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Factors Which Affect the Reaction Rate

Theory:
Surface Area of the Touch Area The rate of reaction is increased concentration of reactants per unit time or reduced concentration of reaction per unit time. Reaction rate factor. Reaction rate is influenced by several factors that affect the rate of reaction of surface area of the touch area. A reaction may involve reactants in solid form. Reaction rate can be affected by the surface area of the touch area between the reacting substances. A solid substance is quicker to react if the surface is expanded by changing the pieces into powder form or size is reduced. In powder form, size becomes smaller but the polynomial so that the surface area of the field of collisions between reactant substances will be even greater. When a substance is added to a solution of another, the surface of the substance will come into contact with the solution. According to collision theory, the greater the surface of the substance in contact with another particle, the more chances of a reaction so that the reaction between a substance with a solution faster. Solids in the form of powder has more surface area than the solids in the form of pieces that touch a larger field to collide with other substances. As a result, the reaction of pulverulent substances faster than the substance-shaped pieces. Particles inside pieces have to 'wait' before the outside of the depleted react. While many of the powder particles collide at the same time Effect of surface area widely applied in industry, namely by first smoothing the material in the form of solids before reacted. When we eat, it is advisable to chew the food until smooth, so that the reaction process in the stomach is faster and more complete absorption of nutrients. What to do with the collision? The more surface area of limestone, the more spacious trackpad with hydrochloric acid the greater, so the number of collision is also bigger. This means that the smaller the size, the more surface area, the more collisions, the faster the reaction and increase the reaction rate. This can be proved by a simple experiment or lab work.

Materials and Equipment:


1.Test tube 2.Stopwatch 3.Balance 4.Hydrochloric acid (HCL) 2M 5.Marble (CaCO3)

Procedure:

Into 3 test tube carefully fill 2mL of HCL 2M

Take a piece of marble with weight of 2 gram, 5 pieces of marble with weight of 2 gram, and 2 gram powder of CaCO3.

Add a piece of marble, 5 pieces of marble and powder of CaCO3 into each test tube that filled by HCl. Start a stopwatch at the moment of addiction.

Note the time taken for the marble and powder to disappear.

Observation:

Answer Question:
Based on the experiment above, answer the following question!

Question
1.Compare the area CaCO3 of in the experiment above! 2.Explain the influence of the surface area toward the reaction rate! 3.Give some examples of the application of size of reactant particle in: a. Industries b. Daily life

Answer
A marble with weight of 2 gram > 5 pieces of marble with weight of 2 gram > powder of marble with weight of 2 gram. Decrease in particle size can expand the surface so that the faster the touch substances in the reaction.

a.Industries: 1. Raw materials are often in the mine, is available in the form of coarse grains. To speed up the subsequent processing, the grains are crushed into powder. 2. In paper making, paper-making raw materials are crushed in advance to make paper pulp. In order to expand the surface area of the touch so the mixture becomes homogeneous and the reaction is complete. b.Daily life: 1. Mothers at home or merchant first slicing bean porridge brown sugar will be input into the bean porridge. 2. Rural population splitting logs into pieces before being fed into a furnace. 3. When we eat, it is advisable to chew the food until smooth, so that the reaction process in the stomach is faster and more complete absorption of nutrients. 4. Seller gado-gado, lontong, and pecel first grind the beans before cooking is mixed with other ingredients.

Conclusion:

To determine the influence of the surface area of touch, we make an experiment by dissolving a piece of marble with weight of 2 gram, 5 pieces of marble with weight of 2 gram, and 2 gram powder of CaCO3. In this case, the size of the fragments and powder CaCO3 we call variable manipulations, changes in the rate of reaction (reaction time) is called the response variable, and all other factors are made permanent (the same) is called the control variable. Why powders react more quickly? In a heterogeneous mixture of reagents, reaction occurs only in a mixture which further limits the field we call the touch area. Therefore, the broad field of touch quicker to react. So the more delicate pieces the size of the solids the more surface area. Relations touch with the collision surface area is increasing the surface area of CaCO3, the more spacious trackpad with hydrochloric acid the greater, so the number of collision is also bigger. This means that the smaller the size, the more surface area, the more collisions, the faster the reaction.

Refference:

http://www.scribd.com/doc/9315925/Faktor-Faktor-Yang-Mempengaruhi-Laju-Reaksi http://www.scribd.com/doc/50521091/laju-reaksi-1 http://www.scribd.com/doc/45634384/PERCOBAAN-I-docx1