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Behavioral Adaptation

the behaviors that enable animals to survive in their environments

Physical Adaptation
physical traits that enable animals to survive in their environments

color or shape in an animal's body covering that helps it blend into its environment.


Everything that surrounds and affects a living thing, including non-living things, such as water and air, as well as other living things.


The place where an animal lives. The physical characteristics of an animal's surroundings

When one animal copies the appearance, actions, or sounds of another animal, the first animal is called a MIMIC.

Meat eater

Building blocks of all living organisms

Chemical Energy
Photosynthesis is a chemical reaction used by plants and some bacteria to use the energy from sunlight to produce sugar. In plants it is the chlorophyll in the leaves that converts the rays from sunlight into chemical energy. It is this chemical energy that is used to start the photosynthetic reaction.

The pattern or cycle of weather conditions such as temperature, wind, rain, snowfall, humidity, clouds, including extreme or occasional ones, over a large area, averaged over many years.

Change of a substance from the gaseous (vapor) to the liquid state. Condensation happens when several gas molecules come together and form a liquid. It all happens because of a loss of energy.

The process of erosion stops when the transported particles fall out of the transporting medium and settle on a surface. This process is called deposition.

Solar Eclipse
solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between the Sun and the Earth, and the Moon fully or partially covers the Sun as viewed from a location on Earth

Lunar Eclipse
A lunar eclipse occurs when the moon passes behind the earth such that the earth blocks the suns rays from striking the moon. This can occur only when the Sun, Earth and Moon are aligned exactly, or very closely so, with the Earth in the middle.

A biological environment consisting of all the organisms living in a particular area, as well as all the nonliving, physical components of the environment with which the organisms interact.

a general term that encompasses a variety of phenomena resulting from the presence and flow of electric charge. These include many easily recognizable phenomena, such as lightning and static electricity, but in addition, less familiar concepts, such as the electromagnetic field and electromagnetic induction.

Energy Pyramid
A pyramid of energy flow is helpful in examining how energy is distributed within a food chain..

3. Energy for use by primary carnivores. 2. Energy for use by herbivores 1. Energy stored and used by green plants.

Erosion is the process of weathering and transport of solids in the natural environment or their source and deposits them elsewhere.

Food Web
Representations of the predator-prey relationships between species within an ecosystem or habitat.

Friction is a force that is created whenever two surfaces move or try to move across each other.

an animal that gets its energy from eating plants and only plants

Lunar Cycle
The cycle of moon phases

The mass of an object is a fundamental property of the object; a numerical measure of the amount of matter in the object.

Complete: 4 stages of life cycle

Incomplete metamorphosis has only 3 stages: egg nymp; adult.

Traveling of long distances in search of a new habitat. The trigger for the migration may be local climate, local availability of food, or the season of the year. To be counted as a true migration, and not just a local dispersal or irruption, the movement of the animals should be an annual or seasonal occurrence.

Animals that eat plants and animals

An opaque object is something that will allow no light to pass through it because the density of the object is too great. Things like wood folders and mirrors are opaque.

Physical Change
Change from one state (solid or liquid or gas) to another without a change in chemical composition.

On the food chain, producers are usually green plants, that use chlorophyll to convert energy from the sun to the food.

Consumers have to feed on producers or other consumers to survive.

Radiant Energy
Radiant energy is the energy of electromagnetic waves.

The light energy that bounces off objects

Refraction occurs because light bends. A lens is a piece of transparent material. It is usually made of glass and has at least one curved surface.

A transparent object is something that will allow all of the light rays to pass through it. Things like glass, some kids of plastic and food wrap are transparent because of the density of the molecules inside it.

A translucent object is a material that will only allow some or a little bit of the light rays to pass through it. Things like wax paper, cloth and paper are translucent because of the density of the molecules inside it.

Weathering is the breaking down of Earth's rocks, soils and minerals through direct contact with the planet's atmosphere. Weathering occurs in situ, or "with no movement", and thus should not be confused with erosion, which involves the movement of rocks and minerals by agents such as water, ice, wind, and gravity.