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Practice Test 1. The end of a long bone is the ___________. a. epiphysis b. cartilage c. metaphysis d.

diaphysis The axis is the first cervical vertebrae. a. true b. false Which area has the most vertebrae? a. cervical b. thoracic c. lumbar d. sacral Which is a measurement of heat? a. kinetic b. hydrocollator c. calorie d. sweat The shoulder is an example of what type of joint? a. ball & socket b. hinge c. gliding d. pivot The palm of the hand is equivalent to the plantar surface of the foot. a. true b. false Which joint is a diarthrotic joint? a. ankle b. vertebrae c. phalanges d. none of the above Impulses are transmitted from one neuron to the next at which type of junction? a. synapse b. dendrite c. Schwann cell d. Axon

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The Central Nervous System consists only of brain and the spinal cord? a. true b. false

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Which is the longest and largest nerve in the body? a. vagus b. phrenic c. sciatic d. none of the above The master gland that controls most other glands is called the adrenal gland? a. true b. false Which is the fourth element that composes over 99% of the human body in addition to oxygen, carbon and hydrogen? a. nitrogen b. potassium c. calcium d. none of the above Which is the smallest particle of a pure element? a. molecule b. atom c. compound d. ion The prominent bony structure where the ulna and the radius meet is _______to the wrist. a. proximal b. distal c. lateral d. medial Professional athletes have more muscle fibers than the average person that does not exercise. a. true b. false The foot is which direction from the knee? a. distal b. proximal c. posterior d. anterior Which are the five main types of tissue? a. epthelial, connective, squamous, liquid, adipose b. epthelial, squamous, nervous, connective, liquid c. epthelial, muscle, nervous, connective, liquid d. epthelial, adipose, areola, epidermic, squamous The elbow is an example of what type of joint? a. pivot b. hinge c. ball & socket d. saddle

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When the body converts food into nourishment for the cells, it is called the_____ process. a. absorption b. digestion c. mastication d. peristalsis Synovial fluid is located around the ends of bones. a. true b. false What do sudoriferous glands secrete? a. oil b. sweat c. hormones d. keratin The radioulnar is which type of joint? a. gliding b. hinge c. saddle d. pivot What is the shaft of a long bone known as? a. epiphysis b. cartilage c. metaphysis d. diaphysis The simplest type of nerve has two neurons. a. true b. false Emotional responses are generated through which system? a. endocrine b. limbic c. nervous d. lymph The ankle is an example of what type of joint? a. hinge b. ball & socket c. pivot d. suture The Fibula is larger than the Tibia. a. true b. false Oxygen is exchanged by the ________________. a. trachea b. bronchii c. epiglottis d. pharynx

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How much of the bodys fluid is considered intracelluar? a. 1/3 b. 1/4 c. 3/4 d. 2/3 Muscle contraction with movement in the joint is considered ___________? a. tetanic b. isotonic c. isometric d. isotropic Which area of the ear controls equillibrium? a. cochlea b. semicircular canal c. lacrimal apparatus d. all of the above What is the most basic structure in the human organism? a. organ b. tissue c. cell d. organelle What is the fibrous tissue that is found between muscle bundles? a. fascia b. epithelial c. adipose d. cartilage The ___________ is located inside a cell. a. Active Transport b. Microvilli c. Mitochondria d. Aerobic respirator Muscles are attached to bones by ligaments? a. true b. false Which is a type of muscle tissue? a. smooth b. skeletal c. cardiac d. all of the above All tendons and ligaments are composed of dense connective fibrous tissue a. true b. false The levator scapula muscle elevates the pubic symphysis. a. true b. false

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Which tissue is a connective tissue? a. areola b. adipose c. blood d. all of the above The lateral side of the proximal end of the femur is the ______________. a. greater trochanter b. lateral malleolus c. trachea d. patella The cerebrum controls the memory. a. true b. false Which nerve is most responsible for respiration? a. Olfactory b. Phrenic c. Vagus d. Meissners Which are the proper classification of bones? a. Flat, Long, Round, Short b. Short, Sesamoid, Triangular, Long c. Long, Flat, Phalanges, Carpals d. Short, Long, Sesamoid, Irregular Which is the inflammation of a vein? a. phlebitis b. vericose c. aneurysm d. embolism The condition in which the bodys extremities are retaining water is called ____? a. shingles b. Graves disease c. Edema d. Bruising An imaginary line that runs vertically dividing the body into the left and right parts is called ________________. a. oblique plane b. sagittal plane c. para-sagittal plane d. transverse plane The posterior of the knee is also known as the __________ region. a. plantar b. soleus c. popliteal d. patella

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Bone growth and replacement usually stops when a person reaches their late 30s to mid 40s. a. true b. false The bony prominence at the proximal end of the elbow is known as the _______. a. sesamoid b. funny bone c. olecranon d. patella The main function of the lymph nodes are __________. a. absorption b. diffusion c. filtration d. respiration The semi-circular canal helps to control dizziness. a. true b. false Low red blood cell count is called _______________. a. Leukemia b. Hyperemia c. Thrombus d. Anemia Which nerve is the most likely to be damaged if the hip is dislocated? a. phrenic b. vagus c. greater saphenous d. sciatic Which cell function requires energy to move a substance up a concentration gradient? a. osmosis b. diffusion c. passive transport d. active transport When blood remains in the muscle for an extended period it is considered _____. a. hyperemia b. hyperthermia c. hypertension d. hyperasthesia Which glands do not have ducts? a. exocrine b. endocrine c. sudoriferous d. all of the above The hip is considered a diarthrotic joint. a. true b. false

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Flat bones can be found in which area of the body? a. tarsal b. abdominal c. cervical d. cranial What type of joint is between the atlas and the axis? a. gliding b. pivot c. saddle d. suture The transverse abdominis muscles are the most superficial of all the abdominal muscles. a. true b. false The biceps femoris, semitendonosius, and semimembranosius all cross the hip and the knee joints. a. true b. false The sudiferous gland secrets oil. a. true b. false The cerebellum controls ______________. a. muscle movement b. vertigo c. coordination d. all of the above How many deep lateral rotators are there? a. 8 b. 7 c. 6 d. 5 The hamstring muscle performs which movement? a. flex the knee b. extend the knee c. flex the abdomen d. extend the abdomen Estensibility is the ability of a muscle to return to its original shape after being stretched. a. true b. false Which part of the body is responsible for diffusion of substances between blood and interstitial fluid? a. veins b. arteries c. capillaries d. all of the above

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Bile is stored in what area? a. stomach b. trachea c. gallbladder d. small intestine Which muscle is considered the longest in the body? a. sartorius b. gluteus maximus c. gracilis d. latissimus dorsi Massage oil can either be poured into you hand or directly onto the client. a. true b. false Deep effleurage should be applied ____________ the heart. a. medial to b. distal to c. away from d. toward Compression movements are considered a(n) ___________ movement. a. tapotement b. vibration c. effleurage d. petrissage Which movement is considered best for reducing excessive scarring and adhesion development? a. Swedish gymnastics b. effleurage c. tapotement d. friction When performing Swedish massage, movements should always be done in which direction? a. toward the heart b. away from the heart c. anterior to posterior d. lateral to medial The abdomen should be massaged superior to lateral. a. true b. false Petrissage is always in a circular motion. a. true b. false Circular movement around a joint is called _____________. a. petrissage b. friction c. effleurage d. vibration

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Pronation is a movement of the forearm in which the palm is turned posteriorly. a. true b. false Moving a limb away from the midline is considered abduction. a. true b. false The pectoralis major inserts on which bone? a. clavicle b. sternum c. ribs d. humerus When a client is in the supine position and has a low back, you should place pillows _______________. a. under the feet and ankles b. under the abdomen c. under the knees d. under the neck Light effleurage will cause irritability. a. true b. false Therapists should never massage the feet and hands of a pregnant client. a. true b. false Which condition makes the skin too tender to move? a. hypoesthesia b. hypotonic c. hyperesthesia d. hyperdermic The biceps brachii inserts onto which bone? a. ulna b. radius c. humerus d. clavicle What is a benefit of massage? a. increased circulation b. increased muscle tone c. helps glands function normally d. all of the above Which movement should be used to spread oil? a. tapotement b. friction c. effleurage d. petrissage

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The levator muscle produces which movement? a. upward b. lateral c. downward d. none of the above Bilateral means on both sides of the body. a. true b. false The first movement in classical Swedish massage is __________. a. rocking b. friction c. petrissage d. nerve stroke When the tissue is rolled on top of each other, it is considered _______. a. friction b. effleurage c. tapotement d. vibration Light effleurage would be considered irritating. a. true b. false Muscle fibers can not be manually seperated by massage. a. true b. false All deltoid muscles insert on the humerus. a. true b. false Which movement is best for insomnia? a. petrissage b. effleurage c. accupressure d. tapotement Which of the following would be reasons to perform percussion on a client with atrophied muscles? a. tone the muscles b. strengthen the muscles c. improves circulation d. all of the above When a client is in the prone position and has a low back pain, you should Place pillows ______________. a. under the feet and ankles b. under the abdomen c. under the neck d. under the knees

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It is acceptable to break contact with the client when giving a massage if ______. a. the phone rings b. you need to put on more music c. there is and emergency d. none of the above If you have a client that you believe needs help dressing / undressing, you can remain in the room to help. a. true b. false Massage helps muscles and joints become more resistive. a. true b. false Fever and acute inflammation are contraindications to massage. a. true b. false Massage has the ability to loosen scar tissue. a. true b. false Percussion movements tone the muscles, strengthen sagging muscles, and reduces fatty deposits. a. true b. false When a massage movement is directed away from the heart, it is considered __________. a. centripetal b. centrifugal c. Swedish gymnastics d. All of the above Which area should not have percussion applied to it? a. kidneys b. cervical c. popliteal d. all of the above Which oil is least likely to be used in massage? a. vegetable b. almond c. aromatic d. mineral You should massage ______________ to a contraindicated area. a. distal b. lateral c. superior d. proximal The fluids of the body will move faster than normal during effleurage. a. true b. false

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If a client decides to wear underwear during a massage you should ________. a. try to convince the client that they will get a better massage in the nude. b. Refuse to do the massage c. Go on with the massage as usual d. None of the above Fontanels are suture joints. a. true b. false Fatigue is considered _______________. a. Oxygen deprivation of the muscles b. Muscle tension c. Lactic acid build-up d. None of the above Which part of the muscle is moveable? a. tendon b. origin c. insertion d. pariosteum Who developed the method of Swedish massage? a. Fontanel b. Aristotle c. Hypocrites d. Ling Massage movements should be directed away from the heart to facilitate the flow of blood. a. true b. false Petrissage will temporarily lower blood pressure. a. true b. false When performing passive movements on a client, the therapist does not help. a. true b. false Which of these is a contraindication to massage? a. anemia b. sinusitis c. Cushings disease d. hernia Constipation is an indication for massage. a. true b. false

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Massaging which area could deprive the brain of oxygen? a. femoral b. carotid c. promotor d. vagus The latissimus dorsi inserts on the humerus. a. true b. false The lymph nodes of the axillary region are located where? a. armpit b. thoracic c. cervical d. sacral Nerve strokes are performed at the beginning of each massage. a. true b. false When the skin has a reddened appearance after massage it is called _______. a. hypoxemia b. hematoma c. hyperemia d. anemia How often should massage therapists wash their hands? a. before each client b. after each client c. before and after each client d. every day Which of the following is considered unacceptable for a therapist to do? a. wash hands before massaging b. wash hands after massaging c. turn sheets over for the next client d. disinfect accessory items used in massage Massage should not be done on a client whose skin is ____________. a. infected b. dirty c. dry d. scaly Which is the best method of cleaning hands and nails. a. using alcohol b. using antibacterial soap c. using bleach d. rinse with water Which is the best way to prevent the spread of harmful bacteria? a. use bleach when washing sheets b. disinfect all equipment after use c. wash hands before and after massage d. all of the above

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Things a therapist should not do to relax. a. yoga b. exercise c. alcohol consumption d. meditation Bacteria can be seen with the human eye. a. true b. false The skin controls the bodys temperature in which way? a. evaporation b. radiation c. conduction d. all of the above Every massage therapist should be educated about skin disorders. a. true b. false It is okay to massage someone who has a sexually transmitted disease. a. true b. false Which of the following is the only area that local law supersedes state law. a. zoning b. education requirements c. price rates d. all of the above Keeping a daily log of appointments allows therapists to ______________. a. plan personal time b. evaluate business progress c. use time more efficiently d. all of the above You will renew your massage registration annually in the month of your birthday. a. true b. false Which of the following is not tax deductible by a massage therapist? a. license fees b. costs of supplies c. revenue d. rent If a client lodges a complaint against you, the state will investigate if ________. a. the complaint is made anonymously b. the client has a legitimate complaint c. the complaint has no basis in fact d. all of the above If you pass a National Certification Exam, you can practice in any state. a. true b. false

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If you open a massage establishment, it is important to have a business plan. a. true b. false If you work under an assumed name, then you must also operate as a massage establishment. a. true b. false What is the most effective method of advertisement by a therapist? a. newspaper and magazine ads b. satisfied clients c. coupons d. flyers If you temporary registration expires, you can apply for another one. a. true b. false If you are a registered massage therapist and practice as a solo practitioner, you are not required to register as a massage establishment. a. true b. false Client history and consultation are necessary in determining the most effective treatment plan. a. true b. false You can control the effects of water treatments by__________________. a. regulating temperature b. regulating the duration c. both a & b d. none of the above When using alternation hot and cold applications, the length of the hot application should be ______________________. a. longer than the cold b. shorter than the cold c. same duration as the cold d. none of the above Hydrotherapy is the science of using water as a restorative agent. a. true b. false Diabetes is considered a contraindication for hydrotherapy. a. true b. false Damage to tissue begins at which temperature? a. 110 degrees b. 120 degrees c. 130 degrees d. 140 degrees

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