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MODUL Infinitif Participe

TIMPUL
Prsent Prsent Pass Prsent Grupa I -er -ant - -e -es -e -ons -ez -ent -ais -ais -ait -ions -iez -aient -ai -as -a -mes -tes -rent

TERMINATII Grupa II -ir -issant -I -is -is -it -issons -issez -issent -issais -issais -issait -issaionz -issez -issaient -is -is -it -mes -tes

Grupa III -ir,-oir,-re -ant -i,-u,-s,-r -s -s (-t) -ons -ez -ent -ais -ais -ait -ions -iez -aient -us -is -us -is -ut -it -mes -mes -tes -tes

Indicatif

Indicatif

Imparfait

Indicatif

Pass simple

Indicatif

Futur

-irent -urent -irent -ai, -as, -a, -ons, -ez, -ont

Conditionnel Subjonctif

Prsent Prsent

-e -es -e -ions -iez -ent -asse -asses -t -assions -assiez -assent -e -ons -ez

-ais, -ais, -ait, -ions, -iez, -aient -isse -e -isses -isse -issions -issiez -issient -isse -isses -t -issions -issiez -issent -is. -issons -issez -es -e -ions -iez -ent -usse -isse -usse -isses -t -t -ussions -issions -ussiez -issiez -ussent -issent -s -ons -ez

Imparfait

Impratif

Prsent

Indicativ

Viitor

Infinitiv

-ai

-as -a

I.Je parlerai ils parleront II.Je finirai nous finirons III. Je prendrai

-ons -ez -ont (Verbele terminate in-re pierd e mut)

nous prendrons Imperativ prezent Radicalul infinitivului Terminatiile indicativului prezent. (verbele din grupa I pierd s de la pers a II-a sing) Subjonctiv prezent Radicalul pers. a III-a indicativului prezent -e -ions -es -iez -e -ent I. Parle, parlons,parlez! II. Finis, finissons,finissez! III. Pars, partons,partez! Prends, prenons,prenez! I. Que je parle,que nous parlions II. Que je finisse,que nous finissions III.Que vous partiez,quil partent que je reoive, que nous reevions Conditional prezent infinitiv -ais -ions -ais -iez -ais -aient I. Je parlerais,nous parlerions II. Je finirais,nous finirions III. Je partiraisils partiraient Je prendrais,nous prendrions Infinitiv prezent radical -er -ir -ir -oir -re Participiu prezent Radicalul pers.I.pl. a indicativu-lui prezent -ant -issant -ant I. parler II. finir III. partir,,recevoir,prendre I. parlant II. finissant III. partant,,recevant,,prenant

(terminatiile indicativului)

trecut

Radicalul infinitivului

-e

-I

-I, -s -u, -t

I. parl II. fini III. parti ,reu, pris, fait

Gramatica limbii engleze cu exercitii


Concordanta timpurilor (THE SEQUENCE OF TENSES)
Este acordul obligatoriu al timpului verbului din subordonata cu timpul verbului din regenta sa. In limba engleza timpul verbului din subordonata trebuie sa se subordoneze timpului verbului din regenta. Cu alte cuvinte timpurile verbelor din regente dicteaza folosirea anumitor timpuri in subordonatele lor. Exista in acest sens trei reguli de cunoscut si aplicat. Regula I: Daca in regenta verbul este la Present Tense sau Present Perfect Tense in subordonata se poate folosi orice timp. Regula II: Daca in regenta verbul este la trecut in subordonata el trebuie sa fie la unul din cele trei timpuri trecute ale limbii engleze: The Past Perfect, The Past Tense, The Future in the Past. Regula III: Daca verbul din regenta este la viitor in subordonatele conditionale si temporale, el trebuie sa fie la Present Tense sau Present Perfect Tense, iar daca subordonata este completiva directa verbul va fi la viitor.

REGENTA I. Verbul este la prezent

We all know that = Noi toti stim ca

SUBORDONATA verbul poate fi la orice timp he had come = venise he came = a venit he will come = el va veni he would come = el ar veni he would have come = el ar fi venit verbul trebuie sa fie la trecut she had come = ea venise - anterioritate she came = ea a venit - simultaneitate

II. Verbul este la trecut He did not know that = El nu a stiut ca

she would come = va veni - posterioritate III. Verbul este la viitor A. verbul sa fie la Present sau Present Perfect in subordonatele conditionale si temporale I shall tell you the truth if/when = Iti voi spune adevarul daca /cand you give (have given) me the book. = imi vei da cartea. B. verbul va fi la orice timp in subordonata completiva directa. I shall see what = Eu voi I shall do. = voi face. vedea ce

EXCEPTII (deci cazuri cand nu se aplica regulile de concordanta a timpurilor)

1. Cand in subordonata se exprima un adevar stiintific /general. Everybody knew that gold is a metal. = Toata lumea stia ca aurul este metal. I told you that silver is gray. = Ti-am spus ca argintul este gri. 2. Cand subordonata este: a) cauzala He will not go to school because he didn't learn his lessons. = El nu va merge la scoala pentru ca nu si-a invatat lectiile. We shall go on the trip because they gave us the money. = Vom merge in excursie pentru ca ei ne-au dat banii. b) atributiva You will see the man who wrote that book. = Il vei vedea pe omul care a scris cartea aceea. I saw the girl who will play the piano. = Am vazut fata care va canta la pian. c) comparativ modala Tomorrow I shall work more than I worked yesterday. = Maine voi munci mai mult decat am muncit ieri. Alte exemple: If you didn't give him the money he won't buy any books. = Daca nu i-ai dat banii el nu va cumpara nici o carte. If I had bought that house I would be a rich man now. = Daca as fi cumparat casa aceea as fi un om bogat acum. If you came in time you wouldn't have missed the train. = Daca veneai la timp n-ai fi pierdut trenul. If you were with us you would have admired the scenery. = Daca erai cu noi ai fi admirat peisajul.

Persoana I singular II singular III singular I singular II singular III singular

Past Simple I came You came He/She/It came We came You came They came

Past Continuous I was coming You were coming He/She/It was coming We were coming You were coming They were coming

Past Perfect Simple I had come You had come He/She/It had come We had come You had come They had come Past Perfect Simple

Past Perfect Continuous I had been coming You had been coming He/She/It has been coming We had been coming You had been coming They had been coming

Forma negativa a verbelor in limba engleza (ex. verbul "to come")


Persoana I singular II singular III singular I singular II singular III singular Past Simple I did not come You did not come He/She/It did not come We did not come You did not come They did not come Past Continuous I was not coming You were not coming He/She/It was not coming We were not coming You were not coming They were not coming Past Perfect Continuous I had not been coming You had not been coming He/She/It has not been coming We had not been coming You had not been coming They had not been coming

I had not come You had not come He/She/It had not come We had not come You had not come They had not come

Forma interogativa a verbelor in limba engleza (ex. verbul "to come")


Persoana I singular II singular III singular I singular II singular III singular Past Simple Did I come? Did you come? Did he/she/it come? Did we come? Did you come? Did they come? Past Continuous Was I coming? Were you coming? Was he/she/it coming? Were we coming? Were you coming? Were they coming? Past Perfect Simple Had I come? Had you come? Had he/she/it come? Had we come? Had you come? Had they come? Past Perfect Continuous Had I been coming? Had you been coming? Has he/she/it been coming? Had we been coming? Had you been coming? Had they been coming?

Prezent/ Present
Forma afirmativa a verbelor in limba engleza (ex. verbul "to come")
Persoana I singular II singular III singular I singular II singular III singular Present Simple I come You come He/She/It comes We come You come They come Present Continuous I am coming You are coming He/She/It is coming We are coming You are coming They are coming Present Perfect Simple I have come You have come He/She/It has come We have come You have come They have come Present Perfect Simple I have not come You have not come He/She/It has not come We have not come You have not come They have not come Present Perfect Simple Have I come? Have you come? Has he/she/it come? Have we come? Have you come? Have they come? Present Perfect Continuous I have been coming You have been coming He/She/It has been coming We have been coming You have been coming They have been coming

Forma negativa a verbelor in limba engleza (ex. verbul "to come")


Persoana I singular II singular III singular I singular II singular III singular Present Simple I don't come You don't come He/She/It doesn't come We don't come You don't come They don't come Present Continuous I am not coming You are not coming He/She/It is not coming We are not coming You are not coming They are not coming Present Perfect Continuous I have not been coming You have not been coming He/She/It has not been coming We have not been coming You have not been coming They have not been coming Present Perfect Continuous Have I been coming? Have you been coming? Has he/she/it been coming? Have we been coming? Have you been coming? Have they been coming?

Forma interogativa a verbelor in limba engleza (ex. verbul "to come")


Persoana I singular II singular III singular I singular II singular III singular Present Simple Do I come? Do you come? Does he/she/it come? Do we come? Do you come? Do they come? Present Continuous Am I coming? Are you coming? Is he/she/it coming? Are we coming? Are you coming? Are they coming?

Viitor/ Future
Forma afirmativa a verbelor in limba engleza (ex. verbul "to come")

Persoana I singular II singular III singular I singular II singular III singular Persoana I singular II singular III singular I singular II singular III singular Persoana I singular II singular III singular I singular II singular III singular Persoana I singular II singular III singular I singular II singular III singular Persoana I singular II singular III singular I singular II singular III singular Persoana

Be Going To Future I am going to come You are going to come He/She/It is going to come We are going to come You are going to come They are going to come Future Perfect I will have come You will have come He/She/It will have come We will have come You will have come They will have come Be Going To Future I am not going to come You are not going to come He/She/It is not going to come We are not going to come You are not going to come They are not going to come Future Perfect I will not have come You will not have come He/She/It will not have come We will not have come You will not have come They will not have come Be Going To Future Am I going to come? Are you going to come? Is he/she/it going to come? Are we going to come? Are you going to come? Are you going to come? Future Perfect

Simple Future I will come You will come He/She/It will come We will come You will come They will come

Future Continuous I will be coming You will be coming He/She/It will be coming We will be coming You will be coming They will be coming "Be about to" Future I am about to come You are about to come He/She/It is about to come We are about to come You are about to come They are about to come Future Continuous I will not be coming You will not be coming He/She/It will not be coming We will not be coming You will not be coming They will not be coming "Be about to" Future I am not about to come You are not about to come He/She/It is not about to come We are not about to come You are not about to come They are not about to come

Future Perfect Continuous I will have been coming You will have been coming He/She/It will have been coming We will have been coming You will have been coming They will have been coming Simple Future I will not come You will not come He/She/It will not come We will not come You will not come They will not come Future Perfect Continuous I will not have been coming You will not have been coming He/She/It will not have been coming We will not have been coming You will not have been coming They will not have been coming Simple Future Will I come? Will you come? Will he/she/it come? Will we come? Will you come? Will they come?

Forma negativa a verbelor in limba engleza (ex. verbul "to come")

Forma interogativa a verbelor in limba engleza (ex. verbul "to come")


Future Continuous Will I be coming? Will you be coming? Will he/she/it be coming? Will we be coming? Will you be coming? Will they be coming? "Be about to" Future

Future Perfect Continuous

I singular II singular III singular I singular II singular III singular

Will I have come? Will you have come? Will he/she/it have come? Will we have come? Will you have come? Will they have come?

Will I have been coming? Will you have been coming? Will he/she/it have been coming? Will we have been coming? Will you have been coming? Will they have been coming?

Am I about to come? Are you about to come? Is he/she/it about to come? Are we about to come? Are you about to come? Are they about to come?