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ds to indicate C is mass . he must-use-apparatus and hinting on the Pendulum experiment ds to indicate MVFigure 1 length Figure 8 1.

5 m Graph ofis y againstunderstanding scientific investigation ds to indicate RV is time of making a complete swing

Identify variables in a given situation Identify a queation suitable for scientific investigation Form a hypothesis Design and carry out a simple experiment to test the hypothesis Record and present data in a suitable form Interpret data to draw a conclusion Write a report of the investigation

Clone of SPM Try Exam of the Perak State year 2003: Paper 3 / Section B/ Question 2 Notes: MV -manipulated variable; RV-responding variable; C- constant

Two twin brothers, Micheal and Jackson, of the same size, are swinging happily on the swings at a playground as shown in the figure above. However, the ropes that is holding the swing where Micheal is sitting is longer than Jacksons. And, Micheal notices that his swing is swinging slower than his brother, Jackson. Using this information; (a) make a suitable inference, [1 mark] (b) state one appropriate hypothesis that could be investigated, [1 mark] (c) describe how you would design an experiment to test your hypothesis using a bob, strings and other apparatus. In your description, state clearly the following: (i) aim of the experiment (ii) variables in the experiment (iii) list of apparatus and materials (iv)arrangement of the apparatus (v) the procedure of the experiment, which includes the method of controlling the manipulated variable and the method of measuring the responding variable.

(vi)the way you would tabulate the data (vii) the way you would analyze the data

[10 marks]

Answer: (a) Inference: MV. influences RV. (b) Hypothesis: When the length increases, the PERIOD OF OSCILATION increases. (c)

Marks Aim

1st mark

To investigate the relationship between length.. and period of oscilation. RV: period of oscilation


MV: Length of the rope C

2nd mark mass


3rd mark List of apparatus & materials


4th mark Arrangement of apparatus


Stopwatch,.pendulum bob, string, retort stand and clamp, split cork.

5th mark

Method to control MV

6th mark

Measure by using a .. (Notes: Active or passive sentences are acceptable. Must have a value + measuring instrument) Method to control RV Measure .. by using a Calculate period of a swing, T as follows: .. Repetition : Repeat the experiment with l = ..using the same


7th mark


8th mark


9th mark : Tabulate data

10th mark : Analyze data Plot graph ..against


1. A student carries out an experiment to find out the relationship between the change in length, y, of a spring and mass, m, of the load on the spring. The arrangement of the apparatus for the experiment is shown in Figure 1. The length of the spring when a load is placed on the piston is l.


At the beginning of the experiment there is no load. The length of the spring is lo. The actual length of lo is shown in Figure 2. The experiment is repeated by using loads with mass, m, equal to 0.5 kg, 1.0 kg, 1.5 kg, 2.0 kg, 2.5 kg. The actual lengths of the spring when the different masses are used are shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, Figure 5, Figure 6 and Figure 7 on the next page.

(a) Based on the aim and the procedure of the experiment state the: (i) manipulated variable


(ii) responding variable

(iii) constant variable


(b) Measure lo shown in Figure 2 on page 2 lo = . Measure the lengths l of the spring in Figure 3, Figure 4, Figure 5, Figure 6 and Figure 7 when different load are used.

In each case, calculate the change in length, y, of the spring where:

y = (lo- l)

Tabulate your results for m, l and y in the space below.

(c) On the graph paper on page 4, plot a graph of y against m. (5 marks)

(d) Based on your graph, state the relationship between y and m .

. (1 mark) '

2. The graph V against I below shows the results of the experiment to determine the electromotive force, E, and the internal resistance, r, of a dry cell.

(a) Based on the graph in Figure 8, (i) What happen when I increases? [1 mark]

(ii) Determine the value of the potential difference, V when the curent, I = 0.0 A. Show on the graph, how you determine V.

[2 marks] (iii) Name the physical quantity that represents the value in (a)(ii). [1 mark] (b) The internal resistance, r, of the dry cell is given by r=-m where m is the gradient of the graph. Calculate the value of r.

(c) (i) From the graph, state the value of V when I = 0.80 A Show on the graph how you determine the value of V. . [2 marks]


(ii) The resistance E is given bv R = Calculate R when I = 0.80 A.

[2 marks] (j) State one precaution that should be taken during this experiment. .............. ....... [1 mark]