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R = 1.15 L r = 0.575 ( θ max =

R = 1.15 r =

2 1 , ξ min = 0 )

0.4 L r 0.374 ( θ max =

2 1 , ξ min 0.35 )

R ( θ max = 1 4 , ξ min = 0 )

=

1.15

L r

= 0.575

L r = R(1ξ min ) Ψ = 1 D (t) = mt + D 0 0 t t 1 D (t) = D 1 = mt 1 + D 0 t > t 1 D (t) D 0 D 1 t 1

( θ = ´ D(t)dt )

2

L

2

Ψ =

8

π 2

i=1

(2i 1) 2 exp ( (2i 1) 2 π 2

1

4

θ )

0 t t 1

θ =

θ =

1

( mt 2

2

L

2

+

D 0 t )

1

( mt 2

2

1

L

2

+ D 0 t 1 + D 1 (t t 1 ) )

t > t 1 D 0 D 1 L t 1 ln Ψ vs t

0.1 Ψ 0.7

D × 10 9

u v w

Ψ Ψ uvw = Ψ u Ψ v Ψ w

ϕ = u v w

Ψ ϕ =

i=1

µ ϕi exp ( λ

2

ui

ϕ t )

D

L

2

Ψ ϕ = µ ϕ1 exp ( λ 2

ϕ1

L v = αL u

L w = βL u

ϕ t )

D

L

2

Ψ = µ u1 µ v1 µ w1 exp ( λ

2

u1

D

L

2

u

t λ

2

v1

D

α 2 L

2

u

t λ

2

w1

u t )

2

D

β 2 L

ln Ψ = ln (µ u1 µ v1 µ w1 ) ( λ

u1 + λ α

2

v1

2

+ λ β 2

w1

2

)

D

2

L

2

u

t

D ln Ψ vs t Ψ = Ψ uv Ψ w