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999 Keybord Shortcuts Microsoft Natural Keyboard Keys: Windows Logo: Start menu Windows Logo + R: Run dialog

box Windows Logo + M: Minimize all SHIFT + Windows Logo+M: Undo minimize all Windows Logo + F1: Help Windows Logo + E: Windows Explorer Windows Logo + F: Find files or folders Windows Logo + D: Minimizes all open windows and displays the desktop CTRL + Windows Logo + F: Find computer CTRL + Windows Logo + TAB: Moves focus from Start, to the Quick Launch toolbar, to the system tray (use RIGHT ARROW or LEFT ARROW to move focus to items on the Quick Launch toolbar and the system tray) Windows Logo + TAB: Cycle through taskbar buttons Windows Logo + Break: System Properties dialog box Application key: Displays a shortcut menu for the selected item Microsoft Natural Keyboard with IntelliType Software Installed: Windows Logo + L: Log off Windows Windows Logo + P: Starts Print Manager Windows Logo + C: Opens Control Panel Windows Logo + V: Starts Clipboard Windows Logo + K: Opens Keyboard Properties dialog box Windows Logo + I: Opens Mouse Properties dialog box Windows Logo + A: Starts Accessibility Options (if installed) Windows Logo + SPACEBAR: Displays the list of Microsoft IntelliType shortcut key s Windows Logo + S: Toggles CAPS LOCK on and off Dialog Box Keyboard Commands: TAB: Move to the next control in the dialog box SHIFT + TAB: Move to the previous control in the dialog box SPACEBAR: If the current control is a button, this clicks the button. If the cur rent control is a check box, this toggles the check box. If the current control is an option, this selects the option. ENTER: Equivalent to clicking the selected button (the button with the outline) ESC: Equivalent to clicking the Cancel button ALT + underlined letter in dialog box item: Move to the corresponding item General Keyboard-Only Commands: F1: Starts Windows Help F10: Activates menu bar options SHIFT + F10: Opens a shortcut menu for the selected item (this is the same as ri ght-clicking an object CTRL + ESC: Opens the Start menu (use the ARROW keys to select an item) CTRL + ESC or ESC: Selects the Start button (press TAB to select the taskbar, or press SHIFT+F10 for a context menu) ALT + DOWN ARROW: Opens a drop-down list box ALT + TAB: Switch to another running program (hold down the ALT key and then pre ss the TAB key to view the task-switching window) SHIFT: Press and hold down the SHIFT key while you insert a CD-ROM to bypass the automatic-run feature ALT + SPACE: Displays the main window's System menu (from the System menu, you c an restore, move, resize, minimize, maximize, or close the window) ALT +- (ALT + hyphen): Displays the Multiple Document Interface (MDI)child windo

w's System menu (from the MDI child window's System menu, you can restore, move, resize, minimize, maximize, or close the child window) CTRL + TAB: Switch to the next child window of a Multiple Document Interface (MD I) program ALT + underlined letter in menu: Opens the menu ALT + F4: Closes the current window CTRL + F4: Closes the current Multiple Document Interface (MDI) window ALT + F6: Switch between multiple windows in the same program (for example, when the Notepad Find dialog box is displayed ALT + F6: switches between the Find dialog box and the main Notepad window) Shell Objects and General Folder/Windows Explorer Shortcuts For a selected objec t: F2: Rename object F3: Find all files CTRL + X: Cut CTRL + C: Copy CTRL + V: Paste SHIFT + DELETE: Delete selection immediately, without moving the item to the Rec ycle Bin ALT + ENTER: Open the properties for the selected object To Copy a File: Press and hold down the CTRL key while you drag the file to anot her folder. To Create a Shortcut: Press and hold down CTRL+SHIFT while you drag a file to th e desktop or a folder. General Folder/Shortcut Control: F4: Selects the Go To A Different Folder box and moves down the entries in the b ox (if the toolbar is active in Windows Explorer) F5: Refreshes the current window. F6: Moves among panes in Windows Explorer CTRL + G: Opens the Go To Folder tool (in Windows 95 Windows Explorer only) CTRL + Z: Undo the last command CTRL + A: Select all the items in the current window BACKSPACE: Switch to the parent folder SHIFT + click + Close button: For folders, close the current folder plus all par ent folders Windows Explorer Tree Control: Numeric Keypad *: Expands everything under the current selection Numeric Keypad +: Expands the current selection Numeric Keypad -: Collapses the current selection. RIGHT ARROW: Expands the current selection if it is not expanded, otherwise goes to the first child LEFT ARROW: Collapses the current selection if it is expanded, otherwise goes to the parent Properties Control: CTRL + TAB/CTRL + SHIFT + TAB: Move through the property tabs Accessibility Shortcuts: Press SHIFT five times: Toggles StickyKeys on and off Press down and hold the right SHIFT key for eight seconds: Toggles FilterKeys on and off Press down and hold the NUM LOCK key for five seconds: Toggles ToggleKeys on and

off Left ALT + left SHIFT+NUM LOCK: Toggles MouseKeys on and off Left ALT + left SHIFT+PRINT SCREEN: Toggles high contrast on and off Press Win+L to switch to the Welcome screen. ----Press Win+L to lock your workstation. ----You can switch users without going through the Welcome screen: From Task Manager , go to the Users tab, right-click a user, and select Connect. ----Hold down the shift key in the shutdown dialog to change "Stand By" to "Hibernat e". Or just press H to hibernate instantly. You can even use the Power Control P anel to configure your power button to hibernate. ----To disable the password when resuming from standby or hibernation, open the Powe r Control Panel and uncheck "Prompt for password after returning from standby" o n the Advanced tab. ----You can rename multiple files all at once: Select a group of files, right-click the first file, and select "Rename". Type in a name for the first file, and the rest will follow. ----Hold down the shift key when switching to thumbnail view to hide the file names. Do it again to bring them back. ----When dragging a file in Explorer, you can control the operation that will be per formed when you release the mouse button: Hold the Control key to force a Copy. Hold the Shift key to force a Move. Hold the Alt key to force a Create Shortcut. ----If you create a file called Folder.jpg, that image will be used as the thumbnail for the folder. What's more, that image will also be used as the album art in W indows Media Player for all media files in that folder. ----From the View Menu, select "Choose Details" to select which file properties shou ld be shown in the Explorer window. To sort by a file property, check its name i n the "Choose Details" in order to make that property available in the "Arrange Icons by" menu. ----To display the volume control icon in the taskbar, go to the Sounds and Audio De vices Control Panel and select "Place volume icon in the taskbar". ----Hold down the shift key when deleting a file to delete it immediately instead of placing it in the Recycle Bin. Files deleted in this way cannot be restored. ----If you hold down the shift key while clicking "No" in a Confirm File Operation d ialog, the response will be interpreted as "No to All". ----To save a document with an extension other than the one a program wants to use, enclose the entire name in quotation marks. For example, if you run Notepad and save a file under the name Dr.Z it will actually be saved under the name Dr.Z.txt. But if you type

"Dr.Z" then the document will be saved under the name Dr.Z. Note that a document so-nam ed cannot be opened via double-clicking since the extension is no longer ".txt". ----Put a shortcut to your favorite editor in your Send To folder and it will appear in your "Send To" menu. You can then right-click any file and send it to your e ditor. ----Ctrl+Shift+Escape will launch Task Manager. ----To arrange two windows side-by-side, switch to the first window, then hold the C ontrol key while right-clicking the taskbar button of the second window. Select "Tile Vertically". ----To close several windows at once, hold down the Control key while clicking on th e taskbar buttons of each window. Once you have selected all the windows you wan t to close, right-click the last button you selected and pick "Close Group". ----You can turn a folder into a desktop toolbar by dragging the icon of the desired folder to the edge of the screen. You can then turn it into a floating toolbar by dragging it from the edge of the screen into the middle of the screen. (It he lps if you minimize all application windows first.) You can turn a folder into a taskbar toolbar. First, unlock your taskbar. Next, drag the icon of the desired folder to the space between the taskbar butto ns and the clock. (Wait for the no-entry cursor to change to an arrow. It's a ve ry tiny space; you will have to hunt for it.) You can rearrange and resize the taskbar toolbar you just created. You can even turn the taskbar toolbar into a menu by resizing it until only its name is visible. ----In the Address Bar, type "microsoft" and hit Ctrl+Enter. Internet Explorer autom atically inserts the "www." and ".com" for you. ----To remove an AutoComplete entry from a Web form, highlight the item in the AutoC omplete dropdown and press the Delete key. To remove all Web form AutoComplete entries, go to the Internet Explorer Tools m enu, select Internet Options, Content, AutoComplete, then press the "Clear Forms " button. ----To organize your Favorites in Explorer instead of using the Organize Favorites d ialog, hold the shift key while selecting "Organize Favorites" from the Favorite s menu of an Explorer window. ----You can organize your Favorites by dragging the items around your Favorites menu . Alternatively, you can open the Favorites pane and hold the Alt key while pressi ng the up and down arrows to change the order of your Favorites. ----To run Internet Explorer fullscreen, press F11. Do it again to return to normal mode.

----If your "Printers and Faxes" folder is empty, you can hide the "Printers and Fax es" icon when viewed from other computers by stopping the Print Spooler service. ----To add or remove columns from Details mode, select Choose Details from the View menu, or just right-click the column header bar. ----In Internet Explorer, hold the Shift key while turning the mouse wheel to go for wards or backwards. ----In Internet Explorer, hold the Shift key while clicking on a link to open the We b page in a new window. ----In Internet Explorer, type Ctrl+D to add the current page to your Favorites. This and many more keyboard shortcuts can be found by going to Internet Explorer , clicking the Help menu, then selecting Contents and Index. From the table of c ontents, open Accessibility and click "Using Internet Explorer keyboard shortcut s". ----In some applications (such as Internet Explorer), holding the Control key while turning the mouse wheel will change the font size. ----To shut down via Remote Desktop, click the Start button, then type Alt+F4. ----Run Commands: CODE compmgmt.msc - Computer management devmgmt.msc - Device manager diskmgmt.msc - Disk management dfrg.msc - Disk defrag eventvwr.msc - Event viewer fsmgmt.msc - Shared folders gpedit.msc - Group policies lusrmgr.msc - Local users and groups perfmon.msc - Performance monitor rsop.msc - Resultant set of policies secpol.msc - Local security settings services.msc - Various Services msconfig - System Configuration Utility regedit - Registry Editor msinfo32 _ System Information sysedit _ System Edit win.ini _ windows loading information(also system.ini) winver _ Shows current version of windows mailto: _ Opens default email client command _ Opens command prompt Run Commands to access the control panel: CODE Add/Remove Programs control appwiz.cpl Date/Time Properties control timedate.cpl Display Properties control desk.cpl FindFast control findfast.cpl Fonts Folder control fonts Internet Properties control inetcpl.cpl Keyboard Properties control main.cpl keyboard Mouse Properties control main.cpl

Multimedia Properties control mmsys.cpl Network Properties control netcpl.cpl Password Properties control password.cpl Printers Folder control printers Sound Properties control mmsys.cpl sounds System Properties control sysdm.cpl Command Prompt: CODE ANSI.SYS Defines functions that change display graphics, control cursor movement , and reassign keys. APPEND Causes MS-DOS to look in other directories when editing a file or running a command. ARP Displays, adds, and removes arp information from network devices. ASSIGN Assign a drive letter to an alternate letter. ASSOC View the file associations. AT Schedule a time to execute commands or programs. ATMADM Lists connections and addresses seen by Windows ATM call manager. ATTRIB Display and change file attributes. BATCH Recovery console command that executes a series of commands in a file. BOOTCFG Recovery console command that allows a user to view, modify, and rebuild the boot.ini BREAK Enable / disable CTRL + C feature. CACLS View and modify file ACL's. CALL Calls a batch file from another batch file. CD Changes directories. CHCP Supplement the International keyboard and character set information. CHDIR Changes directories. CHKDSK Check the hard disk drive running FAT for errors. CHKNTFS Check the hard disk drive running NTFS for errors. CHOICE Specify a listing of multiple options within a batch file. CLS Clears the screen. CMD Opens the command interpreter. COLOR Easily change the foreground and background color of the MS-DOS window. COMP Compares files. COMPACT Compresses and uncompress files. CONTROL Open control panel icons from the MS-DOS prompt. CONVERT Convert FAT to NTFS. COPY Copy one or more files to an alternate location. CTTY Change the computers input/output devices. DATE View or change the systems date. DEBUG Debug utility to create assembly programs to modify hardware settings. DEFRAG Re-arrange the hard disk drive to help with loading programs. DEL Deletes one or more files. DELETE Recovery console command that deletes a file. DELTREE Deletes one or more files and/or directories. DIR List the contents of one or more directory. DISABLE Recovery console command that disables Windows system services or driver s. DISKCOMP Compare a disk with another disk. DISKCOPY Copy the contents of one disk and place them on another disk. DOSKEY Command to view and execute commands that have been run in the past. DOSSHELL A GUI to help with early MS-DOS users. DRIVPARM Enables overwrite of original device drivers. ECHO Displays messages and enables and disables echo. EDIT View and edit files. EDLIN View and edit files. EMM386 Load extended Memory Manager. ENABLE Recovery console command to enable a disable service or driver.

ENDLOCAL Stops the localization of the environment changes enabled by the setloc al command. ERASE Erase files from computer. EXIT Exit from the command interpreter. EXPAND Expand a M*cros*ft Windows file back to it's original format. EXTRACT Extract files from the M*cros*ft Windows cabinets. FASTHELP Displays a listing of MS-DOS commands and information about them. FC Compare files. FDISK Utility used to create partitions on the hard disk drive. FIND Search for text within a file. FINDSTR Searches for a string of text within a file. FIXBOOT Writes a new boot sector. FIXMBR Writes a new boot record to a disk drive. FOR Boolean used in batch files. FORMAT Command to erase and prepare a disk drive. FTP Command to connect and operate on a FTP server. FTYPE Displays or modifies file types used in file extension associations. GOTO Moves a batch file to a specific label or location. GRAFTABL Show extended characters in graphics mode. HELP Display a listing of commands and brief explanation. IF Allows for batch files to perform conditional processing. IFSHLP.SYS 32-bit file manager. IPCONFIG Network command to view network adapter settings and assigned values. KEYB Change layout of keyboard. LABEL Change the label of a disk drive. LH Load a device driver in to high memory. LISTSVC Recovery console command that displays the services and drivers. LOADFIX Load a program above the first 64k. LOADHIGH Load a device driver in to high memory. LOCK Lock the hard disk drive. LOGON Recovery console command to list installations and enable administrator lo gin. MAP Displays the device name of a drive. MD Command to create a new directory. MEM Display memory on system. MKDIR Command to create a new directory. MODE Modify the port or display settings. MORE Display one page at a time. MOVE Move one or more files from one directory to another directory. MSAV Early M*cros*ft Virus scanner. MSD Diagnostics utility. MSCDEX Utility used to load and provide access to the CD-ROM. NBTSTAT Displays protocol statistics and current TCP/IP connections using NBT NET Update, fix, or view the network or network settings NETSH Configure dynamic and static network information from MS-DOS. NETSTAT Display the TCP/IP network protocol statistics and information. NLSFUNC Load country specific information. NSLOOKUP Look up an IP address of a domain or host on a network. PATH View and modify the computers path location. PATHPING View and locate locations of network latency. PAUSE Command used in batch files to stop the processing of a command. PING Test / send information to another network computer or network device. POPD Changes to the directory or network path stored by the pushd command. POWER Conserve power with computer portables. PRINT Prints data to a printer port. PROMPT View and change the MS-DOS prompt. PUSHD Stores a directory or network path in memory so it can be returned to at a ny time. QBASIC Open the QBasic. RD Removes an empty directory.

REN Renames a file or directory. RENAME Renames a file or directory. RMDIR Removes an empty directory. ROUTE View and configure windows network route tables. RUNAS Enables a user to execute a program on another computer. SCANDISK Run the scandisk utility. SCANREG Scan registry and recover registry from errors. SET Change one variable or string to another. SETLOCAL Enables local environments to be changed without affecting anything els e. SETVER Change MS-DOS version to trick older MS-DOS programs. SHARE Installs support for file sharing and locking capabilities. SHIFT Changes the position of replaceable parameters in a batch program. SHUTDOWN Shutdown the computer from the MS-DOS prompt. SMARTDRV Create a disk cache in conventional memory or extended memory. SORT Sorts the input and displays the output to the screen. START Start a separate window in Windows from the MS-DOS prompt. SUBST Substitute a folder on your computer for another drive letter. SWITCHES Remove add functions from MS-DOS. SYS Transfer system files to disk drive. TELNET Telnet to another computer / device from the prompt. TIME View or modify the system time. TITLE Change the title of their MS-DOS window. TRACERT Visually view a network packets route across a network. TREE View a visual tree of the hard disk drive. TYPE Display the contents of a file. UNDELETE Undelete a file that has been deleted. UNFORMAT Unformat a hard disk drive. UNLOCK Unlock a disk drive. VER Display the version information. VERIFY Enables or disables the feature to determine if files have been written p roperly. VOL Displays the volume information about the designated drive. XCOPY Copy multiple files, directories, and/or drives from one location to anoth er. TRUENAME When placed before a file, will display the whole directory in which it exists TASKKILL It allows you to kill those unneeded or locked up applications Windows XP Shortcuts: CODE ALT+- (ALT+hyphen) Displays the Multiple Document Interface (MDI) child window's System menu ALT+ENTER View properties for the selected item ALT+ESC Cycle through items in the order they were opened ALT+F4 Close the active item, or quit the active program ALT+SPACEBAR Display the System menu for the active window ALT+TAB Switch between open items ALT+Underlined letter Display the corresponding menu BACKSPACE View the folder one level up in My Computer or Windows Explorer CTRL+A Select all CTRL+B Bold CTRL+C Copy CTRL+I Italics CTRL+O Open an item CTRL+U Underline CTRL+V Paste CTRL+X Cut CTRL+Z Undo

CTRL+F4 Close the active document CTRL while dragging Copy selected item CTRL+SHIFT while dragging Create shortcut to selected iteM CTRL+RIGHT ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next word CTRL+LEFT ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous word CTRL+DOWN ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next paragraph CTRL+UP ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous paragrap h SHIFT+DELETE Delete selected item permanently without placing the item in the Re cycle Bin ESC Cancel the current task F1 Displays Help F2 Rename selected item F3 Search for a file or folder F4 Display the Address bar list in My Computer or Windows Explorer F5 Refresh the active window F6 Cycle through screen elements in a window or on the desktop F10 Activate the menu bar in the active program SHIFT+F10 Display the shortcut menu for the selected item CTRL+ESC Display the Start menu SHIFT+CTRL+ESC Launches Task Manager SHIFT when you insert a CD Prevent the CD from automatically playing WIN Display or hide the Start menu WIN+BREAK Display the System Properties dialog box WIN+D Minimizes all Windows and shows the Desktop WIN+E Open Windows Explorer WIN+F Search for a file or folder WIN+F+CTRL Search for computers WIN+L Locks the desktop WIN+M Minimize or restore all windows WIN+R Open the Run dialog box WIN+TAB Switch between open items Windows Explorer Shortcuts: CODE ALT+SPACEBAR - Display the current window?s system menu SHIFT+F10 - Display the item's context menu CTRL+ESC - Display the Start menu ALT+TAB - Switch to the window you last used ALT+F4 - Close the current window or quit CTRL+A - Select all items CTRL+X - Cut selected item(s) CTRL+C - Copy selected item(s) CTRL+V - Paste item(s) CTRL+Z - Undo last action CTRL+(+) - Automatically resize the columns in the right hand pane TAB - Move forward through options ALT+RIGHT ARROW - Move forward to a previous view ALT+LEFT ARROW - Move backward to a previous view SHIFT+DELETE - Delete an item immediately BACKSPACE - View the folder one level up ALT+ENTER - View an item?s properties F10 - Activate the menu bar in programs F6 - Switch between left and right panes F5 - Refresh window contents F3 - Display Find application F2 - Rename selected item

CTRL+A - Select all items on the current page CTRL+D - Add the current page to your Favorites CTRL+E - Open the Search bar CTRL+F - Find on this page CTRL+H - Open the History bar CTRL+I - Open the Favorites bar CTRL+N - Open a new window CTRL+O - Go to a new location CTRL+P - Print the current page or active frame CTRL+S - Save the current page CTRL+W - Close current browser window CTRL+ENTER - Adds the www. (url) .com SHIFT+CLICK - Open link in new window BACKSPACE - Go to the previous page ALT+HOME - Go to your Home page HOME - Move to the beginning of a document TAB - Move forward through items on a page END - Move to the end of a document ESC - Stop downloading a page F11 - Toggle full-screen view F5 - Refresh the current page F4 - Display list of typed addresses F6 - Change Address bar and page focus ALT+RIGHT ARROW - Go to the next page SHIFT+CTRL+TAB - Move back between frames SHIFT+F10 - Display a shortcut menu for a link SHIFT+TAB - Move back through the items on a page CTRL+TAB - Move forward between frames CTRL+C - Copy selected items to the clipboard CTRL+V - Insert contents of the clipboard ENTER - Activate a selected link HOME - Move to the beginning of a document END - Move to the end of a document F1 - Display Internet Explorer Help