a n d
n o b l e r s i d e o f h i s n a t u r e h a d o p p o r t u n i t y t o r e a s s e r t
i t s e l f - t h a t s i d e o f h i s n a t u r e w h i c h h a d i n s p i r e d h i m
i n t h e b e g i n n i n g t o d o a s Da m o d a r h a d d o n e , t o g i v e
u p a l l t o f o l l o w h e r i n h e r u n k n o w n p a t h - i t c a n n o t b e
d o u b t e d , w e t h i n k , t h a t C o l
. Ol c o t t r e p e n t e d h i m o f t h e
m i s t a k e s a n d l u k e w a r m n e s s o f t h e r e c e n t y e a r s , a n d e n -
d e a v o r e d s o f a r a s w a s i n h i s p o w e r , s h o r t o f a p u b l i c
d i s a v o w a l o f h i s e r r o n e o u s c o u r s e , t o r e m e d y h i s m i s -
t a k e s . An d i n t h i s h e w a s s t r e n g t h e n e d b y t h e t r e a t m e n t
a c c o r d e d h i m b y H. P
. B . Sh e c h i d e d h i m a s l i t t l e a s
m i g h t b e
; s h e c o n t i n u e d u n f a i l i n g l y t o s e n d h i m a r t i c l e s
f o r i n s e r t i o n i n
Th e Th e o s o p h i s t ; s h e m a d e a w i l l b e -
q u e a t h i n g t o h i m h e r e n t i r e i n t e r e s t i n t h e m a g a z i n e a n d
m a k i n g o v e r i t s e n t i r e r e v e n u e t o h i m ; s h e e n c o u r a g e d
b y e v e r y m e a n s i n h e r p o w e r e v e r y g o o d e f f o r t , e v e r y
g o o d i m p u l s e t h a t a r o s e f r o m h i m
; s h e l a u g h e d a t h e r
o w n m i s e r i e s a n d m i s f o r t u n e s , a n d m a d e l i g h t o f a l l
. o b s t a c l e s i n t h e w a y .
C o l o n e l Ol c o t t w a s s u p p o r t e d a n d e n c o u r a g e d a l s o b y
t h e g o o d - w i l l o f t h o s e n e a r a t h a n d w h o h a d r e m a i n e d
i b b

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
s t e a d f a s t i n d e v o t i o n t o H. P. B . w i t h o u t w i t h d r a w i n g
t h e i r c o u n t e n a n c e f r o m h i m . Al l t h e s e f a c t o r s h a d t h e i r
c o m p e l l i n g i n f l u e n c e , a n d a t t h e I n d i a n C o n v e n t i o n a t
t h e c l o s e o f 1885 h i s p u b l i c Ad d r e s s a s Pr e s i d e n t t o t h e
a s s e m b l e d d e l e g a t e s a n d v i s i t o r s w a s m a r k e d b y t h e e x -
p r e s s i o n o f s t r o n g f e e l i n g a n d s i n c e r e d e c l a r a t i o n s i n
r e s p e c t t o H. P. B
.
I n t h i s m o o d h e w a s w i l l i n g t o r e -
t i r e a s Pr e s i d e n t t o p r o m o t e t h e s o l i d a r i t y a n d r e n e w e d
l i f e o f t h e So c i e t y . Sa y s t h e Re p o r t o f t h e C o n v e n t i o n
a s p u b l i s h e d i n t h e " Su p p l e m e n t " t o Th e Th e o s o p h i s t
f o r J a n u a r y , 1886 :
Th e Pr e s i d e n t b e i n g c a l l e d a w a y t e m p o r a r i l y
o n b u s i n e s s , a n d Ma j o r - Ge n e r a l Mo r g a n o c c u p y -
i n g t h e C h a i r , t h e f o l l o w i n g r e s o l u t i o n s
. . .
w e r e c a r r i e d b y a c c l a m a t i o n w i t h g r e a t e n -
t h u s i a s m
Re s o l v e d ,
Th a t i n t h e e v e n t o f t h e h e a l t h o f
Ma d a m e H. P
. B l a v a t s k y b e i n g s u f f i c i e n t l y r e -
s t o r e d , s h e b e r e q u e s t e d t o r e s u m e t h e o f f i c e
w h i c h s h e h a s r e l i n q u i s h e d .
Re s o l v e d ,
Th a t t h e c h a r g e s b r o u g h t a g a i n s t
Ma d a m e B l a v a t s k y b y h e r e n e m i e s h a v e n o t b e e n
p r o v e n , a n d t h a t o u r a f f e c t i o n a n d r e s p e c t f o r
h e r c o n t i n u e u n a b a t e d
.
W h e r e a s t h e C o n v e n t i o n h a s h e a r d w i t h g r e a t
s o r r o w f r o m t h e l i p s o f t h e Pr e s i d e n t - Fo u n d e r ,
C o l
. H
. S. Ol c o t t , t h e e x p r e s s i o n o f h i s d e s i r e t o
r e t i r e t o p r i v a t e l i f e o n a c c o u n t o f h i s c o m p e -
t e n c y f o r h i s p r e s e n t d u t y b e i n g q u e s t i o n e d b y
s o m e , t h e C o n v e n t i o n u n a n i m o u s l y
Re s o l v e : ( 1) Th a t t h e Pr e s i d e n t - Fo u n d e r h a s
b y h i s u n r e m i t t i n g z e a l , s e l f - s a c r i f i c e s , c o u r a g e ,
i n d u s t r y , v i r t u o u s l i f e a n d i n t e l l i g e n c e , w o n t h e
c o n f i d e n c e o f m e m b e r s o f t h e So c i e t y a n d e n -
d e a r e d h i m s e l f t o t h e m t h r o u g h o u t t h e w o r l d ;
a n d ( 2) t h a t a s t h i s C o n v e n t i o n c a n n o t f o r o n e
m o m e n t e n t e r t a i n t h e t h o u g h t o f h i s r e t i r i n g
f r o m t h e So c i e t y w h i c h h e h a s d o n e s o m u c h t o
b u i l d u p , a n d h a s c o n d u c t e d s a f e l y t h r o u g h v a r i -
DI VI SI ONSAMONGTHEOSOPHI STS

10 1
o u s p e r i l s b y h i s p r u d e n c e a n d p r a c t i c a l w i s d o m ,
t h e y r e q u e s t h i m t o c o n t i n u e h i s i n v a l u a b l e s e r v -
i c e s t o t h e So c i e t y t o t h e l a s t .
Th i s a p p r o a c h t o r e a l u n i o n , t h i s u n i t e d a i m ,
b r o t h -
e r l y f e e l i n g , a n d m u t u a l s u p p o r t i n t h e s p i r i t o f t h e
Fi r s t Ob j e c t , a s m a n i f e s t e d b y t h e C o n v e n t i o n , h a d
i t s i m m e d i a t e b e n e f i c i a l e f f e c t , a n d f o r t h e e n s u i n g t h r e e
y e a r s t h e So c i e t y i n I n d i a s h a r e d i n t h e p r o s p e r i t y o f
t h e Mo v e m e n t t h r o u g h o u t t h e w o r l d - t h e r i s i n g t i d e
a f t e r t h e S. P. R. , a t t e m p t t o w r e c k t h e So c i e t y . I t i s
w o r t h w h i l e f o r s t u d e n t s t o n o t e t h a t e v e r y s t o r m t h a t
e v e r . r a g e d a b o u t t h e So c i e t y h a d i t s i n c e p t i o n i n n e g l e c t
o f t h e Fi r s t Ob j e c t a n d i t s p r a c t i c a l a p p l i c a t i o n , b r o t h e r l y
l o y a l t y a n d d e v o t i o n ; e v e r y r e c o v e r y f r o m w o u n d s a n d
l o s s e s w a s d u e t o a r e t u r n t o t h e f u n d a m e n t a l b a s i s o f
t h e So c i e t y a n d t h e f u n d a m e n t a l p r e c e p t o f t h e Se c o n d
Se c t i o n - i n s t a n t r e a d i n e s s t o " d e f e n d t h e l i f e o r h o n o u r
o f a b r o t h e r Th e o s o p h i s t e v e n a t t h e r i s k o f t h e i r o w n
l i v e s . " Ha d t h i s b e e n b o r n e i n m i n d b y t h o s e w h o w e r e
" q u i c k t o d o u b t a n d d e s p a i r , w h o h a d w o r k e d f o r t h e m -
s e l v e s a n d n o t f o r t h e C a u s e , " h a d t h e c o n s i s t e n t e x a m -
p l e s e t , n o l e s s t h a n t h e p r e c e p t s g i v e n , b y H . P. B . b e e n
m a d e t h e r u l e o f a c t i o n b y t h o s e r e s p o n s i b l e f o r t h e p o l i c y
a n d c o n d u c t o f t h e Th i r d Se c t i o n - t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So -
c i e t y p r o p e r - t h e " s o l i d a r i t y i n t h e r a n k s " o f t h e So c i e t y
w o u l d n o t o n l y " h a v e e n a b l e d i t t o r e s i s t a l l e x t e r n a l
a t t a c k s , b u t a l s o h a v e m a d e i t p o s s i b l e f o r g r e a t e r , w i d e r ,
a n d m o r e t a n g i b l e h e l p t o h a v e b e e n g i v e n i t " b y t h e
Fi r s t a n d Se c o n d Se c t i o n s , " w h o a r e a l w a y s r e a d y t o
g i v e h e l p w h e n w e a r e f i t t o r e c e i v e i t . "
H. P. B l a v a t s k y l e f t t h e h e a d q u a r t e r s a n d s a i l e d f r o m
I n d i a a t t h e b e g i n n i n g o f Ap r i l , 1885 . Su c h w a s h e r
p h y s i c a l c o n d i t i o n t h a t s h e h a d t o b e c a r r i e d o n b o a r d
t h e v e s s e l . Ac c o m p a n i e d b y h e r p h y s i c i a n a n d a n a t -
t e n d a n t s h e v o y a g e d t o Na p l e s , I t a l y , w h e r e s h e r e -
m a i n e d f o r s o m e m o n t h s i n s i c k n e s s , p o v e r t y , a n d i s o l a -
t i o n . Fr o m t h e r e s h e r e m o v e d i n t h e s u m m e r t o W i i r z -
b u r g , Ge r m a n y , w h e r e , s h e w a s v i s i t e d a n d s u s t a i n e d b y
t h e d e v o t e d Ge b h a r d s o f El b e r f e l d . Th i t h e r a l s o c a m e
10 2

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
t h e C o u n t e s s W a c h t m e i s t e r , w i d o w o f t h e l a t e Sw e d i s h
Am b a s s a d o r t o En g l a n d
. C o u n t e s s W a c h t m e i s t e r w a s
a n En g l i s h w o m a n b y b i r t h , a n a t u r a l p s y c h i c w h o h a d
b e e n i n t e r e s t e d i n Sp i r i t u a l i s m a n d t h e n i n t h e Th e -
o s o p h i c a l p h e n o m e n a .
Sh e h a d b e c o m e a m e m b e r o f
t h e Lo n d o n Lo d g e a n d h a d m e t H . P. B
. a t Lo n d o n t h e
y e a r b e f o r e
. He a r i n g o f t h e d i s t r e s s i n t o w h i c h H. P. B .
w a s p l u n g e d , a n d c o n v i n c e d b y h e r o w n e x p e r i e n c e s t h a t
t h e p h e n o m e n a o f H. P
. B . w e r e g e n u i n e , t h e C o u n t e s s
c a m e f r o m Sw e d e n t o v i s i t h e r . W h a t s h e s a w a n d f e l t
c a u s e d h e r t o r e m a i n , a n d f r o m t h e n o n w a r d s t h e C o u n t e s s
g a v e h e r s e l f u p t o t h e s e r v i c e o f H. P. B . ,
a s f r i e n d , a s
c o m p a n i o n , a s a m a n u e n s i s , a s v o l u n t a r y s e r v a n t
. To
W u r z b u r g c a m e a l s o f r i e n d s a n d c o r r e s p o n d e n t s o f Dr .
Fr a n z Ha r t m a n n , w h o s e e x p e r i e n c e a n d i n t u i t i o n o f t h e
r e a l n a t u r e o f H. P. B
. w e r e a l w a y s s t r o n g e n o u g h t o
k e e p h i m l o y a l d e s p i t e t h e f r i c t i o n s o f p e r s o n a l i t i e s b e -
t w e e n h i m s e l f a n d o t h e r s
. He r e c a m e Dr . Hu b b e - Sc h l e i -
d e n , t h e n o t e d Ge r m a n s a v a n t , w h o h a d m e t H
. P. B . .
t h e y e a r b e f o r e a t t h e Ge b h a r d s a n d w h o , l i k e Dr
. Ha r t -
m a n n , h a d a b s o r b e d e n o u g h o f h e r p h i l o s o p h y t o k e e p
h i m e n e r g i z e d f o r t h e r e m a i n d e r o f h i s l i f e i n c h a n n e l s
a k i n t o t h e w o r k o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l Mo v e m e n t
. C a m e
a l s o t h e Ru s s i a n w r i t e r , So l o v y o f f t h e y o u n g e r , w h o h a d
m e t H. P. B
. i n Pa r i s t h e y e a r b e f o r e , a n d w h o s e e v i l
Ka r m a i t w a s s u b s e q u e n t l y t o b e c o m e t o o l a n d v i c t i m
o f t h e f o r c e s o p p o s e d t o h e r a n d h e r w o r k
. Du r i n g h e r
W u r z b u r g r e s i d e n c e H. P. B
. w a s a l s o v i s i t e d b y Mr .
a n d Mr s
. Si n n e t t a n d o t h e r s f r o m Lo n d o n a n d Pa r i s
.
He r e a l s o c a m e m a n y o t h e r s m o v e d b y s y m p a t h y , b y
g r a t i t u d e , b y c u r i o s i t y , b y a l l t h e m o t i v e s t h a t a f f e c t
m a n k i n d .
H. P. B
. l i v e d a t W i i r z b u r g f o r n e a r l y a y e a r , a l t e r -
n a t i n g b e t w e e n l o n g r e l a p s e s a n d b r i e f p a r t i a l r e c o v e r i e s
.
Du r i n g t h e w h o l e p e r i o d h e r l a b o r s n e v e r a b a t e d
. Ar t i -
c l e s f o r Th e Th e o s o p h i s t ,
m i s c e l l a n e o u s c o n t r i b u t i o n s t o
Ru s s i a n p e r i o d i c a l s f o r h e r d a i l y b r e a d , a n d a c o r r e -
s p o n d e n c e t h a t d a i l y i n c r e a s e d , k e p t h e r b u s y
. Ma n y
o f h e r l e t t e r s a t t h i s p e r i o d w e r e w r i t t e n b y h e r v o l u n -
t e e r h e l p e r s a t h e r d i c t a t i o n o r d i r e c t i o n .
Du r i n g t h e
DI VI SI ONSAMONGTHEOSOPHI STS

10 8
w h o l e
p e r i o d , a l s o , s h e w a s o c c u p i e d w i t h t h e v a s t b u r -
d e n o f t h e c o m p o s i t i o n o f t h e " Se c r e t Do c t r i n e . "
I n Ma y , 1886 , h e r m e d i c a l a d v i s e r s o n c e m o r e i n s i s t e d
o n a c h a n g e o f c l i m a t e a n d s u r r o u n d i n g s i f h e r l i f e w e r e
t o b e p r o l o n g e d
. Ac c o r d i n g l y , s h e r e m o v e d t o Os t e n d ,
B e l g i u m , a n d h e r e s h e l i v e d i n c o n s t a n t l y i n c r e a s i n g t o i l
a n d t u r m o i l . Dr . An n a B o n u s Ki n g s f o r d a n d h e r a s s o -
c i a t e , Mr . E. Ma i t l a n d , v i s i t e d h e r h e r e , a n d h e r e c a m e
m a n y En g l i s h a n d Fr e n c h Th e o s o p h i s t s f o r m a k i n g o r
r e n e w i n g p e r s o n a l t o u c h w i t h h e r . La t e i n t h e w i n t e r
a n d i n t h e e a r l y s p r i n g o f 1887 , t h e p h y s i c a l s t a t e o f
H. P. B . o n c e m o r e b e c a m e s o d e s p e r a t e t h a t h e r l i f e
w a s d e s p a i r e d o f
. Mi s s Fr a n c e s c a Ar u n d a l e , Mi s s Ki s -
l i n g b u r y , t h e t w o Ke i g h t l e y s , Ar c h i b a l d a n d B e r t r a m ,
a n d o t h e r Lo n d o n Th e o s o p h i s t s w e r e a n x i o u s f o r h e r
t o r e m o v e t o En g l a n d w h e r e s h e c o u l d b e b e t t e r c a r e d
f o r . Ma d a m e Ge b h a r d a n d Dr . As h t o n El l i s , a y o u n g
Lo n d o n p h y s i c i a n a n d m e m b e r o f t h e Lo n d o n Lo d g e ,
w e r e t e l e g r a p h e d f o r b y C o u n t e s s W a c h t m e i s t e r . Th e y
c a m e i n a l l h a s t e a n d w e r e a s s i d u o u s i n t h e i r
m i n i
s t r a -
t i o n s . Th i s u n s t i n t e d d e v o t i o n o n c e m o r e p u l l e d H . P. B .
t h r o u g h t h e c r i s i s . Th e Ke i g h t l e y s c a m e o v e r a n d u r g e d
t h e n e c e s s i t i e s o f t h e En g l i s h Th e o s o p h i s t s f o r h e r p r e s -
e n c e a m o n g t h e m . Yi e l d i n g t o t h e l o v i n g s o l i c i t a t i o n s o f
t h e s e d e v o t e d f r i e n d s a n d f o l l o w e r s , t h e w a n d e r e r o n c e
m o r e t o o k s h i p , c a r r i e d o n b o a r d a s b e f o r e , a n d , p h y s i -
c a l l y a h e l p l e s s a n d i n e r t m a s s , w a s i n s t a l l e d i n a c o t t a g e
i n No r w o o d , w h e r e s h e p a s s e d t h e s u m m e r o f 1887 . I n
t h e a u t u m n t h e h o u s e a t 17 La n s d o w n e Ro a d , Ho l l a n d
Pa r k , W e s t , w a s t a k e n b y h e r f r i e n d s a n d t h i t h e r H. P. B .
w a s r e m o v e d t o q u a r t e r s s p e c i a l l y p r e p a r e d f o r h e r i n
t h e m i d s t o f a n a t m o s p h e r e o f g o o d - w i l l a n d w a t c h f u l
c o n s i d e r a t i o n .
Th u s s u r r o u n d e d a n d s h e l t e r e d , H . P. B . m e a s u r a b l y
r e g a i n e d s t r e n g t h , t h o u g h h e r h e a l t h n e v e r b e c a m e s u c h
a s t o e x e m p t h e r f r o m c o n t i n u o u s p h y s i c a l s u f f e r i n g o r
t o e n a b l e h e r t o t a k e n e e d f u l e x e r c i s e . I t i s d o u b t f u l i f
d u r i n g t h e l a s t s i x y e a r s o f h e r l i f e s h e h a d a s i n g l e
w a k i n g h o u r o f c o m p l e t e r e l a x a t i o n , a n d i t i s c e r t a i n t h a t
s h e r a r e l y w a s a b l e t o g o o u t s i d e h e r d o m i c i l e u n a i d e d .
10 4

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
Ye t t h e s e s i x y e a r s w e r e t h e o n e s o f h e r s t o r m y c a r e e r
m o s t f i l l e d , n o t o n l y w i t h t h e t r i a l s a n d t r i b u l a t i o n s i n c i -
d e n t t o t h e m a n y a t t a c k s u p o n h e r n a m e a n d f a m e , n o t
o n l y w i t h t h e p r e s s a n d d e m a n d s o f c l a i m a n t s u p o n h e r
t i m e a n d a t t e n t i o n , n o t o n l y w i t h t h e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e a n d
w o r k o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l Mo v e m e n t f r o m d a y t o d a y , b u t
t h e y w e r e , a s w e l l , t h e m o s t f r u i t f u l o f e n d u r i n g r e s u l t s
f o r a l l m a n k i n d
. I t w a s d u r i n g t h i s p e r i o d t h a t t h e
" Se c r e t Do c t r i n e , " t h e " Ke y t o Th e o s o p h y , " " Th e
Vo i c e o f t h e Si l e n c e , " a n d t h e " Th e o s o p h i c a l Gl o s s a r y "
w e r e w r i t t e n ; Lu c i f e r w a s b e g u n w i t h i t s f i r s t i s s u e d a t e d
Se p t e m b e r 15 , 1887 , a n d i t s m o n t h l y c o n t e n t s d u r i n g t h e
s u c c e e d i n g y e a r s c o n t a i n e d a s t e a d y s t r e a m f r o m t h e i n -
e x h a u s t i b l e f o u n t a i n o f h e r w i s d o m .
Th e p r e s e n c e o f H. P. B . i n Eu r o p e r e s u l t e d f r o m t h e
f i r s t i n a r e v i v a l o f c o u r a g e , c o n f i d e n c e , a n d a c t i o n o n
t h e p a r t o f t h o s e w h o h a d r e m a i n e d s t e a d f a s t d u r i n g
t h e C o u l o m b c h a r g e s , t h e S . P. R
. i n v e s t i g a t i o n a n d r e -
p o r t , a n d t h e s u c c e e d i n g b l a s t s i n t h e p r e s s
. W o r k b e g a n
i n Ge r m a n y a n d Fr a n c e w i t h f r e s h v i g o r a n d n e w Lo d g e s
w e r e f o r m e d i n a d d i t i o n t o t h e e x i s t i n g o n e s . Ma n y n e w
Fe l l o w s e n t e r e d t h e So c i e t y , s o m e o f t h e m p e r s o n s o f
c o n s i d e r a b l e r e p u t a t i o n i n o t h e r f i e l d s o f e f f o r t
. Th e
Sp h y n x w a s b e g u n i n Ge r m a n y , Le Lo t u s
i n Fr a n c e , a n d
t h e s t u d y a n d d i s c u s s i o n o f s u b j e c t s w i t h i n t h e l i n e s o f
t h e Th r e e Ob j e c t s w e n t o n a p a c e
. Af t e r t h e r e m o v a l o f
H. P. B . t o En g l a n d , a d d i t i o n a l Lo d g e s w e r e e s t a b l i s h e d
i n I r e l a n d , Sc o t l a n d , i n t h e l a r g e r c i t i e s o f En g l a n d ,
a n d t h e B l a v a t s k y Lo d g e w a s f o r m e d i n Lo n d o n
. He r e
H. P. B
. h e r s e l f r e p l i e d t o q u e s t i o n s o n t h e " St a n z a s "
o f t h e I I
Se c r e t Do c t r i n e " a t a n u m b e r o f s e s s i o n s
. Th e s e
q u e s t i o n s a n d a n s w e r s w e r e s t e n o g r a p h i c a l l y r e p o r t e d
a n d , w h e n r e v i s e d , w e r e p u b l i s h e d a s " Tr a n s a c t i o n s 1
a n d 2o f t h e B l a v a t s k y Lo d g e . "
W h e n t h e S
. P
. R.
Pr o c e e d i n g s ,
Vo l u m e 3 , w e r e p u b -
l i s h e d l a t e i n 1885 , Mr
. Si n n e t t , t h e n Pr e s i d e n t o f t h e
Lo n d o n Lo d g e , w r o t e a p a m p h l e t " Re p l y " w h i c h w a s
p u b l i s h e d e a r l y i n 1886
. He a l s o w r o t e a s t r o n g l e t t e r
t o Li g h t , t h e l e a d i n g Sp i r i t u a l i s t p u b l i c a t i o n i n En g l a n d
.
Hi s c l e a r s t a t e m e n t s a n d w i d e r e p u t e w e n t f a r t o s t e m
DI VI SI ONSAMONGTHEOSOPHI STS

10 5
t h e u n f a v o r a b l e t i d e o f p r e s s c o m m e n t c o n s e q u e n t o n t h e
S. P. R. r e p o r t
. I n t h e s u m m e r o f 1886 h i s " I n c i d e n t s
i n t h e Li f e o f Ma d a m e B l a v a t s k y " w a s p u b l i s h e d b y
Re d w a y
. Th i s b o o k , w i t h i t s p a r t i a l d i s c l o s u r e s o f p e r -
s o n a l m a t t e r s , i t s a n e c d o t e s a n d n a r r a t i v e s o f t h e m o s t
a s t o n i s h i n g p h e n o m e n a , i t s m y s t e r i o u s h i a t u s e s , i t s p e r -
v a d i n g a t m o s p h e r e o f s i n c e r i t y , c a n d o r , a n d c o m m o n
s e n s e i n t h e m i d s t o f t h e w e l l - n i g h i n c r e d i b l e m a r v e l s
r e c i t e d , a n d a b o v e a l l , w i t h i t s p i c t u r e s o f t h e l i v i n g
H. P. B
. a s a m o s t f a s c i n a t i n g a n d h u m a n b e i n g s t e a d i l y
g i v i n g h e r s e l f , s o u l , m i n d , a n d h e a r t t o a c a u s e s a c r e d t o
h e r
; a g o o d - n a t u r e d , u n r e v e n g e f u l f i g h t e r u n d i s m a y e d
a n d u n d a u n t e d b y t h e m o u n t a i n s o f h a t r e d a n d c a l u m n y
h e a p e d u p o n h e r - t h i s b o o k c r e a t e d
a . p r o f o u n d i m p r e s -
s i o n f a r a n d w i d e , a n d a r o u s e d a s y m p a t h y f o r t h i s m a r -
t y r t o h e r c o n v i c t i o n s , a n d a n i n t e r e s t i n h e r t e a c h i n g s ,
t h a t b r o u g h t m a n y i n t o t h e r a n k s o f t h e So c i e t y , a n d
t u r n e d t o g o o d a c c o u n t t h e a d v e r s e f i n d i n g s o f t h e
S. P. R.
I n t h e s p r i n g o f 1885 w a s p u b l i s h e d " Li g h t o n t h e
Pa t h , w r i t t e n d o w n b y M
. C . " Th e i n i t i a l s s t o o d f o r
Ma b e l C o l l i n s , n i e c e o f t h e c e l e b r a t e d n o v e l i s t . Ma b e l
C o l l i n s w a s a p s y c h i c , a m e m b e r o f t h e Lo n d o n Lo d g e ,
a n d h e r s e l f a n o v e l i s t . " Li g h t o n t h e Pa t h " w a s " w r i t -
t e n d o w n " b y i t s s p o n s o r w i t h o u t p r e v i o u s k n o w l e d g e
o r s t u d y o f Ea s t e r n t e a c h i n g s . As o r i g i n a l l y p u b l i s h e d
i t w a s b u t a s m a l l p a m p h l e t w i t h o u t t h e " C o m m e n t s "
s u b s e q u e n t l y p u b l i s h e d i n Lu c i f e r a n d i n c o r p o r a t e d i n
m o s t o f t h e l a t e r e d i t i o n s o f " Li g h t o n t h e Pa t h . " Th e
w o r k c r e a t e d a v e r i t a b l e s e n s a t i o n a n d h a s p r o b a b l y b e e n
m o r e w i d e l y c i r c u l a t e d t h a n a n y o t h e r s i n g l e Th e o s o p h i -
c a l p u b l i c a t i o n . I t s c o m p a n i o n b o o k s , " Th e I d y l l o f t h e
W h i t e Lo t u s , " a n d " Th r o u g h t h e Ga t e s o f Go l d , " h a v e
a l s o b e e n v e r y w i d e l y r e a d a n d s t u d i e d . Ma n y s t o r i e s
h a v e b e e n t o l d , b o t h b y t h e r e p u t e d a u t h o r a n d o t h e r s , r e -
g a r d i n g t h e a c t u a l s o u r c e o f t h e s e w r i t i n g s . Th e s e w i l l
b e d i s c u s s e d i n t h e i r p r o p e r p l a c e . 2
" Fi v e Ye a r s o f Th e o s o p h y , " m a d e u p o f a r t i c l e s r e -
p r i n t e d f r o m t h e f i r s t f i v e v o l u m e s o f Th e Th e o s o p h i s t ,
3 Se e C h a p t e r XI I I .
I
10 6

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
a n d " Ma n - Fr a g m e n t s o f Fo r g o t t e n Hi s t o r y , "
. b y
" Tw o C h e l a s o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y , " w e r e i s s u e d
i n 1885 b y Re e v e s &Tu r n e r , Lo n d o n , a n d b o t h p a s s e d
t h r o u g h s e v e r a l e d i t i o n s
. Th e " Tw o C h e l a s " a r e s t a t e d
b y Mi s s Fr a n c e s c a Ar u n d a l e t o h a v e b e e n Mo h i n i M
.
C h a t t e r j i a n d Mr s . L. C
. Ho l l o w a y
( Th e Th e o s o p h i s t ,
Oc t o b e r , 19 17 ) .
C o n t e m p o r a n e o u s l y w i t h t h e r e v i v a l i n I n d i a a n d t h e
r e n a i s s a n c e i n Eu r o p e a n d En g l a n d , t h e s p i r a l u p w a r d
p a t h o f t h e Mo v e m e n t p r o d u c e d a f r e s h a n d h i g h e r i m -
p u l s i o n i n t h e Un i t e d St a t e s
. W h e r e i n I n d i a t h e r e -
s t r i c t i o n s w e r e s u c h t h a t p r a c t i c a l l y t h e w h o l e f o r c e o f
t h e Mo v e m e n t t o o k t h e l i n e o f t h e Se c o n d Ob j e c t , a n d
i n En g l a n d a n d o n t h e C o n t i n e n t t h e e n v i r o n m e n t o f
t h o u g h t a n d a c t i o n n a t u r a l l y l i m i t e d t h e m a j o r a t t e n -
t i o n t o t h e l i n e o f t h e Th i r d Ob j e c t , i n Am e r i c a t h e c h i e f
s t r e s s f r o m t h e b e g i n n i n g o f t h e s e c o n d d e c a d e w a s u p o n
t h e g r e a t Fi r s t Ob j e c t .
I n I n d i a t h e s t u d y a n d d i s c u s s i o n o f c o m p a r a t i v e r e -
l i g i o n a n d p h i l o s o p h y w a s t h e o n l y p o s s i b l e o p e n d o o r
t o a n y a r o u s a l o f i n t e r e s t a m o n g t h e m e m b e r s o f t h e
h i t h e r t o r i g i d l y e x c l u s i v e s e c t s a n d c a s t e s . I n En g l a n d
a n d Eu r o p e , g i v e n o v e r t o C h r i s t i a n s e c t a r i a n i s m , s c i e n -
t i f i c m a t e r i a l i s m , a n d Sp i r i t u a l i s m , a n d w i t h t h e b i n d i n g
f e t t e r s o f c a s t e a n d c l a s s e x c l u s i v e n e s s h a r d l y l e s s r i g i d
t h a n i n I n d i a , o n l y t h e n e u t r a l g r o u n d o f i n t e r e s t a f -
f o r d e d b y t h e Th i r d Ob j e c t g a v e a f i e l d i n w h i c h t o s o w
t h e s e e d o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l t e a c h i n g s . I n Am e r i c a t h e
Se c o n d a n d Th i r d Ob j e c t s h a d f o r m e d t h e m a g n e t f o r
t h e o r i g i n a l o r g a n i z a t i o n a n d m e m b e r s h i p o f t h e So c i e t y ,
a n d h a d b e e n u s e d b y H
. P. B . a s t h e r a i s o n d ' e t r e f o r
t h e w r i t i n g a n d p u b l i c a t i o n o f " I s i s Un v e i l e d
. " No t t i l l
t h e s e c o n d d e c a d e o f t h e So c i e t y o p e n e d w a s i t p o s s i b l e
t o r e - s t a r t t h e w o r k o f t h e Mo v e m e n t i n i t s d i r e c t p u b l i c
c h a n n e l , t h e So c i e t y , o n t h e r e a l l i n e , t h a t o f t h e Fi r s t
Ob j e c t
. Th e b e g i n n i n g o f t h i s w a s i n t h e Un i t e d St a t e s ,
a t Ne w Yo r k , i n t h e Ar y a n Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y , t h e r e -
o r g a n i z a t i o n a n d r e - i n c a r n a t i o n o f t h e p a r e n t So c i e t y o f
187 5 . Th e p r e s i d i n g g e n i u s o f t h e Ar y a n So c i e t y , a n d
o f t h e w o r k o f t h e Mo v e m e n t , e s o t e r i c a n d e x o t e r i c , i n
DI VI SI ONSAMONGTHEOSOPHI STS

10 7
t h e Un i t e d St a t e s w a s Mr
. W i l l i a m Q
. J u d g e . W i t h t h e
s e c o n d d e c a d e t h e w o r k f e l l i n t o i t s t h r e e s t r e a m s w i t h
Mr
. J u d g e i n Am e r i c a , H. P. B
. i n Eu r o p e , a n d C o l .
Ol c o t t i n I n d i a
. As w e s h a l l a l l t o o s o o n s e e , t h a t w h i c h
w a s i n t e n d e d t o b e t h e t h r e e g r e a t n a t u r a l b r a n c h e s o f
t h e w o r k o f t h e So c i e t y , m e t a p h y s i c a l l y a s w e l l a s g e o -
g r a p h i c a l l y , b r o k e i n t o a l i e n o r g a n i z a t i o n s a s w e l l a s
a l i e n p u r p o s e s .
Mr
. J u d g e h a d k e p t u p a n u n b r o k e n c o m m u n i o n w i t h
H. P. B
. a n d a n u n b r o k e n a c c o r d w i t h C o l . Ol c o t t d u r i n g
a l l t h e y e a r s f r o m t h e t i m e o f t h e s e p a r a t i o n o f t h e t h r e e
Fo u n d e r s a t t h e c l o s e o f t h e y e a r 187 8w h e n H . P. B .
a n d C o l . Ol c o t t d e p a r t e d f o r I n d i a
. I n t h e e a r l y s u m -
m e r o f 1884h e h a d g o n e t o Fr a n c e a n d p a s s e d s o m e t i m e
w i t h H. P. B . , p r o c e e d e d t h e n c e
t o I n d i a w h e r e h e f o r m e d
a c q u a i n t a n c e w i t h t h e l e a d i n g Hi n d u m e m b e r s , c o m p l e t e d
h i s t o u c h w i t h Da m o d a r a n d o t h e r s c o n n e c t e d w i t h
t h e Fi r s t a n d Se c o n d Se c t i o n s , a n d h a d r e t u r n e d t o
Am e r i c a n e a r t h e c l o s e o f t h e y e a r .
Du r i n g t h e y e a r
1885 h e w a s b u s i e d w i t h t h e r e j u v e n a t i o n o f t h e Ar y a n
Lo d g e , w i t h t h e r e v i v a l o f i n t e r e s t a m o n g t h e s c a t t e r e d
Fe l l o w s a n d t h e f e w e x i s t i n g Lo d g e s i n t h e Un i t e d St a t e s .
I n Ap r i l , 1886 , h e i s s u e d t h e f i r s t n u m b e r o f Th e Pa t h ,
t h e m a g a z i n e o f w h i c h H. P . B . s a i d a n d w r o t e : " I t i s
p u r e B u d d h i . " Th e n c e f o r t h Th e Pa t h w a s t h e o r g a n
p a r e x c e l l e n c e , n o t o n l y o f t h e Am e r i c a n m e m b e r s o f t h e
Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y , b u t o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l Mo v e m e n t
a n d t h e p r a c t i c a l , d e v o t i o n a l a p p l i c a t i o n s o f t h e t e a c h i n g s
o f Th e o s o p h y . W i t h i n a y e a r f r o m t h e Q o m m e n c e m e n t
o f i t s p u b l i c a t i o n t h e n u m b e r o f b r a n c h e s h a d t r i p l e d ,
a n d a c t i v e s t u d y a n d p r o p a g a n d a h a d c r e a t e d a w i d e -
s p r e a d i n t e r e s t i n t h e p r e s s a n d i n t h e p u b l i c m i n d . Th e
B o a r d o f C o n t r o l a p p o i n t e d i n 1884b y C o l
. Ol c o t t , t h e
Pr e s i d e n t , a t Mr . J u d g e ' s s u g g e s t i o n , f o r t h e f a c i l i t a t i o n
o f t h e r o u t i n e o f t h e Am e r i c a n B r a n c h e s a n d m e m b e r -
s h i p , c o n t i n u e d u n t i l t h e s u m m e r o f 1886 . Oc t o b e r 3 0 o f
t h a t y e a r , a g a i n a t Mr . J u d g e ' s r e q u e s t t o H
. P. B . a n d
u p o n h e r s u g g e s t i o n t o C o l . Ol c o t t , t h e B o a r d o f C o n -
t r o l m e t a t C i n c i n n a t i , t o g e t h e r w i t h d e l e g a t e s e i t h e r
i n p e r s o n o r b y p r o x y f r o m t h e Am e r i c a n Lo d g e s a n d
10 8

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
o r g a n i z e d t h e " Am e r i c a n Se c t i o n o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l
So c i e t y
. " I n Ap r i l , 1887 , t h e f i r s t C o n v e n t i o n o f t h e
n e w l y f o r m e d Se c t i o n m e t a t Ne w Yo r k C i t y , a c o n s t i t u -
t i o n a n d b y - l a w s w e r e a d o p t e d , o f f i c e r s c h o s e n , a n d t h e
f i r s t d e m o c r a t i c o r g a n i z a t i o n e m b r a c i n g a n u m b e r o f i n -
d e p e n d e n t B r a n c h e s w a s e f f e c t e d i n t h e So c i e t y ' s h i s -
t o r y . Mr
. J u d g e w a s e l e c t e d Ge n e r a l Se c r e t a r y o f t h e
Am e r i c a n Se c t i o n .
Th e Am e r i c a n Se c t i o n o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y
w a s n o t a n o r g a n i z a t i o n o f t h e i n d i v i d u a l Fe l l o w s o f
t h e So c i e t y , b u t a f e d e r a t i o n o f a l l t h e B r a n c h e s , Lo d g e s ,
o r So c i e t i e s i n t h e Un i t e d St a t e s . Ea c h s e p a r a t e So -
c i e t y w a s a u t o n o m o u s i n i t s o w n i n t e r n a l a f f a i r s , l i k e
t h e s t a t e s o f t h e Am e r i c a n Un i o n , b u t a l l w e r e j o i n e d
t o g e t h e r i n a s i n g l e g o v e r n i n g b o d y w i t h i t s o w n c o n s t i t u -
t i o n , p o w e r s , a n d o f f i c e r s , s i m i l a r t o t h e Fe d e r a l g o v e r n -
m e n t , w h i c h w a s , i n f a c t t h e m o d e l f o l l o w e d , b o t h i n t h e
o r g a n i z a t i o n o f t h e Pa r e n t Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y a n d o f
t h e Am e r i c a n Se c t i o n .
Th e Ge n e r a l C o u n c i l i n I n d i a
w a s r e c o g n i z e d , a n d t h e u n i t y o f t h e So c i e t y t h r o u g h o u t
t h e w o r l d i n p u r p o s e a n d t e a c h i n g w a s a f f i r m e d . At t h e
s a m e t i m e t h e r i g h t t o i n d e p e n d e n c e w a s p l a c e d o n r e c o r d
i n t h e s e w o r d s o f Mr . J u d g e i n h i s f i r s t f o r m a l Re p o r t ,
r e a d a t t h e s e c o n d C o n v e n t i o n a t C h i c a g o i n Ap r i l , 1888 :
" Of c o u r s e t h e Am e r i c a n B r a n c h e s c o u l d h a v e m e t t o -
g e t h e r a n d f o r m e d t h e m s e l v e s i n d e p e n d e n t l y , b u t s i n c e
w e d r a w o u r r e a l i n s p i r a t i o n f r o m I n d i a , i t w o u l d s e e m
u n w i s e a s w e l l a s d i s l o y a l t o h a v e f a i l e d t o t r y a n d
k e e p t h e o r d e r l y a n d r e g u l a r s u c c e s s i o n
. "
Th e p r i o r
d e f a c t o n a t u r e o f t h e c o n d u c t o f t h e So c i e t y ' s a f f a i r s ,
c o r r e s p o n d i n g t o t h a t o f t h e C o n f e d e r a t i o n o f t h e Th i r -
t e e n C o l o n i e s b e f o r e t h e a d o p t i o n o f t h e Am e r i c a n C o n -
s t i t u t i o n , w a s a l s o r e c o r d e d i n t h e s e w o r d s r e f e r r i n g t o
t h e p r e v i o u s l y e x i s t i n g B o a r d o f C o n t r o l :
Th a t B o a r d w a s t h e r e f o r e i n c h a r g e o f t h e i n -
t e r e s t s o f t h e m o v e m e n t h e r e , a n d w a s i n f a c t
a c o n t i n u a t i o n o f t h e s y s t e m o f s o m e w h a t p a -
t e r n a l a n d u n r e p r e s e n t a t i v e g o v e r n m e n t w h i c h
h a d u p t o t h a t t i m e p r e v a i l e d .
DI VI SI ONSAMONGTHEOSOPHI STS

10 9
Th e " s o m e w h a t p a t e r n a l a n d u n r e p r e s e n t a t i v e g o v e r n -
m e n t " c o n t i n u e d t o m a r k t h e c o n d u c t o f a f f a i r s i n I n d i a
t h r o u g h o u t , a n d i n Eu r o p e u n t i l 189 0 , b u t i n Am e r i c a
t h e c o n d u c t o f t h e So c i e t y w a s h e n c e f o r t h s t r i c t l y d e m o -
c r a t i c .
Th i s C o n v e n t i o n o f 1888, w h i l e t h e s e c o n d c h r o n o l o g i -
c a l l y , w a s r e a l l y t h e f i r s t f r o m t h e s t a n d p o i n t o f o r g a n -
i z e d a c t i v i t y i n Am e r i c a
. I t w a s a t t e n d e d b y d e l e g a t e s
i n p e r s o n o r b y p r o x y f r o m a l l t h e a c t i v e Lo d g e s i n t h e
Un i t e d St a t e s , b y t h a t t i m e t w e n t y - t w o i n n u m b e r ; w a s
s i g n a l i z e d b y l e t t e r s o f g r e e t i n g f r o m I n d i a , f r o m t h e
C o u n c i l o f t h e Lo n d o n Lo d g e , a n d b y t h e a t t e n d a n c e o f
Dr . Ar c h i b a l d Ke i g h t l e y a s a f o r m a l d e l e g a t e f r o m t h e
B l a v a t s k y Lo d g e a n d t h e Lo n d o n Lo d g e , i n b o t h o f w h i c h
h e w a s a n o f f i c e r . Dr
. Ke i g h t l e y w a s a l s o a c t i n g a s t h e
s p e c i a l r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f Ma d a m e B l a v a t s k y , f r o m w h o m
h e b o r e a l o n g a n d i m p o r t a n t Le t t e r t o t h e C o n v e n t i o n .
Th i s Le t t e r w a s r e a d t o t h e a s s e m b l e d d e l e g a t e s a n d
a f t e r w a r d s p r i n t e d i n t h e p u b l i s h e d " Of f i c i a l Re p o r t o f
Pr o c e e d i n g s " i s s u e d b y t h e Am e r i c a n Se c t i o n
.
Th e a u t u m n o f 1888, t h e b e g i n n i n g o f t h e f o u r t e e n t h
y e a r o f t h e So c i e t y ' s c a r e e r , w a s m a r k e d b y t h e m o s t
i m p o r t a n t e v e n t i n i t s h i s t o r y , n e x t t o t h e o r g a n i z a t i o n
o f t h e d e m o c r a t i c Am e r i c a n Se c t i o n , a n d w a s , i n f a c t ,
t h e o u t c o m e o f t h a t e p o c h a l p o i n t : t h e p u b l i c a n n o u n c e -
m e n t a n d i n a u g u r a t i o n o f t h e Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n , w h i c h
m u s t n o w b e t r a c e d
.
C HAPTER VI I I
ESOTERI C ANDESOTERI C ASPEC TSOFTHETHEOSOPHI C AL
MOVEMENT
HI THERTO
w e h a v e b e e n c o n c e r n e d w i t h t h e s u r v e y o f
t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l Mo v e m e n t o f t h e n i n e t e e n t h c e n t u r y
f r o m i t s p u b l i c a s p e c t s : t h e r e c i t a l o f a s e r i e s o f e v e n t s
m o r e o r l e s s i n r e l a t i o n w i t h e a c h o t h e r a n d w i t h t h e
s u m o f h u m a n a c t i v i t i e s , t o g e t h e r w i t h s u c h r e f l e c t i o n s
o n t h e i r b e a r i n g s a n d s i g n i f i c a n c e a s t o u s a p p e a r l o g i c a l
a n d c o n s i s t e n t .
An a t t e m p t h a s b e e n m a d e t o s h o w
c l e a r l y t h a t t h e v i c i s s i t u d e s b o t h o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l
So c i e t y a n d Ma d a m e B l a v a t s k y ' s t e a c h i n g s o f Th e o s o p h y
w e r e i n e v i t a b l e a n d b u t a r e p e t i t i o n o f t h e v a r y i n g f o r -
t u n e s w h i c h h a v e a t t e n d e d e v e r y f o r m e r e f f o r t t o i n t r o -
d u c e a s y s t e m o f t h o u g h t a n d a c t i o n a t v a r i a n c e w i t h t h e
i d e a s , c u s t o m s , a n d p r a c t i c e s s t i l l f i r m l y e n t r e n c h e d i n
t h e m i n d o f t h e r a c e . So f a r , a l l t h a t w e h a v e d i s c u s s e d
i s a c c e s s i b l e i n a l l i t s d e t a i l t o a n y i n q u i r i n g s t u d e n t , a n d
t h e o r d i n a r y m i n d w i l l f i n d n o t h i n g b e y o n d t h e r a n g e o f
c o m m o n o b s e r v a t i o n a n d e x p e r i e n c e . Th e s t u d e n t w i l l
h a v e b o t h t h e a d v a n t a g e a n d t h e d i s a d v a n t a g e o f t h e
f a m i l i a r m u l t i t u d e o f c o n f l i c t i n g t e s t i m o n y a n d o p i n i o n
t h a t a t t e n d s e v e r y i n q u i r y i n t o h u m a n a f f a i r s . He w i l l
f i n d n o t h i n g t h a t t r a n s c e n d s t h e p o s s i b i l i t y o f r e c o n -
c i l i a t i o n o r e x p l a n a t i o n o n h i s h a b i t u a l l i n e s o f t h o u g h t ,
w i t h o u t g r e a t l y d e r a n g i n g h i s f u n d a m e n t a l p r e c o n c e p -
t i o n s r e g a r d i n g Go d , Na t u r e , Ma n , a n d t h e c o u r s e o f
e v o l u t i o n .
B u t , a s w e h a v e e a r l y i n t i m a t e d , ' t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l
Mo v e m e n t h a s a n e s o t e r i c a s w e l l a s a n e x o t e r i c s i d e , a n d
h e r e t h e W e s t e r n s t u d e n t i s w i t h o u t g u i d e , c h a r t , o r c o m -
p a s s , e i t h e r i n h i s o w n m e m o r i a l e x p e r i e n c e o r i n a n y a c
I Se e C h a p t e r I I I .
110
ESOTERI C ANDEXOTERI C ASPEC TS

111
c r e d i t e d t e s t i m o n y o f t h e r a c e t o w h i c h h e b e l o n g s . No t
o n l y s o , b u t h e w i l l f i n d h i m s e l f c o n f r o n t e d , b o t h i n h i m -
s e l f a n d i n t h e r a c e , w i t h a d e e p l y i m b e d d e d i n c r e d u l i t y
w h i c h d e r i d e s a n d d e s p i s e s t h e v e r y p o s s i b i l i t y , e v e n , o f
i n t e l l e c t u a l a n d s p i r i t u a l e v o l u t i o n w i t h i n a n d b e h i n d
p h y s i c a l e v o l u t i o n . Th e s t u d e n t o f t h e e s o t e r i c s i d e o f
t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l Mo v e m e n t h a s t h e n l i t e r a l l y t o t a k e t h e
p o s i t i o n o f a C o l u m b u s . He h a s t o p o s t u l a t e t h e e x i s t -
e n c e o f t h e s p i r i t u a l a n d m e n t a l w o r l d o r w o r l d s , i n d e -
p e n d e n t o f a n d s u p e r i o r t o o u r f a m i l i a r u n i v e r s e , y e t
i n t e r - p e n e t r a t i n g i t a t e v e r y p o i n t , s t a n d i n g i n r e l a t i o n
t o i t a s a c a u s e t o a n e f f e c t , a n d , i n m a n , a l m o s t i n e x -
t r i c a b l y i n t e r w o v e n a n d i n t e r b l e n d e d i n h i s e m b o d i e d
e x i s t e n c e . He h a s t o a d m i t t h e f u n d a m e n t a l a s s u m p t i o n
t h a t s p i r i t u a l a n d i n t e l l e c t u a l e v o l u t i o n i s a s m u c h u n d e r
La w i n i t s p r o c e s s e s a n d r e s u l t a n t s a s p h y s i c a l e v o l u t i o n ,
a n d t h a t t h e l a t t e r i s b u t t h e s h a d o w a n d t h e r e f l e x o f
t h e m e n t a l , a s t h e m e n t a l i s o f t h e s p i r i t u a l . He h a s t o
r e c o g n i z e t h e i n e v i t a b l e c o r o l l a r y o f t h e s e p r o p o s i t i o n s ,
t h a t Li f e , i n d i v i d u a l a s w e l l a s c o l l e c t i v e , i s c o n t i n u o u s ,
a n d t h a t t h e i n f i n i t e c o u r s e o f s p i r i t u a l , m e n t a l , a n d
p h y s i c a l e v o l u t i o n h a s p r o d u c e d B e i n g s a s m u c h s u p e r i o r
t o m a n a s m a n i s s u p e r i o r t o a b l a c k b e e t l e - a s w a s o n c e
s p e c u l a t i v e l y s u g g e s t e d b y Pr o f . Hu x l e y - a n d , f i n a l l y ,
t h a t t h e s e B e i n g s t a k e a n a c t i v e p a r t i n " t h e g o v e r n m e n t
o f t h e n a t u r a l o r d e r o f t h i n g s . "
Th e s t u d e n t w i l l f i n d t h a t W e s t e r n r e l i g i o u s h i s t o r y
a n d W e s t e r n t r a d i t i o n a n d m y t h d o , i n d e e d , p r e s e n t a n
, i m m e n s e l i t e r a t u r e d e a l i n g w i t h g o d s , a n g e l s , d e m o n s ,
f a i r i e s , a n d s o o n , a n d w i t h t h e i r r e l a t i o n s t o h u m a n
b e i n g s a n d h u m a n a f f a i r s , b u t s u c h b e i n g s a n d t h e i r i n -
t e r v e n t i o n s a r e r e g a r d e d e i t h e r a s m i r a c u l o u s o r f i c t i -
t i o u s , a n d b e l i e f i n t h e m r e s t s e i t h e r o n t h e g r o u n d s o f
" r e v e l a t i o n " o r o f m e r e o p i n i o n s i n g r a i n e d f r o m c h i l d -
h o o d , o r o f s o m e m i s u n d e r s t o o d p e r s o n a l p s y c h o l o g i c a l
e x p e r i e n c e
. No w h e r e i s t h e r e a n y p h i l o s o p h y , a n y s c i e n -
t i f i c , a n y l o g i c a l ,
a n y h i s t o r i c a l
e v i d e n c e o r b a s i s f o r t h e
e x i s t e n c e a n d a c t i o n o f s u p e r h u m a n a n d s u b h u m a n e n -
t i t i e s a s t h e p r o d u c t o f e v o l u t i o n a r y La w . Su c h a t h e o r y
o r s u c h a f a c t i s a s u n k n o w n o r a s d e r i d e d i n t h e W e s t ,
112

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
a s f o r e i g n t o i t s b a s i c c o n c e p t s , a s t h e i d e a s o f p r e -
e x i s t e n c e , m e t e m p s y c h o s i s , r e i n c a r n a t i o n , Ka r m a ,
c o n -
t i n u o u s
i m m o r t a l i t y - a l l i n t e g r a l a n d i n s e p a r a b l e p a r t s
o f t h e f u n d a m e n t a l a s s u m p t i o n s c o n n e c t e d w i t h t h e
e s o t e r i c a s p e c t s o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l Mo v e m e n t
. On l y
w h e n a l l t h e s e a r e r e c o g n i z e d , a t l e a s t a s a w o r k i n g
h y p o t h e s i s , d o e s t h e e x p r e s s i o n , " t h e e s o t e r i c s i d e o f t h e
Th e o s o p h i c a l Mo v e m e n t , " b e c o m e t o l e r a b l e i n a n y b u t
a m a t e r i a l i s t i c s e n s e
. Th e s t u d e n t i s c o m p e l l e d t o t u r n
a s i d e f r o m t h e r e l i g i o n , p h i l o s o p h y , a n d t h o u g h t o f t h e
d a y a n d f a m i l i a r i z e h i m s e l f w i t h t h e r e c o r d e d p h i l o s o p h y
o f Th e o s o p h y , i f h e i s t o v i e w t h e f a c t s o f r e c o r d i n a n y
o t h e r l i g h t t h a n t h a t o f t h e w e l l - n i g h u n i v e r s a l p r e -
c o n c e p t i o n s o f t h e W e s t e r n r a c e
. I t i s o n l y t h r o u g h t h e
m o s t c a r e f u l a n d c o n s c i e n t i o u s s t u d y a n d a p p l i c a t i o n o f
t h e t e a c h i n g s o f Th e o s o p h y t h a t t h e s t u d e n t c a n h o p e t o
p e n e t r a t e b e y o n d t h e v i s i b l e a s p e c t s o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l
Mo v e m e n t t o t h e a r c a n a o f t h e i n t e l l e c t u a l a n d s p i r i t u a l
f a c t o r s a n d f o r c e s w h i c h c o n s t i t u t e t h e
Oc c u l t s i d e o f t h a t
Mo v e m e n t .
Th e f i r s t d i r e c t a f f i r m a t i o n o f t h e e x i s t e n c e o f Ad e p t s ,
B e i n g s p e r f e c t e d s p i r i t u a l l y , i n t e l l e c t u a l l y , a n d p h y s i -
c a l l y , t h e f l o w e r o f h u m a n a n d a l l e v o l u t i o n , i s ,
s o f a r a s
t h e W e s t e r n w o r l d i s c o n c e r n e d , t o b e f o u n d i n t h e o p e n -
i n g s e n t e n c e o f I I
I s i s Un v e i l e d
. " Fr o m b e g i n n i n g t o e n d
t h a t w o r k i s s t r e w n w i t h e v i d e n c e s , a r g u m e n t s , a n d
d e c l a r a t i o n s r e g a r d i n g Ad e p t s a n d t h e i r d o c t r i n e s
. Th e -
o s o p h y i s d e c l a r e d t o b e a p o r t i o n o f Th e i r W i s d o m
; i t s
t e a c h i n g s a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r t h e e x a m i n a t i o n a n d s t u d y ,
o f t h e w o r l d a n d o f t h e Fe l l o w s o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l
So c i e t y .
As s u b s e q u e n t l y a p p e a r e d f r o m t h e r e p e a t e d t e s t i m o n y
o f a l l t h r e e , b e f o r e t h e p u b l i c a t i o n o f
I
` I s i s , " a n d e v e n
p r i o r t o t h e f o u n d a t i o n o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y ,
H. P. B
. h a d i m p a r t e d m a n y o f h e r t e a c h i n g s t o C o l
. Ol c o t t
a n d Mr
. J u d g e , h a d c o n v i n c e d t h e m o f h e r p h e n o m e n a l
p o w e r s o v e r m a t t e r , t i m e , a n d s p a c e , ' a n d h a d a c c e p t e d
t h e m a s h e r p u p i l s
. Mo r e , t h r o u g h h e r i n t e r v e n t i o n b o t h
o f t h e m h a d b e c o m e a s s u r e d o f t h e e x i s t e n c e o f t h e
Ad e p t s , h a d r e c e i v e d p h e n o m e n a l v i s i t s f r o m t h e m , a n d
ESOTERI C ANDEXOTERI C ASPEC TS

1
h a d m a d e t h e i r p l e d g e s u n d e r t h e r u l e s o f Oc c u l t i s m d i -
r e c t t o t h e Ma s t e r s o f t h e Gr e a t Lo d g e
. o f Ad e p t s . Th e y
h a d r e a c h e d t h e d e t e r m i n a t i o n t o
f o l l o w t h e g u i d a n c e a n d
i n s t r u c t i o n o f H
. P. B . a n d i t w a s u n d e r h e r i n s p i r a t i o n
t h a t t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y w a s f o r m e d . Ag a i n , f r o m
t h e s u b s e q u e n t r e p e a t e d s t a t e m e n t s o f a l l t h r e e a s t o
t h e e v e n t s a n d r e l a t i o n s o f t h o s e e a r l i e s t d a y s , i t i s a p -
p a r e n t t h a t t h e c o n n e c t i o n b e t w e e n J LP,
. B . a n d , Mr
.
J u d g e w a s o f a d i f f e r e n t a n d d e e p e r n a t u r e t h a n t h e r e -
l a t i o n e s t a b l i s h e d w i t h C o l . Ol c o t t - a s w i l l d e v e l o p i n
t h e d u e c o u r s e o f o u r s t u d y . No r w e r e C o l . Ol c o t t a n d
Mr . J u d g e h e r o n l y p l e d g e d a s s o c i a t e s , t h o u g h t h e n a m e s ,
d u t i e s , a n d a c t i v i t i e s o f t h e o t h e r s h a v e n e v e r b e e n p u b -
l i c l y d i s c l o s e d
. B u t m e n t i o n o f t h e f a c t o c c u r s i n t h e
" I n t r o d u c t o r y " o f t h e " Se c r e t Do c t r i n e , " i n Lu c i f e r ,
Vo l u m e 3 , p . 17 3 , i n v a r i o u s " E. S. T. Ai d s , " a n d i n
o t h e r p l a c e s i n Th e o s o p h i c a l w r i t i n g s . An d s o m e t h i n g
o f t h e n a t u r e a n d w i d e s p r e a d a c t i v i t i e s o f t h e Ad e p t s
a p a r t f r o m t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y , i s p l a i n l y t o b e
d i s c e r n e d i n a n a r t i c l e i n B l a c k w o o d ' s Ed i n b u r g h Ma g a -
z i n e f o r J a n u a r y , 1880 . Th i s w a s w r i t t e n b y a n En g l i s h
p u b l i c i s t a n d e m b o d i e s a v e r y r e m a r k a b l e l e t t e r w r i t t e n
b y a n u n k n o w n i n d i v i d u a l n a m e d a s a " Tu r k i s h Ef f e n d i , "
o n t h e r e l a t i o n s o f C h r i s t i a n i t y a n d I s l a m
.
Th e f a c t o f t h e s e p r i v a t e t e a c h i n g s , o f t h e i n t i m a t e c o n -
n e c t i o n o f t h e Ad e p t s w i t h t h e f o u n d a t i o n a n d s p r e a d
o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y , o f a n i n n e r c o r e o f c h e l a s o r
d i s c i p l e s a s , t h e a c t i v e a g e n t s o f t h e Ad e p t s , b o t h i n t h e
So c i e t y a n d t h e Mo v e m e n t , o f t h e p r a c t i c a l p o s s i b i l i t y
" o f a d i r e c t c o n n e c t i o n w i t h t h e s e Ad e p t s a n d t h e i r c h e l a s
t h r o u g h Ma d a m e B l a v a t s k y , w a s k e p t s e d u l o u s l y c o n -
c e a l e d u n t i l a f t e r t h e a r r i v a l o f H
. P. B . a n d C o l . Ol c o t t
i n I n d i a . Af e w Fe l l o w s s u s p e c t e d f r o m o c c a s i o n a l p e r -
s o n a l h i n t s g i v e n t h e m , o r b y i n f e r e n c e s f r o m t h e a c c e s -
s i b l e t e a c h i n g s , t h a t m o r e m i g h t b e l e a r n e d . B u t H. P. B .
t u r n e d a ' d e a f e a r t o a l l p r a y e r s a n d e n t r e a t i e s i n t h a t
d i r e c t i o n , b i d d i n g t h e a s p i r a n t s j o i n t h e So c i e t y , t o s t u d y
t h e p u b l i s h e d l i t e r a t u r e , a n d a p p l y t h e m s e l v e s a c t i v e l y
t o t h e Ob j e c t s o f t h e So c i e t y .
I n I n d i a t h e r e l i g i o u s c o n v i c t i o n s o f t h e i n h a b i t a n t s
11! ' _

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
a r e , q u i t e i n c o n t r a s t w i t h t h e W e s t , t h e p r e d o m i n a n t
f a c t o r i n d a i l y l i f e
. Th e s p i r i t u a l a n d m e n t a l h e r e d i t y o f
t h e p o p u l a c e i s s u c h t h a t t h e t e a c h i n g s o f Th e o s o p h y
h a v e i n t h e m n o t h i n g o f t h e i n c r e d i b l e o r r e v o l t i n g t o
i n h e r i t e d i d e a s
. B o u n d a n d f e t t e r e d a s t h e y a r e b y r i g i d
c a s t e s a n d c r e e d s , s e p a r a t e d b y a l i e n t o n g u e s , c r i p p l e d
b y a n e n o r m o u s p e r c e n t a g e o f i l l i t e r a c y , a b u s e d b y a
p r i e s t h o o d w h i c h k e e p s t h e m i n s u b j e c t i o n t o g r o s s i d o l a -
t r i e s a n d s u p e r s t i t i o n s , g r o u n d b y a n e v e r - p r e s e n t p o v -
e r t y , t h e v a s t m a j o r i t y o f t h e I n d i a n p o p u l a t i o n s a r e ,
n e v e r t h e l e s s , d e e p l y r e l i g i o u s i n f e e l i n g , o f s i m p l e a n d
k i n d l y l i v e s , i m b u e d w i t h t h e i d e a s o f g u a r d i a n s p i r i t s , o f
t u t e l a r y d e i t i e s , o f t h e n e a r p r e s e n c e o f t h e i m m o r t a l a n d
i n v i s i b l e , a n d o f t h e s a c r e d n e s s o f a l l l i f e . Th e c o u n t r y
i s f u l l o f Sa a u n y a s i s , Sa d h u s , a n d Fa q u i r s , m a n y o f t h e m
m e n o f t h e n o b l e s t a n d m o s t s e l f - s a c r i f i c i n g c h a r a c t e r
w h o h a v e e x e m p t e d t h e m s e l v e s f r o m a l l r e s t r i c t i o n s o f
c a s t e a n d w o r l d l y l i f e a n d w h o w a n d e r t h e l e n g t h a n d
b r e a d t h o f t h e l a n d k e e p i n g a l i v e t h e r e v e r e n c e a n d f a i t h
o f t h e p o p u l a c e , p r a c t i c i n g a n d i n c u l c a t i n g t h e g r e a t v i r -
t u e s o f a l l t i m e . An d a m o n g t h e e d u c a t e d c l a s s e s a r e
v e r y m a n y h i g h l y i n t e l l i g e n t m e n p r o f o u n d l y v e r s e d i n
t h e p h i l o s o p h i c a l t e a c h i n g s o f t h e a n c i e n t s a g e s , Ri s h i s
a n d Ma h a t m a s .
Al m o s t f r o m t h e f i r s t m o m e n t o f t h e i r e n t r y t h e Fo u n d -
e r s m e t w i t h a s y m p a t h e t i c a n d u n d e r s t a n d i n g r e c e p t i o n
f r o m t h e Hi n d u s , a n d i n t h i s k i n d l y a t m o s p h e r e o f t r a d i -
t i o n a l a p p r e c i a t i o n i t w a s n a t u r a l t h a t t h e f i r s t d e c l a r a -
t i o n s h o u l d b e m a d e o f t h e d e e p e r i m p o r t o f t h e Th e -
o s o p h i c a l Mo v e m e n t . I n Th e Th e o s o p h i s t f o r Ma r c h ,
1880 , t h e a r t i c l e r e l a t i n g t o t h e " Tu r k i s h Ef f e n d i " w a s
r e p r i n t e d f r o m B l a c k w o o d ' s . I n t h e s u c c e e d i n g n u m b e r
a p p e a r e d " Th e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y o r Un i v e r s a l
B r o t h e r h o o d
. " Th i s d i r e c t l y i d e n t i f i e d t h e So c i e t y w i t h
i t s g r e a t Fi r s t Ob j e c t , a n d m a d e t h e f i r s t p u b l i c p r o c l a m a r
t i o n o f t h e Su p e r i o r Se c t i o n s . Th e a r t i c l e i s a n o f f i c i a l a n d
a u t h o r i t a t i v e a n n o u n c e m e n t , i s s i g n e d b y Kh a r s e d j i
N
. Se e r v a i , J o i n t Re c o r d i n g Se c r e t a r y , a n d h a s f o r i t s
s u b t i t l e , " Pr i n c i p l e s , Ru l e s a n d B y - La w s , a s r e v i s e d i n
, Ge n e r a l C o u n c i l , a t t h e m e e t i n g h e l d a t t h e Pa l a c e o f
ESOTERI C ANDEXOTERI C ASPEC TS

115
H. H
. t h e Ma h a r a j a h o f Vi z i a n a g r a m , B e n a r e s , 17 t h
De c e m b e r , 187 9 . "
Th e r e a f t e r r e f e r e n c e s i n t h e p a g e s o f
Th e Th e o s o p h i s t
b e c o m e m o r e a n d m o r e f r e q u e n t
; t h e m y s t e r i o u s B r o t h -
e r s , o r Ma h a t m a s , a r e o f t e n s p o k e n o f
; c h e l a s a n d c h e l a -
s h i p a r e d i s c u s s e d , Oc c u l t i s m a n d i t s r u l e s a r e a l l u d e d
t o a n d , o n r a r e o c c a s i o n s , t h e n a m e s a n d d e s i g n a t i o n s
o f v a r i o u s c h e l a s i n t h e i r d i f f e r i n g d e g r e e s a r e g u a r d e d l y
a n d i n d i r e c t l y i n t r o d u c e d .
Su b b a Ro w a n d Da m o d a r b e c a m e m o r e a n d m o r e
k n o w n i n t h i s w a y b o t h t o Hi n d u s a n d Eu r o p e a n s .
Ot h e r s m e n t i o n e d f r o m t i m e t o t i m e i n p e c u l i a r a n d p a r -
t i c u l a r w a y s i n Th e Th e o s o p h i s t
h a v e r e m a i n e d u n k n o w n
t o t h e w o r l d a n d t h e r e f e r e n c e s t o t h e m s e e m n e v e r t o
h a v e a r o u s e d q u e s t i o n o r c o m m e n t a m o n g Th e o s o p h i c a l
s t u d e n t s
. Am o n g s t Eu r o p e a n s , Mr . A. P. Si n n e t t a n d
Mr . A. 0 . Hu m e , b o t h ' t h e n r e s i d e n t i n I n d i a , c a m e i n t o
i n d i r e c t c o n t a c t w i t h t h e Ma h a t m a s t h r o u g h H . P. B . ' s
a g e n c y . Th e s e t w o w e r e w i t n e s s e s o f m a n y p h e n o m e n a l
o c c u r r e n c e s , a n d w r o t e n u m e r o u s l e t t e r s t o t h e h i d d e n
" B r o t h e r s
. " Al t h o u g h t h e y n e v e r m e t t h e Ad e p t s p e r -
s o n a l l y a n d w e r e n e v e r t h e m s e l v e s a b l e t o c o m m u n i c a t e
w i t h t h e m d i r e c t l y , b o t h Mr . Si n n e t t a n d Mr . Hu m e r e -
c e i v e d l e n g t h y c o m m u n i c a t i o n s f r o m t h e m , " Oc c u l t l e t -
t e r s " a m o n g s t t h o s e s e n t a n d . r e c e i v e d i n m o r e p r o s a i c
f a s h i o n . I n t h e s u m m e r o f 1881Mr . Si n n e d I s b o o k , I I Th e
Oc c u l t W o r l d , " w a s p u b l i s h e d i n Lo n d o n . Th i s c o n t a i n s
l o n g e x t r a c t s f r o m s o m e o f t h e l e t t e r s o f t h e Ma h a t m a
" " K
. H. , "
2
w r i t t e n i n a s c r i p t a n d w i t h a n a m e c h o s e n
f o r t h e p u r p o s e o f c o m m u n i c a t i n g w i t h l a y a n d p r o b a -
t i o n a r y c h e l a s . I n t h e s e e x t r a c t s w i l l b e f o u n d m u c h o f
p e r m a n e n t v a l u e c o n c e r n i n g t h e r e a l n a t u r e o f t h e Th e -
o s o p h i c a l Mo v e m e n t , t h e p u r p o s e o f t h e e x o t e r i c Th e -
o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y o r Th i r d Se c t i o n , t h e r u l e s a n d d i s -
c i p l i n e o f c h e l a s h i p o f t h e Se c o n d Se c t i o n , t h e m e t h o d s
o f t h e Ad e p t s i n d e a l i n g w i t h h u m a n i t y , a n d o t h e r Oc c u l t
' Th e c o m p l e t e u n e x p u r g a t e d t e x t o f t h e s e c o m m u n i c a t i o n s h a s r e c e n t l y
b e e n p u b l i s h e d u n d e r t h e t i t l e , ' Th e Ma h a t m a Le t t e r s t o A
. P. s i n n e t t , "
Lo n d o n , T
. Fi s h e r Un w i n , Lt d . ; Ne w Yo r k C i t y , Fr e d e r i c k A. St o k e s C o m -
p a n y .
116

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
m a t t e r s . I n 1882, " Hi n t s o n Es o t e r i c Th e o s o p h y " w a s
p u b l i s h e d a n d c o n t a i n s m u c h m a t t e r b e a r i n g d i r e c t l y a n d
i n d i r e c t l y o n t h e e x i s t e n c e a n d a c t i v i t y o f t h e Se c o n d
Se c t i o n .
Th e s u b j e c t o f t h e Su p e r i o r Se c t i o n s , t h e i r
t e a c h i n g s , w o r k , a n d t h e l i m i t a t i o n s i m p o s e d o n a n d b y
t h e m i n d e a l i n g w i t h t h e c o m p l e x n a t u r e o f Ma n , a r e
l a r g e l y d i s c u s s e d i n t h e s e r i e s o f a r t i c l e s , " Fr a g m e n t s
o f Oc c u l t Tr u t h , " p u b l i c a t i o n o f w h i c h w a s b e g u n i n Th e
Th e o s o p h i s t f o r Oc t o b e r , 1881 . I n t h e n u m b e r o f Ma r c h ,
1882, w a s c o m m e n c e d " Th e El i x i r o f Li f e , " w i t h t h e
p a r e n t h e t i c a l n o t a t i o n t h a t i t w a s " Fr o m a C h e l a ' s
Di a r y , " g i v i n g t h e p h y s i c a l d i s c i p l i n e a n d s c i e n t i f i c r e -
s u l t a n t s o f s u c c e s s f u l p r o b a t i o n a r y c h e l a s h i p , a n d s e t t i n g
o u t t h e c o n d i t i o n s p r e c e d e n t t o " Oc c u l t p r e f e r m e n t
. "
I n J a n u a r y , 1883 , " C h e l a s a n d Kn o w e r s " w a s p r i n t e d ,
f o l l o w e d i n t h e " Su p p l e m e n t " t o t h e i s s u e f o r J u l y , 1883 ,
b y " C h e l a s a n d La y C h e l a s
. " Th i s , p e r h a p s t h e m o s t
i m p o r t a n t a r t i c l e o n Oc c u l t i s m e v e r p u b l i s h e d , s e t s f o r t h
t h e d i f f e r e n c e b e t w e e n a c c e p t e d c h e l a s a n d t h e p l e d g e d
p r o b a t i o n e r s a n d n e o p h y t e s o f e v e r y d e g r e e . I t r e p e a t s
i n d e t a i l t h e r i s k s a n d d a n g e r s o f r u s h i n g p r e m a t u r e l y
i n t o " p r a c t i c a l Oc c u l t i s m , " g i v e s i l l u s t r a t i v e e x a m p l e s
o f f a i l u r e , a n d s p e c i f i e s s o m e o f t h e i r o n c o n d i t i o n s o f
s e l f - d i s c i p l i n e n e c e s s a r y
. Th e s a m e s u b j e c t w a s f i r s t d i s -
c u s s e d i n a g e n e r a l a n d g u a r d e d f a s h i o n t o w a r d t h e c l o s e
o f t h e l a s t c h a p t e r i n " I s i s Un v e i l e d
. " Fi n a l l y , t h e
l e a d i n g a r t i c l e f o r J u l y , 1884, e n t i t l e d , " Ma h a t m a s a n d
C h e l a s , " g a v e i n c l e a r e s t w o r d s t h e n a t u r e o f Ad e p t s h i p
a n d t h e f o l l y a n d f u t i l i t y o f p r e v a i l i n g i d e a s a m o n g
Th e o s o p h i s t s i n r e g a r d t o Ma h a t m a s a n d t h e m e a n s o f
a p p r o a c h i n g Th e m
.
W e h a v e s e l e c t e d o n l y a f e w o f t h e n u m e r o u s w r i t i n g s
w h i c h g r a d u a l l y a p p e a r e d b e a r i n g o n t h e e s o t e r i c s i d e
o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l Mo v e m e n t d u r i n g t h e f i r s t t e n y e a r s
o f t h e So c i e t y ' s l i f e
. On l y w h e n t h e s e a r t i c l e s a n d t h e
c o l l a t e r a l c i r c u m s t a n c e s o f t h e i r a p p e a r a n c e a r e u n d e r -
s t o o d c a n t h e i r r e l a t i o n t o a n d b e a r i n g u p o n t h e i n c i d e n t s
c o n n e c t e d w i t h t h e c a r e e r o f t h e e x o t e r i c So c i e t y b e
p r o p e r l y g r a s p e d a n d t h e b e h a v i o r o f v a r i o u s l e a d i n g
p e r s o n s c o n n e c t e d w i t h i t b e c o m p r e h e n d e d .
To t h e
ESOTERI C AD- Ef 0 TERI x PEC TS

117
" r u s h f o r c h e l a s h i p " a n d t o t h e f a i l u r e s o f p r o b a t i o n e r s
i n Oc c u l t i s m m u s t t h e s t u d e n t l o o k f o r t h e m e t a p h y s i c a l
a n d s p i r i t u a l e x p l a n a t i o n s o f t h e i n t e r n a l s t o r m s w h i c h
t h e n a n d t h e r e a f t e r r e n t t h e o r i g i n a l Th e o s o p h i c a l So -
c i e t y a n d i t s B r a n c h e s .
Th e e x t e n s i v e c i r c u l a t i o n o f " Th e Oc c u l t W o r l d " a n d
" Es o t e r i c B u d d h i s m , " t h e i n t e n s e a c t i v i t y o f t h e Lo n d o n
Lo d g e i n t h e p u r s u i t o f t h e Th i r d Ob j e c t a f t e r t h e r e t u r n
o f Mr . Si n n e t t t o Lo n d o n a n d h i s l e a d i n g p o s i t i o n i n t h a t
Lo d g e , m o s t o f w h o s e m e m b e r s w e r e Sp i r i t u a l i s t s a n d
a v i d f o r " p h e n o m e n a , " c a u s e d m a n y t o b e l i e v e t h a t t h e
Ma s t e r s c o u l d b e r e a c h e d v i a m e d i u m s , s e a n c e s , a n d
" p s y c h i c p r a c t i c e s " o f o n e k i n d a n d a n o t h e r , t o t h e e n t i r e
n e g l e c t o f t h e Fi r s t Ob j e c t o r t h e s t u d y o f p h i l o s o p h y .
Th e p o w e r f u l c u r r e n t s t h a t s u r r o u n d e d H . P. B . w h e r e v e r
s h e w e n t ; t h e i m p e t u s g i v e n t o c u r i o s i t y a n d a m b i t i o n
f o r " Oc c u l t " k n o w l e d g e b y t h e g r e a t a m o u n t o f p u b -
l i s h e d t a l e s a n d s p e c u l a t i o n s c o n c e r n i n g h e r a n d h e r
m i s s i o n ; t h e p r e l i m i n a r y i n v e s t i g a t i o n s o f t h e So c i e t y
f o r Ps y c h i c a l Re s e a r c h i n t o t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l p h e n o m e n a
- a l l t h e s e p r o d u c e d a g r e a t d a n g e r f o r t h e s e l f i s h , t h e
u n w a r y , t h e v e n t u r e s o m e Fe l l o w s o f t h e So c i e t y w h o h a d
p r o f i t e d s p i r i t u a l l y n o t a t a l l f r o m " I s i s Un v e i l e d , " f r o m
t h e Ma s t e r ' s l e t t e r s i n " Th e Oc c u l t W o r l d , " f r o m t h e
r e p e a t e d i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d w a r n i n g s i n Th e Th e o s o p h i s t ,
n o r f r o m t h e p r i v a t e c o m m u n i c a t i o n s f r o m H. P. B . a n d
t h e Ma h a t m a s t o n u m e r o u s i n d i v i d u a l s m o s t b e n t o n f o r c -
i n g t h e i r w a y i n t o t h e s p h e r e o f a c t i o n o f t h e Su p e r i o r
Se c t i o n s w i t h o u t r e g a r d t o t h e u n k n o w n l a w s a n d p e r i l s
t o b e e n c o u n t e r e d . No t u n t i l l a t e i n 1884, w h e n t h e i n -
d e p e n d e n t a n d m i s g u i d e d e n e r g i e s o f t h e Lo n d o n Lo d g e
t h r e a t e n e d t h e g r a v e s t d a n g e r b o t h t o i t s Fe l l o w s , t o t h e
So c i e t y , a n d t o t h e Mo v e m e n t , w a s p e r m i s s i o n g r a n t e d ,
a t t h e i r p e t i t i o n , t o Mi s s Fr a n c e s c a Ar u n d a l e a n d o t h e r s
t o f o r m a n I n n e r Gr o u p o f t h e Lo n d o n Lo d g e a s p r o b a -
t i o n e r s o f t h e Se c o n d Se c t i o n . Th e s i g n e r s p l e d g e d t h e m -
s e l v e s t o f o l l o w s t r i c t l y t h e r u l e s a n d i n s t r u c t i o n s g i v e n
t h e m . Al l t h i s r e m a i n e d s e c r e t f o r m a n y y e a r s , b u t i n
t h e v o l u m e , ( ' Le t t e r s f r o m t h e Ma s t e r s o f t h e W i s d o m , "
p u b l i s h e d i n 19 19 , w i l l b e f o u n d s o m e g r a p h i c s t a t e m e n t s
118
I TC THET OSOPH M"MOVEMENT
a n d i n d i c a t i o n s o f t h e c o n d i t i o n s p r e v a i l i n g - s t a t e m e n t s
w h i c h s h e d a f l o o d o f l i g h t n o t o n l y o n t h e s t a t e o f a f f a i r s
a t t h e t i m e w e a r e d i s c u s s i n g , b u t w h i c h a r e e q u a l l y i l -
l u m i n a t i n g i n t h e i r a p p l i c a t i o n t o t h e c o u r s e o f a f f a i r s
s i n c e a n d n o w a m o n g t h e t h i r s t y a s p i r a n t s f o r Oc c u l t
p o w e r s a n d k n o w l e d g e .
Du r i n g t h i s p e r i o d t h e f o u r t h e d i t i o n o f " Th e Oc c u l t
W o r l d " w a s p u b l i s h e d w i t h i t s Ap p e n d i x c o n t a i n i n g a
l o n g l e t t e r f r o m t h e Ma s t e r ` " K
. H
. " o n t h e " p r e c i p i t a -
t i o n " o f " Oc c u l t l e t t e r s " b y c h e l a s o f t h e Se c o n d Se c -
t i o n . Al l t h e s e e v e n t s a c c o m p a n i e d t h e " Ki d d i e i n c i -
d e n t "
; t h e a t t a c k o n H. P. B . b y Mr . Ar t h u r Li l l i e i n h i s
p a m p h l e t , " Ko o t Ho o m i Un v e i l e d " ; t h e C o u l o m b c h a r g e s
a n d t h e i n v e s t i g a t i o n b y t h e S. P. R. ; t h e l u k e w a r m n e s s
o r d e s e r t i o n s o f t h e Fe l l o w s , a n d t h e v i o l a t i o n o f t h e i r
p l e d g e s b y l a y
a n d a c c e p t e d p r o b a t i o n e r s o f t h e Se c o n d
Se c t i o n .
Th e f i r s t d e c a d e p a s s e d a n d i t s r e s u l t s a s c e r t a i n e d a n d
w e i g h e d a s r e g a r d e d t h e So c i e t y a s a w h o l e , r e - o r g a n i z a -
t i o n o f t h e w o r k c a n b e s e e n i n t h e c o m m e n c e m e n t o f
Th e Pa t h b y Mr
. J u d g e , i n Ap r i l , 1886 , a n d o f Lu c i f e r
i n Lo n d o n b y H. P
. B . i n Se p t e m b e r 1887 . So m e t h i n g
o f t h e i m m e n s i t y o f t h e c h a n g e i n a u g u r a t e d i n t h e p u b l i c
w o r k o f H. P. B . a n d Mr . J u d g e c a n b e s e e n b y m e r e l y
c o m p a r i n g t h e c h a r a c t e r a n d r a n g e o f c o n t e n t s o f t h e s e
t w o m a g a z i n e s w i t h t h o s e o f t h e f i r s t s e v e n v o l u m e s o f
Th e Th e o s o p h i s t
( 187 9 - 86 ) ; t h e p u b l i s h e d b o o k s i n t h e
p e r i o d 1885 - 9 5 w i t h t h o s e o f t h e f i r s t d e c a d e ; t h e
g r o w t h i n c h a r a c t e r o f w o r k u n d e r t a k e n b y t h e So c i e t y
i n Am e r i c a a n d En g l a n d i n 1885 - 9 5 , w h e t h e r c o m p a r e d
w i t h t h e h i s t o r y o f t h e So c i e t y a s a w h o l e i n i t s f i r s t t e n
y e a r s , o r w i t h i t s w o r k a n d c h a r a c t e r i n I n d i a d u r i n g
t h e s a m e t e n y e a r s , o r w i t h a n y o f t h e f r u i t s o f t h e n u m e r .
o u s Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t i e s n o w i n e x i s t e n c e t h a t h a v e
s p r u n g u p s i n c e 189 5 .
Th e p h i l o s o p h i c a l a n d m o r a l l e s s o n s a n d c o n s i d e r a -
t i o n s , t h e s i n e q u a n o n c o n d i t i o n s o f t h e Su p e r i o r Se c -
t i o n s , t h e e x p l a n a t i o n o f t h e n u m e r o u s f a i l u r e s , e x o t e r i c
a n d e s o t e r i c , w h i c h b e s e t t h e w o r k o f t h e f i r s t t e n y e a r s ,
a n d w h i c h m u s t b e s e t e v e r y s i m i l a r a t t e m p t i n a l l t i m e s ,
ESOTERI C ANDEXOTERI C ASPEC TS

119
a r e n o w h e r e m o r e c l e a r l y a n d a u t h o r i t a t i v e l y s e t f o r t h
t h a n i n t h e a r t i c l e e n t i t l e d " Th e Th e o s o p h i c a l Ma h a t -
m a s . Th e g e n e r a l c i r c u m s t a n c e s h a v e a l r e a d y b e e n o u t -
l i n e d ; t h e p a r t i c u l a r o c c a s i o n w a s a s f o l l o w s :
Am o n g s t t h e e a r l i e s t o f t h e Eu r o p e a n p l e d g e d p r o -
b a t i o n e r s o f t h e Se c o n d Se c t i o n w a s Mr . W . T. B r o w n .
He w a s a y o u n g m a n w h o h a d b e e n r e a r e d a s t r i c t o r t h o -
d o x C h r i s t i a n , w a s a g r a d u a t e o f t h e Un i v e r s i t y o f Gl a s -
g o w , a n d h a d t r a v e l e d e x t e n s i v e l y . I n 1883 , w h i l e i n
Lo n d o n , h e m a d e t h e a c q u a i n t a n c e o f Mr . Si n n e t t a n d
o t h e r s o f t h e Lo n d o n Lo d g e , a s w e l l a s o f s o m e l e a d i n g
Sp i r i t u a l i s t s , s o m e C o n t i n e n t a l f o l l o w e r s o f El i p h a s Le v i ,
a n d s t u d e n t s o f m e d i e v a l Ro s i c r u c i a n i s m
. He w a s a
m e m b e r o f t h e C e n t r a l As s o c i a t i o n o f B r i t i s h Sp i r i t u a l -
i s t s , j o i n e d t h e Lo n d o n Lo d g e , a n d b e c a m e s o d e e p l y i n -
t e r e s t e d i n w h a t h e r e a d a n d h e a r d o f Th e o s o p h i c a l t e a c h -
i n g s t h a t h e d e t e r m i n e d t o g o t o I n d i a a n d d e v o t e h i s
l i f e t o t h e ` e s o t e r i c d o c t r i n e . " He w a s w i t n e s s o f s o m e
o f t h e p h e n o m e n a c o n s t a n t l y o c c u r r i n g a t h e a d q u a r t e r s ,
r e c e i v e d " Oc c u l t " m e s s a g e s f r o m o n e o f t h e Ma s t e r s ,
a n d b e s o u g h t C o l . Ol c o t t , t h e n a b s e n t f r o m Ad y a r o n a
t o u r , f o r p e r m i s s i o n t o s h a r e i n h i s w o r k . He r e c e i v e d
a l o n g , f r i e n d l y , b u t v e r y s t r a i g h t f o r w a r d r e p l y w a r n i n g
h i m o f t h e i m m e n s e d i f f i c u l t i e s t o b e c o n f r o n t e d . Un d e -
t e r r e d , h e s e t o u t t o a c c o m p a n y C o l . Ol c o t t , a n d o n t h i s
t r i p r e c e i v e d f u r t h e r c o m m u n i c a t i o n s f r o m t h e Ma s t e r
" K
. H. , " w a s v i s i t e d b y t h e Ma s t e r i n " a s t r a l b o d y , "
a n d f i n a l l y m e t t h e Ad e p t i n h i s p h y s i c a l b o d y , r e c o g -
n i z i n g t h e Ma s t e r b o t h f r o m t h e p o r t r a i t w h i c h h e h a d
p r e v i o u s l y s e e n , f r o m h i s " a s t r a l " a p p e a r a n c e , a n d f r o m
t h e s u b j e c t m a t t e r s d i s c u s s e d . Al l t h i s o c c u r r e d d u r i n g
t h e l a t t e r h a l f o f 1883 . Mr . B r o w n w a s s o a r o u s e d b y
h i s e x p e r i e n c e s a n d s t u d i e s t h a t h e d e t e r m i n e d t o b e -
c o m e a p r o b a t i o n a r y c h e l a , a n d w a s a c c e p t e d o n p r o b a -
t i o n i n J a n u a r y , 1884
. " On t h a t o c c a s i o n , " h e s a y s , " I
w a s w a r n e d a s t o t h e d i f f i c u l t i e s o f t h e r o a d w h i c h I d e -
s i r e d t o t r e a d , b u t w a s a s s u r e d t h a t b y a c l o s e a d h e r e n c e
t o t r u t h , a n d t r u s t i n ' My Ma s t e r , ' a l l m u s t t u r n o u t
w e l l . "
Mr . B r o w n w a s a t h e a d q u a r t e r s d u r i n g t h e t i m e o f
120

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
t h e C o u l o m b a c c u s a t i o n s , r e t u r n i n g t o En g l a n d v i a t h e
Un i t e d St a t e s
. Ne x t h e w e n t t o Ge r m a n y a n d i d e n t i f i e d
h i m s e l f w i t h t h e " Ro s i c r u c i a n s " t h e r e
. He h a d w r i t t e n
a p a m p h l e t r e c i t i n g h i s e x p e r i e n c e s i n I n d i a , w h i c h w a s
p u b l i s h e d " u n d e r t h e a u t h o r i t y o f t h e Lo n d o n Lo d g e . "
Ne x t h e p u b l i s h e d a b r i e f a u t o b i o g r a p h y d e v o t e d t o h i s
e x p e r i e n c e s i n Ro s i c r u c i a n i s m , a n d f i n a l l y , e a r l y i n 1886 ,
c a m e o n c e m o r e t o t h e Un i t e d St a t e s t o a s s o c i a t e h i m -
s e l f w i t h Mr s . J o s e p h i n e W
. C a b l e s .
Mr s . C a b l e s w a s a C h r i s t i a n Sp i r i t u a l i s t a n d h e r s e l f
a f f l i c t e d w i t h p s y c h i c t e n d e n c i e s
. Le a r n i n g o f t h e Th e -
o s o p h i c a l t e a c h i n g s , s h e h a d b e e n l a r g e l y i n s t r u m e n t a l
i n f o r m i n g t h e Ro c h e s t e r T
. S. i n 1882, w i t h Mr . W . B
.
Sh e l l e y a s Pr e s i d e n t a n d h e r s e l f a s Se c r e t a r y
. Th i s w a s
t h e f i r s t Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y e s t a b l i s h e d i n Am e r i c a
a f t e r t h e f o r m a t i o n o f t h e p a r e n t T
. S
. I n Ap r i l , 1884,
s h e e s t a b l i s h e d Th e Oc c u l t W o r d , a m o n t h l y " j o u r n a l
d e v o t e d t o t h e i n t e r e s t s o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y , a n d
f o r t h e d i s s e m i n a t i o n o f Or i e n t a l Kn o w l e d g e
. " Th e i s -
s u e s a p p e a r e d i r r e g u l a r l y a n d t h e c o n t e n t s s h o w a c u r i -
o u s m i x t u r e o f C h r i s t i a n i t y , Sp i r i t u a l i s m , My s t i c i s m ,
p e r s o n a l v a g a r i e s o n d i e t , " As c e t i c i s m , " a n d " Oc c u l t -
i s m . " Mr s
. C a b l e s g a v e f r e q u e n t t a l k s b e f o r e t h e Ro c h e s -
t e r T
. S. , h e l d s e a n c e s , a n d e n d e a v o r e d b y e v e r y m e a n s i n
h e r p o w e r t o " o p e n u p c o m m u n i c a t i o n " w i t h t h e Ma h a t -
m a s . Fi n a l l y s h e p r o c u r e d t h e a s s i s t a n c e o f Mr
. B r o w n .
I n t h e s u m m e r o f 1886 Pr o f . El l i o t t C o n e s , Pr e s i d e n t o f
t h e t h e n Am e r i c a n B o a r d o f C o n t r o l o f t h e T
. S. e n -
d e a v o r e d t o m a k e o f Th e Oc c u l t W o r d t h e o f f i c i a l o r g a n
o f t h e T
. S. i n t h e Un i t e d St a t e s . Me a n t i m e Mr
. J u d g e
h a d s t a r t e d Th e Pa t h , a n d t h e c h a r a c t e r o f i t s c o n t e n t s
s h o w e d a s u r e k n o w l e d g e a n d t h e s i g n s o f d i r e c t c o n t a c t
w i t h t h e v e r y Po w e r s Mr s . C a b l e s h a d b e e n s e e k i n g t o
r e a c h i n m a n y w a y s
. Ve r y e v i d e n t l y i t a p p e a r e d t o Mr s
.
C a b l e s a n d . Mr . B r o w n t h a t t h e u n k n o w n Ma s t e r s h a d n o t
a c c o r d e d t h e m t h a t r e c o g n i t i o n w h i c h t h e y f e l t t h a t t h e y
h a d e a r n e d
. I n Th e Oc c u l t W o r d f o r Oc t o b e r - No v e m b e r ,
1886 , t h e y p u b l i s h e d a l e a d i n g e d i t o r i a l a r t i c l e o v e r t h e i r
j o i n t s i g n a t u r e s
. Th e a r t i c l e i s e n t i t l e d " Th e Th e o s o p h i -
c a l Ma h a t m a s , " a n d i n i t t h e a u t h o r s s a y
:
ESOTERI C ANDEXOTERI C ASPEC TS

121
Th e r e i s a g r e a t d e s i r e a m o n g m a n y o f o u r
b r o t h e r s t o b e . p u t i n t o c o m m u n i c a t i o n w i t h t h e
Th e o s o p h i c a l Ma h a t m a s , a n d a s w e h a v e g i v e n
m u c h t h o u g h t t o t h e s u b j e c t , a n d e v i n c e d g r e a t
d e s i r e t o r e c e i v e e v e n s l i g h t t o k e n s f r o m t h e
Ma s t e r s , i t w i l l b e u s e f u l t o o u r b r o t h e r s t o h a v e
s o m e o f o u r r e f l e c t i o n s
. W e h a v e c o m e t o t h e
c o n c l u s i o n t h a t i t i s u s e l e s s t o s t r a i n t h e p s y c h i -
c a l e y e s t o w a r d t h e Hi m a l a y a s . . . .
Th e Ma s -
t e r s h a v e g i v e n o u t n o t h i n g n e w i n t h e l i t e r a t u r e
o f o u r Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y . Th e r e h a v e b e e n
s t u d e n t s o f m y s t i c i s m i n a l l a g e s . . . a n d a l l o f
t h e s e h a v e f o u n d a w o r l d o f l i t e r a t u r e o p e n i n g
t o t h e i r g a z e a s t h e y d i r e c t e d t h e i r a t t e n t i o n t o
t h e s p h e r e s o f t h e o c c u l t
. . . . W e n e e d n o t
t h i n k , t h e r e f o r e , t h a t w e a r e h a v i n g a s p e c i a l
r e v e l a t i o n b y m e a n s o f o u r So c i e t y . .
. . Th e r e -
f o r e , w e n e e d n o t r u n a f t e r Or i e n t a l m y s t i c s w h o
d e n y t h e i r a b i l i t y t o h e l p u s . . . .
Ag r e a t m a n y o f u s h a v e c o m e t o t h i n k t h a t w e
h a v e b e e n r u n n i n g v a i n l y a f t e r Ea s t e r n m y s t i c s
a n d e c s t a t i c s , w h e n , w i t h i n t h e Ne w Te s t a m e n t
i t s e l f , w e f i n d t h e W a y , t h e Tr u t h , a n d t h e Li f e .
.
W e a r e n o w p r e p a r e d t o s t a n d b y o u r Es -
s e n i a n
Ma s t e r a n d t o " t e s t t h e s p i r i t s " i n h i s
n a m e . W e
h a v e b e e n h u n t i n g a f t e r s t r a n g e
g o d s ,
a n d h a v e " d e n i e d Hi m t h r i c e , " b u t w i t h
b l e e d i n g f e e t a n d p r o s t r a t e s p i r i t w e p r a y t h a t
He m a y t a k e u s o n c e m o r e u n d e r Hi s w i n g
. . . .
W e h a v e w a n d e r e d f a r a n d s u f f e r e d f o r o u r
w a n d e r i n g s . W e h a v e b e e n l i v i n g o n h u s k s ,
w h i l e t h e g o s p e l o f l o v e a n d s o u l i n v i g o r a t i o n
h a s b e e n a l w a y s a t o u r h a n d s . . . . Th e " d w e l -
l e r s o n t h e t h r e s h o l d a r e w i t h i n . "
To t h i s m a n i f e s t o H. P. B
. h e r s e l f r e p l i e d i n a n a r t i c l e
w i t h t h e s a m e t i t l e , w h i c h w a s p u b l i s h e d i n
Th e Pa t h
f o r De c e m b e r , 1886 . Af t e r s t a t i n g t h a t t h e f e e l i n g
e x p r e s s e d b y Mr s
. C a b l e s a n d Mr
. B r o w n , " i s u n d e n i -
a b l y s h a r e d b y m a n y Th e o s o p h i s t s " H . P. B
. g o e s o n
122

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
W h e t h e r t h e c o m p l a i n t s a r e j u s t i f i e d , a n d
a l s o w h e t h e r i t i s t h e " Ma h a t m a s " o r Th e -
o s o p h i s t s t h e m s e l v e s w h o a r e
t o b l a m e f o r i t i s
a q u e s t i o n t h a t r e m a i n s t o b e s e t t l e d .
W e c a n h e r e g i v e o n l y t h e b r i e f e s t e x t r a c t s f r o m H . P.
B
. ' s a r t i c l e , w h i c h c o n s t i t u t e s t h e v i e w o f t h e Su p e r i o r
Se c t i o n s o n t h e e s s e n t i a l s o f t h e p a t h o f p r o b a t i o n a n d
t h e c a u s e s o f t h e w r e c k s t h a t l i n e t h e r o a d . Th e a r t i c l e
i t s e l f s h o u l d b e r e a d a n d p o n d e r e d b y e v e r y a s p i r a n t t o
e s o t e r i c k n o w l e d g e u n t i l i t i s i n e r a d i c a b l y e n g r a v e d i n
h i s i n n e r n a t u r e , f o r i t r e l a t e s , n o t t o a n i s o l a t e d i n -
s t a n c e , b u t t o t h e i n v i o l a b l e l a w o f t h e h i g h e r l i f e . Sh e
s a y s
:
To t h e p l a i n s t a t e m e n t o f o u r b r o t h e r s a n d
s i s t e r s t h a t t h e y h a v e b e e n " l i v i n g o n h u s k s , "
" h u n t i n g a f t e r s t r a n g e g o d s " w i t h o u t r e c e i v i n g
a d m i t t a n c e , I w o u l d a s k i n m y t u r n , a s p l a i n l y
" Ar e y o u s u r e o f h a v i n g k n o c k e d a t t h e r i g h t
d o o r ?Do y o u f e e l c e r t a i n t h a t y o u h a v e n o t l o s t
y o u r w a y b y s t o p p i n g s o o f t e n o n y o u r j o u r n e y
a t s t r a n g e d o o r s , b e h i n d w h i c h l i e i n w a i t t h e
f i e r c e s t e n e m i e s o f t h o s e y o u w e r e s e a r c h i n g
f o r ?" . . . Ou r MASTERS a r e n o t a " j e a l o u s
g o d " ; t h e y a r e s i m p l y h o l y m o r t a l s , n e v e r t h e -
l e s s , h o w e v e r , h i g h e r t h a n a n y i n t h i s w o r l d ,
m o r a l l y , i n t e l l e c t u a l l y a n d s p i r i t u a l l y , .
m e m b e r s o f a B r o t h e r h o o d , w h o a r e t h e f i r s t i n
i t t o s h o w t h e m s e l v e s s u b s e r v i e n t t o i t s t i m e -
h o n o r e d l a w s a n d r u l e s
. An d o n e o f i t s f i r s t
r u l e s d e m a n d s t h a t t h o s e w h o s t a r t
. . . a s c a n -
d i d a t e s . . . s h o u l d p r o c e e d b y t h e s t r a i g h t
r o a d , w i t h o u t s t o p p i n g o n e v e r y s i d e w a y a n d
p a t h , s e e k i n g t o j o i n o t h e r " Ma s t e r s " a n d p r o -
f e s s o r s o f t e n o f t h e Le f t - Ha n d Sc i e n c e , t h a t t h e y
s h o u l d h a v e c o n f i d e n c e a n d s h o w t r u s t a n d
p a t i e n c e , b e s i d e s s e v e r a l o t h e r c o n d i t i o n s t o
f u l f i l l . Fa i l i n g i n a l l o f t h i s f r o m f i r s t t o
l a s t , w h a t r i g h t h a s a n y m a n o r ' w o m a n t o c o m -
ESOTERI C ANDEXOTERI C ASPEC T

128
p l a i n o f t h e i n a b i l i t y o f t h e Ma s t e r s t o h e l p
t h e m ? . . .
On c e t h a t a Th e o s o p h i s t w o u l d b e c o m e a c a n -
d i d a t e f o r e i t h e r c h e l a s h i p o r f a v o u r s , h e m u s t
b e a w a r e o f t h e
m u t u a l p l e d g e , t a c i t l y , i f n o t
f o r m a l l y o f f e r e d a n d a c c e p t e d b e t w e e n t h e t w o
p a r t i e s , a n d , t h a t s u c h a p l e d g e i s s a c r e d . I t i s
a b o n d o f s e v e n y e a r s o f p r o b a t i o n . I f d u r i n g
t h a t t i m e , n o t w i t h s t a n d i n g t h e m a n y h u m a n
s h o r t c o m i n g s a n d m i s t a k e s o f t h e c a n d i d a t e
( s a v e t w o w h i c h i t i s n e e d l e s s t o s p e c i f y i n
p r i n t ) , h e r e m a i n s t h r o u g h o u t e v e r y t e m p t a t i o n
t r u e t o t h e c h o s e n Ma s t e r ,
o r Ma s t e r s ( i n t h e
c a s e o f l a y c o n d i d a t e s ) , a n d a s f a i t h f u l t o t h e
So c i e t y f o u n d e d a t t h e i r w i s h a n d u n d e r t h e i r
o r d e r s , t h e n t h e t h e o s o p h i s t w i l l b e i n i t i a t e d . . .
t h e n c e f o r w a r d a l l o w e d t o c o m m u n i c a t e w i t h h i s
g u r u
u n r e s e r v e d l y , a l l h i s f a i l i n g s s a v e t h i s o n e ,
a s s p e c i f i e d , m a y b e o v e r l o o k e d ; t h e y b e l o n g t o
h i s f u t u r e
Ka r m a . . .
Th u s t h e c h i e f a n d o n l y i n d i s p e n s a b l e c o n d i -
t i o n r e q u i r e d i n t h e c a n d i d a t e o r c h e l a o n p r o -
b a t i o n i s , s i m p l y u n s w e r v i n g f i d e l i t y t o t h e
c h o s e n Ma s t e r a n d h i s p u r p o s e s . Th i s i s a c o n -
d i t i o n s i n e q u a n o n ,
n o t . . . o n a c c o u n t o f a n y
j e a l o u s f e e l i n g , b u t s i m p l y b e c a u s e t h e m a g -
n e t i c r a p p o r t b e t w e e n t h e t w o o n c e b r o k e n , i t
b e c o m e s a t e a c h t i m e d o u b l y d i f f i c u l t t o r e - e s t a b -
l i s h i t a g a i n . . . .
B o t h t h e w r i t e r s m a y h a v e a n d v e r y l i k e l y
t h e y d i d - " h u n t a f t e r s t r a n g e g o d s " ; b u t t h e s e
w e r e n o t o u r
MASTERS. . . .
Ye t , t o t h o s e t h e o s o p h i s t s , w h o a r e d i s p l e a s e d
w i t h t h e So c i e t y i n g e n e r a l , n o o n e h a s e v e r
m a d e y o u a n y r a s h p r o m i s e s ; l e a s t o f a l l , h a s
e i t h e r t h e So c i e t y o r i t s f o u n d e r s e v e r o f f e r e d
t h e i r " Ma s t e r s " a s a c h r o m o - p r e m i u m t o
t h e
b e s t b e h a v e d
. Fo r y e a r s e v e r y n e w m e m b e r h a s
b e e n t o l d t h a t h e w a s
p r o m i s e d n o t h i n g , b u t h a d
e v e r y t h i n g t o e x p e c t o n l y f r o m h i s o w n p e r s o n a l
124

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
m e r i t
.
Th e t h e o s o p h i s t i s l e f t f r e e a n d u n -
t r a m m e l e d i n h i s a c t i o n s . . . u n l e s s , i n d e e d , o n e
h a s o f f e r e d h i m s e l f a n d i s d e c i d e d t o w i n t h e
Ma s t e r ' s f a v o r s .
. To s u c h h e s p e c i a l l y , I n o w a d -
d r e s s m y s e l f a n d a s k
: Ha v e y o u f u l f i l l e d y o u r
o b l i g a t i o n s a n d p l e d g e s ?Ha v e y o u
. . .
l e d t h e
l i f e r e q u i s i t e I . Le t h i m w h o f e e l s i n h i s
h e a r t a n d c o n s c i e n c e t h a t h e h a s - . . l e t h i m
r i s e a n d p r o t e s t . . . . I
a m a f r a i d m y i n v i t a -
t i o n w i l l r e m a i n u n a n s w e r e d . Du r i n g t h e e l e v e n
y e a r s o f t h e e x i s t e n c e o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So -
c i e t y I h a v e k n o w n , o u t o f t h e s e v e n t y - t w o r e g u -
l a r l y a c c e p t e d c h e l a s o n p r o b a t i o n a n d t h e h u n -
d r e d s o f l a y c a n d i d a t e s - o n l y t h r e e w h o h a v e
n o t h i t h e r t o f a i l e d , a n d
o n e
o n l y w h o h a d a f u l l
s u c c e s s
. No o n e f o r c e s a n y o n e i n t o c h e l a s h i p ;
n o p r o m i s e s a r e u t t e r e d , n o n e e x c e p t t h e m u t u a l
p l e d g e b e t w e e n Ma s t e r a n d t h e w o u l d - b e - c h e l a .
Ve r i l y , v e r i l y , m a n y a r e t h e c a l l e d b u t f e w a r e
c h o s e n - o r r a t h e r f e w w h o h a v e t h e p a t i e n c e o f
g o i n g t o t h e b i t t e r e n d , i f b i t t e r w e c a l l s i m p l e
p e r s e v e r a n c e a n d s i n g l e n e s s o f p u r p o s e . An d
w h a t a b o u t t h e So c i e t y , i n g e n e r a l ?
. . .
W h o
a m o n g t h e t h o u s a n d s o f m e m b e r s d o e s l e a d t h e
l i f e ' Sh a l l a n y o n e s a y b e c a u s e h e i s a s t r i c t
v e g e t a r i a n - e l e p h a n t s a n d c o w s a r e t h a t - o r
h a p p e n s t o l e a d a c e l i b a t e l i f e , a f t e r a s t o r m y
y o u t h i n t h e o p p o s i t e d i r e c t i o n ; o r b e c a u s e h e
s t u d i e s t h e B h a g a v a d - Gi t a o r t h e " Yo g a p h i -
l o s o p h y " u p s i d e d o w n , t h a t h e i s a t h e o s o p h i s t
a c c o r d i n g t o t h e Ma s t e r s ' h e a r t s f As i t i s n o t
t h e c o w l t h a t m a k e s t h e m o n k , s o , n o l o n g h a i r
w i t h a p o e t i c a l v a c a n c y o n t h e b r o w a r e s u f -
f i c i e n t t o m a k e o f o n e a f a i t h f u l f o l l o w e r o f
d i v i n e
W i s d o m . Lo o k . a r o u n d y o u a n d b e h o l d
o u r UNI v ERs n r . B r o t h e r h o o d s o - c a l l e d ! Th e So -
c i e t y f o u n d e d t o r e m e d y t h e g l a r i n g e v i l s o f
C h r i s t i a n i t y , t o s h u n b i g o t r y a n d i n t o l e r a n c e ,
c a n t
a n d s u p e r s t i t i o n a n d t o c u l t i v a t e r e a l u n i -
ESOTERI C ANDEXOTERI C ASPEC TS
v e r n a l
l o v e e x t e n d i n g e v e n t o t h e d u m b b r u t e ,
w h a t h a s i t b e c o m e i n Eu r o p e a n d Am e r i c a i n
t h e s e e l e v e n y e a r s o f t r i a l ?

.
I h a v e n e v e r c e a s e d r e p e a t i n g t o o t h e r s a s
s o o n a s o n e s t e p s o n t h e Pa t h l e a d i n g t o
. . .
t h e b l e s s e d Ma s t e r s
. ' . .
h i s Ka r m a , i n s t e a d o f
h a v i n g t o b e d i s t r i b u t e d t h r o u g h o u t h i s l o n g l i f e ,
f a l l s u p o n h i m i n a b l o c k a n d c r u s h e s h i m w i t h
i t s w h o l e w e i g h t
. He w h o b e l i e v e s i n w h a t h e
p r o f e s s e s a n d i n h i s Ma s t e r , w i l l s t a n d i t a n d
c o m e o u t o f t h e t r i a l v i c t o r i o u s
; h e
w h o d o u b t s ,
t h e c o w a r d w h o f e a r s t o r e c e i v e h i s j u s t d u e s a n d
t r i e s t o a v o i d j u s t i c e b e i n g d o n e - FAU, s
. He
w i l l n o t e s c a p e Ka r m a j u s t t h e s a m e , b u t h e ,
w i l l
o n l y l o s e t h a t f o r w h i c h h e h a s r i s k e d i t s
u n t i m e l y v i s i t s . . . .
An d n o w r e p e a t i n g a f t e r t h e
Pa r a g u r u r - m y
Ma s t e r ' s
. MASTER- t h e w o r d s He h a d s e n t a s a
m e s s a g e t o t h o s e w h o w a n t e d t o m a k e o f t h e
So c i e t y a " m i r a c l e c l u b " i n s t e a d o f a B r o t h e r -
h o o d o f Pe a c e , Lo v e a n d m u t u a l a s s i s t a n c e -
" Pe r i s h r a t h e r , t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y a n d
i t s h a p l e s s Fo u n d e r s , " I s a y p e r i s h t h e i r t w e l v e
y e a r s ' l a b o u r a n d t h e i r v e r y l i v e s r a t h e r t h a n
t h a t I s h o u l d s e e w h a t I d o t o - d a y
: t h e o s o p h i s t s ,
o u t v y i n g p o l i t i c a l " r i n g s " i n t h e i r s e a r c h f o r
p e r s o n a l p o w e r a n d a u t h o r i t y ; t h e o s o p h i s t s s l a n -
d e r i n g a n d c r i t i c i z i n g e a c h o t h e r a s t w o r i v a l
C h r i s t i a n s e c t s m i g h t d o ; f i n a l l y t h e o s o p h i s t s r e -
f u s i n g t o l e a d t h e l i f e a n d t h e n c r i t i c i z i n g a n d
t h r o w i n g s l u r s o n t h e g r a n d e s t a n d n o b l e s t o f
m e n , b e c a u s e . . . t h o s e Ma s t e r s r e f u s e t o i n t e r -
f e r e w i t h Ka r m a a n d t o p l a y s e c o n d f i d d l e t o
e v e r y t h e o s o p h i s t w h o c a l l s u p o n Th e m a n d
w h e t h e r h e d e s e r v e s i t o r n o t . "
Th e h i s t o r y o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y i s t h e h i s t o r y
o f t h e f a i l u r e o f Th e o s o p h i s t s i n h i g h a n d l o w p o s i t i o n
t o l e a d t h e l i f e i n c u l c a t e d i n t h e i r o w n Ob j e c t s a n d t h e i r
125
1Q 6

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
o w n p r o f e s s i o n s ; i s
t h e r e c o r d o f t h e f a i l u r e o f t h e l a y
a n d p l e d g e d p r o b a t i o n e r s o f t h e Se c o n d Se c t i o n t o
k e e p
t h e i r p l e d g e s
i n
" s i m p l e p e r s e v e r a n c e a n d s i n g l e n e s s o f
p u r p o s e
. "
Th e c a s e o f Mr s . C a b l e s a n d Mr
. B r o w n h a s b e e n
s e l e c t e d b e c a u s e i t i s p u b l i c a n d t y p i c a l o f t h e h u n d r e d s
o f c a s e s b e f o r e a n d s i n c e o f t h o s e w h o s t a r t e d w i t h f a i r
p r o s p e c t s , i n a l l t h e g l o r y o f a f r e s h e n t h u s i a s m , w i t h
a l l t h e g e n e r a l a n d p a r t i c u l a r a d v a n t a g e s , h e l p , a n d
g u i d a n c e t h a t p a s t Ka r m a a n d p e r s o n a l c o n t a c t w i t h t h e
Te a c h i n g s a n d t h e Te a c h e r s c o u l d g i v e t h e m , a n d w h o
n e v e r t h e l e s s f a i l e d m i s e r a b l y b e c a u s e t h e y w o u l d
n o t ,
a n d n o t b e c a u s e t h e y c o u l d n o t , a d h e r e t o t h e l i n e s l a i d
d o w n b y t h o s e v e r y Ma s t e r s w h o m t h e y l o n g e d t o c o m e
i n c o n t a c t w i t h , a s a c c e p t e d c h e l a s .
Mr . B r o w n r e t u r n e d t o En g l a n d , l a t e r w e n t t o I n d i a
a n d t h e r e m a r r i e d a n Eu r a s i a n l a d y ; h e r e t u r n e d t o t h e
f o l d o f o r t h o d o x C h r i s t i a n i t y , a n d h a s n e v e r s i n c e b e e n
h e a r d o f i n c o n n e c t i o n w i t h c h e l a s h i p . Mr s . C a b l e s
s p e e d i l y t u r n e d t h e Ro c h e s t e r T. S. i n t o t h e Ro c h e s t e r
B r o t h e r h o o d , a n d h e r m a g a z i n e i n t o t h e e x p o n e n c y o f
t h e v a r i o u s p h a s e s o f " My s t i c i s m " a n d " Oc c u l t i s m "
t h a t a t t r a c t e d h e r f a n c y f r o m t i m e t o t i m e
. Ne i t h e r Mr s .
C a b l e s n o r Mr
. B r o w n a p p e a r s e v e r t o h a v e q u e s t i o n e d
t h e i r o w n i n s t a b i l i t y o f p u r p o s e , t h e i r o w n i n c o n s i s t e n c y
o f a c t i o n , t h e i r o w n u t t e r f a i l u r e t o a b i d e b y t h e c o n d i -
t i o n s t h e y h a d t h e m s e l v e s i n v o k e d . W a s t h i s c o u r s e o f
c o n d u c t u n i q u e o n t h e i r p a r t o r w a s i t b u t a m a n i f e s t a -
t i o n o f t h o s e v e r y d e f e c t s a n d w e a k n e s s e s o f h u m a n n a -
t u r e w h i c h m u s t b e f o u g h t a n d c o n q u e r e d b y t h e c a n d i -
d a t e f o r c h e l a s h i p I
C HAPTERI X
H. P. B . ,
OLC OTT, ANDJ UDGE
HI STORY
i s m o r e t h a n t h e n a r r a t i o n o f e v e n t s
; e v e n
t h e m o s t p e r s o n a l a n d s h o r t - s i g h t e d r e c o g n i z e t h a t a c -
t i o n s d o n o t p e r f o r m t h e m s e l v e s .
Th e r e i s n o a c t i o n
w i t h o u t a b e i n g
t o
m a k e i t a n d t o f e e l i t s e f f e c t s . No
o n e ' s m i n u t e s t a c t i o n s t a n d s a l o n e a n d w i t h o u t r e l a t i o n
.
Hi s t o r y i s t h e s t o r y o f t h e p e r s o n s a n d p e r s o n a g e s
w h o p e r f o r m e d t h e a c t i o n s , a s w e l l a s o f t h e e v e n t s t h e m -
s e l v e s
; b u t e v e n m o r e , i f i t s c h r o n i c l e i s t o b e o f a n y
v a l u e t o t h e s t u d e n t , h e m u s t b e c o n c e r n e d i n t h e m e a n i n g
o f t h e i n c i d e n t s w h i c h c r o w d t h e s t a g e
; i n t h e p a r t s
p l a y e d b y t h e v a r i o u s a c t o r s i n t h e d r a m a ; i n t h e l e s s o n s
t o b e l e a r n e d i n r e l a t i o n t o t h e l a r g e r d r a m a o f l i f e i t s e l f
i n
w h i c h h e a n d a l l o t h e r s e n t i e n t b e i n g s a r e c o n c e r n e d
.
B e h i n d t h e a r r a s o f t h e v i s i b l e l i e s t h e r e a l a n d e n d u r -
i n g w o r l d o f c a u s a t i o n ,
t h e w o r l d o f i m m o r t a l So u l s e n -
g a g e d i n t h e b a t t l e o f Li f e - t h e p i l g r i m a g e o f s p i r i t u a l
a n d m e n t a l e v o l u t i o n , i n w h i c h a l l a r e i n v o l v e d . Th u s
t h e h i s t o r y o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l Mo v e m e n t b e c o m e s a
s t u d y o f t h e o p e r a t i o n o f t h e La w o f Ka r m a ,
i n w h i c h ,
e v e r y l i v i n g So u l i s e q u a l l y c o n c e r n e d .
Th e m o m e n t a n y o n e t a k e s t h i s p o s i t i o n h e i s o n t h e
p l a n e o f c o n s c i o u s n e s s o f t h e Su p e r i o r Se c t i o n s o f t h e
Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y ; h e i s s t u d y i n g p a r t i c u l a r p e r s o n s
a n d t h e i r a c t i o n s i n t h e l i g h t o f
Un i v e r s a l Pr i n c i p l e s -
i n t h e l i g h t o f t h e t e a c h i n g s o f Th e o s o p h y , e s o t e r i c a n d
e s o t e r i c .
Fr o m t h e b e g i n n i n g i t w a s t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l
So c i e t y
w h i c h a t t r a c t e d t h e a t t e n t i o n o f f r i e n d s a n d f o e s a l i k e
.
As i t w a s t h e v i s i b l e b o d y , t h e h e r e d i t y a n d p r e - c o n c e p -
t i o n s o f t h e r a c e m a d e t h e t h i n g v i s i b l e , t h e r e a l i t y
. I t s
d e c l a r e d p l a t f o r m o f Ob j e c t s w a s u n i v e r s a l l y a t t r a c t i v e ,
127
128

THETHEOSOPHI C AL
MOVEMENT
s o l o n g a s t h o s e Ob j e c t s r e m a i n e d i n t h e r e g i o n o f i d e a l s
;
a n a b s t r a c t i o n w h i c h o n e c o u l d p r o f e s s w i t h o u t d i s t u r b -
a n c e , e x t e r n a l o r i n t e r n a l
.
B u t w h e n i t w a s a s c e r t a i n e d t h a t t h e So c i e t y w a s i n
f a c t b u t a v e h i c l e f o r t h e d i s s e m i n a t i o n a n d s e r i o u s s t u d y
o f Th e o s o p h y
; w h e n i t w a s s e e n t h a t t h e c a r e f u l s t u d y
a n d c o m p a r i s o n o f t h e v a r i o u s r e l i g i o n s a n d t h e o r i e s ,
p h i l o s o p h i c a l a n d s c i e n t i f i c , l e d s t r a i g h t t o t h e u n a v o i d -
a b l e i n f e r e n c e t h a t t h e o n l y v a l u e i n a n y o r a l l o f t h e m
l a y i n w h a t t h e y h a d i n c o m m o n ,
n o t i n t h e i r m u t u a l
e x c l u s i o n s ; t h a t t h e v a r i o u s d i f f e r e n c e s
w e r e m u t u a l l y
c o n t r a d i c t o r y a n d d e s t r u c t i v e ; t h a t i n Th e o s o p h y a l o n e
w a s a n i n c l u s i v e W i s d o m , s e l f - c o n v i n c i n g a n d s e l f - e x -
p l a n a t o r y o f a l l a n d e v e r y t h i n g - t h e n t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l
So c i e t y b e c a m e a n d c o n t i n u e d t o b e t h e t a r g e t f o r e v e r y
s p e c i e s o f a s s a u l t a n d a t t a c k t h a t t h e a d h e r e n t s o f s e c -
t a r i a n i s m , w h e t h e r i n r e l i g i o n o r s c i e n c e , c o u l d d e v i s e .
An d w h e n i t w a s p e r c e i v e d , b y t h e Fe l l o w s t h a t t h e Ob -
j e c t s o f t h e So c i e t y w e r e n o t m e r e l y f o r m a l a n d a c a d e m i c ;
t h a t t h e s e r i o u s s t u d y o f Th e o s o p h y p r o d u c e d w h o l l y
u n l o o k e d - f o r r e s u l t s i n t h e m s e l v e s , c o m p e l l i n g t h e m t o
c h o o s e b e t w e e n t h e i r p r e d i l e c t i o n s a n d t h e i r p r o f e s s e d
p r i n c i p l e s , b y f a r t h e g r e a t e r p a r t e i t h e r l e f t t h e So c i e t y
a l t o g e t h e r ,
. o r l a p s e d i n t o t h e h y p o c r i s y w h i c h p r e t e n d s
o n e c o u r s e o f a c t i o n w h i l e f o l l o w i n g a n o t h e r
. Th e a c t i v e
a n d e a r n e s t Th e o s o p h i s t s h a v e a l w a y s b e e n b u t a s c a n t
f r a g m e n t o f e v e n t h a t h a n d f u l o f h u m a n i t y w h i c h f r o m
t i m e t o t i m e h a s c a l l e d i t s e l f Th e o s o p h i c a l .
Th e a c t u a l a c t i v e a n d v i s i b l e He a d o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l
So c i e t y w a s a t a l l t i m e s C o l . H. S. Ol c o t t . To h i s z e a l
w a s d u e i t s f o u n d a t i o n , t o h i s a r d e n t d e v o t i o n i t s s p r e a d ,
t o h i s a b i l i t i e s a n d s a c r i f i c e s i t s s u c c e s s e s . Th e So c i e t y
i t s e l f m o r e a n d m o r e b e c a m e t o h i m t h e o n e Ob j e c t o f
h i s e x i s t e n c e
; t o i t a n d f o r i t h e g a v e h i s a l l .
Th e c a s e w a s q u i t e o t h e r w i s e b o t h w i t h H. P. B . a n d
W i l l i a m Q
. J u d g e
. To n e i t h e r o f t h e m w a s t h e So -
c i e t y e v e r a n y t h i n g b u t a b o d y , a n i n s t r u m e n t , a n i m -
p e r f e c t a n d f a u l t y m a c h i n e f o r c o n s e r v i n g e n e r g y a n d
p u t t i n g i t t o u s e . B o t h o f t h e m w e r e C o - Fo u n d e r s w i t h
C o l . Ol c o t t o f t h e So c i e t y , b o t h o f t h e m g a v e w i t h o u t
H. P. B . ,
OLC OTTANDJ UDGE

I SO
s t i n t t o i t s s u p p o r t a n d d e f e n s e , b u t o n l y a n d a l w a y s a s
a m e r e m e a n s t o a n e n d
.
As Pr e s i d e n t - Fo u n d e r o f t h e v i s i b l e So c i e t y , C o l . 0 l c o t t
w a s p r o m i n e n t b e f o r e t h e m e m b e r s a n d b e f o r e t h e p u b -
l i c . H. P. B . h a d a s l i t t l e t o d o a s p o s s i b l e w i t h t h e c o n -
d u c t o f t h e So c i e t y ; Mr . J u d g e w a s s c a r c e l y k n o w n a t
a l l i n c o n n e c t i o n w i t h i t d u r i n g i t s f i r s t d e c a d e
. At a l l
t i m e s u n t i l a n d u n l e s s t h e e x i g e n c i e s o f t h e Mo v e m e n t
c o m p e l l e d s u c h a p p e a r a n c e s a n d i n t e r f e r e n c e s b o t h
H. P. B . a n d Mr . J u d g e s u p p o r t e d a n d w o r k e d t h r o u g h
C o l . Ol c o t t i n t h e a f f a i r s o f t h e So c i e t y , m a k i n g t h e m -
s e l v e s i n e v e r y p u b l i c w a y s u b o r d i n a t e t o h i m . Hi s w o r k
w a s t h e e x o t e r i c p h a s e o f t h e Mo v e m e n t
; t h e i r s t h e
e s o t e r i c .
H. P . B . w a s t h e Te a c h e r ; f o r p u r p o s e s o f t h e Mo v e -
m e n t s h e w a s t h e d i r e c t Ag e n t o f t h e Lo d g e o f Ma s t e r s
o f t h e W i s d o m - Re l i g i o n . Th e s e Ma s t e r s w e r e a n d r e -
m a i n , s e c u r e l y v e i l e d f r o m t h e p r y i n g a n d s e l f i s h a p -
p r o a c h o f h u m a n i t y , Th e i r e x i s t e n c e a m a t t e r o f i n f e r .
e n c e o n l y t o a l l b u t Th e i r c h e l a s a n d " t h o s e w i t h w h o m
Th e y v o l u n t a r i l y c o m m u n i c a t e . " Th e y a r e k n o w n i n
t h e w o r l d o n l y t h r o u g h t h e e v i d e n c e s a m a s s e d b y H. P. B .
i n h e r w r i t i n g s , t h r o u g h t h e f e w c o m m u n i c a t i o n s f r o m
Th e m t o o t h e r s w h o w e r e , i n e v e r y c a s e , b r o u g h t i n t o
r e l a t i o n w i t h Th e m b y a n d t h r o u g h H. P. B . , a n d t h r o u g h
t h o s e l o n g i n g s a n d a s p i r a t i o n s o f t h e h u m a n h e a r t w h i c h
s t i l l p r e s e r v e t h e f a i t h i n Di v i n e B e i n g s , El d e r B r o t h e r s
t o s u f f e r i n g a n d s i n f u l m a n . So f a r a s t h e w h o l e W e s t
i s c o n c e r n e d a l l t h a t a n y o n e k n o w s o r i n f e r s o f t h e Ma s -
t e r s o r Th e i r W i s d o m - Re l i g i o n , o r Th e i r c h e l a s , c o m e s ,
d i r e c t l y o r i n d i r e c t l y , f r o m t h e m i s s i o n o f
H. P.
B l a -
v a t s k y . Sh e t h e r e f o r e s t o o d , a n d s t a n d s , i n ' a p o s i t i o n
o f s u p r e m e i m p o r t a n c e t o t h e w h o l e w o r l d
; f o r
s h e s t a n d s
i n t h e p l a c e o f t h e Ma s t e r s
a s Th e i r Me s s e n g e r u n t i l
19 7 5 , w h e n s h e s t a t e d t h a t Th e i r n e x t Me s s e n g e r w o u l d
c o m e . Al l o t h e r s , t h e i r s t a t e m e n t s a n d t h e i r a c t i o n s ,
m u s t b e v i e w e d i n t h e l i g h t o f h e r m i s s i o n , h e r t e a c h i n g s ,
h e r s t a t e m e n t s , a n d h e r e x a m p l e ; f o r s h e a n d n o n e o t h e r
r e p r e s e n t e d t h e Fi r s t Se c t i o n .
Ne x t t o h e r i n i m p o r t a n c e i n t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l Mo v e -
i s o

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
m e a t w a s , a n d i s , W i l l i a m Q . J u d g e , a s w e s h a l l s e e
i n d u e s e a s o n . Th e p l a c i n g o f a n y p e r s o n s , h o w e v e r
t a l e n t e d o r s u p p o s e d l y p r o f i c i e n t i n Oc c u l t i s m , o n t h e
s a m e p l a n e o f k n o w l e d g e a n d a c t i o n i n t h e w o r l d a s t h e s e
t w o ; t h e a c c e p t a n c e o f a n y t e a c h i n g s o r " m e s s a g e s " a s
Th e o s o p h y i n c o n t r a v e n t i o n o f t h e r e c o r d e d s t a t e m e n t s
o f t h e s e t w o , i s t o d e n y i n f a c t t h e v e r y So u r c e o f t h e
Me s s a g e o f Th e o s o p h y , i s t o a t t r i b u t e t o t h e Ma s t e r s
Th e m s e l v e s t h e f a l l i b i l i t y o f h u m a n n a t u r e
. To t a k e s u c h
a p o s i t i o n i s t o i m a g i n e t h a t Th e y c h o s e a n u n t r u s t w o r t h y
d i r e c t Ag e n t t o d e l i v e r Th e i r Me s s a g e t o h u m a n i t y ; t h a t
t h e y p e r m i t t e d Th e i r Me s s a g e t o b e f a u l t i l y a n d i m p e r -
f e c t l y r e c o r d e d ; t h a t Th e y l e f t t h e w o r l d a n d t h e s i n -
c e r e s t u d e n t a l i k e a t t h e m e r c y o f c l a i m a n t s o f e v e r y
k i n d , a n d w i t h o u t a n y s u r e g u i d e o r l a n d m a r k o f p h i -
l o s o p h y a n d e x a m p l e .
H. P
. B
. r e p r e s e n t e d t h e Fi r s t Se c t i o n o f t h e Th e o -
s o p h i c a l Mo v e m e n t ; W . Q . J u d g e r e p r e s e n t e d t h e
Se c o n d Se c t i o n , a n d C o l . H. S. Ol c o t t t h e Th i r d Se c t i o n
- o r Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y p r o p e r . Th e e v i d e n c e s a r e
a b u n d a n t a n d o v e r w h e l m i n g , a s w e s h a l l s e e
. C o l o n e l
Ol c o t t w a s n e v e r , f r o m t h e s t a n d p o i n t o f t h e Su p e r i o r
Se c t i o n s , o t h e r t h a n a p r o b a t i o n a r y c h e l a
. I t i s t h u s
i m p o r t a n t t o c o n s i d e r h i s d u a l p o s i t i o n : o n t h e o n e h a n d ,
t h e Pr e s i d e n t - Fo u n d e r o f t h e So c i e t y , i t s g u i d i n g g e n i u s
a n d c h i e f f i g u r e b e f o r e t h e w o r l d ; o n t h e o t h e r h a n d , a
s t r u g g l i n g p r o b a t i o n e r , f i g h t i n g a n d f a i l i n g o v e r a n d o v e r
a g a i n i n h i s e f f o r t s a t s e l f - d i s c i p l i n e a n d s e l f - m a s t e r y .
I n t h e e s o t e r i c s t u d y o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l Mo v e m e n t , t h e
a c t i o n s o f C o l . Ol c o t t t h e Pr e s i d e n t , i n a l l t h e i r c o n t r a d i c -
t i o n s a n d c o n f u s i o n s , h a v e t o b e s t u d i e d i n
t h e l i g h t o f
C o l . Ol c o t t , t h e a s p i r a n t f o r a c c e p t e d c h e l a s h i p o f t h e
Se c o n d Se c t i o n
. Pa t h e t i c a n d d i s i l l u s i o n i n g a s i s t h e
t a s k , i t s h o u l d b e t e m p e r e d i n w r i t e r a n d r e a d e r a l i k e
b y t h e r e f l e c t i o n t h a t t h e s t o r y o f C o l . Ol c o t t i s t h e s t o r y
i n a d v a n c e o f w h a t c o n f r o n t s e v e r y a s p i r a n t t o t h e s a m e
u p - h i l l Pa t h
; t h e e x t e n t t o w h i c h w e l e a r n t h e l e s s o n o f
h i s f a i l u r e s i s t h e m e a s u r e o f o u r d e b t t o h i m
.
I n t h e a r t i c l e " C h e l a s a n d La y C h e l a s " b e f o r e r e -
f e r r e d t o , H. P. B . , i n d i s c u s s i n g t h e r e q u i s i t e s a n d d i f f i -
H. P. B . , OLC OTTANDJ UDGE

. 181
c u l t i e s o f p r o b a t i o n a r y c h e l a s h i p o f t h e Se c o n d Se c t i o n ,
i l l u s t r a t e s s o m e o f h e r p o i n t s b y i n c i d e n t a l r e f e r e n c e t o
C o l . Ol c o t t . Sh e s a y s
Al l w e r e r e f u s e d a t f i r s t , C o l . Ol c o t t , t h e Pr e s i -
d e n t h i m s e l f , t o b e g i n w i t h ; a n d a s t o t h e l a t t e r
g e n t l e m a n t h e r e i s n o w [ J u l y , 1883 ] n o h a r m i n
s a y i n g t h a t h e w a s n o t f o r m a l l y a c c e p t e d a s a
C h e l a u n t i l h e h a d p r o v e d b y m o r e t h a n a y e a r ' s
d e v o t e d l a b o r s a n d b y a d e t e r m i n a t i o n w h i c h
b r o o k e d n o d e n i a l , t h a t h e m i g h t s a f e l y b e t e s t e d .
On t h i s s u b j e c t C o l . Ol c o t t h i m s e l f s a y s i n a l e t t e r
w r i t t e n i n 1881a n d p u b l i s h e d i n " Hi n t s o n Es o t e r i c Th e -
o s o p h y , Nu m b e r I , " t h a t h e w a s " p r o v o k e d a n d e x a s -
p e r a t e d " b y t h e " s e l f i s h a n d c r u e l i n d i f f e r e n c e o f
H
. P. B . " t o h i s " y e a r n i n g s a f t e r t h e t r u t h , " a s w e l l a s b y
" t h e f a i l u r e o f t h e B r o t h e r s t o c o m e a n d i n s t r u c t " h i m .
He h i m s e l f g i v e s t h e r e a s o n s b o t h f o r t h e d e l a y a n d h i s
o w n m i s u n d e r s t a n d i n g s
I g o t t h a t p r o o f i n d u e t i m e [ o f t h e e x i s t e n c e
o f Ma s t e r s ] : b u t f o r m o n t h s I w a s b e i n g g r a d u -
a l l y l e d o u t o f m y s p i r i t u a l i s t i c Fo o l ' s Pa r a d i s e ,
a n d f o r c e d t o a b a n d o n m y d e l u s i o n s o n e b y o n e .
My m i n d w a s n o t p r e p a r e d t o g i v e u p i d e a s t h a t
h a d b e e n t h e g r o w t h o f 22y e a r s ' e x p e r i e n c e s ,
w i t h m e d i u m s a n d c i r c l e s
. . . . B u t n o w i t w a s
a l l m a d e c l e a r
. I h a d g o t j u s t a s m u c h a s I
d e s e r v e d .
.
.
. So . . . I a d o p t e d t h o s e h a b i t s
a n d e n c o u r a g e d t h o s e t h o u g h t s t h a t w e r e c o n -
d u c i v e t o t h e a t t a i n m e n t o f m y e n d s .
Af t e r t h a t I h a d a l l t h e p r o o f s I n e e d e d , a l i k e
o f t h e e x i s t e n c e o f t h e B r o t h e r s , t h e i r w i s d o m ,
t h e i r p s y c h i c a l p o w e r s , a n d t h e i r u n s e l f i s h d e v o -
t i o n t o h u m a n i t y . Fo r s i x y e a r s I h a v e b e e n
b l e s s e d w i t h t h i s e x p e r i e n c e
. . . a n d y e t a f t e r
a l l t h e s e y e a r s n o t o n l y n o t m a d e a n a d e p t , b u t
h a r d l y h a v i n g a c h i e v e d o n e s t e p t o w a r d s a d e p t -
s h i p .
182 .

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
C o l o n e l 0 l c o t t w a s i n h i s f o r t y - f o u r t h y e a r a t t h e t i m e ;
a n a g e , w h e n , o w i n g t o t h e p h y s i c a l a n d p s y c h i c a l l i m i -
t a t i o n s o f t h e h u m a n i n s t r u m e n t , t h e c o n s t i t u t i o n a l
c h a n g e s n e c e s s a r y t o s u c c e s s f u l c h e l a s h i p p r e s e n t t h e
e x t r e m e o f d i f f i c u l t y , e v e n g r a n t i n g t h a t a l l o t h e r c o n -
d i t i o n s a r e o f t h e m o s t f a v o r a b l e . W h a t h i s a c t u a l c o n -
d i t i o n w a s i s f u r t h e r i n d i c a t e d i n t h e s a m e l e t t e r :
I f y o u w i l l o n l y r e f l e c t w h a t i t i s t o t r a n s f o r m
a w o r l d l y m a n , s u c h a s I w a s i n 187 4- a m a n o f
c l u b s , d r i n k i n g p a r t i e s , m i s t r e s s e s , a m a n a b -
s o r b e d i n a l l s o r t s o f w o r l d l y p u b l i c a n d p r i v a t e
u n d e r t a k i n g s a n d s p e c u l a t i o n s - i n t o t h a t p u r e s t ,
w i s e s t , n o b l e s t a n d m o s t s p i r i t u a l o f h u m a n
b e i n g s - a B ROTHER, y o u w i l l c e a s e t o w o n d e r o r
r a t h e r y o u w i l l w o n d e r , h o w I c o u l d e v e r h a v e
s t r u g g l e d o u t o f t h e s w a m p a t a l l , a n d h o w I
c o u l d ' h a v e e v e r s u c c e e d e d i n g a i n i n g t h e f i r m
s t r a i g h t r o a d .
No o n e k n o w s u n t i l h e r e a l l y t r i e s i t , h o w
a w f u l a t a s k i t i s t o s u b d u e a l l h i s e v i l p a s s i o n s
a n d a n i m a l i n s t i n c t s , a n d d e v e l o p h i s h i g h e r
n a t u r e . . . .
Fr o m t i m e t o t i m e o n e o r a n o t h e r B r o t h e r
w h o h a d b e e n o n f r i e n d l y t e r m s w i t h m e
. . .
h a s b e c o m e d i s g u s t e d w i t h m e a n d l e f t m e t o
o t h e r s , w h o k i n d l y t o o k t h e i r p l a c e s . Mo s t o f a l l ,
I r e g r e t a c e r t a i n Ma g y a r p h i l o s o p h e r , w h o h a d
b e g u n t o g i v e m e a c o u r s e o f i n s t r u c t i o n i n o c c u l t
d y n a m i c s , b u t w a s r e p e l l e d b y a n o u t b r e a k o f m y
o l d e a r t h l y ' n a t u r e .
B u t I s h a l l w i n h i m b a c k a n d o t h e r s a l s o ,
f o r I h a v e s o d e t e r m i n e d
; a n d w h a t e v e r a m a n
r e a l l y W I LLS, t h a t h e k a s . . . .
I f m y e x p e r i e n c e i s w o r t h a n y t h i n g , I s h o u l d
s a y
. . . t h a t h o w e v e r g r e a t a m a n m a y b e a t
t h i s s i d e o f t h e Hi m a l a y a s , h e b e g i n s h i s r e l a -
t i o n s w i t h t h e B r o t h e r s o n e x a c t l y t h e s a m e
t e r m s a s t h e h u m b l e s t , C h e l a w h o e v e r t r i e d t o
s c a l e t h e i r Pa r n a s s u s
; h e m u s t " w i n h i s w a y . "
H. P
. B . , OLC OTTANDJ UDGE

13 8
Ev e r y p r o b a t i o n e r o f t h e Se c o n d Se c t i o n w i l l b e p r e -
p a r e d t o a g r e e w i t h C o l . Ol c o t t ' s s t a t e m e n t o f t h e d i f -
f i c u l t i e s o f t h e e f f o r t t o c o n q u e r " t h e s e v i c e s o f t h e o r d i -
n a r y p e r s o n a l m a n "
; t o s y m p a t h i z e w i t h h i m i n h i s
s t r u g g l e s , f a i l u r e s , a n d r e n e w e d d e t e r m i n a t i o n t o c o n -
t i n u e o n t h e p a t h o f p r o b a t i o n . Fe w a s y e t h a v e h a d
t h e e x p e r i e n c e o f t h e f i e r y f u r n a c e r e q u i s i t e t o h a v e a
j u s t a p p r e c i a t i o n o f t h e f a r m o r e d i f f i c u l t a n d o n e r o u s
t a s k o f f a c i n g a n d c o n q u e r i n g t h e u n i v e r s a l v i c e s i n -
h e r e n t i n h u m a n n a t u r e - t h e v e r y c r u c i b l e t h a t h i s p o s i -
t i o n a s Pr e s i d e n t - Fo u n d e r a n d h i s " d e t e r m i n a t i o n w h i c h
b r o o k e d n o d e n i a l " a s a n a s p i r a n t f o r c h e l a s h i p , c o m -
p e l l e d C o l . Ol c o t t t o e n t e r
. An d i t i s t h i s p r o l o n g e d
o r d e a l t h a t w e m u s t n o w s t u d y i n i t s e f f e c t s . W e h a v e
a l r e a d y t o u c h e d o n t h e f a i l u r e o f t h e p r o b a t i o n e r s , C o l .
Ol c o t t a m o n g t h e m , " t o d e f e n d t h e h o n o u r o f a b r o t h e r
Th e o s o p h i s t e v e n a t t h e r i s k o f t h e i r o w n l i v e s , " w h e n
H. P
. B . w a s a s s a i l e d b y t h e C o u l o m b s , t h e m i s s i o n a r i e s ,
a n d t h e Ps y c h i c a l Re s e a r c h So c i e t y
. W e h a v e e n t e r e d
m o r e l a r g e l y i n t o t h e p r i m a r y o b l i g a t i o n s o f c h e l a s h i p
i n d i s c u s s i n g t h e f a i l u r e s o f Mr s . C a b l e s a n d Mr . B r o w n .
W e m u s t n o w t r a c e C o l . Ol c o t t m o r e p a r t i c u l a r l y i n h i s
r e l a t i o n t o H. P
. B . a s c h e l a t o Gu r u , i n t h e i n c i d e n t s
p r e l u d i n g t h e f o r m a t i o n o f t h e Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n o f t h e
Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y .
Th e p l e d g e t a k e n b y C o l
. Ol c o t t w a s n o t d i f f e r e n t i n
s p i r i t f r o m t h a t t a k e n b y e v e r y n e o p h y t e o f t h e Se c o n d
Se c t i o n . I t s e s s e n t i a l f e a t u r e s , s o f a r a s i t r e l a t e s t o
t h e m a t t e r s u n d e r r e v i e w , a r e c o n t a i n e d i n t h e f o l l o w -
i n g c l a u s e s
I p l e d g e m y s e l f t o s u p p o r t , b e f o r e t h e w o r l d ,
t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l Mo v e m e n t , i t s l e a d e r s a n d i t s
m e m b e r s ; a n d i n p a r t i c u l a r t o o b e y , w i t h o u t
c a v i l o r d e l a y , t h e o r d e r s o f t h e He a d o f t h e Se c -
t i o n i n a l l t h a t c o n c e r n s m y
r e l a t i o n w i t h t h e
Th e o s o p h i c a l Mo v e m e n t .
Th e s t u d e n t w i l l d o w e l l t o n o t e , ( 1) t h a t t h e t a k i n g
o f t h e p l e d g e i s v o l u n t a r y o n t h e p a r t o f t h e a p p l i c a n t
;
184

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
( 2) t h a t i t p l e d g e s e n t i r e o b e d i e n c e t o t h e He a d o f t h e
Se c t i o n , w h o w a s a n d i s H
. P. B . , i n a l l t h a t r e l a t e s t o
t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l Mo v e m e n t
; ( 3 ) t h a t h e r p u b l i c t e a c h -
i n g s , t h e Ob j e c t s o f t h e So c i e t y f o r m e d a t h e r i n s t i g a t i o n ,
n o l e s s t h a n h e r p r i v a t e t e a c h i n g s a n d i n d i v i d u a l i n -
s t r u c t i o n s , c o n s t i t u t e a n d c o m p r i s e h e r o r d e r s , w h i c h
e v e r y n e o p h y t e o f t h e Se c o n d Se c t i o n p l e d g e s h i m s e l f t o
o b e y
. No t u n t i l t h e c a n d i d a t e w a s m a k i n g s t r e n u o u s a n d
m e a s u r a b l y s u c c e s s f u l e f f o r t s t o e m b o d y i n h i s o w n l i f e
a l l Th r e e Ob j e c t s o f t h e So c i e t y w a s h e e v e n e l i g i b l e f o r
c o n s i d e r a t i o n a s a n a p p l i c a n t f o r t h e p r o b a t i o n a r y d e -
g r e e o f t h e Se c o n d Se c t i o n . No t u n t i l h e f u l f i l l e d a l l
t h e c o n d i t i o n s o f t h e p l e d g e s o f t h e p r o b a t i o n e r w a s h e
i n a n y w a y e l i g i b l e t o t h e h i g h e r d e g r e e s o f t h e Se c o n d
Se c t i o n
. Me a n t i m e h e h a d c o n s t a n t l y t o b e a r i n m i n d
t h a t n o o n e w o u l d e n f o r c e o r c o m p e l h i s k e e p i n g o f h i s
p l e d g e
; f r o m s t a r t t o f i n i s h h i s c o u r s e m u s t b e s e l f - i n -
d u c e d a n d s e l f - d e v i s e d . I n t h e w o r d s o f C o l
. Ol c o t t ' s
l e t t e r b e f o r e q u o t e d f r o m , e a c h a p p l i c a n t w o u l d g e t j u s t
a s m u c h a s h e d e s e r v e d
; h e n e e d l o o k f o r n o e x t r a n e o u s
h e l p " t o a c h i e v e t h a t w h i c h n o m a n e v e r d i d a c h i e v e
e x c e p t b y h i s o w n s e l f - d e v e l o p m e n t
. " Or , a s e x p r e s s e d
i n " C h e l a s a n d La y C h e l a s " :
THEMAHATMASARETHESERVANTS, NOTTHEAR-
B I TERSOFTHELAW OFKARMA. LAY- C HELASHI P
C ONFERS NO PRI VI LEGE UPON ANYONE EXC EPT
THATOFW ORKI NGFORMERI TUNDERTHEOB SER-
VATI ONOFAMASTER. An d w h e t h e r t h a t Ma s t e r
b e o r b e n o t s e e n b y t h e C h e l a m a k e s n o d i f f e r -
e n c e w h a t e v e r a s t o t h e r e s u l t ; h i s g o o d t h o u g h t s ,
w o r d s , a n d d e e d s w i l l b e a r t h e i r f r u i t s , h i s e v i l
o n e s t h e i r s .
C o l
. Ol c o t t ' s c o u r s e m a y f i r s t b e d i s c e r n e d b y a n e x -
a m i n a t i o n o f t h e c o n t e n t s o f
Th e Th e o s o p h i s t , w h i c h h e
d i r e c t e d a f t e r t h e d e p a r t u r e f r o m I n d i a o f H. P. B . e a r l y
i n 1885 . Hi s p r o m p t e f f o r t s t o d i s c l a i m a n y r e l i a n c e u p o n
H. P. B . , a n d h i s i n d i r e c t a s s e r t i o n o f h i s o w n p a r a m o u n t
H. P. B . , OLC OTTANDJ UDGE

13 5
i m p o r t a n c e h a v e b e e n n o t e d i n
a n e a r l i e r c h a p t e r . ' W h e n
t h e Am e r i c a n B o a r d o f C o n t r o l w a s s u g g e s t e d b y Mr .
J u d g e t o C o l . Ol c o t t f o r t h e p r e l
i m i n a r y d i r e c t i o n o f t h e
r i s i n g t i d e f o r e s e e n b y Mr . J u d g e i n Am e r i c a , C o l
. Ol c o t t
a p p o i n t e d Pr o f . El l i o t t C o u e s o f W a s h i n g t o n , D. C . ,
w h o m h e m e t i n Lo n d o n a n d Ge r m a n y i n t h e s u m m e r o f
1884, t o b e i t s C h a i r m a n a n d l e a d i n g f i g u r e . Fr o m t h e
f i r s t m o m e n t o f h i s c o n n e c t i o n w i t h t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l
So c i e t y Pr o f . C o n e s b e g a n t o c a u s e d i f f i c u l t i e s . Th i s r e -
q u i r e s s e p a r a t e t r e a t m e n t
; i t i s s u f f i c i e n t h e r e t o m e n -
t i o n t h e f a c t . Fi n a l l y , Mr . J u d g e h a d r e c o u r s e t o Ma d a m e
B l a v a t s k y , a n d t h r o u g h h e r i n s i s t e n c e C o l . 0 l c o t t d i s -
s o l v e d t h e Am e r i c a n B o a r d o f C o n t r o l a n d a s s e n t e d t o
t h e f o r m a t i o n o f t h e Am e r i c a n Se c t i o n o f t h e Th e o s o p h i -
c a l So c i e t y .
Th e a c t u a l f a c t s , s o f a r a s t h e y c o u l d b e
s t a t e d w i t h o u t e x p o s i n g t h e i n t e r n a l d i s c o r d s , w e r e p l a c e d
o n r e c o r d i n t h e f i r s t p r i n t e d Re p o r t o f t h e Am e r i c a n
Se c t i o n - t h a t o f t h e s e c o n d C o n v e n t i o n . Th e " Su p p l e -
m e n t " t o
Th e Th e o s o p h i s t f o r No v e m b e r , 1886 , r e m a r k s
:
Th e m o v e m e n t i n t h e Un i t e d St a t e s i s g a i n -
i n g s t r e n g t h , b u t n o t w i t h o u t f r i c t i o n a l w a y s
t o b e e x p e c t e d f r o m t h e c o n t a c t o f s t r o n g p e r -
s o n a l i t i e s . . . . Th e r e c o n s t r u c t i v e p l a n s e n t
o v e r b y t h e Ad y a r C o u n c i l , w h i c h s u p e r s e d e s t h e
B o a r d o f C o n t r o l b y t h e o r g a n i z a t i o n o f a n
Am e r i c a n Se c t i o n o f t h e Ge n e r a l C o u n c i l , i s t o
b e a c t e d u p o n i n De c e m b e r , a n d i t i s h o p e d t h a t
a l l m a y b e p l e a s a n t l y s e t t l e d .
Th e r e i s h e r e n o a p p a r e n t p e r c e p t i o n t h a t a n y t h i n g w a s
i n v o l v e d b e y o n d t h e " f r i c t i o n o f s t r o n g p e r s o n a l i t i e s " ;
n o r e c o g n i t i o n o f t h e f a c t t h a t t h e p l a n c a m e f r o m Mr .
J u d g e a n d w a s a c c e p t e d o n l y b e c a u s e o f t h e i n s i s t e n c e o f
H. P. B . ;
n o c o m m e n t u p o n t h e f a c t t h a t t h e n e w Se c t i o n
w a s t o b e p u r e l y d e m o c r a t i c , e n t i r e l y i n d e p e n d e n t , a n d
i n n o m i n a l
a f f i l i a t i o n
o n l y w i t h t h e I n d i a n a u t o c r a c y s e t
' Se e C h a p t e r VI I .
13 6

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
u p b y C o l . Ol c o t t u n d e r t h e t h i n m a s k o f t h e " Ad y a r
C o u n c i l . "
Th e Pa t h w a s n o t e d i n a f r i e n d l y w a y a t i t s f o u n d a -
t i o n i n Ap r i l , 1886 , a n d o c c a s i o n a l b r i e f m e n t i o n m a d e o f
i t s c o n t e n t s . B u t n o n o t i c e w a s t a k e n o f t h e a f f a i r o f
Mr s . C a b l e s a n d Mr . B r o w n , n o r o f " Th e Th e o s o p h i c a l
Ma h a t m a s , " i n w h i c h , a s w e h a v e s e e n , 2 H. P. B . , f r o m
h e r s i c k b e d a t Os t e n d , w r o t e w i t h t h e v i g o r a n d c l a r i t y
t h a t t h e i m p o r t a n c e o f t h e i s s u e s r e q u i r e d .
An o t h e r m a t t e r a t t h e s a m e t i m e r e c e i v e d h e r a t t e n -
t i o n , a n d t h i s w a s e v e n m o r e i m p o r t a n t , f r o m t h e e x -
o t e r i c s t a n d p o i n t . Ev e r s i n c e Mr . C . C . Ma s s e y h a d
r a i s e d t h e q u e s t i o n t h a t " I s i s Un v e i l e d " d e n i e d r e - i n -
c a r n a t i o n
s
a n d h a d c l a i m e d t h a t h e r l a t e r t e a c h i n g s w e r e
a t v a r i a n c e i n o t h e r p o i n t s f r o m h e r e a r l i e s t e x p o s i t i o n s ,
H. P. B . h a d m e r e l y d e n i e d t h e a l l e g a t i o n a n d ' d e c l a r e d
t h a t t h e r e w e r e a n d c o u l d b e n o c o n t r a d i c t i o n s i n a n y o f
h e r t e a c h i n g s , s i n c e a l l a l i k e c a m e f r o m t h e Ma s t e r s
.
B e y o n d t h a t s h e h a d h e l d h e r p e a c e . B u t a f t e r t h e S
. P
. R.
Re p o r t a n d e s p e c i a l l y a f t e r t h e d i v e r g e n t a c t i v i t i e s
a n d t e a c h i n g s p r o m u l g a t e d i n t h e Lo n d o n Lo d g e u n d e r
Mr . Si n n e t t ' s ' a u s p i c e s , t h e s e o l d c h a r g e s b e g a n o n c e
m o r e t o c i r c u l a t e . Th e r e w a s a p e r s i s t e n t , p r i v a t e , w o r d -
o f - m o u t h e f f o r t g o i n g o n i n v a r i o u s q u a r t e r s t o b e l i t t l e
t h e Oc c u l t k n o w l e d g e a n d s t a t u s o f H. P. B . , a n d m a k e
h e r o u t a m e d i u m a n d a s t u d e n t , a s f a l l i b l e a s a n y o f t h e
o t h e r s . Th e t i m e b e i n g r i p e , Mr
. J u d g e p u b l i s h e d a l o n g
a n d l e a d i n g a r t i c l e b y H. P. B
. ,
i n Th e Pa t h f o r No v e m -
b e r , 1886 , e n t i t l e d " Th e o r i e s Ab o u t Re - i n c a r n a t i o n a n d
Sp i r i t s , " i n w h i c h s h e g a v e t h e a c t u a l f a c t s o n c e a n d f o r
a l l .
No n o t i c e w a s t a k e n o f t h i s a r t i c l e b y Th e Th e o s o p h i s t
f o r t h e v e r y g o o d r e a s o n t h a t C o l
. Ol c o t t s h a r e d Mr .
Ma s s e y ' s o p i n i o n s a n d t h o s e o f Mr
. Si n n e t t a n d o t h e r s
w i t h r e g a r d t o
H. P
. B . ,
a n d h e r t e a c h i n g s a n d s t a t u s ,
a s l o n g a f t e r w a r d s , h e h i m s e l f a d m i t t e d 4
Th e p u b l i c a t i o n o f Lu c i f e r w a s b e g u n i n Lo n d o n i n
' s e e C h a p t e r VI I I .
' s e e C h a p t e r I V.
" Po s t s c r i p t , Th e Th e o s o p h i s t , " Su p p l e m e n t , " Ap r i l , 189 5 .
H. P. B . , OLC OTTANDJ UDGE

187
Se p t e m b e r , 1887 , w i t h H. P
. B . , a s i t s g u i d i n g g e n i u s .
Fo r m o r e t h a n a y e a r t h e o n l y n o t i c e t a k e n b y C o l
. 0 1-
c o t t o f t h e m a g a z i n e , i t s c o n t e n t s , o r i t s e d i t o r , i s c o n -
f i n e d t o t h e f o l l o w i n g o f f i c i a l " Ed i t o r i a l No t i c e , " a p p e a r -
i n g i n Th e Th e o s o p h i s t f o r No v e m b e r , 1887 :
At t h e p a r t i c u l a r r e q u e s t o f Ma d a m e B l a -
v a t s k y , t h e u n d e r s i g n e d a s s u m e s t e m p o r a r i l y
l e g a l r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r t h e e d i t o r s h i p o f t h e
Th e o s o p h i s t ;
s h e h a v i n g u n d e r t a k e n s p e c i a l e d i -
t o r i a l d u t y , i n c o n n e c t i o n w i t h t h e m e m b e r s o f
o u r Lo n d o n Lo d g e T. S. , i n v o l v i n g t h e p u b l i c u s e
o f h e r n a m e . Ad y a r , Oc t o b e r , 1887 .
H, S
. OLC OTT.
At t h e I n d i a n C o n v e n t i o n , h e l d a t t h e c l o s e o f De -
c e m b e r , 1886 , t h e f a m o u s T
. Su b b a Ro w d e l i v e r e d a
s e r i e s o f e x t e m p o r a n e o u s d i s c o u r s e s o n t h e " B h a g a v a d -
Gi t a " t o t h e a s s e m b l e d d e l e g a t e s a n d v i s i t o r s .
Th e s e
l e c t u r e s w e r e p u b l i s h e d i n Th e
Th e o s o p h i s t d u r i n g g t h e
y e a r 1887 . I n t h e c o u r s e o f h i s d i s s e r t a t i o n s Su b b a Ro w
s p o k e s o m e w h a t s l i g h t i n g l y o f t h e " Th e o s o p h i c a l s e v e n -
f o l d c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f Pr i n c i p l e s " i n Na t u r e a n d i n Ma n
.
No d e f e n s i v e n o t i c e w a s t a k e n o f t h e r a t h e r i n v i d i o u s
t e n d e n c y o f h i s s t a t e m e n t s , t h e n o r t h e r e a f t e r , b y C o l
.
Ol c o t t o r t h o s e m o s t c l o s e l y a s s o c i a t e d w i t h h i m
. I n
t h e Ap r i l , 1887 , n u m b e r , t h e r e f o r e , H . P. B . r e p l i e d i n
f r i e n d l y f a s h i o n t o Su b b a Ro w ' s c r i t i c i s m s , a s s u m i n g
t h a t t h e y w e r e i n c i d e n t a l a n d o r a l a n d t h e i r ' b e a r i n g , a s
a f f o r d i n g a b a s i s f o r c l e a v a g e a m o n g Th e o s o p h i s t s , o v e r -
l o o k e d
. To t h i s Su b b a Ro w r e p l i e d a t l e n g t h , r e p e a t i n g ,
e x t e n d i n g , a n d f o r t i f y i n g h i s p r e v i o u s s t a t e m e n t s , a n d
i n d u l g i n g i n s o m e s h a r p r e m a r k s c o n c e r n i n g H. P
. B .
h e r s e l f . H. P. B . m a d e
a n s w e r i n t h e Au g u s t n u m b e r ,
c l e a r i n g u p t h e m a t t e r o f t h e " o r i g i n a l e x p o u n d e r " o f
t h e " s e v e n f o l d c l a s s i f i c a t i o n , " a s Su b b a Ro w c h a r g e d h e r
w i t h b e i n g
. Sh e s i m p l y s t a t e d t h a t t h e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a t -
t a c k e d b y Su b b a Ro w w a s n o t h e r o w n , b u t t h a t o r i g i n a l l y
g i v e n o u t b y Mr
. Si n n e t t i n h i s " Es o t e r i c B u d d h i s m . "
On t h i s s h e s a y s - w h a t m o s t Th e o s o p h i c a l s t u d e n t s h a v e
o v e r l o o k e d - t h a t " Es o t e r i c B u d d h i s m " w a s w r i t t e n
288

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
" a b s o l u t e l y w i t h o u t m y k n o w l e d g e , a n d a s t h e a u t h o r
u n d e r s t o o d t h o s e t e a c h i n g s f r o m l e t t e r s h e h a d r e c e i v e d
. "
As Su b b a Ro w w a s a c h e l a , a n d t h e i s s u e s r a i s e d b y
h i m l a r g e l y c o n c e r n e d t h e Se c o n d Se c t i o n a n d i t s w o r k ,
H. P. B
. c o n f i n e d h e r s e l f s t r i c t l y t o w h a t c o u l d b e p u b l i c l y
d i s c u s s e d
. Th e c o n t r o v e r s y c a u s e d a c o n s i d e r a b l e b r e a c h , ,
a s H. P. B . h a d f o r e s e e n , a n d t h e r e a f t e r Su b b a Ro w m a i n -
t a i n e d a c o o l n e s s t o w a r d s H
. P. B . t i l l t h e t i m e o f h i s
d e a t h
. He r s u b s e q u e n t c o r r e c t i o n , i n t h e " Se c r e t Do c -
t r i n e , " o f Mr
. Si n n e t t ' s e r r o n e o u s t e a c h i n g s , m a d e c o m -
p l e t e t h e d i s t r u s t w h i c h h a d b e e n g r o w i n g i n h i m s i n c e
1883
. I n t h e o n e c a s e a n d i n t h e o t h e r C o l
. Ol c o t t ' s s y m -
p a t h i e s w e r e w i t h h i s f e l l o w s t u d e n t s a n d n o t w i t h h i s
Te a c h e r a n d Gu r u , H. P. B
. I n t h e Su b b a Ro w c o n -
t r o v e r s y C o l
. Ol c o t t k e p t s i l e n t . So d i d Mr
. Si n n e t t ,
w h o s e e r r o n e o u s i n t e r p r e t a t i o n s w e r e t h e r e a l b a s i s o f
Su b b a Ro w ' s c r i t i c i s m s d i r e c t e d a g a i n s t H. P. B . B u t Mr .
J u d g e f r o m f a r - a w a y Am e r i c a w a s a d i l i g e n t w a t c h e r
o f a l l t h a t t o o k p l a c e a n d i n t h e Au g u s t , 1887 , n u m b e r o f
Th e Th e o s o p h i s t
w i t h e x q u i s i t e t a c t , s k i l l , a n d p e r c e p -
t i o n h e r e c o n c i l e d a n d c l e a r e d u p t h e s i t u a t i o n , g i v i n g
t h e f a c t s , b u t g i v i n g t h e m w i t h a l l g e n t l e n e s s a n d d i s c r e -
t i o n
. B u t h e p a i d t h e p r i c e o f h i s l o y a l t y a n d d e v o t i o n ,
n o l e s s t h a n o f h i s k n o w l e d g e a n d i n t u i t i o n . Fo r t h i s
a r t i c l e n e c e s s a r i l y h a d t o l a y b a r e t h e i n c o n s i s t e n c i e s
a n d " a u t h o r i t y " o f " Es o t e r i c B u d d h i s m . "
An d , n o
m o r e t h a n Su b b a Ro w o r C o l . Ol c o t t , c o u l d Mr
. Si n n e t t
e n d u r e c o r r e c t i o n , e v e n a t t h e h a n d s o f H. P. B . ,
l e t a l o n e
a y o u n g m a n
a s o b s c u r e a s Mr . J u d g e . Of a l l t h i s i n
d u e s e q u e n c e .
Me a n t i m e , t o f o l l o w t h e t h r e a d o f C o l .
Ol c o t t ' s o r d e a l o f c h e l a s h i p
.
I m m e d i a t e l y a f t e r t h e f o r m a t i o n o f t h e Am e r i c a n Se c -
t i o n i n Ap r i l , 1887 , Mr
. J u d g e w r o t e H. P. B
. u n d e r d a t e
o f Ma y 18
. . . So m a n y p e o p l e a r e b e g i n n i n g t o a s k m e
t o b e C h e l a s t h a t I m u s t d o s o m e t h i n g
. . . . I
k n o w a g o o d m a n y g o o d o n e s w h o w i l l d o w e l l
a n d w h o w i l l f o r m a r o c k o n w h i c h t h e e n e m y
w i l l f o u n d e r .
H. P. B . , OLC OTTANDJ UDGE

13 9
H. P. B . r e p l i e d , t e l l i n g . Mr . J u d g e t o g o a h e a d i n
Am e r i c a a n d s h e w o u l d s o o n d o s o m e t h i n g h e r s e l f
. I n
t h e a u t u m n f o l l o w i n g s h e b e g a n Lu c i f e r ,
w h i c h f r o m i t s
f i r s t n u m b e r c o n t a i n e d a r t i c l e s b y h e r o r w r i t t e n u n d e r
h e r i n s p i r a t i o n , a l l r e l a t i n g t o t h e Se c o n d Se c t i o n , a l -
t h o u g h n o t s o n a m e d , a n d a l l i n p r e p a r a t i o n f o r t h e f o r t h -
c o m i n g c h a n g e i n t h e d i r e c t i o n o f t h e Mo v e m e n t . Th e
f i r s t v o l u m e c o n t a i n e d t h e " C o m m e n t s o n Li g h t o n t h e
Pa t h , " d e t a i l i n g t h e d i f f i c u l t i e s a n d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h e
d i s c i p l e s t r i v i n g f o r c h e l a s h i p . Th e n u m b e r f o r Ap r i l ,
1888, c o n t a i n e d t h e a r t i c l e " Pr a c t i c a l Oc c u l t i s m , " b y
H. P. B . , g i v i n g p u b l i c l y f o r t h e f i r s t t i m e t h e " p r i v a t e
r u l e s " o f t h e Ea s t e r n Sc h o o l , n o t a t i n g w h a t w o u l d - b e
c h e l a s h a d t o d o f o r t h e i r o w n s a f e t y a s w e l l a s t h e i r
p r o g r e s s , a n d f o r t h e f i r s t t i m e c l e a r l y s t a t i n g t h e e n o r -
m o u s r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s a s s u m e d b y t h e Gu r u o r Te a c h e r .
Th i s w a s i m m e d i a t e l y f o l l o w e d i n t h e Ma y n u m b e r b y
" Oc c u l t i s m Ve r s u s t h e Oc c u l t Ar t s , " s t r e s s i n g t h e d a n -
g e r s o f i m p u r e c h e l a s h i p a n d t h e a p p a l l i n g c o n s e q u e n c e s
o f f a l l i n g i n t o t h e " Le f t - Ha n d Pa t h . " C o i n c i d e n t l y Th e
Pa t h w a s p u b l i s h i n g a r t i c l e s o f s i m i l a r i m p o r t .
To t h e Ap r i l , 1888, C o n v e n t i o n o f t h e Am e r i c a n Se c -
t i o n H. P. B . s e n t a l o n g a n d f o r m a l Le t t e r , w h i c h s h e
i n s t r u c t e d Mr . J u d g e t o r e a d t o t h e a s s e m b l e d d e l e g a t e s .
I n t h i s s h e p l a c e d o n r e c o r d p u b l i c l y a n d a u t h o r i t a t i v e l y
h e r r e c o g n i t i o n o f t h e s t a t u s o f Mr . J u d g e i n t h e Mo v e -
m e n t , s a y i n g t h a t i t w a s t o h i m c h i e f l y , i f n o t e n t i r e l y ,
t h a t t h e So c i e t y o w e d i t s l i f e . Th e r e m a i n d e r o f t h e
Le t t e r w a s d e v o t e d t o a r e c i t a l o f t h e p u r p o s e a n d m e a n -
i n g o f t h e So c i e t y a n d t h e o b s t a c l e s t h a t m u s t b e o v e r -
c o m e b y i t s m e m b e r s . Th i s w a s t h e f i r s t o f a s e r i e s o f
a n n u a l Le t t e r s , f o u r i n a l l , w h i c h s h e a d d r e s s e d t o t h e
Am e r i c a n C o n v e n t i o n s , t h e l a s t o n e b e i n g w r i t t e n b u t a
f e w w e e k s b e f o r e h e r d e a t h
.
I f t h e s t u d e n t w i l l c a r e f u l l y c o m p a r e t h e i s s u e s o f
Lu c i f e r , Th e Pa t h , a n d Th e Th e o s o p h i s t d u r i n g t h e y e a r s
1887 - 9 h e w i l l b e a m a z e d t o o b s e r v e , f i r s t , t h e e n t i r e u n i t y
a n d a c c o r d i n t h e t w o f i r s t n a m e d i n a l l t h a t c o n c e r n e d
Th e o s o p h y a n d t h e Mo v e m e n t ; s e c o n d l y , t h e m a r k e d
c l e a v a g e s h o w n i n t h e c o n t e n t s o f
Th e Th e o s o p h i s t d u r -
140

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
i n g t h e s a m e p e r i o d
; t h e u t t e r i g n o r i n g i n t h e l a t t e r o f
t h e c y c l i c c h a n g e s u n d e r w a y i n t h e Mo v e m e n t a s m a n i -
f e s t e d i n t h e w r i t i n g s o f H
. P. B . a n d Mr . J u d g e .
Mr
. J u d g e w e n t t o Lo n d o n a n d t h e r e , a t t h e r e q u e s t
o f
H. P
. B . , d r e w u p t h e p l a n s a n d w r o t e t h e r u l e s f o r
t h e g u i d a n c e o f t h e f o r t h c o m i n g Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n o f t h e
Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y . No t h i n g i n r e l a t i o n t o t h e Es o -
t e r i c Se c t i o n b y n a m e a p p e a r e d
i n p u b l i c p r i n t u n t i l Oc -
t o b e r , , 1888
. Al l t h a t w e h a v e b e e n d i s c u s s i n g o n t h a t
s u b j e c t c a m e t o l i g h t o n l y a f t e r m a n y y e a r s . Th e s a m e
i s t r u e o f t h e a c t i v e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e w h i c h w e n t o n d u r -
i n g t h e i n t e r v a l , b e t w e e n H. P. B . a n d C o l . Ol c o t t , a n d ,
t o a l e s s e r e x t e n t , b e t w e e n Mr . J u d g e a n d C o l
. Ol c o t t .
Tr u e a s s t e e l , a l i k e t o t h e p u r p o s e s w h i c h i n s p i r e d t h e m
a n d t o C o l
. Ol c o t t i n h i s p l a c e a n d s h a r e i n t h e Mo v e -
m e n t , n o t h i n g w a s o m i t t e d f r o m t h e i r e f f o r t s t o i n f o r m
h i m o f t h e g r e a t i s s u e s a t s t a k e , t o s t r e n g t h e n h i s w e a k
s p o t s , t o k e e p h i m i n l i n e w i t h t h e r e a l Ob j e c t s o f t h e
So c i e t y a s w e l l a s t h e Mo v e m e n t .
W h a t C o l
. Ol c o t t ' s r e a l s e n t i m e n t s w e r e , w h a t h i s
m i n g l e d f e e l i n g s , w h a t h i s a l t e r n a t i o n s a n d v i o l e n t o s c i l -
l a t i o n s d u r i n g a l l t h i s p e r i o d , c o n s t i t u t e o n e o f t h e m o s t
v i v i d e x a m p l e s a n d i l l u s t r a t i o n s o f w h a t m a y b e c a l l e d
t h e " p l e d g e f e v e r " o f p r o b a t i o n a r y c h e l a s
. Of a l l t h i s ,
a l s o , n o t h i n g a p p e a r e d i n p u b l i c p r i n t , s a v e a s i t w a s
n o t i c e a b l e b y s u c h a c t s o f o m i s s i o n a n d c o m m i s s i o n a s w e
h a v e b e e n r e f e r r i n g t o
. Lo n g a f t e r w a r d s , i n h i s " Ol d
Di a r y Le a v e s , " C o l
. Ol c o t t w r i t e s o f t h e e v e n t s n a r r a t e d ,
a n d i t i s t o t h a t s o u r c e t h a t w e m a y t u r n f o r t h e p r i v a t e
a n d m i s s i n g l i n k s o f e v i d e n c e w h i c h s h o w t h a t t h e r u f f l i n g
o f t h e s u r f a c e o f e v e n t s w a s b u t t h e s y m p t o m a t i c s i g n
o f t h e i n n e r s t r u g g l e o f p r o b a t i o n
. I n s p i t e o f t h e m a n i -
f o l d a n d m a n i f e s t d i s l o y a l t y , i n g r a t i t u d e , a n d o t h e r v i o l a -
t i o n s o f t h e i r p l e d g e s b y s t u d e n t s a n d c h e l a s o f o n e d e -
g r e e o f p r o b a t i o n o r a n o t h e r , o f m o r e o r l e s s p r o m i n e n c e
i n t h e So c i e t y , n e i t h e r H
. P. B . n o r Mr
. J u d g e e v e r
w a s h e d a n y o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l " d i r t y l i n e n " i n p u b l i c
;
e v e r u t t e r e d a n y r e p r o a c h e s , e v e r i n a n y w a y e x p o s e d
t h e w e a k n e s s e s a n d f a i l i n g s o f t h e i r s t u d e n t s o r a s s o -
c i a t e s
. On l y w h e n t h e So c i e t y , t h e Sc h o o l o r t h e Mo v e -
H. P. B . , OLC OTT ANDJ UDGE

141
m e n t w a s i m p e r i l e d b y t h e f o l l i e s o f t h o s e w h o m t h e y
w e r e t r y i n g i n e v e r y w a y t o s h i e l d a n d h e l p , d i d t h e y
t a k e t h e n e c e s s a r y s t e p s t o c l e a r t h e s i t u a t i o n . Th e y
n e v e r e i t h e r d e f e n d e d t h e m s e l v e s o r a t t a c k e d o t h e r s .
Th e i r w o r k w a s t o l a y d o w n t h e l i n e s o f t e a c h i n g a n d
d i r e c t i o n , t o k e e p t h o s e l i n e s e n e r g i z e d , a n d o n l y w h e n
t h e C a u s e w h i c h t h e y r e p r e s e n t e d w a s e n d a n g e r e d b y
e x t e r n a l p r e s s u r e s o r i n t e r n a l r u p t u r e s d i d t h e y
i n t e r v e n e .
" Ol d Di a r y Le a v e s " i s t h e p e r s o n a l s t o r y o f C o l . 0 1-
c o t t a n d h a s a t l e a s t t h e m e r i t o f f a i t h f u l l y p i c t u r i n g ,
a l b e i t u n c o n s c i o u s l y t o h i m s e l f , " t h e t r u e h i s t o r y " - = -
n o t o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y , b u t o f He n r y S. Ol c o t t ,
a s p i r a n t f o r c h e l a s h i p o n " t h e h a r d a n d t h o r n y p a t h . "
St u d i e d a s t h e d i a r y o f a c h e l a o n p r o b a t i o n , n o m o r e
i m p o r t a n t l e s s o n s a r e a n y w h e r e r e c o r d e d f o r t h e s t u d y
a n d i n s t r u c t i o n o f t h e s t u d e n t o f t h e e s o t e r i c s i d e o f
t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l Mo v e m e n t , a n d t h e c a u s e s o f t h e
f a i l u r e o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y , t h a n i n " Ol d Di a r y
Le a v e s . "
Th e f o u r p u b l i s h e d v o l u m e s o f " Ol d Di a r y Le a v e s "
b e a r u p o n ' t h e i r c o v e r s t h e l e g e n d : THETRUEHI STORY
OFTHETHEOSOPHI C ALSOC I ETY.
No d o u b t t h i s i s w h a t C o l . Ol c o t t i n t e n d e d a n d b e -
l i e v e d t h e m t o b e . Eq u a l l y i t i s b e y o n d q u e s t i o n t h a t
i n t h e e y e s o f t h e w o r l d a n d o f Th e o s o p h i c a l s t u d e n t s
g e n e r a l l y h e h a s b e e n a s s u m e d t o b e t h a t o n e w h o h a d
t h e g r e a t e s t k n o w l e d g e o f t h e f a c t s , t h e b e s t o p p o r t u n i t y
f o r a c c u r a t e j u d g m e n t s , a n d t h e s t r o n g e s t i n c e n t i v e f o r
r e c o r d i n g b o t h . Th e s e v i e w s h a v e b e e n s u p p o r t e d b y
t h e t r a n s p a r e n t s i n c e r i t y t h a t s h i n e s f r o m e v e r y p a g e o f
h i s r e m i n i s c e n c e s , b y t h e w e a l t h o f d e t a i l s g i v e n b y h i m ,
b y t h e f a c t t h a t h e w a s t h r o u g h o u t i t s l i f e t h e o f f i c i a l
He a d o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y , t h a t h e s u r v i v e d f o r
m a n y y e a r s b o t h h i s c o l l e a g u e s i n t h e p i o n e e r w o r k o f
t h e Mo v e m e n t .
Ne i t h e r o f h i s c o l l e a g u e s e v e r w r o t e f o r p u b l i c a t i o n
a n y t h i n g t h a t s a v o r e d o f t h e a u t o b i o g r a p h i c a l o r w e r e
a t p a i n s t o a t t r a c t a t t e n t i o n t o t h e m s e l v e s ; o n t h e c o n -
t r a r y , t h e y " s e d u l o u s l y k e p t c l o s e d , " t o t h e u t m o s t e x -
142

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
t e n t t h a t t h e n a t u r e o f t h e i r m i s s i o n a n d t h e i n d i s c r e -
t i o n s o f t h e i r a s s o c i a t e s p e r m i t t e d , " e v e r y p o s s i b l e d o o r
o f a p p r o a c h b y w h i c h t h e i n q u i s i t i v e c o u l d s p y u p o n t h e m
.
Th e p r i m e c o n d i t i o n o f t h e i r s u c c e s s w a s t h a t t h e y s h o u l d
n e v e r b e s u p e r v i s e d o r o b s t r u c t e d . . . . Al l t h a t t h o s e
o u t s i d e t h e i r c i r c l e c o u l d p e r c e i v e w a s r e s u l t s , t h e c a u s e s
o f w h i c h w e r e m a s k e d f r o m v i e w . " I t i s p a s s i n g s t r a n g e
t h a t t h e s e s t a t e m e n t s o f t h e Ma h a t m a " K. H
. " i n h i s
l e t t e r t o Mr . Hu m e , a n d t h e o t h e r s t a t e m e n t s o f t h e s a m e
Ad e p t i n h i s l e t t e r s r e p r o d u c e d i n
I I Th e Oc c u l t W o r l d , "
h a v e n e v e r b e e n a p p l i e d b y Th e o s o p h i c a l s t u d e n t s t o t h e
e v e n t s a n d a c t o r s i n t h e d r a m a o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l
Mo v e m e n t . W h a t m o r e n e c e s s a r y a n d i m p o r t a n t t h a n
t h a t t h e d i r e c t Ag e n t o f t h e Ma s t e r s i n t h e w o r l d s h o u l d
b e s h i e l d e d a n d g u a r d e d i n h e r Oc c u l t n a t u r e a n d f u n c -
t i o n s f r o m a l l b u t t h o s e w h o h a v e " e a r n e d t h e r i g h t t o
k n o w Th e m ?"
At t h e o u t s e t , t h e n , i t s h o u l d b e u n d e r s t o o d t h a t w i d e l y
a s H. P. B . h a s b e e n d i s c u s s e d a n d e x t e n s i v e a s h a v e
b e e n t h e c o n t r o v e r s i e s w h i c h h a v e r a g e d a b o u t h e r m i s -
s i o n a n d h e r p e r s o n a l i t y t h e f a c t r e m a i n s t h a t o n l y t h e
s c a n t i e s t a n d m o s t f r a g m e n t a r y d e t a i l s e x i s t r e l a t i n g t o
h e r , a f t e r t h e e l i m i n a t i o n
. o f a l l t h e m a s s o f h e a r s a y a n d
o p i n i o n , o f c l a i m s a n d c o u n t e r - c l a i m s m a d e b y f r i e n d s
a n d f o e s a s t o h e r Oc c u l t s t a t u s , p o w e r s , a n d r e l a t i o n s .
Sh e i s t o b e k n o w n , i f k n o w n a t a l l , o n l y t h r o u g h h e r
w r i t i n g s a n d b y t h o s e w h o f a i t h f u l l y " f o l l o w t h e Pa t h
s h e s h o w e d , t h e Ma s t e r s w h o a r e b e h i n d . "
He r w r i t i n g s a r e d e v o t e d e n t i r e l y
: ( 1) t o p l a c i n g o n
r e c o r d h e r m e s s a g e o f Th e o s o p h y a n d t h e c i t a t i o n o f t h e
e v i d e n c e s a n d a r g u m e n t s e s t a b l i s h i n g i t s u n b r o k e n e x -
i s t e n c e d o w n t h e a g e s
; ( 2) t o a r t i c l e s i n e x p l a n a t i o n a n d
a p p l i c a t i o n o f t h e Pr i n c i p l e s o f t h a t Me s s a g e
; ( 3 ) t o i n -
s t r u c t i o n , a d v i c e , a n d s u g g e s t i o n t o t h e s t u d e n t s , i n d i -
v i d u a l l y a n d c o l l e c t i v e l y , w h o t o a n y e x t e n t b e c o m e i n -
t e r e s t e d i n Th e o s o p h y
; ( 4) t o t h e d i r e c t a n d p o i n t e d
s t a t e m e n t s m a d e b y h e r i n h e r l e t t e r s t o a n d i n r e l a t i o n
t o t h o s e p e r s o n s w h o v o l u n t a r i l y a s s o c i a t e d t h e m s e l v e s
i n h e r w o r k a n d w h o a s v o l u n t a r i l y p l e d g e d t h e m s e l v e s
H. P. B . ,
OLC OTTANDJ UDGE

148
t o h e r g u i d a n c e a n d t u i t i o n
; ( 5 ) t o t h e d e f e n s e o f h e r
m i s s i o n , i t s i n s t r u m e n t s a n d h e r a s s o c i a t e s .
Sh e w a s i n t e r e s t e d i n a n d d e v o t e d t o a C AUSE: n o t h i n g
e l s e m a t t e r e d t o h e r , n o t h i n g e l s e w a s o f m o m e n t t o h e r ,
s a v e a n d e x c e p t a s i t m i g h t h a s t e n o r r e t a r d t h a t C a u s e .
He r w r i t i n g s , a s h e r w o r k s , a r e w h o l l y i m p e r s o n a l ; c o n s e -
q u e n t l y s h e n e v e r t o u c h e d u p o n p e r s o n s o r e v e n t s s a v e
a s t h e e x i g e n c i e s o f t h e Mo v e m e n t , o f t h e So c i e t y , o r o f
h e r p u p i l s m a d e s u c h a t t e n t i o n c o m p u l s o r y o n h e r p a r t .
An d t h e s a m e s t a t e o f f a c t a p p l i e s i n i t s i n t e g r i t y t o
W i l l i a m Q . J u d g e , h i s w r i t i n g s a n d h i s w o r k s .
On t h e o t h e r h a n d , " Ol d Di a r y Le a v e s , " i n c l u d i n g t h e
m i s c e l l a n e o u s a r t i c l e s a n d l e t t e r s w r i t t e n b y C o l . Ol c o t t
i n c o n n e c t i o n w i t h h i s Th e o s o p h i c a l w o r k , a r e w h o l l y
a u t o b i o g r a p h i c a l a n d p e r s o n a l - i n t h e i r p o i n t o f v i e w ,
i n t h e i r t r e a t m e n t o f m e n a n d e v e n t s , i n t h e i r j u d g m e n t
a n d c o n c l u s i o n s
. Fr o m t h e b a s i s o f t h e Su p e r i o r Se c -
t i o n s h e w a s a s t r u g g l i n g p r o b a t i o n e r , w r e s t l i n g w i t h t h e
f o e s e n t r e n c h e d i n h i s o w n i n n e r n a t u r e . I n h i s o w n
e y e s , a n d t h o s e o f s o m a n y o t h e r s , h e w a s t h e Pr e s i d e n t -
Fo u n d e r o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y , w r e s t l i n g v a l i a n t l y
w i t h i t s e n e m i e s , w i t h o u t a n d w i t h i n . Th e p e r i o d f r o m ,
1881- 8i s t h a t o f t h e s e c o n d s e p t e n n a t e o f t h e p r o b a t i o n -
a r y c h e l a s h i p b o t h o f He n r y S. Ol c o t t a n d o f t h e Th e -
o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y a s a b o d y , a n d t h e s t r u g g l e s o f t h e
o n e a r e t h e m i r r o r a n d t h e r e f l e x o f t h e s t r u g g l e s o f t h e
o t h e r . Th e " w a n d e r i n g f r o m t h e d i s c i p l i n e " o f t h e o n e
i s d e p i c t e d i n t h e s t r e s s e s w h i c h b e s e t t h e o t h e r ; t h e i r
j o i n t d e p a r t u r e s f r o m t h e i r p r o f e s s e d Pl e d g e s a n d Ob -
j e c t s t h e c o m p e l l i n g r e a s o n f o r t h e p u b l i c f o r m a t i o n o f
t h e Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n o f t h e T. S.
C HAPTERX
THEFORMATI ONOFTHEESOTERI C SEC TI ON
THE
c r i t i c a l p e r i o d p r e c e d i n g t h e f o r m a t i o n o f t h e
Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n h a s b e e n d i s c u s s e d , a n d i t s v a r i o u s f a c -
t o r s a n d a c t o r s c o m m e n t e d o n f r o m t h e i r s e v e r a l p o i n t s
o f v i e w , b y t h e o n l y o n e s c o m p e t e n t t o d o s o a t f i r s t
h a n d : b y H. P
. B . , b y C o l . 0 l c o t t , b y Mr
. J u d g e , a n d
b y t h e Ma s t e r " K
. H. " W e m a y e x a m i n e a t t h i s p o i n t
s o m e o f t h e s t a t e m e n t s o f a l l o f t h e m , i n t h e o r d e r n a m e d ,
o m i t t i n g Mr
. J u d g e f o r t h e t i m e b e i n g , f o r t h e s a k e o f
l o g i c a l , n o l e s s t h a n o f c h r o n o l o g i c a l , c o n t i n u i t y
.
I n Ap r i l , 1886 , H. P. B
. w r o t e a l o n g a n d i m p o r t a n t
l e t t e r t o Dr
. Fr a n z Ha r t m a n n i n r e p l y t o q u e s t i o n s a n d
p r o b l e m s r a i s e d b y h i m . Dr
. Ha r t m a n n , i t w i l l b e r e -
m e m b e r e d , w a s a t Ad y a r b e f o r e , d u r i n g , a n d s u b s e q u e n t
t o t h e C o u l o m b c h a r g e s , t h e I n d i a n C o n v e n t i o n ' s p r a c -
t i c a l d e s e r t i o n o f H. P
. B . , Mr . Ho d g s o n ' s i n v e s t i g a t i o n s
f o r t h e S. P. R. ,
t h e r e s i g n a t i o n a n d d e p a r t u r e o f H . P. B .
He w a s f a m i l i a r w i t h m u c h o f t h e u n w r i t t e n h i s t o r y o f
t h a t e v e n t f u l p e r i o d
. He l e a r n e d e n o u g h , a n d h i s i n -
t u i t i o n s w e r e s u f f i c i e n t l y a w a k e , t o m a k e h i m t h e f a i t h f u l
a n d l o y a l f r i e n d o f b o t h H. P. B . , a n d W . Q . J
. , t h r o u g h
a l l t h e t r o u b l e d v o y a g e o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l s h i p
.
H. P. B
. ' s l e t t e r t o h i m w a s f o r c e d i n t o p u b l i c i t y b y t h e
n e c e s s i t i e s o f a d e c a d e l a t e r . I t w i l l b e f o u n d i n f u l l i n
Th e Pa t h ,
f o r Ma r c h , 189 6 .
Af t e r a c k n o w l e d g i n g h i s l e t t e r s h e s a y s
:
W h a t y o u s a y i n i t s e e m s t o m e l i k e a n e c h o
o f m y o w n t h o u g h t s i n m a n y a w a y ; o n l y k n o w -
i n g t h e t r u t h a n d t h e r e a l s t a t e o f t h i n g s i n t h e
144
THEESOTERI C SEC TI ON

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" Oc c u l t w o r l d " b e t t e r t h a n y o u d o , I a m p e r h a p s
a b l e t o s e e b e t t e r a l s o w h e r e t h e r e a l m i s c h i e f
w a s a n d
l i e s
.
W h a t t h e t r u t h a n d t h e r e a l s t a t e o f t h i n g s w a s i n
c o n n e c t i o n w i t h t h e f a c t s a n d f a c t o r s u n d e r l y i n g t h e
c o u r s e o f e v e n t s w e a r e c o n s i d e r i n g i s d i s c u s s e d a t l e n g t h
As t o . . . t h a t p o r t i o n o f y o u r l e t t e r w h e r e
y o u s p e a k o f t h e " a r m y " o f t h e d e l u d e d - a n d
t h e " i m a g i n a r y " Ma h a t m a s o f Ol c o t t y o u a r e
a b s o l u t e l y a n d s a d l y r i g h t . Ha v e I n o t s e e n t h e
t h i n g f o r n e a r l y e i g h t y e a r s ?Ha v e I n o t s t r u g -
g l e d a n d f o u g h t a g a i n s t Ol c o t t ' s a r d e n t a n d
g u s h i n g i m a g i n a t i o n , a n d t r i e d t o s t o p h i m e v e r y
d a y o f m y l i f e ?W a s h e n o t t o l d b y m e . . .
t h a t i f h e d i d n o t s e e t h e Ma s t e r s i n t h e i r t r u e
l i g h t , a n d d i d n o t c e a s e s p e a k i n g a n d e n f l a m i n g
p e o p l e ' s i m a g i n a t i o n s , t h a t h e w o u l d b e h e l d r e -
s p o n s i b l e f o r a l l t h e e v i l t h e So c i e t y m i g h t c o m e
t o ? . . .
Ah , i f b y s o m e p s y c h o l o g i c a l p r o c e s s y o u c o u l d
b e m a d e t o s e e t h e w h o l e t r u t h I . . . I w a s s e n t
t o Am e r i c a o n p u r p o s e a n d s e n t t o t h e Ed d y s
.
Th e r e I f o u n d Ol c o t t i n l o v e w i t h s p i r i t s , a s h e
b e c a m e i n l o v e w i t h t h e Ma s t e r s l a t e r o n . I w a s
o r d e r e d t o l e t h i m k n o w t h a t s p i r i t u a l p h e -
n o m e n a w i t h o u t t h e p h i l o s o p h y o f Oc c u l t i s m
w e r e d a n g e r o u s a n d m i s l e a d i n g . I p r o v e d t o
h i m
t h a t a l l t h a t m e d i u m s c o u l d d o t h r o u g h
s p i r i t s o t h e r s c o u l d d o a t w i l l w i t h o u t a n y
s p i r i t s a t a l l . . . . W e l l , I t o l d h i m t h e w h o l e
t r u t h . I s a i d t o h i m t h a t I h a d k n o w n Ad e p t s ,
. . . Th a t . . . Ad e p t s w e r e e v e r y w h e r e Ad e p t s
- s i l e n t , s e c r e t , r e t i r i n g , a n d w h o w o u l d n e v e r
d i v u l g e t h e m s e l v e s e n t i r e l y t o a n y o n e , u n l e s s
o n e d i d a s I d i d - p a s s e d s e v e n a n d t e n y e a r s '
p r o b a t i o n a n d g i v e n p r o o f s o f a b s o l u t e d e v o t i o n ,
a n d t h a t h e , o r s h e , w o u l d k e e p s i l e n t e v e n b e -
f o r e a p r o s p e c t a n d a t h r e a t o f d e a t h
. I f u l f i l l e d
146

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s a n d a m w h a t I a m ; a n d t h i s
n o Ho d g s o n , n o C o u l o m b s , n o Se l l i n , l c a n t a k e
a w a y f r o m m e . . . .
W h e n w e a r r i v e d [ i n I n d i a ] a n d Ma s t e r c o m -
i n g t o B o m b a y b o d i l y , p a i d a v i s i t t o u s . . .
Ol c o t t b e c a m e c r a z y . He w a s l i k e B a l a a m ' s
s h e - a s s w h e n s h e s a w t h e a n g e l ! Th e n c a m e
. . . o t h e r f a n a t i c s w h o b e g a n c a l l i n g t h e m
" Ma h a t m a s " ; a n d , l i t t l e b y l i t t l e , t h e Ad e p t s
w e r e t r a n s f o r m e d i n t o Go d s o n e a r t h . Th e y b e -
g a n t o b e a p p e a l e d t o , a n d m a d e p u j a t o , a n d
w e r e b e c o m i n g w i t h e v e r y d a y m o r e l e g e n d a r y
a n d m i r a c u l o u s . . . . W e l l b e t w e e n t h i s i d e a o f
Ma h a t m a s a n d Ol c o t t ' a r h a p s o d i e s , w h a t c o u l d
I d o 7 I s a w w i t h t e r r o r a n d a n g e r t h e f a l s e
t r a c k t h e y w e r e a l l p u r s u i n g . Th e " Ma s t e r s , "
a s a l l t h o u g h t , m u s t b e o m n i s c i e n t , o m n i p r e s e n t ,
o m n i p o t e n t
. . .
. Th e Ma s t e r s k n e w a l l ; w h y d i d
t h e y n o t h e l p t h e d e v o t e e I I f a m i s t a k e o r a f l a p -
d o o d l e w a s c o m m i t t e d i n t h e So c i e t y Ho w
c o u l d t h e Ma s t e r s a l l o w y o u o r Ol c o t t t o d o s o I "
w e w e r e a s k e d i n a m a z e m e n t . Th e i d e a t h a t t h e
Ma s t e r s w e r e m o r t a l m e n , l i m i t e d e v e n i n t h e i r
g r e a t p o w e r s , n e v e r c r o s s e d a n y o n e ' s m i n d
. . . .
I s i t Ol c o t t ' s f a u l t ?p e r h a p s , t o a d e g r e e
. I s
i t m i n e ?
I a b s o l u t e l y d e n y i t , a n d p r o t e s t
a g a n i s t t h e a c c u s a t i o n . I t i s n o o n e ' s f a u l t .
Hu m a n n a t u r e a l o n e , a n d t h e f a i l u r e o f m o d e r n
s o c i e t y a n d r e l i g i o n s t o f u r n i s h p e o p l e w i t h
s o m e t h i n g h i g h e r a n d n o b l e r t h a n c r a v i n g a f t e r
m o n e y a n d h o n o r s - i s a t t h e b o t t o m o f i t . Pl a c e
t h i s f a i l u r e o n o n e s i d e , a n d t h e m i s c h i e f a n d
h a v o c p r o d u c e d i n p e o p l e ' s b r a i n s b y m o d e r n
s p i r i t u a l i s m , a n d y o u h a v e t h e e n i g m a s o l v e d
.
Ol c o t t t o t h i s d a y i s s i n c e r e , t r u e a n d d e v o t e d
t o t h e c a u s e
. He d o e s a n d a c t s t h e b e s t h e k n o w s
h o w , a n d t h e m i s t a k e s a n d a b s u r d i t i e s h e h a s
' A Ge r m a n p r o f e s s o r a n d s p i r i t u a l i s t t o w h o m Dr . Hu b b e - s c h l e i d e n
t u r n e d f o r " m e s s a g e s , " a f t e r h i s b r e a c h w i t h H. P. B . , a n d w h o , l i k e Mr .
s i n n e t t ' s " p s y c h i c s , " c h a r g e d h e r w i t h b o g u s c o m m u n i c a t i o n s .
THEESOTERI C SEC TI ON

147
c o m m i t t e d a n d c o m m i t s t o t h i s d a y a r e
d u e t o
s o m e t h i n g h e l a c k s i n t h e p s y c h o l o g i c a l p o r t i o n
o f h i s b r a i n , a n d h e i s n o t r e s p o n s i b l e f o r i t
.
Lo a d e d a n d h e a v y i s h i s Ka r m a , p o o r m a n , b u t
m u c h m u s t b e f o r g i v e n t o h i m , f o r h e h a s a l w a y s
e r r e d t h r o u g h l a c k o f r i g h t j u d g m e n t , n o t f r o m
a n y v i c i o u s p r o p e n s i t y .
Th i s l e t t e r , i t w i l l b e n o t e d , w a s w r i t t e n a y e a r a f t e r
H. P. B
. ' s d e p a r t u r e f r o m I n d i a , a l i t t l e o v e r a y e a r b e -
f o r e t h e f o u n d a t i o n o f
Lu c i f e r , a n d f o r m s p a r t o f t h e
c h a i n o f t i m e a n d a c t i o n l e a d i n g t o t h e f o r m a t i o n o f t h e
Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n . B o t h H. P. B . a n d Mr
. J u d g e f r o m
t h e n o n m a d e t h e m o s t s t r e n u o u s e f f o r t s , p u b l i c l y a n d
p r i v a t e l y , i n p r e p a r a t i o n s f o r t h e r e s t o r a t i o n o f t h e So -
c i e t y , i n Eu r o p e a n d Am e r i c a a t l e a s t , t o a s e m b l a n c e o f
i t s o r i g i n a l l i n e s , t h r o u g h t h e Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n . Th e o b -
s t a c l e s , i n t e r n a l l y , l a y i n m i s c o n c e p t i o n s o f t h e p h i l o s o -
p h y , i n t h e e r r o n e o u s i d e a s i n r e g a r d t o t h e n a t u r e o f
t h e Ma s t e r s , i n t h e d e e p l y r o o t e d p r e c o n c e i v e d o p i n i o n s
o f C o l . Ol c o t t a n d m a n y o t h e r s a s t o t h e p u r p o s e s o f
t h e So c i e t y . Fr o m t h e i r p o i n t o f v i e w t h e So c i e t y h a d
a c h i e v e d a m a g n i f i c e n t s u c c e s s a n d , u n d e r t h e i r g u i d a n c e
a n d d i r e c t i o n , w a s o n t h e h i g h r o a d t o s t i l l g r e a t e r c o n -
q u e s t s
; i t s d r a w b a c k s a n d l i m i t a t i o n s c h i e f l y d u e t o t h e
" m i s t a k e s " a n d t h e " i n t e r f e r e n c e s " o f H . P. B . Ho w
i n t e n s e l y t h e s e o p i n i o n s a f f e c t e d Mr . Si n n e t t w e s h a l l
f i n d i n d u e c o u r s e . 2 Ho w e n t i r e l y t h e y g o v e r n e d t h e o u t -
l o o k a n d c o n t r o l l e d t h e a t t i t u d e o f C o l . Ol c o t t w e h a v e
n o w t o w i t n e s s . Tu r n i n g t o " Ol d Di a r y Le a v e s , " w e
m a y j o i n h i m i n I n d i a i n t h e s u m m e r o f 1887 , s h o r t l y
a f t e r H. P. B
. h a d r e m o v e d t o Lo n d o n . B e g i n n i n g w i t h
t h e l a s t c h a p t e r o f h i s Th i r d Se r i e s h e s a y s
At C h u p r a , a m o n g m y f o r e i g n l e t t e r s I r e -
c e i v e d o n e f r o m H. P. B
. w h i c h d i s t r e s s e d m e
m u c h
. Sh e h a d c o n s e n t e d t o s t a r t a n e w m a g a -
z i n e w i t h c a p i t a l s u b s c r i b e d b y Lo n d o n f r i e n d s
' s e e a l s o i n t h i s c o n n e c t i o n Mr . s i n n e t t ' a p o s t h u m o u s b o o k , " Th e Ea r l y
Da y s o f Th e o s o p h y i n Eu r o p e . "
148

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
o f h e r s , w h i l e s h e w a s s t i l l e d i t o r a n d h a l f p r o -
p r i e t o r o f t h e Th e o s o p h i s t - a m o s t u n u s u a l a n d
u n b u s i n e s s l i k e p r o c e e d i n g . B e s i d e s o t h e r c a u s e s ,
a m o n g t h e m t h e p e r s u a s i o n o f En g l i s h f r i e n d s ,
a r e a s o n w h i c h s t r o n g l y m o v e d h e r t o t h i s w a s
t h a t Mr
. C o o p e r - Oa k l e y , h e r o w n a p p o i n t e e a s
Ma n a g i n g Ed i t o r , h a d m o r e
o r l e s s s i d e d w i t h
T. Su b b a Ro w i n a d i s p u t e w h i c h h a d s p r u n g
u p b e t w e e n h i m a n d H. P. B . o n t h e q u e s t i o n
w h e t h e r t h e " p r i n c i p l e s " w h i c h g o t o t h e m a k e -
u p o f a h u m a n b e i n g w e r e s e v e n o r f i v e i n n u m -
b e r . Su b b a Ro w h a d r e p l i e d i n o u r p a g e s t o a n
a r t i c l e o f h e r s o n t h e s u b j e c t , a n d h e r l e t t e r s
t o m e a b o u t i t w e r e m o s t b i t t e r a n d d e n u n c i a t o r y
o f C o o p e r - Oa k l e y , w h o m s h e , w i t h o u t r e a s o n -
a b l e c a u s e , c h a r g e d w i t h t r e a c h e r y . I t w a s o n e
o f t h o s e r e s i s t l e s s i m p u l s e s w h i c h c a r r i e d h e r
a w a y s o m e t i m e s i n t o e x t r e m e m e a s u r e s . Sh e
w a n t e d m e t o t a k e a w a y h i s e d i t o r i a l a u t h o r i t y ,
a n d e v e n s e n t m e a f o o l i s h d o c u m e n t , l i k e a
p o w e r - o f - a t t o r n e y , e m p o w e r i n g m e t o s e n d h i m
t o C o v e n t r y , s o t o s a y , a n d n o t a l l o w a n y g a l l e y -
p r o o f t o p a s s t o t h e p r i n t e r u n t i l i n i t i a l e d b y
m y s e l f . Of c o u r s e , I r e m o n s t r a t e d s t r o n g l y
a g a i n s t h e r t h u s , w i t h o u t p r e c e d e n t , s e t t i n g u p
a r i v a l c o m p e t i n g m a g a z i n e t o h u r t a s m u c h a s
p o s s i b l e t h e c i r c u l a t i o n a n d i n f l u e n c e o f o u r o l d -
e s t a b l i s h e d o r g a n , o n t h e t i t l e - p a g e o f w h i c h h e r
n a m e s t i l l a p p e a r e d . B u t i t w a s u s e l e s s t o p r o -
t e s t ; s h e s a i d s h e w a s d e t e r m i n e d t o h a v e a
m a g a z i n e i n w h i c h s h e c o u l d s a y w h a t s h e
p l e a s e d , a n d i n d u e t i m e Lu c i f e r a p p e a r e d a s
h e r p e r s o n a l o r g a n , a n d I g o t o n a s w e l l a s I
c o u l d w i t h o u t h e r . Me a n w h i l e , a l i v e l y i n t e r -
c h a n g e o f l e t t e r s w e n t o n b e t w e e n u s . Sh e w a s
a t s t r i f e t h e n , m o r e o r l e s s , w i t h Mr . Si n n e t t ,
a n d b e f o r e t h i s w a s s e t t l e d , a n u m b e r o f s e c e d e r s
f r o m h i s Lo n d o n Lo d g e o r g a n i z e d a s t h e B l a -
v a t s k y Lo d g e , a n d m e t a t h e r h o u s e i n La n s -
d o w n e Ro a d , w h e r e h e r s p a r k l i n g p e r s o n a l i t y
THEESOTERI C SEC TI ON
a n d v a s t k n o w l e d g e o f Oc c u l t t h i n g s a l w a y s e n -
s u r e d f u l l m e e t i n g s
.
I n t h e s e c o n d c h a p t e r o f t h e Fo u r t h Se r i e s , w h i c h C o l .
Ol c o t t h e a d s , Th e Fe a r s o f H. P. B . , " h e s a y s , b y w a y
o f p r e f a c e :
W h e n I l o o k b a c k t h r o u g h m y p a p e r s o f t h o s e
d a y s o f s t r e s s a n d s t o r m , a n d r e a d t h e l e t t e r s
w r i t t e n m e f r o m e x i l e b y Mm e . B l a v a t s k y , t h e
s o l e m n f e e l i n g c o m e s o v e r m e t h a t t h e b i n d i n g
m o r t a r o f i t s b l o c k s w a s s t i f f e n e d b y t h e b l o o d
o f h e r h e a r t , a n d i n h e r a n g u i s h w e r e t h e y l a i d .
Sh e w a s t h e Te a c h e r , I t h e p u p i l ; s h e t h e m i s -
u n d e r s t o o d a n d i n s u l t e d m e s s e n g e r o f t h e Gr e a t
On e s , I t h e p r a c t i c a l b r a i n t o p l a n , t h e r i g h t
h a n d t o w o r k o u t t h e p r a c t i c a l d e t a i l s .
, Af t e r * a d e s u l t o r y s e n t e n c e o r t w o t h e " p u p i l " c o n -
t i n u e s i n r e g a r d t o h i s Te a c h e r , t h e " m i s u n d e r s t o o d m e s -
s e n g e r o f t h e Gr e a t On e s " :
I t i s p a i n f u l b e y o n d w o r d s t o r e a d h e r c o r r e -
s p o n d e n c e f r o m Eu r o p e , a n d s e e h o w s h e s u f -
f e r e d f r o m v a r i o u s c a u s e s , f r e t t i n g a n d w o r r y -
i n g t o o o f t e n o v e r m a r e s ' n e s t s . Ou t o f t h e
s o r e s t g r i e v a n c e s I s e l e c t t h e d e f e c t i o n o f T.
Su b b a Ra o [ Ro w ] ; t h e a d m i s s i o n i n t o t h e Th e -
o s o p h i s t b y t h e Su b - Ed i t o r ( w h o m s h e h a d h e r -
s e l f a p p o i n t e d ) o f a r t i c l e s w h i c h s h e c o n s i d e r e d
a n t a g o n i s t i c t o t h e Tr a n s - Hi m a l a y a n t e a c h -
i n g s
; t h e r e f u s a l o f Su b b a Ra o t o e d i t t h e Se -
c r e t Do c t r i n e MSS. , c o n t r a r y t o h i s o r i g i n a l
p r o m i s e . . . . h i s w h o l e s a l e c o n d e m n a t i o n o f i t ;
t h e p e r s o n a l q u a r r e l s o f v a r i o u s Eu r o p e a n c o l -
l e a g u e s ; t h e w a r b e t w e e n Mr . J u d g e a n d Dr .
C o n e s i n Am e r i c a ; t h e t h r e a t e n e d r e n e w a l o f
p e r s e c u t i o n a g a i n s t h e r i f s h e r e t u r n e d t o I n d i a ,
a s w e b e g g e d h e r t o d o ; . . .
15 0

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
On p . 41h e c o n t i n u e s
Th i n g s w e r e g r o w i n g m o r e a n d m o r e u n -
p l e a s a n t a t Ad y a r o n a c c o u n t o f t h e f r i c t i o n
b e t w e e n H. P
. B . a n d T. Su b b a Ra o a n d c e r -
t a i n o f h i s An g l o - I n d i a n b a c k e r s
. Th e y e v e n
w e n t s o f a r a s t o t h r e a t e n w i t h d r a w a l f r o m
t h e So c i e t y a n d t h e p u b l i c a t i o n o f a r i v a l m a g a -
z i n e i f H. P. B . d i d n o t t r e a t t h e m b e t t e r .
On p . 47 h e s a y s
Po r t e n t s o f a c o m i n g s t o r m i n o u r Eu r o p e a n
g r o u p s , s t i r r e d u p o r i n t e n s i f i e d b y
H. P. B . ,
b e g i n t o s h o w t h e m s e l v e s , a n d J u d g e c o m p l a i n s
o f o u r n e g l e c t i n g h i m . J u s t t h e n Dr . C o n e s w a s
w o r k i n g h a r d f o r t h e n o t o r i e t y h e c r a v e d , a n d
J u d g e w a s o p p o s i n g h i m .
Fi n a l l y , o n p . 5 1, r e f e r r i n g t o t h e s a m e y e a r ( 1888) C o l .
Ol c o t t r e l a t e s :
Th e l a s t w e e k i n J u n e b r o u g h t m e a v e x a t i o u s
l e t t e r f r o m H. P. B . , i n d i c a t i v e o f a s t o r m o f
t r o u b l e t h a t w a s r a g i n g i n a n d a b o u t h e r .
C h a p t e r I Vo f t h e Fo u r t h Se r i e s i s e n t i t l e d " Fo r m a -
t i o n o f t h e Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n , " a n d c o n t i n u e s C o l . Ol c o t t ' s
r e m i n i s c e n c e s o f t h i s m o m e n t o u s e p o c h
. He f i r s t p a y s
t r i b u t e t o H. P. B . a n d t h e n p r o c e e d s t o s o l i l o q u i z e - a l -
w a y s t o t h e i s s u e t h a t h e w a s t h e s a v i o u r o f t h e So -
c i e t y a g a i n s t t h e w e a k n e s s e s a n d m i s t a k e s o f H
. P. B .
Th u s
I t w a s r e m a r k e d a t t h e e n d o f t h e l a s t c h a p -
t e r t h a t w e w e r e n o w a b o u t t o r e v i e w s o m e d i s -
a g r e e a b l e i n c i d e n t s o f t h e y e a r i n w h i c h H. P. B .
w a s a c o n s p i c u o u s f a c t o r
. I f s h e h a d b e e n j u s t
a n o r d i n a r y p e r s o n h i d d e n b e h i n d t h e s c r e e n o f
d o m e s t i c i t y , t h i s h i s t o r y o f t h e d e v e l o p m e n t o f
THEESOTERI C SEC TI ON

15 1
t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l m o v e m e n t m i g h t
h a v e b e e n
w r i t t e n w i t h o u t b r i n g i n g h e r o n t h e s t a g e
; o r i f
t h e t r u t h h a d b e e n t o l d a b o u t h e r b y f r i e n d a n d
a n d f o e I m i g h t h a v e l e f t h e r t o b e d e a l t w i t h
b y h e r k a r m a , s h o w i n g , o f c o u r s e , w h a t g r e a t
p a r t s h e h a d p l a y e d i n i t , a n d t o h o w g r e a t a
c r e d i t s h e w a s e n t i t l e d . B u t s h e h a s s h a r e d t h e
f a t e o f a l l p u b l i c c h a r a c t e r s o f m a r k i n h u m a n
a f f a i r s , h a v i n g b e e n a b s u r d l y f l a t t e r e d a n d w o r -
s h i p p e d b y o n e p a r t y , a n d m e r c i l e s s l y w r o n g e d
b y t h e o t h e r . Un l e s s , t h e n , h e r m o s t i n t i m a t e
f r i e n d a n d c o l l e a g u e , t h e s u r v i v i n g b u i l d e r - u p
o f t h e m o v e m e n t , h a d c a s t a s i d e t h e r e s e r v e h e
h a d a l l a l o n g m a i n t a i n e d , a n d w o u l d h a v e p r e -
f e r r e d t o p r e s e r v e , t h e r e a l p e r s o n a g e w o u l d
n e v e r h a v e b e e n u n d e r s t o o d b y h e r c o n t e m p o -
r a r i e s , n o r j u s t i c e d o n e t o h e r r e a l l y g r a n d c h a r -
a c t e r . Th a t s h e w a s g r e a t i n t h e s e n s e o f t h e
t h o r o u g h a l t r u i s m o f h e r p u b l i c w o r k i s u n q u e s -
t i o n a b l e :
i n h e r t i m e s o f e x a l t a t i o n s e l f w a s
d r o w n e d i n t h e y e a r n i n g t o s p r e a d k n o w l e d g e
a n d d o h e r Ma s t e r ' s b i d d i n g . Sh e n e v e r s o l d h e r
r i c h s t o r e o f o c c u l t k n o w l e d g e f o r m o n e y , n o r
b a r t e r e d i n s t r u c t i o n f o r p e r s o n a l a d v a n t a g e .
Sh e v a l u e d h e r l i f e a s n o t h i n g a s b a l a n c e d
a g a i n s t s e r v i c e , a n d w o u l d h a v e g i v e n i t a s j o y -
f u l l y a s a n y r e l i g i o u s m a r t y r i f t h e o c c a s i o n h a d
s e e m e d t o d e m a n d t h e s a c r i f i c e . Th e s e t e n d e n -
c i e s a n d c h a r a c t e r i s t i c t r a i t s s h e h a d b r o u g h t
o v e r w i t h h e r f r o m a l o n g l i n e o f i n c a r n a t i o n s
i n w h i c h s h e ( a n d i n s o m e , w e ) h a d b e e n e n g a g e d
i n l i k e s e r v i c e
; t h e y w e r e t h e a s p e c t s o f h e r i n -
i n d i v i d u a l i t y , h i g h , n o b l e , i d e a l l y l o y a l , w o r t h y ,
n o t o f b e i n g w o r s h i p p e d - f o r n o h u m a n b e i n g
o u g h t t o b e m a d e t h e c a u s e o f s l a v i s h a d o r a t i o n
- b u t o f a s p i r a t i o n t o b e l i k e i t .
Th e n t h e w i s e p u p i l , s u r e o f h i s o w n d i s c r i m i n a t i o n
a n d j u d g m e n t , p r o c e e d s t o p o i n t o u t t h e w e a k n e s s e s a n d
f a i l i n g s w i t h w h i c h h i s Te a c h e r i s a f f l i c t e d :
15 2

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
He r p e r s o n a l i t y i s q u i t e a n o t h e r a f f a i r , a n d
a f f o r d e d a s t r o n g b a c k g r o u n d t o t h r o w o u t h e r
i n t e r i o r b r i g h t n e s s i n t o s t r o n g e r r e l i e f
. I n t h e
m a t t e r u n d e r p r e s e n t d i s c u s s i o n , f o r i n s t a n c e ,
t h e , f r o n t s h e p r e s e n t s t o m e i n h e r l e t t e r s i s u n -
l o v e l y t o a d e g r e e : l a n g u a g e v i o l e n t , p a s s i o n
r a g i n g , s c o r n a n d s a t i r e p o o r l y c o v e r e d b y a
s k i n o f s o f t t a l k
; a d i s p o s i t i o n t o b r e a k t h r o u g h
t h e " r e d t a p e " o f t h e So c i e t y ' s m i l d c o n s t i t u -
t i o n , a n d t o r u l e o r r u i n a s I m i g h t d e c i d e t o
r a t i f y o r d i s a v o w h e r a r b i t r a r y a n d u t t e r l y u n -
c o n s t i t u t i o n a l a c t s ; a s n i f f i n g a t t h e C o u n c i l a n d
C o u n c i l l o r s , w h o m s h e d i d n o t c h o o s e t o h a v e
s t a n d i n h e r w a y , a s h a r p a n d s l a s h i n g c r i t i c i s m
o f c e r t a i n o f h e r Eu r o p e a n c o - w o r k e r s , e s p e -
c i a l l y o f t h e o n e m o s t p r o m i n e n t i n t h a t p a r t o f
t h e m o v e m e n t , w h o s e i n i t i a l s s h e p a r e n t h e s i z e d
a f t e r t h e w o r d " Sa t a n , " a n d a n a p p e a l t h a t I
s h o u l d n o t l e t o u r m a n y y e a r s o f a s s o c i a t e d
w o r k b e l o s t i n t h e b r e a k i n g u p o f t h e T . S. i n t o
t w o u n r e l a t e d b o d i e s , t h e Ea s t e r n a n d W e s t -
e r n Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t i e s . I n s h o r t , s h e w r i t e s
l i k e a m a d p e r s o n a n d i n t h e t o n e o f a h y p e r -
e x c i t e d h y s t e r i c a l w o m a n ,
.
. . Ye t , i l l i n b o d y
a n d u p s e t i n m i n d a s s h e m a y h a v e b e e n , s h e w a s
s t i l l a m i g h t y f a c t o r f o r m e t o d e a l w i t h , a n d
f o r c e d m e t o c h o o s e w h i c h l i n e o f p o l i c y I s h o u l d
p u r s u e . Th e f i r s t c o u n t i n h e r i n d i c t m e n t
a g a i n s t m e ( f o r , o f c o u r s e ,
m o r e s u o , i t w a s a l l
m y f a u l t ) w a s t h a t I h a d d e c i d e d a g a i n s t h e r
f a v o u r i t e i n a n a r b i t r a t i o n I h a d h e l d a t Pa r i s ,
t h a t y e a r , b e t w e e n t w o o p p o s i n g p a r t i e s a m o n g
t h e Fr e n c h Th e o s o p h i s t s ; i t w a s , s h e w r i t e s m e ,
" n o m i s t a k e , b u t a c r i m e p e r p e t r a t e d b y y o u
a g a i n s t Th e o s o p h y ( d o u b l y u n d e r s c o r e d ) , i n f u l l
k n o w l e d g e o f w h a t Xi s a n d f e a r o f Y . Ol c o t t ,
m y f r i e n d y o u a r e - , b u t I d o n o t w a n t t o h u r t
y o u r f e e l i n g s , a n d w i l l n o t s a y t o y o u w h a t y o u
a r e . I f y o u d o n o t
f e e l a n d r e a l i z e i t y o u r s e l f ,
t h e n a l l I c a n s a y w i l l b e u s e l e s s . As f o r P.
THEESOTERI C SEC TI ON

15 3
[ a Fr e n c h m a n , s u b s e q u e n t l y e x p e l l e d f r o m t h e
So c i e t y ) , y o u h a v e p u t y o u r s e l f e n t i r e l y i n h i s
h a n d s , a n d y o u h a v e s a c r i f i c e d Th e o s o p h y , a n d
e v e n t h e h o n o u r o f t h e T. S. i n Fr a n c e , o u t o f
f e a r o f t h a t w r e t c h e d l i t t l e - .
Al t h o u g h o n p a g e 23 h e s p e c i f i c a l l y d e c l a r e s t h a t " s h e
r e f u s e d p o i n t - b l a n k t o l e a d a n y So c i e t y t h a t d i d n o t
r e c o g n i z e Ad y a r a s i t s c e n t r a l h e a d , " - a s h e e r a s s e r -
t i o n o f h i s o w n s t a t e d i n a m a n n e r t o i n d i c a t e i t a s a n
i n d i r e c t c i t a t i o n f r o m o n e o f h e r l e t t e r s - o n p . 5 5 h e
c o n t r a d i c t s h i m s e l f d e b u t e n b l a
n
c b y q u o t i n g d i r e c t l y
f r o m h e r c o r r e s p o n d e n c e
Sh e h a d h a t c h e d o u t a n e w s e c t i o n , w i t h h e r -
s e l f e l e c t e d a s " Pr e s i d e n t , " t a k e n a c o m m o d i -
o u s h o u s e , a n d h a d a s i g n - b o a r d r e a d y t o h a v e
p a i n t e d o n i t e i t h e r " Eu r o p e a n He a d q u a r t e r s
o f t h e T. S. " o r " W e s t e r n Th e o s o p h i c a l So -
c i e t y . " Se e m i n g t o s u s p e c t t h a t I m i g h t n o t l i k e
i t v e r y m u c h t o h a v e t h e w h o l e m a c h i n e r y o f t h e
So c i e t y u p s e t t o g r a t i f y h e r w h i m , a n d r e m e m -
b e r i n g o f o l d t h a t t h e m o r e s h e t h r e a t e n e d t h e
m o r e s t u b b o r n i t m a d e m e , s h e w r i t e s :
No w l o o k h e r e , Ol c o t t
. I t i s v e r y p a i n f u l ,
m o s t p a i n f u l , f o r m e t o h a v e t o p u t y o u w h a t
t h e Fr e n c h c a l l m a r c h e e n m a i n , a n d t o h a v e
y o u c h o o s e . Yo u w i l l s a y a g a i n t h a t y o u
" h a t e t h r e a t s , " a n d t h e s e w i l l o n l y m a k e y o u
m o r e s t u b b o r n . B u t t h i s i s n o t h r e a t a t a l l ,
b u t a f a i t a c c o m p l i . I t r e m a i n s w i t h y o u t o
e i t h e r r a t i f y i t o r t o g o a g a i n s t i t , a n d d e c l a r e
w a r o n m e a n d m y Es o t e r i c i s t s . I f , r e c o g n i z -
i n g t h e u t m o s t n e c e s s i t y o f t h e s t e p , y o u s u b -
m i t t o t h e i n e x o r a b l e e v o l u t i o n o f t h i n g s , n o t h -
i n g w i l l b e c h a n g e d . Ad y a r a n d Eu r o p e w i l l
r e m a i n a l l i e s , a n d t o a l l a p p e a r a n c e , t h e l a t t e r
w i l l s e e m t o b e s u b j e c t t o t h e f o r m e r . I f y o u
d o n o t r a t i f y i t - w e l l , t h e n t h e r e w i l l b e t w o
16 4

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t i e s , t h e o l d I n d i a n a n d t h e
n e w Eu r o p e a n , e n t i r e l y i n d e p e n d e n t o f e a c h
o t h e r .
C o l o n e l Ol c o t t s a y s t h a t " Th i s s t a n d - a n d - d e l i v e r u l t i -
m a t u m n a t u r a l l y f r i g h t e n e d t h e ` m i l d Hi n d u ' m e m b e r s
o f o u r Ex e c u t i v e C o u n c i l t o f i t s , " a n d t h a t - ' Th e Pa r i s
a r b i t r a t i o n a b o v e r e f e r r e d t o o c c u r r e d d u r i n g m y Eu r o -
p e a n v i s i t o f 1888, w h i c h k e p t m e t h e r e f r o m 26 t h Au g u s t
t o 22n d Oc t o b e r , a n d w a s m a d e a t t h e e n t r e a t y o f t h e
Ex e c u t i v e C o u n c i l , a s t h e t o n e o f H . P. B . ' s l e t t e r s h a d
a l a r m e d t h e m f o r t h e s t a b i l i t y o f t h e m o v e m e n t i n t h e
W e s t . Th e t o u r s h o u l d , b y r i g h t s , h a v e b e e n m e n t i o n e d
b e f o r e t h e i n c i d e n t s o f t h e t h r e a t e n e d s p l i t a b o v e a l -
l u d e d t o , b u t H. P. B
. ' s l e t t e r s l y i n g n e a r e s t t o h a n d ,
a n d t h e t r o u b l e b e i n g c o n t i n u o u s t h r o u g h t h e t w o s u c -
c e s s i v e y e a r s [ 1888- 9 ] , I t o o k i t u p f i r s t . "
He t h e n g i v e s t h e " t r u e h i s t o r y " o f t h e " Pa r i s i m -
b r o g l i o , " r a g i n g i n t h e " I s i s " b r a n c h o f t h e T. S. o v e r
i t s c o n d u c t b y M. F. K. Q a b o r i a u , t h e e d i t o r o f
Le Lo t u s .
C o l o n e l Ol c o t t s a y s
I n d o i n g t h i s h e h a d b e c o m e i n v o l v e d i n d i s -
p u t e s , i n w h i c h H. P . B . h a d t a k e n h i s s i d e , a n d
m a d e a b a d m e s s f o r m e b y g i v i n g h i m , i n h e r
r e a l c h a r a c t e r o f C o - Fo u n d e r a n d h e r a s s u m e d
o n e o f m y r e p r e s e n t a t i v e , w i t h f u l l d i s c r e t i o n -
a r y p o w e r s , a c h a r t e r o f a s w e e p i n g a n d u n -
p r e c e d e n t e d c h a r a c t e r , w h i c h p r a c t i c a l l y l e t h i m
d o a s h e p l e a s e d
. Th i s w a s , o f c o u r s e , p r o t e s t e d
a g a i n s t b y s o m e o f h i s s o b e r e r c o l l e a g u e s , r e -
c r i m i n a t i o n s a r o s e , a n d a n a p p e a l w a s m a d e t o
m e .
C o l o n e l Ol c o t t c h a r a c t e r i z e s M. Ga b o r i a u a s
a
" h y p e r -
s e n s i t i v e y o u n g m a n . . . w h o s h o w e d a n e x c e s s i v e e n -
t h u s i a s m f o r Th e o s o p h y , b u t s m a l l e x e c u t i v e f a c u l t y . "
C o l o n e l Ol c o t t p r o c e e d e d t o Pa r i s a n d o n t h e 17 t h
Se p t e m b e r r e a d h i s f o r m a l " d e c i s i o n " t o t h e a s s e m b l e d
m e m b e r s
. Th e a c c o u n t i n " Ol d Di a r y Le a v e s " r e c i t e s
THEESOTERI C SEC TI ON

15 5
My a c t i o n i n
t h i s a f f a i r w a s t a k e n a c c o r d i n g
t o m y b e s t j u d g m e n t , a f t e r h e a r i n g a l l t h a t
w a s t o b e s a i d a n d s e e i n g e v e r y b o d y c o n c e r n e d
;
I b e l i e v e i t t o h a v e b e e n t h e b e s t u n d e r e x i s t -
i n g c i r c u m s t a n c e s , t h o u g h i t t h r e w M
. Ga b o r i a u
o u t o f t h e a c t i v e r u n n i n g , c a u s e d h i m a n d s o m e
o f h i s f e w f o l l o w e r s t o d e n o u n c e m e u n q u a l i -
f i e d l y , a n d l e d t o a p i t c h e d b a t t l e , a s o n e m i g h t
s a y , b e t w e e n H
. P. B . a n d m y s e l f o n m y r e t u r n
t o Lo n d o n
. Th e s e q u e l i s a b o v e s h o w n i n h e r
r e v o l u t i o n a r y a c t i o n w i t h r e s p e c t t o t h e r e o r -
g a n i z a t i o n a t Lo n d o n
. . Ne a r l y a l l t h e p e r -
s o n s e n g a g e d i n t h e Pa r i s q u a r r e l w e r e t o b l a m e ,
t h e y h a v i n g g i v e n w a y t o p e r s o n a l j e a l o u s i e s , o b -
l i t e r a t e d t h e l a n d m a r k s o f t h e So c i e t y , f a l l e n
i n t o a s t r i f e f o r s u p r e m a c y , w i t h m u t u a l a b u s e ,
o r a l a n d p r i n t e d . . . .
J u d g i n g f r o m t h e a c c o u n t i n " Ol d Di a r y Le a v e s "
Ol c o t t w a s t h e s a v i o r
o f t h e T. S . a n d t h e Mo v e m e n t ,
a g a i n s t t h e " l a n g u a g e v i o l e n t , " t h e " p a s s i o n r a g i n g , "
t h e " a r b i t r a r y a n d , u t t e r l y ' u n c o n s t i t u t i o n a l a c t s , " t h e
" d i s p o s i t i o n t o r u l e ~` r u i n , " t h e " b r e a k i n g - u p o f t h e
T. S. i n t o t w o u n r e l a t e d b o d i e s , " t h e " s t a n d - a n d - d e l i v e r
u l t i m a t u m , " t h e " b a d m e s s " c r e a t e d b y H
. P. B . - t h e
" m a d p e r s o n , " t h e " c o n s p i c u o u s f a c t o r " i n t h e " d i s -
a g r e e a b l e i n c i d e n t s , " t h e " h y p e r e x c i t e d h y s t e r i c a l
w o m a n . "
I n t h e c a s e i n p o i n t , t h e s t u d e n t m a y t u r n t o t h e a c t u a l
" o f f i c i a l d e c i s i o n " o f C o l . Ol c o t t , i n c o n t r a s t t o h i s s t o r y
a s g i v e n i n " Ol d Di a r y Le a v e s , " a n d t h e r e l e a r n w h e t h e r
H. P. B . e x c e e d e d h e r " c o n s t i t u t i o n a l p o w e r s " i n t h e
" I s i s B r a n c h " i m b r o g l i o . I n h i s o w n w o r d s , a s r e c o r d e d
i n t h a t " d e c i s i o n "
I t h a s b e e n o b j e c t e d t h a t Mm e
. B l a v a t s k y h a d
n o t t h e r i g h t
. t o a c t i n t h i s m a t t e r ; t h a t h e r i n -
t e r f e r e n c e w a s i l l e g a l a c c o r d i n g t o t h e Ru l e s o f
t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y . . .
. B u t , i n p o i n t o f
f a c t , Mm e . B l a v a t s k y i s
. . w i t h m e C o -
15 6

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
Fo u n d e r o f t h e So c i e t y , C o r r e s p o n d i n g Se c r e -
t a r y a n d , e x o f f i c i o ,
m e m b e r o f t h e Ge n e r a l C o u n -
c i l , o f t h e Ex e c u t i v e C o u n c i l a n d o f t h e An n u a l
C o n v e n t i o n , a s o r t o f Pa r l i a m e n t h e l d a t Ad y a r
b y d e l e g a t e s f r o m a l l c o u n t r i e s . . . .
Sh e w a s , t h e n , p e r f e c t l y a u t h o r i z e d
( c o m p e -
t e n t e )
t o i s s u e t h e o r d e r i n q u e s t i o n a s a t e m -
p o r a r y m e a s u r e , a n o r d e r w h i c h m u s t b e f i n a l l y
s u b m i t t e d f o r a p p r o b a t i o n t o t h e Pr e s i d e n t i n
C o u n c i l . Th e Ex e c u t i v e C o u n c i l , i n i t s s e s s i o n
o f 14t h J u l y , f o r m a l l y r a t i f i e d t h e m e a s u r e
t a k e n b y Mm e . B l a v a t s k y , a m e a s u r e w h i c h
w a s u r g e n t , a n d w h i c h I d e c l a r e t o h a v e b e e n
l e g a l
. .
. .
Th e a b s o l u t e c o n t r a d i c t i o n b e t w e e n t h e f a c t s a n d t h e
s t o r y g i v e n i n " Ol d Di a r y Le a v e s " w i t h i t s i n f e r e n c e s
a n d d e r o g a t o r y s t a t e m e n t s i n r e g a r d t o H. P. B . , s h o w s
t h e u t t e r u n r e l i a b i l i t y o f C o l
. Ol c o t t w h e n h i s f e e l i n g s
w e r e i n v o l v e d , o r w h e n t h e f u l l f a c t s p l a c e
h i m
i n a n
u n e n v i a b l e l i g h t . On l y i n t h e l i g h t o f a " p r o b a t i o n a r y
c h e l a " i n t h e f i e r y f u r n a c e o f " p l e d g e f e v e r " c a n h i s
c o n t r a d i c t i o n s b e u n d e r s t o o d a n , r e c o n c i l e d w i t h t h e
r e a l h o n e s t y o f h i s n a t u r e a n d t h e g e n u i n e d e v o t i o n
w h i c h h e m a n i f e s t e d f o r t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y , o f
w h i c h h e w a s Pr e s i d e n t - Fo u n d e r a n d w h i c h w a s t h e b e -
a l l a n d e n d - a l l o f e x i s t e n c e t o h i m .
So i d e n t i f i e d w a s
i t w i t h h i m s e l f i n h i s c o n s c i o u s n e s s , t h a t m o r e a n d m o r e
h e c a m e t o v i e w a n d t r e a t a n y d i f f e r e n c e s w i t h h i m s e l f ,
a n y c o r r e c t i o n b y h i s Te a c h e r , a s a n a s s a u l t a n d a m e n -
a c e o n t h e So c i e t y .
C o l o n e l Ol c o t t ' s c o m m e n t s , s t r i c t u r e s , a n d j u d g m e n t s
o n H. P. B
. , o f w h i c h t h o s e h e r e i n g i v e n a r e b u t s a m p l e s
o f m a n y , s t a n d i n m e l a n c h o l y c o n t r a s t t o t h e Ma s t e r ' s
o w n s t a t e m e n t s i n a l e t t e r t o C o l
. Ol c o t t a t t h i s v e r y
t i m e
. I t i s a c h a r a c t e r i s t i c a n a c h r o n i s m t h a t l e a d s C o l
.
Ol c o t t , i n " Ol d
Di a r y Le a v e s , " Th i r d Se r i e s , C h a p t e r
VI I I , t o r e l a t e t h i s l e t t e r t o t h e j o i n t v i s i t o f H
. I ' . B .
a n d h i m s e l f t o Eu r o p e i n 1884a n d t h e t r o u b l e s
t h e n
p r e v a l e n t i u t h e Lo n d o n Lo d g e
; i n s t e a d o f , a s w a s t h e
THEESOTERI C SEC TI ON

15 7
f a c t , t o t h e v e r y m a t t e r s w e a r e c o n s i d e r i n g , i n 1888 .
Th i s l e t t e r , w h i c h , s a y s C o l . Ol c o t t a t p . 9 1, " I r e c e i v e d
p h e n o m e n a l l y i n m y c a b i n o n b o a r d t h e
Sh a n n o n , t h e
d a y b e f o r e w e r e a c h e d B r i n d i s i , " i s b u t b a r e l y r e f e r r e d
t o b y t h e C o l o n e l . No o n e c o u l d b y a n y p o s s i b i l i t y i n f e r
t h e t r a n s c e n d e n t i m p o r t a n c e o f i t s c o n t e n t s f r o m t h e
b r i e f q u o t a t i o n g i v e n b y h i m
. I t s t e x t u a l o m i s s i o n f r o m
" Ol d Di a r y Le a v e s " i s a m p l y a c c o u n t e d f o r , ( 1) b y t h e
c o n t e n t s o f t h e l e t t e r i t s e l f
; ( 2) b y t h e f a i l i n g f a c u l t i e s
o f C o l
. Ol c o t t w h e n " Ol d Di a r y Le a v e s " w a s w r i t t e n .
Th e b r i e f q u o t a t i o n h e g i v e s , h o w e v e r , i s s u f f i c i e n t t o
i d e n t i f y t h e l e t t e r i t s e l f , a s i s a l s o t h e f a c t s t a t e d t h a t
i t w a s r e c e i v e d o n b o a r d t h e Sh a n n o n ,
w h i c h w a s t h e v e s -
s e l i n w h i c h h e v o y a g e d i n 1888, n o t i n 1884
; a n d , n o
l e s s , t h e c i t a t i o n s i n Lu c i f e r
f o r Oc t o b e r 15 , 1888, w h e r e
i t i s s t a t e d b y H. P. B
. t h a t t h e l e t t e r w a s r e c e i v e d b y
C o l . Ol c o t t " o n l y a f e w w e e k s a g o
. " Th e s a m e n u m b e r
o f Lu c i f e r
g i v e s e x t r a c t s f r o m t h e l e t t e r , t h e e x t r a c t s
b e i n g c e r t i f i e d b y C o l
. Ol c o t t h i m s e l f . Fu l l e r e x t r a c t s
w e r e c o n t a i n e d i n a p a m p h l e t s e n t o u t a t t h e t i m e , e n -
t i t l e d " To Al l Th e o s o p h i s t s . " Th e c o m p l e t e t e x t o f t h e
l e t t e r c a m e t o t h e l i g h t o f g e n e r a l p u b l i c i t y o n l y a f t e r
m a n y y e a r s
. I t w i l l b e f o u n d i n t h e v o l u m e , " Le t t e r s
f r o m t h e Ma s t e r s o f t h e W i s d o m
. "
Se v e r a l m o m e n t o u s f a c t s s h o u l d b e b o r n e i n m i n d
i n c o n n e c t i o n w i t h t h i s l e t t e r
: I t w a s " p h e n o m e n a l l y "
d e l i v e r e d t o C o l . Ol c o t t w h o w a s v o y a g i n g a l o n e , a n d
w a s a t s e a , a d a y f r o m B r i n d i s i , w h e n i t w a s r e c e i v e d
.
I t s c o n t e n t s s h o w t h a t i t w a s " p r e c i p i t a t e d , " b u t a v e r y
s h o r t t i m e b e f o r e i t w a s r e c e i v e d b y t h e C o l o n e l - a m a t -
t e r o f h o u r s o r m i n u t e s ; i t r e f e r s p r o p h e t i c a l l y a s w e l l a s
h i s t o r i c a l l y t o o t h e r s u b j e c t s , t o w h i c h w e s h a l l r e f e r
l a t e r o n
. $ At t h i s p o i n t i t i s e n o u g h t o i n t r o d u c e t h o s e
e x t r a c t s w h i c h d i r e c t l y r e l a t e t o C o l
. Ol c o t t a n d H. P. B .
a n d s h e d a c l e a r a n d a u t h o r i t a t i v e l i g h t o n t h e i r r e -
s p e c t i v e n a t u r e s , s t a t u s , a n d f u n c t i o n s , n o l e s s t h a n o n
t h e h i d d e n a s p e c t s o f t h e e v e n t s u n d e r c o n s i d e r a t i o n .
Th e Ma s t e r a d d r e s s e s C o l . Ol c o t t w i t h o u t p r e a m b l e o r
c i r c u m l o c u t i o n
Se e C h a p t e r s XVa n d XXI I I .
15 8

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
Ag a i n , a s y o u a p p r o a c h Lo n d o n , I
h a v e a
w o r d o r t w o t o s a y t o y o u
. Yo u r i m p r e s s i b i l i t y
i s s o c h a n g e f u l t h a t I m u s t n o t w h o l l y d e p e n d
u p o n i t a t t h i s c r i t i c a l t i m e . Of c o u r s e y o u k n o w
t h a t t h i n g s w e r e s o b r o u g h t t o a f o c u s a s t o
n e c e s s i t a t e t h e p r e s e n t j o u r n e y . . .
. Pu t a l l
n e e d e d r e s t r a i n t u p o n y o u r f e e l i n g s , s o t h a t y o u
m a y d o t h e r i g h t t h i n g i n t h i s W e s t e r n i m b r o g l i o
.
W a t c h y o u r f i r s t i m p r e s s i o n s
. Th e m i s t a k e s y o u
m a k e s p r i n g f r o m f a i l u r e t o d o t h i s
. Le t n e i t h e r
y o u r p e r s o n a l p r e d i l e c t i o n s , a f f e c t i o n s , s u s p i -
c i o n s n o r a n t i p a t h i e s a f f e c t y o u r a c t i o n
. . . .
Yo u r r e v o l t , g o o d f r i e n d , a g a i n s t h e r " i n -
f a l l i b i l i t y " - a s y o u o n c e t h o u g h t i t - h a s g o n e
t o o f a r , a n d y o u h a v e b e e n u n j u s t t o h e r , f o r
w h i c h I a m s o r r y t o s a y , y o u w i l l h a v e t o s u f f e r
h e r e a f t e r , a l o n g w i t h o t h e r s
. J u s t n o w - o n
d e c k , y o u r t h o u g h t s a b o u t h e r w e r e d a r k a n d s i n -
f u l , a n d s o
I f i n d t h e m o m e n t a f i t t i n g o n e t o p u t
y o u o n y o u r g u a r d . . . .
Ma k e a l l t h e s e m e n f e e l t h a t w e h a v e n o f a -
v o u r i t e s , n o r a f f e c t i o n s f o r p e r s o n s , b u t o n l y f o r
t h e i r g o o d a c t s a n d h u m a n i t y a s a w h o l e . B u t
w e e m p l o y a g e n t s - t h e b e s t a v a i l a b l e . Of t h e s e
f o r t h e p a s t t h i r t y y e a r s , t h e c h i e f h a s b e e n t h e
p e r s o n a l i t y k n o w n a s H. P
. B . t o t h e w o r l d
( b u t , o t h e r w i s e t o u s ) . I m p e r f e c t a n d v e r y
" t r o u b l e s o m e , " n o d o u b t , s h e p r o v e s t o s o m e
;
n e v e r t h e l e s s , t h e r e i s n o l i k e l i h o o d o f o u r f i n d i n g
a b e t t e r o n e f o r y e a r s t o c o m e , a n d y o u r t h e -
o s o p h i s t s s h o u l d b e m a d e t o u n d e r s t a n d i t . . . .
He r f i d e l i t y t o o u r w o r k b e i n g c o n s t a n t , a n d h e r
s u f f e r i n g s h a v i n g c o m e u p o n h e r t h r o u g h i t ,
n e i t h e r I n o r e i t h e r o f m y b r o t h e r a s s o c i a t e s
w i l l d e s e r t o r s u p p l a n t h e r . As I o n c e b e f o r e r e -
m a r k e d , i n g r a t i t u d e i s n o t a m o n g o u r v i c e s .
W i t h y o u r s e l f o u r r e l a t i o n s a r e d i r e c t , a n d h a v e
b e e n , w i t h t h e r a r e e x c e p t i o n s y o u k n o w o f , l i k e
t h e p r e s e n t , o n t h e p s y c h i c a l p l a n e , a n d s o w i l l
c o n t i n u e t h r o u g h f o r c e o f c i r c u m s t a n c e s . Th a t
THEESOTERI C
SEC TI ON

189
t h e y a r e s o r a r e - i s y o u r o w n f a u l t a s I t o l d y o u
i n m y l a s t
. To h e l p y o u i n y o u r p r e s e n t p e r -
p l e x i t y ; H. P. B
. h a s n e x t t o n o c o n c e r n w i t h a d -
m i n i s t r a t i v e d e t a i l s , a n d s h o u l d b e k e p t c l e a r o f
t h e m , s o f a r a s h e r s t r o n g n a t u r e c a n b e c o n -
t r o l l e d , b u t t h i s
y o u m u s t t e l l t o a l l
. - w i t h Oc -
c u l t m a t t e r s s h e h a s e v e r y t h i n g t o d o . W e h a v e
n o t
" a b a n d o n e d " h e r . Sh e i s
n o t
" g i v e n o v e r
t o e h e l a s . " Sh e i s
o u r d i r e c t a g e n t . I w a r n y o u
a g a i n s t p e r m i t t i n g y o u r s u s p i c i o n s a n d r e s e n t -
m e n t a g a i n s t " h e r m a n y f o l l i e s " t o b i a s y o u r i n -
t u i t i v e l o y a l t y t o h e r . I n t h e a d j u s t m e n t o f t h i s
Eu r o p e a n b u s i n e s s , y o u w i l l h a v e t w o t h i n g s t o
c o n s i d e r - t h e e x t e r n a l a n d a d m i n i s t r a t i v e , a n d
t h e i n t e r n a l a n d p s y c h i c a l . Ke e p t h e f o r m e r u n -
d e r y o u r c o n t r o l a n d t h a t o f y o u r m o s t p r u d e n t
a s s o c i a t e s j o i n t l y ;
l e a v e t h e l a t t e r t o h e r . Yo u
a r e l e f t t o d e v i s e t h e p r a c t i c a l d e t a i l s w i t h y o u r
u s u a l i n g e n u i t y
. On l y b e c a r e f u l , I s a y , t o d i s -
c r i m i n a t e w h e n s o m e e m e r g e n t i n t e r f e r e n c e o f
h e r s i n p r a c t i c a l a f f a i r s i s r e f e r r e d t o y o u o n
a p p e a l , b e t w e e n t h a t w h i c h i s m e r e l y e x o t e r i c i n
o r i g i n a n d e f f e c t s , a n d t h a t w h i c h b e g i n n i n g o n
t h e p r a c t i c a l t e n d s t o b e g e t c o n s e q u e n c e s o n t h e
s p i r i t u a l p l a n e
. As t o t h e f o r m e r y o u a r e t h e
b e s t j u d g e , a s t o t h e l a t t e r ,
s h e . . . .
Th e r e h a v e b e e n s o r e t r i a l s i n t h e p a s t , o t h e r s
a w a i t y o u i n t h e f u t u r e
. Ma y t h e f a i t h a n d c o u r -
a g e w h i c h h a v e s u p p o r t e d y o u h i t h e r t o e n d u r e t o
t h e e n d . . . .
Th i s l e t t e r . . . i s m e r e l y g i v e n y o u a s a w a r n -
i n g a n d a g u i d e . . . .
Th i s . l e t t e r f r o m t h e Ma s t e r , a n d t h e i n f l u e n c e o f
H. P. B . ,
p r e v a i l e d f o r t h e t i m e t o r e s t o r e t h e p o i s e o f
C o l . Ol c o t t , t o p u t h i m i n h i s p r o p e r p l a c e , a n d t o p r e -
v e n t a n y o p e n b r e a c h i n t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l r a n k s
. As i n
t h e s p r i n g o f 1885 , H. P. B . m a d e e v e r y e f f o r t t o s h i e l d
Ol c o t t h i m s e l f , n o l e s s t h a n t h e So c i e t y a t l a r g e , f r o m
t h e b a d c o n s e q u e n c e s o f h i s i l l - a d v i s e d a c t i o n s
. A" J o i n t
16 0

THE THEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT


No t e " w a s p u b l i s h e d i n Lu c i f e r a l o n g w i t h t h e e x t r a c t s
f r o m t h e Ma s t e r ' s l e t t e r , f r o m t h e o f f i c i a l " d e c i s i o n " o f
C o l . Ol c o t t , a n d t h e n o t i c e o f t h e Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n o f
t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y . Th e f o r m , b o t h o f t h e " J o i n t
No t e " a n d o f t h e " No t i c e " w a s m a d e , a s w i t h t h e n o -
t i c e s i n
Th e Th e o s o p h i s t
i n t h e s p r i n g o f 1885 , t o s h i e l d
C o l
. Ol c o t t i n h i s p o s i t i o n o f Pr e s i d e n t - Fo u n d e r o f t h e
T. S. , a n d t o u p h o l d a s f a r a s p o s s i b l e h i s s t a n d i n g b e f o r e
t h e m e m b e r s h i p . Th e " J o i n t No t e " i s a s f o l l o w s
To d i s p e l a m i s c o n c e p t i o n t h a t h a s b e e n e n -
g e n d e r e d b y m i s c h i e f - m a k e r s , w e , t h e u n d e r -
s i g n e d , Fo u n d e r s o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y ,
d e c l a r e t h a t t h e r e i s n o e n m i t y , r i v a l r y , s t r i f e ,
o r e v e n c o l d n e s s , b e t w e e n u s , n o r e v e r w a s ; n o r
a n y w e a k e n i n g o f o u r j o i n t d e v o t i o n t o t h e Ma s -
t e r s , o r t o o u r w o r k , w i t h t h e e x e c u t i o n o f w h i c h
t h e y h a v e h o n o u r e d u s . W i d e l y d i s s i m i l a r i n
t e m p e r a m e n t a n d m e n t a l c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s , a n d d i f -
f e r i n g s o m e t i m e s i n v i e w s a s t o m e t h o d s o f
p r o p a g a n d i s m , w e a r e y e t a b s o l u t e l y o f o n e m i n d
a s t o t h a t w o r k . As w e h a v e b e e n f r o m t h e f i r s t ,
s o a r e w e n o w u n i t e d i n p u r p o s e a n d z e a l , a n d
r e a d y t o s a c r i f i c e a l l , e v e n l i f e , f o r t h e p r o m o -
t i o n o f t h e o s o p h i c a l k n o w l e d g e , t o t h e s a v i n g o f
m a n k i n d f r o m t h e m i s e r i e s w h i c h s p r i n g f r o m
i g n o r a n c e .
H. P. B LAVATSKY.
H
. S
. OLC OTT.
Th e p u b l i c No t i c e o f t h e Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n r e a d s
THE
ESOTERI C SEC TI ON, OF THE THEOSOPHI C AL
SOC I ETY . .
Ow i n g t o t h e f a c t t h a t a l a r g e n u m b e r o f
Fe l l o w s o f t h e So c i e t y h a v e f e l t t h e n e c e s s i t y
f o r t h e f o r m a t i o n o f a b o d y o f Es o t e r i c St u -
d e n t s , t o b e o r g a n i z e d o n t h e ORI GI NAL
LI NES
d e v i s e d b y t h e r e a l f o u n d e r s o f t h e
T. S. , t h e
THEESOTERI C SEC TI ON
f o l l o w i n g
o r d e r h a s b e e n i s s u e d b y t h e Pr e s i -
d e n t - Fo u n d e r :
I . To
p r o m o t e t h e e s o t e r i c i n t e r e s t s o f t h e
Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y b y t h e d e e p e r s t u d y o f
e s o -
t e r i c p h i l o s o p h y , t h e r e i s h e r e b y o r g a n i z e d a
b o d y , t o b e k n o w n a s t h e " Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n o f
t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y . "
I I
. Th e c o n s t i t u t i o n a n d s o l e d i r e c t i o n o f t h e
s a m e i s v e s t e d i n Ma d a m e H
. P. B l a v a t s k y , a s i t s
He a d
; s h e i s s o l e l y r e s p o n s i b l e t o t h e Me m -
b e r s f o r r e s u l t s ; a n d t h e s e c t i o n h a s n o o f f i c i a l
o r c o r p o r a t e c o n n e c t i o n w i t h t h e Ex o t e r i c So -
c i e t y s a v e i n t h e p e r s o n o f t h e Pr e s i d e n t -
Fo u n d e r .
I I I
. Pe r s o n s w i s h i n g t o j o i n t h e Se c t i o n a n d
w i l l i n g t o a b i d e b y i t s r u l e s , s h o u l d c o m m u n i -
c a t e d i r e c t l y w i t h MME. H. P. B LAVATSKY, 17
La n s d o w n e Ro a d , Ho l l a n d Pa r k , Lo n d o n , W .
( Si g n e d ) H. S. OLC OTT,
Pr e s i d e n t i n C o u n c i l .
At t e s t : H. P. B LAVATSKY.
Th e a s t o n i s h i n g a d m i x t u r e o f c o m p l a c e n c y a n d n a i v e t e
e x h i b i t e d i n " Ol d Di a r y Le a v e s " i s w e l l i l l u s t r a t e d b y
t h e f o l l o w i n g e x t r a c t s , s u m m i n g u p , f r o m C o l . Ol c o t t ' s
p o i n t o f v i e w , t h e " t i t l e r o l e " p l a y e d b y h i m s e l f
I c a l l e d t w o C o n v e n t i o n s a t Lo n d o n o f t h e ,
B r i t i s h B r a n c h e s , o r g a n i z e d a n d c h a r t e r e d a
B r i t i s h Se c t i o n o f t h e
T
. S. , a n d i s s u e d a n o r d e r
i n C o u n c i l f o r m i n g a n Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n , w i t h
Ma d a m e B l a v a t s k y a s i t s r e s p o n s i b l e h e a d . . . .
Th i s w a s t h e b e g i n n i n g o f t h e E . S . T . m o v e m e n t .
. . . Th e r e a s o n f o r m y t h r o w i n g t h e w h o l e r e -
s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r r e s u l t s u p o n H . P. B . w a s t h a t
s h e h a d a l r e a d y m a d e o n e f a i l u r e i n t h i s d i r e c -
t i o n a t Ad y a r i n 1884
. . .
a n d I d i d n o t c a r e t o
b e r e s p o n s i b l e f o r t h e f u l f i l m e n t o f a n y s p e c i a l
e n g a g e m e n t s s h e m i g h t m a k e w i t h t h e n e w s e t
o f s t u d e n t s s h e w a s n o w g a t h e r i n g a b o u t h e r , i n
181
16 2
THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
h e r d i s t u r b e d s t a t e o f m i n d
. I h e l p e d h e r w r i t e
s o m e o f h e r i n s t r u c t i o n s , a n d d i d a l l I c o u l d t o
m a k e t h e w a y e a s y f o r h e r , b u t t h a t w a s a l l . . . .
My t o u r r e a l i z e d t h e o b j e c t s i n v i e w , H. P. B .
b e i n g p a c i f i e d , o u r a f f a i r s i n Gr e a t B r i t a i n p u t
i n o r d e r , a n d t h e E. S. s t a r t e d ; b u t . . . t h e c a l m
w a s n o t d e s t i n e d t o l a s t a n d a s e c o n d v i s i t t o
Eu r o p e h a d t o b e m a d e i n 1889 , a f t e r m y r e t u r n
f r o m J a p a n .
C HAPTERXI
THEW ORKOFTHEESOTERI C SEC TI ON
AFTER
t h e e v e n t s n a r r a t e d i n t h e l a s t c h a p t e r , C o l .
0 l c o t t r e t u r n e d t o I n d i a , a n d , a t t h e e n d o f De c e m b e r ,
h e l d t h e u s u a l " c o n v e n t i o n " o r " p a r l i a m e n t " a t Ad y a r .
Th e f u l l r e p o r t o f t h e s e s s i o n s i s c o n t a i n e d i n t h e " Su p -
p l e m e n t " t o
Th e Th e o s o p h i s t f o r J a n u a r y , 1889 .
Af t e r t h e a d m i s s i o n t h a t " t h e An n u a l C o n v e n t i o n o f
t h e Ge n e r a l C o u n c i l h a s c e a s e d t o b e , s a v e i n n a m e , t h e
t r u e p a r l i a m e n t o r c o n g r e s s o f t h e B r a n c h e s , " t h e r e -
p o r t n e v e r t h e l e s s g o e s o n t o a f f i r m t h a t t h e " f a i r t h i n g "
w a s " e v i d e n t l y t o e x t e n d t h e s e c t i o n a l s c h e m e t o a l l
c o u n t r i e s , " w h i l e y e t " k e e p i n g t h e He a d q u a r t e r s a s t h e
h u b a n d t h e Pr e s i d e n t - Fo u n d e r a s t h e a x l e o f t h i s w h e e l
o f m a n y s p o k e s u n d e r t h e c a r o f Pr o g r e s s
. . . w i t h
t h e c e n t r a l p o i n t w h e r e t h e Pr e s i d e n t - Fo u n d e r r e p r e -
s e n t s a n d w i e l d t h e e x e c u t i v e a u t h o r i t y o f t h e e n t i r e
u n d i v i d e d b o d y k n o w n a s t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y
. "
" Th e Pr e s i d e n t - Fo u n d e r ' s Ad d r e s s " t o t h e C o n v e n -
t i o n o p e n s w i t h a n a r g u m e n t t o s h o w t h a t h e " s h o u l d
b e l e f t w i t h t h e w i d e s t d i s c r e t i o n " i n t h e m a n a g e m e n t
o f t h e So c i e t y
. C o l . 0 l c o t t s u m s u p :
Th e t i m e h a s c o m e w h e n I s h o u l d s a y , m o s t
d i s t i n c t l y a n d u n e q u i v o c a l l y , t h a t s i n c e I a m t o
s t a y a n d b e r e s p o n s i b l e f o r t h e p r o g r e s s o f t h e
w o r k , I s h a l l n o t c o n s e n t t o a n y p l a n o r s c h e m e
w h i c h h i n d e r s m e i n t h e p e r f o r m a n c e o f m y o f f i -
c i a l d u t y .
. . .
I h a v e n e v e r i n t e r f e r e d w i t h t h e e s o t e r i c
o r m e t a p h y s i c a l p a r t , n o r s e t m y s e l f u p a s a
c o m p e t e n t t e a c h e r . Th a t i s Ma d a m e B l a v a t -
s k y ' s s p e c i a l t y ; a n d t h e b e t t e r t o e n u n c i a t e t h a t
16 3
16 4

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
i d e a I h a v e j u s t i s s u e d a n
Or d e r i n C o u n c i l i n
Lo n d o n c r e a t i n g a n Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n u n d e r h e r
s o l e d i r e c t i o n , a s a b o d y , o r g r o u p , e n t i r e l y s e p -
a r a t e a n d d i s t i n c t f r o m t h e So c i e t y p r o p e r a n d
i n v o l v i n g t h e l a t t e r i n n o r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s t o -
w a r d t h o s e w h o m i g h t c h o o s e
t o e n r o l t h e m s e l v e s
i n h e r l i s t o f a d h e r e n t s .
.
Th i s i s m y d e t e r m i n a t i o n : To . b e . . .
l o y a l a n d s t a u n c h t o t h e c o l l e a g u e y o u a n d I ,
a n d a l l o f u s k n o w a n d a f e w o f u s a p p r e c i a t e
a t h e r t r u e w o r t h
. Th i s i s m y l a s t w o r d o n t h a t
s u b j e c t ; b u t i n s a y i n g i t I d o n o t m e a n t o i m p l y
t h a t I s h a l l n o t f r e e l y u s e m y o w n j u d g m e n t ,
i n d e p e n d e n t l y o f Ma d a m e B l a v a t s k y ' s , i n e v e r y
c a s e c a l l i n g f o r m y p e r s o n a l a c t i o n , n o r t h a t I
s h a l l n o t e v e r b e m o s t w i l l i n g a n d a n x i o u s t o
r e c e i v e a n d p r o f i t b y t h e c o u n s e l o f e v e r y t r u e
p e r s o n w h o h a s a t h e a r t t h e i n t e r e s t s o f t h e
So c i e t y . I c a n n o t p l e a s e a l l
: i t i s f o l l y t o t r y ;
t h e w i s e m a n d o e s h i s d u t y a s h e c a n s e e i t b e f o r e
h i m .
Th e Ad d r e s s g i v e s i n b r i e f t h e s t o r y o f t h e t r o u b l e s
i n
Pa r i s a n d Lo n d o n . Th o u g h t h e s e e v e n t s w e r e t h e n
a l l f r e s h i n h i s m i n d ; t h o u g h t h e Ma s t e r ' s w o r d s w e r e
s t i l l r i n g i n g i n h i s e a r s
; t h o u g h t h e g e n e r o u s p r o t e c -
t i o n o f H. P
. B . s t i l l e n v e l o p e d h i m a n d e n a b l e d h i m t o
" s a v e h i s f a c e " b e f o r e t h e r a n k a n d f i l e o f t h e m e m -
b e r s h i p - t h e a t t i t u d e t a k e n a n d v i e w e x p r e s s e d t e s t i f y
t h e s a m e i n v i n c i b l e s e l f - c o m p l a c e n c y t h a t a t l a s t w h o l l y
a b s o r b e d t h e p r o b a t i o n a r y c h e l a i n t h e Pr e s i d e n t -
Fo u n d e r . Th u s
I t w a s b y t h e Ex e c u t i v e C o u n c i l f o u n d e x -
p e d i e n t t h a t I s h o u l d p r o c e e d t o Eu r o p e a n d a t -
t e m p t t o b r i n g o u r a f f a i r s i n t o o r d e r . W e s a w
t h e C o n t i n e n t a l B r a n c h e s l a n g u i s h i n g f o r l a c k
o f s u p e r i n t e n d e n c e a n d r e c i p r o c a l w o r k , a l -
t h o u g h t h e r e w a s r e a s o n t o h o p e t h a t t h e m o v e -
m e n t m i g h t b e g r e a t l y s t r e n g t h e n e d a n d e x -
W ORKOFTHEESOTERI C SEC TI ON

16 5
p a n d e d u n d e r t h e
p r o p e r o r g a n i z a t i o n . . . . I
f o r m e d n e w B r a n c h e s . . : ; d i s c h a r t e r e d t h e
o l d " I s i s " B r a n c h a t Pa r i s a n d c h a r t e r e d - a
n e w o n e . . . ; c a l l e d t w o C o n v e n t i o n s i n Lo n -
d o n . . . ; o r g a n i z e d a n d c h a r t e r e d a B r i t i s h
Se c t i o n o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y
; a n d i s s u e d
a n o r d e r i n C o u n c i l f o r m i n g a n Es o t e r i c Se c -
t i o n o f t h e So c i e t y , w i t h Ma d a m e B l a v a t s k y
a s i t s r e s p o n s i b l e h e a d . Th e t r o u b l e i n t h e Pa r i s
B r a n c h w a s s o l e l y d u e - a s w e h a v e a l m o s t i n -
v a r i a b l y f o u n d t o b e t h e c a s e - t o p e r s o n a l j e a l -
o u s i e s a n d d i s a g r e e m e n t s
. Th e l a n d m a r k s o f
t h e So c i e t y h a d b e e n o b l i t e r a t e d a n d f o r g o t t e n ;
t h e r e h a d a r i s e n a s t r i f e f o r s u p r e m a c y , a n d , i n -
s t e a d o f s e t t i n g t h e p u b l i c a n e x a m p l e o f z e a l o u s
f r a t e r n a l u n i o n f o r t h e p r o p a g a t i o n o f o u r i d e a s ,
t h e m e m b e r s h a d f a l l e n t o m u t u a l a b u s e , o r a l a n d
p r i n t e d . B o t h p a r t i e s w e r e t o b l a m e , a s I f o u n d
a f t e r p a t i e n t e x a m i n a t i o n o f t h e d o c u m e n t s . . .
I n n o p a r t o f C o l . 0 l c o t t ' s p u b l i s h e d s t a t e m e n t s i s
t h e r e a h i n t t h a t m i g h t b e c o n s t r u e d t h a t h e a t a n y t i m e
f o u n d h i m s e l f i n a n y w a y a t f a u l t ; o n t h e c o n t r a r y , t h e r e
i s e v e r y w h e r e t h e c o n t i n u o u s h o l d i n g o u t o f h i m s e l f a s
t h e a l l - i m p o r t a n t f a c t o r i n b r i n g i n g o r d e r o u t o f c h a o s ,
i n h o l d i n g t h e So c i e t y t r u e t o i t s p u r p o s e s . No w h e r e
a p p e a r s t h e f a i n t e s t g l i m m e r o f p e r c e p t i o n t h a t h e h i m -
s e l f m i g h t b e t h e w e a k e s t j o i n t i n t h e So c i e t y ' s a r m o r ;
t h a t i t w a s h i s f a i l u r e s a s a p r o b a t i o n e r w h i c h w e r e c o n -
s t a n t l y u p s e t t i n g h i s w o r k a s Ex e c u t i v e .
I t i s i n t e n s e l y i n t e r e s t i n g a n d i n s t r u c t i v e t o t u r n f r o m
t h e Ad y a r p a r l i a m e n t t o t h e p r o c e e d i n g s o f t h e C o n v e n -
t i o n o f t h e Am e r i c a n Se c t i o n i n t h e Ap r i l f o l l o w i n g .
De l e g a t e s a n d p r o x i e s , d e m o c r a t i c a l l y e l e c t e d , w e r e i n
a t t e n d a n c e f r o m a l l o f t h e t w e n t y - f i v e a c t i v e Lo d g e s i n
t h e Un i t e d St a t e s . Th e o n l y o n e n o t r e p r e s e n t e d w a s
t h e Gn o s t i c o f W a s h i n g t o n , D. C . , c o n t r o l l e d b y Dr .
El l i o t t C o u e s , w h o s e c a s e w e s h a l l s h o r t l y c o n s i d e r .
Th e s p i r i t a n d e n e r g i z i n g d i r e c t i o n o f t h e Am e r i c a n
Se c t i o n , t h e d e v o t i o n t o a C a u s e r a t h e r t h a n t o i t s i n -
16 6

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
s t r u m e n t , t h e So c i e t y , a s c o n t r a s t e d w i t h t h e w o r k i n
I n d i a u n d e r C o l
. Ol c o t t ' s a u t o c r a t i c c o n t r o l , a r e w e l l
t y p i f i e d i n Ma d a m e B l a v a t s k y ' s Le t t e r t o t h e C o n v e n -
t i o n , p r e s e n t e d b y Mr . J u d g e i n t h e s e w o r d s : " I h a v e
r e c e i v e d f r o m o u r r e v e r e d f o u n d e r , Ma d a m e H. P. B l a -
v a t s k y , a l e t t e r f o r t h i s C o n v e n t i o n . . . a n d b e g t o l a y
i t b e f o r e y o u . "
Th e f o u r Le t t e r s o f H. P. B . t o t h e C o n v e n t i o n s o f
t h e Am e r i c a n Se c t i o n a r e u n i q u e
. Th e y a r e t h e o n l y
a d d r e s s e s o f H. P. B . t o a n y Th e o s o p h i c a l b o d i e s , f o r
s h e n e v e r t h u s h o n o r e d e i t h e r t h e I n d i a n , t h e B r i t i s h ,
o r t h e Eu r o p e a n Se c t i o n s . Th e s e Le t t e r s a r e t h e p u b l i c
a u t h o r i t a t i v e s t a t e m e n t s b y t h e Ag e n t o f t h e Ma s t e r s
i n e n u n c i a t i o n o f t h e r e a l b a s i s o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So -
c i e t y a n d o f a l l Th e o s o p h i c a l e n d e a v o r , e s o t e r i c a n d
e x o t e r i c
. Th i s s e c o n d Le t t e r w a s w r i t t e n s o o n a f t e r t h e
i s s u a n c e o f t h e Pr e l i m i n a r y Me m o r a n d u m a n d Fi r s t
I n s t r u c t i o n t o t h e m e m b e r s o f t h e Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n .
Th e Le t t e r s h o w s t h e r e a l s p i r i t o f t h e Mo v e m e n t i n t h e
W e s t , t h e e v e r - e x i s t e n t d a n g e r s t o b e c o n f r o n t e d , h e r
i n s i s t e n t e n d e a v o r t o k e e p t h e l i n e e n e r g i z e d i n t h e t r u e
d i r e c t i o n , a n d i l l u s t r a t e s h e r e s o t e r i c h a n d l i n g ' \ o f t h e
s i t u a t i o n . Th u s
B u t y o u i n Am e r i c a . Yo u r Ka r m a a s a n a -
t i o n h a s b r o u g h t Th e o s o p h y h o m e t o y o u . Th e
l i f e o f t h e So u l , t h e p s y c h i c s i d e o f n a t u r e , i s
o p e n t o m a n y o f y o u . Th e l i f e o f a l t r u i s m i s
n o t s o m u c h a h i g h i d e a l a s a m a t t e r o f p r a c -
t i c e . Na t u r a l l y , t h e n , Th e o s o p h y f i n d s a h o m e
i n m a n y h e a r t s a n d m i n d s , a n d s t r i k e s a r e -
s o u n d i n g h a r m o n y a s s o o n a s i t r e a c h e s t h e e a r s
o f t h o s e w h o a r e r e a d y t o l i s t e n
. Th e r e , t h e n ,
i s p a r t o f y o u r w o r k
: t o l i f t h i g h t h e t o r c h o f
t h e l i b e r t y o f t h e So u l o f Tr u t h t h a t a l l m a y s e e
i t a n d b e n e f i t b y i t s l i g h t .
Th e r e f o r e i t i s t h a t t h e Et h i c s o f Th e o s o p h y
a r e e v e n m o r e n e c e s s a r y t o m a n k i n d t h a n t h e
s c i e n t i f i c a s p e c t s o f t h e p s y c h i c f a c t s o f n a t u r e
a n d m a n . . .
W ORKOFTHEESOTERI C SEC TI ON

16 7
. . On c e b e f o r e w a s g r o w t h c h e c k e d i n c o n -
n e c t i o n w i t h t h e p s y c h i c p h e n o m e n a , a n d t h e r e
m a y y e t c o m e a t i m e w h e n t h e m o r a l a n d e t h i c a l
f o u n d a t i o n s o f t h e So c i e t y m a y b e w r e c k e d i n a
s i m i l a r w a y . W h a t c a n b e d o n e t o p r e v e n t s u c h
a t h i n g i s f o r e a c h Fe l l o w o f t h e So c i e t y t o
m a k e Th e o s o p h y a v i t a l f a c t o r i n t h e i r l i v e s -
t o m a k e i t r e a l , t o w e l d i t s p r i n c i p l e s f i r m l y i n t o
t h e i r l i v e s - - i n s h o r t , t o m a k e i t t h e i r o w n a n d
t r e a t t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y a s i f i t w e r e
t h e m s e l v e s . Fo l l o w i n g c l o s e l y o n t h i s i s t h e n e -
c e s s i t y f o r So l i d a r i t y a m o n g t h e Fe l l o w s o f t h e
So c i e t y ; t h e a c q u i s i t i o n o f s u c h a f e e l i n g o f
i d e n t i t y w i t h e a c h a n d a l l o f o u r B r o t h e r s t h a t
a n a t t a c k u p o n o n e i s a n a t t a c k u p o n a l l . . . .
Th e s e s t a t e m e n t s w e r e a t o n c e t h e r e c i t a l o f h i s t o r y ,
a w a r n i n g , a n a d m o n i t i o n , a n d , a s e v e n t s h a v e a l l t o o
p l a i n l y p r o v e d , a p r o p h e c y . W h e r e t h e d a n g e r e v e r
l i e s , a n d h o w t o m e e t i t , a r e c o n s i d e r e d
W e h a v e e x t e r n a l e n e m i e s t o f i g h t i n t h e s h a p e
o f m a t e r i a l i s m , p r e j u d i c e , a n d o b s t i n a c y ; t h e
e n e m i e s i n t h e s h a p e o f c u s t o m a n d r e l i g i o u s
f o r m s ; e n e m i e s t o o n u m e r o u s t o , m e n t i o n , b u t
n e a r l y a s t h i c k a s t h e s a n d - c l o u d s w h i c h a r e
r a i s e d b y t h e b l a s t i n g Si r o c c o o f t h e d e s e r t .
Do w e n o t n e e d o u r s t r e n g t h a g a i n s t t h e s e f o e s ?
Ye t , a g a i n , t h e r e a r e m o r e i n s i d i o u s f o e s , w h o
" t a k e o u r n a m e i n v a i n , " a n d w h o m a k e Th e -
o s o p h y a b y - w o r d i n t h e m o u t h s o f m e n a n d t h e
Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y a m a r k a t w h i c h t o t h r o w
m u d
. Th e y s l a n d e r Th e o s o p h i s t s a n d Th e o s o -
p h y , a n d c o n v e r t t h e m o r a l Et h i c s i n t o a c l o a k
t o c o n c e a l t h e i r o w n s e l f i s h o b j e c t s . An d a s i f
t h i s w e r e n o t s u f f i c i e n t , t h e r e a r e t h e w o r s t f o e s
o f a l l - t h o s e o f a m a n ' s o w n h o u s e h o l d - Th e o s o -
p h i s t s w h o a r e u n f a i t h f u l b o t h t o t h e So c i e t y a n d
t o t h e m s e l v e s . . .
.
Le t u s , f o r a m o m e n t , g l a n c e b a c k w a r d s a t
16 8

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT.
t h e g r o u n d w e h a v e p a s s e d o v e r . W e h a v e h a d
. t o h o l d o u r o w n a g a i n s t t h e Sp i r i t i s t s , i n
t h e n a m e o f Tr u t h a n d Sp i r i t u a l Sc i e n c e .. No t
a g a i n s t t h e s t u d e n t s o f t h e t r u e p s y c h i c k n o w l -
e d g e , n o r a g a i n s t t h e e n l i g h t e n e d Sp i r i t u a l i s t s ;
b u t a g a i n s t t h e l o w e r o r d e r o f p h e n o m e n a l i s t s -
t h e b l i n d w o r s h i p p e r s o f t h e i l l u s i o n a r y p h a n -
t o m s o f t h e De a d . Th e s e w e h a v e f o u g h t f o r t h e
s a k e o f Tr u t h , a n d a l s o f o r t h a t o f t h e w o r l d
w h i c h t h e y w e r e m i s l e a d i n g . . . . Un l e s s p r e -
p a r e d c a r e f u l l y b y a l o n g a n d s p e c i a l c o u r s e o f
s t u d y , t h e e x p e r i m e n t a l i s t r i s k s n o t o n l y t h e
m e d i u m ' s s o u l b u t h i s o w n . Th e e x p e r i m e n t s
m a d e i n Hy p n o t i s m a n d Me s m e r i s m a t t h e p r e s -
e n t t i m e a r e e x p e r i m e n t s o f u n c o n s c i o u s , w h e n
n o t o f c o n s c i o u s , B l a c k Ma g i c . Th e r o a d i s w i d e
a n d b r o a d w h i c h l e a d s t o s u c h d e s t r u c t i o n ; a n d
i t i s b u t t o o e a s y t o f i n d ; a n d o n l y t o o m a n y g o
i g n o r a n t l y a l o n g i t t o t h e i r o w n d e s t r u c t i o n .
B u t t h e p r a c t i c a l c u r e o f i t l i e s i n o n e t h i n g .
Th a t i s t h e c o u r s e o f s t u d y w h i c h I m e n t i o n e d
b e f o r e . I t s o u n d s v e r y s i m p l e , b u t i t i s e m i -
n e n t l y d i f f i c u l t
; f o r t h a t c u r e i s " ALTRUI SM. "
An d t h i s i s t h e k e y - n o t e o f Th e o s o p h y a n d t h e
c u r e f o r a l l i l l s ; t h i s i t i s w h i c h t h e r e a l f o u n d e r s
o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y p r o m o t e a s i t s f i r s t
o b j e C t - UNI VERSALB ROTHERHOOD
.
Th u s e v e n i f o n l y i n n a m e a b o d y o f Al t r u i s t s ,
t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y h a s t o f i g h t a l l w h o u n -
d e r i t s c o v e r s e e k t o o b t a i n m a g i c a l p o w e r s t o
u s e f o r t h e i r o w n s e l f i s h e n d s a n d t o t h e h u r t o f
o t h e r s . Ma n y a r e t h o s e w h o j o i n e d o u r So c i e t y
f o r n o o t h e r p u r p o s e t h a n c u r i o s i t y . Ps y c h o -
l o g i c a l p h e n o m e n a w e r e w h a t t h e y s o u g h t , a n d
t h e y w e r e u n w i l l i n g t o y i e l d o n e i o t a o f t h e i r
o w n p l e a s u r e a n d h a b i t s t o o b t a i n t h e m . Th e s e
v e r y q u i c k l y w e n t a w a y e m p t y - h a n d e d . Th e
Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y h a s n e v e r b e e n a n d n e v e r
w i l l b e a s c h o o l o f p r o m i s c u o u s Th e u r g i e r i t e s
.
B u t t h e r e a r e d o z e n s o f s m a l l o c c u l t So c i e t i e s
W ORKOFTHEESOTERI C SEC TI ON

16 9
w h i c h t a l k v e r y g l i b l y o f Ma g i c , Oc c u l t i s m ,
Ro s i c r u c i a n s , Ad e p t s , e t c . Th e s e p r o f e s s m u c h ,
e v e n t o g i v i n g t h e k e y t o . t h e Un i v e r s e , b u t e n d
b y l e a d i n g m e n t o a b l a n k w a l l i n s t e a d o f t h e
' 4
Do o r o f t h e My s t e r i e s . " Th e s e a r e s o m e o f
o u r m o s t i n s i d i o u s f o e s . Un d e r c o v e r o f t h e
p h i l o s o p h y o f t h e W i s d o m - Re l i g i o n t h e y m a n -
a g e t o g e t u p a m y s t i c a l j a r g o n w h i c h f o r t h e
t i m e i s e f f e c t i v e a n d e n a b l e s t h e m , b y t h e a i d
o f a v e r y s m a l l a m o u n t o f c l a i r v o y a n c e , t o f l e e c e
t h e m y s t i c a l l y i n c l i n e d b u t i g n o r a n t a s p i r a n t s
t o t h e o c c u l t , a n d l e a d t h e m - l i k e s h e e p i n a l -
m o s t a n y d i r e c t i o n . . . B u t w o e t o t h o s e w h o
t r y t o c o n v e r t a n o b l e p h i l o s o p h y i n t o a d e n o f
d i s g u s t i n g i m m o r a l i t y , g r e e d i n e s s f o r s e l f i s h
p o w e r , a n d m o n e y - m a k i n g u n d e r t h e c l o a k o f
Th e o s o p h y . Ka r m a r e a c h e s t h e m w h e n l e a s t
e x p e c t e d . B u t i s i t p o s s i b l e f o r o u r So c i e t y t o
s t a n d b y a n d r e m a i n r e s p e c t e d , u n l e s s i t s m e m -
b e r s a r e p r e p a r e d , a t l e a s t i n f u t u r e , t o s t a n d
.
l i k e o n e m a n , a n d d e a l w i t h s u c h s l a n d e r s u p o n
t h e m s e l v e s a s t r u e Th e o s o p h i s t s , a n d s u c h v i l e
c a r i c a t u r e s o f t h e i r h i g h e s t i d e a l s
. .
. 7
B u t i n . o r d e r t h a t w e m a y b e a b l e t o e f f e c t t h i s
w o r k i n g o n b e h a l f o f o u r c o m m o n c a u s e , w e h a v e
t o s i n k a l l p r i v a t e d i f f e r e n c e s . Ma n y a r e t h e
e n e r g e t i c m e m b e r s . . . w h o w i s h t o w o r k a n d t o
w o r k h a r d . B u t t h e p r i c e o f t h e i r a s s i s t a n c e i s
t h a t a l l t h e w o r k m u s t b e d o n e i n t h e i r w a y a n d
n o t i n a n y o n e e l s e ' s w a y . An d i f t h i s i s n o t c a r -
r i e d o u t t h e y s i n k b a c k i n t o a p a t h y o r l e a v e t h e
So c i e t y e n t i r e l y , l o u d l y d e c l a r i n g t h a t t h e y a r e
t h e o n l y t r u e Th e o s o p h i s t s . Or , i f t h e y r e m a i n ,
t h e y e n d e a v o r t o e x a l t t h e i r o w n m e t h o d o f
w o r k i n g a t t h e e x p e n s e o f a l l o t h e r e a r n e s t w o r k -
e r s . Th i s i s f a c t , b u t i t i s n o t Th e o s o p h y . Th e r e
c a n b e n o o t h e r e n d t o i t t h a n t h a t t h e g r o w t h
o f t h e So c i e t y w i l l s o o n b e s p l i t u p i n t o v a r i -
o u s s e c t s , a s m a n y a s t h e r e a r e l e a d e r s . . . . I s
t h i s p r o s p e c t o n e t o l o o k f o r w a r d t o . . . 7 I s
17 0 THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
t h i s " Se p a r a t e n e s s " c o n s o n a n t w i t h t h e u n i t e d
Al t r u i s m o f Un i v e r s a l B r o t h e r h o o d ?I s t h i s
t h e t e a c h i n g o f o u r n o b l e MASTERS?
Th e Le t t e r c o n t a i n e d a p u b l i c r e f e r e n c e t o t h e Es o -
t e r i c Se c t i o n i n t h e s e w o r d s
As m a n y o f y o u a r e a w a r e , w e h a v e f o r m e d
t h e " Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n . " I t s m e m b e r s a r e
p l e d g e d , a m o n g o t h e r t h i n g s , t o w o r k f o r Th e -
o s o p h y u n d e r m y d i r e c t i o n
. B y i t , f o r o n e t h i n g ,
w e h a v e e n d e a v o r e d t o s e c u r e s o m e s o l i d a r i t y i n
o u r c o m m o n w o r k ; t o f o r m a s t r o n g b o d y o f r e -
s i s t a n c e a g a i n s t a t t e m p t s t o i n j u r e u s o n t h e
p a r t o f t h e o u t s i d e w o r l d , a g a i n s t p r e j u d i c e
a g a i n s t t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y a n d a g a i n s t
m e p e r s o n a l l y . B y i t s m e a n s m u c h m a y b e d o n e
t o n u l l i f y t h e d a m a g e t o t h e w o r k o f t h e So -
c i e t y i n t h e p a s t a n d t o v a s t l y f u r t h e r i t s w o r k
i n t h e f u t u f e .
Th e Le t t e r c l o s e s
An d n o w a l a s t a n d p a r t i n g w o r d . My w o r d s
m a y a n d w i l l p a s s a n d b e f o r g o t t e n , b u t c e r t a i n
s e n t e n c e s f r o m l e t t e r s w r i t t e n b y t h e Ma s t e r s
w i l l n e v e r p a s s , b e c a u s e t h e y a r e t h e e m b o d i m e n t
o f t h e h i g h e s t p r a c t i c a l Th e o s o p h y . I m u s t
t r a n s l a t e t h e m f o r y o u : -
" . . .
Le t n o t t h e f r u i t o f g o o d Ka r m a b e
y o u r m o t i v e ; f o r y o u r Ka r m a , g o o d o r b a d ,
b e i n g o n e a n d t h e c o m m o n p r o p e r t y o f a l l
m a n k i n d , n o t h i n g g o o d o r b a d c a n h a p p e n t o
y o u t h a t i s n o t s h a r e d b y m a n y o t h e r s . He n c e
y o u r m o t i v e , b e i n g s e l f i s h , c a n o n l y g e n e r a t e
a d o u b l e e f f e c t , g o o d a n d b a d , a n d w i l l e i t h e r
n u l l i f y y o u r g o o d a c t i o n , o r t u r n i t t o a n o t h e r
m a n ' s p r o f i t . . . . Th e r e i s n o h a p p i n e s s f o r
o n e w h o i s e v e r t h i n k i n g o f Se l f a n d f o r g e t t i n g
a l l o t h e r Se l v e s .
W ORKOFTHEESOTERI C SEC TI ON

17 1
" Th e Un i v e r s e g r o a n s u n d e r t h e w e i g h t o f
s u c h a c t i o n ( Ka r m a ) , a n d n o n e o t h e r t h a n
s e l f - s a c r i f i c i a l Ka r m a r e l i e v e s i t . . . . Ho w
m a n y o f y o u h a v e h e l p e d h u m a n i t y t o c a r r y
i t s s m a l l e s t b u r d e n , t h a t y o u s h o u l d a l l r e -
g a r d y o u r s e l v e s a s Th e o s o p h i s t s ?Oh , m e n o f
t h e W e s t , w h o w o u l d p l a y a t b e i n g t h e Sa v i o r s
o f m a n k i n d b e f o r e t h e y e v e n s p a r e t h e l i f e o f
a m o s q u i t o w h o s e s t i n g t h r e a t e n s t h e m !
w o u l d y o u b e p a r t a k e r s o f Di v i n e W i s d o m o r
t r u e Th e o s o p h i s t s i Th e n d o a s t h e g o d s w h e n
i n c a r n a t e d d o . Fe e l y o u r s e l v e s t h e v e h i c l e s o f
t h e w h o l e h u m a n i t y , m a n k i n d a s p a r t o f y o u r -
s e l v e s , a n d a c t a c c o r d i n g l y . . . . "
Th e s e a r e g o l d e n w o r d s ; m a y y o u a s s i m i l a t e
t h e m ! Th i s i s t h e h o p e o f o n e w h o s i g n s h e r -
s e l f m o s t s i n c e r e l y t h e d e v o t e d s i s t e r
a n d s e r -
v a n t o f e v e r y t r u e f o l l o w e r o f t h e Ma s t e r s o f
Th e o s o p h y .
To a n y s i n c e r e s t u d e n t o f t o d a y t h e t h i r t y y e a r s o f
h i s t o r y i n t e r v e n i n g s i n c e t h e d a t e o f t h i s Le t t e r f u r n i s h
t h e i r o w n c o n f i r m a t i o n a n d c o m m e n t a r y o n t h e p r e v i s i o n ,
t h e s p i r i t u a l i n s i g h t , t h e p r a c t i c a l c o m m o n s e n s e a n d t h e
n e v e r - d y i n g c o u r a g e o f H. P. B . Th e y s h o w , a s n o t h -
i n g e l s e d o e s o r c a n d o , t h e o v e r w h e l m i n g n e e d f o r a
r e t u r n t o t h e So u r c e o f a l l t r u e Th e o s o p h i c a l i n s p i r a t i o n
a n d e n d e a v o r . Th i s f r o m t h e e x o t e r i c s t a n d p o i n t a l o n e
.
Pe r m i s s i b l e e x t r a c t s f r o m t h e Pr e l i m i n a r y Me m o r a n d u m
t o t h e E. S. a p p l i c a n t s s h o w h e r e s o t e r i c t r e a t m e n t o f
t h e s a m e p r o b l e m s
I m m e d i a t e l y f o l l o w i n g u p o n t h e p u b l i c a t i o n i n Lu c i f e r
o f t h e No t i c e o f t h e f o r m a t i o n o f t h e Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n ,
H. P. B . s e n t o u t t o a l l a p p l i c a n t s a f o r m a l c o m m u n i c a -
t i o n , m a r k e d a s w e r e a l l s u b s e q u e n t p a p e r s o f t h e Se e ,
t i o n , s t r i c t l y p r i v a t e a n d c o n f i d e n t i a l
.
I t c o n t a i n e d a n
i n t r o d u c t o r y s t a t e m e n t , a s u m m a r y e n t i t l e d " Ru l e s o f
t h e Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n ( Pr o b a t i o n a r y ) o f t h e Th e o s o p h i -
c a l So c i e t y , " t h e " Pl e d g e o f Pr o b a t i o n e r s i n t h e Es o -
17 2

THETHEOSOPHI C AL, MOVEMENT


t e r i c Se c t i o n , " a n d s o m e p r e l i m i n a r y q u e s t i o n s a n d r e -
q u i r e m e n t s t o b e r e s p o n d e d t o b y t h e a p p l i c a n t . Th e
i n t r o d u c t o r y p a r a g r a p h s r e a d a s f o l l o w s :
I f o r w a r d y o u h e r e w i t h a c o p y o f t h e Ru l e s
a n d Pl e d g e f o r Pr o b a t i o n e r s o f t h e Es o t e r i c Se c -
t i o n o f t h e T. S.
Sh o u l d y o u b e u n a b l e t o a c c e p t t h e m , I r e -
q u e s t t h a t y o u w i l l r e t u r n t h i s t o m e w i t h o u t
d e l a y .
Th e ' Ru l e s r e f e r r e d t o r e c i t e , a m o n g s t o t h e r s , t h a t n o
o n e w i l l b e a d m i t t e d w h o i s n o t a Fe l l o w o f t h e T. S. ;
t h a t a p p l i c a t i o n s f o r m e m b e r s h i p i n t h e Es o t e r i c Se c -
t i o n m u s t b e a c c o m p a n i e d b y a c o p y o f t h e Pl e d g e " w r i t -
t e n o u t a n d s i g n e d b y t h e C a n d i d a t e , w h o t h e r e u p o n
e n t e r s u p o n a s p e c i a l p e r i o d o f p r o b a t i o n , w h i c h c o m -
m e n c e s f r o m t h e d a t e o f h i s s i g n a t u r e " ; t h a t " a l l m e m -
b e r s s h a l l b e a p p r o v e d b y t h e He a d o f t h e Se c t i o n " -
H. P. B .
So m e h u n d r e d s o f t h e m o s t a c t i v e a n d e a r n e s t Fe l -
l o w s o f t h e 1
. S
. c o m p l i e d w i t h a l l t h e f o r m a l r e q u i r e -
m e n t s a b o v e o u t l i n e d , s e n t i n t h e i r Pl e d g e s , a n d e n t e r e d
u p o n t h e i r s p e c i a l p e r i o d o f p r o b a t i o n
.
H. P
. B . f o r -
w a r d e d t o a l l t h e s e t h e Fi r s t
Pr e l i m i n a r y Me m o r a n d u m
o f t h e Se c t i o n . Th i s r e m a r k a b l e d o c u m e n t h a s e i t h e r
b e e n s u p p r e s s e d , a l t e r e d o r i g n o r e d , l i k e t h e Pl e d g e
a n d Ru l e s o f t h e o r i g i n a l Sc h o o l , b y i t s u n w o r t h y " s u c -
c e s s o r s " ;
w h i l e i t s p l a i n s t a t e m e n t s o f f a c t s , i t s p r e s c i e n t
p r e s e n t m e n t s o f p r i n c i p l e s a n d t h e i r a p p l i c a t i o n s t o t h e
t h e n p r e s e n t a n d f u t u r e , n o w t h e p a s t , t h e p r e s e n t , a n d
t h e f u t u r e , h a v e b e e n d e l i b e r a t l y d i s r e g a r d e d a n d
c o r r u p t e d .
Th e Pr e l i m i n a r y Me m o r a n d u m t e l l s t h e p r o b a t i o n e r s
t h e i m p e l l i n g o c c a s i o n f o r t h e s t e p t a k e n :
. . . At t h i s s t a g e i t i s p e r h a p s b e t t e r t h a t t h e
a p p l i c a n t s s h o u l d l e a r n t h e r e a s o n f o r t h e
f o r m a t i o n o f t h i s Se c t i o n , a n d w h a t i t i s e x -
p e c t e d t o a c h i e v e .
W ORKOFTHEESOTERI C SEC TI ON

17 8
Th e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y h a d j u s t e n t e r e d
u p o n t h e f o u r t e e n t h y e a r o f i t s e x i s t e n c e
; a n d
i f i t h a d a c c o m p l i s h e d g r e a t , o n e ' m a y a l m o s t
s a y s t u p e n d o u s , r e s u l t s o n t h e e x o t e r i c a n d u t i l i -
t a r i a n p l a n e , i t h a d p r o v e d a d e a d f a i l u r e o n
a l l t h o s e p o i n t s w h i c h r a n k f o r e m o s t a m o n g t h e
o b j e c t s o f i t s o r i g i n a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t . Th u s , a s
a " Un i v e r s a l B r o t h e r h o o d , " o r e v e n a s a f r a -
t e r n i t y , o n e a m o n g m a n y , i t h a d d e s c e n d e d t o
t h e l e v e l o f a l l t h o s e s o c i e t i e s w h o s e p r e t e n -
s i o n s a r e g r e a t , b u t w h o s e n a m e s a r e s i m p l y
m a s k s - n a y , e v e n
SHAMS
. No r c a n t h e e x c u s e
b e p l e a d e d t h a t i t w a s l e d i n t o s u c h a n u n d i g n i -
f i e d c o u r s e o w i n g t o i t s h a v i n g b e e n i m p e d e d i n
i t s n a t u r a l d e v e l o p m e n t , a n d a l m o s t e x t i n -
g u i s h e d , b y r e a s o n o f t h e c o n s p i r a c i e s o f i t s
e n e m i e s o p e n l y b e g u n i n 1884 . B e c a u s e e v e n b e -
f o r e t h a t d a t e t h e r e n e v e r w a s t h a t s o l i d a r i t y
i n t h e r a n k s o f o u r So c i e t y w h i c h w o u l d n o t o n l y
e n a b l e i t t o r e s i s t a l l e x t e r n a l a t t a c k s , b u t a l s o
m a k e i t p o s s i b l e f o r g r e a t e r , w i d e r a n d m o r e
t a n g i b l e h e l p t o b e g i v e n t o a l l i t s m e m b e r s b y
Th o s e w h o a r e a l w a y s r e a d y t o g i v e h e l p w h e n
w e a r e f i t t o r e c e i v e i t . W h e n t r o u b l e a r o s e ,
t o o m a n y w e r e q u i c k t o d o u b t a n d d e s p a i r , a n d
f e w i n d e e d w e r e t h e y w h o h a d w o r k e d f o r t h e
C a u s e a n d n o t f o r t h e m s e l v e s . Th e a t t a c k s o f
t h e e n e m y h a v e g i v e n t h e So c i e t y s o m e d i s c r e -
t i o n i n t h e c o n d u c t o f i t s e x t e r n a l p r o g r e s s b u t
i t s r e a l i n t e r n a l c o n d i t i o n h a s n o t i m p r o v e d , a n d
t h e m e m b e r s , i n t h e i r e f f o r t s t o w a r d s p i r i t u a l
c u l t u r e s t i l l r e q u i r e t h a t h e l p w h i c h s o l i d a r i t y i n
t h e r a n k s c a n a l o n e g i v e t h e m t h e r i g h t t o a s k .
Th e Ma s t e r s c a n g i v e b u t l i t t l e a s s i s t a n c e t o a
B o d y n o t t h o r o u g h l y u n i t e d i n p u r p o s e a n d f e e l -
i n g , a n d w h i c h b r e a k s i t s f i r s t f u n d a m e n t a l r u l e
- u n i v e r s a l b r o t h e r l y l o v e , w i t h o u t d i s t i n c t i o n
o f r a c e , c r e e d , c o l o u r o r c a s t e , i . e . , t h e s o c i a l d i s -
t i n c t i o n s m a d e i n t h e w o r l d ; n o r t o a So c i e t y ,
m a n y m e m b e r s o f w h i c h p a s s t h e i r l i v e s i n j u d g -
1 7 4 THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
i n g , c o n d e m n i n g , a n d o f t e n r e v i l i n g o t h e r m e m -
b e r s i n a m o s t u n t h e o s o p h i c a l , n o t t o s a y d i s -
g r a c e f u l , m a n n e r .
Fo r t h i s r e a s o n i t w a s d e c i d e d t o g a t h e r t h e
" e l e c t " o f t h e T. S. , a n d t o c a l l t h e m t o a c t i o n .
I t i s o n l y b y a s e l e c t g r o u p o f b r a v e s o u l s , a
h a n d f u l o f d e t e r m i n e d m e n a n d w o m e n h u n g r y
f o r g e n u i n e s p i r i t u a l d e v e l o p m e n t a n d t h e a c -
q u i r e m e n t o f s o u l - w i s d o m , t h a t t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l
So c i e t y a t l a r g e c a n b e b r o u g h t b a c k t o i t s o r i g -
i n a l l i n e s . I t i s
t h r o u g h a n Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n
a l o n e - i . e . , a g r o u p i n w h i c h a l l t h e m e m b e r s ,
e v e n i f u n a c q u a i n t e d w i t h o n e a n o t h e r , w o r k f o r
e a c h o t h e r , a n d b y w o r k i n g f o r a l l w o r k f o r
t h e m s e l v e s - t h a t t h e g r e a t Ex o t e r i c So c i e t y
m a y b e r e d e e m e d a n d m a d e t o r e a l i z e t h a t i n
u n i o n a n d h a r m o n y a l o n e l i e i t s s t r e n g t h a n d
p o w e r . Th e o b j e c t o f t h i s Se c t i o n , t h e n , i s t o
h e l p t h e f u t u r e g r o w t h o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So -
c i e t y a s a w h o l e i n t h e t r u e d i r e c t i o n , b y p r o -
m o t i n g b r o t h e r l y u n i o n a t l e a s t a m o n g a c h o i c e
m i n o r i t y .
Al l k n o w t h a t t h i s e n d w a s i n v i e w w h e n t h e
So c i e t y w a s e s t a b l i s h e d , a n d e v e n i n i t s m e r e
u n p l e d g e d r a n k s t h e r e w a s a p o s s i b i l i t y o f d e -
v e l o p m e n t a n d k n o w l e d g e , u n t i l i t b e g a n t o s h o w
w a n t o f r e a l u n i o n ; a n d n o w i t m u s t b e s a v e d
f r o m f u t u r e d a n g e r s b y t h e u n i t e d a i m , b r o t h e r l y
f e e l i n g , a n d c o n s t a n t e x e r t i o n s o f t h e m e m b e r s
o f t h i s Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n . On c e o f f e r e d t h e g r a n d
e x a m p l e o f p r a c t i c a l a l t r u i s m , o f t h e n o b l e l i v e s
o f t h o s e w h o l e a r n t o m a s t e r t h e g r e a t k n o w l -
e d g e b u t t o h e l p o t h e r s , a n d w h o s t r i v e t o a c -
q u i r e p o w e r s b u t t o p l a c e t h e m a t t h e s e r v i c e o f
t h e i r f e l l o w - m e n , a n d t h e w h o l e Th e o s o p h i c a l
c o m m u n i t y m a y y e t b e s t e e r e d i n t o a c t i o n , a n d
l e d t o f o l l o w t h e e x a m p l e s e t b e f o r e t h e m .
Th e Es o t e r i a Se c t i o n i s t h u s " s e t a p a r t "
f o r t h e s a l v a t i o n o f t h e w h o l e So c i e t y , a n d i t s
c o u r s e f r o m i t s f i r s t s t e p i s a n a r d u o u s a n d
W ORKOFTHEESOTERI C SEC TI ON

17 5
u p h i l l w o r k f o r i t s m e m b e r s , t h o u g h a g r e a t r e -
w a r d l i e s b e h i n d t h e m a n y o b s t a c l e s o n c e t h e y
a r e o v e r c o m e .
To a l l a y a n y m i s a p p r e h e n s i o n s d u e t o w i d e s p r e a d e r -
r o n e o u s i d e a s r e g a r d i n g c h e l a s h i p a n d a s c e t i c i s m w h i l e
a t t h e s a m e t i m e p l a c i n g b e f o r e t h e C a n d i d a t e s t h e s e r i -
o u s n e s s o f t h e s t e p s c o n t e m p l a t e d a n d t h e a b s o l u t e l y
e s s e n t i a l p r e r e q u i s i t e s t o a n y r e a l s o l i d a r i t y o r i n d i -
v i d u a l e v o l u t i o n , s e v e r a l p a r a g r a p h s a r e d e v o t e d t o d i -
r e c t p l a i n s p e a k i n g o n t h e s e ' s u b j e c t s
. Th u s t h e C a n d i -
d a t e s a r e t o l d t h a t o n e o b j e c t o f t h e
Me m o r a a c d u m -
. . s
i s t o g i v e t i m e l y w a r n i n g t o a n y a p p l i c a n t ,
s h o u l d h e f e e l u n a b l e o r u n w i l l i n g t o a c c e p t f u l l y
a n d w i t h o u t r e s e r v e , t h e i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h m a y
b e g i v e n , o r t h e c o n s e q u e n c e s t h a t m a y r e s u l t ,
a n d t o d o t h e d u t i e s w h o s e p e r f o r m a n c e s h a l l
b e a s k e d
. I t i s b u t f a i r t o s t a t e a t o n c e t h a t s u c h
d u t i e s w i l l n e v e r i n t e r f e r e w i t h , n o r e n c r o a c h
u p o n , t h e p r o b a t i o n e r ' s f a m i l y d u t i e s
; o n t h e
o t h e r h a n d , i t i s c e r t a i n t h a t e v e r y m e m b e r o f t h e
Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n w i l l h a v e t o g i v e u p m o r e t h a n
o n e p e r s o n a l h a b i t , s u c h a s p r a c t i s e d i n s o c i a l
l i f e , a n d a d o p t s o m e f e w a s c e t i c r u l e s
.
Th o s e w h o m a y b e s e e k i n g " p o w e r s " a n d " Oc c u l t
p r e f e r m e n t " a r e a d v i s e d :
Th i s d e g r e e o f t h e Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n i s p r o -
b a t i o n a r y , a n d i t s g e n e r a l p u r p o s e i s t o p r e -
p a r e a n d f i t t h e s t u d e n t f o r t h e s t u d y o f p r a c t i -
c a l Oc c u l t i s m o r Ra j a Yo g a
. Th e r e f o r e , i n t h i s
d e g r e e t h e s t u d e n t - s a v e i n e x c e p t i o n a l c a s e s -
w i l l n o t b e t a u g h t h o w t o p r o d u c e
, p h y s i c a l p h e -
n o m e n a , n o r w i l l a n y m a g i c a l p o w e r s b e a l l o w e d
t o d e v e l o p i n h i m
; n o r , i f p o s s e s s i n g s u c h p o w -
e r s
n a t u r a l l y , w i l l h e b e p e r m i t t e d t o e x e r c i s e
t h e m b e f o r e h e h a s m a s t e r e d t h e k n o w l e d g e o f
SELF,
o f t h e p s y c h o - p h y s i o l o g i c a l p r o c e s s e s

.
1 7 6
THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
i n t h e h u m a n b o d y g e n e r a l l y , a n d u n t i l h e h a s i n
a b e y a n c e a l l h i s l o w e r p a s s i o n s a n d h i s PER-
SONALSELF. . . .
Ea c h p e r s o n w i l l r e c e i v e i n t h e w a y o f e n -
l i g h t e n m e n t a n d a s s i s t a n c e , j u s t a s m u c h a s h e o r
s h e d e s e r v e s , a n d n o m o r e
; a n d i t i s t o b e d i s -
t i n c t l y u n d e r s t o o d t h a t i n t h i s Se c t i o n a n d t h e s e
r e l a t i o n s n o s u c h t h i n g i s k n o w n a s f a v o u r -
a l l d e p e n d s u p o n t h e p e r s o n ' s m e r i t s - a n d n o
m e m b e r h a s t h e p o w e r o r k n o w l e d g e t o d e c i d e
w h a t e i t h e r h e o r s h e i s e n t i t l e d t o
. Th i s m u s t
b e l e f t t o t h o s e w h o k n o w - a l o n e
. Th e a p p a r -
e n t f a v o u r s h o w n t o s o m e , a n d t h e i r c o n s e -
q u e n t a p p a r e n t a d v a n c e m e n t , w i l l b e d u e t o t h e
w o r k t h e y d o , , t o t h e b e s t o f t h e i r p o w e r , i n t h e
c a u s e o f Un i v e r s a l B r o t h e r h o o d a n d t h e e l e v a -
t i o n o f t h e Ra c e .
No m a n o r w o m a n i s a s k e d o r e x p e c t e d t o d o
a n y m o r e t h a n i s h i s o r h e r b e s t
; b u t e a c h i s e x -
p e c t e d t o w o r k t o t h e e x t e n t o f h i s a b i l i t y a n d
p o w e r s .
Th e v a l u e o f t h e w o r k , o f t h i s Se c t i o n t o t h e
i n d i v i d u a l m e m b e r w i l l d e p e n d u p o n
1s t
. Th e p e r s o n ' s p o w e r t o a s s i m i l a t e t h e
t e a c h i n g s a n d m a k e t h e m a p a r t o f h i s b e i n g
;
a n d
2n d . Up o n t h e u n s e l f i s h n e s s o f t h e m o t i v e s
w i t h w h i c h h e s e e k s f o r h i s k n o w l e d g e ; t h a t i s
t o s a y , u p o n w h e t h e r h e h a s e n t e r e d t h i s Se c -
t i o n d e t e r m i n e d t o w o r k f o r h u m a n i t y , o r w i t h
o n l y t h e d e s i r e t o b e n e f i t o r g a i n s o m e t h i n g f o r
h i m s e l f .
Th e
B o o k o f Ru l e s
s u p p l i e d t o e a c h C a n d i d a t e w i t h
t h e Pr e l i m i n a r y Me m o r a n d u m
p r o v i d e d s p e c i f i c a l l y
a m o n g s t o t h e r t h i n g s , t h a t t h e v a r i o u s Gr o u p s i n t o
w h i c h t h o s e a c c e p t e d w e r e t o b e f o r m e d w e r e n o t
f o r
p r a c t i c a l Oc c u l t i s m ,
b u t f o r m u t u a l s t u d y o f t h e I n -
s t r u c t i o n s a n d h e l p i n t h e Th e o s o p h i c l i f e ; g o s s i p , d e r o g a -
t o r y s t a t e m e n t s , a n d t h e r e p e t i t i o n o f s l a n d e r o u s a n d
W ORKOFTHEESOTERI C SEC TI ON

17 7
h e a r s a y s t a t e m e n t s w e r e s t r i c t l y
f o r b i d d e n ; t h e d a n -
g e r s a n d e v i l s o f c a n t , h y p o c r i s y , a n d i n j u s t i c e t o o t h e r s
w e r e e n f o r c e d
; c l a i m s o f Oc c u l t p o w e r s , b o a s t i n g o r
s p e a k i n g o f Oc c u l t e x p e r i e n c e s , w h e t h e r f a l s e l y o r t r u l y ,
d i s c o u n t e n a n c e d u n d e r p e n a l t y
; t h e w i d e s t c h a r i t y , t o l -
e r a n c e ,
. a n d m u t u a l c o n s i d e r a t i o n a n d h e l p f u l n e s s l a i d
d o w n a s t h e
s i n e q u a n o n o f a l l t r u e p r o g r e s s
. " Th e
f i r s t t e s t o f t r u e a p p r e n t i c e s h i p , " s a i d t h e
Ru l e o n t h a t
s u b j e c t , " i s d e v o t i o n t o t h e i n t e r e s t o f a n o t h e r , " a n d
c o n t i n u e d
Fo r t h e s e d o c t r i n e s t o p r a c t i c a l l y r e - a c t o n t h e
l i f e t h r o u g h t h e s o - c a l l e d m o r a l c o d e o r t h e i d e a s
o f t r u t h f u l n e s s , p u r i t y , s e l f - d e n i a l , c h a r i t y , e t c
. ,
w e h a v e t o p r e a c h a n d p o p u l a r i z e a k n o w l e d g e o f
Th e o s o p h y
. I t i s n o t t h e i n d i v i d u a l o r d e t e r -
m i n e d p u r p o s e o f a t t a i n i n g o n e s e l f Ni r v a n a ,
w h i c h i s , a f t e r a l l , o n l y a n e x a l t e d a n d g l o r i o u s
s e l f i s h n e s s ,
b u t t h e s e l f - s a c r i f i c i n g p u r s u i t o f t h e
b e s t m e a n s t o l e a d o u r n e i g h b o u r o n t h e r i g h t
p a t h , a n d c a u s e a s m a n y o f o u r f e l l o w c r e a t u r e s
a s
w e p o s s i b l y c a n t o b e n e f i t b y i t , w h i c h c o n -
s t i t u t e s t h e t r u e Th e o s o p h i s t .
C HAPTERXI I
MAB ELC OLLI NSANDPROFESSORC OUES
B Y 1889 , d e s p i t e
a l l o b s t a c l e s a n d a l l l i m i t a t i o n s ,
d e s p i t e a l l t h e g u e r i l l a w a r f a r e o f a n t a g n o s t i c e l e m e n t s
a n d a l l t h e h e a v y a r t i l l e r y o f t h e n u m e r o u s " e x p o s u r e s "
o f H. P. B
. , t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l Mo v e m e n t h a d g a i n e d s u c h
h e a d w a y t h a t t h e w o r d " Th e o s o p h y " w a s p a r t o f t h e
v o c a b u l a r y o f e v e r y i n t e l l i g e n t p e r s o n
. Th e Th e o s o p h i -
c a l So c i e t y w a s e s t a b l i s h e d i n e v e r y c i v i l i z e d c o u n t r y a n d
i n e v e r y l a r g e c i t y
; t h e p u b l i c a n n o u n c e m e n t o f t h e
Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n h a d d r a w n t h e a t t e n t i o n o f t h e m y s t i -
c a l l y i n c l i n e d t o t h e f a c t o f t h e e x i s t e n c e o f a d e f i n i t e
s c h o o l o f Oc c u l t i n s t r u c t i o n
. Th e s t u d e n t w i l l h a v e p o o r l y
g a u g e d t h e f o r c e o f t h e p o w e r f u l m e t a p h y s i c a l c u r r e n t
a t w o r k i f h e i s n o t p r e p a r e d f o r a m o r e s t r i k i n g e x a m p l e
o f t h e r e a l Th e o s o p h i c a l p h e n o m e n a t h a n a n y s o f a r
p r o d u c e d
. Th e g r e a t s t o r m o f 1889 - 9 0 d o e s n o t v a r y i n
e s s e n t i a l s f r o m t h o s e w h i c h p r e c e d e d i t . Th e d r a m a i s
t h e s a m e .
Or i g i n a l l y a n e w s p a p e r w r i t e r a n d n o v e l i s t , Mi s s Ma b e l
C o l l i n s , t h e n a y o u n g w o m a n , h a d j o i n e d t h e Lo n d o n
Lo d g e i n 1884 . . I m a g i n a t i v e a n d s e n s i t i v e i n t e m p e r a ,
m e n t s h e b e c a m e i n t e n s e l y i n t e r e s t e d , n o t i n Th e o s o p h y ,
b u t i n t h e " p s y c h i c a l a c t i v i t i e s " p u r s u e d b y m a n y o f t h e
m e m b e r s o f t h a t Lo d g e . Du r i n g t h a t y e a r s h e p r o d u c e d
I I Th e I d y l l o f t h e W h i t e Lo t u s
. " Th i s w a s f o l l o w e d ,
e a r l y i n 1885 , b y " Li g h t o n t h e Pa t h , a Tr e a t i s e w r i t t e n
f o r t h e p e r s o n a l u s e o f t h o s e w h o a r e i g n o r a n t o f t h e
Ea s t e r n W i s d o m , a n d w h o d e s i r e t o e n t e r w i t h i n i t s i n -
f l u e n c e . W r i t t e n d o w n b y M. C
. , Fe l l o w o f t h e Th e o s o p h i -
c a l So c i e t y
. " As t h i s w a s t h e f i r s t a n d u p t o t h a t t i m e
t h e o n l y , a p p a r e n t l y s i m p l e a n d d i r e c t s t a t e m e n t o f t h e
Ru l e s o f p r a c t i c a l Oc c u l t i s m , a n d a s i t w a s p l a i n l y h i n t e d
17 8
MAB ELC OLLI NSANDC OUES

17 9
t h a t t h e b o o k w a s I ` i n s p i r e d ' ' i t a t t r a c t e d i m m e d i a t e a t -
t e n t i o n .
Mo r e o v e r , i t s i n h e r e n t m e r i t , t h e s u s t a i n e d
b e a u t y o f i t s d i c t i o n , t h e n o b l e s i m p l i c i t y o f i t s e x p r e s s i o n
o f t h e l o f t i e s t e t h i c s , t h e m o r a l g r a n d e u r o f t h e i d e a l s
s u b m i t t e d a s w i t h i n t h e r e a c h o f h u m a n a t t a i n m e n t , a t
o n c e g a v e i t r a n k a s a Th e o s o p h i c a l c l a s s i c . " Th r o u g h
t h e Ga t e s o f Go l d , " f r o m t h e s a m e p e n , a p p e a r e d i n 1887
. -
I n t h e a u t u m n o f t h e s a m e y e a r , w h e n Ma d a m e B l a v a t s k y
b e g a n t h e p u b l i c a t i o n o f Lu c i f e r , t h e n a m e o f Ma b e l
C o l l i n s a p p e a r e d w i t h h e r o w n a s Ed i t o r . I n v i e w o f
t h e c i r c u m s t a n c e s i t w a s b u t n a t u r a l t h a t Th e o s o p h i s t s
e v e r y w h e r e s h o u l d h o l d Mi s s C o l l i n s i n t h e h i g h e s t r e -
s p e c t a n d r e g a r d
.
W h e n , t h e r e f o r e , w i t h t h e i s s u e o f Fe b r u a r y 15 , 1889 ,
t h e n a m e o f Ma b e l C o l l i n s d i s a p p e a r e d f r o m Lu c i f e r ,
i t w a s i n e v i t a b l e t h a t a f u r o r o f c u r i o s i t y a n d i n t e r e s t
s h o u l d s e t i n . Th i s w a s a c c e n t u a t e d b y t h e f a c t t h a t
Mi s s C o l l i n s r e t i r e d t o p r i v a c y a n d g a v e n o h i n t a s t o
t h e c a u s e o f t h e b r e a c h ; Lu c i f e r g a v e n o e x p l a n a t i o n s
a n d m a d e n o c o m m e n t s ; Mr . J u d g e ' s Pa t h a n d C o l . 0 1-
c o t t ' s Th e o s o p h i s t r e m a i n e d e q u a l l y s i l e n t . Th e r e t h e
m a t t e r r e s t e d , s o f a r a s c o n c e r n e d p u b l i c k n o w l e d g e o f
e v e n t s " b e h i n d t h e s c e n e s , " u n t i l t h e m o n t h o f Ma y .
On Ma y 11, 1889 , t h e r e a p p e a r e d i n t h e
Re l i g i o - Ph i l -
o s o p h i c a l J o u r n a l a l e t t e r f r o m Dr . El l i o t t C o u e s , e m -
b o d y i n g a l e t t e r t o h i m f r o m Mi s s Ma b e l C o l l i n s . Th e
Re l i g i o - Ph i l o s o p h i c a l J o u r n a l w a s a n o l d e s t a b l i s h e d a n d
l e a d i n g Sp i r i t u a l i s t p u b l i c a t i o n p r i n t e d a t C h i c a g o a n d
e d i t e d b y C o l . B u n d y , a l i f e - l o n g Sp i r i t u a l i s t a n d a f r i e n d
o f Pr o f . C o u e s . C o l o n e l B u n d y h a d b e e n a d m i t t e d t o
m e m b e r s h i p i n t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y i n 1885 , o n t h e
r e c o m m e n d a t i o n o f Pr o f
. C o u e s a n d w a s a m e m b e r o f
t h e Gn o s t i c B r a n c h o f t h e T. S. , a t W a s h i n g t o n , D
. C . , a
B r a n c h f o u n d e d b y Pr o f . C o n e s w h o w a s a n d h a d b e e n i t s
Pr e s i d e n t f r o m t h e b e g i n n i n g . Th e Re l i g i o - Ph i l o s o p h i c a l
J o u r n a l h a d p r e v i o u s l y g i v e n p u b l i c i t y t o a t t a c k s u p o n
H. P. B . ,
b y W . Em m e t t e C o l e m a n , w h o s e l i f e w a s f o r
m a n y y e a r s c h i e f l y d e v o t e d t o t h a t p u r p o s e .
Th e C o n e s - C o l l i n s l e t t e r s , a n d o t h e r c o m m u n i c a t i o n s
f r o m t h e s a m e s o u r c e i n l a t e r i s s u e s o f t h e
Re l i g i o - Ph i l -
180

THETHEOSOPHI C ALMOVEMENT
o s o p h i c a l J o u r n a l , m a d e g r a v e c h a r g e s a g a i n s t H . P. B
. ,
- g r a v e i n t h e m s e l v e s , a n d d o u b l y s o f r o m t h e r e p u t a t i o n
o f t h o s e w h o m a d e t h e m . ,
Of C a t h o l i c f a m i l y a n d e d u c a t i o n , Pr o f . C o n e s w a s a
u n i v e r s i t y g r a d u a t e a n d o r i g i n a l l y b y p r o f e s s i o n a n
Am e r i c a n Ar m y s u r g e o n a t t a c h e d t o v a r i o u s p o s t s a n d
e x p e d i t i o n s . Hi g h l y e d u c a t e d , e x c e e d i n g l y v e r s a t i l e , o f
i n d e p e n d e n t m e a n s , h e b e c a m e i n t e r e s t e d i n v a r i o u s
b r a n c h e s o f s c i e n c e a n d p u r s u e d h i s s t u d i e s a n d i n v e s t i -
g a t i o n s t o s u c h g o o d p u r p o s e t h a t h e s o o n r a n k e d a s a n
a u t h o r i t y o n m a n y s u b j e c t s . He p u b l i s h e d v a r i o u s b o o k s
a n d w a s i n v i t e d t o e d i t t h a t p o r t i o n o f t h e " C e n t u r y
Di c t i o n a r y " d e a l i n g w i t h h i s s p e c i a l t i e s . Ea r l y i n t h e
80 ' s o f t h e l a s t c e n t u r y , w h i l e s t i l l i n t h e p r i m e o f
l i f e , h e a w a k e n e d t o a n i n t e r e s t i n p s y c h i c a l r e s e a r c h ,
a n d c o n d u c t e d m a n y e x p e r i m e n t s o f h i s o w n w i t h c h o s e n
" s u b j e c t s
. " He e a r l y b e c a m e a m e m b e r o f t h e Lo n d o n
So c i e t y f o r Ps y c h i c a l Re s e a r c h a n d w a s i n Lo n d o n i n t h e
s u m m e r o f 1884, a t t h e t i m e t h e S
. P. R. C o m m i t t e e w a s
m a k i n g i t s p r e l i m i n a r y i n v e s t i g a t i o n a n d r e p o r t o n t h e
Th e o s o p h i c a l p h e n o m e n a . He s o u g h t o u t C o l
. Ol c o t t w h o
w a s n a t u r a l l y r e j o i c e d t o m a k e h i s a c q u a i n t a n c e , a n d f i n d -
i n g h i s i n t e r e s t , t o i n d u c t h i m i n t o m e m b e r s h i p i n t h e
Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y . I n c o m p a n y w i t h C o l
. Ol c o t t , Pr o f .
C o n e s a n d h i s w i f e j o u r n e y e d t o El b e r f e l d , Ge r m a n y t o
m e e t H. P. B . , w h o w a s a t t h e t i m e w i t h t h e t r u s t e d a n d
t r u s t i n g Ge b h a r d s
. Ag r e a t a n d s p o n t a n e o u s a f f e c t i o n
s p r a n g u p b e t w e e n Mr s . C o n e s a n d H . P . B . - a n a f f e c t i o n
w h i c h n e v e r l a p s e d , o n t h e o n e s i d e o r o n t h e o t h e r .
Pr o f e s s o r C o u e s m e t C o l . Ol c o t t a g a i n a t Lo n d o n a n d
w a s a p p o i n t e d a m e m b e r o f t h e n e w l y c o n s t i t u t e d Am e r i -
c a n B o a r d o f C o n t r o l o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y . On
h i s r e t u r n t o t h e Un i t e d St a t e s h e e s t a b l i s h e d t h e Gn o s t i c
B r a n c h o f t h e T
. S. I n 1885 h e w a s a c t i v e i n t h e f o r m a -
t i o n o f t h e Am e r i c a n So c i e t y f o r Ps y c h i c a l Re s e a r c h
a l o n g t h e s a m e l i n e s o f i n q u i r y a s p u r s u e d b y i t s B r i t -
i s h p r e d e c e s s o r . He w a s e l e c t e d C h a i r m a n o f t h e Am e r i -
c a n B o a r d o f C o n t r o l o f t h e T. S. , a n d i n t h e m i d s t o f
h i s m u l t i f a r i o u s a c t i v i t i e s i n o t h e r d i r e c t i o n s b u s i e d h i m -
s e l f i n c o r r e s p o n d e n c e w i t h m e m b e r s o f t h e So c i e t y . Of
MAB ELC OLLI NSANDC OUES

181
e n g a g i n g m a n n e r s a n d d i s t i n g u i s h e d a p p e a r a n c e , a s e x -
c e l l e n t a s p e a k e r a s h e w a s b r i l l i a n t a w r i t e r , h e w a s a
v e r y p o p u l a r l e c t u r e r a n d g a v e m a n y a d d r e s s e s b e f o r e
s c i e n t i f i c b o d i e s , c l u b s , a n d o t h e r a s s o c i a t i o n s
. Al t h o u g h
h e n e v e r m a d e a n y d i s t i n c t l y Th e o s o p h i c a l a d d r e s s e s
t h e r e r u n s t h r o u g h a l l h i s l e c t u r e s o f t h e p e r i o d a d e f i -
n i t e n o t e o f i n q u i r y a n d s u g g e s t i o n o f b r o a d e r f i e l d s o f
i n v e s t i g a t i o n t h a n t h o s e p a s s i n g c u r r e n t u n d e r t h e n a m e
o f " s c i e n c e . " Al t h o u g h h e w a s n o t a c o n t r i b u t o r t o t h e
Th e o s o p h i c a l l i t e r a t u r e o f t h e t i m e s , a s e d i t o r o f t h e
" B i o g e n Se r i e s " h e b r o u g h t o u t a n Am e r i c a n e d i t i o n o f
C o l
. Ol c o t t ' s " B u d d h i s t C a t e c h i s m , " r e p u b l i s h e d t h e
m o n o g r a p h , " C a n Ma t t e r Th i n k ?" a n d p u b l i s h e d w i t h
a n i n t r o d u c t i o n a n d n o t e s
b y h i m s e l f Ro b e r t Do d s l e y ' s
" Tr u e a n d C o m p l e t e ( Ec o n o m y o f Hu m a n Li f e , " o r i g i -
n a l l y i s s u e d a t Lo n d o n i n 17 5 0
. To t h i s r e p r i n t h e a d d e d
t h e s u b t i t l e , " B a s e d o n t h e Sy s t e m o f Th e o s o p h i c a l
Et h i c s . " Th i s p h r a s e , h i s u s e o f t h e n a m e " Ku t h u m i "
- a v a r i a n t s p e l l i n g o f So o t Ho o m i , t h e Ma h a t m a t o
w h o m Mr . Si n n e t t ' s " Oc c u l t W o r l d " i s d e d i c a t e d - s o m e
q u e s t i o n a b l e e x p r e s s i o n s i n h i s i n t r o d u c t i o n a n d n o t e s ,
a n d h i s p e r s o n a l p r o m i n e n c e a n d k n o w n a f f i l i a t i o n w i t h
t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y , g a v e Mr . J u d g e o c c a s i o n t o
i n s e r t i n Th e Pa t h
f o r J u l y , 1886 , t w o r e f e r e n c e s , o n e a
r e v i e w c o m p l i m e n t a r y t o t h e " B i o g e n Se r i e s " a n d t o
Pr o f
. C o u e s p e r s o n a l l y , a n d t h e o t h e r a c o r r e c t i o n o f p o s -
s i b l e m i s c o n c e p t i o n s i n t h e f o l l o w i n g w o r d s
Th e a s s o c i a t i o n o f t h e n a m e Ku t h u m i w i t h t h e
b o o k , s o p e r p l e x i n g t o u n d e r s t a n d , i s n o t a b i o -
g r a p h i c a l f a c t , a s Pr o f . C o u e s e x p l a i n s i n h i s
" f o r e w o r d " ( p . 10 ) . I t o n l y r e m a i n s t o s t a t e
c l e a r l y w h a t i s i m p l i e d i n t h e f o r e w o r d t h a t t h e
Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y h a s n o s p e c i a l c o d e o f
m o r a l s , r e a d y m a d e a n d r i g o r o u s l y d e f i n e d , f o r
t h e a c c e p t a n c e o f i t s m e m b e r s o n a d m i s s i o n .
B y t h e s u m m e r o f 1886 , i t b e c a m e e v i d e n t t h a t t h e
B o a r d o f C o n t r o l , o r i g i n a l l y p r o m u l g a t e d b y C o l
. 0 1-
c o t t a t Mr . J u d g e ' s r e q u e s t i n o r d e r t o a v o i d d e l a y i n
182

THE THEOSOPHI C AL
MOVEMENT
t h e c o n d u c t o f
t h e o f f i c i a l r o u t i n e o f t h e Am e r i c a n
B r a n c h e s , w a s , i n t h e h a n d s o f Pr o f . C o n e s , a m e r e e x -
c h a n g e o f t h e p a t e r n a l a u t o c r a c y o f C o l
. Ol c o t t f o r t h e
a r b i t r a r y a u t o c r a c y o f Pr o f . C o u e s
. Mr . J u d g e h a d r e -
c o u r s e t o H. P. B . a n d C o l . Ol c o t t , a n d a t a m e e t i n g o f
t h e B o a r d o f C o n t r o l , h e l d a t Ro c h e s t e r , N. Y. , a t t h e
h o u s e o f Mr s . C a b l e s o n J u l y 4, 1886 , a d d i t i o n a l " o r d e r s "
f r o m C o l . Ol c o t t a n d h i s I n d i a n Ge n e r a l C o u n c i l w e r e p r e -
s e n t e d b y Mr . J u d g e , c a l l i n g f o r a r e v i s e d p l a n w h e r e b y
a n Am e r i c a n Se c t i o n o f t h e Ge n e r a l C o u n c i l w a s t o b e
f o r m e d . I n t h i s Am e r i c a n C o u n c i l w a s t o b e m e r g e d
t h e B o a r d o f C o n t r o l , t h e m e m b e r s o f w h i c h , a s a l s o t h e
Pr e s i d e n t s o f B r a n c h e s , w e r e t o b e c o m e e x o f f i c i o m e m -
b e r s o f t h e Am e r i c a n C o u n c i l . Pr o v i s i o n w a s a l s o t o b e
m a d e f o r t h e e l e c t i o n o f a d d i t i o n a l m e m b e r s o f t h e Am e r -
i c , n
C o u n c i l b y t h e v o t e s o f t h e m e m b e r s o f t h e So c i e t y .
No t w i t h s t a n d i n g t h i s p r o m u l g a t i o n , Pr o f . C o u e s , i m -
m e d i a t e l y a f t e r h i s r e t u r n t o h i s h o m e , i s s u e d o f h i s o w n
m o t i o n t h e f o l l o w i n g
AMERI C ANB OARDOFC ONTROL- OFFI C EOFTHEPRESI DENT .
W ASHI NGTON, D. C . , J u l y 12, 1886 .
I t i s d e s i r e d t h a t
Th e Oc c u l t W o r d b e c o m e t h e o f f i c i a l
o r g a n o f t h e Am e r i c a n B o a r d ` o f C o n t r o l o f t h e Th e -
o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y .
C o r r e s p o n d e n t s h a v i n g n o t e s a n d n e w s r e s p e c t i n g t h e
So c i e t y i n Am e r i c a a r e r e q u e s t e d t o s e n d t h e m t o Th e
Oc c u l t W o r d . Me m b e r s a n d o t h e r s h a v i n g t h e i n t e r e s t s
o f t h e So c i e t y a t h e a r t w i l l d o w e l l t o e x t e n d t h e c i r -
c u l a t i o n o f Th e Oc c u l t W o r d .
C o n t r i b u t o r s o f a r t i c l e s u p o n s p e c u l a t i v e , d o c t r i n a l ,
o r o p e r a t i v e Th e o s o p h y w i l l b e i n d i v i d u a l l y r e s p o n s i b l e
t h e r e f o r , a s h e r e t o f o r e .
ELLI OTTC o u Es , Pr e s i d e n t .
I t w a s a l r e a d y a n o p e n s e c r e t t h a t Mr s . C a b l e s , Ed i -
t o r o f Th e Oc c u l t W o r d , a n o t h e r m e m b e r o f t h e B o a r d
o f C o n t r o l , a n d h e r a s s o c i a t e , Mr . B r o w n , w e r e d i s a f -
MABELCOLLINSANDCOUES

133
f e e t e d w i t h t h e " T h e o s o p h i c a l Ma h a t m a s , " a d i s a f f e c t i o n
w h i c h b u r s t i n t o f l a m e a f e w m o n t h s l a t e r , a s h a s b e e n
n a r r a t e d i n a n e a r l i e r c h a p t e r . '
In T h e P a t h , f o r Au g u s t , 18 8 6 , Mr . J u d g e , k n o w i n g
w e l l t h e t a n g e n t i a l a c t i v i t i e s o f P r o f . Co n e s , Mr s . Ca b l e s ,
a n d o t h e r s , p u b l i s h e d i n t h e s e c t i o n , " R e v i e w s a n d
No t e s , " a n a r t i c l e , " T h e o s o p h y i n t h e P r e s s , " i n w h i c h ,
a f t e r n o t i n g t h e s u d d e n a p p e a r a n c e w i t h i n a f e w m o n t h s
o f m a n y a r t i c l e s i n t h e d a i l y p a p e r s " f u l l o f m i s s t a t e -
m e n t s m i x e d w i t h i g n o r a n c e o f . . .
T h e o s o p h y , " h e g o e s
o n t o s a y
Bu t s o m e T h e o s o p h i s t s h a v e b e e n g u i l t y o f
v e n t i l a t i n g i n t h e p a p e r s t h e s t a t e m e n t t h a t
T h e o s o p h y i s a s t r a l i s m , t h a t i s t o s a y , t h a t t h e
o b j e c t o f t h e So c i e t y i s t o i n d u c e p e o p l e t o g o
i n t o t h e s t u d y a n d p r a c t i c e o f s p i r i t r a i s i n g ,
c u l t i v a t i n g t h e a b n o r m a l f a c u l t i e s , o f c l a i r v o y -
a n c e a n d t h e l i k e , i g n o r i n g e n t i r e l y t h e p r i m e o b -
j e c t , r e a l e n d , a i m a n d r a i s o n d ' e t r e o f t h e m o v e -
m e n t - u n i v e r s a l b r o t h e r h o o d a n d e t h i c a l t e a c h -
i n g . In f a c t , w e m a k e b o l d t o a s s e r t , f r o m o u r
o w n k n o w l e d g e a n d f r o m w r i t t e n d o c u m e n t s ,
t h a t t h e Ma h a t m a s , w h o s t a r t e d t h e So c i e t y , a n d
w h o s t a n d b e h i n d i t n o w , a r e d i s t i n c t l y o p p o s e d
t o m a k i n g p r o m i n e n t t h e s e p h e n o m e n a l l e a n i n g s ,
t h i s h u n t i n g a f t e r c l a i r v o y a n c e a n d a s t r a l b o d -
i e s , a n d t h e y h a v e s o d e c l a r e d m o s t u n m i s t a k -
a b l y , s t a t i n g t h e i r w i s h a n d a d v i c e t o b e , t h a t
" t h e So c i e t y s h o u l d p r o s p e r o n i t s e t h i c a l , p h i l -
o s o p h i c a l a n d m o r a l w o r t h a l o n e . "
T h e o s o p h i s t s s h o u l d h a s t e t o s e e t h a t t h i s
f a l s e i m p r e s s i o n c r e a t e d a t l a r g e , t h a t i t i s a
d a n g e r o u s s t u d y , o r t h a t i t i s a n y w a y d a n g e r -
o u s , o r t h a t w e c o n c e a l o u r r e a s o n s f o r d o i n g
w h a t w e a r e d o i n g , i s d o n e a w a y w i t h .
. .
. If
o n e o r t w o p e r s o n s i n t h e So c i e t y i m a g i n e t h a t
t h e p u r s u i t o f p s y c h i c a l p h e n o m e n a i s i t s r e a l
e n d a n d a i m a n d s o d e c l a r e , t h a t w e i g h s n o t h i n g
' Se e Ch a p t e r V III.
18 4

T HET HEOSOP HICALMOV EMENT


a g a i n s t t h e i m m e n s e b o d y o f t h e m e m b e r s h i p o r ,
a g a i n s t i t s w i d e s p r e a d l i t e r a t u r e ;i t i s m e r e l y
t h e i r i n d i v i d u a l b i a s .
Bu t a t t h e s a m e t i m e , t h i s i m a g i n a t i o n a n d
m i s s t a t e m e n t a r e d a n g e r o u s , a n d i n s i d i o u s l y s o .
It i s j u s t t h e i m p r e s s i o n w h i c h t h e J e s u i t c o l l e g e
d e s i r e s t o b e s p r e a d a b r o a d c o n c e r n i n g u s , s o
t h a t i n o n e p l a c e r i d i c u l e m a y f o l l o w , a n d i n a n -
o t h e r s u p e r s t i t i o u s d r e a d o f t h e t h i n g
;w h i c h
e v e r o f t h e s e m a y h a p p e n t o o b t a i n , t h e y w o u l d
b e e qu a l l y w e l l p l e a s e d .
Le t T h e o s o p h i s t s a t t e n d t o t h i s , a n d l e t t h e m
n o t f o r g e t , t h a t t h e o n l y a u t h o r i t a t i v e s t a t e -
m e n t s o f w h a t a r e t h e e n d s a n d o b j e c t s o f t h e
So c i e t y a r e c o n t a i n e d i n t h o s e p r i n t e d i n i t s , b y -
l a w s . No a m o u n t o f a s s e r t i o n t o t h e c o n t r a r y
b y a n y o f f i c e r o r m e m b e r c a n c h a n g e t h a t
d e c l a r a t i o n
.
In t h e Se p t e m b e r , 18 8 6 , n u m b e r o f
T h e P a t h w a s
p r i n t e d t h e n o t i c e o f t h e r e c e i p t o f t h e " f o r m a l o r d e r s "
t o f o r m t h e Am e r i c a n Co u n c i l . On t h i s Mr . J u d g e c o m -
m e n t s
T h i s a c t i o n i s e m i n e n t l y w i s e , a s t h e t e r m
Bo a r d o f Co n t r o l w a s m i s l e a d i n g , i n a s m u c h a s
t h e v e r y f o u n d a t i o n o f t h e So c i e t y i s d e m o c r a t i c
i n i t s n a t u r e , a n d c o n t r o l s a v o r e d t o o m u c h o f
f o r m , c e r e m o n i e s , d i s c i p l i n e , o f f i c e r s , s e c r e t r e -
p o r t s a n d a l l t h e p a r a p h e r n a l i a o f a n e s t a b l i s h e d
c h u r c h .
T h e e x p r e s s i o n " Bo a r d o f Co n t r o l " w a s Co l
. Ol c o t t ' s
c o i n a g e
. T h e v a r i o u s s t a g e s r e c o u n t e d w e r e a c c e p t e d b y
Mr . J u d g e a s n e c e s s a r y i n t e r m e d i a t e s t e p s i n t h e e f f o r t
t o a r r i v e a t r e a l d e m o c r a c y a m o n g t h e Am e r i c a n T h e -
o s o p h i s t s . Co l o n e l Ol c o t t w a s a t a l l t i m e s l o a t h t o s u r -
r e n d e r h i s " p a t e r n a l g o v e r n m e n t " o f t h e So c i e t y a s a
w h o l e , a n d h e a c c e d e d t o t h e g r a d u a l d e m o c r a t i za t i o n o f
t h e So c i e t y i n Am e r i c a o n l y u n d e r t h e s t e a d y p r e s s u r e
MABELCOLLINSANDCOUES

7 8 5
o f Mr . J u d g e , r e i n f o r c e d b y t h e i n s i s t e n c e o f H
. P . B
.
He a t l a s t c o n s e n t e d t o i s s u e h i s " o f f i c i a l o r d e r " f o r t h e
f o r m a t i o n o f t h e Am e r i c a n Se c t i o n o f t h e T h e o s o p h i c a l
So c i e t y , a n d a t a m e e t i n g o f t h e Bo a r d o f Co n t r o l , h e l d
a t Ci n c i n n a t i i n Oc t o b e r , 18 8 6 , a n d a t t e n d e d a l s o b y d e l e -
g a t e s a n d m e m b e r s f r o m n u m e r o u s Br a n c h e s , t h e a r -
r a n g e m e n t s w e r e p e r f e c t e d f o r t h e f i r s t Co n v e n t i o n a t
Ne w Y o r k Ci t y i n Ap r i l , 18 8 7 , a t w h i c h e l e c t e d d e l e g a t e s
f r o m a l l t h e Br a n c h e s w e r e p r e s e n t , a d o p t e d a c o n s t i t u -
t i o n , a n d e l e c t e d o f f i c e r s a n d a Co u n c i l
. T h e f i r s t f o r m a l
Co n v e n t i o n w a s h e l d t h e n e x t y e a r , Ap r i l , 18 8 8 , a t
Ch i c a g o .
Me a n t i m e a " l i v e l y i n t e r c h a n g e o f l e t t e r s , " a s " Ol d
Di a r y Le a v e s " p h r a s e s i t , h a d b e e n g o i n g o n , n o t o n l y
b e t w e e n H. P . B. a n d Co l . Ol c o t t o v e r t h e t h r e a t e n i n g
b r e a c h b e t w e e n t h e m o n m a t t e r s o f p o l i c y a n d t h e f o r t h -
c o m i n g Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n , b u t a s w e l l a m o n g P r o f . Co u e s ,
Mr . J u d g e , Co l . Ol c o t t , a n d H. P . B. o v e r a f f a i r s i n Am e r -
i c a - a s m a y r e a d i l y b e i n f e r r e d f r o m w h a t h a s b e e n
s t a t e d .
2
T h e r e . c a n b e n o d o u b t t h a t Co l . Ol c o t t , i m p r e s s e d b y
t h e p r o m i n e n c e a n d a b i l i t y o f P r o f . Co n e s , s y m p a t h i ze d
w i t h t h a t g e n t l e m a n , w h o s e v i e w s w e r e e n t i r e l y c o n -
g e n i a l t o h i m . No r c a n i t , w e t h i n k , b e d o u b t e d t h a t
P r o f . Co u e s , f u l l y i n f o r m e d a s t o Co l . Ol c o t t ' s f e e l i n g s ,
t h o s e o f Mr . Si n n e t t a n d o t h e r s , m a y w e l l h a v e c o n c l u d e d
t h a t h e h a d b u t t o l e a d i n t h e c o m i n g b a t t l e , a n d a l l t h e
d i s a f f e c t e d w o u l d o p e n l y a s w e l l a s s e c r e t l y s u p p o r t h i m .
Ab l e , a u d a c i o u s , a n d s u b t l e , h e w a s w r i t i n g i n o n e s t r a i n
t o Co l . Ol c o t t , i n a n o t h e r t o H. P
. B. ,
a n d i n a t h i r d t o
Mr . J u d g e . Li k e s o m a n y o t h e r s h e w a s e n t i r e l y u n a w a r e
t h a t H. P . B. a n d Mr . J u d g e , w o r k i n g a s o n e i n t h e Ca u s e
d e a r t o t h e m , m a d e n o m o v e s , t h e o n e w i t h o u t t h e o t h e r ,
n o r e v e r w r o t e l e t t e r s o r o t h e r c o m m u n i c a t i o n s o n m o o t
T h e o s o p h i c a l m a t t e r s w i t h o u t s u p p l y i n g e a c h o t h e r w i t h
c o p i e s . No r w a s i t c o n c e i v a b l e t o h i m o r t o m a n y o t h e r s
p r o m i n e n t i n t h e So c i e t y t h a t t h e Oc c u l t i s m o f H
. P . B.
a n d Mr . J u d g e w a s g e n u i n e a n d n o t s p u r i o u s o r m e d i u m -
i s t i c .
2 Se e Ch a p t e r s IX a n d X .
18 6

T
ET HEOSOP HICALMOV EMENT
Co l o n e l Ol c o t t , h o n e s t t o t h e c o r e , l o y a l i n h i s b e t t e r
m o m e n t s t o b o t h h i s c o l l e a g u e s , w a s y e t , b y r e a s o n o f
h i s p e r s o n a l w e a k n e s s e s a n d p a s t l i f e , a l m o s t w h o l l y
s u s c e p t i b l e t o t h e a r t s o f t h o s e w h o k n e w h o w t o p l a y
a n d p r e y u p o n h i s v a n i t y , h i s f e a r s a n d d o u b t s c o n c e r n -
i n g t h e w e l f a r e o f h i s b e l o v e d So c i e t y , o f w h i c h h e h a d
l o n g s i n c e c o n s t i t u t e d h i m s e l f t h e t u t e l a r y d e i t y
. Mu c h
m a y b e r e a d a n d i n f e r r e d o f t h e u n w r i t t e n h i s t o r y o f
t h i s p e r i o d f r o m t h e f o l l o w i n g e x t r a c t f r o m o n e o f t h e
P r e s i d e n t - F o u n d e r ' s l e t t e r s t o P r o f . Co u e s :
An o t h e r w a r n i n g : Be w a r e h o w y o u e n c o u r a g e
H. P . B. t o a c t o u t s i d e h e r s p e c i a l p r o v i n c e o f
m y s t i c a l r e s e a r c h a n d e s o t e r i c t e a c h i n g . T h e
Co u n c i l w i l l s t a n d n o n o n s e n s e , n o r s h a l l Ir a t i f y
a s i n g l e o r d e r o r p r o m i s e o f h e r s m a d e i n d e -
p e n d e n t l y o f m e a n d m y f u l l a n t e c e d e n t p o s s e s -
s i o n o f t h e f a c t s . Sh e t e l e g r a p h e d t o a b o l i s h t h e
Bo a r d o f Co n t r o l a n d h a d j u s t i s s u e d a r e v o l u -
t i o n a r y c o m m i s s i o n t o Ar t h u r Ge b h a r d w i t h
a n i d i o t i c d i s r e g a r d o f t h e p r o p r i e t i e s a n d h e r
o w n p o s i t i o n . Sh e s e e m s a Bo u r b o n a s t o m e m -
o r y a n d r e c e p t i v i t y a n d f a n c i e s t h e - o l d h a l c y o n
d a y s a r e n o t g o n e . Is h a l l n e i t h e r r a t i f y w h a t
s h e h a s d o n e , n o r a n y t h i n g o f t h e s o r t s h e m a y
i n f u t u r e d o
. W i t h i n h e r d o m a i n s h e i s qu e e n ;
o u t s i d e t h a t w e l l , f i l l i n t h e b l a n k y o u r s e l f .
Se v e r a l a t t e m p t s h a v e b e e n m a d e t o g e t h e r t o
s e t u p a r i v a l s o c i e t y . . . . Sh e h a s n o t y e t b e e n
f o o l e n o u g h t o f a l l i n t o t h e t r a p , n o r d o It h i n k
h e r b r a i n w i l l s o f t e n t o t h e p o i n t o f d o i n g i t . Sh e
w o u l d t h e r e b y t a k e a l i f e - c o n t r a c t f o r a f i g h t ;
. . .
a n d f i n d h e r s e l f w i t h e n f e e b l e d h e a l t h , a d -
v a n c e d y e a r s a n d a t a i n t e d r e p u t a t i o n r e c o m -
m e n c i n g o u r w o r k o f 18 7 5 , w i t h o u t , p a r d o n m e ,
a n Ol c o t t t o s t i c k t o h e r , a s Ih a v e , t h r o u g h t h i c k
a n d t h i n a n d b e a r s h a m e a n d d i s g r a c e w i t h m u t e
e n d u r a n c e
s
' T h e Bu n ,
Ne w Y o r k , J u l y 2 0, 18 90. T h e a u t h e n t i c i t y o f t h i s l e t t e r ,
p u b l i s h e d b y P r o f
. Co n e s , w a s n e v e r d i s p u t e d b y Co l . Ol c o t t .
MABELCOLLINSANDCOUES

18 7
At t h e Ch i c a g o Co n v e n t i o n a t t h e e n d o f Ap r i l , 18 8 8 ,
P r o f . Co u e s w a s p r e s e n t a s a d e l e g a t e a n d P r e s i d e n t
o f t h e Gn o s t i c Br a n c h o f t h e T . S. He w a s e l e c t e d
Ch a i r m a n o f t h e Co n v e n t i o n a n d p r e s i d e d o v e r i t s s e s -
s i o n s . T h e n e w s p a p e r s o f t h e c i t y g a v e a g o o d d e a l o f
s p a c e t o t h e p r o c e e d i n g s a n d r e p o r t e r s w e r e p r e s e n t a t
a l l o f t h e o p e n m e e t i n g s . F o l l o w i n g t h e Co n v e n t i o n t h e
Ch i c a g o T r i b u n e p u b l i s h e d , w i t h o u t d i s c l o s i n g t h e s o u r c e
f r o m w h i c h i t h a d r e c e i v e d t h e m , a l e t t e r a n d f a c s i m i l e
o f a n a l l e g e d " m e s s a g e f r o m a Ma h a t m a " t o Dr . Co u e s .
Na t u r a l l y t h i s a r o u s e d c o n s i d e r a b l e p a s s i n g c u r i o s i t y
a m o n g t h e g e n e r a l p u b l i c , a n d a v e r y d e c i d e d i n t e r e s t
a m o n g Am e r i c a n T h e o s o p h i s t s .
No
p u b l i c n o t i c e w a s
t a k e n o f t h e m a t t e r e i t h e r b y H. P . B. o r Mr . J u d g e , b u t
t h e l a t t e r w r o t e p r i v a t e l y t o Dr
. Co u e s , w h o r e s p o n d e d
a s f o l l o w s , u n d e r d a t e o f Ma y 2 1, 18 8 8 :
My d e a r J u d g e -. - I
t h i n k
t h a t o n r e f l e c t i o n
y o u w i l l f i n d y o u r s e l f a l i t t l e h a s t y i n p i t c h i n g
i n t o m e a b o u t t h a t T r i b u n e m a t t e r .
. . . No w Is a w t h a t l e t t e r o f w h i c h y o u c o m -
p l a i n f a l l d o w n f r o m t h e a i r o v e r a p e r s o n ' s
h e a d , p r e c i s e l y i n t h e s a m e m a n n e r a s y o u h a v e
s e e n a l i k e l e t t e r f a l l - o n e , o f w h i c h w e h a v e
s i n c e h e a r d a g o o d d e a l . T h e w r i t i n g o n o n e
s i d e w a s i n t h a t p e c u l i a r h a n d w h i c h Ih a v e
l e a r n e d t o r e c o g n i ze i n s e v e r a l e x p r e s s i o n s o f
t h e w i l l o f t h e Bl e s s e d Ma s t e r s w h i c h y o u h a v e
b e e n g o o d e n o u g h t o s e n d m e . . . . T h e w r i t i n g
o n t h e o t h e r s i d e m u s t h a v e b e e n s u b s e qu e n t l y
p r e c i p i t a t e d a n d t h e s e a l a f f i x e d . . . . If K. H.
h a d n o t w i s h e d a b o u t 7 5 , 000p e r s o n s t o b e a d -
v i s e d o f t h e m o d e i n w h i c h h e b r o u g h t a b o u t t h e
Co n v e n t i o n i n Ch i c a g o h e c o u l d e a s i l y h a v e d e -
m a t e r i a l i ze d t h a t d o c u m e n t . . . . It w a s c l e a r l y
t h e w i l l o f t h e Br o t h e r h o o d t h a t t h e T
. S. s h o u l d
b e t h u s b r o a d l y a d v e r t i s e d - a n d n o d o u b t i t
w o u l d a l s o b e b y t h e w i l l o f t h e s a m e a u g u s t
p e r s o n a g e s , i f t h e " R e l i g i o " 4 f o r e x a m p l e
' " R e l i g i o " m e a n s t h e
R e l g i o - P h i l o s o p h i c a l J o u r n a l .
. 1 8 8

T HET HEOSOP HICALMOV EMENT


s h o u l d c o n t a i n s o m e d a y a c o l u m n o r t w o e x -
p l a i n i n g t h e d e l i c a t e a n d m y s t e r i o u s m a n n e r i n
w h i c h r i c e - p a p e r c o m m u n i c a t i o n s a r e " p r e c i p i -
t a t e d " o u t o f t h e Ak a s a
.
T h i s i s c l e a r l y a
t a c i t a d m i s s i o n o n Co u e s ' p a r t t h a t
h e f u r n i s h e d t h e " m e s s a g e " t o t h e T r i b u n e , t h a t h e
" " s a w " i t p r e c i p i t a t e d , a n d a n i n s i n u a t i o n t h a t h e h a d
r e c e i v e d f r o m Mr . J u d g e ; s i m i l a r " m e s s a g e s . " T o Dr .
Co u e s ' l e t t e r Mr . J u d g e r e p l i e d i n t i m a t i n g t h a t t h e w h o l e
t a l e , " m e s s a g e s " a n d a l l , o r i g i n a t e d i n Dr . Co u e s ' o w n
b r a i n . Un d e r d a t e o f J u n e 11, 18 8 8 , P r o f . Co u e s r e -
p l i e d t o Mr . J u d g e ' s w a r n i n g s :
De a r J u d g e . - Bu t n o w c o m e s a n o t h e r t r o u b l e .
It a p p e a r s , a n d n o t f r o m ' Co u e s - ' b r a i n , " b u t
f r o m a m u c h m o r e m a t e r i a l a n d v e r y l i k e l y m u c h
s t u p i d e r s o u r c e , t h a t y o u h a v e b e e n o p p o s i n g m y
l o n g s t a n d i n g c a n d i d a c y f o r t h e e s o t e r i c p r e s i -
d e n c y , i n o r d e r t o k e e p t h e o s t e n s i b l e c o n t r o l
o f T . S. i n y o u r o w n h a n d a n d m a k e y o u r s e l f
t h e r e a l o r a c t u a l h e a d o f t h e c o n c e r n i n Am e r i -
c a , l e a v i n g m e o n l y a s a f i g u r e - h e a d
;a n d Ia m
r e f e r r e d t o a l l a n d a n y n e w s p a p e r r e p o r t s w h i c h
e m a n a t e f r o m t h e Ar y a n s o r y o u r s e l f , a s c a r e -
f u l l y s u p p r e s s i n g o r a t l e a s t n o t p u t t i n g f o r w a r d
m y n a m e , e t c .
It h a d b e c o m e v e r y w e l l k n o w n a m o n g s t m e m b e r s o f
t h e T . S
. i n t h e Un i t e d St a t e s t h a t Dr . Co u e s , i n t h e
c o u r s e o f h i s p e r s o n a l p r o p a g a n d a h a d b r o a d l y h i n t e d
a t h i s o w n Oc c u l t r e l a t i o n s w i t h t h e Ma h a t m a s , a n d a s
n e i t h e r Mr . J u d g e n o r H. P . B
. i n a n y w a y c o n f i r m e d h i s
c l a i m s , m o r e o r l e s s qu e s t i o n i n g a n d s u s p i c i o n a r o s e i n
r e g a r d t o h i m a n d h i s u l t e r i o r p u r p o s e s . T h u s " h o i s t
w i t h h i s o w n p e t a r d , " Dr
. Co u e s e n d e a v o r e d t o t u r n h i s
t a c t i c s t o b e t t e r a d v a n t a g e i n t h e a t t e m p t t o g a i n f o r
"
Ar y a n " m e a n s t h e Ar y a n T h e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y o f Ne w Y o r k Ci t y ,
t h e r e - o r g a n i za t i o n o f t h e p a r e n t T
. S. Mr . J u d g e w a s P r e s i d e n t o f t h e
Ar y a n s o c i e t y .
MABELCOLLINSANDCOUES

18 9
h i m s e l f t h e p o w e r f u l s u p p o r t o f H. P . B
. i n h i s a m b i t i o n
t o b e t h e p u b l i c h e a d o f t h e So c i e t y i n Am e r i c a , a n d a s
p a r t o f h i s c a m p a i g n t o e n f o l d Mr
. J u d g e i n t h e s o i l e d
r o b e s o f h i s o w n p r e t e n d e d " m e s s a g e s
. " H. P . B. r e -
p l i e d g u a r d e d l y t o h i s c o m m u n i c a t i o n s
; a g r e e i n g w h e r e
s h e c o u l d w i t h Co n e s ' s t r i c t u r e s a n d c r i t i c i s m s o n Co l
.
Ol c o t t , Mr
. J u d g e , a n d t h e " m a n a g e m e n t " o f t h e So c i e t y
;
e n c o u r a g i n g h i m t o l i v e u p t o h i s o w n p r o t e s t a t i o n s o f
l o y a l t y , i n f l u e n c e , a n d d e v o t i o n t o t h e So c i e t y
;i g n o r i n g
h i s e g o t i s m a n d b l a n d i s h m e n t s
;c o r r e c t i n g h i m o n l y w h e r e
t h e i s s u e r a i s e d w a s p o i n t - b l a n k
. On Ch r i s t m a s Da y ,
18 8 8 , h e w r o t e h e r a b o m b a s t i c a n d f u l s o m e l e t t e r
. Mr .
J u d g e w a s a t t h e t i m e i n En g l a n d w i t h H
. P . B. ; Co l .
Ol c o t t , f u r i o u s w i t h h e r a c t i o n i n t h e P a r i s T
. S. a n d
h e r p l a i n s p e a k i n g w i t h h i m , h a d j u s t d e p a r t e d a f t e r h i s
" p i t c h e d b a t t l e " w i t h h e r , a n d h i s r e c o n c i l i a t i o n d u e
c h i e f l y t o t h e Ma s t e r ' s Le t t e r , a s h a s a l r e a d y b e e n t o l d
. 6
Co l
. Ol c o t t h a d b e e n i n c o m m u n i c a t i o n w i t h P r o f
. Co u e s
a n d h a d p o u r e d o u t h i s f e e l i n g s a s w e h a v e s e e n
. P r o f .
Co n e s ' Ch r i s t m a s l e t t e r t o H. P
. B. w a s i n t e n d e d t o a v a i l
h i m s e l f o f t h e s u p p o s e d s t r a i n e d r e l a t i o n s a l l a r o u n d
.
W e qu o t e h i s c l o s i n g p h r a s e s
:
Is y o u r
" f i r s t - b o r n , " t h e m e e k Hi b e r n i a n
J u d g e , ' s t i l l w i t h y o u r m a j e s t y ? Gi v e m y l o v e
t o h i m a n d s a y , Id o n ' t g e t u p v e r y e a r l y , b u t I
s t a y u p v e r y l a t e
. Ia m g l a d y o u m a d e i t a l l
r i g h t w i t h y o u r p s y c h o l o g i ze d b a b y Ol c o t t w h e n
h e w a s w i t h y o u . .
. .
An d a f t e r a l l , d e a r H. P . B
. , Ia m r e a l l y v e r y
f o n d a n d v e r y p r o u d o f y o u , a n d a d m i r e y o u r
g e n i u s a s o n l y a m a n o f g e n i u s c a n
. So h e r e ' s
m y b l e s s i n g , a n d a l l g o o d w i s h e s , f o r t h e g r e a t -
e s t w o m a n o f t h i s a g e ,
w h o i s b o r n t o r e d e e m
h e r t i m e s ,
a n d g o d o w n t o e v e r l a s t i n g h i s t o r i c a l
f a m e .
Ev e r y o u r s , s t i l l i n t h e p s y c h i c m a e l s t r o m ,
DAR i u s HY ST ASP ESII
.
s
e e
Ch a p t e r X .
' Mr . J u d g e w a s o f Ir i s h p a r e n t a g e a n d b i r t h
.
190

T HET HEOSOP HICALMOV EMENT


In o n e o f h e r l e t t e r s t o Dr . Co n e s , H. P . B. h a d c a l l e d
Mr . J u d g e h e r f i r s t - b o r n ;Co l
. Ol c o t t s h e h a d s p o k e n
o f a s a p s y c h o l o g i ze d b a b y w h e n r e f e r r i n g t o t h e e f f e c t s
u p o n h i m o f h i s t w e n t y y e a r s ' d a b b l i n g w i t h m e d i u m s
a n d h i s n e v e r - e n d i n g t h i r s t f o r p h e n o m e n a
. Da r i u s
Hy s t a s p e s IIw a s a f a v o r i t e s i g n a t u r e o f Dr . Co n e s i n
w r i t i n g t o H. P . B. , a s Dr . F a u s t u s w a s i n h i s l e t t e r s t o
Mr . J u d g e .
On Ap r i l 16 , 18 8 9, j u s t p r i o r t o t h e Co n v e n t i o n o f t h e
Am e r i c a n Se c t i o n f o r t h a t y e a r , Dr
. Co u e s w r o t e H. P . B.
a l o n g l e t t e r d e t a i l i n g h i s o w n g r e a t n e s s a n d i n f l u e n c e ,
t h e s t r e n g t h o f h i s Gn o s t i c Br a n c h ( i t h a d s o m e t h i r t y
m e m b e r s a l l t o l d , a t t h e t i m e , n o n e o f t h e m a c t i v e T h e -
o s o p h i c a l l y ) , a n d w i t h h a l f - v e i l e d t h r e a t s t r i e d t o i n d u c e
h e r t o a s k t h e Am e r i c a n T h e o s o p h i s t s t o p l a c e h i m a t
t h e i r h e a d
. T h u s
Y o u a p p e a r t o h a v e b e e n m i s i n f o r m e d o r u n -
i n f o r m e d r e s p e c t i n g t h e Gn o s t i c a n d i t s
Br a n c h e s , a s w e l l a s m y o w n w o r k i n y o u r b e -
h a l f .
Bo t h i n n u m b e r s a n d i n qu a l i t y o f i t s
m e m b e r s h i p , t h e Gn o s t i c i s u n qu e s t i o n a b l y t h e
l e a d i n g Br a n c h o f t h e T . S
. i n t h e c o u n t r y . It s
m e m b e r s a r e f o r t h e m o s t p a r t o f a h i g h , r e -
f i n e d , e d u c a t e d , a n d i n f l u e n t i a l c l a s s i n s o c i e t y ,
i n s c i e n c e a n d b e f o r e t h e w o r l d , a n d m o s t o f
t h e m a r e i n d e f a t i g a b l e i n w o r k i n g f o r t h e c a u s e
t o w h i c h y o u r o w n g r e a t a n d n o b l e l i f e i s d e -
v o t e d . Ia m s a t i s f i e d t h a t i f y o u w o u l d d o y o u r
p a r t t o g i v e m y Gn o s t i c s t h e i r j u s t d u e s a n d
r e c o g n i t i o n , t h e y a n d Ic a n l i f t T h e o s o p h y c l e a r
o f t h e m u d w h i c h h a s b e e n t h r o w n u p o n i t a n d
s e t y o u r o w n s e l f i n a p r o p e r l i g h t b e f o r e t h e
w o r l d . W e a l l f e e l k e e n l y t h e a b u s e a n d p e r s e -
c u t i o n t o w h i c h y o u h a v e b e e n s u b j e c t e d , a n d
a n x i o u s t o d o y o u f u l l j u s t i c e a n d h o n o r . Bu t
t h e y a r e u n a n i m o u s l y d i s s a t i s f i e d w i t h t h e w a y
t h e s o c i e t y i s r u n a t p r e s e n t , a n d t h e y w o n d e r
MABELCOLLINSANDCOUES

191
w h e r e y o u r
INT UIT ION c a n b e , t h a t y o u f a i l t o
s e e w h e r e y o u r o b v i o u s a d v a n t a g e l i e s , i n n o t
s t r e n g t h e n i n g a n d h o l d i n g u p t h e h a n d s o f t h e i r
r e p r e s e n t a t i v e m a n
[ P r o f . Co n e s ] . . . Be w i s e
n o w a n d b e w a r n e d i n t i m e ; y o u a r e a v e r y g r e a t
w o m a n , w h o s h o u l d b e qu i c k t o s e e t h a t t h i s i s
n o o r d i n a r y o c c a s i o n . It e l l y o u f r a n k l y , i t i s
p o s s i b l e t h a t a l l t h i s p r e s t i g e , s o c i a l a n d p e r s o n a l
a n d p r o f e s s i o n a l i n f l u e n c e , s c i e n t i f i c a t t a i n m e n t
a n d p u b l i c i n t e r e s t , c a n b e t h r o w n o n t h e s i d e
o f t h e T . S. , a s a t p r e s e n t c o n s t i t u t e d , o r c a n
b e s w i t c h e d o f f o n a n e w t r a c k a s i d e f r o m t h e o l d
l i n e s . If y o u c a n n o t
SEE
t h i s , a n d u n d e r s t a n d i t ,
a n d a c t a c c o r d i n g l y , t h e r e i s n o t h i n g m o r e f o r
m e t o s a y , a n d Im u s t p r e s u m e t h a t y o u d o n o t
c a r e f o r m y p e o p l e . J u d g e a n d Ic a m e t o a
f a i r u n d e r s t a n d i n g o n c e , a n d Iw a s c a r r y i n g o u t
o u r a g r e e m e n t i n g o o d f a i t h , a n d a l l w a s s m o o t h ,
w h e n s o m e t h i n g o r o t h e r , a f f e c t i n g t h e qu e s -
t i o n o f t h e P r e s i d e n c y , i n t e r f e r e d , a n d s i n c e t h e n
t h e r e h a s b e e n n o t h i n g b u t f r i c t i o n a n d m i s u n -
d e r s t a n d i n g i n t h e " Es o t e r i c " T . S. - w h i c h y o u
k n o w c o n s i s t e d o f y o u r s e l f , m y s e l f , a n d J u d g e
a n d y o u r i s s u e o f a n e w a n d d i f f e r e n t " e s o t e r i c "
m a n i f e s t o d i d n o t m e n d m a t t e r s . No w b e w i s e
a n d
P o Li T i c
. . . . T h e T . S
. i n Am e r i c a i s a t
p r e s e n t a HEAm LEs s m o n s t r o s i t y : i t m u s t h a v e a
v i s i b l e , o f f i c i a l h e a d t o r e p r e s e n t i t s r e a l , i n -
v i s i b l e s o u r c e . Y o u k n o w w h o m t h e m a j o r i t y o f
t h e F . T . S. h a v e d e s i r e d t o p u t f o r w a r d a s t h e i r
r e p r e s e n t a t i v e t h e o s o p h i s t i n Am e r i c a . It i s
o n l y n e c e s s a r y f o r y o u t o c a b l e t h e Ch i c a g o
Co n v e n t i o n , t o e l e c t h i m p r e s i d e n t . W e i g h
t h e s e w o r d s w e l l ;p a u s e , c o n s i d e r , r e f l e c t , a n d
ACT . " If ' t w e r e w e l l d o n e , ' t w e r e w e l l d o n e
qu i c k l y . "
T h e n e x t d a y , Ap r i l 17 , 18 8 9, h e w r o t e h e r f u r t h e r o n
t h e s a m e s u b j e c t a n d , w i t h i n c o m p a r a b l e e f f r o n t e r y , i n -
- 199

T HET HEOSOP HICALMOV EMENT


e l u d e d t h e f o l l o w i n g
c h o i c e
g e m s o f
h i s e g o t i s m a n d
m e n d a c i t y
. . .
d o y o u k n o w y o u a r e g e t t i n g g r e a t d i s -
c r e d i t i n t h i s c o u n t r y a n d f o r w h a t d o y o u s u p -
p o s e ? f o r b e i n g j e a l o u s o f m e !
Ca n y o u i m a g i n e
s u c h f l a p d o o d l e IY o u a r e n o t m o v e d b y a b u s e ,
b u t y o u w a n t t o k n o w h o w p e o p l e t h i n k a n d
w h a t t h e y s a y , a n d a g r e a t m a n y a r e t a l k i n g
l o u d l y a n d w i l d l y , t h a t y o u r s i l e n c e r e s p e c t i n g
m y b o o k s i n t h e " Se c r e t Do c t r i n e , " a n d t h e a b -
s e n c e o f m y n a m e f r o m Lu c i f e r ( a s w e l l a s f r o m
T h e P a t h )
m e a n s t h a t y o u a r e a f r a i d o f m y
g r o w i n g p o w e r , a n d
w i l l b r o o k n o r i v a l s o
d a n g e r o u s l y n e a r t h e p a p a l t h r o n e o f t h e -
o s o p h y . . .
. T h e r e i s a n o t h e r qu e e r t h i n g . Y o u
h a v e s o m e h o w g o t i t s t u c k i n y o u r m i n d , t h a t I
p u t i n t h e Ch i c a g o T r i b u n e l a s t y e a r a c a r i c a -
t u r e o f t h e Ma s t e r K. H. Ih a d n o t h i n g w h a t -
e v e r t o d o w i t h t h e a r t i c l e , w h i c h w a s m e r e l y
a n e w s p a p e r s k i t , a n d t h e l i t h o g r a p h e d e f f u s i o n
w a s n o m o r e a Ma h a t m i c d o c u m e n t t h a n t h i s
l e t t e r . It w a s s i m p l y a p i e c e o f n e w s p a p e r w i t .
J u d g e i s a g o o d f e l l o w a n d m e a n s w e l l , a n d
Il i k e h i m f o r m a n y t h i n g s , e s p e c i a l l y h i s d e v o -
t i o n t o y o u a n d t h e m a s t e r s a n d t h e i r Ca u s e ;
b u t d a b b l i n g i n o c c u l t i s m , e s p e c i a l l y o n a
Ma h a t m i c a l t i t u d e i s d a n g e r o u s e x c e p t t o a n
Ad e p t !!I a m t h e h u m b l e s e r v a n t o f
m y
Ma h a t m a .
T h e Am e r i c a n Co n v e n t i o n m e t a t t h e e n d o f t h e s a m e
m o n t h
. P r o f e s s o r Co u e s w a s n o t p r e s e n t . He w a s n o t
e l e c t e d P r e s i d e n t o r a n y o t h e r o f f i c e r o f t h e Am e r i c a n
Se c t i o n .
H
. P . B. d i d n o t c a b l e t h e Co n v e n t i o n a s r e -
qu e s t e d . On t h e c o n t r a r y , h e r f o r m a l Le t t e r t o t h a t Co n -
v e n t i o n h a d d i s t i n c t r e f e r e n c e t o t h e c l a s s o f " T h e o s o -
p h i s t s " o f w h i c h P r o f
. Co u e s w a s s u c h a s h i n i n g e x a m p l e ,
a s m a y b e o b s e r v e d f r o m t h e e x t r a c t s g i v e n i n t h e l a s t
c h a p t e r . An d u n d e r d a t e o f Ap r i l 30, 18 8 9, s h g w r o t e
P r o f . Co n e s f r o m Lo n d o n , s a y i n g :
MABELCOLLINSANDCOUES

199
De a r Do c t o r Co u e s : Ih a v e r e c e i v e d y o u r t w o
l e t t e r s a n d r e a d t h e m a s t h e y s t a n d a n d a l s o b e -
t w e e n t h e l i n e s a n d t h e r e f o r e Im e a n t o b e a s
f r a n k w i t h y o u a s y o u a r e f r a n k w i t h m e
. I
w i l l t a k e y o u r t w o l e t t e r s p o i n t b y p o i n t .
P o i n t b y p o i n t s h e g o e s o v e r t h e v a r i o u s m a t t e r s i n
P r o f
. Co u e s ' l e t t e r s , i n f r i e n d l y , c o n s i d e r a t e , b u t s e v e r e l y
p l a i n l a n g u a g e , a n d o n t h e s u b j e c t o f t h e " m e s s a g e f r o m
t h e Ma h a t m a " s h e s a y s
3
. If y o u h a d n o t h i n g t o d o w i t h t h e
Ch i c a g o
T r i b u n e
a r t i c l e ( t h o ' y o u m u s t h a v e i n f l u e n c e
w i t h y o u r o w n n e p h e w ) t h e n w h y d i d y o u n o t
c o n t r a d i c t i t , t h e n a n d t h e r e ?
4
. Ik n o w n o t h i n g a b o u t t h e n u m b e r o f m e s -
s a g e s y o u m a y h a v e r e c e i v e d f r o m Ma s t e r s
t h r o u g h J u d g e , w h o m Iw o u l d n e v e r b e l i e v e c a p -
a b l e o f i t , o r a n y o n e e l s e . . .
. Y o u s p e a k o f
m y s e a l s o n t h o s e l e t t e r s . . . . W h e r e d i d t h e y
g e t t h i s ? F r o m J u d g e , f r o m m e o r f r o m y o u ?
It c o u l d h a r d l y h a v e b e e n a n y e x c e p t o n e o f u s
t h r e e . . . .
Y o u r w i s e a d v i c e t h a t s u c h Ma h a t m a
m e s s a g e s s h o u l d b e c o n f i n e d t o o n e c h a n n e l , " t h e ,
o n l y g e n u i n e a n d o r i g i n a l H
. P . B. y o u r f r i e n d , "
w a s a n t i c i p a t e d b y Ma h a t m a K
. H. i n s o m a n y
w o r d s . T h e n w h y d o y o u k i c k a g a i n s t t h a t ?
Y o u s p e a k o f y o u r Ma h a t m a , t h e n w h y d o n ' t y o u
s e n d l e t t e r s i n h i s n a m e i n s t e a d o f t h o s e o f m y
Ma s t e r a n d Ma h a t m a K. H. T h a t w o u l d s e t t l e
a l l t h e d i f f i c u l t i e s a n d t h e r e w o u l d b e n o qu a r r e l
.
. . .
W h a t y o u h a v e l e a r n e d t h r o u g h m e , Ik n o w ,
a n d d o n o t w a n t t o k n o w b e y o n d
. Y o u m a y o b e y
o r -
d i s o b e y y o u r Ma s t e r a s m u c h a s y o u l i k e , i f
y o u k n o w h i m t o e x i s t o u t s i d e o f y o u r p s y c h i c
v i s i o n s . As t o m i n e , e v e r y m a n d e v o i d o f a l l
p s y c h i c p o w e r s c a n s e e h i m , s i n c e h e i s a l i v -
i n g m a n . Iw i s h h e c o u l d b e y o u r s , f o r t h e n , m y
d e a r e s t Dr . , y o u w o u l d b e s p i r i t u a l l y a b e t t e r
m a n a n d a l e s s s c e p t i c a l o n e t h a n y o u a r e
.
194

T HET HEOSOP HICALMOV EMENT


Y o u s p e a k o f y o u r e a g e r n e s s " t o d e f e n d a n d
h e l p a w o m a n w h o h a s b e e n s a d l y p e r s e c u t e d ,
b e c a u s e m i s u n d e r s t o o d . " P e r m i t m e t o s a y t o
y o u f o r t h e l a s t t i m e t h a t n o b i t t e r e s t e n e m y o f
m i n e h a s e v e r m i s u n d e r s t o o d m e a s y o u d o . . .
CHAP T ER SIII
T HE COUES- COLLINS CHAR GES ANDT HEIR AF T ER MAT H
HAV ING
f a i l e d , a l i k e i n h i s a t t e m p t s t o i n g r a t i a t e h i m -
s e l f w i t h t h e Am e r i c a n T h e o s o p h i s t s , t o d e c e i v e H
. P . B .
i n r e g a r d t o h i s o w n t r e a c h e r o u s c o u r s e , o r t o d i s t u r b
h e r c o m p l e t e c o n f i d e n c e a n d t r u s t i n Mr . J u d g e , a n d h i s
m a t e r i a l b e i n g a l l p r e p a r e d a n d r e a d y f o r t h e e x e c u -
t i o n o f h i s t h i n l y v e i l e d t h r e a t s , P r o f . Co u e s m a d e t h e
f i r s t a s s a u l t i n h i s c a m p a i g n t o r u i n i f h e c o u l d n o t r u l e .
On Ma y 11, 18 8 9, a p p e a r e d t h e f i r s t . Co u e s - Co l l i n s l e t -
t e r s i n t h e R e l i g i o - P h i l o s o p h i c a l J o u r n a l ; f o l l o w e d u p i n
t h e i s s u e o f t h e s a m e j o u r n a l f o r J u n e 1, w i t h t w o m o r e
l e t t e r s f r o m t h e s a m e s o u r c e . Su c c e e d i n g i s s u e s f o l l o w e d
w i t h a d d i t i o n a l g u n s f r o m t h e Ed i t o r , Co l . Bu n d y , f r o m
Mr . W . Em m e t t e Co l e m a n , a n d o t h e r s , i n a d d i t i o n t o
P r o f . Co u e s . Ot h e r Sp i r i t u a l i s t a n d s e c t a r i a n p u b l i c a -
t i o n s a n d t h e s e c u l a r p r e s s f o l l o w e d s u i t . Am a n i f e s t l y
i n s p i r e d a t t a c k o n e v e r y t h i n g T h e o s o p h i c a l , i n c l u d i n g o f
c o u r s e H. P . B. a n d Mr
. J u d g e , r a g e d i n m a n y qu a r t e r s .
In En g l a n d t h e g r o u n d h a d b e e n e qu a l l y w e l l p r e p a r e d ,
a n d i n Li g h t o f t h e i s s u e s f o r Ma y , J u n e , a n d s u c c e e d -
i n g m o n t h s t h e c h a r g e s f i r s t p u b l i s h e d i n Am e r i c a w e r e
r e p e a t e d , w i t h a d d i t i o n s a n d v a r i a t i o n s . T h e r e , a s i n
t h e Un i t e d St a t e s , m a n y o t h e r p u b l i c a t i o n s e n t e r e d t h e
f r a y , a n d t h e r e w a s a r e v i v a l o f t h e f a m i l i a r t a c t i c s e m -
p l o y e d f i v e y e a r s p r e v i o u s l y d u r i n g t h e Co u l o m b a n d
S. P . R . a t t a c k
. T h e R e l i g i o - P h i l o s o p h i c a l J o u r n a l d i d
n o t o p e n i t s c o l u m n s t o c o u n t e r e v i d e n c e , b u t Li g h t , w i t h
a d i s p l a y o f f a i r n e s s a s c o m m e n d a b l e a s i t w a s u n i qu e ,
g a v e s p a c e a s f r e e l y t o d e f e n d e r s a s t o a s s a i l a n t s . Du r -
i n g t h e s u m m e r a n d a u t u m n a n o t h e r s t r a t e g e m w a s e m -
p l o y e d i n a m a n n e r w o r t h y o f t h e b e s t t r a d i t i o n s o f t h e
f o l l o w e r s o f Ig n a t i u s Lo y o l a
. T h i s j e s u i t i c a l d e v i c e w a s
195
196

T HET HEOSOP HICALMOV EMENT


a b l y c a r r i e d o u t t h r o u g h Mi c h a e l An g e l o La n e . Mr .
La n e w a s a n e w s p a p e r r e p o r t e r o f St . Lo u i s . Be c o m i n g
i n t e r e s t e d i n T h e o s o p h y a s e a r l y a s 18 8 5 , h e j o i n e d t h e
So c i e t y a n d c o r r e s p o n d e d w i t h t h e h e a d qu a r t e r s a t
Ad y a r . La t e r o n h e b e c a m e a c qu a i n t e d w i t h Mr . J u d g e
a n d v o l u n t e e r e d h i s s e r v i c e s i n Ne w Y o r k . Af t e r t h e
f o r m a t i o n o f t h e Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n , Mr . La n e m a d e h i s
a p p l i c a t i o n f o r a d m i s s i o n t h e r e t o a s a p r o b a t i o n e r . He
p r o f e s s e d t h e u t m o s t d e v o t i o n t o t h e Ca u s e a n d w r o t e
H. P . B. h i s d e s i r e t o g o t o Lo n d o n t o b e n e a r h e r a n d
t o a i d i n t h e w o r k t h e r e . He t o o k t h e p l e d g e o f t h e
Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n , w e n t t o Lo n d o n , a n d w a s a t t h e Lo n d o n
h e a d qu a r t e r s f o r s e v e r a l w e e k s . He m y s t e r i o u s l y d i s -
a p p e a r e d o n s e v e r a l o c c a s i o n s a n d v e r y s h o r t l y r e t u r n e d
t o t h e Un i t e d St a t e s . T h e r e a f t e r h e w e n t f r o m Lo d g e
t o Lo d g e , o s t e n s i b l y a s a T h e o s o p h i s t a n d m e m b e r o f
t h e Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n a n d s p r e a d s t o r i e s a m o n g t h e m e m -
b e r s t o t h e d i s c r e d i t o f H. P . B
. ,
o f t h e Se c t i o n a n d o f
t h e So c i e t y . Mr . La n e w a s p r o m p t l y e x p o s e d a s s o o n
a s c i r c u m s t a n t i a l s t a t e m e n t s o f h i s a c t i v i t i e s w e r e f o r -
w a r d e d t o Lo n d o n , w h e r e u p o n h e r a n g e d h i m s e l f o p e n l y
w i t h P r o f . Co u e s a n d o t h e r e n e m i e s o f H. P . B. , a n d h e r
w o r k . P r o f e s s o r Co u e s a l s o h a d e a r l y a p p l i e d t o H. P . B .
f o r t h e p l e d g e a n d p r e l i m i n a r y p a p e r s o f t h e Es o t e r i c
Se c t i o n , a n d t h e s e h a d b e e n t r a n s m i t t e d t o h i m i n c o n f i -
d e n c e , t h e s a m e a s t o a l l o t h e r a p p l i c a n t s . He v i o l a t e d
t h e c o n f i d e n c e r e p o s e d i n h i m , f o r t h e s e p a p e r s a n d t h e
p l e d g e w e r e p r i n t e d i n t h e R e l i g i o - P h i l o s o p h i c a l J o u r n a l
d u r i n g t h e c o u r s e o f t h e w a r f a r e , a n d t h e i r c o n t e n t s d i s -
c u s s e d w i t h , a n d a p o r t i o n o f t h e m g i v e n b y P r o f . Co u e s
d i r e c t l y t o t h e
Ne w Y o r k Su n
i n a n i n t e r v i e w
.
.
In h i s f i r s t l e t t e r t o t h e R e l i g i o - P h i l o s o p h i c a l J o u r n a l
P r o f
. Co u e s s t a t e d s p e c i f i c a l l y t h a t " a b o u t f o u r y e a r s
a g o , " ( i . e . , i n 18 8 5 ) b e i n g i n t e r e s t e d i n " Li g h t o n t h e
P a t h , " h e " w r o t e Mr s . Co l l i n s a l e t t e r , p r a i s i n g i t a n d
a s k i n g h e r a b o u t i t s r e a l s o u r c e
. "
T h i s w a s b e c a u s e
" Li g h t o n t h e P a t h , " s a i d P r o f . Co u e s , " w a s s u p p o s e d
t o h a v e b e e n d i c t a t e d t o Mr s . Co l l i n s b y ' Bo o t Ho o m i , '
o r s o m e o t h e r Hi n d u a d e p t w h o h e l d t h e T h e o s o p h i c a l
So c i e t y i n t h e h o l l o w o f h i s m a s t e r l y h a n d . " T o t h i s
T HECOUES- COLLINSCHAR GES

1 9
7
l e t t e r o f h i s Mi s s Co l l i n s " p r o m p t l y r e p l i e d , i n h e r o w n
h a n d w r i t i n g , t o t h e e f f e c t t h a t ` Li g h t o n t h e P a t h ' w a s
i n s p i r e d o r d i c t a t e d f r o m t h e s o u r c e a b o v e i n d i c a t e d . "
Dr . Co u e s g o e s o n t o s a y t h a t
s i n c e t h a t t i m e " n o t h i n g
p a s s e d b e t w e e n Mr s . Co l l i n s a n d m y s e l f u n t i l y e s t e r d a y
[ Ma y 2 , 18 8 9] , w h e n I u n e x p e c t e d l y r e c e i v e d t h e f o l l o w -
i n g l e t t e r . " Mi s s Co l l i n s ' l e t t e r i s d a t e d Ap r i l 18 , 18 8 9,
a n d r u n s :
De a r Si r : If e e l Ih a v e a d u t y t o w r i t e y o u
o n a d i f f i c u l t a n d ( t o m e ) p a i n f u l s u b j e c t
. a n d
t h a t Im u s t n o t d e l a y i t a n y l o n g e r .
Y o u w i l l r e m e m b e r w r i t i n g t o a s k m e w h o w a s
t h e i n s p i r e r o f " Li g h t o n t h e P a t h . " If y o u h a d
n o t y o u r s e l f b e e n a c qu a i n t e d w i t h Ma d a m e
Bl a v a t s k y Is h o u l d d e s p a i r o f m a k i n g y o u e v e r
u n d e r s t a n d m y c o n d u c t . Of c o u r s e Io u g h t t o
h a v e a n s w e r e d t h e l e t t e r w i t h o u t s h o w i n g i t t o
a n y o n e e l s e ;b u t a t t h a t t i m e Iw a s b o t h s t u d y -
i n g Ma d a m e Bl a v a t s k y a n d s t u d y i n g u n d e r h e r
.
Ik n e w n o t h i n g t h e n o f t h e m y s t e r i e s o f t h e T h e -
o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y , a n d Iw a s p u zzl e d w h y y o u
s h o u l d w r i t e m e i n s u c h a w a y . It o o k t h e l e t -
t e r t o h e r ;t h e r e s u l t w a s t h a t Iw r o t e t h e a n -
s w e r a t h e r d i c t a t i o n . Id i d n o t d o t h i s b y h e r
o r d e r s ;Ih a v e n e v e r b e e n u n d e r h e r o r d e r s .
Bu t Ih a v e d o n e o n e o r t w o t h i n g s b e c a u s e s h e
b e g g e d a n d i m p l o r e d m e t o ;a n d t h i s Id i d f o r
t h a t r e a s o n . So f a r a s Ic a n r e m e m b e r Iw r o t e
y o u t h a t Ih a d r e c e i v e d " Li g h t o n t h e P a t h "
f r o m o n e o f t h e Ma s t e r s w h o g u i d e Ma d a m e
Bl a v a t s k y
. Iw i s h t o e a s e m y c o n s c i e n c e n o w
b y s a y i n g t h a t Iw r o t e t h i s l e t t e r f r o m n o k n o w l -
e d g e o f m y o w n a n d m e r e l y t o p l e a s e h e r ;a n d
t h a t In o w s e e t h a t Iw a s v e r y w r o n g i n d o i n g s o .
Io u g h t f u r t h e r t o s t a t e t h a t " Li g h t o n t h e
P a t h " w a s n o t t o m y k n o w l e d g e i n s p i r e d b y a n y
o n e ; b u t t h a t Is a w i t w r i t t e n o n t h e w a l l s o f
a p l a c e Iv i s i t s p i r i t u a l l y , ( w h i c h i s d e s c r i b e d
i n t h e " Bl o s s o m a n d t h e F r u i t " ) - t h e r e Ir e a d
1
9 8
T HET HEOSOP HICALMOV EMENT
i t a n d Iw r o t e i t d o w n . Ih a v e m y s e l f n e v e r
r e c e i v e d p r o o f o f t h e e x i s t e n c e o f a n y Ma s t e r ;
t h o u g h Ib e l i e v e ( a s a l w a y s ) t h a t t h e m a h a t m i c
f o r c e m u s t e x i s t .
Y o u r s f a i t h f u l l y ,
MABEL
COLLINS.
P r o f e s s o r Co u e s s a y s o f Ma b e l Co l l i n s ' l e t t e r t o h i m
a s a b o v e :
Iw a s n o t s u r p r i s e d a t t h e n e w l i g h t i t t h r e w
o n t h e p a t h w a y o f t h e T h e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y ,
f o r l a t e d e v e l o p m e n t s r e s p e c t i n g t h a t s i n g u l a r
r e s u l t o f Ma d a m e Bl a v a t s k y ' s n o w f a m o u s h o a x
l e f t m e n o t h i n g t o w o n d e r a t .
Ne x t , i n t h e R e l i g i o - P h i l o s o p h i c a l J o u r n a l o f
J u n e 1,
18 8 9, P r o f
. Co u e s a p p e a r s w i t h a n o t h e r l e t t e r i n w h i c h
h e s a y s t h a t i n h i s f i r s t c o m m u n i c a t i o n h e d i d n o t g i v e
t h e o r i g i n a l l e t t e r f r o m Mi s s Co l l i n s b e c a u s e - - - - IIIc o u l d
n o t c o n v e n i e n t l y l a y m y h a n d s o n i t . " He s a y s h e n o w
g i v e s i t " w o r d f o r w o r d . It i s i n Mr s . Co o k e ' s h a n d -
w r i t i n g , u n d a t e d a n d u n s i g n e d . " T h i s u n d a t e d a n d u n -
s i g n e d n o t e i s a s f o l l o w s
T h e w r i t e r o f " T h e Ga t e s o f ( f o l d " i s Ma b e l
Co l l i n s , w h o h a d i t a s w e l l a s " Li g h t o n t h e
P a t h " a n d t h e " Id y l l o f t h e W h i t e Lo t u s " d i c -
t a t e d t o h e r b y o n e o f t h e a d e p t s o f t h e g r o u p
w h i c h t h r o u g h Ma d a m e Bl a v a t s k y f i r s t c o m -
m u n i c a t e d w i t h t h e W e s t e r n w o r l d . T h e n a m e
o f t h i s i n s p i r e r c a n n o t b e g i v e n , a s t h e p e r s o n a l
n a m e s o f t h e Ma s t e r s h a v e a l r e a d y b e e n s u f -
f i c i e n t l y d e s e c r a t e d
.
P r o f e s s o r Co n e s a d d s :
T h i s i s e x a c t l y , w o r d f o r w o r d , w h a t Mr s .
Co o k e n o w s a y s s h e w r o n g l y w r o t e t o m e b e -
c a u s e Ma d a m e Bl a v a t s k y " b e g g e d a n d i m -
T HECOUES- COLLINSCHAR GES

1 99
p l o r e d " h e r t o d o s o , a n d w h i c h s h e a l s o w r o t e
a t h e r d i c t a t i o n
. It c e r t a i n l y h a s t h e g e n u i n e
Bl a v a t s k i a n r i n g a b o u t i t
.
In a s u b s e qu e n t c o m m u n i c a t i o n t o t h e
R e l i g i o - P h i l -
o s o p h i c a l J o u r n a l Dr
. Co n e s h a s t h e h a r d i h o o d t o s u b -
s c r i b e h i m s e l f " F
. T . S. " ( F e l l o w o f t h e T h e o s o p h i c a l
So c i e t y ) , b u t t h e c o n t e n t s o f t h e l e t t e r i d e n t i f y h i m a s i t s
a u t h o r . Ad d r e s s i n g h i m s e l f t o t h e Ed i t o r , Dr . Co n e s
s a y s :
If y o u r m a i l r e s e m b l e s m i n e i n qu a n t i t y a n d
qu a l i t y o f t h e o s o p h i c a l c o r r e s p o n d e n c e s i n c e
II Ma b e l Co l l i n s ' "
d i s a v o w a l o f i n s p i r a t i o n f r o m
Ma d a m e Bl a v a t s k y ' s Hi n d u " c o n t r o l s " i t m u s t
b e c u r i o u s ' r e a d i n g . . . . At t h i s r e v e l a t i o n
t h r o u g h t h e J o u r n a l s o m e p e o p l e a r e p l e a s e d ;
o t h e r s o r r y , o t h e r s a n g r y ;s o m e a p p l a u d ;s o m e
c o n d e m n ;m a n y a r e c u r i o u s , a n d m o s t o f t h e m
w a n t t o a r g u e a b o u t i t . My m a i l h a s a s o r t o f
s h i v e r y , g o o s e f l e s h qu a l i t y , a s i f a p a n i c i n
m a h a t m i c s t o c k w e r e i m m i n e n t a n d t h e r e i s a
t e n d e n c y o f t h e h a i r o f t h e f a i t h f u l t o s t a n d o n
e n d . . . .
F i r s t , a g o o d m a n y p e r s o n s a r e s u r p r i s e d t h a t
Is e e m t o h a v e o n l y n o w f o u n d o u t t h a t " Li g h t
o n t h e P a t h " w a s n o t d i c t a t e d b y o u r f r i e n d
Bo o t Ho o m i o r a n y o t h e r Ea s t e r n a d e p t . Su c h
h a v e a l w a y s k n o w n a l l a b o u t i t s s o u r c e a n d m y
d i s c o v e r y i s d i s c o u n t e d a s a t h e o s o p h i c a l c h e s t -
n u t . Le t m e s a y t o a l l s u c h t h a t Id o n o t a l w a y s
t e l l a l l Ik n o w , a n d t h a t Im i g h t h a v e c o n t i n u e d
s i l e n t o n t h e a u t h o r s h i p o f " Li g h t o n t h e
P a t h , " h a d In o t h a d r e a s o n s f o r p u b l i s h i n g
Mr s . Co o k e ' s l e t t e r j u s t t h e n a n d t h e r e - r e a s o n s
Ir e s e r v e f o r t h e p r e s e n t .
Ex a m i n i n g P r o f . Co u e s ' " e v i d e n c e " a s s u p p l i e d b y
h i m s e l f t h e r e a d e r w i l l n o t e t h a t h e s a y s h e f i r s t w r o t e
Mi s s Co l l i n s i n 18 8 5 ( t h e y e a r i n w h i c h " Li g h t o n t h e
P a t h " w a s f i r s t p u b l i s h e d ) , a s k i n g h e r a b o u t i t s " r e a l
2 00

T HET HEOSOP HICALMOV EMENT


s o u r c e , " a n d t h a t h e w a s m o v e d t o d o t h i s b o t h b e c a u s e
o f t h e i n s c r i p t i o n t h a t i t w a s " w r i t t e n d o w n " b y h e r ,
a n d b e c a u s e " i t w a s s u p p o s e d t o h a v e b e e n d i c t a t e d
t o Mr s
. Co l l i n s b y ' Ko o t Ho o m i ' o r s o m e o t h e r a d e p t
w h o h e l d t h e T h e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y i n t h e h o l l o w o f h i s
m a s t e r l y h a n d
. " He s a y s h e r r e p l y c o n f i r m e d t h e s u p -
p o s i t i o n .
At t h e t i m e h e w r o t e Mi s s Co l l i n s h e w a s a l r e a d y
h i m s e l f a m e m b e r o f t h e So c i e t y a n d o f t h e Am e r i c a n
Bo a r d o f Co n t r o l , w a s w e l l a c qu a i n t e d w i t h
H. P . B. ,
a n d
Mr . J u d g e , a n d i n c o m m u n c i a t i o n w i t h t h e m t h e n a n d
t h e r e a f t e r , u p t o a n d i n c l u d i n g Ap r i l , 18 8 9, p r o f e s s i n g
t h e w a r m e s t a d m i r a t i o n a n d f r i e n d s h i p f o r b o t h , a n d t h e
u t m o s t d e v o t i o n t o t h e Ca u s e t h e y s e r v e d . It d o e s n o t
a p p e a r t h a t a t a n y t i m e d u r i n g t h o s e f o u r y e a r s h e e v e r
w r o t e e i t h e r H. P . B. o r Mr . J u d g e f o r c o n f i r m a t i o n o f
Mi s s Ma b e l Co l l i n s ' a f f i r m a t i o n t h a t " Li g h t o n t h e P a t h "
w a s i n s p i r e d o r d i c t a t e d b y o n e o f t h e - T h e o s o p h i c a l
Ad e p t s . Y e t , e i t h e r o n t h e a s s u m p t i o n t h a t h e w a n t e d
t o v e r i f y t h e s o u r c e a s c l a i m e d b y Mi s s Co l l i n s o r t h a t
h e a l l a l o n g b e l i e v e d H. P . B. t o b e t h e i n v e n t o r o f a
" h o a x , " a s h i s f i r s t c o m m u n i c a t i o n a f f i r m s a n d h i s l a s t
i n t i m a t e s , i t i s c l e a r t h a t h e m a d e n o e f f o r t t o v e r i f y
Mi s s Co l l i n s ' s t a t e m e n t
. T h i s i s t h e m o r e p e c u l i a r , a s
i t i s p l a i n l y e v i d e n t h e n e i t h e r k n e w Mi s s Co l l i n s p e r -
s o n a l l y , k e p t u p h i s i n t e r c o u r s e w i t h h e r , n o r h a d a t t h e
t i m e h e r e c e i v e d h e r l e t t e r o f Ap r i l 18 , 18 8 9, a n y b u t
t h e s c a n t i e s t k n o w l e d g e a b o u t h e r
. F o r h e s a y s t h a t i n
t h e i n t e r v e n i n g f o u r y e a r s " n o t h i n g p a s s e d b e t w e e n Mr s
.
Co l l i n s a n d m y s e l f u n t i l y e s t e r d a y " ( Ma y 2 , 18 8 9)
; a n d
i n h i s f i r s t l e t t e r h e f o u r t i m e s c a l l s h e r " Mr s . Co l l i n s , "
w h e r e a s h e r m a r r i e d n a m e w a s Co o k ; w h i l e i n h i s l a t e r
c o m m u n i c a t i o n s h e r e p e a t e d l y s p e a k s o f h e r a s Mr s
.
Co o k e .
No t a b l e a s w a s h i s o m i s s i o n i n t h e c i r c u m s t a n c e s , t o
v e r i f y i n a n y w a y Mi s s Co l l i n s ' f i r s t s t a t e m e n t a s t o t h e
a u t h o r s h i p o f " Li g h t o n t h e P a t h , " h i s c o u r s e o f p r o -
c e d u r e , w h e n h e r s e c o n d l e t t e r c a m e , i s s t i l l m o r e s i g n i f i -
c a n t . F o r i n t h a t l e t t e r s h e p l a i n l y s a i d t o h i m t h a t h e r
o w n f i r s t s t a t e m e n t w a s f a l s e , t h a t i n f a c t " Li g h t o n t h e
T HECODES- COLLINSCHAR GES

2 01
P a t h " w a s n o t t o h e r k n o w l e d g e i n s p i r e d b y a n y o n e ;
t h a t s h e h a d n e v e r r e c e i v e d p r o o f o f t h e e x i s t e n c e o f
a n y Ma s t e r
;t h a t s h e k n e w n o t h i n g a t t h e t i m e o f t h e
" m y s t e r i e s o f t h e T h e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y
. "
Q u i t e a p a r t f r o m a n y t h i n g e l s e , t h e s e t w o c o n t r a d i c -
t o r y s t a t e m e n t s m u s t h a v e s h o w n P r o f . Co u e s t h a t Mi s s
Ma b e l Co l l i n s ' t e s t i m o n y w a s u n t r u s t w o r t h y a n d v a l u e .
l e s s w i t h o u t c o r r o b o r a t i o n . He r e , f r o m e v e r y a n g l e , w a s
s o m e t h i n g t h a t r e qu i r e d a n d d e m a n d e d c l e a r i n g u p i n
m e r e j u s t i c e t o h i m s e l f a s a n h o n e s t i n qu i r e r i n t e r e s t e d
i n g e t t i n g a t t h e f a c t s . Bu t m u c h m o r e t h a n h i s o w n
i n t e r e s t s w e r e c o n c e r n e d i n d o i n g h i s u t m o s t t o a s c e r t a i n
t h e t r u t h : h i s f e l l o w T h e o s o p h i s t s b y t h o u s a n d s w e r e a s
m u c h c o n c e r n e d a s h i m s e l f , i f Ma b e l Co l l i n s ' s e c o n d " e x -
p l a n a t i o n " s h o u l d b e t r u e , a s m u c h c o n c e r n e d a s h i m -
s e l f s h o u l d i t b e f a l s e ;f i n a l l y , r e m a i n e d H
. P . Bl a v a t s k y ,
h i s f r i e n d , r e v e r e d b y m a n y , h a t e d b y m a n y , a c c u s e d o f
a n a b o m i n a b l e o f f e n s e b y a w o m a n w h o h a d a l r e a d y o n c e
g i v e n h i m f a l s e t e s t i m o n y , a n d w h o , h e m u s t h a v e k n o w n ,
h a d r e c e n t l y b e e n d i s m i s s e d f r o m Lu c i f e r a n d f r o m a l l
a s s o c i a t i o n w i t h H. P . B. Ce r t a i n l y e v e r y m o t i v e o f f a i r -
n e s s , o f c o m m o n d e c e n c y , e v e n , w o u l d r e qu i r e h i m t o
t a k e s t e p s t o a s c e r t a i n t h e t r u t h o r t h e f a l s i t y o f Ma b e l
Co l l i n s ' " e x p l a n a t i o n " a n d a c c u s a t i o n b e f o r e m a k i n g a n y
c h a r g e s . Y e t w h a t d i d h e d o ? Im m e d i a t e l y o n r e c e i p t
o f Mi s s Co l l i n s ' l e t t e r o f Ap r i l 18 , h e s a y s , " Ic a b l e d
Mr s . Co l l i n s f o r p e r m i s s i o n t o u s e h e r l e t t e r a t m y d i s -
c r e t i o n . " " Mr s . " Co l l i n s o b e d i e n t l y r e p l i e d , " Us e m y
l e t t e r a s y o u p l e a s e . " An d t h e s a m e d a y P r o f
. Co n e s
e n c l o s e d h e r l e t t e r a n d o n e o f h i s o w n t o t h e R e l i g i o -
P h i l o s o p h i c a l
J o u r n a l - a n a r d e n t Sp i r i t u a l i s t p u b l i c a -
t i o n , v e h i c l e o f Mr
. W . Em m e t t e Co l e m a n ' s p r o l o n g e d
a n d m a l i c i o u s a t t a c k s o n H
. P . B. T h u s , i n v i e w o f t h e
f a c t s , w h a t c r e d e n c e c a n b e a t t a c h e d t o t h e c h a r a c t e r
o r v e r a c i t y o f Dr . El l i o t t Co u e s ' t e s t i m o n y w h e r e h i s
m o t i v e s a r e s o a b s o l u t e l y i m p e a c h e d ?
Bu t t h e r e i s m o r e . In h i s s e c o n d .
c o m m u n i c a t i o n t o
t h e
R e l i g i o - P h i l o s o p h i c a l J o u r n a l
P r o f . Co u e s g i v e s , h e
s a y s , " w o r d f o r w o r d " t h e f i r s t l e t t e r s e n t h i m b y Ma b e l
Co l l i n s . " It i s i n Mr s
. Co o k e ' s h a n d w r i t i n g " a n d i n i t
102

T HET HEOSOP HICALMOV EMENT


s h e s a y s , i n r e p l y t o h i s o r i g i n a l i n qu i r y , " T h e w r i t e r o f
' T h e Ga t e s o f Go l d ' i s Ma b e l Co l l i n s w h o h a d i t a s w e l l
a s ' Li g h t o n t h e P a t h ' a n d ` Id y l l o f t h e W h i t e Lo t u s '
d i c t a t e d t o h e r b y o n e o f t h e a d e p t s . " In h i s f i r s t c o m -
m u n i c a t i o n ( d a t e d Ma y 3, 18 8 9) P r o f . Co u e s h a d a l r e a d y
s t a t e d t h a t h i s o r i g i n a l i n qu i r y a n d h e r r e p l y h a d o c -
c u r r e d " a b o u t f o u r y e a r s a g o " - t h a t i s , s o m e t i m e i n
18 8 5 " s i n c e w h i c h t i m e n o t h i n g p a s s e d b e t w e e n Mr s .
Co l l i n s a n d m y s e l f . " No w t h e a c t u a l a n d i n d i s p u t a b l e
f a c t i s t h a t " T h e Ga t e s o f Go l d " w a s n o t p u b l i s h e d u n t i l
18 8 7 - t w o
y e a r s a f t e r t h e a l l e g e d c o r r e s p o n d e n c e h a d
t a k e n p l a c e ! T h u s t h e " e v i d e n c e " p r o d u c e d b y P r o f .
Co u e s a g a i n s t t h e h o n o r o f H. P . Bl a v a t s k y n o t o n l y
f a l l s o f i t s o w n w e i g h t s o f a r a s s h e i s c o n c e r n e d , b u t
c o n v i c t s P r o f . Co u e s o u t o f h i s o w n m o u t h o f s h a m e l e s s
d u p l i c i t y a n d a n e qu a l l y s h a m e l e s s m e n d a c i t y .
T u r n i n g n o w t o Ma b e l Co l l i n s ' s h a r e i n t h e a t t e m p t e d
s t r o k e , t h e r e a d e r w i l l n o t e u p o n e x a m i n i n g h e r t w o l e t -
t e r s t h a t s h e c o n f e s s e s h e r o w n f a l s e h o o d
. In h e r f i r s t
l e t t e r s h e s a y s h e r b o o k s w e r e d i c t a t e d b y o n e o f t h e
Ad e p t s ;i n h e r s e c o n d l e t t e r s h e s a y s h e r f a l s e h o o d w a s
d i c t a t e d b y H
. P . B. If h e r
f i r s t s t a t e m e n t i s a c c e p t e d
i t w a s t h e Ad e p t w h o d i c t a t e d h e r b o o k s . Bu t i n h e r
s e c o n d l e t t e r s h e d e c l a r e s ( 1) " Ih a v e m y s e l f n e v e r
r e c e i v e d p r o o f o f t h e e x i s t e n c e o f a n y Ma s t e r " ;( 2 ) " I
k n e w n o t h i n g t h e n o f t h e m y s t e r i e s o f t h e T h e o s o p h i c a l
So c i e t y . "
In h e r s e c o n d l e t t e r Ma b e l Co l l i n s a d m i t s t h e f a l s e -
h o o d i n h e r f i r s t b u t s a y s s h e t o l d i t b e c a u s e Ma d a m e
Bl a v a t s k y " b e g g e d a n d i m p l o r e d m e t o . "
Le t u s c o n t r a s t t h e s e s t a t e m e n t s w i t h k n o w n a n d
u n d i s p u t e d f a c t s .
H. P . B. w a s i n Lo n d o n f r o m t h e e n d o f J u l y , 18 8 4 ,
t i l l No v e m b e r 11o f t h e s a m e y e a r , w h e n s h e s a i l e d f o r
In d i a , l e s s t h e i n t e r v a l w h e n s h e w a s i n Ge r m a n y w i t h
t h e Ge b h a r d s . Sh e w a s i n In d i a t i l l Ap r i l o f 18 8 5 , d u r -
i n g w h i c h t i m e s h e w a s i n t h e m i d s t o f t h e s t o r m o f t h e
Co u l o m b c a s e a n d m o s t o f t h e t i m e l y i n g b e t w e e n l i f e
a n d d e a t h
. F r o m Ap r i l , 18 8 5 , o n , s h e w a s i n Na p l e s ,
i n Ge r m a n y , i n Be l g i u m , r e t u r n i n g t o En g l a n d o n l y i n
T HECODES- COLLINSCHAR GES

2 4 8
Ma y , 18 8 7
. Du r i n g t h e e n t i r e p e r i o d f r o m No v e m b e r ,
18 8 4 , u n t i l a f t e r Ma y , 18 8 7 , s h e n e i t h e r s a w n o r h a d a n y
c o m m u n i c a t i o n s w i t h Ma b e l Co l l i n s . Ev e n w h i l e H
. P . B.
w a s i n En g l a n d d u r i n g t h e f a l l o f 18 8 4 s h e n e v e r e v e n
s a w Ma b e l Co l l i n s m o r e t h a n t w o o r t h r e e t i m e s a n d
a t
n o t i m e d i d s h e s e e h e r e x c e p t i n t h e p r e s e n c e o f o t h e r s .
T h e " Id y l l o f t h e W h i t e Lo t u s " w a s w r i t t e n b y Ma b e l
Co l l i n s b e f o r e , s h e e v e r m e t H. P . B. T h a t w o r k w a s
s h o w n b y h e r i n m a n u s c r i p t t o Mr . Ew e n a n d Mr . F i n c h ,
b o t h w e l l - k n o w n a n d r e p u t a b l e m e n , t o b o t h o f w h o m s h e
s t a t e d t h a t t h e w o r k h a d b e e n " i n s p i r e d " b y " s o m e o n e "
w h o s e a p p e a r a n c e s h e d e s c r i b e d
. Mr . Ew e n s h o w e d t h e
m a n u s c r i p t t o Co l . Ol c o t t , w i t h w h o m Ma b e l Co l l i n s
t a l k e d a n d m a d e t h e s a m e c l a i m o f " i n s p i r a t i o n . " Sh e
t o l d Co l . Ol c o t t t h a t t h e w o r k h a d b e e n w r i t t e n b y h e r
e i t h e r i n t r a n c e o r u n d e r d i c t a t i o n , a n d d e s c r i b e d t o h i m
t h e a p p e a r a n c e o f t h e " i n s p i r e r . " Al l t h i s w a s b e f o r e
H. P . B
.
e v e r s e t e y e s o n Ma b e l Co l l i n s .
F u r t h e r m o r e
t h e f i r s t e d i t i o n o f t h e " Id y l l , " p u b l i s h e d w h e n H. P . B .
w a s t h o u s a n d s o f m i l e s a w a y , a n d w i t h o u t a n y i n t e r v e n -
i n g c o m m u n i c a t i o n w i t h Ma b e l Co l l i n s , b o r e t h i s i n s c r i p -
t i o n : " t o t h e T r u e Au t h o r , t h e In s p i r e r o f t h i s w o r k ;
It Is De d i c a t e d . "
Ne x t , w i t h r e g a r d t o " Li g h t o n t h e P a t h " : T h e u n -
d i s p u t e d f a c t s a r e t h a t Ma b e l Co l l i n s d i d n o t b e g i n t h a t
w o r k u n t i l No v e m b e r , 18 8 4 , j u s t p r i o r t o t h e d e p a r t u r e
o f H. P . B. f o r In d i a . On No v e m b e r 8 o f t h a t y e a r Mi s s
Co l l i n s s h o w e d H. P . B. a p a g e o r t w o o f m a n u s c r i p t o f
w h a t a f t e r w a r d s b e c a m e " Li g h t o n t h e P a t h . " H. P . B.
w a s i n In d i a w h e n t h a t w o r k w a s c o m p l e t e d a n d p u b -
l i s h e d , y e t t h e i n s c r i p t i o n a n d Ma b e l Co l l i n s ' v a r i o u s
s t a t e m e n t s a t t h e t i m e a n d o n d o w n t o t h e p r e s e n t d a t e ,
c l a i m t h a t w o r k , n o t a s h e r o w n c o m p o s i t i o n , b u t " w r i t t e n
d o w n " b y h e r . He r l a s t c l a i m i n t h a t r e s p e c t w a s a s
r e c e n t l y m a d e a s t h e y e a r 1919 . 1 H. P . B. n e v e r e v e n
s a w t h e t e x t o f " Li g h t o n t h e P a t h " u n t i l t h e s u m m e r
o f 18 8 6 , w h e n a c o p y o f i t w a s g i v e n t o h e r i n Ge r m a n y
b y Ar t h u r Ge b h a r d
.
' In a n a u t o g r a p h l e t t e r , n o w i n t h e p o s s e s s i o n o f t h e Ed i t o r s o f t h e
m a g a zi n e T h e o s o p h y
( Lo s
An g e l e s , Ca l i f o r n i a ) .
2 04

T HET HEOSOP HICALMOV EMENT


F u r t h e r , Mr s . C. A
. P a s s i n g h a m , a r e p u t a b l e a n d w e l l -
k n o w n En g l i s h w o m a n , w r o t e t o
Li g h t
w h i l e t h e Co u e s -
Co l l i n s c h a r g e s w e r e p e n d i n g , t o t h e e f f e c t t h a t e a r l y i n
18 8 5 Ma b e l Co l l i n s s p e n t a n a f t e r n o o n a n d p a r t o f t h e
e v e n i n g a t h e r h o u s e
. T h i s ,
Mr s . P a s s i n g h a m t h i n k s ,
w a s i n F e b r u a r y
. Sh e c o n t i n u e s
Sh e e x p r e s s e d a w i s h t o l e a v e e a r l y , a s s h e
h a d a n " a p p o i n t m e n t " w i t h " Hi l a r i o n "
. . . I
m a y a d d t h a t Mr s
. Co l l i n s t o l d m e h e r s e l f t h a t
t h e i n f l u e n c e u n d e r w h i c h s h e w r o t e t h e b o o k i n
qu e s t i o n w a s t h a t o f a p e r s o n w h o m s h e h a d l o n g
k n o w n , b u t h a d o n l y l a t e l y
i d e n t i f i e d a s b e i n g
t h a t o f a n " a d e p t
. "
On t h e 12 t h o f J u n e , 18 8 9, Ma b e l Co l l i n s ' s i s t e r , El l e n
Ho p k i n s , w r o t e a l e t t e r t o
Li g h t w h i c h i s p u b l i s h e d i n
t h a t j o u r n a l f o r J u n e 15 , 18 8 9
. T h e l e t t e r f o l l o w s :
. .
. W i l l y o u a l l o w m e t o s t a t e t h a t m y s i s t e r ,
Ma b e l Co l l i n s , i s t o o i l l a t t h e m o m e n t t o b e a b l e
t o s p e a k f o r h e r s e l f , b u t It r u s t t h a t s h e w i l l
b e w e l l e n o u g h i n a f e w d a y s t o f u r n i s h y o u w i t h
a r e p l y w h i c h w i l l p u t a v e r y d i f f e r e n t a s p e c t
o n
t h e w h o l e a f f a i r ?
T h e " f e w d a y s " s p o k e n o f b y El l e n Ho p k i n s w e n t
b y a n d r o l l e d i n t o m o n t h s w i t h n o s t a t e m e n t f r o m
Ma b e l Co l l i n s . Me a n t i m e p a m p h l e t s h a d b e e n g o t t e n
o u t b y " " F . T . S. , " b y Mr . J u d g e , a n d b y H
. P . B. St a t e -
m e n t s h a d b e e n m a d e b y Ar c h i b a l d a n d Be r t r a m Ke i g h t -
l e y , b o t h o f w h o m h a d k n o w n H
. P . B. s i n c e t h e s u m m e r
o f 18 8 4 , b o t h o f w h o m h a d b e e n i n t i m a t e i n d e e d w i t h
Ma b e l Co l l i n s , a n d b o t h o f w h o m h a d r e s i d e d a l m o s t
c o n t i n u o u s l y i n t h e h e a d qu a r t e r s h o u s e w i t h
H. P . B. ,
a f t e r h e r r e t u r n t o En g l a n d i n 18 8 7
. T h e s e v e r a l s t a t e -
m e n t s , t h e d o c u m e n t a r y a n d o t h e r p r o o f s , t h e e s t a b l i s h -
m e n t o f d a t e s , t h e p r o d u c t i o n o f l e t t e r s o f P r o f
. Co u e s
t o
H. P . B. , a l l s h o w e d c o n c l u s i v e l y t h e u t t e r f a l s i t y o f
t h e c h a r g e s m a d e b y t h e Co u e s - Co l l i n s a l l i a n c e
.
T HECOUES- COLLINSCHAR GES

2 05
P r o f e s s o r Co u e s h a d o v e r r e a c h e d h i m s e l f . He h a d
s e e n t h o r o u g h l y e x p o s e d
. T h e c h a r t e r o f t h e Gn o s t i c
Br a n c h w a s r e v o k e d a n d Co u e s h i m s e l f e x p e l l e d f r o m
t h e So c i e t y . Mo n t h s l a t e r , w h i l e p r e p a r i n g a f u r t h e r
a t t a c k , h e e n d e a v o r e d t o r e t r i e v e h i s e a r l i e r b l u n d e r
b y w r i t i n g a l e t t e r t o Li g h t w h i c h i s r e f e r r e d t o i n t h e
l e a d i n g e d i t o r i a l o f t h a t p u b l i c a t i o n f o r No v e m b e r 2 ,
18 8 9
. F r o m t h i s i t a p p e a r s t h a t h e c o n c o c t e d a n e x p o s t
f a c t o
c o r r e c t i o n b y s a y i n g t h a t h e h a d b e e n m i s t a k e n i n
f i x i n g t h e d a t e o f h i s f i r s t l e t t e r t o Mi s s Ma b e l Co l l i n s
a s 18 8 5 , w h e n i t s h o u l d h a v e b e e n 18 8 7 . As p r o o f h e
t o l d t h e e d i t o r o f Li g h t t h a t o n J u n e 1s t , 18 8 9, Mi s s
Co l l i n s h a d c a b l e d h i m o f h i s m i s t a k e a n d a s f u r t h e r
p r o o f h e s e n t a c a r d o f Ma b e l Co l l i n s , u n d a t e d , a n d
w i t h o u t t h e e n v e l o p e - a c a r d , w h e t h e r t h e o r i g i n a l o r
o t h e r w i s e d o e s n o t m a t t e r , b u t c l a i m e d t o b e t h e o r i g i -
n a l , - w h i c h Li g h t a c c e p t e d a s a n " e x p l a n a t i o n " b e c a u s e
" T h e Ga t e s o f Go l d " w a s n o t p u b l i s h e d u n t i l 18 8 7 1T h e
a n i m u s o f t h i s l a g g a r d e x p l a n a t i o n o f P r o f . Co u e s ' i m -
p a s s e i s , w e t h i n k , e n t i r e l y c l e a r , a n d w o r t h y o f t h e s a m e
d e g r e e o f c r e d i b i l i t y a s h i s o t h e r f a c i l e s t a t e m e n t s
. It
i s t o b e n o t e d t h a t a l t h o u g h Ma b e l Co l l i n s w a s " t o o i l l "
t o m a k e a c o n c r e t e s t a t e m e n t t o Li g h t a t t h e t i m e - a n d
b e f o r e t h e p u b l i c a t i o n o f t h e p a m p h l e t s w h i c h p r o v e d
b y d a t e s a l o n e t h e i m p o s s i b i l i t y o f h e r s t a t e m e n t s o r
Co u e s ' b e i n g t r u e - s h e w a s n o t t o o i l l t o s e n d a c a b l e -
g r a m t o h e r c o - c o n s p i r a t o r w a r n i n g h i m o f t h e d i s c r e p =
a n c y i n t o w h i c h h i s t o o g r e a t f a c i l i t y a n d t o o ze a l o u s h a s t e
h a d l e d h i m . Bu t t o r e t u r n t o Mi s s Ma b e l Co l l i n s ' b o o k s .
T h e t h i r d o f t h e t r i o w a s " T h e Ga t e s o f Go l d " w h i c h
h e r u n s i g n e d n o t e t o P r o f . Co u e s a t t r i b u t e d t o " o n e o f
t h e a d e p t s " a n d w h i c h - h e r r e t r a c t i o n , w h e t h e r f o u r
y e a r s l a t e r o r t w o d o e s n o t m a t t e r - b y i m p l i c a t i o n a t
l e a s t i s i n c l u d e d i n t h e f a l s e h o o d w h i c h Ma d a m e
Bl a v a t s k y " b e g g e d a n d i m p l o r e d " h e r t o c i r c u l a t e . Le t
u s s e e a s t o t h a t .
" T h e Ga t e s o f Go l d " w a s w r i t t e n i n 18 8 6 . Ma d a m e
Bl a v a t s k y w a s l i v i n g a t t h e t i m e i n Ge r m a n y . T h e b o o k
w a s p u b l i s h e d i n En g l a n d a n d i n Am e r i c a v e r y e a r l y i n
2 06

T HET HEOSOP HICALMOV EMENT


18 8 7 , w h i l e H. P . B
. l a y o n a s i c k - b e d i n Be l g i u m . T h e
f i r s t e d i t i o n o f t h e w o r k c o n t a i n e d t h i s i n s c r i p t i o n
On c e , a s Is a t a l o n e w r i t i n g , a m y s t e r i o u s
V i s i t o r e n t e r e d m y s t u d y u n a n n o u n c e d , a n d
s t o o d b e s i d e
m e .
If o r g o t t o a s k w h o h e w a s ,
o r w h y h e e n t e r e d s o u n c e r e m o n i o u s l y , f o r h e b e -
g a n t o t e l l m e
o f t h e Ga t e s o f Go l d . He s p o k e
f r o m k n o w l e d g e , a n d f r o m t h e f i r e o f h i s s p e e c h
Ic a u g h t f a i t h
. Ih a v e w r i t t e n d o w n h i s w o r d s ;
b u t a l a s , Ic a n n o t h o p e t h a t t h e f i r e s h a l l
b u r n
a s b r i g h t l y i n m y w r i t i n g a s i n h i s s p e e c h
.
Al l t h e s e a r e
u n d i s p u t e d f a c t s . As i n t h e c a s e o f t h e
" Id y l l " a n d " Li g h t o n t h e P a t h , " t h i s b o o k w a s w r i t t e n
a n d p u b l i s h e d w h e n H. P . B
. w a s n o t i n En g l a n d , w h e n
s h e w a s n o t i n a n y c o m m u n i c a t i o n w i t h Ma b e l Co l l i n s ,
w h e n s h e w a s p h y s i c a l l y i n t h e g r a v e s t c o n d i t i o n . Y e t
a l l t h r e e b o o k s b e a r i n s c r i p t i o n s w r i t t e n b y Ma b e l Co l -
l i n s w h i c h c a n b e i n t e r p r e t e d o n l y a s a d i s c l a i m e r o f h e r
o w n a u t h o r s h i p o f t h e m a n d a c l a i m t h a t t h e y w e r e i n -
s p i r e d - n o m a t t e r h o w o r b y w h o m .
F i n a l l y , a s i n t h e Co u l o m b c a s e , H. P . B. h a d e v e r y -
t h i n g t o r i s k a n d n o t h i n g t o g a i n b y s u c h c h i c a n e r y a s
w a s a t t r i b u t e d t o h e r . No o n e o f h e r e n e m i e s e v e r i m -
a g i n e d i t p l a u s i b l e f o r a m o m e n t t o c a l l h e r a f o o l , b u t
a f o o l a s w e l l a s a " f r a u d " s h e m u s t h a v e b e e n t o p u t
h e r s e l f ' a t t h e m e r c y o f Ma d a m e Co u l o m b , Ma b e l Co l l i n s ,
o r a n y o n e e l s e , f o r s u c h p a l t r y e n d s a s s u c h r a s c a l i t y ,
e v e n i f s u c c e s s f u l , w o u l d h a v e a c h i e v e d . F o r qu i t e w i t h -
o u t r i s k o r o c c a s i o n f o r e i t h e r t h e Co u l o m b s ' o r t h e Co l -
l i n s ' h e l p , s h e h a d t h e r e c o r d e d t e s t i m o n y o f Co l . Ol c o t t ,
o f Mr
. J u d g e , o f Da m o d a r , o f Ma j . - Ge n . Mo r g a n , o f
Mr . Si n n e t t , o f Mr . A. 0
. Hu m e , o f Co u n t e s s W a c h t -
m e i s t e r , o f Mr . Hu b b e - Sc h l e i d e n , Dr . Ha r t m a n n , Mi s s
Ar u n d a l e , a h u n d r e d o t h e r s o f r e p u t a t i o n a n d c h a r a c t e r ,
b o t h a s t o Ad e p t i n s p i r a t i o n , a n d h e r o w n p h e n o m e n a l
p o w e r s
. W h a t h a d s h e t o g a i n , w h a t m o t i v e c o u l d i n -
s p i r e h e r , w h e t h e r i n 18 8 5 , w h i l e a s t o r m w a s a l r e a d y
r a g i n g a b o u t t h e Co u l o m b c h a r g e s , o r i n 18 8 7 , w h e n h e r
T HECOUES- COLLINSCHAR GES

2 07
o w n p o s i t i o n a s r e g a r d s T h e o s o p h i s t s n e e d e d n o b o l s t e r
.
i n g - w h a t h a d
s h e
t o g a i n , o n e m a y a s k , b y f r a u d u l e n t l y
p r o c u r i n g w h a t , i f b e l i e v e d , w o u l d a d d n e i t h e r t o h e r o w n
r e p u t e n o r t o t h a t o f h e r Ma s t e r s , b u t w o u l d o n l y e n -
h a n c e t h e i m p o r t a n c e a n d p r e s t i g e o f
Ma b e l Co l l i n s ?
It t h u s b e c o m e s c l e a r w i t h r e g a r d t o a l l t h r e e b o o k s ,
f i r s t t h a t Mi s s Co l l i n s o n h e r o w n a c c o u n t b o t h b e f o r e a n d
s i n c e , c l a i m e d t h e m t o b e i n s p i r e d ;s e c o n d l y , t h a t w i t h
r e g a r d t o a n y a n d a l l o f t h e m H. P
. B. w a s p h y s i c a l l y
a b s e n t , p h y s i c a l l y n o t i n c o m m u n i c a t i o n , p h y s i c a l l y n o t
i n a p o s i t i o n t o b e g a n d i m p l o r e Ma b e l Co l l i n s t o d o
o r s a y a n y t h i n g i n r e g a r d t o ' t h e m . If , t h e n , s h e " i n f l u -
e n c e d " e n c e d " Mi s s Co l l i n s i n a n y w a y , i t w a s f r o m a d i s t a n c e
a n d b y t h e u s e o f p h e n o m e n a l p o w e r s i n d e e d . Bu t i f s h e
a c t u a l l y p o s s e s s e d s u c h
Oc c u l t
p o w e r s - a n d d e s i r e d t o
m i s u s e t h e m - w h y i n t h e n a m e o f t h e c o m m o n e s t o f c o m -
m o n s e n s e s h o u l d s h e b e t r a y h e r s e l f b y u s i n g c h e a p p h y -
s i c a l f r a u d s , w h e n b y e m p l o y i n g h e r Oc c u l t p o w e r s s h e
c o u l d p r o c u r e t h e w i s h e d f o r r e s u l t w i t h o u t r i s k ?
Mi s s Ma b e l Co l l i n s a l s o w r o t e : " At t h e t i m e - w h e t h e r
18 8 5 o r 18 8 7 d o e s n o t m a t t e r - Iw a s b o t h s t u d y i n g
Ma d a m e Bl a v a t s k y a n d s t u d y i n g u n d e r h e r . " As Mi s s
Co l l i n s w a s n o t i n c o m m u n i c a t i o n w i t h H. P . B
. n o r i n
h e r p r e s e n c e f r o m t h e i r f i r s t m e e t i n g i n t h e f a l l o f 18 8 4
t i l l j u s t p r i o r t o t h e c o m m e n c e m e n t o f t h e p u b l i c a t i o n
o f Lu c i f e r i n Se p t e m b e r , 18 8 7 , i t i s c e r t a i n t h a t d u r i n g
t h a t i n t e r v a l t h i s s t a t e m e n t i s a s i n a c c u r a t e a s h e r o t h e r s .
Ma b e l Co l l i n s w a s c l o s e l y a s s o c i a t e d w i t h H. P . B. i n t h e
p u b l i c a t i o n o f Lu c i f e r f r o m Se p t e m b e r , 18 8 7 , u n t i l
J a n u a r y , 18 8 9 . T h e c o n t e n t s o f t h e m a g a zi n e s h o w t h a t
w h a t e v e r Mi s s Co l l i n s w r o t e w a s p u b l i s h e d o v e r h e r
o w n s i g n a t u r e , t h e s a m e a s w i t h H. P . B. a n d o t h e r c o n -
t r i b u t o r s - a n d o n h e r o w n r e s p o n s i b i l i t y . P a r t o f h e r
c o n t r i b u t i o n w a s " T h e Bl o s s o m a n d t h e F r u i t , " a n o v e l
f o r w h i c h s h e m a d e t h e s a m e c l a i m o f a n i n s p i r e r a s w i t h
t h e t h r e e w o r k s a l r e a d y d i s c u s s e d . At n o t i m e a n d i n
n o p l a c e h a s a n y o n e p r o d u c e d a l i n e w r i t t e n o r s i g n e d
b y H. P . B. s u p p o r t i n g Mi s s Ma b e l Co l l i n s ' c l a i m s t o
s t u d y i n g u n d e r h e r . On t h e c o n t r a r y , H. P . B. r e f u s e d
t o a c c e p t Ma b e l Co l l i n s e v e n a s a p r o b a t i o n e r o f t h e
s . r
2 08

T HET HEOSOP HICALMOV EMENT


Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n u n t i l t h e l a t t e r " b e g g e d a n d i m p l o r e d "
i n d e e d
. Sh e w a s t h e n p l a c e d o n p r o b a t i o n a f t e r w a r n i n g ,
a n d w i t h i n f o u r d a y s , i n t h e w o r d s o f H. P
. B. , " b r o k e
h e r v o w s , b e c o m i n g g u i l t y o f t h e b l a c k e s t t r e a c h e r y a n d
d i s l o y a l t y t o h e r
HIGHER SELF . An d w h e n Ic o u l d n o
l o n g e r k e e p i n t h e E. S. e i t h e r h e r s e l f o r h e r f r i e n d , t h e
t w o c o n v u l s e d t h e w h o l e So c i e t y w i t h t h e i r c a l u m n i e s
a n d f a l s e h o o d s
. " Ma b e l Co l l i n s b r o u g h t s u i t i n En g l a n d
a g a i n s t H. P . B. f o r l i b e l . W h e n t h e c a s e c a m e f o r t r i a l
i n J u l y , 18 90, a c e r t a i n l e t t e r w r i t t e n b y Mi s s Ma b e l Co l -
l i n s w a s s h o w n b y H. P . B. ' j o a t t o r n e y t o t h e c o u n s e l f o r
Mi s s Co l l i n s , w h o t h e r e u p o n a s k e d t h e Co u r t t o t a k e
t h e c a s e o f f t h e d o c k e t , w h i c h w a s d o n e .
V i e w i n g t h e e n o r m o u s d i f f e r e n c e b e t w e e n t h e t h r e e
b o o k s n a m e d a n d t h e p r i o r a n d s u b s e qu e n t w r i t i n g s o f
Ma b e l Co l l i n s , a n d t h e m a n y s t o r i e s t o l d b y Mi s s Co l l i n s
a n d o t h e r s a s t o t h e r e a l s o u r c e o f " Li g h t o n t h e
P a t h " a n d i t s c o m p a n i o n v o l u m e s , a n d h o w t h e y w e r e
o b t a i n e d , t h e s t u d e n t m a y b e i n t e r e s t e d i n t h e o n l y c o m -
m e n t m a d e d i r e c t l y b y H. P
. B
. i n t h o s e r e s p e c t s . In h e r
l e t t e r t o Li g h t o f J u n e 8 , 18 8 9, s h e s a y s , i n t e r a l i a ,
" W h e n I' m e t h e r [ Ma b e l Co l l i n s ] s h e h a d j u s t c o m p l e t e d
t h e Id y l l o f t h e W h i t e Lo t u s , w h i c h a s s h e s t a t e d t o
Co l o n e l 0l c o t t , h a d b e e n d i c t a t e d t o h e r b y s o m e ' m y s - s
t e r i o u s p e r s o n . ' Gu i d e d b y h e r d e s c r i p t i o n , w e b o t h
r e c o g n i ze d a n o l d f r i e n d o f o u r s , a Gr e e k , a n d n o Ma -
h a t m a , t h o u g h a n Ad e p t ;f u r t h e r d e v e l o p m e n t s p r o v -
i n g w e w e r e r i g h t . T h i s . f a c t , a c k n o w l e d g e d b y Mr s .
Co o k e i n h e r d e d i c a t i o n o f t h e Id y l l , s e t s a s i d e t h e i d e a
t h a t t h e w o r k w a s e i t h e r i n s p i r e d o r d i c t a t e d b y Bo o t
Ho o m i o r a n y o t h e r Ma h a t m a . " In t h e p a m p h l e t i s s u e d
b y H
. P . B. a t t h e s a m e t i m e , t h i s s t a t e m e n t i s r e p e a t e d ,
t o g e t h e r w i t h t h e f o l l o w i n g m o s t i n t e r e s t i n g p a r a g r a p h
W a s t h e d e d i c a t i o n i n v e n t e d , a n d a Ma s t e r
a n d " i n s p i r e r " s u g g e s t e d b y Mm e . [ Bl a v a t s k y ]
b e f o r e t h e l a t t e r h a d e v e r s e e n h i s a m a n u e n s i s
[ Ma b e l Co l l i n s ] i F o r t h a t o n l y s h e p r o c l a i m s
h e r s e l f i n h e r d e d i c a t i o n , b y s p e a k i n g o f t h e
" t r u e a u t h o r , " w h o t h u s m u s t b e r e g a r d e d a s
T HECOUES- COLLINSCHAR GES

2 09
s o m e k i n d o f Ma s t e r , a t a l l e v e n t s . Mo r e o v e r ,
h e a p s o f l e t t e r s m a y b e p r o d u c e d a l l w r i t t e n b e -
t w e e n 18 7 2 a n d . 18 8 4 , a n d s i g n e d
A2 :
t h e w e l l -
k n o w n s e a l o f o n e w h o b e c a m e a n
a d e p t o n l y
i n 18 8 6 . Di d Mm e
. Bl a v a t s k y s e n d t o " Mi s s
Ma b e l Co l l i n s " t h i s s i g n a t u r e , w h e n n e i t h e r
k n e w o f t h e o t h e r ' s e x i s t e n c e ?
T h e s a m e p a m p h l e t o f H. P . B
. ' s c o n t a i n s a l s o a l e t t e r ,
s i g n e d " ASt u d e n t o f Li g h t o n t h e P a t h , " r e p r i n t e d f r o m
Li g h t o f J u n e 8 , 18 8 9, i n w h i c h t h e f o l l o w i n g s u g g e s t i v e
i d e a s a r e p u t f o r t h :
R e f e r r i n g t o Mi s s Co l l i n s ' e x p l a n a t i o n , i t i s
a t o n c e e v i d e n t t h a t a n o t h e r i n t e l l i g e n c e b e s i d e s
h e r o w n m u s t a l s o h a v e v i s i t e d t h e p l a c e , " s p i r -
i t u a l l y " o r o t h e r w i s e , w h e r e s h e s a w " Li g h t
o n t h e P a t h " w r i t t e n u p o n i t s w a l l s , f o r
s o m e o n e
m u s t h a v e p l a c e d t h e w o r d s t h e r e
;m o r e o v e r ,
t h a t i n t e l l i g e n c e h a d c o m m a n d o v e r g o o d m o d -
e r n En g l i s h a s w e l l a s b e i n g t h e p o s s e s s o r o f
h i g h p r a c t i c a l w i s d o m .
W e j u d g e , t h e r e f o r e , t h a t Mi s s Co l l i n s w a s
s i m p l y t h e f a v o u r e d v e h i c l e f o r t h e c o m m u n i c a -
t i o n o f t h o s e p a r t i c u l a r r u l e s o f t h e " Ha l l o f
Le a r n i n g " t o t h e m a n y m o r t a l s n o w n e e d i n g a n d
h u n g e r i n g f o r t h e m , a n d w h i l e i t i s i m p o s s i b l e
t h a t t h e y c o u l d h a v e b e e n w r i t t e n u p w h e r e s h e
w a s p e r m i t t e d t o o b s e r v e t h e m , o t h e r w i s e t h a n
b y a n i n t e l l i g e n t Be i n g w h o h a d a l s o v i s i t e d t h a t
p l a c e , i t d o e s n o t a t a l l f o l l o w t h a t h e s h o u l d , o r
o u g h t t o , h a v e m a d e h i m s e l f o r h i s n a t u r e k n o w n
t o h e r
. T h a t w o u l d h a v e b e e n c r e a t i n g a b a s i s
f o r p e r s o n a l i n t i m a c y w h i c h w a s n o t n e c e s s a r y
a n d p e r h a p s n o t a d v i s a b l e
.
As r e g a r d s t h e m a n n e r i n w h i c h o n e m i n d m a y
i n s t r u c t o r i n f o r m a n o t h e r , o n w h a t m a y b e
t e r m e d t h e o c c u l t p l a n e , w e k n o w a t p r e s e n t v e r y
' T h i s s y m b o l w a s u s e d a s a s i g n a t u r e i n t h e o r i g i n a l e d i t i o n o f " Li g h t
o n t h e P a t h , " f o l l o w i n g t h e n u m b e r e d " r u l e s
. "
2 10

T HET HEOSOP HICALMOV EMENT


l i t t l e , b u t t h e p h e n o m e n a o f p s y c h o m e t r y a n d
t h o u g h t - t r a n s f e r e n c e
m a y s o m e d a y , i f s c i e n t i f i -
c a l l y s t u d i e d , b e t h e m e a n s o f o u r u n d e r s t a n d i n g
t h o s e t h i n g s b e t t e r
.
T o w h a t e v e r c o n c l u s i o n s t h e s t u d e n t m a y c o m e o n t h e
m o o t e d r e a l a u t h o r s h i p o f " Li g h t o n t h e P a t h " a n d i t s
r e l a t e d v o l u m e s , w h a t h a s b e e n a d d u c e d w i l l , w e b e l i e v e ,
s e r v e t o m a k e t w o p o i n t s , g e n e r a l a n d p a r t i c u l a r , v e r y
c l e a r
. T h e g e n e r a l p o i n t i s t h a t e x p r e s s e d i n t h e
w o r d s o f H. P . B
. i n t h e " In t r o d u c t o r y " t o t h e " Se c r e t
Do c t r i n e "
It i s a b o v e e v e r y t h i n g i m p o r t a n t t o k e e p i n
m i n d t h a t n o t h e o s o p h i c a l b o o k a c qu i r e s t h e
l e a s t a d d i t i o n a l v a l u e f r o m p r e t e n d e d a u t h o r i t y .
Ha d T h e o s o p h i c a l s t u d e n t s k e p t t h i s a d m o n i t i o n i n m i n d ,
w h e t h e r a s r e g a r d s H. P . B. h e r s e l f , Mi s s Ma b e l Co l l i n s ,
o r a l l t h e h o s t o f t h o s e b e f o r e a n d s i n c e , w h o h a v e
c l a i m e d , t r u l y o r f a l s e l y , t o " s p e a k w i t h a u t h o r i t y , "
w h e t h e r " i n t h e n a m e o f t h e Lo r d " o r " i n t h e n a m e o f
t h e Ma s t e r " - h a d t h e y b e e n c o n t e n t t o s t u d y t h e " m e s -
s a g e " o n t h e b a s i s o f i t s o w n i n h e r e n t m e r i t i n s t e a d o f
u n d e r t h e g l a m o u r o f b e l i e f i n s o m e a u t h o r i t y , r e a l o r
i m a g i n a r y , t h e y w o u l d qu i c k l y h a v e b e c o m e a b l e t o
" t e s t
t h e s p i r i t s "
t o s o m e p u r p o s e .
T h e p a r t i c u l a r p o i n t i s t h a t i t i s e v i d e n t a l i k e f r o m
Mi s s Ma b e l Co l l i n s ' o w n s t a t e m e n t s a s t o h e r i n s p i r e r
a n d f r o m t h e qu a l i t y o f t h e o t h e r w r i t i n g s e m a n a t i n g
f r o m h e r p e n , t h a t s h e h a d n o t t h e n a n d h a s n o t n o w ,
t h e r e m o t e s t k n o w l e d g e o f h e r o w n ,
e i t h e r a s t o t h e a c t u a l
s o u r c e o f h e r t h r e e g e m p r o d u c t s , a s t o t h e m e a n s b y
w h i c h t h e i r s u b s t a n c e a n d f o r m r e a c h e d h e r , o r a s t o t h e i r
s u b s t a n c e
. Sh e w a s , i n n o i n v i d i o u s s e n s e , p u r e l y a n d
s i m p l y t h e m e d i u m
o f t h e i r t r a n s m i s s i o n .
CHAPTERXIV
""THENEWYORKSUN"LIBEL CASE
WHEN t h e Am e r i c a n Se c t i o n a l Co n v e n t i o n m e t a t
Ch i c a g o a t t h e e n d o f Ap r i l , 1 8 9 0 , M r . J u d g e ' s Re p o r t a s
G e n e r a l Se c r e t a r y c o n t a i n e d t h e f o l l o w i n g r e f e r e n c e t o
Pr o f . Co u e s
D u r i n g t h e p a s t y e a r t h e r e h a s b e e n n o a p -
p e a l t o t h e Exe c u t i v e Co m m i t t e e f r o m a n y
Br a n c h o r i n d i v i d u a l , a n d b u t o n e c a s e o f d i s -
c i p l i n e . On J u n e 1 1 t h [ 1 8 8 9 ] f o r m a l c h a r g e s o f
u n t h e o s o p h i c c o n d u c t w e r e p r e f e r r e d b y M r .
Ar t h u r B. G r i g g s o f Bo s t o n a g a i n s t D r . El l i o t t
Co u e s , o f Wa s h i n g t o n . Th e s e c h a r g e s w e r e i n
p a r t b a s e d o n p u b l i c i m p u t a t i o n s b y D r . Co n e s
o f f r a u d a n d f a l s e h o o d t o M a d a m e Bl a v a t s k y ,
a n d i n p a r t u p o n u n p u b l i s h e d l e t t e r s i n w h i c h
t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y , i t s t e a c h i n g s , a i m s ,
a n d o f f i c e r s , w e r e t r e a t e d a s s h a m s a n d d e c e i t s .
Io f f i c i a l l y s e n t a c o p y o f t h e s e c h a r g e s t o D r .
Co u e s i n a r e g i s t e r e d l e t t e r , n o t i f y i n g h i m o f t h e
d a t e w h e n t h e Exe c u t i v e Co m m i t t e e w o u l d b e
p r e p a r e d t o h e a r h i s d e f e n s e . D u r i n g t h e i n t e r -
v e n i n g t i m e n o r e p l y w a s r e c e i v e d , a n d t h e Co m -
m i t t e e , h a v i n g c o n s i d e r e d t h e c h a r g e s , a d j u d g e d
t h e m s u s t a i n e d , b y a u n a n i m o u s v o t e , a n d o n
J u n e 2 2 d e xp e l l e d D r . Co u e s f r o m t h e Th e -
o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y . La t e r e v e n t s h a v e c o n -
c l u s i v e l y s h o w n t h a t i t i s b e t t e r f o r i t s e n e m i e s
t o b e p l a c e d w i t h o u t i t s p a l e t h a n p e r m i t t e d t o
r e m a i n w i t h i n i t
. F r o m t h i s d e c i s i o n t h e r e h a s
b e e n n o a p p e a l t o Co l . Ol c o t t , a n d t h e r e f o r e
i t i s f i n a l .
2 1 1
2 1 2

THETHEOSOPHICALM OVEM ENT


Th e
Th e o s o p h i c a l c o m m u n i t y h a v i n g t h u s d i s e m b a r -
r a s s e d . i t s e l f o f t h e t r a i t o r w i t h i n t h e h o u s e h o l d , a n d
p l a c e d o n r e c o r d i t s a c t i o n , D r
. Co u e s p r e p a r e d h i s f i n a l
t h u n d e r b o l t . In t h e
Ne w Yo r k Su n f o r Su n d a y , J u n e 1 ,
1 8 9 0 , t h e l e a d i n g e d i t o r i a l a r t i c l e w a s e n t i t l e d , "Th e
Hu m b u g o f Th e o s o p h y
. "It s a y s
Th e e xp o s u r e o f t h e i m p o s t u r e o f M m e .
BLAVATSBY
d o e s n o t s e e m t o l e s s e n a t a l l t h e
p r o s p e r i t y o f h e r h u m b u g r e l i g i o n . . . .
Th e n u m b e r o f n e w m e m b e r s a d m i t t e d d u r i n g
t h e y e a r w a s 373, a n d t h e r e w a s o n e e xp u l s i o n ,
D r .
ELLIOTT Co u Bs o f Wa s h i n g t o n
. He i s a m a n
o f s c i e n t i f i c r e p u t a t i o n , w h o s h o w e d u p t h e l y i n g
a n d t r i c k e r y o f t h e
BLAVATSKYw o m a n a f t e r h a v -
i n g b e e n o n e o f h e r d u p e s f o r s e v e r a l y e a r s .
Wi t h h e r c l o s e r i n t i m a t e s s h e s e e m s t o m a k e
l i t t l e a t t e m p t t o c o n c e a l h e r r e a l c h a r a c t e r a s a
c h a r l a t a n , a n d h e r h e a r t y c o n t e m p t f o r t h e i r
f o l l y i n t a k i n g h e r s e r i o u s l y .
He r l o n g s u c c e s s
i n k e e p i n g u p t h e h u m b u g i s , t h e r e f o r e , a l l t h e
m o r e a s t o n i s h i n g .
Wh e t h e r h e r p r i n c i p a l d i s -
c i p l e , Co l . OLCOTT,
i s a l s o p l a y i n g a f r a u d u l e n t
p a r t , i t i s h a r d t o s a y .
He s e e m s t o b e v e r y
m u c h i n e a r n e s t , a n d a s s h e s e e m s t o d e s p i s e
h i m t h o r o u g h l y a n d u n d i s g u i s e d l y , l a u g h i n g a t
h i s a n t i c s , i t i s p e r h a p s p r e s u m a b l e t h a t h e i s
h o n e s t a n d s i n c e r e i n h i s c r e d u l i t y .
He t r e a t s
t h e s n u f f y o l d w o m a n a s a v e r i t a b l e s e e r e s s , a n d
r e a d s h e r m y s t i c a l w r i t i n g s w i t h a p p a r e n t a n d
p r o b a b l y r e a l v e n e r a t i o n , t h o u g h s h e h a s d e -
s c r i b e d h i m t o h e r o l d c o n f e d e r a t e ,
M m e .
COULOM B,
a s a m u f f o f t h e f i r s t w a t e r
. D r .
Co u Bs i s o f v e r y d i f f e r e n t s t u f f , a n d h e d i d n o t
h e s i t a t e t o b a n t e r h e r o n t h e s u c c e s s o f h e r t r i c k -
e r y
. He s e e m s t o h a v e s e e n t h r o u g h h e r a t a n
e a r l y d a y , a n d t h e w o n d e r i s t h a t a m a n o f h i s
s t a n d i n g r e m a i n e d i n h e r c r o w d s o l o n g
. . . .
M m e .
BLAVATSKYh a s t h e a s s u r a n c e t o w r i t e t o
h e r Am e r i c a n d u p e s t h a t h e r c h a r l a t a n i s m i s
"THESUN"LIBELCASE

2 1 8
p r o s p e r i n g m o r e
t h a n e v e r , f i n a n c i a l l y a n d
o t h e r w i s e . Sh e a d d r e s s e s t h e m f r o m a s i c k
c h a m b e r , t o w h i c h s h e i s c o n f i n e d b y a m o r t a l
d i s e a s e , a n d y e t s h e p e r s i s t s i n h e r d e t e r m i n a -
t i o n t o k e e p t h e i m p o s t u r e g o i n g u n t i l t h e e n d .
Sh e i s a n o l d w o m a n o f w o n d e r f u l w i l l p o w e r
a n d o f u n q u e s t i o n a b l e i n t e l l e c t u a l a b i l i t y . Wh a t
t h e m o t i v e o f h e r c o u r s e i s , w e c a n n o t i m a g i n e ,
u n l e s s i t b e m e r e l o v e o f f u n a n d m i s c h i e f . It
e v i d e n t l y p l e a s e s h e r t o m a k e f o o l s o f p e o p l e ,
a n d s h e i s l i k e l y t o g o d o w n t o h i s t o r y a s o n e o f
t h e c h i e f i m p o s t o r s o f o u r d a y . Wh e t h e r t h e -
o s o p h y w i l l d i e w i t h h e r i s v e r y d o u b t f u l . It h a s
a f a s c i n a t i o n f o r a c e r t a i n c l a s s o f m i n d s f o n d o f
m y s t i c i s m ; a n d i t s Bu d d h i s t i c e l e m e n t i s g e t t i n g
t o b e f a s h i o n a b l e a t t h i s p e r i o d . . . .
Th e m e n i n t h e b u s i n e s s s t r i k e u s a s b e i n g
m a d e u p o f a r r a n t h u m b u g s a n d s u p e r f i c i a l f e l -
l o w s w h o m a n y t h i n g l i k e a b s t r a c t t h o u g h t d r i v e s
s u b s t a n t i a l l y c r a z y . Bu t t h e y h a v e s u c c e e d e d i n
i n d u c i n g t h o u s a n d s t o t a k e t h e m s e r i o u s l y a s
p r o f o u n d p h i l o s o p h e r s
.
Th i s i g n o b l e c o n s i d e r a t i o n o f M a d a m e Bl a v a t s k y , h e r
t e a c h i n g s , a n d h e r s t u d e n t s , w a s f o l l o w e d , o n Su n d a y ,
J u l y 2 0 , 1 8 9 0 , b y a f u l l - p a g e s p e c i a l a r t i c l e f r o m i t s
Wa s h i n g t o n c o r r e s p o n d e n t i n t h e f o r m o f a n i n t e r v i e w
w i t h Pr o f . Co u e s . Th e e d i t o r i a l p a g e o f t h e
Su n o f t h e
s a m e d a t e c o n t a i n e d a s i t s l e a d i n g a r t i c l e a s t i l l m o r e
u n d i g n i f i e d a n d d i s r e p u t a b l e t r e a t m e n t o f t h e s u b j e c t
u n d e r t h e c a p t i o n , "Th e Hi s t o r y o f a Hu m b u g . "It i s ,
i n f u l l , a s f o l l o w s
We p u b l i s h t o - d a y a w o n d e r f u l l y i n t e r e s t i n g
h i s t o r y o f t h e i n v e n t i o n o f t h e h u m b u g o f Th e -
o s o p h y . It i s r e l a t e d b y Pr o f . ELLIOTTCOUES
Of
t h e Sm i t h s o n i a n In s t i t u t i o n a t Wa s h i n g t o n , a n
o r n i t h o l o g i s t o f d i s t i n c t i o n , w h o a t o n e t i m e w a s
d e c e i v e d b y M m e . BLa v i TSKY' s p r e t e n s i o n s , b u t
2 1 4 THETHEOSOPHICALM OVEM ENT
s i n c e h a s d i s c o v e r e d h e r t o b e t h e i m p o s t o r s h e
i s .
Th i s w o m a n i s b y b i r t h a Ru s s i a n s u b j e c t ,
a n d i s n o w a b o u t 60 y e a r s o f a g e , t h o u g h s h e
l o o k s a n d p r e t e n d s t o b e m u c h o l d e r
.
Sh e i s f a t ,
g r o s s , o f a b o m i n a b l e h a b i t s , a n i n t o l e r a b l e
t e m p e r , s w e a r i n g l i k e a p i r a t e a n d s m o k i n g l i k e
a c h i m n e y , o f r e s t l e s s e n e r g y a n d e n d l e s s c r a f t .
Ve r y l i t t l e i s k n o w n o f h e r e a r l y d a y s , w h e n s h e
w a s M l l e .
HAHN,
e xc e p t t h a t s h e w a s m a r r i e d t o
t h e Ru s s i a n w h o s e n a m e s h e s t i l l b e a r s , t h o u g h
s h e s o o n l e f t h i m a n d e n t e r e d u p o n h e r c a r e e r
o f a d v e n t u r e w i t h o u t p r e s e r v i n g a n y p r e j u d i c e s
s o f a r a s m a t r i m o n y i s c o n c e r n e d . '
In o t h e r w o r d s , h e r m o r a l s m a y b e t h e o s o p h i c ,
b u t t h e y a r e b a d
. Si n c e s h e l o s t h e r y o u t h s h e
h a s b e e n l i v i n g b y h e r w i t s , s h a r p e n e d b y m u c h
e xp e r i e n c e o f t r a v e l a n d t h e f r i c t i o n o f m a n y
y e a r s o f v a g a b o n d a g e . He r p r o f e s s i o n , s o f a r
a s s h e h a s h a d a n y s t a t e d e m p l o y m e n t , h a s b e e n
a s a Ru s s i a n s p y . As s u c h , Pr o f . Co u ESt e l l s u s ,
s h e c a m e t o Ne w Yo r k i n 1 8 73, a n d i n t h a t c a -
p a c i t y s h e s u b s e q u e n t l y w e n t t o In d i a w i t h Co l
.
OLCOTT
a s h e r f a i t h f u l a t t e n d a n t . Th e d e v i c e o f
t h e o s o p h y w a s s i m p l y c o n t r i v e d b y h e r a s a
c o v e r f o r h e r r e a l d e s i g n s .
Th i s c o n f i r m s t h e t h e o r y o f h e r i m p o s t u r e
w h i c h w a s a d v a n c e d a f t e r s h e h a d b e e n e xp o s e d
b y a n i n v e s t i g a t i n g c o m m i t t e e o f t h e Lo n d o n So -
c i e t y f o r Ps y c h i c a l Re s e a r c h . Th a t e xp o s u r e
w a s c o m p l e t e . It w a s p r o v e d b e y o n d a d o u b t
t h a t , w i t h M m e . COULOM B, a F r e n c h w o m a n , a s
a c o n f e d e r a t e , a n d w i t h t h e a s s i s t a n c e o f t h e m e -
c h a n i c a l i n g e n u i t y o f M . COULOM B, s h e k e p t u p
a p r e t e n d e d c o r r e s p o n d e n c e w i t h a s u p e r n a t u r a l
Ko o T Ho o M I, d e c e i v i n g h e r d u p e s b y t h e b a l d e s t
j u g g l e r y . Th e o l d w i t c h , a c c o r d i n g t o Pr o f .
Co u BS, w a s d o i n g i t a l l f o r n o o t h e r p u r p o s e t h a n
t o k i c k u p a d u s t t o h i d e h e r p o l i t i c a l i n t r i g u e s .
Bu t s h e w a s n o t s o s h a r p a s s h e t h o u g h t ; t h e
"THESUN"LIBELCASE

2 1 5
Ru s s i a n G o v e r n m e n t s t o p p e d h e r p a y , a n d s h e
w a s d r i v e n t o u s i n g h e r t h e o s o p h i c a l i m p o s t u r e
i t s e l f a s a m e a n s o f m a k i n g a l i v i n g . As t o OL-
COTT, w h o b e g a n h i s c a r e e r i n t h e s e c r e t s e r v i c e
o f o u r o w n Wa r D e p a r t m e n t , Pr o f . Co u e S, s e e m s
t o t h i n k t h a t h e i s n o t t h e w h o l l y g u i l e l e s s a n d
g u l l i b l e f o o l h e a p p e a r s , a t l e a s t n o t n o w . Po o r
f e l l o w , h e i s i n
BLAVATSxY' s c l u t c h e s a n d h e c a n
n o t e s c a p e , t h o u g h h e h a s f o u n d h e r o u t a s a
h a r r i d a n a n d a h u m b u g . Ac c o r d i n g l y h e i s p e r -
f o r c e a h u m b u g h i m s e l f .
It i s a w o n d e r f u l s t o r y h o w t h i s c r a f t y Ta r t a r
e n t r a p p e d t h i s s h r e w d Ya n k e e , s o t h a t f o r f i f -
t e e n y e a r s t h e y h a v e t o g e t h e r p l a y e d t h e i r g a m e
o f h u m b u g g i n g p e o p l e i n t o b e l i e v i n g t h a t t h e y
a r e t h e p r o p h e t s o f a n e w r e l i g i o n f o u n d e d o n
As i a t i c w i s d o m , o f w h i c h t h e y a r e b o t h t o g e t h e r
t o t a l l y i g n o r a n t . Th e i r t r i c k e r y h a s b e e n e x-
p o s e d w i t h s c i e n t i f i c c o m p l e t e n e s s a n d e xa c t i -
t u d e , a n d y e t t h e i r i m p u d e n c e i s i n n o w i s e l e s -
s e n e d . Th e y k e e p s t r a i g h t f a c e s a n d g o o n w i t h
t h e i r h u m b u g , c h e e r e d a n d e n c o u r a g e d , o f c o u r s e ,
b y t h e f o l l y o f m e n a n d w o m e n w h o t a k e t h e m
s e r i o u s l y .
Pr o f . Co u e s ' n a r r a t i v e i n f o r m a n d s u b s t a n c e
m a k e s c a p i t a l r e a d i n g
.
Th e Co u e s i n t e r v i e w f i l l s s e v e n c l o s e l y p r i n t e d c o l u m n s
o f s m a l l t y p e . Th e c h a r g e s m a d e a n d t h e a l l e g e d e v i -
d e n c e p r o c u r e d b y Pr o f . Co u e s o s t e n s i b l y e xp o s e d t h e
f a c t s o f H. P . B. ' s c a r e e r f r o m 1 8 57o n w a r d s . It i s w o r t h
w h i l e f o r t h e s t u d e n t t o o b s e r v e t h e s e p u t a t i v e f a c t s i n
t h e Su n a r t i c l e s , f o r t h e y i n c l u d e t h e m u l t i t u d e o f a t t a c k s
b e f o r e a n d s i n c e u p o n H. P. B. a n d Th e o s o p h y , Th e
s e q u e l s h o w s t h e i r u n t r u t h f u l n e s s a n d t h e b a s i c i g n o r a n c e
o r d i s h o n e s t y o f t h o s e w h o m a k e a n d r e p e a t t h o s e
c h a r g e s .
On t h e s t a t e m e n t s o f M r . D a n i e l D u n g l a s Ho m e , t h e
m e d i u m , a n d M r . W. Em m e t t e Co l e m a n , D r . Co u e s
c h a r g e d H. P. B. w i t h h a v i n g b e e n a m e m b e r o f t h e d e m i -
2 1 6

THETHEOSOPHICALM OVEM ENT


m o n d e o f Pa r i s i n 1 8 57- 8 a n d m i s t r e s s o f t h e Pr i n c e
Em i l e d e Wi t t g e n s t e i n , "b y w h o m s h e h a d a d e f o r m e d
.
s o n , w h o d i e d a t Ki e f f i n 1 8 68 . "
On t h e s t r e n g t h o f t h e r e p o r t o f M r . Ri c h a r d Ho d g s o n
o f S
. P
. R. f a m e , s h e i s c h a r g e d w i t h "h a v i n g s h a r e d
t h e f o r t u n e s "o f o n e M e t r o v i t c h i n Ca i r o i n 1 8 71 . Th i s
i s s a i d t o b e p r o v a b l e b y M a d a m e Co u l o m b a n d t o b e
"t h e k e y t o t h e p o w e r Co u l o m b h a d o v e r Bl a v a t s k y . "
Th i s c h a r g e i s f u r t h e r s u p p o r t e d b y a l e t t e r f r o m M a d a m e
Co u l o m b t o Co l . Bu n d y o f t h e Re l i g i o - Ph i l o s o p h i c a l
J o u r n a l , a n d i s t h e c h a r g e h i n t e d a t b y M a d a m e Co u -
l o m b , a t t h e c l o s e o f t h e p r e f a c e t o h e r p a m p h l e t a g a i n s t
H. P
. B. i n 1 8 8 4 , b u t w h i c h s h e f e a r e d t o m a k e p u b l i c l y i n
In d i a .
Th e n e xt c h a r g e d e f i n i t e l y m a k e s H . P. B. o u t a Ru s -
s i a n s p y f r o m 1 8 73o n . Th e n s h e i s c h a r g e d t o h a v e b e e n
"e xp l o i t i n g a s a s p i r i t u a l i s t m e d i u m "d u r i n g h e r f i v e
y e a r s a t Ne w Yo r k , a n d b e f o r e t h a t a t Ca i r o . Hu d s o n
Tu t t l e , a Sp i r i t u a l i s t , i s q u o t e d a s s p o n s o r f o r a n a t t a c k
o n M r . J u d g e
. In g a m b l e r ' s t e r m s Pr o f . Co u e s c h a r a c -
t e r i z e s Th e o s o p h y , H. P. B. , Co l . Ol c o t t , a n d M r . J u d g e
a s "t h r e e - c a r d m o n t e w i t h k i n g , q u e e n , a n d k n a v e .
Bl a v a t s k y d e a l t , Ol c o t t s t e e r e d , J u d g e p l a y e d c a p p e r . "
M a d a m e Bl a v a t s k y ' s a u t h o r s h i p o f "Is i s Un v e i l e d "i s
d e c l a r e d t o b e a f i c t i o n a n d o n t h e a u t h o r i t y o f "a f r i e n d
o f m i n e "t h e r e a l a u t h o r i s c l a i m e d t o b e t h e Ba r o n d e
Pa l m , w h o w a s a m e m b e r o f t h e So c i e t y i n i t s e a r l i e s t
d a y s a n d t h e c r e m a t i o n o f w h o s e b o d y w a s t h e f i r s t i n
t h e Un i t e d St a t e s . Th e d e Pa l m s t o r y i s t o l d a t l e n g t h
i n Co l . Ol c o t t ' s "Ol d D i a r y Le a v e s . "Pr o f . Co u e s g o e s
o n t o d e c l a r e , "s i m i l a r , y e t d i f f e r e n t f r a u d s a r e t h e r o o t ,
s t o c k a n d b r a n c h o f o t h e r t h e o s o p h i c a l b o o k s . "
Th e Re p o r t o f t h e So c i e t y f o r Ps y c h i c a l Re s e a r c h i s
t h e n t a k e n u p , a n d D r . Co u e s a f f i r m s :
Th e Lo n d o n So c i e t y f o r Ps y c h i c a l Re s e a r c h
d e t e r m i n e d t o s e n d o n e o f t h e i r n u m b e r t o
M a d r a s . D r
. Ho d g s o n w e n t t o In d i a i n No v e m -
b e r , 1 8 8 4 , a n d s t a y e d u n t i l Ap r i l , 1 8 8 5 . Th e r e -
"THESUN"LIBELCASE

2 1 7
s u i t o f h i s i n v e s t i g a t i o n w a s t h e t o t a l c o l l a p s e o f
t h e t h e o s o p h i c f a k e , a n d t h e r e h a s n o t y e t b e e n
f o u n d l e a t h e r e n o u g h i n t h e l u n g s o f a l l t h e
f a k i r s c o m b i n e d t o r e i n f l a t e t h e b u b b l e . D r .
Ho d g s o n ' s r e p o r t i s e l a b o r a t e , c i r c u m s t a n t i a l
a n d c o n c l u s i v e . It s f o r c e h a s n e v e r b e e n a n d
n e v e r w i l l b e b r o k e n
. It i s a v o l u m e o f s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p a g e s , w i t h d i a g r a m s o f t h e t r a p - d o o r s
o n t h e Bl a v a t s k y s t a g e , a n d f a c s i m i l e s o f
Bl a v a t s k y ' s h a n d w r i t i n g p r o v e d t o b e i d e n t i c a l
w i t h t h a t o f t h e m y t h i c a l Ko o t Ho o m i . It s h o w s
t h a t t h e Co u l o m b s , w h a t e v e r t h e i r o w n c h a r a c -
t e r s , a n d w h a t e v e r t h e i r a n i m u s o r p u r p o s e , h a d
t o l d t h e p l a i n , s i m p l e t r u t h a s f a r a s t h e i r d i s -
c l o s u r e s w e n t . Th e i r e v i d e n c e h a d a l r e a d y
d a m n e d t h e w o m a n ; Ho d g s o n ' s r e p o r t s e a l e d ,
c e r t i f i e d a n d e xe c u t e d t h a t s e n t e n c e .
H. P. B. ,
Co l . Ol c o t t , a n d M r . J u d g e a r e r e p e a t e d l y
c h a r g e d w i t h b e i n g i n t h e So c i e t y f o r m o n e y a n d t h a t i t
i s r u n f o r r e v e n u e o n l y . M r . M i c h a e l An g e l o La n e ' s e x-
p l o i t s a r e t h e n r e f e r r e d t o a n d h e i s m a d e s p o n s o r f o r
s t o r i e s o f b o g u s M a h a t m i c m e s s a g e s "i n v e r y g o o d i m i -
t a t i o n o f t h e t h i n g s M r
. J u d g e h a s b e e n i n t h e h a b i t o f
d i s t r i b u t i n g t o f a v o r i t e d u p e s - t h e s e t h e m s e l v e s b e i n g
i n i m i t a t i o n o f t h e r i c e p a p e r m i s s i v e s o f Bl a v a t s k y ' s
o r i g i n a l h o a x . "
"Ho w a b o u t t h e s e ' M a h a t m i c l e t t e r s ' w e
h e a r d s o m u c h a b o u t a w h i l e a g o , s u c h a o n e ,
f o r e xa m p l e , a s t h e Ch i c a g o Tr i b u n e p u b -
l i s h e d i n f a c s i m i l e ? "a s k e d t h e r e p o r t e r .
"Oh , y o u m e a n t h o s e Ai d s t o F a i t h i n
Bl a v a t s k y w h i c h w e n t t h e r o u n d s l He r e a r e
a c o u p l e . Th e y a r e a t y o u r s e r v i c e i f y o u w i s h
t o p r i n t t h e m . . .
. Th e s u b j e c t o f t h e c o m -
m u n i c a t i o n i s s i m p l y b o s h , a s y o u p e r c e i v e ;
t h e h a n d w r i t i n g i s a l m o s t u n q u e s t i o i l a b l y t h a t
o f M r . J u d g e , w h o i s a n e xp e r t p e n m a n
. "
2 1 8

THETHEOSOPHICALM OVEM ENT


Pr o f e s s o r Co u e s t h e n r e n e w s t h e "Ki d d i e i n c i d e n t "
c h a r g e s a s t o t h e s o u r c e o f t h e M a h a t m a l e t t e r s i n ` ~ Th e
Oc c u l t Wo r l d , "a n d c o n c l u d e s
Su c h i s t h e u n s p e a k a b l y p u e r i l e n o n s e n s e
u p o n w h i c h t h e M a h a t m i c m y t h i s e r e c t e d .
Pa p e r s p r e p a r e d f o r n o m o r e c a u s e o r c o n s e -
q u e n c e t h a n t h e s e f l i m s y f o r g e r i e s Ih a v e o b -
t a i n e d f r o m M r . J u d g e , a n d b y Bl a v a t s k y o r
s o m e o t h e r b l a t h e r s k i t e , h a v e m a d e m u c h t h e -
o s o p h i c h i s t o r y . . . . Ic o u l d s a y m o r e b u t I
t r u s t y o u a p p r e c i a t e t h e b l e s s i n g o f h a v i n g
t w o s u c h a u t h e n t i c a n d i m p r e s s i v e m i s s i v e s
f r o m b e y o n d t h e Hi m a l a y a s i n y o u r v e s t
p o c k e t - f r o m a s f a r b e y o n d t h o s e h e i g h t s a s
M r . J u d g e ' s o f f i c e i n Ne w Yo r k - p r e c i s e l y .
F o l l o w i n g t h e Su n a r t i c l e s , M r . J u d g e i n Th e Pa t h
f o r Au g u s t , 1 8 9 0 , a d v i s e d a l l w h o m i t m i g h t c o n c e r n t h a t
h e h a d b r o u g h t s u i t f o r l i b e l . M a n i f e s t l y h e h a d d o n e
t h i s o n l y f o r t h e p r o t e c t i o n o f t h e So c i e t y a n d t h e g o o d
n a m e o f
H. P. B. , a n d t o h e a d o f f s i m i l a r a t t a c k s i n
o t h e r p u b l i c a t i o n s , f o r h e h i m s e l f h a d b e e n m e n t i o n e d
o n l y i n c i d e n t a l l y a n d a s r a t h e r d u p e a n d t o o l t h a n a r c h
d e c e i v e r , a n d t h e s a m e a s t o Co l . Ol c o t t . In h i s n o t i c e
M r . J u d g e m a d e t h e s i g n i f i c a n t s t a t e m e n t
Th e a n i m u s o f t h e w r i t e r i s s o p l a i n l y d i s -
c l o s e d t h a t i t m i g h t w e l l s e r v e a s a n a m p l e a n -
s w e r t o t h e a t t a c k
.
In a s m u c h , h o w e v e r , a s
c e r t a i n m o r a l c h a r g e s c a n n o t b e p e r m i t t e d u t t e r -
a n c e w i t h i m p u n i t y , Ih a v e b r o u g h t s u i t f o r
l i b e l
. . .
a n d a m a w a i t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s f r o m
M a d a m e Bl a v a t s k y a s t o h e r o w n c o u r s e .
In Th e
Pa t h f o r Se p t e m b e r , 1 8 9 0 , i s p r i n t e d a l e t t e r
f r o m M a d a m e Bl a v a t s k y w h o s e t o n e a n d s p i r i t i s i n
s h i n i n g c o n t r a s t w i t h t h e c o u r s e a n d a n i m u s o f h e r
c a l u m n i a t o r s . Th e l e t t e r r e a d s
"THESUN"LIBELCASE

2 1 9
Wh i l e If u l l y a g r e e t o t h e p r o p o s i t i o n t h a t
w e
s h o u l d f o r g i v e o u r e n e m i e s , y e t Id o n o t t h e r e b y
l o s e m y "a p p e a l u n t o Ca e s a r , "a n d i n t h a t a p -
p e a l , w h i c h i s n o w m a d e t o t h e La w a n d n o t t o
t h e Em p e r o r , Im a y k e e p t h e c o m m a n d t o f o r -
g i v e , w h i l e f o r t h e p r o t e c t i o n o f t h e n a m e o f a
d e a d f r i e n d a n d t h e s e c u r i t y i n t h e f u t u r e o f
Th e o s o p h i s t s , Ih a l e i n t o t h e Co u r t s o f t h e l a n d
t h o s e w h o , h a v i n g n o s e n s e o f w h a t i s r i g h t o r
j u s t , s e e f i t t o p u b l i s h b r o a d c a s t w i c k e d a n d u n -
f o u n d e d s l a n d e r s .
F o r s o m e f i f t e e n y e a r s Ih a v e c a l m l y s t o o d b y
a n d s e e n m y g o o d n a m e a s s a i l e d b y n e w s p a p e r
g o s s i p s w h o d e l i g h t t o d w e l l u p o n t h e p e r s o n a l
p e c u l i a r i t i e s o f t h o s e w h o a r e w e l l k n o w n , a n d
h a v e w o r k e d o n f o r t h e s p r e a d o f o u r Th e o s o p h i -
c a l i d e a s , f e e l i n g c o n f i d e n t t h a t , t h o u g h Im i g h t
b e a s s a i l e d b y s m a l l m i n d s w h o t r y t h e i r b e s t t o
b r i n g m e i n t o r e p r o a c h , t h e So c i e t y w h i c h I
h e l p e d t o f o u n d w o u l d w i t h s t a n d t h e a t t a c k s ,
a n d , i n d e e d , g r o w u n d e r t h e m . Th i s l a t t e r h a s
b e e n t h e c a s e . It m a y b e a s k e d b y s o m e m e m b e r s
w h y Ih a v e n e v e r r e p l i e d t o t h o s e a t t a c k s w h i c h
w e r e d i r e c t e d a g a i n s t Oc c u l t i s m a n d p h e n o m e n a
.
F o r t w o r e a s o n s : Oc c u l t i s m w i l l r e m a i n f o r e v e r ,
n o m a t t e r h o w a s s a i l e d , a n d Oc c u l t p h e n o m e n a
c a n n e v e r b e p r o v e d i n a Co u r t o f La w d u r i n g
t h i s c e n t u r y . Be s i d e s , Ih a v e n e v e r g i v e n p u b -
l i c c u r r e n c y t o a n y o f t h e l a t t e r , - b u t h a v e a l -
w a y s o b j e c t e d t o t h e g i v i n g o u t o f t h i n g s t h e
p r o f a n e c a n n o t u n d e r s t a n d .
Bu t n o w a g r e a t m e t r o p o l i t a n d a i l y i n Ne w
Yo r k , w i t h n o k n o w l e d g e o f t h e f a c t s i n t h e c a s e ,
t h r o w s b r o a d c a s t b e f o r e t h e p u b l i c m a n y c h a r g e s
a g a i n s t m e , t h e m o s t o f w h i c h m e e t t h e i r r e f u t a -
t i o n i n m y l i f e o v e r a d e c a d e . Bu t a s o n e o f
t h e m r e f l e c t s s t r o n g l y u p o n m y m o r a l c h a r a c t e r
a n d b r i n g s i n t o d i s r e p u t e t h e h o n o r a b l e n a m e o f
a d e a d m a n , a n o l d f a m i l y f r i e n d , i t i s i m p o s -
s i b l e f o r m e t o r e m a i n s i l e n t , a n d s o
Ih a v e d i -
2 2 0

THETHEOSOPHICALM OVEM ENT


r e c t e d m y l a w y e r s i n Ne w Yo r k t o b r i n g a n
a c t i o n a g a i n s t t h e Ne w Yo r k Su n
f o r l i b e l .
Th i s p a p e r a c c u s e s m e o f
. b e i n g a m e m b e r o f
t h e d e m i - m o n d e
i n ' 58 a n d ' 68 a n d o f h a v i n g i m -
p r o p e r r e l a t i o n s w i t h Pr i n c e Em i l e Wi t t g e n -
s t e i n , b y w h o m t h e p a p e r s a y s Ih a d a n i l l e g i t i -
m a t e s o n .
Th e f i r s t p a r t o f t h e c h a r g e i s s o r i d i c u l o u s a s
t o a r o u s e l a u g h t e r , b u t t h e s e c o n d a n d t h i r d h o l d
o t h e r s u p t o r e p r o b a t i o n
. Pr i n c e Wi t t g e n s t e i n ,
n o w d e a d , w a s a n o l d f r i e n d o f m y f a m i l y , w h o m
Is a w f o r t h e l a s t t i m e w h e n Iw a s e i g h t e e n
y e a r s o l d , i . e . , i n 1 8 4 9 , a n d h e a n d h i s w i f e r e -
m a i n e d u n t i l h i s d e a t h i n c l o s e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e
w i t h m e . He w a s a c o u s i n o f t h e l a t e Em p r e s s
o f Ru s s i a , a n d l i t t l e t h o u g h t t h a t u p o n h i s g r a v e
w o u l d b e t h r o w n t h e f i l t h o f a m o d e r n Ne w Yo r k
n e w s p a p e r . Th i s i n s u l t t o h i m a n d t o m e Ia m
b o u n d b y a l l d i c t a t e s o f m y d u t y t o r e p e l , a n d a m
a l s o o b l i g e d t o p r o t e c t t h e h o n o r o f a l l Th e -
o s o p h i s t s w h o g u i d e t h e i r l i v e s b y t h e t e a c h i n g s
o f Th e o s o p h y ; h e n c e m y a p p e a l t o t h e La w a n d
t o a j u r y o f m y f e l l o w Am e r i c a n s
. Ig a v e u p m y
a l l e g i a n c e t o t h e Cz a r o f Ru s s i a i n t h e h o p e t h a t
Am e r i c a w o u l d p r o t e c t h e r c i t i z e n s ; m a y t h a t
h o p e n o t p r o v e v a i n
. - H
. P
. B.
At t h e t i m e , t h e
Su n
w a s p e r h a p s t h e m o s t w i d e l y
c i r c u l a t e d a n d i n f l u e n t i a l o f Am e r i c a n n e w s p a p e r s
. It
h a d a t i t s c o m m a n d e v e r y r e s o u r c e o f a b i l i t y , i n f l u e n c e ,
a n d m o n e y , a n d i t i s n o t t o b e s u p p o s e d t h a t i t w a s u n -
f a m i l i a r w i t h t h e t e c h n i c a l i t i e s o f t h e Ne w Yo r k St a t e
l a w s r e l a t i n g t o l i b e l o r t h e d i f f i c u l t i e s i n t h e w a y o f a n y
o n e w h o m i g h t t r y t o o b t a i n a v e r d i c t a g a i n s t i t i n s u c h
a s u i t
. It h a d b u t t o e s t a b l i s h i n c o u r t i t s o w n g o o d f a i t h
a n d p r o v e o r s h o w r e a s o n a b l e c a u s e f o r b e l i e f i n a n d
c i r c u l a t i o n o f a s i n g l e o n e o f i t s m a j o r c h a r g e s , a n d t h e
w h o l e h i s t o r y o f Am e r i c a n j u r i s p r u d e n c e i n s i m i l a r c a s e s
s h o w e d t h a t i t w o u l d b e a c q u i t t e d
. Bu t o n e t h i n g f a v o r e d
t h e s u i t o f H. P. B. :
t h e f a c t t h a t t h i s t i m e , q u i t e t h e
"THESUN"LIBELCASE

2 2 1
c o n t r a r y o f t h e Co u l o m b
c h a r g e s , t h e S. P
. R.
r e p o r t ,
a n d t h e n u m e r o u s p r i o r a t t a c k s u p o n h e r a n d h e r m i s -
s i o n - t h i s t i m e t h e c h a r g e s w e r e d i r e c t , m a d e a s s t a t e -
m e n t s o f f a c t , n o t o f o p i n i o n , h e a r s a y , c o n c l u s i o n , i n -
f e r e n c e , o r i n n u e n d o . If H. P. B. w a s a c t u a l l y g u i l t y o f
a s i n g l e o n e o f t h e o f f e n s e s c h a r g e d a g a i n s t h e r , s h e
w a s r u i n e d , i n e r a d i c a b l y b r a n d e d w i t h t h e s t i g m a o f a
c o n v i c t e d r o g u e h e r e n e m i e s t r i u m p h a n t , h e r So c i e t y
e xp l o d e d , h e r f o l l o w e r s b u r i e d i n i g n o m i n y , h e r m i s s i o n
a n d h e r "Th e o s o p h y "a t h i n g o f c o n t e m p t a n d o f d e -
r i s i o n .
Th e i s s u e w a s s q u a r e l y j o i n e d , w i t h n o p o s s i b i l i t y o f
e v a s i o n b y e i t h e r p a r t y t o t h e s u i t . Th i s t i m e i t w a s
n o t a f r i e n d l e s s a n d s l a n d e r e d w o m a n f o r c e d i n t o t h e
p o s i t i o n w h e r e s h e m u s t s u f f e r i n s i l e n c e o r e s s a y t h e
h o p e l e s s t a s k o f
p r o v i n g h e r s e l f i n n o c e n t
o f t h e f a b r i c a -
t i o n s o f i r r e s p o n s i b l e e v i l - a n d m a l i c i o u s - m i n d e d a s s a s -
s i n s o f h e r g o o d n a m e
. It w a s a g r e a t a n d p o w e r f u l
n e w s p a p e r f a c e d w i t h t h e s i m p l e t a s k o f p r o v i n g h e r
g u i l t y o f a s i n g l e o n e o f i t s n u m e r o u s c h a r g e s b y t h e
s i m p l e p r o c e s s o f b r i n g i n g i n t o Co u r t i n i t s b e h a l f t h e
Co u e s , t h e Bu n d y s , t h e Ho d g s o n s , t h e Co u l o m b s , t h e
Co l e m a n s , t h e Si d g w i c k s , t h e M y e r s , t h e M a s s e y s , t h e
Li l l i e s , t h e Co l l i n s e s , a n d a l l t h e o t h e r s t i l l l i v i n g "w i t -
n e s s e s "w h o h a d f a t h e r e d o r c i r c u l a t e d t h e "e v i d e n c e "
w h i c h f o r s o m a n y y e a r s h a d b e e n i n d u s t r i o u s l y s p r e a d
b e f o r e t h e p u b l i c t o "p r o v e "H . P. B. a f r a u d , h e r p h e -
n o m e n a b o g u s , h e r t e a c h i n g s a t h e f t o r a p l a g i a r i s m .
Ce r t a i n l y , o n t h e a s s u m p t i o n t h a t a t s o m e t i m e i n h e r
l i f e H. P
. B. h a d b e e n i n d i s c r e e t i n h e r r e l a t i o n s w i t h
m e n , a t s o m e t i m e p a r t i c i p a n t i n q u e s t i o n a b l e t r a n s -
a c t i o n s , a t s o m e t i m e e n g a g e d i n a n y t h i n g d i s r e p u t a b l e ,
a t s o m e t i m e p a r t y t o f r a u d u l e n t p h e n o m e n a , a t s o m e
t i m e p r o f i t i n g b y h e r "h o a x, "t h e t a s k b e f o r e t h e
Su n
w a s a n e a s y o n e .
Th e c a s e w a s p r e s s e d w i t h t h e u t m o s t v i g o r b y
H. P. B
. ' s a t t o r n e y s , b u t t h e u s u a l "l a w ' s d e l a y s "w e r e
i n v o k e d a n d t a k e n a d v a n t a g e o f i n t h e d e f e n s e . In Th e
Pa t h
f o r M a r c h , 1 8 9 1 , a s t a t e m e n t o f t h e t h e n s t a t u s o f
t h e s u i t w a s p u b l i s h e d u n d e r t h e c a p t i o n , "Th e Li b e l
2 2 2

THETHEOSOPHICALM OVEM ENT


Su i t s Ag a i n s t No w Yo r k Su n a n d El l i o t t Co u e s . "Th e
a xt i c l e r e a d s
Se v e r a l l e t t e r s i n q u i r i n g a b o u t t h e s e s u i t s
h a v i n g b e e n r e c e i v e d , a n d v a r i o u s r u m o r s a b o u t
t h e m h a v i n g a r i s e n , f a c t s a r e g i v e n
.
It i s n o t p o s s i b l e t o b r i n g a n y s u i t t o t r i a l i n
Ne w Yo r k v e r y q u i c k l y , a s a l l t h e c a l e n d a r s a r e
c r o w d e d a n d s u i t o r s h a v e t o a w a i t t h e i r t u r n
.
It i s n o t p o s s i b l e i n Ne w Yo r k t o h a v e n e w s -
p a p e r s n o t i c e t h e p r o g r e s s o f s u i t s f o r l i b e l
a g a i n s t o t h e r n e w s p a p e r s , a s a n a g r e e m e n t e x-
i s t s b e t w e e n t h e v a r i o u s e d i t o r s t h a t n o s u c h
p u b l i c a t i o n w i l l b e m a d e . He n c e t h e s i l e n c e
a b o u t t h e a b o v e - m e n t i o n e d a c t i o n s
.
Th e a c t i o n s w e r e b e g u n i n e a r n e s t a n d a r e
a w a i t i n g t r i a l . Th e y w i l l b e c o n t i n u e d u n t i l a
v e r d i c t i s r e a c h e d o r a r e t r a c t i o n g i v e n .
On e v i c t o r y h a s b e e n g a i n e d i n t h i s w a y . Th e
Ne w Yo r k Su n p u t i n a l o n g a n s w e r t o M m e .
Bl a v a t s k y ' s c o m p l a i n t a n d h e r l a w y e r s d e -
m u r r e d t o i t s s u f f i c i e n c y a s a d e f e n c e .
Th a t
q u e s t i o n o f l a w w a s a r g u e d b e f o r e J u d g e Be a c h
i n
t h e Su p r e m e Co u r t , a n d o n t h e a r g u m e n t
t h e
l a w y e r s f o r t h e Su n c o n f e s s e d i n o p e n c o u r t
t h e i r i n a b i l i t y t o p r o v e t h e c h a r g e o f i m m o r a l i t y
o n w h i c h t h e s u i t l i e s , a n d a s k e d t o b e a l l o w e d
t o r e t a i n t h e m a s s o f i r r e l e v a n t m a t t e r i n t h e
a n s w e r . Th e s e m a t t e r s c o u l d o n l y h a v e b e e n
m e a n t t o p r e j u d i c e a j u r y
. Bu t J u d g e Be a c h
s u s t a i n e d M m e . Bl a v a t s k y ' s o b j e c t i o n a n d
o r d e r e d t h a t t h e o b j e c t i o n a b l e m a t t e r b e s t r i c k e n
o u t . Th e c a s e n o w l o o k s m e r e l y l i k e o n e i n
w h i c h t h e o n l y , q u e s t i o n w i l l b e t h e a m o u n t o f
d a m a g e s , a n d e v e r y t h i n g m u s t n o w s t a n d u n t i l
t h e c a s e i s r e a c h e d i n t h e Tr i a l Te r m . Th i s
d e c i s i o n o n t h e d e m u r r e r w a s a s u b s t a n t i a l
v i c t o r y
. Th e s u i t a g a i n s t D r . El l i o t t Co u e s i s i n
e xa c t l y t h e s a m e c o n d i t i o n .
"THESUN"LIBELCASE

2 2 3
M a d a m e Bl a v a t s k y d i e d i n M a y o f t h e s a m e y e a r -
1 8 9 1 - a n d , u n d e r t h e La w s o f Ne w Yo r k , h e r
, d e a t h a u t o -
m a t i c a l l y t e r m i n a t e d t h e s u i t b r o u g h t b y h e r a g a i n s t t h e
Su n s . M r
. J u d g e , h o w e v e r , c o n t i n u e d t o p r e s s h i s o w n
s u i t , a l t h o u g h t h e a l l e g a t i o n s o r i g i n a l l y m a d e a g a i n s t
h i m s e l f w e r e r a t h e r r i d i c u l e t h a n s l a n d e r
. F i n a l l y , o n
Se p t e m b e r 2 6, 1 8 9 2 , t h e
Su n , w h i c h b y t h i s t i m e h a d b e -
c o m e c o n v i n c e d o f t h e g r e a t w r o n g p e r p e t r a t e d t h r o u g h
i t , v o l u n t a r i l y p u b l i s h e d , i n p a r t i a l a m e n d s , a n e d i t o r i a l
a r t i c l e r e p u d i a t i n g t h e Co n e s i n t e r v i e w , a n d a l o n g a r -
t i c l e b y M r
. J u d g e d e v o t e d t o a t r i b u t e t o t h e l i f e - w o r k
a n d c h a r a c t e r o f H
. P. Bl a v a t s k y .
Th e e d i t o r i a l r e -
t r a c t i o n r e a d s
We p r i n t o n a n o t h e r p a g e a n a r t i c l e i n w h i c h
WTh TJ AM Q
. J UD G Ed e a l s w i t h t h e r o m a n t i c
a n d e xt r a o r d i n a r y c a r e e r o f t h e l a t e M a d a m e
HELENAP. BLAVATSxY
. We t a k e o c c a s i o n t o
o b s e r v e t h a t o n J u l y 2 0 , 1 8 9 0 , w e
w e r e m i s l e d
i n t o a d m i t t i n g i n t o t h e Su n ' s
c o l u m n s a n a r t i c l e
b y D r . E
. F . Co u Es o f Wa s h i n g t o n , i n w h i c h a l l e -
g a t i o n s w e r e m a d e a g a i n s t M a d a m e BLAVATSKY' S
c h a r a c t e r , a n d a l s o a g a i n s t h e r f o l l o w e r s , w h i c h
a p p e a r t o h a v e b e e n w i t h o u t s o l i d f o u n d a t i o n .
M r
. J UD G E' Sa r t i c l e d i s p o s e s o f a l l q u e s t i o n s r e -
l a t i n g t o M a d a m e BLAVATs xYa s p r e s e n t e d b y D r
.
COUES, a n d w e d e s i r e t o s a y t h a t h i s a l l e g a -
t i o n s r e s p e c t i n g t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y a n d
M r
. J UD G Ep e r s o n a l l y a r e n o t s u s t a i n e d b y e v i -
d e n c e , a n d s h o u l d n o t h a v e b e e n p r i n t e d
.
It i s p r o b a b l e t h a t f e w Th e o s o p h i c a l s t u d e n t s o f t h e
p r e s e n t d a y h a v e e v e r s e e n t h e a r t i c l e w r i t t e n b y M r
.
J u d g e o n H. P. B. a t t h e i n v i t a t i o n o f t h e Su n , a n d i n -
c l u d e d a s p a r t o f i t s e d i t o r i a l r e t r a c t i o n b y t h e w o r d s
"M r
. J u d g e ' s a r t i c l e d i s p o s e s o f a l l q u e s t i o n s r e l a t i n g
t o M a d a m e Bl a v a t s k y a s p r e s e n t e d b y D r
. Co n e s . " Th e
a r t i c l e i t s e l f , a n d t h e a c c o m p a n y i n g e d i t o r i a l e n d o r s e -
m e n t a n d r e t r a c t i o n , s h o u l d b e c o n t r a s t e d w i t h t h e t w o
2 2 4

THETHEOSOPHICAL
. M OVEM ENT
e d i t o r i a l s f r o m t h e
Su a a f i r s t q u o t e d i n t h e p r e s e n t c h a p -
t e r a n d w i t h t h e Co n e s c h a r g e s , i n o r d e r f u l l y t o r e a l i z e
t h e c o m p l e t e r e v e r s a l o f i t s ' p o s i t i o n b y t h e Su n . Th i s
c a n b e a c c o u n t e d f o r o n l y o n t w o g r o u n d s
: ( 1 ) t h a t t h e .
Su n
a f t e r v i g o r o u s a n d p r o l o n g e d e f f o r t s t o f i n d e v i -
d e n c e t o s u p p o r t e v e n o n e o f t h e c h a r g e s f o u n d t h a t t h e y
w e r e m e r e c a l u m n i e s , a n d ( 2 ) t h a t i t s p u b l i s h e r s w e r e
m e n h o n o r a b l e e n o u g h v o l u n t a r i l y t o m a k e a m e n d s f o r
t h e w r o n g d o n e b y p u b l i s h i n g a r e t r a c t i o n , e v e n a f t e r
t h e d e a t h o f H. P. B
. h a d f r e e d t h e m f r o m a l l r i s k o f
d a m a g e s
.
Th e o s o p h i s t s , o u t o f l o y a l t y a n d g r a t i t u d e t o H
. P. B.
w h o b r o u g h t t h e m - a t w h a t c o s t t o h e r s e l f w e h a v e p a r t l y
s e e n - t h e m e s s a g e o f Th e o s o p h y , w o u l d d o w e l l t o i n -
f o r m t h e m s e l v e s f u l l y o n t h e Co u e s - Co l l i n s a n d
Su n c a s e ,
f o r t h e y c o v e r e v e r y a c c u s a t i o n e v e r h u r l e d a t H
. P. B. ' s
g o o d n a m e a n d f a m e ; t h e y c o n s t i t u t e t h e o n l y c a s e w h e r e
t h e c h a r g e s w e r e m a d e d i r e c t l y , a n d b y a r e s p o n s i b l e
c h a n n e l . Th e o u t c o m e o f t h e c a s e c o n s t i t u t e s a n a b s o -
l u t e v i n d i c a t i o n o f H . P. B
. a n d a n e q u a l l y e m p h a t i c
e xp o s u r e o f t h e b a d f a i t h o r t h e i g n o r a n c e o f t h o s e w h o
h a v e s i n c e r e p e a t e d t h o s e s l a n d e r s : Ye t y e a r s l a t e r o n e
a n d a n o t h e r o f t h e Co u e s - Co l l i n s - Su n c h a r g e s h a v e , b e e n
r e p e a t e d a n d h a v e g a i n e d v e r y w i d e p u b l i c i t y b e c a u s e
o f t h e s u p p o s e d h i g h c h a r a c t e r o f t h e p a r t i e s m a k i n g
t h e m , f o r e xa m p l e , b y "M a r g o t Te n n a n t "( w i f e o f
He r b e r t As q u i t h , e x- Pr i m e M i n i s t e r o f G r e a t Br i t a i n ,
i n h e r "In t i m a t e D i a r y ") , a n d b y t h e l a t e Co u n t Wi t t e ,
f o r m a n y y e a r s o n e o f t h e l e a d i n g M i n i s t e r s o f t h e Ru s -
s i a n Em p i r e u n d e r t h e
r e g i m e o f t h e l a t e Cz a r . Co u n t
Wi t t e w a s a c o u s i n o f
H. P. B. , b u t a s h e w a s m a n y
y e a r s h e r j u n i o r , h e k n e w h e r
o n l y a s a b o y a n d s a w h e r
b u t a f e w t i m e s
. In h i s p u b l i s h e d "M e m o i r s "t h e o l d
c h a r g e s o f i m m o r a l i t y f i r s t d i r e c t l y m a d e b y Co u e s a n d
t h e Si n n
a r e c i r c u m s t a n t i a l l y r e p e a t e d . He d o e s n o t p r o -
f e s s t o s p e a k f r o m k n o w l e d g e , b u t f o r t h e s a m e i n s c r u t -
a b l e r e a s o n s t h a t h a v e p r o m p t e d s o m a n y o t h e r s , d o e s
n o t h e s i t a t e t o r e p e a t t h e s e a b o m i n a b l e c a l u m n i e s a t
s e c o n d - h a n d . Th e o u t c o m e o f t h e Su n c a s e g i v e s t h e l i e
t o t h e Wi t t e s l a n d e r s u p o n t h e d e a d . St u d e n t s m a y b e
"THESUN"LIBELCASE

2 2 5
i n t e r e s t e d t o k n o w t h a t Co u n t Wi t t e ' s o w n m o t h e r , a
d e v o t e d m e m b e r o f t h e o r t h o d o xG r e e k Ca t h o l i c Ch u r c h ,
r e m a i n e d t o h e r d y i n g d a y t h e w a r m f r i e n d a n d c h a m -
p i o n o f H. P. B.
Vi l e a s m u s t b e c o n s i d e r e d t h e c h a r -
a c t e r s o f t h o s e w h o o r i g i n a t e o r c i r c u l a t e u n v e r i f i e d b a s e
c h a r g e s a g a i n s t t h e l i v i n g , t h e y a r e r e s p e c t a b l e i n c o m -
p a r i s o n w i t h t h o s e w h o c o n t i n u e t o r e v i l e t h e d e f e n s e l e s s
d e a d .
Af t e r t h e b a t t l e i n t h e Su n a n d i t s s e q u e n c e , D r . Co u e s
f l e d i n g l o r i o u s l y f r o m t h e f i e l d ; h i s G n o s t i c s o c i e t y m e l t e d
a w a y l i k e a s h a d o w , h i s p r e s t i g e w a n e d , a n d h e d i e d i n
o b s c u r i t y i n 1 8 9 9 . Hi s Es o t e r i c Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y
e xi s t s o n l y a s a f o r g o t t e n e c h o o f h i s o w n b o m b a s t a n d
p r e t e n s e . Af t e r t h e
Su n
r e t r a c t i o n h e n e v e r a g a i n v e n -
t u r e d t o t h r u s t h i m s e l f o n p u b l i c a t t e n t i o n a s a n "o c -
c u l t i s t . "
CHAPTERXV
OLCOTTVERSUSH
. P. B.
ATTENTION
m u s t n o w b e
t u r n e d f r o m t h e e xt e r n a l
a s p e c t s o f t h e s t r u g g l e o f c o n t e n d i n g f o r c e s a c c o m p a n y -
i n g t h e p r o g r e s s o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l M o v e m e n t ,
a s e x-
e m p l i f i e d i n t h e Co u e s - Co l l i n s ' s t o r m , a n d t h e a r e n a
r e g a r d e d f r o m a n o t h e r p o i n t o f v i e w a l t o g e t h e r - t h e
i s s u e s a s p e r s o n i f i e d i n
H. P. B. , M r
. J u d g e , a n d Co l .
0 l c o t t , w h o , a s s a i d , r e p r e s e n t e d i n t h e i r o w n p e r s o n s
t h e t h r e e Se c t i o n s o f t h a t M o v e m e n t , e xo t e r i c a n d
e s o t e r i c . '
In t h e f i r s t d e c a d e o f t h e M o v e m e n t , a s m a n i f e s t e d i n
t h e e xo t e r i c Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y , t h e w o r k o f t h e t h r e e
F o u n d e r s w a s c o n c o r d a n t a n d c o h e r e n t .
Th e So c i e t y
g r e w r a p i d l y i n n u m b e r s a n d i n f l u e n c e a n d b e c a m e f i r m l y
. e s t a b l i s h e d i n Am e r i c a , Eu r o p e , a n d In d i a .
M i n o r o p -
p o s i t i o n a t t e n d e d i t s c o u r s e f r o m e xt e r n a l a n t a g o n i s t i c
f a c t o r s a n d n u m e r o u s i n t e r n a l d i s t u r b a n c e s a r o s e , b u t
n o n e o f t h e s e w a s o f s e r i o u s m o m e n t , b e c a u s e n o d i s -
s e n s i o n s e xi s t e d a m o n g t h e F o u n d e r s .
En e m i e s w i t h o u t
a n d t r o u b l e m a k e r s w i t h i n c o u l d f i n d n o t h i n g "w h e r e o n
t o s t a n d "a s a f u l c r u m
. Th e f i r s t b r e a c h i n t h e s o l i d a r i t y
o f t h e F o u n d e r s w a s e f f e c t e d i n t h e y e a r 1 8 8 1 . It d i d
n o t b e c o m e a m a t t e r o f p u b l i c k n o w l e d g e u n t i l 1 8 9 5, a n d
c o n s i d e r a t i o n o f i t m u s t b e d e f e r r e d u n t i l t h e e v e n t s o f
t h a t p e r i o d , b u t t h e f a c t s h o u l d b e n o t e d i n s e e k i n g t o
u n d e r s t a n d t h e o r i g i n s o f t h e s u c c e s s i v e p h a s e s o f t h e
M o v e m e n t . 2
Pu b l i c r e f e r e n c e w a s m a d e t o t h e e xi s t e n c e o f t h e
i n n e r Se c t i o n s o f t h e M o v e m e n t a t t h e c l o s e o f t h e f i r s t
s e v e n y e a r s .
F r o m t h e n o n m o r e a n d m o r e f r e q u e n t
a l l u s i o n s t o t h e Se c o n d Se c t i o n , i t s s u p e r i o r i m p o r t a n c e ,
' Se e Ch a p t e r IX.
' Se e Ch a p t e r s XXIVa n d XXXIV.
2 2 6
OLCOTTVERSUSH
. P. B.

2 2 7
i t s r u l e s a n d d i s c i p l i n e , i t s g u a r d i a n s h i p o f t h e e xo t e r i e
w o r k , i t s p r o v i s i o n s f o r t h e m o r e e a r n e s t a n d w o r t h y
m e m b e r s o f t h e Th i r d Se c t i o n o r Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y
p r o p e r , m a y b e f o u n d i n p u b l i c p r i n t . F i n a l l y , i n 1 8 8 8 ,
a d e f i n i t e , f o r m a l , p u b l i c a n n o u n c e m e n t w a s m a d e o f t h e
f o r m a t i o n o f t h e Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n o f t h e
T. S. , a s a p r o -
b a t i o n a r y d e g r e e o f t h e Se c o n d Se c t i o n o f t h e Th e o s o p h i -
c a l M o v e m e n t . An d , u n d e r t h e p r o t e c t i o n o f t h e
"p l e d g e "a n d t h e s e a l o f c o n f i d e n c e , i n f o r m a t i o n w a s
g i v e n t o a l l a p p l i c a n t s o f t h e r e a l p u r p o s e o f t h e M o v e -
m e n t , t h e r e a l s t a t u s o f t h e So c i e t y , t h e r e a l Ob j e c t s o f
t h e i n v i s i b l e
F o u n d e r s - t h e M a s t e r s o f Wi s d o m .
Th e f i r s t t e n y e a r s w a s m a r k e d , e xo t e r i c a l l y , b y t h e
Co u l o m b c h a r g e s a n d t h e
Re p o r t o f t h e So c i e t y f o r Ps y -
c h i c a l Re s e a r c h . Es o t e r i c a l l y , b o t h t h e s e w e r e m a d e p o s -
s i b l e a n d e n a b l e d t o a c h i e v e a n i m m e n s e d a m a g e t o t h e
M o v e m e n t , t h r o u g h t h e h i d d e n r u p t u r e b e t w e e n t h e t h r e e
Se c t i o n s o f t h e M o v e m e n t , t h e F i r s t a n d Se c o n d Se c t i o n s
o n t h e o n e h a n d , t h e Th i r d Se c t i o n o n t h e o t h e r ; b e t w e e n
t h e e s o t e r i c s i d e o f t h e M o v e m e n t a s p e r s o n i f i e d i n H .
P
. B. , M r
. J u d g e a n d D a m o d a r , a n d t h e e xo t e r i c , a s
p e r s o n i f i e d b y Co l . Ol c o t t , M r
. Si n n e t t , a n d t h e In d i a n
Co u n c i l . At t h e t i m e , t h e o n l y p u b l i c s i g n s o f t h i s b r e a c h
w e r e t h e f a i l u r e t o d e f e n d H . P. B. a s s t r e n u o u s l y a s s h e
w a s a t t a c k e d ; h e r r e s i g n a t i o n a n d d e p a r t u r e f r o m In d i a
a n d f r o m a c t i v e c o n n e c t i o n w i t h t h e So c i e t y ; t h e p u b l i c
a n d p r i v a t e d i s c l a i m e r s o f Co l . Ol c o t t a n d o t h e r s o f a n y
r e l i a n c e o f t h e i r o w n o r o f t h e So c i e t y o n t h e a s s u m e d
Oc c u l t s t a t u s o r p o w e r s o f H
. P. B. ; t h e i r a s s e r t i o n o f
t h e a b i l i t y o f t h e So c i e t y t o s t a n d o n i t s o w n m e r i t s
a p a r t f r o m H
. P. Bl a v a t s k y a s t h e d i r e c t Ag e n t o f t h e
M a s t e r s
; a p a r t f r o m h e r p a r a m o u n t s t a t u s a s t h e c o n -
n e c t i n g l i n k b e t w e e n t h o s e M a s t e r s a n d t h e So c i e t y ;
a p a r t f r o m h e r t e a c h i n g s o f Th e o s o p h y a s t h e a u t h o r i -
t a t i v e e xp o s i t i o n o f t h e Wi s d o m - Re l i g i o n .
Al t h o u g h t h e y h a d a b u n d a n t w a r n i n g s , b o t h f r o m t h e
t e a c h i n g s o f Th e o s o p h y a n d f r o m m e s s a g e s r e c e i v e d b y
t h e m d i r e c t l y f r o m t h e M a s t e r s , t h a t t h e i r v i e w s o f
H. P . B. w e r e e r r o n e o u s i n f a c t a n d i l l o g i c a l i n p r i n c i p l e ,
a n d a l t h o u g h n o t o n e o f t h e m h i m s e l f h a d , o r p r o f e s s e d
2 2 8

THETHEOSOPHICALM OVEM ENT


t o h a v e , a n y Oc c u l t p o w e r s o f h i s o w n , n e v e r t h e l e s s t h e i r
f u n d a m e n t a l l y f a l s e v i e w o f t h e n a t u r e o f H
. P. B. c o m -
p e l l e d t h e m , l i t t l e b y l i t t l e , t o t a k e a d i v e r g e n t p a t h . In
t h e b e g i n n i n g , d o u b t s
; n e xt , p r i v a t e d i s s e n t a n d d i s s i m -
u l a t i o n ; t h e n a m i d d l e g r o u n d , p u b l i c t e m p o r i z i n g , a n d
s e c r e t p l o t t i n g ; f i n a l l y , o p e n r e p u d i a t i o n o f h e r Oc c u l t
s t a t u s a n d s t a n d i n g i n t h e So c i e t y , i n t h e M o v e m e n t , i n
Th e o s o p h y .
Th e s t a g e o f d i s s e n t a n d d i s s i m u l a t i o n w a s r e a c h e d
a n d p r a c t i c e d i n 1 8 8 4 a n d t h e f o l l o w i n g y e a r s . Co m p e l l e d
b y t h e i r i n v o l v e m e n t w i t h h e r i n t h e a f f a i r s o f t h e So -
c i e t y a n d t h e i r j o i n t s p o n s o r s h i p f o r t h e n u m e r o u s
m i r a c u l o u s e v e n t s a t t r i b u t e d t o t h e c o u r s e o f i t s h i s t o r y ,
a l u k e w a r m s u p p o r t w a s p u b l i c l y g i v e n t o
H. P. B. , w h i l e
i n p r i v a t e a d e t e r m i n e d e f f o r t w a s m a d e t o s u p p r e s s a n d
"c o n t r o l "h e r i n t h e c o m m o n i n t e r e s t . D u r i n g t h e s e
y e a r s W. St a i n t o n M o s e s ( "M . A. Oxo n ") , C
. C
. M a s s e y ,
A. O. Hu m e , V. V. So l o v y o f f , W
. T
. Br o w n , M r s
. J o s e -
p h i n e Ca b l e s , M o h i n i M . Ch a t t e r j i , M r
. Co o p e r - Oa k l e y ,
a n d n u m e r o u s o t h e r s , b o t h m e m b e r s o f t h e So c i e t y a n d
p r o b a t i o n e r s o f t h e Se c o n d Se c t i o n , s u c c u m b e d t o i n n e r
a n d o u t e r i n f l u e n c e s a n d l e f t t h e So c i e t y , b u t Co l
. Ol c o t t ,
M r . Si n n e t t , a n d m a n y o t h e r s c o n t i n u e d w i t h t h e So c i e t y
a n d i t s w o r k , b e c a u s e , h o w e v e r m u c h t h e y d o u b t e d
H. P. B. ,
t h e y w e r e n o n e t h e l e s s c o n v i n c e d o f t h e e xi s t -
e n c e o f t h e M a s t e r s a n d t h e v a l u e o f t h e So c i e t y i n t h e
w o r k o f t h e M o v e m e n t , p r o v i d e d o n l y t h a t t h e y c o u l d
t h e m s e l v e s d i r e c t a n d c o n t r o l i t s d e s t i n i e s
. F o l l o w e d
Co l . Ol c o t t ' s p r i v a t e b u t v i o l e n t o p p o s i t i o n t o t h e f o r m a -
t i o n o f t h e Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n , a n d t o t h e l i n e s o f d i r e c -
t i o n t h a t H. P. B
. a n d M r . J u d g e w e r e a t t e m p t i n g t o l a y
a n d e n e r g i z e w i t h i n t h e So c i e t y b y t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f
t h e Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n a n d b y t h e i r m a g a z i n e s , Th e Pa t h
a n d Lu c i f e r . 8
Th e c l e a v a g e a t t h i s t i m e w e n t a l m o s t t o t h e v e r g e o f
t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t b y H. P. B. a n d M r
. J u d g e o f a n e w
So c i e t y c o m p o s e d o f t h o s e We s t e r n Th e o s o p h i s t s w h o
w o u l d r e m a i n t r u e t o , t h e o r i g i n a l i m p e t u s a n d i t s l i n e s ,
a n d w o u l d h a v e s o r e s u l t e d h a d n o t Co l
. Ol c o t t a n d t h o s e
' s e e Ch a p t e r s IXa n d X.
OLCOTTVERSUSH. P. B.

2 ' 2 9
a s s o c i a t e d w i t h h i s v i e w s m o d i f i e d t h e i r c o n d u c t . Co n -
c e r n e d n o t a t a l l w i t h o r o v e r Co l . Ol c o t t ' s o r a n y o n e ' s
o p i n i o n s i n r e g a r d t o t h e m s e l v e s , b u t i n t e n t o n l y
o n t h e
Ca u s e i t s e l f , H . P. B. a n d W. Q
. J . u s e d e v e r y e f f o r t t o
e n c o u r a g e , t o s u s t a i n , t o u p h o l d h i m a n d o t h e r s i n . t h e i r
d e v o t i o n a n d t h e i r p l a c e i n t h e So c i e t y ; s o . l o n g a s w o r k
w a s d o n e a n d a p o s s i b i l i t y r e m a i n e d ' t o k e e p t h e t h r e e
l i n e s o f t h e M o v e m e n t i n t a c t , c o h e r e n t , a n d i n p r o p e r
r e l a t i o n . No t h i n g w a s o m i t t e d t h a t m i g h t a s s u a g e t h e
s e v e r a l v a n i t i e s , j e a l o u s i e s , a m b i t i o n s , a n d f e a r s o f Co l .
Ol c o t t a n d h i s c o - w o r k e r s
; e v e r y t h i n g p o s s i b l e w a s d o n e
t o c o n v i n c e t h e m t h a t p l a c e , p o w e r , a u t h o r i t y a n d
d o m i n i o n w e r e n o t s o u g h t b y H. P. B.
Th e n c a m e t h e Co u e s - Co l l i n s - Su n a t t a c k . Th e r e c a n
b e n o d o u b t , w e t h i n k , t h a t D r
. Co u e s c o u n t e d t h a t i f h e
l e d t h e a s s a u l t h e w o u l d b e s u p p o r t e d o p e n l y b y Co l .
Ol c o t t a n d o t h e r s p r o m i n e n t w i t h i n t h e So c i e t y , a n d f o r
t h i s h e h a d w h a t t o h i m w e r e s o u n d r e a s o n s , a s h a s b e e n
i n d i c a t e d . 4 Ba c k e d b y h i s o w n p r e s t i g e w i t h t h e g e n -
e r a l p u b l i c a n d t h a t o f Ol c o t t a n d o t h e r s w i t h t h e So -
c i e t y ' s m e m b e r s h i p , k n o w i n g t h e g e n e r a l d i s c r e d i t h e a p e d
u p o n H. P. B. b y t h e S. P. R. Re p o r t , k n o w i n g w e l l t h e
p r i v a t e o p i n i o n s o f Co l . Ol c o t t , M r . Si n n e t t , a n d o t h e r s
i n r e g a r d t o h e r - w h a t m o r e n a t u r a l t h a n t h a t h e s h o u l d
c o n s i d e r h i s f o r c e s m o r e t h a n a m p l e t o s o u t t e r l y c r a s h
t h e r e p u t a t i o n o f H . P. B. t h a t s h e w o u l d b e p e r m a n e n t l y
e l i m i n a t e d a s a f a c t o r i n t h e So c i e t y , w h i c h c o u l d t h e n
b e r e - o r g a n i z e d a n d r e - b u i l t o n l i n e s a g r e e a b l e t o h i m s e l f
a n d h i s o w n a m b i t i o n s , w i t h h i m s e l f a s i t s b r i g h t p a r t i c u -
l a r s t a r i n t h e We s t ? Ab l e a n d a s t u t e , h i s p l a n s s u e -
c e e d e d p e r f e c t l y w i t h M i s s M a b e l Co l l i n s , b u t h i s m a s -
t e r - s t r o k e f a i l e d w i t h Co l
. Ol c o t t . Th i s h e c o u l d n o t
k n o w i n a d v a n c e , b u t h i s k n o w l e d g e o f c o n d i t i o n s a n d
t h e p r o g r e s s o f h i s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e w i t h t h e Pr e s i d e n t -
F o u n d e r g a v e h i m e v e r y r e a s o n t o b e l i e v e t h a t t h e d i s -
a f f e c t i o n s o a r t f u l l y f a n n e d w o u l d b u r s t t o f l a m e i n o p e n
t r e a s o n w h e n t h e b a t t l e s h o u l d b e j o i n e d .
He r e c k o n e d
w i t h o u t h i s h o s t i n t h e f i n a l i s s u e , b u t h o w n e a r l y h e s u c -
c e e d e d i s i n d i c a t e d b y t h e l e t t e r t o h i m f r o m Co l . Ol e o t t
' Se e ,
Ch a p t e r s XIIa n d XIV.
2 8 0

THETHEOSOPHICALM OVEM ENT


w h i c h w e h a v e g i v e n , a n d b y t h e c o u r s e p u r s u e d b y t h e
Pr e s i d e n t - F o u n d e r d u r i n g a l l t h a t s t o r m y p e r i o d - a
c o u r s e w h i c h w e h a v e n o w t o t r a c e
.
Th a t c o u r s e w a s o n e w h i c h c o u l d b u t a i d t h e b a t t l e
b e i n g w a g e d t o d e s t r o y t h e m o r a l r e p u t a t i o n a n d
Oc c u l t s t a t u s o f H. P. B
. a n d h e r c h i e f d e f e n d e r , M r .
J u d g e , s o f a r a s t h a t c o u l d b e a c h i e v e d w i t h o u t i m p e r i l -
i n g t h e So c i e t y a n d h i s o w n i m p o r t a n c e i n i t t o t h e p o i n t
o f i r r e t r i e v a b l e d i s a s t e r
. Co l o n e l Ol c o t t w a s w i l l i n g
t o g o t h u s f a r i n o r d e r t o u p s e t t h e p a r a m o u n t
u n o f f i c i a l
i n f l u e n c e o f H. P. B. a n d h e r c o l l e a g u e ; r e d u c e t h e m t o
w h a t h e c o n s i d e r e d t h e i r p r o p e r p l a c e a n d s u b o r d i n a -
t i o n i n t h e r a n k s ;
a n d a t t h e s a m e t i m e e n h a n c e a n d
r e n d e r s e c u r e h i s o w n p o s i t i o n a n d p o w e r a s t h e r e c o g -
n i z e d Of f i c i a l He a d o f t h e So c i e t y
. In a l l t h i s Co l . Ol c o t t
w a s h o n e s t a n d s i n c e r e . It w a s b u t t h e l o g i c a l d e v e l o p -
m e n t o f h i s o w n b a s i c m i s c o n c e p t i o n a n d m i s u n d e r s t a n d -
i n g o f M a s t e r s , Th e i r M o v e m e n t , a n d Th e i r So c i e t y - a l l
a l i k e m e n a c e d b y t h e "i r r e s p o n s i b l e "a n d "u n c o n s t i t u -
t i o n a l "p r o c e d u r e o f H
. P. B. Ho w e v e r m i s t a k e n o r m i s -
g u i d e d h i s v i e w s , h e w a s a b s o l u t e l y h o n e s t a n d d e v o t e d
t o w h a t h e c o n c e i v e d t o b e t h e b e s t i n t e r e s t s o f t h e So -
c i e t y . It w a s p r e c i s e l y t h i s h o n e s t y a n d d e v o t i o n t o t h e
So c i e t y , h o w e v e r i n c o n s i s t e n t a n d i l l o g i c a l h i s m i n d
m i g h t b e , t h a t H . P. B. r e c o g n i z e d , a n d t h a t D r . Co u e s
f a i l e d u t t e r l y t o r e c k o n w i t h .
Ne g a t i v e l y , Co l . Ol c o t t ' s s t a t e o f m i n d i s a t t e s t e d b y h i s
t o t a l f a i l u r e t o a l i g n h i m s e l f w i t h h i s c o l l e a g u e s w h i l e
t h e y w e r e b e i n g s o r e l y b e s e t b y t r a i t o r s w i t h i n a n d b y
e n e m i e s w i t h o u t . As i n 1 8 8 4 - 5a n d a g a i n i n 1 8 8 6- 7, h i s
s o l e t h o u g h t w a s f o r t h e So c i e t y a n d h i m s e l f - f o r t h e
So c i e t y a s p e r s o n i f i e d i n h i m s e l f . It s t r o u b l e s a n d h i s
t r o u b l e s w e r e , i n h i s o p i n i o n , n o t d u e t o a n y f a l l i n g a w a y
f r o m i t s Ob j e c t s , a n y m i s t a k e s o r m i s u n d e r s t a n d i n g s o f
h i s o w n , b u t t o t h e w r o n g a n d p e r v e r s e a c t i o n s o f H . P . B.
a n d M r . J u d g e . Th e y h a d g o t t e n t h e So c i e t y , t h e m s e l v e s
a n d h i m s e l f i n t o s e r i o u s d i f f i c u l t i e s i n s p i t e o f h i s b e s t
e f f o r t s t o p r e v e n t . Ve r y w e l l ; i t w a s f o r t h e m t o e xt r i -
c a t e a n d c l e a r t h e m s e l v e s i f t h e y c o u l d , a n d i n s o d o i n g
l e a r n a n e e d e d l e s s o n
. Th a t w a s t h e i r a f f a i r , n o t h i s .
OLCOTTVERSUSH. P. B.

2 8 1
Hi s d u t y w a s t o p r o t e c t t h e So c i e t y a n d h i m s e l f a s i t s
r e s p o n s i b l e He a d a n d G u a r d i a n , a t a l l h a z a r d s a n d f r o m
a l l h a z a r d s ; a n d t h e c h i e f o f t h e s e h a z a r d s w a s t h e "f r i c -
t i o n o f s t r o n g p e r s o n a l i t i e s , "d u e t o t h e "u n a u t h o r i z e d "
a n d "i r r e g u l a r "a c t i o n s o f H. P. B. a n d W. Q. J . , a s
o p p o s e d t o h i s o w n "o f f i c i a l "p r o c e d u r e .
Af f i r m a t i v e l y , Co l . Ol c o t t ' s p r e d o m i n a t i n g a t t i t u d e i s
e v i d e n c e d ( 1 ) b y t h e r e c o r d m a d e b y h i m s e l f a n d h i s i n t i -
m a t e s a t t h e t i m e ; ( 2 ) b y h i s o w n d i s c l o s u r e s m a d e m a n y
y e a r s a f t e r w a r d ; ( 3) b y t h e r e c o r d m a d e b y H . P. B.
a n d M r . J u d g e . F r o m a l l t h e s e t h e s t u d e n t c a n p i e c e t o -
g e t h e r t h e p a t t e r n w h i c h s h o w s t h e w o r k i n g s o f c o n -
s c i o u s n e s s o f t h e t h r e e F o u n d e r s d u r i n g t h e s t o r m o f
1 8 8 9 - 9 0 .
"Ol d D i a r y Le a v e s , "F o u r t h Se r i e s , t o w h i c h w e s h a l l
h a v e t o r e f e r , w a s p u b l i s h e d i n b o o k f o r m a f t e r t h e d e a t h
o f Co l . Ol c o t t
. Th e r e a r e m a n y o m i s s i o n s o f t h e t e xt
a s o r i g i n a l l y p r i n t e d i n Th e Th e o s o p h i s t , Vo l u m e s 2 1 a n d
2 2 , t e n y e a r s a f t e r t h e e v e n t s d i s c u s s e d t h e r e i n . Qu o t a -
t i o n s h e r e g i v e n , t h e r e f o r e , s h o u l d b e v e r i f i e d b y r e f e r -
e n c e t o t h e o r i g i n a l t e xt i n Th e Th e o s o p h i s t .
Vo l u m e 2 1 , p
. 1 9 9 , Co l . Ol c o t t d e s c r i b e s t h e s i t u a t i o n
j u s t p r i o r t o h i s v i s i t t o Eu r o p e i n 1 8 8 8 . He p u t s i t
t h u s :
Po r t e n t s o f a c o m i n g s t o r m i n o u r Eu r o p e a n
g r o u p s , s t i r r e d u p o r i n t e n s i f i e d b y H. P. B. ,
b e -
g i n t o s h o w t h e m s e l v e s , a n d J u d g e c o m p l a i n s o f
o u r n e g l e c t i n g h i m . J u s t t h e n D r . Co u e s w a s
w o r k i n g h a r d f o r t h e n o t o r i e t y
h e c r a v e d a n d
J u d g e w a s o p p o s i n g h i m .
Th e n "Ol d D i a r y Le a v e s "g i v e s e xt r a c t s f r o m p r i -
v a t e l e t t e r s w r i t t e n b y M r
. J u d g e t o Co l . Ol c o t t , a s
f o l l o w s
M a y 2 1 , 1 8 8 8 : 1 a m a l w a y s s t r i v i n g t o k e e p
y o u r n a m e a t t h e t o p , f o r u n t i l y o u r d e a t h y o u
m u s t b e a t t h e h e a d .
J u n e 8 , 1 8 8 8 : Ce r t a i n m a t t e r s a r e o c c u r r i n g
h e r e w h i c h n e e d a t t e n t i o n a n d a c t i o n . . . . Hi s
2 8 2

THETHEOSOPHICALM OVEM ENT


( Co u e s ' ) p o l i c y i s t o p l a c e h i m s e l f a t t h e h e a d
o f s o m e w o n d e r f u l u n k n o w n t h i n g t h r o u g h
w h i c h ( s a v e t h e m a r k 1 ) c o m m u n i c a t i o n s a r e a l -
l e g e d t o c o m e f r o m M a s t e r s
. He a l s o i n a l a r g e
s e n s e w i s h e s t o p u l l t h e T . S. a w a y f r o m y o u r
j u r i s d i c t i o n a n d m a k e h i m s e l f t h e G r a n d M o g u l
o f i t i n t h i s c o u n t r y . . . . I k n o w t h a t . . . .
p o l i c y i s t o r e t a i n c o m p l e t e c o n t r o l i n y o u , a n d
m y d e s i r e i s t o k e e p t h e Am e r i c a n Se c t i o n a s a
d e p e n d e n c y o f t h e G e n e r a l Co u n c i l i n In d i a
;
h e n c e y o u a r e t h e Pr e s i d e n t . It w a s n e v e r m y
i n t e n t i o n t o d i s s e v e r , b u t t o b i n d , a n d t h e f o r m
o f o u r Co n s t i t u t i o n c l e a r l y s h o w s t h a t . Th a t ' s
w h y n o Pr e s i d e n t i s e l e c t e d o r p e r m i t t e d h e r e .
. So Iw o u l d r e c o m m e n d t h a t y o u c a l l t h e
Co u n c i l a n d c o n s i d e r o u r Co n s t i t u t i o n , w h i c h
o u g h t l o n g a g o t o h a v e b e e n d o n e - a n d d e c i d e
t h a t w e a r e i n a f f i l i a t i o n a n d s u b o r d i n a t i o n t o
In d i a a n d t h a t w e a r e r e c o g n i z e d a s p a r t o f t h e
G e n e r a l Co u n c i l , w i t h p o w e r t o h a v e a Se c r e t a r y
a s a n ( o f f i c i a l ) c h a n n e l , b u t n o t t o h a v e a y e a r l y
Pr e s i d e n t b u t o n l y a Ch a i r m a n a t e a c h Co n v e n -
t i o n . . . . Ic a n n o t w o r k t h i s t h i n g h e r e p r o p e r l y
w i t h o u t y o u r c o - o p e r a t i o n .
J u n e 1 5, 1 8 8 8 : Un t i l y o u t w o d i e i t i s f o l l y
f o r o t h e r s t o w h i s t l e a g a i n s t t h e w i n d . M a s t e r s
a n d F e d e r a t i o n
!
Co l o n e l Ol c o t t ' s c o m m e n t s o n M r . J u d g e ' s l e t t e r s s h o w
t h a t i n J a n u a r y , 1 9 0 0 , w h e n h e w a s w r i t i n g , h e a s t o t a l l y
m i s c o n c e i v e d t h e m , a s a t t h e t i m e o f t h e i r r e c e p t i o n i n
1 8 8 8 ; t h a t h e s a w i n t h e m n o t h i n g b u t "t h e b u i l d i n g u p
o f a n e w s t r u c t u r e o f f a l s e h o o d , f r a u d a n d t r e a c h e r y
i n w h i c h t o h o u s e n e w i d o l s . "
Th e n f o l l o w e d Co l . Ol c o t t ' s v i s i t t o En g l a n d a n d h i s
"p i t c h e d b a t t l e w i t h
H
. P. B. " o v e r t h e v a r i o u s m a t t e r s
a t i s s u e - t h e t r o u b l e i n t h e Pa r i s Br a n c h , t h e Ch a r t e r
o f t h e Bl a v a t s k y Lo d g e , t h e f o r m a t i o n o f t h e Br i t i s h
Se c t i o n o f t h e T
. S. , o n t h e m o d e l o f t h e p r e v i o u s l y
OLCOTTVERSUS H. P. B.

2 8 3
f o r m e d Am e r i c a n Se c t i o n , a n d t h e f o r m a t i o n o f t h e Es o -
t e r i c Se c t i o n . "In a l l t h e s e m a t t e r s a t s t a k e , a s w e l l a s
Co o p e r - Oa k l e y ' s s e v e r a n c e f r o m t h e e d i t o r i a l s t a f f o f
Th e Th e o s o p h i s t , Co l . Ol c o t t y i e l d e d , p a r t l y u n d e r t h e
i n f l u e n c e o f h i s r e n e w e d a s s o c i a t i o n w i t h H. P. B
. , p a r t l y
b e c a u s e h e s a w t h a t h e h a d c o m e t o t h e p a r t i n g o f t h e
w a y s . M r
. J u d g e c a m e o v e r t o En g l a n d a n d t h e t h r e e
F o u n d e r s b e c a m e o n c e m o r e , f o r t h e t i m e b e i n g , a p -
p a r e n t l y o f o n e a i m , p u r p o s e , a n d f e e l i n g . To s t r e n g t h e n
a n d m a i n t a i n t h i s b o n d a f t e r t h e i r s e p a r a t i o n a n d r e -
t u r n , e a c h t o h i s o w n f i e l d o f l a b o r , H
. P. B. a n d M r .
J u d g e a r r a n g e d t h a t d e l e g a t e s f r o m t h e Am e r i c a n a n d
Br i t i s h Se c t i o n s h o u l d g o w i t h Co l . Ol c o t t t o Ad y a r a n d
r e p r e s e n t t h o s e Se c t i o n s a t t h e f o r t h c o m i n g "p a r l i a -
m e n t "o r Co n v e n t i o n o f t h e So c i e t y i n In d i a , a t t h e e n d
o f D e c e m b e r , 1 1 8 8 8 .
Ri c h a r d Ha r t e , a f o r m e r Ne w Yo r k n e w s p a p e r m a n ,
a n o l d - t i m e p e r s o n a l f r i e n d o f Co l . Ol c o t t , w h o h a d
b e e n a
. m e m b e r o f t h e So c i e t y s i n c e 1 8 78 , w a s t h e n i n
Lo n d o n a n d h a d a c q u i r e d c o n s i d e r a b l e r e p u t a t i o n a m o n g
Th e o s o p h i s t s a s t h e a l l e g e d w r i t e r o f t h e f a m o u s e d i -
t o r i a l i n Lu c i f e r
f o r D e c e m b e r , 1 8 8 7, e n t i t l e d "Lu c i f e r
t o t h e Ar c h b i s h o p o f Ca n t e r b u r y , G r e e t i n g I
" Hi m , Co l .
Ol c o t t s e l e c t e d f o r h i s e d i t o r i a l a s s o c i a t e o n
Th e Th e -
o s o p h i s t . Th e r e u p o n M r
. J u d g e a r r a n g e d w i t h t h e Ex-
e c u t i v e Co m m i t t e e o f t h e Am e r i c a n Co u n c i l t o h a v e M r
.
Ha r t e a c t a s d e l e g a t e f o r t h e Am e r i c a n Se c t i o n a n d t o
g i v e M r
. Ha r t e i n s t r u c t i o n s t o r e p r e s e n t t o t h e In d i a n
Co n v e n t i o n t h a t t h e Am e r i c a n Se c t i o n f a v o r e d t h e
r e s t o r a t i o n t o Co l
. Ol c o t t o f t h e p o w e r s a n d a u t h o r i t y
v e s t e d i n t h e In d i a n Co u n c i l e a r l y i n 1 8 8 5,
8 a s n o t e d i n a
f o r m e r c h a p t e r . M r
. Ch a r l e s J o h n s t o n , l o n g a r e s i d e n t
o f In d i a , w a s s i m i l a r l y c h o s e n a s d e l e g a t e o f t h e Br i t i s h
Se c t i o n
.
Co l o n e l Ol c o t t r e t u r n e d t o In d i a l a t e r i n t h e f a l l o f
1 8 8 8
. Vo l u m e 2 1 , p p
. 32 2 - 3, g i v e s h i s r e m i n i s c e n c e s o f
t h e m o n t h p r e c e d i n g t h e Co n v e n t i o n
. He s a y s
Se e Ch a p t e r X.
Se e Ch a p t e r s VIIa n d XI.
2 8 4

THETHEOSOPHICALM OVEM ENT


Th e Exe c u t i v e Co u n c i l m e t a s u s u a l , o n t h e
f o l l o w i n g Su n d a y [ a f t e r h i s r e t u r n ] , a n d p a s s e d
r e s o l u t i o n s t h o r o u g h l y a p p r o v i n g o f m y d o i n g s
i n Eu r o p e . . . .
At a Co u n c i l m e e t i n g [ i n D e c e m b e r ] , a r e s o l u -
t i o n w a s u n a n i m o u s l y p a s s e d t o c o n v e r t i t s e l f
i n t o a n Ad v i s o r y b o d y a n d r e s t o r e t o m e t h e f u l l
e xe c u t i v e p o w e r s w h i c h , i n 1 8 8 5, Ih a d c o n s e n t e d
t o h a v e c u r t a i l e d , t o s a t i s f y s o m e w h o t h o u g h t i t
w o u l d b e b e t t e r t o h a v e s e v e r a l b o s s e s i n s t e a d
o f o n e
. Th e t h i n g d i d n o t w o r k w e l l e n o u g h t o
c o n t i n u e i t , a n d a l l m y
c o l l e a g u e s w e r e b u t t o o
g l a d t o r e - s h i f t t h e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y t o m y s h o u l -
d e r s r a t h e r t h a n k e e p i t t h e m s e l v e s
. It w a s a l l
t h e s a m e t o m e , f o r e v e n d u r i n g t h e i n t e r v a l s I
v i r t u a l l y h a d t o d o a l l t h e w o r k , a n d t h e Co u n -
c i l m e e t i n g s g r e w m o r e a n d m o r e p e r f u n c t o r y -
a s Co u n c i l m e e t i n g s u s u a l l y d o , w h e n t h e r e i s
s o m e l e a d e r w h o m a y b e c o u n t e d o n t o
p u l l t h e
s t r o k e - o a r a n d g e t t h e b o a t o n t h e s t r a i g h t
c o u r s e w h e n c r o s s w i n d s b l o w .
Th e s a m e p a g e s c o n t a i n Co l
. Ol c o t t ' s c o m m e n t s o n
t w o o t h e r m a t t e r s w h i c h w e r e t o c o m e b e f o r e t h e Co n -
v e n t i o n
. Of t h e f i r s t o f t h e s e h e s a y s :
Tr a n q u i l d a y s o f w o r k a n d p l e a s a n t c o n v e r s a -
t i o n f o l l o w e d , b u t b e f o r e l o n g Ib e g a n t o s e e
s i g n s o f d i s c o n t e n t s p r e a d i n g t o s o m e e xt e n t
a m o n g c e r t a i n f e w Br a n c h e s , t h e r e s u l t o f u n -
d e r h a n d s c h e m i n g s b y o n e o r t w o m a l c o n t e n t s ,
w h o w e r e u n f r i e n d l y t o H
. P. B. Th i s p a s s e d
o f f i n t i m e , a l t h o u g h a d e s p e r a t e a t t e m p t w a s
m a d e a t t h a t y e a r ' s Co n v e n t i o n t o m a k e t r o u b l e
f o r m e . Th e Bo m b a y Br a n c h s e n t m e , o n No -
v e m b e r 30 t h , a r e s o l u t i o n r e c o m m e n d i n g t h a t
T
. Su b b a Ro w , w h o h a d r e s i g n e d , b e a s k e d t o
c o m e b a c k t o u s , b u t Ih a v e p o s i t i v e l y r e f u s e d
t o l o w e r t h e So c i e t y ' s d i g n i t y i n a n y s i m i l a r c a s e ,
h o w e v e r i n f l u e n t i a l m i g h t b e t h e s e c e d e r
.
OLCOTTVERSUSH. P. B.

2 35
Th e o t h e r m a t t e r m e n t i o n e d , w h i c h a l s o i n c l u d e s t h e
p r e c e d i n g , i s d e s c r i b e d a s f o l l o w s
Th e Co n v e n t i o n D e l e g a t e s b e g a n a r r i v i n g o n
t h e 2 4 t h o f D e c e m b e r
. On Ch r i s t m a s D a y Ig o t
a f o o l i s h c a b l e g r a m f r o m H. P. B. , t h r e a t e n i n g
t h e r e s i g n a t i o n o f h e r s e l f a n d t h e e n t i r e Bl a -
v a t s k y Lo d g e s h o u l d Co o p e r - Oa k l e y b e r e - a d -
m i t t e d t o m e m b e r s h i p ; t h e a c t s h o w i n g t h e s t a t e
o f n e r v o u s e xc i t e m e n t i n t o w h i c h t h e Su b b a Ro w
i m b r o g l i o h a d t h r o w n h e r . Sh e u s e d t h e n a m e o f
t h e Bl a v a t s k y Lo d g e a n d o f c e r t a i n o f i t s m e m -
b e r s s o o f t e n i n h e r l e t t e r s , a s c o n d e m n i n g m e u t -
t e r l y a n d b a c k i n g h e r v i e w s u n r e s e r v e d l y , t h a t i t
b e c a m e a t l a s t t i r e s o m e . Co n s i d e r i n g o u r p e r -
s o n a l r e l a t i o n s , t h e i d e n t i t y o f o u r a g e s , a n d o u r
j o i n t r e l a t i o n s h i p t o o u r G u r u , i t s e e m e d t o m e
r i d i c u l o u s t h a t t h e d i c t a o f a g r o u p o f j u n i o r c o l -
l e a g u e s , h o w e v e r w a r m p a r t i s a n s o f h e r s , s h o u l d
i n f l u e n c e m e t o a c t a g a i n s t m y o w n j u d g m e n t i n
q u e s t i o n s o f m a n a g e m e n t . Iw r o t e h e r a t l a s t
t h a t i f s h e s e n t m e a n y m o r e r o u n d r o b i n s o r
p r o t e s t s f r o m t h e s a m e q u a r t e r Is h o u l d n e i t h e r
r e a d n o r a n s w e r h e r l e t t e r s ; o u r a f f a i r s m u s t b e
s e t t l e d b e t w e e n o u r s e l v e s w i t h o u t t h e i n t e r f e r -
e n c e o f t h i r d p a r t i e s . An s w e r i n g m e , s h e a d -
m i t t e d t h e c o r r e c t n e s s o f m y a r g u m e n t a n d t h e
e xa s p e r a t i n g d o c u m e n t s c e a s e d t o a r r i v e .
Th e o s o p h i c a l s t u d e n t s g e n e r a l l y h a v e n e v e r g o n e t o
t h e l a b o r n e c e s s a r y i n c h e c k i n g Co l . Ol c o t t ' s v e r y n u -
m e r o u s m i s s t a t e m e n t s o f f a c t a n d h i s v e r y f r e q u e n t
c o n t r a d i c t i o n s , b u t h a v e a c c e p t e d h i s t e s t i m o n y a n d h i s
c o n c l u s i o n s a l i k e a s a c c u r a t e a n d j u s t
. Th e m a t t e r s j u s t
q u o t e d a r e a c a s e i n p o i n t
. Th e f a c t i s v e r y p l a i n f r o m
h i s o t h e r s t a t e m e n t s e a r l i e r r e f e r r e d t o 7
t h a t h e h i m s e l f
w a s t h e c h i e f "m a l c o n t e n t , "f o r i t w a s Th e Th e o s o p h i s t
t h a t p r e c i p i t a t e d t h e "Su b b a Ro w i m b r o g l i o "b y p u b -
l i s h i n g t h e c r i t i c i s m s o n t h e "s e v e n - f o l d c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
*Se e Ch a p t e r x .
2 8 6

THETHEOSOPHICALM OVEM ENT


o f p r i n c i p l e s
. " It w a s h i m s e l f w h o s u p p o r t e d M r .
Co o p e r - Oa k l e y , i t s Ed i t o r , t o t h e v e r y p o i n t o f a r u p t u r e
w i t h H. P. B. It w a s h i m s e l f , i n a b s o l u t e c o n t r o l b o t h
o f t h e Co u n c i l a n d t h e In d i a n Co n v e n t i o n , w h o f a v o r e d
t h e i n v i t a t i o n n o t t o Su b b a Ro w o n l y , b u t t o M r . Co o p e r -
Oa k l e y a n d o t h e r s , "t o c o m e b a c k t o u s
. "It w a s h i m -
s e l f w h o h a d t h e a f f a i r a l l s t a g e d t o b e c o m e a f a i t
a c c o m p l i b e f o r e H. P
. B. s h o u l d h e a r o f i t , a n d o n l y h e r
p r o m p t a n d d e c i s i v e c a b l e g r a m t o h i m t w o d a y s b e f o r e
t h e Co n v e n t i o n c o n v e n e d , u p s e t t h e c u t - a n d - d r i e d p r o -
g r a m .
Th e m a t t e r h a d a l r e a d y g o n e s o f a r i t c o u l d
n o t b e k e p t o u t o f t h e p r o c e e d i n g s o f t h e Co n v e n t i o n ,
b u t h e r c a b l e g r a m o n c e m o r e c o n v i n c e d Ol c o t t t h a t h e
h a d o v e r - s h o t h i s m a r k
. Th e Co n v e n t i o n Re p o r t , c a r e -
f u l l y p r e p a r e d a n d e d i t e d b y Ri c h a r d Ha r t e t o c o n f o r m
t o t h e e xi g e n c i e s o f Co l . Ol c o t t ' s c o u r s e i n t h i s a n d t h e
o t h e r a c t i o n s t a k e n b y t h e Co n v e n t i o n , r e a d s a s f o l l o w s :
Se c o n d D a y , F r i d a y , D e c e m b e r 2 8 , 1 8 8 8 .
Th e Pr e s i d e n t c a l l e d o n t h e Se c r e t a r y t o r e a d
a r e s o l u t i o n o f t h e Bo m b a y Br a n c h , t o t h e e f -
f e c t t h a t t h e Pr e s i d e n t s h o u l d u r g e u p o n c e r t a i n
e x- F e l l o w s t o r e s u m e t h e i r c o n n e c t i o n w i t h t h e
So c i e t y , a n d w h i c h h e , t h e Pr e s i d e n t , h a d b e e n
p a r t i c u l a r l y r e q u e s t e d t o l a y b e f o r e t h e Co n v e n -
t i o n
. Ad e b a t e e n s u e d , i n w h i c h t h e u n a n i m o u s
o p i n i o n w a s e xp r e s s e d t h a t s u c h a s t e p w o u l d b e
i n c o m p a t i b l e w i t h t h e d i g n i t y o f t h e So c i e t y
.
Th e r e u p o n M r . Ha r t e m o v e d ,
. . . t h a t t h e
d o c u m e n t a n d t h e w h o l e s u b j e c t s h o u l d b e l a i d
u p o n t h e t a b l e , w h i c h w a s c a r r i e d u n a n i m o u s l y
.
Th i s w a s t h e "d e s p e r a t e a t t e m p t a t t h a t y e a r ' s Co n -
v e n t i o n t o m a k e t r o u b l e f o r m e "o v e r t h e Su b b a Ro w
i m b r o g l i o t h a t Co l
. Ol c o t t ' s r e m i n i s c e n c e s s o g r a p h i c a l l y
a n d s o i n a c c u r a t e l y p o r t r a y a n d c o m m e n t u p o n .
M r
. Ha r t e a n d M r
. J o h n s t o n d u l y e xp r e s s e d t o t h e
Co n v e n t i o n t h e a u t h o r i z e d w i s h o f t h e i r r e s p e c t i v e Se c -
t i o n s t h a t t h e e xe c u t i v e p o w e r s o f t h e Pr e s i d e n t s h o u l d
OLCOTTVERSUSH. P. B.
2 37'
b e r e s t o r e d t o h i m b y f o r m a l a c t i o n o f t h e Co n v e n -
t i o n . Ac c o r d i n g t o t h e Re p o r t , M r . J o h n s t o n w e n t f u r -
t h e r a n d s t a t e d o n b e h a l f o f t h e Br i t i s h Se c t i o n : "It w a s
f u r t h e r t h e i r o p i n i o n t h a t F e e s a n d D u e s s h o u l d b e
a b o l i s h e d , a n d t h e So c i e t y b e p l a c e d u p o n a b a s i s o f
v o l u n t a r y s u p p o r t . As t h e Pr e s i d e n t h a d i n t i m a t e d t h a t
h e i n t e n d e d t o p l a c e h i m ( M r
. J o h n s t o n ) o n t h e Co m -
m i t t e e f o r t h e a m e n d m e n t o f t h e Ru l e s , h e w o u l d n o t m a k e
a n y f u r t h e r r e m a r k s a t p r e s e n t
. "As t h e Re p o r t f o l -
l o w s i m m e d i a t e l y w i t h a c o p y o f t h e Ru l e s o f t h e Br i t i s h
Se c t i o n a n d t h o s e Ru l e s p r o v i d e d e xp l i c i t l y b o t h f o r f e e s
f o r t h e s u p p o r t o f t h e Se c t i o n a n d f o r c o n t r i b u t i o n s t o
t h e So c i e t y , i t i s e v i d e n t ( 1 ) t h a t M r
. J o h n s t o n e i t h e r
w a s n o t c o r r e c t l y r e p o r t e d i n h i s r e m a r k s , o r ( 2 ) t h a t
h e e xc e e d e d h i s i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d a u t h o r i t y y f r o m t h e n e w l y
o r g a n i z e d Br i t i s h Se c t i o n
. Pa g e 4 2 o f t h e Re p o r t c o n -
t a i n s t h e s t a t e m e n t a s t h e c o n c l u s i o n o f t h e "Re p o r t o f
t h e Exe c u t i v e Co u n c i l "
Re s o l u t i o n s w e r e a l s o a d o p t e d t o s u b m i t f o r
f a v o r a b l e c o n s i d e r a t i o n s u g g e s t i o n s m a d e b y t h e
Am e r i c a n a n d Br i t i s h Se c t i o n s f o r t h e a b o l i t i o n
o f En t r a n c e F e e s a n d An n u a l D u e s , a n d f o r t h e
r e o r g a n i z a t i o n o f t h e w h o l e So c i e t y u p o n a b a s i s
o f Se c t i o n a l D i v i s i o n s w i t h a n a u t o n o m o u s c h a r -
a c t e r , b u t d e p e n d e n t a n d s u b j e c t t o t h e s u p e r -
v i s i o n a n d e xe c u t i v e c o n t r o l o f t h e Pr e s i d e n t i n
Co u n c i l , a s r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f t h e c o l l e c t i v e a u -
t o n o m y o f t h e w h o l e So c i e t y . Th e Co u n c i l i s o f
o p i n i o n t h a t r a d i c a l c h a n g e s i n t h e Ru l e s a r e
n e e d e d , a n d r e c o m m e n d t h a t t h e w h o l e s u b j e c t
b e r e f e r r e d t o a Co m m i t t e e o n Ru l e s w i t h i n -
s t r u c t i o n s t o r e p o r t a n a m e n d e d Co d e t o t h e
p r e s e n t Co n v e n t i o n , f o r i t s a p p r o v a l .
No o n e , a f t e r r e a d i n g t h e e xt r a c t s j u s t g i v e n f r o m
"Ol d D i a r y Le a v e s "c a n d o u b t t h a t t h e Exe c u t i v e Co u n -
c i l w a s m e r e l y Co l
. Ol c o t t u n d e r a c o n v e n i e n t c l o a k .
Al o n g - s e t o f "Re v i s e d Ru l e s "w a s i m m e d i a t e l y p r e -
s e n t e d t o t h e Co n v e n t i o n a n d t h e Re p o r t s a y s
' ~ 8 8

THETHEOSOPHICALM OVEM ENT


Th e Ru l e s , a s r e a d o u t o n e b y o n e b y t h e Se c -
r e t a r y , w e r e d e b a t e d b y Se c t i o n s , a m e n d e d , a n d
v o t e d u p o n . Th e Pr e s i d e n t w a s e m p o w e r e d , o n
m o t i o n o f M r . S. Ra m a s w a m i e r . .
t o e d i t
t h e t e xt , a n d m a k e n e c e s s a r y c o r r e c t i o n s t h e r e i n
b e f o r e s e n d i n g i t t o t h e p r i n t e r .
Th e n i n e p a g e s o f t h e Re p o r t i m m e d i a t e l y f o l l o w i n g
t h e o f f i c i a l p r o c e e d i n g s a r e d e v o t e d t o e l a b o r a t e "In t r o -
d u c t o r y Exp l a n a t i o n s "o f t h e "Re v i s e d Ru l e s , "w h i c h ,
u p o n e xa m i n a t i o n , w i l l b e f o u n d t o b e i n f a c t a n e n t i r e l y
n e w Co n s t i t u t i o n .
Tu r n i n g n o w t o t h e o f f i c i a l Re p o r t o f t h e d e m o c r a t i c
Am e r i c a n Se c t i o n h e l d a t Ch i c a g o i n Ap r i l , 1 8 8 9 , f o l l o w -
i n g , a n d t o t h e r e p o r t o f M r . J u d g e a s G e n e r a l Se c r e -
t a r y t o t h a t Co n v e n t i o n o n t h e m a t t e r s j u s t c o n s i d e r e d ,
M r . J u d g e t h e r e s a y s
M y Re p o r t f o r t h i s y e a r h a s t o d e a l w i t h t h e
p r o g r e s s o f t h e So c i e t y ' s w o r k s i n c e o u r l a s t
Co n v e n t i o n , a n d c e r t a i n c h a n g e s w h i c h h a v e b e e n
m a d e b y t h e Co n v e n t i o n i n In d i a i n l a s t D e -
c e m b e r . Ip r o p o s e t o c o n s i d e r t h e l a s t f i r s t .
Th e Se c r e t a r y i n c h a r g e i n In d i a h a s a l r e a d y
s e n t t o m o s t o f t h e Br a n c h e s a c o p y o f t h e "Re -
v i s e d Ru l e s . "By r e a d i n g t h o s e , t o g e t h e r w i t h
t h e Re p o r t o f t h e Co n v e n t i o n h e l d t h e r e , i t w i l l
b e s e e n t h a t a p p a r e n t l y t h e p u r p o s e t o r e v i s e t h e
r u l e s a n d a b o l i s h f e e s a n d d u e s w a s p r o p o s e d b y
t h e Am e r i c a n a n d En g l i s h Se c t i o n s , a c t i n g
t h r o u g h t h e i r D e l e g a t e s , M r
. Ri c h a r d Ha r t e a n d
M r . Ch a r l e s J o h n s t o n . M r
. Ha r t e w a s d e l e g a t e d
b y t h e Exe c u t i v e Co m m i t t e e , a t t h e t i m e h e l e f t
Lo n d o n f o r In d i a , t o r e p r e s e n t t h e Am e r i c a n
Se c t i o n a t t h a t Co n v e n t i o n , b u t , a t t h e s a m e t i m e ,
w r i t t e n i n s t r u c t i o n s w e r e g i v e n h i m , v e r y d e f i -
n i t e l y s t a t i n g t h a t a l l t h a t t h e Am e r i c a n Se c t i o n
r e q u i r e d h i m t o d o w a s t o e n d e a v o r t o r e s t o r e
t o Co l . Ol c o t t t h e p o w e r s w h i c h h e h a d v o l u n -
t a r i l y g i v e n u p a t a p r e v i o u s d a t e , a n d t h o s e
OLCOTTVERSUS H. P. B.

~ t Si l
w e r e s t a t e d t o b e t h e o n l y c h a n g e s w h i c h h e
s h o u l d s a y w e w e r e i n f a v o r o f . It w a s n o t t h e n
t h o u g h t t h a t a n y p r o p o s a l t o a b o l i s h f e e s a n d
d u e s w o u l d b e m a d e , a n d , a s M r . Ha r t e w a s h i m -
s e l f p r e s e n t i n Ne w Yo r k w h e n o u r Co n s t i t u -
t i o n g o v e r n i n g t h e Am e r i c a n Se c t i o n w a s p a s s e d ,
a n d k n e w o u r p o l i c y i n c a r r y i n g o n t h e w o r k
h e r e , i t n e v e r f o r a m o m e n t o c c u r r e d t o t h e Ex-
e c u t i v e Co m m i t t e e t h a t i t w a s n e c e s s a r y t o s a y
a n y m o r e t h a n w e h a d s a i d , a n d a s o u r Co n s t i -
t u t i o n d e c l a r e d o u r a u t o n o m y w h i c h h a d b e e n
g r a n t e d p r i o r t o t h e p a s s a g e o f t h e Co n s t i t u t i o n ,
a n d w h i c h h a s s i n c e b e e n a f f i r m e d i n t h e Co n v e n -
t i o n i n In d i a , e v e n i f w e h a d b e e n t o l d i n a d -
v a n c e w h a t w a s p r o p o s e d t o b e d o n e , w e s h o u l d
h a v e t h o u g h t i t t o b e i m p o s s i b l e , a s w e l l a s
i n j u d i c i o u s .
Th e "Re v i s e d Ru l e s "a l s o a m e n d t h e "o b -
j e c t s "o f t h e So c i e t y b y a l t e r i n g t h e m a n d a d d -
i n g t o t h e m , a n d , i n a p a p e r ' p u b l i s h e d i n t h e
s u c c e e d i n g i s s u e o f t h e "Th e o s o p h i s t "s i g n e d
"F . .
T
. S. "a n a t t e m p t i s m a d e t o s h o w t h a t t h e
"o b j e c t s h a v e n e v e r b e e n d e f i n i t e l y f o r m u l a t e d . "
Th i s a r t i c l e i s f u l l o f m i s c o n c e p t i o n s , a n d , t h e r e -
f o r e , o f w r o n g c o n c l u s i o n s , b e c a u s e t h e g e n t l e -
m a n w h o w r o t e i t w a s n o t a c q u a i n t e d w i t h t h e
f a c t s n o r i n p o s s e s s i o n o f t h e r e c o r d s . He r e -
f e r s t o t h e p r i n t e d "Ru l e s "o f e a c h y e a r , a n d
s a y s t h a t i n 1 8 8 2 f o r t h e f i r s t t i m e t h e y a p p e a r e d
a s t h e y w e r e p r i n t e d l a s t y e a r , b u t o n l o o k i n g
o v e r m y r e c o r d s If i n d , n o t o n l y t h a t t h e y h a v e
a l w a y s b e e n t h e s a m e - e xc e p t i n m i n o r e l a b o r a -
t i o n s n o t a f f e c t i n g t h e s u b s t a n c e , - b u t t h a t t h e y
w e r e o r i g i n a l l y f o r m u l a t e d i n t h e s h a p e t h e y
a p p e a r e d b e f o r e t h e l a s t Co n v e n t i o n i n In d i a , a t
t h e t i m e t h a t t h i s So c i e t y w a s o r g a n i z e d i n
1 8 75 .
. . . Th e s e a l t e r a t i o n s s e e m t o b e i n j u d i c i o u s .
It h e r e f o r e s u g g e s t t o t h e Co n v e n t i o n t h a t a
Re s o l u t i o n b e p a s s e d d i s s e n t i n g f r o m t h e a d -
2 4 0

THETHEOSOPHICALM OVEM ENT


v i s a b i l i t y o f t h e s e a l t e r a t i o n s a n d r e q u e s t i n g a
r e s t o r a t i o n , i f p o s s i b l e , t o t h e o l d f o r m .
In t h e s e c o n d p l a c e , a l l d u e s a n d f e e s a r e a t -
t e m p t e d t o b e a b o l i s h e d , a n d t h e s o u r c e o f r e v -
e n u e f o r e xp e n s e s m a d e t o d e p e n d o n v o l u n t a r y
c o n t r i b u t i o n s .
Yo u w i l l n o t e t h a t t h e s e "Re v i s e d Ru l e s "r e -
a f f i r m t h e a u t o n o m y w e c l a i m e d i n 1 8 8 6w h i c h
w a s s u b s e q u e n t l y r a t i f i e d . Th e r e i s n o i n c o n -
s i s t e n c y i n o u r d e c l a r i n g a u t o n o m y i n r e s p e c t t o
t h e i n t e r n a l a f f a i r s o f t h e Se c t i o n a n d , a t t h e
s a m e t i m e , o u r a l l e g i a n c e t o t h e c a u s e a n d t o t h e
So c i e t y a s a w h o l e .
Ia m a u t h o r i z e d b y M m e . Bl a v a t s k y t o s a y
t h a t s h e i s n o t i n f a v o r o f t h e c h a n g e , a n d t h e
m a j o r i t y o f t h e Br i t i s h Se c t i o n a l s o d i s a g r e e
w i t h i t , a n d h a v e s t a t e d t h a t t h e i r d e l e g a t e w a s
n o t a u t h o r i z e d t o c o n s e n t t o i t .
M r . J u d g e g o e s o n t o s a y t h a t , a w a r e o f t h e s e n t i -
m e n t o f t h e Am e r i c a n a n d Br i t i s h Se c t i o n s , h e h a d w r i t -
t e n t o Ad y a r p r o t e s t i n g a g a i n s t t h e p r o p o s e d c h a n g e i n
t h e m a t t e r o f d u e s , a n d h a d r e c e i v e d a r e p l y f r o m "Br o
.
Ha r t e , t h e Se c r e t a r y , e n c l o s i n g a c o p y o f a Re s o l u t i o n
p a s s e d b y t h e Co m m i s s i o n e r s i n c h a r g e d u r i n g Co l
.
Ol c o t t ' s a b s e n c e . " Th a t Re s o l u t i o n .
"s u s p e n d e d u n t i l
f u r t h e r o r d e r "t h a t p o r t i o n o f t h e "Re v i s e d Ru l e s "r e -
l a t i n g t o f e e s a n d d u e s
. Th i s w a s s u b s e q u e n t l y "r a t i -
f i e d "b y t h e In d i a n "Co u n c i l "a n d c o n f i r m e d b y a c h a n g e
i n t h e "Ru l e s "a t t h e n e xt s u c c e e d i n g Ad y a r Co n v e n -
t i o n , w h i c h w a s n o t h e l d u n t i l 1 8 9 0 , o w i n g t o t h e a b s e n c e
o f Co l . Ol c o t t i n Eu r o p e i n D e c e m b e r , 1 8 8 9 - o f w h i c h i n
d u e c o u r s e . 8
By r e f e r r i n g t o "Ol d D i a r y Le a v e s , "Vo l u m e 2 1 o f
Th e Th e o s o p h i s t , a t p a g e s 32 4 - 5, c o m p a r i s o n o f Co l
.
Ol c o t t ' s c o m m e n t s w i t h t h o s e o f M r
. J u d g e c a n b e m a d e .
Th u s
'
Se e Ch a p t e r %VII
.
Co n s i s t e n t l y w i t h m y p o l i c y t o g i v e e v e r y
c h a n c e t o m y c o l l e a g u e s t o t r y e xp e r i m e n t s
w h i c h s e e m e d t o t h e m t o p r o m i s e w e l l f o r t h e
So c i e t y ' s i n t e r e s t , Ia c c e d e d t o t h e i r w i s h t h a t w e
s h o u l d t r y w h a t e f f e c t t h e c o m p l e t e a b o l i t i o n o f
e n t r a n c e f e e s a n d a n n u a l d u e s , a n d t h e t r u s t i n g
f o r t h e So c i e t y ' s s u p p o r t t o v o l u n t a r y c o n t r i b u -
t i o n s , w o u l d h a v e . Pe r s o n a l l y , Id i d n o t b e l i e v e
i n t h e s c h e m e , t h o u g h Io f f i c i a l l y s u p p o r t e d i t .
. . . Bu t t h e Co n v e n t i o n v o t e d f o r t h e c h a n g e ,
u p o n t h e m o t i o n o f t h e r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s o f t h e
Br i t i s h a n d Am e r i c a n
. Se c t i o n s p r e s e n t ; Ic o n -
c u r r e d , a n d i s s u e d t h e n e c e s s a r y Exe c u t i v e No -
t i c e s , t o c l e a r t h e w a y
.
Th e f i r s t e f f e c t w a s t h a t a n g r y p r o t e s t s b r o k e
o u t i n b o t h t h e We s t e r n Se c t i o n s ; H. P. B. w r o t e
m e a v i o l e n t l e t t e r , d e n o u n c i n g m e a s a v a c i l l a t o r
a n d l i b e r a l l y r e p o r t i n g w h a t s o a n d s o , h e r
f r i e n d s a n d c o l l e a g u e s , s a i d a b o u t m y i n c o n -
s i s t e n c y , a f t e r h a v i n g j u s t e f f e c t e d t h e o r g a n -
i z a t i o n o f a Br i t i s h Se c t i o n a n d g i v i n g i t t h e
r i g h t t o l e v y t h e c u s t o m a r y e n t r a n c e f e e s a n d
a n n u a l d u e s ; w h i l e J u d g e a n d h i s p a r t y o p e n l y
r e v o l t e d a n d r e f u s e d t o c o m p l y w i t h t h e n e w o r -
d e r o f t h i n g s . Se c r e t l y Iw a s r a t h e r a m u s e d t o
s e e h o w m u c h o f a m e s s w a s b e i n g m a d e b y m a r -
p l o t s e a g e r t o h a v e a f i n g e r i n t h e p i e , a n d w a s
d i s p o s e d t o g i v e t h e m r o p e t o h a n g t h e m s e l v e s
w i t h . It w a s n o t l o n g b e f o r e t h e e xp e r i m e n t
f a i l e d a n d w e r e t u r n e d t o t h e o l d m e t h o d . . .
Th e o t h e r i m p o r t a n t t h i n g d o n e b y t h e Co n -
v e n t i o n o f 1 8 8 8 w a s t h e a d o p t i o n o f t h e p o l i c y o f
r e - o r g a n i z i n g t h e So c i e t y ' s w o r k o n t h e l i n e o f
a u t o n o m o u s Se c t i o n s : t h i s h a v i n g b e e n t h e m o -
t i v e p r o m p t i n g m e o r i g i n a l l y t o g r a n t , i n 1 8 8 6,
a Ch a r t e r t o t h e Am e r i c a n Se c t i o n a n d , l a t e r ,
o n e t o t h e n e w Se c t i o n i n Lo n d o n . Th e p l a n h a d
p r o v e d a n e n t i r e s u c c e s s i n Am e r i c a , a n d a f t e r
t w o y e a r s o f t e s t i n g - i t i n p r a c t i c e i t s e e m e d b u t
f a i r t o e xt e n d i t t o a l l o u r f i e l d s o f a c t i v i t y . It
4 , 4 &
THETHEOSOPHICALM OVEM ENT
w a s a n a d m i r a b l e p l a n i n e v e r y r e s p e c t . . . a n d
t h e So c i e t y c h a n g e d f r o m a q u a s i - a u t o c r a c y t o a
c o n s t i t u t i o n a l F e d e r a t i o n , e a c h p a r t i n d e p e n d e n t
a s t o i t s i n t e r n a l a f f a i r s , b u t r e s p o n s i b l e t o
e v e r y o t h e r p a r t f o r i t s l o y a l s u p p o r t o f t h e
m o v e m e n t a n d i t s i d e a l s a n d o f t h e F e d e r a l Ce n -
t r e , w h i c h b o u n d t h e w h o l e t o g e t h e r , l i k e t h e
f a s c e s o f t h e l i c t o r , i n t o a n u n b r e a k a b l e b u n d l e
.
Th e e l a b o r a t e "In t r o d u c t o r y Exp l a n a t i o n s "t o t h e
"Re v i s e d Ru l e s "p u b l i s h e d i n t h e "Su p p l e m e n t "t o Th e
Th e o s o p h i s t f o r J a n u a r y , 1 8 8 9 , w a s f o l l o w e d i n t h e
F e b r u a r y n u m b e r b y a n a r t i c l e o n "Th e Th e o s o p h i c a l
So c i e t y , "a n d s i g n e d i n b o t h c a s e s w i t h t h e i n i t i a l s
"F
. T. S
. "Bo t h a r t i c l e s w e r e u n d o u b t e d l y w r i t t e n b y
M r . Ha r t e
. It w a s t h e s e a r t i c l e s w h i c h w e r e r e f e r r e d
t o b y M r
. J u d g e i n h i s r e p o r t t o t h e Am e r i c a n Se c -
t i o n
. Bo t h a r t i c l e s s h o u l d b e e xa m i n e d w i t h g r e a t c a r e
a s t h e y m a r k t h e p u b l i c f e a t u r e s o f a s u s t a i n e d c a m -
p a i g n o n t h e p a r t o f Co l
. Ol c o t t a n d h i s a s s o c i a t e s t o
s u b o r d i n a t e t h e e s o t e r i c a s p e c t o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l
M o v e m e n t t o t h e e xo t e r i c So c i e t y , t o c e n t e r t h e a t t e n -
t i o n o f t h e m e m b e r s h i p o n t h e So c i e t y , a n d t o m a k e
o f t h e In d i a n h e a d q u a r t e r s a n d Co l . Ol c o t t t h e p r i m e
o b j e c t o f a l l e g i a n c e a n d d e v o t i o n , a s t h e v i s i b l e h e a d a n d
f r o n t o f t h e M o v e m e n t . Th i s c a m p a i g n w a s c o i n c i d e n t
w i t h t h e Co u e s - Co l l i n s ' d e v e l o p m e n t s a n d c a n b e t a k e n
o n l y a s c o - o r d i n a t e w i t h t h e m .
"Th e Th e o s o p h i c a l , So c i e t y "f i r s t a t t e m p t s t o s h o w
t h a t i n t h e b e g i n n i n g t h e So c i e t y h a d n o d e t e r m i n a t e
p u r p o s e , n o d e f i n i t e l i n e s o f d i r e c t i o n , b u t w a s a n "e v o -
l u t i o n "f r o m u n i n t e n d e d , u n f o r e s e e n , u n e xp e c t e d s t a g e s .
"Th e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y "t h e n t a k e s u p t h e Ob -
j e c t s o f t h e So c i e t y a n d s p e a k s o f , t h e m a l s o a s a
"d e v e l o p m e n t . "
Cu r i o u s l y e n o u g h , "F . T. S. , " g o e s o n t o s a y , l a t e r i n
h i s a r t i c l e
Th i s v a r i a t i o n i n t h e d e c l a r e d o b j e c t s o f t h e
So c i e t y [ t h o s e j u s t p r o m u l g a t e d i n t h e "Re -
OLCOTTVERSUSH. P. B.

2 4 8
w i s e d Ru l e s "] m u s t n o t b e t a k e n a s i n d i c a t i n g
a n y r e a l c h a n g e i n t h e i n t e n t i o n s o f t h e F o u n d -
e r s . Th e r e i s a b u n d a n t e v i d e n c e i n t h e i r w r i t -
i n g s a n d s p e e c h e s t h a t f r o m t h e f i r s t t h e i r p u r -
p o s e s w e r e t o s t i m u l a t e t h e s p i r i t u a l d e v e l o p -
m e n t o f t h e i n d i v i d u a l a n d , t o a w a k e n i n t h e r a c e
t h e s e n t i m e n t o f Br o t h e r h o o d .
"Th e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y "w a s f o l l o w e d i n t h e J u n e ,
1 8 8 9 , Th e o s o p h i s t b y t w o m o r e a r t i c l e s .
CHAPTERXVI
OLCOTT' BATTEM PTTOCENTRALIZEALLAUTHORITY
WHEN t h e J a n u a r y , 1 8 8 9 , Th e o s o p h i s t w i t h i t s Re p o r t
o f t h e Ad y a r Co n v e n t i o n , a n d t h e F e b r u a r y n u m b e r w i t h
t h e a r t i c l e s n o t e d , r e a c h e d Am e r i c a , M r . J u d g e c o n s i d -
e r e d t h e m i n h i s r e p o r t a s G e n e r a l Se c r e t a r y o f t h e Co n -
v e n t i o n o f t h e Am e r i c a n Se c t i o n . Ho w t h e i s s u e s r a i s e d
w e r e m e t h a s b e e n s h o w n i n t h e c i t a t i o n s g i v e n b o t h
f r o m M r . J u d g e ' s r e p o r t
1
a n d f r o m t h e Le t t e r o f H. P. B.
t o t h e s a m e Co n v e n t i o n . Lu c i f e r f o r M a r c h , 1 8 8 9 , c o n -
t a i n e d a n e d i t o r i a l "On Ps e u d o - Th e o s o p h y , "i n w h i c h ,
t a k i n g a d v a n t a g e o f a n a r t i c l e i n t h e Lo n d o n D a i l y Ne w s
w h i c h a m u s e d i t s e l f b y s o m e c o m m e n t s o n D r . F r a n z
Ha r t m a n n ' s n o v e l , "Th e Ta l k i n g Im a g e o f Ur u r , "t h e n
r u n n i n g i n Lu c i f e r , H. P. B. w i t h o u t n a m i n g a n y n a m e s
d i s c u s s e d t h e c o u n t e r - c u r r e n t s i n t h e So c i e t y . In Lu c i -
f e r
f o r J u n e s h e p u b l i s h e d t h e a r t i c l e , "It ' s t h e Ca t , "
w h i c h w a s "D e d i c a t e d t o t h o s e M e m b e r s o f t h e T . S.
w h o m t h e Ca p m a y f i t . "Ag a i n w i t h o u t n a m i n g p e r s o n s ,
s h e p a y s a t t e n t i o n t o t h o s e w h o w o u l d m a k e o f h e r ` t h e
c a t , " i . e . , t h e s c a p e g o a t f o r a l l t h e s i n s o f o m i s s i o n
a n d c o m m i s s i o n o f t h e So c i e t y a n d i t s m e m b e r s .
It w a s t h e h a b i t w i t h t h e t h r e e l e a d i n g Th e o s o p h i c a l
p u b l i c a t i o n s t o s e n d t o e a c h o t h e r a d v a n c e p r o o f s o f a l l
f o r t h c o m i n g i m p o r t a n t a r t i c l e s . Al l t h e a b o v e c i t e d a r t i -
c l e s s h o u l d t h e r e f o r e b e r e a d , b o t h i n c o n n e c t i o n w i t h
t h e t h e n e xi s t i n g i n t e r n a l a n d e xt e r n a l s i t u a t i o n o f t h e
So c i e t y , a n d a s a p r e l u d e t o t h e J u n e , 1 8 8 9 , Th e o s o p h i s t .
"Ap p l i e d Th e o s o p h y , "i t s l e a d i n g e d i t o r i a l , i s a n a r t i -
c l e o f n e a r l y t e n p a g e s . Th e w r i t e r a s k s :
Th e f i r s t q u e s t i o n t h a t n a t u r a l l y a r i s e s i s ,
w h e t h e r t h e a c t i o n o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y
' s e e p r e c e d i n g c h a p t e r .
2 4 4
OLCOTT' SPOLICY

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i n e v e r y r e s p e c t s h o u l d b e l i m i t e d t o i t s d e -
c l a r e d Ob j e c t s . . . . Of t h e t h r e e Ob j e c t s t w o
a r e d i s t i n c t l y s e p a r a t e d f r o m e v e r y t h i n g e l s e
.
. . . Th e f i r s t Ob j e c t i s a l t o g e t h e r d i f f e r e n t
.
To "f o r m t h e n u c l e u s o f Un i v e r s a l Br o t h e r -
h o o d , "i s s o f a r f r o m c o n d u c i n g t o r e t i r e m e n t
a n d c o n c e n t r a t i o n , i s a p u r p o s e s o h i g h , s o d e e p ,
s o b r o a d , s o u n i v e r s a l l y s y m p a t h e t i c , s o d i s t a n t
o f r e a l i z a t i o n , t h a t i t b e c o m e s v a g u e a n d c o n -
f u s e d w h e n t h e a t t e n t i o n i s d i r e c t e d t o i t , a n d t o
m o s t F e l l o w s t h i s Ob j e c t i s a b o u t e q u i v a l e n t i n
p r a c t i c e t o t h e f o r m a t i o n o f a n u c l e u s f o r t h e
r e c u r r e n c e o f t h e G o l d e n Ag e , o r f o r t h e r e -
e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f t h e g a r d e n o f Ed e n
. . .
He r e a n d t h e r e a F e l l o w o f t h e So c i e t y o u t s i d e
o f In d i a m a y b e f o u n d w h o i s w i l l i n g t o a c c e p t
t h e Ea s t e r n In i t i a t e s , w h e t h e r a n c i e n t o r m o d -
e r n , a s t e a c h e r s
; b u t t h e m a j o r i t y p r e f e r t o
t h i n k a n d t h e o r i z e f o r t h e m s e l v e s , w h i c h i s , a f t e r
a l l , t h e b e s t w a y f o r a n y o n e t o l e a r n w h o c a n
t h i n k a n d t h e o r i z e l o g i c a l l y .
We h a v e , t h e n , a So c i e t y w i t h o u t o p i n i o n s b u t
w i t h c e r t a i n "Ob j e c t s , "c e r t a i n p r i n c i p l e s , a n d
c e r t a i n m e t h o d s , a n d w e h a v e a s a r e s u l t a t e n d -
e n c y t o c e r t a i n m o d e s o f t h o u g h t a n d c e r t a i n
t h e o r i e s o f t h e Un i v e r s e , t o w h i c h t h e o r i e s t h e
n a m e o f Th e o s o p h y h a s b e e n g i v e n .
. . . Th e
f a c t t h a t "Th e Se c r e t D o c t r i n e "h a s b e e n s o g e n -
e r a l l y u n d e r s t o o d a n d s o h i g h l y a p p r e c i a t e d b y
Th e o s o p h i s t s , s h o w s t h a t t h e i r o w n t h o u g h t s
w e r e n o t s o v e r y m u c h b e h i n d t h e i d e a s g i v e n
o u t i n t h a t m a r v e l l o u s w o r k
.
Al l t h i s , h o w e v e r , i s o n l y w h a t m a y b e c a l l e d
t h e i n t e l l e c t u a l o r p h i l o s o p h i c a l s i d e o f Th e o s o -
p h y ; a n d i t i s t h e f r u i t o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So -
c i e t y ' s i n f l u e n c e i n o n l y o n e d i r e c t i o n
. . . .
Th e w h o l e t e n d e n c y o f t h i s a r g u m e n t a p p e a r s c l e a r l y ,
f i r s t , t o d i s c r e d i t t h e r e a l a n d p r i m a r y Ob j e c t o f t h e
So c i e t y , a n d t o m a k e a d i v i s i o n i n i t s Th r e e Ob j e c t s
;
2 4 6

THETHEOSOPHICALM OVEM ENT


s e c o n d l y , t o e m p h a s i z e t h a t t h e t e a c h i n g s o f t h e "Se c r e t
D o c t r i n e "a r e n e i t h e r n e w t o t h e m e m b e r s h i p n o r i n a n y
w a y a n i m p a r t a t i o n f r o m a h i g h e r p l a n e o f p e r c e p t i o n ,
a s t h e "t h o u g h t s "o f t h e m e m b e r s h i p "w e r e n o t s o v e r y
m u c h b e h i n d t h e i d e a s ' g i v e n o u t ' i n t h a t w o r k "
; t h i r d l y ,
t h a t H. P. B. ' s "t h e o r i e s o f t h e Un i v e r s e "a r e m e r e l y
"t h e f r u i t o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y ' s i n f l u e n c e . "
Th e
So c i e t y i s n o t a n o u t c o m e o f H. P: B. ' s m i s s i o n a n d t e a c h -
i n g ; o n t h e c o n t r a r y t h e s e a r e a d e v e l o p m e n t o f a n d
f r o m t h e So c i e t y l
Af t e r d i s c o u r s i n g o n t h e i m p l i c a t i o n s d e r i v a b l e f r o m
t h e s e p r e m i s e s , M r
. Ha r t e p r o c e e d s a s t e p f u r t h e r :
. . . Si n c e t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y h a s p r o -
f e s s e d l y , a s a b o d y , n o o p i n i o n s o n a n y s u b j e c t ,
i t i s e q u a l l y a t r a n s g r e s s i o n o f i t s b a s i c p r i n c i -
p l e s f o r i t t o s u s t a i n o r p r o m u l g a t e a n y s p e c i a l
s y s t e m o f p h i l o s o p h y , a s i n p r a c t i c e i t d e c i d e d l y
d o e s , u n d e r t h e n a m e o f ` ` Th e o s o p h y " .
Th e n M r . Ha r t e , h i s g r o u n d r e a d y , a s k s
Ca n a n y m e a n s b e d e v i s e d w h e r e b y t h e F e l -
l o w s o f t h e So c i e t y c a n a p p l y t h e i r k n o w l e d g e
a n d t h e i r e n e r g i e s t o t h e p r a c t i c a l a f f a i r s o f l i f e ?
Pr a c t i c a l Th e o s o p h y i s a n a f f a i r o f t h e f u t u r e .
Ap p l i e d Th e o s o p h y i s
a m o r e m o d e s t a m b i t i o n ,
a n d i s , o r o u g h t t o b e , a p o s s i b i l i t y .
M r
. Ha r t e h a s h i s a n s w e r r e a d y :
If t h e F e l l o w s o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y a r e
t o a p p l y t h e i r Th e o s o p h y t o t h e a f f a i r s o f l i f e , i t
m u s t b e t h r o u g h t h e So c i e t y , a n d a s i n d i v i d u a l
u n i t s o f t h e w h o l e , : n o t a s i s o l a t e d i n d i v i d u a l s .
. .
. It i s t h i s m y s t i c i n d i v i d u a l i t y , "t h e s u m t o -
t a l , "t h a t g i v e s s t r e n g t h t o a l l s o c i e t i e s a n d c o n -
g r e g a t i o n s o f m e n , a n d b e c o m e s t h e r e a l d o m i -
n a t i n g p o w e r , t o w h i c h a l l c o n t r i b u t e s o m e o f
t h e i r f o r c e , a n d w h i c h s t a n d s b e h i n d e v e r y u n i t
OLCOTT' SPOLICY

2 4 7
a n d l e n d s i t s w h o l e s t r e n g t h t o i t . Wi t h o u t i t a
F e l l o w o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y w o u l d b e
a s p o w e r l e s s a s a n y o t h e r i s o l a t e d m a n o r w o m a n
i n t h e c o m m u n i t y . Wi t h i t b e h i n d h i m a n
F . T. S. i s a p o w e r i n p r o p o r t i o n t o t h e u n i t y
a n d s i n g l e n e s s o f p u r p o s e o f t h e So c i e t y t o w h i c h
h e b e l o n g s .
It i s f r o m t h e So c i e t y t h a t r a d i a t e s t h e "d o
m i n
a t i n g
p o w e r "; f r o m t h e So c i e t y t h a t t h e m e m b e r s a r e t o d r a w
t h e i r s u s t e n a n c e a n d s u p p o r t , n o t f r o m a n y Te a c h e r
o r Te a c h i n g , n o t f r o m a n y "s e l f - i n d u c e d a n d s e l f - d e -
v i s e d e xe r t i o n s "o f t h e i n d i v i d u a l a s p i r a n t s . Th e m o d e l
t o f o l l o w , t h e e xa m p l e t o e m u l a t e , i s p i c t u r e d b y M r .
Ha r t e
Wh o s p e a k s w h e n a p r i e s t o f t h e Ro m a n
Ca t h o l i c Ch u r c h u t t e r s a c o m m a n d ? Th e u n i t e d
p o w e r o f t h e Ch u r c h o f Ro m e . Wh o s p e a k s w h e n
a d i s f r o c k e d p r i e s t s a y s s o m e t h i n g ? A n o n -
e n t i t y . Wh o s p e a k s w h e n t h e J u d g e , t h e G e n -
e r a l , t h e St a t e s m a n o p e n t h e i r m o u t h s ? "Th e
St a t e , "- - t h e t r e m e n d o u s a n d o f t e n t y r a n n i c a l
p e r s o n a l i t y t h a t c o m e s i n t o l i f e a n d a c t i o n w h e n
t h e u n i t s t h a t c o m p o s e i t [ a r e ] b o u n d t o g e t h e r ,
t h r o u g h o r g a n i z a t i o n , b y a c o m m o n w i l l a n d a
c o m m o n p u r p o s e
.
Th i s i d e a t h a t i t i s o n l y "t h r o u g h o r g a n i z a t i o n , "
t h r o u g h m a k i n g t h e
So c i e t y
t h e p r i m e o b j e c t o f d e v o -
t i o n , i t s "a u t h o r i t y "t h r o u g h t h e v o i c e o f i t s o f f i c i a l s
s u p r e m e o v e r t h e i n d i v i d u a l c o n s c i e n c e a n d a c t i o n , t h a t
"Ap p l i e d Th e o s o p h y , "c a n b e m a d e a s u c c e s s i s a r g u e d
a t l e n g t h , l e a d i n g u p t o t h e c u l m i n a t i o n o f m a k i n g t h e
Ad y a r He a d q u a r t e r s a s e c o n d Ro m e , a n d , b y n e c e s s a r y
i n f e r e n c e , o f t h e Pr e s i d e n t - F o u n d e r a Th e o s o p h i c a l
Po p e :
Th e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y i s a n i d e a l p o w e r
f o r g o o d d i f f u s e d o v e r t h e w h o l e w o r l d , b u t i t
2 4 8

THETHEOSOPHICALM OVEM ENT


r e q u i r e s m a t e r i a l c o n d i t i o n s , a n d t h e m o s t i m -
p o r t a n t o f t h e s e i s a m a t e r i a l c e n t r e , f r o m w h i c h
a n d t o w h i c h t h e e f f e r e n t a n d a f f e r e n t f o r c e s
s h a l l c i r c u l a t e
. Th i s i s a c o n d i t i o n o f t h e l i f e
o f a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n s , a n d o f a l l o r g a n i s m s , a n d
t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y i s b o t h
; i t i s a n o r g a n -
i z a t i o n o n t h e m a t e r i a l p l a n e , a n o r g a n i s m o n t h e
s p i r i t u a l . Ac o m m o n c e n t r e , t h e r e f o r e , i s a s
n e c e s s a r y f o r s p i r i t u a l a s f o r p h y s i c a l r e a s o n s .
"AD YAR"
i s n o t a p l a c e o n l y , i t i s a p r i n c i p l e .
It i s a n a m e t h a t o u g h t t o c a r r y w i t h i t a p o w e r
f a r g r e a t e r t h a n t h a t c o n v e y e d b y t h e n a m e
"Ro m e . " AD YAR i s t h e c e n t r e o f t h e Th e o s o p h i -
c a l M o v e m e n t - n o t "7D u k e St r e e t , Ad e l p h i "
[ t h e p u b l i c a t i o n o f f i c e o f Lu c i f e r ] o r "Po s t Of f i c e
Bo x2 659 , Ne w Yo r k "[ t h e a d d r e s s o f Th e
Pa t h ] .
AD - AR i s a p r i n c i p l e a n d a s y m b o l , a s w e l l
a s a l o c a l i t y
.
AD YAR i s t h e n a m e w h i c h m e a n s
o n t h e m a t e r i a l p l a n e t h e He a d q u a r t e r s o f a n
i n t e r n a t i o n a l , o r , m o r e p r o p e r l y s p e a k i n g , w o r l d -
w i d e So c i e t y . . . . It m e a n s o n t h e s u p r a - p h y s i -
c a l p l a n e a c e n t r e o f l i f e a n d e n e r g y , t h e p o i n t
t o a n d f r o m w h i c h t h e c u r r e n t s r u n b e t w e e n t h e
i d e a l a n d t h e m a t e r i a l . Ev e r y l o y a l F e l l o w h a s
i n h i s h e a r t a l i t t l e AD YAR, f o r h e h a s i n h i m a
s p a r k o f t h e s p i r i t u a l f i r e w h i c h t h e n a m e t y p i -
f i e s . AD YAR i s t h e s y m b o l o f o u r u n i t y a s a So -
c i e t y , a n d s o l o n g a s i t e xi s t s i n t h e h e a r t s o f i t s
F e l l o w s , t h e p o w e r s o f t h e e n e m y c a n n e v e r
p r e v a i l a g a i n s t t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y . . . .
Wh a t t h e n , t o r e c a p i t u l a t e , m u s t b e o u r a n -
s w e r t o t h e q u e s t i o n s w i t h w h i c h w e s t a r t e d
: -
Is s u c h a t h i n g a s "Ap p l i e d Th e o s o p h y "p o s s i -
b l e ! If s o , o f w h a t d o e s i t c o n s i s t I
. . . t h e F e l l o w s m u s t p e r c e i v e t h a t t h e Th e -
o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y i s a l i v i n g e n t i t y , "i d e a l "i f
o n e c h o o s e s t o c a l l i t s o , b u t a n e n t i t y o n e a n d i n -
d i v i s i b l e a l i k e u p o n t h e m a t e r i a l a n d o n t h e
s u p e r - p h y s i c a l p l a n e . We h a v e a l s o s e e n t h a t
t h e v i s i b l e c e n t r e o f t h e So c i e t y , AD YAn , i s
s y m b o l i c a l o f t h e p r i n c i p l e o f u n i t y , a s w e l l a s o f
t h e m a t e r i a l l i f e o f t h e So c i e t y , a n d t h a t i n e v e r y
s e n s e l o y a l t y t o
AD YAR m e a n s l o y a l t y t o t h e o b -
j e c t s o f t h e So c i e t y a n d t o t h e p r i n c i p l e s o f
Th e o s o p h y . . .
Th e s a m e - J u n e - n u m b e r o f
Th e Th e o s o p h i s t
c o n -
t a i n e d a r e l a t e d a r t i c l e b y M r
. Ha r t e , s i g n e d "F . T. S. "
a n d b e a r i n g t h e t i t l e , "Th e Si t u a t i o n . "So m e e xt r a c t s
f o l l o w :
We h a v e n o t y e t g o t o u r p r o p e r b e a r i n g s
a f t e r t h e r a d i c a l c h a n g e i n t h e So c i e t y m a d e b y
a n Or d e r o f t h e Pr e s i d e n t l a s t a u t u m n , a n d
a d o p t e d i n t o t h e Co n s t i t u t i o n a n d Ru l e s o f t h e
Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y , b y t h e G e n e r a l Co u n c i l i n
t h e An n u a l Co n v e n t i o n o f 1 8 8 8 . Th i s c h a n g e
w a s t h e f o r m a t i o n o f a n Es o t e r i c D i v i s i o n o f t h e
So c i e t y ; a n d t h i s s e p a r a t i o n o f t h e e s o t e r i c e l e -
m e n t f r o m t h e e xo t e r i c , i s n o t o n l y a d i s e n -
t a n g l i n g o f t w o t h i n g s t h a t h a v e d i f f e r e n t
m e t h o d s a n d a i m s , a n d t h e m i xi n g u p o f w h i c h
i n t h e l i f e a n d w o r k o f t h e So c i e t y h a s g i v e n r i s e
t o c o n s i d e r a b l e c o n f u s i o n , b u t i t i s , m o r e o v e r , a
w e a n i n g o f t h e So c i e t y f r o m s o u r c e s t h a t h a v e
p r e v i o u s l y n o u r i s h e d
i t . . . .
It i s p r e t t y g e n e r -
a l l y f e l t t h a t i f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y i s t o b e
a m o r a l a n d s p i r i t u a l p o w e r i n t h e w o r l d , i t m u s t
b e i n t o u c h w i t h t h e w o r l d a n d l i v e i n t h e w o r l d ;
u s i n g s u c h m e t h o d s i n i t s d e a l i n g s w i t h t h a t
w o r l d a s t h e l a t t e r c a n a p p r e c i a t e a n d u n d e r -
s t a n d , o r w h i c h , a t a l l e v e n t s , w i l l n o t e xc i t e i t s
p r e j u d i c e s , a n d p u t i t i n t o a f u r y o f o p p o s i t i o n
a t t h e v e r y f i r s t g o o f f .
Th e r e i s h e r e p u t f o r w a r d t h e m i s s t a t e m e n t t h a t t h e
f o r m a t i o n o f t h e Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n w a s d u e t o a n d d e -
p e n d e n t u p o n "a n Or d e r o f t h e Pr e s i d e n t " ; t h a t t h e r e a l
o b j e c t o f i t s f o r m a t i o n w a s t o s e p a r a t e t h e "e s o t e r i c
~

I"
2 50

THETHEOSOPHICALM OVEM ENT


e l e m e n t f r o m t h e e s o t e r i c "
; t h a t t h e "m i xi n g u p "o f t h e
e s o t e r i c w i t h t h e e xo t e r i c a s p e c t s o f t h e M o v e m e n t h a d
g i v e n r i s e t o "c o n s i d e r a b l e c o n f u s i o n , "a n d t h a t i t w a s
n e c e s s a r y t o "w e a n "t h e So c i e t y "f r o m t h e s o u r c e s t h a t
h a v e h i t h e r t o n o u r i s h e d i t . "Th e v i e w i s p r e s e n t e d t h a t
i f t h e So c i e t y i s t o i n f l u e n c e t h e w o r l d i t m u s t h a v e a
w o r l d l y i n c e n t i v e t o o f f e r , a w o r l d l y b a s i s a n d a u t h o r i t y
i n o r d e r t o "b e a m o r a l a n d s p i r i t u a l p o w e r i n t h e
w o r l d "
; t h a t b e c a u s e i t s a c t u a l Ob j e c t s , i t s a c t u a l b a s i s ,
i t s a c t u a l m e t h o d s h a v e h i t h e r t o b e e n u n w o r l d l y , t h e r e -
f o r e i t h a s e xc i t e d t h e p r e j u d i c e s o f t h e w o r l d , t h e r e f o r e
i t h a s p u t t h e w o r l d "i n t o a f u r y o f o p p o s i t i o n . "Wh a t
i s n e e d e d , i n t h i s v i e w , i s n o t t h e b a s i s a n d m e t h o d s o f
H. P. B. , w h i c h h a v e b e e n t h e d i s t u r b i n g f a c t o r , b u t t h e
b a s i s a n d m e t h o d s o f Co l . Ol c o t t , M r . Si n n e t t , e t a l , w h o
h a v e b e e n u s i n g a n d w i l l c o n t i n u e t o u s e s u c h m e t h o d s
i n d e a l i n g w i t h t h e w o r l d "a s t h e l a t t e r c a n a p p r e c i a t e
a n d u n d e r s t a n d . "Th i s s u g g e s t i o n i m p l a n t e d , t h e l o g i -
c a l c o r o l l a r y i s t h a t H . P . B. ' s m e t h o d s h a v e b e e n a
b l u n d e r w h i c h m u s t b e c o r r e c t e d . Wh a t h e r m e t h o d s
h a v e b e e n a n d h o w s a d l y s h e h a s m i s r e p r e s e n t e d t h e
M a s t e r s , a r e n e xt i m p l i e d
If t h e r e i s a n y r e l i a n c e t o b e p l a c e d u p o n w h a t
h a s c o m e t o u s a s t h e w i s h e s a n d i n s t r u c t i o n s o f
t h o s e m y s t e r i o u s Pe r s o n a g e s b e h i n d t h e s c e n e s ,
b y w h o s e o r d e r s t h e So c i e t y w a s f o u n d e d , t h e n
t h e w e a n i n g o f t h e So c i e t y f r o m a n y f u r t h e r p r o -
f e s s e d a n d o s t e n s i b l e c o n n e c t i o n w i t h p h e n o m e n a
a n d i n v i s i b l e w i r e - p u l l e r s ( u s i n g t h e t e r m w i t h
t h e g r e a t e s t r e s p e c t ) h a s b e e n d e t e r m i n e d a n d
d e c r e e d s o m e t i m e a g o
. If w e a r e t o h a v e f a i t h
i n a n y t h i n g w e h a v e b e e n t o l d a s c o m i n g f r o m
t h e M a s t e r s , w e a r e c o n s t r a i n e d t o b e l i e v e t h a t
i t i s t h e i r w i s h t h a t t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y
s h a l l n o w s t a n d b e f o r e a l l m e n f o r w h a t i t i s
w o r t h i n i t s e l f , a n d t h a t Th e o s o p h y s h a l l f r o m
h e n c e f o r t h b e p u t b e f o r e t h e w o r l d a s a s y s t e m
o f p h i l o s o p h i c a l a n d e t h i c a l t r u t h w h i c h s t a n d s
o n i t s o w n m e r i t s w i t h o u t a n y a d v e n t i t i o u s a i d s
;
OLCOTT' SPOLICY

2 51
p r o p s o r a b u t m e n t s . Th i s i m p l i e s a t t h e o u t s e t
t h a t f r o m h e n c e f o r t h Oc c u l t i s m a n d Th e o s o p h y ,
w h i c h a r e i n r e a l i t y t w o v e r y d i f f e r e n t t h i n g s ,
s h a l l b e s e p a r a t e i n t h e m i n d s o f t h e F e l l o w s ,
a n d i n t h e l i f e o f t h e So c i e t y
.
Th e M a s t e r ' s l e t t e r t o Co l . Ol c o t t
2 i s r e f e r r e d t o t o
s h o w t h a t H. P. B. s h o u l d "m i n d h e r o w n b u s i n e s s 1 "
M r
. Ha r t e c o m m e n t s
Th a t l e t t e r r e f e r s t o t h e s e t t l e m e n t o f a d i s -
p u t e a m o n g t h e F e l l o w s i n F r a n c e , b u t t h e p r i n -
c i p l e s o d e f i n i t e l y s t a t e d w i t h r e g a r d t o t h e d i -
v i s i o n o f f u n c t i o n s
.
. .
a n d t h e f o r m a t i o n o f a n
Es o t e r i c D i v i s i o n o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y
u n d e r t h e e xc l u s i v e m a n a g e m e n t a n d c o n t r o l o f
M a d a m e Bl a v a t s k y w a s t h e r e s u l t o f i t s w i d e r
a p p l i c a t i o n - i t b e i n g u n d e r s t o o d t h a t t h e Pr e s i -
d e n t w a s i n n o w a y t o i n t e r f e r e w i t h t h a t d i -
v i s i o n , M a d a m e Bl a v a t s k y , i n r e t u r n , a b s t a i n i n g
i n f u t u r e f r o m a n y d i r e c t i n t e r f e r e n c e w i t h t h e
w o r l d l y o r e xo t e r i c m a n a g e m e n t o f t h e So c i e t y .
. .
. It m a y b e f u r t h e r s t a t e d h e r e , f o r t h e b e n e -
f i t o f t h o s e w h o m i t m a y c o n c e r n , t h a t t h e
f o r m a t i o n o f t h e Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n , w a s i n a c -
c o r d a n c e w i t h t h e i n s t r u c t i o n s r e c e i v e d f r o m t h e
M a s t e r s .
On b o t h s i d e s t h i s n e w d e p a r t u r e w a s f e l t t o
b e a r e l i e f . Oc c u l t i s m i s a b o v e a l l "r u l e "o r
"b y e - l a w "e m a n a t i n g f r o m t h e w i l l o f t h e g o v -
e r n e d , w h i c h i s t h e o n l y p o s s i b l e b a s i s o f a p o p u -
l a r g o v e r n m e n t s u c h a s t h a t o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l
So c i e t y
. Th e r e s u l t o f t r y i n g t o m a k e t w o s u c h
d i f f e r e n t t h i n g s w o r k h a r m o n i o u s l y w a s l i k e t h a t
w h i c h m i g h t b e e xp e c t e d f r o m h a r n e s s i n g t o -
g e t h e r a "s a c r e d b u l l "a n d a d r a f t h o r s e - t h e
w a g g o n w a s c o n t i n u a l l y r u n n i n g i n t o t h e f e n c e ,
a n d a l w a y s i n d a n g e r o f b e i n g u p s e t ; a d a n g e r
i n n o w a y d i m i n i s h e d b y t h e f a c t t h a t t w o c o a c h -
- Be e Ch a p t e r X.
1 *
2 52

THETHEOSOPHICALM OVEM ENT


m e n s a t o n t h e b o xs e a t , e a c h o f w h o m h e l d o n e
o f t h e r e i n s , a n d p u l l e d i t v i g o r o u s l y e v e r y n o w
a n d t h e n w i t h o u t m u c h r e f e r e n c e t o t h e i d e a s o f
t h e o t h e r , o r t o "t h i n g s a s a w h o l e
. "No w , h a p -
p i l y , t h e r e h a s b e e n a d i v i s i o n o f l a b o u r , e a c h
d r i v e r h a s g o t h i s o w n a n i m a l t o h i m s e l f .
Ha v i n g t h u s d r i v e n h o m e t h e i d e a t h a t H. P. B
. a n d
Co l
. 0 l c o t t w e r e o r i g i n a l l y o n a p l a n e o f e n t i r e e q u a l i t y
b o t h w i t h r e g a r d t o t h e M a s t e r s a n d t o t h e
T. S. ; t h a t
t h e "i n t e r f e r e n c e "' o f H
. P. B. w a s a s d i s p l e a s i n g t o
M a s t e r s a s i t w a s t o Co l . Ol c o t t , s o t h a t M a s t e r s g a v e
Co l . Ol c o t t "i n s t r u c t i o n s "t o "o r d e r "t h e f o r m a t i o n
o f a n Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n t o l i m i t t h e c a p a c i t y f o r h a r m f u l -
n e s s o f H. P. B. ;
t h a t t h e "b a r g a i n "w a s t h a t H . P. B.
s h o u l d b e l e t a l o n e i n t h e e s o t e r i c "D i v i s i o n "
. a n d Co l .
Ol c o t t n o l o n g e r i n t e r f e r e d w i t h i n t h e So c i e t y a s a
w h o l e - h a v i n g t h u s a r r i v e d a t h i s e xp l a n a t i o n o f f a c t s
a n d f a c t o r s , M r . Ha r t e t h e n p a y s a t t e n t i o n t o t h e "Es o -
t e r i c D i v i s i o n , "i t s m e m b e r s , a n d H . P. B
. i n t h e s e t e r m s
Th e h e a d o f t h e Es o t e r i c D i v i s i o n i s a t l i b e r t y
t o i m p o s e p l e d g e s , i n s t i t u t e d e g r e e s , a n d o r d a i n
e xe r c i s e s , a n d w i t h o u t l e t o r h i n d r a n c e t o i s s u e
i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d o r d e r s t o t h o s e w h o p l a c e t h e m -
s e l v e s u n d e r h e r g u i d a n c e
; . . .
Wi t h t h e a f f a i r s o f t h e Es o t e r i c D i v i s i o n t h i s
a r t i c l e h a s n o t h i n g t o d o
. Th a t d i v i s i o n s e e m s
t o b e a k i n d o f An n e xt o t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So -
c i e t y p r o p e r , h a v i n g t w o d o o r s o f e xi t - o n e l e a d -
i n g u p t o h i g h e r l e v e l s , t h e o t h e r l e a d i n g d o w n
a n d o u t
. No t o n l y d o a d v a n c e d s t u d e n t s s e e k
e n t r a n c e t o i t , b u t i t a p p e a r s t o h a v e e s p e c i a l
a t t r a c t i o n s f o r m a n y w h o a r e s p i r i t u a l l y s o m e -
w h a t c r i p p l e d
. Th e h a l t , t h e m a i m e d a n d t h e
b l i n d , b l i s s f u l l y u n a w a r e o f t h e i r i n f i r m i t i e s , a n d
o b l i v i o u s o f t h e i r u t t e r w a n t o f p r e p a r a t i o n ,
k n o c k i n c o n t i n e n t l y a t t h e d o o r , a n d t h e He a d
o f t h e D i v i s i o n c a n n o t a l w a y s r e f u s e t h e m a
OLCOTT' SPOLICY

5
c h a n c e .
At t h e f i r s t l i t t l e "t r i a l "t h e s e w e a k
b r o t h e r s l o s e t h e i r h e a d s a n d t h e i r h o l d s , f a l l
f l a t o n t h e i r n o s e s , a n d g o o f f h o w l i n g .
Th e Pr e s i d e n t a n d G e n e r a l Co u n c i l a r e f r e e t o
l e g i s l a t e f o r t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y t o t h e
b e s t o f t h e i r k n o w l e d g e a n d a b i l i t y , i n c o n -
f o r m i t y w i t h t h e w i s h e s o f t h e m a j o r i t y o f t h e
F e l l o w s
. . . .
It i s a m a t t e r o f f a c t . . . t h a t t h e Ru l e s o f
t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y h a v e b e e n a l l a l o n g s o
w e a k , c o n f u s e d a n d c o n t r a d i c t o r y , t h a t n o o t h e r
s o c i e t y o r p e r s o n s w h o w i s h e d t o r e c e i v e c r e d i t
f o r c o m m o n s e n s e w o u l d p r o b a b l y h a v e p u t u p
w i t h t h e m f o r a d a y
. So l o n g a s t h e e s o t e r i c
a n d e xo t e r i c e l e m e n t s w e r e m i xe d u p i n t h e So -
c i e t y t h i s s t a t e o f a f f a i r s d i d n o t m a t t e r
. It w a s
i n e v i t a b l e ; . . .
Th e c o n s e q u e n c e s o f t h e f o r m e r s t a t e o f a f -
f a i r s i s t e l l i n g o n t h e So c i e t y n o w
. . . . No o n e
s u s p e c t e d t h e w a n t o f l o y a l t y t o t h e So c i e t y o n
t h e p a r t o f a p o r t i o n o f t h e Br a n c h e s a n d Se c -
t i o n s , u n t i l t h e a t t e m p t w a s m a d e b y t h e l a t e
Co n v e n t i o n t o p u t a l i t t l e s e r i o u s n e s s a n d e n e r g y
i n t o t h e . So c i e t y
. It l o o k s a s i f c e r t a i n o f t h e
Se c t i o n s a n d Br a n c h e s h a v e g o t s o m e w h a t t o o
h i g h a n o p i n i o n o f t h e i r o w n i m p o r t a n c e
.
Th e o n l y Se c t i o n s w h i c h e xi s t e d p r i o r t o t h e Co n v e n -
t i o n w e r e t h e Am e r i c a n , t h e Br i t i s h , a n d t h e Es o t e r i c ,
w h o s e Br a n c h e s , G r o u p s , a n d M e m b e r s w e r e p r i m a r i l y
i n t e r e s t e d i n Th e o s o p h y , n o t t h e So c i e t y , a n d w h o t h e r e -
f o r e l o o k e d t o Th e o s o p h y a n d t o t h e e xa m p l e a n d g u i d -
a n c e ' o f H. P. B
. a n d M r . J u d g e , n o t t o Co l . Ol c o t t a n d
t h e "Ru l e s a n d By e - l a w s "o f t h e In d i a n Co n v e n t i o n ' s
f a c i l e a d o p t i o n a t Co l
. Ol c o t t ' s b e h e s t s . Pl a i n n o t i c e i s
t h e r e f o r e s e r v e d o n t h e s e r e c a l c i t r a n t s - a s t h e y s e e m e d
t o t h e Pr e s i d e n t a n d h i s a s s o c i a t e s - t h a t t h e y h a v e n o
a u t h o r i t y , r i g h t s , o r e xi s t e n c e , s a v e b y v i r t u e o f Co l
.
Ol c o t t ' s "o r d e r s "a n d t h a t t h e Po w e r t h a t c r e a t e d
2 5

THETHEOSOPHICALM OVEM ENT


t h e m c a n a s e a s i l y d i s s o l v e t h e m ; a n d i t i s i n t i m a t e d t h a t
t h a t Po w e r w i l l b e e xe r c i s e d i f f o r m e r c o n d u c t i s n o t
s u p e r s e d e d b y b e t t e r b e h a v i o r :
Th e y [ t h e Se c t i o n s a n d Br a n c h e s ] e xi s t o n l y
b y v i r t u e o f Ch a r t e r s i s s u e d b y t h e Pr e s i d e n t o f
t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y . It i s t h e f a c t o f t h e
p o s s e s s i o n o f t h e s e Ch a r t e r s t h a t m a k e s t h e m
d i f f e r e n t f r o m o t h e r l i t t l e c o l l e c t i o n s o f s t u d e n t s
o f Th e o s o p h y i n t h e c o u n t r i e s w h e r e t h e y e xi s t ,
a n d g i v e s t h e m w h a t c r e d i t t h e y e n j o y . . . .
Su p p o s e i t b e c a m e n e c e s s a r y t o w i t h d r a w t h e
Ch a r t e r s o f c e r t a i n Se c t i o n s , d o e s a n y o n e b e -
l i e v e f o r a m o m e n t t h a t t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y
w o u l d e v e n t u a l l y s u f f e r ? At p r e s e n t a l a r g e a n d
i n c r e a s i n g p r o p o r t i o n o f t h e F e l l o w s a r e "F e l -
l o w s a t l a r g e "- t h a t i s , u n a t t a c h e d t o a n y
b r a n c h ; F e l l o w s i n Br a n c h e s w o u l d p e r c e i v e t h a t
t h e i r s t a t u s r e m a i n e d u n c h a n g e d ; a n d t h o u -
s a n d s w h o n o w s y m p a t h i z e w i t h t h e o b j e c t s a n d
w o r k o f t h e So c i e t y , b u t a r e d e t e r r e d f r o m j o i n -
i n g i t b y t h e i d e a t h a t t h e y a r e e xp e c t e d t o j o i n a
b r a n c h , w o u l d p r i c k u p t h e i r e a r s a n d b e c o m e i n -
t e r e s t e d . Th e s e d o n o t c a r e t o j o i n t h e So c i e t y
n o w f o r a v a r i e t y o f r e a s o n s : - b e c a u s e t h e y l o o k
u p o n t h e b r a n c h e s a s m u t u a l a d m i r a t i o n c l u b s ;
b e c a u s e t h e y r e g a r d t h e m a s t h e p r i v a t e f r i e n d s
a n d f o l l o w e r s o f s o m e o n e m a n ; b e c a u s e t h e y
d o n ' t w a n t t o b e b o t h e r e d i n a t t e n d i n g t h e i r
m e e t i n g s a n d l i s t e n i n g t o t h i n g s t h e y e i t h e r
k n o w a l r e a d y o r d o n o t u n d e r s t a n d ; b e c a u s e
t h e y a r e d i s g u s t e d w i t h t h e j e a l o u s i e s a n d r i v a l -
r i e s o f F e l l o w s w h o a r e p r o m i n e n t i n b r a n c h e s ;
b e c a u s e t h e y d o n o t a p p r o v e o f t h e b r a n c h s y s -
t e m a t a l l , - w h i c h b r i n g s t h e F e l l o w s w h o b e l o n g
t o b r a n c h e s i n t o u n n e c e s s a r y p u b l i c i t y . If e v e r y
e xi s t i n g Ch a r t e r o f Se c t i o n a n d b r a n c h o f t h e
Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y w e r e w i t h d r a w n t o m o r r o w ,
t h e So c i e t y w o u l d , i n a l l p r o b a b i l i t y , b e a
s t r o n g e r b o d y i n a s h o r t t i m e t h a n i t i s n o w , a n d
OLCOTT' SPOLICY

2 55
c e r t a i n l y i t w o u l d n o t b e a w e a k e r o n e . Ev e r y
a c t i v e F e l l o w w o u l d b e c o m e a n a t u r a l r e c r u i t -
i n g a g e n t , n o t f o r a l i t t l e l o c a l b r a n c h a s a t p r e s -
e n t , b u t f o r t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y .
Al l t h i s l e a d s u p t o t h e s u m m a t i o n w h i c h i s l a i d b e f o r e
t h e m e m b e r s , a s t h e c u r e f o r t h e "Si t u a t i o n " :
Th e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y w o u l d t h e n e xi s t
a s , a h o m o g e n e o u s w h o l e , c o m p o s e d o f l o y a l F e l -
l o w s a n i m a t e d b y a c o m m o n s p i r i t , a n d Ad y a r
w o u l d b e w h a t i t o u g h t t o b e - t h e c e n t r e o f a
s y s t e m f o r t h e c i r c u l a t i o n o f Th e o s o p h i c a l i d e a s
a n d l i t e r a t u r e , a n d f o r t h e o r g a n i z a t i o n o f Th e -
o s o p h i c a l a c t i v i t i e s a l l o v e r t h e g l o b e . An d t h e
F e l l o w s w o u l d s o o n s p o n t a n e o u s l y f o r m i n t o
g r o u p s w i t h c o n n e c t i o n s w i t h e a c h o t h e r a n d
w i t h Ad y a r , w h i c h w o u l d e n a b l e t h e m t o c a r r y
o u t t h e w o r k .
Th e s e a r e v e r y o b v i o u s c o n s i d e r a t i o n s . St i l l ,
t h e r e a r e p e o p l e w h o d o n o t a l w a y s r e m e m b e r
t h e m , a n d t o w h o m t h e a b o v e r e m a r k s m a y n o t
b e w i t h o u t u t i l i t y .
Th e s e a r t i c l e s i n t h e J u n e , 1 8 8 9 , Th e o s o p h i s t w e r e i m -
m e d i a t e l y f o l l o w e d i n t h e "Su p p l e m e n t "t o t h e J u l y
i s s u e b y a n a r t i c l e e n t i t l e d "AD i s c l a i m e r , "t h e i n s i n u -
a t i o n s i n w h i c h w e r e s t i l l m o r e d i r e c t a n d p r o n o u n c e d
.
It i s , i n f u l l , a s f o l l o w s
Th e Ed i t o r o f Th e Th e o s o p h i s t h a s m u c h
p l e a s u r e i n p u b l i s h i n g t h e f o l l o w i n g e xt r a c t s
f r o m a l e t t e r f r o m M r . Be r t r a m Ke i g h t l e y , Se c r e -
t a r y o f t h e "Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n "o f t h e Th e o s o p h i -
c a l So c i e t y , t o o n e o f t h e Co m m i s s i o n e r s , w h i c h
h a v e b e e n h a n d e d t o h i m f o r p u b l i c a t i o n
. [ M r .
Ke i g h t l e y ' s l e t t e r w a s i n f a c t a p r i v a t e o n e t o
M r . Ha r t e h i m s e l f , i n r e p l y t o a l e t t e r f r o m
M r
. Ha r t e . ]
It s h o u l d b e e xp l a i n e d t h a t t h e d e -
n i a l t h e r e i n c o n t a i n e d r e f e r s t o c e r t a i n s u r m i s e s
2 56

THETHEOSOPHICALM OVEM ENT


a n d r e p o r t s a f l o a t i n t h e So c i e t y , a n d w h i c h w e r e
s e e m i n g l y c o r r o b o r a t e d b y a p p a r e n t l y a r b i t r a r y
a n d u n d e r h a n d p r o c e e d i n g s b y c e r t a i n F e l l o w s
k n o w n t o b e m e m b e r s o f t h e Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n .
M r . Ke i g h t l e y t e l l s t h i s Co m m i s s i o n e r t h a t
h e m u s t n o t b e l i e v e
"t h a t t h e Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n
h a s a n y , e v e n t h e s l i g h t e s t , p r e t e n s i o n t o ` b o s s '
t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y o r a n y t h i n g
o f t h e
k i n d . " Ag a i n h e s a y s : "We a r e a l l , H. P
. B.
f i r s t a n d f o r e m o s t , d u s t a s l o y a l t o t h e Th e -
o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y a n d t o Ad y a r a s t h e Co l o n e l
c a n p o s s i b l y b e
. "
An d y e t a g a i n h e s a y s : "I
h a v e n o t h i n g m o r e t o s a y , e xc e p t t o r e p e a t i n
t h e m o s t f o r m a l a n d p o s i t i v e m a n n e r m y a s s u r -
a n c e t h a t t h e r e i s n o t a w o r d o f t r u t h i n t h e
s t a t e m e n t t h a t t h e Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n h a s a n y d e -
s i r e o r p r e t e n s i o n t o ` b o s s ' a n y o t h e r p a r t o r
Se c t i o n o f t h e T. S. "
It i s t o b e h o p e d t h a t a f t e r t h i s v e r y d i s t i n c t
a n d a u t h o r i t a t i v e d i s c l a i m e r n o f u r t h e r "p r i v a t e
c i r c u l a r s "w i l l b e i s s u e d b y a n y m e m b e r s o f t h e
Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n , c a l l i n g u p o n t h e F e l l o w s t o o p -
p o s e t h e a c t i o n o f t h e G e n e r a l Co u n c i l , b e c a u s e
"M a d a m e Bl a v a t s k y d o e s n o t a p p r o v e o f i t " ;
a n d a l s o t h a t s i l l y e d i t o r i a l s , d e c l a r i n g t h a t Th e -
o s o p h y i s d e g e n e r a t i n g i n t o o b e d i e n c e t o t h e d i c -
t a t e s o f M a d a m e Bl a v a t s k y , l i k e t h a t i n a r e c e n t
i s s u e o f t h e
Re l i g i o - Ph i l o s o p h i c a l J o u r n a l , w i l l
c e a s e t o a p p e a r .
Th e p r i v a t e c i r c u l a r s r e f e r r e d t o a r e t h e
F i r s t Pr e -
l i m i n a r y M e m o r a n d u m
3
t o a p p l i c a n t s t o t h e E. S. , i s s u e d
b y
H. P. B. ,
a n d t h e Re p o r t o f M r . J u d g e a s G e n e r a l
Se c r e t a r y t o t h e Am e r i c a n Co n v e n t i o n , f r o m b o t h o f
w h i c h d o c u m e n t s w e h a v e a l r e a d y g i v e n t h e g e r m a n e
e xt r a c t s . Th e "s i l l y e d i t o r i a l "w a s a n a r t i c l e b y Co l .
'
Se e Ch a p t e r XI
.
Th e Pr e l i m i n a r y M e m o r a n d u m o f t h e Es o t e r i c
Se c t i o n w a s i s s u e d b y H. P. B
. l a t e i n 1 8 8 8 . It s s t r i c t u r e s o n t h e f a i l u r e
o f t h e T. S. w e r e t h e u n d o u b t e d o c c a s i o n o f M r . Ha r t e ' s s e r i e s o f a r t i c l e s
i n Th e Th e o s o p h i s t .
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Bu n d y i n h i s p a p e r , t h e Re l i g i o - Ph i l o s o p h i c a l J o u r n a l ,
i n s u p p o r t o f t h e Co u e s - Co l l i n s a t t a c k .
To a p p r e c i a t e f u l l y t h e f o r c e a n d b e a r i n g o f t h e v a r i -
o u s c i t a t i o n s g i v e n , t h e s t u d e n t s h o u l d r e m e m b e r t h a t
Th e Th e o s o p h i s t w a s t h e o f f i c i a l o r g a n o f t h e So c i e t y ;
Th e Pa t h a n d Lu c i f e r
b e i n g Th e o s o p h i c a l , n o t o r g a n i z a -
t i o n a l , p u b l i c a t i o n s ; f u r t h e r , t h a t Th e Th e o s o p h i s t
w a s
t h e o n l y o n e o f t h e t h r e e w i t h a n y c i r c u l a t i o n i n In d i a ,
a n d w a s , i n a d d i t i o n , s e n t o f f i c i a l l y t o e v e r y Br a n c h
t h r o u g h o u t t h e w o r l d a n d h a d a w i d e c i r c u l a t i o n a m o n g
t h e F e l l o w s i n En g l a n d , F r a n c e , a n d t h e Un i t e d St a t e s .
F o r a l a r g e p o r t i o n o f t h e m e m b e r s h i p i t w a s t h e o n l y
m e a n s o f i n f o r m a t i o n c o n c e r n i n g t h e So c i e t y , a n d , i n
In d i a , t h e o n l y c h a n n e l b o t h f o r Th e o s o p h y a n d t h e
So c i e t y
. In d i a n m e m b e r s , t h e r e f o r e , w e r e e n t i r e l y d e -
p e n d e n t o n i t f o r t h e a c c u r a c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , a n d a u -
t h e n t i c i t y o f i t s s t a t e m e n t s .
Im m e d i a t e l y f o l l o w i n g t h e Co n v e n t i o n o f 1 8 8 8 , Co l .
Ol c o t t h a d d e p a r t e d o n a t o u r i n J a p a n f r o m w h i c h h e
d i d n o t r e t u r n u n t i l t h e l a t t e r h a l f o f 1 8 8 9 . D u r i n g h i s
a b s e n c e M r . Ha r t e w a s i n e n t i r e c h a r g e o f Th e Th e o s o -
p h i s t , a n d w a s o n e o f t h e t h r e e "Co m m i s s i o n e r s "t o
w h o m h e h a d d e l e g a t e d h i s p o w e r s a s Pr e s i d e n t ; t h e
o t h e r t w o b e i n g Hi n d u m e m b e r s o f h i s "G e n e r a l Co u n -
c i l . "It c a n n o t b e d o u b t e d , b o t h t h a t M r . Ha r t e w a s
f o l l o w i n g o u t a p r e a r r a n g e d p r o g r a m i n t h e m a t t e r
q u o t e d f r o m , a n d t h a t h e w a s i n c o n s t a n t c o m m u n i c a t i o n
w i t h Co l . Ol c o t t d u r i n g t h e l a t t e r ' s a b s e n c e o n h i s J a p a
n e s e Bu d d h i s t m i s s i o n . Th a t h i s c o u r s e w a s f u l l y a p -
p r o v e d b y Co l . Ol c o t t i s s h o w n b y t h e i m m e d i a t e s e q u e l ,
a s f o l l o w s
As s o o n a s t h e p r o o f s o f t h e t w o a r t i c l e s q u o t e d f r o m
r e a c h e d Am e r i c a M r . J u d g e p r e p a r e d a l o n g c o m m u n i c a -
t i o n t a k i n g i s s u e w i t h t h e f a c t s , t h e i m p l i c a t i o n s , t h e
s p i r i t , a n d t h e t e n d e n c i e s t h u s e xp r e s s e d w i t h e v e r y
a p -
p e a r a n c e o f a u t h o r i t y a n d Pr e s i d e n t i a l s a n c t i o n i n t h e
o f f i c i a l o r g a n o f t h e So c i e t y . Th i s - a n d t h e f a c t s h o u l d
b e n o t e d a s a n e xa m p l e o f t h e m e t h o d u s e d b y b o t h M r
.
J u d g e a n d H. P. B. i n d e a l i n g w i t h Co l . Ol c o t t ' s p e r i o d i -
c a l o u t b r e a k s o f "p l e d g e f e v e r "- w a s s e n t p r i v a t e l y b y
2 58

THETHEOSOPHICALM OVEM ENT


M r . J u d g e d i r e c t t o Co l . Ol c o t t w i t h r e q u e s t f o r i t s i n -
s e r t i o n i n Th e Th e o s o p h i s t , o n t h e a s s u m e d g r o u n d t h a t
t h e a r t i c l e s c o m p l a i n e d o f w e r e w r i t t e n w i t h o u t Co l .
Ol c o t t ' s k n o w l e d g e a n d t h a t h e , n o l e s s t h a n M r . J u d g e ,
w o u l d h a s t e n t o c o r r e c t t h e m i s s t a t e m e n t s a n d f a l s e
s u g g e s t i o n s c o n v e y e d b y t h e a r t i c l e s i n q u e s t i o n .
In t h e Se p t e m b e r , 1 8 8 9 , Th e o s o p h i s t , Co l . Ol c o t t p u b -
l i s h e d a s t h e l e a d i n g e d i t o r i a l a n d o v e r h i s o w n s i g n a -
t u r e a n a r t i c l e e n t i t l e d "Ce n t r e s o f Th e Th e o s o p h i c a l
M o v e m e n t . " He r e f u s e d t o p r i n t M r
. J u d g e ' s a r t i c l e
i n f u l l , d e c l a r i n g t h a t i t -
Co n t a i n s p a s s a g e s o f a f a r t o o p e r s o n a l c h a r -
a c t e r f o r m e t o a d m i t t h e m . . . . Ih a v e t a k e n n o
p a r t , n o r s h a l l I, i n t h e v a r i o u s u n s e e m l y q u a r -
r e l s , p u b l i c a n d p r i v a t e , w h i c h t h e f r i c t i o n o f
"s t r o n g p e r s o n a l i t i e s "a m o n g u s h a s a n d p r o b -
a b l y a l w a y s w i l l e n g e n d e r . Th e y a r e m o s t l y u n -
i m p o r t a n t , i n v o l v i n g n o g r e a t p r i n c i p l e s o r v i t a l
i s s u e , a n d t h e r e f o r e b e n e a t h t h e i n t e r e s t o f t h o s e
w h o h a v e t h e h i g h p u r p o s e s a n d a i m s o f t h e So -
c i e t y a t h e a r t .
He c a l l s M r . J u d g e ' s c r i t i c i s m s "m a y a v i c d e l u s i o n . "
He t h e n q u o t e s M r . J u d g e t h a t t h e "Ce n t r e "i s w h e r e v e r
H. P. B. m a y b e ; t h a t i t w a s o r i g i n a l l y i n Ne w Yo r k ,
t h e n i n Bo m b a y , t h e n "a s h o r t t i m e a t Ad y a r "( w h i l e
s h e w a s t h e r e ) -
. . . f o r w h e r e s h e i s b u r n s t h e f l a m e t h a t
d r a w s i t s f o r c e f r o m t h e p l a n e o f i d e a s !
Th e
m e r e l o c a t i o n o f t h e Pr e s i d e n t i n Ad y a r , a n d t h e
e xi s t e n c e o f a l i b r a r y t h e r e , d o n o t m a k e t h a t
s p o t o u r Ro m e . " . Wh a t w o u l d b e c o m e o f
t h i s n e w Ro m e - Ad y a r - i f a n o r d e r w e r e r e -
c e i v e d f o r Co l . Ol c o t t a n d H. P. Bl a v a t s k y t o b e -
t a k e t h e m s e l v e s t o Am e r i c a o n c e m o r e a n d t h e r e
s e t u p t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y He a d q u a r t e r s ?
Su c h a t h i n g m i g h t h a p p e n . It h a p p e n e d b e f o r e ,
a n d t h e c h a n n e l f o r t h e o r d e r w a s H. P. Bl a -
v a t s k y . D o e s a n y o n e s u p p o s e t h a t e i t h e r Co l .
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0 l c o t t o r H
. P
. Bl a v a t s k y w o u l d b e o b s t r u c t e d i n
t h e i r a c t i o n s b y t h e "Re v i s e d Ru l e s I"
Th i s q u e r y r o u s e s Co l . Ol c o t t o v e r w h a t h e c a l l s h i s
"i r a s c i b l e c o l l e a g u e ' s q u e s t i o n s a n d c o n u n d r u m s . "He
p r o c e e d s t o a r g u e a t l e n g t h f r o m t h e r e c o r d o f t h e v a r i -
o u s m i n u t e s a n d c h a n g e s o f b y - l a w s a n d r u l e s t h a t t h e
Pr e s i d e n t - F o u n d e r i s t h e r e a l f o u n t a i n o f a u t h o r i t y i n
t h e So c i e t y a n d t h e r e a l "Ro m e "i s w h e r e v e r t h e Pr e s i -
d e n t - F o u n d e r m a y b e d o m i c i l e d . He d o e s n o t c l a i m
"s p i r i t u a l a u t h o r i t y , "h e s a y s , b u t h e d o e s c l a i m h e
h a s b e e n "g r a n t e d a b s o l u t e a n d u n l i m i t e d d i s c r e t i o n a s
t o t h e p r a c t i c a l m a n a g e m e n t o f o u r a f f a i r s . "He h a s
n e v e r i n t e r f e r e d w i t h H. P. B. :
. . . w h o t a u g h t a n d i n t r o d u c e d m e t o m y
In i t i a t o r s , b u t i t w a s Iw h o g a v e o f f i c i a l l y t o h e r
l a s t y e a r a c h a r t e r t o f o r m h e r Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n .
Be t w e e n h e r a n d m y s e l f t h e r e w a s n e v e r a n y d i s -
p u t e u p o n t h e s e p o i n t s , s h e s u s t a i n i n g m y e xo -
t e r i c a u t h o r i t y a s l o y a l l y a s Ih a v e e v e r r e c o g -
n i z e d h e r s u p e r i o r c o n n e c t i o n w i t h t h e "F o u n d -
e r s . " . . . Co l . Ol c o t t d i d n o t m o v e t h e He a d -
q u a r t e r s t o In d i a b y a n y o n e ' s o r d e r : h i s "o r -
d e r s "c a m e f r o m t h e d e p t h s o f h i s o w n h e a r t
.
. . . If i n t h e c o u r s e o f t h e So c i e t y ' s d e v e l o p -
m e n t t h e t r a n s f e r o f He a d q u a r t e r s s h o u l d e v e r
b e a d v i s a b l e - w h i c h n e i t h e r In o r M r . J u d g e c a n
n o w f o r e c a s t - d o u b t l e s s Is h a l l r e c e i v e d i r e c t n o -
t i c e w i t h a m p l e t i m e t o m a k e a l l t h e n e c e s s a r y
a r r a n g e m e n t s i n a b u s i n e s s l i k e a n d c o n s t i t u -
t i o n a l m a n n e r .
. Bu t w h e n i t i s a q u e s t i o n o f p a p a l i n f a l l i -
b i l i t i e s a n d Ro m e s , i t i s j u s t a s w e l l t o s a y i t w a s
Iw h o p r o p o s e d t h e f o r m a t i o n o f t h e So c i e t y ,
w h o h a d a l l t h e e a r l y b u r d e n o f g u i d i n g i t s i n -
f a n t s t e p s , a n d w h o , a f t e r t h e c o l l a p s e o f t h e
o r i g i n a l l e g i s l a t i v e s c h e m e o f Ru l e s a n d By e -
La w s , h a d - a s a b o v e r e m a r k e d - a l l t h e e xe c u -
t i v e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y . . . .
I
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Wh a t t h e h e a r t i s t o t h e b o d y t h e He a d q u a r -
t e r s i s t o t h e So c i e t y , t h e w o r k i n g c e n t r e o f i t s
v i t a l a c t i o n . It s e xi s t e n c e i s w h a t m a k e s Th e -
o s o p h y a "g o i n g c o n c e r n . "
.
. . Wh i l e t h e
F r e n c h a n d G e r m a n s m u t u a l l y r e s e n t i n t e r f e r -
e n c e b y e a c h o t h e r i n t h e i r o f f i c i a l c o n c e r n s a n d
b o t h w o u l d r e b e l a g a i n s t i n t e r f e r e n c e w i t h t h e m
b y t h e Br i t i s h o r Am e r i c a n Se c t i o n s a n d v i c e
v e r s a ,
a l l u n h e s i t a t i n g l y s u b m i t t h e i r u n s e t t l e d
d i s p u t e s t o t h e Exe c u t i v e f o r d e c i s i o n
.
An d
a g a i n , w h e n t h e r e w a s t r o u b l e b e t w e e n p e r s o n a l
f a c t i o n s i n En g l i s h Br a n c h e s a n d b e t w e e n t h e
Am e r i c a n Th e o s o p h i c a l l e a d e r s , i t w a s t o m e a n d
t o n o o n e e l s e t h a t t h e d i s p u t a n t s l o o k e d f o r
e q u i t a b l e c o m p o s i t i o n o f t h e i r t r o u b l e s . Th e s e
a r e f a c t s b e y o n d d i s p u t e , f a c t s g o i n g t o p r o v e
t h e i n d i s p e n s a b i l i t y o f a g e n e r a l c e n t r e w h i c h
s h a l l b e t h e o f f i c i a l r e s i d e n c e o f t h e c e n t r a l a r b i -
t r a t o r a n d j u d g e , o f f i c i a l l y p l a c e d a b o v e t h e
p l a n e o f p a r t i s a n s h i p a n d o f l o c a l i n t e r e s t s a n d
i n f l u e n c e s .
Th e s e n u m e r o u s a n d l e n g t h y e xt r a c t s w i l l , w e b e l i e v e ,
s e r v e f a i r l y a n d f u l l y t o p l a c e b e f o r e t h e r e a d e r t h e
v i e w s e n t e r t a i n e d b y Co l . Ol c o t t a n d a c t u a t i n g h i s c o n -
d u c t , h i s e s t i m a t e o f h i s o w n i m p o r t a n c e , a n d h i s a t t i -
t u d e t o w a r d s h i s c o l l e a g u e s a n d t h e i r s t a t u s i n t h e So -
c i e t y a n d i n t h e M o v e m e n t . M r . J u d g e ' s v i e w s m a y b e
r e a d i l y i n f e r r e d f r o m w h a t h a s b e e n g i v e n . It r e m a i n s
t o c o m p a r e a n d c o n t r a s t a l l w i t h t h e d e f i n i t e s t a t e m e n t
o f H. P. B. i n t h e Pr e l i m i n a r y M e m o r a n d u m a l r e a d y
q u o t e d f r o m , 4 a n d w i t h h e r e q u a l l y d e f i n i t e p u b l i c e x-
p r e s s i o n o f h e r o w n v i e w s a n d a t t i t u d e a s d r a w n f o r t h
a n d c o m p e l l e d b y t h e s e v e r a l a r t i c l e s m e n t i o n e d
. In
Lu c i f e r f o r Au g u s t , 1 8 8 9 , u n d e r t h e c a p t i o n , "APu z z l e
f r o m Ad y a r , " H. P
. B. ,
l i k e M r
. J u d g e , a s s u m e s t h a t Th e
Th e o s o p h i s t a r t i c l e s h a v e b e e n w r i t t e n w i t h o u t t h e c o n -
c u r r e n c e o f Co l . Ol c o t t a n d w i t h o u t i n t e n t i o n t o a i d a n d
a b e t t h e e n e m y . "No w w h a t , "s h e a s k s , -
' s e e Ch a p t e r XI.
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m a y b e t h e m e a n i n g o f t h i s e xt r a o r d i n a r y a n d
m o s t t a c t l e s s "s o r t i e "
o f t h e e s t e e m e d a c t i n g
e d i t o r o f o u r
Th e o s o p h i s t ? Is h e . . . l i k e o u r
( a n d h i s ) e d i t o r - e n e m i e s a c r o s s t h e At l a n t i c ,
a l s o d r e a m i n g u n c a n n y d r e a m s a n d s e e i n g l y i n g
v i s i o n s - o r w h a t ? An d l e t m e r e m i n d h i m a t
o n c e t h a t h e m u s t n o t f e e l o f f e n d e d b y t h e s e r e -
m a r k s , a s h e h a s i m p e r a t i v e l y c a l l e d t h e m f o r t h
h i m s e l f . Lu c i f e r , t h e Pa t h a n d t h e Th e o s o p h i s t
a r e t h e o n l y o r g a n s o f c o m m u n i c a t i o n w i t h t h e
F e l l o w s o f o u r So c i e t y , e a c h i n i t s r e s p e c t i v e
c o u n t r y . Si n c e t h e a c t i n g e d i t o r o f t h e Th e o s o -
p h i s t
h a s c h o s e n t o g i v e a w i d e p u b l i c i t y i n h i s
o r g a n t o a b n o r m a l f a n c i e s , h e h a s n o r i g h t t o e x-
p e c t a r e p l y t h r o u g h a n y o t h e r c h a n n e l t h a n
Lu c i f e r . M o r e o v e r , i f h e f a i l s t o u n d e r s t a n d a l l
t h e s e r i o u s n e s s o f h i s i m p l i e d c h a r g e s a g a i n s t
m e a n d s e v e r a l h o n o r a b l e m e n , h e m a y r e a l i s e
t h e m b e t t e r , w h e n h e r e a d s t h e p r e s e n t .
. . . w h a t d o e s h e t r y t o i n s i n u a t e b y t h e
f o l l o w i n g . . .
Sh e t h e n r e p r i n t s t h e "D i s c l a i m e r "f r o m t h e "Su p -
p l e m e n t "t o t h e J u l y Th e o s o p h i s t , a n d a n a l y z e s t h e s e v -
e r a l i n s i n u a t i o n s i n r e g a r d t o m e m b e r s o f t h e E
. S. , w h o ,
s h e s a y s , "s t a n d a c c u s e d b y M r
. Ha r t e
. . . o f ` a r b i -
t r a r y a n d u n d e r h a n d p r o c e e d i n g s . ' " Sh e a s k s , "Is n o t
s u c h a s e n t e n c e a g r o s s i n s u l t t h r o w n i n t o t h e f a c e o f
h o n o r a b l e m e n - f a r b e t t e r Th e o s o p h i s t s t h a n a n y o f
t h e i r a c c u s e r s - a n d o f m y s e l f I"Of t h e p l a i n i n t i m a t i o n
t h a t t h e Am e r i c a n o r Br i t i s h Se c t i o n s o r t h e Bl a v a t s k y
Lo d g e o r t h e E. S. w a n t e d t o "b o s s Ad y a r , "s h e s a y s
Th a t t h e E
. S. h a d n e v e r a n y p r e t e n s i o n s
t o "b o s s " t h e T. S. , s t a n d s t o r e a s o n : w i t h t h e
e xc e p t i o n o f Co l . Ol c o t t , t h e Pr e s i d e n t , t h e
Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n h a s n o t h i n g w h a t e v e r t o d o
w i t h t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y , i t s Co u n c i l o r
o f f i c e r s . It i s a Se c t i o n e n t i r e l y a p a r t f r o m
t h e e xo t e r i c b o d y a n d i n d e p e n d e n t o f i t , H . P.
2 62

THE' THEOSOPHICALM OVEM ENT


B. a l o n e b e i n g r e s p o n s i b l e f o r i t s m e m b e r s , a s
s h o w n i n t h e o f f i c i a l a n n o u n c e m e n t o v e r t h e
s i g n a t u r e o f t h e Pr e s i d e n t - F o u n d e r h i m s e l f .
It f o l l o w s , t h e r e f o r e , t h a t t h e E
. S. ,
a s a b o d y
o w e s n o a l l e g i a n c e w h a t e v e r t o t h e Th e o s o p h i -
c a l So c i e t y , a s a So c i e t y , l e a s t o f a l l t o
Ad y a r .
Ne xt s h e t a k e s u p a n o t h e r s t a t e m e n t i n t h e "D i s c l a i m e r . "
It i s p u r e n o n s e n s e t o s a y t h a t "H. P
. B. . .
i s l o y a l t o t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y a n d t o
Ad y a r " ( ? ) . H. P. B.
i s
l o y a l t o d e a t h t o t h e
Th e o s o p h i c a l CAUSE,
a n d t h o s e g r e a t Te a c h e r s
w h o s e p h i l o s o p h y a l o n e c a n b i n d t h e w h o l e o f
Hu m a n i t y i n t o o n e Br o t h e r h o o d . To g e t h e r w i t h
Co l . Ol c o t t , s h e i s t h e c h i e f F o u n d e r a n d Bu i l d e r
o f t h e So c i e t y w h i c h
w a s
a n d i s m e a n t t o r e p r e -
s e n t t h a t CAUSE
;
a n d i f s h e i s s o l o y a l t o H. S.
Ol c o t t , i t i s n o t a t a l l b e c a u s e o f h i s b e i n g i t s
"Pr e s i d e n t , "b u t , f i r s t l y , b e c a u s e t h e r e i s n o
m a n l i v i n g w h o h a s w o r k e d h a r d e r f o r t h a t So -
c i e t y , o r b e e n m o r e d e v o t e d t o i t t h a n t h e Co l o n e l ,
a n d , s e c o n d l y , b e c a u s e s h e r e g a r d s h i m a s a l o y a l
f r i e n d a n d c o - w o r k e r . Th e r e f o r e t h e d e g r e e o f
h e r s y m p a t h i e s w i t h t h e "Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y
a n d Ad y a r "d e p e n d s u p o n t h e d e g r e e o f t h e
l o y a l t y o f t h a t So c i e t y t o t h e CAUSE. Le t i t
b r e a k a w a y f r o m t h e o r i g i n a l l i n e s a n d s h o w d i s -
l o y a l t y i n i t s p o l i c y t o t h e CAUSE a n d t h e o r i g i n a l
p r o g r a m m e o f t h e So c i e t y , a n d H
. P
. B. c a l l i n g
t h e T. S. d i s l o y a l ,
w i l l s h a k e i t o f f l i k e d u s t f r o m
h e r f e e t .
An d w h a t d o e s "l o y a l t y t o Ad y a r "m e a n , i n
t h e n a m e o f a l l w o n d e r s ? Wh a t i s Ad y a r a p a r t
f r o m t h a t CAUSE
a n d t h e t w o ( n o t o n e F o u n d e r ,
i f y o u p l e a s e ) w h o r e p r e s e n t i t ? Ad y a r i s t h e
p r e s e n t He a d q u a r t e r s o f t h e So c i e t y , b e c a u s e
t h e s e "He a d q u a r t e r s a r e w h e r e v e r t h e Pr e s i -
d e n t i s , "a s s t a t e d i n t h e r u l e s . To b e l o g i c a l t h e
OLCOTT' SPOLICY

g a s
F e l l o w s o f t h e T
. S
. h a d t o b e l o y a l t o J a p a n
w h i l e Co l
. Ol c o t t w a s t h e r e , a n d t o Lo n d o n d u r -
i n g h i s p r e s e n c e h e r e
.
Sh e t h e n m a k e s t h e m e m o r a b l e d e c l a r a t i o n o f t h e a c t u a l
e xi s t i n g s t a t u s o f a f f a i r s :
Th e r e i s n o l o n g e r a "Pa r e n t So c i e t y " ; i t i s
a b o l i s h e d a n d r e p l a c e d b y a n a g g r e g a t e b o d y o f
Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t i e s , a l l a u t o n o m o u s , a s a r e
t h e St a t e s o f Am e r i c a , a n d a l l u n d e r o n e h e a d
Pr e s i d e n t , w h o , t o g e t h e r w i t h H. P. Bl a v a t s k y ,
w i l l c h a m p i o n t h e
CAUSE
a g a i n s t t h e w h o l e
w o r l d . Su c h i s t h e r e a l s t a t e o f t h i n g s .
Th e t h e o r y o f g o v e r n m e n t o f t h e So c i e t y h e l d , p r a c -
t i c e d a n d p r e a c h e d b y Co l . Ol c o t t a n d h i s p l i a n t s u p -
p o r t e r s i s n e xt c o v e r e d b y h e r d e c l a r a t i o n m a d e i n t h a t
r e g a r d a l s o
Wh e n e v e r "M a d a m e Bl a v a t s k y d o e s n o t a p -
p r o v e "o f "a n a c t i o n o f t h e G e n e r a l Co u n c i l "
( o r "Co m m i s s i o n e r s , "o f w h o m M r
. R. Ha r t e
i s o n e ) , s h e w i l l s a y s o o p e n l y a n d t o t h e i r f a c e s .
Be c a u s e ( a ) M a d a m e Bl a v a t s k y d o e s n o t o w e
t h e s l i g h t e s t a l l e g i a n c e t o a Co u n c i l w h i c h i s
l i a b l e a t a n y m o m e n t t o i s s u e s i l l y a n d
u n t h e -
o s o p h i c a l u k a s e s ; a n d ( b ) f o r t h e s i m p l e r e a s o n
t h a t s h e r e c o g n i z e s b u t o n e p e r s o n i n t h e T
. S.
b e s i d e h e r s e l f , n a m e l y Co l o n e l Ol c o t t , a s h a v i n g
t h e r i g h t o f e f f e c t i n g f u n d a m e n t a l r e o r g a n i z a -
t i o n s i n a So c i e t y w h i c h o w e s i t s l i f e t o t h e m ,
a n d f o r w h i c h t h e y a r e b o t h k a r m i c a l l y r e s p o n -
s i b l e . If t h e a c t i n g e d i t o r m a k e s s l i g h t a c c o u n t
o f a s a c r e d p l e d g e , n e i t h e r Co l
. Ol e o t t n o r H.
P. Bl a v a t s k y a r e l i k e l y t o d o s o
. H
. P. Bl a v a t s k y
w i l l a l w a y s b o w b e f o r e t h e d e c i s i o n o f t h e m a -
j o r i t y o f a Se c t i o n o r e v e n a s i m p l e Br a n c h
;
b u t s h e w i l l e v e r p r o t e s t a g a i n s t t h e d e c i s i o n o f
t h e G e n e r a l Co u n c i l , w e r e i t c o m p o s e d o f Ar c h -
a n g e l s a n d D h y a n Ch o h a n s t h e m s e l v e s , i f t h e i r
I
2 64

THETHEOSOPHICALM OVEM ENT


d e c i s i o n s e e m s t o h e r u n j u s t , o r u n t h e o s o p h i c a l ,
o r f a i l s t o m e e t w i t h t h e a p p r o v a l o f t h e m a -
j o r i t y o f t h e F e l l o w s . No m o r e t h a n H. P.
Bl a v a t s k y h a s t h e Pr e s i d e n t - F o u n d e r t h e r i g h t
o f e xe r c i s i n g a u t o c r a c y o r
p a p a l p o w e r s , a n d
Co l . Ol c o t t w o u l d b e t h e l a s t m a n i n t h e w o r l d
t o a t t e m p t t o d o s o
. It i s t h e t w o F o u n d e r s a n d
e s p e c i a l l y t h e Pr e s i d e n t , w h o h a v e v i r t u a l l y
s w o r n a l l e g i a n c e t o t h e F e l l o w s , w h o m t h e y h a v e
t o p r o t e c t , a n d t e a c h t h o s e w h o w a n t t o b e
t a u g h t , a n d n o t t o t y r a n n i z e a n d r u l e o v e r t h e m
.
He r e , a s a l w a y s , w h e r e t h e w e a k n e s s e s , t h e f o i b l e s , a n d
t h e d e r e l i c t i o n s o f h e r a s s o c i a t e s a n d s t u d e n t s a r e i n -
v o l v e d , H. P. B
. w r i t e s o n l y u n d e r t h e g r a v e s t c o m p u l -
s i o n , w i t h t h e e xt r e m e o f r e l u c t a n c e , a n d i n s u c h t e r m s
a s t o h o l d w i d e t h e d o o r o f r e t u r n t o r i g h t a c t i o n w i t h
t h e l e a s t p o s s i b l e h u m i l i a t i o n t o t h e p r i d e a n d v a n i t y o f
h u m a n n a t u r e
. Sh e s u m s u p , a n d c o n v e y s a t t h e s a m e
t i m e h e r a p p e a l t o t h e b e s t i n
h e r c o l l e a g u e s , i n t h e s e
t e r m s
An d n o w Ih a v e s a i d o v e r m y o w n s i g n a t u r e
w h a t Ih a d t o s a y a n d t h a t w h i c h o u g h t t o h a v e
b e e n s a i d i n s o m a n y p l a i n w o r d s l o n g a g o
. Th e
p u b l i c i s a l l a g o g w i t h t h e s i l l i e s t s t o r i e s a b o u t
o u r d o i n g s , a n d t h e s u p p o s e d a n d r e a l d i s s e n -
s i o n s i n t h e So c i e t y
. Le t e v e r y o n e k n o w t h e
t r u t h a t l a s t , i n w h i c h t h e r e i s n o t h i n g t o m a k e
a n y o n e a s h a m e d a n d w h i c h a l o n e c a n p u t a n e n d
t o a m o s t p a i n f u l a n d s t r a i n e d f e e l i n g
. Th i s
t r u t h i s a s s i m p l e a s c a n b e
.
Th e a c t i n g e d i t o r o f t h e
Th e o s o p h i s t h a s
t a k e n i t i n t o h i s h e a d t h a t t h e Es o t e r i c Se c -
t i o n t o g e t h e r w i t h t h e Br i t i s h a n d Am e r i c a n
Se c t i o n s , w e r e e i t h e r c o n s p i r i n g o r p r e p a r i n g t o
c o n s p i r e a g a i n s t w h a t h e m o s t c u r i o u s l y c a l l s
"Ad y a r "a n d i t s a u t h o r i t y
. No w b e i n g a m o s t
d e v o t e d F e l l o w o f t h e T
. S. a n d a t t a c h e d t o t h e
Pr e s i d e n t , h i s z e a l i n h u n t i n g u p t h i s m a r e ' s
OLCOTT' SPOLICY

2 65
n e s t h a s l e d h i m t o b e c o m e m o r e Ca t h o l i c t h a n
t h e Po p e . Th a t i s a l l , a n d Ih o p e t h a t s u c h m i s -
u n d e r s t a n d i n g s a n d h a l l u c i n a t i o n s w i l l c o m e t o
a n e n d w i t h t h e r e t u r n o f t h e Pr e s i d e n t t o
In d i a . Ha d h e b e e n a t h o m e , h e , a t a n y r a t e ,
w o u l d h a v e o b j e c t e d t o a l l t h o s e d a r k h i n t s a n d
c l o a k e d s a y i n g s t h a t h a v e o f l a t e i n c e s s a n t l y
a p p e a r e d i n t h e Th e o s o p h i s t t o t h e g r e a t d e l i g h t
o f o u r e n e m i e s . . . .
Bu t i t i s t i m e f o r m e t o c l o s e . If M r . Ha r t e
p e r s i s t s s t i l l i n a c t i n g i n s u c h a s t r a n g e a n d u n -
t h e o s o p h i c a l w a y , t h e n t h e s o o n e r t h e Pr e s i d e n t
s e t t l e s t h e s e m a t t e r s t h e b e t t e r f o r a l l c o n -
c e r n e d .
Ow i n g t o s u c h u n d i g n i f i e d q u i b b l e s , Ad y a r a n d
e s p e c i a l l y t h e Th e o s o p h i s t a r e f a s t b e c o m i n g
t h e l a u g h i n g s t o c k o f Th e o s o p h i s t s t h e m s e l v e s
a s w e l l a s o f t h e i r e n e m i e s .
An d , l e s t h e r u n f a i l i n g c l e m e n c y s h o u l d a g a i n b e m i s -
c o n s t r u e d a n d a b u s e d t o t h e i r o w n i n j u r y a n d t h a t o f
t h e Ca u s e t o w h i c h t h e y , n o l e s s t h a n h e r s e l f , a r e p l e d g e d ,
s h e c o n c l u d e s w i t h t h i s n o t e o f m i n g l e d a p p e a l a n d w a r n -
i n g t o t h o s e a t f a u l t :
Ie n d b y a s s u r i n g h i m [ M r . Ha r t e ] t h a t t h e r e
i s n o n e e d f o r h i m t o p o s e a s Co l o n e l Ol c o t t ' s
p r o t e c t i n g a n g e l
. Ne i t h e r h e n o r In e e d a t h i r d
p a r t y t o s c r e e n u s f r o m e a c h o t h e r . We h a v e
w o r k e d a n d t o i l e d a n d s u f f e r e d t o g e t h e r f o r f i f -
t e e n l o n g y e a r s , a n d i f a f t e r a l l t h e s e y e a r s o f
m u t u a l f r i e n d s h i p t h e Pr e s i d e n t - F o u n d e r w e r e
c a p a b l e o f l e n d i n g e a r t o i n s a n e a c c u s a t i o n s a n d
t u r n i n g a g a i n s t m e , w e l l - t h e w o r l d i s w i d e
e n o u g h f o r u s b o t h . Le t t h e n e w Exo t e r i c Th e -
o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y h e a d e d b y M r . Ha r t e , p l a y a t
r e d t a p e i f t h e Pr e s i d e n t l e t s t h e m a n d l e t t h e
G e n e r a l Co u n c i l e xp e l m e f o r "d i s l o y a l t y , "i f ,
a g a i n , Co l o n e l Ol c o t t s h o u l d b e s o b l i n d a s t o
f a i l t o s e e w h e r e t h e "t r u e f r i e n d "a n d h i s d u t y
g o o THETHEOSOPHICALM OVEM ENT
l i e . On l y u n l e s s t h e y h a s t e n t o d o s o , a t t h e
f i r s t s i g n o f t h e i r d i s l o y a l t y t o t h e CAu s E- i t
i s I' w h o w i l l h a v e r e s i g n e d m y o f f i c e o f Co r -
r e s p o n d i n g Se c r e t a r y f o r l i f e a n d l e f t t h e So -
c i e t y . Th i s w i l l n o t p r e v e n t m e f r o m r e m a i n -
i n g a t t h e h e a d o f t h o s e w h o w i l l f o l l o w m e .
, H. P. BLSv ATs KY.
CHAPTER%VII
H. P
. B.
TAKESCHARG EOF THET. S. INEUROPE
IT w o u l d s e r v e n o u s e f u l p u r p o s e t o s e t o u t i n d e t a i l
t h e i n t e r n e c i n e t r o u b l e s o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l So c i e t y d u r -
i n g t h e t h r e e y e a r s w h i c h f o l l o w e d . Ou r a i m h a s b e e n
t o p r e s e n t o n l y s o m u c h o f t h e s e q u e n c e o f e v e n t s d u r i n g
t h a t m e l a n c h o l y p e r i o d o f s t r e s s a n d s t r a i n a s m i g h t
m a k e c l e a r t h e t w o h o r n s o f t h e d i l e m m a u n a v o i d a b l y
p r o d u c e d b y t h e c l a s h b e t w e e n h u m a n n a t u r e a n d t h e
p u r p o s e s o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l M o v e m e n t . Th a t i s t o s a y
( 1 ) t o i n d i c a t e c l e a r l y t h e f a i l u r e o f t h e So c i e t y a n d i t s
r e s p o n s i b l e o f f i c i a l s a n d l e a d e r s t o l i v e u p t o i t s a n d t h e i r
p r o f e s s e d Ob j e c t s ; ( 2 ) t h e c o r r e s p o n d i n g n e c e s s i t y u n d e r
w h i c h H. P. Bl a v a t s k y a n d W
. Q
. J u d g e l a b o r e d -
e i t h e r t o s t a n d b y a n d p e r m i t t h e So c i e t y t o b e c o m e a
w o r l d l y s u c c e s s b u t a n Oc c u l t f a i l u r e , o r t o r e s t o r e t h e
M o v e m e n t b y t h e f o r m a t i o n o f t h e Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n w i t h i n
t h e s h e l l o f t h e So c i e t y .
Th e So c i e t y t e n d e d c o n t i n u a l l y t o f o l l o w t h o s e l i n e s
w h i c h w e r e a t t r a c t i v e t o t h e m e m b e r s a n d t h e i n q u i r i n g
p u b l i c - t h a t i s , t o r u n i n t o c h a n n e l s o f m e r e s t u d y o f
c o m p a r a t i v e r e l i g i o n a n d p h i l o s o p h y o r t o e xp e r i m e n t s
a n d i n v e s t i g a t i o n s i n p s y c h i c a l r e s e a r c h . Th e i n f l e xi b l e
d e v o t i o n t o t h e a s s i m i l a t i o n o f t h e p h i l o s o p h y o f Th e -
o s o p h y , t h e r i g i d s e l f - d i s c i p l i n e r e q u i r e d f o r t h e a p p l i c a -
t i o n o f Th e o s o p h y t o t h e i r o w n d a i l y c o n d u c t i n a l l t h e
a f f a i r s o f l i f e - t h e s e e s s e n t i a l c o n d i t i o n s p r e c e d e n t t o
a n y r e a l i z a t i o n o f t h e g r e a t F i r s t Ob j e c t , p o s s e s s e d n o
c h a r m s f o r a n y b u t t h e v e r y f e w .
Th e o r e t i c a l
b r o t h e r -
h o o d w a s o n e t h i n g ; t h e p r a c t i c a l a p p l i c a t i o n a n d e x-
e m p l i f i c a t i o n o f t h e p r i n c i p l e s p r o f e s s e d l y h e l d w a s q u i t e
a n o t h e r t h i n g , t h e n a s n o w .
On t h e o t h e r h a n d , o n e h a s b u t t o r e a d a n y o n e o f t h e
s t a t e m e n t s e m a n a t i n g f r o m t h e M a s t e r s o f Wi s d o m f r o m
2 67
4 60 0
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THETHEOSOPHICALM OVEM ENT


1 8 77- 9 6, t o r e c o g n i z e t h e g r e a t g u l f b e t w e e n Th e i r v i e w
o f l i f e a n d a c t i o n a n d t h a t p r e v a i l i n g i n t h e w o r l d a n d i n
t h e So c i e t y . Ph i l o s o p h y a n d e t h i c s , e t h i c s a n d p h i l o s o p h y
- t h r o u g h t h e s t u d y a n d a p p l i c a t i o n o f t h e s e a l o n e c o u l d
t h e So c i e t y a n d i t s m e m b e r s h o p e t o b e n e f i t t h e w o r l d
a n d t h e m s e l v e s . Li t t l e b y l i t t l e t h e o p p o s e d f u n d a m e n t a l
i d e a s a n d a p p l i c a t i o n s p r o d u c e d t h o s e f r i c t i o n s a n d f r a c -
t u r e s w h i c h a t l a s t l e d t o t h e o p e n i n g u p o f b r o a d l i n e s
o f c l e a v a g e
. An d s i n c e a c t i o n s d o n o t p e r f o r m t h e m -
s e l v e s , i t w a s i n e v i t a b l e t h a t t h e s e f u n d a m e n t a l d i f f e r -
e n c e s s h o u l d a t l a s t b e c o m e p e r s o n i f i e d i n t h e l e a d i n g
p e r s o n s a n d p e r s o n a g e s w h o s e r e l a t i o n s e m b o d y t h e h i s -
t o r y o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l M o v e m e n t .
Af t e r t h e r e c e i p t o f t h e a d v a n c e p r o o f s o f Lu c i f e r f o r
Au g u s t 1 5, 1 8 8 9 , c o n t a i n i n g "APu z z l e f r o m Ad y a r , "
Co l
. Ol c o t t r e c o g n i z e d t h a t t h e v a r i o u s i s s u e s e v o k e d b y
t h e Co n v e n t i o n p r o c e e d i n g s o f D e c e m b e r p r e c e d i n g a n d
t h e s u b s e q u e n t p r o m u l g a t i o n s i n Th e Th e o s o p h i s t , h a d
b e e n s q u a r e l y m e t b y H
. P
. B
. a n d M r . J u d g e . Ei t h e r h e
w o u l d h a v e t o p r o c e e d i n o p e n d e f i a n c e o f t h e m a n d o f
t h e i r p o l i c i e s , e xe c u t e a c o m p l e t e "a b o u t f a c e , "a n d
b r i n g h i m s e l f o n c e m o r e i n t o l i n e w i t h t h e p r i n c i p l e s a n d
p r o c e d u r e t h e y h a d p r o c l a i m e d , o r t a k e a c o m p r o m i s e
c o u r s e . He c h o s e , a s u s u a l , t h e m i d d l e c o u r s e : h e d e -
t e r m i n e d t o g o t o En g l a n d a n d "f i g h t i t o u t "o n c e m o r e
w i t h H. P. B. , r a t h e r t h a n r a i s e t h e s t a n d a r d o f r e b e l l i o n
a n d t h u s p e r f o r c e a l i g n h i m s e l f w i t h Pr o f . Co u e s , w h o s e
a s s a u l t t h r e a t e n e d n o t o n l y t h e r u i n o f t h e p r e s t i g e o f
H. P
. B. ,
b u t t h e d e s t r u c t i o n o f t h e So c i e t y a s w e l l . He
t h e r e f o r e h a s t e n e d t o i n s e r t i n t h e "Su p p l e m e n t "t o Th e
Th e o s o p h i s t
f o r Au g u s t a f o r m a l n o t i c e a d d r e s s e d "To
t h e In d i a n Se c t i o n , "i n w h i c h h e a n n o u n c e d h i s d e p a r -
t u r e f o r t h e Un i t e d Ki n g d o m i n t h e s e w o r d s
Ap r o m i s e m a d e l a s t y e a r o b l i g e s m e - t o p r o -
c e e d w i t h o u t d e l a y t o En g l a n d f o r a So c i e t y
l e c t u r i n g t o u r t h r o u g h p a r t s o f t h e Un i t e d
Ki n g d o m .
He a r r i v e d i n En g l a n d w h e n t h e p u b l i c p r e s s , n o l e s s
t h a n t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l r a n k s , w a s a g o g o v e r t h e c h a r g e s
THET. S. INEUROPE u 9
a n d c o u n t e r - c h a r g e s i n c i d e n t t o t h e Co u e s - Co l l i n s e x-
p l o s i o n . He f o u n d H
. P. B
. u n d a u n t e d , u n d i s m a y e d , u n -
d i s t u r b e d . Al t h o u g h s h e l a y u p o n t h a t r a c k o f p h y s i c a l
a s w e l l a s m o r a l p a i n t h a t w a s a l l t o o s o o n t o d e s t r o y
h e r b o d y , n e v e r h a d t h e l i o n ' s h e a r t a n d t h e l i o n ' s c o u r -
a g e t h a t i n s p i r e d h e r b e e n m o r e t r u e . Sh e r e c e i v e d
h i m w i t h t h a t l o y a l t y a n d f o r g e t f u l n e s s o f a l l b u t t h e
g o o d i n h i m t h a t h a d s o m a n y t i m e s b e f o r e r e s t o r e d h i s
c o n c e r t p i t c h o f f a i t h a n d f e e l i n g . Ac c o r d w a s s o o n
r e a c h e d . He w a s r e c e i v e d b y a l l t h e En g l i s h Th e -
o s o p h i s t s w i t h t h a t c o n s i d e r a t i o n s o d e a r t o h i s n a t u r e .
Hi s f e a r s t h a t h i s i m p o r t a n c e t o t h e w o r k o f t h e So -
c i e t y a n d t h e M o v e m e n t w o u l d b e i g n o r e d o r m i n i m i z e d ,
e v a p o r a t e d f o r t h e t i m e b e i n g , a n d t h i s w a s f a c i l i t a t e d
b y h i s d i s c o v e r y t h a t H. P. B. w a s s u r r o u n d e d b y e a g e r
a n d a r d e n t s t u d e n t s w h o s e w o r l d l y s t a n d i n g a n d r e p u t e
f a r m o r e t h a n c o m p e n s a t e d f o r a n y p o s s i b l e l o s s e s d u e
t o t h e d e f e c t i o n o f D r . Co u e s a n d M i s s Co l l i n s . To m e n -
t i o n o n l y t w o o f t h e r e c e n t r e c r u i t s , h e m e t M r . He r b e r t
Bu r r o w s , t h e w e l l - k n o w n So c i a l i s t i n En g l a n d , m a n o f
e d u c a t i o n a n d c h a r a c t e r s o g r e a t a s t o c o m m a n d t h e
r e s p e c t e v e n o f t h o s e w h o s e c l a s s i n t e r e s t s w e r e e n -
d a n g e r e d b y h i m , n o w d e v o t e d t o Th e o s o p h y a n d t o
H. P. B. He m e t M r s . An n i e Be s a n t , c h a m p i o n o f t h e
o p p r e s s e d , f e a r l e s s f o l l o w e r o f h e r c o n v i c t i o n s , l e a d h e r
w h e r e t h e y m i g h t , n o w a f l a m e w i t h t h e g l o r y o f a f r e s h
e n t h u s i a s m , a l r e a d y t h e r i g h t h a n d o f H. P. B. Un d e r
s u c h a u s p i c e s a s t h e s e , Co l . Ol c o t t d e p a r t e d o n h i s l e c -
t u r i n g a t o u r a n d e v e r y w h e r e f o u n d n e w e v i d e n c e s o f a
r i s i n g t i d e . On h i s r e t u r n t o Lo n d o n i n D e c e m b e r h e
r e a d i l y a c c e d e d t o t h e e xp r e s s e d w i s h o f t h e Co u n c i l o f
t h e Br i t i s h Se c t i o n a n d i s s u e d a n "Or d e r "n a m i n g
H. P. B. ,
w i t h a n a d v i s o r y Co m m i t t e e o f t h r e e , t o e xe r c i s e
h i s "Pr e s i d e n t i a l p o w e r s "i n t h e Un i t e d Ki n g d o m . St i l l
f u r t h e r t o s t r e n g t h e n h i m a g a i n s t r e a c t i o n a r y t e n d e n c i e s
o n h i s r e t u r n t o In d i a , H . P. B
. p u t i n t o h i s h a n d s b e f o r e
h i s d e p a r t u r e a d o c u m e n t a p p o i n t i n g h i m h e r s o l e r e p r e -
s e n t a t i v e f o r t h e Es o t e r i c Se c t i o n i n As i a t i c c o u n t r i e s .
D u r i n g Co l . Ol c o t t ' s a b s e n c e n o Co n v e n t i o n h a d b e e n
h e l d a t Ad y a r , b u t a Bo m b a y Co n f e r e n c e w a s a r r a n g e d
2 70

THETHEOSOPHICALM OVEM ENT


w h i c h m e t a t t h e u s u a l t i m e , a d o p t e d s t i r r i n g r e s o l u t i o n s
o f c o n f i d e n c e i n H. P. B. , a n d v o i c e d i t s c o n d e m n a t i o n o f
a t t a c k s m a d e u p o n h e r a n d i t s d i s a p p r o v a l o f t h e d i s -
s e n t i e n t f r i c t i o n s w i t h t h e So c i e t y
. Th u s f o r a t i m e -
a b r i e f t i m e , a s a l w a y s - t h e r e w a s c o n c o r d a n d s o m e
s e m b l a n c e o f f r a t e r n i t y t h r o u g h o u t t h e w h o l e v a s t a r e a
o f t h e So c i e t y .
Bu t e a r l y i n t h e s u m m e r o f 1 8 9 0 t h e Pa r i s Br a n c h
o n c e a g a i n b e c a m e t h e f o c a l p o i n t o f d i s t u r b a n c e w h i c h
t h r e a t e n e d t h e d i s r u p t i o n o f t h e So c i e t y . Wh i l e H
. P. B.
w a s d o i n g h e r u t m o s t t o r e c o n c i l e t h e w a r r i n g ' f a c t i o n s
Co l
. Ol c o t t a g a i n i n t e r v e n e d a n d a l m o s t a n i d e n t i c a l
s i t u a t i o n t o t h a t i n t h e f a l l o f 1 8 8 8 a g a i n a r o s e . Th e
v a r i o u s Eu r o p e a n Lo d g e s , t h e En g l i s h Br a n c h e s , a n d t h e
n u m e r o u s "u n a t t a c h e d "F e l l o w s i n Br i t a i n a n d o n t h e
Co n t i n e n t r o s e i n a r m s a n d b o m b a r d e d H . P. B
. w i t h l e t -
t e r s , r e s o l u t i o n s a n d p e t i t i o n s t o c l e a r t h e s i t u a t i o n o n c e
a n d f o r a l l f r o m a n y f u r t h e r "Exe c u t i v e Or d e r s "f r o m
Ad y a r .
Th u s c o n f r o n t e d , H. P. B. o n c e m o r e a c t e d w i t h c h a r -
a c t e r i s t i c d e c i s i o n , f r a n k n e s s , a n d l o y a l t y . Ab r i e f d e -
l i n e a t i o n c a n b u t o u t l i n e i n r e l i e f t h e s a g a c i t y a n d t h e
k i n d n e s s w i t h .
w h i c h s h e p e r f o r m e d t h e s e e m i n g l y i m -
p o s s i b l e t a s k t h r u s t u p o n h e r
.
On J u l y 2 , 1 8 9 0 , t h e Co u n c i l o f t h e Br i t i s h Se c t i o n h e l d
a n e xt r a o r d i n a r y s e s s i o n w i t h M r s . Be s a n t i n t h e c h a i r .
Le t t e r s a n d r e s o l u t i o n s f r o m t h e v a r i o u s Lo d g e s a n d
u n a t t a c h e d F e l l o w s w e r e r e a d , a n d a f t e r f u l l d i s c u s s i o n
"i t w a s p r o p o s e d b y D r
. [ Ar c h i b a l d ] Ke i g h t l e y t h a t a
r e q u i s i t i o n , e m b o d y i n g t h e f o l l o w i n g v i e w s , b e d r a w n
u p
a n d a d d r e s s e d t o t h e Pr e s i d e n t o f t h e So c i e t y "
Th e Co n t i n e n t a l Lo d g e s a n d u n a t t a c h e d m e m -
b e r s h a v i n g m a d e a n a p p e a l t o H . P. B. t h a t t h e y
m a y p l a c e t h e m s e l v e s d i r e c t l y u n d e r h e r a u t h o r -
i t y , t h e Br i t i s h - Se c t i o n j o i n s i n t h e i r d e m a n d
t h a t t h e c o n s t i t u t i o n a l p o w e r s a t p r e s e n t e xe r -
c i s e d b y Co l o n e l
H. S. Ol c o t t i n Eu r o p e , s h a l l
b e t r a n s f e r r e d t o H. P. B. a n d h e r Ad v i s o r y
THET
. S . INEUROPE

271
C o u n c i l , a l r e a d y a p p o i n t e d t o e x e r c i s e p a r t o f
s u c h f u n c t i o n i n t h e Un i t e d K i n g d o m
.
H. P
. B . c a b l e d C o l . Ol c o t t o f t h e a c t i o n t a k e n b y t h e
C o u n c i l , o f h e r o w n p r o p o s e d s t e p s i n c o n s e q u e n c e , a n d ,
f o r h i s o w n s a k e n o l e s s t h a n t h a t o f t h e S o c i e t y , u r g e d
h i m t o i s s u e s u c h f o r m a l n o t i c e a s w o u l d a c c e p t t h e
s t a t u s
q u o a n d p r e s e r v e t h e a p p e a r a n c e o f h a r m o n y
. Th e " S u p -
p l e m e n t " o f
Th e Th e o s o p h i s t f o r A u g u s t , 18 9 0 , c o n t a i n s
t w o e m i n e n t l y c h a r a c t e r i s t i c d o c u m e n t s , b o t h s i g n e d II
H.
S . Ol c o t t , P. T
. S . " Th e f i r s t o f t h e s e r e a d s i n p a r t a s
f o l l o w s
To s e c u r e a b e t t e r m a n a g e m e n t o f t h e S o -
c i e t y ' s a f f a i r s t h r o u g h o u t Eu r o p e , t h a n Ic a n
g i v e f r o m t h i s d i s t a n c e , Id o h e r e b y d e p u t e t o
m y c o - Fo u n d e r , H. P
. B l a v a t s k y , f u l l a u t h o r i t y
t o c o m e t o a n a g r e e m e n t w i t h t h e B r a n c h e s o f
t h e Un i t e d K i n g d o m , g d o m , G r e e c e , Fr a n c e , A u s t r i a ,
a n d Ho l l a n d , a n d t h e n o n - o f f i c i a l g r o u p s
i n
S p a i n , Ru s s i a , a n d o t h e r C o n t i n e n t a l c o u n t r i e s ,
f o r t h e c o n s o l i d a t i o n o f t h e w h o l e i n t o o n e S e c -
t i o n , t o
b e d e s i g n a t e d a s t h e Eu r o p e a n S e c t i o n
o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l S o c i e t y ; a n d t o t a k e t h e g e n -
e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n o v e r a n d h a v e a s f u l l m a n a g e -
m e n t o f t h e s a m e a s Ic o u l d m y s e l f .
Th i s w a s d a t e d " A d y a r , 9 t h J u l y , 18 9 0 , " s e v e n d a y s
a f t e r t h e m e e t i n g o f t h e C o u n c i l o f t h e B r i t i s h S e c t i o n ,
a n d t h e h e a d i n g , " He a d q u a r t e r s Of f i c i a l Or d e r s , " h a s a
d e l i g h t f u l l y Pi c k w i c k i a n t o n e i n t h u s " o r d e r i n g " w h a t
w a s a l r e a d y a f a i t a c c o m p l i . Th i s
o r d e r w a s , o f c o u r s e ,
w r i t t e n w h e n C o l . Ol c o t t h a d o n l y b r i e f t e l e g r a p h i c a d -
v i c e s . S o s o o n a s t h e m a i l s r e a c h e d In d i a w i t h f u l l d e t a i l s
o f t h e t r a n s a c t i o n s o f t h e C o u n c i l o f t h e B r i t i s h S e c t i o n ,
i n c l u d i n g t h e r e s o l u t i o n a b o v e g i v e n , t h e C o l o n e l f e l t
h i m s e l f c o m p e l l e d t o s u s t a i n t h e Pr e s i d e n t i a l d i g n i t y b y
a s e c o n d Pi c k w i c k i a n " He a d q u a r t e r s Of f i c i a l Or d e r , "
d a t e d J u l y 29 t h , a n d r e p r i n t e d i n t h e " S u p p l e m e n t " i m -
m e d i a t e l y f o l l o w i n g t h e f i r s t
. It r u n s :
272

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Th e . . . r e s o l u t i o n
o f
t h e C o u n c i l
o f t h e
B r i t i s h S e c t i o n o f J u l y 2, 18 9 0 ,
i s h e r e b y c a n -
c e l l e d , a s c o n t r a r y t o t h e c o n s t i t u t i o n a n d b y -
l a w s o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l S o c i e t y , a u s u r p a t i o n
o f t h e Pr e s i d e n t i a l p r e r o g a t i v e , a n d b e y o n d t h e
c o m p e t e n c e o f a n y S e c t i o n o r o t h e r f r a g m e n t o f
t h e S o c i e t y t o e n a c t .
Lu c i f e r f o r A u g u s t , 18 9 0 , c o n t a i n s t h e n o t i c e s e n t o u t
b y H. P. B . :
THE THEOS OPHIC A L S OC IETY IN EUROPE
In c o n s e q u e n c e o f t h e r e c e i p t o f l e t t e r s f r o m
a l l t h e a c t i v e Lo d g e s i n Eu r o p e , a n d f r o m a
l a r g e m a j o r i t y o f t h e Un a t t a c h e d Fe l l o w s o f t h e
Th e o s o p h i c a l S o c i e t y , H. P. B l a v a t s k y i s r e -
l u c t a n t l y c o m p e l l e d t o a b a n d o n t h e p o s i t i o n
w h i c h s h e o r i g i n a l l y t o o k u p a t t h e f o u n d a t i o n
o f t h e S o c i e t y .
NOTIC E
INOB EDIENC ETOTHEA LMOS TUNA NIMOUS VOIC E
OFTHEFELLOWS OFTHETHEOS OPHIC A LS OC IETYIN
EUROPE, I, H. P. B LA VA TS K Y, THE ORIG INA TORA ND
C O- FOUNDEROFTHETHEOS OPHIC A LS OC IETY, A C C EPT
THEDUTYOFEXERC IS ING THEPRES IDENTIA LA U-
THORITYFORTHEWHOLEOFEUROPE
; A NDINVIR-
TUEOFTHIS A UTHORITYIDEC LA RETHA TTHEHEA D-
QUA RTERS OF THE THEOS OPHIC A L S OC IETY IN
LONDON, WHEREIB ES IDE, WILLINFUTUREB ETHE
HEA DQUA RTERS FORTHETRA NS A C TION OFA LL OF-
FIC IA LB US INES S OFTHETHEOS OPHIC A LS OC IETYIN
EUROPE.
H. P. B LA VA TS K Y.
Le t n o o n e i m a g i n e t h a t t h i s r e f o r m i n a n y
s e n s e s u g g e s t s a s e p a r a t i o n f r o m , o r e v e n t h e
l o o s e n i n g i n a n y w a y o f t h e a u t h o r i t y o f , m y
c o l l e a g u e a t A d y a r . C o l o n e l H. S . Ol c o t t r e -
m a i n s , a s h e r e t o f o r e , t h e Pr e s i d e n t - Fo u n d e r o f
THET. S . INEUROPE

278
t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l S o c i e t y t h e w o r l d o v e r . B u t
i t h a s b e e n f o u n d i m p o s s i b l e f o r h i m a t s u c h a
g r e a t d i s t a n c e t o e x e r c i s e a c c u r a t e d i s c r i m i n a -
t i o n i n c u r r e n t m a t t e r s o f g u i d a n c e o f t h e Th e -
o s o p h i c a l S o c i e t y
. Hi s f u n c t i o n s i n c l u d i n g t h e
o f f i c i a l i s s u e o f C h a r t e r s a n d Di p l o m a s i n
Eu r o p e , e r r o r s i n t h e s e l e c t i o n o f m e m b e r s t o
w h o m s u c h C h a r t e r s a n d Di p l o m a s a r e i s s u e d
( b e s i d e s t h e m i n o r e v i l o f d e l a y ) h a v e r e n d e r e d
i t i m p o s s i b l e t h a t t h e s y s t e m o f g o v e r n m e n t o f
t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l S o c i e t y i n Eu r o p e s h o u l d b e
c o n t i n u e d a s h e r e t o f o r e . In t h e i s s u e o f Lu c i f e r
f o r A u g u s t , 18 8 9 , Im a d e u s e o f t h e f o l l o w i n g
s e n t e n c e s :
H. P. B l a v a t s k y w i l l a l w a y s b o w b e f o r e t h e
d e c i s i o n o f t h e m a j o r i t y o f a S e c t i o n o r e v e n
a s i m p l e B r a n c h . . . .
No m o r e
. . .
h a s t h e
Pr e s i d e n t - Fo u n d e r t h e r i g h t o f e x e r c i s i n g
a u t o c r a c y o r
p a p a l p o w e r s , a n d C o l o n e l 0 1-
c o t t w o u l d b e t h e l a s t m a n i n t h e w o r l d t o a t -
t e m p t t o d o s o . It i s t h e t w o Fo u n d e r s , a n d
e s p e c i a l l y t h e Pr e s i d e n t , w h o h a v e v i r t u a l l y
s w o r n a l l e g i a n c e t o t h e Fe l l o w s , w h o m t h e y
h a v e t o p r o t e c t . . . a n d n o t t o t y r a n n i z e a n d
r u l e o v e r t h e m .
Th e r e f o r e , o w i n g t o t h e i s s u e o f a C h a r t e r i n
i g n o r a n c e o f t h e a c t u a l f a c t s , a n d t h e i m m e d i a t e
p r o t e s t m a d e b y a l l t h e a c t i v e m e m b e r s o f t h e
Lo d g e s , a n d t h e i r u n a n i m o u s d e s i r e t h a t Is h o u l d
e x e r c i s e t h e Pr e s i d e n t i a l a u t h o r i t y o v e r t h e Th e -
o s o p h i c a l S o c i e t y i n Eu r o p e , b o w i n g t o t h e d e -
c i s i o n o f t h e m a j o r i t y Ih a v e i s s u e d t h e a b o v e
o f f i c i a l " NOTIC E. " To a v o i d e v e n t h e a p p e a r -
a n c e o f a u t o c r a c y I s e l e c t a s a n a d v i s o r y C o u n -
c i l t o a s s i s t m e i n t h e e x e r c i s e o f t h e s e f u n c t i o n s ,
i n a d d i t i o n t o m y t h r e e c o l l e a g u e s a p p o i n t e d b y
t h e Pr e s i d e n t , v i z . : A n n i e B e s a n t , a n d Me s s r s .
W. K i n g s l a n d a n d He r b e r t B u r r o w s , Mr . A . P.
S i n n e t t , Pr e s i d e n t o f t h e Lo n d o n Lo d g e w h o h a s
c o r d i a l l y j o i n e d i n t h i s r e f o r m , Dr . H. A . W.
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C o r y n , Pr e s i d e n t o f t h e B r i x t o n Lo d g e , Th e -
o s o p h i c a l S o c i e t y , Mr
. E. T. S t u r d y , a n d Mr
.
G
. R. S . Me a d .
H. P. B LA VA TS K Y
.
Th e r e a f t e r p e a c e a n d p e a c e f u l a c t i v i t i e s a t t e n d e d t h e
w o r k o f t h e Th e o s o p h i c a l S o c i e t y i n t h e We s t t i l l a f t e r
t h e d e a t h o f H. P. B
. Th e r e a d e r w h o m a y h a v e b e e n
m i s l e d a s t o t h e f a c t s a t t e n d a n t u p o n t h e e v e n t s j u s t r e -
c i t e d , b e c a u s e o f t h e s o r r y a c c o u n t i n t h e p a g e s o f " Ol d
Di a r y Le a v e s , " Fo u r t h S e r i e s , s h o u l d r e m e m b e r t h a t t h e
C o l
. Ol c o t t t h e r e w r i t i n g w a s a b r o k e n o l d m a n , t h a t h e
w a s t e l l i n g h i s t a l e t e n y e a r s a f t e r t h e e v e n t s d i s c u s s e d
a n d a f t e r t h e f a t a l f o l l i e s o f 18 9 4 - 6 , a n d f e l t u n d e r t h e
o v e r w h e l m i n g c o m p u l s i o n t o p u t h i m s e l f i n t h e b e s t l i g h t
p o s s i b l e b e f o r e p o s t e r i t y
. Hi s c a s e i s n o t u n l i k e t h a t
o f d e Le s s e p s , t h e g l o r y o f w h o s e a c h i e v e m e n t a t S u e z
w a s , t o s o m a n y m i n d s , p u t i n t o t a l e c l i p s e b y t h e f o l l y ,
t h e f r a u d a n d t h e f a i l u r e a t Pa n a m a
. On l y t h o s e w h o ,
l i k e H. P. B . ,
k n o w h u m a n n a t u r e a n d t h e K a r m a o f t h e
i n d i v i d u a l t h r o u g h a n d t h r o u g h - o n l y s u c h h a v e t h e w i s -
d o m n e i t h e r t o i g n o r e t h e g o o d s e r v i c e s , n o r t o b e d i s -
t u r b e d b y t h e m i s t a k e s o r f r a i l t i e s o f t h e i r a s s o c i a t e s
a n d h e l p e r s - o n l y s u c h h a v e t h e r i g h t t o t h r o w t h e f i r s t
s t o n e a t " p o o r o l d Ol c o t t " - - a n d t h e y h a v e n o n e t o t h r o w 1
C HA PTERx VIII
DEA THOFH. P
. B . - HERLA S TMES S A G ES
H. P. B LA VA TS K Y
d i e d Ma y 8 , 18 9 1, i n t h e s i x t i e t h y e a r
o f h e r a g e
. Th e g e n e r a t i o n w h i c h k n e w h e r p e r s o n a l l y
i s n o m o r e , b u t t h e f i e r c e c o n t r o v e r s i e s w h i c h r a g e d
a r o u n d h e r l i v i n g s t i l l s u r v i v e , a n d
n o t a y e a r p a s s e s b u t
h e r n a m e a n d n a t u r e b e c o m e t h e t a r g e t f o r r e n e w e d d i s -
c u s s i o n . It i s n o t o v e r s t a t i n g t h e f a c t t o s a y t h a t o f
n o c h a r a c t e r i n h i s t o r y i s b o t h s o m u c h a n d s o l i t t l e
k n o w n . We s a y " k n o w n , " b u t t h e f a c t i s t h a t t o d a y ,
a s w h e n s h e m o v e d a m o n g m e n , s h e i s a s m u c h a s e v e r
a c o n f r o n t i n g m y s t e r y
.
Du r i n g s i x t e e n
y e a r s s h e l i v e d o n t h r e e c o n t i n e n t s
a m i d t h e m o s t a l i e n s u r r o u n d i n g s , i n t h e l i g h t o f t h e m o s t
w a t c h f u l a s w e l l a s t h e m o s t h o s t i l e p u b l i c i t y . Fo r t h o s e
w h o c a l l e d t h e m s e l v e s h e r f r i e n d s a n d f o l l o w e r s w e r e n o t
l e s s c r i t i c a l a n d o b s e r v a n t o f h e r e v e r y m o o d , h e r e v e r y
w o r d a n d a c t i o n , t h a n t h o s e w h o s a w i n h e r a c h a r l a t a n ,
a n e m i s s a r y o f i m m o r a l i t y a n d i r r e l i g i o n
. No t o n e w h o
s o u g h t t o g a i n a c c e s s t o h e r w a s e v e r d e n i e d t h e o p p o r -
t u n i t y t o q u e s t i o n a n d c r o s s - e x a m i n e h e r
. He r d o o r s
w e r e o p e n t o f r i e n d s a n d f o e s a l i k e
. Ye t t o d a y a s w h i l e
s h e l i v e d s h e r e m a i n s a n e n i g m a , n o t b e c a u s e o f t h e m y s -
t e r y w i t h w h i c h
s h e c l o a k e d h e r s e l f , b u t b e c a u s e s h e p r e -
s e n t s t o t h e m i n d o f t h e r a c e a n u n s o l v e d p r o b l e m - a n
i n s o l u b l e p r o b l e m f r o m a n y b u t o n e a p p r o a c h t h a t o f
t h e Wi s d o m - Re l i g i o n w h i c h s h e i n c u l c a t e d a n d e x e m p l i -
f i e d . S h e w a s h e r s e l f t h e v e r y t e s t i m o n y a n d w i t n e s s o f
t h a t w h i c h s h e t a u g h t , b u t n o n e t h o u g h t t o s o l v e t h e
r i d d l e o f t h e S p h i n x o f t h e n i n e t e e n t h c e n t u r y b y a n a p -
p l i c a t i o n t o h e r o f t h e p h i l o s o p h y s h e b r o u g h t .
In c l o s i n g t h e In t r o d u c t o r y t o t h e " S e c r e t Do c t r i n e "
Ma d a m e B l a v a t s k y w r i t e s t h a t s h e , h a s c o n s t a n t l y t o b e a r
i n m i n d t h a t " e v e r y r e a d e r w i l l i n e v i t a b l y j u d g e t h e
275
276

THETHEOS OPHIC A LMOVEMENT


s t a t e m e n t s m a d e f r o m t h e s t a n d p o i n t o f h i s o w n k n o w l -
e d g e , e x p e r i e n c e , a n d c o n s c i o u s n e s s , b a s e d o n w h a t h e
h a s a l r e a d y l e a r n t " o f l i f e , i t s p h e n o m e n a a n d s i g n i f i -
c a n c e . No n e t h a t w e k n o w o f h a v e e v e r t a k e n h o m e t h e
u n i v e r s a l a p p l i c a t i o n s o f t h i s t r u i s m . Th o s e w h o a p -
p r o a c h e d H. P. B . d i d s o , e a c h w i t h h i s o w n p r e - c o n c e p -
t i o n s
. Ea c h w a s w i l l i n g t o a d m i t t h e s h o r t c o m i n g s o f
h i s o w n k n o w l e d g e , e x p e r i e n c e , a n d c o n s c i o u s n e s s ; e a c h
w a s d e s i r o u s o f a d d i n g t o h i s k n o w l e d g e
; e a c h w a s
" w i l l i n g t o l e a r n " w h a t h e c o u l d f r o m H. P. B . , b u t
w h e n t h e o p p o r t u n i t y a n d t h e t e s t c a m e , w h o s t u d i e d
h i m s e l f i n t h e l i g h t o f H. P. B . ' s k n o w l e d g e , e x p e r i e n c e ,
a n d c o n s c i o u s n e s s ?
Ye t i f s h e w a s , p e r c h a n c e , a B e i n g
o f a n o t h e r o r d e r f r o m m a n k i n d , s o m e B u d d h a i n
d i s -
g u i s e , h o w c o u l d s h e b e t r u l y a v a i l e d o f b y a n y a s p i r a n t
f o r Wi s d o m , u n l e s s b y a r e v e r s a l o f o u r a c c u s t o m e d m o d e
o f i n q u i r y ? It i s o n e t h i n g t o s t u d y t h e g r e a t d o c t r i n e ,
s a y , o f K a r m a a n d Re i n c a r n a t i o n , f r o m t h e s t a n d p o i n t
o f o u r o w n p r e s e n t p e r s o n a l p r e d i l e c t i o n s a n d a n t i p a t h i e s ,
a n d q u i t e a n o t h e r t h i n g t o s t u d y o u r o w n p r e s e n t s e l v e s
a n d n a t u r e s i n t h e l i g h t o f t h e s e t w i n t r u t h s . Ye t , i f
K a r m a a n d Re i n c a r n a t i o n b e , p e r c h a n c e , t h e v e r y k e y
t o t h e r i d d l e o f e x i s t e n c e w i t h a l l i t s i n c l u d e d c o n t r a -
d i c t i o n s , w h a t o t h e r m o d e c a n p o s s i b l y b r i n g t h a t e n -
l i g h t e n m e n t a n d i l l u m i n a t i o n w h i c h a l l s e e k a n d w h i c h
c o n f e s s e d l y n e i t h e r h u m a n r e l i g i o n n o r h u m a n s c i e n c e ,
a n y m o r e t h a n o u r o w n k n o w l e d g e , e x p e r i e n c e , a n d c o n -
s c i o u s n e s s h a v e b e e n a b l e t o
g i v e u s ?
A n d a g a i n , i n t h e Pr e f a c e t o t h e " S e c r e t Do c t r i n e "
s h e s a y s t h a t " t h e p u b l i c a t i o n o f m a n y o f t h e f a c t s h e r e i n
s t a t e d h a s b e e n r e n d e r e d n e c e s s a r y b y t h e w i l d a n d f a n c i -
f u l s p e c u l a t i o n s i n w h i c h m a n y Th e o s o p h i s t s a n d s t u -
d e n t s o f My s t i c i s m h a v e i n d u l g e d , d u r i n g t h e l a s t f e w
y e a r s , i n t h e i r e n d e a v o u r t o , a s t h e y i m a g i n e d , w o r k o u t
a c o m p l e t e s y s t e m o f t h o u g h t f r o m t h e f e w f a c t s p r e v i -
o u s l y c o m m u n i c a t e d t o t h e m
. " A l t h o u g h s h e s p e c i f i c a l l y
s t a t e s t h a t t h e " S e c r e t Do c t r i n e " i s w r i t t e n f o r t h e i n -
s t r u c t i o n o f s t u d e n t s o f Oc c u l t i s m , h o w m a n y o f t h o s e w h o
c a l l t h e m s e l v e s " Oc c u l t i s t s " h a v e e v e r r e a l l y s t u d i e d h e r
l i f e o r h e r w r i t i n g s , l e t a l o n e d e r i v e d a n y a p p l i c a t i o n s
DEA TH, OFH
. P
. B .

277
f r o m t h e m ? On t h e c o n t r a r y , t h e m u l t i t u d e o f b o o k s a n d
o t h e r w r i t i n g s e m a n a t i n g f r o m s e l f - s t y l e d " i n i t i a t e s , "
" o u t e r h e a d s , " a n d " t e a c h e r s " w h o p o s e a s " s u c c e s -
s o r s " a n d " r e v e a l e r s , " d o t h e y n o t o n e a n d a l l m e r e l y
b e t r a y t h e m s e l v e s a s t h o s e v e r y " w i l d a n d f a n c i f u l s p e c u -
l a t i o n s " o f w h i c h H. P. B . w r o t e w a r n i n g l y ? If h e r o w n
s t u d e n t s a n d p r o f e s s e d f o l l o w e r s a n d d i s c i p l e s h a v e m a d e
s u c h s o r r y u s e , a n d b e t r a y s u c h s o r r y u n d e r s t a n d i n g , o f
t h e v e r y g e n i u s , p r i n c i p l e s , a n d p r a c t i c e s o f t h e p h i -
l o s o p h y s h e t a u g h t , h o w c o u l d t h e y o r c a n t h e y b u t
g r o s s l y a n d g r i e v o u s l y e r r i n t h e i r u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f
H. P. B . h e r s e l f - t h e l i v i n g e m b o d
i m e n t o f w h a t s h e
t a u g h t ?
A n d , f i n a l l y , i n c l o s i n g t h e Pr e f a c e , s h e u s e d t h i s
a n c i e n t m a x i m o f j u r i s p r u d e n c e
" De m i n i m i s n o n c a r a t l e x " - Th e La w t a k e s n o a c -
c o u n t o f t r i f l e s . He r f o l l o w e r s a n d d i s c i p l e s h a v e t a k e n
a c c o u n t o f l i t t l e e l s e 1Th e S o c i e t y e n g r o s s e d t h e m - n o t
i t s Ob j e c t s . C o m p a r a t i v e r e l i g i o n a n d p h i l o s o p h y e n -
g r o s s e d t h e m - n o t t h e a t t e m p t t o d e t e c t t h e v i t a l p r i n -
c i p l e s w h i c h u n d e r l i e t h e m a l l . Ph e n o m e n a e n g r o s s e d
t h e m - n o t t h e e f f o r t t o i n v e s t i g a t e t h e u n e x p l a i n e d
l a w s
o f t h e i r o c c u r r e n c e . " Pr o g r e s s " e n g r o s s e d t h e m - n o t
B r o t h e r h o o d . " Do c t r i n e s " e n g r o s s e d t h e m - n o t t h e
u n i v e r s a l a p p l i c a t i o n s o f Th e o s o p h y .
S p e c u l a t i o n s e n -
g r o s s e d t h e m - n o t t h e s e r i o u s s t u d y o f w h a t
w a s g i v e n
t h e m f o r t h e i r g u i d a n c e a n d i n s t r u c t i o n
. If t h i s i s t r u e
a s r e g a r d s t h e S o c i e t y s h e f o u n d e d a n d t h e m e s s a g e s h e
d e l i v e r e d , h o w c o u l d i t b e o t h e r t h a n t r u e i n t h e c a s e o f
t h e a t t i t u d e o f t h e s t u d e n t s t o w a r d h e r s e l f ?
S c a r c e o n e
b u t p u t o n r e c o r d h i s e x p e r i e n c e s a n d o p i n i o n s i n r e l a -
t i o n t o H. P. B
. Tr i f l e s - t r i f l e s - w h a t s h e a t e a n d w h a t
s h e w o r e
. Ho w s h e l o o k e d a n d h o w s h e " b e h a v e d . "
Ho w s h e s t o o d a n d h o w s h e s a t
. Wh a t t h i s o n e t h o u g h t
a n d w h a t t h a t o n e h a d t o s a y o f h e r
: S p e c u l a t i o n s , f a n -
c i e s , i n f e r e n c e s , w o r l d w i t h o u t e n d . A l l t r i f l e s , t r i f l e s ,
i l l u m i n a n t o n l y o f t h e n a r r o w r a d i u s o f t h e " k n o w l e d g e ,
e x p e r i e n c e , a n d c o n s c i o u s n e s s " o f t h e b e h o l d e r s o f t h i s
g r e a t e s t p h e n o m e n o n o f t h e c e n t u r i e s .
Ev e r y l a w y e r k n o w s t h a t t h e b e s t e v i d e n c e o f a n y t h i n g
278

THETHEOS OPHIC A LMOVEMENT


i s t h e t h i n g i t s e l f ; t h e b e s t e v i d e n c e i n r e g a r d t o a n y o n e
t h e a c t s a n d w o r d s o f t h a t o n e h i m s e l f
.
To o
m a n y c o n -
c e r n t h e m s e l v e s w i t h r e p u t a t i o n - t o o f e w w i t h c h a r a c t e r
.
Th o s e w h o a r e a r d e n t t o l e a r n t h e t r u t h i n r e g a r d t o
a n y o n e o r a n y t h i n g m u s t s o o n c o m e t o d i s t i n g u i s h b e -
t w e e n r e p u t a t i o n a n d c h a r a c t e r
. Th e o n e d e p e n d s u p o n
h e a r s a y a n d o p i n i o n , u p o n t h e t h o u s a n d f o r c e s i n f l u e n c -
i n g t h e t e s t i m o n y a n d i n f e r e n c e s o f t h e w i t n e s s e s ; t h e
o t h e r d e p e n d s u p o n n o t h i n g a n d n o o n e b u t t h e s u b j e c t
h i m s e l f . A n d p a r t i c u l a r l y i s t h i s w a t c h f u l n e s s n e c e s s a r y
i n t h e s t u d y o f a n y o n e w h o h a s m a d e o r s o u g h t t o m a k e
h i s m a r k u p o n t h e t i m e s . Th e o p p o r t u n i s m o f i m m e d i a t e
s e l f - i n t e r e s t c o l o r s u s a l l f a r m o r e t h a n a n y o f u s r e -
a l i z e
. Hi s t o r y i s f o r t h e m o s t p a r t a r e c o r d o f r e v e r s a l s
o f j u d g m e n t
. Wh o o f t h o s e t h a t s h i n e w i t h e v e r - i n c r e a s -
i n g l u s t e r t h r o u g h t h e n i g h t o f t i m e e v e r e n j o y e d i n h i s
l i f e t i m e , o r f o r g e n e r a t i o n s a f t e r , t h a t r e p u t a t i o n w h i c h
h i s c h a r a c t e r j u s t i f i e d ?
A n d t h e s a m e s t a t e o f f a c t s a p p l i e s i n i t s i n t e g r i t y t o
w h a t o n e m i g h t a t f i r s t g l a n c e c o n c e i v e t o b e t h e i m p e r -
s o n a l w o r l d o f i d e a s . Fo r , w i t h n e w e r w e a p o n s a n d
c h a n g e d a l i g n m e n t s t h e w a r o f i d e a s i s s t i l l t h e s a m e
t o d a y a s i n a l l t h e p a s t . Me n s t i l l w r e s t l e a n d w a r o v e r
o p p o s i n g i d e a s a s t o G o d , a s t o Na t u r e , a s t o Ma n . Th e
p r o b l e m s o f G o o d a n d Ev i l , o f J u s t i c e a n d In j u s t i c e , o f
Li f e a n d De a t h , a r e a s f a r o f f f r o m s o l u t i o n , a s a p -
p a r e n t l y i n s o l u b l e , a s e v e r . If m e n c a n n o t y e t c o m e
t o a s t a b l e c o n c l u s i o n i n r e g a r d t o t h e v e r y f u n d a m e n t a l s
o f e x i s t e n c e a n d a c t i o n , h o w f a t u o u s h e w h o l o o k s f o r
u n i f o r m i t y o r u n a n i m i t y i n t h e i r a p p l i c a t i o n s . Ne i t h e r
h u m a n s c i e n c e , h u m a n r e l i g i o n , n o r h u m a n p h i l o s o p h y
o f f e r s , o r e v e r h a s o f f e r e d , a n y b u t f a l l i b l e a n d t e n t a t i v e ,
b u t m u t a b l e a n d p a r t i a l , e x p l a n a t i o n s o r a p p l i c a t i o n s c o n -
c e r n i n g t h o s e t h i n g s w h i c h a r e t h e u n i v e r s a l e x p e r i e n c e
o f m a n k i n d . Ye t e a c h p r e s u m e s t o d a y , a s a l w a y s , t o s i t
i n t h e j u d g m e n t s e a t , a n d p r o n o u n c e a n a t h e m a o r a p -
p r o v a l i n t h e l i g h t o f i t s o w n " k n o w l e d g e , e x p e r i e n c e ,
a n d c o n s c i o u s n e s s " o n t h o s e v e r y s u b j e c t s o n w h i c h e a c h
w i l l a b s t r a c t l y a d m i t i t s o w n u t t e r i n c o m p e t e n c y 1C o u l d
l o g i c a l a b s u r d i t y g o f a r t h e r I
DEA THOFH. P
. B
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a k n o w l e d g e t h a t i n c l u d e s a l l
l i f e a n d a c t i o n ,
a n d d e m o n s t r a t e d t o a Q. E. D
. t h a t s u c h k n o w l e d g e a n d
i t s A d e p t - c u s t o d i a n s e x i s t t o d a y a s a l w a y s
; t h a t Th e y
a r e t h e S o u r c e f r o m w h i c h h a s s p r u n g e v e r y t h i n g t h a t
t h e w o r l d h a s t h a t i s p e r m a n e n t i n e v e r y f i e l d o f h u m a n
i n q u i r y . Wh a t m a k e s m e n i n c o m p e t e n t t o w e i g h t h a t
t e s t i m o n y , t o p r o c e e d t o i t s v e r i f i c a t i o n b y a c t u a l e x -
p e r i e n c e o f t h e i r o w n ? No t h i n g i n t h e w o r l d b u t h u m a n
p r e j u d i c e a n d c o n c e i t , h u m a n s u p e r s t i t i o n a n d m a t e r i a l -
i s m , m a s q u e r a d i n g a s r e l i g i o n a n d s c i e n c e .
Wh a