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ARTS COLLEGE

MED/ENGG. ENTRANCE COACHING CENTER OSCILLATIONS AND WAVES


1. Which of the following is a necessary and sufficient condition for S.H.M ? A) Constant period B) Constant acceleration C) Proportionality between acceleration and displacement from equilibrium position D) Proportionality between restoring force and displacement from equilibrium position E) None 2. A particle is moving in a circle with uniform speed. A) Its motion is periodic and simple harmonic B) periodic but not a simple harmonic C) a periodic 3. D) None of the above 8. 7. 6. The mass and diameter of a planet are twice those of earth. The period of oscillation of pendulum of this planet will be (if it is a seconds pendulum on earth) A) 1/2 second C) 2 second E) None In which case does the potential energy decrease A) On compressing a spring B) On stretching a spring C) On moving a body against gravitational force D) On the rising of an air bubble in water E) None B) 22 second

D) (1/2) second

A particle is vibrating in a simple harmonic motion with amplitude of 4 cm. At what displacement from the equilibrium position is its energy that potential and half

If a hole is bored along the diameter of the earth and a stone is dropped into the hole A) The stone reaches the center of the earth stops there B) The stone reaches the other side of the and stops there C) the stone executes the simple harmonic about the center of the earth D) The stone reaches the other side of the and escapes into space E) None earth motion earth 9. and

kinetic ? A) 1 cm D) 22 cm B)2 cm E) None C) 3 cm

Two bodies M and N of equal masses are suspended from two separate masses less springs of spring constants k1 and k2 respectively. If the two bodies oscillate vertically such that their maximum velocities are equal, the ratio of the amplitude of M to that of N is A) K1/K 2 D) (K2/K1) B) E) (K1/K2) None C) K2 /K 1

4.

A clock S is based on oscillations of a spring and a clock P based on pendulum motion. Both clocks run at the same rate on earth. On a planet having the same density as earth, but twice the radius. A) S will run faster than P B) P will run faster than S C) They will both run at equal rates as on D) They will both run at equal rates, but not the same as on the earth E) None the earth

10. A spring has a force constant K and mass m is suspended from it. The spring is cut in half and the same mass is suspended from one the halves. If the frequency of oscillation in the first case is , then the frequency in the second case will be A) 2 D) 2 B) E) None C) /2

11. A spring when stretched up to 2 cm has potential energy U, if it is stretched up to 10 cm, potential energy would be A) U/25 D) 25U B) E) U/5 none C) 5U

5.

The work done by a string of simple pendulum during one comlete oscillation is equal to A) Total energy of pendulum B) Kinetic energy of pendulum C) Potential energy of pendulum D) Zero E) None

12. Two springs with spring constants k 1 and 2 are arranged in (i) series, (ii) parallel. The the equivalent spring constant will be respectively: A) (k1X k2), (k1/k2)

B) [k1k2/(k1+k2)],(k1+k2) C) (k1+k2), [k1k2/k1+k2)] D) (k1,k2),(k1+k2) E) none of these 13. A particle starts with S.H.M. from the mean position as shown in figure below. Its amplitude is A and its time period is T. At one time, its speed is half that of the maximum speed. What is this displacement? A) 2A/3 D) 3A/2 B) E) 3A/2 none C) 2A/3

20. A simple harmonic oscillator has an amplitude A and time period T. the time required by it to travel from X = A to x = A/2 is A) T/6 D) T/2 B) E) T/4 none C) T/3

21. A horizontal platform executing S.H.M. to and fro about a mean position. Its time period of oscillation is 2 seconds. A mass m is resting on it. the greatest amploiitude, the platform can have so that the mass resting on it may not leave it. A) 9.8 m D) 0.98m B) E) 98 m none C) 980 m

14. In S.H.M. When the displacement is one half the amplitude, what fraction of the total energy is kinetic? A) zero D) 3/4 B) E) 1/4 none C) 1/2

22. Two pendulums of lengths 1.44 and 1-meter length start swinging together. The vibrations after they will again start swing together A) 1 vibrations C) 5 vibrations B)3 vibrations D)7 vibrations E) none

15. A particle is performing simple harmonic motion along xaxis with amplitude 4 cm and time period 1.2 s. the minimum time taken by the particle to move from X = +2 cm to X = +4 and back again is given by A) 0.6 cm D) 0.2 cm B) E) 0.4 cm none C) 0.3 cm

23. A cubical body (side 0.1 m and mass 0.002 kg) floats in water. It is pressed and then released so that it oscillates vertically, then the time period is A) 1.02s D) 10.2 s B) E) 0.028 s none C) 2.678 s

16. A particle is moves such that its acceleration a is given by a = -bx, where x is the displacement from equilibrium position and b is a constant. The period of oscillation is A) 2/b D) 2(/b) B) E) 2b none. C) 2/b

24. A simple pendulum of length 1 and mass is suspended in a car that is traveling with a constant speed v around a circle of radius R. If the pendulum undergoes small oscillations about its position, what will its frequency of oscillations be A) (1/2)[(g2+v4/R2)/l]

17. The angular frequency of a simple pendulum is rad/sec. Now if the length is made one fourth of the original length, the angular frequency becomes A) /2 D) B) E) 2 none. C) 4

B) (1/2)[(g2+v4/R2)/1] C) (1/2)[(g2+v/R2)/1] D) (1/2)[(g+v4R2)/1] E) none 25. A particle is executing simple harmonic motion with an amplitude a . When its kinetic energy is equal is equal to its potential energy, its distance from the mean position is A) a/2 D) a/ 3 B) E) a/2 none C) a/3

18. The length of the simple pendulum is increased by 44%. What is the percentage increase in its period? A) 44% D) 5% B) E) 20% none C) 10%

19. A particle performing S.H.M. during passes through mean position has A) Maximum potential energy B) maximum kinetic energy C) minimum kinetic energy D) maximum acceleration E) none of the above

26. It is possible to distinguish between transverse and longitudinal waves by studying the property of A) interference C) E) reflection none B) diffraction D) polarisation

27. The relation between frequency n, wave length , and velocity of propagation v of the wave is A) n = v D) n = V/ B) E) n = /v none C) n = 1/v

36. When to coherent waves interfere, there is A) Loss in energy B) gain in energy C) redistribution of energy whcih changes with time D) redistribution of energy which does not change with time. E) none of these 37. Two adjacent piano keys are struck simultaneously. The notes emitted by them have frequencies n 1 and n2. the number of beats hear per second is

28. The equation of the sound wavve 1 is y = 0.0015 sin (62.4 x +316). find the wave length of this wave A) 0.2 unit B) 0.1 unit C) 0.3 unit none

D) cannot be calculated E)

29. Two sound waves having a phase difference of 600 have path difference of A) 2 D) /3 B) E) /2 none C) /6

A) (n1 - n2)/2 C) n1 - n2 E) none

B)(n1+ n2)/2 D)2(n1 - n2)

30. If x = a sin (t + /6) and x = a cos t, then what is the phase difference between the two waves A) /3 D) B) E) /6 none C) /2

38. Two sounding bodies producing progressive waves given by y1 = 4 sin 400 t and y2= 3 sin 404t are situated very near to be ears of a person who will hear A) 2 beats per second with intensity ratio (4/3) between maxima and minima B) 2 beats per second with intensity ratio between maxima and minima C) 4 beats per second with intensity ratio between maxima and minima D) 4 beats per second with intensity ratio between maxima and minima E) none of the above 39. A tuning fork of frequency 480 Hz produces 10 beats second when sounded with a sonometer string. What E) none must have been the frequency of the string if a slight increase in tension produces fewer beats per second than before A) 460 HZ D) 490 Hz 40. In stationary waves A) Energy is uniformly distributed B) energy is maximum at nodes and minimum at antinodes C) A/2 C) energy is minimum at nodes and maximum at nodes D) alternating maxima and minima of energy are produced at nodes and antinodes E) none of the above 41. For a stationary wave y = 4 sin (x /15) cos (96 t) the B) E) 470 Hz none C) 480 Hz (4/3) (7/1) (49/1)

31. Two waves are represented by y1 = a sin (t +/6) and y2 = a cos t what will their resultant amplitude A) a D) 2a B) E) 2a none C) 3a

32. The displacement y (in cm) produced by a simple harmonic wave is given by y = (10 /) sin (2000t- x/17). The pleriodic time and maximum velocity of the plarticles in the medium will respectively be A) 10 sec and 330 m/s B) 10-4 sec and 20 m/s C) 10-3 sec and 200 m/s D) 10 sec and 2000 cm/s
-2 -3

33. The velocity of sound in air is not affected by change in A) Moisture content of air B) the temperature of the air C) the atmospheric pressure D) the composition of the air E) none of these 34. If amplitude of waves at distance r from a point source is A, then amplitude at a distance 2r will be A) 2A D) A/4 B) E) A none

35. A stone is dropped into a lake from a tower of 500 m height. the sound of the splash will be heard by man after A) 21 sec D) 14 sec B) E) 10sec none C) 11.5

distance between a node and the next antinode is A) 7.5 D) 30 B) e) 15 none C) 22.5

49. An organ pipe p1 closed one end vibrating in its first harmonic and another pipe p2 open at both ends vibrating in its third harmonic are in resonance with given tuning fork, The ratio of length of p1 and to that of p2 is A) 8/3 D) 1/3 B) E) 3/8 none C) 1/2

42. A source of sound gives 5 beats per second when sounded with another source of frequency 100 second . the second harmonic of the source, together with a source of frequency 205 second-1 gives 5 beats per second. What is the frequency of the source? A) 95 second-1 C) 105 second-1 E) None 43. If two waves of same frequency and same amplitude respectively, on superposition produce a resultant disturbance of same amplitude, the waves differ in phase by A) D) 3 B) E) 2/3 none C) /3 B) D) 100 second-1 205 second-1
-1

50. In a resonance tube, using fork of frequency 325 Hz , two successive resonance lengths are observed at 25.4 cm and 77.4 cm respectively. the velocity of sound in air is A) 338 ms-1 D) 320ms-1 B) E) 328 ms-1 none C) 330 ms-1

51. The intensity of sound gets reduced byi 20% on passing through a slab. The reduction in intensity on passage through two consecutive slab, is A) 40% D) 50% B) E) 36% none C) 30%

52. When star approaches the earth, the lines are shifted towards A) green colour C) blue colour B) yellow colour D) red colour E) none

44. The displacement of a particle executing periodic motion is given by y- 4 cos * (*) t sin (1000t). This expression may be considered to be a rresult of superposition of A) Two D) five B) E) three none C) four

53. A man is watching two trains, one leaving and other coming in, with equal speed of 4 m/s. if they sound their whistles, each of natural frequency of 240 Hz, the number of beats heard by the man (velocity of sound in air = 300

45. If frequency of vibration of string is increased by a factor two, then tension in string will be A) half D) five B) E) double none C) one fourth

m/s) will be equal to A) 6 D) 12 B) E) 3 none C) zero

46. As an empty vessel is filled with water, its frequency A) increases C) remains the same B) D) decreases none of above

54. A rocket is going towards moon with a speed v. The astronaut in the rocket sends signals of frequency n towards the moon and receives them back on reflection from the moon. What will be the frequency of the signal received by the astronaut? Take v<<c A) cn/(c-v) B) E) cn/(c-2v) none C) 2vn/c

47. A wire under tension vibrates with a frequency of 450 per second. What would be the fundamental frequency it the wire were half as long, twice as thick and under one fourth tension A) 225 cps D) 175 cps B) E) 190 cps none C) 247 cps

D) 2cn/v

55. The difference between the apparent frequency of a source of sound as perceived by the observer during its approach and recession is 2% of the natural frequency of the source. If the velocity of sound in air is 300 m/s, the velocity of the source is

48. A cylindrical tube, open at both ends, has a fundamental frequency f in air. The tube is dipped vertically in water so that half of it is in water. the fundamental frequency of the air column is now A) f/2 D) 2f B) E) 3f/4 none C) f

A) 6m/s D) 12 m/s

B) E)

3 m/s none.

C) 1.5 m/s